PACIFIC - Providing a Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the UK for Implementing Carbon Reductions

Lead Research Organisation: University of Manchester
Department Name: Mechanical Aerospace and Civil Eng

Abstract

PACIFIC is a multi-discipline programme, across 12 UK universities, that supports a future nuclear fuel cycle in the UK. We aim to provide a world-class programme of relevant research into the manufacture, performance, and recycle of current and advanced nuclear fuels. For the first time in a major UK academic research programme, we will integrate the two Themes of Nuclear Fuel and Separations Technology into a single programme with a common goal.
In the Fuels Theme, our aim is to provide a scientific and technological underpinning to understanding the damage mechanisms that occur in nuclear fuel and cladding materials throughout their operational life and during storage. Our objectives are to:
1. extend molecular dynamics models to predict key properties of advanced fuels;
2. identify promising single component and composite materials for advanced fuels and to develop appropriate manufacturing routes.;
3. investigate the potential for improved TRISO coated fuel particles by employing a duel SiC/ZrC layer;
4. assess the performance of advanced fuels and coatings under a range of conditions; and
5. investigate the mechanism of Pellet-Cladding Interaction failures in LWRs.
The first Fuels project addresses advanced fuels and coatings. This Project will employ a combination of advanced modelling and experimental techniques to identify promising new fuel materials, and to explore the mechanisms and effects of radiation damage in both current and advanced fuel materials, including coated fuel particles. Specific Tasks include:
- Fuel Modelling
- Advanced Fuel Manufacture
- Advanced TRISO Coated Fuel Particles
- Materials Characterisation and Irradiation
The second Fuels project concerns a failure mechanism known as Pellet-Cladding Interaction (PCI). This project will focus on developing a mechanistic understanding of PCI by bringing together metallurgical, mechanical engineering, chemical and radiation aspects; by a combination of experimental investigations and underpinned by computer simulation.
In the Separations theme, the projects aim to provide a proof of concept for an integrated flowsheet capable of providing a product suitable for fast reactor fuels from a thermal fuel feed. Our objectives are to:
1. Prove that U, Pu and MAs can be separated to the required purities and in a mixed product for conversion to fast reactor fuel.
2. Prove that the liquid product from a hydrometallurgical separation process can be converted to the required form for fast reactor fuel manufacture.
3. Prove that a new hydrometallurgical separation process can operate within current solvent extraction technologies.
4. Prove that new technologies are available that will offer benefits over current solvent extraction technologies.
The project on Minor Actinide Separations will investigate new hydrophobic extractants use in separation of MAs from lanthanides, group actinide separations and Am/Cm separations. Specific Tasks include:
- Direct Monitoring of Speciation in Minor Actinide Separations
- Optimising Interfacial Transfer Kinetics during Minor Actinide Separations
- Actinide Behaviour and Radiolysis Effects of Complexants in Minor Actinide Separations
- Ligand Structure-Activity Relationship Development
The project on Advanced Separations Technology includes the following tasks:
- Develop a better understanding of conventional solvent extraction technology
- High efficiency extractions using intensified processes
- Continuous Chromatographic Separation of Actinides and Fission Products
The final project concerns Product Conversion to Fuel, and will develop the fundamental molten salt technology to take the product from a PUREX plant and convert it efficiently through direct reduction to metal, considering proliferation resistance and waste minimisation. Tasks include:
- Establishment and optimisation of the process for direct reduction of spent fuel
- Decontamination and immobilisation of pyroprocessing wastes.

Planned Impact

The PACIFIC programme will create a significant body of knowledge on closing the nuclear fuel cycle in the UK and a set of new researchers whose skills will be critical to the successful implementation of the Government's nuclear strategy in the coming decades. It is vital that the knowledge and skills created are supported, nurtured and maintained after the end of PACIFIC, so during the programme lifetime steps will be taken to facilitate this. Furthermore we aim to disseminate the results of our research amongst a wide audience, including non-specialists and the public. Therefore our pathway to impact will be through two routes: Knowledge Management, and Outreach and Public Engagement.
1. Knowledge management for PACIFIC needs to consider three environments:
- Within the programme
- Within the UK nuclear community
- Within the international nuclear community
The overriding priority of the consortium members must be to publish with an emphasis on submitting outputs in open-access journals. From a perspective of knowledge retention, storage of scientific and engineering information from data collected in this programme is best carried out using public domain systems. Whilst this covers printed and documented knowledge, much of the learning from R&D comes from interaction with fellow researchers. PACIFIC will create a team of Project Leaders who will establish an effective network with their team of Co-I's through regular meetings.
Within the UK nuclear community, we will ensure that the knowledge created is transferred into and adopted by industry. We will also prioritise the creation of 2-way knowledge exchange to ensure PACIFIC is informed by the needs of UK industry for most effective impact. Many of our partners have provided added value contributions (e.g. CASE studentships) whose shared supervision will lead to research closely aligned to and informed by the "industrial pull".
Within the international nuclear community, knowledge will be mostly concerned with using the results to further collaborative programmes for benefit to the UK.
2. Our Outreach and Public Engagement strategy is driven by three criteria; who (will need to be informed), why (will they want to listen) and how (will we get them the information they need, in the form that best suits them).
Who and Why
There are three constituencies that will benefit from learning about PACIFIC and its activities:
- Industry: interested in the technical knowledge and skills created on PACIFIC and in a form which they can use to support their own commercial and technical strategies.
- Long-term Nuclear Energy Strategy. PACIFIC will inform the activities of the Nuclear Innovation and Research Advisory Board (NIRAB) and the Nuclear Innovation and Research Office (NIRO)
- The Public: a well-informed and supportive public is vital to the future implementation of nuclear energy. The public will want to know how research will address their concerns on safety, energy security and waste.
How
- Annual Seminars where we presents our research to an open audience.
- Research Almanacs that summarises the results and provides analysis on the impact against the Long-term Nuclear Energy Strategy and Nuclear Energy Research and Development Roadmap.
- Themed Workshops to disseminate knowledge on specific issues
- Website: providing a repository and showcase for key information and outcomes of our research.
- Press Articles describing the aim, scope and results of PACIFIC.
- Small Scale Initiatives - third party public engagement opportunities, including: media interviews, public lectures, debating forums, Café Scientifique, Science Week activities.
- Training & Development - mentoring and developing our researchers to be competent in the skills and expertise that are valued inside and outside of academia.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Spark Plasma Sintering has been demonstrated as a viable method of producing UO2 nuclear fuel pellets of comparable properties to those produced using conventional reductive sintering, but with manufacturing times reduced from 6-8 hours to 15 minutes. The method has also been demonstrated for composite UO2 pellets containing Mo. Very recent work has extend these findings to advanced fuels, notably uranium silicide. Work is underway to investigate the possibility of incorporating burnable absorbers into advanced fuel materials (specifically: gadolinium into U3Si2). Work has also begun on investigating metallic accident-tolerant fuels: specifically (U,Zr) alloys.
Exploitation Route We and others will extend these results to include additional advanced fuel materials, and will further explore the properties of fuels produced by this method. Some industrial collaborators (NNL, Westinghouse) will likely wish to consider how the technology can be extended to large-scale manufacture in tonne quantities, and to compare the economics of the process with established technologies, especially for advanced fuel types. Other partners (Rolls-Royce) may wish to explore the technology for other nuclear applications. The PACIFIC consortium are currently planning a follow-on proposal (ATLANTIC) to build on the excellent progress made to date.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Energy,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology

 
Description Findings from the research undertaken by PACIFIC have been used directly to inform and guide the research recommendations and priorities elaborated by the UK Government's independent advisory board NIRAB (the Nuclear Innovation and Research Advisory Board), published in Dec 2016. These recommendations have resulted in the launch of a significant new UK national nuclear R&D programme across a range of nuclear technologies, including Nuclear Fuels and Nuclear Recycle, in which several PACIFIC partners participate. Our findings have also been used to inform and guide the direction of research priorities at the National Nuclear Laboratory, and within the Westinghouse-led international CARAT consortium on improving nuclear safety through the development of Accident Tolerant Fuels.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Energy,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology
Impact Types Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Members of the PACIFIC consortium co-authored the following reports for Government: "NIRAB Recycle and Waste Management Roadmap", NIRAB-63-1, UK Nuclear Innovation & Research Advisory Board, November 2015; "Nuclear Research and Innovation Roadmap", NIRAB-75-2, UK Nuclear Innovation & Research Advisory Board, June 2015.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact The NIRAB Nuclear Research & Innovation Roadmap heavily influenced HMG's decision to allocate £250 million allocation to nuclear R&D in the Comprehensive Spending Review, Nov 2015.
URL http://www.nirab.org.uk/
 
Description Membership of IAEA working group on options for managing separated plutonium.
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description NIRAB II membership
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Centres for Doctoral Training
Amount £569,770 (GBP)
Funding ID National Nuclear Laboratory Agreement No NNL/UA/034 
Organisation National Nuclear Laboratory 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2021
 
Description Centres for Doctoral Training
Amount £569,770 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2021
 
Description DECC - MIDAS capital grant
Amount £800,000 (GBP)
Organisation Department of Energy and Climate Change 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2015 
End 03/2016
 
Description European Commission Horizon 2020 Call NFRP-2016-2017 / Euratom Fission-2016-2017
Amount £4,400,000 (GBP)
Funding ID Project Reference No 755171 
Organisation European Atomic Energy Commission (EURATOM) 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 06/2017 
End 05/2021
 
Description Invitation to Tender for Nuclear Fuel Recycle Programme
Amount £2,000,000 (GBP)
Organisation Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 09/2018
 
Description NDA Bursary Scheme - Plutonium surrogates
Amount £60,000 (GBP)
Organisation Nuclear Decommissioning Authority NDA 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2017
 
Description NDA Bursary Scheme - damaged fuels
Amount £60,000 (GBP)
Organisation Nuclear Decommissioning Authority NDA 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2021
 
Description Novel intensified liquid-liquid contactors for mass transfer in sustainable energy generation
Amount £195,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/P034101/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2017 
End 12/2018
 
Description SACSESS (Safety of ACtinide Separation proceSSes)
Amount € 185,000 (EUR)
Funding ID FP7 EURATOM Fission-2012-2.3.1 Project Reference No 323282 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 04/2014 
End 09/2015
 
Description UTGARD Lab - Nuclear Research and Development: Advanced fuel recycle technologies Call
Amount £800,000 (GBP)
Organisation Department of Energy and Climate Change 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2015 
End 03/2016
 
Description UoS & Suppliers - MIDAS equipment match
Amount £335,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Sheffield 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2015 
End 03/2016
 
Description CARAT 
Organisation Westinghouse
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We are contributing our research into the joining and bonding of SiC using both ceramic brazing and selective area laser deposition (SALD).
Collaborator Contribution Other partners are contributing in the areas of composite SiC cladding, protective coatings for zirconium alloy cladding, and dense fuel materials such as uranium nitride and uranium silicide.
Impact Publications on the joining and bonding of SiC have been produced. The research aims to enable the manufacture and in-reactor testing of Accident Tolerant nuclear fuel within five years. If successful, this would be commercially deployed. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary, and includes the following: materials science, reactor physics, mechanical and nuclear engineering, and chemistry.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with ESRF XMAS and DUBBLE beamlines 
Organisation European Synchrotron Radiation Facility
Country European Union (EU) 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Extended application focus of beamline techniques to XAS data acquistion in the hard X-ray regime.
Collaborator Contribution Beamline optimisation to acquire XAS data from glass and ceramic materials in support of plutonium disposition.
Impact See publications section.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with GENIORS Consortium 
Organisation Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA)
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Work on Pacific is included in the Geniors scope and is an extension of that completed within the programme. This is a H2020 programme with 24 partners across Europe. The programme starts on June 2017.
Collaborator Contribution funding to extend the work beyond Pacific.
Impact output will be further papers. Initially funding for another 18month PDRA time.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaboration with Idaho National Laboratory on Advanced Fuels 
Organisation Idaho National Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Manchester staff have visited INL for detailed instruction and discussion on the manufacture of uranium silicide fuel, and both parties have exchanged information on the use of Spark Plasma Sintering for advanced fuels manufacture.
Collaborator Contribution INL have provided advice and expertise on practical issues associated with uranium silicide manufacture, as well as exchanging expertise on Spark Plasma Sintering.
Impact Outcomes are still considered confidential - public outcomes will follow in due course.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration with NNL, Westinghouse, and Rolls-Royce 
Organisation National Nuclear Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Manchester, NNL, and Westinghouse have jointly contributed to developing a research vision for nuclear fuel in the UK. Manchester and NNL have developed this into a technology review and research plan that has been submitted to DECC, partly via the Government's new Nuclear Innovation and Research Advisory Board (NIRAB). Manchester and NNL have also developed a proposal to Government to establish a new Nuclear Fuel Centre of Excellence (NFCE) for the UK. This proposal has been submitted to BIS, and this has resulted in the award of a grant of £8m to NNL and Manchester to establish a new suite of research facilities. These were officially launched on 13 October 2014. Subsequently, NNL and Manchester submitted proposals to DECC to establish an Accident Tolerant Fuels capability within the NFCE. This resulted in the award of £1.5m to NNL and £1m to Manchester in April 2015. These facilities are of major importance to EPSRC-funded research projects such as PACIFIC.
Collaborator Contribution Imperial College have contributed to the development and review of the UK's future nuclear fuel research programme, not least through the contributions of Prof. Robin Grimes and Prof. Bill Lee through their role on NIRAB.
Impact In addition to the outcomes listed above, experts from NNL and Westinghouse have assisted in reviewing and guiding the research outcomes. NNL have also assisted in offering training and safety advice to researchers in the collaboration.
Start Year 2009
 
Description Collaboration with NNL, Westinghouse, and Rolls-Royce 
Organisation Rolls Royce Group Plc
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Manchester, NNL, and Westinghouse have jointly contributed to developing a research vision for nuclear fuel in the UK. Manchester and NNL have developed this into a technology review and research plan that has been submitted to DECC, partly via the Government's new Nuclear Innovation and Research Advisory Board (NIRAB). Manchester and NNL have also developed a proposal to Government to establish a new Nuclear Fuel Centre of Excellence (NFCE) for the UK. This proposal has been submitted to BIS, and this has resulted in the award of a grant of £8m to NNL and Manchester to establish a new suite of research facilities. These were officially launched on 13 October 2014. Subsequently, NNL and Manchester submitted proposals to DECC to establish an Accident Tolerant Fuels capability within the NFCE. This resulted in the award of £1.5m to NNL and £1m to Manchester in April 2015. These facilities are of major importance to EPSRC-funded research projects such as PACIFIC.
Collaborator Contribution Imperial College have contributed to the development and review of the UK's future nuclear fuel research programme, not least through the contributions of Prof. Robin Grimes and Prof. Bill Lee through their role on NIRAB.
Impact In addition to the outcomes listed above, experts from NNL and Westinghouse have assisted in reviewing and guiding the research outcomes. NNL have also assisted in offering training and safety advice to researchers in the collaboration.
Start Year 2009
 
Description Collaboration with NNL, Westinghouse, and Rolls-Royce 
Organisation Westinghouse
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Manchester, NNL, and Westinghouse have jointly contributed to developing a research vision for nuclear fuel in the UK. Manchester and NNL have developed this into a technology review and research plan that has been submitted to DECC, partly via the Government's new Nuclear Innovation and Research Advisory Board (NIRAB). Manchester and NNL have also developed a proposal to Government to establish a new Nuclear Fuel Centre of Excellence (NFCE) for the UK. This proposal has been submitted to BIS, and this has resulted in the award of a grant of £8m to NNL and Manchester to establish a new suite of research facilities. These were officially launched on 13 October 2014. Subsequently, NNL and Manchester submitted proposals to DECC to establish an Accident Tolerant Fuels capability within the NFCE. This resulted in the award of £1.5m to NNL and £1m to Manchester in April 2015. These facilities are of major importance to EPSRC-funded research projects such as PACIFIC.
Collaborator Contribution Imperial College have contributed to the development and review of the UK's future nuclear fuel research programme, not least through the contributions of Prof. Robin Grimes and Prof. Bill Lee through their role on NIRAB.
Impact In addition to the outcomes listed above, experts from NNL and Westinghouse have assisted in reviewing and guiding the research outcomes. NNL have also assisted in offering training and safety advice to researchers in the collaboration.
Start Year 2009
 
Description Collaboration with The University of Hong Kong 
Organisation University of Hong Kong
Department Department of Microbiology
Country Hong Kong 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Application of TEM and electron diffraction methods to characterisation of zirconolite crystallisation in glass-ceramic materials.
Collaborator Contribution Application of TEM and electron diffraction methods to characterisation of zirconolite crystallisation in glass-ceramic materials.
Impact See publications section.
Start Year 2016
 
Description IProPBio 
Organisation Federal University of Paraná
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise on intensified processes and particularly on liquid-liquid reactions and separations. Access to equipment for intensified processes.
Collaborator Contribution Knowledge of thermodynamics, phase equilibrium measurements and thermodynamic modeling. Also process synthesis and optimization for the design of biorefineries
Impact This is an international collaboration with partners from Europe, US and Brazil. The consortium has formed to apply for funding for the design, optimization and operation of sustainable biorefineries for multi product portfolios.
Start Year 2017
 
Description IProPBio 
Organisation University of Patras
Department Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics
Country Greece 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise on intensified processes and particularly on liquid-liquid reactions and separations. Access to equipment for intensified processes.
Collaborator Contribution Knowledge of thermodynamics, phase equilibrium measurements and thermodynamic modeling. Also process synthesis and optimization for the design of biorefineries
Impact This is an international collaboration with partners from Europe, US and Brazil. The consortium has formed to apply for funding for the design, optimization and operation of sustainable biorefineries for multi product portfolios.
Start Year 2017
 
Description IProPBio 
Organisation University of Southern Denmark
Country Denmark 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise on intensified processes and particularly on liquid-liquid reactions and separations. Access to equipment for intensified processes.
Collaborator Contribution Knowledge of thermodynamics, phase equilibrium measurements and thermodynamic modeling. Also process synthesis and optimization for the design of biorefineries
Impact This is an international collaboration with partners from Europe, US and Brazil. The consortium has formed to apply for funding for the design, optimization and operation of sustainable biorefineries for multi product portfolios.
Start Year 2017
 
Description IUAC - New Delhi 
Organisation Inter University Accelerator Centre
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Design of ion beam implantation experiments and characterisation of ion implanted materials.
Collaborator Contribution Ion beam implantation of glass and ceramic materials
Impact No outputs other than publications summarised under appropriate sections.
Start Year 2014
 
Description PACE Consortium on PCI 
Organisation AMEC
Department AMEC Clean Energy Europe
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Initiated consortium and hosted and presented results from related projects at biannual consortium meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Industrial partners have sponsored PhD projects, or provided material for research program. All partners have shared knowledge and ideas at biannual progress meetings. Progress meetings have also been hosted by ICL and at Westinghouse (Sweden)
Impact Pellet Cladding Interaction Workshop (18-19 June 2014, University of Manchester) The goal of the first workshop was to bring together researchers with an interest in the key area of Pellet Cladding Interaction (PCI), and together with key industrial partners discuss what is known, what needs to be investigated and how future research can be carried out in a coherent way, avoiding fragmentation and producing the most impact. Attendees included representatives of a range universities, research institutes and industry with participants coming from the Australia, France, Sweden, Switzerland, U.K. and U.S.A. The key outcome of the workshop is an agreement to form a research consortium to coordinate work in the area of PCI (PACE - Pellet-Associated Cladding Degradation). It was agreed that the complex nature of the PCI phenomenon required improved understanding of a number of interdependent material behaviours. Combining the strengths and capabilities of a range of institutions interested in working in this area with the knowledge and experience present in industry will provide a strong platform to achieving this goal. The aim of the proposed consortium will be to provide a more mechanistic understanding of the PCI phenomena. Key industrial partners (Westinghouse, EDF, Studsvik and Rolls Royce) provided presentations detailing their perspective on PCI and the resulting discussions led to the development of a number of potential research projects to be pursued by the consortium members. Since the workshop, the PACE consortium has proceeded to have biannual progress meetings, where current and future projects are discussed. PhD projects associated with PACE are underway at Manchester University and Imperial College London as well as at Queens University in Canada and Boise State University in the US. Project sponsors include, Rolls Royce, EDF, NNL, CNL and Westinghouse.
Start Year 2014
 
Description PACE Consortium on PCI 
Organisation Canadian Nuclear Laboratory (CNL)
Country Canada 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Initiated consortium and hosted and presented results from related projects at biannual consortium meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Industrial partners have sponsored PhD projects, or provided material for research program. All partners have shared knowledge and ideas at biannual progress meetings. Progress meetings have also been hosted by ICL and at Westinghouse (Sweden)
Impact Pellet Cladding Interaction Workshop (18-19 June 2014, University of Manchester) The goal of the first workshop was to bring together researchers with an interest in the key area of Pellet Cladding Interaction (PCI), and together with key industrial partners discuss what is known, what needs to be investigated and how future research can be carried out in a coherent way, avoiding fragmentation and producing the most impact. Attendees included representatives of a range universities, research institutes and industry with participants coming from the Australia, France, Sweden, Switzerland, U.K. and U.S.A. The key outcome of the workshop is an agreement to form a research consortium to coordinate work in the area of PCI (PACE - Pellet-Associated Cladding Degradation). It was agreed that the complex nature of the PCI phenomenon required improved understanding of a number of interdependent material behaviours. Combining the strengths and capabilities of a range of institutions interested in working in this area with the knowledge and experience present in industry will provide a strong platform to achieving this goal. The aim of the proposed consortium will be to provide a more mechanistic understanding of the PCI phenomena. Key industrial partners (Westinghouse, EDF, Studsvik and Rolls Royce) provided presentations detailing their perspective on PCI and the resulting discussions led to the development of a number of potential research projects to be pursued by the consortium members. Since the workshop, the PACE consortium has proceeded to have biannual progress meetings, where current and future projects are discussed. PhD projects associated with PACE are underway at Manchester University and Imperial College London as well as at Queens University in Canada and Boise State University in the US. Project sponsors include, Rolls Royce, EDF, NNL, CNL and Westinghouse.
Start Year 2014
 
Description PACE Consortium on PCI 
Organisation EDF Energy
Department EDF Innovation and Research
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Initiated consortium and hosted and presented results from related projects at biannual consortium meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Industrial partners have sponsored PhD projects, or provided material for research program. All partners have shared knowledge and ideas at biannual progress meetings. Progress meetings have also been hosted by ICL and at Westinghouse (Sweden)
Impact Pellet Cladding Interaction Workshop (18-19 June 2014, University of Manchester) The goal of the first workshop was to bring together researchers with an interest in the key area of Pellet Cladding Interaction (PCI), and together with key industrial partners discuss what is known, what needs to be investigated and how future research can be carried out in a coherent way, avoiding fragmentation and producing the most impact. Attendees included representatives of a range universities, research institutes and industry with participants coming from the Australia, France, Sweden, Switzerland, U.K. and U.S.A. The key outcome of the workshop is an agreement to form a research consortium to coordinate work in the area of PCI (PACE - Pellet-Associated Cladding Degradation). It was agreed that the complex nature of the PCI phenomenon required improved understanding of a number of interdependent material behaviours. Combining the strengths and capabilities of a range of institutions interested in working in this area with the knowledge and experience present in industry will provide a strong platform to achieving this goal. The aim of the proposed consortium will be to provide a more mechanistic understanding of the PCI phenomena. Key industrial partners (Westinghouse, EDF, Studsvik and Rolls Royce) provided presentations detailing their perspective on PCI and the resulting discussions led to the development of a number of potential research projects to be pursued by the consortium members. Since the workshop, the PACE consortium has proceeded to have biannual progress meetings, where current and future projects are discussed. PhD projects associated with PACE are underway at Manchester University and Imperial College London as well as at Queens University in Canada and Boise State University in the US. Project sponsors include, Rolls Royce, EDF, NNL, CNL and Westinghouse.
Start Year 2014
 
Description PACE Consortium on PCI 
Organisation EDF Energy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Initiated consortium and hosted and presented results from related projects at biannual consortium meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Industrial partners have sponsored PhD projects, or provided material for research program. All partners have shared knowledge and ideas at biannual progress meetings. Progress meetings have also been hosted by ICL and at Westinghouse (Sweden)
Impact Pellet Cladding Interaction Workshop (18-19 June 2014, University of Manchester) The goal of the first workshop was to bring together researchers with an interest in the key area of Pellet Cladding Interaction (PCI), and together with key industrial partners discuss what is known, what needs to be investigated and how future research can be carried out in a coherent way, avoiding fragmentation and producing the most impact. Attendees included representatives of a range universities, research institutes and industry with participants coming from the Australia, France, Sweden, Switzerland, U.K. and U.S.A. The key outcome of the workshop is an agreement to form a research consortium to coordinate work in the area of PCI (PACE - Pellet-Associated Cladding Degradation). It was agreed that the complex nature of the PCI phenomenon required improved understanding of a number of interdependent material behaviours. Combining the strengths and capabilities of a range of institutions interested in working in this area with the knowledge and experience present in industry will provide a strong platform to achieving this goal. The aim of the proposed consortium will be to provide a more mechanistic understanding of the PCI phenomena. Key industrial partners (Westinghouse, EDF, Studsvik and Rolls Royce) provided presentations detailing their perspective on PCI and the resulting discussions led to the development of a number of potential research projects to be pursued by the consortium members. Since the workshop, the PACE consortium has proceeded to have biannual progress meetings, where current and future projects are discussed. PhD projects associated with PACE are underway at Manchester University and Imperial College London as well as at Queens University in Canada and Boise State University in the US. Project sponsors include, Rolls Royce, EDF, NNL, CNL and Westinghouse.
Start Year 2014
 
Description PACE Consortium on PCI 
Organisation Imperial College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Initiated consortium and hosted and presented results from related projects at biannual consortium meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Industrial partners have sponsored PhD projects, or provided material for research program. All partners have shared knowledge and ideas at biannual progress meetings. Progress meetings have also been hosted by ICL and at Westinghouse (Sweden)
Impact Pellet Cladding Interaction Workshop (18-19 June 2014, University of Manchester) The goal of the first workshop was to bring together researchers with an interest in the key area of Pellet Cladding Interaction (PCI), and together with key industrial partners discuss what is known, what needs to be investigated and how future research can be carried out in a coherent way, avoiding fragmentation and producing the most impact. Attendees included representatives of a range universities, research institutes and industry with participants coming from the Australia, France, Sweden, Switzerland, U.K. and U.S.A. The key outcome of the workshop is an agreement to form a research consortium to coordinate work in the area of PCI (PACE - Pellet-Associated Cladding Degradation). It was agreed that the complex nature of the PCI phenomenon required improved understanding of a number of interdependent material behaviours. Combining the strengths and capabilities of a range of institutions interested in working in this area with the knowledge and experience present in industry will provide a strong platform to achieving this goal. The aim of the proposed consortium will be to provide a more mechanistic understanding of the PCI phenomena. Key industrial partners (Westinghouse, EDF, Studsvik and Rolls Royce) provided presentations detailing their perspective on PCI and the resulting discussions led to the development of a number of potential research projects to be pursued by the consortium members. Since the workshop, the PACE consortium has proceeded to have biannual progress meetings, where current and future projects are discussed. PhD projects associated with PACE are underway at Manchester University and Imperial College London as well as at Queens University in Canada and Boise State University in the US. Project sponsors include, Rolls Royce, EDF, NNL, CNL and Westinghouse.
Start Year 2014
 
Description PACE Consortium on PCI 
Organisation National Nuclear Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Initiated consortium and hosted and presented results from related projects at biannual consortium meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Industrial partners have sponsored PhD projects, or provided material for research program. All partners have shared knowledge and ideas at biannual progress meetings. Progress meetings have also been hosted by ICL and at Westinghouse (Sweden)
Impact Pellet Cladding Interaction Workshop (18-19 June 2014, University of Manchester) The goal of the first workshop was to bring together researchers with an interest in the key area of Pellet Cladding Interaction (PCI), and together with key industrial partners discuss what is known, what needs to be investigated and how future research can be carried out in a coherent way, avoiding fragmentation and producing the most impact. Attendees included representatives of a range universities, research institutes and industry with participants coming from the Australia, France, Sweden, Switzerland, U.K. and U.S.A. The key outcome of the workshop is an agreement to form a research consortium to coordinate work in the area of PCI (PACE - Pellet-Associated Cladding Degradation). It was agreed that the complex nature of the PCI phenomenon required improved understanding of a number of interdependent material behaviours. Combining the strengths and capabilities of a range of institutions interested in working in this area with the knowledge and experience present in industry will provide a strong platform to achieving this goal. The aim of the proposed consortium will be to provide a more mechanistic understanding of the PCI phenomena. Key industrial partners (Westinghouse, EDF, Studsvik and Rolls Royce) provided presentations detailing their perspective on PCI and the resulting discussions led to the development of a number of potential research projects to be pursued by the consortium members. Since the workshop, the PACE consortium has proceeded to have biannual progress meetings, where current and future projects are discussed. PhD projects associated with PACE are underway at Manchester University and Imperial College London as well as at Queens University in Canada and Boise State University in the US. Project sponsors include, Rolls Royce, EDF, NNL, CNL and Westinghouse.
Start Year 2014
 
Description PACE Consortium on PCI 
Organisation Paul Scherrer Institute
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Initiated consortium and hosted and presented results from related projects at biannual consortium meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Industrial partners have sponsored PhD projects, or provided material for research program. All partners have shared knowledge and ideas at biannual progress meetings. Progress meetings have also been hosted by ICL and at Westinghouse (Sweden)
Impact Pellet Cladding Interaction Workshop (18-19 June 2014, University of Manchester) The goal of the first workshop was to bring together researchers with an interest in the key area of Pellet Cladding Interaction (PCI), and together with key industrial partners discuss what is known, what needs to be investigated and how future research can be carried out in a coherent way, avoiding fragmentation and producing the most impact. Attendees included representatives of a range universities, research institutes and industry with participants coming from the Australia, France, Sweden, Switzerland, U.K. and U.S.A. The key outcome of the workshop is an agreement to form a research consortium to coordinate work in the area of PCI (PACE - Pellet-Associated Cladding Degradation). It was agreed that the complex nature of the PCI phenomenon required improved understanding of a number of interdependent material behaviours. Combining the strengths and capabilities of a range of institutions interested in working in this area with the knowledge and experience present in industry will provide a strong platform to achieving this goal. The aim of the proposed consortium will be to provide a more mechanistic understanding of the PCI phenomena. Key industrial partners (Westinghouse, EDF, Studsvik and Rolls Royce) provided presentations detailing their perspective on PCI and the resulting discussions led to the development of a number of potential research projects to be pursued by the consortium members. Since the workshop, the PACE consortium has proceeded to have biannual progress meetings, where current and future projects are discussed. PhD projects associated with PACE are underway at Manchester University and Imperial College London as well as at Queens University in Canada and Boise State University in the US. Project sponsors include, Rolls Royce, EDF, NNL, CNL and Westinghouse.
Start Year 2014
 
Description PACE Consortium on PCI 
Organisation Queen's University
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Initiated consortium and hosted and presented results from related projects at biannual consortium meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Industrial partners have sponsored PhD projects, or provided material for research program. All partners have shared knowledge and ideas at biannual progress meetings. Progress meetings have also been hosted by ICL and at Westinghouse (Sweden)
Impact Pellet Cladding Interaction Workshop (18-19 June 2014, University of Manchester) The goal of the first workshop was to bring together researchers with an interest in the key area of Pellet Cladding Interaction (PCI), and together with key industrial partners discuss what is known, what needs to be investigated and how future research can be carried out in a coherent way, avoiding fragmentation and producing the most impact. Attendees included representatives of a range universities, research institutes and industry with participants coming from the Australia, France, Sweden, Switzerland, U.K. and U.S.A. The key outcome of the workshop is an agreement to form a research consortium to coordinate work in the area of PCI (PACE - Pellet-Associated Cladding Degradation). It was agreed that the complex nature of the PCI phenomenon required improved understanding of a number of interdependent material behaviours. Combining the strengths and capabilities of a range of institutions interested in working in this area with the knowledge and experience present in industry will provide a strong platform to achieving this goal. The aim of the proposed consortium will be to provide a more mechanistic understanding of the PCI phenomena. Key industrial partners (Westinghouse, EDF, Studsvik and Rolls Royce) provided presentations detailing their perspective on PCI and the resulting discussions led to the development of a number of potential research projects to be pursued by the consortium members. Since the workshop, the PACE consortium has proceeded to have biannual progress meetings, where current and future projects are discussed. PhD projects associated with PACE are underway at Manchester University and Imperial College London as well as at Queens University in Canada and Boise State University in the US. Project sponsors include, Rolls Royce, EDF, NNL, CNL and Westinghouse.
Start Year 2014
 
Description PACE Consortium on PCI 
Organisation Studsvik
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Initiated consortium and hosted and presented results from related projects at biannual consortium meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Industrial partners have sponsored PhD projects, or provided material for research program. All partners have shared knowledge and ideas at biannual progress meetings. Progress meetings have also been hosted by ICL and at Westinghouse (Sweden)
Impact Pellet Cladding Interaction Workshop (18-19 June 2014, University of Manchester) The goal of the first workshop was to bring together researchers with an interest in the key area of Pellet Cladding Interaction (PCI), and together with key industrial partners discuss what is known, what needs to be investigated and how future research can be carried out in a coherent way, avoiding fragmentation and producing the most impact. Attendees included representatives of a range universities, research institutes and industry with participants coming from the Australia, France, Sweden, Switzerland, U.K. and U.S.A. The key outcome of the workshop is an agreement to form a research consortium to coordinate work in the area of PCI (PACE - Pellet-Associated Cladding Degradation). It was agreed that the complex nature of the PCI phenomenon required improved understanding of a number of interdependent material behaviours. Combining the strengths and capabilities of a range of institutions interested in working in this area with the knowledge and experience present in industry will provide a strong platform to achieving this goal. The aim of the proposed consortium will be to provide a more mechanistic understanding of the PCI phenomena. Key industrial partners (Westinghouse, EDF, Studsvik and Rolls Royce) provided presentations detailing their perspective on PCI and the resulting discussions led to the development of a number of potential research projects to be pursued by the consortium members. Since the workshop, the PACE consortium has proceeded to have biannual progress meetings, where current and future projects are discussed. PhD projects associated with PACE are underway at Manchester University and Imperial College London as well as at Queens University in Canada and Boise State University in the US. Project sponsors include, Rolls Royce, EDF, NNL, CNL and Westinghouse.
Start Year 2014
 
Description PACE Consortium on PCI 
Organisation Westinghouse
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Initiated consortium and hosted and presented results from related projects at biannual consortium meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Industrial partners have sponsored PhD projects, or provided material for research program. All partners have shared knowledge and ideas at biannual progress meetings. Progress meetings have also been hosted by ICL and at Westinghouse (Sweden)
Impact Pellet Cladding Interaction Workshop (18-19 June 2014, University of Manchester) The goal of the first workshop was to bring together researchers with an interest in the key area of Pellet Cladding Interaction (PCI), and together with key industrial partners discuss what is known, what needs to be investigated and how future research can be carried out in a coherent way, avoiding fragmentation and producing the most impact. Attendees included representatives of a range universities, research institutes and industry with participants coming from the Australia, France, Sweden, Switzerland, U.K. and U.S.A. The key outcome of the workshop is an agreement to form a research consortium to coordinate work in the area of PCI (PACE - Pellet-Associated Cladding Degradation). It was agreed that the complex nature of the PCI phenomenon required improved understanding of a number of interdependent material behaviours. Combining the strengths and capabilities of a range of institutions interested in working in this area with the knowledge and experience present in industry will provide a strong platform to achieving this goal. The aim of the proposed consortium will be to provide a more mechanistic understanding of the PCI phenomena. Key industrial partners (Westinghouse, EDF, Studsvik and Rolls Royce) provided presentations detailing their perspective on PCI and the resulting discussions led to the development of a number of potential research projects to be pursued by the consortium members. Since the workshop, the PACE consortium has proceeded to have biannual progress meetings, where current and future projects are discussed. PhD projects associated with PACE are underway at Manchester University and Imperial College London as well as at Queens University in Canada and Boise State University in the US. Project sponsors include, Rolls Royce, EDF, NNL, CNL and Westinghouse.
Start Year 2014
 
Description POSTECH 
Organisation Pohang University of Science and Technology
Country Korea, Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution To date, our group has provided facilities and experience to undertake hot isostatic pressing of ceramic materials for immobilisation of radioactive wastes, and characterisation of the resulting materials; this capability is not available in the Republic of Korea. We have also provided training in the application of the Rietveld method for quantitative phase analysis to be applied within research activities at the home institute.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborating research group have provided a skilled PhD student to assist with collaborative research activities in Sheffield on a two month secondment and are planning to second a research fellow for 12 months in 2016.
Impact Incoming secondment of PhD student July - August 2015. Incoming secondment of research fellow planned for March 2016 - March 2017.
Start Year 2014
 
Description University of Birmingham 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Develop imaging techniques for velocity measurements using tracers developed in Un Birmingham
Collaborator Contribution Developed fluorescent particles as velocity tracers
Impact Multidisciplinary collaboration involving chemistry and chemical engineering. Outputs include journal papers, conference presentations and other successful grants where the imaging techniques developed were used.
 
Description 2016 Materials Research Society Fall Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact "A Kinetic Study of Cerium Extraction by TODGA using a Rotating Diffusion Cell" 2016 Materials Research Society Fall Meeting, Hynes Convention Center, Boston, Massachusetts 27th November - 2nd December 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Dalton Nuclear Institute Seminar Series, University of Manchester, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact "Interfacial Kinetic Studies of Advanced Spent Nuclear fuel Recycle Processes" Dalton Nuclear Institute Seminar Series, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK, 12th October 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description FCO Mission to the USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited Presentation "Nuclear R&D at Lancaster" UK FCO-Science & Innovation Network Civil Nuclear Mission to the USA 7th - 12th December 2014, Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, Idaho, USA, 10th December 2014
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description NNL Workshop on Solvent Extraction Kinetics, NNL Birchwood 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact "Interfacial kinetics: Rotating Diffusion Cell studies of TODGA-based extractions" NNL Workshop on Solvent Extraction Kinetics, NNL Birchwood, 1st - 2nd December 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Poster presentation - Universities Nuclear Technology Forum 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented the poster "Modelling and optimisation of intensified extraction for the nuclear fuel cycle" to the Universities Nuclear Technology Forum which is attended by nuclear industry representatives and university researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Poster presentation - Intensified Workshop on Process Intensification 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented the poster "Modelling and optimisation of intensified extraction for spent nuclear fuel reprocessing" in a specialised workshop on process intensification and discussed the potential of process intensification in the nuclear power generation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Poster presentation in a National Conference - ChemEngDay 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented the poster " Modelling and optimisation of intensified extraction for the nuclear fuel cycle" in the ChemEngDay Conference organised by the Institution of Chemical Engineers and brings together researchers and industrialists.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description SACSESS International Workshop, Primate's Palace, Warsaw, Poland 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact "Performance Optimisation of Chemical Systems with the Rotating Diffusion Cell (RDC)" 1st SACSESS International Workshop, Primate's Palace, Warsaw, Poland 22nd - 24th April 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Workshop on Solvent Extraction Kinetics, University of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact "Interfacial kinetics: Rotating Diffusion Cell studies of TODGA-based extractions" SACSESS Workshop on Solvent Extraction Kinetics, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 16th - 17th September 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description update to Nuclear Academic Discussion Meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact update to 3 annual NADM on pacific.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016