Writing nanomagnets: Investigation of new magnetic nanostructures fabricated by focussed electron and ion beams

Lead Research Organisation: University of Cambridge
Department Name: Physics

Abstract

The objective of this fellowship is the investigation of new nanomagnetic materials fabricated by focussed electron and ion beam deposition (FEBID/FIBID), which has a huge technological interest for spintronic applications.
Nanomagnets are magnetic systems with nanometric dimensions, i.e. they are formed just by a few atoms along their length, width and/or thickness. Because their dimensions become of the order of the fundamental lengths governing their properties, they behave differently from macroscopic magnets, which has made possible their exploitation in many applications. In particular, the development of new types of nanomagnets is one of the key ingredients for the vast increase in computer performance during the last decades, since both storage and sensing part of hard disk drives are formed by this type of nanostructures.
In order to continue the exponential increase in computing performance, new technologies should involve greater miniaturisation, higher speeds and lower power consumption. Spintronics is the area of electronics which exploits new physical phenomena in nanomagnets to store and process information, and some spintronic devices such as STT-MRAMs or racetrack memories have been proposed as promising alternatives to CMOS technology. However, it is clear that in order to have a revolutionary impact in computing, spintronics needs of new ways to fabricate magnetic nanostructures. Standard processes used now to pattern magnetic systems at the nanoscale are based on thin film deposition using physical methods and lithography techniques using masks and resists; these top-down methods are facing their physical limits and RAM and CPU operations are fully dominated by transistor technology. It is therefore urgently needed to study more advanced fabrication techniques which use bottom-up approaches, where molecules serve as building blocks for the fabrication of functional nanomaterials.
The techniques to be used in this project, (FEBID/FIBID) are direct-writing nanolithography techniques based on the local chemical vapour deposition of gas molecules adsorbed on a substrate as a result of the interaction with high energy focussed beams of electrons or ions (SEM or FIB). These ultra-high resolution rapid processing techniques are extremely flexible, not needing either masks or resists. Specifically, they have a unique capability to fabricate complex three-dimensional nanostructures on any surface. The main drawback usually found when using these processes is that due to the poor decomposition efficiency of the molecules under focussed beams, the material deposited is a mixture of elements coming from the precursor gas molecules, having properties far from those pursued. Magnetic materials are however the exception to this negative scenario, since under the appropriate growth conditions and using carbonyls of 3d-ferromagnetic metals, pure magnetic materials can be directly deposited.
Due to the recent birth of these techniques, previous results using FEBID/FIBID of magnetic materials have been mostly devoted to study the purity of the deposits and to reproduce results previously obtained by standard patterning techniques. This project will go several steps further exploiting the unique capabilities of FE/IBID for the fabrication of magnetic nanostructures. By varying the deposition conditions, a new set of nanomagnetic materials will be studied, where the microstructure and composition will be controlled at the nanoscale. By combining gas precursors and focussed beams, different types of magnetic compounds will be fabricated, as well as multi-layered nanostructures. Moreover, the growth of complex three-dimensional nanomagnets will permit to create the first devices which can store and process magnetic information in all three directions. In order to characterise these systems, a combination of magnetic, structural and spectroscopy techniques together with magnetic imaging and simulations will be used.

Planned Impact

This fellowship consists of studying new magnetic materials and nanostructures using focussed electron and ion beam induced deposition (FEBID/FIBID), which are advanced direct-writing lithography techniques based on the local chemical vapour deposition of a gas adsorbed on a substrate by the interaction with a focused beam of electrons or ions.
The research carried out during the fellowship has a high technological impact potential, and might benefit all industry working in the field of electron microscopy and electron lithography. In particular, to Oxford Instruments (OI), one of the project partners. Moreover, the project will investigate new nanomagnetic systems for ultra-high density ultra-low power spintronic applications. There are many worldwide companies interested in spintronic applications for new data storage and processing devices, including Toshiba Reseach Europe Ltd., a partner of the project.
Furthermore, the use of mask-less, resist-free direct-write technique for deposition of nanostructures offer major advantages compared to standard UV/e-beam lithography in innovative bio-devices, which could be highly interested in these investigations.
The high potential of these investigations could result in a great benefit for society at long term. Moreover, this fellowship will offer the applicant an invaluable opportunity to develop state-of-the-art research in nanotechnology, creating his own research team and conduct independent research in UK. Finally, and in terms of training and development, graduate students supervised along the project will learn a large amount of techniques in nanoscience, which will make them very valuable employees for a wide range of high-technology industries, increasing the supply of high skilled workers in the UK.

Publications

10 25 50

Related Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Award Value
EP/M008517/1 01/10/2014 30/06/2018 £599,875
EP/M008517/2 Transfer EP/M008517/1 01/07/2018 30/09/2019 £189,738
 
Description In collaboration with European colleagues, we have shown one of the first examples of magnetic tomography reconstruction of 3D nanostructures using transmission electron holography.
We have combined new ways to couple materials in order to transfer magnetic information vertically using multilayered systems.
New computational methods have been developed for the study 3D magnetic systems.
A new method to fabricate 3D nanostructures has been developed.
First experiments showing controlled domain wall motion in 3D nanostructures have been developed.The fellowship has allowed me to consolidate as a pioneer worldwide in 3D nanomagnetism, having been invited to very prestigious conferences, writing review papers and forming part of program committees of international conferences in magnetism.
The award has also led to further grants from different funding bodies and collaborations with industry.
Exploitation Route We have developed new methods to carry out advanced magnetic microscopy using X-rays and electrons. We have performed pioneering work regarding nanofabrication and magneto-optical detection of 3D nanomagnets. We have written reviews that will influence some of the future work in nanomagnetism and spintronics.
Sectors Chemicals,Creative Economy,Education,Electronics,Energy,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology

 
Description Our results showing magnetic transport in the form of domain walls in 3D nanostructures have been highlighted in multiple websites. This work has been identified as extremely promising for future nanoelectronic systems in no-specialised forums. Moreover, the work related with creation of tips for nanotechnology applications in currently commercialised by Cambridge Enterprise.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic

 
Description Graduate courses in Condensed Matter Physics
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact I have delivered lectures for the CDT Sensors, of the University of Cambridge. The lectures were on Magnetic sensing.
 
Description Sensors CDT graduate lectures
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact By training a cohort of CDT students in Cambridge in magnetic sensing, I have contributed to their training and development.
URL https://cdt.sensors.cam.ac.uk/
 
Description Supervising University of Cambridge undergraduates
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact I supervised University of Cambridge undergraduate students in Quantum Mechanics, Dynamics and Relativity and Electromagnetism courses.
 
Description Baylis Scholarship
Amount £500 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 10/2018
 
Description CELINA COST SSM
Amount € 760 (EUR)
Funding ID COST Action CM1301 
Organisation European Commission 
Department Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 10/2015 
End 10/2015
 
Description CELINA training School Student travel grant
Amount € 600 (EUR)
Organisation European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 03/2016 
End 03/2016
 
Description COST Action CM1301
Amount € 1,080 (EUR)
Funding ID COST-STSM-ECOST-STSM-CM1301-060316-072135 
Organisation European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 03/2016 
End 03/2016
 
Description COST Action: CM1301
Amount € 680 (EUR)
Funding ID COST-STSM-CM1301-35114 
Organisation European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 10/2016 
End 10/2016
 
Description CSC Cambridge Scholarship
Amount £141,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Leeds 
Department China Scholarship Council
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2020
 
Description EPSRC Impact Acceleration Account- University of Glasgow
Amount £63,908 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2019 
End 11/2019
 
Description Early Career Fellowship
Amount £75,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Department Isaac Newton Trust
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 01/2022
 
Description Girton College - Graduate Scholarship
Amount £12,750 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Department Girton College
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 10/2018
 
Description Graduate Research Scholarship - Girton College
Amount £12,750 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Department Girton College
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 08/2017
 
Description IEEE Magnetism School Student Travel grant
Amount £250 (GBP)
Organisation IEEE Magnetics Society 
Start 06/2017 
End 06/2017
 
Description Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship
Amount £75,000 (GBP)
Funding ID ECF-2018-016 
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 01/2022
 
Description Nano-DTC Research Associate
Amount £3,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2016 
End 02/2020
 
Description Pfeiffer Graduate Research Scholarship
Amount £8,354 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Department Girton College
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2018 
End 03/2019
 
Description Royal Society Research Grants
Amount £15,000 (GBP)
Funding ID RG170262 
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2018 
End 03/2019
 
Description Seton Cavendish Travel Fund
Amount £650 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Department Downing College, Cambridge
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 09/2018
 
Description Sidney Sussex College, Graduate Research Fund
Amount £599 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Department Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 11/2017
 
Description Winton Programme for the Physics of Sustainability
Amount £170,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Winton Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Unknown
Start 10/2014 
End 09/2019
 
Title 3D nanofabrication method 
Description A new method for 3D nanofabrication has been created, based on the combination of 3D nano-printing and physical vapour deposition methods. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The first experiments of domain wall motion in 3D nanostructures have been reported. 
URL https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acsnano.7b05105
 
Title Dark-Field MOKE 
Description A new magneto-optical method exploiting dark-field effects has been developed, for ultra-advanced nano-magnetometry of 3D objects. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The development of this technique has allowed us to perform the first experiments of domain wall motion in 3D nanostructures. 
URL https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acsnano.7b05105
 
Title Nanotechnology tips 
Description A new method to create sharp graphite tips for applications in nanotechnology has been developed. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The tips are commercialised to the public via Cambridge Enterprise. 
URL https://www.enterprise.cam.ac.uk/opportunities/sharp-graphite-tips-nanotechnology-applications/
 
Title Research Data supporting "Tuning shape, composition and magnetization of three-dimensional cobalt nanowires grown by Focused Electron Beam Induced Deposition (FEBID)" 
Description Metadata for "Tuning shape, composition and magnetization of three-dimensional cobalt nanowires grown by Focused Electron Beam Induced Deposition (FEBID)" The files include all data for the figures included in the manuscript. The magnitude measured and units are included on each column. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Research data supporting "A magnetic shift register with out-of-plane magnetized layers" 
Description Supporting data of the publication includes data included in figures, as well as Matlab code to generate figures 4 and 5. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Research data supporting "Controlling the canted state in antiferromagnetically-coupled magnetic bilayers close to the spin reorientation transition" 
Description The files comprise data from VSM, MOKE and micromagnetic simulations included in the paper. Additionally, the MATLAB macrospin code used is included. All figures have labeled columns with magnitudes and units measured. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Research data supporting "Fabrication of scaffold-based 3D magnetic nanowires for domain wall applications" 
Description SEM images and MOKE data of 3D nanomagnetic structures included in the publication. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Research data supporting "Fabrication, detection and operation of a three-dimensional nanomagnetic conduit" 
Description Metadata for article: "Fabrication, detection and operation of a three-dimensional nanomagnetic conduit" by Dédalo Sanz-Hernández et al. The data include the following: - Original SEM micrographs included in main manuscript: Fig. 1d, Fig. 1e, Fig. 1f, Fig. 2b, Fig. 2c. All can be open with standard image analysis programmes. - Text files for graphs included in main manuscript: FIg. 2d and e, Fig. 3b, Fig. 3d, FIg 3f, Fig. 4a and b, Fig. 4a and c, Fig. 4d and e. All include units in the headings, and can be opened with any text editor. - Supplementary_video: Avi format, open with standard media player. - Folders Fig 3 MOKE Connected (RH10_Str5_Full_Shifty_scan) and Fig 3 MOKE Control (RH10_Str6_Full_Shifty_scan) include original MOKE measured files. They are text files which can be opened with any text editor. - Folder Fig. 3 Micromagnetic simulations: Simulations performed using Mumax. Files include vector files results of the simulation, as well as the .mx3 orifginal files employed. To run these, install Mumax3: http://mumax.github.io/ 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Research data supporting "Modelling focused electron beam induced deposition beyond Langmuir adsorption" 
Description Data files supporting publication "Modelling focused electron beam induced deposition beyond Langmuir adsorption". The files included are: (1) multilayer_FEBID_solution_maps.nb (2) FEBID_Frequency_tool.xlsx File (1) Is a Wolphram Mathematica notebook, which is used to analytically solve the Multilayer FEBID model and generate normalized frequency maps where different regimes can be identified. This file was developed and tested using Version 11.0.0.0 of Wolphram Mathematica. File (2) is a Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet which can be used to calculate characteristic FEBID frequencies as a function of experimental parameters. This file was developed using the Package Microsoft Office 2016. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Vector magnetometry of Fe/Cr/Fe trilayers with biquadratic coupling 
Description Metadata for "Vector magnetometry of Fe/Cr/Fe trilayers with biquadratic coupling" The files include all data for the figures included in the manuscript. The magnitude measured and units are included on each column. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Description ALBA 
Organisation ALBA Synchrotron
PI Contribution We have collaborated with members of ALBA synchrotron in Spain, developing new methods for characterisation of magnetic nanostructures using soft X-ray microscopy methods. This involves the following members of my team: Dédalo Sanz, Claire Donnelly and myself.
Collaborator Contribution Beam scientists and the former head of the synchrotron have contributed to this project, providing time and knowledge towards the development of these new methods, which have been applied to nanostructures grown in my group.
Impact - We expect a couple of publications, as a result of this collaboration - This has also allowed them to implement these new methods at the beamline MISTRAL at ALBA. Other users of this line are obtaining benefit of this.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Collaboration with the Advanced Microscopy Laboratory (Spain) 
Organisation Trinity College Dublin
Department Advanced Microscopy Laboratory
Country Ireland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This collaboration has made possible the fabrication of advanced three-dimensional magnetic nanostructures for spintronic applications.
Collaborator Contribution The group in Zaragoza-Spain has facilitated free-of-charge access to state of the art microscopy laboratories for the fabrication of nanostructures. Our group has designed and carried out the patterning experiments in their facilities.
Impact Scientific publications. Training for students.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Lawrence Laboratory Berkeley 
Organisation Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The project has established a strong collaboration with the group of Dr Peter Fischer at the Lawrence Laboratory Berkeley. The collaboration consists of investigating new magnetic states in three-dimensional nanostructures for spintronic applications.
Collaborator Contribution The group in Berkeley has offered their own beamtime at the Advanced Light Source in Berkeley for several days, in order to investigate the magnetic response of nanowires using X-ray dichroic tomography. Our group has designed and carried out the experiments in Berkeley, in collaboration with them.
Impact Technical scientific training for students and senior researchers. Publications in progress.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Oak Ridge National Laboratory 
Organisation Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Some of my team members (Dédalo Sanz, Luka Skoric and myself) have collaborated with Jason Fowlkes at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. This collaboration has been based on helping Jason in the last stages of development of a CAD software for 3D nano-printing of objects at an electron microscope, using Focused Electron Beam Induced Deposition. We provided ideas and some experiments to help him. This resulted in a couple of scientific articles together.
Collaborator Contribution Oak Ridge National Laboratory provided time (Jason Fowlkes) and knowledge.
Impact - Two scientitiic papers (Nanomaterials 2018, ACS Applied Nanomaterials 2018) - One open access software for the scientific community dedicated to 3D nanoprinting
Start Year 2017
 
Description Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA 
Organisation Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have started to collaborate with the group of Jason Fowlkes at Oak Ridge National Lab. This has allowed us to use state-of-the-art 3D nanofabrication simulation methods. We provide our expertise in the fabrication of magnetic nanostructures. We also perform all the experimental work in this collaboration.
Collaborator Contribution The partner's group is providing access to the 3D nanofabrication simulator. They contribute on the numerical part of the collaboration. Also, we discuss, currently in about a monthly basis, progress and refinement of the models to create complex 3D nanostructures.
Impact We have been able to create very complex 3D nanostructures by exploiting the capabilities of the software they have created.
Start Year 2016
 
Description SOLEIL synchrotron 
Organisation SOLEIL Synchrotron
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution This collaboration has been established with Hermes Beamline of SOLEIL synchrotron, in order to investigate via X-ray photoelectron magnetic microscopy. Our team has fabricated 3D magnetic nanostructures, which have been sent to SOLEIL for characterisation.
Collaborator Contribution The group of Rachid Belkhou at SOLEIL are magnetic imaging the 3D nanostructures that we sent them, using their own time to use the HERMES beamline. This is essential for standard beamtime that we'll have in June-2018.
Impact For the moment, the main outcome of the collaboration is preliminary results regarding magnetic imaging of 3D nanostructures using photoelectron X-ray microscopy.
Start Year 2017
 
Description TU Eindhoven 
Organisation Eindhoven University of Technology
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution My team hosted a Master student from TU Eindhoven for 3 months. I supervised him, and my PhD student Dédalo Sanz was his daily supervisor.
Collaborator Contribution The student from TU performed experiments and simulations in my lab, bringing manpower.
Impact The work performed by this student was used as the starting point for a publication of my group on ACS Nano in 2017.
Start Year 2016
 
Title Sharp graphite tips for nanotechnology applications 
Description Sharp graphite tips have been developed in the lab of Dr Amalio Fernandez-Pacheco at the University of Cambridge using a three-step polishing method. The final diameter of the tips is less than 5 microns, and can be shaped to sub-100 nm sizes and special geometries if the application requires it. These sharp tips have potential uses in various nanotechnology applications such as: 1) Tomographic holders 2) Probes for micromanipulation 3) Semiconducting probes for electrical measurements 4) Probes in organic systems to study their elastic properties 
IP Reference  
Protection Protection not required
Year Protection Granted 2017
Licensed Yes
Impact There has been preliminary discussions with a Spin-Out company in Cambridge for them to use these tips for their applications.
 
Title Focused Electron Beam Deposition pattern generator 
Description Software builds electron beam scanning patterns for deposition of 3D nanostructures with various materials. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact This software is expected to be published soon and will lead to several other publications. 
 
Title Monte Carlo Macrospin method 
Description Matlab code to study the magnetic behaviour of 1D chains of macrospin with competing anisotropy energies, i.e. close to the spin-reorientation. 
Type Of Technology Physical Model/Kit 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact Several publications will be possible thanks to this software. 
 
Title Virtual X-ray magnetic microscope computational tool 
Description A new computational tool to calculate the X-ray magnetic circular dichroic signal from a nanostructure at multiple angles has been developed. 
Type Of Technology Physical Model/Kit 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Several publications will be possible thanks to the development of this new software. 
 
Description IEEE Spectrum article 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article in IEEE Spectrum titled "Nanoscale Magnetic Circuits Expand Into Three Dimensions", where we explain our research on 3D nanomagnetism to the scientific and engineering community, as well as to the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://spectrum.ieee.org/nanoclast/semiconductors/nanotechnology/nanoscale-magnetic-circuits-expand...
 
Description Radio Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The interview took place in a Spanish radio. It was dedicated to speak about the situation of Spanish researchers abroad.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Radio interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Radio interview to Amalio Fernández-Pacheco at "Aragon Radio" a regional Spanish radio.
Interview about Stephen Hawking's life and scientific achievements.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.aragonradio.es/
 
Description Research Fellowship Seminars-University of Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Dr Fernandez-Pacheco gave a talk in a seminar organised by the Career Service of the University of Cambridge, advising on how to give the next step in the career of a postdoc. This includes application to funding, as well as the development of the scientific career until then.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.careers.cam.ac.uk/eReg/AccessDenied.asp?Requested=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.careers.cam.ac.uk%2Fpd...
 
Description SIRC article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media article titled "Three-Dimensional Nanomagnets for the computer of tomorrow", as a result of a publication in ACS Nano (2017). This article triggered many others in other websites, such as Eureka, IEEE Spectrum, etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.agenciasinc.es/en/News/Three-Dimensional-Nanomagnets-for-the-computer-of-tomorrow
 
Description School group visit to lab 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A group of sixth formers with no experience of science beyond A-Level (or even traveling out of their area of London!) attended for a school visit of the Lab. We discussed research, university and how it could be possible for them to get into a career in science. They showed a keen interested in the science going on in the labs and also, more broadly, in how the university system worked and how they might progress through it. Their teacher reported that they were very motivated to be able to see the opportunities that were open to them and that they had all really enjoyed the experience. We hope to repeat the tour with a new group this year.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Sidney Sussex Fellow's talks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Fernandez-Pacheco delivered a talk at Sidney Sussex College, where he explained his research to other college fellows.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Talk at Cambridge Nanotechnology Society Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact A talk intended to make the world of 3D nanofabrication accesible to undergraduate students at the University of Cambridge. The talk was very well received, triggering many questions from the students and increasing their awareness of recent advances in nanotechnology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk at Cavendish Graduate Students' Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk presenting nanofabrication and nanocharacterization advancements made in the group to increase awareness in undergraduates and postgraduate students in the department. Students attending were very happy about understanding our research and impressed by the results shown.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://cavgradcon.soc.srcf.net/
 
Description Talk at Los Pinos secondary school (Algeciras, Spain) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Talk + questions session with students in their final year of Secondary School. The talk provided insight and advice to pursue a career in Physics, leaving plenty of room for interaction and questions. The session proved very useful for students, who had questions ranging from the type of subjects that they would encounter at University, to which type of research we are performing in our group. Feedback from students and teachers was very positive, they felt better prepared to make important carer decisions after attending the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description TedX 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact TedX talk taking place in Zaragoza, Spain: (In)Dependent. I gave a talk about "Green computing using next-generation nanotechnology".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bMWMFcDBUu4