CO2 shipping-compression, liquefaction and dehydration (CO2 LIQUID)

Lead Research Organisation: Cranfield University
Department Name: School of Water, Energy and Environment

Abstract

The proposed project deals with liquefaction of CO2 and its transportation by ship either for storage or enhanced oil recovery, and the impact of impurities on loading and unloading scenarios. There is little experience of handling liquid CO2 under shipping conditions. The levels, for which impurities (including water) need to be removed from CO2 so as to mitigate handling issues, and the associated impact on energy efficiency of compression and liquefaction, are not understood, especially for CO2 from fossil-fired power plants.
The study aims to evaluate the propensity for leakages, freezing, blockages, and safety issues for liquid CO2 suitable for transportation by ship (near to the triple point).
The project aims to modify the existing PACT facility at Cranfield to allow the multi operational facility to test CO2 in either dense phase or semi refrigerated fluid state. Two key technology gaps will be addressed: How to prepare an energy efficient triple point CO2 under controlled manner and what operational issues would encounter as a function of key impurities?

Planned Impact

As has been recently stated by the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) in its strategy for the transition to a low-carbon economy, carbon capture and storage (CCS) will play a vital role enabling fossil fuel-based power generation investments in a diversified infrastructure that includes new nuclear and renewable capacity. This project will enable an improved understanding of CO2 transport by ship; thereby it facilitates early deployment of CCS projects as well as supporting infrastructure growth and development over the coming decades.
A number of UK-based companies will benefit through developing know-how (shipping transport and operational difficulties), and be positioned to work with supporting industrial partners to exploit the derived technology in the marketplace.

A key element of the CO2 LIQUID project is an early engagement with key users and beneficiaries of the work. During this project there will be specific activities (modification of the facility, engineering data generation) set-up to explicitly identify research innovations or other outcomes of particular interest to stakeholders, and their impact for beneficiaries and routes by which maximum impact can be achieved. Update reports will be produced every six months and presented/disseminated through the UKCCSRC bi-annual meetings. The aim of presenting at these meetings will be to explain the findings and determine possible routes for deployment through relevant organisations, e.g. UKCCSRC RAPID process, International Energy Agency CCS Roadmap and APGTF CCS RD&D Strategy. These Impact Handbook developments will be combined with state-of-the-art surveys to ensure that pathways to impact pursued by CO2 LIQUID researcher are co-ordinated with other significant UK activities, including science forums/events to maximise their effectiveness.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Started using to interact with international community, mainly International Maritime Organisation (IMO) Started discussions with shipping companies through University of Tokyo, and looking for securing additional funding to support this activity
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Energy,Environment
Impact Types Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description CO2 shipping: liquefaction, loading, unloading and transport
Amount £77,400 (GBP)
Organisation Cranfield University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 10/2019
 
Description Technical challenges facing the transport of CO2 by shipping
Amount £108,000 (GBP)
Organisation PTDF Petroleum Technology Development Fund Nigeria 
Sector Public
Country Nigeria
Start 02/2017 
End 02/2020
 
Description Exploitation of specialised CCUS Equation of State 
Organisation Newcastle University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The EOS will be validated against new test data applicable to CO2 shipping using the test rig at Cranfield University. As an example of using the EOS in other codes, the EOS will be incorporated into the shelter and escape model (from UKCCSRC Call 2) using a MATLAB wrapper. This code is open source (available on the UKCCSRC Data Archive) and was written to quantify the consequences of a CO2 pipeline release to the surrounding population.
Collaborator Contribution to write wrapper codes for the EOS in common languages, perform low pressure and temperature tests applicable to CO2 shipping and liquefaction, to validate the EOS against this new experimental data
Impact progressing to develop impact statements for the CCUS community
Start Year 2019
 
Description Exploitation of specialised CCUS Equation of State 
Organisation University of Nottingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The EOS will be validated against new test data applicable to CO2 shipping using the test rig at Cranfield University. As an example of using the EOS in other codes, the EOS will be incorporated into the shelter and escape model (from UKCCSRC Call 2) using a MATLAB wrapper. This code is open source (available on the UKCCSRC Data Archive) and was written to quantify the consequences of a CO2 pipeline release to the surrounding population.
Collaborator Contribution to write wrapper codes for the EOS in common languages, perform low pressure and temperature tests applicable to CO2 shipping and liquefaction, to validate the EOS against this new experimental data
Impact progressing to develop impact statements for the CCUS community
Start Year 2019
 
Description FeRN Women in Research Competition 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Cranfield University's sponsorship of International Women in Engineering Day, 19th June 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description GHGT conference presentation: CO2/SO2 emission reduction in CO2 shipping infrastructure 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presented the paper at GHGT conference in Australia, 21-25th Oct 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Poster presented to update the progess on Large scale CO2 shipping and the effect of impurities' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Progress update presented at UKCCSRC Biannual Meeting @ Sheffield University; Hisham and Adeola secured funding to attend this event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description UKCCSRC Biannual meeting, 11-12th April 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper 1:CO2/SO2 gas emission treatment system and losses from CO2 shipping infrastructure; Paper 2: Large scale CO2 shipping: development of more efficient, reliable operations and the impacts of impurities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description UKCCSRC biannual meeting, 11-12th Sep 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper 1:Development of efficient and reliable large scale CO2 shipment with associated emissions management
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description UKCCSRC biannual meeting-September 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This is UKCCSRC biannual meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description poster presentation-Large scale CO2 shipping and the effect of impurities' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presented at UKCCSRC Biannual Meeting @ Cambridge University; Hisham and Adeola secured funding to attend this meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018