Liquid Fuel and bioEnergy Supply from CO2 Reduction

Lead Research Organisation: Newcastle University
Department Name: Sch of Engineering

Abstract

The current fuel production and related industries are still heavily reliant on fossil fuels. BP's "Statistical Review of World Energy" published in 2014 states that the world has in reserves 892 billion tonnes of coal, 186 trillion cubic meters of natural gas, and 1688 billion barrels of crude oil. Although these represent huge reserves, taking into account today's level of extraction, would mean that coal would be exhausted in 113 years and natural gas and crude oil would be extracted by 2069 and 2067, respectively. In the meanwhile, the CO2 atmospheric concentration has increased from 270 ppm before the industrial revolution to 400 ppm today and its annual release is predicted to exceed 40GT/year by 2030. As the world population increases, breakthrough technologies tackling both fuel supply and carbon emission challenges are needed. The use of CO2 from, or captured in industrial processes, as a direct feedstock for chemical fuel production, are crucial for reducing green house gas emission and for sustainable fuel production with the existing resources.
The aim of this project is to develop a breakthrough technology with integrated low cost bio-electrochemical processes to convert CO2 into liquid fuels for transportations, energy storage, heating and other applications. CO2 is firstly electrochemically reduced to formate with the electric energy from biomass and various wastes and other renewable sources by Bioelectrochemical systems (BES). The product then goes through a biotransformation SimCell reactor with microorganisms (Ralstonia) specialised in converting formate to medium chain alkanes using a Synthetic biology approach. The proposed technology will develop around the existing wastewater treatment facilities from for example, petroleum refineries and water industries, utilising the carbon source in wastewater, thus minimising the requirement to transport materials and use additional land. To tackle the grand challenges, a multidisciplinary team of five universities will work together to develop this groundbreaking technology.
Our research targets two specific aspects on renewable low carbon fuel generation: 1) Use of biomass and wastewater as a source of energy and reducing power to synthesise chemicals from CO2. 2) Interface electrochemical and biological processes to achieve chemical energy-to-fuels transformation.
To achieve the goal of this project, there are three major research challenges we need to tackle:
1. How to maximise the power output and energy from wastewater with Bioelectrochemical systems?
2. How to achieve CO2 conversion to medium chain alkanes through reduction to formate in Microbial electrolysis cells, and then SimCells?
3. Can we develop a viable, integrated, efficient and economic system combining bio-electrochemical and biological processes for sustainable liquid fuel production?

To tackle these challenges, we need to maximise energy output from wastewater by using novel 3-D materials, to apply highly active electrochemical catalysts for CO2 reduction, to improve efficiency of SimCell reactor, and to integrate both processes and design a new system to convert CO2 to medium chain alkanes with high efficiency. In this study, rigorous LCA will be carried out to identify the optimum pathways for liquid biofuel production. We will also look at the policies on low carbon fuel production and explore the ways to influence low carbon fuel policies. Through the development of this innovative technology, we will bring positive impact on the UK's target for reducing CO2 emissions and increasing the use of renewable energy.

Planned Impact

Environmental
The main impact will be a technology to produce carbon based fuels in a potentially sustainable way based on extracting energy from biomass and waste using bio-electrosynthesis based process routes.
A major impact will be to tackle the burden of CO2 emissions (nationally and eventually internationally) and transferring the energy in waste to produce useful liquid fuels, from CO2, without petrochemicals.
The integrated bio-electrosynthesis process to produce alkanes from CO2 as either fuels, chemical feedstock or energy storage medium is seen as a major way of redressing the balance between petroleum and natural gas consumption and carbon emissions. By using carbon dioxide as the basic building block for chemical synthesis and supplying energy for it conversion from substantially waste and renewable sources, this will have a major impact on achieving the goal of sustainable low fuel production. Scaled-up devices will have considerable potential for generating fuels from CO2 and through waste treatment at significant capacities.
Commercialisation potential tackling real world problem, close to the CO2 generating source and using existing wastewater treatment infrastructure are important factors which minimise investment and require no additional land. This innovative technology has a positive impact on the UK's target for reducing CO2 emissions and increasing the use of renewable energy.


Social Economic
The proposed technology and liquid fuels produced will have extensive applications, and relate to different industrial sectors. Apart from our industrial partners from different industrial sectors, the industrial sectors will be benefit/interested in the proposed technology on low carbon fuel production from CO2 and use the energy from waste including: Oil and Gas companies, who already started on generating low carbon energy, such as BP; Transportation equipment manufacturing industries Car, aviation and ship, rail and other equipment manufacturers, who have produced vehicles and airplanes running on biofuels, and Public Transportation providers who already use biofuels.
The proposed integrated system will have wide applications particularly to industries producing wastewater with high organic contents, such as petroleum refinery, pharmaceutical, chemical production, breweries, agriculture and the paper and pulp industry as well as food and drinks. The technologies that will be developed in the project will permit them to recover value from their waste products, turning waste to high energy source.

More immediately the research will have impact on our industrial collaborators who will be involved in developing new materials and processes as a result of their collaboration with the academic researchers in this project ( e.g. NewCell, Haydale, MagnetoChemie, WH Partnership). These and other organizations will be involved from the outset in identifying research needs and planning a project that will meet them.

The societal significance of reducing our reliance on fossil fuels and geological resources is immense and this will clearly impact environmental regulators, policy makers and politicians.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Current findings are in two areas:
1. Application of Raman Spectroscopy on Bacterial techniques and applications:
A single-cell-level biochemical fingerprinting approach named "ramanome" was developed, which is the collection of Single-cell Raman Spectra (SCRS) from a number of cells randomly selected from an isogenic population at a given time and condition, to rapidly and quantitatively detect and characterize stress responses of cellular population. Ramanome enables rapid prediction and mechanism-based screening of cytotoxicity and stress-response programs at single-cell resolution.
Surface enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) was employed to study heavy metal arsenic [As(V)]-mediated antibiotic resistance in a robust, sensitive, and rapid fashion. It provides the advantages of no need to cultivate bacteria and single-cell sensitivity, and can be further exploited to evaluate resistance-intervening factors in real microbiota.
2. Bioelectrochemical systems:
A microbial fuel cell (MFC) was developed for treatment of from food processing washdown wastewaters. Maximum power point tracking control strategy resulted in 70% COD removal, and Significant cost savings of 0.466 £UK m-3 treated were achieved.
A new method of a gain scheduling control strategy to control microbial fuel cell voltage has been developed, which will enhance the MFC performance and stability.
3. We created a new photosynthetic system which perform biosynthesis from inputs of only light and CO2. This new system performs a hybrid form of photoautotrophy, in which light is the sole energy source to drive the conversion of CO2 into biomass.
4. We used SimCells to fix CO2 and generate high valued compounds.
5. A novel electrochemical process able to close the carbon cycle by converting CO2 to formate with high yield and selectivity, and then using formate for fuel cells to generate electricity has been achieved. This process makes the electrochemical CO2 utilisation a good way for energy storage and chemical production.
Exploitation Route SERS enables rapid prediction and mechanism-based screening of cytotoxicity and stress-response programs at single-cell resolution, which provide a novel technique for microbiological and bacterial analysis.

MFCs with enhanced performance and stability provide an alternative cost-saving way for organic containing wastewater treatment, and harvesting energy from wastewater. It is a part of the integrated Bioelectrochemical systems to be developed by this project.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Education,Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology

URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1369703X16302923
 
Description Our findings has been used in various areas to enhance the impact from the projects. Public Engagement A press release was published through Newcastle University website providing the overview of this project to public and increase the awareness of the research, as well as the challenges from energy, resource recovery, and climate change. http://www.ncl.ac.uk/press/news/2016/08/fuelfromco2/ A webinar on UK Research Highlight from Sustainable aviation fuels special interest group from KTN/Innovate UK introduce the research and project to the public, and update the research progress and findings in 2018. Prof. Eileen Yu was featured in EPSRC campaign for the "International Day of Women and Girls in Science 2019" We participated STEM exhibition Dippy on Tour in the Great North Museum with posters introducing research work and findings from LifesCO2R, demonstrating instruments and games for Children and interacted with visitors, mostly families with children. It was very well received and also an eye opener for us to see how our research could be beneficial for next generation and general public. Policy making We also contribute to UK low carbon policy with invited to RSC "Synthetic fuels" workshop and contributed the policy paper from RSC in January 2019. Our policy study led by Sheffield University not only resulted in several policy white papers but also contributed to the government policies. Prof. Peter Styring had regular discussions and updates with Defra, BAISE and other government sectors, as well as parliament. These activities have been continued with the National Centre for Circular Chemical Economy (EP/V011863/1) initiated by this project. Academic impact Based on the findings of LifesCO2R, particularly on carbon cycle and CO2 utilisation, we worked together with partners from other Low carbon fuels consortia and initiated the concept of circular economy for Chemical industry and was successful with the application of one of the UKRI's national centres in Circular economy. The members of LifesCO2R have been driving force and taking leadership role in £4.5M National Centre for Circular Chemical Economy (EP/V011863/1) continuing our contribution for UK's sustainability and achieving NetZero. Also from this project, we understood the urgent demands from industry and stakeholders for next generation researchers and entrepreneurs in renewable energy section and worked together with other universities to bid for UKRI CDT and successfully awarded with a Centre for Doctoral Training-Renewable Energy Northeast Universities (ReNU), which is a significant achievement from this project. Research has been directed at improving and evaluating the electrochemical and bioelectrochemical production of carboxylic acids from carbon dioxide and developing robust scale up strategies. The long-term stable production of acetic acid from carbon dioxide has been achieved and potential scale up strategies of using hybrid membrane bioreactors was identified. The research to achieve greater industrial exploitation of the biolectrochemical route of carboxylic acids has been initially supported by the award of a Royal Academy of Engineering award in Emerging Technology (Grant No. CiET1819\2\86, £2.7 million value) to R Dinsdale (USW). The wider concept of producing VFAs from biowastes and syngases has been supported through UKRI's IDRIC "The VFA Factory for Decarbonisation" (£338K) to (A Guwy USW) and SER Cymru's Accelerator programme "VFA Factory" (£435K) to A Guwy (USW).
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Chemicals,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description A review of Renewable Transport Fuels Obligation Order
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Contribution to a national consultation/review
 
Description Consulation on CCU technologies for European Commission
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a guidance/advisory committee
Impact Learnings from this workshop/advisory group fed into the rest of the project, which ultimately feds into the determination of eligibility criteria for the Innovation Fund for CCUS projects in the EU
 
Description Policy Implications for Bio-Electrochemicals & eFuels
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Contribution to a national consultation/review
 
Description Royal Society Synthetic Fuels Steering Committee
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Royal society Synthetic fuel workshop
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Contribution to a national consultation/review
 
Description Training Oxford Synbio DTC students
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description UK-Canada Communities of Interest on CCUS
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description BBSRC Super Follow on Funding application
Amount £471,037 (GBP)
Funding ID BB/R005613/1 
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2017 
End 12/2019
 
Description Bio-Electrochemical Process Engineering for Carbon Reduction and Resource Recovery: E-Hance
Amount £2,771,899 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Academy of Engineering 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2020 
End 12/2029
 
Description Biofuel generation from CO2 by using microbial electrolysis system
Amount ¥100,000 (CNY)
Organisation Zhejiang University 
Department State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization
Sector Academic/University
Country China
Start 01/2020 
End 12/2021
 
Description EPSRC CDT
Amount £5,184,306 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2019 
End 02/2026
 
Description EPSRC Core Equipment Award 2022
Amount £650,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/X035433/1 
Organisation Loughborough University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2022 
End 02/2024
 
Description Impact Accelerate Award Phase 2: Design of an integrated waste management system for the whisky distilling industry
Amount £24,107 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2016 
End 03/2017
 
Description Mathematical analysis of bioelectrochemical systems (BES)
Amount £365,631 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/R013306/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 06/2021
 
Description NBIC 1st Proof of Concept Call
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Southampton 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 07/2019
 
Description Reduced Industrial Carbon Emissions (RICE)
Amount £1,800,000 (GBP)
Organisation Government of Wales 
Department Welsh European Funding Office
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description UK- Long-term field trial of BioElectrochemical System Sensor (BES Sensor) for monitoring of Water Quality in real-time'
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/R009473/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description UKRI Interdisciplinary Centre for Circular Chemical Economy
Amount £4,436,401 (GBP)
Organisation United Kingdom Research and Innovation 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2021 
End 12/2024
 
Description e-Biofuels from CO2 conversion using Microbial electrosynthesis
Amount £60,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Southampton 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2020 
 
Title Data - Redox mediators for enhanced azo dye degradation (International Journal of Hydrogen Energy) 
Description Data for the figures of the manuscript accepted by the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy on effect of redox mediator for cathode electron transfer to enhance azo dye degradation. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL https://repository.lboro.ac.uk/articles/dataset/Data_-_Redox_mediators_for_enhanced_azo_dye_degradat...
 
Title Data - Redox mediators for enhanced azo dye degradation (International Journal of Hydrogen Energy) 
Description Data for the figures of the manuscript accepted by the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy on effect of redox mediator for cathode electron transfer to enhance azo dye degradation. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL https://repository.lboro.ac.uk/articles/dataset/Data_-_Redox_mediators_for_enhanced_azo_dye_degradat...
 
Title Data for Enhanced bio-production from CO2 by Microbial electrosynthesis (MES) with Continuous operational mode 
Description This raw data is used to support the paper published in Faraday Discussions: https://doi.org/10.1039/D0FD00132E. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL https://repository.lboro.ac.uk/articles/dataset/Data_for_Enhanced_bio-production_from_CO_sub_2_sub_b...
 
Title Data for Enhanced bio-production from CO2 by Microbial electrosynthesis (MES) with Continuous operational mode 
Description This raw data is used to support the paper published in Faraday Discussions: https://doi.org/10.1039/D0FD00132E. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL https://repository.lboro.ac.uk/articles/dataset/Data_for_Enhanced_bio-production_from_CO_sub_2_sub_b...
 
Title Data for Gas diffusion electrodes modified with binary doped polyaniline for enhanced CO2 conversion during microbial electrosynthesis 
Description This data was used for describing our latest research results published in Electrochimical Acta: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2021.137853. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL https://repository.lboro.ac.uk/articles/dataset/Data_for_Gas_diffusion_electrodes_modified_with_bina...
 
Title Data for Gas diffusion electrodes modified with binary doped polyaniline for enhanced CO2 conversion during microbial electrosynthesis 
Description This data was used for describing our latest research results published in Electrochimical Acta: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2021.137853. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL https://repository.lboro.ac.uk/articles/dataset/Data_for_Gas_diffusion_electrodes_modified_with_bina...
 
Title Data for Single chamber MFC for dye wastewater SOTEN 
Description Data for Single chamber MFC for treating dye wastewater, 7 figures

 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL https://data.ncl.ac.uk/articles/dataset/Data_for_Single_chamber_MFC_for_dye_wastewater_SOTEN/1320034...
 
Title Data for Single chamber MFC for dye wastewater SOTEN 
Description Data for Single chamber MFC for treating dye wastewater, 7 figures

 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL https://data.ncl.ac.uk/articles/dataset/Data_for_Single_chamber_MFC_for_dye_wastewater_SOTEN/1320034...
 
Title Data for Zn removal and recovery with MFC 
Description Data set for the paper on Zn removal from industrial wastewater with a MFC published in Science of the total environment, 2021 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL https://data.ncl.ac.uk/articles/dataset/Data_for_Zn_removal_and_recovery_with_MFC/14069135
 
Title Data for Zn removal and recovery with MFC 
Description Data set for the paper on Zn removal from industrial wastewater with a MFC published in Science of the total environment, 2021 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL https://data.ncl.ac.uk/articles/dataset/Data_for_Zn_removal_and_recovery_with_MFC/14069135/1
 
Title Model - Impact of flowrate and temperature on MFCs power output. 
Description Model developed by University of South Wales led by Prof. G. Premier. Modelling of MFC proceeded successfully on 2D axisymmetric (i.e. 3D) discretised model. The model is able to show the influence of flowrate and temperature on power output from MFC. Polarisation curve can also be obtained at these parameters. The model still to be optimised to show the direct correlation to the experimental data. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact After being optimized and correlated to the experimental data, this model will help enhancing the power output delivered by Microbial Fuel Cells and it could be directly used as a tool in Work package 1 of the project. 
 
Title Supplementary Information files for Zinc removal and recovery from industrial wastewater with a microbial fuel cell: Experimental investigation and theoretical prediction 
Description Supplementary Information files for Zinc removal and recovery from industrial wastewater with a microbial fuel cell: Experimental investigation and theoretical predictionMicrobial fuel cells (MFCs) that simultaneously remove organic contaminants and recovering metals provide a potential route for industry to adopt clean technologies. In this work, two goals were set: to study the feasibility of zinc removal from industrial effluents using MFCs and to understand the removal process by using reaction rate models. The removal of Zn2+ in MFC was over 96% for synthetic and industrial samples with initial Zn2+ concentrations less than 2.0 mM after 22 h of operation. However, only 83 and 42% of the zinc recovered from synthetic and industrial samples, respectively, was attached on the cathode surface of the MFCs. The results marked the domination of electroprecipitation rather than the electrodeposition process in the industrial samples. Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis showed that the recovered compound contained not only Zn but also O, evidence that Zn(OH)2 could be formed. The removal of Zn2+ in the MFC followed a mechanism where oxygen was reduced to hydroxide before reacting with Zn2+. Nernst equations and rate law expressions were derived to understand the mechanism and used to estimate the Zn2+ concentration and removal efficiency. The zero-, first- and second-order rate equations successfully fitted the data, predicted the final Zn2+ removal efficiency, and suggested that possible mechanistic reactions occurred in the electrolysis cell (direct reduction), MFC (O2 reduction), and control (chemisorption) modes. The half-life, t1/2, of the Zn2+ removal reaction using synthetic and industrial samples was estimated to be 7.0 and 2.7 h, respectively. The t1/2 values of the controls (without the power input from the MFC bioanode) were much slower and were recorded as 21.5 and 7.3 h for synthetic and industrial samples, respectively. The study suggests that MFCs can act as a sustainable and environmentally friendly technology for heavy metal removal without electrical energy input or the addition of chemicals. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL https://repository.lboro.ac.uk/articles/dataset/Supplementary_Information_files_for_Zinc_removal_and...
 
Title Supplementary Information files for Zinc removal and recovery from industrial wastewater with a microbial fuel cell: Experimental investigation and theoretical prediction 
Description Supplementary Information files for Zinc removal and recovery from industrial wastewater with a microbial fuel cell: Experimental investigation and theoretical predictionMicrobial fuel cells (MFCs) that simultaneously remove organic contaminants and recovering metals provide a potential route for industry to adopt clean technologies. In this work, two goals were set: to study the feasibility of zinc removal from industrial effluents using MFCs and to understand the removal process by using reaction rate models. The removal of Zn2+ in MFC was over 96% for synthetic and industrial samples with initial Zn2+ concentrations less than 2.0 mM after 22 h of operation. However, only 83 and 42% of the zinc recovered from synthetic and industrial samples, respectively, was attached on the cathode surface of the MFCs. The results marked the domination of electroprecipitation rather than the electrodeposition process in the industrial samples. Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis showed that the recovered compound contained not only Zn but also O, evidence that Zn(OH)2 could be formed. The removal of Zn2+ in the MFC followed a mechanism where oxygen was reduced to hydroxide before reacting with Zn2+. Nernst equations and rate law expressions were derived to understand the mechanism and used to estimate the Zn2+ concentration and removal efficiency. The zero-, first- and second-order rate equations successfully fitted the data, predicted the final Zn2+ removal efficiency, and suggested that possible mechanistic reactions occurred in the electrolysis cell (direct reduction), MFC (O2 reduction), and control (chemisorption) modes. The half-life, t1/2, of the Zn2+ removal reaction using synthetic and industrial samples was estimated to be 7.0 and 2.7 h, respectively. The t1/2 values of the controls (without the power input from the MFC bioanode) were much slower and were recorded as 21.5 and 7.3 h for synthetic and industrial samples, respectively. The study suggests that MFCs can act as a sustainable and environmentally friendly technology for heavy metal removal without electrical energy input or the addition of chemicals. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL https://repository.lboro.ac.uk/articles/dataset/Supplementary_Information_files_for_Zinc_removal_and...
 
Title University of Surrey: Bio jet fuel 
Description The University of Surrey has developed a novel digital mathematical computing platform for fundamental conceptual design, decision-making and life cycle sustainability assessments (LCSA) of novel bio jet fuel producing integrated biorefinery system configurations. A novel process comprises lignocellulosic biomass pyrolysis, hydrodeoxygenation and hydrocracking, with on-site hydrogen production via steam reforming, pressure swing adsorption and mixed ionic electronic conducting membrane and combined heat and power system (CHP). Mathematical modelling involves kinetic modelling of pyrolysis, stoichiometry analysis for hydrodeoxygenation and hydrocracking reactions and mass and energy balance calculations of integrated biorefinery configuration. Blending modelling equations have been applied for the bio jet fuel standardisation according to the ASTM D7566. Value analysis, and environmental and social life cycle assessments have been applied for a holistic whole system sustainability analysis. The ratio of mass flowrates between biomass, bio-oil, bio jet fuel, CHP fuel, char and produced hydrogen is 1.33:1:0.45:0.3:0.16:0.05. For 10 tph bio-oil processing, the capital cost of the plant is $13.7million and the cost of production of bio jet fuel is $0.07/kg, which is lower than its market price of $0.27/kg. The savings in global warming and fossil energy are 108 kt and 1.44 PJ per annum by bio jet fuel against conventional jet fuel. The novel web-based TESARREC™ (Trademark: UK00003321198) https://tesarrec.web.app/sustainability/bio-jet-fuel allows biomass and this novel biorefinery design evaluations by testing sensitivity of input variables on technical and sustainability performance results. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This research has generated the following novel impacts: comprehensive design and decision-making, and sustainability evaluations of a novel integrated biorefinery system producing bio jet fuel from biomass through a novel web-based open-source software product TESARREC™ (UK00003321198). The novel integrated biorefinery system comprises: pretreatment of biomass and pyrolysis of pretreated biomass into pyrolysis gas, bio-oil and char; bio-oil hydrodeoxygenation, decanting, distillation and hydrocracking leading to bio jet fuel product and a gas outlet for steam reforming from the top; steam reforming of gas from distillation and hydrocracking into hydrogen production followed by hydrogen separation from offgas in pressure swing adsorption (PSA); high pressure superheated steam splitting into hydrogen, to meet remaining hydrogen demand by hydrodeoxygenation and hydrocracking, and oxygen in mixed ionic electronic conducting membrane process (MIEC) and utilisation of hydrogen from MIEC and PSA in hydrodeoxygenation and hydrocracking reactors; pyrolysis gas and offgas combustion in combined heat and power system (CHP) using oxygen from MIEC to recover high pressure superheated steam for steam reforming and MIEC and steam expansion in back pressure steam turbine into electricity generation to meet site electricity demands and excess medium pressure steam export. The evaluations involve mass and energy balance calculations across the integrated biorefinery system, reaction kinetic modelling of biomass pyrolysis, stoichiometric hydrodeoxygenation and hydrocracking reaction modelling and blending correlations for bio jet fuel property estimations. These models are novel, robust and reproducible, and use minimal data inputs in comprehensive set of result generations. The various mass and energy flows from these models can be easily analysed and transferred or used in other studies. Techno-economic analysis shows an estimation of delivered cost of equipment of $13.7m for a bio-oil throughput of 10 tph or $2.8m for a bio-oil throughput of 1 tph. It also shows an attribution of product value, and feedstock, annual capital and operating costs of 54%, 20%, 17% and 9%. The value analysis shows a value on processing of $0.273, $0.1 and $0.024 per kg bio jet fuel, char and steam at a cost of production of $0.07/kg for a bio-oil throughput of 10 tph. A bio jet fuel yield of 450 kg/h (34% by mass of biomass) could potentially save 108 kt/y global warming and 1.44 PJ/y fossil energy by displacement of conventional jet fuel. Social life cycle assessment reinstates the significance of self-generation for indigenous social conditions' improvement. 
URL https://tesarrec.web.app/sustainability/bio-jet-fuel
 
Title University of Surrey: Chemical 
Description A modern modelling, design and decision making web-based open resource TESARREC™ (Trademark: UK00003321198) has been developed by the University of Surrey to solve interdisciplinary sustainability problems for use in deduction of default technical, economic, environmental and social life cycle performance indicators of products and services for net zero greenhouse gas emissions. TESARREC™ (Trademark: UK00003321198) allows testing and analysing sensitivity of fundamental input variables on output results in terms of feasibility and sustainability of biomass strategies, such as, in this case chemical from wastes, residues, non-food cellulosic and lignocellulosic feedstocks. This research has developed robust agile adaptable chemical production process models utilising waste feedstocks using fundamental physicochemical characteristics and link these models to the macro-scale dynamics for the evaluations of multi-scale sustainability indicators from whole system perspective. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Highly efficient macroalgae based chemical factories and environmental protection have been comprehensively studied for the first time to displace fossil resources to mitigate climate change impact. Wild macroalgae by (bio)phytoremediation and residual macroalgae by biosorption can be used to treat wastewaters, marine environment, soil and sludge. Cultured macroalgae can be processed through drying, milling, grinding, suspension in deionised water and filtration extracting sap of heavy metals; centrifugation of solids recovering nutrients; ion exchange resins of supernatants separating protein and polysaccharides; dialysis purifying protein from salts and pretreatment of polysaccharides producing a sugar platform. Protein profiling shows the presence of the essential amino acids as well as others as food additive, flavour enhancer and pharmaceutical ingredient. Sugars can be converted into a chemical: levulinic acid by controlled acid hydrolysis; 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid by heterogeneous catalytic reaction; succinic acid by tricarboxylic acid cycle; lactic acid by fermentation, with 3-5 times market value than bioethanol. Protein, sugar based chemical and inorganics give the highest to the lowest climate change impact savings of 12, 3 and 1 kg CO2 equivalent per kg product. Their cost of production is estimated at $2010/t, significantly lower than their market prices, making the integrated marine biorefinery system economically more attractive than lignocellulosic terrestrial biorefinery systems. Social life cycle assessment indicates that the highest to the lowest avoided social impacts will be from the displacements of animal based protein, sugars and minerals, in Indonesia, China and Philippines (producing 27 million tonnes per annum, 93% of global production), respectively. 
URL https://tesarrec.web.app/sustainability/chemical
 
Title University of Surrey: Economic analysis 
Description This module within TESARREC™ of the University of Surrey enables techno-economic analysis as well as life cycle costing of biorefinery process systems. Users can choose the unit in a system and specify their capacities. The module calculates, the capital costs, operating costs, etc. of the entire system. Furthermore, the cost and value and discounted cash flow or net present value are analysed for the system. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Techno-economic and life cycle costing analyses are required to assess economic viability of an entire system. The cost of production, the value on processing and discounted cash flow, etc., can be analysed across a system. 
URL https://tesarrec.web.app/economicanalysis
 
Description Agent Energy and HVB PoC 
Organisation Argent Energy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Through this collaboration, the aim of this research is to develop an optimised MES process with enhanced selectivity for high-value long-chain carbohydrates (C4-C8) production.
Collaborator Contribution Argent Energy will contribute in several ways for this project as a research partner. This includes providing: • Information on effluent waste gas enriched with CO2, and effluent organic waste streams; • Advice on research questions and directions for the project; • Staff time in project evaluation and taking part in project review meetings, • Access to site visits and relevant on-site data.
Impact Secured a BBSRC High value Biorenewables PoC funding with the project "Enhance selectivity for high value bioproducts from CO2 and waste organics through microbial electrosynthesis".
Start Year 2021
 
Description Collaboration established with Chivas Brothers 
Organisation Chivas Brothers ltd.
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution No real contribution to be reported yet as recently established collaboration.
Collaborator Contribution No real contribution to be reported yet as recently established collaboration.
Impact Interest shown in the conversion of CO2 wastes into valuable chemicals. No real contribution to be reported yet as recently established collaboration.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration established with Wilson Bio-chemical 
Organisation Wilson Bio-Chemical Limited
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Collaboration officialised in January 2017 after meeting Peter Metcalfe from Wilson Bio-chemical during the RRfWW annual meeting in Leeds (01-02/12/2016)
Collaborator Contribution So far, interest shown in the project regarding the treatment and reutilisation of CO2 waste.
Impact No relevant outcome to be listed so far.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Converting CO2 into CO by BES 
Organisation Kobelco Eco-Solutions
Country Japan 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Systems with an abiotic cathode with e.g. indium/copper catalysts will be used for production of CO from CO2. We have been able to achieve faradaic efficiencies of >90%.
Collaborator Contribution We have been working with KOBELCO who have developed reactors that represent a modular system whereby scale up is achieved by incorporating multiple modules, also some have used a cassette-like format which again represents a modular approach.
Impact Still working to generate outputs.
Start Year 2017
 
Description KESS 2 Studentship on Zinc in Steelmaking 
Organisation Tata Steel Europe
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution EU ESF Convergence/WG funding has been made available in the Knowledge Economy Skills Scholarships 2 to support industrially based PhD projects. USW has provided the academic lead, proposing the project and will register the student (in recruitment). The work will in part be conducted at the USW SERC laboratories and the USW will contribute the shortfall on full economic costs.
Collaborator Contribution Tata Steel will host the student at the Port Talbot works for part of their activities and particularly in the earlier stages of the projects, providing the industrial context, access to facilities and data and providing analysis facilities to undertake assays on process stream samples. Tata will also provide direct monetary support and industrial supervision.
Impact Funding has been granted under the KESS 2 scheme.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Loughborough Institute Advanced Studies Visiting Professor Fellowship 
Organisation Princeton University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We applied Loughborough Institute of Advanced Studies visiting fellowship for Prof. Jason Ren enabling him to travel to the UK. Also through the IAS fellowship, covered partial accommodation.
Collaborator Contribution Jason provided discussion and suggestions with researchers in Loughborough and other institutions, He presented research from his work and the Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment (ACEE), facilitating further collaboration. He presented a plenary talk, which also a Webinar for Circular Chemical economy centre.
Impact Planning for International centre to centre call
Start Year 2022
 
Description Synthesis of syngas from electrochemical reduction of CO2 
Organisation Advanced Plasma Power Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We are providing our expertise in synthesis of electrofuels from CO2 to APP.
Collaborator Contribution APP is providing their waste CO2 from biomass for production of electrochemically synthesized syngas
Impact The collaboration is still in its initial stage and we are working towards achieving the outcomes
Start Year 2017
 
Description UKRI Interdisciplinary Centre for Circular Chemical Economy 
Organisation Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The overall programme is the development of a sector-wide solution with deep circularity interventions, by creating a circular resources flow of olefin-the raw material for 70% of all organic chemical production. The whole system approach will include key sectors of production, transportation/distribution, refinery/downstream, use and waste recycling, to reduce fossil reliance and improve productivity and sustainability of the whole process industry.
Collaborator Contribution The partners will generate a cross-disciplinary platform combining synergistic innovations in science/engineering with social scientists to comprehend the whole system industrial symbiosis and market/policy/incentive design: (1) Key technologies to enable olefin production from alternative/recycling wastes streams and design more reusable chemicals via advanced catalytic processes; (2) Process integration, whole system analysis and value chain evaluation, and (3) Policy, society and finance. Through detailed process modelling, economic analysis and environmental assessment of technology solutions along the supply chain, accelerated understanding, opportunities and optimum solutions to achieve circularity of olefin-derived resources flow will be attained.
Impact It is a multi-disciplinary collaboration, involving in chemical engineering, chemistry, microbiology and process engineering involved.
Start Year 2021
 
Description UKRI Interdisciplinary Centre for Circular Chemical Economy 
Organisation Princeton University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The overall programme is the development of a sector-wide solution with deep circularity interventions, by creating a circular resources flow of olefin-the raw material for 70% of all organic chemical production. The whole system approach will include key sectors of production, transportation/distribution, refinery/downstream, use and waste recycling, to reduce fossil reliance and improve productivity and sustainability of the whole process industry.
Collaborator Contribution The partners will generate a cross-disciplinary platform combining synergistic innovations in science/engineering with social scientists to comprehend the whole system industrial symbiosis and market/policy/incentive design: (1) Key technologies to enable olefin production from alternative/recycling wastes streams and design more reusable chemicals via advanced catalytic processes; (2) Process integration, whole system analysis and value chain evaluation, and (3) Policy, society and finance. Through detailed process modelling, economic analysis and environmental assessment of technology solutions along the supply chain, accelerated understanding, opportunities and optimum solutions to achieve circularity of olefin-derived resources flow will be attained.
Impact It is a multi-disciplinary collaboration, involving in chemical engineering, chemistry, microbiology and process engineering involved.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Visiting Prof. form MASDAR Inst. UAE - Jorge Rodrigues 
Organisation Masdar Institute
Country United Arab Emirates 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Visiting Prof to USW, Jorge Rodriguez has submitted a funding application to the British Council with the support of Prof G C Premier
Collaborator Contribution Negotiations are ongoing for MASDAR to host a PDRA at MASDAR to investigate the integration of two models, one from USW and one from MASDAR, related to bioelectrochemical systems.
Impact British Council Links application on BES submitted.
Start Year 2016
 
Description e-biofuels synthesis from CO2 using microbial electrosynthesis 
Organisation Shell Global Solutions International BV
Department Shell Research Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The aim of this project is to develop a sustainable and scalable Bioelectrochemical System (BES) using microbial electrosynthesis (MES) with biofilm and microorganisms and renewable energy to synthesize bio-fuels, such as butanol and hexanol, with high selectivity and efficiency without petrochemicals . MES offers a hybrid microbial metabolism in the presence of an electric field. The benefit of this approach is to produce target biochemicals with improved selectivity, increased carbon efficiency , limited use of additives for redox balance or pH control, enhanced microbial growth, and enhanced product recovery.
Collaborator Contribution Shell is an integrated energy company that aims to meet the world's energy demand in ways that are economically, environmentally and socially responsible. Shell is keen to develop new technology to improve energy and material efficiency, and reduce the CO2 emissions. Shell will provide opportunity for the Newcastle team to visit its biosciences lab to promote further collaborations. Dr Jeremy Shears is Chief Scientist at Shell. He has extensive experience in energy, oil and gas processes. His knowledge and experience will be crucial to advise on research questions and directions of the project. He will also advise on what Shell's interest in terms of e-biofuels.
Impact This resulted a project supported by National Biofilm innovation Centre PoC2. It is a multi-disciplinary activity with chemical engineering, chemistry, microbiology and process engineering involved.
Start Year 2019
 
Title BIOFILM TRANSFORMATION 
Description The invention relates to a method for the transformation of host cells of a biofilm with heterologous nucleic acid, wherein the host cells are within the extracellular matrix of the biofilm, the method comprising: adding the heterologous nucleic acid to the biofilm; and applying inertial cavitation to the biofilm in the presence of the heterologous nucleic acid to facilitate transformation of host cells within the biofilm with the heterologous nucleic acid. The invention further relates to associated methods, uses and kits for transformation of host cells of a biofilm. 
IP Reference US2022307005 
Protection Patent / Patent application
Year Protection Granted 2022
Licensed No
Impact The technology has attracted industrial interest.
 
Title Engineering of a Photoautotrophic Cell for CO2 Fixation 
Description Microbial rhodopsins are a major photosystem on earth harvesting sunlight to power cells. We constructed a rhodopsin-based photoelectro-synthetic pathway in bacteria to drive CO2 fixation using sunlight as the sole energy source. We demonstrate that this approach can convert a chemoautotrophic bacterium Ralstonia eutropha H16 into photoautotrophic microorganism. In the new photosynthesis design, we used anode to replace photosystem II and Gloeobacter rhodopsin (GR) to replace photosystem I, and built a hybrid photoelectrosynthetic system. Water is split into O2, and electrons which is used to CO2 fixation. The light-activated GR coupled with canthaxanthin can power NADH/NADPH synthesis with a Faradaic efficiency of ~38%. This artificial photosynthetic system creates a novel way to fix CO2 using sunlight. 
IP Reference UK Patent Application No: 2213802.8, dated 21 September 2022 
Protection Patent / Patent application
Year Protection Granted 2022
Licensed No
Impact The new CO2 fixation technology will contribute to the global CO2 control and net zero efforts. It has attracted interest from capital ventures such as Oxford Science Enterprise.
 
Title The University of Surrey's licensed software TESARREC 
Description The University of Surrey Team invents: TESARREC™ UK Trademark: UK00003321198 includes Goods and Services under the Class: 9, 40 and 42. A few of this exhaustive list include: Computer software for use in evaluating the economic, environmental, social and policy implications of organic compounds productions from waste; Computer software for use in accessing datasets of metal and organic pollutant concentrations in residential, municipal and industrial wastewater streams; Computer software for use in optimising the operational, economic and environmental performances of biorefinery processes and resource recovery technologies. 
IP Reference  
Protection Trade Mark
Year Protection Granted 2020
Licensed Yes
Impact TESARREC™ can outperform much proprietary software in this space which costs several grand. By being non-profit open-source, less wealthy organizations and countries can participate in this critical research to net-zero circular economies. They can readily deploy bioenergy-biorefinery-bioeconomy modules for systemic sustainability evaluations. TESARREC™ can be used to develop and evaluate renewable and biorefinery technologies with carbon capture and sequestration. There are several best practices inherent to TESARREC™, quality control through peer-reviewed modules, and consensus-building in technological innovations. The new features of TESARREC™ are of particular interest to stakeholders (designers, practitioners, policy-makers): 1) mathematical models of renewable and biomass transformation units 2) readily deployable bioenergy, biorefinery and bioeconomy modules, 3) life cycle sustainability assessment to quantitatively analyse sustainability trilemma. With several thousand unique users, TESARREC™ offers in-built standardised modules of biorefinery systems for biofuel, green hydrogen, chemical and energy co-productions. Its expanded capability can attract the broadest range of users, industries, businesses, government, non-governmental and research organisations. The project is especially timely because the atmospheric CO2 level is increasing and the organisations need to jump-start their environmental, social and governance performances. Thus, it is essential to invest in the effective TESARREC™ tool to manage resource scarcity and increasing demand for net-zero transitioning
 
Title Global Sustainability and Engineering analysis of Resource recovery Technologies 
Description The software developed, Global Sustainability and Engineering analysis of Resource recovery Technologies (GSERT) at Surrey, applies life cycle sustainability assessment (LCSA) alongside techno-economic and policy analyses for design and decision making of bioelectrochemical systems (BES) for resource recovery from wastewaters (RRfW), e.g. COD removal thereby wastewater treatment in anode and functional nanomaterial, metal, mineral, salt, etc. recovery and carbon dioxide reuse in added value chemical in cathode. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact GSERT now includes social life cycle assessment (SLCA) of RRfW systems. GSERT in the current state of the art also includes life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) methods for environmental feasibility assessment. 1. ILCD 2. CML method 3. USA Traci 4. Impact 2002+ 5. Eco-Indicator 99 GSERT also carries out life cycle costing for aconomic feasibility assessment. The sustainability metrics included "go beyond carbon to understand waste as a resource from the perspective of ecological rather than carbon outcomes". These are: savings in primary resources (fossils, land, water and abiotic), global warming, ozone depletion, acidification, urban smog, eutrophication, aquatic and terrestric ecotoxicity; and human health related impacts: human toxicity cancerous and non-cancerous, asthma, etc., potentials. Social country and sector specific indicators fall under human rights, working conditions, community impacts and governance categories. Our vision is to give an informed holistic decision on RRfW using the software, and have a global outreach via its web-based application. The software also explores country specific policy analysis for RRfW systems, including examples from other countries. GSERT has generated licensing interests amongst leading industries in the area of BES. Licensing will be pursued in collaboration with industries. 
URL http://www.theibest.org/Life%20Cycle%20Sustainability%20Assessment%20(LCSA)%20-%20end%20of%20project...
 
Title Improved technique for Volatile Fatty Acids measurement, 
Description South wales University team, led by Prof. G. Premier, are developing an approach to the measurement of volatile acids based on an electrophoresis with amperometric detection system. The expected detection limits and linearity of the technique, as well as its ability to separate volatile acids is very promising and the aim is to employ the method in the control of the bioelectrochemical process developed in the project . 
Type Of Technology New/Improved Technique/Technology 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact The optimization of this technique could be directly used to accurately quantify the volatile fatty acids produced from the reduction of CO2 by the Bioelectrochemical System developed in the project. Two publications are under review regarding this method of detection. 
 
Title TESARREC™ (Tool for techno-economic and sustainability analysis of resource recovery technologies for Circular economy) 
Description TESARREC™ (Tool for techno-economic and sustainability analysis of resource recovery technologies for Circular economy) supported by the numerous UKRI grants, NERC: NE/L014246/1, EPSRC: EP/N009746/1, NERC: NE/R013306/1, and NERC: "Life Cycle Sustainability and Policy Analyses of Plausible Systems for Resource Recovery from Waste (RRfW)" evaluates sustainability of BES using environmental: LCA, economic: LCC and social: SLCA criteria, in accordance with the ISO 14040, 14041, 14044 and 26000 methodologies. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact TESARREC™ UK Trademark: UK00003321198 includes Goods and Services under the Class: 9, 40 and 42. A few of this exhaustive list include: Computer software for use in evaluating the economic, environmental, social and policy implications of organic compounds productions from waste; Computer software for use in accessing datasets of metal and organic pollutant concentrations in residential, municipal and industrial wastewater streams; Computer software for use in optimising the operational, economic and environmental performances of biorefinery processes and resource recovery technologies. University of Surrey holds this IP and software. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MR1HmiJOuH4&feature=youtu.be
 
Title University of Surrey: TESARREC™ (Trademark: UK00003321198) https://tesarrec.web.app/sustainability 
Description The University of Surrey software TESARREC™ (Trademark: UK00003321198) https://tesarrec.web.app/sustainability has been protected under the following classes of software and technical product. Class 9 Computer software; Data processing software; Industrial process control software; Computer software for use in evaluating waste recycling and management; Computer software for use in evaluating the technical feasibility and life cycle sustainability of resource recovery from waste streams; Computer software for use in evaluating the techno-economic, environmental and social sustainability of recovery of metals, minerals, salts, and organic compounds from biorefinery processes and resource recovery technologies; Computer software for use in evaluating technical feasibility, life cycle assessment and sustainability of bioremediation and valorisation technologies present in waste streams; Computer software for use in evaluating the dynamic performance of bioremediation and valorisation technologies present in waste streams; Computer software for use in evaluating industrial, residential and municipal waste streams; Computer software for use in evaluating industrial, residential and municipal waste streams associated with metals, minerals, salts and organic compounds; Computer software for use in evaluation of organic compounds synthesized by carbon dioxide capture; Computer software for use in evaluating the dynamic performance of organic compounds productions by carbon dioxide capture; Computer software for use in evaluating technical feasibility and life cycle sustainability of organic compounds productions from carbon dioxide capture; Computer software for use in optimising recovery of metals, minerals, salts and organic compounds from waste streams; Computer software for use in evaluating the dynamic performance of recovery of metals, minerals, salts and organic compounds from waste streams; Computer software for use in waste management supply chain optimisation; Computer software for use in waste management, namely for managing the acquisition, sorting, reusing and recycling of waste to avoid landfill or disposal; Computer software for providing business models relating to waste management; Computer software for evaluation and management of biorefinery; Computer software for use in evaluating the technical feasibility, life cycle assessment and sustainability of biorefinery processes; Computer software for use in evaluating the technical feasibility, life cycle assessment and sustainability of biorefinery lignocellulosic platforms encompassing physical, mechanical, pre-treatment, biochemical, electrochemical, thermochemical and chemical unit operations; Computer software for use in evaluating the social and policy implications of recovery of metals, minerals, salts, and organic compounds from biorefinery processes and resource recovery technologies; Computer software for use in evaluating the social and policy implications of organic compounds productions from carbon dioxide capture; Computer software for use in accessing datasets of metal and organic pollutant concentrations in residential, municipal and industrial wastewater streams; Computer software for use in optimising the operational, economic and environmental performances of biorefinery processes and resource recovery technologies. Class 40 Providing information relating to the recycling of waste; Consultancy relating to the destruction of waste and trash; Consultancy relating to the incineration of waste and trash; Consultancy relating to the recycling of waste and trash; Information, advice and consultancy services relating to the recycling of waste and trash. Class 42 Scientific and technological services; Data modelling services for industrial research and analysis; Industrial analysis and research; Scientific research and analysis; Scientific consultancy; Computer aided industrial research services; Computer aided industrial analysis services; Computer aided scientific research services; Computer aided scientific analysis services; Environmental consultancy services; Research relating to waste analysis; Advisory services relating to environmental protection; Advisory services relating to the safety of the environment; Advisory services relating to pollution control; Advisory services relating to environmental pollution; Providing online, non-downloadable software; Providing software on a global computer network. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2020 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Sadhukhan et al. at the Centre for Environment and Sustainability in the University of Surrey have created TESARREC™ (UK Trademark: 00003321198, 2015) to solve interdisciplinary sustainability problems by web-based software for use in deduction of default technical, economic, environmental and social life cycle performance evaluations of products and services for net zero greenhouse gas emissions (https://tesarrec.web.app/sustainability). 
URL https://tesarrec.web.app/sustainability
 
Description 233rd Electrochemical Society MEETING (Seattle, WA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The research work from LifesCO2R will be presented at ECS biannual meeting. This will provide a forum for sharing our latest scientific and technical developments in electrochemical reduction of CO2 to electrofuels. Through this presentation, scientists, engineers and industry leaders coming from around the world will be engaged through networking opportunities and social/technical events.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 69th Annual ISE Meeting, Bologna, Italy, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting will be held from 2 to 7 September 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 6th UK Solar Fuels Symposium University of York, 19-20 March 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This presentation will provide an opportunity to engage with Solar Fuels Network (SFN). This SFN activity will provide support for public engagement and outreach activities that raise the profile of solar fuels/artificial photosynthesis research which is highly relevant to the LifesCO2R project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 7TH International Society for Microbial Electrochemistry and Technology Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The conference gathered experts in this field around the world, and showed the developing trend in the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 7TH International Society for Microbial Electrochemistry and Technology Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hundreds of researcher from all over the world presented the latest finding result about microbial electrochemical system/technology. The conference inluded widely research fields from fundamental research like electron transfer to large-scale application.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description ACI conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk given at the ACI conference on CCU, LCA and TEA and how environmental and economic benefits can be assessed. Industry reported after that the methodologies presented were of great interest.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description CCU technologies DG Clima consultation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participant in a consultation on the direction and results of CCU project for DG Clima. Results of this project feed into the development of CCU policy at European Commission and into the Innovation fund.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description CCUS Mission innovation follow up meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Working group meeting to discuss the outcomes of the Mission Innovation report and the major barriers to CCUS in the UK at the UKCCSRC annual conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description CCnet Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact This conference foucsed on the gas fermentation primarily using chemoautotrophs and seeked to explore the potential of AD as a gas fermentation feedstock generator, a lot of latest works about this research area were presented.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Carbon Capture Journal Conference, CO2 Utilisation Conference, London, 11/2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Carbon Capture Journal CO2 Utilisation Conference, London, Nov 2016, KA. Invited talk by Katy Armstrong (University of Sheffield) on policy for CO2 Utilization.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description EU ISMET 2016 Rome - Bioelectrochemical system control 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on work related to control of bioelectrochemical systems as part of a specialized bioelectrochmical system/ microbial electrochemical technology meeting arranged by the ISMET organisation.
Boghani, H. C., Michie, I., Dinsdale, R. M., Guwy, A. J., and Premier, G. C. (2016) Control of microbial fuel cell voltage using a gain scheduling control strategy, In 3rd European Meeting of the International Society for Microbial Electrochemistry and Technology EU-ISMET 2016 Rome.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://rotarulab.com/2016/10/eu-ismet/
 
Description EU-ISMET 2018 conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentation given by Paniz Izadi on "Effects of the poised potential on Microbial electrosynthesis (MES) for conversion of CO2 to acetate"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description EU-ISMET 2018 conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation given by Dr. Iain Michie entitled "Dynamic modelling of tubular BES to investigate the influence operating parameters and reactor design on system performance.
"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description EU-ISMET Rome 2016 - VFA sensing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on work related to the measurement of VFAs in bioprocesses as part of a specialized bioelectrochmical system/ microbial electrochemical technology meeting arranged by the ISMET organisation.
Kaur, A., Dinsdale, R. M., Guwy, A. J., and Premier, G. C. (2016) Towards Microbial Fuel Cell Based Volatile Fatty Acid by Applying Specific Poised Potentials In 3rd European Meeting of the International Society for Microbial Electrochemistry and Technology EU-ISMET 2016 Rome.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://rotarulab.com/2016/10/eu-ismet/
 
Description Edinburgh Science Festival 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As a part of Circular chemical economy centre, we set up stall in Edinburgh Science Festival for one day to show case our research and explain how chemical recycling works. This included how to convert CO2 using renewable energies into valuable products researched by LifesCO2R projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Electrochem 2019 annual meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The event has several electrochemical-related themes like Energy and Environment, Fundamental and analytical electrochemistry, Materials and Processes, and Corrosion, which provides opportunities to meet experts in different areas, and possible collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.strath.ac.uk/engineering/chemicalprocessengineering/electrochem2019/
 
Description FLEXIS Young Researchers' Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact FLEXIS Young Researchers' Conference on low carbon technologies, 13th July 2018 at the Aberavon Beach Hotel, Port Talbot
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Greenhouse Gas Removal Demonstrators workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact This workshop aims at further communicating the remit and objectives of the GGR-D Programme, particularly regarding the recently announced grant calls for the Demonstrators and Directorate Hub and the intended roles of the Demonstrators and Directorate Hub. This call is for applications for GGR Demonstrators that will be responsible for exploring the effectiveness, cost and the limitations of large-scale methods of GGR.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description ICCDU, Sheffield, 11-15/09/2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact International Conference on Carbon Dioxide Utilisation 2016, Sheffield, 11-15/09/2016
Keynote presentation presented by Peter Styring (University of Sheffield)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://iccdu2016.org.uk/
 
Description Industrial Biotechnology for Improving Production of Higher Value Chemicals Call Town Hall Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact This Town Meeting is to give potential applicants and stakeholders an opportunity to find out more about the background to the funding call in Industrial Biotechnology for Improving Production of Higher Value Chemicals and understand the industrial challenges in this area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Innovate UK First Friday Research Highlight: webinar on 4th May 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A webinar disseminating our research on converting CO2 to fuels and chemicals using combined chemical and biological processes. This is a part of Innovate UK Research highlight webinar series to showcase research achievement and capability of UK research community. Therefore bridge the academia and industrial communities, and create opportunities for both communities to work together to tackle the grant challenges UK is facing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL https://innovateuk.webex.com/join/poonam.phull
 
Description Intergovermental Ministerial Summit abnd Workshop on Acclerating CCUS 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited talks ans panel membership. Active participant in debates. Attended by Rt Hon Claire Perry MP.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description International Conference of Carbon Dioxide Utilisation 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on policy aspects relating to advanced biofuels, RFNFBOs and the LifesCO2R project at the ICCDU 2018 to academics, industrialists and students. Discussion held after presentation and delegates reported that the presentation highlighted specific issues that were previously unknown or little discussed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2018
 
Description International Women's day event by Sustainable Hydrogen CDT 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 26 audience including mostly PhD students and their supervisers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Invited panel discussion for RSC Faraday's discussion on CO2 utilisation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This is a traditional RSC conference held every three years on the topic of CO2 utilisation. It has a format of discussion with panellists and followed by a journal issue dedicated to the meeting and discussion. It is a high level, high quality discussion attracts large audience, 100-200 attenders.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Microbiology Society Annual Conference 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Microbiology Society Annual Conference 2018 in Birmingham, 10-13 April.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Mission Innovation workshop on Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Peter Styring and Katy Armstrong were invited to represent the UK at the CCUS workshop in Houston in late September 2017 to provide input for Priority Research Directions for CO2 utilisation. PS lead a panel on Thermochemical Conversion and Hydrogenation of CO2. KA invited to Cross cutting panel then transferred to be lead author on Thermochemical panel. Work has focused on the production of a comprehensive report and the identification of 2 priority research directions for the thermochemical conversion of CO2 theme. This report is due to be published in mid-2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description N8 Clean and Productive Business collaborative workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Representatives from all N8 universities were invited to Leeds to scope out opportunities in the Clean and Productive Business Theme, a number of cross-cutting research questions were developed relating to place, locality, data, social engagement and the power of communitie.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Nottingham Girl's high school Green Day 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact This event was for Green Day in a local girl school. The audience was year 4 and year 5 girls.
We presented what is Circular economy and chemical recycle to the girls. Also provided them interactive games using Lego pieces to understand how Chemical recycling works, including how to convert CO2 to useful products, as well as classify different categories of plastics.
The girls and teachers were very enthusiastic about the contents and joined the interaction games actively. They also learned many new things. There were many questions asked. The school also asked to get more information sheet and handout for the students. The school reported great feedback from the girls and increased their interest in STEM.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Organisation of the EU-ISMET 2018 conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Organisation of the EU-ISMET 2018 conference at Newcastle University. Increase of the visibility of the research group and project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Paricipant in Harmoi Workshop on CCU LCA and Policy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The workshop included dialogue on the problems of standardising LCA approaches for CO2 utilisation. Direct outcome was a pathway forward to discuss a specification for defining vocabulary for CCU, meetings will be held with industrialists, policy makers and researchers in Spring/Summer 2019 to define this.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Participation in CO2Value Europe working groups 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Participation in taskforces for CO2 Value Europe to promote CCU within EU Commission
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Poster Presentation - CO2 conversion summer school, Villars-sur-Ollon (Switzerland), 29/08-02/09 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster Presentation - CO2 conversion summer school, Villars-sur-Ollon (Switzerland), 29/08-02/09 2016 - Lifes-CO2R: Liquid Fuel and BioEnergy Supply from CO2 Reduction. Poster presenting the project. Aims and objectives, work packages, collaborators, International partners. Presented by Dr. Jean-Marie Fontmorin on behalf of Newcastle University group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://villars2016.dcb.unibe.ch/index.html
 
Description Poster Presentation - EU-ISMET 2016, Rome (Italy), 28-30/09/2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster Presentation - CO2 conversion summer school, Villars-sur-Ollon (Switzerland), 29/08-02/09 2016 - Lifes-CO2R: Liquid Fuel and BioEnergy Supply from CO2 Reduction. Poster presenting the project. Aims and objectives, work packages, collaborators, International partners. Presented by Dr. Jean-Marie Fontmorin on behalf of Newcastle University group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Poster Presentation - RRfW annual conference in Leeds, 1-2 December 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentation by Dr Jhuma Sadhukhan, and Dr Mobolaji Shemfe (Surrey University) "Software development for Global Sustainability and Engineering analysis of Resource recovery Technologies (GSERTTM)"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Public outreach, 2019 August, Great North Museum (Hancock) Dippy on Tour 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A public STEM event for general public on Renewable energy. Introduced the renewable concept to the children and disseminate some of the publications.
It was a whole day event, with more than 100 people and families.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Research demonstration for University open days 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Since 2022, I participated university open days and demonstrated our research in my lab using video and showing the CO2 reduction reactions to the students and parents. It was surprised to see even though people were aware of the global challenges, the general public still not aware of many concepts and technologies available. It is very important to have more sustainability education in the schools and university.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022,2023
 
Description Royal Society Synthetic fuels workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion of Synthetic fuels research and industry in the UK to produce a policy document from Royal Society as the road map of Synthetic fuels landscape for the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Science Collaboration Symposium in Kuwait 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Science Collaboration Symposium in Kuwait on 5th to 6th March, 2018 under the theme: Waste Water - Treatment and Reuse
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Science in Policy (Prof. Peter Styring) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation to 100+ undergraduate and postgraduate students on how policy and science interact.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Tata Visit, University of South Wales, Treforest. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A high level delegation from Tata Strip Products, Port Talbot, including Director, Mr Luc Bol; Chief Engineer, Mr Martyn Duggan; Impact Acceleration Manager, Mr Brian Edy; and four other high ranking personel, attended a meeting with academics at USW to assess prospects for increased collaborative interaction on research. Two presentations of relevance to this output were...
Guwy. A. J. (2016) Overview of EERI/SERC, In Tata Visit, University of South Wales, Treforest.
Premier, G. C. (2016) Bioelectrochemical Systems (BES), In Tata Visit, University of South Wales, Treforest.
The presentations were followed by in-depth discussions, during which very positive indications of intent to increase collaborative research were expressed by Tata, and mechanisms were to be explored further.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description The AD Network: MEC Workshop, Durham, 19/09/2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The AD Network: MEC Workshop: Durham Cricket Club, invited presentation on BES scale-up by Dr. Hitesh Boghani (University of South Wales). Title: Microbial Electrochemical Technology for Polishing Wastewater.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Transformative Research to Combat Climate Change Workshop, Toronto (Canada), 12/10/2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact University of Toronto, Transformative Research to Combat Climate Change, Challenge Workshop. Oct 2016, Plenary session given by Peter Styring.
https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/cbe/news/toronto-1.652884
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://forestry.utoronto.ca/faculty-is-hosting-transformative-research-to-combat-climate-change-chal...
 
Description UKCCSRC Meeting, Coventry 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Workshop on scope of CCUS
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Visit to Masdar Institute, Abu Dhabi 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visit to Masdar Institute, Abu Dhabi, 7th to 8th March, 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description WREC Presentation 2016 - Linking fermentation and bioelectrochemical systems 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation at the World Renewable Energy Congress (WREC15) in Jakarta in 2016. Premier, G. C., Boghani, H. C., Fradler, K. R., Jones, R., Massanet-Nicolau, J., Kaur, A., Michie, I., Dinsdale, R. M., and Guwy, A. J. (2016) Bioenergy and resource recovery: Linking fermentation and bioelectrochemical systems, In World Renewable Energy Congress (WREC15), Jakarta, Indonesia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.wrec2016indonesia.com/
 
Description Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact UK-Russia Workshop held in Newcastle on 19th-22nd November - Scientific and technical grounds of future low-carbon propulsion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop on public awareness and acceptance for CCU 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation in a first of a kind expert day on public perception and awareness for CCU. Workshop gathered people from across Europe (big German presence). Discussed numerous issues surrounding communication and acceptance of CCU products.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018