Tomographic Imaging

Lead Research Organisation: University of Manchester
Department Name: Materials

Abstract

Computed Tomography (CT) is a powerful non-destructive evaluation (NDE) technique for producing 2-D cross-sections and 3-D images of an object from a series of 2D projections (shadowgraphs).

Critical to the process is the computer algorithms that are able to pre-process and then reconstruct the 3D images from many (often over thousands) shadowgraphs. There are three critical steps to obtaining useful information from tomography i) the correction and calibration stage starting from initial image capture, ii) the reconstruction of a 3D image from these 2D projections and iii) the analysis and quantification of features in the 3D object.

While the techniques are rapidly growing in popularity, most users have fairly limited options when trying to recover the 3D image and are able to write only fairly primitive computer programs to extract key features from the images. The aim of this CCP is to establish a framework within which different reconstruction algorithms, artefact reduction codes, and image analysis procedures are made available to all.

Planned Impact

Economy
At present there are 1,000s of x-ray radiography machines operating in industry, primarily at Airports but also for quality inspection. Fast CT machines coupled with automatic threat or defect recognition will replace radiography over the next few years. It is anticipated that components from the three toolkits developed will lead to at least three industrial studies to develop applications specific to industrial companies. Industrial attendees will be encouraged to assist and participate in the training and science workshops and administration will be expected to identify from our industrial partners the key issues from their perspective prior to developing the toolkit algorithms. The CCP covers a much broader range of tomography applications and industrial users; consequently the uptake is expected to be far greater than this (see Critical Success Factors). As the CCP continues to develop it will broadens its remit into other tomographic applications (already contacts with PET and Neutron Tomography) so this industrial focussed community will grow.

Knowledge
This Tomographic Imaging CCP will benefit; ESRF and Diamond Light Source x-ray imaging users, ISIS Neutron and Muon spallation users and those with access to laboratory x-ray facilities

EPSRC Software as an Infrastructure strategy
Not only does this CCP assist and aid some of the major national facilities but also utilises related infrastructures including compute clusters within STFC and in the regions. Following the quote "Better Software Better Research" we have members who have fellowships within the SSI (Software sustainability Institute); and working within the CCP_FORGE.

In the first phase we have taken opportunities to increase skills by collaborating and sharing expertise including, new multi-grid methods exploited with developers in the CCP_ASEArch and a case study with the Harwell Imaging Partnership. We are also aware of the further overlaps with proposed CCPs including; CCP_PET/MR, CCP_VISUK, and CCP_EM. Internationally we have representation and collaboration with the Europe (EU COST action) and have links with the US Argon National Labs (APS software stack).

Society
The project will deliver benefit in the many areas including Medical Imaging. Image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) equipment with integrated kilo-voltage X-ray cone-beam CT underpins the standard of care recommended by the National Radiotherapy Advisory Group in 2007. Improved image quality will be essential to support dynamic tumour targeting, treatment intervention and adaptation. One pathway to impact in this area will be the production of 3 highlights videos each year to be made available to the Network community to communicate the benefits of the project to stakeholders, to inspire young people in STEM subjects and to raise awareness of the general public.

People
The groups at Manchester and Bath have a strong record of developing young researchers. For example, 12 of Prof. Withers students have gone on to lectureships/Chairs elsewhere and 6 more are now instrument scientists, while at Imperial 6 of Prof. Lee's are now lecturers or Chairs (e.g. at CMU, Tsinghua, NTU), as well as key industrialists, worldwide. Involvement in a multidisciplinary community is expected to provide an incubator for new scientists and engineers on the Harwell site.

Finally, visual information can be a great aid to understanding ('seeing is believing') so this project will deliver results that can be appreciated by the novice as well as the expert. To this end it will have a significant public engagement mission.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The Collaborative project helped coordinate the 2018 X-ray CT Road-mapping exercise which along with town meetings and academic and industrial questionnaires led to the first assessment of the needs of the UK CT community. This has led to the development of a £10M National Research Facility which provides state of the art facilities for X-ray imaging for UK users and which works with the CCPi to train users in both introductory and advanced CT analysis and visualisation techniques.

This project has maintained and reached out to a network of over 400 X-ray CT users from academia and industry. It has developed a toolbox of algorithms for the reconstruction and analysis of X-ray CT data (the Core imaging library). This open-source software for tomographic imaging has particular emphasis on reconstruction of challenging datasets, and is available to all UK users. The community are supported in deployment at large scale facilities (Diamond Light Source and ISIS neutron source) and lab X-ray CT systems. It has led to the development of new software particularly aimed at multi-channel (colour or hyper-spectral) CT. This software is now available at the IMAT neutron imaging facility at ISIS and will become available within the National Research Facility for colour X-ray CT.
Exploitation Route Both the National Research Facility (NRF) which started in November 2020 and the renewal of this grant will provide the infrastructure to support a wide and vibrant UK X-ray CT community. Working with the National Large Scale Facilities, a wide range of in-situ experiments and multi-modal imaging experiments will be undertaken. Indeed up to 900 beam days will be made available for imaging per year through the NRF.

The aims of the next phase of the CCPi grant are: 1. Better community: to strengthen links and collaboration across the UK X-CT community through networking activities, exchange visits and training; 2. Better tomography: to offer a step-change in the amount and quality of information provided by X-CT, by replacing proprietary black-box software with a unified open-source software framework, underpinning new applications in materials science, manufacturing, earth sciences and more; and 3. Better software, better research: in the words of the Software Sustainability Institute (SSI), to improve the reliability of research results through the use and championing of good software development practices including version control, testing, reproducibility, and documentation.

It co-sponsors:
1) A technical tomo-week based at DLS, involving an Advances in X-ray Imaging Workshop and an associated Fringe Meeting (we regularly hold a co-located CIL hackathon).
2) Metrology tomo-events focussed on the NPL supported "dimensional-X-CT conference (DXCT)", where CCPi support training and also fund committee members from the BSI/ISO X-CT standards to attend.
3) The annual UK Tomography for Scientific Advancement (ToScA) symposium; a very popular user group meeting kick-started by the NHM and now being hosted by different educational or industrial institutes.

Furthermore, the outputs of this grant are an essential part of the dissemination plan of our new ESPRC-funded International Centre-to-Centre project, 'Manufacturing by Design (MbD)'. Through the MbD we are developing an engineering component scanner set up at the ESRF which is able to image at unparalleled sample volume/voxel size ratios. The CCPi will provide the software tools to extract information from the data collected.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Energy,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Transport

URL https://www.ccpi.ac.uk/
 
Description This grant has helped to support the emerging UK computed tomography community with a toolbox of algorithms to increase the quality and level of information. Over the course of the project the community has increased to over 400 members. The CCPi supports industry and the wider development of X-ray CT for digital metrology through the D-XCT conference and workshops. In 2019, our courses and workshops reached over 300 people. In 2020 and 2021 these moved online and we also ran a virtual seminar series which had 45 speakers and 369 attendees. Our training courses continue to serve the community and are now linked to the National Centre for X-Ray CT NXCT). This work has also led to a number of public engagement activities, including new software that explains the capabilities of X-ray CT. This software has been used to engage with the public at a number of Science Festivals including Bluedot (2018-20) and the Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition in 2020.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Energy,Healthcare,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology
Impact Types Cultural

 
Description EPSRC Full College Membership
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description EPSRC XCT Equipment Roadmap Panel
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Reader for BSI/ISO standard XCT TDF/4/4/1
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Alan Turing Institute: Event Support (Fringe Meeting - An Intelligent Framework: Pros and Cons of Al/ML in the Computed Tomography Pipeline)
Amount £1,865 (GBP)
Organisation Alan Turing Institute 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2019 
End 06/2019
 
Description EPSRC: Multiscale and In Situ Laboratory X-ray Computed Tomography National Research Facility
Amount £10,000,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2020 
End 07/2025
 
Description EPSRC: Tomographic Imaging: UK Collaborative Computational Projects
Amount £296,693 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/T026677/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2020 
End 03/2025
 
Description National Research Facility for Lab X-ray CT
Amount £10,097,652 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/T02593X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2020 
End 10/2025
 
Description Research Software Engineer USA-UK Travel Fund (Software Sustainability Institute)
Amount £2,500 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2017
 
Description Rich Nonlinear Tomography for advanced materials (LEAD)
Amount £635,422 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/V007742/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2020 
End 05/2024
 
Title Hyperspectral X-ray CT Voxelized TV reconstruction of a single, iodine-stained lizard head sample 
Description Dataset description These datasets are voxel based reconstructions of hyperspectral CT data using the Core Imaging Library (CIL). They are stored as NeXus files (derived from hdf5) which can be read in, visualised and manipulated using CIL. - PDHG_TV_1000_Sp_alpha_0.004.nxs Is the solution after 1000 iterations of PDHG with TV applied in the spatial domain. - PDHG_TV_1000_SpCh_alpha_0.003_beta_0.5.nxs Is the solution after 1000 iterations of PDHG with TV applied both in the spatial domain, and in the energy (channel) domain. Dataset intended use These datasets are used in the CIL training notebook: https://github.com/TomographicImaging/CIL-Demos/blob/main/examples/3_Multichannel/03_Hyperspectral_reconstruction.ipynb They can be imported using CIL, with the following code snippet:
from cil.io import NEXUSDataReader reader = NEXUSDataReader(file_name='path/to/data/PDHG_TV_1000_Sp_alpha_0.004.nxs') data = reader.read()
 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact n/a 
URL https://zenodo.org/record/7016574
 
Title Hyperspectral X-ray CT data set of mineralised ore sample with Au and Pb deposits 
Description General data description: This is a hyperspectral (energy-resolved) X-ray CT projection data set of a mineralised ore sample with small gold and galena deposits. It was acquired in a laboratory micro-CT scanner with an energy-sensitive HEXITEC detector in the Henry Moseley X-ray Imaging Facility at The University of Manchester. The data included contains all the relevant files required for reconstruction, following a hyperspectral scan of a mineralised ore sample. The sample contains a number of mineral phases, of varying concentration, distributed throughout. Some phases (including gold, and lead-based Galena) produce unique absorption edges, which act as spectral identifiers that can be measured by an energy-sensitive detector. File descriptions: The data set consists of one .txt file and three .mat (MATLAB) data files. Au_rock_scan_geometry.txt gives a breakdown of the full sample and detector geometry used when acquiring the raw projections. The number of horizontal detector pixels accounts for the fact that a set of 5 tiled scans of the sample were collected and later stitched together. Au_rock_sinogram_full.mat contains the full 4D sinogram constructed following flat-field normalisation of the raw projection data. The data matrix contains the total number of energy channels acquired during scanning, as well as the conventional elements of vertical/horizontal detector pixel number and total projection angles. commonX.mat provides a direct conversion between the energy channels, and the energies (in keV) that they correspond to, following a calibration procedure prior to scanning. FF.mat contains the 4D flatfield data acquired when no sample was present. This data was used to normalise the projection datasets, as the sinogram was constructed. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL https://zenodo.org/record/4157614
 
Title Hyperspectral X-ray CT data set of mineralised ore sample with Au and Pb deposits 
Description General data description: This is a hyperspectral (energy-resolved) X-ray CT projection data set of a mineralised ore sample with small gold and galena deposits. It was acquired in a laboratory micro-CT scanner with an energy-sensitive HEXITEC detector in the Henry Moseley X-ray Imaging Facility at The University of Manchester. The data included contains all the relevant files required for reconstruction, following a hyperspectral scan of a mineralised ore sample. The sample contains a number of mineral phases, of varying concentration, distributed throughout. Some phases (including gold, and lead-based Galena) produce unique absorption edges, which act as spectral identifiers that can be measured by an energy-sensitive detector. File descriptions: The data set consists of one .txt file and three .mat (MATLAB) data files. Au_rock_scan_geometry.txt gives a breakdown of the full sample and detector geometry used when acquiring the raw projections. The number of horizontal detector pixels accounts for the fact that a set of 5 tiled scans of the sample were collected and later stitched together. Au_rock_sinogram_full.mat contains the full 4D sinogram constructed following flat-field normalisation of the raw projection data. The data matrix contains the total number of energy channels acquired during scanning, as well as the conventional elements of vertical/horizontal detector pixel number and total projection angles. commonX.mat provides a direct conversion between the energy channels, and the energies (in keV) that they correspond to, following a calibration procedure prior to scanning. FF.mat contains the 4D flatfield data acquired when no sample was present. This data was used to normalise the projection datasets, as the sinogram was constructed. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None 
URL https://zenodo.org/record/4157615
 
Title Neutron tomography data of high-purity metal rods using golden-ratio angular acquisition (IMAT, ISIS) 
Description This is a neutron tomography projection data set acquired at the IMAT beamline of the ISIS Neutron and Muon Source, Harwell, UK. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact N/A 
URL https://zenodo.org/record/4273969#.ZA8jsnbP0uV
 
Title Universal Test data set for algorithmic development 
Description SophiaBeads Dataset are acquired specifically for testing and comparing reconstruction methods for x-ray computed tomography. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None to date 
URL https://zenodo.org/record/16474#.WKbnVctvgy8
 
Description Collaboration with Dr Vitor Hugo Carmeiro 
Organisation University of Minho
Country Portugal 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Use of facilities and knowledge
Collaborator Contribution Performed collaborative research aimed at characterising composite materials using Computed Tomography
Impact A number of papers are in preparation
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration with Professor Shengchuan Wu 
Organisation Southwest Jiaotong University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Use of facilities and knowledge
Collaborator Contribution Carried out experiments to assess the fatigue and fracture damage mechanisms of 3D printed or laser welded lightweight materials (high strength Al alloys and Ti alloys) by using both laboratory and synchrotron high-resolution micro computed tomography
Impact A number of papers are in preparation
Start Year 2018
 
Title Anaconda of the Python software CIL 
Description Good software development practices have been implemented, including software code project management, version control, issue tracking, and systematic code testing and builds. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact We have made public releases through Anaconda of the Python software CIL. 
URL http://cil.readthedocs.io/en/latest/
 
Title Iterative Tomographic Reconstruction code 
Description This project focuses on hardware acceleration of conventional and novel iterative reconstruction techniques for computed tomography. The idea is to develop software which will be highly effective for parallel beam reconstruction in limited and missing wedge problems. The software includes (restricted access for developes): •Projection-backprojection routines for parallel, fan beam geometry •Various iterative reconstruction modules: Landweber, CGLS, MLEM, OSEM, FISTA, Primal-Dual •Various regularisation procedures: Tikhonov-L2, TV-L1, Diffusion, Higher order PDEs, Non-local means, Patch-based penalties •Novel spatial-temporal regularisation techniques •Novel structurual priors for hybrid reconstruction •Real data reconstruction routines, artifacts removal 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact It has been downloaded 2858 times 
URL https://ccpforge.cse.rl.ac.uk/gf/project/ccpi_itr/
 
Title Quantification code for tomography 
Description The plug-ins available at the moment are: •3D quantification - calculates various quantities from labelled 3D image, including particle size, PCA analysis and fitted surface data. •Connected components - can be used to label the separate components in a binary image. •Accessibe volume - calculate the accessible volume distribution for a 3D scaffold.(http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2014.05.006) •Nexus Reader - Nexus reader to read Diamond Light Source data into image analysis software. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact Downloaded 3317 times 
URL https://ccpforge.cse.rl.ac.uk/gf/project/iqa/
 
Title The Core Imaging Library 
Description CIL is an open-source mainly Python framework for tomographic imaging for cone and parallel beam geometries. It comes with tools for loading, preprocessing, reconstructing and visualising tomographic data. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2021 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact This has grown to be used in many institutions across the UK, Europe and the US, many collaborations formed including with the ISIS neutron facility, EPAC laser facility. 
 
Description 1-day training school for the Core Imaging Library 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Overview of the Core Imaging Library and how it can be used. 33 attendees
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description 12th annual Tomography for Scientific Advancement (ToScA) symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Team member gave presentation at virtual conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description A specialist workshop on 'fibre reinforced composites' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 34 UK researchers and technicians attended a specialist workshop on 'fibre reinforced composites' at Royce Institute on knowledge exchange.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Advanced X-ray Imaging Workshop and Fringe Meeting (14-15 June 2018, organised by DLS / MDC); 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Advanced X-ray Imaging Workshop and Fringe Meeting (14-15 June 2018, organised by DLS / MDC);
Attendance 19, CCPi hosted one-day Fringe event for UK researchers and Technicians: at STFC national facilities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Analysis Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop on digital volume correlation (DVC) analysis, outlining state of the art and applications in materials science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Avizo courses at UoM 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 3 groups of 14 UK researchers and technicians attended Avizo courses at UoM (6-7 March 2018, 5-6 June 2018, 28-29 November 2018) which was held at the Royce Institute.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Avizo visualisation hands-on session at RAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 8 UK researchers and technicians attended an Avizo visualisation hands-on session at RAL (17 May 2018) at STFC national facilities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description CCPi Virtual Seminar Series 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar series over zoom in which researchers and industry discussed how they used the Core Imaging Library. There were over 25 events covering a total of 369 attendees with 45 speakers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
 
Description CCPi Working Group event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion with SPIERS looking software product range
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description CCPi sponsored food and drink; IBFEM-4i at Swansea (3-4 [training] and 5-6 [users' workshop] September 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact CCPi sponsored food and drink; IBFEM-4i at Swansea (3-4 [training] and 5-6 [users' workshop] September 2018) - Attendance 25 training and 37 workshop; for UK researchers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://ibfem.co.uk/2018/
 
Description CIL @ ToScA UK & Europe 2022, Queen Mary University London, 7 - 9 September 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We present the Core Imaging Library (CIL) - a versatile open-source Python package for tomographic imaging reconstruction and analysis. CIL can be used for the entire tomography data workflow from loading common lab and synchrotron X-ray CT data formats, pre-processing for various imperfections, reconstruction by filtered back-projection or a variety of iterative methods as well as data visualisation and exploration. CIL offers tools for conventional as well as challenging setups including in-situ experiments with imaging rigs, fast dynamic CT, hyper-spectral CT, and non-standard scan geometries such as laminography. In this talk, we give an overview of the functionality provided by CIL and provide multiple application examples, including comparisons of filtered back-projection reconstruction with emerging iterative reconstruction methods.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.ccpi.ac.uk/CIL
 
Description CIL Training @ ToScA UK 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hands-on training for the Core Imaging Library (CIL), an open-source reconstruction platform for challenging and novel data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description CIL Training Course @ IBSim 18 October 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Session 1: Introduction to XCT and the CIL framework for reconstruction of commercial lab-based XCT data with FBP/FDK
Session 2: Pre-processing of XCT data, e.g. centre of rotation correction
Session 3: Iterative reconstruction methods for standard XCT data
Session 4 (choose one of):
Reconstruction of data simulated from gVXR
Advanced iterative reconstruction with spectral XCT data
Advanced iterative reconstruction on laminography XCT data
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://ibsim.co.uk/events/ibsim-4i/registration/
 
Description CT image based modelling of composite materials' failure 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An invited lecture to an international conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Course at Manchester DVC (Digital Volume Correlation) by Kamel Madi (Thermo Scientific™ Amira-Avizo) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Attendance 10, funded trainers for course from CCPi, held at Royce Institute: UK researchers and technicians
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Dataset training 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A training course was held over two days at Harwell Campus to help users with the Visualisation & quantification of tomographic datasets
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Digital Volume Correlation. Training on iDVC 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Digital volume correlation (DVC) is used in material science to quantify the internal displacements and strain fields from in situ tomography experiments. This workshop will cover the theory of in situ tomography experiments and DVC analysis, followed by a practical session using the Collaborative Computational Project in Tomographic Imaging (CCPi) iDVC app.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Dimensional XCT conference (2-3 July 2018, organised by NPL); and ToScA Symposium (10-12 September 2018, organised by RMS). 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dimensional XCT conference (2-3 July 2018, organised by NPL); and ToScA Symposium (10-12 September 2018, organised by RMS).
CCPi had an exhibition stand and supported events for UK and international researchers: visitor footfall ~70 + ~80
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Fully3D Training School for the Synergistic Image Reconstruction Framework (SIRF) and Core Imaging Library (CIL) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was an online training course for the image reconstruction, optimisation and regularisation software packages: Synergistic Image Reconstruction Framework (SIRF) and the Core Imaging Library (CIL).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Hackathon 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A hackathon took place at STFC to develop an algorithms benchmark for tomographic image reconstruction
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description IBSim-4i (Image-Based Simulation for Industry) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Team member gave presentation at virtual conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://ibfem.co.uk/events/
 
Description Interview, P D Lee, by CGTN Europe for RAZOR programme. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact P D Lee was interviewed by S Somara from CGTN Europe for RAZOR TV prgogramme, topics include 3D printing for aerospace industry and volcano programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Invited Talk, ToScA UK and Europe 2019, Sept 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Kamel Madi et al. was invited to give a talk at the ToScA UK and Europe 2019 on "Digital Volume Correlation (DVC)"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.toscainternational.org/
 
Description Invited talk, P D Lee, Walsh, et al, Institute of Healthcare Engineering Colloquium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact P D Lee gave a presentation entitled "The Human Organ Project using the ESRF-EBS" at Institute of Healthcare Engineering Colloquium
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Invited talk, PD Lee, History of X-ray Imaging of Materials 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact PD Lee gave an invited talk entittled "History of X-ray Imaging of Materials" at the in situ X-ray imaging: applications from aerospace to biotechnology workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Invited talk, PD Lee, Imaging of Additive Manufacturing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact PD Lee gave an invited talk entittled "Imaging of Additive Manufacturing " at the in situ X-ray imaging: applications from aerospace to biotechnology workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Invited talk, PD Lee/RT, Bio applications - Covid case study 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact PD Lee gave an invited talk entitled "Bio applications - Covid case study" at the in situ X-ray imaging: applications from aerospace to biotechnology workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Keynote, ICASP-5 and CSSCR-5, June 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Peter D. Lee was invited to give a keynote presentation at the 5th International Conference on Advances in Solidification Process (ICASP-5) and 5th International Symposium on Cutting Edge of Computer Simulation of Solidification, Casting and Refining (CSSCR-5) on "Capturing rapid solidification during laser additive manufacturing using synchrotron imaging"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.icasp5-csscr5.org/
 
Description Keynote, plenary talk, P D Lee, Technical University of Denmark 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact P D Lee gave a keynote plenary presentation entitled "Seeing Materials Through a Synchrotron Looking Glass: Inside Additive Manufacturing to Intact Covid-19 Injured Organs with Micron Resolution" at Technical University of Denmark
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Lunch-and-learn virtual seminar series 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A series of weekly virtual seminars with invited speakers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
 
Description Member, STFC Scientific Advisory Board Meeting, Feb 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Peter D Lee invited to be a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the STFC Annual Meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Monthly Lunch-and-Learn sessions (Royce Institute) and software-show-tell events at RAL (Harwell Campus). 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact - Monthly Lunch-and-Learn sessions (Royce Institute) and software-show-tell events at RAL (Harwell Campus).
In 2018 for local knowledge exchange ...
... there were 11 meetings at Royce Institute, (total attendance 226 - two using video conferencing).
... there were 6 meetings at STFC national facilities (total attendance ~49)
... and 1 meeting at UoM Mathematics department (total attendance 11)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://tyne.dl.ac.uk/twiki/bin/view/Visualisation/VisSeminars
 
Description Network t-conf meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Network t-conf meetings occur continually, with updated website, and regular newsletters, comprises talks and training events. The size of our community has risen from ~250 in 2013 to over 400 by the end of 2018; over 60% growth.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018
 
Description Online Training - Introduction to the Core Imaging Library (CIL) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This short training course will introduce you to using CIL for pre-processing and reconstruction of tomographic data. You will be introduced to iterative reconstruction algorithms and compare these with the typical FBP/FDK reconstructions.
The course will be held remotely. The training material will be provided for you through the STFC cloud which you will access through a browser.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Online Training - Introduction to the Core Imaging Library (CIL) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This short training course will introduce you to using CIL for pre-processing and reconstruction of tomographic data. You will be introduced to iterative reconstruction algorithms and compare these with the typical FBP/FDK reconstructions.
The course will be held remotely. The training material will be provided for you through the STFC cloud which you will access through a browser.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Organiser, ImagingBioPro Workshop "Learning How Large Facilities Can Help Image Musculoskeletal (MSK) Processes", at Diamond Light Source, Sept 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Marta Godinho organised the ImagingBioPro Workshop "Learning How Large Facilities Can Help Image Musculoskeletal (MSK) Processes" at Diamond Light Source
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Parmesh Gajjar to USA, England and Wales on Nikon hacking training/code. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Parmesh Gajjar to USA, England and Wales on Nikon hacking training/code.
Publicity at lunch-and-learn (accounted for above) and funded training session at Swansea (attendance 5) - UK technicians.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Publication highlight, K Madi, K A Staines, B K Bay, B Javaheri, H Geng, A J Bodey, S Cartmell, A A Pitsillides, P D Lee, in Diamond Annual Review 2019/20 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact "K Madi, K A Staines, B K Bay, B Javaheri, H Geng, A J Bodey, S Cartmell, A A Pitsillides, P D Lee, In situ characterisation of nanoscale strains in loaded whole joints via synchrotron X-ray tomography. Nat. Biomed. Eng. 4, 343 (2020). DOI: 10.1038/s41551-019-0477-1" was highlighted in Diamond Annual Review 2019/20
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.diamond.ac.uk/docroot/flippingbooks/DiamondAnnualReview2020/
 
Description Publication highlight, K Madi, K A Staines, B K Bay, B Javaheri, H Geng, A J Bodey, S Cartmell, A A Pitsillides, P D Lee, in F1000Prime 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact "K Madi, K A Staines, B K Bay, B Javaheri, H Geng, A J Bodey, S Cartmell, A A Pitsillides, P D Lee, In situ characterisation of nanoscale strains in loaded whole joints via synchrotron X-ray tomography. Nat. Biomed. Eng. 4, 343 (2020). DOI: 10.1038/s41551-019-0477-1" was recommended in F1000Prime as being of special significance in its field by F1000 Faculty Member Peter Torzilli.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Publication highlight, K Madi, K A Staines, B K Bay, B Javaheri, H Geng, A J Bodey, S Cartmell, A A Pitsillides, P D Lee, in Nature Biomedical Engineering 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact "K Madi, K A Staines, B K Bay, B Javaheri, H Geng, A J Bodey, S Cartmell, A A Pitsillides, P D Lee, In situ characterisation of nanoscale strains in loaded whole joints via synchrotron X-ray tomography. Nat. Biomed. Eng. 4, 343 (2020). DOI: 10.1038/s41551-019-0477-1" was highlighted in Nature Biomedical Engineering.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Royal Society Satelitte Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This exhibit showed how we've used 4D synchrotron X-ray tomography of magma to better understand volcanic eruptions, and of ice crystals, to work out why some ice cream tastes better! This was a repeat of the summer exhibition held outside London as part of Manchester Science Festival, nearly 13, 000 visitors came over the 5 day exhibition
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/science-exhibition-manchester/
 
Description Royal Society Summer Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Entitled "4D Science" this exhibit showed how we've used 4D synchrotron X-ray tomography of magma to better understand volcanic eruptions, and of ice crystals, to work out why some ice cream tastes better. 16,000 visitors came to the week long exhibition.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/summer-science-exhibition/exhibits/4d-science/
 
Description SMI Hub Workshop: It's not Easy Being Green - Sustainability, Plastics and Your Business 2023 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Sustainability workshop for SMEs in the Greater Manchester area
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022,2023
 
Description Talk at IBSim-4i 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gave a talk on the CIL at IBSim-4i 2021 to promote the resource to a wider audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Talk at the CoSeC Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A talk was given at the CoSeC annual conference entitled "The CCPi core imaging library, a versatile software for tomographic imaging", which helped to raise the profile of the resource.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.scd.stfc.ac.uk/Pages/CIUK-2021-Breakout-Sessions.aspx
 
Description Talk, "For the love of engineering show - feature a unique blend of short films, music, science comedy and engineering research", UCL, Oct 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Peter D Lee & Le Gall gave a presentation of the research carried out in our group to the general public in a London West End Theatre
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://mecheng.ucl.ac.uk/events/for-the-love-of-engineering/
 
Description Talk, "Learning How Large Facilities Can Help Image Musculoskeletal (MSK) Processes" IBP Workshop at Harwell 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Himadri Gupta gave a talk at the IBP workshop "Learning How Large Facilities Can Help Image Musculoskeletal (MSK) Processes"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Talk, Departmental Seminar at the Department of Engineering, University of Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Himadri S. Gupta gave a seminar in the Solid Mechanics & Materials Engineering Group seminar series, University of Oxford, Oxford on "Illuminating the nanomechanics of hierarchical biological composites: Insights from in-situ synchrotron X-ray techniques".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Talk, ImagingBioPro Workshop "Learning How Large Facilities Can Help Image Musculoskeletal (MSK) Processes" at Diamond Light Source, Sept 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Peter D Lee gave a talk at the ImagingBioPro workshop "Learning How Large Facilities Can Help Image Musculoskeletal (MSK) Processes"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Training Course 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Avizo Course at University of Manchester designed to guide beginners on how to use the programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Training Course at Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Three week training course prior to the 16th International Meeting on Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine. The course covered image reconstruction for PET, MRI and x-ray CT, emphasising commonalities but allowing participants to concentrate on topics that fit their interest.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Training at conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Training day on reconstruction toolbox which increased understanding of software.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.npl.co.uk/research/dimensional/dxct-conference/dxct-conference-2021
 
Description Training school at PSMR2022 - Total body PET workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop and training session for CIL
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Training session at conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Provided two 3hr hands-on CIL training sessions at the 2021 ToScA Europe conference, which led to an increased understanding of how to use the software
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.toscainternational.org
 
Description UK Research and Innovation Launch Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PDL Participated in UK Research and Innovation (implementing policy)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://blogs.bl.uk/living-knowledge/2018/05/uk-research-and-innovation-launched-at-the-british-libr...
 
Description UKRI Research Infrastructure Roadmap Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PDL Participated in UKRI Research Infrastructure Roadmap Workshop (implementing policy) on 14 June
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description World Cup trophy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact To coincide with the 50th anniversary of England winning the World Cup we linked with the National Football Museum in Manchester to scan the Jules Rimet trophy. The story was picked up by local news, MEN, ITV and Wired UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.manchester.ac.uk/discover/news/manchester-scientists-solve-trophy-mystery/