Ubiquitous Computing Enabled Design

Lead Research Organisation: Imperial College London
Department Name: Design Engineering

Abstract

This project explores novel, intelligent models of design engineering processes that utilise real-time sensor based information and Ubiquitous Computing (ubicomp) technologies to promote stakeholder collaboration, and embed life cycle knowledge throughout sustainable engineering design processes. With this initial step our vision is to explore the future possibilities for harnessing emerging technologies through this research, to empower designers to be more responsive to changing environmental, economic and social demands, and ultimately develop more 'meaningful' products. This multi-disciplinary project will therefore bring together researchers in sustainable design engineering and interactive technologies, to propose new Ubicomp Enabled Design (UED) process archetypes and design tools, which will encourage holistic development of intelligent, sustainable patterns of production and consumption.

Design is a key enabler for innovation and sustainability, and has been widely shown to not only improve creativity, revenue, and competitiveness but also to strategically boosting the skills and knowledge of a company. Engineering design processes however are becoming increasingly complex, as designers have to juggle consideration of a rising number of factors throughout design, such as technical factors (e.g. incorporating new materials and technologies), economic factors (e.g. driving down product costs) environmental factors (e.g. reducing resource demand) and social factors (e.g. increasing usability and customisation). It is therefore critical to help support designers to make smarter and more informed decisions, and as such, a large amount of research effort has been directed at developing methods to support engineering. This has included frameworks for knowledge management, novel computer aided design approaches, and a wide variety of dedicated design tools and methods. In this context, this research proposes that recent socio-technological advances (driven by emerging areas such as big data and internet of things), present a unique and unprecedented opportunity to help support design engineering - to find new ways to help get the right information, in front of the right people, at the right time.

This research therefore seeks to understand how ubicomp technologies can be harnessed within the design process to enable more informed, more responsive, and more effective engineering design. The principle outcomes of this crosscutting feasibility project will be a series of holistic reference models for UED processes, and the definition of a future programme of research in this area towards incorporating socio-technological advances into engineering design.

To achieve this, the project will bring together expertise in sustainable design engineering from Loughborough University and in interactive technologies from the University of Nottingham. The design process models developed in this research will be showcased and demonstrated through a series of 'design and manufacturing futures' - or scenarios that will illustrate possible futures for different consumer products in three sectors of Personal Care, Drug Delivery, and Internet-of-Things Enabled Devices. These scenarios will be supported by technology demonstrators (prototype cloud enabled products), and design toolkits (conceptual engineering decision support tools) that will be developed to show how UED processes could be applied in practice. These scenarios will target to demonstrate the potential of UED in these diverse and prominent sectors of UK manufacturing - from both the business and consumer point of view.

Planned Impact

This project has the potential for global, cross-sectorial impact on the way that companies manage their design processes, engage with their customers, and respond to the incorporation of new knowledge within their activities. The Ubicomp Enabled Design (UED) processes, methods and tools developed in this research could therefore be a key disruptive enabler for moving towards businesses that are more sustainable, more responsive and closer to customers; opening up new market and product opportunities.

In the immediate future, this research will primarily help the project partners involved in contributing to the Advisory Group and developing the case studies. Through direct involvement they will be able to not only steer the work, but will gain an insight into the opportunities for the future of more responsive UED processes. In addition they will have access to simple methods to improve their own design processes and gain an improved understanding of their customers. Finally, they will also have the prospect to become involved in proposal development for future research and enterprise projects.
In addition to identifying the potential for new cloud enabled products and UED tools, this project will as a result identify ways to quickly promote skills development of designers, as well as business competitiveness in the face of increasing uncertainty. The outputs will therefore also help a wider network of companies in a similar way, and to this end we will engage a broad network of key industrial stakeholders, SMEs and start-ups through dissemination activities such as the website and futures event.

Many companies however only undertake 'sustainable' design improvement activities such as these, because either legislation requires them to, or the customer demands it. Therefore it is important to also disseminate the project findings to policy makers and the general public (consumers).
To this end, the findings of this project will be particularly interesting to organisations such as the Design Council, the All-Party Parliamentary Design and Innovation Group, and the Behavioural Insights Team, who advocate that design improvements will be key in realising more effective design of future products and services, and that this will be central to the future competitiveness and sustainability of the UK economy. This project therefore directly addresses their recommendations by being a key enabler of co-design methods and new holistic business models for improving systems of production and consumption, as well as consumer behaviours.

With respect to the general public, it is becoming clear that relationships between consumers and companies are changing. Through socio-technological advances and the proliferation of social media, the role of marketing has seen a dramatic shift towards customer engagement and relationship building (in contrast to more traditional 'push' marketing designed to promote make-sell business models). This in turn has created a more informed customer base that increasingly desire tailored products and services to meet their needs. Engineering design processes will therefore need to develop and change to support this increasing customer focus within future business models. This project seeks to harness these socio-technological advances, to equip design engineers with the information they need to conduct user inspired design, and promote pragmatic and informed decision making. To this end, a series of future design scenarios will be developed that will showcase the potential for UED, using case studies of simple everyday products. Through this it is hoped to raise awareness and empower consumers to make more informed decisions, and in particular to illustrate that they have some control over selecting more responsible companies and products. In the long term, the tools developed in this research will also help consumers to receive products and solutions that address and respond to their needs.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description This study proposed novel models of future design processes informed and enhanced by ubiquitous computing. These will be presented on a website illustrating four conceptual scenarios about the data enabled design engineer of the future - how the design of products might occur, and what new opportunities these smarter products, and smarter designers, might unlock. Throughout this project, we have identified the challenges and opportunities for Ubiquitous Computing Enabled Design (UED) and developed conceptual scenarios that illustrate future applications of UED. To build these scenarios, we developed and tested new methods of encouraging designers to strategically consider uncertain futures. We also built a network of new partners interested in the progression of sustainable design practice, scenario planning, and data driven design - towards pushing beyond this feasibility study into a deeper investigation. In summary, our key findings to date have been: --1. There is large potential for harnessing ubiquitous computing enabled products to reduce environmental impacts in business-to-business contexts. In these cases, real time information about the use of the product can help inform the design of improved products, the maintenance of current products, and recommendations for improved usage behaviours. These feedback loops create a reciprocal relationship where each business receives a mutual benefit (through reduced costs and improved operation and insight), and a custom service system can be built to support it. --2. There has historically been limited effective uptake of ubiquitous computing enabled products to reduce environmental impacts in consumer goods. In most cases 'smart products' are those that give novelty with features enabled by new technology, but typically have a very high drop-off rate when users discard them quickly. This is evident in trends such as the quantified self, where activity trackers have been hugely popular, but many quickly sit unused. This highlights the importance of understanding how to build a relationship between the user and company in the context of design, as well as the importance of fun and novelty. --3. Scenario planning methodologies can be augmented with objects and other design-led tools to become very effective methods of prompting designers to think about new opportunities for future products. Workshop results indicate that by employing a change in perspective, and requiring this to be applied to tangible solutions, designers are able to create a system level view of novel business models and products. This approach also enables designers to change their own practice and develop a values based approach to sustainable design. --4. Through the research findings, and conversations with our network of industry representatives, academics, design thought leaders and futurists, 'Meaningful Design' has been defined as that which is sustainable, impactful, innovative, insightful, and delightful. Realising this therefore relies heavily on talking to users (to gain insight) to create something worth-while (with tangible impact) in the long term (in a sustainable manner). --5. We have envisaged and identified a number of opportunities for the future of the data-equipped design engineer where there are two critical uncertainties of data ownership (where companies or individuals can own the date), and how the data is used (within either data driven design based on responding to patterns seen in big data, or data inspired design based on curated and interrogated data outliers). Based on these, four scenarios are put forwards (Automated Autopia, Evidence Based Enquiry, Dayta in the Life, Things That Talk) that describe a product story, the stakeholder network, the role of the designers, and the tools they use to harness data in the design process.
Exploitation Route Our findings might be taken forwards through a number of avenues of investigation and practice: --1. Opportunities for UED: Through our review findings (soon to be published), businesses can understand opportunities for using data to build relationships with their customers, realise new service models, and improve their environmental performance. --2. Novel Products and Services: Through our workshop findings (partly published, with an expanded journal paper coming soon), insights into new business models, and new products and services have been revealed. These highlight opportunities for creating new values based businesses, and technology enabled services. --3. Education and Upskilling: Through our workshops we have developed new approaches to challenging the way designers think, and new tools for employing scenario planning methods. These will be made available for helping to shape new design tools, workshops and educational curricula. --4. New Network and Projects: Through forming a new network of partners and collaborators, we are working on proposals for new projects that will continue this work, to help businesses build strategic approaches to design, and help future designers become skilled at interpreting and employing data to develop more meaningful products. --5. New Roles for Design Engineers: Through the four scenarios developed, a number of roles for future design engineers are put forwards including an outline of the tools they use to harness data in the design process. These suggest new routes for training and development, as well as proposing new business models for data enabled products.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology

 
Description Although the project is now complete, a number of the final objectives are yet to be fully realised and are due to be published this coming summer and in the months that follow. The initial activities however have already begun to show impact in a number of areas, primarily in the development of future design leaders: -- 1. Students who have attended our 'Global Summer School' week long workshops have been introduced to new ways of thinking and working. Many attendees quoted that the experience helped them be aware of the challenges of the future, and feel more empowered to have a positive impact on them. A number of students have since applied to study design engineering at University and pursue these areas further. -- 2. Designers engaged in the 'Future Tense' workshops run in partnership with Forum for the Future have been exposed to new methods and tools for thinking about the future in strategic and disruptive ways. Many attendees have stated that this has positively impacted their design practice as a result, and the findings have been used to inform the development of new curricula at Imperial College and the Royal College of Art. -- 3. Postgraduate students in the UK and Chile have been engaged in research workshops and outreach activities, which have involved teaching them about scenario planning and futures methods, and developing new product solutions with a future vision. Many of these students have reported new approaches to design, and new outlooks on their future project work. -- 4. Attendance at RECODE network events has resulted in PI participation in another feasibility study project exploring "Business as Unsual: Designing Products with Consumers in the Loop" which has been informed by, and in turn further informed, the work on this project. Learnings from this project helped build plausible potential futures for utilising data to inform the design process, and the results from the RECODE study can be used by companies to understand how customers can be engaged in the design of products within localised networks of manufacturing. -- 5. Engagement with companies when discussing the work led to the development and submission of a research funding proposal to the EPSRC. Through the subsequent meetings, workshops and sub-projects held we have been able to support the development and testing of new initiatives within partner companies.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description Educational Workshops and Updates to Curricula
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The workshops conducted were very successfully received and demonstrated positive impacts on design practice of those attending by equipping them to think more practically and strategically about the future. This led to repeated workshops, and futures based projects such as these being worked into the curriculum of Global Innovation Design MSc/MA run between the Royal College of Art and Imperial College London, and the Design Engineering MEng at Imperial College. This will help future design leaders to be equipped to think about the use of data, and be able to design in the face of uncertain futures.
 
Description World Economic Forum: London: The next start-up frontier for the 4th Industrial Revolution in Fashion
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Global Summer School 2016
Amount £6,000 (GBP)
Organisation Imperial College London 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2016 
End 08/2016
 
Description Global Summer School 2017
Amount £6,000 (GBP)
Organisation Imperial College London 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2017 
End 08/2017
 
Description London Interdisciplinary Social Science Doctoral Training Partnership (LISS DTP)
Amount £140,000 (GBP)
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 10/2021
 
Description Designing Strategic Futures 
Organisation EmoTech Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Based on the outputs of this research, a number of discussions began with these partners based on their individual interests in the future role of the design engineer, and of how we use our personal data. This included working with them to explore how these concepts could be implemented in their own businesses based on our experiences, as well as identifying questions for further investigation. This ultimately resulted in the submission of a proposal to EPSRC for further project funding, and a series of meetings, workshops and student projects to further explore the areas of interest identified.
Collaborator Contribution By understanding the challenges faced by these partners, and the way they incorporate data and strategic thinking into their design processes, we were able to guide our research and the recommendations arising from it. Together, these partners pledged £190,000 in contributions towards the proposal submitted.
Impact This collaboration ultimately resulted in the submission of a proposal to EPSRC for further project funding: EP/R023298/1 Designing for Strategic Futures: Equipping a new generation of design engineers to respond to a shifting industrial, technological and social landscape. This collaborative multi-disciplinary project brought together the disciplines of design engineering, futures studies and data science to explore how design engineering practice can transform to harness, and help to build, the technology driven world of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Representatives from the companies involved included machine learning scientists, strategic futurists, business managers and partners as well as designers and engineers from a range of backgrounds.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Designing Strategic Futures 
Organisation IDEO
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Based on the outputs of this research, a number of discussions began with these partners based on their individual interests in the future role of the design engineer, and of how we use our personal data. This included working with them to explore how these concepts could be implemented in their own businesses based on our experiences, as well as identifying questions for further investigation. This ultimately resulted in the submission of a proposal to EPSRC for further project funding, and a series of meetings, workshops and student projects to further explore the areas of interest identified.
Collaborator Contribution By understanding the challenges faced by these partners, and the way they incorporate data and strategic thinking into their design processes, we were able to guide our research and the recommendations arising from it. Together, these partners pledged £190,000 in contributions towards the proposal submitted.
Impact This collaboration ultimately resulted in the submission of a proposal to EPSRC for further project funding: EP/R023298/1 Designing for Strategic Futures: Equipping a new generation of design engineers to respond to a shifting industrial, technological and social landscape. This collaborative multi-disciplinary project brought together the disciplines of design engineering, futures studies and data science to explore how design engineering practice can transform to harness, and help to build, the technology driven world of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Representatives from the companies involved included machine learning scientists, strategic futurists, business managers and partners as well as designers and engineers from a range of backgrounds.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Designing Strategic Futures 
Organisation WS Atkins
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Based on the outputs of this research, a number of discussions began with these partners based on their individual interests in the future role of the design engineer, and of how we use our personal data. This included working with them to explore how these concepts could be implemented in their own businesses based on our experiences, as well as identifying questions for further investigation. This ultimately resulted in the submission of a proposal to EPSRC for further project funding, and a series of meetings, workshops and student projects to further explore the areas of interest identified.
Collaborator Contribution By understanding the challenges faced by these partners, and the way they incorporate data and strategic thinking into their design processes, we were able to guide our research and the recommendations arising from it. Together, these partners pledged £190,000 in contributions towards the proposal submitted.
Impact This collaboration ultimately resulted in the submission of a proposal to EPSRC for further project funding: EP/R023298/1 Designing for Strategic Futures: Equipping a new generation of design engineers to respond to a shifting industrial, technological and social landscape. This collaborative multi-disciplinary project brought together the disciplines of design engineering, futures studies and data science to explore how design engineering practice can transform to harness, and help to build, the technology driven world of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Representatives from the companies involved included machine learning scientists, strategic futurists, business managers and partners as well as designers and engineers from a range of backgrounds.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Forum for the Future 
Organisation Forum for the Future
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The research team at Imperial College contributed to intellectually conceiving the research study conducted, including expertise on design methods, scenario planning, and emerging technology. The research team also helped develop the research plan, run workshops, analyze outcomes, and write the paper. Additionally, Imperial College provided facilities for hosting events on campus.
Collaborator Contribution The partners at Forum for the Future contributed to intellectually conceiving the research, including expertise on scenario planning and multi-level transitions. The partners also helped develop the research plan, run workshops, analyze outcomes, and write the paper.
Impact This is a multi-disciplinary collaboration bringing together emerging technology, design, sustainability, and futures studies. This collaboration has resulted in a paper entitled Future Tense: Design Methods for Social Innovation, Alternative Futures as a Tool for Change. This paper has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication in the Design For Next conference proceedings, 12th EAD Conference, Sapienza University of Rome, 12-14 April 2017. In addition to the paper, this collaboration was comprised of educational and outreach workshops that resulted in a series of co-created artifacts that explore future scenarios. These scenarios will be used to inform further stages of the research project.
Start Year 2016
 
Description RECODE Network - ESRC/EPSRC Network in Consumer Goods, Big Data and Re-Distributed Manufacturing 
Organisation Cranfield University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The PI attended network events and supplied expertise in data driven design, futures methodologies and synthesis through co-design. This knowledge was shared at network workshops and a sandpit where a new network and partnership was formed with collaborators from Cranfield, Loughborough and the Open University. Together, this collaboration won funding to explore a feasibility study exploring the involvement of consumers in the design of products.
Collaborator Contribution Attendance at events supplied insights into new models of manufacturing and product opportunities enabled by big data. The collaborative network supplied expertise in consumer interaction methods and design ethnography which was used to form the feasibility study team.
Impact Securing a collaboration with researchers from across different areas of design and manufacturing research. The initial feasibility study funded via the sandpit has generated a map of customer interactions that take place across the product lifecycle, and a set of potential futures for engaging customers in the future of sustainable, local production enabled by big data.
Start Year 2016
 
Description RECODE Network - ESRC/EPSRC Network in Consumer Goods, Big Data and Re-Distributed Manufacturing 
Organisation Loughborough University
Department Department of Materials
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The PI attended network events and supplied expertise in data driven design, futures methodologies and synthesis through co-design. This knowledge was shared at network workshops and a sandpit where a new network and partnership was formed with collaborators from Cranfield, Loughborough and the Open University. Together, this collaboration won funding to explore a feasibility study exploring the involvement of consumers in the design of products.
Collaborator Contribution Attendance at events supplied insights into new models of manufacturing and product opportunities enabled by big data. The collaborative network supplied expertise in consumer interaction methods and design ethnography which was used to form the feasibility study team.
Impact Securing a collaboration with researchers from across different areas of design and manufacturing research. The initial feasibility study funded via the sandpit has generated a map of customer interactions that take place across the product lifecycle, and a set of potential futures for engaging customers in the future of sustainable, local production enabled by big data.
Start Year 2016
 
Description RECODE Network - ESRC/EPSRC Network in Consumer Goods, Big Data and Re-Distributed Manufacturing 
Organisation Open University
Department Materials Engineering Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The PI attended network events and supplied expertise in data driven design, futures methodologies and synthesis through co-design. This knowledge was shared at network workshops and a sandpit where a new network and partnership was formed with collaborators from Cranfield, Loughborough and the Open University. Together, this collaboration won funding to explore a feasibility study exploring the involvement of consumers in the design of products.
Collaborator Contribution Attendance at events supplied insights into new models of manufacturing and product opportunities enabled by big data. The collaborative network supplied expertise in consumer interaction methods and design ethnography which was used to form the feasibility study team.
Impact Securing a collaboration with researchers from across different areas of design and manufacturing research. The initial feasibility study funded via the sandpit has generated a map of customer interactions that take place across the product lifecycle, and a set of potential futures for engaging customers in the future of sustainable, local production enabled by big data.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Unilever 
Organisation Unilever
Department Unilever Research and Development
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The research team developed a research plan for using data to understand customer shower behaviour. This resulted in the design of a connected prototype, that is currently deployed in user homes.
Collaborator Contribution The partners contributed to this project by reviewing interim progress and providing feedback on potential business impact. The partners were cooperative in the potential for on-site ethnographic research, and instrumental in pushing the investigators to explore further future horizons.
Impact A series of connected prototypes have been developed and are currently deployed in user homes, awaiting data collection, analysis and synthesis. The findings will be used to produce recommendation for the use of data in the sustainable design of personal care items.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Victoria & Albert Museum 
Organisation Victoria and Albert Museum
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The research team contributed to intellectually conceiving follow-on research and developing the research plan.
Collaborator Contribution The partner supported development and synthesis of new object-led scenario methods. The partner also contributed to intellectually co-conceiving a new research proposal, developing the research plan, building a network of partners, and acquiring additional academic collaborators and industrial partners for further research.
Impact This collaboration is multi-disciplinary and spans material studies, futuricity, scenario planning, and design. The collaboration is ongoing and will result in a responsive mode bid for funding with the EPSRC by the end of this month. The contact is also supporting the PI in a mentoring role as scenarios are explored in more depth as part of this feasibility project.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Energising the Sustainable Economy Summit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The research team was invited to attend a day long summit bringing together leaders from business, academia, and government to discuss sustainability issues. Participation included workshop activities and discussions with local council innovation leaders - giving insight into local governmental approaches to sustainable behaviour, and helping to build a network of contacts for further engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Future Tense Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 20 participants attended a two-day workshop to design prototypes for change, held in partnership with the Forum for the Future. Participants from a range of design backgrounds (both studying postgraduates and professionals from industry) used a set of pre-defined future scenarios to develop world changing stories and accompanying products. This resulted in engaging discussion and many of the participants following up after the event. The reported feedback was positive and resulted in further workshops by special request.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Global Innovation Design Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This was a 3 day workshop that began with 20 students attending an exhibition at the Victoria and Albert museum. This led to a design sprint which introduced the students to new scenario based methods and object led tools that they are now employing in their independent student projects. The workshop was well received and both students and course leaders expressed positive feedback.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Global Summer School: Making everyday products smart / Design Futures 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 100 pupils attended a week long summer school at Imperial College. The research team ran a series of project based workshops that used futures to encourage development of new ubicomp enabled products. This led to many of the pupil's first exposure to design engineering, and increased interest in pursuing studies in related fields. The final outcomes from the school were exhibited to outside pupils and the general public, resulting in a total audience of over 300 people. The summer school was highly regarded and has resulted in a permanent relationship with the university outreach department and a recurring course the following summer, as well as a number of students applying to study design engineering a degree level.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Innovation DB Round Table on -Product Design in the Circular Economy- with PA Consulting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact InnovationDB Quarterly Round Table Dinners bring together a group of senior R&D executives to debate and discuss key areas of interest. The PI was invited along as a 'thought leader' to support discussions amongst a group of executives who are deliberately cross-sector and non-competitive in make-up. This provided an insight into the understanding, and practice of sustainability in a number of high profile companies spanning key sectors, and led to forming a connection with Samsung's sustainability department which has resulted in follow up meetings, and discussion of areas for further work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description ustwo TALKIES 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Leila Sheldrick was invited to be on the panel for an 'ustwo TALKIE' in 'Designing for Sustainability'.
80 people attended for a series of talks and a panel discussion, which sparked questions and discussion afterwards. This included making contacts with a number of practitioners and industry representatives for future research collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://ustwotalkiessustainable.splashthat.com/