Criminalisation of Migrant Women

Lead Research Organisation: University of Cambridge
Department Name: Criminology

Abstract

Abstracts are not currently available in GtR for all funded research. This is normally because the abstract was not required at the time of proposal submission, but may be because it included sensitive information such as personal details.
 
Description Please see previous reports.
Exploitation Route It is referred to in subsequent research as fundamental to enquiries about migrants and their detention.
Sectors Education,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL https://www-falcon.csx.cam.ac.uk/site/CRIMMAIN/global/docs/loraine-gelsthorpe/criminalreport29july12.pdf
 
Description Please see previous record of talks to non-academic audiences including third sector and campaigning groups and school children.
First Year Of Impact 2012
Sector Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Other
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description HM Inspectorate Prisons Review of Inspection Protocols
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact Participation in HM Inspectorate of Prisons Review of inspection protocols. Questions added to the protocols on the basis of the criminalisation of migrant women research. Inclusion of appropriate references to trafficking and A greater emphasis on maintaining and re-establishing appropriate child contact for those in custody. Safety and Security sections were also revised on the basis of our findings: • The need for police referrals where there were disclosures of rape or abuse irrespective of NRM procedures • In the context of making women more aware of procedures and immigration matters, the Importance of making women aware of the issuing of IS 91s • In the context of discussion on bullying -the need to be aware of the potential impact of bullying between co-defendants where one is pleading not guilty. • The expectation that a note would be made on the prisoner files once a NRM referral had been made and better sharing of information between healthcare and other staff in relation to indicators. Letter received from Barbara Buchanan, HM Inspectorate of Prisons to acknowledge this.
 
Description Member of Chief Inspector of Probation Advisory Group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact I have helped to steer the Chief Inspector of Probation to particular research and evaluation areas based on my knowledge and research, including questions to ask about migrant women in prison.
 
Description CHRGS (Migration flows across the Mediterranean: migrants, asylum-seekers and criminal networks)
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Department Isaac Newton Trust
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 06/2016
 
Description Small grant
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 12/2017
 
Title Excel spreadsheet 
Description In terms of our interview format, we recorded all the areas we hoped to gather information on using an excel spreadsheet. Our method of gathering data at initial meetings was not to use a list of questions, but to encourage the women to recount their experiences; allowing them to feel in control of the interview and giving them as much time as was feasible.. We could then use the spreadsheet to record information gathered after each interview and to identify gaps that we could ask about at future meetings. The initial goal to use scorings (1-5) in some areas, such as satisfaction with legal representation, was not very productive, particularly as many women did not know what they could expect and others were anxious about appearing to criticise others who might influence their future. The initial goal of tape recording all interviews also presented problems. Some of the prisons would not give consent and it was evident that using a tape recorder had a negative impact on women's willingness to talk. We did use an interview consent form explaining what the research was about, guaranteeing anonymity and stating that the woman could terminate her involvement in the interview at any stage. However the degree of anxiety was so high with some women that they said I am happy to talk to you but I am not signing anything. Our experience in interviewing women is that some needed a couple of meetings before they would disclose anything. However we were seeing women who had recently been arrested and were confused and afraid. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None. 
 
Title Excel spreadsheet 
Description Excel spreadsheet. All data anonymised and held within the University of Cambridge Institute of Criminology qualitative data repository. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact None 
 
Description Collaboration with Professor Kaoru Aoyama 
Organisation Kobe University
Department Graduate School of Intercultural Studies
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributions in kind (professional time); March 2017 hosted a joint workshop on Human Trafficking with presentations from the University of Cambridge and Kobe University with a view to developing a research partnership.
Collaborator Contribution As above - March 2017 hosted a joint workshop on Human Trafficking with presentations from the University of Cambridge and Kobe University with a view to developing a research partnership.
Impact Above March 2017 joint workshop on Human Trafficking (15 presentations) is the only outcome at present.
Start Year 2017
 
Description PROMIS and CAMMIGRES 
Organisation Kobe University
Department Research Centre for Promoting Intercultural Studies
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Kobe University Research Centre for Promoting Intercultural Studies (PROMIS) and CAMMIGRES in Cambridge are developing common interests in generating positive social responses to migration in Japan and in the UK. On the initiative of Professor Kaoru Aoyama, a proposal was submitted to the Anglo-Daiwa Foundation for funds to set up the first stage of collaboration in 2015-16. This stage involves both visits to Cambridge and Kobe University and a seminar event in Kobe University in early 2016. PROMIS' research goals are to build a network of key research centres on cross-border migration in between Asia and Europe. It aims to apply for the funding from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Core-to-Core Programme Advanced Research Networks for five years starting FY 2016. If acquired, this fund will lead to global research connections and engagements with cutting edge academic institutions contributing to future policy making. The Thematic Interests of PROMIS: Colleagues based at PROMIS are currently interested in cross-border female migration into Jaan and are in the process of building an international Asia-Europe network of key research centres. The focus of this research network will be on the nature of female migration and how public policies particularly those related to welfare and the increasing diversification of society can address the issues raised by such migration. The aim of the research would be to develop evidence-based practical strategies to address the global changes caused by such migration, which are now becoming a more significant social issue in many countries. The current chairperson of the international exchange division of PROMIS, Professor Kaoru Aoyama, visited Cambridge in September 2014, to discuss possible collaborative and comparative research. The visit was hosted by Professor Arnot, Professor Gelsthorpe and Dr. Wheeler. This visit indicated that the first step in establishing a collaboration would be to identify a common methodology and a theoretical framework.
Collaborator Contribution As above. Prof Loraine Gelsthorpe visited Japan in September 2015 to further advance this collaboration.
Impact Too early to report.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Amnesty International Annual Public Lecture (Ely Branch) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I delivered the Amnesty International Annual Public Lecture (Ely Branch) on 'The criminalisation of migrant women'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description COPOLIS Research Group and Geispe International Thematic Network Seminar (Barcelona) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact University of Barcelona Policy and Practice Conference, 'Control and Care: migrant women'. COPOLIS Research Group and Geispe International Thematic Network seminar - International Sociological Debates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Cambridge Society for Psychotherapy open seminar - The Criminalisation of Migrant Women 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Open seminar delivered to a varied audience including the general public, for the Cambridge Society for Psychotherapy. The talk was entitled 'The Criminalisation of Migrant Women' and took place on 9 September 2017 to an audience totalling 43 people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Clinical forum at HMP Holloway 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Reported research findings to date.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Gender, Law and Institutions Conference (Cyprus) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Attended an event entitled Gender, Law and Institutions co-organised by UNESCO Chair in Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment and the Department of Law of the University of Cyprus, Policy and Practice, involving academics and professional practitioners, providing a valuable opportunity for opinion-forming and ongoing debate. The event also enabled participants to develop plans for further research activity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Mobility, Crime and Citizenship Seminar for Oxford COMPASS series 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participated in seminar and further discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Presentation and recommendations to Criminal Casework Review Commission 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of research findings and further recommendations to a training session at the Criminal Casework Review Commission.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Presentation to International Conference on Trafficking (BAWSO) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented research findings, leading to requests for further information and positive feedback confirming the presentation had influenced audience opinion in this field.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Presentation to Trafficking Law and Policy Forum (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This event provided an opportunity to report research findings, leading to requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Talk scheduled 30 April 2018 - City, University of London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Scheduled to deliver a talk entitled 'Women as Victim Offenders: Negotiating the Paradox' to an expected audience of 100 at City, University of London. Organised by the Women, Crime and Criminal Justice Network (British Society of Criminology - Women, Crime and Criminal Justice Network: Critical Conversations in Gender and Criminology Series) supported by Department of Sociology, City, University of London and the University of Essex The audience will include both academics and professional practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.city.ac.uk/events/2018/april/critical-conversation-in-gender-and-criminology-series-wome...
 
Description Talk to Amnesty International 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Talk to Amnesty International in February 2017 to 50-100 people, to increase public awareness of issues relating to migration and people smuggling.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk to Association of Charitable Foundations Penal Affairs Network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Delivered a talk to the Association of Charitable Foundations, which led to questions and further discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Talk to Cambridge Migration Research Network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivered a talk to the Cambridge Migration Research Network on the Criminalisation of Migrant Women, to academics and practitioners, followed by Q&As.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Talk to School of Language and Communication Studies (University of East Anglia) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivered a talk on 'The language barrier to victim recognition' at the School of Language and Communication Studies, University of East Anglia to fellow academics and students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Talk to students and prospective students - University of Cambridge Open Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk to approx. 30 students and prospective students as part of the University of Cambridge Open Day. This provided an opportunity to expand upon the courses offered and the life of the Institute of Criminology, including library tours and introductions to key staff.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Victims of Trafficking in Custody Workshop for DAS Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This workshop stimulated interest, informed debate and led to requests for further information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Workshop on Criminalisation of Migrant Women Workers (Cambridge) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop formed part of a Conference on Women, Crime and Criminal Justice Practice at the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge. The audience reported changes in views, opinion and behaviour and demonstrated an interest in further involvement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012