Food Practices and Employed Families with Younger Children

Lead Research Organisation: Institute of Education
Department Name: Childhood, Families and Health

Abstract

Abstracts are not currently available in GtR for all funded research. This is normally because the abstract was not required at the time of proposal submission, but may be because it included sensitive information such as personal details.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Key findings from Phase 1 of the study were announced at a conference for policymakers and practitioners at London Canal Museum on 3rd October 2011. The study's main findings were:

1. Secondary analysis of the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) and Health Survey for England (HSE) found no relationship between maternal employment and the quality of children's diets. Similar results were found in the qualitative sub sample of 48 families from the NDNS. Other factors, such as maternal education may better predict children's diets than maternal employment.



2. Secondary analysis of NDNS 2008/9 identified the mother as the main food provider in almost all (93%) families with a child aged 18 months to 10 years. In the qualitative sample men in about a third of two parent families did some cooking on weekdays. Where both parents were employed full time, this rose to half. Fathers' work patterns and other factors seemed important in explaining their involvement in meal preparation.



3. Family meals were important to nearly all families in the qualitative study, but less than a third managed to eat together on weeknights. The synchronisation of family members' timetables was more important for family meals than parents' working hours. Children's routines and 'body clocks' and the coordination of tastes and preferences were also important.



4. Nearly two thirds of children in the qualitative sample ate in at least one childcare setting one or more times during the week. In some cases, food eaten in school and childcare expanded the child's tastes and supplemented or compensated for eating at home. In other cases the food in other settings was considered to be of poor quality and to diminish children's.



5. Parents in the qualitative study emphasised the importance of fruit and vegetables for a healthy diet. However, they were not always willing or able to control what children ate. Providing healthy food was not always a priority; in practice, on some occasions parents placed greater importance on fostering children's independence and self-control, ensuring children ate something rather than nothing and avoiding 'aggro' or children developing 'hang ups'.
Exploitation Route 1.The methodological findings are relevant to the development of UK government survey resources, in particular potentially contributing to the design of a national survey (the National Diet and Nutrition Survey)

2.Substantive findings highlight particular issues pertaining to food and eating in employed families with younger children for the consideration of policy makers and practitioners.

3.Further funding has been awarded for a follow up study (ES/J012556/1) which builds on the current study to map and understand children's and families' food practices over time.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Healthcare,Other

URL http://www.foodfamiliesandwork.co.uk/
 
Description Refinements to the NDNS including the addition of new variables from 2015 on maternal education and hours of employment
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Other
Impact Types Societal

 
Description Taking a long view in understanding children's and young people's diets
Amount £260,449 (GBP)
Funding ID ES/J012556/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2011 
End 04/2014
 
Title Archived data - UKDS 
Description Anonymised data from Phase 1 of the study (Food Practices and Employed Families with Younger Children) now archived along with supporting documents with UKDS and Phase Two (Taking a Long View) in progress. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None yet 
URL http://ukdataservice.ac.uk/
 
Description British Sociological Association (BSA) food study group convenor 
Organisation British Sociological Association (BSA)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Study Group co-convenor
Start Year 2011
 
Description National Children?s Bureau (NCB) research study into childminding practice advisory group 
Organisation National Children's Bureau
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Advisory Group membership for the Study of childminding by National Children?s Bureau (NCB)
Start Year 2009
 
Description Article for FareChoice: 'The newsletter for community food and health Scotland' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Study findings about gender division of foodwork over time for practitioners

na
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.communityfoodandhealth.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/CHFSNewsletter.pdf
 
Description Children's food, power and control : negotiations in families with younger children in England 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact Invited seminar/workshop for staff in an Eating Disorders Adult Inpatient Services ward, South West London and St George's Mental Health NHS Trust.

na
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Combining multiple qualitative methods in analysis 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lecture based on current study for postgraduate students at IOE

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Expert interview for DEMOS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Rebecca O'Connell interviewed The PI was interviewed by the Senior Researcher leading on the project, as one of a number of expert interviews with people who can bring important insights to the work. This included interviews with experts and practitioners who have researched childhood nutrition, or who work in relevant areas including health services, early education or parenting services. Further information: http://www.demos.co.uk/projects/nutritionintheearlyyears

The PI was interviewed by the Senior Researcher leading on the project, as one of a number of expert interviews with people who can bring important insights to the work. This included interviews with experts and practitioners who have researched childhood
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p0190msm
 
Description Food and families who work : implications for policy makers and practitioners 
Form Of Engagement Activity Scientific meeting (conference/symposium etc.)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact - To discuss the findings of this and other studies which examine links between parents' work and children's diets

- To pay attention to children's perspectives and their eating in other settings

- To explore the relevance of our findings for policy makers and practitioners

n/a
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2014
 
Description Food practices and employed families with younger children 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A closed seminar to disseminate early findings and to discuss how they might fit Department of Health priorities

Amendments to NDNS as described
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Food practices and working families in England : findings from a mixed methods study 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited presentation: SOAS Food Forum seminar series, SOAS Food Studies Centre

NA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Food/work : researching family food practices at the public-private interface 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Symposium: Relational Knowledge and Cultural Identities: Anthropological perspectives on nature, gender, family and nation.

Introduced social anthropologists to research in an applied social science research unit.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Insights from the Economic and Social Research Council collaborative project 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation by one of the researcher funders to the 2nd Quadrilateral Social Research Coordination Group Technical Workshop and Joint Workshop with the Quadrilateral Regulatory Economics Working Group in Ottawa, Canada (16-18th May 2011)

NA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Interviews, surveys and all that jazz : research methods for exploring children's food practices 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Researchers have noted that because food practices are embodied and embedded in social relations and social processes, they are not necessarily easily accessible to reflection. In their capacity to evoke the sensual, non-rational and material aspects of life, visual research methods offer potential for the study of food and eating. The flexible and interactive nature of some visual approaches also means that such methods may be particularly appropriate for research with children.

NA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.britsoc.co.uk/specialisms/FoodArc.htm
 
Description Invited presentation NDNS Users conference (Natcen)30th July 2014 (Charlie Owen) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussed use of NDNS for social science research

na
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Mixed methods research 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited seminar on mixed methods research for doctoral students

na
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012
 
Description Multiple methods for exploring children's food practices 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited presentation, seminar series, King's College London

NA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Using creative methods in research with children 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lectures for postgraduate students at IOE based on the study

na
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Webinar with the UK Data Service 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Ceraolo, M. and O'Connell, R. (2016). Webinar: An introduction to data on food and food security. Collaboration with the UK Data Service. Online, 15.00 - 16.00, 9 November 2016. 70+ attendees.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.ukdataservice.ac.uk/news-and-events/eventsitem/?id=4701
 
Description Working Group - Revisiting Eating Out 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited member to the 'Revisiting Eating Out Working Group' workshop, Manchester, 10th March 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.researchgate.net/project/Revisiting-Eating-Out-Three-English-Cities-1995-2015