The science and analytical tools to design long life, low noise railway track systems

Lead Research Organisation: University of Southampton
Department Name: Faculty of Engineering & the Environment

Abstract

Electrified railways are the only form of powered transport realistically offering zero CO2 emissions at point of use. A reduction in CO2 emissions from transport will require a massive shift from road to rail, itself a challenge as even a 10% shift in the UK would double rail traffic. This is on top of a doubling in rail travel and increased intensity of use of the network since 1994, exposing the limitations of traditional track forms as real time maintenance needs increased and the time available for maintenance reduced. The rail industry is also under pressure to reduce costs and environmental impacts including noise and vibration, often a major cause of objections to proposed new and upgraded lines.

The contribution of rail transport to social wellbeing, regeneration and growth is well established; and rail is now seen as the key to unlocking prosperity, improving east-west connectivity in the UK and reducing the north-south economic divide. Planned UK and international rail investment is unprecedented in a century, but increased demands and expectations have revealed gaps in the knowledge needed for effective, rational investment. Scope for cost savings and improved environmental performance through better track system design and longevity is substantial: Network Rail currently spends £3.5bn p.a. on infrastructure maintenance and renewal, and will invest £38bn in 2014-9.

TRACK to the FUTURE (T2F) will discover the scientific knowledge and develop the analytical tools to design long-life, low-noise railway track systems that are economical to install, require minimal maintenance, and optimize environmental performance. It will deliver step-change improvements in three key areas:

1.Track life: track maintenance is costly in cash and carbon terms, and interferes with operations. T2F will explore new, low-maintenance track forms. It will develop an understanding of the relationships between track stiffness and settlement, which can be measured, and differenal movement of the track, which causes performance to deteriorate. It will extend ballast life by understanding and eliminating or mitigating causes of deterioration and developing designs that will continue to perform well long after deterioration has set in; and will facilitate ballast re-use rather than downcycling or disposal.

2.Switches (points) and transitions: where trains change direction and cross tracks or other infrastructure there is a complex interaction of geometry, support, wheel profile and vehicle dynamics. This is not sufficiently understood and frequent costly and disruptive maintenance is required. T2F will draw together the key areas of ground support, switch or transition zone geometry, and vehicle dynamics for the reliable assessment of crossing and transition zone behaviour, life and maintenance needs.

3.Noise and vibration: public tolerance of vibration and noise from railways is decreasing as use intensifies, yet these are traditionally regarded as secondary in design. T2F will develop and demonstrate, through modelling and full-scale testing, a low-noise, low-vibration track consistent with reduced whole life costs and low maintenance.

In every aspect, T2F will address the effects of millions of cycles of complex loads to which track systems are subjected in a modern environment, taking into account the combined effects of noise, vibration, vehicle dynamics and ground behaviour, non-uniformities of loading and non-linearities in response. The research will lead to the development of integrated tools, based on sound fundamental principles and reliable observations of behaviour, for assessing performance of track systems including transitions and crossings, noise and vibration. These will be incorporated into existing industry analytical models to improve the performance and reduce maintenance needs of railway track systems, in support of the DfT Rail Technical Strategy 2040 vision of infrastructure fit for the 21st century.

Planned Impact

Infrastructure owners (eg Network Rail (NR) LUL and politically significant players like HS2) will benefit from long-life, low-noise track systems that are economical to install, low in maintenance, and environmentally optimized. Train operators will gain from a more reliable, available and serviceable network; and the UK rail industry will profit from new and exploitable knowledge and expertise. Innovation by suppliers, contractors and designers engaged in construction, renewal and maintenance will be enabled by new fundamental scientific understanding. New knowledge will create export opportunities for industry, giving the UK a competitive advantage in reduced costs and new skills and techniques.

The travelling public, taxpayer and national economy will benefit from a more efficient, optimized rail infrastructure. The contribution of rail transport to social and economic wellbeing, regeneration and growth is well established. An efficient, low carbon rail system will contribute to the nation's wealth and health, its carbon strategies, and its citizens' quality of life. These long term benefits will start to feed through during the life of the programme, will be harvested in the medium term (accelerating over 5-10 years) and will be cumulative over the long term, increasing over 30 plus years as more of the network benefits from new understandings.

Impact and speed of uptake of research outputs will be maximized by close engagement with users through our Industry Steering Group, including representatives of NR and LUL, cross-industry bodies eg DfT, ATOC, RIA and RSSB, and leading companies including Pandrol, Tata and URS. Direct uptake of the research will be facilitated by the development of modules for industry standard models VTISM and T-SPA, and through interest groups eg the NR Track Stiffness Forum. Outputs will be disseminated via face-to-face meetings, industry seminars/workshops, magazine and journal articles, a Programme website, conference presentations and learned society activities. Our associated doctoral students will gain world-leading technical competence and will have an impact well beyond the term of the grant as highly-skilled engineers in industry and as a new generation of researchers and academics.

NR, LUL, DfT and the Office of Rail Regulation will benefit from an enhanced evidence base to underpin investment and policy decisions. HS2, the Treasury and a range of stakeholders in conventional and high speed rail will benefit similarly. The Programme supports the DfT Rail Technical Strategy and the NR Technical Strategy at a time of massive growth in rail use and new construction; increasing volume, weight and speed of traffic; extending operating hours; and declining public tolerance of vibration and noise. It supports UK and EU government aspirations on decarbonising land transport, safeguarding critical raw materials, the development of a circular economy and dealing with environmental noise.

The new knowledge will be of immediate and long-term value. The research will quickly benefit European policymakers and R&D: it is immediately relevant to the EC's 7-year Shift2Rail programme, whose targets include an indicative surge in the utilisation of capacity of 70-90%, with a parallel reduction in recurrent operational costs of 25-45% and potential savings in delivery costs for major infrastructure projects and related systems of up to 30%. T2F will benefit the UK rail research community by ensuring that it remains at the forefront of this transformation, retaining its world-leading position and reputation.

We will provide advocacy in science and engineering and inspire the next generation of engineers, through outreach activities including open days, visits to schools, and events such as the successful "TEAtime" events for GCSE and A -level students. We will encourage girls and young women to take up careers in engineering, supporting groups and activities such as Dragonfly & THEANO.

Publications

10 25 50
publication icon
Abadi T (2016) Improving the performance of railway tracks through ballast interventions in Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit

publication icon
Ajayi O (2017) Scaling relationships for strip fibre-reinforced aggregates in Canadian Geotechnical Journal

publication icon
Ajayi O (2017) A behavioural framework for fibre-reinforced gravel in Géotechnique

publication icon
Armstrong J (2019) Benefits from the remote monitoring of railway assets in Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Transport

publication icon
Bian X (2019) Pore pressure generation in a poro-elastic soil under moving train loads in Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering

 
Description The work continues toward completion in November 2020. Key highlights to date include
• completion of tests and modelling of rail fasteners, and assessment of noise and vibration control measures
• progress on socio-economic studies including use of GIS based methods and look-up table of N&V results
• scale model demonstrators for ballasted and slab track
• field tests in Dublin
• progress developing develop a simple mathematical model to describe settlement of ballasted track under cyclic loads representative of train passage, together with a fast technique for computing successive cycles. The model can reproduce in principle the behaviour observed and is more promising than existing models, in the sense that it allows for a more detailed treatment at the material level.
• the development to deployment of improved monitoring techniques (e.g. MEMS accelerometers) and novel methods of data analysis that enable the track support stiffness to be assessed by the measurement of deflection alone, and give greater confidence in the identification of the effective datum for geophone and accelerometer derived track movements
• field monitoring campaigns at nine live sites, including installation of a trial section of fibre reinforced ballast on LUL (Burnt Oak), which are generating exceptionally high quality data and revealing aspects of behaviour not previously observed
• finite element, vehicle-track interaction, and discrete element analyses to investigate the effects of under track crossings as discontinuities in support stiffness, a stochastic variation in track support stiffness, and mechanisms of ballast grain abrasion and under sleeper pad performance
• development of a new behavioural framework and scaling laws for fibre reinforced ballast
• laboratory rig and element testing demonstrating that re-used ballast can perform satisfactorily, and the benefits of a tuned fibre shape for fibre reinforced ballast in cyclic loading
• construction and deployment of a new, rail-mounted laser measurement trolley to obtain detailed geometric data from S&C
• new techniques in numerical (FE, FE/BE, DEM and VTI) analysis (e.g. potential particles and the conical damage model) that are being adopted by others for non-rail applications
• Combined analysis of site data, laboratory and modelling have enabled a systematic and clinical understanding of a S&C system behaviour (short and medium term). We have made further progress in developing a detailed understanding and ability to model the behaviour of switches and crossings (S&C), and how trains are affected by variations in track or support stiffness as they pass through. Lab testing of long bearers and joints are supporting whole system modelling and calibration, which is being validated against field measurements.
• further development of the Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) and deployments have enabled more integration of train-borne and trackside measurements with high accuracy in vertical and lateral profiles. Areas of interest have been identified for further detailed localised monitoring.
• Comprehensive, flexible, template- and ontology-based approach developed for generalised socio-economic assessment procedure
• Test implementation completed based on groundborne vibration analysis
• Some financial cost data has been obtained. Next step is to conduct economic analysis for the case study route.
Exploitation Route • new findings and understandings can be adopted in practice to improve performance and reduce maintenance
• laboratory rig and element testing and numerical analytical techniques could be adopted by other researchers and taken up by industry to investigate / assess specific materials and problems
• new field based measurement techniques could be used by industry to investigate / assess specific problem sites
• new field based measurement techniques could be used by industry to develop robotic techniques for targeted maintenance with significantly better performance than current approaches for reduced cost and disruption
Sectors Construction,Transport

URL http://t2f.org.uk
 
Description The Core Industry and Industry Steering Groups provide a regular channel to bring the attention of key users to achieved and emerging outputs. These groups, chaired by NR, include the heads of track engineering for LUL, HS1 and HS2, a number of key staff from NR, and designers and materials and equipment suppliers. We regularly support events at NR, LUL, the Permanent Way Institute, the Rail Industry Association (RIA), UK Rail Research Association and others. Highlights include regular presentations and exhibits at industry events, eg the RIA's Innovation Conference in 2017, 2018 and 2019; and articles in the specialist press, such as two by the PI in Rail Technology Magazine in 2017. While it is early in the programme for findings to be used in practical applications, significant impact has been achieved by participation in the Cross Industry Track Stiffness Working Group, chaired by Network Rail. Findings have been used in the "Guide to Track Stiffness Guide" (ISBN 9780854329946) arising from this industry/academic joint working group, published by the University of Southampton and widely taken up by industry in the UK and around the world, with 650 copies sold and some 400 more distributed. The universities actively engage with potential users through the development of the UK Rail Research and Innovation Network, UKRRIN, whose research Centres of Excellence are led by three of the T2F partners after a rigorous selection process run by industry. In 2017 UKRRIN was awarded £28.1M by the UK Research Partnership Investment Fund through HEFCE, matched by industry commitments of £20M in cash and £42M in kind. Techniques developed for the Programme are now being used for collaborative research projects with industry (eg tests in the Southampton rig for asphalt track tests commissioned by Aecom in 2017/2018). This general level of activity and engagement with industry continued through 2018, with numerous industry-focused talks to organisations such as RIA, the VT-SIC, the PWI and others. In 2019 and continuing into 2020 we are undertaking a campaign to engage more with SMEs and with HS2, the former particularly through the Railway Industry Association's Unlocking Innovation events, and the latter through the PI's engagement at high level in HS2 and through the agency of a recently appointed Impact Champion, Prof Andrew McNaughton.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Construction,Transport
Impact Types Economic

 
Description Advancing practice in managing groundwater in civil engineering
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Prof Powrie delivered a series of workshops to practising engineers in London (January 2019) and Canada (December 2019) on innovative techniques and design for managing groundwater in temporary and permanent civil engineering works.
 
Description Appointed to advise Chair of HS2
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Prof William Powrie (PI) was selected with Prof Andrew McNaughton (Southampton) and Prof Lord Robert Mair (Cambridge) to advise the Chairman of HS2 on the engineering design of HS2 infrastructure. Their work was cited in Recommendation 3 of the HS2 Chairman's Stocktake (August 2019) (HMG Official Sensitive - redacted version available at the given URL). In the context of challenging costs and deriving further efficiencies within the proposed scope of the railway, the Chairman says "I will continue to use Professor Andrew McNaughton, Lord Mair and Professor William Powrie to work with the HS2 Ltd Chief Engineer to examine the engineering assumptions behind existing designs". The Chairman's Stocktake was heavily cited and its cost estimates relied on in the Oakervee Review (December 2019), including a specific reference to risk arising from lack of information on ground conditions in Phase 2b. The Oakervee Review in turn underpinned the Prime Minister's announcement on 11 Feb 2020, so a direct line can be drawn from our research to the decision to proceed with HS2.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/hs2-ltd-chairmans-stocktake-august-2019
 
Description Contribution to McNaughton report on target cost of GB railway electrification
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Contributed to a report commissioned by DfT HS2 Phase 2 and NPR Sponsor who sought advice on what the cost of main line electrification, needed to permit through running of HS2 services on certain routes, ought to be and what changes would be necessary to achieve it. Southampton is the only university cited in the report, for its analysis that "provided the compelling evidence to support the empirically sound long established "ORE" method rather than some recent attempts at limit state geotechnical approaches." The paper overall argues that the cost of electrification can be better than halved from the costs that were experienced on the Great Western Electrification Programme, and the work done at Southampton makes a very significant contribution to the saving. The impact is likely to be a change of strategy by DfT to enable wider electrification, with a saving in cost to the public purse and environmental benefits by reducing use of diesel fuel. There are positive implications for the construction industry and greatly increased productivity in the installation of foundations.
 
Description HS2 earthworks review panels
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Separately from his role advising the Chairman of HS2, Prof Powrie provided expert advice to HS2 technical leads and their consultants, and chaired or participated in a series of panels, design reviews and deep dive exercises to improve the design of HS2 geotechnical infrastructure, from January to August 2019 with occasional further inputs. He also gave independent advice to DfT on HS2, particularly at meetings on 15th (Southampton) and 27th March 2019 (London). This has led to more economical design of large cost elements of HS2, contributing to the decision to proceed with the project. Evidence for this is set out in the separate entry on advising the Chair of HS2, who reported in the HMG publication "HS2 Chairman's Stocktake" that he would "continue to use Professor Andrew McNaughton, Lord Mair and Professor William Powrie to work with the HS2 Ltd Chief Engineer to examine the engineering assumptions behind existing designs The value engineering on Main Works Civils Contractors to date has been far reaching .."
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/hs2-ltd-chairmans-stocktake-august-2019
 
Description LUL technical leads
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description OLE workshops to improve foundation design for Network Rail electrification
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Enabling practising engineers in Network Rail to change the design approach to the foundations for overhead line electrification equipment. This is directly tackling the multi-billion pound overspend on the West Coast Main Line electrification project and other programmed investments, which had led to direct government intervention, delays, reputational damage, the Hendy Report and suspension of most research investment, the sale of assets and (arguably) a change in chairman and the commissioning of the Shaw Report into Network Rail. This work is continuing and the full effects are yet to be quantified.
 
Description Paper to Permanent Way Institute technical seminar
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description RIA Electrification Cost Challenge
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Cited and quoted in a review by the UK rail supply body into ways of reducing the cost of railway electrification. The document finds that using the design method justified by research at Southampton, foundation depths can be generally halved with cost and productivity benefits that are more than merely in proportion. The document includes a case study in which a collaboration between Network Rail, two SMEs, a large corporation and the University of Southampton led to a design saving that avoided major works due to electrification estimated at £10M - £15M, instead costing £1M, at a single bridge in Cardiff. The overall benefit of the package of measures recommended in the review is to bring costs down from the region of £2.5M/single track kn to £1M/stkm, against an annual output in excess of 100km/annum.
URL http://www.riagb.org.uk/RIA/Newsroom/Stories/Electrification_Cost_Challenge_Report.aspx
 
Description Railway Standards and Safety Board and Rail Delivery Group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Prof Powrie and other staff contributed to a meeting of the RSSB Infrastructure Standards Committee on 8 January 2019, which rules on requests for derogations from safety standards on the UK rail network for specific projects. Prof Powrie later presented to the Rail Delivery Group's Technical and Standards Forum on 11 September 2019.
 
Description Track Stiffness working group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Publication of Guide to Track Stiffness, a guide to good practice, co-authored by Prof William Powrie and Dr Louis Le Pen of University of Southampton. 650 copies of the guide have been purchased by Network Rail and distributed at a workshop, and it has therefore become de facto guidance to engineers maintaining the majority of the UK rail network. Copies have also been taken in small numbers by London Underground and consulting engineers in the rail industry.
 
Description (S-CODE) - Switch and Crossing Optimal Design and Evaluation
Amount € 4,999,771 (EUR)
Funding ID 730849 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 11/2016 
End 10/2019
 
Description Comparison of performance of bearer shapes
Amount £43,039 (GBP)
Funding ID PO103010 
Organisation Progress Rail Services UK Ltd 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2015 
 
Description Continuous railway track monitoring using passenger trains
Amount £237,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 105112 
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2019 
End 03/2020
 
Description Full scale trials of innovative track systems
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Network Rail Ltd 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Description In2Rail
Amount € 17,998,546 (EUR)
Funding ID 635900 
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 05/2015 
End 04/2018
 
Description In2Track
Amount € 2,799,993 (EUR)
Funding ID 730841 
Organisation Network Rail Ltd 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 02/2019
 
Description Roll2Rail
Amount € 16,000,000 (EUR)
Funding ID 636032 
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 05/2015 
End 10/2017
 
Description Run2Rail
Amount € 2,732,464 (EUR)
Funding ID 777564 
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 09/2017 
End 08/2019
 
Description Shift2Rail In2Track2 - Newark Flat Crossing R&D
Amount £96,907 (GBP)
Funding ID PO 3948935 
Organisation Network Rail Ltd 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2019 
End 12/2020
 
Description Smart-X: A remote-condition monitoring technology for voids, nose impact and switch movement at S&C's
Amount £882,921 (GBP)
Funding ID 104247 
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2018 
End 12/2019
 
Description Strategic University Partnership in Future Infrastructure Systems (2)
Amount £433,000 (GBP)
Funding ID PO1496855 
Organisation Network Rail Ltd 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2015 
End 09/2017
 
Description Strategic University Partnership in Future Infrastructure Systems (3)
Amount £250,000 (GBP)
Organisation Network Rail Ltd 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2019
 
Description UK National Quantum Technology Hub in Sensing and Timing
Amount £23,949,167 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/T001046/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2019 
End 11/2024
 
Description UK Research Partnership Investment Fund (UKRPIF)
Amount £28,086,000 (GBP)
Organisation Higher Education Funding Council for England 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2020
 
Description UKCRIC Pump Priming Panel July 2017
Amount £1,013,092 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R013535/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 12/2019
 
Description UKRRIN Centre of Excellence in Digital Systems
Amount £28,100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Higher Education Funding Council for England 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2020
 
Description AI/ Lafarge Holcim 
Organisation Aggregate Industries
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Supervise postgraduate research into innovative track systems for high speed railways.
Collaborator Contribution Financial support for studentship and steering research. Pathway to adoption of innovations.
Impact Owing to changes in the company, AI/ Lafarge Holcim withdrew from the agreement in November 2018 before a student had been appointed.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Asphalt Track (field monitoring) 
Organisation Network Rail Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Design, develop and implement field monitoring and analysis techniques for existing areas of asphalt/ballast trackbed.
Collaborator Contribution Experience and access to field trials; some existing equipment being assessed for suitability.
Impact Improved understanding of the behaviour of asphalt trackbed under real life train loads.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Asphalt track 
Organisation AECOM Technology Corporation
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Providing scientific understanding and research facilities for developing innovations in track systems, particularly in the area of asphalt track.
Collaborator Contribution Access to data and live track through contract with Network Rail. Leading proposals and bids to develop asphalt track to higher TRLs.
Impact Unsuccessful proposal for site trials to Horizon 2020. Smaller scale proposal funded by RSSB - £120,000 for full scale laboratory tests on materials supplied by AECOM.
Start Year 2016
 
Description East West Arc Rail Alliance 
Organisation East West Railway Company
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Expertise on railway track systems, geotechnical engineering and transportation policy. Infrastructure and urban systems for one planet living. Infrastructure and urban systems as drivers of equity, inclusion and social justice. Engagement with innovation workshops and meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Delivering a real world railway where research will deliver direct impact. Political influence and community relations.
Impact Prof Powrie attended an innovation discussion at offices of EWR Co 4 April 2019, and led an Innovation Workshop in Edgbaston 1 August 2019. Prof Powrie and Prof Richards provided expert advice to an Earthworks Technical Review of EWR Co designs on 3 June 2019.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Network Rail CPS R&D framework 
Organisation Network Rail Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Solution exploration, project scoping and design. Physics based analysis of infrastructure performance. Numerical modelling, laboratory testing, field measurements and performance monitoring of all rail infrastructure including track systems, geotechnical infrastructure, structures, vegetation management, design philosophy and conceptual design, noise and vibration, high voltage infrastructure, location data and track model, economic and carbon modelling, and other areas of mutual interest and expertise that may arise.
Collaborator Contribution Funding and access to H202o funding. Programme management. Access to significant data sets and live railway track including safety management systems. Chair industry steering group for all rail research.
Impact This is a new partnership with a minimum floor value of £2M over 5 years. Individual projects within the partnership will be reported in the Further Funding section as they are committed.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Network Rail Ltd Strategic University Partnership 
Organisation Network Rail Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise, intellectual input, research project management and the training of doctoral students. Access to data, equipment and facilities, and securing third party laboratory services. Serving on industry expert committee and providing advice on an ad-hoc basis. Guiding the preparation of good practice guides and new design standard.
Collaborator Contribution Programme management and in-house champions for the research. Pathways to impact.
Impact Guide to Track Stiffness ISBN: 9780854329946 (2016) Guide to the effects of debris accumulations at river bridges ISBN: 9781912431052 (2019). [Also reported via NERC project NE/R009015/1.] Network Rail Specification NR/L2/CIV/074 Design and Installation of Overhead Line Foundations (2017) PhD theses: M Potticary; L Rorke; A Roberts; Reports on ballast migration, soil water sensors, fibre reinforced ballast, shallow under track crossings, carbon fibre reinforcement of cast iron bridge beams. 2 conference papers on flexural testing of full scale cast iron girders reinforced with CFRP Instrumentation of railway bridge for long term monitoring of interaction performance of earthworks and bridge. 5 PhD studentships.
Start Year 2012
 
Description UKRRIN Centre of Excellence in Digital Systems 
Organisation Bombardier Inc.
Department Bombardier Transportation
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We lead the new UK Rail Research and Innovation Network. This is a collaboration between 8 universities and 16 companies. The network comprises of 3 Centres of Excellence: Digital Systems - led by Birmingham; Rolling Stock - led by Huddersfield with Newcastle and Loughborough; and Infrastructure - led by Southampton with Sheffield, Nottingham, Loughborough and Heriot Watt.
Collaborator Contribution £28.1M has been secured from the Higher Education Funding Council for England. There is contract private investment for 16 companies totally £64.4m. The Digital Centre of Excellence will lead on four themes, one of which is cybersecurity.
Impact No outcomes yet.
Start Year 2018
 
Description UKRRIN Centre of Excellence in Digital Systems 
Organisation IBM
Department IBM UK Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We lead the new UK Rail Research and Innovation Network. This is a collaboration between 8 universities and 16 companies. The network comprises of 3 Centres of Excellence: Digital Systems - led by Birmingham; Rolling Stock - led by Huddersfield with Newcastle and Loughborough; and Infrastructure - led by Southampton with Sheffield, Nottingham, Loughborough and Heriot Watt.
Collaborator Contribution £28.1M has been secured from the Higher Education Funding Council for England. There is contract private investment for 16 companies totally £64.4m. The Digital Centre of Excellence will lead on four themes, one of which is cybersecurity.
Impact No outcomes yet.
Start Year 2018
 
Description UKRRIN Centre of Excellence in Digital Systems 
Organisation Siemens AG
Department Siemens Mobility
Country Global 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We lead the new UK Rail Research and Innovation Network. This is a collaboration between 8 universities and 16 companies. The network comprises of 3 Centres of Excellence: Digital Systems - led by Birmingham; Rolling Stock - led by Huddersfield with Newcastle and Loughborough; and Infrastructure - led by Southampton with Sheffield, Nottingham, Loughborough and Heriot Watt.
Collaborator Contribution £28.1M has been secured from the Higher Education Funding Council for England. There is contract private investment for 16 companies totally £64.4m. The Digital Centre of Excellence will lead on four themes, one of which is cybersecurity.
Impact No outcomes yet.
Start Year 2018
 
Description UKRRIN Centre of Excellence in Digital Systems 
Organisation Thales Group
Department Thales UK Limited
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We lead the new UK Rail Research and Innovation Network. This is a collaboration between 8 universities and 16 companies. The network comprises of 3 Centres of Excellence: Digital Systems - led by Birmingham; Rolling Stock - led by Huddersfield with Newcastle and Loughborough; and Infrastructure - led by Southampton with Sheffield, Nottingham, Loughborough and Heriot Watt.
Collaborator Contribution £28.1M has been secured from the Higher Education Funding Council for England. There is contract private investment for 16 companies totally £64.4m. The Digital Centre of Excellence will lead on four themes, one of which is cybersecurity.
Impact No outcomes yet.
Start Year 2018
 
Description UKRRIN Centre of Excellence in Digital Systems 
Organisation WS Atkins
Department Atkins Rail
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We lead the new UK Rail Research and Innovation Network. This is a collaboration between 8 universities and 16 companies. The network comprises of 3 Centres of Excellence: Digital Systems - led by Birmingham; Rolling Stock - led by Huddersfield with Newcastle and Loughborough; and Infrastructure - led by Southampton with Sheffield, Nottingham, Loughborough and Heriot Watt.
Collaborator Contribution £28.1M has been secured from the Higher Education Funding Council for England. There is contract private investment for 16 companies totally £64.4m. The Digital Centre of Excellence will lead on four themes, one of which is cybersecurity.
Impact No outcomes yet.
Start Year 2018
 
Description UKRRIN Centre of Excellence in Infrastructure 
Organisation AECOM Technology Corporation
Department AECOM, Nottingham, UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise and intellectual input to underpin innovation in railways, either by developing novel discoveries arising from UKRI-funded research or applying these new insights to address industry challenges. This may include access to data, equipment or facilities either in our laboratories or to enable field monitoring.
Collaborator Contribution Cash funding to support laboratory tests and field measurements. Access to sites; provision of materials. Membership of industry steering groups. Pathways to impact. IN addition, we have received via the University of Birmingham a contribution of £910,000 for equipment (partner not listed above). This is part of the £28.1M reported by UoB as HEFCE (now UKRI) funding for UKRRIN and is not included here to avoid double counting. It is the amount passported by UoB to the University of Southampton.
Impact This partnership underpins collaborations listed separately in this section; the first, and to date the only, project with an output is the laboratory testing of asphalt track for AECOM.
Start Year 2018
 
Description UKRRIN Centre of Excellence in Infrastructure 
Organisation Heriot-Watt University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise and intellectual input to underpin innovation in railways, either by developing novel discoveries arising from UKRI-funded research or applying these new insights to address industry challenges. This may include access to data, equipment or facilities either in our laboratories or to enable field monitoring.
Collaborator Contribution Cash funding to support laboratory tests and field measurements. Access to sites; provision of materials. Membership of industry steering groups. Pathways to impact. IN addition, we have received via the University of Birmingham a contribution of £910,000 for equipment (partner not listed above). This is part of the £28.1M reported by UoB as HEFCE (now UKRI) funding for UKRRIN and is not included here to avoid double counting. It is the amount passported by UoB to the University of Southampton.
Impact This partnership underpins collaborations listed separately in this section; the first, and to date the only, project with an output is the laboratory testing of asphalt track for AECOM.
Start Year 2018
 
Description UKRRIN Centre of Excellence in Infrastructure 
Organisation Loughborough University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise and intellectual input to underpin innovation in railways, either by developing novel discoveries arising from UKRI-funded research or applying these new insights to address industry challenges. This may include access to data, equipment or facilities either in our laboratories or to enable field monitoring.
Collaborator Contribution Cash funding to support laboratory tests and field measurements. Access to sites; provision of materials. Membership of industry steering groups. Pathways to impact. IN addition, we have received via the University of Birmingham a contribution of £910,000 for equipment (partner not listed above). This is part of the £28.1M reported by UoB as HEFCE (now UKRI) funding for UKRRIN and is not included here to avoid double counting. It is the amount passported by UoB to the University of Southampton.
Impact This partnership underpins collaborations listed separately in this section; the first, and to date the only, project with an output is the laboratory testing of asphalt track for AECOM.
Start Year 2018
 
Description UKRRIN Centre of Excellence in Infrastructure 
Organisation Pandrol UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise and intellectual input to underpin innovation in railways, either by developing novel discoveries arising from UKRI-funded research or applying these new insights to address industry challenges. This may include access to data, equipment or facilities either in our laboratories or to enable field monitoring.
Collaborator Contribution Cash funding to support laboratory tests and field measurements. Access to sites; provision of materials. Membership of industry steering groups. Pathways to impact. IN addition, we have received via the University of Birmingham a contribution of £910,000 for equipment (partner not listed above). This is part of the £28.1M reported by UoB as HEFCE (now UKRI) funding for UKRRIN and is not included here to avoid double counting. It is the amount passported by UoB to the University of Southampton.
Impact This partnership underpins collaborations listed separately in this section; the first, and to date the only, project with an output is the laboratory testing of asphalt track for AECOM.
Start Year 2018
 
Description UKRRIN Centre of Excellence in Infrastructure 
Organisation Progress Rail Services UK Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise and intellectual input to underpin innovation in railways, either by developing novel discoveries arising from UKRI-funded research or applying these new insights to address industry challenges. This may include access to data, equipment or facilities either in our laboratories or to enable field monitoring.
Collaborator Contribution Cash funding to support laboratory tests and field measurements. Access to sites; provision of materials. Membership of industry steering groups. Pathways to impact. IN addition, we have received via the University of Birmingham a contribution of £910,000 for equipment (partner not listed above). This is part of the £28.1M reported by UoB as HEFCE (now UKRI) funding for UKRRIN and is not included here to avoid double counting. It is the amount passported by UoB to the University of Southampton.
Impact This partnership underpins collaborations listed separately in this section; the first, and to date the only, project with an output is the laboratory testing of asphalt track for AECOM.
Start Year 2018
 
Description UKRRIN Centre of Excellence in Infrastructure 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise and intellectual input to underpin innovation in railways, either by developing novel discoveries arising from UKRI-funded research or applying these new insights to address industry challenges. This may include access to data, equipment or facilities either in our laboratories or to enable field monitoring.
Collaborator Contribution Cash funding to support laboratory tests and field measurements. Access to sites; provision of materials. Membership of industry steering groups. Pathways to impact. IN addition, we have received via the University of Birmingham a contribution of £910,000 for equipment (partner not listed above). This is part of the £28.1M reported by UoB as HEFCE (now UKRI) funding for UKRRIN and is not included here to avoid double counting. It is the amount passported by UoB to the University of Southampton.
Impact This partnership underpins collaborations listed separately in this section; the first, and to date the only, project with an output is the laboratory testing of asphalt track for AECOM.
Start Year 2018
 
Description UKRRIN Centre of Excellence in Infrastructure 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise and intellectual input to underpin innovation in railways, either by developing novel discoveries arising from UKRI-funded research or applying these new insights to address industry challenges. This may include access to data, equipment or facilities either in our laboratories or to enable field monitoring.
Collaborator Contribution Cash funding to support laboratory tests and field measurements. Access to sites; provision of materials. Membership of industry steering groups. Pathways to impact. IN addition, we have received via the University of Birmingham a contribution of £910,000 for equipment (partner not listed above). This is part of the £28.1M reported by UoB as HEFCE (now UKRI) funding for UKRRIN and is not included here to avoid double counting. It is the amount passported by UoB to the University of Southampton.
Impact This partnership underpins collaborations listed separately in this section; the first, and to date the only, project with an output is the laboratory testing of asphalt track for AECOM.
Start Year 2018
 
Company Name MONIRAIL LTD 
Description MoniRail is a new spin-out company from the Birmingham Centre for Rail Research & Education (BCRRE). Its initial focus is on commercialising an in-service train data analytics platform coupled with an inertial measurement unit (IMU) that enables continuous monitoring of track and train. The IMU can be used to collect data to monitor track geometry, ride comfort, and train condition and performance. The data analytics software platform converts data from the IMU into actionable condition information that predicts failures and allows for preventive maintenance by having a better understanding of the evolving condition of the assets. 
Year Established 2019 
Impact None yet.
Website https://monirail.co.uk/
 
Description Ballast or Slab? - Rail Technology Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Editorial article for industry magazine on the arguments for and against using ballasted or slab track in high-speed rail. A summary of current thinking and research intended as a contribution to an ongoing debate in the industry, of contemporary relevance in the light of HS2. Aimed at the wider rail industry rather than research community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://t2f.org.uk/wp-content/blogs.dir/sites/5/2018/01/Ballast-or-slab-RTM-AUG-SEP-17-1.pdf
 
Description Ballasted railway track: reducing maintenance needs - Rail Technology Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Authors of an op-ed piece in a widely read industry magazine considering the ways through which the economic and operational performance of ballasted track could be improved. Reporting on advances made through research led by Prof Powrie/Southampton over the last ten years, and looking forward. Aimed at practitioners and interested lay people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://t2f.org.uk/wp-content/blogs.dir/sites/5/2018/01/Ballasted-track-reducing-maintenance-needs-RT...
 
Description Dragonfly 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact This series of activities aims to attract and support women in a traditionally male-dominated discipline, including making engineering an attractive study path. Since the start of Track to the Future the Dragonfly outreach programme for young women at major education path decision points has reached 360 pupils and 29 teachers at 20 schools, and has been used to launch other events reaching a further ~150 pupils. These events frequently involve a laboratory tour and an introduction to testing ballast track systems.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016,2017
URL https://www.southampton.ac.uk/engineering/outreach/dragonfly-day.page
 
Description InnoTrans 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Very large international exhibition and conference. Purpose was to raise awareness of the role of university research in innovation and development in the railway industry, and of how to engage. Several thousand delegates attended and the UK Secretary of State for Transport visited out stand.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.innotrans.com
 
Description Letter to Modern Railways Oct 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Powrie had a letter published in Modern Railways arguing the case for railway research in the UK, in response to a critical article in the Sept 2015 edition.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description MAFEX Spanish railways visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Fact finding visit by Spanish railway industry delegates to find how the UK industry and academia engage. They were given presentations on engineering research and education at Southampton, and on the UK Rail Research and Innovation Network, and a tour of facilities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description NR SUP group presentation week 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participated in a five day event hosted by Network Rail at their Milton Keynes HQ. We presented practical outcomes and ongoing research with an emphasis on monitoring railway linear infrastructure. We participated in an exhibition during the week and made some contacts for further discussion and support for site monitoring.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Opening of new UKCRIC laboratory by Chief Executive, Network Rail 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Opening of new £48M UKCRIC National Infrastructure Laboratory by Chief Executive of Network Rail, supported by Chief Executive of Siemens Mobility, attended by senior industry and academic partners from eg Thales, Shell, a wide range of SMEs and other UK universities from as far north as Heriot-Watt (Edinburgh). At the event Network Rail announced a £2M framework contract for R&D, and Shell signed a £1.5M donation to the University. The BBC attended, resulting in a 4-minute report shown twice on local television news and since used by us for other engagement activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description PWI Wessex region 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Local branch meeting of the Permanent Way Institute, to increase their understanding of and engagement with research in the railway industry. Title was Railway track and related infrastructure research at the University of Southampton. Enhanced the reputation of the University, gave the practitioners insights into the science underlying several of their practices, and helped them identify problem areas. Distributed copies of the Guide to Track Stiffness, authored by the University in a cross-industry working group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description RIA Innovation Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A two day conference organised by the Railway Industry Association, of which UoS is a member and recognised as the leading centre of railway infrastructure research. The ~200 delegates are mostly from industry including many SMEs, and also a strong contingent from Network Rail who fund and undertake a significant proportion of innovation in infrastructure. The focus was on how industry and universities can work together to accelerate innovation, and included case studies on taking new ideas from low TRL right through to the implementation in the live railway. The conference is part of a coherent plan of activities over two or three years to strengthen relationships between industry and academia so it is difficult to attribute new relationships to a single event but the University is seeing an increase in approaches from SMEs in particular, which has always been a difficult constituency for us.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description RIA innovation conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact RIA, a rail industry body with a high membership rate among SMEs, held a two day innovation conference 15-16 March 2017. Three universities were invited, all partners in T2F, to exhibit and lead breakout sessions on how industry can engage with universities to drive innovation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
 
Description RIA innovation conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact We participated in the Rail Research UK Association activity at the two-day Rail Industry Association Innovation conference. We provided and manned an exhibition stand and had a number of useful conversations with delegates, one of which led to a very positive comment on our work from the platform by the Chair of the Office of Rail Regulation. Others led to new contacts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description RRUKA annual conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented two papers and participated in an exhibition to showcase the work of the Rail Research UK Association. The exhibition stands were particularly successful and generated a lot of interest, particularly in work on cleaning leaf debris from the wheel/rail interface, and good engagement with the specialist media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
URL http://www.rruka.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Annual-Conference-2015-Programme-FINAL.pdf
 
Description RTRI Japan track engineers' workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hosted a workshop on railway track maintenance, with 5 papers by University of Southampton, 3 by other UK universities and 8 by Japanese delegates. The purpose was to advance knowledge and improve practice in the engineering of ballasted railway track. The papers were subsequently circulated to all delegates and more widely shared in the Rail Technical Research Institute, Japan.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Rail Live exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This is a major UK trade fair. A group of universities including Southampton jointly attend, giving short talks and exhibiting case studies of innovation led by or underpinned by university research. The purpose is to raise awareness of the universities and advertise the range of facilities and capabilities we have, and our willingness to collaborate.
UoS gave two short presentations and participated in an exhibition area together with the Universities of Loughborough, Huddersfield and Birmingham and the UK Rail Research and Innovation Network.
Some conversations were held with new contacts but the most productive discussions were with staff from Network Rail, and ultimately this fed into the new Research Framework contracts reported elsewhere.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Rail Matters video and associated activity 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The activity was to create and exploit a professional video about railway infrastructure research being undertaken primarily through the EPSRC Programme Grant Track to the Future. This took advantage of a significant investment by the Railway Industry Association (RIA) promoting innovation over 12 months from November 2019, including UoS as the leading university for railway infrastructure research.
The video was completed, including very successful location filming on HS1 and strong endorsement for UoS from the Head of Track at HS1. It was launched in November 2019 at the RIA Annual Conference in front of 400 delegates. Our segment was particularly praised by the Technical Director of RIA. Our segment of the video was played on main video wall at the UKRRIN annual conference later the same month, and at an IMechE rail recruitment event for undergraduates in the South East.
It was shown at a RIA Unlocking Innovation event hosted at The University in Feb 2020 in front of 135 industry delegates, where it led to two serious enquiries for future contract work and several initial enquiries with future potential.
• Attended the Rail Industry Technical Leadership group plenary event, secured invitation to undertake research on slab track at Kings Cross station
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FCFFtOGlnvE
 
Description Rail Review: Paul Clifton on transport policy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Powrie was interviewed by the respected journalist Paul Clifton, the only academic among other senior figures in transport, for a substantial article in Rail Review on how the UK's infrastructure will be affected by a rapidly evolving society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://t2f.org.uk/wp-content/blogs.dir/sites/5/2018/01/Q2-2017-Clifton-A-Vision-for-Transport-1.pdf
 
Description SOTSEF 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The annual Southampton Science and Engineering Day attracted 7,000 visitors in 2017. Some 140 interactive exhibits and activities, run by hundreds of staff and student volunteers, make this an important outreach targeting primarily school age children to interest them in a future in science and engineering. Several exhibits have a railway or geotechnical theme, including custard rolling, experiments on railway noise and vibration using lego, tribology, railway networks and engineering using railway models and Minecraft, wind tunnels, anechoic and reverberant chambers, and many more.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.southampton.ac.uk/per/university/festival/index.page
 
Description Science & Engineering Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As part of the University of Southampton Science & Engineering Festival, an exhibit was created consisting of a Lego trainset. This was instrumented with vibration sensors allowing the public to listen to the vibration signals and to see them displayed on the screen of the computer. An additional activity was provided allowing children to identify different sounds. Posters displayed information about the research projects. A total of 6000 visitors attended the Festival with several hundred visiting our exhibit.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2019
URL http://www.sotsef.co.uk/
 
Description Science and Engineering Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact This is a major "open day" event aimed attracting some 4,000 people to the main campus. Most are children of primary or secondary school age. A wide range of interactive, "hands-on" engineering and science activities is presented over six hours by undergrad and postgrad volunteers. In 2014, we won a National Science and Engineering Week award for Best STEM institution event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
URL http://www.southampton.ac.uk/per/university/festival/index.page
 
Description Slope Engineering and Geotech Asset Management Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Speaking at a two-day conference bringing together asset owners, engineers and contractors to share best practice in solving recent failures and discuss solutions for futureproofing assets. The subject was "the role of technology in managing geotechnical assets and mitigating risks on the UK rail network."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description T21/T2F article in Railway Gazette International 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 5 page article in Railway Gazette International by Prof Powrie, describing the findings of Track21 and setting out the plans for Track to the Future and other associated work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description T2F article in Rail Technology Magazine, Apr/May 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Magazine article by Prof William Powrie describing the Track to the Future research programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description T2F inaugural workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A three day, facilitated workshop to set out the direction and initial programme for the new research programme Track to the Future. Participants included the research team from the Universities of Southampton, Birmingham, Huddersfield and Nottingham; senior staff from Network Rail, London Underground, HS2, Aecom and Progress Rail Services; and senior academics and railway managers from Germany, Sweden, Portugal and the United States.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description UKRRIN 2018 conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact National conference of railway industry and researchers. The conference is a pathway to impact. Opportunity for researchers to present current activities, industry to present on requirements, and identification of opportunities to take research up the TRL scale. There is an exhibition during which there are networking opportunities. We were able to engage with new potential partners and reinforce existing relationships. One plenary presentation by Southampt
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.ukrrin.org.uk/ukrrin-celebrates-first-annual-conference-bringing-rail-industry-and-academ...
 
Description Uniwin lecture 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prestige lecture at Institution of Civil Engineers: Transitions, Disruptors and the Quest for Sustainability (William Powrie). Some new technologies disrupt, and even those that do not often require complicated, systems-level transitions that are difficult to achieve quickly. The lecture illustrated these points with examples from energy and resource / waste management. It then critically assessed two ongoing efforts to achieve transformational change in transport: railway electrification and decarbonising our cities. Systemic failings
that have hindered success were identified. The lecture then discussed what we need from research if we are to do better in realising the benefits of technology in the future, while balancing the often-conflicting goals of affordability, equitability, improved environmental sustainability and quality of life.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018