Newton Fund (Invitation Only). Disaster Resilient Cities: Forecasting local level climate extremes and physical hazards for Kuala Lumpar

Lead Research Organisation: NERC British Geological Survey
Department Name: Engineering Geology

Abstract

Recent natural disasters in Malaysia, such as the wide-spread floods in 2014/15 and the flash flooding of Kuala Lumpur in 2007, have revealed that improvements are required in the prediction of damaging natural hazards and in the capacity to manage the associated risks and consequences.

Appropriate to the theme of 'future cities', the focus of this project is the prediction and management of physical risks relevant to Kuala Lumpur, which is the Malaysian capital and the most populated city in Malaysia with around 8 million inhabitants. The particular hazards to be targeted in this project, which are common in Kuala Lumpur, are floods, landslides, sinkholes, strong winds, urban heat and air pollution.

A consortium of 16 research and business partners from the UK and Malaysia has been assembled for this project. The basic strategy is to adapt and combine existing technologies to enhance hazard assessment and develop the ability to forecast, with main objective to develop a prototype multi-hazard information platform suitable for communicating risks to geophysical and atmospheric hazards. The primary beneficiaries will be risk managers and decision-makers in Malaysian local government and the insurance sector. The project objectives relate to the Malaysian Science to Action initiative, which has an aim of mobilising science for societal well-being.

The University of Cambridge (UoC) is the lead UK and academic partner in the project and its main role is to lead the meteorological forecasting package. The British Geological Survey will co-lead the Geophysical hazards phase of the project working specifically on the geophysical hazard modelling (landslides and sinkholes) and co-develop a platform for managing and communicating multi-hazard forecasts in a changing climate for Greater Kuala Lumpur city region.

Benefits of the project will include:

Improved information regarding the risks of occurrence of geophysical and atmospheric hazards, enabling Malaysian local authorities to make better contingency plans to mitigate the effects of geophysical and atmospheric hazards, which will provide economic benefits and improve the quality of life for Malaysian citizens.

Improved information about geophysical hazards will aid the further development of insurance services in Malaysia.

The multi-hazard platform developed for Greater Kuala Lumpur city region will have relevance to cities elsewhere in Malaysia and in the wider south-east Asian region. Where the commercial development of such systems, could benefit both the commercial sector and future urban management.

Planned Impact

The project will have a wide range of economic, societal and academic impacts.

The main outcome will be a prototype for an operational source of information about multiple physical hazards that may threaten Greater Kuala Lumpur (flash-flood, flood, landslide, sinkholes, heat, air pollution). The immediate beneficiaries will be the contingency planners and decision makers for that major city who will be able to manage better the risks and impacts associated with those hazards. To ensure that such benefits can be realised, these stakeholders will be engaged with the project, through representation on the steering committee and through regular dialogues with the project participants. Through improved planning the economic and societal damage of these physical hazards will be reduced. The methodologies developed in the project (both scientific and in construction of a knowledge dissemination network) will be applicable to other cities in Malaysia and beyond, so these benefits will broaden geographically beyond the lifetime of the project. Expansion of the applications will stimulate commercial exploitation to the benefit of the companies that provide the underlying models, which will in turn underpin investment in further model development to improve accuracy and efficiency.

Improved detailed information about the nature and distribution of the risks associated with the physical hazards will impact the insurance industry by aiding national insurance programmes that are expected to develop in Malaysia over the next several years.

Improved planning will bring social benefits, through improvements in the response of emergency services and through actions to mitigate the severity of damaging physical events.

The deliverables from the project will benefit the research community in several sectors. Results from the multi-scale meteorological modelling component will provide examples and case studies relevant to atmospheric and climate science. Methodologies employed in the collation of data from the mapping and assessment of geophysical hazards will be useful for research in the earth sciences and environmental sciences. Information will be disseminated through publications and through presentations at national and international workshops and conferences.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The award has provide new data sets and insights into the processes that cause landslides and ground subsidence in Kuala Lumpur
Exploitation Route The outcomes of this funding has provided a case study in Kuala Lumpur that has developed geophysical hazard data sets and process models/understanding that has been used in a demonstrator multi-hazard platform for Kuala Lumpur City Hall
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Construction,Education,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://ancst.org/nuof/
 
Description The workshops have enable training of academic and professional Malaysian colleagues. The outcomes of this funding has provided a case study in Kuala Lumpur that has developed geophysical hazard data sets and process models/understanding that has been used in a demonstrator multi-hazard platform for Kuala Lumpur City Hall
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Construction,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description British Council Researcher Links Workshop Grants Application
Amount £36,000 (GBP)
Organisation British Council 
Department British Council - Newton Fund
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2017 
End 10/2018
 
Description Geoscience for sustainable futures (RP2: Resilience of Asian Cities)
Amount £7,364,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/R000069/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2017 
End 05/2020
 
Title Karst susceptibility model 
Description Karst susceptibility model for Kuala Lumpur 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Model was shown to Malaysian partners and stakeholders at the workshop on "Landslide & Karst susceptibility modelling" that took place on the evening of the 10th October 2018 at University of Malaysia, Malaysia. As part of the dissemination of this model it has also been written up into a project report on "Karst and Sinkhole Susceptibility". 
 
Title Landslide event inventory for Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 
Description Landslide event inventory for Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This inventory has enabled the development of landslide susceptibility models 
 
Title Landslide susceptibility modelling 
Description BGS has used the landslide event inventory to aid the development of a landslide susceptibility model for Kuala Lumpur 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Model was shown to Malaysian partners and stakeholders at the workshop on "Landslide & Karst susceptibility modelling" that took place on the evening of the 10th October 2018 at University of Malaysia, Malaysia. As part of the dissemination of this model it has also been written up into a project report on "Landslide Susceptibility". 
 
Description BGS/JMG collaborative geological ground conditions projects 
Organisation Government of Malaysia
Department Department of Mineral and Geoscience
Country Malaysia 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Staff resource and knowledge exchange that has led to follow-on BGS/NERC GCRF funding - https://www.bgs.ac.uk/research/international/oda/rp2/home.html
Collaborator Contribution Staff resource, access to data and information on subsurface geological data in Kuala Lumpur
Impact A number of knowledge exchange workshops on subsurface modelling and generation of the first 3D Geological Model of Kuala Lumpur
Start Year 2018
 
Description BGS/SEADPRI collaborative geohazard working 
Organisation University of Malaysia
Department SEADPRI
Country Malaysia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution BGS planning with SEADPRI Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (http://www.ukm.my/seadpri/) for a follow-on project on geophysical hazards, including landslide observation and modelling. BGS is also co-supervising and SEADPRI Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia hosting PhDs (e.g. Elanni Affandi)
Collaborator Contribution SEADPRI Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia planning with BGS for a follow-on project on geophysical hazards, including landslide observation and modelling.
Impact BANKS, Vanessa J; Elanni AFFANDI, Tham Fatt NG, Ros F MUHAMMAD and Teckwyn LIM. (2019). Report on a field visit to Batu Caves, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Cave and Karst Science 46(3), pp135-137 Banks, V. J., Elanni, A., Ng, T. F., Arnhardt, C., Zamri, R., Pereira, J. J., Reeves, H. J., 16th Multidisciplinary Conference on Sinkholes and the Engineering and Environmental Impacts of Karst, 2020 April 20-24, Puerto Rico
Start Year 2019
 
Description LIDAR FOR LANDSLIDE HAZARD MAPPING AND MONITORING 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a technical workshop that was co-hosted between the JMG (Geological Survey of Malaysia) in collaboration with the Newton-Ungku Omar project partners at the The Everly Hotel, Putrajaya, Malaysia, 11th - 13th July 2017. There were 54 people attending (95% Malaysian Nationals). This workshop gave practical presentations and demonstrations on the use of LiDAR (Terrestrial and airborne) for landslide mapping and monitoring. Presentations and reports/manuals were produced and circulated to all workshop delegates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.igm.org.my/components/com_rseventspro/assets/images/files/Workshop%20on%20LiDAR%20for%20...
 
Description Thematic workshop on Landslide & Karst susceptibility modelling, held in Malaysia on the the 10th of October 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact thematic workshops on "Landslide & Karst susceptibility modelling", held in Malaysia on the evening of the 10th of October, further data updates dealing mainly with the landslide inventory but also some smaller changes regarding geology and structural geology were obtained from the Malaysian project partners from the University of Malaysia / SEADPRI in September 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop on Landslide and Karst Susceptibility Assessment 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop aims to inform and explore the processes that cause landslide/slope instability and karstic hazards in Kuala Lumpur; using the experience and methodologies applied in the other countries including the UK. Processes and methodologies developed by the British Geological Survey to define and assess the susceptibility of landslide and karstic hazards in the UK and in other countries will be introduced. This was hosted as part of the GSM-IGM (Geological Society of Malaysia and Institute of Geology Malaysia) Geoscience to Action for Disaster Risk Reduction (G2A4DRR), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia's Southeast Asia Disaster Prevention Research Initiative (SEADPRI-UKM) and University of Malaya's Geology Department, with support from the Newton Ungku Omar Fund at Pulse Grande Hotel, Putrajaya, Malaysia 1st March 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.igm.org.my/component/rseventspro/event/47-gsm-igm-flagship-on-disaster-risk-reduction-wo...