Uncovering Fundamental Mechanisms to Enable Sustainable Steel Manufacturing

Lead Research Organisation: University of Warwick
Department Name: WMG

Abstract

Steel is a backbone material in modern society. Global steel demand is continuously growing and is forecast to double by 2050. Strict environmental regulations, new energy sources, government support for manufacturing, and restructuring of the steel industry in the UK and worldwide are creating the opportunity to revolutionise the industry to produce low carbon, high value added steels. This creates an urgent need for a strong UK research base in process metallurgy that will help transform the UK steel industry into more sustainable operations. This Fellowship aligns well with this urgent need for UK steel industry.
Under this EPSRC Manufacturing Fellowship, I will bring best practice in industry to academia. I will establish an internationally recognised multi-disciplinary research team, which will build the research (theoretical, experimental and modelling) capability and create the fundamental knowledge needed to realise transformative changes on extraction, refining and casting of steels, and address the future global mega trends in energy, CO2 regulation and oversupply. A key area of focus will be low carbon, low energy and flexible ironmaking process including HIsarna technology.
HIsarna process is a promising breakthrough technology, as an alternative to conventional blast furnace (BF) ironmaking, created under the ULCOS (Ultra-Low CO2 Steelmaking) project (www.ulcos.org). The concept of the HIsarna technology has been successfully validated by four operational campaigns from 2011 to 2014 on the pilot plant with the capacity of 60 kt per year of hot metal constructed at Tata Steel. The confirmed advantages include: very high energy efficiency; flexibility in feed materials (directly using thermal coal, fine iron ore, waste oxides) without coking and ore agglomeration; 20% or above primary energy and CO2 saving; possibly up to 80% CO2 emission reduction with Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) of the top gas; and flexible operations. Significantly higher CO2 emission reduction by HIsarna (without CCS), 35% or above compared to current BF ironmaking, can be achieved by further combining simultaneous scrap melting, biomass injection (partially replacing coal) and hydrocarbon injection in the process.
However, a significant challenging road lies ahead for the HIsarna technology. One of the critical aspects for its up-scaling is that several critical scientific mechanisms have not been discovered due to its innovative nature, but will be uncovered in this Fellowship. These include (1) quantification of the dynamic interfacial phenomena in the reacting slag-metal droplet system due to the element (O, S etc) mass transfer at the slag-metal droplet interface and their important role on the fast reduction of FeO in slag, and (2) reaction mechanisms and rates between hydrocarbons and slag, metal and gases. Under this Fellowship I will also build the modelling capability (CFD model and dynamic process model) for development and optimisation of complex manufacturing processes.
The research capability and the critical knowledge created under this Fellowship will be applied to study more fuel-efficient and economical BF ironmaking by shale gas injection, direct reduced iron production by shale gas, phosphorus refining in basic oxygen steelmaking, high residual obsolete scrap recycling, and interfacial phenomena in the casting mould. Furthermore, a capability on extractive metallurgy will help the UK to develop processes for recovering critical materials from wastes and extracting Mg and Ti, and will also be useful to other areas such as gasification and geology where molten oxide phases are encountered.
This Fellowship will be held at Warwick Manufacturing Group (WMG), University of Warwick, in collaboration with Tata Steel, the main steel producer in the UK. It will help unlock the potential of the UK steel industry to be more innovative, productive and competitive, whilst using fewer resources and reducing environmental impact.

Planned Impact

1. UK and world steel industry
The aim of my Fellowship is to establish an internationally recognised research team, which will build the research capability and create the fundamental knowledge needed to realise transformative changes on extraction, refining and casting of steels and address the future global mega trends in energy, CO2 regulation and oversupply. A key area of focus is the low carbon HIsarna technology. The chief beneficiaries are the steelmakers in the UK and world. The scientific and technological infrastructure established will enable an accelerated response to the key manufacturing challenges in steel production.
With the threat of increasing raw material and energy prices, the decreasing access to prime ore and coke coal, and the strict target of emission reduction from the EU, it is essential that the steel production in the UK becomes a low carbon, low energy, flexible process focusing on the creation of advanced products in the most cost-efficient way. My Fellowship will enable the UK steel industry to be in the leading position to exploit the game changing HIsarna technology. This can help transform the UK and world steel industry - more innovative, productive and competitive whilst using fewer resources and reducing environmental impact.
2. Suppliers
My Fellowship will have a major impact on upstream raw materials supply chain, cement industry (being an important user of slag by-products), waste processing industry, metal processing industry and engineering industry. Unlike blast furnace ironmaking process, HIsarna technology can flexibly work with a wide variety of raw materials from conventional hematite to titano-magnetite, scrap, waste oxides, thermal coal, shale gas and biomass. The equipment builders and process control system designers will benefit from the construction of the up-scaling plant. The energy sector will benefit from the fundamental understanding of coal gasification.
3. Customers
My Fellowship will provide new knowledge and technologies that can help revolutionise the UK steel industry with substantially reducing CO2 emissions in steel production. This will encourage the customers (e.g. automotive industry) in favour of using steel over other materials with higher carbon footprint.
4. Education and training
The thematic area "Developing manufacturing Leaders" under the EPSRC Manufacturing the Future challenge states that "identifying, nurturing and supporting appropriate individuals at different career stages is vital for the future health of the UK innovation system." My Fellowship will provide a unique platform for myself to become an internationally-recognised leader in the research field of sustainable steel manufacturing. This will also provide great opportunities to develop potential future scientific/engineering leaders in manufacturing by directly engaging with young post-doc researchers and PhD students. This research programme will attract young people to pursue the courses and careers in manufacturing.
5. Society and environment
The success of my Fellowship will help to ensure that the UK steel industry is in a leading position to realise transformative changes on extraction, refining and casting of steels including exploiting the promising HIsarna technology. This will mean that the most sought-after new steels can be produced via a low carbon, low energy, flexible process, which will create new jobs and aid the growth of the UK and global economy. This breakthrough technology will also be used for processing wastes (BOF sludge, mill scales) which has obvious environmental and health benefits. This research will help change the public perception of steel manufacturing from a "smoke-stack" and "sunset" industry, to one that works at the forefront of science and technology, where radical improvement can be achieved in its impact on society. All this information will be given to the media to increase the public awareness of this research programme.

Publications

10 25 50

 
Description This is an EPSRC Manufacturing Fellowship Award, entitled "Uncovering fundamental mechanisms to enable sustainable steel manufacturing", completed in March 2022. The major finings are summarised briefly as blow:
1) Significant new knowledge has been generated over the six years, including reaction mechanisms of a novel low carbon low energy alternative ironmaking technology, application of green fuels such as hydrogen and biomass in steel manufacturing, steel scrap utilisation and steel circularity. This is evidenced by a large number of papers (>50) published by international peer-reviewed journals and by a large number of international invited talks.
2) Established and sustained a steel process metallurgy group at WMG of the University of Warwick (from raw materials thourgh ironmaking to steelmaking/casting) which is well needed by the UK steel industry and associated sectors. The new research capability (method, equipment, skill) developed has the feature of in-situ observation (high temperature confocal laser scanning microscope), inline measurement (mass spectrometer), high temperature (up to 1700 degree C), controlled atmosphere (flammable gas, inert gas, oxdising gas), and multi-phase (gas-slag-steel-refractory).
3) Another important skills/method development is dynamic modelling (thermodynamic, kinetic and phase-field modelling) of the multi-phase reactions in metallurgical processes.
4) From the whole steel value change, systematically investigagted the ways to incrase the scrap utilisation in the UK steel indsutry in the aspects of steel scrap supply chain, technology development and policy intervention.
5) Open up new/important research questions on how to decarbonise the steel industry, in particular the UK steel industry.
6) As one of the key objectives of the EPSRC Manufacturing Fellowship, the fellowship holder has successfully transitioned from an industrial technical leader to an academic leader (full professor).
Exploitation Route We concluded a clear vision for UK/global steel industry. Our findings will be taken forward by the personnel related steel industry: policy makers, industry, academics, professional bodies, and students. The findings from this award such as the reaction mechanisms for a novel low carbon low energy alternative ironmaking, the application of biomass and hydrogen has been trialled at pilot scale; our finidngs on scrap utilisation has been widely recognised by the community and significant movement has been seen since our research.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Energy,Environment,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology

URL https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/sci/wmg/people/profile/?wmgid=1286
 
Description Some of the research outcomes have been implemented or have given guidance to industry practice. For example, findings about the difference in efficiency between biomass and thermal coal revealed that it will requires 20% higher amount of biomass than thermal coal. Comparison between different biomass materials have advised industry the choice of biomass materials and pre-treatment procedures. This has advised the industry potential process parameter change in next trials. The outcomes on another alternative fuel utilisation in alternative ironmaking process has given advice to industry on the limit of this alternative fuel to be employed in industry trials. Our research has given confidence in upscaling a novel low carbon low energy alternative ironmaking technology, which is proved to reduce CO2 emissions by 50% so far compared to blast furnace ironmaking. The research from this award and extensive dissemination activities show the non-academics the potential and the pathways/technological roadmap of steel industry decarbonisation.
First Year Of Impact 2021
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Energy,Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Government, Democracy and Justice,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description A white paper on UK scrap steel recycling (Domestic Scrap Steel Recycling - Economic, Environmental and Social Opportunities (EV0490))
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Contribution to a national consultation/review
Impact The report set up the direction of UK scrap steel recycling in terms of technology development, economic, enviromental and social impacts.
URL https://sciencesearch.defra.gov.uk/ProjectDetails?ProjectId=20521
 
Description Cambridge Electric Cement: Zero-emissions cement from old concrete paste replacing flux in electric-arc furnaces
Amount £1,470,057 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/W026104/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2022 
End 09/2025
 
Description Critical Technological Assessment of the Viability of Future UK Steel Production
Amount £408,703 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/S013318/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 12/2020
 
Description Effect of residual elements from scraps on steel processing and service properties of typical steel grades
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 2267821 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2019 
End 09/2023
 
Description Enhancing UK-based steel supply chains (MSc project supervised by Prof Janet Godsell)
Amount £0 (GBP)
Organisation Liberty Steel 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2019 
End 09/2020
 
Description Identifying the opportunities to improve the planning capability of the Stockbridge Test House (MSc project supervised by Dr Wanrong Zhang)
Amount £0 (GBP)
Organisation Liberty Steel 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2019 
End 09/2020
 
Description Improving stock efficiency through inventory control (MSc project supervised by Dr Zakiah Suhaimi)
Amount £0 (GBP)
Organisation Liberty Steel 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2019 
End 09/2020
 
Description Industry sponsored project
Amount £140,000 (GBP)
Organisation Tata Steel Europe 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2017 
End 10/2021
 
Description Reduction of FeO by carbon and gas in a novel low carbon low energy alternative ironmaking process
Amount £63,300 (GBP)
Organisation Tata Steel Europe 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2019 
End 09/2023
 
Description Research into the Economic, Environmental and Social Opportunities around Options with Scrap Metal, Particularly Steel
Amount £40,000 (GBP)
Organisation Department For Environment, Food And Rural Affairs (DEFRA) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2020 
End 03/2021
 
Description SUSTAIN Manufacturing Hub
Amount £10,468,988 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/S018107/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2019 
End 03/2026
 
Description The impact of digitisation on procurement and its role within the area of supply chain management (MSc project supervised by Dr Wanrong Zhang)
Amount £0 (GBP)
Organisation Liberty Steel 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2019 
End 09/2020
 
Description UKRI Interdisciplinary Centre for CircularMetal
Amount £4,437,440 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/V011804/1 
Organisation United Kingdom Research and Innovation 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2021 
End 12/2024
 
Title A high temperature CLSM based sessile drop method established 
Description This new method combines the high temperature CLSM (confocal laser scanning microscope) and sessile drop method to study interface reactions between two materials (normally one liquid and one solid) at high temperatures (up to 1600 degree C). 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This method was developed to study the reactions between fluxing materials and iron ores. The outcome was reported in TMS2019 (San Antonio, Texas, USA), and it was well received. 
 
Title A mini-electric arc furnace for alloy melting and casting (2020) 
Description A mini-electric arc furnace for alloy melting and casting has been purchased from other sources for the execution of this project and other projects relevant to scrap utilisation. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This unique tool is being used to melt/cast steel scraps for the scrap utilisation. 
 
Title High temperature System under Flammable Gas 
Description A specifically designed high temperature furnace operating under flammable gases with online detection of gas composition. It is used for studying the reactions in the slag-metal-slag systems under high temperatures and flammable gases. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The system is under construction. It will be commissioned in March 2017. The results will come out in coming years. 
 
Title High temperature furnaces 
Description Further two high temperature furnaces (up to 1600 degree C) were purchased for the slag-metal-gas multiphase experiments from other financial sources. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Both furnace was delivered in early 2018 and will be commissioned in first quarter of 2018. It will substantially increase the high temperature research capability in WMG and the UK. 
 
Title New hydrogen DRI furnace 
Description A new furnace to study the reduction of iron ore by hydrogen is purchased for steel industry decarbonisation research, operating temeprature at 600 to 1200 degree C. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2023 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Enabling the research tool for the decarbonisation research 
 
Title Upgrade high temperature confocal laser scanning microscopy (HT-CLSM) with powder addition functionality 
Description Add extra functionality of adding powders during experiment on HTCLSM 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Enable to add ingredients during experiment which is significant to study the dissolution of one phase into another, reaction, new alloy design etc. 
 
Title A value in use model for lime in BOF steelmaking 
Description A Value-in-Use model describing the lime usage is steel manufacturing, impact and benefits 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This model can advise the lime use to optimise the lime use in steel manufacturing in terms of productivity, product quality, economic benefit and environmental impact. 
 
Title Reaction kinetic model for alternative ironmaking reactor 
Description FactSage based reaction kinetic model for alternative ironmaking reactor, using effective reaction zone concept 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This model can dynamically simulate the reactions happening in the alternative ironmaking reactor, operating parameters and production KPIs (productivity, hot metal quality). 
 
Title Reaction kinetic model for alternative ironmaking reactor 
Description The model is developed to dynamically model the reactions in a multi-phase (gas-slag-steel-refractory) system at high temperature for metallurgical applications 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2023 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact accepted by industry collaborator 
 
Description BOF modelling 
Organisation Swinburne University of Technology
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-supervising a PhD student working on BOF modelling
Collaborator Contribution Leading the BOF modelling (primary supervisor and PhD student based in Swinburne)
Impact Substantially advanced understanding of BOF modelling
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with ALFED 
Organisation Aluminium Federation Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Sharing knowledge and expertise with ALFED and its member companies
Collaborator Contribution Knowledge sharing with the research team
Impact established knowledge sharing partnership
Start Year 2020
 
Description Collaboration with British Steel 
Organisation Cytec Industries
Department R&D
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Analyse the current scrap supply, the current and future steel need, and the steel manufacturing processes at British Steel (Scunthorpe), and provide a technological road map for British Steel to produce high quality steel by maximizing the use of scrap.
Collaborator Contribution Share production information; provide in-kind financial support; provide necessary technical support
Impact The project just started in January 2019
Start Year 2018
 
Description Collaboration with Brunel University London 
Organisation Brunel University London
Department Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Technology (BCAST)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution to steel circularity - steel scrap sorting, reuse, remanufacturing
Collaborator Contribution Contribution to aluminium circularity
Impact Multi-disciplinary collaboration leading to the UKRI Interdisciplinary Centre for Circular Metals
Start Year 2021
 
Description Collaboration with Cambridge University 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department Department of Engineering
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution EAF steelmaking slag expertise - experimental and modelling
Collaborator Contribution Utilising the EAF steelmaking slag for cement (Cmabridge electric cement)
Impact This collaboration leads to the EPSRC grant "Cambridge Electric Cement (EP/W026104/1)" Led by Prof Julian Allwood at the University of Cambridge (https://gow.epsrc.ukri.org/NGBOViewPerson.aspx?PersonId=55324)
Start Year 2021
 
Description Collaboration with Colorado School of Mines 
Organisation Colorado School of Mines
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 1) Expertise; 2) Staff training; 3) Access to Data; 4) access to equipment
Collaborator Contribution 1) Expertise; 2) staff training; 3) intellectual input; 4) access to data
Impact A joint publication has been submitted to a top journal (under review).
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration with Delft University (the Netherlands) 
Organisation Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)
Department Faculty of Mechanical, Maritime and Materials Engineering
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 1) Expertise; 2) access to equipment; 3) staff training
Collaborator Contribution 1) Expertise; 2) staff training; 3) access to equipment
Impact First joint workshop was held June 2019.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration with MPI (Materials Processing Institute, UK) 
Organisation Materials Processing Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution 1) sharing research ideas; 2) providing research facilities; 3) joint proposal for funding
Collaborator Contribution 1) sharing research ideas; 2) providing research facilities, especially pilot-scale (above lab scale) facilities; 3) joint proposal for funding; 4) technical advices
Impact N/A
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with Materials Processing Institute (MPI) 
Organisation Materials Processing Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution 1) Expertise; 2) staff training; 3) access to facilities
Collaborator Contribution 1) Expertise; 2) staff training; 3) access to data; 4) access to facilities; 5) intellectual input
Impact N/A
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration with Northeastern University (China) 
Organisation Northeastern University (China)
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 1) Expertise; 2) staff training; 3) equipment
Collaborator Contribution 1) Expertise; 2) access to data; 3) access to equipment / facilities
Impact academic visiting; joint application of UK-China call (Newton Funding)
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration with Recycling lives 
Organisation Recycling Lives Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Provide expertise and research facilities to examine the waste from scrap sorting for better use; host visitors from the company twice for technical information exchange
Collaborator Contribution 1) provide information on steel recycling; 2) host visitors from the research team (five people); 3) provide waste samples
Impact The partner further supported another grant application (established long-term collaboration).
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration with Swansea University 
Organisation Swansea University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 1) Expertise; 2) staff training; 3) access to data; 4) equipment access; 5) intellectual input
Collaborator Contribution 1) Expertise; 2) staff training; 3) access to data; 4) equipment access; 5) intellectual input
Impact N/A
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration with USTB (University of Science and Technology Beijing) 
Organisation University of Science and Technology Beijing
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution exchange of academic staff; exchange of research students; visiting professorship
Collaborator Contribution exchange of academic staff; exchange of research students; visiting professorship
Impact completed a UK-China jointly funded project (A UK-China partnership for energy and materials recovery in steelmaking), funded by Innovate UK/EPSRC and MOST China.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Energy and Materials Recovery from steelmaking slags 
Organisation University of Science and Technology of China USTC
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution My team is working USTB in the following areas: (1) energy and materials recovery from steelmaking slags; (2) clean steel technology; and (3) low carbon steel manufacturing.
Collaborator Contribution (1) to provide unique experimental facilities such as high pressure DTG; (2) provide expertise in clean steel technology
Impact A project titled "A UK-China Partnership for Energy and Materials Recovery in Steelmaking" has been completed in November 2017.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Tata Steel 
Organisation Tata Steel Europe
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution My team (myself, postdoc research fellows and PhD students) is working with Tata Steel in the following areas: (1) to uncover the critical scientific mechanisms underlying the low carbon HIsarna process; (2) recycling of scarp; and (3) steel cleanness / steel quality.
Collaborator Contribution (1) to provide in house expertise to advise and assist in the research of the fellowship; (2) to support at its costs three PhD studentships withing the term of the fellowship, including necessary experimental costs; (3) to sample in HIsarna trials, necessary raw materials, and characterisation and analysis of samples. The agreement between Tata Steel and University of Warwick related to the fellowship is in the stage of signature (21 February 2017)
Impact It is in the initial stage of this collaboration. The project titles for PhD students and post-doc research fellows have been decided, and the results will come out in coming years.
Start Year 2016
 
Description A conference presentation on hot shortness - December 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A presentation entitled "Effect of residual element Cu on hot shortness behaviour of free cutting steels" was given by one fo the group members in the international conference - Oxi 2022 (European Oxide Scale Conference 2022) 5-6 December 2022, London UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description A conference presentation on residual element - September 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A presentation entitled "Understanding the role of residual element Cu on hot shortness behaviour of the free cutting steels" was given by one of the group memebers in TMP 2022 - 6th International Conference on ThermoMechanical Processing. 6-8 September 2022, Shenyang, China
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description A presentation on steel oxidation - December 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A presentation entitled "Oxidation behaviour and oxide/metal interface characteristics in a low-carbon steel containing impurities" was given by one fo the group members in the internaional conference - European Oxide Scale Conference 2022 conference, London, UK. 5-6 December 2022.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description A talk given at Royce and LightForm in Manchester University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An invited lecture entitled "Uncovering fundamental mechanisms to enable sustainable steel manufacturing & critical technology assessment of the viability of future UK steel production" at University of Manchester on 23 June 2022
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description A talk given in Northeastern University, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact An invited talk titled "Overcoming scientific challenges to sustainable steel manufacturing" was delivered to around 30 postgraduates and academic supervisors at Northeastern University, China, which sparked questions and discussion afterward, and attracted interest in collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description A talk in BEIS Scrap Working Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A talk on "Domestic steel scrap recycling - current state of play" is invited to give at teh BEIS Scrap Working Group on 26 July 2022. The working group is formed from BEIS, DEFRA, UK Steel, BMRA, steelmakers and scrap recyclers, RTOs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description A talk in an online webinar - September 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An invited talk on "Fundamental research for decarbonising the steel industry" in the "Sustainable steel strategies summit" (online) organised by Steel Times International on 20-21 September 2022
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Academic-Industry Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact An Academic-Industry workshop for HIsarna Technology was held in Tata Steel IJmuiden on 17&18 June 2019. Attendees came from WMG (Academic leader, postdoc and PhD students, five in total), Delft University (Academic Leader, postdoc and PhD students, six in total), and Tata Steel IJmuiden (Technical leader, plant manager, R&D researcher, and operators, seven in total). The research capability from two universities and industrial requirement have been discussed, and future research in alternative ironmaking and waste utilisation has been discussed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description An academic-industry workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 10 people (PhD students, postdoc research fellows, academics and industry scientists) held a workshop on the process modelling of HIsarna process, identifying further research direction and collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description An invited talk in USTB China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In June 2017 an invited presentation titled "Overcoming scientific challenges to sustainable steel manufacturing" was delivered in Metallurgy Innovation Symposium 2017 in USTB, Beijing to around 200 hundreds audiences including academics, postgraduates, industry, policymakers. This sparks questions and discussion afterwards, and also attracted collaboration interest.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference keynotes Birmingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A keynotes titled "Research on Sustainable steel manufacturing in WMG, the University of Warwick" in the 5th UK-China Steel Research Forum, University of Birmingham, 45/07/2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description DK gave a presentation to industry team (February 2022) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact 35 people attended the talk and interesting discussions have been held, the research has been well received by the attendees (feedback from the organiser).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Distinguished Seminar in Chongqing University 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to give a distinguished seminar on recent Breakthrough in Engineering Fields at Chongqing University, China. Title - BOF steelmaking - advanced understanding and modelling.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Green Steel: The Role of Scrap Webinar (24.09.2021) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact 90 people from industry, academia, policymaking, funder etc attended this webinar. Four presentation are given by the research team: ZL - UK steel scrap supply and utilisation; ZL - Technologies for increased scrap utilisation; WZ - Circular supply chain design; RH - opportunities and challenges. Well received by the audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description International conference (MacMaster, canada) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I was invited to give a keynote on the fundamental research related to my fellowship and beyond for the sustainable steel manufacturing. The audiences are the academics and post-graduates from a number of Canadian Universities (McMaster, Toronto, etc) and professionals from steel industry. It attracted great interest from the audiences in Canada. It also formed informal collaboration with the academics in Canada in related areas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description JW gave presentation to Industry team (December 2021) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact 30 people from industry, university and RTO attended the talk given by JW, which sparked questions and discussions afterwards, The talk was well received by the industry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description News release (Tata Steel) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact There was a press release on my Fellowship in Tata Steel R&D in 2016. This extended to a wide range of Tata Steel employees from R&D to business. It gave Tata Steel encouragement on government support to Steel Industry. It attracts collaboration interest between industry and university of warwick.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation given at internaional conference MS&T22 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact around 40 audiences attended my talk "Research and development for decarbonisation of the UK steel industry" at MS&T22, October 9-12, 2022 in Pittsburgh USA. Disemination, networking and exchange of the decarbonisation reserch, establishment of new collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Reserach team visit to Tata Steel Europe for a week 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Part of my research team (4 memebers) visited the industry sponsor Tata Steel Netherlands for a week in December 2022 - observing pilot plant trials, disseminating research outcomes, and discussing future collaboration activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Residual in Steel talk 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An invited talk on "Mechanism of removal residual elements" in one-day seminar "Residuals in Steel" organized by IOM3 at Warwick University Conference Centre on 22/11/2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description UKRI and Newton Fund activity in WUhan 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact UKRI and NEWTON FUDN organized an event in Wuhan China titled "Hydrogen, Steel and a Low Carbon Future" on 15th March 2018. 50 to 100 audiences from Newton Fellows in CHina, media, postgraduates, university academic staff, British Embassy officers, China local government officers. Three speakers including myself gave talks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018