Brains on Board: Neuromorphic Control of Flying Robots

Lead Research Organisation: University of Sheffield
Department Name: Computer Science

Abstract

What if we could design an autonomous flying robot with the navigational and learning abilities of a honeybee? Such a computationally and energy-efficient autonomous robot would represent a step-change in robotics technology, and is precisely what the 'Brains on Board' project aims to achieve. Autonomous control of mobile robots requires robustness to environmental and sensory uncertainty, and the flexibility to deal with novel environments and scenarios. Animals solve these problems through having flexible brains capable of unsupervised pattern detection and learning. Even 'small'-brained animals like bees exhibit sophisticated learning and navigation abilities using very efficient brains of only up to 1 million neurons, 100,000 times fewer than in a human brain. Crucially, these mini-brains nevertheless support high levels of multi-tasking and they are adaptable, within the lifetime of an individual, to completely novel scenarios; this is in marked contrast to typical control engineering solutions. This project will fuse computational and experimental neuroscience to develop a ground-breaking new class of highly efficient 'brain on board' robot controllers, able to exhibit adaptive behaviour while running on powerful yet lightweight General-Purpose Graphics Processing Unit hardware, now emerging for the mobile devices market. This will be demonstrated via autonomous and adaptive control of a flying robot, using an on-board computational simulation of the bee's neural circuits; an unprecedented achievement representing a step-change in robotics technology.

Planned Impact

Primary beneficiaries of this research will be the UK science and technology research base, and the UK robotics and mobile computing industries, where rapid technological impact will be facilitated by close collaboration with project partners NVidia and Movidius. Both companies are leaders in the development of low energy and low weight, high-performance computing devices and are both currently partnering with drone manufacturers.

We also anticipate impacts in areas where energy and weight constraints exist, in particular in both space and agricultural robotics where we have existing collaborations. Other relevant areas are mobile technology, wearables, and pervasive computation.

We will further pursue industrial impact through foundation of a spin-out company specialising in software solutions for AI controllers, and application for follow-on funding (e.g. with Innovate UK).

Academic impact will be substantial, continuing the applicants' track record of publishing in the highest profile general science and engineering journals; foundational results in the areas of cognitive, behavioural and computational neuroscience are also anticipated, as the team takes an integrated experimental, computational and robotic approach to understanding the neural bases of complex behaviours including flight control, sensory integration, and decision-making.

There will be direct impacts through the training of the researchers on the grant. They will acquire a unique portfolio of expertise including key technologies of aerial robotics, bio-mimetic AI, and GPU accelerated computing. Their expertise will be much sought-after in the future. We will broaden this impact by offering training sessions in these key technologies to students and researchers in the involved institutions in conjunction with our regular project meetings.

The applicants have an excellent track record in public outreach both through media (e.g. lead PI Marshall interviewed on Discovery Science, BBC tv, BBC Radio 4) and outreach to schools locally, and nationally. Other activities include science festivals and public events. The team already has a long track record of such engagement with the public on all levels from school children to adults (e.g. http://greenbrain.group.shef.ac.uk/outreach/, http:// users.sussex.ac.uk/~tn41/outreach.php). Outreach activities will increase the impact of the project on the general public, which is relevant for public understanding of science and the technological potential offered by biomimetic control and robotics, as well as increasing interest in further study in STEM subjects among early secondary-age school children. Engaging strongly with the public will also be instrumental in avoiding misconceptions about the risks related to autonomous robots, something which otherwise could become a serious problem for this rapidly developing technology.

Publications

10 25 50

publication icon
Gallo V (2018) Cognitive Aspects of Comb-Building in the Honeybee? in Frontiers in psychology

publication icon
Li X (2019) Ca-Activated K Channels Reduce Network Excitability, Improving Adaptability and Energetics for Transmitting and Perceiving Sensory Information. in The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience

 
Description Submission to House of Lords Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/artificial-intellig...
 
Description Beamtime at DESY Photon Science at PETRA III beamline P10 from 28-MAY-2018 to 30-MAY-2018; DESY Drosophila experiments 28-30 May (grant I-20170823 EC)
Amount € 0 (EUR)
Organisation Deutsches Electronen-Synchrotron (DESY) 
Sector Academic/University
Country Germany
Start 05/2018 
End 05/2018
 
Description Public Engagement Fund awarded to further develop bee robot activity
Amount £750 (GBP)
Organisation University of Sussex 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 04/2019
 
Title A new high-resolution fibre-optic Cardan-arm-controlled visual stimulus display system 
Description This 2D stimulus display unit allows controlled presentation of hyperacute moving visual objects to photoreceptors and visual interneurons (with their responses being by detected conventional sharp microelectrodes). Such information is important for establishing the visual acuity limits of the insect compound eyes and its early neural implementation. We are currently performing in vivo experiments to test these open questions. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact N/A; This new method was generated only a few months ago and we are currently testing it. 
 
Title A new high-speed calvanometric mirror/laser simulation system for generating fast moving visual objects for intracellular electrophysiology 
Description This system allows us to measure intracellularly how well insect photoreceptors and visual interneurons (LMCs) to hyperacute moving visual objects (as detected conventional sharp microelectrodes). Such information is important for establishing the visual acuity limits of the insect compound eyes and its early neural implementation. We are currently performing in vivo experiments to test these open questions. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact N/A; This new method was generated only a few months ago and we are currently testing it. 
 
Title A new high-speed projector system for driving virtual reality environment in the Drosophila 2-photon imaging system 
Description We constructed a new high-speed high-resolution projector system with software tools for driving the virtual reality environment (close/open-loop) in the Drosophila 2-photon imaging system 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This system allows us to test and measure how well visual interneurons in different processing centres of the Drosophila brain/optic lobes respond to hyperacute visual objects (as detected by 2-photon calcium or voltage imaging). Such information is important for establishing the visual acuity limits of the insect compound eyes and its neural implementation. We are currently performing in vivo experiments to test these open questions. 
 
Title A new high-speed projector system for intracellular electrophysiology 
Description This system allows us to measure intracellularly how well insect photoreceptors and visual interneurons (LMCs) to hyperacute moving visual objects (as detected conventional sharp microelectrodes). Such information is important for establishing the visual acuity limits of the insect compound eyes and its early neural implementation. We are currently performing in vivo experiments to test these open questions. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact We have already recorded hyperacute intracellular voltage responses from house fly (Musca domestica) photoreceptors, suggesting that our decent discoveries and new theory (Juusola et al., ELife, 2017) about how acuity depends upon photoreceptor function and eye movements are likely applicable to all compound eyes. 
 
Title A new portable remote-controlled LED stimulation/ERG recording system for recording photoreceptor activation during x-ray stimulation/imaging in DESY and ESRF 
Description This new method was devised to record the Drosophila eyes' global electrical responses, so-called electroretinograms (ERGs), to both white LED and x-ray flashes. The method was first used in November 2018 in ESRF Grenoble to record ERGs from a living intact wild-type fly at ESRF beamline ID16b, after carefully positioning a recording microelectrode in its right eye and a reference electrode in its thorax. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The method was successfully used to demonstrate that high-intensity x-rays can directly activate phototransduction. New publications are in preparation. 
 
Title Virtual reality track-ball system for measuring honeybee behaviour 
Description We have constructed a novel VR system for honeybee vision research. It is based upon a spherical projection of computer-generated images using a modified commercial data projector with an add-on fish-eye lens. This system provides equidistant visual stimulation with extensive coverage of the visual field, high spatiotemporal resolution and flexible stimulus generation using a standard computer. It also includes a track-ball system for closed-loop behavioural experiments with walking honeybees. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Not so far - the system was constructed only 6 months ago. 
 
Title Raw flight track date for the following paper: Woodgate et al 2017 Scientific Reports 7: 17323 doi: 10.1038/ 
Description As required, this database makes available the raw data and data visualisations that form the basis of the following paper: Woodgate JL., Makinson JC., Lim KS., Reynolds AM. & Chittka L. (2017) Continuous Radar Tracking Illustrates the Development of Multi-destination Routes of Bumblebees. Scientific Reports 7: 17323 doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-17553-1. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact There have not been any impacts yet, though we anticipate that the open accessibility of this database will be very useful for other scientists 
URL https://osf.io/ykmdh/
 
Description Expansion of the available harmonic radar equipment for insect tracking at Rothamsted Research for threedimensional tracking 
Organisation Rothamsted Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We provide the biological and behavioural expertise of insect navigation that is needed for this collaboration.
Collaborator Contribution The partner institution has constructed a 3-dimensional harmonic radar unit that will allow long-distance tracking of insect flight in all three dimensions. They are currently in the process of developing the necessary software.
Impact A first publication has resulted and is listed under the relevant output section. It is Woodgate JL., Makinson JC., Lim KS., Reynolds AM. & Chittka L. (2017)Continuous Radar Tracking Illustrates the Development of Multi-destination Routes of Bumblebees. Scientific Reports 7: 17323 doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-17553-1. The work is multidisciplinary insofar as it a collaboration between radar engineers and biologists.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Honeybee computational neuroscience collaboration with Andrew Barron 
Organisation Macquarie University
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Computational modelling expertise
Collaborator Contribution Expertise in invertebrate neuroscience and behaviour
Impact -
Start Year 2014
 
Description PI of a research laboratory in National Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing, China 
Organisation National Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing, China
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Minimum of 2 months/year to work on information processing in Drosophila visual system and in the mammalian cortex in BNU, China. National Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning has provided me with a fully-equipped research laboratory, including fly facilities; three experimental rooms, two of which are electrically shielded for behavioural and electrophysiological studies; and office rooms for workers (currently funding 2 Ph.D. students and a lab manager). Their total investment into my BNU laboratory already amounts to ~£1,400,000.
Collaborator Contribution Basic research infrastructure and funding including studentships, totaling £1,400,000 so far.
Impact In 2015, I was selected as a High-End Foreign Expert by the Chinese National Recruitment Program of High-End Foreign Experts (2015). This was 3-year fellowship (ending on 31 Dec 2017). National Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning has since extended my BNU professorship for further 3 years, with the same level of base funding.
Start Year 2008
 
Title Angular Velocity Dectector Unit (BeeFLOW) 
Description A novel method of estimating Angular Velocity from video signals that performs better that the state of the art solutions. 
IP Reference WO2018203094 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2018
Licensed Yes
Impact This discovery forms part or all of two Journal Publications (https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004887 & https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172325) and is key to ongoing research and commercialisation
 
Title GPU enhanced Neuronal Networks (GeNN) 
Description Software package to simulate neuronal networks on GPU accelerators using a domain specific language/ code-generation approach. (latest release 1.2, 2014) 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2013 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact The tool is still in alpha. Notable impacts are expected somewhat later. 
URL https://github.com/genn-team/genn
 
Title brian2genn 
Description This software provides an interface from the popular "Brian" simulator (version 2) to our GPU enhanced neuronal networks (GeNN) framework that allows users to define computational neuroscience models in Brian 2 and with a single command run them on a GPU accelerator. Depending on the type of model and accelerator, considerable speedups are possible without any additional effort by the users. The software is in pre-alpha stage and will be released in beta together with the first full release of Brian 2. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact We are waiting on measurable impacts which we expect upon the first public release. 
URL https://github.com/brian-team/brian2genn
 
Description Big Bang South East 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Event for children/pupils to get them interested in STEM fields, Bee VR. 27-28/06/2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Bright Sparks (Brighton Science Festival 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We ran a series of workshops on bio-inspired robotics, aimed at children aged 7-14 years, over two the course of days (11-12 Feb), as part of the Brighton Science Festival. This event also provided ample opportunity to informally discuss the project with parents and other members of the public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.brightonscience.com/bright-sparks-2017/
 
Description Bright Sparks (Brighton Science Festival 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We ran a series of workshops on bio-inspired robotics, aimed at children aged 7-14 years, over two the course of days (10-11 Feb), as part of the Brighton Science Festival. This event also provided ample opportunity to informally discuss the project with parents and other members of the public. Additionally, the event generated media coverage in the form of an interview with ITV news as part of an item about the science festival.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.brightonscience.com/events/bright-sparks-saturday-2018/
 
Description British Science Festival 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As part of the national British Science Festival, the Brains on Board team ran a public engagement event in a local pub. The event took place on 6 Sept 2017 over the course of an evening and featured stalls from a number of our researchers, which aimed to be fun and informative.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.britishsciencefestival.org/event/north-laine-brewhouse-getting-buzzed/
 
Description CBC News feature "Stopping killer robots before they get to us first" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact "James Marshall was interviewed by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation about Brains on Board's ethical manifesto, as part of the news feature "Stopping killer robots before they get to us first" 10th April 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G7v_9jEotVI&feature=youtu.be
 
Description Cafe Scientifique talk October 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact James Marshall was invited to give a talk on "AI: Is it intelligent?" at the Cafe Scientifique in Sheffield (public science initiative) on 1st October 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.facebook.com/events/238498386954261/
 
Description Human Brain Project Exhibition at The Science Museum, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Exhibitions of innovations highlighting work from within and outside the Human Brain Project with series of talks about the exhibits and the challenges of turning science into innovation. Aim is to engage with people in the external community. Free public access to the afternoon exhibition.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description I was an invited lecturer in The National Cognitive Neuroscience Summer in Beijing Normal University, Beijing China and gave a research talk and demonstrations. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact I was an invited lecturer in The National Cognitive Neuroscience Summer in Beijing Normal University, Beijing China and gave a research talk and demonstrations: "Using Drosophila as a model system for cognitive neuroscience research: "Using Drosophila as a model system for cognitive neuroscience research". 17.07.2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Interview for BBC World Service 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We participated in the BBC's CrowdScience programme, with many members of the team at the University of Sussex involved in the process, in the form of interviews and demonstrations of our research. The programme airs on the BBC World Service and is also available as a popular podcast.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/w3cswc8z
 
Description Interview for local news 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact During British Science Week 2017, Latest TV (local television for the Brighton and Hove area) featured daily interviews with scientists about their research to be aired during their main news programme. One of these days featured interviews with researchers at the University of Sussex, including an interview with a member of the Brains on Board team on the topic of insect-inspired robotics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CQc8iEFWZZ0
 
Description Invited speaker at HBP Innovation Day: Neuroscience-driven Innovation and the Path Forward in AI and Robotics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This one-day event aimed to sensitize engineers and researchers working in the industry to the potential for innovation coming from neuroscience in general and from the Human Brain Project (HBP) in particular. It was intended to stimulate a technically-inclined audience and make them aware of the many unique and untapped possibilities to apply neuroscientific knowledge to their own field. James Knight was invited to give a talk on Brains-on-board and insect-inspired robotics in general. As well as generally engaging with the business community, discussions after this event led to an invite for representatives of the project to the HBP Innovation Forum and Exhibition in London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.humanbrainproject.eu/en/follow-hbp/events/hbp-innovation-day-neuroscience-driven-innovat...
 
Description Invited talk for IPAB Seminar at the University of Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation and discussion of work, with further discussions to follow potentially leading to collaboration opportunities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited talk: "How photomechanical photoreceptor microsaccades improve insect vision" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I gave an invited research talk for over 500 researchers at Neurofly (the 17th European Drosophila Neurobiology Conference), Krakow, Poland. (05.09.2018). The audience was excited about my research findings, and the discussions carried on long after my talk.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://neurofly2018.pl/gb/
 
Description Invited talk: How to sample a reliable neural estimate of the variable world? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact About 70 scientists attended for "Multimodal sensory transduction in insect neurons symposium" at the Physiological Society, London, which sparked questions and discussion afterwards, and the participants reported changing their viewpoints about insect vision/perception as stimulated by my new research findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited talk: Hyperacute stereovision in Fruit fly, Drosophila melangaster 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I gave an invited research talk in the Department of Psychology at the University of Hong Kong, China (17.02.2019). The audience was excited about my research findings, and the discussions carried on long after my talk.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.psychology.hku.hk/uploads/seminar/20190218_Professor_Mikko_Juusola.pdf
 
Description Italy RAI 2 Television programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Section on BoB (QMUL and Sheffield) in 'Indovina Chi Viene A Cena' - an investigative TV programme where this episode they were looking at the decline of the honeybee population. Featured Alex Cope, Joe Woodgate, Eleni Vasilaki. 04/11/2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.facebook.com/IndovinaChiVieneACenaRai3/videos/943687835839608?t=700
 
Description Lewes SEM Fair 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Event for children/pupils to get them interested in STEM fields, Bee VR & Ant simulation, 28/04/2018 - James and Fabian from University of Sussex
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Lewes STEM fair 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We participated in the Lewes STEM Fair (part of Lewes STEMfest 2017), running a stall with a few demonstrations for the Brains on Board project. The event is popular and attracted around 765 visitors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.stemfest.co.uk/stemfests/lewes-stemfest
 
Description Mike Mangan gave a talk at the UAS Drone Networking Workshop at Thales in June 2018 (industry) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The event's intent is to bring together UAS/Drone related projects that have been funded by Innovate UK, EPSRC and other organizations, so that you will:
· present your work in a broader knowledgeable audience
· learn what others in the field/domain are working on in UK
· be able to network with other organizations working on the same area
· explore/identify areas/topics for possible future activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Nerd Nite Brighton, September 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public lecture to an audience of about 60 people, 20/09/2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Popular science article in 'Navigation News' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact James Knight co-wrote the popular science article "Insect Navigation: From Ants to Robots and Back Again", In Navigation News (Royal Institute of Navigation), March/April 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Poster at The Commercial UAV Show 2018 - New Applications & Opportunities for UAVs 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Brains on Board Project poster presented by Fadl Isa, in the Poster Zone of the Exhibition. 14th November 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.terrapinn.com/exhibition/the-commercial-uav-show/index.stm
 
Description QUANTA magazine article on olfaction inspired AI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact QUANTA magazine article on olfaction inspired AI "New AI Strategy Mimics How Brains Learn to Smell" 18/09/2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.quantamagazine.org/new-ai-strategy-mimics-how-brains-learn-to-smell-20180918/
 
Description Radio Show discussion of the future of robotics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Andy Philippidies took part in a discussion on the future of robotics on the Danny Pike Radio show, 25/01/2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/p06w8csf
 
Description Report on Polish TV - TVN24: Drones are supposed to be like bees. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Report on Polish TV - TVN24: Drones are supposed to be like bees. Researchers in the UK want to copy the brain functions of bees and use them in flying machines. They are to be as intelligent and useful as insects and also as autonomous. (http://www.tvn24.pl)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Response to The Irish Sun article on violence towards robots 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Andy Philippides commented on a news article published about violence towards robots.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.thesun.ie/news/3666983/people-are-brutally-attacking-robots-from-sex-dolls-to-self-drive...
 
Description Reuters news feature: "Autonomous bee brain-inspired UAV could revolutionise drone tech" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact News feature by Reuters: "Autonomous bee brain-inspired UAV could revolutionise drone tech", involving Andy Philippides and Alex Dewar. The longform version was used by 5 broadcast channels. Shown in Czech Republic, Italy, and three US channels, including CNN. The online version would have been used on up to 60 news website globally.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://mobile.reuters.com/video/2018/06/05/autonomous-bee-brain-inspired-uav-could?videoId=43315694...
 
Description STEM Ambassador workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact James Bennett, University of Sussex, demonstrated several public engagement activities related to sensory perception, cognition, and computational principles of brain function. 14/11/2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Sheffield Robotics showcase event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Talk and demos throughout the day on biomimetic UAV controllers. Monday 25th June 2018. Research showcase event for members of Sheffield Robotics from Univeristy of Sheffield and Sheffield Hallam University, as well as external partners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Sussex Community Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BeABee VR demo by James Knight, James Bennett and Paul Graham.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Sussex Community Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact "Odor objects and Brains on Board" public lecture by Thomas Nowotny
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description University of Sussex undergraduate Open Day 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Bee eye on robot demo to prospective undergraduate students and families, by James Knight and James Bennett, 24/06/2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017