Energy Revolution Research Consortium - Core - EnergyREV

Lead Research Organisation: University of Strathclyde
Department Name: Electronic and Electrical Engineering

Abstract

The Committee on Climate Change's most recent assessment of the UK's progress towards meeting its carbon budgets shows that UK emissions are 41% below 1990 levels. The UK Government's Industrial Strategy white paper states that this has been achieved while the economy has grown by two thirds. In our journey to meeting a reduction of at least 80% compared to 1990 levels, the Committee states that we must reduce emissions by at least 3% a year. They also say that despite the above progress we are not currently on track to meet the 2023-27 carbon budget.

Clearly, significant further effort and innovation is required to meet our statutory obligations in this area. In line with this, the Government's Industrial Strategy identifies Clean Growth as a grand challenge stating "We will develop smart systems for cheap and clean energy across power, heating and transport ... We will launch a new Industrial Strategy 'Prospering from the energy revolution' programme to develop world-leading local smart energy systems that deliver cheaper and cleaner energy across power, heating and transport". The Industrial Strategy also points out that Innovation in clean growth is critical for low cost, low carbon
infrastructure systems, and for realising the industrial opportunities needed to deliver economic benefits. In response to this the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund (ISCF) has launched the Prospering from the Energy Revolution (PFER) programme. It is focused on delivering (by 2022) investable and scalable local business models which use integrated approaches to deliver cleaner, cheaper, energy services for more prosperous and resilient communities. The resulting smart local energy systems should also benefit the national energy system as a whole. It also targets a ten times larger future-investment in local integrated energy systems versus business as usual in the 2020s while creating real world proving grounds to accelerate new products and services to full commercialisation. A major element of the activities is building UK leadership in integrated energy provision.

To support the PFER programme, UKRI launched a call to establish the Energy Research Research Consortium (EnergyREV) to support this journey. A workshop was held in Birmingham to form and shape the consortium and to initiate the development of this proposal. The resulting EnergyREV consortium is diverse and highly multidisciplinary, incorporating 88% of the researchers who were selected for the workshop.

EnergyREV will work with the Energy Systems Catapult to enable and inform demonstrators and demonstrator design projects (funded by the PFER programme) through their lifetime; undertaking analysis and evaluation, building and driving best practice and, leading knowledge exchange through national and international engagement with policy, academic and industrial communities. Further to this, EnergyREV has shaped and defined a strategic programme of applied interdisciplinary research which aims to achieve significant outputs in the areas of whole energy systems and smart local energy systems. This will inform future energy investment by companies and Government. It will coordinate and integrate existing UK world-class knowledge, research teams and facilities, and through this provide advice, research and innovation support to help ensure the success of the PFER programme.

Planned Impact

EnergyREV has the national impact aim of unlocking a factor of ten increase in future-investment in local integrated energy systems in the UK in the 2020s, and the international impact aim of creating a long-term legacy of learning and understanding for global leadership in local smart energy systems provision. To do this we aim to make EnergyREV the 'go-to' location for integrated local energy systems knowledge. To maximise reach, the research will be translated into language appropriate for the various relevant audiences and disciplines and made accessible to all levels of expertise from members of the public to the Secretary of State. Communication methods will be tailored to the needs and information channels of specific audiences, for example policy briefings styled on POSTNotes for Government to interactive visualisations for general audiences.

The EnergyREV team will coordinate with other major energy systems research initiatives to maximise the impact of the work. Explicitly this will include working with UKERC Phase IV, CREDS, the CESI and the ESC to ensure messages are delivered through their workshops and dissemination channels to reach additional academic, industrial and policy stakeholders. This will also ensure that their activities influence EnergyREV, and that there is no duplication of effort.

Internationally, EnergyREV will work with and through the International Energy Agency to create a platform for global leadership in smart energy systems provision with maximum return to the UK.

EnergyREV will work collaboratively with other partners in the Prospering From the Energy Revolution (PFER) Challenge and leverage their pathways to impact. These have yet to be defined but will include supporting the work of the Demonstrators and collaborating with the Energy Systems Catapult through its role as leading the Energy Revolution Integration Service.

People

ORCID iD

Stephen McArthur (Principal Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1312-8874
Patrick Devine-Wright (Co-Investigator)
Janette Webb (Co-Investigator)
Cameron Hepburn (Co-Investigator)
James Brusey (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2710-6927
Jonathan Radcliffe (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7671-6265
Joanne Louise Patterson (Co-Investigator)
David Mark Ingram (Co-Investigator)
Georgios Konstantopoulos (Co-Investigator)
Elena Gaura (Co-Investigator)
Zhong Fan (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5575-1536
Roberto Ferrero (Co-Investigator)
Maria Sharmina (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5521-700X
Tim Green (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3893-2439
Sandy Andrew Kerr (Co-Investigator)
M Mercedes Maroto-Valer (Co-Investigator)
Jianzhong Wu (Co-Investigator)
David Antony Elmes (Co-Investigator)
Melanie Rohse (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8613-2092
Matthew James Hannon (Co-Investigator)
Matthew Leach (Co-Investigator)
Alona Armstrong (Co-Investigator)
Camilla Thomson (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2329-1862
Rebecca Ford (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0820-8650
David Shipworth (Co-Investigator)
Rajat Gupta (Co-Investigator)
Charlie Wilson (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8164-3566
Jillian Leigh Anable (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4259-1641
Ruzanna Chitchyan (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6293-3445
Alexandra Schneiders (Researcher) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6605-3434
Jeffrey James Hardy (Researcher Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8688-9397
Michael Fell (Researcher Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2764-7464

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description A Framework for Understanding and Conceptualising Smart Local Energy Systems (ISBN: 978-1-909522-57-2) has been published. This paper presents a smart local energy system framework, based on a systematic metanarrative review of the literature, supplemented with expert interviews. The framework provides a structure within which smart local energy system stakeholders can explore how their projects might deliver value and in what context. It provides an overview of how smart local energy system stakeholders could use the framework to support the design and development of smart local energy systems. The paper also outlines where further work is necessary and identifies some key mechanisms for facilitating continued development of the smart local energy system framework. The report is available from the EnergyREV website. Regular updates and newsletters are released via the Tractivity system, to inform the wider Prospering from the Energy Revolution community of advances and learnings across all of our key themes. 215 people are fully subscribed to receive newsletters, event invites etc. Working with the Local Energy Oxfordshire (LEO) PFER demonstrator to provide more flexible, scaleable and plug-and-play data, control and decision making solutions. These will increase the ability to deploy smart local energy systems, increasing the value and impact for the UK. The EnergyREV Policy Working Group is tackling the 10 key challenges in policy around the energy transition and the roll-out of smart local energy systems. This draws on a panel of policy experts and policymakers, ensuring there is widespread influence from our research and findings. Our work on knowledge synthesis shows necessary (or at least very important) conditions for smart local energy systems to emerge. We are looking for evidence on what has worked, in what circumstances, for whom, drawing in work from across EnergyREV and PFER, and also a series of targeted rapid reviews.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Energy
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Repowering the Black Country - Roadmap
Amount £91,768 (GBP)
Funding ID 134010 
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2020 
End 09/2020
 
Description Repowering the Black Country Phase 2 Cluster Plan
Amount £1,500,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 73028 
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2021 
End 03/2023
 
Title Simulating ancillary service provision from a peer-to-peer energy trading community - data 
Description The whole dataset includes 9 EXCEL files in total, providing the data used and produced in the relevant paper titled as 'Framework design and optimal bidding strategy for ancillary service provision from a peer-to-peer energy trading community', which has been published on the journal Applied Energy. The detailed description for them is presented as follows: 1. "Smart_Home_Parameters.xlsx" provides the parameters of various types of electrical devices in smart homes considered in the case study section of the paper. It contains 5 sheets. In the first sheet 'General Parameters', the general parameters of a lot of electrical devices are presented, including those of noninterruptible appliances, thermal appliances (i.e. electric water heaters) and electric vehicles. In the second sheet 'P_PV', the PV power generation of each smart home at each hour is presented. In the third sheet 'P_Mustrun', the must-run electric loads of each smart home at each hour is presented. In the fourth sheet 'dn', the hot water use of two homes at each hour is presented. In the fifth sheet 'sita_en', the temperature of the cold water inlet of two homes at each hour is presented. 2. "Numerical_Results_Case_1_Performance_Evaluation.xlsx" provides data produced in Case 1 of the relevant paper, which is to assess the performance of the proposed mechanisms for facilitating ancillary service provision from a P2P energy trading community. It contains 3 sheets. The first sheet 'Fig. 4' presents the daily revenues of each customer in three different scenarios ('P2G', 'P2P', and 'P2P+AS'). The second sheet 'Fig. 5' presents the daily social welfare of the whole community in three different scenarios. The third sheet 'Fig. 7' presents the volume of ancillary service provided during 4 different time periods. 3. "Numerical_Results_Case_2_Different_Service_Types.xlsx" provides data produced in Case 2 of the relevant paper, which is to assess the performance if a different type of ancillary service is provided. It contains 3 sheets. The first sheet 'Fig. 8' presents the daily revenues of each customer in three different scenarios ('P2G', 'P2P', and 'P2P+AS'). The second sheet 'Fig. 9' presents the daily social welfare of the whole community in three different scenarios. The third sheet 'Fig. 10' presents the volume of ancillary service provided during 4 different time periods. 4. "Numerical_Results_Case_3_Service_Provision_with_limited_amount.xlsx" provides data produced in Case 3 of the relevant paper, which is to assess the performance if a limit is posed on the total amount of ancillary service to be procured. It contains 2 sheets. The first sheet 'Fig. 11' presents the volume of ancillary service provided during 4 different time periods with the limit imposed. The second sheet 'Fig. 12' presents the ancillary service provision with and without the limit imposed from each customer. 5. "Numerical_Results_Case_4_Impact_of_Service_Prices.xlsx" provides data produced in Case 4 of the relevant paper, which is to assess the impact of ancillary service prices. It contains 2 sheets. The first sheet 'Fig. 13' presents the daily social welfare of the whole community of three scenarios given different levels of price of ancillary service. The second sheet 'Fig. 14' presents the total service provided during 13:00-17:00 given different levels of price of ancillary services. 6. "Numerical_Results_Case_5_Impact_of_EV_Penetration.xlsx" provides data produced in Case 5 of the relevant paper, which is to assess the impact of installation rate of electric vehicles. It contains 2 sheets. The first sheet 'Fig. 15' presents the daily social welfare of the whole community of three scenarios given different installation rates of electric vehicles. The second sheet 'Fig. 16' presents the total service provided during 13:00-17:00 given installation rates of electric vehicles. 7. "Numerical_Results_Case_6_Impact_of_PV_Penetration.xlsx" provides data produced in Case 6 of the relevant paper, which is to assess the impact of installation rate of PV systems. It contains 2 sheets. The first sheet 'Fig. 17' presents the daily social welfare of the whole community of three scenarios given different installation rates of PV systems. The second sheet 'Fig. 18' presents the total service provided during 13:00-17:00 given installation rates of PV systems. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
URL https://research.cardiff.ac.uk/converis/portal/detail/Dataset/114344992?auxfun=<=en_GB
 
Description Burning Glass 
Organisation Burning Glass Technologies
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Define and undertake research on the state of skills shortages in smart local energy market using quantitative data on jobs.
Collaborator Contribution Contributing job market data for analysis of the skills needs and shortages.
Impact Upcoming reports and publications.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration with Energy Superhub Oxford smart local energy system demonstrator 
Organisation University of Oxford
Department Environmental Change Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are working in collaboration with Environmental Change Institute in the University of Oxford to conduct household surveys and building monitoring for dwellings in Oxford that have received ground source heat pumps and smart heating controls as part of Energy Superhub Oxford (ESO) project.
Collaborator Contribution University of Oxford researchers are working with us to design, deliver and analyse household surveys to understand the way residents use low carbon heating system in their homes.
Impact This collaboration brings together researchers from building science and social science,
Start Year 2020
 
Description Chapters written for, and presentation at launch of, Solar Trade Association report. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Alexandra Schneiders and Michael Fell contributed to the Solar Trade Association report "Trading Sunlight" on decentralised energy trading, which was launched in London on 17 December 2019. Our contributions to the report and event were intended to inform STA members about the social and legal implications of introducing such models.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.solar-trade.org.uk/trading-sunlight-prospects-for-peer-to-peer-energy-trading/
 
Description Community Energy Conference: Bristol 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of the skills work and overall EnergyREV project at the Bristol Energy Network conference. This lead to discussions with a number of community energy and city council representatives. Several of them joined the project (2 as Advisory Board members for the Skills work package), one as a partner for skills work as a community organisation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited Speech in 1st UK-China UCEER Symposium on Electrical Excellence and Smart Energy, 12th Dec 2020. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited Speech entitled "Peer-to-Peer Smart Energy Systems" in 1st UK-China UCEER Symposium on Electrical Excellence and Smart Energy on 12th Dec 2020. There were over 10k participants in the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Invited Speech in IEEE PES General Meeting 2020 in the Panel "How Internet Thinking Change Energy Systems", 4th Aug 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited Speech entitled "Distributed Ledger Technology for DNO to DSO Transition - Overview of Existing Trials and Use Cases" in IEEE PES General Meeting 2020 in the Panel "How Internet Thinking Change Energy Systems", 4th Aug 2020, online conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Invited Speech in 2020 IEEE Sustainable Power & Energy Conference (iSPEC 2020) in the Panel "Towards supply-demand balance in new energy dominated power systems", on 23 Nov 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited Speech entitled "Peer-to-Peer Energy Trading" in 2020 IEEE Sustainable Power & Energy Conference (iSPEC 2020) in the Panel "Towards supply-demand balance in new energy dominated power systems", on 23 Nov 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Invited Speech in IEEE PES General Meeting 2020 in the Panel "Addressing Power System Operation Challenges Using Blockchain", 5th Aug 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited Speech entitled "Roadmap of Applications of DLT in Power Distribution Companies" in IEEE PES General Meeting 2020 in the Panel "Addressing Power System Operation Challenges Using Blockchain", 5th Aug 2020, online conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Invited attendance at Centre for Sustainable Energy workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Michael Fell attended (on invitation) a workshop arranged by the Centre for Sustainable Energy on the subject of 'smart and fair?', and discussed EnergyREV work with a range of NGO and industry stakeholders.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.cse.org.uk/news/view/2359
 
Description Keynote Speech entitled "Decarbonisation of Heat Supply Using a Multi-Energy Approach" in the Applied Energy Symposium 2019: Low Carbon Cities and Urban Energy Systems, Xiamen, China, 16-18 October, 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The event consisted of two-day symposium and one-day lab/site tours for sharing the most recent progress of research and developments in urban energy systems. CUE2019 was held on October 16-18, 2019 in the city of Xiamen, China. Prof. Jianzhong Wu from Cardiff University was invited to give a keynote speech entitled "Decarbonisation of Heat Supply Using a Multi-Energy Approach".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Keynote Speech entitled "Energy Infrastructure and Multi-vector Energy Systems" in the National Conference on Water Energy Nexus, Dead Sea, Jordan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The National Conference on "Water Energy Nexus" was held by the University of Jordan under the patronage of the Prime Minister of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, H.E. Dr. Omar Al-Razzaz, during November 4-5, 2019 in King Hussein Bin Talal Convention Centre-Hilton, Dead Sea-Jordan.

The purpose of the Conference was to strengthen the dialogue between water and energy sectors in Jordan and facilitate the exchange of international and regional knowledge, experiences and best practices in the context of the water-energy nexus, particularly aspects related to renewable energy (RE), energy efficiency (EE) and Climate Change.

The conference was attended by high-ranking officials including the Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources, the Minister of Water and Irrigation, President of the university of Jordan, the senator Prof. Rida Khawaldeh, and the Parliament council member; Eng. Jamal Qamoh. General secretaries from the ministries, and deans of different faculties were also present in the conference, In addition to a representative to the German Embassy-Amman.

The 129 workshop registered participants represented more than 35 entities, including governments, Parliament council, Senate council, universities, companies, funding agencies, associations, media and non-governmental organisations.

Many press releases (news release in UJ website and official media agencies, newspapers, media release in TV and Radio, and a recorded video of the opening ceremony) for the final conference were published, before the conference to attract participants, during the conference, and after the conference to disseminate the information and conclusions.

A Keynote speech entitled "Energy Infrastructure and Multi-vector Energy Systems" was given by Prof Jianzhong Wu from Cardiff University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://sites.ju.edu.jo/en/egreen/Lists/Events/Disp_Form.aspx?ID=74
 
Description Keynote Speech in CSEE-IET jointed online Workshop on Energy Internet, 21 July, 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote Speech entitled "Peer-to-Peer Energy Trading and Local Balancing" in CSEE-IET jointed online Workshop on Energy Internet, 21 July, 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting with head of smart energy team at BEIS 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Michael Fell met with Lowri Gilbert to discuss the EnergyREV Theory of Change for smart local energy systems. He will share the full provisional version with her once published.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Response to the Ofgem/BEIS consultation "Flexible and responsive energy retail markets" and follow-up meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Ofgem and BEIS are considering major reform to the energy retail market. Michael Fell and Alexandra Schneiders submitted a consultation response which referred to the work we are conducting within EnergyREV to construct a Theory of Change for how to implement smart local energy systems with desired societal outcomes, and how this might fit with these reforms. We were subsequently invited to present this work to the relevant team at Ofgem.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/flexible-and-responsive-energy-retail-markets
 
Description Skilling Up for the Clean Energy Transition: View from Skills Work on EnergyREV 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Labour Party Conference Private Roundtable on Skilling Up for the Clean Energy Transition: Creating a Net Zero Workforce. Our skills work provided input to into the clean energy transition planning of the Labour Party though a roundtable arranged at the recent party conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Workshop on Modelling of Integrated Multi-Energy Networks - Current Practices and Innovation Gaps, London, 5th April, 2019. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact With an excellent line-up of invited participants from government, industry and academia, this one-day workshop was aimed at sharing current best practices in multi-energy system modelling and discussing how to address the barriers and identifying the innovation gaps.
This invitation-only workshop was jointly organised by INCOSE UK Energy Systems Interest Group and the EPSRC Supergen Energy Networks Hub (https://www.ncl.ac.uk/supergenenhub/), with support from Energy Systems Catapult (https://es.catapult.org.uk/) and the UK Energy Research Centre (http://www.ukerc.ac.uk/). Prof Jianzhong Wu from Cardiff University was the Chairman of this workshop.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Workshop with PFER demonstrator 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Michael Fell ran a 1.5 hour workshop with members of Project LEO based around the EnergyREV Theory of Change. There was discussion around the different challenge areas highlighted in the Theory of Change, and the key challenges the attendees perceived in relation to them.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020