DARE: Distributed Autonomous and Resilient Emergency Management System

Lead Research Organisation: University of Surrey
Department Name: Institute of Communications Systems

Abstract

Critical infrastructures serve as the pillars for the nation's economy, security and health programmes and include assets, systems, and networks spanning a significant breadth of the its geographical area. In the event of a potential destruction to these infrastructures by either man-made or natural disasters, it is of paramount importance to implement an appropriate emergency management system (EMS) capable of handling or preventing such catastrophes. A key feature in an EMS is an effective and efficient critical communication platform that provides situational awareness and coordination. However, the current communication platforms for EMS are susceptible to being incapacitated or destroyed by the disaster or the network congestion that arise as a result of such disaster. Furthermore, current platforms are human-in-the-loop based, requiring substantial human resources and cost for surveillance, preparation and actuation in case of emergencies.
In the light of this, the aim of the project is to conduct advanced research into a new Distributed Autonomous and Resilient EMS; referred here as DARE. The DARE architecture will support all phases of the EMS and will be founded upon three main communication platforms that are Wireless Sensor networks (WSNs), Ad-hoc networks and Future cellular networks (5G and beyond).
As part of this research project, we will incorporate an autonomous i.e. self-governed, self-healing disaster/network failure detection mechanism to reduce the cost of control signalling traffic associated with the traditional disaster/network failure detection mechanisms which require frequent network probes and network alarms.
Investigators from the University of Surrey, University of Glasgow, Kingston University and the University of Malaya, Malaysia will work with leading communications and critical solutions provider like Ubitech Ltd, BT, Telefonica and Huawei to ensure that maximum impact arises from this program.

Planned Impact

DARE project will decrease the cost of emergency management while increasing the level of coordination and effectiveness of resources.

The direct beneficiaries of the proposed research are:
- Countries on the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) list: Malaysia, which is one of the countries on the OECD DAC list will be the primary beneficiary of the findings of this project. The coverage difficulty experienced as an aftermath of the Malaysia's 2014-15 flooding called for an improvement in Malaysia's communications infrastructures in order to ensure access to the communications network during crisis. DARE project develops solutions in this direction.
- World Disaster Relief Organisations: Organisations such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and United Nations (UN) can use these self-configurable and readily deployable emergency response functionalities of the DARE to carry out relief operations in hostile environments where communication infrastructures are not operational.
- First Responder Organisations: These organisations (such as Police, Fire Brigade and Paramedics) will be able to communicate on a common platform and across borders using the DARE platforms. Furthermore, they will have situational awareness using wireless sensor networks (WSNs), something which does not exist currently in their systems.
- Network Operator companies: The 2014-15 Malaysia flooding and London bombing aftermaths teach us that cellular and emergency communications networks can collapse due to the overwhelming connection requests. Thus it will be important to consult and work alongside such companies including emergency communications players in the area such as Airwave Solutions Ltd. Furthermore, these operators will be interested in finding out the fusion of Future Networks with emergency networks and the way forward in realising the paradigm.
- Companies that provide services and network equipment in disaster scenarios: sensor manufacturers, network elements manufacturers and video analytics developers. DARE will provide a novel context-aware networking approach based on an overlay structure for ubiquitous networking systems, which will be commercialised.
- Companies that provide emergency communication systems: The DARE will innovatively enable cross-platform information transfer and data fusion between machine to machine networks/ WSNs and ad-hoc/ubiquitous networks. These companies can capitalise on the project's effort to provide novel effective and efficient autonomous Emergency Management System (EMS).
- Ministry of Defence (MoD): The novel DARE software architecture is optimisable and re-usable for military scenarios. Thus collaborating companies that deal with software architectures related to military communications can approach the MoD with a unique distributed intelligent tactical communication system.
- Standardisation bodies: Bodies such as International Telecommunication Union (ITU), European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) and Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) are working on emergency communication systems. This new EMS paradigm will encourage standardisation activities in the area of WSN/M2M, ad-hoc/ubiquitous networks and future networks for a converged Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) protocol stack.
- Junior Researchers working on the project: Post-doctoral research associates working on the project will learn new technical skills, such as machine learning, anomaly detection and algorithm development, which are relevant to the project. They will also be working with external partners and so gain industrial awareness and skills.
- The general public: DARE will provide a higher level of civilian protection and awareness.

Publications

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A. M. Kuzminskiy (2019) Spectrum Sharing with Decentralized Occupation Control in Rule Regulated Networks (accepted) in IEEE Transactions on Cognitive Communications and Networking

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Ahmad Mudassir Game Theoretic Efficient Radio Resource Allocation in 5G Resilient Networks: A Data Driven Approach (accepted in press) in Wiley Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies (ETT)

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Alexandros Ladas (2018) A selective multipath routing protocol for ubiquitous networks in Elsevier Ad Hoc Networks

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Anand Gachhadar; Hindia MHD Nour; Qamar Faizan; Hassam Shakil Siddiqui M.; Ariffin Noordin Kamarul; S Amiri Iraji (2018) "Modified genetic algorithm based power allocation scheme for amplify-and-forward cooperative relay network", in Computers & Electrical Engineering

 
Description One of the earlier key finding is that the self-organised cellular and wireless networking solutions can benefit significantly from the artificial intelligence and machine learning tools to improve the coverage, latency, capacity and other desirable key performance indicators. Self-optimisation, configuration and healing are all important areas for enabling emergency communication. Another key finding is that rural and remote area coverage also benefits in any emergency scenarios to help in relief operation. Wireless coverage is less susceptible to physical disasters and relatively easier to recover/replace in the event of a disaster.
Exploitation Route Publications and invited talks so far
Sectors Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Environment

 
Description The project has enabled close interaction with end-user community beyond the current partners. The team has interacted with researchers in Brazil, Pakistan, Nepal and Malaysia to engage in developing use cases for emergency communication scenarios (A workshop was held in January 2019).
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Education,Environment,Healthcare,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description 1. 5G Self-Organizing Network Testbed
Amount £30,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Glasgow 
Department University of Glasgow Impact Acceleration Award
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description 1st Workshop on "Ultra-high speed, low latency and massive connectivity communication for 5G/B5G" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Haris Pervaiz - workshop co-chair
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 2nd Workshop on Ultra-high speed, low latency and massive connectivity communication for 5G/B5G 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Haris Pervaiz - Workshop co-chair
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 5G Communication Networks for Distributed, Adaptive and Resilient Emergency Management Systems, IEEE INMIC, Lahore, Pakistan, Presenter Prof. M Ali Imran 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Keynote: 5G Communication Networks for Distributed, Adaptive and Resilient Emergency Management Systems, IEEE INMIC, 24-27 November, Lahore, Pakistan. (Contact: S.M. Sajid )
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 5G Communication Networks for Distributed, Adaptive and Resilient Emergency Management Systems, Lahore, November 2017, Presenter Prof. M Ali Imran 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact [2017] Keynote: 5G Communication Networks for Distributed, Adaptive and Resilient Emergency Management Systems, INMIC Lahore, November 2017. (Contact: S M Sajid )
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 5G-enabled Emergency Networks - Keynote 7. 39th Meeting of the Wireless World Research Forum in Castelldefels, Spain. Presenter: Prof. Christos Politis 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A key feature in an emergency management system (EMS) is an effective and efficient critical communication platform that provides situational awareness and coordination. However, the current communication platforms for EMS are susceptible to being incapacitated or destroyed by the disaster or the network congestion that arise because of such disaster. Furthermore, current platforms are human in-the-loop based, requiring substantial human resources and cost for surveillance, preparation and actuation in case of emergencies. This Presentation will describe the main concept DARE project and how to incorporate an autonomous i.e. self-governed, self-healing disaster/network failure detection mechanism to reduce the cost of control signalling traffic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.wwrf39.ch/WWRF.html
 
Description A Distributed Autonomous and Resilient Emergency Management System: The Malaysian case. Presenter Alexandros Ladas 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This talk will present the vision for recently granted Global Challenge Research Fund (GCRF): Distributed Autonomous and Resilient Emergency (DARE) project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.gla.ac.uk/events/conferences/ucet/
 
Description A Distributed Autonomous and Resilient Emergency Management System: The Malaysian case. UK-China Emerging Technologies Workshop in Glasgow, UK, presenter: Alexandros Ladas 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This talk presented the vision for recently granted Global Challenge Research Fund (GCRF): Distributed Autonomous and Resilient Emergency (DARE) project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.gla.ac.uk/events/conferences/ucet/
 
Description Distributed Autonomous and Resilient Emergency Management System: A 5G Perspective. 18th Public Safety Communications Europe (PSCE) Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I presented the EPSRC funded DARE project, the activities that we are engaged to put standards for public safety communication during the post-disaster scenario in the 5G framework.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.psc-europe.eu/images/PSCE_Brussels_conference_agendarev.pdf
 
Description Enabling technologies for Emergency Management Systems: Distributed Autonomous and Resilient EMS. Post-Telecommunications Institute of Technology PTIT, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Presenter Prof. M Ali Imran 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact [2017] Invited Talk: Enabling technologies for Emergency Management Systems: Distributed Autonomous and Resilient EMS. Post-Telecommunications Institute of Technology PTIT, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam September 2017. (Contact: Bao Vo Nguyen Quoc )
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Future Cognitive Mobile Networks - Connecting Management and Orchestration, Presenter Prof. M Ali Imran 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact IEEE Globecom Industry Panel: Future Cognitive Mobile Networks - Connecting Management and Orchestration, co-panelists: Markus Gruber and Jozsef Varga (Nokia), Fredrik Gunnarsson (Ericsson), Dirk Kutscher (Huawei). Singapore December 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description IEEE PIMRC'2018 Special Session in "Recent Developments in 5G New Radio (5G-NR) towards Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communication (URLLC) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Haris Pervaiz - Co-Chair
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Improving Rural Coverage with 5G, Workshop on Affordable Wireless Connectivity Solutions, Lagos, December 2017. Presenter; Prof. M Ali Imran 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact [2018] Invited Lecture/Keynote: Proactive wireless networks for enabling future IoT, Summer School, Tunisia, March 8-11, Tunisia. (Contact Person: Soumaya Hamouda soumaya.hamouda@supcom.rnu.tn)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Improving Rural Coverage with 5G, Workshop on Affordable Wireless Connectivity Solutions, Lagos, Presenter Prof. M Ali Imran 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact [2017] Invited Talk: Improving Rural Coverage with 5G, Workshop on Affordable Wireless Connectivity Solutions, Lagos, December 2017. (Contact: Aliu Glenn )
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description LEAP for IoT, Tutorial in IEEE PIMRC 2017, Montreal, Canada, October 2017, Presenter Prof. M Ali Imran 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Tutorial: LEAP for IoT, Tutorial in IEEE PIMRC 2017, Montreal, Canada, October 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Role of Self Organised Networking for Emergency Management Systems, Invited Seminar at Khalifa University, UAE, Presenter Prof. M Ali Imran 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited Talk: Role of Self Organised Networking for Emergency Management Systems, Invited Seminar at Khalifa University, UAE. November 2017 (Contact: Sumy Manoj sumy.manoj@kustar.ac.ae and Sami Muhaidat)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Role of Self Organised Networking for Emergency Management Systems, Newton Fund Disaster Management Workshop, Istanbul, Turkey. Presenter Prof. M Ali Imran 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Keynote: Role of Self Organised Networking for Emergency Management Systems, Newton Fund Disaster Management Workshop, Istanbul, Turkey September 2017. (Contact: Trung Q. Duong )
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Smart Networks - Communication Challenges for Disaster Scenarios, University of West of Scotland, Presenter Prof. M Ali Imran 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact [2018] Invited Lecture: Smart Networks - Communication Challenges for Disaster Scenarios, University of West of Scotland, Friday 9th Feb 2018. (Contact Person: Muhammad Zeeshan Shakir )
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Tackling challenges for 5G deployment: User centric joint radio-access and backhaul optimization, INISCOM, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Presenter Prof. M Ali Imran 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Keynote: Tackling challenges for 5G deployment: User centric joint radio-access and backhaul optimization, INISCOM, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, http://iniscom.org/2017/show/home, September 2017. (Contact: Trung Q. Duong )
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Workshop on "PHY and MAC Layer Challenges and Innovations in mmWave Networks 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Haris Pervaiz - Workshop lead chair
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018