Circular Economy Network+ in Transportation Systems (CENTS)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Warwick
Department Name: WMG

Abstract

The 20th Century was characterised by a massive global increase in all modes of transport, on land and water and in the air, for moving both passengers and freight. Whilst easy mobility has become a way of life for many, the machines (planes, automobiles, trains, ships) that enable this are both highly resource consuming and environmentally damaging in production, in use and at the end of their working lives (EoL). Over the years, great attention has been paid to increasing their energy efficiencies, but the same effort has not been put into optimising their resource efficiency.

Although they may share a common origin in the raw materials used, the supply chains of transport sectors operate in isolation. However, there are numerous potential benefits that could be realised if Circular Economy (CE) principles were applied across these supply chains. These include recovery of energy intensive and/or technology metals, reuse/remanufacture of components, lower carbon materials substitutions, improved energy and material efficiency. While CE can change the transport system, the transport system can also enable or disable CE. By considering different transport systems in a single outward-looking network, it is more likely that a cascading chain of materials supply could be realised- something that is historically very difficult within just a single sector.

CENTS will focus on transport platforms where CE principles have not been well embedded in order to identify synergies between different supply chains and to optimise certain practices, such as EoL recovery and recycling rates and energy and material efficiency. It will also be 'forward looking' in terms of developing future designs, business models and manufacturing approaches so that emergent transport systems are inherently circular.

More specifically, our Network will carry out Feasiblity and Creativity@Home generated research that will develop the ground work for future funding from elsewhere; provide travel grants to/from the UK for both established and Early Career Researcgers to increase the UK network of expertise and experience in this critical area; hold conferences and workshops where academics and industrialists can learn from each other; build demonstrators of relevant technology so that industry can see what is possible within a Circular Economy approach. These activities will all be supported by a full communication strategy focusing on outreach with school children and policy influence though agencies such as Catapults and WRAP.

Planned Impact

This Network will address the important challenge of reducing the environmental burden of global transport systems across their life cycle and, in the long term, support socio-economic, environmental and industrial sustainability. As such, there are many areas of wider impact.

UK Research Community - a primary objective of the Network is to bring together new academics and researchers that have not worked previously together. By doing this, the Network will enable new relationships, learning, sharing of experiences and foster long-term collaborations that would not necessarily happen otherwise. This will give individuals and groups unique perspectives and future opportunities to exploit. We have prioritised the involvement of Early Career Researchers and developed Network mechanisms to actively engage them.

Environmental Impact - The environment will benefit by our scientific/technological solutions being better informed by social, economic and cultural considerations so that they are more readily acceptable for real world adoption and impact in terms of reducing the environmental burden of transport systems.

Industrial Impact: Manufacturing will benefit from reduced waste profiles, improved resource efficiency, materials security and improved environmental footprints. Our research will deliver new designs, feedstocks, processing and end-of-life recovery opportunities for existing applications and potentially new products. The Network welcomes industrial members who can contribute to its future development and for whom involvement will add value; for example by providing help to them in finding symbiotic partners, contextualising research projects in terms of industry problems, facilitating routes to implementation and mentoring Early Career Researchers.

Public and Social Impact: We will engage with the public and consumer groups to gain/maintain their support, understanding and acceptance of how our developed technologies/approaches could be used and explain how they can play their part in achieving the Circular Economy paradigm. There will be wider social impact through a reduction in waste or End Of Life materials being disposed of via landfill or incineration, embodied water and energy usage, along with improvements to the greenhouse gasses, effluents and emissions associated with transport systems manufacturing and use.

Economic Impact: The Network activities will, in the longer term, generate significant economic impact through the creation of new industries, processes and products that have the potential to be globally exported. The reduction of wastes and enhanced circularity of materials also bring significant opportunities to reduce disposal costs to companies which will impact positively upon their bottom line, decrease their reliance on imported raw materials and lower their overall operational costs. Any reductions in effluents, energy and water usage, carbon or other emissions will also make a positive contribution to the wider economy as they are, and will continue to be, financially penalised by current and emerging legislation.

Policy Makers: Policy makers will benefit from having a focussed, centralised and independent body of research activity and knowledge that they can draw upon when formulating related positions in a rapidly changing global environment. The Network will actively engage with these stakeholders from day one.

Young Researchers: The research outputs from the Network will be incorporated into future educational offerings within the partner Universities. This will facilitate the production of well-trained, motivated students and researchers who will be in great demand from industry be able to transfer seamlessly from the laboratory to the commercial world. Over time, many of these individuals will start to develop their own research agenda and will start to feed new research ideas back to the EPSRC or other relevant funding agencies.

Organisations

 
Description The role of battery and fuel cell technologies in achieving the UK's ambition to reach net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Since the release of this report the government focus on critical raw materials essential for decarbonisation technologies have been reinforced with BEIS delivering the first UK criticality study, has set up a working group on critical raw materials, they are now working towards a strategy of critical raw materials and are plannign to set up a Mineral Intelligence centre. All the above including several actions on the battery front to support development of the battery supply chain in the UK have been announced in the UK Net Zero Strategy.
URL https://committees.parliament.uk/committee/193/science-and-technology-committee-lords/
 
Description Assessing the circular economy potential of cobalt in the UK
Amount £44,609 (GBP)
Organisation Cobalt Institute 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2022 
End 10/2026
 
Description Circular Niobium
Amount £89,950 (GBP)
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2022 
End 03/2023
 
Description Beta Technology 
Organisation Beta Technology Limited
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Invitation to take part in Steering Group
Collaborator Contribution Took part in Steering Group
Impact Improved Programme Delivery
Start Year 2020
 
Description British Geological Survey 
Organisation British Geological Survey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mentorship and Funding awarded by CENTS for Feasibility Study: Learning from history: The impact of extreme shocks on raw material supply chains for the transport manufacturing sector
Collaborator Contribution Learning from history: The impact of extreme shocks on raw material supply chains for the transport manufacturing sector With different countries at varying stages in the lockdown cycle, the scale and duration of the impact of COVID-19 disruption to raw material supply to the UK economy remains unclear. Using one of the world's largest databases on mineral production and trade, a research team led by Dr Carolin Kresse at the British Geological Survey will examine the short- and medium-term effects of historical shocks on the supply chains of metals critical to the transport sector (Aluminium, Nickel, Cobalt). The project aims to identify risks of supply disruption during future periods of instability by unravelling complex raw material supply networks, and will work with industry and policy stakeholders to develop mitigation strategies to reduce dependence on imports and to adopt more circular approaches.
Impact Presentation at CENTS Conference 2021
Start Year 2020
 
Description British Geological Survey 
Organisation British Geological Survey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mentoring and funding awarded by CENTS for feasibility study: "Map the gap: quantifying the circularity of the UK lithium-ion battery sector to 2050"
Collaborator Contribution Establishing secure and sustainable supplies of battery raw materials will be essential for attracting battery manufacturers to the UK. The UK is currently almost entirely dependent on imports for the cathode metals (i.e. lithium, cobalt, nickel and manganese) used to produce lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Domestic recycling will become increasingly important if the UK adopts regulations on the minimum levels of recycled content (e.g. 12% cobalt, 4% nickel, 4% lithium) in LIBs. Considering projected demand for UK-produced LIBs, this project will temporally model stocks and flows of secondary resources of cathode raw materials in the UK economy under various scenarios to determine: i. How they compare to the total projected domestic demand for cathode raw materials for domestic LIB manufacture up to 2050; and ii. When the UK will be able to supply the minimum levels of recycled content required in LIBs from domestic stocks.
Impact Final report in process and presentation at CENTS conference in June 2022
Start Year 2021
 
Description Cast Metals Federation 
Organisation Cast Metals Federation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Invitation to take part in Steering Group
Collaborator Contribution Took part in Steering Group
Impact Improved programme delivery
Start Year 2020
 
Description Connected Places Catapult 
Organisation Transport Systems Catapult
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Invitation to chair Steering Group and project activities; Cross-promotion.
Collaborator Contribution Took part in Steering Group and project activities; Cross-promotion.
Impact Improved programme delivery and strategic planning; cross-promotion
Start Year 2020
 
Description Cranfield University 
Organisation Cranfield University
Department Cranfield Water Science Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mentorship and Funding awarded by CENTS for Feasibility Study: Wastewater derived ammonia: contaminant to carbon free transportation fuel
Collaborator Contribution Wastewater derived ammonia: contaminant to carbon free transportation fuel This project will introduce an entirely new route to supporting UK transport in achieving net carbon zero. Utilising innovative thermal separation technology developed at Cranfield University, this work led by Dr Chris Davey will experimentally demonstrate the link between the selective recovery of ammonia from wastewater and its use in fuel cells for alternative fuel vehicles. The presence of trace impurities within the enriched ammonia product will be investigated and their potential impact on energy generation characterised, to inform any engineering interventions demanded to improve the wastewater derived ammonia fuel before utilisation. The industrial steering group will include representatives from Severn Trent Water, Northumbrian Water, Anglian Water, and a special adviser from Waste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP).
Impact Presentation at CENTS 2021 Conference
Start Year 2020
 
Description Cranfield University 
Organisation Cranfield University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mentoring and funding awarded by CENTS for feasibility study: Life Extension of Materials in Transport
Collaborator Contribution Life Extension of Materials in Transport A rapid adaptation into a circular economy often clashes with change-averse industries in which risk is mitigated by years of experience and slow transition into new engineering designs. The aerospace industry is one exampole in which the complexities and uncertainties in the operation limit the introduction of novel and more circular materials. This proposal introduces the concept of preventive maintenance for materials and explores the potential of metal fatigue healing therapies to extend the life of components before repurposing or recycling. We seek to identify which therapies can be applied to metallic materials, what are their circularity impact and how likely are they to be successfully adopted by the industry. The results will support future research into healing approaches with good circularity potential and being friendly to a risk-averse industry.
Impact Final report in process and presentation at CENTS conference in June 2022
Start Year 2021
 
Description IOM3 
Organisation The Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Invitation to take part in Steering Group and project activities; Cross-promotion.
Collaborator Contribution Taking part in Steering Group and project activities; Cross-promotion.
Impact Improved programme delivery, extended reach.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Innoval 
Organisation Innoval Technology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Invitation to take part in Steering Group
Collaborator Contribution Took part in Steering Group
Impact Improved programme delivery
Start Year 2020
 
Description Knowledge Transfer Network 
Organisation Knowledge Transfer Network
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Invitation to take part in Steering Group and project activities; Cross-promotion.
Collaborator Contribution Taking part in Steering Group Meetings, cross-promotion.
Impact Improved programme delivery and extended reach.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Loughborough University 
Organisation Loughborough University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mentorship and funding awarded by CENTS for feasibility study: Circular Materials for Transportation Machines (CIRCMATE-4-TMs)
Collaborator Contribution CIRCMATE-4-TMs will seek to enable transformative change to transportation machines' (TMs) resource efficiency, with creation of economic value from minimising the use of raw materials, waste and energy and progress towards the United Nations SDGs. This involves developing a holistic and interdisciplinary approach to advance the circularity of materials used in TMs supply chains across the four principal modes: automobiles, trains, aircrafts and ships. Commonalities across the four TMs sectors will be characterised at a high level, identifying synergies to determine systematic enablers to accelerate the shift from a linear to a circular economy (CE) in the TMs material sector. The main project outcomes include optimising opportunities for CE implementation in the TM sector; creation of cross-TMs environmental and economic value from minimising the use of primary raw materials, reducing waste, energy and emissions and sharing secondary raw materials.
Impact Presentation at CENTS Conference 2021
Start Year 2020
 
Description NTNU 
Organisation Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)
Country Norway 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Invitation to take part in Steering Group
Collaborator Contribution Took part in Steering Group
Impact Improved Programme Delivery
Start Year 2020
 
Description Rolls Royce 
Organisation Rolls Royce
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Invitation to take part in Steering Group and project activities; Cross-promotion.
Collaborator Contribution Took part in Steering Group and project activities; Cross-promotion.
Impact Improved programme delivery
Start Year 2020
 
Description Royal College of Art 
Organisation Royal College of Art
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mentorship and funding awarded by CENTS for the feasibility study: Ecofitting - whole-life design upgrading cars to zero emissions (Dr Artur Grisanti Mausbach, Royal College of Art)
Collaborator Contribution Ecofitting - whole-life design upgrading cars to zero emissions The Ecofitting feasibility study led by Dr Artur Grisanti Mausbach at the Royal College of Art will investigate whole-life design to customise and upgrade cars to zero emissions. The project will determine the state-of-the-art of retrofitting and customising, exploring their cultural, environmental, and social-economic foundations. The research will also delve into industry products trends, impacts of incentives, urban planning policies, new legislation and new technologies standards. The desired outcome is an additional design strategy to zero-emission mobility, providing a more sustainable solution to the existing fleet of cars. This will in part mitigate the impact of the end of life and disposal of 15 million UK vehicles that will become non-compliant to emission standards, as well as encouraging collaborations in the long term to develop new design paradigms, business models and manufacturing approaches, as part of a circular economy.
Impact Publication: DOI: 10.1109/EVER48776.2020.9242964 Presentation at CENTS Conference 2021
Start Year 2020
 
Description University of Cambridge 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mentoring and funding awarded by CENTS for feasibility study: "Transport Circularity roadmaps: Conflict and compatibility with Zero Carbon goals"
Collaborator Contribution This study will investigate whether there is potential conflict, contradiction or complementarity in the existing Circular Economy and Net-Zero roadmaps for the future of the UK transport sector. As we approach 5 years since the signing of the Paris Climate Agreement, many sectors, including those within transport systems, are offering initial roadmaps for moving towards carbon zero by 2050. The UK Government is also offering its own Net Zero policies. During the same period many sectors have developed their Circular Economy roadmaps. It has been shown that issues exist with vague targets, variations in the reporting criteria, and poor conceptualisations. This study will urgently explore different Net Zero and Circularity roadmaps that exist or are emerging for transport sectors. We aim to analyse existing publicly available Net Zero roadmaps and identify if and how they are in conflict (or complementary to) transitions towards a Circular Economy.
Impact Final report in process and presentation at the CENTS conference in June 2022
Start Year 2021
 
Description University of Exeter 
Organisation University of Exeter
Department Business School
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-applicant awarded funding and mentorship from CENTS for Feasibility Study: SMART and Sustainable Coatings (led by Dr Vannessa Goodship at WMG and Dr Allen Alexander at Exeter) Summary: In the move towards light weighting and the circular economy (CE), thermoplastic composites in transport are becoming increasingly attractive. However, the thermoset coatings traditionally applied for these applications cause subsequent problems for thermoplastic recycling systems. Therefore, to address this issue, this research collaboration between the University of Warwick and the University of Exeter looks at both academic developments in the coating industry and potential implementation strategies for industry in the circular economy. This is with a view to develop an initial CE Roadmap for Thermoplastic Surface Coatings in Transport.
Collaborator Contribution SMART and Sustainable Coatings (led by Dr Vannessa Goodship at WMG and Dr Allen Alexander at Exeter) Summary: In the move towards light weighting and the circular economy (CE), thermoplastic composites in transport are becoming increasingly attractive. However, the thermoset coatings traditionally applied for these applications cause subsequent problems for thermoplastic recycling systems. Therefore, to address this issue, this research collaboration between the University of Warwick and the University of Exeter looks at both academic developments in the coating industry and potential implementation strategies for industry in the circular economy. This is with a view to develop an initial CE Roadmap for Thermoplastic Surface Coatings in Transport.
Impact Presentation `at CENTS Conference 2021 This is a multidisciplinary collaboration between Dr Goodship (Materials and Manufacturing/Engineering) and Dr Alexander (Business Innovation/Business)
Start Year 2020
 
Description University of Strathclyde 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Department Faculty of Engineering
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provided mentorship and awarded funding from CENTS for Feasibility Study: Identifying the Potential for Zero Waste Decommissioning of Commercial Aircraft (Dr David Butler, University Of Strathclyde)
Collaborator Contribution Identifying the Potential for Zero Waste Decommissioning of Commercial Aircraft With COVID19 having a major impact on air travel, airlines have already begun to retire more aircraft. After an initial period in storage these aircraft will be decommissioned with parts either being reused, scrapped or repurposed. To achieve a higher utilisation of components (smart dismantling) will require a shift beyond the traditional aerospace sector and a look at opportunities for other industries to up-cycle parts or material. The project will be led by a team led by Dr David Butler at the University of Strathclyde. Industry support will be provided by Chevron Aerospace who have a wealth of experience with decommissioning aircraft. Desired outputs will consist of a report covering the current industry landscape and supply chain, the gaps and a strategy to move forward to 100% reuse.
Impact Presentation at CENTS Conference 2021 Applicant Dr David Butler named Industry Champion for Aircraft Decommissioning at the Scottish Government Aerospace Response Group
Start Year 2020
 
Description University of Strathclyde 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mentoring and funding awarded by CENTS for feasibility study: Circular Economy- Increased Value Extraction from End of Life Marine Assets
Collaborator Contribution While shipping is classed as one of the most energy efficient transport modes, it currently lags behind sectors such as aerospace and automotive in terms of circular economy approaches, sustainability, accountability and the applications of technologies that have seen the other sectors excel in those aforementioned areas. The Circular economy approach is not well-established in the maritime and there is a need to "close the loop" to minimise waste and to increase the revenue stream. The current linear consumption economy that is inherent in shipping (McKenna et al., 2012) results in increased costs, increased health, safety and environmental risks and harms efforts in achieving sustainability targets. Ship recycling contributes significantly in reducing the demand for emission of intensive mining of iron ore and new steel production, through the utilisation of steel scrap. However, questions like that materials and equipment from ships are currently being underutilised in terms of their potential for reuse, remanufacturing and recycling, and the issues surrounding the conditions where the vast majority of ships are currently being recycled (SEP, 2016), bring a negative image to this industry. This project therefore aims to tackle this gap by developing a circular economy framework for maritime industry through i) identifying the barriers for the successful implementation ii) mapping the high-value and high risk items on board ships, iii) identifying the current and potential reuse, remanufacture and recycle rates through investigation of the market iv) identification of technology solutions and creating the overall structure for software and hardware to support the end-of-life strategies for a high potential and/or high-risk items.
Impact Final report in process and presentation at CENTS conference in June 2022
Start Year 2021
 
Description University of Warwick 
Organisation University of Warwick
Department WMG
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mentoring and funding awarded by CENTS for feasibility study: Recovery ofTransport Battery Metalsfor a Circular Value Chain
Collaborator Contribution Battery metalsareessential in thenewelectrified transportation systems.This project will address the recycling of lithium from end-of-life (EoL) lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) using a novel electrolytic process. The output from the process is 100% pure lithium hydroxide which can go straight back into new batteries. Over 90% ofthe world's EoL LIBs are recycled using inefficient and environmentally polluting pyrometallurgical processes, but they are unable to recover lithium as it is too reactivehence discarded in slags. The proposed electrolytic processis agnostic to battery chemistriesand offers recyclability of any batterymetals (e.g. nickel, cobalt,manganese)and can be integrated into recycling technologies currently in development (which are lesser polluting mechanical and hydrometallurgical processes).The purpose of this project is about keeping and reusing battery metals as long as possible; thus reducing carbon footprint of electrified transportation systems and achieving circularity valuechain.
Impact Final report in process and presentation at CENTS conference planned for June 2022
Start Year 2021
 
Description University of Warwick 
Organisation University of Warwick
Department WMG
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mentoring and funding awarded by CENTS for feasibility study: Digital twins of transport vehicles for the circular economy
Collaborator Contribution This project aims to assess the feasibility of digital twins to enable the circular economy of the transport sector, particularly the heavy duty and off-road vehicle sectors. This sector is difficult to decarbonise through electrification but emitted 19 times more emissions per vehicle than a car(2016). A route to decarbonisation is to reduce future manufacturing emissions by reusing and remanufacturing end-of-life vehicle chassis. The chassis makes up to half the mass of a vehicle but the main barrier to reuse and remanufacture is determining its remaining fatigue life at the end-of-life. This is difficult to determine because HDOR vehicles are designed to be used in many operational modes(eg. excavating vs. drilling), which impose different vibration patterns on the chassis. The novel proposal of this project is to determine fatigue life with a digital twin of the chassis. The digital twin will receive data from sensors mounted on the chassis that will monitor the vibration of the vehicle, classify the data into the operational modes of the vehicle and the timespent in these modes and then calculate the remaining fatigue life of the chassis.
Impact Final report in process and presentation at CENTS conference in June 2022
Start Year 2021
 
Description WMG 
Organisation University of Warwick
Department Warwick Manufacturing Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Mentoring and funding awarded by CENTS for feasibility study: SMART and Sustainable Coatings
Collaborator Contribution SMART and Sustainable Coatings In the move towards light weighting and the circular economy (CE), thermoplastic composites in transport are becoming increasingly attractive. However, the thermoset coatings traditionally applied for these applications cause subsequent problems for thermoplastic recycling systems. Therefore, to address this issue, this research collaboration between the University of Warwick and the University of Exeter looks at both academic developments in the coating industry and potential implementation strategies for industry in the circular economy. This is with a view to develop an initial CE Roadmap for Thermoplastic Surface Coatings in Transport.
Impact Presentation at CENTS 2021 Conference
Start Year 2020
 
Description CENTS Steering Group 3rd February 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact See previous Steering Group entry on 8th October 2020 for SG Terms of Reference.
Steering Group members were involved in the assessment of feasability studies and guidance provided on future CENTS activities and engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description CENTS Steering Group Meeting 21st June 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact See previous Steering Group entry 8th October 2020 for SG Terms of Reference.
Steering Group advocated a call for White papers for the 3rd wave of funding amongst other suggestions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description CENTS Steering Group Meeting 8th October 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The Steering Group is drawn from a range of backgrounds, geographies and disciplines. The SG reviews, monitors and benchmarks the network both nationally and internationally. It is chaired by an independent industrial representative. The SG meets to oversee the portfolio balance, help to shape the network and act as advocates for both CENTS and EPSRC. Terms of reference:
1) To act as a board of governance on behalf of EPSRC (the funder), meeting quarterly (virtually) and bi-annually (physically)
2) To provide strategic direction, acting as "critical friends" to help shape the network (in consultation with the Management Team)
3) To set/approve and monitor KPIs and oversee the portfolio balance
4) To review the network at regular intervals (achieved via reports from the management team at the Steering Group meetings)
5) To liaise with industrial and other collaborators, advocating for both CENTS and the EPSRC in general
6) To provide practical assistance (e.g. hosting researchers, mentoring, providing access to facilities)
7) To support reviewing of applications
8) To participate in Network Events.
9) To approve the annual report
10) To advise the Management Team on matters arising as needed
11) To review papers produced for impact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Material Requirements for Transport Technologies up to 2050 - 11th December 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A facilitator lead the workshops using Mural. Participants were split into four tables looking at different topics with CENTS academic leads as table hosts and Early Career Researchers as note takers. These conversations were spread across three workshops to allow for depth of discussion and a greater diversity of perspectives. 1) Material requirements for different transport systems (Prof Mark Jolly); 2) Role of the Circular Economy in satisfying material requirements (Dr Evi Petavratzi); 3) Social trends and their influence on material choices for transport (Prof Steve Evans); 4) Creating supply chains with CE principles (Prof Richard Murphy) Challenges and ideas identified during the workshops were captured and organised using the interactive whiteboard MURAL and can be viewed Further work is taking place to produce a narrative and graphic to inform transportation materials requirements up to 2050
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/sci/wmg/research/materials/smam/cents/activities/workshopsummaries/
 
Description Material Requirements for Transport Technologies up to 2050 - 4th December 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The workshops were lead by a facilitator using the Mural platform. Participants were split into four tables looking at different topics with CENTS academic leads as table hosts and Early Career Researchers as note takers. These conversations were spread across three workshops to allow for depth of discussion and a greater diversity of perspectives.

1) Material requirements for different transport systems (Prof Mark Jolly);
2) Role of the Circular Economy in satisfying material requirements (Dr Evi Petavratzi);
3) Social trends and their influence on material choices for transport (Prof Steve Evans);
4) Creating supply chains with CE principles (Prof Richard Murphy)

Challenges and ideas identified during the workshops were captured and organised using the interactive whiteboard MURAL.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/sci/wmg/research/materials/smam/cents/activities/workshopsummaries/
 
Description Material Requirements for Transport Technologies up to 2050 - 7th December 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A facilitator lead the workshops using Mural. Participants were split into four tables looking at different topics with CENTS academic leads as table hosts and Early Career Researchers as note takers. These conversations were spread across three workshops to allow for depth of discussion and a greater diversity of perspectives.

1) Material requirements for different transport systems (Prof Mark Jolly);
2) Role of the Circular Economy in satisfying material requirements (Dr Evi Petavratzi);
3) Social trends and their influence on material choices for transport (Prof Steve Evans);
4) Creating supply chains with CE principles (Prof Richard Murphy)
Challenges and ideas identified during the workshops were captured and organised using the interactive whiteboard MURAL and can be viewed
Further work is taking place to produce a narrative and graphic to inform transportation materials requirements up to 2050
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/sci/wmg/research/materials/smam/cents/activities/workshopsummaries/
 
Description Materials World Article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Materials World article written by Prof Mark Jolly and Dr Chandrika Nair to introduce the CENTS network and promote engagement with stakeholders interested in circular economy solutions to achieve sustainable transport.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Wilton Park Conference - Critical minerals trade and regulation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Critical minerals play a central role in advanced manufacturing economies globally.
Concentration of the sources of critical minerals and their intermediate products,
however, poses technical, geo-strategic and coordination issues for all open economies.
Concerted action to coordinate and develop global governance on critical minerals could
help manage associated risks to both supply and demand.
The conference sought to identify ways to build greater global coordination and
governance in this field. Participants comprised experts from the private sector, research
communities, international organisations, and a number of governments including G7
countries. Themes centred on primary and secondary supply-side constraints; global
value chain resilience and sustainability; international standards and governance; and
research and development (R&D) and international finance for critical mineral resilience
policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021