End Use Energy Demand Centres Collaborative Projects

Lead Research Organisation: University College London
Department Name: Bartlett Sch of Env, Energy & Resources

Abstract

The End Use Energy Demand centres are a £30m investment of the RCUK Energy Programme, with over 200 researchers across over 25 institutions running from 2013-2018. In 2015 it was agreed that collaborative work across the six centres on key themes would add extra value to the centres' work. 5 collaborative projects are outlined here, of the type that will run in the remaining funding period (spring '16 - spring '18). The funding is flexible so that the Directors can use it to greatest effect.

1. Analysing SuperMarket Energy Data - will combine the knowledge and skills of three centres CEE, CSEF and i-STUTE to create a clearer picture of supermarket energy use in the UK which can then inform policy and industry on future energy demand decisions.

2. Establishing a research programme on exergy economics - CIED and CIE-Map centre experts will combine to raise awareness and build capacity of this emerging field of research (which focusses on energy that can do work as opposed to all energy expended) with a view to laying foundations for future work in the field.

3. Heat pump and thermal energy storage technologies for industrial energy demand reduction - This project will combine the expertise of three of the centre (CSEF, i-STUTE and CIE-MAP) to consider further the potential contribution of heat pumps, sorption refrigeration and thermal energy storage technologies for energy efficiency and decarbonisation of the industrial sector. The project will also identify future research and development needs for the improvement of the thermoeconomic performance of these technologies.

4. Conceptualising Infrastructures, innovation and demand - DEMAND and CIED are both concerned with innovations in infrastructures and practice, and with the implications of these dynamics for energy and mobility demand. Whilst the two centres approach this topic from different angles, current research - for instance, on city scale innovation, on pathways to district and home heating, on novel nstitutional/ infrastructural conjunctions (e.g. around electric vehicles), and on peaks and patterns of demand - is generating a series of important cross-cutting questions to do with space, time and scale.

5. Invisible energy policy: new opportunities for intervention - Many different areas of government policy - health, education, defence, welfare and economic policy to name but a few, have tangible consequences for energy demand and for patterns of mobility. DEMAND and CIE-MAP will combine forces to help articulate and identify critical areas of what we describe as 'invisible' energy policy.

Planned Impact

The COP-21 talks in Paris in late 2015 have re-emphasised to the world the crucial importance of reducing carbon emissions for future global stability. The projects proposed here tackle challenges that can have a practical and meaningful effect on achieving this goal.

Policy - The six EUED Centres are well connected with government departments and other government and public sector bodies. The example projects specifically address issues around government policy on energy and aim to help policymakers better engage with issues around climate change, looking at them in different ways in order to effect change.

For example, the work on Invisible Energy Policy has the opportunity to break new ground in recognising that all government departments can and should influence energy demand reduction and all policymakers should have an awareness of the issue.

- Impact -the work of the projects will lead to government outputs and policy decisions that will be directly traceable back to the influence of the projects. Particularly statements that refer to the necessity of energy issues being in the plans of government departments beyond the ones normally directly associated with energy. And also with regard to the work done on infrastructures, exergy economics, supermarkets and energy use in industry.

Economy - The EUED Centres have strong ties with many sectors of industry (including heating, cooling, power infrastructure, transport, construction, retail), recognising that reducing energy demand has to be an effective business proposition in order to gain buy-in from industry and business and effect significant change.

The projects will work directly with industrial/retail sector partners (as outlined elsewhere in the proposal) to look at ways to better understand how energy is used and how energy efficiency can be increased. The recommendations and methodologies developed here could be potentially rolled out across industry and retail nationally and internationally and positively effect energy use in these sectors.

- Impact - we hope to eventually see retail and industry sector partners using the new benchmarks signposted by the projects and also for the relevant sectors of industry to seek to implement the energy demand reduction ideas outlined. Also a greater understand of exergy economics will be sought (i.e. the distinction between total energy used and energy used usefully) in industry.

Knowledge - End use energy demand is an emerging and rapidly developing field. The EUED Centre researchers are aware of the need to make findings and information accessible to as broad a range of stakeholders as possible. The proposed projects plan to produce accessible summaries, briefing and web contents alongside academic and technical papers so that the knowledge generated can be distributed as widely as possible. The size and well-connected nature of the centres means that findings and developments can be disseminated to a very wide audience.

- Impact - In addition to a substantial body of policy documents, research summaries and briefings and web content arising from these projects, we also hope to see the projects lead to identification of areas of research for future work to be done.

Society - Society as a whole stands to benefit from reduced carbon emissions and more efficient energy use. This will be reflected in fuel, energy and supermarket prices as well as more efficient transport infrastructures and cleaner air among other things. This work s directly contributes to these goals in a range of ways. The accessible non-technical/non-academic materials produced will add to general public knowledge on the topics and bolster the overall effort to a more energy-savvy populace.

Impact - the impact of dissemination of outputs from the projects will be monitored and the projects will seek to promote findings in the media via institution press offices and the EUED centres coordinator
 
Description LUSTER
Amount £181,780 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R001294/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 11/2019
 
Description Blog discussing if energy efficiency will be able to deliver on its promises 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Bettina Zenz wrote a blog titled 'Can energy efficiency deliver on its promises?'. This blog was published on the CIED website on 4th August 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.cied.ac.uk/blog/can-energy-efficiency-deliver-promises/
 
Description Blog on the CIED-CIEMAP workshop held on implications of Energy Return On Investment (EROI) for energy policy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Blog post was created on the collaborative CIED-CIEMAP workshop, in which the implications of Energy Return On Investment (EROI) for energy policy was discussed. This blog post was written by Bettina Zenz and was published on the 21st July 2017 on the CIED website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.cied.ac.uk/blog/cied-ciemap-workshop-held-implications-energy-return-investment-eroi-ener...
 
Description Blog: What is Exergy Economics? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Blog titled, 'What is Exergy Economics?' was posted on 13th January 2017 on the EUED UK website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.eueduk.com/what-is-exergy-economics/
 
Description CIED-CIEMAP workshop on implications of Energy Return On Investment (EROI) for energy policy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A one day workshop in London examining relations between energy and economic growth on 30 June 2017 brought together over 30 representatives of the research, policy, and finance communities. The workshop focussed on the concept of Energy Return On energy Investment (EROI) and its potential implications for energy policy within government and the wider energy / economic policymaking community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Elizabeth Shove. Invisible energy policy conference BEIS September 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Attendees: DECC, Committee on Climate Change, Transport for Greater Manchester , Transport Planning Society, EDF France, Government Office for Science, Directorate for Energy and Climate. Aim was to transform approaches to energy demand
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Energy Return on Investment workshop held at BEIS 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A second, follow-up workshop was held at BEIS on 30 June 2017, on the topic was Energy Return on Investment in which two researchers from the project attended. Other attendees also included BEIS civil servants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Participation in roundtable with Climate Change and Industry Minister 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact On 21st of March 2017, Tim Foxon and Steven Sorrell participated in a roundtable on the macroeconomic case for increasing energy productivity. This was chaired by Nick Hurd, then Minister of State for Climate Change and Industry, and attended by around 30 people including many BEIS civil servants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Second International Exergy Economics Workshop held at Sussex, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Organised an International Exergy Economics Workshop on 13-15th July 2016, held at the University of Sussex. It's aim was to explore questions around exergy economic research and to identify potential future research collaborations. This workshop was mostly attended by academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016