Investigating Adolescent Violence towards Parents

Lead Research Organisation: University of Oxford
Department Name: Sociology

Abstract

Abstracts are not currently available in GtR for all funded research. This is normally because the abstract was not required at the time of proposal submission, but may be because it included sensitive information such as personal details.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Adolescent to parent violence has been virtually absent from policing, youth justice and domestic violence policy, despite being widely recognised by practitioners in those fields. This policy silence has led to a lack of training or guidance for practitioners on how to respond to and adequately support families with often complex needs. During the period of our research, the problem has started to slowly emerge onto the public agenda. Police, domestic violence and youth justice services are all beginning to think through how they might respond to APV. The evidence from this study has contributed to the development of this gradual recognition.

Our study has presented the first UK analysis of cases of adolescent to parent violence reported to the police. We analysed victim, offender and incident characteristics from 1,892 cases reported to the Metropolitan Police in 2009-2010, most of which involved violence against the person or criminal damage in the home. Our findings revealed that adolescent to parent violence is a gendered phenomenon: 87% of suspects were male and 77% of victims were female.

Disclosing violence from a child is one of the most difficult steps for parents as they describe feeling a great sense of shame and guilt surrounding the violence and fear the consequences of disclosure. Parents worry that they will be blamed for the violence or that their victimisation will not be taken seriously. While in some cases the violence warrants criminal justice intervention and some families do support a prosecution, this is not always the most appropriate response. Parents fear that their child will be criminalised and point to the lack of escape routes open to parents in this situation who will usually continue parenting a child.

For many parents in our study, aggressive or challenging behaviour from their children evolved from a young age and increased in intensity during adolescence. In some cases, children experienced difficulties at school and one of the biggest challenges described by parents was getting their violent son or daughter to school against their will, often with the threat of prosecution hanging over the parent. Many parents referred to 'walking on egg-shells' in order to avoid conflict and some parents had gone as far as locking themselves in their bedrooms or leaving the house to stop an argument escalating into violence.

The levels of violence experienced by parents varied enormously but tended to involve a pattern of aggression and violence over a period of time which led to parents being fearful of their child and often feeling controlled. In addition to verbal threats and abuse, parents described being kicked, punched, pushed or strangled by their child, and also reported large amounts of criminal damage to the home. We found no single or straightforward explanation for adolescent to parent violence and there appear to be many complex pathways, including learning difficulties, mental health problems, alcohol and/or drug use; and childhood experiences of domestic violence, sexual abuse, or parental substance abuse. For some families, there are no apparent explanations for the violence and many parents found it difficult to understand why one child was violent when other children they had raised were not. Young people themselves report a variety of problems in their family histories and it is important to recognise that the dynamics of blame in APV might be quite different to those between adults.

Overall, our study has identified the need for a considered response to APV at several levels. First, there must be safety planning and immediate intervention for families who report APV. Second, there needs to be a response at the level of policy and practice, guidance and strategy, and an integrated response from agencies and services to address APV. Finally, we need to consider our societal and cultural response to APV and recognise the challenge it represents to the ways in which we construct adolescents and their parents and the problem of family violence.
Exploitation Route Our findings are already being put to use in policy guidance for practitioners from a variety of fields. We anticipate that this will continue and that our evidence about adolescent to parent violence will be used by a range of sectors to develop responses to this previously hidden problem.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://apv.crim.ox.ac.uk/
 
Description This study has had conceptual impact, raising the profile of a previously hidden social problem and shifting the understanding of the problem within policy and practice, and reframing debates about young people's use of violence in family relationships. Our first objective in the original proposal was 'to map the contours of the problem of adolescent to parent violence'. At this time there was no academic research on the problem in the UK, and although it was a problem widely recognised by practitioners in the field, it was virtually absent from the policy realm - there was no mention at all of adolescent to parent violence in police or youth justice policy or from national domestic violence organisations. Our first aim, then, was to put the problem onto the public agenda, and to this end we engaged in a range of activities. The findings of the study were presented in twenty-three academic conference presentations or invited lectures in the UK, USA, China, India, and several European countries. Many of these international presentations were also attended by practitioners and policy-makers in these various countries, for example representatives from a human rights NGO, youth court judges, children's services workers, and domestic violence organisations. Fourteen keynote speeches or invited lectures were given to practitioner audiences on the findings of the study, within youth justice, policing, domestic violence fields, probation, parenting, children's services, and third sector organisations. The project has its own website which records news and events and disseminates the findings: http://apv.crim.ox.ac.uk/ This site is now being further developed to include information for practitioners and a blog 'from the field' with guest pieces written by people working in the frontline with the problem of adolescent to parent violence. We have produced three briefing papers (for a general audience, police, and youth justice services) in straightforward language, presenting key findings from our study. The study has received wide media coverage. In 2013 our journal article 'Adolescent to parent violence: Framing and mapping a hidden problem' was published online and provided the first UK analysis of police recorded data on APV. This was the first official data of any kind on adolescent to parent violence to be analysed and published in the UK. This new evidence sparked considerable interest and was discussed on over ten radio programmes including BBC Radio 4's Today Programme and BBC Radio 4's PM, BBC Radio 1's Newsbeat, BBC Radio 2's Jeremy Vine programme, and BBC Radio 5's Victoria Derbyshire Programme. (BBC Radio 4 and BBC Radio 1 each have a weekly reach of over 10 million listeners). These findings were also reported as the first item on BBC TV London News and the Rachel Condry was interviewed (4th November 2013). The findings of the research have also been the subject of articles in broadsheet national newspapers - one in The Guardian, two in The Independent, and two in The Times. A guest blog for Mumsnet was written by Caroline Miles about the findings of the study which attracted considerable online discussion. Instrumental impact, influencing policy and practice, has been central to the project from the outset. The project had an advisory group which has met approximately every six months from the start of the research to discuss and implement our impact strategy. The group had nine members from youth justice, police services, domestic violence organisations, and Victim Support. Each of these members fed into the project from the very beginning and took our emerging findings back into their organisations and worked to raise the awareness of the problem of adolescent to parent violence. At the end of our project in September 2013 we held a one day conference to disseminate our findings and stimulate discussion about how they might be taken forward. This was held at the University of Oxford and attended by 130 practitioners, policy makers and academics, including the National Policing domestic violence lead and the Youth Justice Board domestic violence lead. Three panels were convened each with five members to discuss the findings of the study in relation to families' experiences, criminal justice (policing and youth justice), and innovative responses to APV. At this conference, the idea of developing a protocol to provide guidance for practitioners encountering APV in their work was discussed. Following this, we worked closely with the domestic violence lead at the Youth Justice Board to convene a working group with the aim of devising an information guide which would be relevant to practitioners in any field working with families experiencing violence from adolescents. We have secured an ESRC IAA Knowledge Exchange Grant to develop this work and we are in the final stages of completing the guide which is now around thirty-five pages in length. In early 2015 we will hold four national dissemination events across the country for service leaders and managers commissioning services to launch the guide and provide a forum to discuss how the problem might be addressed in their areas. The revised edition of the Home Office's 'A Call to End Violence Against Women and Girls' Action Plan was published in March 2014 and for the first time now includes specific references to adolescent to parent violence, with two actions (reference 63 and 139) 'Develop and disseminate information for practitioners working with children and families on how to identify and address the risks posed by adolescent to parent violence'. Following this change, responsibility for taking the lead from the government side on our working group to produce the information guide moved from the Youth Justice Board to the Home Office. The working group has further representation and input into the information guide from the Welsh Government, Association of Chief Police Officers, The College of Policing, AVA (Against Violence and Abuse), Respect (domestic violence organisation), and The Peabody Trust (charitable housing organisation). In September 2014 the domestic violence lead for the Youth Justice Board wrote about the work we have been doing: "The YJB have been working with Rachel Condry and Caroline Miles since early 2013, and have developed a strong working relationship. Their project has proven crucial in developing a UK evidence base charting the extent of Adolescent to Parent Violence. Prior to their work, there was little UK based academic research, making it difficult to move policy and practice forward in this area. In September 2013 during the Oxford APV conference, front line practitioners requested further guidance on how to tackle this complex area of abuse. Following this, the YJB and Oxford University set up a multi agency group made up of the Home Office, College of Policing, 3rd sector providers, and leading charities to work together to draft practice guidance for front line practitioners The APV study has been a crucial catalyst in developing this work, and will have a direct impact on front line policy and practice." We intend for this work to continue. Our book 'Uncovering Adolescent to Parent Violence' will be published in 2015 and should generate a range of further opportunities for impact.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Membership of Oxfordshire Child on Parent Violence Project Advisory Group
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
Impact A member of the APV project advisory group from Oxfordshire youth offending service has initiated an advisory/strategy group with representatives from various agencies across Oxfordshire working with children and families. Rachel Condry is a member of this group which is developing a local response to the problem of child to parent violence, and has recently been successful in securing funding from the Police and Crime Commissioner's Victims' fund.
 
Description Study used as evidence base for Home Office Information Guide for Practitioners
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The idea for this information guidance came from our end of project conference in September 2013. A working group was formed, initially led by the Youth Justice Board, which included us and representatives from various government and third sector organisations. The Home Office took over the lead on this piece of work in 2014 and the guide was published in March 2015. It draws on our research as the evidence base and provides advice and guidance to practitioners from a range of fields, including youth justice, the police, education, health, and social care. With the aid of an ESRC IAA Knowledge Exchange Grant we were able to host two launch events for the guide for 200 practitioners in Manchester and London. The guide is publicly available on the .gov website and is being widely used in the training of practitioners. It is the first government policy on APV in the UK.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/420963/APVA.pdf
 
Description ESRC IAA Knowledge Exchange Award
Amount £30,000 (GBP)
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2014 
End 05/2015
 
Description APV Working Group 
Organisation Against Violence & Abuse
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Our expertise and evidence from the research study. Our time meeting with the working group every couple of months. Contributing to collaboratively drafting the information guide. Hosting two launch events with the Home Office when the guide was published, funded by ESRC IAA Knowledge Exchange Grant.
Collaborator Contribution Their expertise, rooms for each meeting at the Ministry of Justice or the Home Office, their time and contributing to the drafting of the information guide.
Impact An information guide for practitioners which was compiled by this working group and led by the Home Office with representation and input from the Welsh Government, Youth Justice Board, ACPO, The College of Policing, AVA, Respect, Holes in the Wall, and The Peabody Trust. The guide is 35 pages in length and is intended to be generic for practitioners across a wide range of fields including youth justice, police, education, health, domestic violence, housing, and other third sector organisations. It is the first government policy on APV produced in the UK.
Start Year 2013
 
Description APV Working Group 
Organisation Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Our expertise and evidence from the research study. Our time meeting with the working group every couple of months. Contributing to collaboratively drafting the information guide. Hosting two launch events with the Home Office when the guide was published, funded by ESRC IAA Knowledge Exchange Grant.
Collaborator Contribution Their expertise, rooms for each meeting at the Ministry of Justice or the Home Office, their time and contributing to the drafting of the information guide.
Impact An information guide for practitioners which was compiled by this working group and led by the Home Office with representation and input from the Welsh Government, Youth Justice Board, ACPO, The College of Policing, AVA, Respect, Holes in the Wall, and The Peabody Trust. The guide is 35 pages in length and is intended to be generic for practitioners across a wide range of fields including youth justice, police, education, health, domestic violence, housing, and other third sector organisations. It is the first government policy on APV produced in the UK.
Start Year 2013
 
Description APV Working Group 
Organisation College of Policing
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Our expertise and evidence from the research study. Our time meeting with the working group every couple of months. Contributing to collaboratively drafting the information guide. Hosting two launch events with the Home Office when the guide was published, funded by ESRC IAA Knowledge Exchange Grant.
Collaborator Contribution Their expertise, rooms for each meeting at the Ministry of Justice or the Home Office, their time and contributing to the drafting of the information guide.
Impact An information guide for practitioners which was compiled by this working group and led by the Home Office with representation and input from the Welsh Government, Youth Justice Board, ACPO, The College of Policing, AVA, Respect, Holes in the Wall, and The Peabody Trust. The guide is 35 pages in length and is intended to be generic for practitioners across a wide range of fields including youth justice, police, education, health, domestic violence, housing, and other third sector organisations. It is the first government policy on APV produced in the UK.
Start Year 2013
 
Description APV Working Group 
Organisation Home Office
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Our expertise and evidence from the research study. Our time meeting with the working group every couple of months. Contributing to collaboratively drafting the information guide. Hosting two launch events with the Home Office when the guide was published, funded by ESRC IAA Knowledge Exchange Grant.
Collaborator Contribution Their expertise, rooms for each meeting at the Ministry of Justice or the Home Office, their time and contributing to the drafting of the information guide.
Impact An information guide for practitioners which was compiled by this working group and led by the Home Office with representation and input from the Welsh Government, Youth Justice Board, ACPO, The College of Policing, AVA, Respect, Holes in the Wall, and The Peabody Trust. The guide is 35 pages in length and is intended to be generic for practitioners across a wide range of fields including youth justice, police, education, health, domestic violence, housing, and other third sector organisations. It is the first government policy on APV produced in the UK.
Start Year 2013
 
Description APV Working Group 
Organisation Ministry of Justice
Department Youth Justice Board for England and Wales
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Our expertise and evidence from the research study. Our time meeting with the working group every couple of months. Contributing to collaboratively drafting the information guide. Hosting two launch events with the Home Office when the guide was published, funded by ESRC IAA Knowledge Exchange Grant.
Collaborator Contribution Their expertise, rooms for each meeting at the Ministry of Justice or the Home Office, their time and contributing to the drafting of the information guide.
Impact An information guide for practitioners which was compiled by this working group and led by the Home Office with representation and input from the Welsh Government, Youth Justice Board, ACPO, The College of Policing, AVA, Respect, Holes in the Wall, and The Peabody Trust. The guide is 35 pages in length and is intended to be generic for practitioners across a wide range of fields including youth justice, police, education, health, domestic violence, housing, and other third sector organisations. It is the first government policy on APV produced in the UK.
Start Year 2013
 
Description APV Working Group 
Organisation Respect (Domestic Violence Prevention Service)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Our expertise and evidence from the research study. Our time meeting with the working group every couple of months. Contributing to collaboratively drafting the information guide. Hosting two launch events with the Home Office when the guide was published, funded by ESRC IAA Knowledge Exchange Grant.
Collaborator Contribution Their expertise, rooms for each meeting at the Ministry of Justice or the Home Office, their time and contributing to the drafting of the information guide.
Impact An information guide for practitioners which was compiled by this working group and led by the Home Office with representation and input from the Welsh Government, Youth Justice Board, ACPO, The College of Policing, AVA, Respect, Holes in the Wall, and The Peabody Trust. The guide is 35 pages in length and is intended to be generic for practitioners across a wide range of fields including youth justice, police, education, health, domestic violence, housing, and other third sector organisations. It is the first government policy on APV produced in the UK.
Start Year 2013
 
Description 'Adolescent Violence Directed at Parents', AADFA (Advocacy After Fatal Domestic Abuse) Conference 'Bringing the victim's voice into criminal justice and other systems', Swindon 17th January 2014. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Invited paper given to AADFA (Advocacy After Fatal Domestic Abuse) Conference about the findings of the study.

Q&A, discussion, and plans for further research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Adolescent to Parent Violence: A Research Study from the Centre for Criminology' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Invited talk given to administrative services, University of Oxford - stimulated questions and further discussion.

Talk stimulated questions and further discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Adolescent-to-Parent Violence', Manchester Metropolitan University Research Seminar Series. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation prompted questions and debate
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description 'Criminal Justice Responses to Adolescent to Parent Violence', Hull Domestic Violence Forum, June 2014. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation prompted discussion and debate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Making sense of adolescent to parent violence: International perspectives', Roundtable organised at American Society of Criminology Annual Meeting, Chicago, November. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Roundtable discussion with practitioners and academics from the UK, USA and Australia.

Requests for further information, plans for future international visits and research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description 'The Criminal Justice Response to Adolescent to Parent Violence', paper presented to University of Utrecht Sociology Departmental Seminar, The Netherlands, 24th March 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk stimulated Q&A and discussion afterwards.

Further discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'The Police Response to Adolescent to Parent Violence', paper presented to Thames Valley Police Seminar, University of Oxford, 12th December 2013. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk stimulated Q&A and discussion afterwards, reflection on practice

requests for further information, plans for future work
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 'The Problem of Adolescent to Parent Violence: A Criminological Study', paper presented to the CCJS Public Seminar, University of Leeds, 28th April 2014. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk stimulated questions and discussion afterwards.

requests for further information and participation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Working with Families Experiencing Adolescent to Parent Violence' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to Wakefield Domestic Violence Forum, October 2014. Presentation stimulated questions and discussion.

Presentation stimulated questions and discussion and further contacts / requests for information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 'Investigating and Responding to Adolescent to Parent Violence', invited paper presented to Respect's Fifth National Practitioners Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited paper presented as part of seminar organised with a practitioner co-contributor, Respect's Fifth National Practitioners Seminar for those Addressing Young People's Use of Violence in Close Relationships.

Numerous conversations with practitioners about the emerging findings of our study and how they connected to their work. Practitioners spoke about the session stimulating ideas for their own practice and having an increased determination to raise the profile of the issue.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description 'Protecting and Representing Parents: Dealing With Teens who Abuse Parents', Brunel Law School, Brunel University. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation prompted numerous questions and led to group discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description 'The Problem of Adolescent to Parent Violence: A UK Research Study', paper presented to the Who's in Charge? Conference, London Probation Trust, June 2014. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk given to practitioners at event organised by the London Probation Trust and Q&A session.

Requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 2012 'Investigating Adolescent Violence towards Parents: Hidden Conflict and the Politics of Visibility', St. Hilda's College Research Seminar, University of Oxford, 22nd February. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk stimulated questions and further discussion.

Requests for further information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description 2013 'Investigating Adolescent Violence towards Parents: Interim Findings', paper presented to Domestic Violence by Children against Parents Conference, Nottingham Conference Centre, 14th March. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited keynote, stimulated discussion

plans for further work, reached a wide number of practitioners and policy makers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Adolescent Violence towards Parents', paper presented to practitioners' forum, Youth Justice Board 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation to the London Parenting Practitioners Forum, Youth Justice Board, London. Also attended by staff from the YJB.

Numerous questions and invitations to visit youth offending teams.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Adolescent to Parent Violence and the Politics of Visibility, Invited presentation given to the Mannheim Seminar Series, London School of Economics and Political Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Invited presentation given to the Mannheim Seminar Series, London School of Economics and Political Science and question and answer session.

A useful discussion after my talk and positive comments in individual conversations about what people had learnt.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Adolescent to Parent Violence: The Criminal Justice Response, presentation to National Law University Delhi, India 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Raised the awareness of the problem in a country that is only at the early stages of responding to domestic violence. Audience included judges and representatives from a human rights NGO.

Q&A and discussion after the talk, several individual discussions and requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Adolescent to Parent Violence: The Criminal Justice Response, talk to Thames Valley Police 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lecture on the findings of the research given to an event organised by Oxford Criminology and Thames Valley Police.

Requests for further information, reflection on practice.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Briefing Paper - Key Findings for Police Services 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Has had a wide reach distributed to police officers at a number of events.

Requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://apv.crim.ox.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Briefing-paper-2-Police..pdf
 
Description Briefing Paper - Key Findings for Youth Justice Services 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Briefing Paper with wide reach disseminated to youth justice practitioners at events across the country.

Requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://apv.crim.ox.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Briefing-paper-3-youth-justice..pdf
 
Description General Briefing Paper - Mapping the Problem of APV 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact General Briefing Paper to disseminate the findings from study more widely.

Requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://apv.crim.ox.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Briefing-paper-1-General..pdf
 
Description Hidden Conflict: Adolescent to Parent Violence and the Politics of Visibility, Invited presentation to the Centre for Law and Society, University of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Invited presentation to the Centre for Law and Society, University of Edinburgh, and question and answer session.

Further discussion and future activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Investigating Adolescent Violence towards Parents, Presentation to Respect Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote Presentation at Respect Conference: 'You Just Don't Get it' - Young People's Violence in Close Relationships. Respect is the national organisation for domestic violence perpetrator work. Keynote presentation to conference of practitioners.

Keynote presentation to conference of practitioners. Requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Investigating Adolescent Violence towards Parents, invited presentation to Thames Valley Partnership 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation to 'Moving Forward: Moves on' , Thames Valley Partnership.

Numerous questions and answers and some requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Investigating Adolescent Violence towards Parents: A Three Year UK Study', invited talk to King County Juvenile Court Department, Seattle, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk given to King County Juvenile Court Department, Seattle, USA. Question and answer session.

After my talk I was invited to speak about the project with a juvenile court judge and a number of other people in the court department.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Investigating Adolescent Violence towards Parents: Interim Findings, invited talk to Youth Justice Board YOT Managers conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation of research findings given to the Youth Justice Board's Youth Offending Team Managers' Conference at the Ministry of Justice, London.

Several one to one discussions with Youth Offending Team Managers and staff at the Youth Justice Board.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Mumsnet guest blog, 23/12/13, 'Domestic violence from your teenager: children can abuse parents too'. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Mumsnet guest-blog, provoked online comments and discussion.

Provoked online comments and discussion and further requests for information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.mumsnet.com/Talk/guest_posts/a1946585-Domestic-violence-from-your-teenager-children-can-a...
 
Description Researching Adolescent to Parent Violence, invited paper, University of Brighton 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Invited presentation given to the School of Applied Social Science, University of Brighton, and question and answer session.

Positive comments from audience members.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Seminar for the senior management team of Thames Valley Police 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A seminar for the senior management team of Thames Valley Police on 'Protecting Vulnerable People' as part of a series of seminars hosted by the Centre for Criminology.

Discussion and reflection on practice.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description The Times, 13/11/2013 'Parents Live in Fear of their Own Children' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article by Rosemary Bennett and Richard Ford reporting the findings of the study in The Times.

further inquiries and requests for information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/life/families/article3920664.ece
 
Description The Guardian, 3/11/2013 'Lack of support for parents who live in fear of their teenagers, study shows' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article by Alexandra Topping in The Guardian about the findings of the study.

Numerous requests for further information and further participation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/nov/03/parents-fear-violent-teenagers-support
 
Description The Independent, 14/11/2013, p.41, 'What's Behind the Alarming Rise of Physical Assaults on Parents by their Offspring' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Newspaper article in The Independent stimulated by and citing the findings of the study.

Numerous contacts from people who had read the article. A very wide reach from a National newspaper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/comment/whats-behind-an-alarming-rise-in-physical-assaults-on-pa...
 
Description The problem of domestic violence policy in criminology and criminal justice policy: Recent developments', invited paper Renmin University of China, Beijing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Invited presentation to the Symposium on Criminology and Criminal Justice, Center for Criminal Justice of Renmin University of China, Beijing, China, and question and answer session.

Requests for further information and numerous discussions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description University of Oxford Press Release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A wide range of coverage of the findings of the study in the media - newspapers, radio, and television.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.ox.ac.uk/news/2013-11-04-teenagers-attacking-parents-new-study-maps-hidden-problem
 
Description i, 14/11/2013 'What has happened to old-fashioned respect?' , p.26, Rosie Millard. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Opinion piece by Rosie Millard in a national newspaper stimulated by the findings of this study.

Contacts and requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013