CALOPUS - Computer Assisted LOw-cost Point-of-care UltraSound

Lead Research Organisation: University of Oxford
Department Name: Engineering Science

Abstract

The CALOPUS project is an inter-disciplinary UK-India collaboration that aims to automate the analysis of antenatal ultrasound images to facilitate referral to the appropriate level of pregnancy care in rural settings, an important unmet need in many LMICs. Unlike in the western world, many women in India do not have an antenatal ultrasound check-up scan in the first or second trimester. Without such a check-up, health problems of the fetus and mother can go unnoticed, leading, in the worst case, to a still-birth or preterm birth. India has the highest number of still births and preterm births in the world (Lancet 2O15, 2012). Thus the ultimate clinical aim motivating this work is to reduce the burden of adverse pregnancy events and improve the health of future generations.

The approach we are taking is to use a low-cost portable imaging technology, ultrasound imaging, as the basis for a novel point-of-care (POC) system that enables a healthcare worker, with limited or no knowledge of ultrasound, to refer a patient to a clinical unit or hospital. Ultrasound scanning normally requires skill to acquire images which is a barrier to use. Our idea is to combine capture of ultrasound videos with machine learning (deep learning) to automatically interpret the content of the ultrasound videos and make the recommendation to the non-expert user. This project explores how we can do this, and will look, as well, at how we can make the technological solution culturally acceptable, and usable in the intended clinical environment.

In addition to the primary scientific endeavour, an important secondary objective will be capacity-building in point-of-care imaging in the India partner team and counter-mentoring of UK investigators in health (particularly in factors related to healthcare technology needs and adoption), and research and cultural issues that are at play in LMICs. This cross-dialogue will strengthen the international team and build mutual respect and complementary expertise.

Planned Impact

Who might benefit from this research?

To ensure maximal impact we will engage with

- healthcare professionals in India who might be impacted by this research which includes radiologists, public health professionals, general physicians, gynecologists, frontline health workers (ANMs, ASHAs)

- pregnant women

- healthcare technology companies in India.

- healthcare professionals interested in healthcare policy, public health and introduction of new healthcare interventions.

How might they benefit from this research?

- the ultimate goal of the technology is to support frontline health workers in identification of high risk pregnancies.

- Pregnant women may benefit from quicker referral, access to antenatal care closer to home, and comfort (if not referred) that the pregnancy is not of concern. The system may also lead to earlier identification of problems before they become critical.

- Healthcare policy makers and professionals working in public health will be interested in understanding how this variant of POC technology might have impact if introduced into clinical practice.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description CALOPUS is an inter-disciplinary UK-India project which is developing deeper understanding of how to design, build and evaluate clinical AI assistive tools for pregnancy risk assessment in challenging clinical environments where there are no pregnancy screening programmes and diagnostic tools need to be very simple to use and low cost.
The project is still on-going but the major results to-date are:

1. We have developed an original simplified scanning protocol for pregnancy screening (the CALOPUS protocol) which improves on prior protocols in terms of diagnostic use (journal article under review).
2. We have developed a protocol for manual annotation of anatomy in the scans which has been validated and annotated a large number of scans for machine learning research.
3. We have used the annotated scans to build and validate a breech detection algorithm (journal article in preparation). The design of a breech detection device is underway.
4. We have used the annotated scans to develop an assistive tool that can detect the position of the placenta and determine if it is low, which is important to know to determine if the baby can be delivered safely by natural delivery (publication under review).
5. We are not allowed to share data between sites due to data governance rules. However we can build models using data from sites via federated analysis techniques where by you send the analysis modelling from a central server to the data at a site, perform analysis at the site, and return the updated model to the central server. We have developed a way to do this which is novel in that it can account for the quite extreme class imbalance we can have in the problems we want to model. (publication under review).
Exploitation Route We are actively seeking funding opportunities to continue our research collaboration and take some of the work towards clinical translation. It is a great shame that GCRF funding has been stopped as this has been invaluable in setting up the excellent working relationship we have. We have had discussions with other funders but have not found an appropriate scheme to apply for that will fund both partners going forward as yet. Both the India and the UK teams now have strong clinical and data science teams that work well together and there is appetite to continue to work together given the effort to establish the CALOPUS dataset and the skills in developing clinical AI models that has been developed. There is a lot of interest in this area in India and a network of potential collaborators is developing which could form the basis for evaluating prototypes in the field and clinical studies.
Sectors Healthcare

URL https://eng.ox.ac.uk/calopus/
 
Description This is emerging non-academic impact: The data, annotations and machine learning methods developed on the project are being considered for clinical translation and potential commercialisation. Specifically we have secured an EPSRC IAA award to consider to develop a prototype breech detection device. Early discussions have been held on possible pathways to commercialise this device or others for LMICs which is challenging because of the need for the device to be low-cost and durable. A breech detection device may also be of value in HIC settings and this is being investigated in parallel. Within academia, medical image analysis for LMICs is an emerging research area that our group is contributing to the development of. Our India workshops (two held to date, a third in planning) have been aimed at growing capacity/interest in this area. We are also developing links with clinical groups around the world with complimentary interests.
First Year Of Impact 2021
Sector Healthcare
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description National Academies roundtable on researcher access to data
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Office for National Statistics, Integrated Data Programme Advisory Group, Member
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact The sharing of data is aimed at improving use of data within government and outside for public good.
 
Description Royal Society Privacy Enhancing Technologies Working Group - policy report published (Chair)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact The report has contributed to wider discussion of data sharing between government departments and a number of the recommendations have been followed up. It is well cited. A follow-on project is underway with the Alan Turing Institute which will report in 2022. The important message was to show that PETs are maturing as a technology and can be considered enablers to provided trusted sharing of data and to move the conversation away from security and accepting zero risk in sharing data. The work is relevant to not only may research area (health data science) but many other sectors which are data-driven.
URL https://royalsociety.org/-/media/policy/projects/privacy-enhancing-technologies/privacy-enhancing-te...
 
Description Biometry Automation in OBstetrics And Beyond (BAOBAB)
Amount $531,215 (USD)
Funding ID OPP1197123 
Organisation Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 11/2018 
End 10/2020
 
Description Impact Acceleration Awards, Oxford University
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2022 
End 06/2022
 
Description GE Healthcare (VScan) 
Organisation GE Healthcare Limited
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have secured Oxford IAA funds to buy a probe and fund a feasibility study using the Vscan.
Collaborator Contribution Confidential at the present time.
Impact Too early to report.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust - Nuffield Department of Women's and Reproductive Health 
Organisation Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Engineering research expertise, intellectual input.
Collaborator Contribution Access to real-world data (data acquired in clinic), knowledge of clinical sonography.
Impact Multiple research grants, trained personnel (clinical and engineering), supported also by academic outputs in engineering and medicine. WRH is the academic department associated with the hospital's Women's Centre. This is an inter-disciplinary collaboration between engineering and medicine. The collaboration has also led to a spin-out (Noble and Papageorghiou are co-founders of Intelligent Ultrasound Ltd founded in 2012).
Start Year 2008
 
Description THSTI 
Organisation Translational Health Science And Technology Institute
Country India 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution THSTI are the India partner on the CALOPUS project.
Collaborator Contribution THSTI are the India partner on the CALOPUS project and bring both their own experience of conducting research in obstetric ultrasound in India to the project, and their collaborative links with hospitals in New Delhi.
Impact Successfully jointly applied for the CALOPUS project
Start Year 2018
 
Description 2021 AIUM AI Summit invited speaker 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The American Institute for Ultrasound in Medicine held an invited-only summit on AI to consider how the organisation should position itself as a leader in AI for ultrasound. I was an invited speaker at the two-day remotely held meeting and participated in discussions on the second day related to shaping the AIUM next steps.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description AIUM 2021 Special Session Invited Speaker 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited speaker in Session with Title: Deep Learning Applications for New Ultrasound Techniques. Talk was pre-recorded with live questions.
This primary audience was medical physicists rather than medical image analysis experts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Co-organiser of ASMUS2020, a MICCAI workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Advances in Simplifying Medical UltraSound (ASMUS) 2020 is an international workshop that provides a forum for research topics around ultrasound image computing and computer-assisted interventions and robotic systems that utilize ultrasound imaging. It was held in conjunction with MICCAI 2020 in virtual form.

The nineteen accepted papers were selected based on their scientific contribution, via a double-blind process involving written reviews from at least two external reviewers in addition to a member of the committee.
The published work includes reports across a wide range of methodology, research and clinical applications. Advanced deep learning approaches for anatomy recognition, segmentation, registration and skill assessment are the dominant topics, in addition to ultrasound-specific new approaches in augmented reality and remote assistance. An interesting trend revealed by these papers is the merging of ultrasound probe and surgical instrument localization with robotically assisted guidance to produce increasingly intelligent systems that learn from expert labels and incorporate domain knowledge to enable increasingly sophisticated automation and fine-grained control.
Two invited speakers were included in the workshop and the meeting had 80+ attendees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://sites.google.com/view/asmus2020
 
Description Co-organiser of ASMUS2021, a MICCAI workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Advances in Simplifying Medical UltraSound (ASMUS) 2021 is an international workshop that provides a forum for research topics around ultrasound image computing and computer-assisted interventions and robotic systems that utilize ultrasound imaging. It was held in conjunction with MICCAI 2021 in virtual form.

Accepted papers were selected based on their scientific contribution, via a double-blind process involving written reviews from at least two external reviewers in addition to a member of the committee.
The published work includes reports across a wide range of methodology, research and clinical applications. Advanced deep learning approaches for anatomy recognition, segmentation, registration and skill assessment are the dominant topics, in addition to ultrasound-specific new approaches in augmented reality and remote assistance.
Three invited speakers were included in the workshop, and live demos of technologies were given. The meeting had 80+ attendees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://miccai-ultrasound.github.io/#/asmus21
 
Description Distinguished Keynote Speaker in Biomedical and Health Data Science in two joint conferences of IEEE EMBS BHI and BSN 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote talk entitled: Simplifying interpretation and acquisition of ultrasound scans, delivered virtually.
Abstract:
Short Abstract:
With the increased availability of low-cost and handheld ultrasound probes, there is interest in simplifying interpretation and acquisition of ultrasound scans
through deep-learning based analysis so that ultrasound can be used more widely in healthcare. However, this is not just "all about the algorithm", and successful innovation
requires inter-disciplinary thinking and collaborations.
In this talk I will overview progress in this area drawing on examples of my laboratory's experiences of working with partners on multi-modal ultrasound imaging, and building
assistive algorithms and devices for pregnancy health assessment in high-income and low-and-middle-income country settings. Emerging topics in this area will also be discussed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Frontiers of Engineering for Development (Vietnam) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Royal Academy of Engineering organised Frontiers of Engineering for Development meeting held in Vietnam. Aimed at bringing together ECR and mid-career researchers with different backgrounds together to discuss challenges in healthcare technology innnovation for low and middle income setting countries. Keynote lectures, activities and an opportunity to pitch for seed grants to work on a problem suggested from new understanding developed at the meeting. I co-chaired the meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.raeng.org.uk/policy/partnerships/international-policy-and-development/gcrf-international...
 
Description ISBI2021 Virtual Challenges: Organisers - A-AFMA Ultrasound Challenge: Automatic amniotic fluid measurement and analysis from ultrasound video 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 'Automatic amniotic fluid measurement and analysis from ultrasound video' (A-AFMA) was launched in November 2020. The imaging challenge is using ultrasound video data acquired at the John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford and was designed to incorporate new best practice (Biomedical Image Analysis Challenges, Medical Image Analysis, 2020) guidelines. The overall aim is to automate amniotic fluid measurement, as estimated using the single deepest vertical pocket (SDVP) method. Task 1 requires detection and classification of amniotic fluid and maternal bladder, then in Task 2 participants provide landmarks for SDVP calculation. A-AFMA was selected following peer review as an ISBI 2021 scientific challenge; giving added visibility and an affiliated (virtual) half-day workshop to be run in April 2021. A-AFMA is being promoted via mailing lists and social media, as well as to the 400 participants of a 2020 challenge that AN co-organised. As of March 2021, 142 teams have registered. We will be publishing a paper based on the challenge (including contributions from winning teams), to be submitted in September 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
URL https://a-afma.grand-challenge.org/
 
Description ISUOG 2020 AI in Ultrasound lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited lecture on AI in Ultrasound in the AI symposium of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology annual international conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Imaging Challenge featured in Computer Vision News 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Drs Chen and Self were interviewed by the online magazine Computer Vision News about the purpose and background to the A-AFMA Ultrasound Challenge. The magazine has over 1000 Twitter followers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.rsipvision.com/ComputerVisionNews-2021March/20/
 
Description Innovative solutions for maternal and child health using medical image analysis and Artificial Intelligence 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The main aim of the workshop was to discuss the scope of medical image analysis for augmenting research to find innovative solutions in Maternal and Child Health. The first day focused on identifying research questions where image-based analytics could be a solution for both clinical needs and biological questions, and highlighted existing and potential novel approaches of evidence generation to translate technological solutions to the clinic. Day 2 focused on the methods to develop various image-based technologies that can be used to solve healthcare problems including advantages and limitations of each. A dedicated session on hands-on problem solving using a real-world image dataset to answer one of the questions identified during the workshop was also held as part of a capacity-building initiative to get more researchers involved in AI in medical imaging (attendance approximately 20 ECRs). A follow-on workshop will be held in early 2021. The meeting was highlighted in India and the UK as part of International Women's day.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Inspirational Engineer Talk - University of Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited talk on my career and research given in at in invited lecture at the Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited talk at CVPR 2019 workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk given at CVPR 2019 workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited talk at IEEE ISBI 2019 Special Session entitled "Imaging for Developing Countries" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Intended purpose was to bring together researchers in medical image analysis interested or working in global health imaging/image analysis to encourage others to consider working in this space and discuss progress in the area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description MIUA 2021 Conference - co-organiser 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact MIUA is a UK-based international conference for the communication of image processing and analysis research and its application to medical imaging and biomedicine. This was the 25th edition of the meeting which was held virtually. 40 papers were presented (27k downloads as of 09-03-2022). MIUA is the principal UK forum for communicating research progress within the community interested in image analysis applied to medicine and related biological science. The meeting is designed for the dissemination and discussion of research in medical image understanding and analysis, and aims to encourage the growth and raise the profile of this multi-disciplinary field by bringing together the various communities including among others:
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://miua2021.com/
 
Description MIUA2020 Conference - co-organiser 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact MIUA is a UK-based international conference for the communication of image processing and analysis research and its application to medical imaging and biomedicine. This was the 24th edition of the meeting which was held virtually.
MIUA is the principal UK forum for communicating research progress within the community interested in image analysis applied to medicine and related biological science. The meeting is designed for the dissemination and discussion of research in medical image understanding and analysis, and aims to encourage the growth and raise the profile of this multi-disciplinary field by bringing together the various communities including among others:
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://miua2020.com/
 
Description NIHR Point of Care Ultrasound workshop (Birmingham) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I gave a talk at a clinical workshop looking at how point of care US might be introduced outside of traditional hospital uses. Meeting aimed to educate clinical practioners working in primary care to think about how US might be used in the future and encourage them to consider being part of trials of new innovations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description National Academies roundtable on researcher access to data 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The National Academies Data Reform Round Table was a by invitation meeting that discussed some of the current challenges that researchers face with getting access to data for research due to current data protection regulation. The Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) was consulting on
reforming the UK's data protection regime which formed part of a larger effort to implement the government's National Data Strategy, and specifically Mission 2 of that strategy: 'supporting a pro-growth and trusted data regime'. This issue affects researchers working in computer vision and medical image analysis and this was part of the discussion.

In terms of impact/outcome, the meeting output fed into a response that hopefully will have influence (how direct can not be measured/it is too early to determine but I selected this box in the next question for this reason).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description National Academies' party conference event speaker 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Speaker on the (virtual) National Academies panel at the Liberal Democrat political party conference which focused on the theme of 'Becoming a "science superpower": will the UK be fit to tackle the next global crisis?'.

Briefing: The panel discussions will address how the UK should approach the future, building resilience to future crises and achieving 'superpower' status. The panel will include leading experts representing the National Academies, as well as representatives from the political parties and a journalist Chair.

Not aware of any direct impact (see next week) but these sessions are an important part of keeping an open and positive dialogue with MPs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description OSPREA Research group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The aims and objectives of the grant were presented to a group of 14 research midwives working at the John Radcliffe in Oxford where the topic of early fetal anomaly ultrasound was discussed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Office for National Statistics, Integrated Data Programme Advisory Group, Member, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The Office for National Statistics Integrated Data Programme Advisory Group offers advise to the ONS on its programme aimed at sharing data for pubic good with other organisations. I was invited due to my role as Chair of the Royal Society PETs science policy work together with my research interest in health data science/medical image analysis.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022
 
Description PRAIRIE Summer School talk (Paris) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Gave a talk at the postgraduate summer school attended largely by computer science students interested in AI and not with a healthcare focus with questions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Reproductive Health Specialty Delivery Meeting for the North West Coast Clinical Research Network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The NIHR grant and the ACAS study were presented to the team. There was huge interest in to this topic where feedback was obtained to help guide the research, but in addition three sites in the North West have joined the ACAS study and will be carrying out this study in their sites.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Royal Society Privacy Enhancing Technologies (PETs) Policy Working Group - Chair 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Royal Society Privacy Enhancing Technologies (PETs) Policy Working Group (policy report), Chair, 2017-19. Also Chair of follow-on to initial report, 2021-.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020,2021,2022
URL https://royalsociety.org/-/media/policy/projects/privacy-enhancing-technologies
 
Description Royal Society Privacy Enhancing Technologies (PETs) Policy Working Group - Chair 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Royal Society Privacy Enhancing Technologies (PETs) Policy Working Group (policy report), Chair, 2017-19. Also Chair of follow-on to initial report, 2021-.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020,2021,2022
URL https://royalsociety.org/-/media/policy/projects/privacy-enhancing-technologies
 
Description Royal Society-Chinese Academy of Sciences AI policy dialogue Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speaker at International by-invitation Royal Society and Chinese Academy of Sciences AI policy dialogue workshop held in september 2020. A short write up on the meeting is being prepared and will be available in 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Royal Society/Government Chief Scientific Advisors meeting discussing PETs 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Dinner discussion about PETs and potential future short terms uses of them across government departments. I presented an overview of the policy report that I chaired.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Special Interest Ultrasound Group Annual meeting (Oslo) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact National ultrasound specialist interest group annual meeting in Oslo with participants from medical and NDE backgrounds, primarily industry focussed. I was one of two overseas guest speaks at the two day event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description St Hughs College Donors Dinner 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Short talk as part of college donors dinner event which sparked questions and discussions afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Talk (AI@Oxford) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Speaker in a healthcare session of AI@Oxford conference and discussions with some participants afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Women's Centre Research Strategy Group at the John Radcliffe Hospital 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A summary of work being carried out was presented to the Research Strategy group to inform them of the research being carried out.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Workshop: Development, evaluation and reporting strategies of AI algorithms in maternal and child health 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Three-day workshop held in person in New Delhi, India, and online. There were 4 keynote lectures and four panel discussions, including senior researchers from the UK, USA and India, and early career researchers and clinicians.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://us02web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_x-_ZOP8ATkSz9bTdtFQe9w