Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing: Distributed Unmanned Aerial Systems for in-situ manufacturing of the built environment

Lead Research Organisation: Imperial College London
Department Name: Dept of Aeronautics

Abstract

Additive Building Manufacturing (ABM) is transforming the construction industry through the 3D printing of buildings and building components. A number of countries are now demonstrating ABM can substantially reduce construction time, material and transport costs, improve worker safety standards and alleviate construction's impact on urban traffic congestion and the environment. ABM also provides geometrical variety at no additional cost. In contrast to most manufacturing sectors, variety is a necessity within construction to satisfy different client requirements and adapt to unique terrain, boundary and laws governing each physical site.
However, current ABM systems are difficult to deploy on construction sites due to their large size and fixed 3D Print build volumes that are not sufficiently flexible to deal with the complexities of most building scenarios, or provide adequate measures for human safety. These ABM technologies are unable to undertake maintenance and repair work, or construct buildings in many urban or elevated sites. They are also not able to be utilised for post-disaster reconstruction activities where their manufacturing speed would be of great assistance.
To address this limitation, this research proposal aims to develop the world's first Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing (Aerial ABM) System consisting of a swarm of aerial robots (Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS)) that can autonomously assess and manufacture building structures. Aerial ABM offers major improvements to human safety, speed, flexibility, and manufacturing efficiency compared to existing ABM and standard building construction technologies. We have already developed and demonstrated pilot results using UAS that can extrude 3D Print material during flight and we have developed simulation environments that allow for autonomous planning and execution of manufacturing with swarms of UAS working in collaboratively.
Using the resources of the EPSRC grant, we will co-develop and demonstrate a working Aerial ABM system that will manufacture structural elements such as walls and a freeform building pavilion. This will require innovation and major technical contributions in Hardware, Autonomy as well as in Materials and Structures. Building on the consortium's world-leading expertise in these areas and support from industrial partners (Skanska, Ultimaker, BuroHappold, Dyson and BRE), we aim at delivering the following main research contributions through this grant:

Aerial ABM Hardware
- A novel Aerial ABM robot design with autonomous vision based stabilisation, navigation and mapping of a dynamically changing environment that is optimised for flight and 3D Printing tasks.

Aerial ABM Autonomy
- A framework for autonomous manufacturing that utilises swarm intelligence for collaborative robot-to-robot operations, dynamic task sharing/allocation, adaptive response to context and dynamic environment content involving functions such as new methods of collision avoidance.
- Develop new modes of communication and control that enable the safe co-existence and cooperation of human workers, other robots and Aerial ABM robots on construction sites. Novel research in human-robot interaction, feedback and haptic interface functionalities will enable manufacturing flexibility suitable for construction sites that are always unique in size, shape and contextual complexity.
- An integrated design and real-time structural analysis software that delivers optimal structural integrity from minimal material weight within building design strategies that leverage this free-form manufacturing process to create innovative building design possibilities.

Aerial ABM Materials and Structures
- Development of new high-performance 3D-printable composite material and deposition procedures for the additive manufacture (3D Printing) of free-form light-weight building structures utilising autonomous UAS.

Planned Impact

The three main impact beneficiaries are the construction sector, society at large and the environment. The Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing (Aerial ABM) system proposed in this application can provide substantial benefits by enabling autonomous capabilities of collaborative working with human workers, situational awareness in unknown environments and low-risk manipulation in dangerous settings. These capabilities will benefit the three beneficiaries as follows:

CONSTRUCTION
Construction companies such as Skanska are economically penalised for time over-runs. Our technology has the potential to reduce manufacture time and complexity while expanding capabilities by providing autonomous behaviours and sensing to predict, measure, qualify and expedite construction. This can provide major cost savings and increased profits.

Transportation accounts for 20% of construction costs [1]. Aerial ABM can significantly reduce transportation volumes as only raw material is delivered to site.

UK Government Construction Strategy mandates all construction projects to utilise 3D Building Information Models (BIM) technology by 2016 [2]. Aerial ABM is able to increase building efficiency by integrating BIM more effectively with the construction on site.

SOCIETY
Health and Safety:
"The construction industry is the most dangerous sector in Britain....448 British soldiers have been killed in Afghanistan since 2001. Over the same period, more than 760 construction workers have been killed on British sites." notes the UK Health and Safety Executive in 2014 after seeing an additional 3200 deaths from other construction related matters [3]. An Aerial ABM system can significantly reduce construction's 31% share of all UK worker fatalities [4] by reducing risk to construction workers in hazardous and labour-intensive tasks while allowing continued human participation in safer construction activities.

Increasing Housing Opportunities:
The UK is heading for a housing crisis where people cannot afford to buy or rent as a result of a shortage in housing and high costs of building. A RICS report forecasts house prices to rise 4.5%/yr for the next 5yrs [1]. Charities such as Shelter [5] advocate that the UK must reduce the cost and time of construction in order to make housing and other building services more attainable. Aerial ABM can help reduce the cost and time of urban construction, through a scalable and digital manufacturing process that saves construction time and resources.

Humanitarian:
A fast, effective means to undertake post-disaster re-construction and repair can save human lives directly and indirectly. Aerial ABM robots can commence work well before human workers can operate safely and they can do so in areas that are hard to access by ground. The technology can offer Governments and NGOs versatile, rapidly deployable, and low-cost solutions for emergency response and transitional shelter construction.

ENVIRONMENT
Aerial ABM enables almost zero percent waste construction while its on-site operation reduces transportation volumes. The insights from this project on novel structural and material engineering can also inform building designs requiring less material and lower logistic mass flows. These benefits reduce the embodied energy of buildings and enable reductions in construction's 47% share of the UK's carbon emissions.

[1] BIM Taskgroup, HM Government BIS, 2014
[2] BRE, Construction Site Transport, The Next Big Thing: Why Transport Is Important What You Can Do About It, 2003.
[3] http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/money/mortgageshome/article-3040143/Housing-shortage-triggering-worrying-upsurge-property-prices-expectations-2-5-rise-2015.html
[4] Daniel Boffey, The needless death of Richard Laco and what it tells us about Britain's perilous building sites, The Observer, 2014
[5] http://england.shelter.org.uk/campaigns/why_we_campaign/the_housing_crisis/building_more_homes/building_more_homes

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title 3d Printing on an Inflatable Structure 
Description Within the Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing (Aerial ABM) project, Aerial Robotics Lab has run a number of workshops together with Architecture Association and brought roboticists and architects together to create the first 3D printed dome using aerial robots. A first version of the proposed dome structure was completed in December 2016. 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact No impact yet 
 
Description The project has inspired a new approach of building manufacturing and infrastructure repair that has been demonstrated and communicated to the wider public, students and the government. Scientific publications, talks at conferences and workshops have been used to share the project achievements with the scientific community internationally.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Agriculture, Food and Drink,Construction,Education,Energy,Environment,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Aviation Minister Baroness Sugg visit the new Brahmal Vasudevan Multi-Terrain Aerial Robotics Arena at Imperial College London
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Aviation Minister Baroness Sugg was the first Minister to visit the brand new Brahmal Vasudevan Multi-Terrain Aerial Robotics Arena at Imperial College London. Dr. Mirko Kovac presented the activities and the projects of the Aerial Robotics Lab. PhD students in the lab gave a demonstration of drones in action, showcasing the 16 high speed 3D aerial tracking cameras that record in real-time the dynamics of robots in the air. The visit, held on Friday 24 November, came in advance of a government announcement that police will be given new powers to prevent the unsafe or criminal use of drones under planned legislation. The measures are intended to allow drone users to continue flying safely and legally, helping to place the UK at the forefront of the fast-growing drone industry. This will also pave the way for the devices to be harnessed for a range of uses by businesses and public services. The government plan to publish the draft Drone Bill for consultation in spring 2018.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/news/new-powers-for-police-to-address-illegal-and-unsafe-use-of-drones
 
Description Manufacturing Robotics - The Next Robotic Industrial Revolution
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL http://hamlyn.doc.ic.ac.uk/uk-ras/sites/default/files/Manufacturing%20White%20Paper.pdf
 
Description Robotic and Autonomous Systems for Resilient Infrastructure
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL http://hamlyn.doc.ic.ac.uk/uk-ras/sites/default/files/UK_RAS_wp_infrastructure_final_web_retina.pdf
 
Description EPSRC program grant
Amount £405,493 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R009953/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 02/2018 
End 01/2023
 
Description ISCF - Robotics and Artificial Intelligence Hub
Amount £792,490 (GBP)
Funding ID EP/R026173/1 
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 10/2017 
End 04/2021
 
Description SAT - Semi Autonomous Teleoperation
Amount £157,000 (GBP)
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK)
Start 03/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Title AquaMAV testing in wing and water tunnels 
Description AquaMAV prototypes were tested in wind and water tunnels that are part of the national wind tunnel facility. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The required setup included the design of an automated catapult launcher for the water tank and an automated data collection unit for the wind tunnel. These tools are useful and available for other projects. 
URL http://www.nwtf.ac.uk/html/index.html
 
Title Bioinspired technologies for construction and repair of the built environment 
Description Within the Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing (Aerial ABM) project, we take inspiration from biology to create novel printing, perching and flight technologies that are safer, more interactable and efficient. For example in smaller flying robots we take inspiration from house flies to create perching mechanisms based on mechanical intelligence of the body morphology. For larger robotic systems we rely on integration of complex control, sensing, and planning to enhance perching robustness. Inspired by ballooning spider, we have developed perching systems that enable stable motion of drones in 3D space based on strings and magnets. In order to develop efficient printing methods, we are inspired by nest creation methods employed by animals such as Swiftlet in nature. We have developed light weight deposition mechanisms and integrated them into flying drones that can turn Polyurethane foam materials into complex 3D structures that are more flexible in size and location. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact No impact so far. However, the work by Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing has been praised by a large number recognized academics and industrialists in the field, who are keen to collaborate with us on the existing or related future grants. This gives a very positive prospective for the societal and technological impacts of Aerial ABM within the near future. 
URL http://science.sciencemag.org/content/352/6288/895
 
Title Brahmal Vasudevan Multi-Terrai Aerial Robotics Arena 
Description Imperial College London has recently opened the Brahmal Vasudevan Multi-Terrain Aerial Robotics Arena at the Department of Aeronautics. This flight arena is the first of its kind in Europe. The facility is dedicated to the design, development and testing of novel mobile robots for various unstructured and extreme environments. Hosted on the roof of the City and Guilds building, the Robotics Arena has been built based on a £1.25 million gift from Imperial alumnus Mr Brahmal Vasudevan, who graduated in Aeronautical Engineering in 1990. The arena can be configured for various terrains, including air/ground/water and it allows for the setup of simulated challenging environments, industrial scenarios and urban infrastructures. It is designed to allow for experiments including smoke and combustion and it is fully laser rated. The space is equipped with 16 high speed 3D aerial tracking cameras, that can be used to record in real-time the dynamics of robots in air and on ground. A further ten 3D tracking cameras will be positioned in a water tank, which will be used to test novel multi-terrain robots that can move in both air and water. The facility includes one Innovation Room that will be used for work group creative design and robot development. Located next to it is the Robotics Workshop containing 3D printers, micro-manufacturing equipment and a fume hood for component fabrication and assembly. Two outdoor spaces are accessible from the arena for open-air testing. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Particular well suited to design, develop and test mobile robots for unstructured and extreme environments, the space will be dedicated to the creation of future robots for smart cities, for supporting workers in hazardous environments, or for search and rescue missions. It will be used as teaching facility for undergraduates and PhDs and will constitute a showcase space for promoting robotics technologies at Imperial College London with international reach. 
URL https://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/182375/uk-world-leader-drone-tech-says/
 
Title Cementitious Materials - experiments for Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing 
Description This database contains data arising from experiments concerning the development of mortar mixes for Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact One paper has been written and will shortly be submitted for consideration once a target journal has been identified. One conference paper has been published as part of the 37th Cement and Concrete Science conference organised by the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining, UCL, 11-12 September 2017. 
 
Title Polyurethane foam database for Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing 
Description This research database contains experiments relating to the investigation of high and low density polyurethane foams. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Resulted in a published paper in the Institure of Civil Engineers' Construction Materials and a second paper is currently under consideration by the journal 'Additive Manufacturing'. 
 
Description Aerial Robotics Lab and the UK Atomic Energy Authority's Race (Remote Applications in Challenging Environments) 
Organisation UK Atomic Energy Authority
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The collaboration between a team from UK Atomic Energy Authority's Race (Remote Applications in Challenging Environments) and a team from Imperial College aimed at testing the use of drones in the maintenance of the next generation of nuclear power reactors.
Collaborator Contribution The Aerial Robotics Laboratory from Imperial College London designed a bioinspired nano aerial vehicle to fly into the reactor. The drone is a quadcopter with the size of the palm of a human hand to minimise turbulences. It is made out of transparent plastic and printed circuit material. To conserve its battery, the drone is able to attach itself with a magnet to the underside of a metal plate held by the robot. Then the drone uses a pulley and cord to lower itself down to the floor like a spider.
Impact This multi-disciplinary collaboration is continuing toward the development of robots that can go into places that are dangerous for humans.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Aerial Robots for exploration of hazardous environments: Robotic perching in Battersea Power Station 
Organisation Skanska UK Ltd
Department Cementation Skanska
Country United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland (UK) 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Cementation Skanska, also a partner on the same EPSRC project, is in charge of reconstruction of the Battersea Power Station. While they are still in the stage of demolishing of the existing structures in the power station, we have arranged a number of sessions (including a half-day session in November 2016) for testing of our novel perching technologies inside partially demolished structures. Development of efficient perching technologies is one of the key milestone for Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing enabling attachment to elevated structures to make a stable platform for printing.
Collaborator Contribution The partner has been offering a suitable site for testing of aerial construction technologies that are being developed within the Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing project. They are members of the project steering committee where they provide technical feedback and advice for possible improvements. Furthermore, they also have a very useful input into risk assessment documents for our in-flight printing and perching tests that can enhance the safety aspects of aerial robotic constructions.
Impact Creating new influential technologies requires expertise in design, implementation and testing. Cementation Skanska has provided a testing environment that can simulate the situation after natural disasters such as earthquake when a swarm of aerial 3D printers can fly to the disaster zone and start fast shelter printing to accommodate people.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Visiting Faculty - Barbara Mazzolai (Italian Institute of Technology, IIT) 
Organisation Italian Institute of Technology (Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia IIT)
Country Italy, Italian Republic 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Barbara Mazzolai is Coordinator of the Center for Micro-BioRobotics (CMBR) at the Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT) and Deputy Director at IIT delegate to the Supervision and Organization of IIT Centers Network at the same institute. She collaborates with Mirko Kovac as expert in bioinspired design, soft robotics and smart materials to be integrated in the design and development of aerial robots. She has spent 6 months of sabbatical period at the Aerial Robotics Lab to work on joint publications and joint project proposals.
Collaborator Contribution Joint publication in the Journal of the Royal Society, Interface (Sareh S, et al 2017, ISSN 1742-5662); Joint project proposal submitted to the EU H2020 Call ICT-25-2016-2017 (Hu-DroneS); advisory role on PhD students and Post docs. Distinguished BioRobotics Lecture at Imperial College (June 30, 2017)
Impact Joint publication in the Journal of the Royal Society, Interface (Sareh S, et al 2017, ISSN 1742-5662); Joint project proposal submitted to the EU H2020 Call ICT-25-2016-2017 (Hu-DroneS); advisory role on PhD students and Post docs. Distinguished BioRobotics Lecture at Imperial College (June 30, 2017). The collaboration is multidisciplinary and includes: aerial robotics, soft robotics, material science, biology.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Visiting Faculty - Prof. Afzal Suleman (University of Victoria) 
Organisation University of Victoria
Country Australia, Commonwealth of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Visiting Faculty - Prof. Afzal Suleman (University of Victoria)
Collaborator Contribution Visiting Faculty - Prof. Afzal Suleman (University of Victoria)
Impact Visiting Faculty - Prof. Afzal Suleman (University of Victoria)
Start Year 2016
 
Title AERIAL DEVICE CAPABLE OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING AND ASSOCIATED METHOD 
Description An aerial device (100) capable of controlled flight comprises a first body (110) comprising a lift generator for providing lift to the aerial device (100); a second body (208) comprising a substance dispenser (122) for controllably dispensing a curable substance for additive manufacture; an articulated coupling assembly (200) coupling the first body (110) to the second body (208); an actuator (212; 214; 216) operable to articulate the articulated coupling assembly (200) so as to move the second body (208), and thereby the substance dispenser (122), relative to the first body (110); and a controller operable to control the lift generator, the substance dispenser (122), and the actuator (212; 214; 216). 
IP Reference WO2016193667 
Protection Patent granted
Year Protection Granted 2016
Licensed No
Impact Device and methodology are used within the EPSRC research grant on Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing
 
Title AERIAL DEVICES CAPABLE OF CONTROLLED FLIGHT 
Description An aerial device (100) capable of controlled flight has a body (110), a rotor (120) arranged to rotate relative to the body; and a deployable sheet (130), the sheet having an undeployed configuration in which the sheet is folded against the body and a deployed configuration in which the sheet is at least partially unfolded away from the body. 
IP Reference WO2016193690 
Protection Patent granted
Year Protection Granted 2016
Licensed No
Impact Aerial device origami-based system for safe landing will find application in areas with unstructured environments.
 
Title Robotic Vehicle 
Description A robotic vehicle with legs and propellers to enable it to walk, fly, and or swim. 
IP Reference WO2016193666 
Protection Patent granted
Year Protection Granted 2016
Licensed No
Impact Technology used and further developed in larger projects on multi-modal locomotion and aerial additive building manufacturing.
 
Title Multi-sensor fusion for drones 
Description We have extended previous work, Open Keyframe-based Visual-Inertial SLAM (OKVIS), developed by myself. The framework forms the backbone of our autonomous drone flight software stack. Speficaally, we have developed a method and its implementation that can seemlessly transition between availability or unavailability of GPS, including RTK GPS. This will enable us to precisely navigate drones (centimetre precision). We have furthermore extended OKVIS to accept the Intel Realsense ZR300 RGB-D camera (plus inertial) feed. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The framework forms the backbone of our autonomous drone flight software stack. It will enable our drones to navigate with global centimetre accuracy, when GPS is available. This is a necessity e.g. when attempting to use drones to 3D print structure. But applications go far beyond, from surveillance to delivery to military applications with drones. The fact that we have integrated OKVIS with an easily commercially availble and self-contained sensor (the Realsense ZR 300) will speed-up our test and development cycle and would boost software adoption once released (which we might in future). 
 
Title Multicopter model-predictive control 
Description We have developed both linear Model-Predictive Controllers (MPC) as well as Nonlinear MPCs for accurate control of multicopter system. The algorithms and software implementation form an essential part in our drone operations. The approach allows for enforcement of both hard and soft constraints of the flight envelope, such that we can achieve both high precision, robustness, and safety. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact The algorithms and software implementation form an essential part in our drone operations. The approach allows for enforcement of both hard and soft constraints of the flight envelope, such that we can achieve both high precision, robustness, and safety. 
 
Description 37th Cement and Concrete Science Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An international conference held at UCL, United Kingdom on the 11th - 12th September 2017, organised by the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining and Advanced and Innovative Materials Group (AIM). Engagement consisted of an oral presentation followed by questions supported by a conference paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/aim/conference-info/37ccs
 
Description BBC World News 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview of Mirko Kovac for BBC World News as Robotics expert with audience of ca. 400 million people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-38505626
 
Description BtS Conference (Croatia) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Breaking the Surface Marine Robotics (BtS) serves as a prominent meeting place for experts and students of marine control engineering and signal processing and the marine robotics application areas. Dr Mirko Kovac presented the our latest aerial robotics technologies with highlights on the work on Aerial ABM at this meeting during October 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.marinetraining.eu/content/breaking-surface-2016-8th-international-interdisciplinary-field...
 
Description Children Christmas Lecture at Imperial College 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Mirko Kovac was invited to be the speaker at the annual Children's Christmas Lecture at Imperial College. The event is one of the College's annual prestigious lectures, the aim of which is to demonstrate to children that science can be fun as well as interesting and hopefully they will go on to consider studying science at GCSE, A Level and beyond. The age range of the audience is 11-16, involving schools in London and children of Imperial staff and alumnus who attend as well as members of the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/newsandeventspggrp/imperialcollege/eventssummary/event_9-11-2016-10-57-45
 
Description Children Christmas Lecture at Surrey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Mirko Kovac was invited speaker to the IET and University of Surrey 2017 Children's Christmas Lecture. The event is organised for schools, with target audience of children between 13 - 18 year olds who are interested in Science, Engineering and Technology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/iet-christmas-lecture-2017-surrey-tickets-39319167689#
 
Description Construction Site Robotics Symposium (ARUP, London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Organised by Arup, event brought together a range of leading thinkers to explore opportunities and implications of responding to a future of construction site robotics. Between 50-100 industry and academic participants attending the event generating following collaboration leads. This includes an EPSRC iCASE with ARUP.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Drone Flying at Imperial Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We have displayed autonomously flying drones at the Imperial Festival, an annual science exhibition for the general public. The audience experienced the direct outcome of our research in a very tangible way: even kids could get the drones to performe actions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
URL http://www.imperial.ac.uk/festival
 
Description Ecobuild Exhibition (Excel, London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Ecobuild was a four-day event at Excel Exhibition Centre in London bringing professionals and researchers in the field of construction together to exchange ideas and demonstrate potential implementations for our future built environment. Aerial Robotics Lab at Imperial has been invited to give a presentation on "Drones for construction and repair in future cities" as well as the opportunity to display novel technologies developed within Aerial Additive Building Manufacturing project to a wide range of audiences from industry to academia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description European Robotics Forum: talk at Workshop on Aerial Robotics Inspection: from prototypes to Industrial Applications 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation of the project activities during the Workshop on Aerial Robotics Inspection: from prototypes to Industrial Applications at the 2017 European Robotics Forum. Discussion and networking followed the presentation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.erf2017.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/ERF2017-Schedule-v1.1.pdf
 
Description ICCV 2017 Workshop: 3D Reconstruction meets Semantics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop talk about current research results for international experts in computer vision
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://trimbot2020.webhosting.rug.nl/events/3drms/
 
Description IROS workshop: Learning for Localization and Mapping 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop talk in international conference about research results.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://sites.google.com/site/learningforslam/
 
Description Imperial Festival (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Imperial Festival was a two day event where the Aerial Robotics Lab demonstrated new technologies for flight, perching, printing using quadcopter platforms as well as other flying robots to university students and schools.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.imperial.ac.uk/festival/
 
Description Invited Speaker in IROS'16 workshop "State Estimation and Terrain Perception" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact World-leading researchers in the field of perception / Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) attended this event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited talk at Behang University, Beijing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Mirko Kovac has been invited to give a talk at Behang University, Beijing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited talk at Khalifa University (2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Mirko Kovac has been invited to give a talk at Khalifa University during the MBZIRC competition.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote Lecture at International Conference of Micro Aerial Vehicles 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Mirko Kovac has been invited to give a Keynote Lecture at the 2017 International Conference of Micro Aerial Vehicles (http://www.imav2017.org)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.imav2017.org
 
Description Live interview on Aljazeera TV 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Live interview of Dr Mirko Kovac on Aljazeera TV as Aerial Robotics expert for the world news.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://twitter.com/aerialrobotics/status/787007134978437120
 
Description Mannheim Multihalle 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lectures in Stuttgart and Berlin on Frei Otto's Mannheim Multihalle. Chris Williams was part of the original design team and is advising on the future use of and modifications to the structure.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multihalle
 
Description McKinsey & Co. Advanced EMEA Industries Conference: Our Unmanned Future (Rome, Italy) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact We were invited to present the vision of the Aerial Robotics Lab on "Our Unmanned Future", which included examples on using drones for construction and repair of the built environment. Over 400 professionals from high-impact industries such as Airbus and Ferrari and media professionals have presented and attended this event which had been instrumental in creating links for future project activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Opening of the Brahmal Vasudevan Multi-Terrain Aerial Robotics Arena 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact On October 20, 2017, the Aerial Robotics Lab has organised on official ceremony for the opening of the new Multi-Terrain Aerial Robotics Arena at Imperial College London. The development of the Arena is thanks to a £1.25 million gift from Imperial College alumnus Mr Brahmal Vasudevan. The Arena is the first of its kind in Europe, enabling engineers to test the next generation of aerial robotics for urban environments and extreme conditions. The researchers in the Arena can simulate different terrains in the air, the ocean and on land. The space also enables the engineers to create extreme conditions such as fire, smoke, and heat to simulate how the next generation of drones will perform in harsh environments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/182375/uk-world-leader-drone-tech-says/
 
Description Research Colloquium (ETH Zurich) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Dr Mirko Kovac presented our novel 3D printing and aerial construction technologies arising from Aerial ABM at the Research Colloquium on Building Technologies at ETH Zurich in January 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Research Talk (Livorno, Italy) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In April 2016, Dr Mirko Kovac talked about the use soft materials in aerial robots to enhance the flight performance as well as creating support structures inspired by birds in nature. The talk attracted a large number of audience and his team were invited to write a book chapter on Soft Aerial Robots.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.robosoftca.eu/information/events/soft-robotics-week-2016
 
Description Research Talk (Perugia, Italy) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Dr Mirko Kovac presented the progress on 3D printing materials within the Aerial ABM project at the International Conference on Smart and Multifunctional Materials, Structures and Systems in Perugia, Italy. This presentation initiated new discussions for possible collaboration with colleagues at the Italian Institute of Technology on 3D printing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://2016.cimtec-congress.org/
 
Description Robotics and Autonomous Systems in UK Manufacturing 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The aim work of this workshop was to address the knowledge gap between RAS researchers, policy and the manufacturing communities. The specific objectives were to:

-Identify to the state of the art in RAS and how these technologies can address real-world manufacturing challenges.
-Identify areas of added value for RAS that can have long term impact on UK manufacturing.
-Support new collaborations between technology and application communities.
-Develop a strategy for RAS to support UK manufacturing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://hamlyn.doc.ic.ac.uk/uk-ras/events/manufacturing-workshop-AMRC
 
Description Royal Society (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The event was hosted by prof. Brian Cox at the Royal festival hall who was running a debate on Artificial Intelligence. Dr Mirko Kovac ran a 10 minutes presentation and live demo showing in-flight arm stabilization of a robotic arm methods for drones.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.imperial.ac.uk/festival/
 
Description Talk (RACE, Culham, UK) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Dr Mirko Kovac presented latest technologies for aerial manipulation and construction at RACE in challenging environments Symposium, Culham, UK, during October 2017. The presentation has initiated a number of collaborative activities on the use of aerial robots in exploration and repair in challenging environments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.race.ukaea.uk/