Seismic Safety and Resilience of Schools in Nepal

Lead Research Organisation: University of Bristol
Department Name: Civil Engineering

Abstract

This project aims at developing a comprehensive scheme for enhancing the seismic safety and resilience of school buildings in Nepal. The circle of resilience initiates from a holistic seismic hazard assessment considering refined geological mapping, 3D site and topographic effects as well as seismicity sequence using statistical clustering models. This will be followed by the development of a smart diagnostics expert system app for reliable pre- and post-earthquake structural inspection. Its core logic will be based on US FEMA and ATC-20i standards extended to address functionality risks, inspection bias reduction based on inspection error patterns identified in the existing school buildings databases in Greece and Turkey. The above state-of-the-art hazard and vulnerability assessments will lead to the risk-based prioritization of schools that need strengthening. Particular emphasis in the diagnostics algorithm will be placed in identifying buildings with minor-to moderate damage, whose safety could be substantially improved with innovative yet simple measures.

Along these lines, means of repair and retrofit will be identified by experimental testing of large and/or full scale, one storey-one classroom, 3D masonry and/or adobe/rammed earth simple buildings, as well as of one bay R/C infill frame, to be conducted at the shaking table of the University of Bristol and the University of Southampton in collaboration with the University of Bullafo, SUNY. Experiments will be co-designed with the project local partners in Nepal, where preliminary material testing will take place. The aim is to design a realistic testing campaign tailored to the construction characteristics of school buildings in Nepal. A deep understanding of the structural damage patterns will be obtained in the Laboratory by studying experimentally and verifying numerically, the cumulative damage under realistic mainshock and aftershock sequences, an issue that has never been studied at this extent. Innovative repair and retrofit techniques will be tested in order to assess and optimize their efficiency through an additional experimental set. Refined and simple solutions will be tested, co-produced and documented in the form of guidelines along with the local partners. An innovative concept of seismic isolation using natural materials will be the second major strand of experimental research for safer "sliding" construction of school buildings and shelters. This is aimed to provide a new alternative for low cost - high safety reconstruction.

A comprehensive post-quake vulnerability assessment will then be developed accounting for regional materials and employing micro- and meso-fragility modelling for informed decision-making during the post-earthquake response, recovery and mitigation phases. This will build upon the existing emergency plans in Nepal with the specific aim to enrich the decision-making process by integrating post-quake shake maps in nearly real time. A tablet app will also be developed for reliable diagnostics of post-quake structural health based on the spectral-based FAST algorithm, a tested method in seismically active Mediterranean countries. An expert system will further link the identified damage states with the most appropriate repair/retrofit/rehabilitation techniques, as the latter have been identified, tested and certified previously in the Lab.

During the entire duration of the project a series of workshops and training sessions will be organised in Nepal in order to interact with the local administration as well as the engineering and educational community. This interaction is deemed vital for the co-development of new concepts, the transfer of know-how and the sustainable construction of schools in both rural and urban areas of Nepal.

Planned Impact

SAFER project is focusing on Nepal which is an ODA country.

The proposal directly addresses specific and crucial problems for the development, economic growth and welfare of Nepal primarily related to the aftermath of the 2015 earthquake but also to the lack of a long term sustainable strategy for improving the residence of school children to natural hazards. The particular problems are discussed in detail in Section 2.1 of the Case for Support. In particular, the proposed project is expected to lead to (a) a holistic framework for the pre- and post-assessment of school buildings under some standardised procedure (b) technically feasible, economically affordable, culturally acceptable retrofit solutions that can be implemented in a rural context using locally available materials, (c) validation of numerical predictions typically used for school design and assessment against laboratory tests, (d) simple rules and formulas, updated design codes, guidelines that result in appropriate retrofit techniques as a function of the damage state and the structural system (e) new, low-cost/high-performance, construction techniques for school buildings, TLCs and shelters, (f) seismic fragility functions and risk methods that utilize state-of-the-art uncertainty quantification, while being appropriately tailored to rural and urban districts of Nepal, as well as (g) a comprehensive expert system to integrate all the above knowledge and progress in a wider computational framework for immediate use by the local authorities and stakeholders.

SAFER, being a multi-disciplinary program for pursuing the resilience circle (disaster risk reduction, preparedness, quick recovery and sustainability), aims to substantially improve the residual capacity of the educational communities which is key for avoiding disproportional to the intensity of the hazard, devastating effects after a major disaster. This has an ad-hoc impact on the economy of the country and the wellbeing of its citizens. Furthermore, the technologies to be developed, the techniques to be co-produced, the tools, skills and synergies that will result from this project will substantially strengthen the ability and prospect of the Nepalese people and the local authorities. The above advanced know-how is also exportable as it is easily applicable in neighbouring countries with similar socioeconomic conditions, and hazard exposure in the Himalayas region. Overall, SAFER is a unique opportunity for an actual and long term impact in the quality of life and expertise of Nepal and a significant contribution to the welfare, education, health and safety of the Nepalese children.
 
Description A new mobile phone App for quick inspection of structural safety of schools in Nepal
A new webApp for the Headquarters of the Department of Education that permits management of structural vulnerability of the schools portfolio and mitigating the associated seismic risk
A new mobile App to assess the resilience of school communities
A new database of soils within the Kathmandu valley
A new map for probabilistic assessment of seismic hazard for Nepal
Exploitation Route There is a possibility that the new mobile phone App and the WebApp will be also used by a wider programme for safer schools at a national level
The new PSHA map feeds into the national committee for developing the PSHA map for Nepal
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Construction,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Other

URL http://www.safernepal.net
 
Description While we can't reduce the risk of earthquakes, we can improve our resilience to them. Collapsing buildings greatly increased the fatalities in the 2015 Earthquake and caused severe, long-term social and economic consequences. The challenge for Nepal, and other low-to-middle income countries, is finding ways to make buildings more secure so that lives aren't put at excessive risk and so that communities can recover more quickly at an affordable financial cost. This landmark project draws on knowledge and experience from Nepal and around the world, incorporating earthquake, structural and geotechnical engineers, seismologists, earth scientists, computer scientists, social scientists, stakeholders, decision-makers and more. Together, we're working to save lives by making buildings safer - starting with schools. We're using the seismic shaking table of the University of Bristol, to see how replicas of Nepalese classrooms, strengthened with cost-effective techniques, perform under seismic excitation. Based on this lab work, we're developing a simple, state-of-the-art phone app that lets local engineers identify at-risk schools and enhance their safety. One proven method of protecting new buildings in earthquake zones in developed countries is to rest them on sliding surfaces. It's prohibitively expensive for many regions, but in Nepal, we're using that principle to investigate low-cost, culturally acceptable, locally-sourced ways of co-producing a similar system. All our research is supported by workshops and on-site training so, with the aid of our local and international partners, we leave behind the skills and expertise for communities to rebuild Nepal safely. Our work provides diagnosis, testing and knowledge, but it's also preparing Nepal to mitigate the risk associated with future earthquake events. We're creating a framework that allows local decision-makers to plan for and react to another major earthquake and our collaboration will improve local design culture through new, safer, construction techniques that can be easily replicated by other countries. Most importantly of all, we're helping protect lives, especially the lives of the young learners who will shape Nepal's future.
Sector Construction
Impact Types Economic

 
Description Innovative data services for aquaculture, seismic resilience and drought adaptation in East Africa
Amount £809,141 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/T015462/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2019 
End 03/2021
 
Title Small-scale shaking table dynamic testing performed in the Dynamics Lab of University of Bristol 
Description Experimental setup of a rigid box designed to slide against a sand-rubber layer, which is enclosed in a Perspex box. The box is attached to a small-scale shaking table simulating an earthquake ground motion excitation. The sliding response of the rigid box is investigated for two ground motion excitation types: Harmonic ramp loading with increasing ground motion frequency. An earthquake ground motion excitation (Northridge earthquake 1994). 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This experimental investigation lays the foundation for the design of a sliding layer consisting of a deformable sand-rubber granular mixture as a seismic isolation strategy for developing countries. The design of a low-cost seismic isolation strategy consisting of these locally available materials is an issue of paramount importance for the seismic damage mitigation and the resilience of the communities in these countries. 
URL http://www.safernepal.net
 
Title Database containing details of schools inspected using the mobile app for schools inspection. 
Description Over 200 schools have been inspected to date using the Mobile App developed for SAFER schools in Nepal. Data are automatically transferred on the Web App database which presents processed information with geo-tagging and is accessible by the Department of Education of the Government of Nepal. From April 2019 further information about community resilience will also be collected in the app and willl populate the database. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Information collected in the database can be analysed in a variety of ways, including for example to highlight which schools should be prioritised for retrofit. 
 
Title Supplement to "Out-of-plane closed-form solution for the seismic assessment of unreinforced masonry schools in Nepal" 
Description Supporting data for publication Giordano et al. 2019 on Engineering Structures DOI doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.109548 readme.txt file pdf file with summary of additional figures csv files with the experimental and numerical data of the study. _NOTE: The supplementary material has been updated on 22/10/2019. In the current version the labelling of the csv files has been fixed. Additionally, "Present study" data are now consistent with the axis limits of the corresponding plots._ 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Supporting data for "A ground investigation to inform earthquake hazard assessment in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal" 
Description Supporting data for "A ground investigation to inform earthquake hazard assessment in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal" Paper to be presented at the XVII European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Reykjavik, Iceland, 1-6 September 2019 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Supporting data for "A sand-rubber deformable granular layer as a low-cost seismic isolation strategy in developing countries: experimental investigation" 
Description Data to reproduce Figures 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 and 23 from the paper "A sand-rubber deformable granular layer as a low-cost seismic isolation strategy in developing countries: experimental investigation" by Tsiavos et al. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title The SAFER Borehole Database (SAFER/GEO-591) 
Description The SAFER Borehole Database (SAFER/GEO-591) has been developed as part of the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) funded project EP/P028926/1: Seismic Safety and Resilience of Schools in Nepal (SAFER). The database is populated with data digitised from the literature, published reports and datasets supplied by contributors from the geotechnical engineering industry in Nepal and research papers. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Description Arup International Development (UK) 
Organisation Arup Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The research team work closely with Arup on all Work Packages to ensure knowledge exchange and sharing of expertise and research findings. There are numerous forums for this close engagement with Arup such as their inclusion in our regular project meetings as well as specific all day meetings designed to provide greater interaction and opportunity for discussion, as well as meetings at which other partners are also present.
Collaborator Contribution Arup International are a partner in the project and a representative from Arup attends our regular project meetings. Arup also contribute to the project by means of regular skype meetings including research team, NSET and Save the Children, face to face meetings with Co-investigators responsible for the various Work packages as well as attendance at all day progress meetings for Arup which we have hosted at the University of Bristol and provide more scope for detailed discussions. A representative from Arup attended the April 2017 field mission to Nepal and accompanied members of the team during parts of the mission.
Impact ongoing
Start Year 2017
 
Description Build Change Nepal 
Organisation Build Change
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The University of Bristol provided technical expertise on vulnerability assessment of stone-masonry buildings, fragility analysis and probabilistic loss assessment.
Collaborator Contribution Build Change provided information/data about construction practice in Nepal, engineering design levels and construction/repair costs for retrofitting of stone-masonry structures.
Impact The activity is still ongoing and there are no literature outputs at the moment
Start Year 2019
 
Description California Institute of Technology (USA) 
Organisation California Institute of Technology
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Members of the research team collaborate with a representative from Caltech.
Collaborator Contribution A representative from Caltech collaborates with members of the research team, in particular those involved with the geotechnical aspects of the project.
Impact ongoing
Start Year 2017
 
Description Dept of Education of the Government of Nepal 
Organisation Government of Nepal
Department Ministry of Education
Country Nepal 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution During our April 2017 Field mission in Nepal the Dept of Education of the Government of Nepal participated in the workshop organised by NSET at which we presented the project and explored with them means for further engagement.
Collaborator Contribution During our April 2017 Field mission in Nepal the Dept of Education of the Government of Nepal participated in the workshop organised by NSET.
Impact ongoing
Start Year 2017
 
Description Earth Investigations and Solutions PVT Ltd (Nepal) 
Organisation Soil Investigations and Solutions PVT Ltd (Nepal)
Country Nepal 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Geotechnical experts form the research team sharing knowledge with EIS to aid better understanding of the soil structure in different areas of the Kathmandu valley.
Collaborator Contribution EIS Nepal is a collaborator on the project who are investigating the soil structure in areas of Nepal to enrich the research team understanding. They have bored several holes in different locations and provided data to the geotechnical experts who are part of the research team.
Impact ongoing
Start Year 2017
 
Description Fuzhou University (China) 
Organisation Fuzhou University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration with representative from Fuzhou University about project.
Collaborator Contribution Fuzhou University representative collaborate with research team members on project.
Impact ongoing
Start Year 2017
 
Description Insitu Site Investigations Ltd 
Organisation In Situ Site Investigation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution UoB provided the project scope for the additional geotechnical work enabled by this new partnership. The further work was made possible by both an offer of in-kind support from IN SITU and a UoB internal funding scheme (pump-priming).
Collaborator Contribution IN SITU's contribution enabled the project to undertake a supplementary investigation, providing use of their Cone Penetration Test (CPT) equipment including operator time. This additional investigation, undertaken in April 2019, incorporated both Static Piezocone Penetration Tests (CPTu) and Seismic Dilatometer Marchetti Tests (SDMT).
Impact The collaboration project marked the first seen use of the CPT and SDMT to derive shear-wave velocity measurements that the local stakeholders had encountered in their previous work in Nepal. This has resulted in some of the first detailed engineering soil profiles using Cone Penetration Test equipment obtained for inclusion in the public record in Kathmandu, Nepal. The collaboration was focused on geotechnical engineering.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Kathmandu University 
Organisation Kathmandu University
Country Nepal 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Members of the research team communicate regularly with Kathmandu University and visited the labs during the 2017 Nepal field mission.
Collaborator Contribution Lab tests using local materials.
Impact ongoing
Start Year 2017
 
Description Link with The World Bank 
Organisation World Bank Group
Department World Bank Institute
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have extended our collaboration with the World Bank and our aim is now to: (a) make use of data collected by the WB in terms of school typologies and earthquake damage worldwide, (b) process WB data to produce obesrvational fragilities for schools in Nepal (Project SAFER) and Malawi (Project SAFER-PREPARED) and (c) create links to our research findings in the World Bank Global Database for Schools (GLOSI).
Collaborator Contribution The World Bank provide data which can be analysed and used to further the project aims.
Impact ongoing
Start Year 2019
 
Description Link with the Department for International Development 
Organisation Government of the UK
Department Department for International Development (DfID)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Even though DFID is not a project partner, we have established communication to explore means of possible collaboration.
Collaborator Contribution During our filed mission in Nepal last September, we met with Eleanore Brainbridge and the DFID, presented an overview of our project and explore means for further engangement.
Impact Ongoing
Start Year 2017
 
Description NSET 
Organisation National Society for Earthquake Technology
Country Nepal 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Present findings at workshops organised by NSET, regular meetings with NSET (and other partners) to share expertise and knowledge as well as research findings.
Collaborator Contribution NSET have organised workshops in Nepal at which they invite other key organisations enabling the team to present their research findings to and engage with other key stakeholders in Nepal. NSET and the research team are jointly organising tests of stone walls in Nepal using local resources and construction methods to enrich the research team understanding. NSET attend regular meetings with the research team to share their knowledge and expertise.
Impact ongoing
Start Year 2017
 
Description PREPARE project 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Organised meetings with the EPSRC funded GCRF project PREPARE, which is lead by colleagues at the University of Bristol. Shared knowledge, informed and updated about research outcomes at various points. Collaborated together to prepare the Translational Award to increase impact of the web app developed through the SAFER project.
Collaborator Contribution Shared knowledge, informed and updated about research outcomes at various points. Collaborated together to prepare the Translational Award to increase impact of the web app developed through the SAFER project.
Impact Successful application for Translational award which will allow for further development of the SAFER app with the aim for it to rolled out in an alternative context in this case, Malawi.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Save the Children (UK) 
Organisation Save the Children UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Sharing of research findings and expertise with Save the Children, development of the school inspection mobile app and delivery of training to Save the Children engineers on its use.
Collaborator Contribution Save the Children have organised for members of the research team to engage with numerous school communities in Nepal to help the research team learn more about community resilience. They have also arranged visits to sites of new school buildings being constructed by Save the Children engineers. Save the Children have provided feedback about the school inspection mobile app allowing it to be further developed and enhanced.
Impact ongoing
Start Year 2017
 
Description The Pahar Trust 
Organisation The Pahar Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The collaboration with Pahar Trust was based on benchmarking the safety of their schools in different regions with respect to a performance based risk assessment framework in light of the updated seismicity of Nepal as a result of new Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Studies. The University of Bristol team (SAFER team and a PhD student whose project scope is related to this) has done a detailed seismic nonlinear assessment of their school buildings and they are currently assessing risk of their template schools in different areas of the country.
Collaborator Contribution Pahar Trust has provided structural drawings of their schools, advice on construction practice and costing information for their schools
Impact Work is still ongoing.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Tribhuvan University 
Organisation Tribhuvan University of Nepal
Country Nepal 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Members of the research team communicate regularly with Tribhuvan University and visited the labs during the 2017 Nepal field mission.
Collaborator Contribution Lab tests using local materials.
Impact ongoing
Start Year 2017
 
Description University at Buffalo State University of New York (USA) 
Organisation University at Buffalo
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Regular catch up meetings with a representative from the University, sharing plans and gaining feedback on plans for lab tests, exchanging knowledge and updating on research findings etc.
Collaborator Contribution The representative from the University at Buffalo collaborates with the research team and attends regular project meetings, giving feedback, guidance and support.
Impact ongoing
Start Year 2017
 
Description University of Roma-Tre (Italy) 
Organisation University of Roma-Tre
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration with representative from University of Roma-Tre (Italy) about project.
Collaborator Contribution University of Roma-Tre (Italy) representative collaborate with research team members with reference to the project.
Impact ongoing
Start Year 2017
 
Description University of Southampton 
Organisation University of Southampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The University of Bristol based members of the research team collaborate closely with the University of Southampton based research team. This is especially the case in Work Package 3 in which several sets of lab tests are being carried out by both Universities.
Collaborator Contribution University of Southampton are a partner in the project and they attend our regular project meetings and represent the project along with the rest of the University of Bristol based research team when meeting with other partners such as NSET and Arup. Team members from the University of Southampton are devising innovative lab tests to take place in their new facility which will open in 2019.
Impact ongoing
Start Year 2017
 
Title IP Agreement with the World Bank 
Description This is a Memorandum of Understanding covering legal issues of Intelectual Property in terms of using data provided by the World Bank or produced by the University of Bristol by using these data. 
IP Reference  
Protection Copyrighted (e.g. software)
Year Protection Granted 2018
Licensed No
Impact This has facilitated the collaboration between the University of Bristol and the World Bank and has seamlessly led to joint publications, papers, presentations and report.
 
Title Mobile app for schools inspection 
Description Mobile app which can be utilised to inspect schools pre and post earthquake. App asks a series of questions and allows for image uploads and lets local engineers identify at-risk schools and make them safer while facilitating informed decision making at a central level. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact Our approach is based on the FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency procedures and a new RVS algorithm implemented into an Android App. The aim is to facilitate quick collection and transmission of structural data on a web-accessed database for the rapid prioritization of school buildings' strengthening based on an estimate of their relative probability of collapse. 
URL https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=uk.ac.bristol.rit.safer&hl=en
 
Description A Sextos, J Agarwal, F De Luca, M Werner, N Alexander, A Tsiavos, R Parajuli, R Pokhrel, C Gilder presentations and participation at Progress Sharing Workshop on SAFER School Research Project held in Kathmandu on April 24, 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The one day workshop was organised jointly by University of Bristol (SAFER project), Center for Education and Human Resource Division (CEHRD), and National Society for Earthquake Technology-Nepal (NSET). Around 40 people representing various organisations, namely, World Bank, UNOPS, University of Buffalo, Arup ID, JICA, University of Southampton, Ministry of Education, National Reconstruction Authority-CLPIU, Save the Children, institute of Engineering, Kathmandu University participated in the program. Presentations from the workshop are available at SAFER project website at http://www.safernepal.net/workshopnepal.html?fbclid=IwAR1HrrvFHgcyJP08BcEot_t4cPYUxRX4qwJ_-Ha9FPC1skeRt_trrFy2u2E
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.safernepal.net/workshopnepal.html?fbclid=IwAR1HrrvFHgcyJP08BcEot_t4cPYUxRX4qwJ_-Ha9FPC1sk...
 
Description Community engagement in Bachhala Devi lower Sec. This was part of the extensive Field Mission to Nepal in April 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact With Save the Children and Arup International Anastasios Sextos and Jitendra Agarwal met with teachers from the school and talked with the school children to understand their perception of safety and hazards. This provided valuable information for the further development of the SAFER community resilience questionaire which will be incorporated into the mobile app from April 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description N Giordano organised a webinar with Build Change and NSET to present a software for the out-of-plane assessment of masonry walls. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact N Giordano organized a webinar with Build Change and NSET to present a software for the out-of-plane assessment of masonry walls. Source code and examples of seismic assessment have been provided to the attendants to be used for their projects. This has provided local partners with advanced tools for seismic assessment of masonry buildings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description A Sextos Invited Talk in The Sixteenth International Conference on Civil, Structural & Environmental Engineering Computing 16-19 September 2019 Riva del Garda, near Lake Garda, Italy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A Sextos presented paper entitled "An expert mobile and web App for Rapid Visual Inspection of schools in developing countries located in seismic regions".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.civil-compconf.com/conference-speakers.asp
 
Description A Sextos and N Alexander met with Tek, engineer from Pahar Trust in Kathmandu 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A Sextos, N Alexander, A Tsiavos met with Tek a locally based engineer in Kathmandu, Nepal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description A Sextos invited to speak at lunchtime seminar on the topic of Environmental Resilience and Poverty an internal event organised by University of Bristol Cabot Institute and Bristol Poverty Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tasos Sextos invited to speak at a collaborative interdisciplinary lunchtime seminar on the topic of Environmental Resilience and Poverty. This seminar explored the theme of poverty in the context of environmental resilience from a range of disciplinary perspectives - including social inequalities, environmental justice, human geography, history, politics and climate science - which was followed by an open discussion with all participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description A Sextos, J Agarwal, A Tsiavos and R Parajuli School Community Engagement Days- April 2019 Field Mission 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Two days of community engagement with Save the Children at Kavrepalanchowk (Shwetbaraha Secondary School , Banepa Municipality - 2 Tukucha Nala) and Dhulikhel, Kavre. Four UoB research team members (A Sextos, J Agarwal, A Tsiavos and R Parajuli) along with Vita Sanderson from Arup Interational and SAFER lead contact at STC Nepal (Yadav Mainali) undertook community engagement activities with school children, teachers, parents and members of the community across two days.

Activities included meetings with stakeholders including parents and School Management committees as well as activities undertaken with school students around community resilience. The activities undertaken on these two days provided valuable insight and enriched the researchers understanding of the challenges faced by the community around community resilience. Professional filming took place on day 1 which will be edited into a film about the SAFER project and disseminated through SAFER and University of Bristol channels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.facebook.com/EPSRCNepal/
 
Description Anastasios Sextos and Flavia De Luca delivered Webinar to numerous stakeholders and Nepalese engineers including training on the mobile app for schools inspection 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Webinar to demonstrate developments in the mobile schools inspection app was delivered to Nepalese engineers and other stakeholders with instructions for use for wider sharing. This webinar showed the most recent developments in the app and enabled wider communication and engagement with the engineers and other stakeholders. It was a very effective tool for sharing the latest developments in the app and providing a comprehensive how to use guide for all stakeholders, as well as allowing a forum for feedback and knowledge exchange. Engineers who attended the webinar will share the knowledge gained with others thereby ensuring the app can be widely utilised.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.safernepal.net
 
Description Anastasios Sextos and Jitendra Agarwal along with colleagues from Save the Children engagement with Setidevi Mahakali Sec. School as part of April Field mission 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Valuable discussion and engagement with School Management Committee, Parents Teachers Association and parents relating to the project. This engagement aided greater understanding on both sides, and in particular provided to the SAFER team valuable insights into community ideas and opinions about perceptions of structural safety in buildings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Anastasios Sextos delivered face to face seminar about and training on using the mobile app for school building inspection for Save the Children Engineers as part of the Field Mission in Nepal April 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The seminar was delivered as part of the visits  to Save The Children construction sites of new school buildings and visit to the Save The Children HQ in Chautara during the April 2018 Field Mission to Nepal. Delivered face to face the training showed Save The Children engineers how to use the app for reliable, quick visual inspection of school buildings before and after an earthquake. This allowed opportunities for the app to be tested in real life situation by engineers who will be using it on a daily basis,and enabled them to easily provide feedback which could then be taken back by the team and contribute to further development of the app.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Anastasios Sextos invited to deliver ICE Regional Lecture about the SAFER project 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Anastasios Sextos was invited to deliver a lecture at the ICE Regional event. The title of the lecture was Conventional versus novel means of improving the safety of school buildings in Nepal. This was followed by Q and A from the audience, allowing for knowledge exchange and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ice.org.uk/eventarchive/earthquake-proof-schools-in-nepal
 
Description Community Resilience to Natural Hazards in Developing Countries 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Friday 15th September 2017
International Workshop
"Community Resilience to Natural Hazards in Developing Countries"
09:00-17:00
Venue: Pugsley Theatre,
Queen's School of Engineering, University of Bristol, BS8 1TR
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.safernepal.net/workshopbristol.html
 
Description Engagement with Pahar Trust 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Flavia De Luca organised a meeting for the SAFER team to engage with the Pahar Trust after contact made following her Engineers without Borders lecture. The Pahar Trust are a charitable organisation which builds schools for communities in Nepal. The meeting identified lots of opportunities for the team to work with Pahar Trust and following this meeting there will be further engagement between the SAFER team and the Pahar Trust in particular to enable them to use the mobile app for schools inspections. There is also a further meeting planned to compare survey questions Pahar Trust ask the community and the SAFER community questionnaire which assesses community resilience as well as a meeting planned to meet with local engineers from the Pahar Trust whilst in Nepal on the April Field Mission.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Exhibition stand at UK Alliance for Disaster Research Conference, March 27 & 28 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SAFER exhibition stand at the UKADR conference showing project activities over both days and engaging with delegates at the conference during all conference breaks, poster sessions etc. We had printed materials available for delegates to take away as well as slideshow on a loop over the course of the event and a team member at the stand to answer questions about the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.ukadr.org/conference2018.html
 
Description F De Luca Engineers without Borders presentation Dec 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact F De Luca presented SAFER project at the Engineers Without Borders event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.facebook.com/EPSRCNepal/
 
Description F De Luca and N Giordano Participation in Two Day GCRF Global Challenges Retreat, London, March 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SAFER team members Flavia De Luca and Nicola Giordano attended the Engineering Global Grand Challenge Retreat Workshop. At this event approximately 60 delegates came together to explore how engineers can collaborate to tackle global challenges and help define new challenges. The delegates were from among EPSRC's Frontier Engineering Projects, Engineering Grand Challenge Projects, and Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://epsrc.ukri.org/newsevents/news/march-4-the-world-engineering-day-for-sustainable-development...
 
Description F De Luca and N Giordano Visit to Pokhara including to a Pahar Trust school with The Pahar Trust 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact F De Luca and N Giordano visited one of Pahar Trust Nepal schools in Pokhara meeting with some of the students and teachers. The trip included a visit to the Pahar Trust main office and training some of the Pahar Trust team on using the mobile app.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.facebook.com/EPSRCNepal/
 
Description F De Luca and N Giordano presented papers from SAFER project at ICASP 13 (Seoul, Korea) and F De Luca chaired a mini symposia on cat modelling in developing countries 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 13th International Conference on Applications of Statistics and Probability in Civil Engineering (ICASP13) in Seoul, Korea. 394 registered delegates from 36 countries attended. Two papers from SAFER project presented, and F De Luca chaired a mini symposia on cat modelling in developing countries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.icasp13.snu.ac.kr/?fbclid=IwAR3iKw1B7JZr2YN9qT1HvwMYxA2nckQXtJ2pw4SYCoFI1Yswytp3jRzsiwk
 
Description F De Luca chaired session "Risk assessment in developing countries" at SECED 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact F De Luca chaired session "Risk assessment in developing countries" at SECED 2019. SECED 2019 was a two day conference Earthquake and Civil Engineering Dynamics taking place on 9-10th September 2019 in Greenwich, London. The conference brought together experts from a broad range of disciplines, including structural engineering, nuclear engineering, seismology, geology, geotechnical engineering, urban development, social sciences, business and insurance; all focused on risk, mitigation and recovery.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.seced.org.uk/index.php/seced-2019
 
Description Flavia De Luca - Invited lecture at Engineering without Borders International Development Spotlight Lecture Series 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Flavia De Luca was invited to lecture about SAFER project as part of the Engineering without Borders International Development Spotlight Lecture Series which was hosted at University of Bristol. This enabled students and other attendees to learn more about the project and ask questions about the work being undertaken. As a result of discussions with another of the lecturers (Joe Butcher) Flavia got in touch with his contact at the Pahar Trust, an organisation which builds schools in Nepal and further collaboration with them has followed as a result.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.safernepal.net/
 
Description Flavia De Luca - Invited lecture at UCL on post-disaster surveys in earthquake prone areas 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivery of a lecture at a One Day Masterclass on Safer, More Resilient Communities Through Safe and Resilient Schools being hosted by UCL. Flavia De Luca delivered a lecture on post-disaster surveys in earthquake prone areas and showed SAFER concept including details about the work packages. The free event was open to students, academics and the general public and it provided an opportunity to share knowledge with and gain feedback from others working in similar fields as well as provide information about the project to an interested audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ucl.ac.uk/humanitarian/events/2018/oct/masterclass-safer-more-resilient-communities-thro...
 
Description Joint workshop between PREPARE and SAFER 21 January 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Joint workshop between two EPSRC GCRF projects lead at University of Bristol. Members form the SAFER team met with the PREPARE project Advisory Board.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Masoud Shadlou - Presentation of paper at Thirteenth International Conference on Recent Advances in Structural Dynamics (RASD) 15-17 April 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Masoud Shadlou presented paper "A review on the current trends on computational modelling of masonry-infilled reinforced concrete frames" at Thirteenth International Conference on Recent Advances in Structural Dynamics (RASD) 15-17 April 2019, Valpre, Lyon, France which was subsequently published in Institute of Physics Journal. Attendees at the event were a mixture of researchers and practising engineers from different branches of engineering who were there to discuss recent advances in theoretical and experimental techniques for solving problems in structural dynamics and dynamical systems.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.southampton.ac.uk/rasd/about/index.page
 
Description Meetings with PREPARE team to allow collaboration and knowledge sharing between these two GCRF projects based at University of Bristol 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meetings have taken place between SAFER team and the PREPARE team to share knowledge and explore opportunities for collaboration between these two GCRF projects based at University of Bristol. Several meetings have taken place and more will follow over the forthcoming months. These meetings have provided a forum for both teams to update on progress, discuss challenges, best practice and provide constructive feedback as well as identify areas for common working.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Members of SAFER team involvement in Natural Disasters - Engineering for International Development workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SAFER team members attended this University of Bristol internal workshop which presented several GCRF activities within the faculty, including SAFER. The workshop discussed how to address challenges such as promoting interdisciplinary collaboration, lack of data access and finding the right collaboration partners for research in developing country contexts. The main outcome of the workshop was to build new connections and ideas across the faculty.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Members of SAFER team leading and contributing to sessions at UKADR conference March 27 & 28 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Anastasios Sextos and Max Werner led the session on Building resilience to Earthquake Cascades and Landslides in ODA Countries at the UKADR conference. This session also included a presentation about SAFER by Anastasios Sextos and Flavia De Luca. The session included exchange of information with the audience and discussion followed. Max Werner and Maria Xanthou also contributed to discussion on a further session in the programme Historical Perspectives on Hazards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.ukadr.org/conference2018.html
 
Description N Giordano Nepal Secondment: Multiple meetings with NSET and Build Change across the course of the secondment including presenting at final meeting which included both organisations 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Nicola Giordano was involved in numerous meetings with project partners NSET and Build Change, over the course of his secondment in Nepal, including presenting in the final meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.facebook.com/EPSRCNepal/?ref=bookmarks
 
Description N Giordano Nepal Secondment: Presented at Meeting with Build Change- Discussion on retrofitting design guidelines in Nepal 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Nicola Giordano presented at this meeting held at Build Change office in Nepal, where discussion on retrofitting design guidelines in Nepal took place. Attendees included Prof. Maskey and his colleagues from Tribhuvan University as well as the Build Change Team
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
 
Description N Giordano Nepal Secondment: Presented at meeting on retrofitting hosted at UK Embassy with DFID 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Nicola Giordano presented at this event which was hosted at the UK Embassy in Nepal. Attendees included representatives from: Build Change, UNOPS, DFID, BBC Media Action.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description N Giordano Nepal Secondment: Attended Workshop on Retrofitting data analysis 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop which was held at HRRP included representatives from: HRRP, NSET, Build Change, and UNOPS.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.hrrpnepal.org/
 
Description N Giordano Nepal Secondment: Presented at Government workshop organized by NRA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Nicola Giordnao presented at this workshop which included representatives from: NRA, NSET, Build Change, UN, ADB, World Bank, European Union, Asian Foundation, and JICA. etc
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description N Giordano Nepal Secondment: Presented at Retrifit Alliance Workshop hosted by DUDBC (Dept of Urban Development and Building Construction, Govt of Nepal) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Nicola Giordano presented during this workshop attended by representatives from: DUDBC, HRRP, NRA, Build Change, UNOPS, and Tribhuvan University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.dudbc.gov.np/?lang=en
 
Description N Giordano Nepal Secondment: Talk at Nepal Engineers' Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Niocla Giordano presented as part of the Intrepid Solution Series hosted by Build Change at the Nepal Engineer's Association. This was an event which was open to all and his presentation focused on Definition of fragility and collapse probabilities of structures and exploring how they can be used.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.facebook.com/events/980458682319228/
 
Description N Giordano Nepal Secondment: Two days - Technical visits of retrofitted buildings in the rural areas outside Kathmandu 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Nicola Giordano and the Build Change team spent two days on technical field visits in Nuwakot.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description N Giordano and F De Luca present paper at ANIDIS 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Nicola Giordano and Flavia De Luca presented paper entitled "Sensitivity of out-of-plane capacity to input parameters of Nepali URM walls" at ANIDIS 2019 the conference organised by Italian National Association of Earthquake Engineering.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://convegno.anidis.it/index.php/anidis/2019
 
Description N Giordano presentation re SAFER project at Politecnico di Milano 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact N Giordano gave presentation about the SAFER project to professors and students at Politecnico di Milano.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.facebook.com/EPSRCNepal/
 
Description Official project website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The official project website with social media links to the SAFER facebook page was launched in September 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.safernepal.net
 
Description Overview of SAFER project to DFID visitor 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 20 minute presentation during the visit of a group from the Department for International Development
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description PJ Vardanega presented on WP1 of SAFER to a meeting of the GCRF HUB Urban Disaster Risk Hub (NE/S009000/1) in London with PI John McCloskey in attendance. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation on WP1 of SAFER to a meeting of the GCRF HUB Urban Disaster Risk Hub (NE/S009000/1) in London with PI John McCloskey in attendance with attendees being a mix of researchers and overseas partners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Planning and preparations for SAFER project workshop to take place April 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Collaborating with all our project partners to plan for dissemination of research outcomes from the project through our SAFER project workshop event taking place in April 2020. Including organising and enabling representatives from the Dept for Education Nepal to participate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/seismic-safety-and-resilience-of-schools-in-nepal-safer-workshop-tick...
 
Description Project Demonstration during the Engineering Research Showcase 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Anastasios Sextos talk 'From force-based to performance and resilience-based design of civil infrastructure' for the Engineering showcase of the University of Bristol
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EwJaMvxwVuo
 
Description R Parajuli August 2019 Nepal Field Mission : second phase survey and engagement Mid-West and Central East Terai 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Field work was organised along with Save the Children. Updated questionnaire had been tested in different schools in five districts in Mid-west and Eastern Terai. Feedback and suggestion from different locality help in questionnaire development. E-tool had also been used in later stage to collect data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description R Parajuli August 2019 Nepal Field Mission: Field work at Kavre 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Field work organized in Sindhupalchok and Kavre covered two schools where the first set of self-assessment questionnaire set had been tested and discussed with local level stakeholders. This event was jointly organized with Save the Children, Nepal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.facebook.com/EPSRCNepal/
 
Description R Parajuli August 2019 Nepal Field mission: Engagement with institutional stakeholders- Local, district, central level officials 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Rishi visited Center for Education and Human Resources Development (CEHRD), Ministry of Education, Science and Technology; Central Level Project Implementation Unit (Education), Nepal Reconstruction Authority, Nepal; Other experts from different organisations (NSET, Save the Children etc) to share the concept and progress of research and receive their views and feedback.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description R Parajuli December Nepal Field Mission engaging with school communities working together on developing the mobile app 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Rishi Parajuli lead the visit to the schools with project partners (ARUP International and Save the Children, Nepal) to test the mobile app in different three school communities in Nuwakot, Nepal. This fieldwork provides the feedback on questionnaire and mobile application to assess the educational community resilience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.facebook.com/EPSRCNepal/?ref=bookmarks
 
Description R Parajuli participated in Students' summit at Surkhet, Nepal, 25 and 26 August (SAFER project was one of the organisers). 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Rishi participated in the Student summit, a conference of students and teachers from more than 60 schools representing all the whole country. SAFER is one of the co-organizers of this event along with NSET, Save the Children and many others. Questionnaire survey had been conducted to collect the data from different schools and also received their feedback on it.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://nset.org.np/nset2012/index.php/event/eventdetail/eventid-542
 
Description R Parajuli presented paper "Towards measurement of resilience of educational communities" at DwD-GCRF-UKADR-DRG-UKCDR International Conference, 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact R Parajuli presented at this conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.ukadr.org/docs/DwD-GCRF-UKADR-DRG-UKCDRConferenceProgramme2019.pdf
 
Description SAFER Project kick-off meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Saturday 16th September 2017
SAFER Project kick-off meeting
09:00-16:30
Venue: Engineers' House
The Promenade, Clifton Down
Bristol, BS8 3NB
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.safernepal.net/workshopbristol.html
 
Description SAFER project hosted at University of Bristol a seminar by Ramesh Guragain, Deputy Executive Director, National Society for Earthquake Technology-Nepal (NSET) and Dr Narayan Marasini, Director, School Earthquake Safety Program (SESP) NSET. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentations entitled "National Society for Earthquake Technology-Nepal (NSET) Linking Research Outcomes to DRM Planning and Implementation" presented by Ramesh Guragain and "Schools Resilient Initiatives in Nepal" presented by Dr Marasini. Audience of interdisciplinary academics, students and representatives from The Pahar Trust a charitable organisation which builds and manages schools in Nepal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.facebook.com/EPSRCNepal/
 
Description SAFER stand at Bristol Open Doors event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Showcasing SAFER research to interested members of the public at this "Bristol Open Doors" event which is an annual event in Bristol. SAFER banner and slideshow showing details of the SAFER project and team members from the project were present across the three day event who could answer questions about the research. The SAFER stand featured alongside other interactive demonstrations from University of Bristol colleagues using mini earthquake shaking tables and visitors were also able to attend a tour of the on-site Earthquake lab. The general public who attended were very engaged with the project and asked some interesting questions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://bristolopendoors.org.uk/engineering-in-focus/
 
Description SAFER team attendance at and contribution to NSET Workshop which took place in Nepal , April 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Workshop organised by NSET-Nepal (National Society for Earthquake Technology (www.nset.org.np) with the project partners and the Department of Education of the Government of Nepal. Included presentations delivered by members of the SAFER team (Anastasios Sextos, Paul Vardanega, Max Werner, Flavia De Luca and Jitendra Agarwal) and the workshop enabled co-ordination and prioritisation of joint activities for school inspection, laboratory testing and optimum low-cost strengthening of schools.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.safernepal.net
 
Description SAFER team members F De Luca, N Giordano, C Gilder, A Tsiavos and R Pokhrel present three papers at ICEE-PDRP 2019 conference (Bhaktapur, Nepal) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of three papers subsequently published in 2nd International Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Post Disaster Reconstruction Planning (ICEE-PDRP 2019).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.facebook.com/EPSRCNepal/
 
Description Stone wall tests with NSET in Nepal 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Stone wall tests at Institute of Engineering, Kathmandu with NSET and participated in by four members of the UoB research team (A Sextos, N Alexander, A Tsiavos and R Parajuli) during the April 2019 field mission to Nepal. Stone wall construction is a very common structural typology of schools in rural Nepal and the complete set of tests shows significantly improved displacement capacity and ductility compared to the equivalent unretrofitted wall test. One of the tests was filmed and disseminated on the SAFER facebook page, reaching nearly 1500 viewers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.facebook.com/EPSRCNepal/
 
Description T Cross presented paper at SECED 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ted Cross presented paper "Pounding in Nepalese School Buildings" at SECED 2019. SECED 2019 was a two day conference Earthquake and Civil Engineering Dynamics taking place on 9-10th September 2019 in Greenwich, London. The conference brought together experts from a broad range of disciplines, including structural engineering, nuclear engineering, seismology, geology, geotechnical engineering, urban development, social sciences, business and insurance; all focused on risk, mitigation and recovery.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.seced.org.uk/images/SECED_2019/programme/SECED2019-PROGRAMME.pdf
 
Description Talk during the IHRR/ DWD conference 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 30min talk during "The Impact of Hazard, Risk and Disasters on Societies" Conference in Durham University, UK between 19th - 22nd September 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.dur.ac.uk/ihrr/10th-anniversary/ihrr10/dwd-conference2017/