UKCRIC National Infrastructure Database, Modelling, Simulation and Visualisation Facilities

Lead Research Organisation: University of Oxford
Department Name: Geography - SoGE

Abstract

The UKCRIC National Infrastructure Database, Modelling, Simulation and Visualisation Facilities (NIDMSVF) will enable a new generation of research that acquires and interprets data on infrastructure and cities, models complex behaviours, visualises results and informs decision making.

The National Infrastructure Database (NID) will provide a national secure facility for assembling, hosting and creating datasets on infrastructure assets and networks and the human and natural environments in which they are located. It will provide a secure, scalable and trusted repository for national infrastructure data; and a new platform for analysis of big datasets, including standard simulation test cases. It will become a hub for infrastructure researchers in the UK and for business and government organisation.

The national infrastructure Modelling, Simulation and Visualisation Facilities (MSVF) will provide an e-science environment which will represent a step-change in UK capability by (i) linking seamlessly with the national infrastructure database (ii) conveniently accessing high performance computing facilities (iii) enabling coupling of simulation modules to enable system-of-systems simulation and (iv) linking with visualisation facilities to enable scrutiny and communication of complex and high dimensional simulation results.

NIDMSVF will be based at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire, managed by STFC Scientific Computing Department (SCD) and supported by the JASMIN infrastructure team. This will allow the UKCRIC consortium i) to maximally benefit and leverage the significant scientific and technical track record and expertise of STFC in delivering large scale research infrastructure for the UK and international collaborations; ii) to leverage the established delivery records of STFC using capital money to deliver infrastructure assets to government organisations and international science programmes; and iii) to exploit and benefit from mature data, compute, and infrastructure assets that will provide significant added value to NIDMSVF. The development of the central NIDMSVF will be strongly collaborative and multidisciplinary in nature to ensure fruitful interactions and cross-fertilisation co-development activities between UKCRIC university-based and STFC-based teams.

Planned Impact

The aim of the UKCRIC National Infrastructure Database, Modelling, Simulation and Visualisation Facilities (NIDMSVF) is to develop and demonstrate the next generation of datasets, models, simulations and visualisations that are needed to inform strategic infrastructure system decision making for infrastructure systems and cities. These decision makers work in government departments, local government regulators, utility companies and their consultants.

The impacts from the NIDMSVF will materialise via two main routes:

1. Through the outputs of the research projects and programmes that will make use of the NIDMSVF
The research programmes that will be developed around the NIDMSVF are intended to provide decision makers with insights that hitherto have not been available to inform crucial questions: How will infrastructure systems perform in the context of major future changes like population growth, technological change and climate change? What would be the benefits of investing in new infrastructure capacity or of endeavouring to manage demand for infrastructure services? Where are the most vulnerable points in infrastructure networks? How much is it worth investing to reduce the risk of catastrophic failure? The NIDMSVF will enable hitherto intractable research questions to be addressed. The research results will be made available through publication and by making datasets and tools available for use on the NIDMSVF.

2. Through direct use of the NIDMSVF by government and businesses
There is growing interest in the potential of a national infrastructure database and modelling facilities to inform applied decision making by utility companies, government, regulators and their consultants. The NIDMSVF will become a national resource for applied modellers and analysts in infrastructure and cities. We intend that involvement of these organisations will in due course contribute to the ongoing operation and maintenance cost of the facilities.

Ultimately, consumers of infrastructure services will benefit from infrastructure systems that are more efficient, reliable, resilient and affordable.

Publications

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Genes C (2019) Robust Recovery of Missing Data in Electricity Distribution Systems in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid

 
Description DAFNI will become the National Platform to satisfy the computational needs in support of data analysis; infrastructure research; and strategic thinking for the UK's long term planning and investment needs. The platform will support academic research that is aiming to provide the UK with a world leading infrastructure system that is more: efficient, reliable, resilient and affordable. It will achieve this by enabling the research community to conduct research that is able to generate new insights at a higher level of detail and accuracy than ever before.
Exploitation Route DAFNI will provide a database and computer modelling platform for use by researchers and practitioners in business and government. The arrangements by which users will gain access to DAFNI beyond its delivery phase are still being agreed.
Sectors Construction,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Energy,Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Transport

URL https://www.dafni.ac.uk/
 
Description As part of DAFNI's platform development, effort has been focused on building a community of users for DAFNI. We have a number of key achievements as follows: - DAFNI has been cited in the Chancellor of the Exchequer's letter to the National Infrastructure Commission as the platform that will provide the opportunity to undertake in-depth analysis of infrastructure resilience. It states that DAFNI will provide greater means for key stakeholders to collaborate and therefore inform a future approach for infrastructure decisions/recommendations ahead of the National Infrastructure Assessment; - DAFNI was one of 10 case studies launched at the Royal Academy of Engineers as part of their 'Towards trusted data sharing' studies. This attracted representation across not only Academia, but Government and commercial organisations; - The NISMOD model has been migrated to the DAFNI system and is being used by the National Infrastructure Commission for the National Infrastructure Assessment. - Two DAFNI pilots have been completed with the University of Oxford in support of planning digital infrastructure and simulation of the housing market. - A third pilot is under way with the University of Southampton, using simulation modelling for predicting passenger demand at stations and in connection with this we have started conversations with the Department of Transport. - DAFNI is also being explored as a platform for the Environment Agency's national water resources planning framework. - A series of DAFNI Seminars called the DAFNI Roadshow have been delivered across 6 UK Universities and have been well received with 20 plus researchers attending at each University. This has promoted DAFNI to researchers and has generated expressions of interest to be involved in future pilots on DAFNI. Many more seminars will be planned in the future; - DAFNI has worked closely with the UKCRIC Newcastle University Urban Observatory to take real time data from weather, traffic and air quality sensors around the city and provide impact assessments on flooding in the city centre. The results of which are key for Infrastructure resilience modelling and also to show how DAFNI can integrate with the UKCRIC Urban Observatories; - DAFNI formed part of the winning team at a recent 'Geospatial Hackathon' arranged by the Infrastructure Projects Authority. This provided the DAFNI team with the opportunity to showcase the teams skills in visualisation techniques and an opportunity to interact with Government organisations as well as the Commercial Sector; - DAFNI now has representation on the Digital Framework Task Group and has fostered relationships with the Centre for Digital Built Britain to work closely with this community; - DAFNI was presented at a recent 'Climate Change Challenge Conference' with the theme being 'How can industry help achieve a built environment fit for the future';
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Construction,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport
Impact Types Economic

 
Description Project Funding - The Alan Turing Institute
Amount £19,995,908 (GBP)
Organisation Alan Turing Institute 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2020 
End 09/2022
 
Description Topic A: Open CLimate IMpacts modelling framework (OpenCLIM)
Amount £1,869,001 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/T013931/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2020 
End 08/2022
 
Description Collaboration with the National Infrastructure Commission 
Organisation HM Treasury
Department National Infrastructure Commission
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Members of the research team, particularly Mohammad Mortazavi-Naeini and Jim Hall have been working with members of the National Infrastructure Commission, to help the NIC undertake their national needs assessment.
Collaborator Contribution We have provided key, expert and informed evidence and insights.
Impact Knoweldge exchange
Start Year 2017
 
Description Consultation for a national infrastructure database, modelling, simulation and vizualisation facility ( MISTRAL/UKCRIC) 
Organisation Innovate UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We are partnering with Innovate UK, STFC and OS to develop and implement a consultation process to design a national infrastructure database, modelling, simulation and vizualisation facility funded by the UKCRIC capital grant. The migration of ITRC and MISTRAL research outputs would kickstart the migration of as many as possible relevant outputs from other infrastructure research across the UK. The aim is to make the new facility become a national hub to accellerate research in infrastructure sytems to consolidate the UK's leadership in the field.
Collaborator Contribution There has been several meetings, Innovate UK is fully commited in supporting the consulation process. STFC will manage the facility and OS will provide data access to the initaive.
Impact The process is being developed with a major consultation event to be hels in June/July in London.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Consultation for a national infrastructure database, modelling, simulation and vizualisation facility ( MISTRAL/UKCRIC) 
Organisation Ordnance Survey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We are partnering with Innovate UK, STFC and OS to develop and implement a consultation process to design a national infrastructure database, modelling, simulation and vizualisation facility funded by the UKCRIC capital grant. The migration of ITRC and MISTRAL research outputs would kickstart the migration of as many as possible relevant outputs from other infrastructure research across the UK. The aim is to make the new facility become a national hub to accellerate research in infrastructure sytems to consolidate the UK's leadership in the field.
Collaborator Contribution There has been several meetings, Innovate UK is fully commited in supporting the consulation process. STFC will manage the facility and OS will provide data access to the initaive.
Impact The process is being developed with a major consultation event to be hels in June/July in London.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Consultation for a national infrastructure database, modelling, simulation and vizualisation facility ( MISTRAL/UKCRIC) 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We are partnering with Innovate UK, STFC and OS to develop and implement a consultation process to design a national infrastructure database, modelling, simulation and vizualisation facility funded by the UKCRIC capital grant. The migration of ITRC and MISTRAL research outputs would kickstart the migration of as many as possible relevant outputs from other infrastructure research across the UK. The aim is to make the new facility become a national hub to accellerate research in infrastructure sytems to consolidate the UK's leadership in the field.
Collaborator Contribution There has been several meetings, Innovate UK is fully commited in supporting the consulation process. STFC will manage the facility and OS will provide data access to the initaive.
Impact The process is being developed with a major consultation event to be hels in June/July in London.
Start Year 2016
 
Description National Infrastructure Assessment for the National Infrastructure Commission 
Organisation HM Treasury
Department National Infrastructure Commission
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Each Parliament, the National Infrastructure Commission (NIC) will deliver a study on the UK's long-term strategic infrastructure needs and produce recommendations to address those needs across the economic infrastructure sectors including transport, energy, water and wastewater, digital communications, solid waste, flood risk management as well as considering their interdependencies and interaction with the built environment. The National Infrastructure Assessment (NIA) will consist of two stages: Visions and Priorities, identifying the vision and long-term infrastructure needs to be published in mid-2017 and the National Infrastructure Assessment, a roadmap of recommendations including both on policy and infrastructure solutions to be published in mid-2018. As part of its work on the NIA, the NIC has been developing scenarios to help understand how the UK's infrastructure requirements could change in response to different assumptions about the future. These scenarios are based on available empirical evidence about past trends, and on quantitative and qualitative forecasts of changes in the economy, population and demography, climate and environment, and technology. Quantitative modelling of 'baseline' outcomes in these scenarios, and of packages of policy proposals in the most relevant scenarios, will allow an assessment of the robustness of policy options to future uncertainty. These scenarios are tested using the national infrastructure system model (NISMOD), which was developed by the UK Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium and used to inform the National Needs Assessment, as well as models used by Government departments for the water, wastewater, solid waste, transport and energy sectors. The results from the scenario analysis are intended to provide evidence on the potential challenges for each sector through identifying the likely scale of future infrastructure requirements and to support the development of infrastructure recommendations that are robust to future uncertainty. Results will be validated by sensitivity analysis of selected parameters and by analysing outputs from different models, which have been independently quality assured.
Collaborator Contribution Each Parliament, the National Infrastructure Commission (NIC) will deliver a study on the UK's long-term strategic infrastructure needs and produce recommendations to address those needs across the economic infrastructure sectors including transport, energy, water and wastewater, digital communications, solid waste, flood risk management as well as considering their interdependencies and interaction with the built environment. The National Infrastructure Assessment (NIA) will consist of two stages: Visions and Priorities, identifying the vision and long-term infrastructure needs to be published in mid-2017 and the National Infrastructure Assessment, a roadmap of recommendations including both on policy and infrastructure solutions to be published in mid-2018. As part of its work on the NIA, the NIC has been developing scenarios to help understand how the UK's infrastructure requirements could change in response to different assumptions about the future. These scenarios are based on available empirical evidence about past trends, and on quantitative and qualitative forecasts of changes in the economy, population and demography, climate and environment, and technology. Quantitative modelling of 'baseline' outcomes in these scenarios, and of packages of policy proposals in the most relevant scenarios, will allow an assessment of the robustness of policy options to future uncertainty. These scenarios are tested using the national infrastructure system model (NISMOD), which was developed by the UK Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium and used to inform the National Needs Assessment, as well as models used by Government departments for the water, wastewater, solid waste, transport and energy sectors. The results from the scenario analysis are intended to provide evidence on the potential challenges for each sector through identifying the likely scale of future infrastructure requirements and to support the development of infrastructure recommendations that are robust to future uncertainty. Results will be validated by sensitivity analysis of selected parameters and by analysing outputs from different models, which have been independently quality assured.
Impact Progress with modelling for NIA/V&P to date • NIC have analysed infrastructure 'drivers' (population and demography, economic growth and productivity, climate and the environment, technology) to identify trends which will affect future infrastructure needs and generate scenarios - working papers published online • Meetings between NIC & ITRC to discuss technology scenarios and appropriate parameters in NISMOD • ITRC have added the NIC's socio-economic scenarios (population and economic growth) in NISMOD • NIC and ITRC have analysed the water supply-demand balance across the 11-member future flow scenarios in order to determine which to use for NIC scenario analysis • NIC would like to commission Dr Michael Simpson to include new research on high and low emissions scenarios in NISMOD by end of March 2017 • NIC have started running water model with support from ITRC
Start Year 2016
 
Description Ordnance Survey 
Organisation Ordnance Survey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
Start Year 2007
 
Description Fast-Track Analysis discussions and high level meetings between United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and Council of Ministers, Curaçao. (March 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Further meetings are planned to discuss decisions with reference to infrastructure analysis for the Government of Curaçao

Link: http://www.gobiernu.cw/pap/notisia/komunikado/korsou-ta-bai-bira-mas-resistente-ku-unops/

External participant:
The Government of Curaçao

Internal pastricipants:
Adshead D.
Thacker S.
Fuldauer L.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.gobiernu.cw/pap/notisia/komunikado/korsou-ta-bai-bira-mas-resistente-ku-unops/
 
Description National Geographic Article: Solar storms can be even worse if you live near certain rocks (18/03/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
New USGS data show how cities have higher or lower risks of blackouts during a powerful sun storm depending on their regional geology.
[...] This means that space weather risk assessments are several decades behind the threat analyses for hazards such as hurricanes and earthquakes, which makes mitigation planning "extremely challenging," says Edward Oughton, a senior research associate at the University of Oxford's Environmental Change Institute. Undertaking more detailed regional mapping of geoelectric risks will help fill in the gaps, and Australian and Chinese initiatives to this effect are already underway.

External participant:
Robin George Andrews; Correspondent, National Geographic

Internal participant:
Oughton E.A.

Link: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/03/solar-storms-worse-damage-if-you-live-near-certain-rocks-geology/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2019/03/solar-storms-worse-damage-if-you-live-near-certai...
 
Description Rising sea levels will claim homes around English coast, report warns. 'Third of coastline cannot be affordably protected, government climate change advisers say, with current plans 'not fit for purpose'' (26/10/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Prof Jim Hall, another member of the committee, said: "We are not prepared."
Making better information easily available would alarm people but was vital, said Hall. It would also affect property values, he said: "If it was better communicated, as we think it should be, then that would have a [negative] impact on house prices." For big cities such as London, bigger defences make economic sense. "That's going to cost money and that's not very good news for the chancellor, but it's just the start of the costs of climate change," said Hall.

External participants:
The UK Committee for Climate Change (CCC )

Internal participant:
Hall J.W.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/oct/26/rising-sea-levels-will-claim-homes-around-englis...
 
Description 'Cyber attackers 'far worse' than Blackout Friday.' Sunday Express article (11/08/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Outcomes and outputs
"Friday's failure of the national grid plunged more than a million people into darkness but would 'pale into insignificance' compared to a cyber attack on our electricity supplies." Dr Oughton of the UK Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium warned last night.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 'Flexible Working and the Journey to Work in the UK', paper presented at RGS-IBG Annual International Conference, Cardiff (30/08/2018). Blainey SP & Alwosheel A (2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper to be presented at RGS-IBG Annual International Conference, Cardiff (30/08/2018). (28/08/2018 - 31/08/2018) A key event in the Society's calendar, the Annual International Conference is the largest annual academic geography conference in Europe, with over 1,800 delegates from 60 countries taking part in close to 400 academic sessions.
? Outputs & outcomes:
Session 132:
Changing Landscapes of Work and Travel
Convenors:
Simon Blainey (University of Southampton, UK)
Darja Reuschke (University of Southampton, UK)
Chair:
Simon Blainey (University of Southampton, UK)
Session Abstract:
The landscapes of work are rapidly changing in mature economies, as economic and lifestyle transitions lead an increasing number of people to work in ways which are different from the traditional 'nine to five' pattern. Whether this involves flexible working hours, home working, mobile working, itinerant working, peripatetic working, or real or notional self-employment linked to the 'platform' and 'sharing' economies, the potential impacts of these shifts are profound. Some of the most significant impacts include those on travel patterns and on the demand for and supply of transport services. However, the effects of changing working patterns on landscapes of travel are poorly understood. To complicate the picture further, there are similarly profound shifts taking place in technologies and practices of travel, such as those linked to autonomous vehicles, changing fuel sources, and the supposed advent of 'mobility as a service'. These could themselves have impacts on working patterns, by making a wider range of work-space-time configurations available to and feasible for both employees and employers. This session will investigate the interactions between these changing landscapes of work and transport, focusing particularly on the impact they have on work-related travel (both inside and outside 'work time') and transport-related work.
Presentation abstract:
Flexible Working and the Journey to Work in the UK
Simon Blainey (University of Southampton, UK)
Abdulrahman Alwosheel (University of Southampton, UK)
Changing urban working patterns mean that the traditional daily journey to and from a single workplace is becoming a progressively less typical part of people's lives. Growth in home, flexible, mobile, itinerant and peripatetic working is leading to increasingly complex and heterogenous commuting and work-related travel behaviour. There has though only been limited quantitative analysis of how these changes in working patterns have affected work-related travel in the UK. This paper investigates the extent to which this gap in knowledge can be filled using data from surveys of employment patterns, focusing particularly on the UK Labour Force Survey and the Skills and Employment Survey. This data is used to analyse longitudinal trends in employment and work-related travel patterns, with the results being compared to those from earlier analysis based on the European Working Conditions Survey.

External participants:
Session Convenor: Darja Reuschke (University of Southampton, UK)
Royal Geographical Society -Institute of British Geographers (RGS-IBG) Annual International Conference 2018

Internal participants:
Blainey S.P.
Alwosheel A.
Preston J.P.

Link: http://conference.rgs.org/AC2018/132
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://conference.rgs.org/AC2018/132
 
Description 'Infrastructure analysis and forecasting wizards' Online journal article from 'Causeway, UK Construction online' (16.09.2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Jim Hall, Director of the UK Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium and Professor of Climate and Environmental Risks at the University of Oxford, outlines his vision for a cohesive, joined-up approach to multi-infrastructure projects, and invites collaboration on the Cambridge-Milton Keynes-Oxford Arc development.
At the UK Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC), we research and produce models to help people plan infrastructure developments at local, national and global level. Using our "systems of systems" approach, we can uniquely produce scenarios and visualisations across several infrastructure types at once.
Some of the key trends we'd like to see coming through strongly in infrastructure in the construction industry are:
•Building sustainably, with methods and materials which aren't detrimental to the planet, and which aren't unreachable financially.
•More examples of collaboration between industry, government and academia coming through, to build on those already in place.
•Multi-authority or cross-authority projects becoming more of the norm, rather than having hard lines over arbitrary unitary borders.
The Cambridge-Milton Keynes-Oxford Arc (the Arc) which has been proposed as a knowledge-intensive, economic cluster spanning the heart of England, is a pressing example of the need for a cohesive approach and collaboration between local authorities and other agencies.
The vision for the Arc is that new, high value businesses will be supported by new transport infrastructure and housing development.
This would be the first development of its kind to impact upon so many local authorities, with 34 potentially being affected, from new transport links to new housing developments in their area.
One of the challenges of this development is moving towards a holistic approach which puts the public good at its core, rather than focusing on any individual local authority or at town level. Another challenge is balancing a focus on economic growth with fulfilling demands around long-term sustainability and people living decent lives. [...]
Join us at the ITRC Consultation & Dissemination Event on the Cambridge-Milton Keynes-Oxford Arc, on 20th November at the Institute for Civil Engineering in London.

External participant:

Internal participant:
Hall, J.W.

https://www.ukconstructionmedia.co.uk/news/infrastructure-analysis/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ukconstructionmedia.co.uk/news/infrastructure-analysis/
 
Description 'Infrastructure for Sustainable Development'. Presentation to the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) (12/03/2018 - 13/02/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS): 'Infrastructure for Sustainable Development'
? Outputs & outcomes:
Follow-on meetings have been planned.

External participants:
Personnel at United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) Headquarters, Copenhagen

Internal participants:
Adshead D
Thacker S
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 'Keeping hackers at bay'. Windpower Monthly (08/09/2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Recent cyber attacks have shown the vulnerability of power systems and the dangers of not keeping IT systems secure and up to date. How can operators defend their assets from hackers?
Passwords may be weak and software out of date. Such a scenario would just be "poor security from the ground up", says Edward Oughton, a research associate in technology modelling at Cambridge University's Centre for Risk Studies and co-author of reports on cyber attacks on electricity distribution networks.
"It's a cliche, but you're only as strong as your weakest link." He stresses that it is the human element that is typically weakest.

? Link: https://www.windpowermonthly.com/article/1442824/keeping-hackers-bay

External participants:
Ros Davison; Windpower Monthly
Windpower Monthly readership

Internal participant:
Oughton, E.A.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.windpowermonthly.com/article/1442824/keeping-hackers-bay
 
Description 'Lights Out'. Canadian Underwriter magazine article. (01/11/2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact ? Output/outcome:
In March 1989, a solar storm on the surface of the sun ejected a very large and fast coronal mass ejection. Slamming into the earth, it created a geomagnetic storm that led to the electrical collapse of the Hydro-Quebec grid for nine hours, disrupting power for 6 million customers. The resulting total cost has been estimated at more than $2 billion.
The article also related to the Canadian experience of 1989 in Quebec Province.
The relationship to the Insurance sector was also covered. "There is still disagreement among the experts on these perspectives, so it is not surprising the 2015 U.S. National Space Weather Action Plan emphasizes the need for improved assessment, modelling and prediction of the impact of this threat on critical infrastructure systems. For the insurance industry, estimating the likelihood of an extreme geomagnetic disturbance is a challenging task due to the limits of available data. Carrington or Quebec-sized extreme space weather is a random phenomenon, meaning it could happen at any time. It is something that should be considered across all relevant lines of business as part of catastrophe planning, especially for geomagnetic latitudes between 50° and 55°, a band that, as noted, includes Toronto and Vancouver."

External participants: Canadian Underwriter magazine

Internal participant:
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.canadianunderwriter.ca/features/lights-out/attachment/ed-oughton-1/
 
Description 'Solar storm outage is ultimate high-impact threat'. Insurance Times article (03/04/2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outcomes and outputs: 'Solar storm outage is ultimate high-impact threat'. Insurance Times, 3 April 2017.
Increased insurance sector awareness.

External participant: 'Insurance Times' & readership
Internal participant: Oughton, E.A.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description '£442 Billion Potential Loss in UK Power Sector Cyber-Attack'. PSBE Cyber News Group news article. (14/04/2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
NEWS by Tony Morbin

If the UK power supply were to be hit by a catastrophic cyber-attack, realistically, how might it happen and what would the economic consequences be? Those were questions that researchers at the Cambridge Centre for Risk Studies examined in a new report out yesterday: Integrated Infrastructure: Cyber resiliency in Society, funded by Lockheed Martin.

Report examines how the direct and indirect economic costs accrue for a hypothetical cyber-attack on the UK's critical national infrastructure.
Dr Edward J Oughton, research associate at the Centre for Risk Studies, Judge Business School, University of Cambridge, explained to SCMagazineUK.com "In this report we have demonstrated an impact assessment methodology for understanding the disruption costs from this particular attack scenario. ... future research can utilise this methodology for assessing the potential costs associated with a range of cyber-attacks. Ultimately this quantification allows industry and government to begin to undertake more comprehensive cost-benefit analysis of risk mitigation strategies." Oughton adds that the UK's Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC) - a research partner in the report, used analysis methods based on many years' work funded by the Engineering and Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC).

External participant:
Tony Morbin, PSBE Cyber News Group
PSBE Cyber News Group readership

Internal participant:
Oughton, E.A.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.scmagazineuk.com/442-billion-potential-loss-uk-power-sector-cyber-attack/article/1477490
 
Description 15th World Conference on Transport Research Session: A2_OS1_02 Container ports taxonomy and capacity appraisal of container terminals. Application to the United Kingdom's deep-water container ports system. (26/05/2019 - 31/05/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
A report of findings from the conference will be issued in due course.

Link:
http://www.wctrs-conference.com/
Search for: A2_OS1_02
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.wctrs-conference.com/
 
Description 4th UN Environment Assembly Resolution on Sustainable Infrastructure. (11/03/2019 to 15/03/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
The resolution points to the centrality of infrastructure to the SDGs and the broader 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Among other things, it calls upon Member States to strengthen national and regional systems-level strategic approaches to infrastructure planning and requests that UN Environment, its partners, and other stakeholders support Member States' efforts. It also requests that UN Environment prepare a compilation report for the next UNEA of relevant best practices and knowledge gaps, and asks that Member States share such information with each other.
Rowan Palmer (Programme Specialist, Economic and Fiscal Policy Unit, Economy Division, South-South Cooperation Unit, Policy and Programme Division) states "This resolution provides a strong mandate to continue our work.", referring to the UN Environment Sustainable Infrastructure partnership (26/02/2019) which recognises the work of the ITRC.

Link: https://sdg.iisd.org/events/fourth-session-of-the-un-environment-assembly-unea-4/

External participants:
? UN Environment Assembly
? Rowan Palmer; Programme Specialist, Economic and Fiscal Policy Unit, Economy Division, South-South Cooperation Unit, Policy and Programme Division

Internal participants:
ITRC Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://sdg.iisd.org/events/fourth-session-of-the-un-environment-assembly-unea-4/
 
Description 5G investor relations panel, Union Bank of Switzerland (UBS) (22/03/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Information provided by the 5G investor relations panel to Financial Services, Union Bank of Switzerland (UBS)

External participants:
Financial Services, Union Bank of Switzerland (UBS)

Internal participant:
Oughton E.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A workshop covering the Global Engineering Congress (GEC) Legacy was held at the Institute of Civil Engineers (ICE). (02/07/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Collaboration with global engineers, national and international policy makers, asset owners and experts from across the built environment. Future activities include the Global Engineering Congress conference 22 to 26 October 2018

External participants:
Approximately 20 attendees including former ICE presidents and practitioners.

Internal participants:
Thacker, S.
Adshead, D.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Alexandra Bolton welcomes the response to the publication of the Digital Framework Task Group (DFTG) Roadmap and looks forward to further industry engagement at the launch of the Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure (DAFNI) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A blog from Alexandra Bolton - Welcomes the response to the publication of the Digital Framework Task Group (DFTG) Roadmap and looks forward to further industry engagement at the launch of the Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure (DAFNI).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.cdbb.cam.ac.uk/news/2019MayBlogAHB
 
Description BEIS and DAFNI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion with BEIS' Chief Modeller about how DAFNI and NISMOD maybe able to support their work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description British Society for Population Studies (BSPS) Conference: Innovation in modelling & forecasting. 11/09/2018 (10/09/2018 - 12/09/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Session: Innovation in modelling & forecasting
1. Projecting people and households at high spatial resolution
? Outputs & outcomes:
Presented the MISTRAL demographic Work at British Society for Population Studies conference
- Ongoing development of dynamic microsimulation framework, focussing on households.
The Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium, a collaboration of seven UK universities, is looking at future infrastructure demand across a range of sectors (transport, water, waste, energy and digital). The consortium requires high resolution (i.e. a very fine spatial scale) projections of population and housing in order to feed their demand models.
Demographic projections for both people and households are produced by statistical agencies around the world. These projections are essential for planning the delivery of services and the allocation of resources to sub-national areas but with few exceptions, projections are limited to larger administrative areas (e.g. local authorities in the UK) because the geographical detail is not available, or is simply not required: for example national funding allocation is usually given to administrative areas, not small sub-administrative units. This paper outlines and compares two methodologies for producing consistent high resolution projections of people and households in Great Britain. Firstly a technique that uses a series of microsimulations constrained to official projections at wider geographies; secondly a dynamic microsimulation model which utilises survey and census data as well as supply data for housing stock. In both models, people are allocated to households, who are then distributed to physical housing units. In the second model, we discuss how the coupling
between the time-evolution of populations and that of households can be captured.

External participants:
? British Society for Population Studies (BSPS)
? Jakub Bijak, University of Southampton. Session Chair

Internal participants:
Smith AP
Lomax NM

Links
? http://www.lse.ac.uk/social-policy/Assets/Documents/bsps/Abstracts-book.pdf
? https://iussp.org/en/british-society-population-studies-bsps-conference-2018
? http://www.lse.ac.uk/social-policy/Assets/Documents/bsps/Timetable-2018.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.lse.ac.uk/social-policy/Assets/Documents/bsps/Abstracts-book.pdf
 
Description Building a new future for infrastructure with ITRC. Government & Public Sector Journal. Summer/Autumn 2018 (01/09/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
The world's first national infrastructure system-of-systems model. In terms of computing the ITRC NISMOD solution for data is very different architecturally from what's come before. It uses new database storage methods, new software developments, and couples different database systems together through a federated database architecture, NISMOD-DB++. This allows it to ingest and analyse the bigger datasets required for the fine scale analysis being undertaken with NISMOD.
By 2020, the ITRC national infrastructure portal will be open to academia and industry as well as policymakers, providing access to infrastructure datasets, simulation and modelling results. ITRC is already working with UK government, private sector, and overseas governments on projects including providing the analytical framework for the assessments carried out by the UK's National Infrastructure Commission for the UK's National Grid, HS2, Department for Transport, Defra, JBA on the risk of bridge scouring and floods, Caribbean Islands' infrastructure needs with the UN, and Tanzania's transport links with the World Bank.
NISMOD will be used by governments, private sector companies, economists and researchers interested in the future of infrastructure systems and effects over time, from climate effects to economic scenarios and population dynamics.

Link: http://www.gpsj.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/GPSJ.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.gpsj.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/GPSJ.pdf
 
Description CaMkOx (EW Arc). Communications update requested by Jim Hall from Bev Hindle, Oxfordshire CC (22/06/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
It's been a while since ITRC and Oxon CC connected on the Oxford-MK-Cambridge proposals, but these seem to be acquiring some momentum. Meanwhile within the ITRC research programme there have been considerations about analysis that ITRC could do to inform the plans. It would be useful to know where things stand in Oxfordshire CC, as ITRC would like to reconnect with some key stakeholders to discuss how our research could input.
Future meeting arranged.

External participant:
Bev Hindle, Acting Director for Environment & Economy, Oxon CC

Internal participants:
Hall, J
Mendes, M
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Challenges in SpaceTime - Coupling Models of Next Generation Infrastructure, International Symposia for Next Generation Infrastructure (ISNGI) (11/09/2017 to 13/09/2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference overview: Next generation infrastructure (NGI) systems need to be conceived, designed and created, operated, maintained, regulated and governed with sustainability and resilience to system problems as core objectives. Furthermore, a similar approach is needed for the management and maintenance of existing infrastructure systems, which provide the context from which the NGI needs to grow; i.e., we need to develop and complement and/or progressively replace our existing infrastructure systems.
This year's ISNGI will bring together the best and sharpest minds from industry, government and academia to help commence this co-ordinated global infrastructure research program, focussed on long term infrastructure and land use planning, and to create not only best practice benchmarks but new knowledge to better inform strategies for long term prosperity.

? Outputs & outcomes: Challenges in SpaceTime - Coupling Models of Next Generation Infrastructure, International Symposia for Next Generation Infrastructure (ISNGI) (11/09/2017 to 13/09/2017)

Abstract:
Under the EPSRC-funded MISTRAL project, a new National Infrastructure Systems Model is being developed by the Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium: NISMOD v2.0. The model includes highly spatially and temporally resolved simulation models of six infrastructure systems: transport, energy supply & demand, water supply & treatment, flood defence, digital communications and solid waste.
One of the key challenges in coupling simulation models of infrastructure systems is the differing spatial and temporal resolutions used by the models. We have developed a general approach to spatiotemporal data conversion which has been implemented in 'smif', an open source simulation modelling integration framework.

? Link Conference: International Symposia for Next Generation Infrastructure (ISNGI) http://isngi.org/conference-outputs/
? Link Conference Proceedings: http://isngi.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/ISNGI-Conference-Proceedings-v2.pdf

Internal participants:
Russell T (Presenter)
Usher W

External participants:
International Symposia for Next Generation Infrastructure (ISNGI)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://isngi.org/conference-outputs/
 
Description Chancellor hails super software as improving UK infrastructure 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Article published in New Civil Engineer - Chancellor hails super software as improving UK infrastructure - DAFNI will be used in the next UK infrastructure resilience study
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.newcivilengineer.com/latest/chancellor-hails-super-software-as-improving-uk-infrastructu...
 
Description Civil Engineering Surveyor - DAFNI Transforming infrastructure research, planning and policy making 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An article about DAFNI transforming infrastructure research, planning and policy making - Civil Engineering Surveyor July/August Jim Hall
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://ces.pagelizard.co.uk/webviewer/#cesoctober2019/dafni_transforming_infrastructure_research_pla...
 
Description Collaboration between KPMG and the ITRC/Mistral Group for the 'East West Arc' Oxford to Cambridge (CamKox) (03/10/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Telephone conference to commence Oxford/Cambridge East West Arc corridor actions, KPMG & ITRC/Mistral
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Collaboration with Iowa State University, USA, and the Risk Group (Oxford) using UK data sets on outages and 11/LV networks. (11/02/2019 - 15/02/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Ongoing contact by email to collaborate the analysis of outages and 11/LV networks.

External participant:
Ian Dobson; Sandbulte Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Iowa State University, USA

Internal participants:
Zorn, C.
Thacker, S.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Collaboration with the World Bank on multi-hazard exposure paper for global transport infrastructure. (30/05/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Skype call with Julie Rozenberg about collaboration on multi-hazard exposure paper for global transport infrastructure. Future related activities expected.

? External participant: Julie Rozenberg, Economist at the World Bank Sustainable Development Group

? Internal participants:
ITRC Global network analyst, Oxford
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Consistent service, not speed, key to UK's 5G future, say researchers. News piece in 'Computer Weekly' magazine online. (03/10/2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Oughton and Frias said that, based on a model patterned on the rollout of current 4G long term evolution (LTE) networks, 5G could cover 90% of the UK population with a 50Mbps service by 2026, but at the cost of leaving out 3.6% of the population by 2030.
Their study, The cost, coverage and rollout implications of 5G infrastructure in Britain, published in the Telecommunications Policy journal, added that furthermore, if the 5G roll out is left to the market, the increasing cost of deployment to parts of the country with low population density would leave out 10% of the population by 2026.
"We don't need higher and higher headline speeds, but what we do need is reliable connectivity - to ensure we can reap the productivity benefits of new digital applications, platforms and services," said Oughton.

? Link, external: https://www.computerweekly.com/news/450427404/Consistent-service-not-speed-key-to-UKs-5G-future-say-researchers

External participant:
Alex Scroxton; Networking Editor, ComputerWeekly.com
Readership of ComputerWeekly.com

Internal participant:
Oughton, E.A.
Frias, Z.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.computerweekly.com/news/450427404/Consistent-service-not-speed-key-to-UKs-5G-future-say-...
 
Description Contribution on infrastructure and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) plus responses to questions in relation to work of the Local Infrastructure Commission (July 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
ITRC/Mistral to present a contribution on infrastructure and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and respond to questions in relation to work of the Local Infrastructure Commission.
The Local Infrastructure Commission (established by Katy Roelich) is an expert group established as part of an Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council funded project. It will explore how infrastructure needs can be understood and how they might be different at a local scale; how infrastructure planning and delivery happens at a local scale; and debate new approaches to decision making around infrastructure at all scales that might enable delivery of infrastructure that is more likely to meet local needs.
Continued contact with the Katy Roelich (Local Infrastructure Commission/University of Leeds)

Link: https://maadm.leeds.ac.uk/local-infrastructure-commission/call-for-evidence/

External participant: Katy Roelich Local Infrastructure Commission/University of Leeds

Internal participants:
Thacker, S.
Adshead, D.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://maadm.leeds.ac.uk/local-infrastructure-commission/call-for-evidence/
 
Description DAFNI - new branding launched as well as new website and twitter feed 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Since our new branding, website, branding launch we have had the following statistics:

Website users: 1124
Page views 5210
Average page per session 3
Average viewing session: 2 mins

Twitter:
56 followers
Over 30 tweets and re-shares across the community
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.dafni.ac.uk/
 
Description DAFNI / Centre for Environment Analysis (CEDA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Seeking to develop a partnership between DAFNI and the CEDA to integrate both services for the benefit of researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description DAFNI Digital twin Roadshow at University of Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Digital twin research at the University of Sheffield and how DAFNI has integrated this first digital twin and its plans for full-scale digital twins.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://dafni.ac.uk/events-3/
 
Description DAFNI Expression of Interest for EPSRC Funding for National Research Facility funding and status. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lead Authors in writing this proposal were Professor Daniel Coca, University of Sheffield: Professor Jim Hall, University of Oxford, Dr Peter Oliver, STFC, Scientific Computing Operations Manager. In the process of seeking 'mass support' for this expression of interest DAFNI gained the following supporters and contributors for the proposal and were added as named individuals representing the following organisation:

21 Universities - Warwick, Strathclyde, Birmingham, Bristol, Cambridge, Cardiff, Cranfield, Heriot-Watt, Imperial, Lancaster, Liverpool, Loughborough, Newcastle, Open, Southampton, UCL, Leeds, Manchester, Queen's Belfast, and Southampton University

UK Government - DEFRA, Environment Agency, Greater London Authority, Infrastructure Projects Authority, National Infrastructure Commission, Ordnance Survey, Oxfordshire County Council, Alan Turing, UK Energy Research Centre and UNOPS.

Industry: BAM Nuttall, Black & Veatch, Costain, IFM Investments, Jacobs, KPMG, Mott MacDonald, and Network Rail
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description DAFNI Governance Board Meeting - University of Birmingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Governance Board meeting to review DAFNI progress with 12 University membersl
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description DAFNI Hosts Population Forecast Model 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Integration of the Spencer model onto DAFNI to provide efficiencies to the design as well as hosting the model on the DAFNI platform has allowed for easy remote access, without the need to install any software on the client side, via a new web-based User Interface (UI). The UI allows non-experts to easily load pre-defined scenarios, run the simulation and then view the resulting population changes.

This enabled greater interaction with the University of Leeds to prove the benefits of using DAFNI.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.dafni.ac.uk/projects/dafni-hosts-population-forecast-model/
 
Description DAFNI Mid-Review Meeting September 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Governance Board members meeting with teh Expert Review Group - DAFNI progress
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description DAFNI Presented to the UKCRIC Community 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was the first opportunity for the DAFNI team to talk to the wider UKCRIC community and update them on our activities in relation to platform development. The presentation was given to representatives of 14 Universities who form part of the UKCRIC, of which DAFNI is one of the four research themes under this EPSRC funded Grant. It was also a chance to share with the Urban Observatories and National Labs opportunities to engage with DAFNI. Following which, DAFNI has engaged with Newcastle University and is now ingesting real-time data from a range of sensors across Newcastle City and linking to two models to provide flood resilience modelling.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description DAFNI Roadshow - Seminar with undergraduate and post graduate students and researchers - demonstration of DAFNI - UCL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Engineering, planners, infrastructure researchers from across UCL were invite to learn more about DAFNI. Hosted by Prof Mike Batty. An opportunity to learn more about DAFNI and advertise it to a wide audience of researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description DAFNI Roadshow event - Bristol Researchers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Showcasing DAFNI and reaching out to other researchers to build future collaborations and partnerships.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://dafni.ac.uk/events-2-2/
 
Description DAFNI Roadshow event - Cranfield Researchers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Engaging with researchers at Cranfield University, demonstrate DAFNI's capability and engage with researchers from across the organisation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description DAFNI Roadshow event - Imperial Researchers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact An opportunity to showcase DAFNI, learn from researchers at Imperial and to engage practitioners in the DAFNI platform.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://dafni.ac.uk/roadshow-imperial/
 
Description DAFNI Roadshow event - Oxord Researchers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Providing the opportunity to broaden our engagement with Oxford University Researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://dafni.ac.uk/events-2/
 
Description DAFNI Roadshow event - UCL Researchers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Showcasing DAFNI and reaching out to other researchers to build future collaborations and partnerships.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://dafni.ac.uk/events-2/
 
Description DAFNI Roadshow event - UKCRIC and Southampton Researchers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Engaging with researchers across UKCRIC institutions and Southampton University to develop ongoing partnerships.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description DAFNI Seminar: DAFNI supporting DREAM CDT students - University of Birmingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact DREAM is a Centre for Doctoral Training in 'Data, Risk and Environmental Analytical Methods>, established between four leading Universities - Cranfield, Newcastle, Cambridge, and Birmingham - seminar from DAFNI on how students can be supported with access to Data and Modelling.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.dream-cdt.ac.uk/
 
Description DAFNI Seminar: DAFNI supporting infrastructure resilience planning - engaging with Researchers - Cranfield University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact To reach the wider Data and Analytics research groups across UK Universities. To engage with them in developing DAFNI as a National facility and build a user community for DAFNI. DAFNI will focus its support in engaging with new researchers onto to DAFNI and supporting with training to pass on software engineering techniques when creating model simulations and collation of data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description DAFNI Seminar: DAFNI supporting infrastructure resilience planning - engaging with Researchers - University College London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact To reach the wider Data and Analytics research groups across UK Universities. To engage with them in developing DAFNI as a National facility and build a user community for DAFNI. DAFNI has focussed its support by partnering with UCL to create a Network Plus grant with EPSRC. This involves partnerships with the University of Oxford, Newcastle University, University of Cardiff, and The University of Belfast.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description DAFNI Seminar: DAFNI supporting infrastructure resilience planning - engaging with Researchers - University of Bristol 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact To reach the wider Data and Analytics research groups across UK Universities. To engage with them in developing DAFNI and build a user community for DAFNI. DAFNI will focus its support in engaging with Bristol CDT, bringing new researchers onto to DAFNI and supporting with training to pass on software engineering techniques when creating model simulations and collation of data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description DAFNI Seminar: DAFNI supporting infrastructure resilience planning - engaging with Researchers - University of Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact To engage with them in developing DAFNI as a National facility and build a user community for DAFNI. DAFNI will focus its support in engaging with Sheffield CDT, bringing new researchers onto to DAFNI and supporting with training to pass on software engineering techniques when creating model simulations and collation of data. DAFNI has also worked with Professor Daniel Coca, PI, University of Sheffield to apply for Community of Need Facility DAFNI as part of sustaining DAFNI following its final development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description DAFNI Seminar: DAFNI supporting infrastructure resilience planning - engaging with Scottish Academic Organisation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A seminar to provide an opportunity to interact with a new flood resilience capability developed during a recent collaboration between DAFNI (Data Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure) and the Newcastle University Urban Observatory and Spatial Analytics and Modelling Lab.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.dafni.ac.uk/events/
 
Description DAFNI Seminar: Real Time Flood Modelling on DAFNI - OS Geovation, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A seminar to provide an opportunity to interact with a new flood resilience capability developed during a recent collaboration between DAFNI (Data Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure) and the Newcastle University Urban Observatory and Spatial Analytics and Modelling Lab.

This was an important milestone for both DAFNI and Newcastle University and will demonstrate for the first time integration of the UKCRIC Observatory programme with DAFNI to support infrastructure resilience modelling.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.dafni.ac.uk/events/
 
Description DAFNI Showcase Hackathon Event, Royal Society, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 60 representatives across Academia, Government and Industry - looking using DAFNI for modelling, and visualisations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.dafni.ac.uk/conference/
 
Description DAFNI aims high with analytics for infrastructure 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact An article published in UKAuthority - DAFNI aims high with analytics for infrastructure
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ukauthority.com/articles/dafni-aims-high-with-analytics-for-infrastructure/
 
Description DAFNI and MHCLG 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion with MHCLG team about how DAFNI, UDM and NISMOD maybe able to support their work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description DAFNI and Technical Leeds across 6 Urban Observatories - Partnership meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact First meeting to look at first steps of integrating data from the Obervatories (Birmingham, Manchester, Cranfield, Newcastle, Sheffield and Bristol) with DAFNI and with each other for research purposes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description DAFNI and University of Newcastle Hackathon - Real time flood modelling 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This was an important milestone for both DAFNI and Newcastle University and demonstrated for the first time integration of the UKCRIC Observatory programme with DAFNI to support infrastructure resilience modelling. DAFNI was able to support the models and analytics developed in the NERC Flood-PREPARED project for the real-time impact assessment of surface water flooding, via streamed data from weather and traffic sensors across the City of Newcastle.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.dafni.ac.uk/events/
 
Description DAFNI attendance at UKCRIC Stakeholder meeting - update on project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Providing an update across all UKCRIC organisations of DAFNI's activities (representatives from 14 UK Universities in attendance)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description DAFNI developers help form winning team at Geospatial Hackathon - Infrastructure Projects Authority and The Geospatial Commission 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The main purpose of the event was to bring together geospatial data scientists from infrastructure organisations and academia, not only to share data and ideas from their respective fields, but also to facilitate cross-sector collaboration essential for a more robust infrastructure network nationwide. The teams involved competed against one another using hypothetical scenarios to create models that would predict the impacts two new building settlements would have on the surrounding infrastructure. In a race against the clock, they had to consider many different constraints and dependencies on the surrounding environment, including commuter connectivity and capacity of the current transport network; flood zones and risk; and environmental constraints of the surrounding area.

DAFNI team members were able to showcase their individual skills alongside their university collaborators, each developing different aspects of their team's application to produce the 'Onion' (Observation of National Infrastructure Operation and Networks) assessment tool; so called due to the layers used in map based visualisations. The tool enabled a variety of mathematical assessments to be made based on the placement of a new settlement. This included features such as suitability for electric vehicles, solar power potential, and transport connectivity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.dafni.ac.uk/news/dafni-developers-help-form-winning-team-at-geospatial-hackathon/
 
Description DAFNI meets NISMOD Webinar 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Event to announce that NISMOD has moved to the DAFNI platform, demonstration of capability.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://dafni.ac.uk/nismod-meets-dafni/
 
Description DAFNI meets OpenClim Webinar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact DAFNI, as a partner of the OpenClim project https://tyndall.ac.uk/OpenCLIM, was presented and demoed with the objective of developing a greater understanding of the role DAFNI will and can play to support this project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://dafni.ac.uk/openclim/
 
Description DAFNI membership of the UKRI's Digital Interest Group - cross council membership 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact DAFNI attendance at ongoing meetings of the UKRI Digital Twin Interest Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
 
Description DAFNI on Track with Railway Station Demand Planning 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Integration of the Station Demand Model on DAFNI. The model itself can produce an analysis of the potential number of passengers who would change to a new station(s) and what net impact a new station would have on rail use. The model is flexible in that it can perform forecasts for multiple stations at once. It has importance to DAFNI as it has potential use with Local Authorities.

It has also proved a valuable use case of DAFNI with the University of Southampton who are the partners in this endeavour.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.dafni.ac.uk/projects/railway-station-demand-planning/
 
Description DAFNI presented at Super Computing Conference 2018, Dallas, US 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact DAFNI had the opportunity, through the Scientific Computer Department, STFC, to deliver a poster presentations to delegates attending Super Computing Conference 2018 in Dallas. This reached software engineers, policy makers and provided the opportunity to engage with similar facilities based in the USA and learn from their approach to providing a National facility.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.scd.stfc.ac.uk/Pages/News-in-Brief---November-2018---February-2019.aspx
 
Description DAFNI presented at the CDBB/Costain - The Future of digital transformation in water 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact DAFNI presented to representatives to the Water Industry on how it is handling data, modelling, workflows and visualisations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://twitter.com/hashtag/WDT2020?src=hashtag_click
 
Description DAFNI presented to CDT Cyber security issues in the large-scale, University of Bristol 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presenting DAFNI to the new intake of students for the CDT whose focus is to tackle cyber security issues in the large-scale, hyper-connected infrastructures of the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bristol.ac.uk/cdt/cyber-security/
 
Description DAFNI presented to NERC's Water Interest Group, UKRI, Swindon 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact DAFNI presentation to NERC group which as cross council attendance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://nerc.ukri.org/innovation/activities/infrastructure/water/
 
Description DAFNI presented to STFC's Air Quality Network Launch Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presenting DAFNI's modelling, data capability as a UKCRIC Facility to the whole of the Air Quality Network
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.saqn.org/events/saqn-launch-agenda/
 
Description DAFNI presented to representatives from New Zealand Universities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact DAFNI presented to New Zealand Visitors to STFC RAL: Larry Bellamy, Research Director, Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering University of Canterbury;
Prof Robert Amor, Head of Department, School of Computer Science, Faculty of Science, University of Auckland;
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description DAFNI presenting at the Launch of EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Water Infrastructure and Resilience 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact DAFNI is supporting the Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT) in Water Infrastructure and Resilience, securing research council (EPSRC), funding of £6.4 million. This scheme is to train 60 PhD students over 5 annual cohorts beginning from October 2019, with the aim of delivering resilience in water infrastructure systems. The CDT is a partnership between Cranfield, Sheffield and Newcastle universities. DAFNI's role is to provide the platform for PhD students to improve skills with modelling and access data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description DAFNI: Vignette Presentation to BEIS representatives at CDBB, Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Demonstration of DAFNI's recent pilot studies and particularly the Newcastle Hackathon - Flood Resilience outcomes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description DRAFT ENTRY Green Infrastructure for the Sustainable Development Goals: An evidence-based approach to resilient, sustainable infrastructure: tools and experiences. (15/11/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Conference hosted/supported by the Geneva Environment Network asking 'How can policy tools and data better support governments in their decision-making processes towards a resilient and sustainable future?'

UNOPS, and Oxford University's 'Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium' (ITRC), will present on this important question and explore practical ways of developing resilient, sustainable infrastructure through the application of existing tools and processes, illustrated with diverse case studies drawn from the ITRC's experiences to date.
In the run-up to the next UN Environment Assembly, themed "Innovative solutions for environmental challenges and sustainable consumption and production", UN.Environment, within the framework of the Geneva Environment Network, is pleased to host a talk that will feature the UNOPS/ITRC National Infrastructure Systems Model (NISMOD-int) and its application in Curação, and Palestine, as well as a Capacity Assessment Tool for Infrastructure (CAT-I) and country work carried out in Brazil, Serbia and Nepal.

Link: Livestream on https://www.facebook.com/GenevaEnvironmentNetwork/

External participant:
Steve Crosskey
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure (DAFNI) Conference 2019 (10/06/2019 - 11/06/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Sir John Armitt gave the keynote speech to the DAFNI conference. It is the first data and analytics facility of its kind to support infrastructure planning and research, facilitating collaboration across and between universities, government and the private sector. The data and modelling accessible through the DAFNI platform will be important to the Commission's resilience study, which is considering what action government should take to ensure that UK infrastructure can cope with future changes, disruptions, shocks and accidents.

Included were Sir John's comments:
"Data is now as important to UK infrastructure as concrete or steel."
"The key is not just the quality of the data we collect, but how we process it and finally how and where we use it. That's why today's launch of the UK's Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure is an important step forward in using data to transform how we think about infrastructure." [...] "DAFNI provides a strong platform to help us to do this. It gives us the opportunity to ensure that the recommendations we make in the next Assessment will be based on the best data and robust modelling. It will, crucially, enable us to develop our understanding of how increasingly inter-connected infrastructure systems work together, and affect each other."[...] "So, the earlier and deeper you can engage with the Commission and this study in helping us shape a new methodology for resilience in UK infrastructure, the more opportunity you will have to help shape the approach to NIA 2."

Jim Hall of the ITRC commenced the conference by launching the first version of the @DAFNI facility modelling system.

Ed Oughton @UniofOxford speaking at the #DAFNIConference today about his work on a @DAFNIfacility pilot project with digital communications models for 5G networks.

External participants:
Sir John Armitt CBE, Chair, National Infrastructure Commission
Prof Jim Hall, Chair of DAFNI Governance Board
Phillippa Hemmings - EPSRC Stragegic Lead for UKCRIC
Jeremy Morley - Chief Geospatial Scientist, Ordnance Survey
Prof Liz Varga, - Professor of Complex Systems at UCL
Matt Crossman - Team Leader, National Infrastructure Commission
Mark Enzer - Chair of the DFTG and Chief Technology Officer - Mott MacDonald
Chris Jones - Research and Development Manager, Northumbrian Water Group
Dan Rennison, Head of Data Insight Costain Ltd
Dr Edward Oughton - University of Oxford
Dr Adrian Carro - University of Oxford
Dr Simon Blainey - University of Southampton
Dr Nik Lomax - University of Leeds
Dr Andrew Smith - University of Leeds
Marcus Young - University of Southampton
Prof.. Stuart Bar - University of Newcastle
Dr Theo Tryfonas - University of Bristol
Prof. Daniel Coca - University of Sheffield

Internal participants:
ITRC Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2019
URL https://www.dafni.ac.uk/conference/
 
Description Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure (DAFNI) inaugural meeting/UNOPS (06/07/2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Global Opportunities for Infrastructure Intelligence. Slide presentation demonstrating ITRC/Mistral's specialism is infrastructure delivery and implementation: - Procurement, project management and technical assistance.

? Outcomes and outputs:
Infrastructure is central for achieving sustainable development. The opportunity is reliant on evidence and intelligence. New datasets, methodologies and case studies are emerging. There is still much work to be done to satisfy the global need. With DAFNI, the UK can be at the forefront of realising this future
Applications and impacts with the Governments of Palestine, Syria, and Curacao have led to further connections with, for example, the Government of St. Lucia.

Link: https://www.slideshare.net/UKCIP/global-opportunities-for-infrastructure-intelligence

Keynote speakers external to Mistral:
Ian Osborne, Head of Complex Systems, KTN
James Stewart, Head of Global Infrastructure, KPMG
Erica Yang, Head of Visual Analytics and Imaging Systems, Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)
David Wallom, University of Oxford
Alex Wrottesley, Ordnance Survey
Bianca Letti, National Infrastructure Commission
Richard Milton / Michael Batty, University College London
Philip Steadman / Paul Ruyssevelt, University College London

Keynote speakers from Mistral group:
Scott Thacker, United Nations Office for Project Services

Jim Hall, DAFNI Project Lead, University of Oxford
Stuart Barr, University of Newcastle
Nik Lomax, University of Leeds
Tom Russell, University of Oxford
Simon Blainey, University of Southampton
Keiron Roberts, University of Southampton
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.slideshare.net/UKCIP/global-opportunities-for-infrastructure-intelligence
 
Description Development of a fast-track analysis of infrastructure needs for the small island state of Curaçao (31/07/2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Jade Leung, the ITRC-MISTRAL researcher leading the study, described its aim as "enabling decision-makers within Curaçao to understand the opportunities available for robust infrastructure policy options, as well as developing a better understanding of future vulnerabilities". The study will help to decide on future infrastructure provision that will work well under the demands of population and tourism growth, and of climate change-driven sea-level rise. One important area of the analysis, undertaken by the ITRC's Lena Fuldauer, will work with the waste, wastewater and energy sectors, investigating the opportunities and risks that arise from interdependencies between these sectors.

At the heart of the analysis sits the ITRC's National Infrastructure Systems Model for International Contexts (NISMOD-Int). This uses a system-of-systems approach to give Curacao's decision-makers information that will help them identify adaptable pathways for their sustainable development. NISMOD-Int uses a process whereby researchers work together with local policy-makers and experts to develop and test strategies for future infrastructure provision. This process is enabled by NISMOD-Int's data visualisation and decision support platform, developed by the ITRC's Tom Russell.

UNOPS is assisting the Government of Curaçao to make local infrastructure more resilient to the demands and risks that lie ahead. UNOPS is supporting data collection and local stakeholder interactions. In June 2017, UNOPS' Ciaretta Profas led a meeting that brought together over 50 people from across Curaçao's infrastructure sector, including local governments, infrastructure companies (waste, wastewater, transport, water and electricity), Curacao Maritime Authority, Central Bureau of Statistics, UN agencies; and local environmental NGOs and activists.

We were pleased to have the strong support of the Curaçao government, and were joined by Her Excellency Zita Jesus-Leito, Minister of Traffic, Transportation and Urban Planning. She opened the meeting by stressing the importance of developing a shared vision, with strategies that work with the unique nature of Curacao, and which balance economic and environmental factors: "Plans for infrastructure development and restructuring should always address the impact on the environment and nature. These should never be disregarded when developing cities and neighbourhoods. This model (NISMOD-Int) allows the Ministry to apply an integrated approach when initiating an infrastructure development project". An overview of the event was broadcast on the local television network in the local language, Papiamento.

Over the coming months, members of ITRC-MISTRAL and UNOPS will be working closely with experts from Curaçao to finalise the fast-track analysis. It is expected that the insights derived from the analysis, alongside the knowledge creation during the process, will help to support evidence-based infrastructure development within Curaçao.

This partnership forms part of a larger initiative by UNOPS to facilitate the roll-out and uptake of NISMOD-Int, as part of their programme on Evidence Based Infrastructure (EBI). Further applications of NISMOD-Int are currently being explored in a range of political and geographical contexts including in post-conflict, post-disaster and developing economies, rapidly developing city-states and small island nations from South and Central America, to Africa, the Middle East and Asia.

Scott Thacker is a Senior Analyst for the Curaçao fast-track analysis - United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).

External Participants:
Government Ministers of Curaçao

Internal participants:
Thacker S
Leung J
Fuldauer L
Adshead D
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/embed/sMlSuns1VnM
 
Description Digital Twin for the Natural Environment - Costain leading this initiative 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presented DAFNI functionality and providing in-kind support in a bid to provide a demonstrator of a digital twin.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Discussion of Secondary Market Infrastructure Fund (SMIF) developments, and NISMOD2 on DAFNI (April 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Sam Chorlton of the STFC and DAFNI met with Elco Koks of the ITRC to dicuss Secondary Market Infrastructure Fund (SMIF) developments and NISMOD2 on DAFNI.

External participant:
Samuel Chorlton; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure (DAFNI) Project Lead, Scientific Computing Department, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxon. UK

Internal participant:
Koks, E.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Discussion of model-running architecture and plan Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure (DAFNI) (25/05/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
A hack week for DAFNI is planned for the week beginning 25th June 2018

Link: https://www.itrc.org.uk/wp-content/PDFs/1-NISMOD-DAFNI.pdf

External participants:
? Sam Chorlton (Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure, Science and Technology Facilities Council)
? Roald Schoenmakers (Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure, Science and Technology Facilities Council)

Internal participants:
? Russell T
? Usher W
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2018
URL https://www.itrc.org.uk/wp-content/PDFs/1-NISMOD-DAFNI.pdf
 
Description Discussion of the uses of CityCAT and synthetic network generator for improved sewer model analysis and design. (24/05/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Engagement with staff from WSP at Newcastle 24 May 2018. Martin Osborne, Jonathan Cutting to discuss uses of CityCAT and synthetic network generator for improved sewer model analysis and design (a hack week was held).

External participants:
? WSP at Newcastle
? Martin Osborne, Technical Director - Water at WSP in the UK (Reading)
? Jonathan Cutting, Technical Director at WSP in the U.K. (Derby)

Internal participants:
ITRC Newcastle/Urban water team
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Discussion to commence collaboration with the European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) on coastal flood impact and cascading economic impacts. (14/06/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Skype call with Luc Feyen and Michalis Vousdoukas about collaboration with JRC on coastal flood impact and cascading economic impacts. Further meetings arranged.

External participants:
? Luc Feyen, European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC)
? Michalis Vousdoukas, Researcher in Coastal Oceanography, European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC)

Internal participant: ITRC Global Network Analyst, Oxford
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Discussion with Nick Wildgoose about potential business case study, based on our ideas and work for Zurich RE and clients (07/06/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Discussion with Nick Wildgoose about potential business case study, based on our ideas and work for Zurich RE and clients. Future collaborations likely.

External participant: Nick Wildgoose, Global Supply Chain Product leader, Zurich RE

Internal participant: ITRC Global Network Analyst, Oxford
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Discussions/calls with the Institute of Civil Engineers (ICE) in preparation for Global Engineering Congress (GEC) conference, 22 to 26 October 2018 (post 02/07/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:

Scott Thacker of the ITRC held discussions/calls with Rob Curd, Project Manager, and Elodie Huiban, Campaigns and Events Manager, both of the Institute of Civil Engineers (ICE) in preparation for Global Engineering Congress (GEC) conference, 22 to 26 October 2018. Scott Thacker will be a speaker at that GEC conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Dr E Oughton of the Digital Communications section of the ITRC contacted Jonathan Legh-Smith, Mansoor Hanif, and Fraser Burton of British Telecomms (BT) to initiate a follow up to ITRC's recent presentation of their 5G modelling research to the Communications Infrastructure Council (suggested by Garry Miller (Head of Infrastructure Policy, BT)), and discuss the new £8 million Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC) investment into a UK Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastruct 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dear Jonathan, Mansoor and Fraser,
I lead the digital communications infrastructure analysis with David Cleevely (Centre for Science and Policy, University of Cambridge), as part of the UK's Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium. You have been in contact with Jim Hall previously (cc'd).
Last week we presented our 5G modelling research to the Communications Infrastructure Council and Garry Miller (Head of Infrastructure Policy) requested that we follow up with a teleconference to discuss the relevance of the work for BT. I wondered if we might be able to arrange a group call to discuss this further?
It would also be useful to talk about the new £8 million STFC investment into a UK Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure (DAFNI), which will be located at the Harwell scientific campus in Oxfordshire. We're in the process of galvanising support for this initiative and are looking for key digital stakeholders. This facility will provide UK infrastructure researchers with a fantastic opportunity to undertake large-scale computational modelling, and we would like to work with industrial partners to help provide new evidence on the issues currently being faced by operators.
Please let me know if this is of interest, as I will be arranging a call with Garry, and it seems appropriate to have a group conversation on this matter from all those that have expressed interest.
Dr Edward J. Oughton

External participants:
? David Cleevely; Centre for Science and Policy, University of Cambridge
? Jonathan Legh-Smith; British Telecomms (BT)
? Mansoor Hanif; British Telecomms (BT)
? Fraser Burton; British Telecomms (BT)
? Garry Miller; Head of Infrastructure Policy, BT
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Economist Group report on sustainable infrastructure 'The critical role of infrastructure for the Sustainable Development Goals' (18/01/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
A Technical Essay issued by The Economist Intelligence Unit.
The essay discusses the benefits of infrastructure, examines the barriers to delivering sustainable infrastructure, and highlights solutions and best practices.
Provision of technical help for this Essay which has been written by The Economist Intelligence Unit supported by UNOPS, the UN organisation with a core mandate for infrastructure. The research uses three pillars - the economy, the environment and wider society - as well as the overarching theme of resilience through which to assess the role of infrastructure in meeting global social and environment goals.

External Participants:
? Marianne Fay, chief economist for climate change, World Bank
? Mark Harvey, head of profession (infrastructure), UK Department for International Development
? Morgan Landy, senior directorof global infrastructure and natural resources, International Finance Corporation
? Virginie Marchal, senior policy analyst, Environment Directorate, OECD
? Jo da Silva, founder and director, International Development, Arup
? Graham Watkins, principal environment specialist, Inter-American Development Bank

Internal participants:
Thacker S
Hall JW
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://unops.economist.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/ThecriticalroleofinfrastructurefortheSustaina...
 
Description Engagement with the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) to provide 5G communication information for the NIC response to the National Needs Assessment (NNA) (18/07/2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The NIC requested evidence from the Institute of Civil Engineers (ICE) 5G Infrastructure Panel for the National Infrastructure Commission (NIC) response to the National Needs Assessment (NNA). Evidence for the ICE was submitted by Dr Ed Oughton of the ITRC.
? Outputs & outcomes: Continued project with the NIC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Engineering & Technology Magazine Articles '5G street fight' and 'Cities block 5G kiosks after doing rival deals' (01/10/2018 & 12/10/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Mark Ballard of the Engineering & Technology Magazine expressed an interest in the findings from the DfT analysis of digital connectivity requirements for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles. Ed Oughton of the ITRC was qouted in two articles; '5G street fight' and 'Cities block 5G kiosks after doing rival deals' (https://eandt.theiet.org/content/articles/2018/10/cities-block-5g-kiosk-rollout-after-doing-rival-deals/)

An E&T article, '5G street fight' (https://eandt.theiet.org/content/articles/2018/10/5g-street-fight/) reported public and private interests are vying to control comms infrastructure on city streets, so they can profit when next-gen mobile arrives.
In the follow on article, 'Cities block 5G kiosks after doing rival deals' (https://eandt.theiet.org/content/articles/2018/10/cities-block-5g-kiosk-rollout-after-doing-rival-deals/) an E&T investigation has found those authorities with the greatest prospect of making millions of pounds from recent deals with rival comms companies have been most opposed to the BT rollout. They do not take a share of money made from BT's infrastructure.Some have refused all attempts BT has made to implement 'InLink' phone kiosks as part of its rollout of a national comms network - even though UK planning law does not allow them to oppose it.
Dr Edward Oughton, a leading researcher of national 5G infrastructure at the University of Oxford, said if one comms provider built a wireless and small-cell infrastructure and a rival built a network covering the same area, it would undermine their business model."Your capital is at risk if another operator comes in and takes the reward," he said. "It's going to have a significant impact." But he said: "BT are clearly going to scale up so that operators deal with them nationally and it starts to kill off the idea of their being small, regional, small cell providers."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://eandt.theiet.org/content/articles/2018/10/cities-block-5g-kiosk-rollout-after-doing-rival-de...
 
Description Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) Infrastructure Roadmap - Energy - 1st Consultation Workshop (30/04/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) Infrastructure Roadmap: Energy
The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) National Centre for Energy Systems Integration has been commissioned by EPSRC and UKRI to assist in the creation of the UK research and innovation infrastructure roadmap for Energy looking to the long term (2030).

Links:
https://www.ukri.org/research/infrastructure/
https://www.ncl.ac.uk/cesi/events/item/ukresearchandinnovationinfrastructureroadmapenergy.html

External participants:
National Centre for Energy Systems Integration (Newcastle University)

Internal participants:
ITRC/Mistral Energy Demand Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ukri.org/research/infrastructure/
 
Description European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly Presentation: 'A global multi-hazard risk analysis of road and railway infrastructure assets' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
The purpose of this session is to: (1) showcase the current state-of-the-art in global and continental scale natural hazard risk science, assessment, and application; (2) foster broader exchange of knowledge, datasets, methods, models, and good practice between scientists and practitioners working on different natural hazards and across disciplines globally; and (3) collaboratively identify future research avenues.

External participants:
Convener: Hessel Winsemius; Associate Professor, Delft University of Technology, Nederlands
Co-conveners:
Hannah Cloke OBE; Professor of Hydrology; University of Reading
James Daniell; Research Modeller; Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology (CEDIM); Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Melanie J. Duncan; Earth Hazards and Observatories, British Geological Survey (Natural Environment Research Council, NERC), Edinburgh, UK

Internal participants:
Koks, E.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2019/EGU2019-4963.pdf
 
Description Flood and coastal risk management: long-term investment scenarios (LTIS) 2019 (Environment Agency Report, HM Government) (01/03/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
LTIS 2019 Section 8. 'The impacts of flooding'
LTIS analysis includes damage to properties as well as wider impacts of flooding. This is in line with flood and coastal erosion risk management (FCERM) options appraisal guidance and practice.
The Environment Agency worked with the University of Oxford (ITRC) to explore the impacts of flooding from rivers and the sea on transport and utilities infrastructure including: road, rail, electricity, gas, water.
The analysis included: sites, networks, the interdependencies between networks. The analysis did not have access to data about the resilience of individual sites. Consequently it was limited to describing the extent to which properties in England are served by infrastructure located in (or dependent on others in) areas at risk of flooding. We were unable to include telecommunications because data was not available.
This is ground-breaking work using a unique set of national infrastructure modelling tools.

Being part of an 'open and collaborative approach' of national and international experts LTIS 2019 significantly improves the Government's understanding of: the potential impacts to infrastructure without resilience, and how these impacts can be used to improve investment modelling.
Confidence in LTIS assessment of these wider impacts has improved. This allows them to be better represented within the LTIS optimisation calculations. The effect of this on optimum investment in the baseline scenario is: an increase in net present value (NPV) from £101 billion to about £220 billion, the overall benefit to cost ratio increases from about 5 to 1, to about 9 to 1, and a revision of the optimum level of investment upwards from a long-term annual average of £860 million to £933 million, which would increase risk reduction from 12% to about 15%

Twitter feed: Daniel Johns? @DanielJ88 · Feb 28 (Head of Public Affairs @AnglianWater ) @EnvAgency fires the starting pistol on this year's govt #spendingreview by publishing new #floods long-term investment scenarios.

'Dredging Today' https://www.dredgingtoday.com/2019/03/01/new-study-on-flood-defenses-in-the-uk/ 'The Environment Agency has just released a new economic assessment to aid planning for flooding and coastal risk management over the next 50 years. The study uses new climate change, population and mapping data to set out potential future scenarios, assessing how funding could be best allocated to meet these challenges.' https://www.dredgingtoday.com/2019/03/01/new-study-on-flood-defenses-in-the-uk/

Link: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/flood-and-coastal-risk-management-in-england-long-term-investment/long-term-investment-scenarios-ltis-2019#the-impacts-of-flooding

External participant: The Environment Agency, UK Government

Internal participants:
Zorn C.
ITRC Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/flood-and-coastal-risk-management-in-england-long-term-in...
 
Description Fulai Sheng of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was contacted by Steve Crosskey of UNOPS to confirm a 90 minute presentation, and hands on demonstration, of certain key aspects of the NISMOD-Int tool through a scenario based activity to be presented by Dr. Thacker (UNOPS, ITRC). (19/09/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Steve Crosskey of UNOPS contacted Fulai Sheng of UNEP to confirm that, after their telephone conversation on 18/09/2018, expressing that they have many areas in common with their working goals. The aspect of long term planning under deep uncertainty is maybe of interest for the Turin workshop, and Steve Crosskey would be happy to arrange a 90 minute session of presentation, and hand on demonstration of certain key aspects of the tool through a scenario based activity. Dr. Thacker (ITRC UNOPS Lead, based in Oxford) from Steve Crosskey's unit would come and deliver the presentation. Further presentations from a report from NISMOD use in Curaçao that can be shared (as well as similar for CAT-I in Brazil.) Some sensitivity around results of assessments, so explicit permission to share results must be obtained which sometimes makes putting together case studies difficult.
A follow up email on 20/09/2018 from Beibei Gu to Steve Crosskey (both of UNOPS) thanked him for sharing the Evidence-Based Infrastructure (http://ebidf.org/) framework and the relevant tool package. Ms Gu found it to be very helpful and certainly relevant to the target audience of the UNOPS Turin training. Ms Gu suggested a follow-up discussion with Mr Crosskey on the proposed session, and also to share a bit of session flow? Given that the Turin participants are mid- and senior-level policymakers, there is a need to be as interactive as possible to stimulate exchanges.
Mr Crosskeys followed the last email up on the same day (20/09/2018) to progress the discussions to include Dr Thacker by holding an 'in person' meeting (flying in from Copenhagen on Thursday 11th October, and returning the same day).

External particpants:
? Fulai Sheng; Head, Economic and Fiscal Policy Unit, Economy Division, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
? Steve Crosskey; Head of IPM Strategic Initiatives, Infrastructure and Project Management Group, UNOPS Headquarters
? Beibei Gu; Consultant at United Nations Environmental Programme

Internal participant:
Thacker S.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Future of Utilities - The UK's Leading Energy & Water Summit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Panel discussion
Continually adapting to climate change and reducing the industry's carbon footprint
• Improving industry wide incident response: is collaboration the key?
• How feasible is it to target an incident free future?
• To what extent does a focus on sustainability change the industry's supply of capital?
• How important will domestic customers' behaviour be in the journey towards a sustainable utilities industry?
• What makes an effective customer awareness programme? How should it be adjusted for I&C customers?
• Should resilience programmes be compulsory?
• What lessons for compliance and approaches to long-term planning can be learnt from abroad?
Steven Thompson, Environmental Sustainability Manager, National Grid
Randolph Brazier, Head of Innovation & Development, Energy Networks Association
Alison Hoyle, Asset Resilience and Compliance Director, Southern Water
Professor Jim Hall, Professor of Climate Change and Environmental Risks & Director of the Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://marketforcelive.com/future-of-utilities/events/utilities-summit/
 
Description Future of Utilities Summit. The UK's Leading Energy & Water Summit. (25/03/2019 - 26/03/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes: Panel discussion raising the following points...
Continually adapting to climate change and reducing the industry's carbon footprint
• Improving industry wide incident response: is collaboration the key?
• How feasible is it to target an incident free future?
• To what extent does a focus on sustainability change the industry's supply of capital?
• How important will domestic customers' behaviour be in the journey towards a sustainable utilities industry?
• What makes an effective customer awareness programme? How should it be adjusted for I&C customers?
• Should resilience programmes be compulsory?
• What lessons for compliance and approaches to long-term planning can be learnt from abroad?

Link: X:\IMPACT\MISTRAL Impact\Impact Tracker evidence\GZA39_FoU_Summit_Brochure.pdf
Link: https://marketforcelive.com/future-of-utilities/events/utilities-summit/

External participants:
- Steven Thompson, Environmental Sustainability Manager, National Grid
- Randolph Brazier, Head of Innovation & Development, Energy Networks Association
- Alison Hoyle, Asset Resilience and Compliance Director, Southern Water

Internal participant:
Hall J.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://marketforcelive.com/future-of-utilities/events/utilities-summit
 
Description Future solar storm could cause devastating damage. (18/10/2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Science magazine article: 'Future solar storm could cause devastating damage.. A new model suggests a major such event in 150 years could equal the current U.S. GDP'
Some scientists question the model's predictions. "Estimating the economic impact is challenging now, let alone in over a century," says Edward Oughton, a research associate at the University of Cambridge's Center for Risk Studies. Yet he warns that uncertainty should not deter us from practical preparations, such as making power grids more resilient and improving early-warning systems.

External participants:
Jeremy Hsu, Freelance science and technology journalist
Scientific American readership
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/future-solar-storms-could-cause-devastating-damage/
 
Description Geographical Information Science Research UK (GISRUK) "From Data to Decisions": Spatial Interaction Modelling for Large-Scale Infrastructure Projects (23/04/2019 - 26/04/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
We propose a modelling methodology for exploring and quantifying the impact of large-scale infrastructure changes on internal migration. Choosing measures of the potential emissiveness and attractiveness of geographical units and how the proposed infrastructure changes these values (e.g. housing stock), a spatial interaction model can be used to compute changes to future population distributions.

The GISRUK conferences have the following aims:
- to act as a focus for GIS research in the UK, while welcoming researchers from Europe and beyond
- to provide a mechanism for the announcement and publication of GIS research
- to act as an interdisciplinary forum for the discussion of research ideas
- to promote active collaboration amongst researchers from diverse parent disciplines
- to provide a framework in which young researchers (including students) can see their work in a national and international
context

External participant:
Robson C

Internal participants:
Smith A
Lomax N

Link: https://github.com/geospatialncl/gisruk2019_papers/raw/master/papers/presentations_full/Session4/TrackA/GISRUK_2019_paper_52.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://github.com/geospatialncl/gisruk2019_papers/raw/master/papers/presentations_full/Session4/Tra...
 
Description Go-Science working group: Emerging Technologies Working Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Involvement in BEIS' Go Science working Group to look at what Emerging Technology will be required and represented DAFNI as addressing data, modelling and digital twin challenges of the future
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.upen.ac.uk/go_science/Rebuilding%20a%20Resilient%20Britain_5.%20Supporting%20Lower-Carbo...
 
Description Governance Board - DAFNI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting of representatives from 12 Universities within English Universities to access progress on DAFNI and discuss sustainment opportunities for ongoing operations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Governance Board - DAFNI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting of DAFNI Governance Board Members representing 12 English Universities to demonstrate progress with the platform creation and develop future sustainability models in readiness for DAFNI Operations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Governance Board and Expert Review Group - DAFNI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Opportunity to review progress of the DAFNI Platform development. Review with the Experts to https://dafni.ac.uk/about-2/expert-review-board/ to review progress and discuss options for operational delivery
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description HSBC Bank plc requested (by email) the use of quotes from the ITRC report: 'Exploring the cost, coverage and rollout implications of 5G in Britain' on 27/03/2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Quotes permitted. Access to the journal paper agreed.
Stephen Howard of the HSBC Bank plc contacted the ITRC to request use of quotes from 'Exploring the cost, coverage and rollout implications of 5G in Britain'* for a telecoms analysis report. All references would be attributed to ITRC-MISTRAL.

Additionally, Dr Oughton offered to present the ITRC's research, at the Union Bank of Switzerland (UBS) 5G investor relations event in mid-March, to the HSBC Bank plc team, and discuss their thinking on the topic, from the viewpoint of working on the business model and revenue aspects. During the presentation Dr Oughton wished to indicate the need to use cases and revenue gains, as against the current mentions of CapEx alone, which is very concerning.

*(Oughton, E.J., and Frias, Z. (2016) Exploring the cost, coverage and rollout implications of 5G in Britain: A report for the UK's National Infrastructure Commission. Centre for Risk Studies, Cambridge Judge Business School, University of Cambridge) https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/577965/Exploring_the_Cost_Coverage_and_Rollout_Implications_of_5G_in_Britain_-_Oughton_and_Frias_report_for_the_NIC.pdf

External participant:
Stephen Howard, Global Head of Telecoms, Media & Technology Research, HSBC Bank plc

Internal participant:
ITRC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Hackathon Event - Sheffield and Newcastle Urban Observatories with DAFNI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Data integration 3 day event - integrating smart city data onto DAFNI and how researchers to link data from two observatories to compare results across two city and using DAFNI as the facility.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.dafni.ac.uk/events/
 
Description Holger Kessler - Geospatial Commission, The Cabinet office, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Meeting to share progress with DAFNI with the Geospatial Commission and set up further opportunities to engage with getting access to the underground assets register for DAFNI researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description ICE Publishing Journal: BRIEFING Information technology; UK reveals new platform for infrastructure data analysis and simulation modelling 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Briefing Information Technology article in ICE Publishing: Civil Engineering Volume 172 Issue CE3 August 2019
A prototype of the UK's new Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure was launched in June 2019 prior to being fully operational in 2022. Jim Hall of the University of Oxford explains its many benefits to civil engineers.
Dafni's national infrastructure visualisation suite will provide a set of tools capable of visualising large and complex data sets, including traditional visualisations (e.g. graphs and maps) and advanced technologies including virtual reality and augmented reality. This will enable improved understanding of data both in research and strategic decision-making. New visualisation hardware at universities around the country will enable analysts and other stakeholders to access Dafni's visualisations.
Finally, a security service in Dafni will guarantee the requisite levels of security and commercial confidentiality, including authentication and authorisation services, accounts management and monitoring. The service has been developed with advice from the National Cyber Security Centre.
Article drew on the NIC (National Infrastructure Commission) (2017) Data for the Public Good document. NIC, London, UK. See https://www.nic.org.uk/publications/data-publicgood/ (accessed 29/05/2019).

Link to ICE article: https://doi.org/10.1680/jcien.2019.172.3.102

External participants: ICE Publishing and readership
Internal participant: Prof JW Hall (ITRC)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://doi.org/10.1680/jcien.2019.172.3.102
 
Description ITRC paper 'Engineering for Sustainable Development' requested for use as part of the learning programme for engineers about the SDGs (17/10/2018 & 24/10/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
ICE were offered the ITRC report "Infrastructure: underpinning sustainable development", which will include detailed explanations of the influences between infrastructure and all 17 SDGs. Accompanying each SDG , the ITRC/UNOPS demonstrate the influences using real-world civil engineering projects. Release date Wednesday the 24th of October.


24/10/2018:Foreward to Conference: DR. MARLENE KANGA, AM FTSE Hon.FIEAust Hon.FIChemE, PRESIDENT, World Federation of Engineering Organisations
The World Federation of Engineering Organisations (WFEO) is proud to be leading the celebration of engineering as part of the bicentenary of the Institution of Civil Engineers, a national member of the Federation representing the UK, and to also celebrate the 50th anniversary of the founding of WFEO.
Their Triennial Statement states, in part: The SDGs were developed to address these challenges. They set out a 'bold and transformative plan of action which could shift the world onto a sustainable and resilient path, leaving no one behind.' Using the SDGs as our framework, and the GEC as our launchpad, we intend to bring about transformative change in the way that infrastructure is designed, built and maintained.

ITRC/UNOPS presentations:
'Supporting evidence-based infrastructure development worldwide. Overview of Evidence Based Infrastructure (EBI)'. Nick O'Regan, Director of infrastructure and project management, UNOPS
'Introduction to tools'. Jim Hall, Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford
'Highlighting specifically technical developments (tools) within EBI and case-study applications: NISMOD-Int, Curacao and CAT-I'. Scott Thacker, UNOPS & ITRC; Steven Crosskey, UNOPS

Scott Thacker, United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) 'Global Opportunities for Infrastructure Intelligence' slide presentation
Presentation covered many aspects including:
Opportunity - To identify adaptable pathways to sustainable development - Large quantities of infrastructure still to be built [estimated $57 trillion 2013 - 2030]
Risk - Long-term lock-in to unstainable technologies and practices - Inaction
Solution - Evidence and intelligence required to harness this opportunity and avoid the risk. To underpin policy and business cases and provide confidence to investors
Conclusions -Infrastructure is central for achieving sustainable development
The opportunity is reliant on evidence and intelligence
New datasets, methodologies and case studies are emerging
Still lots to be done to satisfy the global need
With Data and Analytics Facility National Infrastructure (DAFNI), the UK can be at the forefront of realising this global future.

INFRASTRUCTURE LAYS FOUNDATIONS FOR SDG SUCCESS
New Oxford University-UNOPS report stresses infrastructure as key to unlocking Sustainable Development Goals.
A new report published today by the University of Oxford-led Infrastructure Transition Research Consortium (ITRC) and UNOPS, has found that efficient infrastructure policy and disciplined investment decisions are vital for attaining the SDGs.
The report, Infrastructure: Underpinning Sustainable Development, is the result of extensive research into the influence that both 'networked infrastructure' (water, waste, energy, digital communications and transport infrastructure) and 'non-networked infrastructure' (buildings and facilities) have on all 17 SDGs. It highlights the need to understand infrastructure as an integrated system of systems - the interdependencies across sectors requires us to break down the 'silo mentality' in infrastructure development.
Focusing on real-life projects implemented by UNOPS around the world, the report finds that infrastructure projects can have multiple effects across several SDGs and their targets. It found that networked infrastructure influences 72 percent of SDG targets, while non-networked infrastructure influences 81 percent of targets - reinforcing the pivotal role that infrastructure will play towards attaining the SDGs.
Introducing the report, UNOPS Executive Director Grete Faremo said: "Infrastructure, in particular, underpins all of the SDGs. It plays a critical role in society because it can influence development far into the future - both positively and negatively. This is why it is vital to understand the influence that infrastructure systems have on the SDGs.
"We are proud to present this report together with Oxford/ITRC, and to reaffirm our commitment to helping people build better lives and countries achieve peace and sustainable development."
The launch of the report coincides with the 2018 Global Engineering Conference, hosted by the Institution of Civil Engineers in London, starting today.
UNOPS Director of Infrastructure and Project Management, Mr Nick O'Regan, will present the report during a keynote speech on Wednesday 24 October 2018. He will explore how rapid population growth, urbanization, climate change and challenges associated with development funding impact on achieving the SDGs.
"Our children and the children of those we serve have great expectations of their future, it is on all of us to create an environment that is resilient, sustainable and equitable - and the built environment can be an enabler or an obstacle to this," said Mr O'Regan.
"Together with our partners the ITRC, we have focused on the SDGs as a common framework to work towards an understanding of how we can contribute to sustainable development. This will help governments, and their development partners make better-informed decisions within this uncertainty," he said.
Professor of Climate and Environmental Risk, University of Oxford, Professor Jim W Hall FREng added: "Though our research started from a sustainability perspective, in particular the central role that infrastructure has in climate change mitigation and adaptation, our work has attracted growing attention from finance ministries and infrastructure units that tend to be focused on the role of infrastructure in economic growth and productivity."
"In that sense, infrastructure can be a 'Trojan horse' that brings sustainability considerations within the purview of the economic imperatives of most governments.
"The collaboration between ITRC and UNOPS has been a very productive one, with UNOPS bringing us new challenges from very diverse contexts around the world and opportunities for our work to have an impact on the ground, which is what motivates my team. This report provides a next important step in that journey."

In addition, the press circulation was:
Name: Job title: Media outlet
Matt McGrath; Environment Corresponden;t BBC
Christian Knutson; Podcast Host; Civil Engineering podcast
Sarah George; Reporter; Edie
Olivia Minnock; Content Editor; Energy Digital
Bernadette Ballantyne; Podcast Host; Engineering Matters podcast
Peter Reina; Europe Correspondent; London Engineering News Record
Terry Slavin; Editor Ethical; Corporation
Rob Horgan; News Editor; New Civil Engineer
Connor Ibbetson; Reporter; New Civil Engineer
Sam Sholli; Reporter; New Civil Engineer
Isabella Kaminski; Freelancer

Links: https://www.slideshare.net/UKCIP/global-opportunities-for-infrastructure-intelligence
https://www.ice.org.uk/ICEDevelopmentWebPortal/media/Events/Conferences/GEC-Programme-107.pdf
https://www.ice.org.uk/ICEDevelopmentWebPortal/media/Events/Conferences/GLOBAL-ENGINEERING-CONGRESS-BROCHURE.pdf

External participants:
? Hannah Besford, ICE Learns (Knowledge) Team - Project Manager
? Steve Crosskey, UNOPS
? Dr. Marlene Kanga, AM FTSE Hon.FIEAust Hon.FIChemE, President, World Federation of Engineering Organisations
? Nick O'Regan, Director of infrastructure and project management, UNOPS
? Zita Jesus-Leito, Minister of Traffic, Transportation and Urban Planning, Curaçao

Internal participants:
Thacker S.
Hall J.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.itrc.org.uk/infrastructure-lays-foundation-for-sdg-success/
 
Description ITRC/Mistral showcase meeting to inform Willis Tower Watson, with discussions for future collaborations (07/06/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Future collaborations likely.

External participants: Willis Tower Watson

Internal participants: ITRC/Mistral Team for 'Risk and Resilience'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description ITRC/UNOPS launch of the report "Infrastructure: underpinning sustainable development". Given at a professional event for 4000 engineers in London (GEC)- see page 3 of the programme, in which the ITRC will launch a report produced as part of a collaborative partnership between the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and the University of Oxford-led Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC). (19/10/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
ITRC/UNOPS launch of the report "Infrastructure: underpinning sustainable development". Given at a professional event for 4000 engineers in London (GEC)- see page 3 of the programme, in which the ITRC will launch a report produced as part of a collaborative partnership between the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and the University of Oxford-led Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC).
The report foreward was given by Ms. Grete Faremo, Under-Secretary-General, and UNOPS Executive Director.
This report was produced as part of a collaborative partnership between the United Nations Office for Project Services - UNOPS and the University of Oxford-led Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC). Through a systematic evaluation process, it presents and explains the ability for infrastructure to influence all 17 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including almost all of their targets. Accompanying these explanations are a rich set of examples that show how infrastructure projects, implemented by UNOPS and its partners, are helping to advance the 2030 Agenda in a variety of countries and contexts around the world. In doing so, it provides new and important evidence that highlights the central role of infrastructure in achieving the SDGs and in underpinning sustainable development.

https://www.itrc.org.uk/infrastructure-lays-foundation-for-sdg-success/

External participants:
Ms. Grete Faremo, Under-Secretary-General, and UNOPS Executive Director
Steven Crosskey, Head of IPM Strategic Initiatives, Infrastructure and Project Management Group, UNOPS Headquarters, Copenhagen, Denmark
Luke Raggatt, UNOPS
Tom COLLINS, UNOPS
Press office of the Institute of Civil Engineering ( ICE): Elodie Huiban, Rob Curd, Vienn McMasters vienn.mcmasters@ice.org.uk
Catherine Dhanjal, TheAnswer Ltd
Press release recipients:
Matt McGrath, Environment Correspondent, BBC
Christian Knutson, Podcast Host, Civil Engineering podcast
Sarah George, Reporter, Edie
Olivia Minnock, Content Editor, Energy Digital
Bernadette Ballantyne, Podcast Host, Engineering Matters podcast
Peter Reina, Europe Correspondent, London Engineering News Record
Terry Slavin, Editor, Ethical Corporation
Rob Horgan, News Editor, New Civil Engineer
Connor Ibbetson, Reporter, New Civil Engineer
Sam Sholli, Reporter, New Civil Engineer
Isabella Kaminski, Freelancer

Internal participants:
Thacker S.
Hall J.W.
University of Oxford Media unit:
Lanisha Butterfield, Stuart Gillespie, Christopher McIntyre

Reported:
24/10/2018 - journal article: 'MBSN: Market Business News' https://marketbusinessnews.com/sustainable-development-goals/189238/
22/10/2018 - Press Release from Oxford University. 'INFRASTRUCTURE LAYS FOUNDATIONS FOR SDG SUCCESS. New Oxford University-UNOPS report stresses infrastructure as key to unlocking Sustainable Development Goals.'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.itrc.org.uk/infrastructure-lays-foundation-for-sdg-success/
 
Description Impact Acceleration meeting - Oxford Cambridge ARC - implementation on DAFNI - England's Economic Heartland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting to discuss bring on Oxford Cambridge Arc analysis modelling onto DAFNI for England's Economic Hearrtland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Improving the UK's Infrastructure using DAFNI: a new free analytics platform 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An article published in The Institution of Civil Engineers - Improving the UK's Infrastructure using DAFNI: a new free analytics platform
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ice.org.uk/news-and-insight/the-civil-engineer/june-2019/improving-infrastructure-with-d...
 
Description Infrastructure Impacts Analysis for the NIC Flood Risk Analysis required by the UK Govt. Chancellor's October 2018 Budget speech (13/12/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Start 14/12/2018
Email: From Mike Steel (Flood and Coastal Risk Management - Expert Advisor, NIC). To Scott Thacker of Oxford Infrastructure Analytics (OIA).
"Tom Bradbury at NIC is very interested in the analysis you did for our Long Term Investment Scenarios (LTIS)* work as the NIC have a new commission to look at resilience (see link below)
So this email is just to make the connection but I suspect Tom would like to discuss it with you at some point - and I'm very pleased it is proving so relevant."

From Scott Thacker to Mike Steel and Tom Bradbury 19/12/2018
"Good to hear from you and of this interest in the work. Everything is well here - currently tying up a number of threads pre-Christmas . I hope that all is well with you and your team.Many thanks for making this connection.@ Tom - very happy to discuss at any point. I am between London and Oxford, so either by phone or face-to-face can work - let me know."

From Scott Thacker to Jim Hall and Raghav Pant both also of OIA; 20/12/2018
"As an update, I went to the NIC today to present this work (to Tom Bradbury).
He was impressed and will be in touch in the new year to discuss how this analysis can be utilised/extended to be incorporated within the forthcoming NIC resilience study. They are currently scoping methods for this and are struggling to find anything that connects the infrastructure risk with economic loss estimation (for adaptation) - so we are well placed here. I will keep you updated as I hear more."

Outcomes synopsis at 07/01/2019:
*Long Term Investment Scenarios (LTIS). These are the investment scenarios that the Environment Agency (EA) put together to optimise flood defence expenditure for England.
The National Infrastructure Commission (NIC) have been asked by the Chancellor, in his October 2018 budget, to undertake a resilience analysis for the UK. So far, this work described above, is as close to what they want as exists. As such, we expect to undertake some consultancy/research work for them in the coming months.

External participants:
Mike Steel; Expert Advisor, Flood and Coastal Risk Management, National Infrastructure Commission (NIC)
Thomas Bradbury; Flood Risk Expert, National Infrastructure Commission (NIC)

Internal participants:
Thacker S
Hall JW
Pant R
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Infrastructure data tool ready to respond to 'catastrophic events' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact An article published in New Civil Engineer - Infrastructure data tool ready to respond to 'catastrophic events'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.newcivilengineer.com/latest/infrastructure-data-tool-ready-to-respond-to-catastrophic-ev...
 
Description Intermediate git workshop ('Branch and Merge with Git') (21/02/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Training on use of version control tool was provided.

External participants:
6 attendees, School of Geography, University of Oxford

Internal participant:
Russell T
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Interview and Publication of the DAFNI facility on the The UK Authority Website 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Media release following DAFNI's inclusion in the Chancellor's, Philip Hammond, letter to Sir John Armitt, Chair of the National Infrastructure Commission. This outlined the Government's response to the National Infrastructure Assessment, commissioning of a new national infrastructure commission study on resilience where DAFNI receives special mention. DAFNI is cited as the facility that will provide the opportunity to undertake an in-depth analysis of resilience, as it works with key stakeholders to inform future approaches and should form part of the planning and analysis phase prior to the next National Infrastructure Assessment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ukauthority.com/articles/dafni-aims-high-with-analytics-for-infrastructure/
 
Description Interview and publication in New Civil Engineer - Chancellor hails super software as improving UK Infrastructure 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interview and publication on the New Civil Engineer online resource citing the Chancellor of the Exchequer's mention of DAFNI in his letter to the National Infrastructure Commission.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.newcivilengineer.com/latest/chancellor-hails-super-software-as-improving-uk-infrastructu...
 
Description KAOM News: Technology: 5G will soon change your life. But first, you'll have to find it. News article (09/08/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Edward Oughton, senior research associate at the University of Oxford who closely studies 5G development, likened the technology to the Concorde, the high-speed turbojet-powered supersonic passenger airliner that flew at twice the speed of sound.

"[It] did not revolutionize global travel; the jumbo jet did," Oughton said. "The technology is very fast but only a few wealthy users will be able to afford it at least initially - most of whom will be in urban and suburban areas." He argued getting the cost per bit of data transfer down is key. "This is where the biggest productivity benefits will lie; not in faster access in cities," he said.

All four major US mobile carriers declined to share how many people are currently using their 5G networks, but said they're continually adding new customers. "Early users might be disappointed with 5G in the beginning as carriers work out kinks," PwC's Hays said. "Consumers should lower their expectations in the months and years ahead.

External participants:
Samantha Murphy Kelly; KAOM Technology News Reporter

Internal participant:
Oughton, E.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.koamnewsnow.com/news/technology/5g-will-soon-change-your-life-but-first-youll-have-to-fi...
 
Description Letter from Minister Rutley to Ofwat with reference to the National Infrastructure Commission's report in water: Preparing for a drier future. (21/06/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A letter from Minister Rutley (Interim Parliamentary Under Secretary of State at the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs) forming a response to the Chief Executive Officer of Ofwat. Ofwat sent a letter to Minister Rutley setting out initial reactions to the National Infrastructure Commission's 'preparing for a drier future' report on water. This included thoughts on how the sector needs to respond. The ITRC was thanked specifically for their expertise in forming that report.
Commission's water resources report: The letter was copied by the minister to: Sir John Armitt, Sir James Bevan, Michael Roberts of Water UK, and the chairs of the existing regional planning groups.
The outcomes will affect the population of the British Isles.

External participants:
David Rutley MP, DEFRA, UK Government
Rachel Fletcher. Chief Executive, Ofwat, UK Government

Internal participants:
ITRC Group
Ives, M.
Hall, J.

Links: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-infrastructure-commissions-report-on-water-letter-to-ofwat
https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/720159/rutley-letter-ofwat-nic-water-response.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-infrastructure-commissions-report-on-water-lette...
 
Description Long Term Investment Scenarios: Infrastructure Impacts Analysis (05/07/2019). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Executive Summary
This study presents a flood risk assessment for interdependent infrastructure systems in England. This national-scale assessment builds on a system-of-systems approach that integrates component models into an integrated assessment of exposure, disruption and economic impacts, linking results to annual average infrastructure impacts, and subsequently to direct property damage uplift factors. These are then included in flood and coastal erosion investment optimisation using the Long-Term Investment Scenarios (LTIS) approach.
The analysis represents electricity and gas transmission points, water and wastewater treatment plants, roads, railways, ports and airports. It therefore covers a wide range of infrastructure - although with gaps (such as local energy distribution and telecommunications) due to data availability issues. The approach represents interdependence through physical dependencies of infrastructure on electricity, and of properties on utilities, and through economic dependencies as disruptions cascade through the broader economy.
The following ITRC papers were referenced:
6. National Infrastructures. Thacker, S, Pant, R and Hall, J W. 167, 2017, Reliability Engineering and System Safety, pp. 30-41.
Critical Infrastructure Impact Assessment due to Flood Exposure. Pant, R, et al. 2016, Journal of Flood Risk Management, Vol. 11, pp. 22-33.
7. Geographic Hotspots of Critical National Infrastructure. Thacker, S, et al. 2017, Risk Analysis, Vol. 37, pp. 2490-2505
8. Vulnerability Assessment Framework for Interdependent Critical Infrastructures: Case Study for Great Britain's Rail Network. Pant, R, Hall, J W and Blainey, S P. 1, 2016, European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research, Vol. 16, pp. 174-194. 1567-7141.
9. Evaluating the benefits of adaptation of critical infrastructure to hydrometeorological risk. Thacker, S, et al. 2017, Risk Analysis.

External participants:
The Environment Agency

Internal participants:
The ITRC Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/flood-and-coastal-risk-management-in-england-long-term-in...
 
Description MISTRAL transport model integration/performance meeting. Forward plan for model, with some investigation of current technology/library options from Colin Lomas of the STFC/DAFNI (03/10/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Small meeting to consider the future meetings required for this national transport project.

External participant:
Colin Lomas; Senior Software Engineer - DAFNI - Academic Research, Modelling and Advanced Visualisation

Internal participants:
Blainey S
Lovric M
Russell T
Usher W
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting at Delft University to 'Shape Energy Think Piece' on residential energy. (11/04/2018 - 12/04/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting at Delft University to 'Shape Energy Think Piece':
a) Contrasting alternative modelling approaches to energy demand
b) Getting feedback from critical friends on current state of paper
? Outputs & outcomes:
A journal paper (under review in July 2018). 'A complementary understanding of residential energy demand, consumption and services'. A thinkpiece submitted to Shape Energy project.

External participants:
? Igor Nikolic, Energy and Industry group, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)
? Kornelis Blok, Energy Systems Analysis, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)
? Paulien Herder, Engineering Systems Design in Energy and Department Head of Engineering Systems and Services, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)
? Pieter Bots, Department of Multi Actor Systems, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)
? Simon Tindemans, Intelligent Electrical Power Grids group, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)
? Milos Cvetkovic, challenges of renewable energy integration, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)
? Mathijs de Weerdt, Multi-Party Optimization within the Algorithmics Group, Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)

Internal participants:
Ives M.
Hiteva R.
Weijnen M.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with Oxfordshire County Council - data integration on DAFNI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oxfordshire County Council's Traffic and parking data has been provided to DAFNI. Furher work ongoing to help build links between their models
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting with Phil Dyer of Atkins to discuss use of UDM model with Northern Powerhouse scenarios. (April 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Close interaction with Craig Robson on developing building classification and testing of the National Infrastructure Development Application Programming Interface (NID API).
? Outputs & outcomes:
Ongoing discussions with Leeds around household assignment data requirements.

External participant: Philip Dyer; Atkins, Client director, Northern Powerhouse, UK & Europe

Internal participant: Robson, C.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Simon Martin, Divisional Director, Global Waste Practice Leader, Mott MacDonald 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Further meetings arranged

External participant:
Simon Martin, Divisional Director, Global Waste Practice Leader, Mott MacDonald

Internal participant:
ITRC Group at University of Southampton
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with the Greater London Authority (GLA), Greenwood Strategic Advisors, economic advisors from academic faculties and businesses (09/03/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
The meeting investigated and reviewed the Greenwood developed system dynamics model 'Greater London Simulator'

External participants:
? Jeremy Skinner, Interim Assistant Director, City Intelligence Unit, Greater London Authority (GLA)
? Margaret Kalaugher, Principal Policy Officer, Greater London Authority (GLA)
? Andrew McMunnigall, Interim Manager, Growth & Infrastructure, Greater London Authority (GLA)
? Michele Pittini, Senior Economist, Head of Economics, Greater London Authority (GLA)
? Luke Webster, Chief Investment Officer, Greater London Authority (GLA)
? Dominic Bloomfield, Principal Programme Delivery Officer, Greater London Authority (GLA)
? Julie Sexton, Senior Manager: Programme Delivery, Greater London Authority (GLA)
? Madalina Ursu, Infrastructure and Competitiveness Policy Officer in Economic and Business Policy, Greater London Authority (GLA)
? Vivienne Avery, Demography and Policy Analysis Manager, Greater London Authority (GLA)
? Gordon Douglass, Supervisory Economist, Greater London Authority (GLA)
? Mike Hope, Economist , Greater London Authority (GLA)
? Ben Corr, Demography Manager, Greater London Authority (GLA)
? David Lane, Business Informatics, Systems and Accounting, Henley Business School
? Kim Warren, Originator of Strategy Dynamics, Strategy Dynamics
? Ine Steenmans, Research Associate in 'Foresight and Futures', University College London (UCL)
? Nici Zimmermann, Bartlett School Env, Energy & Resources, Faculty of the Built Environment, University College London (UCL)
? Craig Stephens, Deputy Chief Executive, Greenwood Strategic Advisors AG
? Christoph Kirch, Head of Operations, Greenwood Strategic Advisors AG
? Andreas Harbig, Chief Executive Officer, Greenwood Strategic Advisors AG
? Simon Nielsen, Head of Policy Appraisal and Evaluation, Transport for London (TfL)
? Martin Tedder, Principal Environmental Planner, Transport for London (TfL)
? Julian Ware, Senior Principal, TfL Commercial Finance, Transport for London (TfL)
? Hala Audi, Director of Strategy and Policy, Infrastructure and Projects Authority
? Mark Hitchen, Deputy Director, Infrastructure and Projects Authority

Internal participants:
ITRC/Mistral Integration & Decisions Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2018
 
Description Mid-year population estimates (MYE), Subnational population projections (SNPP) and National population projections (NPP) data for the entire UK (01/06/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
The statistical agencies of the United Kingdom, that is: The Office for National Statistics (ONS), StatsWales, National Records of Scotland (NR Scotland), and Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA), all produce annual population estimates and projection data. This package develops a statistical system for analysis and predictions of population changes.

? https://github.com/nismod/ukpopulation

External participants
? The Office for National Statistics (ONS)
? StatsWales
? National Records of Scotland (NR Scotland)
? Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA)

Internal participants:
Leeds Demographic ITRC Unit
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://github.com/nismod/ukpopulation
 
Description Modelling approaches to the East West Arc (08/07/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
This first round of analysis has developed projections of future needs for energy, transport, water and digital communications. ITRC is currently analysing options for sustainable infrastructure provision in more detail and connecting with the many stakeholders in local and central government. The aim is to deliver quantified results for these different future alternatives as well as insights on impacts on stakeholders.

A meeting at the ECI in Oxford to talk about AECOM's and ITRC's modelling approaches to the East West Arc.
This meeting forms a great opportunity to have the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG), Bev Hindle and Martin Tugwell in the room to help us all better understand context, needs, challenges and possible complementarities & synergies between the modelling approaches.

External participants:
? Oxford City Council:
? Bev Hindle, Director of the Oxford to Cambridge Arc Leaders (the group of Local Authorities in the Arc)
? Anna Rinaldi, Property Asset and Investment Officer

? England's Economic Heartland:
? Martin Tugwell, Director

? AECOM:
? Matthew Pell, Director, Planning
? Charles Ledward, Planning consultant
? Joseph Ward, Senior planner

? Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG):
? Kris Krasnowski - Deputy director, Housing delivery, Oxford -Cambridge Arc
? Ben Whitlock - Head of infrastructure
? Edward Douglas - Senior policy advisor
? Thomas Wilson - Infrastructure lead, Oxford to Cambridge Arc
? Rebecca Craig - Policy advisor, OxCam unit

Internal participants:
? Jim Hall - Principal Investigator, Oxford
? Adrian Hickford - Arc lead researcher, Southampton
? Tom Russell - Arc technical lead, Oxford
? Miriam Mendes - Programme Manager
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description NIA/NIC modellers review workshop, proposed for Autumn 2018 (03/05/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
The NIC met with Jim Hall to discuss an "NIA modellers review workshop" after the NIA has been published. Jim Hall of the ITRC offered to host that 'in the autumn' [2018].

External participants: Modellers Group, National Infrastructure Commission (NIC)

Internal participant: Hall JW
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description National Framework modelling advisory group of the Environment Agency. Attended by the ITRC Water Group. (18/02/19) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact An advisory group of the Environment Agency describing their requirements for the National Framework to their academic collaborators (ITRC, Oxford, and Manchester University), and modellers from water companies.

? Outputs & outcomes:
The Group informed the decisions of the Environment Agency. Plans were made for future work together.

Participants:
ITRC Water Group
The Environment Agency
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description National Infrastructure Commission (NIC) Issued a report: Preparing for a drier future England's water infrastructure needs (April 2018) based on analyses by the Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
National Infrastructure Commission April 2018
Report: Preparing for a drier future England's water infrastructure needs

The Foreward, by Sir John Armitt CBE, Chair, National Infrastructure Commission, states:
In its interim assessment, published last year, the Commission identified a range of pressures facing the water industry, including climate change, population growth, growing consumer expectations, ageing infrastructure and the need to protect the environment. The Commission also outlined its vision for reducing the risks of drought and managing the UK's water supplies more effectively.
This paper follows that consultation and sets out a range of measures which the Commission believes government, water companies and the regulator should take to increase investment in supply infrastructure and encourage more efficient use of water - halving leakage by 2050, extending
metering and developing plans for a national water network. As the analysis presented in this paper shows, the cost of responding to a severe drought in the UK would likely run into tens of billions of pounds. The case for improving our long-term resilience to drought is therefore compelling.
The current price review being undertaken by the industry regulator - through which companies are considering how they will provide a secure supply of water to homes and businesses in their area - presents an ideal opportunity for improving the long-term planning and coordination of water supply at both regional and national scale.
I am grateful to the many organisations and individuals who have engaged with the Commission's work over recent months and for the continuing dialogue and constructive engagement from all parts of the water sector. I hope that the recommendations contained in this report will now be taken forward as a priority by those with responsibility for ensuring that future generations can continue to access high quality water.

The report uses sources supplied by the ITRC:
Fig 1: Source: Commission calculations, based on data from Water UK, water companies and the Environment Agency and using the NISMOD model developed by the Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium.
Fig 2: Source: Commission calculations and analysis, using input from Atkins, Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium and Regulatory Economics Ltd. See Annex 2 for more details and references.
Fig 3: Source: Commission analysis, using input from Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium and Regulatory Economics Ltd, see Annex 3 for more details and references.

Consequent Recommendations:
The Commission recommends that government should ensure plans are in place to deliver additional supply and demand reduction of at least 4,000 Ml/day. Action to deliver this twin-track approach should start immediately:
- Ofwat should launch a competitive process by the end of 2019 complementing the Price Review so that at least 1,300 Ml/day is provided through (i) a national water network and (ii) additional supply infrastructure by the 2030s.
- The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs should set an objective for the water industry to halve leakage by 2050, with Ofwat agreeing 5 year commitments for each company (as part of the regulatory cycle) and reporting on progress.
- The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs should enable companies to implement compulsory metering beyond water stressed areas by the 2030s, by amending
regulations before the end of 2019 and requiring all companies to consider systematic roll out of smart meters as a first step in a concerted campaign to improve water efficiency.

Acknowledgements:
The Commission would like to thank:
The individuals that provided technical support and comments on the analysis, in particular from:
Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium, Atkins, Vivid Economics, Regulatory Economics, Mott MacDonald, Anglian Water, Atkins, Consumer Council for Water, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Environment Agency, HR Wallingford, Ofwat, Severn Trent Water, Southern Water, Thames Water, UK Water Industry Research, United Utilities, University of Manchester, Water UK, Waterwise, and members of the Commission's technical advisory panel.

References:
Ref. 17. Hall, Jim W. et al. (2016) The Future of National Infrastructure. A System-of-Systems Approach
Link: https://www.nic.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/NIC-Preparing-for-a-Drier-Future-26-April-2018.pdf

This report is additionally referenced in the Infrastructure and climate change report (Postnote 621) (27/03/2020)
Ref. 26. National Infrastructure Commission (2018). Preparing for a drier future
https://post.parliament.uk/research-briefings/post-pn-0621/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.nic.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/NIC-Preparing-for-a-Drier-Future-26-April-2018.pdf
 
Description National Infrastructure Commission's modelling workshop - lessons learnt from the National Infrastructure Assessment (NIA) (20/09/2018) (13/11/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs:
Further participation with the NIC for the development of modelling for the next NIA to work towards the UK Government's ambition to make substantial savings while looking to invest £600 billion in infrastructure projects over the next decade (2017-2027).

Workshop - Lessons learned from modelling for the National Infrastructure Assessment
Meeting date: Thursday 20th September 2018, 13.00 - 16.00
Venue: Bloomsbury House, 2-3 Bloomsbury Square, London, WC1A 2RL
Chair: Bianca Letti, National Infrastructure Commission (Modelling lead)
Key aims of workshop
1. Review the modelling that informed the first National Infrastructure Assessment
2. Gather views on the modelling processes and approach from those involved - the Commission's secretariat, government department analysts, consultants and academics from the Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium
3. Discuss evidence gaps, unanswered questions and processes which could be put in place for the next Assessment in five years' time
Agenda
Time Agenda item
13:00 - 13:05
Introduction
13:05 - 13:30
Part 1: Reflections from the NIC
• Analysis for the NIA
• Working with multiple analytical teams
• Questions we would have liked to answer
• Approach to NIA 2
13:30 - 14:55
Part 2: Overview of modelling - short presentations by modellers
• Quick snapshot of the analysis
• What worked well
• What would they have liked to have done better
• Model development plans that might be usable for the next NIA
14:15 - 14:30
Tea and coffee break
14:30 - 14:50
Part 2 continued: Overview of modelling - short presentations by modellers
14:50 - 15:50
Part 3: Looking towards the next NIA - in break out groups
• What are the big questions that might want to be analysed?
• How might we go about analysing them?
• Where are the gaps between current analytical capability and our aspirations?
• How might model development activity, data etc. be coordinated between now and the next NIA?
15:50 - 16:00 : Final reflections and close

? Outcomes: Summary of discussion
Part 1: Reflections from the NIC
• The NIC presented reflections on the modelling process for the National Infrastructure Assessment (NIA), including its experience working with multiple analytical teams within the Commission and externally, in government and consultancies. The NIC also highlighted areas which it would have liked to focus on for the NIA and some initial thoughts on how modelling for the second NIA might be developed.
Part 2: Overview of modelling - short presentations by modellers
Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC)
• The ITRC highlighted the areas of its collaboration with the NIC which it thought were successful as: the consistent set of scenarios used; the diversity and plausibility of assumptions; the flexibility of inputs into the model; and the iterative approach adopted by the NIC and the ITRC in developing the work.
• The ITRC also felt that their model provided a useful alternative to government models, and the comparison of outputs between two sets of models led to interesting insights. The water modelling was also mentioned a particularly successful element of the work, as its outputs allowed useful conclusions to be drawn, and the analysis has generally received positive feedback from stakeholders in the sector.
• As areas which could have gone better, the ITRC highlighted: difficulties in undertaking regional analysis; assumptions on technological uptake phasing out in the future and questions around whether this is reasonable; and the time constraint for delivering the work. The ITRC would also have liked to have had more flexibility in producing reports on the work they did, rather than requiring the NIC to produce them.
• Future model development:
o New demand scenarios including: household micro-simulation models for developing synthetic populations; national analysis of the housing stock; new housing allocation model.
o Next generation of high resolution models: simulation model of the energy and gas networks; energy hub with local heat networks, hydrogen, storage and demand response; multi-modal transport model; fixed and mobile digital communications; urban drainage.
o Model coupling, uncertainty/sensitivity analysis and decision framework.
o DAFNI - data and analytics facility for national infrastructure.
Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS)
• BEIS and the NIC initially had difficulties in communicating the conceptual basis for the modelling and what the NIC aimed to get out of it. However, once this was successfully communicated, BEIS thought that translating the conceptual basis of the NIC's scenarios into modelling assumptions was successful.
• BEIS also flagged that there were difficulties once the modelling had been done in communicating the findings to policy colleagues in BEIS, as they had not been fully involved in the work as it was ongoing. This led to some delays in delivering the modelling to the NIC.
• Future model development:
o Understanding the impact of the electrification of heat and transport on power load profiles
o Reconciling higher costs of UK TIMES relative to the Dynamic Dispatch Model for the same level of demand
3
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra)
• Defra felt that themselves and the NIC worked well together throughout the process. Regular catch-ups and clear output requirements from the outset contributed to this success.
• Defra is currently investing in developing its modelling capability, and felt that this additional capability would have been helpful for the NIA, particularly in exploring changing assumptions such as recycling rates.
• Future model development:
o Better exploration of uncertainty, such as consumer behaviour and response
o Simulation target model approach, possibly incorporating elements like Monte Carlo simulation, agent based modelling
Department for Transport (DfT)
• The DfT also felt that they developed good working relationships with the NIC with regular catch-ups, which were helpful in the modelling process. There were some initial concerns with the presentation of results from two sets of models when outputs turned out to be very different, but with further discussion and investigation the basis for these differences were identified, which helped to assuage concerns.
• The DfT were unclear on the value of running two models, and how this added to conclusions. They felt that ahead of future modelling work, the DfT could do more to understand the NIC's requirements and the NIC could review DfT's models in more depth to see if they are fit for their purposes.
• Another element of the work which was challenging was the inclusion of some projects requested by the NIC - the DfT could only include projects into their models that had been timetabled for launch, so off-model adjustments were needed to account for some schemes (eg HS2).
• The DfT also highlighted time and resource constraints as a challenge, and that sufficient notice of modelling work is needed to ensure resource is available.
• Future model development:
o Road - recalibrated version of NTM v2 has been launched; internal work to develop a consistent set of scenarios for use in appraisal and development of tools more suitable for scenario analysis; future work planned to consider how to capture impacts of CAVs and other technologies in road traffic models.
o Rail - released new WebTAG unit which has revised parameters and variables used in forecasting, including new variables on employment sectors and occupation; moving from NMF to Moira 2.2; further changes planned to forecasting framework and forecasting models.
Aurora Energy Research
• Engagement between Aurora and the NIC was good, with weekly catch ups helping to keep the NIC updated on work progress. Roundtables helped guide Aurora along and gave them a clear setting of milestones, and allowed them to focus sensitivities based on input from a range of experts.
• Aurora felt that one of the biggest challenges in the work was incorporating many new assumptions into the model simultaneously, which made it hard to uncover what was causing results. They also had to build a new network model with locational constraints while developing the market modelling, which increased their workload.
• Aurora felt that more interaction between consultancy teams would have been helpful, particularly the team working on heat, as outputs from the heat work were required to take the power modelling forward.
4
• Future model development:
o Incorporating locational factors and wind constraints
o Fully integrating network and market models
o Stochastic models accounting for expected loss of load
Flood modelling - NIC presentation
• The flood risk modelling was done by the NIC, and the model developed by JBA Consulting in collaboration with Sayers and Partners. The main successes of the modelling were considered to be a useful set of results for different resilience levels, and the ability to test a 4C climate scenario.
• It was challenging to establish a baseline, cost undefended areas and quantify the impacts of flooding on mental health. Surface water is also a significant gap in flood modelling in general, and also in this modelling.
Anthesis
• Anthesis felt that the models worked well in generating the required results for a range of scenarios, particularly greenhouse gases and net present values. The flexible structure of the models allowed the testing of options and sensitivities.
• Some challenges were the lack of integration of the two waste models which resulted in manual transfer of data, and the fact that the models were not particularly user friendly, especially if adding additional scenarios. Some modelling issues were uncovered in the process (eg energy mix for GHG model) which could have been addressed earlier. In addition, data issues were a problem (commercial and industrial waste).
• Future model development:
o Better baseline data, especially for commercial & industrial waste
o Integration of two models, and possible use of other packages (model Excel based)
o Inclusion of more waste technology options and more sophisticated approach to collection costs
o Creation of a user interface and results dashboard
Element Energy
• Element felt that the work objectives were met successfully, and highlighted that further input on consumer bills was provided following the project to assist the NIC, which helped to generate a clear message on the overall impact of the scenarios.
• The interaction with other modelling teams was also considered to be successful, with soft linking of data inputs/outputs carried out with waste and power modelling teams. However, integration with power modelling to allow assessment of impact of electricity demand for heat on the cost and carbon intensity of electricity could have been better. The heat model was designed to be run iteratively with the power modelling, but time and project sequencing limited ability to do this.
• Future model development:
o Centralised vs localised hydrogen generation
o Regional variation of economics of heating solutions
o Whole-system energy modelling
o Multi-vector system modelling
o More realistic heating technology deployment scenarios
o Demand side response capability of heating systems
o Further developments in CCS assumptions/modelling capability
5
Part 3: Looking towards the next NIA
The participants split up into table groups to consider four questions and one participant from each table fed back key elements of their discussion to the wider group. A summary of discussion across all tables is given below.
• Questions for the next NIA:
o Consider the boundary between questions which should be addressed by the NIC and those addressed by government departments. It was suggested that the NIC could add most value in addressing cross-cutting questions, as well as politically difficult ones. In this context, the NIC could aim to identify and understand what modelling is already done by government departments as well as their modelling capability to avoid replicating work.
o Behaviour and behavioural responses, thinking about incentivising behaviour vs areas where change can happen on its own. Understanding different groups of infrastructure users.
o Infrastructure and regional economies, and how infrastructure can contribute to growth, taking complementary policies into account.
o Technology, exogenous innovation and how technologies diffuse through infrastructure systems.
o Considering shock events/disruptions and how they affect long term trends.
o Modelling interdependencies.
o Modelling surface water/drainage and modelling the digital sector.
o Regardless of which questions are addressed in the next NIA, it is important for the NIC to get buy in for its modelling from those they seek to influence, to try and ensure results are taken seriously.
• How to analyse them:
o Clarity on questions early on, but it is not obvious how early you should decide. In five years your question may have changed.
o The importance of defining questions correctly and understanding why we are undertaking modelling before rushing into it was highlighted. Setting out outputs which will be required from the start.
o Potential need for an organising framework, setting out objectives and interventions.
o Developing and maintaining long term metrics framework.
o Thinking about qualitative systems and mapping hypotheses. Considering where there are soft links/need for integration between sectors/model.
o Resisting the inclination to make everything complex. Sometimes it's best to keep things logical and simple but structured.
o Using more extreme scenarios, but considering whether we can trust models to deal with non marginal changes.
o Transparency on how effects propagate between models, better integration between models.
• Gaps in capability
o Computational gaps, having flexibility and capacity to run sensitivities.
o Data gaps - eg commercial and industrial waste.
o Gaps in capability to clearly visualise and present data.
o Population distribution scenarios, economic feedbacks and modelling adaptive pathways.
o Impact of specific projects at the national level may be marginal, consider how to account for the value they add.
6
o Inconsistency in appraisal between sectors, which makes prioritising/choosing between sectors challenging.
o Comparing packages of schemes.
o Thinking about whether we have the capability to answer the big questions listed in point 1.
o Resource availability, and knowledge management between the NIC and departments.
• Future model development:
o The NIC could consider doing what the airports Commission did and independently peer review existing models. Comparing models might also contribute to peer review processes.
o The NIC should support model diversity, but taking care to not disperse attention to too many different models.
o DAFNI will be able to provide accessibility to multiple modelling platforms while maintaining confidentiality.
o Ensuring the NIC maintains in-house modelling capability to continue to support this work.
o Role for the NIC in keeping the conversation going.
The Commission would like to thank all participants for their input, which will be carefully considered as the Commission develops the next NIA.


External participants at meeting 20/09/2018:
Dr James Richardson; Chief Economist, NIC
Bianca Letti; Head of Modelling, NIC
Sanchia Bailey; Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS)
Javier Iguarta; Economic Advisor, DEFRA
Claire Worsdall; Economist, Department for Transport (DfT)
Adam Jones; Department for Transport (DfT)
William Hawkes; Department for Transport (DfT)
Felix Chow, Oliver Kerr, Anna Macdonald; Aurora
Tom Bradbury; Flood modelling, NIC
Peter Scholes; Principal Consultant, Anthesis LRS
Sam Foster; Element Energy

External participants receiving meeting minutes on 13/11/2018:
? Bianca Letti; Head of Modelling, NIC
? Igartua, Javier; Economic Advisor, DEFRA
? Anna Macdonald; Analyst, Aurora Energy Research Ltd
? Sam Foster; Element Energy
? Peter Scholes; Principal Consultant, Anthesis LRS
? Samuel Chorlton; UK Research and Innovation (UKRI), Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)
? Bailey Sanchia; Analyst, Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS)
? Claire Worsdall; Economist, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Adam Jones; Department for Transport (DfT)
? William Hawkes; Department for Transport (DfT)
? Pawel Kucharski; Technical Director, Jacobs
? Mike Steel; Flood & Coastal Risk Expert Advisor, Environment Agency, UK Govt.
? Rachel Brisley; Head of Warrington Office , BA Consulting
? Jonathan Black; Head of Modelling, Aurora Energy Research Ltd
? Thomas Wickersham; Senior Economic Advisor, National Infrastructure Commission (NIC)


Internal participants at meeting 20/09/2018
Hall J.
Ives M.

Internal participants receiving meeting minutes on 13/11/2018:
Blainey, S.P.
Chaudry, M.
Hall, J.W.
Watson, G.V.R.
Preston, J.P.
Ives, M.
Usher, W.


Expected:
Further participation with the NIC for the development of modelling for the next NIA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description New platform for infrastructure modelling now open 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Magazine article for the Government & Public Sector Journal promoting DAFNI.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://www.gpsj.co.uk/?p=4683
 
Description Newspaper comment that water meters should be used in most UK households. Interviewee, Professor Jim Hall of the ITRC/Mistral. (03/09/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Prof Hall's headline comments:
- Compulsory meters must be considered to tackle the water crisis following this summer's heatwave across the UK and large parts of Europe
- The devices are controversial, as large families can end up paying more
- Supporters say they reduce usage by more than 8 gallons per person per day
- The National Infrastructure Commission has called for the UK to cut water use from 37 gallons (141 litres) per person per day to an ambitious 30 gallons (118 litres).

Additional information was provided by:
- Professor Len Shaffrey, climate scientist at the University of Reading, with reference to several leading theories as to what may be causing the recent global heatwave.
- Jamie Hannaford, principal hydrologist at the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, added: 'The headline, if you like, the simple story, is warmer, drier summers and, as a result, lower river flows in the future.'

Links:
MailOnline article: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6127501/Water-meters-compulsory-households-cope-climate-change.html
Telegraph Online: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/09/03/power-showers-could-restricted-households-forced-install-water

External participants:
The MailOnline Readership
The Telegraph Online Readership
Dr Jamie Hannaford, principal hydrologist at the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
Professor Len Shaffrey, climate scientist at the University of Reading

Internal participant:
Hall J.W.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/09/03/power-showers-could-restricted-households-forced-install...
 
Description Office of National Statistics - linking ONS' Secure Research Service to DAFNI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Initial meeting to look at a pilot project to link ONS' Secure Research Service with DAFNI.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Paper launched at the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Investment Fair in New York. 'Integrated Approaches to Sustainable Infrastructure.' (16/04/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact On the 16th of April at the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) launched other 'Integrated Approaches to Sustainable Infrastructure' paper.
'The Evidence-Based Infrastructure approach, developed by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and the Infrastructure Transition Research Consortium (ITRC) at the University of Oxford, is designed to account for the interconnections among infrastructure systems and environmental, social, and economic factors, and is intended for use in developing country contexts (Hall et al., 2016). Its application is supported by a suite of analytical tools, including a Capacity
Assessment Tool for Infrastructure (CAT-I) and the National Infrastructure Systems Model (NISMOD), which utilizes a "system-of-systems" approach to ensure that cross-sectoral interdependencies are identified, and synergies optimized (Ibid., 2016). These existing tools and approaches together form a complementary "tool box" that planners and policymakers can use to adopt integrated approaches to the planning and development of sustainable infrastructure that supports the 2030 Agenda. '

External participants:
UNOPS:
? Rowan Palmer; Programme Specialist, Economic and Fiscal Policy Unit, Economy Division, South-South Cooperation Unit, Policy and Programme Division
? Fulai Sheng; Head, Economic and Fiscal Policy Unit, Economy Division, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
? Colm Joseph Hastings; Environment Affairs Intern at UN Environment, Genthod, Canton of Geneva, Switzerland
? Vanessa Iris Bauer

Internal participants:
Thacker S
ITRC Group

link: http://www.greengrowthknowledge.org/sites/default/files/downloads/resource/Integrated_Approaches_To_Sustainable_Infrastructure_UNEP.pdf
https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/ffdforum/2019-ffd-forum/2019-sdg-investment-fair/schedule-of-events.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.greengrowthknowledge.org/sites/default/files/downloads/resource/Integrated_Approaches_To_...
 
Description Partnership formalised between Oxfordshire County Council and DAFNI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact DAFNI (Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure), through STFC, signed an agreement to work with Oxfordshire County Council (OCC) to provide data and simulation support for activities relating to resilience planning and development strategies across the County. Through DAFNI, council planners will be able to work with a range of datasets, simulate different scenarios, gauge impacts on the County before committing to spending the public money on new developments. The initial phase will be to conduct a pilot activity with DAFNI to scope council requirements and later the hope is to translate this partnership with other local authorities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.dafni.ac.uk/news/computer-scientists-offering-help-to-improve-oxfordshires-transport-man...
 
Description Potential Collaboration NISMOD-INT & the Inter American Development Bank (IADB) research project on infrastructure in the Andean region and the prioritization of infrastructure projects to boost economic development. (06/06/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Jim Hall from the ITRC had an initial conversation, requested by Gustavo Canavire Bacarreza of the Inter American Development Bank (IADB), to explore a potential collaboration involving the IADB's research project on infrastructure in the Andean region and the prioritization of infrastructure projects to boost economic development.
The IADB came across the System-of-systems approach and the framework developed by the ITRC for the UK and found it very interesting. In particular they explored the analysis tools NISMOD-Int, which seems to have the potential of being an excellent tool that can be applied to the IADB's research.

During their conversation Jim Hall mentioned that the ITRC has had several interactions with the IADB, in particular with the team of Graham Watkins, who the ITRC visited in Washington DC last year. The ITRC team currently have infrastructure assessment and planning studies under way in Argentina (for the World Bank) and in the Caribbean islands (jointly with UNOPS).

Further related activities are expected.

External participants:
- Gustavo Javier Canavire Bacarreza, Senior Economist, Country Department Andean Group, Inter American Development Bank
- Lucia Emanuela Martin Rivero, Country Department Andean Group, Inter American Development Bank
- Javier Diaz Cassou, Lead Economist, Inter American Development Bank

Internal participant: Hall J.W.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Preparation for Department for Transport (DfT) National Security Science & Technology Working Group (NSS & TWG) on 3rd may 2018. (18/04/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
To assist those new to Mistral to understand the project Jim Hall provided a title and abstract 'Preparing for Catastrophe: Climate-resilient infrastructure systems'
National infrastructure systems are characterised by growing complexity and interdependencies between different networks e.g. energy, transport and digital networks. These interdependencies can exacerbate the possibility of cascading failures, where failure in one location can propagate to disproportionately large numbers of infrastructure users. The UK Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC) has developed methodology for mapping interdependencies in large spatially distributed networks and modelling the consequences of cascading failure, in order to identify and prioritise vulnerabilities in the network. We have proposed a definition of 'critical infrastructure hotspots' and have mapped these hotspots for the UK. We are modelling the potential impacts on the wider economy of infrastructure failures and are using the evidence to prioritise interventions to reduce the risks of infrastructure failure.

External participants:
? Jessica Sorrell, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Alice MacFarlan, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Andrew Brunning, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Anthony Boucher, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Callum Knox, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Chris Blakeman, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Chris Brown, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Claire Lock, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Dan Taylor, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Daniel Acheampong, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Duncan Turton, Department for Transport (DfT)
? John Mairs, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Kavitha Kishen, National Security Science and Research, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Matthew James, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Miles Gidlow, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Peter Browne, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Phil Blythe, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Ramona Fitch, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Roh Hathlia, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Smart Cities Partnership (SCP), Department for Transport (DfT)
? Sevvy Palmer, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Sevvy1 Palmer, Centre for Connected and Autonomous (CCAV) (UK Govt)
? Simon Lancaster, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Siobhan Campbell, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Steve Berry, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Tom Salter, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Tracy Catling, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Transport Security Operations Centre (TSOC), Department for Transport (DfT)
? Valerie Trojanowska, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Grant Bass, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Jennifer Yau, Department for Transport (DfT)
? Mike Alcock, Department for Transport (DfT)

Internal participant:
Hall JW
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation of Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure (DAFNI) pilot / mobile assessment model at Facebook Connectivity Lab's Faculty Workshop, San Francisco, CA. (06/12/2018 - 07/12/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
The event was a chance to see the research that Facebook Connectivity are doing and start a dialogue about potential collaboration. We now have a variety of proposals in process,
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Project initialisation meetings for a research study in St Lucia. (28/02/2018 to 02/03/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes: Fast Track Analysis (FTA) for St. Lucia. FTA is a standardised form of study that the ITRC provides. It is essentially a national infrastructure assessment - to understand a countries future infrastructure needs and provide recommendations for how those needs can be met.

External participants:
Government of St. Lucia
Private Sector Officials

Internal participants:
Thacker S.
Fuldauer L.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Project planning and design meeting with Thames21 (21/03/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Project planning and design meeting with Thames21, an educational charity. Skype meeting.
Guidance on direction of 'Water Futures' visualisation tool was provided.
Further meetings planned (March 2018)

External participant:
Edel Fingleton, Education Officer, Thames21

Internal participants:
? Landstrom C.
? Mortazavi-Naeini M.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Protecting future housing developments from the effects of climate change. (09/05/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Jim Hall of Oxford's Environmental Change Institute comments on new plans by the Environment Agency to protect future housing developments from the effects of climate change.

External participant: BBC World Service; News
Internal participant: Hall J.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Provision of an Executive Summary of the paper 'Quantifying the Daily Economic Impact of Extreme Space Weather Due to Failure in Electricity Transmission Infrastructure' to the Meteorlogical Office (Met Office) for onward provision to the UK Science Minister as part of the Met Office's funding request to the Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) for the new L5 satellite mission. (July 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Continuing discussions for further related activity.
Dr Oughton has provided an Executive Summary of the paper 'Quantifying the Daily Economic Impact of Extreme Space Weather Due to Failure in Electricity Transmission Infrastructure' to the Meteorlogical Office (Met Office) for onward provision to the UK Science Minister as part of the Met Office's funding request to the Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) for the new L5 satellite mission. The Executive Summary accompanies the business case for the space mission undertaken by the UK Space Agency. No funding is provided as yet.
Full details of the article; Oughton, Edward J., Andrew Skelton, Richard B. Horne, Alan W. P. Thomson, and Charles T. Gaunt. 2017. 'Quantifying the Daily Economic Impact of Extreme Space Weather Due to Failure in Electricity Transmission Infrastructure'. Space Weather 15 (1): 65-83. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016SW001491

External participants:
Meteorlogical Office (Met Office)
Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS)

Internal participant: Oughton E.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Queens' Belfast University and DAFNI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact DAFNI outreach : To begin to develop partnerships in Northern Ireland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description R Gecan of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO, USA) had a discussion with Dr E. Oughton of the ITRC Digital Comms Group with reference to Critical National Infrastructure (CNI) threats of low probability but high impact. (31/07/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Ron Gecan from the CBO contacted Dr E. Oughton of the ITRC regarding CNI low probability, high impact threats. The discussion covered Dr Oughton's space weather CNI research in greater detail, after reading the papers published by Dr Oughton.
The original paper Mr Gecan read was:
Oughton, Edward J., Andrew Skelton, Richard B. Horne, Alan W. P. Thomson, and Charles T. Gaunt. 2017. 'Quantifying the Daily Economic Impact of Extreme Space Weather Due to Failure in Electricity Transmission Infrastructure'. Space Weather 15 (1): 65-83. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016SW001491.
In addition the following paper, currently in review, was also discussed:
Oughton, E.J., M. A. Hapgood, G.S. Richardson, C.D. Beggan, A.W.P. Thomson, M. Gibbs, C. Burnett, et al. 2018. 'A Risk Assessment Framework for the Socio-Economic Impacts of Electricity Transmission Infrastructure Failure Due to Space Weather'. Cambridge Judge Business School Working Paper No. 01/2018. https://www.jbs.cam.ac.uk/faculty-research/publications/working-papers/working-papers-from-2018/
Short further discussion is anticipated.

External participant: Ron Gecan, Prinicpal Analysts, Congressional Budget Office USA.

Internal participant: E. Oughton
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Re-organisaton of collaborations with the Bank of England. Meeting with the ITRC/Mistral's Agent Based Modelling Group (Institute for New Economic Thinking (INET), University of Oxford) (26/03/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Collaboration re-organisation meeting. A new schedule of actions for the collaboration of our groups has been established.

External participants:
? Arzu Uluc, Economist: Macro-Financial Risks Division, Bank of England
? Marc Hinterschweiger, Bank of England

Internal participants:
ITRC/Mistral's Agent Based Modelling Group (Institute for New Economic Thinking (INET), University of Oxford)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Report to Department for Transport (DfT): digital connectivity for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) (06/10/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Expansion of the debate with reference to the necessity of establishing 5G connectivity.
Meanwhile EU members commit to a new declaration to establish a common baseline for 5G standards and help make Europe a global leader on future mobile networks.
Full deployment of a commercial 5G mobile network is still at least two years away, but new business models are already beginning to crystallise around the technology.

Link: https://www.computerweekly.com/news/450427404/Consistent-service-not-speed-key-to-UKs-5G-future-say-researchers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.computerweekly.com/news/450427404/Consistent-service-not-speed-key-to-UKs-5G-future-say-...
 
Description Report: The collaboration between the University of Oxford, UNOPS and several partner countries. (06/09/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Prof. J.W. Hall, of the Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC), University of Oxford, was invited to join a selected group of UN officials to make a presentation to the UN Assembly highlighting the very productive collaboration between the ITRC, UNOPS, and several partner countries who are taking significant steps towards making better choices with reference to essential infrastructure like energy supply, transport, water supply, waste recycling, and mobile phones thanks to the ITRC's System-of-Systems analyses. The reach of the report is millions of people. External participants: UN ambassadors and Executive Boards of the Second regular session 3 to 6 September 2019:

External participants: UN ambassadors and
Executive Boards of the Second regular session 3 to 6 September 2019:
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) (Grete Faremo, Executive Director of UNOPS)
Nick O'Regan, Director of Infrastructure and Project Management Group (IPMG), UNOPS

Internal participants: ITRC, Hall, J.W.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://webtv.un.org/search/executive-board-of-undp-unfpa-and-unops-second-regular-session-3-6-septem...
 
Description Rob Jones (Head, The Caribbean Resilient Infrastructure Alliance) contacted Nick O'Regan of UNOPS Copenhagen (CPH) to coordinate a meaningful relationship with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Dr Thacker (the UNOPS member of the ITRC). (13/09/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Fulai Sheng of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) contacted the UNOPS group of the ITRC by email, and copied in Rob Jones (Rob Jones, Head, The Caribbean Resilient Infrastructure Alliance), on 12/09/2018 with reference to developing a work stream on sustainable infrastructure in connection to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and climate actions. UNEP were keen to reach out to UNOPS for partnership and building on UNOPS work. Further contact by telephone was arranged

Also on 13/09/2018 Steven Crosskey of UNOPS contacted Fulai Sheng (and copied to Trevor Sway and Nick O'Regan, both of UNOPS) to reach some common ground with reference to a number of initiatives active with UNOPS at that date:
1. UNOPS have developed a Capacity Assessment Tool for Infrastructure (CAT-I) to understand how entities Plan, Deliver and Manage their infrastructure assets. This is a comprehensive look at all aspects of governance around infrastructure leading to practical recommendations for action, to build on strengths and address gaps.
2. a) UNOPS have worked very closely with the ITRC Group of the University of Oxford in several areas including the development of the National Infrastructure Systems Model for Infrastructure, (NISMOD-int), based on the ground breaking work done by ITRC for the UK infrastructure sector, but appropriate for developing nations (where data is generally less available). We have piloted the tool in Palestine, and Curacao island, and presently we have one or two more in the pipeline. This allows us to gather asset data across infrastructure sectors - (water, waste, ICT, Energy and Transport, as well as social infrastructure - health, education Rule of Law, Economic structure, housing etc.), and model current and future demand based on development goals, as well as input hazard data to investigate current and future vulnerabilities in a 'systems of systems' approach.
2. b) UNOPS are jointly supporting and attending the Institute of Civil Engineers (ICE) event - The Global congress on engineering and the SDG's in late October. (https://www.ice.org.uk/events/global-engineering-congress ). For this they are in the process of developing a paper, based on research by ITRC Oxford, on the relationship of Infrastructure to the SDG targets, highlighting its role, and importance. We have also written a short introduction for the Congress brochure, and an expanded piece to go to all participants to highlight the role of Engineers in the SDG's.
2. c) A paper on Small Island Developing states and effects of climate change and the importance of Infrastructure, based on case studies for work ongoing in Curacao and St. Lucia in both of which UNOPS of the ITRC (the University of Oxford) is partaking.
Mr Jones believed it would be very useful to discuss the matter further with Mr O'Regan, as there is a clear need to be able to being together the physical infrastructure (built assets etc) and the natural infrastructure (wetlands, mangrove forests etc.) that should be combined to address some of developing countries greatest needs to drive for sustainable development, and combat the negative effects of climate change on the risk environment. Mr O'Regan's interest in developing a work stream on sustainable infrastructure could be a great opportunity to partner in this important area.

External participants:
? Fulai Sheng; Head, Economic and Fiscal Policy Unit, Economy Division, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
? Steve Crosskey; Head of IPM Strategic Initiatives, Infrastructure and Project Management Group, UNOPS Headquarters
? Nick O'Regan; Director of Infrastructure and Project Management, UNOPS
? Rob Jones (Head, The Caribbean Resilient Infrastructure Alliance)

Internal participant:
Thacker S.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Rolling out 5G - ITRC-MISTRAL telecommunications analysis for the Netherlands (01/03/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A workshop with mobile telecommunications operators in the Netherlands, to test the underlying assumptions and to get industry comment and feedback.
? Outputs & outcomes:
Early in the project a workshop brought together mobile telecommunications operators in the Netherlands, to test the underlying assumptions and to get industry comment and feedback.
The study, conducted in partnership with the telecommunications consultancy, Stratix, sets out to understand the costs associated with different strategic 5G mobile network options.
In particular, the project team was asked to:
? indicate the investments needed to achieve certain levels of service for end users
? understand the differences in the investments required for different networks
? provide insights into the factors that influence investment costs.
Within the telecommunications sector, this analysis would normally be conducted internally. By using ITRC-MISTRAL's methodology, this study is bringing transparency to the process of technological innovation.
The report is due to be launched by mid-2018.

Link: https://www.itrc.org.uk/tag/dutch-ministry-of-economic-affairs/

External participant:
Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs

Internal participant:
Oughton E.
ITRC Digital Communications Team
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.itrc.org.uk/tag/dutch-ministry-of-economic-affairs/
 
Description STFC Air Quality Network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Engagement with STFC's Air Quality Network and onward engagement with sandpit projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description STFC Food Network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented to the STFC Food Network - involved in a small number of demonstrator project to provide the DAFNI platform as a place for modelling/analysis and data discovery.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Sandpit for Projects Generation for CDT WIRe, second cohort of PhD students 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Involving DAFNI in possible collaborations for students future interaction with the DAFNI platform.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://cdtwire.com/
 
Description Side event 16 October 2018 Webcast: Infrastructure and Sustainable Development: Making infrastructure investments work for women and girls. UN high level meeting - the next level below their general Assembly - about infrastructure serving women and girls. (16/10/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Second Committee, Side Event: Infrastructure and sustainable development - Making infrastructure investments work for women and girls (General Assembly, 73rd session).

? Outputs & outcomes:
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has reinforced the recognition that infrastructure forms the backbone of modern societies and that inadequate access to infrastructure and its services prevents the realization of human rights, perpetuates inequality, and hampers progress towards environmental sustainability. Furthermore, we have overwhelming evidence to show how the absence of adequate infrastructure disproportionately affects the most disadvantaged,
especially women and girls.

A recent study by the G20's Global Infrastructure Hub has shown that there is a current infrastructure investment gap of USD 97 trillion to meet global needs by 2040. The need to invest in infrastructure and provide scalable solutions is evident, but how can they be financed, particularly in low-income countries where the gaps are greatest and the capacity of most households to pay user charges lowest?

UN-Women and UNOPS have co-organized this side event bringing together a group of leading experts to explore some of the key policy choices facing countries as they seek to address gaps in their capacity to effectively plan, deliver, and manage sustainable, resilient, inclusive, and gender-responsive infrastructure.

Prof Hall particularly outlined the importance of digital infrastructure and gender imbalance across infrastructure issues and planning and encouraged further discussion of this element. He also emphasized the importance of infrastructure's role within the SDGs. He raised awareness of the NISMod-Int infrastructure modelling wich is running in various places worldwide, including smaller states such a St Lucia and Curaçao.

Mr Richard Kozul-Wright thanked the panel for it's input which has broadened the panel's viewpoint across the issue of gender imbalance. These points will go towards changing the UN's policies.

During the responses Prof Hall spoke to caution in allowing infrastructure to be state led, and into suffering continuing due to a lack of finance in poorer countries.

External participants:
- Sylvia Hordosch; Policy Adviser/Intergovernmental Support Division, United Nations
- Sonal Shah; Independent Consultant on urban planning and sustainable transportation
- Natalie Elwell; Senior Gender Advisor, Washington, United Nations
- Richard Kozul-Wright; Director of the Globalisation and Development Strategies Division, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
- Anneli Lepp; Political Officer (2nd Committee - Development, Environment, Economy and finance, Humanitarian assistance), United Nations
- Ziad Mahmassani; Senior Intergovernmental Affairs Officer at ECOSOC Affairs Branch, United Nations
- Christine Brautigam; Policy Adviser at United Nations Women
- Shahrashoub Razavi; Gender and Spocial Policy, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)
- Staab, Silke; Gender, Care, Social Policy, United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)
- Urjasi Rudra; Advocacy and Program Specialist at UN Women
- Elle Wang; Advisor and Strategist for Partnerships, Business Development, and Stakeholder Management, United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS)
- Dragan Micic; Partnerships Advisor, United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS)
- Joop Theunissen; Deputy Chief, Policy Coordination Branch, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), United Nations
- Eric Olson; Senior Economic Affairs Officer, United Nations
- Nicholas O'Regan; Director Infrastructure and Project Management, United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS)
- Joann Lee; Women, SDGs, United Nations
- Aina Iiyambo; Senior Governance Advisor, United Nations Development Fund for Women

Internal participants:
Hall, JW
Thacker, S
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://webtv.un.org/search/second-committee-side-event-infrastructure-and-sustainable-development-ma...
 
Description Singapore Ministry of National Development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact applying DAFNI platform to other international problems - how DAFNI can support the Department of Housing in Singapore.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Sir John Armitt - Speech presented at the DAFNI Showcase Conference June 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Sir John Armitt's speech at the DAFNI Showcase event June 2019 - published on The National Infrastructure Website:
'Data now as important to UK Infrastructure as concrete or steel' - Sir John Armitt speech to DAFNI'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.nic.org.uk/news/data-is-now-as-important-to-uk-infrastructure-as-concrete-or-steel-armit...
 
Description Solar blast could knock out the power grid - and your computer (18/11/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Newspaper report 'The Met Office is urging investment in satellites to detect once-a-century storms that could leave us in the dark for five days.'
Britain risks being crippled by huge electrical disturbances caused by storms in space unless a satellite network is built that can detect them coming. A network of satellites would monitor the sun and give at least a week to predict a solar flare. The Met Office states: "We find that for a one-in-100-year event, with no space weather forecasting capability, the gross domestic product loss to the United Kingdom could be as high as £15.9bn". The national weather service has told ministers a solar flare of the kind that has hit Earth two or three times in 200 years would cost the country £16bn in damage to computers, data transmission cables and power lines.
The report, co-authored with scientists from the British Antarctic Survey, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, and Cambridge University said the UK should construct an early warning system.
? Outputs & outcomes:
British government's awareness raised of the cost of solar flare disruption and the need to enstate an efficient modern satellite system to create a timely awareness of a solar flare outburst.

External Participants:
- Jonathan Leake; Science Editor, The Sunday Times
- UK Newspapers

Internal participant: EA Oughton

Link: https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/solar-blast-could-knock-out-the-power-grid-and-your-computer-jxl02j755
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/solar-blast-could-knock-out-the-power-grid-and-your-computer-jxl0...
 
Description Supercomputing 2019 Denver, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Poster submitted for DAFNI and video of the DAFNI conference outcomes shared as part of the Scientific Computer Department Exhibition Stand
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://sc19.supercomputing.org/
 
Description SustainABLE; Ensuring the achievement of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) through sustainable and inclusive projects (September 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
At the ITRC we've developed models to facilitate planning of infrastructure projects, using the 'system of systems' approach, allowing us to use our specialist researchers and models to look at ways of improving the performance of infrastructure systems on a local and national level in the UK, as well as overseas. This means investments in infrastructure can be properly costed, planned for long-term sustainability and resilience to natural hazards, and looked at from a systems perspective rather than on a project-by-project basis.
We're working closely with UNOPS as part of our mission to change people's perspectives around the environment, construction and infrastructure. Together with UNOPS, we have launched SustainABLE, a free online tool focusing on using technology and research for:
· Sustainability for the communities to be served.
· Saving the planet
· Saving money.

We've been working with Scott Thacker, senior analyst at UNOPS and honorary research associate at the Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford, not just on the new tool but also on research which underpins its criticality. .../...

External Participant: Civil Engineering Surveyor (CES); The Journal of the Chartered Institution of Civil Engineering Surveyors September 2019
Internal participant: Hall, J.W.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://ces.pagelizard.co.uk/webviewer/#cesseptember2019/sustainable
 
Description Sustainable Infrastructure and the SDGs. How can sustainable infrastructure be delivered in the context of climate change. Economist Group interview with Prof Hall of the ITRC (17/11/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The research into SDGs for The Economist will take the form of a 4,000-word digital essay complemented by an influencer outreach campaign of guest blogs, sponsored by the UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and hosted on https://perspectives.eiu.com/

? Outputs & outcomes:
Economist Article after December 5th 2018. Research questions could include the following:
· What is sustainable infrastructure and how does it contribute to achieving the Sustainable Developments Goals?
· What are the social and environmental dimensions of infrastructure, beyond the economic ones?
· How can governments achieve their infrastructure-related commitments under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development?
· How can sustainable infrastructure be delivered in the context of climate change?
· How can infrastructure help to mitigate the effects of climate change, and how can it help to better adapt to climate change?
· To what extent can sustainable infrastructure help to avert, or better respond to, climate-related crises?
· What are the key challenges in delivering sustainable infrastructure (for example, geography, strategy, regulation, policy environment, coordination, risk management, financing, capacity, R&D, information and knowledge)?
· Are any interesting policy initiatives addressing these barriers and challenges?
· What compelling case studies might highlight the role of sustainable infrastructure in meeting the SDGs, particularly in challenging contexts such as recent hurricanes in the Caribbean?
· What is the outlook for sustainable infrastructure development?
· What key policy initiatives are needed now to target the main issues at stake?

External participant: Sarah Murray; Financial Times and Economist Group contributor (Economist Intelligence Unit (sister to the Economist newspaper) )
Internal participant: Prof JW Hall
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://perspectives.eiu.com/
 
Description Sustainable development depends on high-quality infrastructure. Private investment is vital in projects to prevent natural disasters ruining societies. (Article by Grete Faremo.) (19/06/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Last year, our research with the University of Oxford found further evidence that 92 per cent of the sustainable development goals targets can only be achieved with high-quality infrastructure. We urgently need infrastructure that is sustainable socially, economically and environmentally, and resilient to the impacts of climate change. And that means that we must help develop and apply quality standards that address the long-term needs of people and communities as part of national development visions.
We must help develop and apply quality standards that address long-term needs of people and communities as part of national development visions.
The challenges we face are unprecedented and our sustainable development goals are highly ambitious. We only have a decade left to achieve it all. The time to change how we approach infrastructure development has come. And we must get started today.

Link: https://www.irishtimes.com/opinion/sustainable-development-depends-on-high-quality-infrastructure-1.3929821

External participant:
Grete Faremo is under-secretary-general and executive director of Unops, the United Nations infrastructure specialists. She formerly led four ministries in the Norwegian government. She is speaking at the European Development Days conference in Brussels this week.

Internal participants:
Scott Thacker
ITRC Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.irishtimes.com/opinion/sustainable-development-depends-on-high-quality-infrastructure-1....
 
Description Sustainable infrastructure update (infrastructure impacts analysis); policy brief and nexus dialogue with the National Infrastructure Commission (NIC) (12/12/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Email from Rowan Palmer to "Dear Friends and Colleagues, Thank you all for your continuing engagement on sustainable infrastructure. We are pleased to be able to provide you with a brief update on a few of our shared workstreams."
Please find attached for your information the finalized policy brief on infrastructure and climate. Many thanks to those of you who provided inputs!

We would also like to let you know that we are working with some UN partner agencies and the UN Environmental Management Group (EMG) to organize an interagency "Nexus Dialogue" on sustainable infrastructure to be held 26th of February in Geneva. More information to follow, but we wanted to flag the date for those of you interested in attending.

Thank you all for your continuing engagement on sustainable infrastructure. We are pleased to be able to provide you with a brief update on a few of our shared workstreams:

1. With inputs and endorsement from a number of you and your organization, we developed the attached policy brief on the infrastructure-biodiversity nexus. It was released at the start of the CBD COP last Saturday, and is also available for download on the Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP). Please feel free to share it amongst your own networks as you see fit. And THANK YOU to all those who provided input.

2. In order to take advantage of the policy window provided by the upcoming climate COP in Poland, we are developing a similar policy brief on the infrastructure-climate nexus. Please see attached zero draft for review and comment. Please send any comments or edits back by COB, Monday, November 26. As with the biodiversity brief, please let us know if your institution is interested in endorsing the brief.

3. The sustainable infrastructure expert meeting that was held in Fuzhou on the 22-23 October was a great success -thanks to those of you who were able to attend and for your contributions. The meeting summary is now available, along with the presentations, on the event web page that is hosted on the GGKP.

4. Taking further advantage of the GGKP as a resource, we have also created a sustainable infrastructure page to serve as a makeshift home for our growing network of partners working on sustainable infrastructure. We can upload knowledge products to the GGKP library and link to them from the page, list upcoming and past events, write blog posts, and probably more. The GGKP currently receives about 18,000 unique site visits per month and has around 60 partner organizations, so it is a great way to share information about sustainable infrastructure. We are in the process of slowly uploading some 50 or so sustainable infrastructure-relevant documents (reports, papers, etc.) that we have come across during our research (many of them from your institutions). However, if you have additional sustainable infrastructure-related knowledge products you would like to add to the library, please send them to Ben Smith (bsmith@ggkp.org, copying Vanessa.bauer@un.org) for inclusion. And please let us know if you would like to be listed as a partner organization on the sustainable infrastructure page, and we can add your logo. The more the better.

Thank you for your ongoing collaboration. Best, Rowan [Palmer]

Links:
Policy brief on the infrastructure-biodiversity nexus. It was released at the start of the CBD COP last Saturday. http://www.greengrowthknowledge.org/resource/mainstreaming-biodiversity-infrastructure-sector-fostering-system-level-approaches

Sustainable infrastructure expert meeting, Fuzhou on the 22-23 October. The meeting summary and presentations:
http://www.greengrowthknowledge.org/sites/default/files/Meeting Summary_Fuzhou 22-23October 2018 %281%29.pdf
http://www.greengrowthknowledge.org/coalition/infrastructure-sustainable-development-goals

Further GGKP resource, sustainable infrastructure page: http://www.greengrowthknowledge.org/coalition/infrastructure-sustainable-development-goals

Email recipeints:
: 'lothar.linde@yahoo.de' ; 'dtang@adb.org' ; 'bwang@aiib.org' ; 'maddenje@cdmsmith.com' ; 'czhao@eximbank.gov.cn' ; 'liyijun@cdb.cn' ; 'dongzf@caep.org.cn' ; 'jiaoewang@163.com' ; 'jinfj@igsnrr.ac.cn' ; 'tim.stumhofer@climateworks.org' ; 'tfarrell@conservation.org' ; 'markus.lehmann@cbd.int' ; 'carol.boyle@deakin.edu.au' ; 'greg@eds.org.nz' ; 'schmitt@arch.ethz.ch' ; 'a.relicovschi@eib.org' ; 'Lisa.Hunsinger.Extern@bmub.bund.de' ; 'klu@foe.org' ; 'peter.wolff@die-gdi.de' ; 'John.hauert@giz.de' ; 'achim.deuchert@giz.de' ; 'dtaras@iadb.org' ; 'weikang.wang@gggi.org' ; 'jiong.yong@ecos.ch' ; 'Pascal.peduzzi@unepgrid.ch' ; 'd.fisk@imperial.ac.uk' ; 'stephen.selwood@infrastructure.org.nz' ; 'zhou@iges.or.jp' ; 'chulanee@nus.edu.sg' ; 'chulaneejk@gmail.com' ; 'gwatkins@iadb.org' ; 'gsrinivasan2@ifc.org' ; 'andrea.bassi@ke-srl.com' ; 'operera@iisd.org' ; 'lila.buckley@iied.org' ; 'lieuw-kie-song@ilo.org' ; 'tsukamoto@ilo.org' ; 'Gueye@ilo.org' ; 'abrauss@intracen.org' ; 'gerard.bos@iucn.org' ; 'giulia.carbone@iucn.org' ; 'maximilian.mueller@iucn.org' ; 'rebecca.wellington@iucn.org' ; 'kimhoseok@gmail.com' ; 'jed.shilling@verizon.net' ; 'mohan@mindlanka.org' ; 'mindlanka@gmail.com' ; 'Akolhoff@eia.nl' ; 'elizabeth.losos@duke.edu' ; 'laura.bonich@nv5.com' ; 'Matthew.GRIFFITHS@oecd.org' ; 'Kumi.KITAMORI@oecd.org' ; 'william.tompson@oecd.org' ; 'jim.hall@eci.ox.ac.uk' ; 'william.usher@ouce.ox.ac.uk' ; 'ian@pdg.co.za' ; 'li.panwen@chinaaseanenv.org' ; 'gregor.grossman@giz.de' ; 'lkrueger@TNC.org' ; 'kai.li@tnc.org' ; 'sunjie@tongji.edu.cn' ; 'hancf@tongji.edu.cn' ; 'fengting@tongji.edu.cn' ; 'stephane.straub@ut-capitole.fr' ; 'v.nadin@tudelft.nl' ; 'roll@un.org' ; Rupert Colville ; Beibei Gu ; 'Han Meng' ; Yuki Yasui ; Jonathan Gilman ; Hossein Fadaei ; Jannica Pitkanen-Brunnsberg ; Rie Tsutsumi ; Hala Razian ; Feng Wang ; Martina Otto ; 'serge.salat@gmail.com' ; 'guoyong.liang@unctad.org' ; Sophia Twarog ; Vito Intini ; 'tim.scott@undp.org' ; Konstantinos Alexopoulos ; Marco Keiner ; Sarangoo Radnaaragchaa ; Cornelia Pretorius ; Graham Alabaster ; 'c.linke@unido.org' ; 'n.tas (unido.org)'; 'Angus Mackay'; Jose Pineda ; 'jose.pineda@sauder.ubc.ca' ; 'AlexandreBabak.Hedjazi@unige.ch' ; 'matteo.tarantino@unige.ch' ; 'anu@umn.edu' ; 'stevenc@unops.org' ; 'scottt@unops.org' ; 'clypiridis@worldbank.org' ; 'nli@wwfchina.org' ; 'kate.newman@wwfus.org' ; 'splo@wwfchina.org' ; 'dganapin@wwfint.org' ; 'pollalis@gsd.harvard.edu' ; 'viktor.novikov@zoinet.org' ; 'otto.simonett@zoinet.org' ; Curt Garrigan ; 'o.iti@unido.org' ; 'bella.evidente@unitar.org'
Cc: Fulai Sheng ; Emily Franklin ; Vanessa Iris Bauer ; Beibei Gu

Major external participants:
- Rowan Palmer Programme Specialist Economic and Fiscal Policy Unit, Economy Division, South-South Cooperation Unit, Policy and Programme Division
- Fulai Sheng, UNOPS
- Ben Smith, UNOPS
- Emily Franklin, UNOPS
- Beibei Gu, UNOPS
- Additional recipients of details:
- Mr Bin Wang; Senior Strategy and Policy officer, The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
- Jane E. Madden, P.E., BCEE; Senior Vice President, CDM Smith

Internal participant:
Thacker S
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.greengrowthknowledge.org/resource/mainstreaming-biodiversity-infrastructure-sector-foster...
 
Description The Department for Transport (DfT) & the Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC) will meet with Simon Blainey of the ITRC to discuss the potential for hosting the National Transport Model on the Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure (DAFNI). (10/09/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Discussion between the Department for Transport (DfT) & the Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC), and the ITRC. Further related meetings are expected.

External participants:
? Department for Transport (DfT)
? Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)

Internal partiicpants:
? Blainey S
? Hall JW
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The Department for Transport (DfT), other relevant stakeholders, and Prof. Mike McDonald (ITRC, Southampton University) are exploring the potential for a workshop on International Connectivity and Maritime Transport (Sept 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
The Department for Transport (DfT), other relevant stakeholders, and Prof. Mike McDonald (ITRC, Southampton University) are exploring the potential for a workshop on International Connectivity and Maritime Transport. Further related activity is expected.

External participants:
? The Department for Transport (DfT)
? Other stakeholders (to be announced)

Internal participant:
M. McDonald
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The International Symposia for Next Generation Infrastructure (ISNGI). Modelling future scenarios of infrastructure demand for the UK's National Infrastructure Assessment (11/09/2017 to 13/09/2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The International Symposia for Next Generation Infrastructure (ISNGI) meeting in 2017 brought together a global community of infrastructure academics, policy and industry professionals. The event aimed to share progress, knowledge and new thinking, and a number of ITRC-MISTRAL's researchers presented their work.

International Symposia for Next Generation Infrastructure (ISNGI), ONE GREAT GEORGE STREET, LONDON; 11-13 SEPTEMBER 2017 http://isngi.org/conference-outputs/

Conference Proceedings
http://isngi.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/ISNGI-Conference-Proceedings-v2.pdf

Conference overview: Next generation infrastructure (NGI) systems need to be conceived, designed and created, operated, maintained, regulated and governed with sustainability and resilience to system problems as core objectives. Furthermore, a similar approach is needed for the management and maintenance of existing infrastructure systems, which provide the context from which the NGI needs to grow; i.e., we need to develop and complement and/or progressively replace our existing infrastructure systems.

This year's ISNGI will bring together the best and sharpest minds from industry, government and academia to help commence this co-ordinated global infrastructure research program, focussed on long term infrastructure and land use planning, and to create not only best practice benchmarks but new knowledge to better inform strategies for long term prosperity.

Presentation: Modelling future scenarios of infrastructure demand for the UK's National Infrastructure Assessment

Abstract
The National Infrastructure Commission has been tasked by the U.K. Government to provide expert, independent advice on pressing concerns regarding the UK's infrastructure and to provide in-depth assessments of her national infrastructure needs up to 2050. A cornerstone of this work is the development of the National Infrastructure Assessment, which will evaluate Britain's future infrastructure needs under a range of scenarios of future uncertainty, exploring alternative driving forces and pressures on infrastructure.

Conference Proceedings : http://isngi.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/ISNGI-Conference-Proceedings-v2.pdf

Internal participants:
Ives, MC
Usher, W (Presenter)
Hall, JW
Blainey, S
Chaudry, M
Robson, C

External participants:
Silberman, A; National Infrastructure Commission, UK
Letti, B; National Infrastructure Commission, UK
Large, J; National Infrastructure Commission, UK
Baruah, P; Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI), UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://isngi.org/conference-outputs/
 
Description The National Infrastructure Commission (NIC) conveyed a copy of the cover letter and Terms of Reference for the 'Government response to the National Infrastructure Assessment / New National Infrastructure Commission Study on resilience', including a reference to the Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure (DAFNI), issued to Sir John Armitt by the Rt Hon. Phil Hammond (Chancellor of the Exchequer) (30/10/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:Matt Crossman of the NIC contacted Jim Hall of the ITRC with details of the 'Terms of Reference for the NIC Resilience Study' published on 29 October 2018 as a letter from The Rt. Hon. Phil Hammond (Chancellor of the Exchequer) to Sir John Armitt (Chair of the National Infrastructure Assessment (NIA)): 'Government response to the National Infrastructure Assessment /New National Infrastructure Commission Study on resilience'. The ToR include a reference to the Data and Analytics Facility for National Infrastructure (DAFNI).

'The National Infrastructure Assessment highlighted the importance of ensuring our infrastructure can respond future challenges, such as those expected as a result of climate change to the success of our economy. We need to ensure our systems can cope with future shocks, threats, and challenges, especially those intensified by the increased interdependence of infrastructure systems. I am therefore asking the NIC to review the evidence on the different approaches for improving the resilience of infrastructure systems. The NIC should make recommendations to government on how best to assess resilience, how government should plan for unexpected shocks, and to review the costs and benefits of measures to improve resilience.' Phil Hammond.

Link: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/752185/CX_letter_resillience_study_and_terms_or_reference_29102018__002__final-digi.pdf

External participants:
? Crossman M; Flood Risk Management Lead, National Infrastructure Commission
? The Rt Hon Philip Hammond; Chancellor of the Exchequer

Internal participants: J.W. Hall
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/7521...
 
Description The Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC) and Simon Blainey of the ITRC held discussions on establishing a contract/agreement for their use of NISMOD1 (July 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC) and Simon Blainey of the ITRC held discussions on establishing a contract/agreement for their use of NISMOD1. The discussions are yet to be concluded.

? Outputs & outcomes:
Continuing discussions for further related activity.

External participants: The Science & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)

Internal participant: Simon Blainey, ITRC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The Software Sustainability Institute's Collaborations Workshop (01/04/2019 - 03/04/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
The Software Sustainability Institute's Collaborations Workshop series brought together researchers, developers, innovators, managers, funders, publishers, leaders and educators to explore best practices and the future of research software.

CW19 Software Sustainability Institute Collaborations Workshop, ~90 attendees, academic/professional research software people. Drafted collaborative blog post on workflows/model coupling; hack project 'checklib' for reproducibility checklists.

Link:
https://www.software.ac.uk/cw19

External participants:
The Software Sustainability Institute

Internal participants:
Russell, T.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.software.ac.uk/cw19
 
Description Transforming data sharing, modelling and visualisation of infrastructure - 02.08.2019  
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An article for UK Construction Online - Sir John Armitt - talking about DAFNI as a facility to support National Infrastructure research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ukconstructionmedia.co.uk/features/dafni-infrastructure/
 
Description UK reveals new platform for infrastructure data analysis and simulation modelling 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An article for Civil Engineering - ICE Virtual Library - UK reveals new platform for infrastructure data analysis and simulation modelling
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.icevirtuallibrary.com/doi/10.1680/jcien.2019.172.3.102
 
Description UK reveals new platform for infrastructure data analysis and simulation modelling 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An article for Civil Engineering - ICE Virtual Library - UK reveals new platform for infrastructure data analysis and simulation modelling
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.icevirtuallibrary.com/doi/10.1680/jcien.2019.172.3.102
 
Description UK reveals new platform for infrastructure data analysis and simulation modelling 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An article for Civil Engineering - ICE Virtual Library - UK reveals new platform for infrastructure data analysis and simulation modelling
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.icevirtuallibrary.com/doi/10.1680/jcien.2019.172.3.102
 
Description UKCRIC All Hands Meeting and Networking, University of Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact UKCRIC All Hands meeting - an opportunity to exchange knowledge and engage in this national research programme.

The theme: Making a success of collaboration: defining the new collaboration and practice frameworks needed for long-term, successful, collaborative UKCRIC research facilities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description UN Environment - Belt and Road Workshop: Evidence-based infrastructure for sustainable and resilient development using NISMOD-Int (11/10/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ITRC/UNOPS gave a workshop in Turin on "Evidence-based infrastructure for sustainable and resilient development". This involved, presenting information on the ITRC and NISMOD-Int.

? Outputs & outcomes:
The workshop was part of a UN Environment 'Environmental leadership Programme' workshop for 'Green development of the Belt and Road Initiative'. Session M11: "Macro-level infrastructure planning: country experiences". Presented by Steven Crosskey UNOPS; Dr. S Thacker (ITRC, Oxford University)
Translation of slides/speech in Russian.
The 1Belt 1Road Initiative is the biggest global infrastructure project ever attempted. The Belt and Road Initiative is geographically structured along several land corridors, and the maritime silk road. Infrastructure corridors encompassing around 60 countries, primarily in Asia and Europe but also including Oceania and East Africa, will cost an estimated US$4-8 trillion.[19][20] For more information https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belt_and_Road_Initiative

External participants:
Steve Crosskey; Head of IPM Strategic Initiatives, Infrastructure and Project Management Group, UNOPS Headquarters
Civil servants from Central Asia: Uzbekistan, Kazakstan, Tajikistan, and the Kyrgyz Republic.

Internal participant:
Thacker S
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belt_and_Road_Initiative
 
Description Uncertainty in the UK's National Infrastructure Assessment of Mobile Telecommunication Infrastructure. The 45th Research Conference on Communications (8 to 09/09/2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
Conference session:
TPRC45 September 8-9, 2017
Economics/Political
Economy 6 'Uncertainty in the UK's National Infrastructure Assessment of Mobile Telecommunication Infrastructure'
Moderators: Trey Hanbury, Partner, Hogan Lovells US LLP

The UK's National Infrastructure Commission is undertaking its first ever National Infrastructure Assessment, of which telecommunications is a key component. The aim of this conference is to ensure efficient and effective digital infrastructure delivery over the long term, the results of which will be used to direct both industry and government over coming decades. However, taking a strategic long-term approach to the assessment of telecommunication infrastructure is a challenging endeavour due to rapid technological innovation in both the supply of, and demand for, digital services.

Link to paper: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2941232
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://static1.squarespace.com/static/56a114ff5dc6de6ca8f06129/t/59a4162d914e6bc2a74e4e9f/150392580...
 
Description United Nations Nexus Dialogue on Sustainable Infrastructure. Geneva (26/02/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:
The dialogue produced an Outcome Statement on how integrated approaches can help to deliver the 2030 Agenda.
The coming decades will require large amounts of investment in new and existing infrastructure. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) estimates that an annual average of USD 6.9 trillion in infrastructure investment until 2030 is required to support global development. The bulk of this investment is taking place in developing countries, including fragile low-income economies and emerging economies, and is driven by a lack of development and infrastructure needed to meet the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs, population growth, increased income levels, and rapid urbanization in the context of growing inequality and climate change.
This Outcome Statement reflects the discussions held during the Nexus Dialogue on sustainable infrastructure that was organized by the UN Environment Management Group and UN Environment's Sustainable Infrastructure Partnership. It has benefitted from the inputs of colleagues from Duke University, ETH Zurich, GGGI, GGKP, GLO, ILO, ITRC at the University of Oxford, IUCN, OECD, OHCHR, UNECE, UNEMG, UN Environment, UNEP-WCMC, UNDP, UNIDO, UNISDR, UNITAR, the University of Geneva, UNOPS, UN Women, and WWF.

External Participants:
? UN Environment Management Group
? UN Environment's Sustainable Infrastructure Partnership

Internal participants:
ITRC Group

? Link: https://unemg.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/EMG-Nexus_Sustainable-Infrastructure_Outcome-Statement.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://unemg.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/EMG-Nexus_Sustainable-Infrastructure_Outcome-Statement....
 
Description United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction adds UK ITRC's latest global multi-hazard risk analysis to their PreventionWeb disaster risk reduction knowledge base (08/08/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ? Outputs & outcomes:

UKITRC's latest global multi-hazard risk analysis to their @PreventionWeb disaster risk reduction knowledge base #DRR #transport #Risk

Transport infrastructure is exposed to natural hazards all around the world. Here, the authors present the first global estimates of multi-hazard exposure and risk to road and rail infrastructure. Results reveal that ~27% of all global road and railway assets are exposed to at least one hazard and ~7.5% of all assets are exposed to a 1/100 year flood event. Global Expected Annual Damages (EAD) due to direct damage to road and railway assets range from 3.1 to 22 billion US dollars, of which ~73% is caused by surface and river flooding. Global EAD are small relative to global GDP (~0.02%). However, in some countries EAD reach 0.5 to 1% of GDP annually, which is the same order of magnitude as national transport infrastructure budgets. A cost-benefit analysis suggests that increasing flood protection would have positive returns on ~60% of roads exposed to a 1/100 year flood event.

Links:
https://www.preventionweb.net/go/66678
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-10442-3

External participants:
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) and its readership

Internal participants:
ITRC Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.preventionweb.net/go/66678
 
Description United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) information article: 'How infrastructure defines our climate.' (22/10/2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Outputs and Outcomes
Infrastructure: One of the greatest influencers of climate change. Infrastructure exists and functions in a highly interdependent set of systems. An ability to fully comprehend and model the interdependence of the infrastructure elements of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). With the University of Oxford's Infrastructure Transitions Research Consortium (ITRC), we are developing the world's first capability to model and understand infrastructure as interdependent systems. This will enable the effective planning and delivery of infrastructure through the Evidence-Based Infrastructure Development (EBID) Framework. By aligning this with design and investment in clean technology, we can effectively reduce the contribution that infrastructure systems make to global greenhouse gas emissions.
UNOPS will continue its close working relationship with the ITRC.
Rob Jones is Head of Programme Delivery in the State of Palestine with UNOPS. Over the last 30 years, he has worked across the globe in the public post-conflict/disaster and commercial construction, infrastructure and security sectors.

External participants:
Rob Jones; Head of Programme Delivery in the State of Palestine with UNOPS.
Members of the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).
Members of the United Nations.

Internal Participants:
ITRC Group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.unops.org/news-and-stories/insights/how-infrastructure-defines-our-climate?utm_source=UN...
 
Description Varied discussions between the Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA) Brazil, and the ITRC (23/02/2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA) of Brazil met with the ITRC on 23/02/2018 to discuss:
? Group of Twenty (G20) meetings, sustainable development goals (SDGs), Global Infrastructure Hub
? IPEA desire to apply the National Infrastructure Systems MODel (NISMOD) to Brazil to generate a roadmap for future infrastructure investment focussed primarily on water, energy, and transport
? Keen to do a Fast Track Analysis (FTA), have gathered required data
? Possibility to get a post-grad student from Brazil to work in Oxford

External participants:
? Ernesto Lozardo, Director, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA), Brazil
? Alexandre Xavier Ywata de Carvalho, Director of Regional, Urban and Environmental Studies and Policies, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA), Brazil
? Fabiano Mezadre Pompermayer, Director of Studies and Sectoral Policies on Innovation and Infrastructure, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA), Brazil

Internal participants:
? Hall JW
? Ives, M
? Mendes M
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description World-leading computer project to ensure safer roads and flood protection 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact An article published in UKRI's website - World-leading computer project to ensure safer roads and flood protection
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ukri.org/news/computer-project-to-ensure-safer-roads/