Cyber Security of the Internet of Things

Lead Research Organisation: Lancaster University
Department Name: Lancaster Inst for the Contemporary Arts

Abstract

Today we use many objects not normally associated with computers or the internet. These include gas meters and lights in our homes, healthcare devices, water distribution systems and cars. Increasingly, such objects are digitally connected and some are transitioning from cellular network connections (M2M) to using the internet: e.g. smart meters and cars - ultimately self-driving cars may revolutionise transport. This trend is driven by numerous forces. The connection of objects and use of their data can cut costs (e.g. allowing remote control of processes) creates new business opportunities (e.g. tailored consumer offerings), and can lead to new services (e.g. keeping older people safe in their homes).

This vision of interconnected physical objects is commonly referred to as the Internet of Things. The examples above not only illustrate the vast potential of such technology for economic and societal benefit, they also hint that such a vision comes with serious challenges and threats. For example, information from a smart meter can be used to infer when people are at home, and an autonomous car must make quick decisions of moral dimensions when faced with a child running across on a busy road. This means the Internet of Things needs to evolve in a trustworthy manner that individuals can understand and be comfortable with. It also suggests that the Internet of Things needs to be resilient against active attacks from organised crime, terror organisations or state-sponsored aggressors.

Therefore, this project creates a Hub for research, development, and translation for the Internet of Things, focussing on privacy, ethics, trust, reliability, acceptability, and security/safety: PETRAS, (also suggesting rock-solid foundations) for the Internet of Things. The Hub will be designed and run as a 'social and technological platform'. It will bring together UK academic institutions that are recognised international research leaders in this area, with users and partners from various industrial sectors, government agencies, and NGOs such as charities, to get a thorough understanding of these issues in terms of the potentially conflicting interests of private individuals, companies, and political institutions; and to become a world-leading centre for research, development, and innovation in this problem space.

Central to the Hub approach is the flexibility during the research programme to create projects that explore issues through impactful co-design with technical and social science experts and stakeholders, and to engage more widely with centres of excellence in the UK and overseas. Research themes will cut across all projects: Privacy and Trust; Safety and Security; Adoption and Acceptability; Standards, Governance, and Policy; and Harnessing Economic Value. Properly understanding the interaction of these themes is vital, and a great social, moral, and economic responsibility of the Hub in influencing tomorrow's Internet of Things. For example, a secure system that does not adequately respect privacy, or where there is the mere hint of such inadequacy, is unlikely to prove acceptable. Demonstrators, like wearable sensors in health care, will be used to explore and evaluate these research themes and their tension. New solutions are expected to come out of the majority of projects and demonstrators, many solutions will be generalisable to problems in other sectors, and all projects will produce valuable insights. A robust governance and management structure will ensure good management of the research portfolio, excellent user engagement and focussed coordination of impact from deliverables.

The Hub will further draw on the expertise, networks, and on-going projects of its members to create a cross-disciplinary language for sharing problems and solutions across research domains, industrial sectors, and government departments. This common language will enhance the outreach, development, and training activities of the Hub.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title All SparK Design Fiction 
Description Design Fiction relating to use of batteries in Home 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Contributed to research papers 
 
Title HealthBand Design Fiction 
Description Design Fiction exploring DiY Healcare Wearables 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Contributed to research papers 
 
Title Living Room of the Future 
Description The LRoTF platfrom was developed with PETRAS partners BBC R&D as part of the AHRC Objects of Immersion research project which explored how media broadcasters could utilise Object-Based Media (OBM) to deliver more immersive experiences to audiences in home environments. The LRoTF utilises OBM to dynamically customise radio and television content based on audiences' personal, contextual and derived data. OBM delivers personalised viewing experiences by breaking media into smaller parts (known as 'objects'), describing how they relate to each other semantically, and then reassembling them into many possible personalised programmes. In addition to the media-delivery aspects, the LRoTF explores data protection issues associated with OBM's use of data, by integrating with the privacy-enhancing Databox system. Further the LRofTF extends OBM by including off the shelf and bespoke Internet of Internet of Things objects as part of the media performance in order to co-produce, with an audience, a 'lived' experience of the future as a form of 'Experiential Design Fiction'. With the support of PETRAS a new experience was created and a version of the LRofTF installed at the V&A which was designed to highlight potential futures of IoT involving Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Edge Computing. Additionally the experience highlighted research from PETRAS HTIoT project relating to designing IoT products and services that foregroud IoT data flows and algorithms and the often transactional nature of personal data production in the home. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact Alongside highlighting the research of PETRAS to some of the 22,000 visitors who attended the design weekend at the V&A nearly 100 were able to experience the LRofTF installation directly and engaged in many interesting discussions around the potential adoption IoT products and in the Home. 
URL https://uk.reuters.com/video/2018/10/25/tv-plots-altered-by-our-individual-data?videoId=476741733
 
Title Polly Kettle Design Fiction 
Description Design Fiction of Internet Enabled Kettle designed based on Object Orientated Ontology 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Contributed to research papers 
 
Title Uncanny AI Iconography Cards 
Description Set of Icons and descriptors in form of card deck for use in workshops to explore AI legibility 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact Series of academic papers 
 
Description AHRC Immersive Experiences: Objects of Immersion
Amount £75,000 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/R008728/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 08/2018
 
Description Google IoT Award
Amount $5,000 (USD)
Organisation Google 
Department Research at Google
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 05/2016 
End 09/2016
 
Description PETRAS 2
Amount £13,849,999 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/S035362/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 03/2023
 
Description Consortium Partner (Balfour Beatty) 
Organisation Balfour Beatty
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Research and development of innovative digital technologies to support intelligent transport infrastructure surface water management and understanding of trust issues around the IoT .
Collaborator Contribution Domain expertise in the management of highways infrastructure surface water, and specifically the maintenance of road-side gully networks in the UK. Furthermore, Baflour have provided research teams access to real user systems and processes to evaluate and trial novel ideas and applications.
Impact Organisational change in the maintenance of highways infrastructure through the deployment of new decision-support tools and IoT hub technology.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Consortium partner (Carillion) 
Organisation Carillion
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Research and development of future digital technologies to support sustainable highways infrastructure maintenance and enhance trusted relationships between key stakeholders and adoption of IoT hub technologies.
Collaborator Contribution Domain specific knowledge related to highways maintenance and access to real user systems and processes to evaluate novel ideas and applications.
Impact Changes in highways maintenance working practice and strategic decision-making through the deployment of innovative products and services
Start Year 2011
 
Description Consortium partner (In Touch) 
Organisation In Touch Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Through our understanding and development of novel trust models in the context of highways maintenance we have transferred expert knowledge to help inform In Touch Ltd products and services developed to enhance levels of trust in the highways sector. Specifically, we have shown In Touch Ltd how to utilise several requirements analysis methods that include the use of ethnographic study, innovation workshops and user-centred design approaches. More generally, In Touch Ltd has benefitted from our innovation processes, software development skills (e.g. rapid prototyping), communication plans, technical management and knowledge transfer support through student placements.
Collaborator Contribution We have benefitted from domain specific knowledge from In Touch Ltd and access to real user systems and processes to evaluate novel ideas and applications.
Impact Innovative digital technologies to support highways maintenance activities.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Singapore Management University (SMU) Internship 
Organisation Singapore Management University (SMU)
Country Singapore 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution RA (Mateusz Mikusz) effort spent at SMU in Singapore collaborating across pervasive display research projects.
Collaborator Contribution Expertise and guidance from world-class pervasive computing academic researchers and provision of office resources at SMU.
Impact Publications and dissemination of research outputs to the community.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Surrey University Collaboration 
Organisation University of Surrey
Department Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Access to a pervasive public display platform and knowledge around the design of public display applications.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of IoT 'Egg' sensor devices.
Impact Collaboration with Surrey as part of PETRAS to develop an integrated sensor/display testbed. This has resulted in joint demonstrations and submission of a joint proposal to the PETRAS SRF call.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Transport Catapult 
Organisation Transport Systems Catapult
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Working on this project for the first time with the Transport Systems Catapult. We have worked with members of the Catapult on creating a transport data hub.
Collaborator Contribution This collaboration has been strengthened through the contributions of In Touch.
Impact None to be reported at this time.
Start Year 2015
 
Description University of Lugano Sabbatical/Placement 
Organisation University of Lugano
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution RA and academic effort contributing to the writing of two publications submitted to PerDis.
Collaborator Contribution Academic effort and office resources.
Impact Two joint papers with the University of Lugano based on PETRAS work on smart displays as part of the DiSCC project. This was enabled through two on-site visits.
Start Year 2016
 
Title Highways Maintenance IoT Data Hub 
Description An open IoT data management platform based on CKAN to support the storage and distribution of highways maintenance datasets 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact This platform is enabling highways maintainer organisations to open and share typically silo'd datasets to facilitate new applications that will shape future highways management working practices. 
 
Description Academy of Design Innovation Management Keynote 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote address with professional practitioner about the use of design in industry
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Anticipating adoption in Healthcare IoT 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk at Dementai Workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.slideshare.net/MysticMonkey/anticipating-adoption-in-iot
 
Description Attendance at City Labs Manchester IoT event 29th March 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Cooper attended this event as a representative of PETRAS IoT Hub
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description British Council lecture and Panel Session 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Delivered keynote on 'Smart Future Cities' and also participated in panel session 23rd/24th May
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description CHEAD Space & Place meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk to Council for Education in Art and Design about Design Research at Imagination
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Designing for Adoption in the Internet of Things 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk for SICSA CyberNexus Workshop Series: Workshop on Cybersecurity and the Internet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.slideshare.net/MysticMonkey/designing-for-adoption-in-iot
 
Description EXALT Paris 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote address on the Value of Design
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Evolving cities Keynote: Creating Healthy cities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion virtual and physical about the design of future places
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description FUTURE SCENARIOS FOR THE INTERNET OF THINGS 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Blog considering how to address future of IoT
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://iotuk.org.uk/future-scenarios-for-the-internet-of-things/
 
Description Future IoT Research in the Context of National Cyber Security Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop to help define Future directions of Cybersecurity research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Future of American Infrastructure Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Combining quantitative research and interviews with industry and policy leaders, our team will make the case for a renewed approach-one focused on modern challenges around workforce, resilience, digitalization, and fiscal health-to catalyze economic growth, social opportunity, and environmental resilience for the coming decades. The resulting Spring 2021 report will establish national goals related to the built environment, pinpoint failures within current infrastructure networks, and propose infrastructure strategies to support ongoing competitiveness.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Guest lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Prof Cooper was invited to give a guest lecture entitled, 'Design and the Material World' to postgraduate design students at the University of Krakow. PETRAS research was used throughout the lecture as a means of illustrating design practice in the IoT.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invitation from University of Texas to deliver lecture in Fort Worth 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 28th September: Breakfast meeting speaker on Smart Cities and Urban Wellbeing, to Fort Worth Community Groups, business leaders at Business Leaders Weekly Series
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited Guest Speaker at Nottingham Trent University: Living in a Digital, Smart World 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Cooper was invited to give a talk: Living in a Digital, Smart, Connected World. The audience included academics, local authority, 3rd sector and industry members. The focus was on the Internet of Things and the Petras project research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited Guest lecture at University of Krakow, Poland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited lecture at the University of Krakow. Lecture was titled: Design in the Material World
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited Speaker at BT Conference: Repurposed Innovation. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Professor Cooper delivered a talk, 'Living in a Digital World' focusing on PETRAS Hub research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description IoT UK Case Study 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Video covering design activities for Adoption and Acceptability Stream
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=saz-GVaszcU
 
Description IoTUK Secure By Design 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Panel chair and the IoTUK Secure by Design
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Keynote 'Living in the IoT' to Tommy Flowers Institute Autumn Conference 19th September 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Cooper was invited to give a keynote speech to the Tommy Flowers Institute conference. The Tommy Flowers Institute is a cross-industry initiative to develop ICT post-graduates to become better research leaders (both for industry and academia) by exposing them to industrialists and their real-world research challenges. We do this is with a conference series, pulling in over 120 attendees each time, including postgrads/ academics/ SMEs/ vendors/ BT/ local and national govt.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Keynote at Bristol's Festival of the Future City 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Keynote delivered Urban research for city futures (19th October 2017)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote at Smart IoT London 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Keynote given on Living in the IoT
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote given at Beyond Conference in City of London 13th November 2018 - 'Design is the Method:Design Fiction' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Speech given at Beyond Conference entitled: 'Design is the Method:Design Fiction', drawing on the work carried out on PETRAS project. Beyond is the research and development (R&D) conference for the creative industries. Featuring leading thinkers and practitioners, Beyond will explore the dynamic relationship between research, academia and business innovation, bringing together business leaders, creatives, researchers, policy makers, journalists, funders and anyone with an interest in the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Keynote given at Design Research Society Conference (DRS2018) in Limerick, Ireland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Cooper delivered the conference keynote 'Future of Design' drawing on research from CX, Liveable Cities and PETRAS research hub
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Keynote talk given at Cumulus Kolding Conference 2017, Denmark 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote speech given 'Designing and making futures'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7LMKCttfqus
 
Description Participation in the Putting People @ the Centre of Data event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This workshop brought together academics, postgraduate students and industry engaged in CityVerve. Prof. Davies gave a short talk on physical analytics and privacy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.informatics.manchester.ac.uk/events/events/putting-people-the-centre-of-data/
 
Description Smart Cities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This s a keynote lecture on Smart Cities which informed the strategy for Nottingham
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Smart IoT London 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Demonstration of joint work with Surrey conducted as part of the DiSCC project within PETRAS at the Smart IoT London event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Speaker at Academy of Urbanism Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Symposium theme New Towns: What's Next? Keynote entitled 'changing lifestyles, changing society' 30th June 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Speech given at IoT Security Foundation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Speech 'Living in the IoT' delivered.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description TV plots altered by our individual data - our viewing future? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Report on Living Room of Future experience devloped with support of PETRAS
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://uk.reuters.com/video/2018/10/25/tv-plots-altered-by-our-individual-data?videoId=476741733
 
Description The Great Competition 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The Great Competition, The Design Museum completion. Panel judge
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description UK/Japan IoT Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Joint workshop with Japanese Academics on IoT
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.slideshare.net/MysticMonkey/anticipating-adoption-for-iot-in-the-home-79541920
 
Description UKRP 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Chair of the expert advisory panel
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description University of the Arts Lisbon 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote address on the Value of Design
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Voice Control for the Internet of Things 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Workshop in Unversity of Primorska Slovenia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.slideshare.net/MysticMonkey/voice-control-for-the-internet-of-things
 
Description keynote Speaker and Panelist at 'Impact of Design' workshop day, Plymouth University 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 23rd January 2018 - Rachel Cooper was keynote and panelist at the Plymouth University in their Design Lab - talking about "how to provoke new thinking and practice around strategic design challenges (climate change/health/ageing/well-being) linking interdisciplinary research initiatives, that could be helpful to prime these agendas and locate funded projects that could allow for further challenges to be identified." She drew on experience and research from Liveable Cities and Petras IoT Hub during this day.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description more than human centred design: considering other things 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of connected devices with inputs and outputs operating in, and on, the physical world. The network is simultaneously fed by, and feeds into, data streams flowing across digital-physical boundaries, connecting sensors, servers, actuators, devices, and people. 'Things' of all types, lightbulbs, doorbells, kettles and cars, discretely-but-visibly do their jobs. Meanwhile in the unseen digital domain, where data swirls imperceptible to humans, the atmosphere is thick with the rapidly-moving data packets and content that constitute inter-machine chatter. Contrasting the visible calm in the physical world with obscured bedlam in the digital otherworld sets the scene for the argument I will discuss in this talk of moving towards a more than human centred approach to the design of the IoT. In order to illustrate this in practice I will use speculative design to illustrate that by applying Object Orientated Ontology, IoT designers may reimagine data, devices, and users, as equally significant actants within constellations with the aim of producing IoT objects and services that are more transparent as to the values of their creators.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018