Magnetic Research Fusion Programme 2019-2022

Lead Research Organisation: EURATOM/CCFE
Department Name: Culham Centre for Fusion Energy

Abstract

CCFE's mission is to harness the fusion process that powers the sun by using magnetic fields in order to develop a large-scale carbon-free energy source and position the UK to be a leading provider in the international fusion energy economy. Fusion has the potential to be an important component of the portfolio of measures needed to ensure a secure, environmentally responsible, supply of energy. CCFE is a major player in a global collaboration aimed at producing a commercial-scale fusion demonstration reactor (DEMO), which will be preceded by the demonstration of the first self-sustaining plasmas in ITER, the next-step international fusion experiment under construction in France. CCFE operates the world's largest tokamak, JET, under contract to EURATOM, as well as being pioneers of the spherical tokamak, with an exciting upgrade to the UK facility MAST becoming operational in 2017. JET is unarguably the best facility for preparation for ITER, whilst MAST Upgrade is a uniquely capable machine for understanding and developing ways to exhaust the heat in DEMO. This strength in tokamak physics is complemented by growing, internationally-leading programmes in materials science, fusion technology and remote maintenance.
The CCFE strategy is aligned with the EU fusion programme, with all the science and technology benefits that brings, as well as access to facilities and substantial EU funding leveraged by our UK funding. The JET contribution supported by this grant (~£9M pa) leverages the JET Operating Contract worth ~£45M pa. Furthermore, we expect the remainder of the programme to leverage nearly 40% extra funding from the EU.
Whilst the successful operation of ITER remains the first major goal of the fusion community, there are big issues for realising fusion electricity in materials and technology. These are also the areas with greater synergies with other fields. Reflecting this, the UK has invested ~£10M via NNUF (National Nuclear User Facility) in a nuclear Materials Research Facility (MRF), opened at CCFE in 2016. The MRF is aligned with, and will receive funding from, the Sir Henry Royce Institute materials initiative. Fusion and fission materials science and technology capabilities have grown in both theory & modelling, experiments and manufacturing. We are growing a programme in materials technology (including advanced manufacturing and component prototyping) with several universities and industrial partners. The Oxford City Deal has provided ~£10M for a new building for the centre for Remote Applications in Challenging Environments (RACE), opened in 2016, building on expertise from maintenance of JET for spin-out to other industries as well as keeping the UK at the forefront of fusion remote maintenance. Further opportunities arising from collaborations with non-fusion fields such as fission, aerospace and data-intensive computing through H2020 projects are being exploited, to mutual benefit.
The four main drivers of our programme are (i) to ensure a leading position for the UK in the first burning plasmas in ITER; (ii) to develop integrated nuclear fusion power plant designs; (iii) to innovate in order to drive down the capital and operational cost of fusion reactors; and (iv) to exploit synergies to further UK interests and develop UK skills and growth. Finally, we will maintain our excellent apprentice training (the Oxford Advanced Skills centre is due to open in 2017) and PhD supervision, whilst increasing our post-doc intake to provide a career path for development of the ITER generation, benefitting from the top students trained in the UK.

Planned Impact

Supporting a world leading R&D programme in magnetic confinement will position the UK at the forefront of the future fusion energy economy, which has the potential to provide abundant, carbon-free energy. Whilst the EU roadmap is to have the first fusion electricity produced 20 years after ITER reaches Q=10, the CCFE programme makes valuable near-term contributions to UK prosperity, in economic growth, the UK skills base and reducing cost and risk of nuclear power:

Economic Growth - ITER represents a continuing opportunity for the UK, and CCFE will assist UK industry to win contracts. To date, EUR400M has been awarded to UK industry, most of which has been facilitated by our sector-specific world-leading expertise. We are targeting EUR1bn for the UK from ITER. In the future, DEMO represents a new opportunity for UK industry - at present the work is likely to be mainly part-funded and EPSRC funds are needed to establish the UK position in future fully-funded opportunities for industry. China has also announced its intention to develop an ITER-scale device called CFETR (Chinese Fusion Energy Test Reactor) rapidly. CCFE has established relations with key Chinese fusion labs who particularly value our expertise in robotics and materials. Our fusion connections with China provide a gateway to fission opportunities.
By helping to secure ITER contracts for UK industrial partners we will transfer technology and know-how into the industrial supply line, increasing capability for developing/supplying fusion power stations as well as a vehicle to transfer fusion technology into other markets, such as fission, aerospace, and oil & gas. We are pursuing opportunities for spin-offs from fusion to other fields, notably in materials and robotics.

Skills - UKAEA has key R&D nuclear skills, recognised in the Beddington review of 2013 following a House of Lords inquiry. Our programme tackles key technology issues for the next steps in fusion which are relevant to fission new-build, including design opportunities for Small Modular Reactors and next generation fission reactors. Training is also a major focus, with strong links to several CDTs (notably in fusion led by York) contributing to training the next generation of fusion scientists and technologists. UKAEA itself also has an outstanding apprentice programme (winning many national awards) and a significant programme in training graduate engineers.

Finally, we will contribute to the EPSRC mission to "Generate public awareness, Communicate research outcomes, and Encourage public engagement and dialogue" through (i) Public outreach - we hold open events at Culham for up to 1000 people per year; attend local (Oxfordshire) and National Science Festivals (aspiring to exhibit at the Royal Society Summer Exhibition in the grant period); give external talks; guide ~200 visits to CCFE per year; increase social media presence (Twitter, Facebook) and host websites (www.ukaea.uk; www.ccfe.ac.uk, etc); (ii) Education outreach - our dedicated schools days allow up to 2000 KS4 students to visit Culham whilst the Sun Dome activity (originally funded by EPSRC grants) will continue to visit KS2 (primary) pupils. New KS3 (11-14 year old secondary students) activities soon to be launched, based on an interactive fusion website with virtual tours, video content etc.; (iii) Public Affairs - we will continue to visit and brief key UK and European stakeholders; and (iv) Media - we will accommodate most media requests for interviews and filming to disseminate UK research worldwide.

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Many advances towards realising a fusion power station across plasma physics, instrumentation, materials science, technology and engineering - the section on Narrative Impact explains the breadth of our contributions. These are summarised in >200 publications per year (journal papers, conference papers, etc.), many as part of EUROfusion research programmes (including JET), and many with our staff as first authors. See http://www.ccfe.ac.uk/Journal_papers.aspx
Exploitation Route Please see narrative impact section
Sectors Energy

 
Description This grant has supported capabilities which have enabled the following, which are given as examples: (1) UK companies continue to win key contracts from ITER (2) A major, wide-ranging research programme covering R&D on (a) tokamak plasma science, with focuses on ITER plasma performance and the spherical tokamak concept, and (b) fusion technologies and materials, focusing more on fusion power stations, and the pre-conceptual design of DEMO, the EU demonstration fusion power plant - most of the R&D is done in collaboration with UK universities and with overseas collaborators, the latter often as part of the EUROfusion programme which part-funds much of the research, especially on JET experiments and on technology, materials and DEMO studies. (3) Research in tokamak plasma science concentrates on the key physics issues that govern fusion performance and the compatibility of sustaining hot fusion plasmas whilst minimising damage to adjacent surfaces (4) Fusion technology and materials work has addressed development of engineering and component concepts required for DEMO (5) Maintaining the UK's world lead in fusion robotics, which has led to UK industry having major roles in ITER robotics, to UKAEA's RACE centre hosting the ITER robotics test facility, and being the largest contributor to development of robotics for DEMO. (6) Improvements and related applications in underpinning capabilities required for fusion development, e.g. in (a) fundamental materials modelling and related experiments, and (b) nuclear system modelling (neutronics, nuclear data, etc (7) Improvements to computational capabilities in fusion R&D, many aligned with AI and other priorities in the UK Industrial Strategy and many in collaboration with STFC and other researchers in other "big science" fields like astronomy, particle physics, meteorology, etc. (8) Outreach: many hundreds of visitors to the Culham site, including VIPs and open evenings and open days for the general public, many visits to and from schools, etc. (9) Many training contributions - undergraduate, masters and PhD students, lectures in university courses, Culham Plasma Physics Summer School, apprentices (some of whom move to industry on completion), etc. (11) Leveraging EUROfusion funding not only for CCFE's core fusion programme (~10M€ pa) but also around 1M€ for UK universities (student funding, participation in European research projects, post-doctoral positions)
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Energy
Impact Types Societal

 
Description CCFE - Florida International University collaboration 
Organisation Florida International University (FIU)
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Design, fabricate, and install a multichannel charged fusion product profile diagnostic to determine neutral beam ion density profile for checking TRANSP simulation results and for evaluating the effects of MHD, including Alfvénic modes, upon the beam density profile.
Collaborator Contribution See above
Impact Ongoing
Start Year 2020
 
Description CCFE - Reaction Engines - Advanced Propulsion 
Organisation Reaction Engines
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Joint research and road mapping on nuclear and propulsion technologies and establishing wider UK collaborations
Collaborator Contribution Joint research and road mapping on nuclear and propulsion technologies and establishing wider UK collaborations
Impact Demonstrate potential to use UK expertise in new sector. Various journal papers and conference contributions
Start Year 2020
 
Description CCFE - TWI - Friction Stir Channel Welding of Cu and Cu alloys 
Organisation TWI The Welding Institue
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Joint research on how the friction stir channeling technique works on fusion/heat transfer materials
Collaborator Contribution Joint research on how the friction stir channelling technique works on fusion/heat transfer materials
Impact New method that can be used to progress fusion and other sectors. Various journal papers and conference contributions
Start Year 2020
 
Description CCFE - University of Bristol fusion collaboration 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint research on structural Integrity assessment (experimental investigation and modelling the deformation and failure of fusion materials at extreme conditions) of the nuclear fusion power plants. Professor Mostfavi from the University of Bristol is the UKAEA supported Royal Academy Research Chair in structural Integrity. Co-supervision of two PhD students and one postdoc research associate.
Collaborator Contribution Joint research on structural Integrity assessment (experimental investigation and modelling the deformation and failure of fusion materials at extreme conditions) of the nuclear fusion power plants. Professor Mostfavi visits CCFE on a regular basis to support CCFE's research activities in structural integrity. Co-supervision of two PhD students and one postdoc research associate. The postdoc researcher supports the development of small punch testing technique, creep-fatigue testing of joints, mechanical testing under magnetic fields and EUROfusion's EDDI testing etc.
Impact Various journal papers and conference contributions. Prepared one EPSRC grant proposal and one enabling research proposal together. Bristol awarded a ~5 million EPSRC prosperity partnership grant with UKAEA's support as an industry partner. Trained students - with career destinations in nuclear industry (fusion and fission) and other disciplines.
Start Year 2018
 
Description CCFE - University of Cambridge - Superconducting EMAT 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint research optimizing superconducting technology, testing of materials and operation of defect detection technology
Collaborator Contribution Joint research optimizing superconducting technology, testing of materials and operation of defect detection technology
Impact New method that can be used to progress fusion and other sectors. Various journal papers and conference contributions
Start Year 2018
 
Description CCFE - University of Manchester fusion collaboration 
Organisation University of Manchester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint research on plasma-materials interaction and structural Integrity assessment of joints for nuclear fusion. Co-supervision of two PhD students. Dr Aneeqa Khan is the Manchester Fusion fellow with received in-kind supports from UKAEA.
Collaborator Contribution Joint research on plasma-materials interaction and structural Integrity assessment of joints for nuclear fusion. Dr Aneeqa Khan visits CCFE on a regular basis to support CCFE's research activities and the using of large facilities at Diamond Light Source and ISIS Neutron Source. Co-supervision of two PhD students. Offer UKAEA relevant staff to attend and present at the Manchester's fusion seminar.
Impact Various conference contributions. University of Manchester has funded two PhD students working on nuclear fusion related research topics. Trained students - with career destinations in nuclear industry (fusion and fission) and other disciplines.
Start Year 2018
 
Description CCFE - University of Surrey fusion collaboration 
Organisation University of Surrey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint research on micromechanics and multiscale residual stress characterization of joints for fusion components. Co-supervision of two PhD students and two BEng/MEng projects and provides in-kind contributions for these projects.
Collaborator Contribution Joint research on micromechanics and multiscale residual stress characterization of joints for fusion components. Co-supervision of two PhD students.
Impact Two journal papers (one has been published and another one is under review at Acta Materialia) and three conference contributions. University of Surrey has funded two PhD students working on multi-scale residual stress characterization of joints. Together we have been awarded two beamtimes at the ISIS Neutron Source and prepared one EPSRC grant proposal on residual stress and microstructural evaluation of joints for nuclear fusion. Trained students - with career destinations in nuclear industry (fusion and fission) and other disciplines.
Start Year 2018
 
Description CCFE- Loughborough University -Embedded Fibre Bragg gratings 
Organisation Loughborough University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint research on in situ structural health monitoring of fusion components in radiative environment.
Collaborator Contribution Joint research on in situ structural health monitoring of fusion components in radiative environment.
Impact New method that can be used to progress fusion and other sectors. Various journal papers and conference contributions
Start Year 2019
 
Description CCFE- NAMRC - Hot Isostatic Pressed joint of dissimilar materials 
Organisation Nuclear Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Joint research on joining process for dissimilar materials, materials testing and comparison with conventional techniques.
Collaborator Contribution Joint research on joining process for dissimilar materials, materials testing and comparison with conventional techniques.
Impact New method that can be used to progress fusion and other sectors. Various journal papers and conference contributions
Start Year 2020
 
Description CCFE- NCC - Fusion composite demonstrator 
Organisation National Composites Centre (NCC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Joint research on application of composites for fusion
Collaborator Contribution Joint research on application of composites for fusion. Manufacture of the demonstrator
Impact New method that can be used to progress fusion and other sectors. Various journal papers and conference contributions
Start Year 2019
 
Description CCFE- Oxford Lasers - Heriot Watt - Laser welding Glass to Steel 
Organisation Oxford Lasers Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Joint research on using laser welding method to join fusion relevant materials to create functional structures.
Collaborator Contribution Joint research on using laser welding method to join fusion relevant materials to create functional structures. The performance of the welding.
Impact New method that can be used to progress fusion and other sectors. Various journal papers and conference contributions
Start Year 2020
 
Description CCFE- TWI - Linear friction welding of tungsten 
Organisation TWI The Welding Institue
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Joint research on using linear friction welding on a fusion relevant material.
Collaborator Contribution Joint research on using linear friction welding on a fusion relevant material.
Impact New method that can be used to progress fusion and other sectors. Various journal papers and conference contributions
Start Year 2019
 
Description Change in fundamental properties of W and W-alloys under fusion transmutation 
Organisation Villanova University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Ab-initio calculations to explore the variation in fundamental properties (included elastic properties) of W and W-alloys to the transmutation-induced composition changes caused under neutron irradiation.
Collaborator Contribution CCFE providing theoretical and modelling support to computational work at Villanova
Impact Collaboration is still active
Start Year 2020
 
Description Consultancy and collaboration on neutron spectrometry systems for dosimetry applications at a Berkshire-based defence establishment 
Organisation Atomic Weapons Establishment
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Collaborative R&D in relation to the development, characterization and testing of a novel passive neutron spectrometer. Validation data sets were generated at the National Physical Laboratory's Neutron Metrology facility have been used to compare with the determined energy spectra and neutron fluence results. Computational neutronics and comparisons using the UKAEA unfolding code, SPECTRA-UF, have been applied to PNS measurements made some operational facility fields.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of spectrometry and experimental data.
Impact Various commercial reports. Publication on the SPECTRA-UF code in a peer-reviewed journal
Start Year 2017
 
Description Edwards - UKAEA 
Organisation Edwards
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise on tritium compatibility requirements for potential new pumps. Laboratory space and staff to carry out testing, including testing with radioactive materials of any promising prototypes. Decommissioning of liabilities generated by testing with radioactive materials
Collaborator Contribution R&D and prototyping of new pump variants at Edwards vacuum new R&D HQ in Burgess Hill
Impact Several potential options for tritium compatible pumps have been ruled out by testing. Several promising candidates remain to be tested further.
Start Year 2016
 
Description First Light Fusion - neutronics 
Organisation First Light Fusion Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Advice and collaborative scientific studies in relation to the prediction of nuclear phenomena in association with fusion technologies; advice on the design and optimization of experimental configurations and diagnostics were provided.
Collaborator Contribution Inputs to modelling assumptions and experimental configurations.
Impact Various commercial reports
Start Year 2018
 
Description IAEA Coordinated Research Project: Hydrogen Permeation in Fusion-Relevant Materials (F43025) 
Organisation International Atomic Energy Agency
Country Austria 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Attendance and presentation at First Research Coordination Meeting (23-27 Nov 2020)
Collaborator Contribution Presentations at First Research Coordination Meeting. Availably of neutron-irradiated samples for permeation and retention experiments from SCK-CEN, Belgium.
Impact Development of plans to test and analyse neutron-irradiated samples at UKAEA. Access to experimental data to help develop and validate new transport phenomena models.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Imperial College London - UKAEA 
Organisation Imperial College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution H3AT supplied supervision to students from Imperial College
Collaborator Contribution Provision of students for year-long placements at UKAEA
Impact Contributions to research at UKAEA; student experience; UKAEA recruitment
Start Year 2014
 
Description KIT - Graduate placement 
Organisation Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution H3AT supplied placement opportunities for a KIT graduate
Collaborator Contribution Provision of graduate for year-long placements at UKAEA
Impact Contributions to research at UKAEA; student experience; UKAEA recruitment
Start Year 2019
 
Description MOD DESG Scheme 
Organisation Ministry of Defence (MOD)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution H3AT supplied placement opportunities for MOD graduates
Collaborator Contribution Provision of gradates for six-month placements at UKAEA
Impact Contributions to research at UKAEA; student experience; UKAEA recruitment
Start Year 2014
 
Description Multi-Organisation collaboration on Zr alloys for fusion technology 
Organisation Jacobs Engineering Group
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Joint collaboration initiated and led by CCFE, including University of Manchester, University of Birmingham, Rolls Royce, Jacobs. Projected assessed suitability of commercial Zr alloys for fusion and avenues for Zr alloy development for the specific fusion environment. CCFE directed project and submitted a manuscript for publication on outcomes.
Collaborator Contribution Literature and commercial surveys for Zr alloy performance in the fusion environment, Zr alloy availability and manufacturability.
Impact CCFE internal reports and a journal. Developed links with academic and industrial partners for future proposals/PhDs in Zr for fusion, especially via MIDAS programme.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Multi-Organisation collaboration on Zr alloys for fusion technology 
Organisation Rolls Royce Group Plc
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Joint collaboration initiated and led by CCFE, including University of Manchester, University of Birmingham, Rolls Royce, Jacobs. Projected assessed suitability of commercial Zr alloys for fusion and avenues for Zr alloy development for the specific fusion environment. CCFE directed project and submitted a manuscript for publication on outcomes.
Collaborator Contribution Literature and commercial surveys for Zr alloy performance in the fusion environment, Zr alloy availability and manufacturability.
Impact CCFE internal reports and a journal. Developed links with academic and industrial partners for future proposals/PhDs in Zr for fusion, especially via MIDAS programme.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Multi-Organisation collaboration on Zr alloys for fusion technology 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint collaboration initiated and led by CCFE, including University of Manchester, University of Birmingham, Rolls Royce, Jacobs. Projected assessed suitability of commercial Zr alloys for fusion and avenues for Zr alloy development for the specific fusion environment. CCFE directed project and submitted a manuscript for publication on outcomes.
Collaborator Contribution Literature and commercial surveys for Zr alloy performance in the fusion environment, Zr alloy availability and manufacturability.
Impact CCFE internal reports and a journal. Developed links with academic and industrial partners for future proposals/PhDs in Zr for fusion, especially via MIDAS programme.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Multi-Organisation collaboration on Zr alloys for fusion technology 
Organisation University of Manchester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint collaboration initiated and led by CCFE, including University of Manchester, University of Birmingham, Rolls Royce, Jacobs. Projected assessed suitability of commercial Zr alloys for fusion and avenues for Zr alloy development for the specific fusion environment. CCFE directed project and submitted a manuscript for publication on outcomes.
Collaborator Contribution Literature and commercial surveys for Zr alloy performance in the fusion environment, Zr alloy availability and manufacturability.
Impact CCFE internal reports and a journal. Developed links with academic and industrial partners for future proposals/PhDs in Zr for fusion, especially via MIDAS programme.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Nuclear Graduate Scheme 
Organisation Nuclear Decommissioning Authority NDA
Department Nuclear Graduates Scheme
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution H3AT supplied placement opportunities for graduates on the UK Nuclear Graduate Scheme
Collaborator Contribution Provision of graduate for six-month placements at UKAEA
Impact Contributions to research at UKAEA; student experience; UKAEA recruitment
Start Year 2014
 
Description Oxidation of irradiated materials in fusion accident scenarios 
Organisation University of California
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This project is part of a Lancaster-FZJ-CCFE-UCLA project to understand W and W advanced alloys. This part of the project uses UCLA modelling experience to support a PhD project through CCFE at Lancaster.
Collaborator Contribution Providing theoretical and modelling support
Impact Collaboration is still active
Start Year 2020
 
Description SEPNet 
Organisation South East Physics Network
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution H3AT supplied supervision - both theoretical and practical to students from the South East Physics Network
Collaborator Contribution Provision of quality students for summer placements at UKAEA
Impact Contributions to research at UKAEA; student experience; UKAEA recruitment
Start Year 2014
 
Description Synergetic research between fusion reactors and high-power particle accelerators communities towards better understanding and prediction of the radiation response of structural and functional materials with mutual interest. 
Organisation Culham Centre for Fusion Energy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contribution into post-exposure examination and analytical investigations of samples after proton irradiation and thermal chock experiments.
Collaborator Contribution Organization on irradiation and high-energy protons exposure campaigns. Financial support of post-irradiation examination
Impact Increased collaboration with particle accelerators community (RAL, Fermilab, CERN, ESS, KEK). Publications in scientific journals. Further plans for collaborative research in the areas of radiation damage of materials of mutual interest like tungsten and beryllium.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Tritium Retention in Controlled and Evolving Microstructure (TRiCEM) 
Organisation CEA Saclay
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Project lead, matched funding contribution for resources and hardware. Expertise to design, build and operate experimental systems and laboratory space. Expertise in materials modelling and access to clusters for modelling work to model damage creation in materials and model the trapping behaviour of radiation induced traps.
Collaborator Contribution SRMP CEA Saclay - SEM and TEM analysis, expertise in interpretation of results CEMHTI/CNRS - PAS analysis and expertise in understanding vacancies in irradiated materials University of Oxford - sample preparation and annealing using Oxford materials vacuum furnace VTT - SIMS analysis and expertise in interpretation of results University of Helsinki - heavy ion irradiation of materials samples Forschungzentrum Julich - TDS analysis University of Lille - modelling of trapping behaviour UMET - supercomputer access for DFT calculations
Impact New models for damage creation by irradiation. New models for simulation of radiation induced trap behaviour. New experimental results investigating retention and release of hydrogen isotopes from irradiated fusion relevant materials.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Tritium Retention in Controlled and Evolving Microstructure (TRiCEM) 
Organisation Julich Research Centre
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Project lead, matched funding contribution for resources and hardware. Expertise to design, build and operate experimental systems and laboratory space. Expertise in materials modelling and access to clusters for modelling work to model damage creation in materials and model the trapping behaviour of radiation induced traps.
Collaborator Contribution SRMP CEA Saclay - SEM and TEM analysis, expertise in interpretation of results CEMHTI/CNRS - PAS analysis and expertise in understanding vacancies in irradiated materials University of Oxford - sample preparation and annealing using Oxford materials vacuum furnace VTT - SIMS analysis and expertise in interpretation of results University of Helsinki - heavy ion irradiation of materials samples Forschungzentrum Julich - TDS analysis University of Lille - modelling of trapping behaviour UMET - supercomputer access for DFT calculations
Impact New models for damage creation by irradiation. New models for simulation of radiation induced trap behaviour. New experimental results investigating retention and release of hydrogen isotopes from irradiated fusion relevant materials.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Tritium Retention in Controlled and Evolving Microstructure (TRiCEM) 
Organisation National Center for Scientific Research (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique CNRS)
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Project lead, matched funding contribution for resources and hardware. Expertise to design, build and operate experimental systems and laboratory space. Expertise in materials modelling and access to clusters for modelling work to model damage creation in materials and model the trapping behaviour of radiation induced traps.
Collaborator Contribution SRMP CEA Saclay - SEM and TEM analysis, expertise in interpretation of results CEMHTI/CNRS - PAS analysis and expertise in understanding vacancies in irradiated materials University of Oxford - sample preparation and annealing using Oxford materials vacuum furnace VTT - SIMS analysis and expertise in interpretation of results University of Helsinki - heavy ion irradiation of materials samples Forschungzentrum Julich - TDS analysis University of Lille - modelling of trapping behaviour UMET - supercomputer access for DFT calculations
Impact New models for damage creation by irradiation. New models for simulation of radiation induced trap behaviour. New experimental results investigating retention and release of hydrogen isotopes from irradiated fusion relevant materials.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Tritium Retention in Controlled and Evolving Microstructure (TRiCEM) 
Organisation University of Helsinki
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Project lead, matched funding contribution for resources and hardware. Expertise to design, build and operate experimental systems and laboratory space. Expertise in materials modelling and access to clusters for modelling work to model damage creation in materials and model the trapping behaviour of radiation induced traps.
Collaborator Contribution SRMP CEA Saclay - SEM and TEM analysis, expertise in interpretation of results CEMHTI/CNRS - PAS analysis and expertise in understanding vacancies in irradiated materials University of Oxford - sample preparation and annealing using Oxford materials vacuum furnace VTT - SIMS analysis and expertise in interpretation of results University of Helsinki - heavy ion irradiation of materials samples Forschungzentrum Julich - TDS analysis University of Lille - modelling of trapping behaviour UMET - supercomputer access for DFT calculations
Impact New models for damage creation by irradiation. New models for simulation of radiation induced trap behaviour. New experimental results investigating retention and release of hydrogen isotopes from irradiated fusion relevant materials.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Tritium Retention in Controlled and Evolving Microstructure (TRiCEM) 
Organisation University of Lille
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Project lead, matched funding contribution for resources and hardware. Expertise to design, build and operate experimental systems and laboratory space. Expertise in materials modelling and access to clusters for modelling work to model damage creation in materials and model the trapping behaviour of radiation induced traps.
Collaborator Contribution SRMP CEA Saclay - SEM and TEM analysis, expertise in interpretation of results CEMHTI/CNRS - PAS analysis and expertise in understanding vacancies in irradiated materials University of Oxford - sample preparation and annealing using Oxford materials vacuum furnace VTT - SIMS analysis and expertise in interpretation of results University of Helsinki - heavy ion irradiation of materials samples Forschungzentrum Julich - TDS analysis University of Lille - modelling of trapping behaviour UMET - supercomputer access for DFT calculations
Impact New models for damage creation by irradiation. New models for simulation of radiation induced trap behaviour. New experimental results investigating retention and release of hydrogen isotopes from irradiated fusion relevant materials.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Tritium Retention in Controlled and Evolving Microstructure (TRiCEM) 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Project lead, matched funding contribution for resources and hardware. Expertise to design, build and operate experimental systems and laboratory space. Expertise in materials modelling and access to clusters for modelling work to model damage creation in materials and model the trapping behaviour of radiation induced traps.
Collaborator Contribution SRMP CEA Saclay - SEM and TEM analysis, expertise in interpretation of results CEMHTI/CNRS - PAS analysis and expertise in understanding vacancies in irradiated materials University of Oxford - sample preparation and annealing using Oxford materials vacuum furnace VTT - SIMS analysis and expertise in interpretation of results University of Helsinki - heavy ion irradiation of materials samples Forschungzentrum Julich - TDS analysis University of Lille - modelling of trapping behaviour UMET - supercomputer access for DFT calculations
Impact New models for damage creation by irradiation. New models for simulation of radiation induced trap behaviour. New experimental results investigating retention and release of hydrogen isotopes from irradiated fusion relevant materials.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Tritium Retention in Controlled and Evolving Microstructure (TRiCEM) 
Organisation VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd
Department Matej Oresic VTT
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Project lead, matched funding contribution for resources and hardware. Expertise to design, build and operate experimental systems and laboratory space. Expertise in materials modelling and access to clusters for modelling work to model damage creation in materials and model the trapping behaviour of radiation induced traps.
Collaborator Contribution SRMP CEA Saclay - SEM and TEM analysis, expertise in interpretation of results CEMHTI/CNRS - PAS analysis and expertise in understanding vacancies in irradiated materials University of Oxford - sample preparation and annealing using Oxford materials vacuum furnace VTT - SIMS analysis and expertise in interpretation of results University of Helsinki - heavy ion irradiation of materials samples Forschungzentrum Julich - TDS analysis University of Lille - modelling of trapping behaviour UMET - supercomputer access for DFT calculations
Impact New models for damage creation by irradiation. New models for simulation of radiation induced trap behaviour. New experimental results investigating retention and release of hydrogen isotopes from irradiated fusion relevant materials.
Start Year 2015
 
Description UKAEA (AMT) - National Nuclear Laboratory collaboration 
Organisation National Nuclear Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Joint research on small specimen testing techniques (SSTT) to obtain material properties of fusion and fission relevant materials including interpretation of experimental data. Co-supervision of a PhD student investigating SSTT.
Collaborator Contribution Joint research on SSTT to obtain material properties of fusion and fission relevant materials. Co-supervision of a PhD student investigating SSTT.
Impact Various journal papers and conference contributions.
Start Year 2016
 
Description University of Bath - UKAEA 
Organisation University of Bath
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution H3AT supplied supervision to undergraduate students at the University of Bath
Collaborator Contribution Provision of students able to work on UKAEA relevant projects
Impact Contributions to research at UKAEA; student experience; UKAEA recruitment
Start Year 2018
 
Description University of Bath- UKAEA PhD project on Pressure swing absorption for hydrogen isotope separation - materials characterization and preliminary trials 
Organisation University of Bath
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution University of Bath- UKAEA PhD project on Pressure swing absorption for hydrogen isotope separation - materials characterization and preliminary trials
Collaborator Contribution £45000
Impact Identification of candidate materials for a novel hydrogen isotope separation system for deployment in future fusion reactors such as DEMO and STEP
Start Year 2020
 
Description University of Bristol - UKAEA 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Hardware and resource funding and laboratory space for a system to support radioactive diamond growth using a Plasma Deposition Reactor.
Collaborator Contribution Hardware and resource funding to build a Plasma Deposition Reactor
Impact Production of the world first diamond battery
Start Year 2020
 
Description University of Bristol - UKAEA 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution H3AT supplied PhD supervision to students at the University of Bristol
Collaborator Contribution Provision of students able to work on UKAEA relevant projects
Impact Contributions to research at UKAEA; student experience; UKAEA recruitment
Start Year 2016
 
Description University of Cambridge - UKAEA 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution H3AT supplied supervision of students from the University of Cambridge
Collaborator Contribution Provision of students for placements at UKAEA
Impact Contributions to research at UKAEA; student experience; UKAEA recruitment
Start Year 2016
 
Description University of Loughborough - UKAEA 
Organisation Loughborough University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution H3AT supplied supervision to a student from the University of Loughborough
Collaborator Contribution Provision of quality students for year-long placements at UKAEA
Impact Contributions to research at UKAEA; student experience; UKAEA recruitment
Start Year 2018
 
Description University of Manchester - UKAEA 
Organisation University of Manchester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution H3AT supplied supervision a student from the University of Manchester
Collaborator Contribution Provision of students for placements at UKAEA
Impact Contributions to research at UKAEA; student experience; UKAEA recruitment
Start Year 2017
 
Description University of Sheffield - UKAEA 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Access to an ion exposure system and expert operators to perform experiments. TDS analysis of exposed samples.
Collaborator Contribution Breeder blanket ceramic samples and analysis of TDS data
Impact Understanding of the effect of helium on deuterium (tritium) diffusion in the breeder blanket candidate material Li2TiO3
Start Year 2020
 
Description University of Surrey - UKAEA 
Organisation University of Surrey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution H3AT supplied supervision - both theoretical and practical to students from the Surrey University
Collaborator Contribution Provision of quality students for year-long placements at UKAEA
Impact Contributions to research at UKAEA; student experience; UKAEA recruitment
Start Year 2014
 
Description ATOM Marketplace (March 2019, Abingdon) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Activity display stand at local science event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description ATOM Talk (February 2020, Abingdon) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Debate presentation entitled "The $3m Transport Challenge" including Gary Staunton as part of the ATOM festival programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description ATOM Talk (March 2019, Abingdon) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation entitled "Fusion Power: The next Step" by Nick Walkden as part of the ATOM festival programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description British Science Festival (September 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Sun Dome Workshops ran across 9 sessions to cover 200 individuals.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Culham open days for the public 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Open days at UKAEA Culham for members of the public to visit the fusion facilities. Typically two a year with 200 people visiting at each.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL http://www.ccfe.ac.uk/visits.aspx
 
Description Culham open evenings for the public in 2019 and 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Open evenings for the general public to have a lecture on fusion and then tour the fusion facilities at UKAEA Culham. Typically ten a year with one hundred visitors each time.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL http://www.ccfe.ac.uk/visits.aspx
 
Description Culham virtual open evenings for the public (Nov 2020 to Mar 2021) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Online virtual visit presentations for the general public to have an introductory talk on fusion and then a presentation showing the fusion facilities at UKAEA Culham. Typically one hundred visitors each time.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
URL http://www.ccfe.ac.uk/visits.aspx
 
Description Fusenet - Online Teacher CPD event (October 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Virtual presentation, alongside GOLEM and ITER, delivered to school teachers for continual professional development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description IF Oxford - Film Screening (October 2019, Oxford) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Screening of "Let There Be Light" with panel discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description IF Oxford - Visits for Fusion Art Competition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A fusion art competition was linked with an IF Oxford presentation and two virtual visits were ran for adult winners and children winners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description IF Oxford Online - Live virtual events (October 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Six presentations delivered live via online virtual platforms to an average of 100 per event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description IF Oxford Online - Virtual Explorazone (October 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Online virtual activity display stand with downloadable resources and live-chat capability; our stand was attended by an estimated 180 virtual visitors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Institute of Physics - Teacher CPD Event (February 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Visit by school teachers for continual professional development
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description North Star (Autumn 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Large online virtual event for Yorkshire schools to highlight STEM and manufacturing in the region, inclusive of a 5-week project working directly with a Sheffield school and talk by UKAEA graduate Leah Morgan.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Ogden Trust - Online Teacher CPD Event (February 2021) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Virtual presentation providing information on how to include fusion and UKAEA research in secondary and primary school cross-curriculum teaching for continual professional development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description OxLEP Transformative Technologies Tour 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Visit by high-achieving students from local schools organized by OxLEP as part of a day visiting cutting-edge Oxfordshire STEM sites.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description STFC Engineering Your Future (July 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Activity display stand at STFC event on Harwell campus for local schools
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description STFC Engineering Your Future - Virtula (July 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Participation in round-table discussion and delivered virtual visit.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description STFC Engineering your Future (July 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Activity display stand at STFC event on Harwell campus for local schools
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description STFC Science in Your Future (March 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Activity display stand at STFC event on Harwell campus for local schools
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description STFC Science in Your Future (March 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Activity display stand at STFC event on Harwell campus for local schools
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description School and College virtual visits to UKAEA Culham (April 2020 to Mar 2021) - 25 Schools and colleges, 1400 students, 25 teachers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Online virtual visit presentations for school groups - e.g. GCSE, A Level, including international school groups
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
URL http://www.ccfe.ac.uk/Visits.aspx
 
Description Tomorrow Science Festival (February 2020, Swindon) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Activity display stand at local science event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description University student virtual visits to UKAEA Culham (Apr 2020 to Mar 2021) - 15 university groups, 350 university students, 15 lecturing staff 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Online virtual visit presentations for university groups - e.g. undergraduate physics courses, engineering courses, student societies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
URL http://www.ccfe.ac.uk/Visits.aspx
 
Description University student visits to UKAEA Culham (Apr 2017 to Mar 2020) - 50 university groups, 900 university students, 75 lecturing staff 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Visits by university groups - e.g. undergraduate physics courses, engineering courses, student societies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018,2019,2020
URL http://www.ccfe.ac.uk/Visits.aspx
 
Description Visit by Amanda Solloway MP, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State in the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy on 6 March 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Visit by Amanda Solloway MP, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State in the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy on 6th March.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Visit by Prof Paul Monks, Chief Scientific Advisor and Sarah Munby, Permanent Secretary, of BEIS 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Visit by the Perm Secretary and Chief Scientific Advisor of the department that owns and funds UKAEA-CCFE
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Visit by Rt Hon Kwasi Kwarteng MP, Minister of State (Minister for Business, Energy and Clean Growth), 13 Aug 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Visit by the Minister for Business, Energy and Clean Growth
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020