Engineering Fellowships for Growth: Printable Tactile Skin

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: School of Engineering

Abstract

The societal needs such as helping elderly and rapid technological advances have transformed robotics in recent years. Making robots autonomous and at the same time able to interact safely with real world objects is desired in order to extend their range of applications to highly interactive tasks such as caring for the elderly. However, attaining robots capable of doing such tasks is challenging as the environmental model they often use is incomplete, which underlines the importance of sensors to obtain information at a sufficient rate to deal with external change. In robotics, the sensing modality par excellence so far has been vision in its multiple forms, for example lasers, or simply stereoscopic arrangements of conventional cameras. On other hand the animal world uses a wider variety of sensory modalities. The tactile/touch sensing is particularly important as many of the interactive tasks involve physical contact which carry precious information that is exploited by biological brains and ought to be exploited by robots to ensure adaptive behaviour. However, the absence of suitable tactile skin technology makes this task difficult.

PRINTSKIN will develop a robust ultra-flexible tactile skin and endow state-of-the-art robotic hand with the tactile skin and validate the skin by using tactile information from large areas of robot hands to handle daily object with different curvatures. The tactile skin will be benchmarked against available semi-rigid skins such as iCub skin from EU project ROBOSKIN and Hex-O-Skin. The skin will be validated on at least two different industrial robotic hands (Shadow Hand and i-Limb) that are used in dexterous manipulation and prosthetics.

The robust ultra-thin tactile skin will be developed using an innovative methodology involving printing of high-mobility materials such as silicon on ultra-flexible substrates such as polyimide. The tactile skin will have solid-state sensors (touch, temperature) and electronics printed on ultra-flexible substrates such as polyimide. The silicon-nanowires based ultra-thin active-matrix electronics in the backplane will be covered with a replaceable soft transducer layer. Integration of electronic and sensing modules on a foil or as stack of foils will be explored. 'Truly bottom-up approach' is the distinguishing feature of PRINTSKIN methodology as the development of tactile skin will begin with atom by atom synthesis of nanowires and finish with the development of tactile skin system - much like the way nature uses proteins and macromolecules to construct complex biological systems. This new technological platform to print tactile skin will enable an entirely new generation of high-performance and cost-effective systems on flexible substrates. Fabrication by printing will have important implications for cost-effective integration over large areas and on nonconventional substrates, such as plastic or paper. Printing of high-performance electronics is also appealing for mask-less approach, reduced material wastage, and scalability to large area. The proposed programme thus has the potential to emulate yet another revolution in the electronics industry and trigger transformation in various sectors including, robotics, healthcare, and wearable electronics.

Planned Impact

PRINTSKIN will develop tactile skin that will be critical to enable future robots to engage in highly interactive tasks such as caring for the elderly. Feedback from the tactile skin project will shape the way society interacts with robotic devices as robots will be able to gather rich contact information and think, act, and react like humans. The impacts of this multidisciplinary research will be seen in academia, public sector, industry, social enterprises, general public, schools and more.

Near-term, the tactile skin will result in new research foci in robotics allowing multiple contact points or contacts from the whole body to be exploited to carry out manipulation tasks in cluttered environments. Tactile skin will enable neuroscientists to understand the functioning of receptors in human skin. Together with ultra-thin bendable electronics implanted in the brain, tactile skin will enable in long-term the neural control of artificial limbs and new biomimetic technologies. Equipped with tactile skin the robots will be safe interactive learning tools that stimulate the imagination of children. For example, due to lack of emotions in robots autistic children find robots less threatening than their teachers and easier to engage with. We will see quick benefits of tactile skin in areas such as teleoperation where tactile feedback enables extension of feelings. Similarly, the impact in surgery will be quick as surgical instruments covered with ultra-thin tactile skin will allow surgeons to feel tissues inside a patient's body - eventually improving diagnostics and monitoring capabilities. I believe in the long-term, the ultra-flexible tactile skin will bestow sensory feeling to prosthetic limbs and improve lives of amputees.

PRINTSKIN will also bring about profound impact through the new printing methodology for the tactile skin, which will result in a new generation of high-performance and cost-effective flexible electronics. The paradigm of electronics manufacturing and prototyping will change with small-scale manufacturing, capable of printing high-performance circuits straight from the computer, replacing the large manufacturing centres based overseas. The cost reduction will have enormous impact on schemes such as barcodes to track objects in supermarkets. The possibility to develop identity tags (e.g. RFIDs) with performance on par with Si and cost on par with existing barcodes will drive replacement of some 15 trillion barcodes in existence today. This will significantly boost new areas such as the internet of things and big data, where tools such as RFID will be needed to wirelessly track objects. The technology affordability could lead to changes in policies e.g. taxation system of UK could be based on real-time data collected from RFIDs attached to consumed products. With reduced electronic waste, printing methods are also environment friendly. If appropriate advances can be made to make printed electronics a commercial reality, this will open up the field to a new skill base in the printing community who would not normally associate themselves with electronics.

There is significant gain in printing of high-performance devices, as many new applications which will almost inevitably - by virtue of ever-demanding end-user - supersede the solid-state IC, just as the IC replaced discrete circuit board electronics. These include intelligent packaging, conformal electronics (e.g. in automotive applications), wearable electronics, smart windows including antenna for wireless communications, medical sensors and inorganic thin film solar cells. There is great potential in the UK to establish companies based on such end products. Summarising, PRINTSKIN has the potential to start another revolution in microelectronics and will trigger transformations in robotics and similar areas.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description I developed a new low-cost method for obtaining graphene on large areas. I am now using this technique to advance the e-skin research. This result is in addition to what is expected to be achieved from this project. I have also submitted a patent application for internal review by the University IP office. I also reported first energy autonomous e-skin and patent application for this work has been submitted.

Novel method for 3D printing of multi-materials for affordable prosthetics with embedded touch sensing.

Novel flexible supercapacitors for energy autonomous e-skin
Exploitation Route currently the e-skin development work is in progress. Once developed others in robotics and prosthetics will be able to use the e-skin to develop new human-robot interaction capabilities and in areas such as haptics and tactile internet. Neuromorphic e-skin is another direction.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Electronics,Energy,Environment,Healthcare,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Retail,Transport

URL https://www.gla.ac.uk/schools/engineering/research/divisions/ene/researchthemes/micronanotechnology/best/#tabs-2
 
Description Findings from this project have been used in many public engagement and knowledge exchange activities.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Electronics,Energy,Healthcare,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description 'Hetero-print': A holistic approach to transfer-printing for heterogeneous integration in manufacturing
Amount £5,541,651 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R03480X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2018 
End 05/2023
 
Description Chancellor's Fund
Amount £6,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Glasgow 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2015 
End 06/2017
 
Description Chancellor's Fund
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Glasgow 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2016 
End 05/2018
 
Description DTP 2016-2017 University of Glasgow
Amount £6,095,718 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/N509668/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 09/2021
 
Description EPSRC - Impact Acceleration Account Award
Amount £16,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Glasgow 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2015 
End 08/2016
 
Description EPSRC - Impact Acceleration Account Award
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Glasgow 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2015 
End 09/2015
 
Description EPSRC - Impact Acceleration Account Award
Amount £12,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Glasgow 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2015 
End 08/2016
 
Description Engineering Fellowship for Growth - Neuromorphic Printed Tactile Skin (NeuPRINTSKIN) (Ext)
Amount £1,069,413 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R029644/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2018 
End 08/2021
 
Description Impact Acceleration Account
Amount £38,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/K503903/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 03/2017
 
Description Ingenios Award
Amount £10,400 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Academy of Engineering 
Sector Learned Society
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2016 
End 05/2017
 
Description Lord Kelvin Adam Smith Scholarship
Amount £150,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Glasgow 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2015 
End 09/2019
 
Description Marie Curie Fellowship
Amount € 200,000 (EUR)
Funding ID H2020-MSCA-IF-2016-753663 
Organisation European Union 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 11/2017 
End 10/2019
 
Description Marie Curie Fellowship
Amount € 200,000 (EUR)
Funding ID H2020-MSCA-IF-2015-704807 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 05/2016 
End 04/2018
 
Description NPIF EPSRC Doctoral - University of Glasgow 2017
Amount £1,025,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R512266/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2021
 
Description Newton International Fellowship
Amount £66,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2016 
End 10/2018
 
Description PhD Studentship
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/L016753/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2016 
End 04/2020
 
Description Royal Society Grant
Amount £15,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2014 
End 03/2015
 
Title New method for low-cost production of large area graphene 
Description We demonstrated low-cost production of high quality graphene over large areas. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact the low cost production of graphene has stimulated discussion with many industrial partners from various sectors. Currently we have signed NDAs with 4 companies to develop new applications with them. 
URL http://www.nature.com/articles/srep16744
 
Description Industry Collaboration 
Organisation Safilo Group
Department Polaroid
Country Global 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution depositing thin layer of electronic material on flexible substrate and investigating polarization properties.
Collaborator Contribution validation and testing at labs of partner. In-part support towards consumables.
Impact multidisciplinary collaboration - flexible electronics, nanotechnology, optics
Start Year 2016
 
Description Industry Collaboration 
Organisation Shadow Robot Company
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Development of advanced tactile skin
Collaborator Contribution Access to shadow hands for validation and testing
Impact multidisciplinary collaboration - flexible electronics and robotics
Start Year 2014
 
Description Industry Collaboration 
Organisation Touch Bionics
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution electronics skin development
Collaborator Contribution access to lab for validation of skin on prosthetics hands
Impact multidisciplinary collaboration - flexible electronics, prosthetics
Start Year 2014
 
Description Joint PhD supervision 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Department School of Informatics Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I will jointly supervise a PhD student (Jonathan Bowles) from Centre of Doctoral training in Robotics. My inputs will be related to developement of sensory hardware for prosthetics.
Collaborator Contribution Joint PhD supervision.
Impact multidisciplinary collaboration - computer science, flexible electronics, prosthetics
Start Year 2015
 
Description Joint PhD supervision with Industry 
Organisation Touch Bionics
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Joint Phd supervision. Inputs on sensory hardware for prosthetics
Collaborator Contribution Phd funded by the partner. Access to their facility for validation and testing.
Impact multidisciplinary collaboration - prosthetics, flexible electronics
Start Year 2015
 
Description PhD co-supervision 
Organisation Fondazione Bruno Kessler
Country Italy 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Supervision of 3 PhD students enrolled at University of Glasgow.
Collaborator Contribution Co-supervision of 3 PhD students. In part support for the tuition fee of these 3 PhD students.
Impact This collaboration has resulted in many scientific publications (some of which are included in publication section).
Start Year 2014
 
Description PhD support 
Organisation Shadow Robot Company
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We are developing new robotic hand with embedded touch sensing.
Collaborator Contribution Shadow Robot Company is sharing the design of Shadow Hand and we are updating it with embedded touch sensors.
Impact 1 International Conference Paper
Start Year 2018
 
Title Energy Autonomous tactile skin 
Description This invention is about transparent tactile skin which is also energy autonomous i.e. it can have its own source of energy. The concept was demonstrated through transparent tactile skin on solar cells. 
IP Reference GB 1702724.4 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2017
Licensed No
Impact some companies have already contacted us and discussion are underway for licensing.
 
Title Prosthetics with Embedded Touch Sensing 
Description New method for 3D printing of multi materials to obtain affordable Prosthetics with Embedded Touch Sensing 
IP Reference GB 1707743.9 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2018
Licensed No
Impact Novel method for multi material 3D printing to obtain affordable Prosthetics with Embedded Touch Sensing
 
Description 12 Invited Lectures in 2019, including 2 Keynote Lectures and 1 Plenary talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact In 2019, I gave 12 invited talks (some are planned) and this includes 2 Keynote lectures and 1 Plenary Lecture.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 18 Invited talks in 2017, Including 8 Plenary/Keynote Lectures 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 18 Invited talks in 2017, Including 8 Plenary/Keynote Lectures
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 25 Invited Talks in 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 25 invited talks in several countries, including 2 Keynote lectures in International Conferences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Article "Explainer: what is electronic skin?" in The Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was invited to write this news article by The Conversation. Many media groups contacted me after publication of this article to know more about the electronic skin.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://theconversation.com/explainer-what-is-electronic-skin-26930
 
Description CPD Lecture at Scottish Schools Education Research Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact This CPD Lecture (on Electronic Touch) was organised by Scottish Schools Education Research Centre for teachers from Schools. The talk sparked discussion around more such lectures and teachers reported increased interest in organising such lectures in schools. Recently funding from Royal Academy of Engineering will allow me to achieve this.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.sserc.org.uk/index.php/cpd-roundup
 
Description CPD event at Scottish Schools Education Research Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact I was invited by Scottish Schools Education Research Centre for a CPD event for teachers from various Scottish Schools. The lecture during this CPD event initiated discussion on enriching STEM courses by including the subject area presented in my lecture. This event also led to plan for further engagements with schools (going to schools) and I also secured funding from Royal Academy of Engineering for this purpose.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.sserc.org.uk/index.php/cpd-roundup
 
Description Demonstration at Explorathon - European Researchers Night 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Some of the research prototypes were demonstrated on this European researchers night day.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.explorathon.co.uk
 
Description Engagement with pupils in Schools 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact We developed simple touch screen prototypes and took them to 15 Scottish schools. More than 500 students, and Teachers benefited from this project. Project was run in collaboration with Scottish Schools Education Research Centre (SSERC) and Glasgow Science Centre.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Explorathon - European Researchers Night, Glasgow Science Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact My team was selected to present our research at Exploration - European Researchers Night (funded by European Commission). More than 200 visitors (general public, kids, pupils from schools etc.) visited our booth and gained from the demos related to touch based prosthetics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.explorathon.co.uk/glasgow
 
Description Featured in 'Scotland is Now' Campaign 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was selected by Visit Scotland team to be part of Scottish Governments new Global Campaign 'Scotland is Now'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.scotland.org/about-scotland/our-people/people-films/ravinder-dahiya
 
Description Global Leadership Board meeting of Weir Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Research brief on Future felxible Electronics and electronic skin during Global Leadership Board meeting of Weir Group Plc
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Ingenious Public Engagement Award 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The award funded by Royal Academy of Engineering supports 7 engineers (including myself) from my group who are visiting (this is an ongoing activity) 15 schools in Scotland to explain the working of various touch screen interfaces (including flexible/bendable interfaces) which we developed in lab through support from EPSRC impact acceleration account. After completion of school visits, the prototypes are to be placed in Glasgow Science Centre.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interview in BBC Radio 'NewsDrive' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The key aspect of electronic skin research were shared with public through this interview. Also future plans were discussed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited to the 2016 Medical Devices Outward Mission to Taiwan by British Office in Taiwan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This business group (I also led the group on final day of the ) on biomedical sector involved 4 academic and industry members from UK who visited many Taiwanese institutes over 3 days. The group visited 2 universities, more than 10 companies and ITRI, a leading institute in Hsinchu Science park, which acts as a bridge between academia and industry in Taiwan. The visit was organised by Foreign and Commonwealth Office through its British Office's Science and Innovation network in Taiwan. The interaction (involving lecturers, one-to-one meetings, industry visits etc.) led to follow up discussions and potential collaborations are being discussed now.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/world/organisations/uk-science-and-innovation-network
 
Description Live Demo of Upper Limb Prosthetic Control Using Gestures, at IEEE Sensors Conference, Busan, S. Korea 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact We were invited to the 'Live-demo' session to present a demo of our research (which was presented at IEEE Sensors Conference in a separate session). The gestures based control of prosthetic hand sparked interesting discussions and many researchers contacted us after the demo for potential collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://ieee-sensors2015.org
 
Description Live interview on BBC's Good Morning Scotland programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact I was invited for live interview on BBC Radio 'Good Morning Scotland' on 20 Nov, 2015. This was about sharing how electronic skin would improve prosthetics and robotics. Following this interview I was also invited by BBC to participate in Channel 4 flagship science programme 'Inside Science'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b06ns0hv
 
Description National Science Museum's Antenna programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was invited to participate in National Science Museum's commentary on their display related to tactile skin technology. This was part of Science Museum's Antenna programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description New student club on 3D printed smart prosthetics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact The club named 'Helping Hands' has brought together around 50 undergraduate and postgraduate students around the topic of 3D printed prosthetics (with touch enabled parts). The seed funding (£6K) for the club was obtained from Chancellors' fund through open competition. Following the formation of club I also received another £12K from EPSRC impact acceleration account to ensure sustainability and reach of this club. I am now working with NHS and a charitable trust (having presence in 31 countries) to provide students club a much wider reach.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.gla.ac.uk/about/givingtoglasgow/chancellorsfund/
 
Description Panel Discussion, London Book Fair 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact More than 400 people attended the discussion focussing on Cambridge Elements on Flexible and Large Area Electronics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.londonbookfair.co.uk
 
Description Participated in the PassWord program of Resonance FM London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was invited for an interview on the PassWord program of Resonance FM London. The interview stimulated a healthy discussion around electronic skin, robotics, potential impact on humans, including ethics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.resonancefm.com
 
Description Participation to Channel 4's 'inside Science' programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Invited to participate in BBC Channel 4's flagship science programme 'Inside Science'. The panel involved experts on graphene from academia (including noble laureate) and industry. My involvement sparked discussion on new application areas (e.g. electronic skin in robotics) for Graphene.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b06qml0r
 
Description Public Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Curious Minds, public lecture, Perth, UK, Dec 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.culturepk.org.uk/whats-on/curious-minds-prof-ravinder-dahiya-glasgow-a-sense-of-touch/
 
Description Question of Science - Quiz 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In recognition with my significant participation in the knowledge exchange activities, I was invited to join Glasgow University table at the Question of Science - annual Quiz competition organised by Glasgow Science Centre. Our team was the winner. About 30 teams (each with 8-10 members) participated in this event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.glasgowsciencecentre.org/events-by-gsc/previous-events-a-question-of-science.html
 
Description Research Coverage on TV documentary 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Video by Forces 360, highlighting the overall research in the field of affordable prosthetics and e-skin.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL http://videos.forces.tv/detail/videos/must-watch/video/5712695350001/forces-360---series-2:-episode-...
 
Description TEDx Glasgow talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was invited to speak at TEDx Glasgow. This was about tactile skin in robotics and prosthetics. I also presented key aspects of my grant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.tedxglasgow.com
 
Description TV Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview of Foro TV (Mexico) about e-skin and prosthetics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://noticieros.televisa.com/videos/piel-electronica/