Shame, social exclusion and the effectiveness of anti-poverty programmes: A study in seven countries

Lead Research Organisation: University of Oxford
Department Name: Social Policy and Intervention

Abstract

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Publications

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Gubrium E (2013) Poverty, shame, and the class journey in public imagination in Distinktion: Journal of Social Theory

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Mathew L (2010) Coping with Shame of Poverty Analysis of Farmers in Distress in Psychology and Developing Societies

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Walker R (2014) 'Pobrezza, vergonha e stigma' in Politizando, Boletim do NĂșcleo de Estudos e Pesquisas em PolĂ­tica Social (NEPPOS)

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WALKER R (2013) Poverty in Global Perspective: Is Shame a Common Denominator? in Journal of Social Policy

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Walker R (2012) The 'shame' of being poor

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Walker R (2012) The Indignity of the Welfare Reform Act in Poverty

 
Title Makutano Junction Soap Opera 
Description We have worked with Mediae (an education for Development NGO) to incorporate story lines from the Poverty, Shame and Social Exclusion (ESRC/DFID - funded study) into four episodes of series 13 of the soap opera Makutano Junction, viewed by over six million people in East Africa. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2013 
Impact Up to 15 million TV viewers in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda 
URL http://www.makutanojunction.com/all-episodes
 
Title Media Trust: series of four short films 
Description Together with the Media Trust we have produced a series of four short films on poverty and shame in Uganda, South Korea, Pakistan and the UK. The films were combined into a single film, ' Rich man, poor man' (presented by the broadcaster John Snow) and launched on the Community Channel with accompanying media coverage and have been publicly screened on a number of occasions (and are available to download via the project website). The films juxtapose the voices of people living in poverty with those who are wealthier. Those in poverty have a chance to account for their circumstances and how they are made to feel by others and society; those not in poverty reflect on their own situations and why they believe that other people are living in poverty. The films combined make a powerful case of how the shame and stigma of poverty emerges, how such shame is socially constructed and how people living in poverty are subjected to shaming by others. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact Continuing engagement with the public 
URL http://togetherindignity.wordpress.com/2014/08/06/poverty-and-shame-in-pakistan-video/
 
Title Pegasus Youth Theatre (NGO): A theatre in education project 
Description A theatre in education project: The Heap Working in partnership with the Pegasus Youth Theatre we have been involved in supporting the design and production of a theatre in education programme based on the book 'The Heap' (about children's experiences of poverty and shame). A drama production was launched in March 2013 and toured to schools in the UK and internationally. Findings from the Poverty, Shame and Social Exclusion study were used to work with the young people during the development of the production and included in the curriculum materials produced for schools 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2013 
Impact Educational engagement 
URL http://www.pegasustheatre.org.uk/learning-resources/pegasus-youth-theatre-companies-resource-the-hea...
 
Description ATD Fourth World: Global dialogue on poverty 
Organisation ATD Fourth World
Country France 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Active engagement in conferences, workshops, presentations, meetings with policy makers at the UN and World Bank and with international civil society organisations in report writing and policy dialogues
Collaborator Contribution Partners have provided ideas, strategies, opportunities for discussion and channels for influencing international policy makers
Impact Joint policy activity and research
Start Year 2013
 
Description 2015 Invited Presentation: 'We've never had it so good' - how does the world today compare to 1957? - Panel Discussion, Oxford Martin School, 11 May 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Panel Discussion, Oxford Martin School, 11 May
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.oxfordmartin.ox.ac.uk/videos/view/490
 
Description Beijing, China: Public and media perceptions of poverty, August 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Invited Seminar, Poverty and Shame: A Multi-Country Qualitative Study Comes to NYC, Silver School of Social Work, New York University, 31st March (R. Walker). 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yLLFeJ8ry0I
 
Description Invited University Lecture: Why do we have to make poverty so much worse? University of Oxford: Alumni weekend Lecture, 21st September (R. Walker). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invited lecture: Poverty, shame and policy effectiveness, Workshop on Shame and Development, Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Brighton; 28th October 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited lecture: Poverty, shame and policy effectiveness, Workshop on Shame and Development, Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Brighton; 28th October
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited lecture: Poverty: Who should be ashamed. University of Kent, 6th November 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited lecture: Should Shame Shape Anti-Poverty Policy? Ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid, The Hague 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited lecture: Should Shame Shape Anti-Poverty Policy? Ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid, The Hague
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited lunch: Talking about poverty and shame, Russell Sage Foundation, New York, 2nd April (R. Walker). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited paper: Shame, stigma and the take-up of social assistance: Insights from rural China, CROP Workshop on "Social Inclusion and Poverty Eradication" - Harvard University November 16-18 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited paper: Shame, stigma and the take-up of social assistance: Insights from rural China, CROP Workshop on "Social Inclusion and Poverty Eradication" - Harvard University November 16-18
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited presentation and podcast: Does shame always go hand in hand with poverty? University of Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/does-shame-always-go-hand-hand-poverty-answers-international-comparative-st...
 
Description Invited presentation: Economic and Social Development: The irresistible case for global social security, Social Policy Association meeting, Meeting Emerging Global Policy Challenges, University of Bath, 27th April (R. Walker). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invited presentation: On the Language of Poverty, Labour Party Conference fringe meeting, 'Who cares about poverty in Britain' hosted by the Webb Memorial Trust, 27th September 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited presentation: On the Language of Poverty, Labour Party Conference fringe meeting, 'Who cares about poverty in Britain' hosted by the Webb Memorial Trust, 27th September
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited presentation: Poverty hurts: why preserving dignity and understanding shame matter for the effectiveness of development interventions, UK Department for International Development 30th October and follow-up event on 5th December (E Chase and 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion

Ongoing engagement
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Invited presentation: Poverty, shame and the erosion of solidarity, An interdisciplinary lecture series: Solidarity in Europe: A new future for an old idea?" the Centre for Sociological Research (CeSO), KU Leuven, 25th October 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Invited presentation: Poverty, shame and the erosion of solidarity, An interdisciplinary lecture series: Solidarity in Europe: A new future for an old idea?" the Centre for Sociological Research (CeSO), KU Leuven, 25th October
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.veto.be/artikel/interview-met-armoede-expert-robert-walker
 
Description Invited presentation: Shame in the implementation of social protection: Induction for Work First Fellows, Work First, New York 13th June (Carolina Ohls; substituting for R. Walker) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited presentation: The Role of Poverty, Shame and Stigma in Social Assistance Programs, Oxfam, Oxford: 31st May (E. Chase and R. Walker). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Discussion

Ongoing involvement
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Invited presentation: Who is ashamed of poverty?, Joint meeting of the NGO Committee for Social Development and the Subcommittee for the Eradication of Poverty. 26th March (R. Walker). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited presentations: 'Global perspectives on the experience of poverty' and 'Gender Dimensions of the Poverty-Shame Nexus', World Bank, Washington, DC; 11-12th June (G. Bantebya and R. Walker).. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Talk sparked ongoing discussion

Ongoing engagement with the World Bamk
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Invited seminar presentation: Why do we have to make poverty so much worse? University of Edinburgh, 29th November (R. Walker). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Invited seminar: Is poverty-related shame that important? MDRC, New York, 18th June (R. Walker) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited seminar: Poverty and Shame University of North Carolina, 29th September 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited seminar: Poverty and shame in seven or eight countries, Seminar on Exclusion and Inclusion in Europe, European Studies Center, Harvard University, 28th February (R. Walker). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion

Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited speaker: Understanding Poverty to Improve the Governance of Social Protection, China Society for Public Sector Reform (CSPPR)/UNDP Seminar on Governance System and Capacity of Public Utilities. Beijing, Friendship Hotel, 20th September 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Keynote address: 'Shame lies at the absolutist core of poverty': An important insight or a distraction?. Absolute Poverty in Europe Conference, Salzburg, Austria, 28 August . Centre for Ethics and Poverty Research (CEPR) Salzburg University and the Austrian chapter of Academics Stand Against Poverty 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Keynote address: 'Shame lies at the absolutist core of poverty': An important insight or a distraction?. Absolute Poverty in Europe Conference, Salzburg, Austria, 28 August . Centre for Ethics and Poverty Research (CEPR) Salzburg University and the Austrian chapter of Academics Stand Against Poverty
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Keynote address: The poor consumer: Poverty, debt overload and income inequality The 21st Century Consumer: Vulnerable, Responsible, Transparent? ,International Conference on Consumer Research (ICCR), Wissenschaftszentrum, Bonn, 26th September. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Keynote address: The poor consumer: Poverty, debt overload and income inequality The 21st Century Consumer: Vulnerable, Responsible, Transparent? ,International Conference on Consumer Research (ICCR), Wissenschaftszentrum, Bonn, 26th September.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Keynote presentation: East Asia's contribution to the shame of poverty, 10th East Asian Social Policy Association, International Conference, "Managing Rapid Social Change and Growing Diversity', Beijing Normal University, 11th July (R. Walker). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Keynote presentation: Social Policy and Development: A role for social security? Annual Conference of the Council for Frontiers of Knowledge, Munyonyo, Kampala, 12th November (R. Walker). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Discussion

Engagement with ideas
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2012
 
Description Poverty and shame; Britain in global perspective, Internal seminar, Child Poverty Unit, Department for Education, London, 25th April (E. Chase and R. Walker). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Ongoing discussions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Public interview and presentation: From Shame to Dignity, an Audience with Pr. Robert Walker, All Together in Dignity, Trinity International Development Initiative and School of Social Work & Social Policy, TCD Dublin 16th October. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public interview and presentation: From Shame to Dignity, an Audience with Pr. Robert Walker, All Together in Dignity, Trinity International Development Initiative and School of Social Work & Social Policy, TCD Dublin 16th October.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://europa.eu/eyd2015/en/all-together-dignity/events/audience-robert-walker
 
Description Should emotions shape policy? The case of shame and poverty, International Conference on Contemporary and Historical Approaches to Emotions, University of Wollongong, Sydney, 6th December 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Should emotions shape policy? The case of shame and poverty, International Conference on Contemporary and Historical Approaches to Emotions, University of Wollongong, Sydney, 6th December
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016