International Network on Polyoxometalate Science for Advanced Functional Energy Materials

Lead Research Organisation: Newcastle University
Department Name: Sch of Natural Sciences & Env Sciences

Abstract

Metal oxides are ubiquitous in advanced technologies, but control over structure, composition and redox state can be problematic and often requires sophisticated processing. By comparison, polyoxometalates (POMs) are molecular oxides that enable nanoscale engineering of advanced metal oxide and hybrid materials from solution. This has resulted in a new era for POM chemistry and a remarkable expansion of POM-based materials research.

Energy sustainability is one of the major global challenges and new materials hold the key to success. By gaining detailed knowledge of POM behaviour, the goal is to make POM-based materials that enable us to engineer electron-transfer, charge storage and chemical changes at the heart of energy conversion and storage. Consolidating activities in this field through the EPSRC-JSPS Core-to-Core Collaboration will accelerate developments towards this outcome, with potential for substantial societal and economic impact.


This collaborative network, coordinated jointly by Newcastle and Hiroshima Universities and involving research groups from Germany, France and China, provides a dynamic UK-Japan axis for new research into POM-based advanced functional materials for energy applications. It includes, and will promote the emergence of, a new generation of researchers and will stimulate the interdisciplinary uptake of POM chemistry for the wider benefit of the materials community. The EPSRC-JSPS Core-to-Core scheme will place the UK at the heart of this important initiative and the momentum already generated during preparation of this expression of interest is a testament to the international enthusiasm for such a network. Collaborative projects will address fundamental electron transfer, charge separation and reactivity at interfaces in POM-based materials, providing the understanding required for better synthesis and design leading to improved material performance and new disruptive technologies.

Planned Impact

The outcomes from the collaborative research programme will lead to scientific advancement of polyoxometalate chemistry beyond the state of the art by consolidating activities and focusing on research questions which would not be possible to solve by single research groups in isolation. The network will provide a platform to share knowledge but also to raise the profile of POM research, a field which is growing in Asia, and recruit new expertise, particularly in the context of renewable energy.

Scientific impact will arise from applying new methodologies to studying the structure and reactivity of polyoxometalates, particularly in operational environments, such as in electrolyte solutions in batteries or water for artificial photosynthesis. The outcomes of successful research collaborations will be published in leading scientific journals, such as Nature Materials/Energy, Advanced Materials, Energy and Environmental Science. The exchange of ideas and results will be disseminated within the network through oral and poster presentations at the annual network symposia (alternating between UK and Japan). Engagement with the UK community will be achieved through participation in workshops and conferences as part of the Advanced Materials for Energy Network (through the North East Centre for Energy Materials). The international profile of POM research will be raised through engagement with the wider international community by presenting the highlights of the research at international conferences such as ICCC, Pacifichem and FMOCS and by attracting internationally leading scientific visitors to engage with the network and inviting them to present at the annual symposia.

People: The Network will increase the UK skills pool by training highly skilled researchers with experience of collaboration and teamwork. The early career researchers will expand their own global professional network and learn about other cultures. Newcastle University is part of the Inclusion Matters consortium funded by EPSRC to boost the reputation of under-represented groups in engineering and physical sciences and increase the diversity of the talent pool. Through engagement with the collaboration and mentoring initiatives in Inclusion Matters this Network will promote and inclusive culture beyond the North East of England.

Economic impact will arise through the increased research capacity and the new science will be of interest to chemical companies (catalysis, porous materials, solid state ionics, dielectrics), energy technology (batteries, solar cells, biofuels etc. short term, long term solar fuels). Many of the applications are at the proof of concept stage. By interacting with local and international industry through the Japanese partners Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation and Nippon Inorganic Colour and Chemical Co. Ltd., the industrial partners of NECEM and interactions with the NE Local Enterprise Partnership, by consolidating UK research through the Network, the investigators will leverage more investment from business to ensure that our research successes are translated from the lab to a commercial technology. This would generate new products, jobs, and companies.

Society: Providing sustainable solutions to generating electricity or fuel from waste or sunlight will enhance the health and wellbeing of the population. A carbon-free fuel addresses the intermittency of renewable energy and is necessary for sustainable transport and connecting people and ensuring energy security in the UK. The international partners in the EU and Asia, increase the global reach of our research. Forming a critical mass of researchers will enable us to effectively interact with policy makers. The UK investigators have a vibrant outreach programme to communicate benefits of science to the public, for example by working with Newcastle University's Hancock museum to increase public awareness of functional materials and their application in renewable energy.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Collaboration with Sadakane group (Hiroshima University) 
Organisation Hiroshima University
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Through the International Network on Polyoxometalate Science for Advanced Functional Energy Materials (INPOMS), I have discussed areas of polyoxometalate chemistry of mutual interest with Prof. Masahiro Sadakane and suggested those that might be investigated as part of this project. A student from the Sadakane group was hosted in Newcastle for 2 months during 2019 to investigate derivatives of Preyssler type polyoxometalates by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. Facilities were provided in my lab and three crystal structure determinations were undertaken in the Newcastle X-ray lab. The Newcastle team are currently providing the relevant data obtained during this visit for a draft manuscript for a paper.
Collaborator Contribution The Sadakane group has established expertise with Preyssler-type polyoxometalates and samples were brought to Newcastle by the visiting student in 2019. The Newcastle-Hiroshima collaborative work has been extended through interactions with the group of Prof. Sayaka Uchida (University of Tokyo) to develop polyoxometalate-based proton-conducting materials. Prof. Sadakane has prepared a first draft of a manuscript describing this work
Impact Visit to Newcastle University by Mr. Kota Shiramatsu from Hiroshima University.
Start Year 2019
 
Description POM RFB Project- Stack Development 
Organisation University of Porto
Country Portugal 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Stimming Group currently collaborates with Prof. Adelio Mendes's group (University of Porto, Portugal) with a focus on upscaling the polyoxometalate redox flow battery (POM-RFB) system. At present, experiments are being conducted on a high geometric-area multi-cell stack in order to determine the stability of POMs with respect to battery cycling over a long period. The stack is currently being loaned to the Stimming Group by Prof. Mendes. The experiments are being conducted at Newcastle University. Newcastle University have contributed laboratory facilities, material synthesis and testing.
Collaborator Contribution Experiments are being conducted on a high geometric-area multi-cell stack which is currently being loaned to the Stimming Group by Prof. Mendes. The University of Porto have contributed scaled -up testing.
Impact Several publications have resulted- listed in the publications section.
Start Year 2019
 
Title ELECTRODE STRUCTURE FOR A REDOX FLOW BATTERY AS WELL AS REDOX FLOW BATTERY 
Description The invention relates to an electrode structure (14) for a redox flow battery (10), the electrode structure (14) comprising at least one electrode (16), the electrode (16) is configured as a surface element (42) having flat surfaces (44, 46) on opposite sides (48, 50) of the electrode (16), the surfaces (44, 46) extending in respective parallel planes, wherein a plurality of three-dimensional protrusions (52) is applied on at least one of the surfaces (44, 46) and protrude, from the at least one surface (44), at least in a direction (54) being perpendicular to the respective planes. 
IP Reference EP3439092 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2019
Licensed Yes
Impact ELECTRODE STRUCTURE FOR A REDOX FLOW BATTERY AS WELL AS REDOX FLOW BATTERY
 
Title REDOX FLOW BATTERY AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A REDOX FLOW BATTERY 
Description Die Erfindung betrifft ein Verfahren zum Betreiben einer elektrisch wiederaufladbaren Redox-Flow-Batterie und eine Redox-Flow-Batterie. Zunächst erfolgt das Bereitstellen einer Redox-Flow-Batterie umfassend eine erste Kammer und eine zweite Kammer, wobei die erste Kammer von der zweiten Kammer von einer Membran getrennt ist und wobei die erste Kammer eine Kathode umfasst und die zweite Kammer eine Anode umfasst. In die erste Kammer wird dann ein erster Elektrolyt als Katholyt geführt. In die zweite Kammer wird ein zweiter Elektrolyt als Anolyt geführt. Der erste Elektrolyt umfasst ein erstes Reduktions-Oxidations-Paar und der zweite Elektrolyt umfasst ein zweites Reduktions-Oxidations-Paar. Weiterhin umfassende erste und/oder der zweite Elektrolyt einen pHstabilisierenden Puffer zum chemischen stabilisieren des Reduktions-Oxidations-Paares. Die Redox-Flow-Batterie kann dann aufgeladen oder entladen werden. 
IP Reference EP3435464 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2019
Licensed Yes
Impact REDOX FLOW BATTERY AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A REDOX FLOW BATTERY
 
Title REDOX FLOW BATTERY AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A REDOX FLOW BATTERY 
Description Die Erfindung betrifft eine Redox-Flow-Batterie und ein Verfahren zum Betreiben einer Redox-Flow-Batterie sowie einen Ladungsträger und ein Herstellungsverfahren für den Ladungsträger. Die Redox-Flow-Batterie umfasst eine erste Kammer und eine zweite Kammer welche von einer Membran voneinander getrennt werden. In der ersten Kammer liegt ein Katholyt vor. In der zweiten Kammer liegt ein Anolyt vor. Als Ladungsträger in dem Katholyt und/oder dem Anolyt wird dabei ein Polyoxometallat mit Lithium als Kation verwendet. Weiterhin betrifft die Erfindung ein Herstellungsverfahren zum Herstellen eines Polyoxometallats mit Lithium als Kation. 
IP Reference EP3561932 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2019
Licensed Yes
Impact REDOX FLOW BATTERY AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A REDOX FLOW BATTERY
 
Title REDOX FLOW BATTERY AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A REDOX FLOW BATTERY 
Description Die Erfindung betrifft eine elektrisch wiederaufladbare Redox-Flow-Batterie und ein Verfahren zum Betreiben einer wiederaufladbaren Redox-Flow-Batterie, wobei die Redox-Flow-Batterie eine erste Kammer und eine zweite Kammer aufweist, wobei die erste Kammer von der zweiten Kammer mittels einer Membran getrennt ist, wobei die erste Kammer eine Kathode umfasst und die zweite Kammer eine Anode umfasst, und wobei eine erste Oberfläche der Kathode und/oder eine zweite Oberfläche der Anode Erhebungen zur Vergrößerung der Oberfläche aufweist und diese Erhebungen geeignet sind, Flusskanäle für einen ersten und/oder zweiten Elektrolyten der Redox-Flow Batterie zu bilden und die Kathode und/oder die Anode wenigstens ein erstes Material umfassend Blei, Bismut, Zink, Titan, Molybdän oder Wolfram umfassen. 
IP Reference EP3439093 
Protection Patent application published
Year Protection Granted 2019
Licensed Yes
Impact REDOX FLOW BATTERY AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A REDOX FLOW BATTERY
 
Description CNRS IRN kick-off 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was the first meeting for the CNRS-funded International Research Network on polyoxometalate chemistry (SmartPOMS). Plans were discussed for future scientific exchanges and meetings as well as funding opportunities for collaborative projects (e.g. COST, ITN etc).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Faye Cording presented a poster entitled Study of a Symmetric Polyoxometalate Redox Flow Battery at the Scotland and North of England Electrochemistry Symposium 2019 in Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Faye Cording presented a poster entitled Study of a Symmetric Polyoxometalate Redox Flow Battery at the Scotland and North of England Electrochemistry Symposium 2019 in Edinburgh (Butler Meeting).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Faye Cording presented a poster entitled Symmetric Redox Flow Batteries with Bifunctional Molecules at the Electrochemical conference on Energy and the Environment 2019 in Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Faye Cording presented a poster entitled Symmetric Redox Flow Batteries with Bifunctional Molecules at the Electrochemical conference on Energy and the Environment 2019 in Glasgow.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Felix Pfanschilling presented a poster entitled A Redox Flow Battery based on aqueous Polyoxometalate Electrolytes at the Electrochemical conference on Energy and the Environment 2019 in Glasgow. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Felix Pfanschilling a PhD student in Prod. Stimming's group presented a poster entitled A Redox Flow Battery based on aqueous Polyoxometalate Electrolytes at the Electrochemical conference on Energy and the Environment 2019 in Glasgow.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Felix Pfanschilling presented a poster entitled Upscaling of the ALL-POM Redox Flow Batteries at the UKES conference 2019 in Newcastle 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Felix Pfanschilling presented a poster entitled Upscaling of the ALL-POM Redox Flow Batteries at the UKES conference 2019 in Newcastle
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Jack Mitchinson presented a poster entitled An Electrochemical Model and Simulator for Redox Flow Batteries at the Scotland and North of England Electrochemistry Symposium 2019 in Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Jack Mitchinson a PhD student in Prof. Stimming's group, presented a poster entitled An Electrochemical Model and Simulator for Redox Flow Batteries at the Scotland and North of England Electrochemistry Symposium 2019 in Edinburgh
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Jack Mitchinson presented a poster entitled An Electrochemical Model for Redox Flow Batteries at the UKES conference 2019 in Newcastle. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Jack Mitchinson a PhD student in Prof Stimming's group presented a poster entitled An Electrochemical Model for Redox Flow Batteries at the UKES conference 2019 in Newcastle.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Jack Mitchinson presented talk entitled Polyoxometalates for Redox Flow Batteries at the UK RFB Network Meeting 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Jack Mitchinson a PhD student in Prof Ulrich Stimming's group presented talk entitled Polyoxometalates for Redox Flow Batteries at the UK RFB Network Meeting 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Keynote lecture: FMOCS VI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote lecture at "Frontiers in Metal Oxide Cluster Science VI" at Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA. The meeting facilitated meetings with other scientists working in polyoxometalate and related chemistry and helped in the recruitment of an excellent PDRA and in the possible sourcing of a specialist chemical for NMR reactivity studies. Also raised awareness of our EPSRC-JSPS Core-to-Core Network (INPOMS).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Keynote lecture: INPOMS C2C kick-off meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This kick-off meeting for our EPSRC-JSPS Core-to-Core International Network on Polyoxometalate Science for Advanced Functional Energy Materials (INPOMS) brought together research groups from the UK, Japan, France, Germany and China as well as representatives of Japanese chemicals industry. The meeting included a young researchers seminar session, which was very successful. Much enthusiasm was generated for new and expanded collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://research.ncl.ac.uk/internationalnetworkonpomscienceforenergymaterials/newsevents/event-july2...
 
Description NECEM Conference on Energy Materials and Interfaces 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This talk in the North East Centre for Energy Materials conference on Energy Materials and Interfaces was aimed at raising awareness of opportunities to use polyoxometalate chemistry in energy-related applications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Plenary lecture: 5th Annual ACS Nigeria Chapter Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Plenary lecture at an American Chemical Society, Nigeria Chapter, annual symposium at Sokoto State University in Nigeria. The lecture highlighted our research and its relationship to UN sustainable development goals and my participation was highlighted on TV news. The visit generated interest from students in possible study at Newcastle University and also potential research collaborations for GCRF funding applications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.acsnigeriachapter.org/acs-nigeria-symposium-2020/