TRANSCEND: Transformative Science and Engineering for Nuclear Decommissioning

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leeds
Department Name: Chemical and Process Engineering

Abstract

UK government is committed to nuclear energy having an important role in delivering a secure, low-carbon and affordable energy future, with their aspirations for new build power stations and life extension of the existing fleet described in policy documents. Successful delivery of this policy recognises the need for research and development, skills development and international collaboration as key enablers. A central component is the need to demonstrate our ability to safely manage and dispose of civil nuclear waste. The Nuclear Decommissioning Authority is responsible for the delivery of policy aims with respect to legacy waste, with Radioactive Waste Management charged with the delivery of a geological disposal facility and waste management solutions. EPSRC strategy is to maintain investment in nuclear fission research, recognising nuclear power as having an important role in the future low-carbon energy mix, with a strategic focus being research underpinning the decommissioning, immobilisation and management of nuclear waste. Central components of all these strategies are "a joined-up approach to nuclear R&D across government, industry and academia which...benefit(s) the UK economy" and, of benefit to UK industry, that establishes it "as a global leader in waste management and decommissioning" (see Case for Support).

The successful delivery of decommissioning, immobilisation and management of nuclear waste solutions also impacts on public acceptance of any new build programme. In relation to any geological disposal facility, there is a need to demonstrate an ability to safely manage and dispose of waste from legacy operations, with studies of public attitudes showing that acceptance of such a facility is directly linked to having viable routes for the safe clean-up and disposal of any waste.

These strategies rely on further research and development being delivered over the next 10-20 years. The work of the consortium is part of the response to this need, providing support to an internationally leading group of researchers in this key area. The work will contribute to the health of nuclear fission research, and through developments within specific disciplines, to areas beyond nuclear. It addresses key societal challenges in relation to productive and resilient nation outcomes through the development of next generation technologies and by ensuring effective and affordable solutions for waste treatment. It will also contribute to the building of public confidence in waste management solutions, and assist the acceptance of nuclear power, as well as contributing to UK economic success by maintaining our position as a world leader in waste management research, and in assisting industry to maintain its world leading position.

The consortium comprises key industry partners and leading academic researchers from 11 research intensive universities with significant expertise in nuclear research and development. The research proposed is multi-disciplinary and covers fundamental and applied topics, including 40 research projects clustered into 4 technical themes. The consortium is made up of established researchers from a diverse range of backgrounds, who are all leaders in their field, with a track-record of innovation and problem solving in the nuclear area. It also comprises many early career researchers who, as well as having relevant nuclear-related expertise, are included to provide them with invaluable experience of a large consortium project, and to further develop their profile and influence, as they mature into leaders in the field. The consortium builds upon and consolidates the work of the previous EPSRC-funded project DISTINCTIVE (Decommissioning, Immobilisation and Storage Solutions for Nuclear Waste Inventories, EP/L014041/1), bringing together researchers from a larger group of universities and increasing the multi-disciplinary nature of the group to extend and develop the academic skills base within the UK.

Planned Impact

Aside from academia, beneficiaries include site licence companies and their supply chains, government and associated bodies, policy makers and regulators, and the public. All will benefit through: the generation of increased knowledge of underlying science and engineering, and the creation of novel technologies and techniques, to address challenges in waste management, leading to more cost effective and safer routes to nuclear waste disposal; through the training and development of researchers, and potential industry employees, with the requisite skills, knowledge, expertise and appreciation of industry's challenges to support the sector; through the exploitation of research results leading to reductions in the cost of nuclear decommissioning, and strengthening of the competitiveness of the UK civil nuclear sector; and through the consortium's influence in informing national energy, environmental and industrial policies, regulatory regimes, and the public, and its contribution to delivering a low cost, clean and secure energy supply. The consortium's activities will therefore lead to social, environmental, safety, health and security benefits. Economic benefits will ensue through reductions in the financial burden of waste clean-up to UK taxpayers.

To achieve and maximise these impacts, we will pursue activities in five areas:

Relationships and networks - Establishing new, and building on existing, relationships and networks through: a project kick-off meeting for researchers and industry partners; two industry roadshows to promote the consortium, especially with potential new partners; annual research meetings to facilitate the sharing of knowledge; theme meetings enabling in-depth technical discussions; challenge-led meetings to allow the wider consortium to focus on specific industry challenges; strengthening international relationships though existing links and by forging new ones; and forging links to ongoing research through joint or consecutive meetings on areas of mutual interest.

Communication and dissemination - To inform a broad and diverse audience we will engage in: conferences and exhibitions to present our research findings at scientific conferences, including organising special sessions, and relevant stakeholder events; publish papers in high impact scientific journals as well as more industry-orientated magazines and journals; create and maintain a dedicated website; publish an annual newsletter; and create and manage dedicated project accounts on social media for uploading videos and related content.

Public, media and government engagement - Undertaking activities to generate discussion amongst members of the public, and engage media and government bodies, through: attendance at science festivals to discuss our research aims and how outputs will contribute to the safe recovery, treatment and storage of waste; a public outreach activity regarding the social and ethical dimensions of waste management; a documentary and short videos highlighting the challenges arising from the safe management of radioactive waste and how our work aims to address these; providing media interviews and press releases where appropriate; and directly engaging with government through secondments between our researchers and BEIS.

Training and development - We will equip our researchers with the requisite skills to work within the nuclear sector by: providing them with the opportunity to have at least one placement in industry; providing industry mentors that they will meet with on a regular basis; and through summer schools to cover the development and writing of research proposals, and provide training in public, media, industry and government engagement.

Knowledge transfer and commercialisation - IP arising from our research will be appropriately protected and suitable commercialisation strategies developed for exploitation through existing institutional arrangements.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Research on the project is split into four technical themes: Integrated Waste Management; Site Decommissioning and Remediation; Spent Fuels; and Nuclear Materials. The current position on each is outlined below.

Integrated Waste Management: In terms of the removal of radionuclides from effluent, notable achievements in this theme to date include optimisation of the synthesis of a metal-doped tin umbite, which has shown exceptionally fast kinetic uptake of Cs, to facilitate scale-up for further active testing at NNL. Importantly, this material also shows Cs uptake even in the presence of high levels of completing ions such as potassium. A methodology to transform single natural zeolite ion exchangers by base treatment has also been developed to give rise to mixed zeolite compositions which have the ion exchange properties of both the original and treated zeolites. The most promising material investigated is mordenite, which can be transformed to zeolite-P, with the hybrid mordernite/zeolite-P material showing excellent uptake of both Cs and Sr. A process for rapid and facile nanomagnetite precipitation and thermal decomposition has also been developed and optimised to produce well-dispersed magnetite particles with a narrow size distribution, with ongoing work focusing on functionalisation of nanomagnetite with phosphate to target actinide and lanthanide removal from effluents. With regard to pond and silo sludge behaviour, behavioural modification techniques, implemented using additives (including polymers) to particle-laden waste streams, to enable improved flow, mixing and separation of wastes during retrieval and post operational clean out activities, have been assessed both with numerical simulations and experimental methods. In particular, methods for encouraging or discouraging particle agglomeration have been identified and demonstrated using high fidelity direct numerical simulations and novel ultrasonic profilers as a remote monitoring technique. Data on in-situ hydrogen generation, diffusivity and radiolytic consumption in simulant Magnox sludge during irradiation, using facilities at the Dalton Cumbrian Facility, is permitting the development of models to predict the hydrogen concentration within waste sludges as a function of radiation dose. Additionally, a model has been developed using the TOPAS software to calculate the radial dose from mineral nanoparticles that are prevalent in effluent streams, and importantly to characterise their influence on radiolytic radical production. Wasteform development projects have also established new, critical research into both ILW and HLW encapsulation materials. For ILW, replacements for pulverised fly ash cement additives are being investigated to secure long term production routes, where full physicochemical analysis of substitute systems is being investigated in collaboration with the Low Level Waste Repository (LLWR). Various novel glass-ceramic materials are being manufactured at scale using both smelting and HIP routes, specifically for the stable encapsulation of plutonium-contaminated material where their durability and release rates are being assessed under various conditions. In addition, current glass vitrification materials are being improved for the retention of high levels of molybdenum, expected in post operational clean out wastes, with additions of Ca and Zn leading to its partition in powellite (CaMoO4). Lastly, a suite of sodium titanosilicate glass compositions for the immobilisation of Ionsiv E-11 has been created and characterised, based on the SiO2-TiO2-Na2O phase diagram.

Site Decommissioning and Remediation: Notable achievements in this theme to date include experimental work to investigate the application of colloidal silica grout to repair damaged cementitious waste packages which has shown that additional CSH bonds are formed upon injection of colloidal silica and that they can restore the strength to fractured cement. Related research has also demonstrated that the formation of ground-sealing hydraulic barriers using colloidal silica grout also results in an increased sorption capacity in the soil. Electrokinetics has been demonstrated to form an in-situ redox barrier to prevent radionuclide migration, at scale and in real site materials, with a combined electrokinetic/silica grout land remediation and groundwater containment strategy being explored. The current focus in the electrokinetic work is on the treatment of difficult to measure radionuclides or DTMRs, such as Sr-90, Tc-99 and I-129, with ongoing work examining the application of electrokinetics to the clean-up of complex on-site and off-site materials such as contaminated concretes and contaminated coastal and estuarine sediments. A prototype non-invasive system for identifying radioisotopes present in buried pipelines from gamma ray signals has also been developed, with a model based on wavelet analysis, in combination with neural networks, validated. A numerical model to simulate biomineral repair of degraded concrete assets on nuclear sites has been developed, with complementary experimental research for model validation underway. This repair method utilises microbially-induced carbonate precipitation (MICP) via urea hydrolysis, providing a novel alternative grout form that offers the potential to seal small aperture fractures with stable calcium carbonate. Currently commercialised concrete repair methods can be ineffective when treating micro-cracking and need periodic care and maintenance due to their low durability, which renders MICP a promising alternative for micro-fracture repair.

Spent Fuels: Notable achievements in this theme include work to assess the properties and release behaviour of products arising from metallic and exotic fuel corrosion, including uranium corrosion in Magnox sludge. X-ray tomography and XRD at the Diamond Light Source has been used to understand the corrosion behaviour of spent nuclear fuel simulants sealed 'partially wet' inside metal storage cans. Microcosm experiments on U metal corrosion in Magnox sludge have elucidated corrosion rates and the spatial distribution of products formed. Tests on the corrosion behaviour of uranium carbide fuels under post-closure, geological disposal conditions revealed the presence of uranium sesquicarbide. A range of laser-based techniques (Raman, TRLFS, LIBS, LA-ICP-MS) has been used to characterise representative uranyl oxide, phosphate, silicate, sulphate, carbonate and vanadate phases in order to develop a spectral library for spent fuel applications; the aim being to deploy these techniques in situ via miniaturised, fibre-optic probes. Collaborations on prepared uranyl peroxides (studtite) augmented by 'blind' verification tests undertaken using a robotic assembly have also been performed. The extensive spectral database which is being constructed will be shared as an open-access resource for nuclear inspections and decommissioning applications. Sintered Eu-doped CeO2 pellets are being used as surrogates of spent mixed oxide fuels (MOX SIMFUELs) in microcosm tests of crack development affecting mixed actinide matrices. A combination of Raman, SEM and voltametric analysis has yielded valuable information on redox transformations during post-irradiation interim storage and geological disposal. Laboratory rigs have been built for micromechanical, drop evaporation tests on stainless steel plate samples and novel small-scale punch-tests for in situ investigations of stress corrosion cracking in stored AGR fuel during drying. A mathematical model has also been developed to determine the length and width of cracks in the steel cladding. A predictive one-dimensional, spent fuel dissolution COMSOL model has also been developed, together with an alpha dose rate calculator, including crack and spherical geometries. The latter has been used to assess the radiolytic generation of H2, H2O2, OH-, etc. in a range of fuel/water exposure scenarios. Deposited thin film samples, irradiated at the Dalton Cumbrian Facility and Surrey Ion Beam Centre, are being used for model testing.

Nuclear Materials: Notable achievements in this theme to date include the use of density functional theory to study the surface chemistry of ThO2, as a surrogate for PuO2, which has evaluated the interactions of water with the most stable surface, demonstrating its hydrophilic behaviour and establishing that water splitting has no energy barrier. The reactions of H·, H+ and OH- with the wetted surface at differing temperatures have also been examined. Americium is formed in PuO2 from the radioactive decay of Pu atoms, and density functional theory to study the mode of Am incorporation within PuO2, and the impact Am makes to its defect chemistry, has found that Am is accommodated on Pu vacancies, and the presence of Am increases the conductivity of PuO2, potentially affecting its redox behaviour. Experimental work has also been used to develop two novel techniques for the measurement of water adsorption at actinide oxide surfaces. The first, based on simple sessile drop contact angle measurements, has found that ThO2 surfaces are more hydrophilic than CeO2 (as a PuO2 surrogate) or U3O8 surfaces. The second, employing direct mass-based measurements of water adsorption at the surface of thin layers of metal oxides to obtain adsorption enthalpies, has also found that ThO2 is the most wettable of the materials studied. Equipment associated with the latter technique is currently being commissioned at NNL to allow analogous measurements on real PuO2 surfaces. Work to understand the possible metal oxide-catalysed recombination reactions that may occur between hydrogen and oxygen - the two main gas phase products of the above-mentioned water radiolysis - under conditions relevant to Pu storage has also been pursued. On Pu immoblisation, work has focused on examining the durabilities of Ce/Th/U doped zirconolite ceramics and glass-ceramic composites as surrogates for Pu wasteforms. Cold-press and -sinter samples have been produced under atmospheres of the same composition produced by hot isostatic pressing. Polished monoliths have been fully characterised by SEM/EDX, XANES and XRD, and their durabilities examined by contacting with different dissolution media of direct relevance to conditions in a geological disposal facility. Analysis of the observed rates of elemental dissolution from the composites suggests an early regime of rapid dissolution followed by a second, slower regime, likely caused by the formation of a protective layer or secondary phase at the surface. Current work is focussed on the zirconolite ceramics.

Active Research Projects: A key component of the research programme has been the use of active research facilities, although active research is costly, time consuming and must be carefully planned. A webinar was held to assist in the planning of such projects, with presentations on the active funding scheme and from a number of facilities where such work can be undertaken. To date, 10 projects have been approved for funding which are adding value to the originally proposed projects, with work taking place in the UK and overseas, including at NNL facilities on active materials that cannot be handled elsewhere. All these projects are providing valuable training for our researchers in the use of active facilities.
Exploitation Route Outputs from the work undertaken by the consortium have been/are being taken up by key industry partners AWE, Cavendish Nuclear, LLW Repository Ltd, NNL, NDA, Radioactive Waste Management, Sellafield Ltd and TÜV SÜD Nuclear Technologies, as well as a wider range of industries involved in nuclear waste management and decommissioning.
Sectors Chemicals,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Security and Diplomacy

URL https://transcendconsortium.org/
 
Description Aside from academia, beneficiaries of the work of the consortium include nuclear site licence companies and the associated industrial supply chain, government, regulators and implementation authorities, and society and stakeholder groups. The consortium is undertaking, and has planned, activities of relevance to all these groups, with details given below. Site Licence Companies and the Associated Industrial Supply Chain: In terms of site licence companies and the supply chain, these are kept informed through our Annual Research Conference which forms the core of our networking and knowledge transfer activities. Due to the impact of COVID-19, only two such in-person meetings have been held so far, in 2019 and 2021. In both meetings, nearly 120 participants attended, approximately half of which were from industry and government bodies. Industry sponsorship was also used to support broader participation by beneficiaries not directly associated with the consortium. Theme meetings are also held annually, approximately 6 months before the annual meeting around October/November each year, with these meetings focussing on technical progress on individual projects. Three sets of theme meetings have now been held, one in-person in 2019 and two virtually in the following years, with the meeting in 2020 held as a joint meeting with the UK Nuclear Waste and Decommissioning Research Forum and NDA PhD bursary students. Both virtual meetings were well attended, with the joint meeting attracting over 300 registrants and 217 attending the 2021 event. These meetings provide an opportunity for focused discussion of research findings and emerging collaborative opportunities, assisting integration of knowledge and capability across distinct projects. A number of challenge-led meetings are also being planned by our industrial partners to harness the broad collective experience and capability of the consortium in meeting specific industry needs-led research challenges, providing a rapid and effective impact mechanism. These are being targeted for spring 2022, with current plans for meetings on Pu immobilisation and digital twins. Involvement by colleagues from our key project partners in the supervision of individual research projects which make up the overall consortium benefits those partners more directly. Our key project partners are also members of the Management Board of the consortium, which meets every six months, assisting lead academics in the running of the overall project. The International Advisory Group, which meets annually, includes academic and industrial representatives from the Management Board, as well as other leading researchers from complementary international research organisations. Current non-academic members include: Atkins, AWE, BAM Ritchies, Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS), Catholic University of America, Canadian Nuclear Laboratories, Cavendish Nuclear, CEFAS, Citizens for Nuclear Technology Awareness, Costain, Diamond Light Source, Eden Nuclear and Environment, Environment Agency, EPSRC, Fraser Nash Consultancy, IAEA, International Nuclear Services Ltd, Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power, LLWR, Longenecker & Associates, NDA, NNL, Nuvia, PNNL, RWM, Sellafield Ltd, SRNL, Thornton Tomasetti, TÜV SÜD Nuclear Technologies, URENCO, US DoE, US DoE EM and Wood plc. This group is chaired by Prof. Ian Pegg of the Catholic University of America. Members of both the Management Board and the International Advisory Group review research project progress, provide strategic leadership and ensure relevance, as well as encouraging knowledge transfer activities and collaborations with industry within the UK and overseas. Presentations by consortium members to encourage engagement in the overall project were also given at the start of the project to engineers and scientists within industry at two industry roadshow events held in Warrington in December 2018 and Bristol in January 2019. A number of presentations have also been made by consortium members in order to promote the project nationally and internationally, most notably through a dedicated session at the 2020 WM Symposia, which involved 7 presentations in the session itself as well as 5 other technical papers. A follow on session was also held at WM2022 focusing on achievements of the project, with 7 presentations in the session itself as well as 9 other technical papers. TRANSCEND also had a stand in the UK Pavilion in the Exhibit Hall at this event, with the UK being the featured county in 2022. Government, Regulators and Implementation Authorities: In terms of impact on government, regulators and implementation authorities, Claire Corkhill and Neil Hyatt were elected as members of the Committee on Radioactive Waste Management (CoRWM), with Claire also a member of the Energy Working Group of the Green Taxonomy Advisory Group (GTAG) which provides independent advice to the UK government on developing and implementing a green taxonomy in the UK. Malcolm Joyce is a member of the UK Nuclear Innovation and Research Advisory Board (NIRAB), with Neil Hyatt and Tom Scott being past members, all of whom have participated in advisory committees to the board. Neil Hyatt was also a member of an IAEA working group on options for managing separated plutonium, and has given evidence to a government review on a National Policy Statement for Geological Disposal Infrastructure. Neil has subsequently left the University of Sheffield to become Chief Scientist of Radioactive Waste Management. Michael Fairweather has also given presentations about the project to the BEIS Decommissioning and Policy Team and at a CoRWM Open Plenary meeting, and of course the NDA and RWM are key project partners. Discussions with BEIS were held during the project formulation stage and it was agreed that the secondment of subject matter experts into BEIS would be of significant benefit, allowing research findings to provide input to relevant select committees and expert working groups, as well as providing an opportunity for our researchers to gain policy experience. Two of our research investigators, Laura Leay and David Read, started such secondments in May and June of 2019. Laura's secondment was as an expert advisor to radioactive waste policy in the Nuclear Decommissioning and Radioactive Waste team. Her knowledge of analytical techniques was used to inform policy making, specifically in updating guidelines on recovery in the event of a release of radioactivity into a public space. The project was a collaboration between BEIS, the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra), Public Health England and the Environment Agency. David's placement concerned risk-based disposability, and he joined a team at BEIS working on aspects of the Nuclear Sector Deal, specifically nuclear decommissioning, waste management and geological disposal, working on a risk-based approach to inform radioactive waste management policy. Both secondments have now been successfully completed, and another opportunity with Defra was recently advertised to our researchers. A third secondment has also recently got underway, with Lois Tovey having taken up a position as policy advisor in the Radioactive Waste and Nuclear Decommissioning team. We are also in the process of arranging further meetings with other influential parliamentary groups and non-departmental public bodies, although these have inevitably been delayed due to the impacts of COVID-19. Society and Stakeholder Groups: The engagement of society and stakeholder groups through public activities has been restricted due to the impacts of COVID-19. In particular, attendance at science fairs and festivals, and a proposed exhibition at 'We the Curious', a science centre and educational charity in Bristol, have had to be postponed. Nevertheless, we have established a YouTube channel, Green Nuclear Future, which will contain three animated videos promoting the TRANSCEND programme. These videos will highlight the challenges arising from the safe management and storage of radioactive waste, and how TRANSCEND is addressing these issues. Interviews/podcasts with our researchers are also in the process of being added to this channel. A second initiative, 'Exploring Nuclear Challenges Through VR' aimed at the general public and school children, is being developed collaboratively with the South West Nuclear Hub which provides a focus for civil nuclear research, innovation and skills in the South West of the UK. This will be rolled-out in due course within schools and in face-to-face interactions with the public, for example, at science fairs. The project originally planned a two-day Public Engagement summer school for our PDRAs, PhDs and early career researchers to cover training in public, media, industry and government engagement. This would include sessions covering IP and technology development, research ethics, plus equality and diversity. Additionally, a workshop on the development and writing of research proposals for our researchers was also proposed. Following discussions, it was felt that both activities are best done face-to-face. Grant writing training took place at our Annual Meeting in November 2021, with the Public Engagement school to be held in summer 2022. We have also commissioned a public outreach activity regarding the social and ethical dimensions of waste management, based on workshops and interviews at events to be organised and attended by consortium members. This activity is being led by colleagues at the Institute for Cultural Practices at the University of Manchester, and will be based on a game playing route to providing public understanding of research and development needs, opportunities and solutions. This will be rolled-out at future consortium events and at functions attended by members of the public. The 'RePlace the Waste' game that is under development is currently also being adapted for online use as well. It is hoped that society and stakeholder group engagement can be increased as science fairs and similar festivals start to be held again. Also, the consortium has significant 'flexi-funds' allocated which will be used to pursue ad-hoc impact activities. These funds can be used to support a whole range of potential ideas: from physical displays to the development of online resources, and from festival outreach to events at learned institutions.
Sector Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description National Policy Statement for Geological Disposal Infrastructure
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact An evidence submission was made on the House of Commons Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Committee Inquiry on the Draft National Policy Statement for Geological Disposal Infrastructure, by Prof. Neil Hyatt, which highlighted the need to make more explicit assumptions on the waste inventory to be disposed of, and treatment options, since these are critical for public acceptance and the primary drivers of GDF costs and timescales. The advice, informed by expertise developed through EPSRC sponsored research, was cited by the Select Committee in making Recommendation 2 in the report, which states "For transparency purposes, the Government should clarify in the NPS the level of radioactivity that, to its knowledge, waste from the 16 to 18 gigawatt electrical new nuclear build programme would add to the total volume of radioactivity in the GDI and how that will impact the infrastructure requirements of the facility. The Government should also provide details in the NPS on the level of radioactivity from new nuclear build waste as a proportion of the total level of radioactivity in the GDI". http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/business-energy-and-industrial-strategy-committee/draft-national-policy-statement-for-geological-disposal-infrastructure/written/85497.html https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmbeis/1092/1092.pdf In its response to accepting this recommendation, HM Government stated: The Government is grateful for the Committee's recommendation, and in response has now added several references in the NPS to sections within the 'Implementing Geological Disposal - Working with Communities' document. With regards to the host community, the detail on the process for establishing and communicating the inventory is set out within the new paragraphs 6.54 and 6.55 of the published 'Implementing Geological Disposal - Working with Communities' policy document published in December 2018. https://www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/business-energy-and-industrial-strategy/Government-response-to-the-BEIS-Committee-Report-on-the-draft-National-Policy-Statement-for-Geological-Disposal-Infrastructure.pdf The National Policy Statement for Geological Disposal Infrastructure incorporating the above changes in response to the evidence provdied by Prof. Hyatt was designated in August 2019, and is now the policy of HM Government. The National Policy Statement will be used as the primary basis for the examination by the Examining Authority, and for decisions by the Secretary of State, in considering development consent applications for geological disposal infrastructure that fall within the definition of a NSIP as set out in section 14(1)(q) and section 30A of the Planning Act 2008 ('the Planning Act'). https://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/written-questions-answers-statements/written-statement/Commons/2019-10-17/HCWS18/ https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-policy-statement-for-geological-disposal-infrastructure
URL https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/business-energy-industri...
 
Description Secondment to BEIS of academic as an expert advisor to radioactive waste policy in Nuclear Decommissioning and Radioactive Waste team. Knowledge of analytical techniques used to inform policy making, specifically in updating guidelines on recovery in event of release of radioactivity into public space. Project a collaboration between BEIS, Defra, Public Health England and Environment Agency.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Secondment to BEIS of academic as an expert advisor to team working on aspects of Nuclear Sector Deal, specifically nuclear decommissioning, waste management and geological disposal, working on risk-based approach to inform radioactive waste management policy.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Abatement Trials with Advanced Materials (ADVANCED FUEL CYCLE PROGRAMME)
Amount £91,778 (GBP)
Funding ID NNL/NIP/039 
Organisation National Nuclear Laboratory 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2020 
End 03/2021
 
Description Advanced Nuclear Fuels Programme
Amount £810,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NNL/NIP/003 
Organisation Government of the UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2019 
End 10/2021
 
Description Development of technology to reduce environmental problems via innovative water purification agents
Amount £283,148 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/V027387/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2020 
End 03/2023
 
Description Disposal MOX
Amount £120,000 (GBP)
Funding ID National Nuclear Laboratory Agreement No NNL/UA/137 
Organisation National Nuclear Laboratory 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2021 
End 09/2025
 
Description EDI Network Plus for Energy Researchers
Amount £1,250,000 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/W033747/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2022 
End 05/2026
 
Description Intermediate range order effects in radioactive waste glasses: implications for aqueous durability and mechanical properties
Amount £863,375 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/T016337/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2021 
End 12/2023
 
Description Isolation of 14C species from spent ion exchange resins and their stabilisation
Amount £386,163 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/S032959/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2019 
End 08/2022
 
Description Long-term performance of phosphate based backfill cements in repository environments
Amount £120,000 (GBP)
Funding ID RWM504 
Organisation Nuclear Decommissioning Authority NDA 
Department Radioactive Waste Management
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2022 
End 09/2026
 
Description MOX SIMFUELs - Development of Simulants
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Nuclear Decommissioning Authority NDA 
Department Radioactive Waste Management
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2019 
End 11/2023
 
Description Performance of aged cement grouts for encapsulating radioactive wastes
Amount £119,000 (GBP)
Funding ID RWM422 
Organisation Nuclear Decommissioning Authority NDA 
Department Radioactive Waste Management
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2021 
End 09/2025
 
Description SICODELIQ - SImulated COntamination assisted DEcontamination of highly active LIQuid facilities
Amount £29,200 (GBP)
Funding ID National Nuclear Laboratory Agreement No NNL/UA/ 
Organisation National Nuclear Laboratory 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2021 
End 09/2025
 
Description THERAMIN
Amount € 3,972,539 (EUR)
Funding ID 755480 
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 05/2017 
End 05/2020
 
Description TRANSCEND: Transformative Science and Engineering for Nuclear Decommissioning
Amount £4,587,420 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/S01019X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2018 
End 09/2022
 
Description UTGARD Lab Phase II: A SIMFUEL Fabrication & Characterisation Facility
Amount £752,056 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/T011416/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2019 
End 03/2024
 
Description Japan Atomic Energy Agency 
Organisation Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA)
Country Japan 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The grant award has led to the establishment of a strategic partnership with the JAEA based around fallout and fuel debris analysis. There has been an MoU signed by both institutions to permit collaboration, exchange of personnel and samples. Subsequently, the remit of the MoU has been widened (2019) to include joint work on diamond battery (ASPIRE) technology, high dose-rate diamond detectors and radiation mapping robots. We have contributed expertise, consultancy, shared data recorded from Japanese samples and sites and have won several experimental sessions at the Diamond Light Source synchrotron facility for fallout particle analysis. JAEA colleagues have participated in all of our UK synchrotron experiments and participated and presented at UK workshops and conferences e.g.
Collaborator Contribution Already we have had over 15 visits from the JAEA since the start of the partnership as well as a suite of fallout samples from Fukushima and access to nuclear fallout storage sites and other restricted areas of the Fukushima fallout zone. The site access and samples provided are extremely valuable.
Impact Several joint publications. Widening of the relationship to cover other areas such as radiation detection, UAVs and most recently diamond batteries.
Start Year 2016
 
Description National Nuclear Laboratory 
Organisation National Nuclear Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Producing materials for decommissioning and clean-up activities
Collaborator Contribution Discussions regarding potential application of new technologies for decommissioning
Impact None yet
Start Year 2014
 
Description US DoE - SHU Collaboration 
Organisation U.S. Department of Energy
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Link between SHU and US DoE facilitated by 3 PhD students (jointly-funded by both US DoE and SHU, and all 3 students are affiliate members of TRANSCEND), on immobilisation of HLW and LILW from the US Hanford Site. The 3 affiliated students (James Eales, Jessica Rigby, Katrina Love) all spent summer 2019 undertaking secondments/internships at PNNL, USA. Intellectual expertise and training are being provided to the students by both SHU and US DoE and its representatives.
Collaborator Contribution US DoE is providing joint funding (with SHU) for the 3 PhD students. US expertise from colleagues across several National Laboratories and Universities is providing additional intellectual and training input and opportunities.
Impact No peer-reviewed outputs to date, the students have just entered the 2nd years of their PhD's. However, the 3 students all presented their research at the Society of Glass Technology Annual Meeting in Cambridge, UK, in September 2019.
Start Year 2018
 
Description 'A very real problem': How resurgent nuclear reactions at Chernobyl might be dealt with to avert disaster 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prof Neil Hyatt was interviewed by The Independent on the potential resurgence of nuclear fission within the fuel debris of the Chernobyl reactor and the relevance to Fukushima Dai-ici, the article highlighted our recent work on the synthesis and characterisation of Chernobyl and Fukushima corium and fuel debris.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/chernobyl-nuclear-reactions-robots-drilling-b1846990...
 
Description 'It's like the embers in a barbecue pit.' Nuclear reactions are smoldering again at Chernobyl 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Neil Hyatt was interviewed by Science magazine on the potential resurgence of nuclear fission within the fuel debris of the Chernobyl reactor and the relevance to Fukushima Dai-ici, drawing on recent research on Chernobyl and Fukushima corium and fuel debris.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.science.org/content/article/nuclear-reactions-reawaken-chernobyl-reactor
 
Description 1st Annual Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The consortium held its first annual meeting at the
Apex City hotel in Bath on the 3rd and 4th April 2019.
Over 100 representatives from academia, industry
and government bodies gathered to learn about the
latest research findings since the programme started
in October 2018.
Sixteen technical presentations covered the 4 themes:
Integrated Waste Management; Site Decommissioning
& Remediation; Spent Fuels; Nuclear Materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 1st Industry Roadshow 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The 1st Industry Roadshow was held at Birchwood Park in Warrington on 11th December 2018. Delegates registered from organisations across the nuclear sector to gain an overview of the research programme and to learn how it will help to address key challenges facing the industry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 2nd Industry Roadshow 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The 2nd Industry Roadshow took place at The Mercure in Bristol on 14th January 2019. Delegates registered from organisations across the nuclear sector to gain an overview of the research programme and to learn how it will help to address key challenges facing the industry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description A long term solution 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Claire Corkhill was invited by RWM Ltd to present a short video explaining the benefits of geological disposal of radiaoctive wastes, in recognition of her expertise developed through several EPSRC research projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uoPSaWV-tQU
 
Description An article on the university of Manchester's policy blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A ~1500 word blog piece was written, with a target audience of policy makers, that asks for policy makes to take some form of action. In this case the call to action was to form a social contract so that policy makers and the public could agree a way to manage radioactive waste
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://blog.policy.manchester.ac.uk/energy_environment/2020/01/managing-radioactive-waste/
 
Description Attendance at GLOBAL / TOPFUEL Conference, Seattle 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Attending at GLOBAL / TOPFUEL Conference in Seattle. Made a total of 8 presentations to a mixed industry / academic audience. Conference papers arising from those presentations are listed in the publications section
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://globaltopfuel.ans.org/
 
Description Attendance at Radioactive Waste Management Spent Fuel Strategy Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Attendance at Radioactive Waste Management Spent Fuel Strategy Workshop, online, 8th October 2021. Purpose to develop RWM's research strategy in this area. Made invited presentation as follows:

"Update on AGR SIMFUEL Studies at Lancaster", C.Boxall, N.Rauff-Nisthar, E.Howett, R.Wilbraham, G.Berhane, S.Jones, I.Robertson
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description BBC 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prof. Claire Corkhill was interviewed on the BBC Radio 4 PM Programme on the radiation leak and situation at the Taishan nuclear power plant, in China, of the EPR design.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description CNN breaking story: Taishan nuclear power plant. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Neil Hyatt Neil Hyatt was interviewed by CNN about the reported leak of radioactivity at the Taishan nuclear power plant in China.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://twitter.com/i/status/1405429331942379520
 
Description Chernobyl's nuclear fuel is smoldering. To prevent another accident, researchers are studying the site's radioactive lava. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Prof Neil Hyatt and Prof. Claire Corkhill were interviewed by Business Insider on the potential resurgence of nuclear fission within the fuel debris of the Chernobyl reactor and discussed ongoing research to understand the formation and behaviour of corium materials at Chernobyl and Fukushima Dai-ici, and management of radioactive wastes more broadly.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.businessinsider.com/chernobyl-radioactive-lava-prevent-nuclear-accident-2021-5?r=US&IR=T
 
Description Chernobyl: nuclear material may be re-igniting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prof Neil Hyatt was interviewed by the Naked Scientist podcast on the potential resurgence of nuclear fission within the fuel debris of the Chernobyl reactor and the relevance to Fukushima Dai-ici.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.thenakedscientists.com/articles/interviews/chernobyl-nuclear-material-may-be-re-igniting
 
Description Covid and clean air 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prof Neil Hyatt was interviewed by BBC Science In Action on the potential resurgence of nuclear fission within the fuel debris of the Chernobyl reactor and the relevance to Fukushima Dai-ici, drawing on recent research on Chernobyl and Fukushima corium and fuel debris.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/w3ct1l3m
 
Description Former Vice President Al Gore - Frontiers Forum - The Case for Climate Optimism - September 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I attended the Frontiers Forum on 29 September 2021 at which the Keynote Speaker was Former Vice President Al Gore, discussing Climate Change. From over 5000 attendees I was selected to be on the Q&A Panel and was one of only two members who had the opportunity to ask questions of Former Vice President Al Gore.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CEpWTIZbODg&t=12s
 
Description Frontiers in Glass Forum - Invited Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited Presentation at the Frontiers in Glass II Forum, 30th June 2021, organised by University of Bristol. I gave an Invited Presentation, sparked discussions and questions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description GDF Conference 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof. Neil Hyatt was invited as the facilitator and panel chair for the Geological Disposal Facility Conference 2021, delivered by Radioactive Waste Management, in recognition of his international standing in the field.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/news/geological-disposal-programme-now-under-way
 
Description International Webinar Series on Immobilisation of Radioactive Wastes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I organised, during Covid-19 Lockdowns, a series of 5 international webinars on the Immobilisation of Radioactive Wastes, featuring 5 of the most eminent international speakers on the topic. The events were well attended, with well over 100 attendees for the 5 events.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Interview with Chemical & Engineering News: What caused a plume of radioactive ruthenium in Europe in 2017? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof. Neil Hyatt was interviewed for Chemical & Engineering News on trace radiation detected across northern Europe, based on expertise in radioactive waste management developed in EPSRC sponsored research on nuclear fuel reprocessing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://cen.acs.org/safety/industrial-safety/caused-plume-radioactive-ruthenium-Europe/97/web/2019/0...
 
Description Journal Highlights 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Our paper in MRS Advances titled "A feasibility investigation of laboratory based x-ray absorption spectroscopy in support of nuclear waste management" (https://doi.org/10.1557/adv.2020.44), was featured as a highlight article in the Materials Research Society Bulletin in January 2022.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1557/s43577-021-00233-x
 
Description Letter to the Guardian: Strategies for nuclear weapons and waste 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prof. Neil Hyatt published a letter in The Guardian newspaper in response to an earlier article on radioactive waste, highlighting the need for a sustainable and definite end solution, informed by EPSRC sponsored research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/aug/07/strategies-for-nuclear-weapons-and-waste
 
Description Lloyds Register Foundation Conference - All Centre Meeting Oct 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact meeting of the Lloyd's Register Foundation Centre for the Safety of Nuclear Energy - included presentations from participants in TRANSCEND, ATLANTIC, TRIBECA Spent Fuel project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with NNL & RWM 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact meeting with NNL and RWM to discuss new PhD studentship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Radioactive Waste Management Ltd 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact meeting with radioactive waste management ltd to discuss progress on mixed oxide nuclear fuel project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting with Sellafield Oct 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact meeting with geoff randall, sellafield, to discuss potential formation of decommissioning centre for excellence
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description NNIP Phase 2 Meeting - Dec 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Progress meeting, NNIP Phase 2 work. Work linked to TRANSCEND (MOx fuel fabrication) and ATLANTIC (Accident Tolerant Fuel Work). HMG funding Dept BEIS present
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description NNIP Phase 2 meeting at Lancaster Nov 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact meeting to discuss progress on National Nuclear Innovation Programme work - linked to TRANSCEND & ATLANTIC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description NNL visit to review RWM work 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact meeting with dave hambley, NNL to discuss progress on RWM/TRANSCEND work
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description National Nuclear Innovation Programme Phase 2 kick off meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact kick off meeting of phase 2 of the national nuclear innovation programme work (sponsored by BEIS) with links to TRANSCEND (MOx fuel fabrication) and ATLANTIC (Accident Tolerant Fuel Work Package)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Nuclear reactions are discovered smouldering 'like embers at a barbecue' in an inaccessible chamber at Chernobyl, sparking gears of another explosion at the power plant. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prof Neil Hyatt was interviewed by The Daily Mail on the potential resurgence of nuclear fission within the fuel debris of the Chernobyl reactor and the relevance to Fukushima Dai-ici, drawing on recent research on Chernobyl and Fukushima corium and fuel debris.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-9570439/Nuclear-reactions-smouldering-like-embers-ba...
 
Description Nuclear reactions at Chernobyl are spiking in an inaccessible chamber 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prof Neil Hyatt was interviewed by New Scientist on the potential resurgence of nuclear fission within the fuel debris of the Chernobyl reactor and the relevance to Fukushima Dai-ici, drawing on recent research on Chernobyl and Fukushima corium and fuel debris.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.newscientist.com/article/2277195-nuclear-reactions-at-chernobyl-are-spiking-in-an-inacce...
 
Description Overview of the Work of the TRANSCEND Consortium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This was a videoconference giving an overview of the consortium and its work to the Committee on Radioactive Waste Management.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Plutonium Projects Meeting - NNL Sellafield June 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact meeting with NNL and sellafield to review progress on plutonium research projects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Poster presentation by James Read at the NWDRF 2020 conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact James is a Sellafield funded PhD student who presented his work in a poster titled "Scoping studies of new ion exchnage materials "
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Presenation at the International workshop on Theory Frontiers in Actinide Sciences: Chemistry and Materials, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Research presentation to field experts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Presentation at NWDRF meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation at NWDRF meeting (by Jamie Purkis, TRANSCEND postdoc), on electrokinetic remediation technologies being developed under TRANSCEND, which sparked questions and discussions afterwards, and led to requests about (further) participation or involvement and plans made for future related activity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Presentation at TRANSCEND Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact 1 oral presentation at the TRANSCEND Annual Meeting as follows

"Safe Interim Storage of plutonium: Electrochemical investigations on doped plutonium oxide", D.Laventine, C.Boxall, D.Wegen, TRANSCEND 2nd Annual Meeting, DoubleTree by Hilton Harrogate Majestic Hotel, 10th - 12th November 2021,

3 poster presentations at the TRANSCEND Annual Meeting as follows:

"The Radiolysis of Water over Plutonium Dioxide: A Study of H2/O2 Recombination Processes", C.Williams, C.Boxall, H.Steele, R.Orr

"MOX SIMfuels: Production and Preliminary Studies of Homogeneous U:CeO2 SIMfuels", I.Robertson, C.Boxall, D.Hambley, R.Hibberd, R.Wilbraham

"Interaction of Water with PuO2 Analogues", D.Laventine, C.Boxall, R.Taylor, R.Orr
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://transcendconsortium.org/document-library/
 
Description Presentation to Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, Ukraine Academy of Sciences, Kyiv. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to Institute of Environmental Geochemistry, Ukraine Academy of Sciences, Kyiv, and local spin-out companies (who have worked extensively on nuclear contamination issues in the Ukraine), leading to discussion of related R&D projects implementing TRANSCEND and other technologies to land and water contamination issues in the Ukraine. Cundy was invited as an international expert on an ongoing INNOVATE UK project, led by ANAMAD Ltd (UK).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Presentation to meeting of Hampshire Contaminated (local authority) Land Liaison Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to meeting of Hampshire Contaminated (local authority) Land Liaison Group (Basingstoke and Deane Council), leading to subsequent discussion on wider application of remediation techniques (including electrokinetic remediation) to current land contamination issues in the southern region of the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Presentation to regional meeting (Solent group) of the Geological Society (London). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A presentation to Geological Society (London) regional group discussing development of new land remediation technologies, including the work currently undertaken in TRANSCEND.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Presentations at Waste Management 2020, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Three presentations at Waste Management 2020 in Phoenix Arizona. Presentations summarising progress on plutonium storage and spent nuclear fuel disposal research within the TRANSCEND consortium
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Presentations at Waste Management 2022, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact 4 oral presentations made to WM2022 as follows

"Electrokinetic In Situ Decontamination of Entrained Radioactivity Within a Concrete Matrix", T.McCarthy, C.Boxall, M.J.Joyce, A.Banford, Waste Management 2022, Phoenx Convention Centre, Phoenix, Arizona, 6th - 10th March 2022

"Towards the Decontamination of Plutonium Contaminated Bricks: Investigation of Cerium Based Simulant on Brick Penetration", J.Kennedy, C.Boxall, A.Banford, R.Demmer, A.J.Parker, D.Hutchison, Waste Management 2022, Phoenx Convention Centre, Phoenix, Arizona, 6th - 10th March 2022

"Solid-State Electrochemical Oxidation of PuO2 to PuO2+x" D.Laventine, C.Boxall, D.Wegen, Waste Management 2022, Phoenx Convention Centre, Phoenix, Arizona, 6th - 10th March 2022

"The TRANSCEND University Consortium Theme 4: Nuclear material" C. Anderson, L. Blackburn, C. Boxall, C.L. Corkhill, M. Dixon Wilkins, F. Currell, X. Han, J.W. Hobbs, N.C. Hyatt, N. Kaltsoyannis, M. Kuman, D. Laventine, S. Murphy, E. Murray, W. Neilson, R. Orr, M. Read, H. Steele, S.-K. Sun, Waste Management 2022, Phoenx Convention Centre, Phoenix, Arizona, 6th - 10th March 2022

Plus two poster presentations

"The Radiolysis of Water over Plutonium Dioxide: A Study of H2/O2 Recombination Processes", C.Williams, C.Boxall, H.Steele, R.Orr

"Electrokinetic In Situ Decontamination of Entrained Radioactivity Within a Concrete Matrix", T.McCarthy, C.Boxall, M.J.Joyce, A.Banford
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL http://wmsym.org
 
Description Progress Review Meeting with NNL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact May 2020 meeting with NNL to review progress in TRANSCEND and Advanced Fuel Cycle Programme Research Projects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Radioactive Waste Management Ltd Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Meeting with Radioactive Waste Management to discuss future project on understanding the behaviour of spent nuclear fuel under disposal conditions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Research presentation at Transcend Theme meeting - Lancaster 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk on background for TRANSCEND project at theme meeting at Lancaster
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Royal Society Workshop on Nuclear Co-Generation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Prof. Neil Hyatt was invited to participate in the Royal Society meeting on Nuclear Co-generation in recognition of his expertise in radioactive waste management developed through several EPSRC research projects, outcomes from which were highlighted in discussion contribution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Sellafield Decommissioning Centre Meet, Manchester Nov 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting to discuss potential formation of Decommissioning Centre for Excellence
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Simulant material could aid in Fukushima cleanup 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article on Paul Scherrer Institute and Swiss Light Source website, as front page, highlighting our research on synthesis and characterisation of Fukushima corium.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.psi.ch/en/media/our-research/simulant-material-could-aid-in-fukushima-cleanup
 
Description TRANSCEND Annual Meeting - Bath 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Annual Meeting of the TRANSCEND Consortium
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://transcendconsortium.org/events/1st-annual-meeting-bath-3rd-4th-april-2019/
 
Description TRANSCEND Board Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact TRANSCEND Project Board Meeting - 14th May 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description TRANSCEND International Advisory Board 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact 15 Oct 2020 meeting of TRANSCEND Consortium's International Advisory Board
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description TRANSCEND Kickoff meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Over 50 attendees gathered for the TRANSCEND kick-off meeting held on Wednesday 12th September 2018 at the National Railway Museum in York. The first part of the day was devoted to the research programme. Mike Fairweather (PI of TRANSCEND) opened the meeting by presenting a general overview of the TRANSCEND project. Presentations from each Theme Leader giving more detail on the planned research within their respective themes then followed. The morning was rounded off with a presentation by Joanna Renshaw outlining some of the proposed impact activities. Early afternoon saw the industry partners presenting details on their involvement with the project. The final part of the day was devoted to general discussions on projects and plans going forward.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description TRANSCEND Leadership Team Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact June 2020 meeting of TRANSCEND Consortium Leadership Team
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description TRANSCEND Theme Meeting - Lancaster Nov 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact TRANSCEND Plutonium Theme Meeting at Lancaster. Attended by NNL, Sellafield, NDA, RWM
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://transcendconsortium.org/events/transcend-theme-meetings/
 
Description TRANSCEND Theme Meetings - On-line Dec 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact TRANSCEND Theme Meetings -
1. Theme 3 - Spent Nuclear Fuel
2. Theme 4 - Nuclear Materials
Held on-line Dec 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description TRANSCEND: Collaborative Research Programme in Transformative Science and Engineering for Nuclear Decommissioning - Overview and Update 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The was a videoconference giving an overview of the consortium and its work to the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, Decommissioning and Policy Team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description TUC Congress: Panel Debate on Nuclear Decommissioning 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Claire Corkhill was invited to participate in an Expert Panel Debate on Nuclear Decommissioning at the TUC Congress, in recognition of her expertise developed through several EPSRC research projects, outcomes of which were highlighted in the opening remarks and panel debate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Talk and participation in the Czech-UK Workshop on Nanomaterials 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk and participation in a Czech-UK Workshop on Nanomaterials titled "Synchrotron and Neutron Diffraction Studies of Nanoporous Solids"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Talk and poster presentation by Antony Nearchou at the NWDRF 2020 conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Antony is a PDRA on the grant who presented his work in a talk titled "New materials and methods for decontamination of effluent"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Talk at Integrated Waste Management conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Dr. Samuel Murphy presented an overview of the TRANSCEND project at the Nuclear Institute sponsored Integrated Waste Management conference. The aim of the talk was to inform the industry about the work being undertaken as part of TRANSCEND but also to engage industry with the academic community. As a consequence of the talk a number of participants applied to attend the following TRANSCEND theme meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Talk at the AFCP Quarterly Technical Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A talk was presented "Scoping materials for the removal of Cs-137 & Sr-90 from waste streams" to descibe the work to be done in the project "Abatement Trials with Advanced Materials"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Talk at the Diamond-II Crystallography Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented "Structural Studies of Materials for Radionuclide Uptake"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Talk presented by Antony Nearchou at a Sellafield online learning event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Antony is a PDRA on the grant who presented his work in a talk titled "New materials and methods for decontamination of effluent"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Talk presented by James Reed at a Sellafield online learning event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact James is a Sellafield funded PhD student who presented his work in a talk titled "Scoping studies of new ion exchange materials"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description The Continuing Story of the Nuclear Waste Bill 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Radio Interview on BBC Inside science discussing management and disposal of radioactive waste and highlighting recently published research on synthesis and characterisation of Fukushima coriums.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/m0013zm3
 
Description The nuclear dilemma 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prof Claire Corkhill was featured in the BBC short "The nuclear dilemma", explaining the nature, management and disposal of radioactive wastes in the context of nuclear power generation to address climate change and the Fukushima dai-ici accident.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/ideas/videos/the-nuclear-dilemma/p09rsq3p
 
Description Theme meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The first set of Theme Meetings for TRANSCEND were held at Lancaster University Conference Centre on the 11th & 12th November 2019 providing an update of the research being undertaken Presentations from experienced researchers, PhD students and industry champions and the posters on show provided plenty of opportunities for researchers to engage directly with industry and other academic colleagues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Theme meetings joint conference with NWDRF and NDA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact TRANSCEND held its' annual Theme meetings as a joint online conference with the Nuclear Waste and Decommissioning Forum (NWDRF) and the NDA Bursary students. The aim was to inform the audience of our latest research results and stimulate interest in our research programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Transcend Roadshow - Birchwood Park 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A workshop for industry professionals to present the activities of the Transcend grant to increase industry engagement with the research of the grant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Transcend Roadshow - Hotel Mercure Bristol 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A set of presentations aimed at the nuclear industry describing the research to be carried out in Transcend with the aim to increase industry engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description UK - Japan meeting and workshop in civil nuclear decommissioning 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I was an invited participant in a workshop to scope future research areas for joint UK - Japan civil nuclear decommissioning activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Visit and Presentation to NWDRF Conference - 'Development of modular, intensified ion exchange processes for nuclear effluent treatment' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Attended the Nuclear Waste and Decommissioning Research Frontiers (NWDRF) Conference to give a presentation around TRANSCEND research perspectives and to meet with other TRANSCEND researchers, as well as significant industry figures. Outcomes of presentation were significant new industrial links and potential research collaborations with the University of Birmingham
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Visit by Japan Chemical Analysis Centre, and Nuclear Regulation Authority (Japan). 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Visit by Japan Chemical Analysis Centre, and Nuclear Regulation Authority (Japan) to the National Oceanography Centre (Southampton). This involved a presentation of the TRANSCEND project work, and discussions of further related research in decommissioning, in-situ characterisation and analytical intercomparison.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Visit from from the Japanese Citizens' Nuclear Information Center 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The JUNO network facilitated a visit by a delegation from the Japanese Citizens' Nuclear Information Center to the University of Sheffield on 13 September 2019. The purpose of the visit was to understand current UK - Japan collaborative R&D and the latest developments in technology to immobilise and dispose of the UK plutonium stockpile, in particular the hot isostatic pressing approach developed by the Sheffield team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/energy/immobilising-japans-plutonium
 
Description WM2020 Phoenix Arizona 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact TRANSCEND organised a dedicated technical session at WM2020 held from 8th - 12th March 2020 in Phoenix, Arizona. This is the leading international conference for the management of radioactive waste and related topics. The session consisted of seven presentations providing an overview of the programme, the four themes, an industry perspective of TRANSCEND and a case study of where our earlier research is making an impact. The good attendance at the technical session and the networking social held afterwards showed that there is significant interest in our research programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Webinar on UK Active Research Facilities 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A one day webinar was held on 10 June 2020, in partnership with the TRANSCEND project, to showcase UK facilities for working with high activity materials and the TRANSCEND Active Research Fund. The webinar featured presentations on the HADES, UTGARD, DCF and NNL Central Laboratory facilities. The webinar facilitated a Q&A session with facility operators to assist the user community with planning future access. The event elicited interest from both existing and future users of the facilities for future access.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description six-weekly meetings with sellafield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Meetings every 6 weeks with Sellafield and NNL to discuss progress in plutonium storage related research projects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021