Mainstreaming Global Mental Health: A Praxis Nexus Approach

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leeds
Department Name: School of Psychology

Abstract

Worldwide, one billion people have a mental health disorder, placing these among the leading causes of ill-health and disability. Moreover, poor mental health disproportionately affects people in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC) where there exists also a huge mental health workforce gap. Arguably, mental health is a right and tackling poor mental health is also a means of facilitating sustainable socio-economic development. Global Mental Health aligns with Sustainable Development Goal 3: 'Good Health and Well-Being,' specifically 3.4: 'By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.'

Our ambition is to trigger a step-change in how the research community thinks about where, how and by whom mental health in LMICs can be impacted to benefit people experiencing poor mental health. Specifically, we believe there is untapped potential for global researchers to impact mental health whilst delivering their core (non-mental health) project aims, and that this can be done without significant resource implications. Therefore, to accelerate global action on mental health our long-term aim is to produce a Global Mental Health Impact Framework with potential for use in all research in developing countries. Our first stage project will establish a foundation and pathway towards this long-term aim by creating a beta version of the Impact Framework, based on arts and humanities methodologies first, ready for future testing and development across a broad range of GCRF projects in a second stage application. At this second stage, we will also develop an implementation plan to support funders, researchers and LMIC partners to understand and use the Framework.

The Challenge Cluster brings together 16 GCRF projects funded by the AHRC, ESRC and MRC, a University of Leeds (UoL) AHRC-GCRF Network Plus, and UoL AHRC-led GCRF Hub totalling over £6.5 million and collaborator from outside the academy who has worked on non-GCRF ODA-oriented projects. A huge advantage of the Cluster is that it builds on the activities and resources of Praxis: Arts and Humanities for Global Development: an AHRC-led GCRF Hub at the UoL. We will develop our own Praxis Nexus approach to bring together what has been found and engage with researchers, practitioners, and policy-makers to accelerate impact on a cross-national scale commensurate with the significance of the GCRF programme.

Measurable, realistic, achievable objectives for the first-stage 12-month project are to:-
1. Complete a scoping review of (i) material practices and (ii) implicit and explicit mental health activities in non-mental health focused GCRF projects funded to date;
2. Complete a report outlining the basis for a Global Mental Health Impact Framework around collaborative material practices;
3. Develop and strengthen equitable international academic, policy and practitioner partnerships and build capacity in LMIC and the UK; and,
4. Use this work to assist in developing the agenda and programmes of research to be undertaken in the second stage application.

In relation to potential applications and benefits we will:
1. Raise the awareness of UK and LMIC funders, researchers and organisations that they may be missing 'low hanging fruit' opportunities to impact mental health in their portfolios and projects;
2. Provide them with a basic understanding of how Global Mental Health challenges can be conceptualised and identified in non-mental health focused projects; and
3. Explain ways that diverse projects could achieve mental health impact at micro, meso and macro levels as part of their routine activities without overstretching project expertise or resources; and,
4. Stimulate LMIC organisations and government departments to think about how they might integrate mental health impact across their diverse agendas and projects.

Planned Impact

Evidence synthesis, shared learning and consultation cross-cuts all project activities in order to build learning alliances to strengthen Global Mental Health research and our collective potential for impact. We anticipate the following people and organisations will benefit from this research in the following ways.

People in LMIC with poor mental health, their families and communities
Our aim is to accelerate action on mental health by producing a Global Mental Health Impact Framework with potential for use in all research in developing countries. The potential impact is massive given that poor mental health is among the leading causes of ill-health and disability worldwide. The Framework will explain how diverse projects working in troubled regions of the world can achieve mental health impact as part of their routine activities.

Cluster-associated LMIC partners, collaborators, and networks
-We will collaborate with our Partner Organisations (PO): MIND India, the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS, Bangalore) and the Center for Public Mental Health, University of Gadjah Mada (Indonesia). A key contact from each will sit on our Steering Group (SG) and POs will co-host our 3 2-day Challenge Cluster Workshops. Invitations to Workshops will be extended to other existing GCRF Cluster-associated LMIC partners and collaborators to facilitate shared learning and new connections.
-At the 4 overseas Praxis Nexus Events we will share the ambition for the Framework, explore how non-mental health global projects might be supported to realise impacts on mental health, learn about potential barriers and solutions to Framework development, use and up-scaling, and identify potential second stage collaborators, particularly early career researchers (ECR) and partners in LMICs.

Researchers in LMIC and UK
-To build LMIC researcher capacity and equitable partnerships, we will: work with at least 4 LMIC partners to co-author the main open-access paper; work with at least 6 LMIC partners/CoIs to prepare the second stage application; engage in equitable partnership with LMIC POs in the SG and Cluster Workshops; and digital materials will be disseminated through Cluster projects websites, social media, and networks.
-We will provide mentoring opportunities for 3 UK ECR to develop their competencies to engage in Global Mental Health research and to establish connections with LMIC networks and partners. Mentored ECRs will: 'meet' the SG partners; attend overseas Praxis Nexus Events; be invited to all Cluster events; co-organise and host the Cluster Praxis Learning Event; and blog about their skill and knowledge development as ECR in Global Mental Health.
-An additional 6 UK ECR will be subsidised to attend the Praxis Learning Event, selected on potential and passion to engage in Global Mental Health research. They will be offered development opportunities at the event, including securing their own mentor.
-The Praxis Learning Event will also build the capacity of UK researchers involved in ODA-oriented projects through discussion of the emergent Framework and how it might be deployed to produce tangible outcomes for Global Mental Health in diverse projects in LMICs.
-A scoping review of material practices and mental health activities in non-mental health focused GCRF projects funded to date will enhance researcher knowledge of the potential of these methodologies for mental health research and impact in LMICs.
-A preliminary version of the Framework will be reported via an open access, peer reviewed publication, as well as summaries on Cluster projects websites, of immediate benefit to researchers in the UK and LMICs.

Funders
We will discuss the Framework with the GCRF to plan a manageable programme of consultation across portfolio leads. This will ensure the Framework and plans for stage two application are aligned with GCRF strategic objectives, increasing potential for impact.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title Highlights of online event Mainstreaming Global Mental Health, 15th November 2021 
Description Highlights of online event Mainstreaming Global Mental Health, 15th November 2021, Global Challenges Research Fund seed-funded Challenge Cluster (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council EP/T023813/1). 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact YouTube video available on our project website https://projectresilience.co.uk/projects/mainstreaming-global-mental-health/ Currently 
 
Title Interview with Mentees: GCRF Challenge Cluster 
Description Madill, A., Higgins, U., Shloim, N., & Zhao, Y., (2021, 15th Nov). Interview with Mentees. Mainstreaming Global Mental Health, Global Challenges Research Fund seed-funded Challange Cluster (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council EP/T023813/1). 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact YouTube video available on our project website https://projectresilience.co.uk/projects/mainstreaming-global-mental-health/ Currently 3 views and will continue tracking. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ftLFycohpvo
 
Title Mainstreaming global mental health 
Description A short introduction to the project, Mainstreaming Global Mental Health by Professor Anna Madill (University of Leeds, UK) and Dr Poornima Bhola (NIMHANS, India). 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact YouTube video available on our project website https://projectresilience.co.uk/projects/mainstreaming-global-mental-health/ Currently 2 views and will keep tracking. 
URL https://youtu.be/IGIGiPsfWC4
 
Title Overview of Mainstreaming Global Mental Health 
Description 33 second ad video for our social media campaign: Triggering a step-change in how the research community thinks about mental health impact in low and middle income countries. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2022 
Impact 5 week social media campaign ending 28 Feb 2022 Facebook: likes + shares = 28,991; link clicks to project website = 2,621; video plays = 27,1787 Linkedin: likes + shares = 88; link clicks to project website = 83; video plays = 25,787 5 week social media campaign ending 1st week Feb 2022 Instagram: likes + shares = 2,066; link clicks to project website = 19; video plays = 18,637 
URL https://youtu.be/0jT_hQN7578
 
Description Most GCRF research has potential to embed mental health/psychosocial wellbeing (MH/PSWB) impact.
ODA researchers often recognise the importance of, and potential to, create MH/PSWB impact but: (a) at a local level lack confidence, guidance and support, and; (b) at a structural level meet barriers such as priority conflicts, conceptual confusions, and timeframe misalignments.
Pockets of quality guidance and support is available, but scattered and unsystematic.
Engagement with MH/PSWB impact can be viewed as supporting the central aims of diverse projects. This may be a novel/challenging idea for some stakeholders.
LMIC community ownership of MH/PSWB impact is vital and can be promoted through collaborative methods.
To create a mental health sensitising framework, we can learn from resilience, safeguarding and gender equality frameworks.'

Outcomes from the Scoping Review5
We provide evidence there are low hanging fruit opportunities to impact psychosocial wellbeing across SDG through routine research project activities.
- UKRI gateway-to-research was searched for GCRF grants until May 2020: only 3% self-categorise as engaging with mental health.
- Thirty-six non-mental-health GCRF grants sampled for diversity were coded for relevant information: 50-70% already engage implicitly, but nonstrategically, with psychosocial wellbeing impact.
- Psychosocial wellbeing impact opportunities from most to least frequent are: community mobilisation, community-building, skills development, positive sense of self, positive emotions, and sociocultural identity.

Outcomes from the Interviews
We provide understanding about the challenges of mainstreaming global mental health and how to undertake this work.
- Thematic Analysis of the 26 interviews produced a trajectory from the challenges of incorporating mental health impact in non-mental-healthfocused SDG research, to potential solutions and, finally, to support needs.
- This analysis was organised further into a Theory of Change designed to promote the mainstreaming of mental health in global challenges research.

Implications for Policy
More work is needed provide guidance and to learn from projects across the range of SDGs which are already achieving mental health impact as part of their routine activities without overstretching project expertise or resource.
Exploitation Route The outcomes of this funding can be taken forward by most specialities in the Development Sector to increase exponentially mental health impact in LMIC. Our second-round application will focus on facilitating the Development Sector to do so.

Implications for professional bodies and non- and inter-governmental organisations representing academic disciplines, humanitarian sectors, and international peace-keeping include:
- working with their stakeholders to identify how embedding mental health impact can facilitate achievement of their primary aims; and,
- sign-posting resources supporting this work.

Implications for global challenges researchers across SDGs include:
- recognising the potential of their projects to have psychosocial wellbeing impact in LMIC;
- taking ownership of this aspect of their work by building mental health impact into projects from the start; and,
- collaborating with local communities, researchers, and service providers to embed sustainable psychosocial wellbeing impact.

Implications for mental health practitioners include:
- spear-heading the development a more inclusive and flexible language around mental health that bridges cultures and disciplines;
- providing tools and guidance that democratises the process of effecting psychosocial wellbeing impact in context-appropriate ways; and,
- engaging with researcher networks to offer mentoring.

Implications for global challenge funders include:
- engaging with the desire of researchers to contribute more broadly to the psychosocial wellbeing of the communities with whom they work;
- supporting this through greater flexibility for within-project adjustment and innovating ways of sustaining long-term impact;
- grappling with the challenges of real partnership working in LMIC; and,
- providing strategic leadership to drive the mainstreaming of mental health in research across the SDGs
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Environment,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Security and Diplomacy,Other

URL https://projectresilience.co.uk/projects/mainstreaming-global-mental-health/
 
Description We have established interest in our project by UNDP and UNESCO with a view to future collaboration and contributing to their global mental health portfolios. We have also established a new collaboration with the London School of Hygiene and Tropic Medicine Mental Health Innovation Network to take this work forward. The MHIN have already establish a strong international network of indivuals interesting in global mental health impact and a large resource website for promoting this work. It has been agreed that we can create space on this site for ongoing work and utlise this space and its connections to encourage global challenges researchers from across all sustainable development goal areas to embed mental health impact in their work.
First Year Of Impact 2021
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy,Other
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Title Theory of Change 
Description How can we mainstream mental health in reseach engaging the range of sustainable development goals? A theory of change. The model is available in summary on our project website https://projectresilience.co.uk/outcomes/?project=988-2 and an academic article is currently under peer review with a high impact journal. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None yet. 
URL https://projectresilience.co.uk/outcomes/?project=988-2
 
Title Interviews with UK Global Challenges Researchers and Collaborators 
Description UK Data Service ReShare: Interviews with UK global challenges researchers and overseas collaborators on embedding mental health impact in their work across Sustainable Development Goals 26 online interviews were conducted of which 22 are available in this archive. One female UK interviewee did not audio-record clearly enough for accurate transcription; and one female UK interviewee and two non-UK interviewees - one man, one woman - gave consent for analysis in the orginal project but not for making their anonymised transcript more widely available. UK Sample Gender: 3 men, 11 women (2 women interviewed together) GCRF Strategic Portfolio Theme: 1 Education, 7 Health, 1 Cities, 2 Security, 1 Food, 1 Environment Research Council: 3 AHRC, 1 BBSRC, 1 EPSRC, 2 ESRC, 3 MRC, 3 NERC, 0 STFC World Region (Some sampled projects covered more than one region): 5 Africa, 4 Americas, 2 SE Asia, 1 Europe, 1 Eastern Mediterranean, 4 Western Pacific, 2 Global Non-UK Sample Gender: 4 men, 9 women GCRF Strategic Portfolio Theme: 3 Education, 7 Health, 0 Cities, 1 Security, 2 Food, 0 Environment Research Council: 2 AHRC, 1 BBSRC, 2 EPSRC, 2 ESRC, 3 MRC, 1 NERC, 0 STFC, 2 Not Applicable World Region (Some sampled projects covered more than one region): 2 Africa, 3 Americas, 3 SE Asia, 1 Europe, 1 Eastern Mediterranean, 3 Western Pacific, 1 Global 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Dataset only just submitted. 
URL https://reshare.ukdataservice.ac.uk/cgi/users/home?screen=EPrint::View&eprintid=855577
 
Description Collaboration with LSHTM Mental Health Innovation Network 
Organisation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Department Centre of Global Mental Health (CGMH)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Our team reached out to the London School of Hygiene and Tropic Medicine Mental Health Innovation Network to collaborate on work stemming from the current project.
Collaborator Contribution Dr Julian Eaton Department of Population Health, Centre for Global Mental Health, LSHTM and Dr Anna Chavez Department of Global Health and Development, Centre for Global Mental Health, LSHTM have agree to join our team for ongoing grant applications, and Dr Eaton presented at our end of project team meeting.
Impact Plans have been made and are underway for a joint grant application to continue this work.
Start Year 2021
 
Description National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India 
Organisation National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences
Country India 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution The research team negotiated a representative to join our Steering Group, provide monthly reports, organise and minute Steering Group meetings, and feedback advice and information into the project.
Collaborator Contribution The partner has provided a member of staff to sit on the project Steering Group, to be available for a research interview interview, and to attend/lead project workshops.
Impact This collaboration provides the project with input from a Clinical Psychologist which is not otherwise represented.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Partner Organisation: MIND India 
Organisation MIND India
Country India 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We named MIND India as a Partner Organisation in our grant application 'The Big Picture:Adapting PhotoVoice to enhance psychological, social & cultural insights into & prevention & treatment of youth substance use in India', Since receiving funding we have established a strong working relationship. The PI - Professor Madill - visited Assam in January 2019 to launch The Big Picture at the MIND India conference - Wellbeing, Lifespan Perspectives and Practices for Sustainable Communities. She gave an invited keynote address and was first author on an invited article for the conference booklet. We completed the signing of our Collaborative Agreement in March 2019. We named MIND India also as a Partner Organisation in our grant application 'Mainstreaming Global Mental Health' which has further established and strengthen our working relationship.
Collaborator Contribution The Present of MIND India - Dr Sangeeta Goswami - is the Chair of The Big Picture project Steering Group and our main consultant in Assam. She has been vital to supporting our Research Fellow and helping us establish collaborations with our other Partner Organisations who are helping us to recruit participants. MIND India is also essential to our financial arrangements in India and are providing space in which to undertake our participatory video activities. The Present of MIND India - Dr Sangeeta Goswami - is a member of the Mainstreaming Mental Health project Steering Group. She has contributed her knowledge and cultural awareness to directing the work and adding nuance.
Impact Invited keynote by PI at MIND India conference; invited article in conference booklet. This collaboration is multi-disciplinary: psychology, counselling, service providers, rehabilitation, service development.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Praxis: Arts and Humanities for Global Development 
Organisation University of Leeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The research team contributed a panel and final session discussant to UNESCO-Praxis conference: Heritage and our Sustainable Future 22 Feb - 2 March 2021.
Collaborator Contribution Praxis is funded by the AHRC. Praxis supported our dissemination and networking activities by inviting us to lead a panel and contribute final session discussant to UNESCO-Praxis conference: Heritage and our Sustainable Future 22 Feb - 2 March 2021. This has also helped the project to begin to develop a relationship with UNESCO in anticipation of establishing a collaboration for the project second round application.
Impact Dissemination to the Heritage Sector of global development and engagement with, and interest from, UNESCO for potential collaboration.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Universitas Gadjah Mada, Center for Public Mental Health, Indonesia 
Organisation Gadjah Mada University
Country Indonesia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The research team negotiated a representative to join our Steering Group, provide monthly reports, organise and minute Steering Group meetings, and feedback advice and information into the project.
Collaborator Contribution The partner has provided a member of staff to sit on the project Steering Group, to be available for a research interview interview, and to attend/lead project workshops.
Impact This collaboration provides the project with input from an expert in Public Mental Health which is not otherwise represented.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Developing Collaborations Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This was held face -to-face with online contributions on 26th November at the Queen's Hotel in Leeds. Most of the team members attended, either at venue or online. In additonal Dr Raginie Duara (Research Fellow on another GCRF) attended to learn about the work and to produce a film of the meeting. Dr Julian Eaton - Director of the Mental Health Innovation Network, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine - presented online to inform the team about the network and to join discussion about an ongoing grant application to develop the work. Exellent progress was made in bringing together the project, securing a new collaboration with the MHIN, and planning the next grant application.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.mhinnovation.net/
 
Description Impact & Engagement Event with Praxis 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was an online webinar of 2.5 hours duration. 76 people attended (53% LMIC) from 17 different countries (8 LMIC), 21 (28%) of whom were early career scholars. Attendance was 41% of those registered. Majority of the loss was from: UK, Nigeria, and South Africa; non-LMIC; PGR, Academics, Health Professionals, Other. There were 60 (32%) offers of a menteeship (47% LMIC) from 14 different countries and 90 (49%) requests (41% LMIC) from 16 different countries. Quantitative feedback was provided by 18 people, all at the highest score of 5. Qualitative comments were provided during and after the event by 18 people, all of which were positive. Specific further networking requests were made by 2 people. Live translation in Spanish was provided. In the advert, people were asked if they would like to offer a mentoring or to take-up a mentee position - with the following results.

Number offers of mentorship = 60 (32%, of whom 20 attended event)
Countries represented = 14: UK=26, India=10, Indonesia=9, Nigeria=4, USA=2, Bulgaria=1, Egypt=1, Germany=1, Mexico=1, Nepal=1, Pakistan=1, Turkey=1, Vietnam=1, Zimbabwe=1
Number of LMIC represented = 7: SE Asia, Africa, Eastern Mediterranean, Western Pacific [ALL] [28 people, 47%]
Number of non-LMIC represented = 6: Americas, Europe [32 people, 53%]
Main role: Academic Post=16, PGR=13, Mental Health Professional=12, UG=11, Other=4, Research Post=3, Unknown = 1
Number of Known Early Career Scholar = 19 (32%)

Number requests for mentorship = 90 (49%, of whom 31 attended event)
Number of these offers AND requests = 46 (of whom 16 attended)
Number of these offers and NO request = 15 (of whom 4 attended)
Number of these request and NO offer = 48 (of whom 15 attended)
No request OR offer = 16 (of whom 7 attended)
May come back to this later = 64 (of whom 23 attended)
Countries represented = 16: UK=41, Indonesia=16, India=15, Rwanda=2, South Africa=2, Bulgaria=1, Canada=1, Egypt=1, Germany=1, Kenya=1, Mexico=5, Peru=1, Turkey=1, Uganda=1, USA=1, Zimbabwe=1
Number of LMIC represented = 7: SE Asia, Africa, Eastern Mediterranean [37 people, 41%]
Number of non-LMIC represented = 9: Europe, Africa, Americas [53 people, 59%]
Main role: UG=28, PGR=22, Academic Post=15, Mental Health Professional=12, Research Post=9, Other=4, Unknown=1
Number of Known Early Career Scholar = 37

At the beginning of March 2022, 40% of mentee-mentor matching emails send by the PI had been openned. Two successful mentor-mentee pairs replied to the PIs request for information about the establishment of mentoring.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://projectresilience.co.uk/projects/mainstreaming-global-mental-health/
 
Description Invited Panel at UNESCO-Praxis-UKNC conference Heritage and our Sustainable Future: Research, Practice, Policy and Impact 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PI invited to chair panel on Heritage, Mental Health and Wellbeing. Three CoIs contributed presentations. The panel sparked questions and comments from the audience in the discussion time. The purpose was to contribute information about the importance of mental health to the development sector and particularly the potential of heritage to contribute to wellbeing; and to inspire organisations and individuals working in heritage to consider if and how their work could better embed mental health impact. 710 delegates registered for this specific panel.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description PI invited as panellist in final reflective session of UNESCO-Praxis-UKNC conference Heritage and our Sustainable Future: Research, Practice, Policy and Impact 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PI was one of 8 panellist in the conference final session. She provided a summary of insights gleaned from the conference on mental health and heritage in the Development Sector and contributed to discussion and debate with the other panellists and audience. The conference had over 1500 registrations. The success of this event has increased the profile of the project and smoothed the way to developing a collaborative relationship with UNESCO for the second round application.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Presentation, Online Summer Lecture Series on Mental Health Issues in Pandemics 2020, Center for Public Mental Health Gadjah Mada University Indonesia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Online invited lecture on Conducting Qualitative Research in Pandemic Era. This presentation was invited via our collaboration established with Gadjah Mada University on this grant and the work of the grant was incorporated in the talk.The lecture sparked questions and discussion and reached a wide international audience, particularly in SE Asia, who are training in mental health policy, provision, and practice. It therefore raised the profile of our work and has laid the foundations to network further in order to broaden our reach and impact. Questions and comments from the audience has also sensitised the team to challenges and opportunities for the work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Project webpage 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A project website page has been created and populated: https://projectresilience.co.uk/projects/mainstreaming-global-mental-health/ It contains an overview of the project, its aims, the team and our partners, outcomes, illustrative case studies, images of project activities, project videos, and resources (ethics form, information sheet, consent form, guidance information, workshop materials, publication summaries, and policy brief). Our social media campaign in the last 5 weeks of the project secured 2723 click throughs to the website project page.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://projectresilience.co.uk/projects/mainstreaming-global-mental-health/
 
Description Seminar for University College London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Invited seminar to UCL on Thursday 20th May: PI Anna Madill nvited by Dr Bernardita Munoz Chereau (Senior Research Fellow in Education) at UCL to do an open online seminar based on this project, titled 'Mainstreaming Global Mental Health in LMIC through schools.

99 signed-up via Eventbright; 12 addtional colleagues at UCL; 34 people attended.

Summary: 20 May 2021, 4:00 pm-5:00 pm
What are the opportunities and challenges of embedding mental health impact across education in low and middle income countries (LMIC)?
This event is free. Event Information: Open to All
Organiser: Bernie Munoz b.munozchereau@ucl.ac.uk

This DLL research seminar will explore the main findings from a project on mainstreaming global mental health, funded by the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF).
Outcomes will be considered from interviews with development researchers and professionals on the opportunities and challenges of embedding mental health impact across multiple contexts and sectors in LMIC. Particular attention will be given to education. Worldwide, one billion people have a mental health disorder. Moreover, poor mental health disproportionately affects people in LMIC. Arguably, mental health is a right and tackling poor mental health is also a means of facilitating sustainable socio-economic development. Global Mental Health aligns with Sustainable Development Goal 3: 'Good Health and Well-Being,' specifically 3.4: 'By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.' Global mental health strategies prioritise children and adolescents given the high prevalence of substance use disorder in this population, subsequent trajectory towards lifelong disadvantage, and suicide risk. The education system in LMIC may provide an excellent context in which to lay the foundations for good mental health and, importantly, to reach beyond young people to include also their families and communities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.ucl.ac.uk/ioe/events/2021/may/virtual-event-mainstreaming-global-mental-health-low-and-m...
 
Description Social Media Campaign 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A 33 second video ad was created about our project with an invitation to click through to our project website https://projectresilience.co.uk/projects/mainstreaming-global-mental-health/

This ad was used in a social media campaign over the final 5 weeks of the project (ending 28th Feb 2022) on Facebook and Linkedin and a one week campaign on Instagram at the end of January 2022. The campaign obtained excellent engagement, both with the short ad and click throughs to our project website.

Facebook (5 weeks):-
Reach 24,3953; Impressions 47,7361; Link clicks 2,621; Frequency 1.96; CPC (cost per link click) £0.05; Post engagement (likes+shares) 28,991; Video plays 27,1787; Video completions 1,215
Instagram (1 week):-
Reach 19,748; Impressions 22,643; Link clicks 19; Frequency 1.15; CPC (cost per link click) £1.23; Post engagement (likes+shares) 2,066; Video plays 18,637; Video completions 61
Linkedin (5 weeks):-
Reach 13,940; Impressions 26,868; Clicks 83; Average CPC £2.82; Total Engagements 88; Video Plays 25,787; Video View Rate 78.75%; Video Completions 5,107
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://projectresilience.co.uk/projects/mainstreaming-global-mental-health/