UKRI Trustworthy Autonomous Systems Node in Trust

Lead Research Organisation: Heriot-Watt University
Department Name: S of Mathematical and Computer Sciences

Abstract

Engineered systems are increasingly being used autonomously, making decisions and taking actions without human intervention. These Autonomous Systems are already being deployed in industrial sectors but in controlled scenarios (e.g. static automated production lines, fixed sensors). They start to get into difficulties when the task increases in complexity or the environment is uncontrolled (e.g. drones for offshore windfarm inspection), or where there is a high interaction with people and entities in the world (e.g. self-driving cars) or where they have to work as a team (e.g. cobots working in a factory).

The EN-TRUST Vision is that these systems learn situations where trust is typically lost unnecessarily, adapting this prediction for specific people and contexts. Stakeholder trust will be managed through transparent interaction, increasing the confidence of the stakeholders to use the Autonomous Systems, meaning that they can be adopted in scenarios never before thought possible, such as doing the jobs that endanger humans (e.g. first responders or pandemic related tasks).

The EN-TRUST 'Trust' Node will perform foundational research on how humans and Autonomous Systems (AS) can work together by building a shared reality, based on mutual understanding through trustworthy interaction. The EN-TRUST Node will create a UK research centre of excellence for trust that will inform the design of Autonomous Systems going forward, ensuring that they are widely used and accepted in a variety of applications. This cross-cutting multidisciplinary approach is grounded in Psychology and Cognitive Science and consists of three "pillars of trust": 1) computational models of human trust in AS; 2) adaptation of these models in the face of errors and uncontrolled environments; and 3) user validation and evaluation across a broad range of sectors in realistic scenarios. This EN-TRUST framework will explore how to best establish, maintain and repair trust by incorporating the subjective view of human trust towards Autonomous Systems, thus maximising their positive societal and economic benefits.
 
Description (PERSEO) - European Training Network on PErsonalized Robotics as SErvice Oriented applications
Amount € 4,096,839 (EUR)
Funding ID 955778 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2021 
End 12/2024
 
Description (TRAINCREASE) - From Social Interaction to Abstract Concepts and Words: Towards Human-centered Technology Development
Amount € 899,639 (EUR)
Funding ID 952324 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2021 
End 12/2023
 
Description HUman-machine teaming for Maritime Environments (HUME)
Amount £1,099,367 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/V05676X/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2021 
End 06/2024
 
Description ORCA Extension - Stream A
Amount £600,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2021 
End 03/2022
 
Description Collaboration with the University of Swansea 
Organisation Swansea University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Working on a meta-analysis paper with Muneeb Ahmad.
Collaborator Contribution Collaboration in terms of analysis over 2000 papers
Impact Multi-disciplinary with Psychology and Computer Science
Start Year 2021
 
Description Propensity to Trust Scale creation 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Department Psychology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Here, we are collaborating with the Differential Psychology Research Group, Psychology, School of Philosophy, Psychology and Languages Sciences, The University of Edinburgh. We bring out expertise in how trust scales have been used in HRI research.
Collaborator Contribution Our collaborators bring their expertise in creating properly validated scales.
Impact Dragostinov et al. (in prep). Applying the Delphi Method as an Important Step in Psychometric Scale Development One follow up paper to come.
Start Year 2020
 
Description David Robb - Invited talk at Redouble 2021 (a workshop at RO-MAN2021) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact David Robb gave an invited talk at Redouble 2021 (a workshop at RO-MAN2021) https://sites.google.com/view/redouble2021 Talk Title: "Trust and Transparency in AI: One Perspective from HRI Studies "https://sites.google.com/view/redouble2021/schedule?authuser=0". Present were 10 to 100 Academic and Industry HRI scientists and practitioners
Impact: dissemination of research group's work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://sites.google.com/view/redouble2021/schedule?authuser=0
 
Description 2021 Invited Speaker, US ARL Mid-Term Tech Forecasting Virtual Workshop: Artificial Intelligence, December 2021 (online) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Reserach funding priority workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description BBC Scotland Radio Interview- Helen Hastie 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact BBC radio interview where the goal of the Node project was discussed
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Conference Presentation at HRI 2021: Birthe Nesset 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Birthe Nesset presented her work at the HRI 2021 conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3434074.3447183
 
Description Dr Peter McKenna Gave a talk to GU Psych Society on transitioning from Psychology to HRI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Dr Peter McKenna Gave a talk to GU Psych Society on transitioning from Psychology to HRI, which can be watched on youtube
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qll38bzlSYw
 
Description Furhat Conference Invited Speaker PI Helen Hastie 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof. Helen Hastie presented the Node, ORCA and work with the Furhat.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uc-3t5gXz3g&t=2s
 
Description Helen Hastie- Tech Monitor Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Node project was mentioned in the news article
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://techmonitor.ai/automation/robotics/trust-in-robots-ocado-tharsus
 
Description IWSDS Keynote: Prof. Helen Hastie 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof. Helen Hastie have a keynote talk where she discussed work on the Node and ORCA hub
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.colips.org/conferences/iwsds2021/wp/
 
Description Joint organiser - Workshop: Effective Deployment of Subjective Measures and Questionnaires in HRI Studies 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 15 Sept 2021
Joint organisers: David Robb, Marta Romeo, Peter McKenna, Helen Hastie.
Workshop: Effective Deployment of Subjective Measures and Questionnaires in HRI Studies
https://vimeo.com/641460042
Present were 10 to 20 Academic and Industry HRI scientists and practitioners
Impact: dissemination of research group's work; potential collaboration opportunities created.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://vimeo.com/641460042
 
Description Keynote Speaker, 2022 International Conference on Advanced Control, Automation and Robotics (ICACAR 2022). March 26-28, 2022 in Guangzhou, China (online) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Keynote talk to robotics community
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Keynote Speaker, BPS British Psychological Society Annual Conference, 1 July 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk to psychology conference to combine modelling and robotics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Maintenance and Engineering Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article on the node on trust
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://edition.pagesuite-professional.co.uk/html5/reader/production/default.aspx?pubname=&edid=7924...
 
Description Online Video Demonstration Presentation at HRI'22 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Video demonstration with @furhatrobotics of our Robo-barista robot that can tell if you are tired and gives you an extra shot of coffee
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.5555/3523760.3523974
 
Description Organised UKRI Trustworthy Autonomous Systems Node in Trust Industry Workshop. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact 14 Dec 2020
Organiser: David Robb.
UKRI Trustworthy Autonomous Systems Node in Trust Industry Workshop.
Attending were 30 Academics and Industry Partners/Practitioners
Attendees worked in breakout groups.
Impact: Research directions co-created; Workshop output was a list of Robotics Use cases desired by the parners for the Node to investigate (along with detailed discussion records).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description PI Prof Helen Hastie talk about the Node on Trust and Robotics at National Robotarium in Scotsman's podcast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact PI Prof Helen Hastie talk about the Node on Trust and Robotics at National Robotarium in Scotsman's podcast
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.scotsman.com/business/data-capital-podcast-how-data-and-ai-are-powering-robotics-revolut...
 
Description PI Prof. Helen Hastie was talking on BBC Scotland News today about the Node on Trust project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact PI Prof. Helen Hastie was talking on BBC Scotland News today about the Node on Trust project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/m000p121
 
Description Poster Presentation and online at HRI'22 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster Presentation and online at HRI'22 on "Sensitivity of Trust Scales in the Face of Errors"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022
URL https://dl.acm.org/doi/pdf/10.5555/3523760.3523912
 
Description Presentation given the Origins of Mind Research Group, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Four members of the Node team presented four presentation about different aspects of then Node to Primatologist, whose research about Chimpanzee cognition communication.

Outcome was to inform this research group about the Node, especially in our use of theory of mind as framework for understanding trust.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Robot demonstration and video shortlisted for the Medical Robotics for Contagious Diseases Challenge. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Robot demonstration and video shortlisted for the Medical Robotics for Contagious Diseases Challenge.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL http://youtu.be/vrH1XW_pVxY
 
Description SCRITA Workshop Invited Speaker- PI Helen Hastie 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact IEEE Ro-man Workshop on Trust, Acceptance and Social Cues
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL http://scrita.herts.ac.uk/2021/
 
Description Scottish Government UK Industrial Strategy Newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Node project was featured in the Scottish Government UK Industrial Strategy Newsletter
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Scottish Sun- Thusha Rajendran 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Scottish Sun article about robotics and autonomous systems
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.thescottishsun.co.uk/tech/6673730/robots-edinburgh-technology-future-scotland/
 
Description Talk on the Psychology on Tap seminar series- Thusha Rajendran 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Talk Entitled "A hitchhiker's guide to technology"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.facebook.com/HWPsych/events
 
Description Talk to students at Secondary School in Edinburgh by Rajendran: "Aye Robot: an introduction to social and developmental robotics" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact To presentation in introduction to AI, Social and Developmental Robotics to secondary school students - with a view to them considering this field as a career options (especially or girls). Topics included Trust in Autonomous agents.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Video Demonstration Presentation at HRI'22 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Video demonstration of Robot Receptionist that exhibits multi-party interactions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.5555/3523760.3523975
 
Description Video demonstration: HRI'21 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Video demonstration of explainable autonomous systems
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1CZm6bsILaw&t=4s
 
Description Workshop organisation on NLP and Trust 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop organisation on NLP and Trust as part of the TAS Hub all hands meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Workshop organisation with IIT and the iCub Robot 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop with IIT on using the iCub robot and its application as well as technical introduction
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Yiannis Demiris, Invited Keynote Speaker, Towards Autonomous Robotic Systems Conference (TAROS-2021), Lincoln, UK, 8-10 Sept 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Yiannis Demiris was an Invited Keynote Speaker at the conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://lcas.lincoln.ac.uk/wp/taros-2021/
 
Description Yiannis Demiris, Invited Keynote speaker: TransAIR Workshop on Cognitive Architectures, Bremen, Germany (virtual), 22-28 March 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Yiannis Demiris was an Invited Keynote speaker at the workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.research-in-germany.org/the-future-of-work/news-and-stories/2021-transatlantic-workshop-...
 
Description Yiannis Demiris, Invited Speaker: RSS'21 Workshop on Robotics for People (R4P): Perspectives on Interaction, Learning and Safety, at the Robotics: Science and Systems 2021 conference, 12-16 July 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Yiannis Demiris was an Invited Speaker at the workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://sites.google.com/view/r4p2021/speakers?authuser=0
 
Description Yiannis Demiris: Invited Keynote Speaker, IEEE 30th International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (IEEE RO-MAN 2021), 8-12 August 2021, Vancouver, Canada (virtual). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Yiannis Demiris: Invited Keynote Speaker at the HRI conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://ro-man2021.org/program/keynote-speakers/