China goes global: A comparative study of Chinese hydropower dams in Africa and Asia

Lead Research Organisation: School of Oriental & African Studies
Department Name: Ctr for Development Environment & Policy

Abstract

China's rapid economic growth has created a series of pressures which has forced the country to engage more closely with a number of low and middle income countries. First, China's growth has depleted scarce domestic resources and so part of its 'Going Out Strategy' encourages overseas investment to access natural resources such as energy and minerals. Secondly, as some sectors of the Chinese market become relatively saturated large state-owned enterprises aim to internationalise and acquire new markets. Thirdly, China's rapid technological advances -such as in energy and information technology- have made it possible to expand overseas. These three drivers - resource access, new markets, technological advances - come together in the hydropower sector where China is the pre-eminent global player in major dam projects usually supported by Chinese state finance.

The aim of the proposed project is to provide the first systematic and comparative analysis of the social, economic, environmental and political impacts of Chinese dam projects in low and middle income countries that will inform corporate behaviour in the UK and China and shape emerging national and international policy responses. The project will involve detailed empirical research in Ghana, Nigeria, Cambodia and Malaysia, which represent different facets of China's hydropower in the global South.

This research aims to address four key issues: (a) Coordination of Chinese investment strategies vis-à-vis low and middle income countries; (b) impacts on local social and environmental conditions in recipient countries; (c) effects on local and regional governance; and (d) implications for both UK firms and OECD aid programmes.

To address these key issues we adopt an interdisciplinary, multi-method approach which reflects the international scope of these complex interconnections. We will conduct 4 case studies in Africa and Asia where Chinese hydropower activity is most intense. The selected case study sites are the Kamchay Dam in Cambodia, the Bakun Dam in Malaysia (Borneo), the Bui Dam in Ghana, and the Zamfara Dam in Nigeria.
We will conduct a wide range of in-depths interviews with Chinese firms, financiers, policy-makers, African/Asian policy-makers, Asian/African communities, NGOs, UK firms and international aid organisations and evaluate project documentation, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) strategies and firm strategies.

The expected outcomes will be (a) the first systematic study of Chinese hydropower projects as part of a wider concern with China's growing role in the developing world and its implications for UK firms and OECD donors; (b) a truly inter-disciplinary theoretical and methodological approach which combines human geography, development studies, environmental sciences, and politics; and (c) the generation of new theory in the area of critical development studies and political ecology, particularly around the implications of 'South-South' relations of resource control.

Planned Impact

The project aims to provide the first systematic and comparative analysis of the social, economic, environmental and political impacts of Chinese hydropower dam projects in low and middle income countries. The project will inform corporate behaviour in the UK and China and shape emerging (inter)national policy responses. The project will involve detailed research in Ghana, Nigeria, Cambodia, Malaysia, which represent different facets of China's hydropower in the South. The research will have an impact on:

Civil society working on China's global environmental impact, e.g. International Rivers, Oxfam, WWF. The project will improve civil society's understanding of China's global impact in the dam-building industry, and will enable them to make a stronger case in publications, media work, presentations; training programmes; support affected communities; support the development of appropriate guidelines for Chinese overseas investments with the Chinese government; sustain the policy dialogue with Chinese government officials.

UK businesses such as UK hydropower firms, engineering and consulting firms. The project will help them to better understand China's global role in dam building and how they can position themselves to improve UK competitiveness in relation to Chinese overseas investment. We will seek to disseminate our findings in industry-specific media and trade events, such as the Annual Conference of the British Hydropower Association BHA, the International Hydropower Association's World Congress in Borneo, Malaysia in 2013, where one of our case studies will be located.

Donor community in the UK and internationally. Both the UK and China are key donors of international aid in Africa and Southeast Asia. We will brief UK and EU aid agencies on our research findings, e.g. at the House of Commons and at international forums including the World Water Forum, OECD-Development Cooperation Directive. Our publications will build on discussions about how to address China's global role and identify ways to better coordinate investment and aid so that investments are not undermined in these regions.

Chinese government and Chinese dam-builders, such as Sinohydro. We will produce a policy brief in Chinese to provide to Chinese government agencies. We will offer to brief and meet with bureaucrats and experts to discuss our findings and encourage policy reform discussions. The Chinese government (Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Environmental Protection) is currently in the process of developing voluntary environmental policy guidelines. Our research aims to help to fine-tune and identify any regulatory gaps. We will reach out to the Chinese overseas hydropower industry including to the Chinese International Contractors Association, China Dams Association, International Hydropower Association's China Office and research institutions such as the Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research.

Local governments and communities in Cambodia, Malaysia, Ghana, Nigeria will benefit from the research through being better informed about the opportunities and challenges that Chinese dam-building brings, the impacts and how to develop social and environmental sustainable responses. We will work in cooperation with local government authorities such as the Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Water Resources and local communities who are directly affected by the dam-building. These groups will be involved in the project through interviews, focus group consultations and they will be invited to attend local dissemination workshops alongside dam-building firms, Chinese officials, local communities. This will lead to increased information-sharing, participation of local communities and local officials and an increased transparency of the dam-building process.

Research community working on China as a rising power, development studies, hydropower, political ecology - see statement on 'academic beneficiaries'

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Findings:

The project finds that Chinese dam-builders and financiers open up opportunities for low and middle income countries in Africa and Asia to attract large investments, to build up energy and water management infrastructure which in turn can contribute to national development goals and economic growth. Hydropower dams also contribute to low carbon energy generation and thereby create viable alternatives to fossil fuel energy generation, such as coal, oil and natural gas.

However dam planning and building needs to be done in a more sustainable way that takes into account national development priorities, the needs of local people and the impacts on natural habitats. In remote rural areas, such as in Zamfara state in Nigeria, local people hope that dam-building will have positive impacts on their lives, including access to electricity, irrigation, employment, roads and social services. The reality after a dam has been constructed is however often different. Local communities affected by the Bakun, Bui and Kamchay dams in Malaysia, Ghana and Cambodia report how their livelihoods and access to natural resources have declined, how they are struggling to make a decent living and feed their families. At the Bakun and Bui dams, local people have been displaced and resettled. At the Kamchay dam, some local people affected by the dam do not have electricity access. At the same time, national institutions such as local government authorities, and Chinese dam-builders and financiers are often unaware of the full extent of the local social and environmental impacts of these dams. With regards to environmental impacts, a wide difference in environmental management exists between dams. Some cases have been reported where Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) and mitigation actions to reduce the impacts on wildlife have been conducted to a relatively high standard, for example at the Bui dam in Ghana. At the same time, a separate governing institution to address the management and impact of the dam has been set up. Our research finds that the corporate behavior of Chinese dam-builders is to a large extent influenced by the national legislations, policies and practices set by the national governments in Africa and Asia. Also, international public institutions and industry bodies, such as the World Bank and the International Hydropower Association IHA, can provide international standards for corporate behavior in the hydropower sector. By working together, Chinese dam-builders and financiers, national host governments, and international public institutions and regulatory bodies can help to make the hydropower sector more sustainable.

Case studies:

Bakun dam, Malaysia: Generating capacity: 2,400MW, estimated cost: US$2.6 billion. The financiers are thought to be ExIm Bank, while the developers are the Malaysia-China Hydro JV consortium composed of Malaysian Sime Darby, Sinohydro and others. Sinohydro is the builder. The dam operator is the Malaysian utility company Sarawak Hidro.

Bui dam, Ghana: Generating capacity: 400MW, estimated cost: US$621 million. The financiers are China's ExIm Bank and the Ghana Government, the builder is Sinohydro and the developer is the Ghana Government.

Kamchay dam, Cambodia: Generating capacity: nearly 200MW, estimated cost: US$280 million. The financiers are ExIm Bank, while the builders, developers and contractors are Sinohydro.

Zamfara dam, Nigeria: Generating capacity: 100MW, estimated cost: app. US$160 million. The financiers are ExIm Bank, while the builders, developers and contractors are China Geo-Engineering Corporation. Not built yet.

Socio-economic implications:

Some of the most contentious socio-economic impacts of large dams are displacement and resettlement experienced by the affected local population. For the Bakun dam, about 10,000 indigenous people were forced to resettle. Traditionally, they lived by the river banks and hunted in the surrounding forest, some were semi-nomads. The dam construction forced them off their customary land into new sedentary settlements, far away from the river, surrounded by oil palm plantations and logging activities. For resettled subsistence farmers at the Bui dam the less fertile, small plots of land given as compensation pose a threat to food security and livelihoods. At the Kamchay dam the dam's biggest socio-economic impact is on poor bamboo collectors who produce baskets from the bamboo they used to collect in the forests flooded by the dam's reservoir. Since the dam construction many locals have seen sharp declines in their livelihoods and some took micro-credits from NGOs and financial institutions. Lack of access to natural resources such as forests, land and rivers, and hence a decline in people's traditional livelihoods has led to a monetarisation of their lives, sometimes without providing alternative options such as local employments, training and adequate schooling.

Environmental implications:

Some dams are being built in protected habitats or areas of outstanding natural value, including the Kamchay and Bui dams that were built in Bokor National Park, Cambodia and Bui National Park, Ghana and the Bakun dam that was built in the tropical rainforest of Borneo, Sarawak, East Malaysia. These areas are home to endangered and/or endemic species such as the black hippopotamus (Bui), the Asian elephant (Kamchay) and the orangutan (Bakun). Dam construction, flooding the reservoir area and building access roads destroys the habitat of these species and other animals and plants. Other well documented impacts of large dams are hydrological changes including river flow alterations, changes in water quality, impacts on aquatic life -most importantly fish species, greenhouse gas emissions from decaying organic material in the reservoir etc.

Legal and political considerations:

There are two predominant types of contracts for large dams: BOT (Build, Operate, Transfer) and EPC (Engineering, Procurement and Construction) contracts. While EPC contracts are common for large dams, BOT contracts are often in place where national expertise in dam-building is lacking. This was the case for the Kamchay dam, Cambodia's first large dam. The BOT contract states Sinohydro will operate the dam for 44 years after which the dam will be transferred to Cambodian authorities. Local engineers and authorities need to be trained by dam-builders to take over the management and responsibility for the dam in the long-term. Also, the role of the national host government determines corporate behavior of overseas dam-builders. In countries where social and environmental legislations are in place and strictly followed, such as Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA), dam-builders are more likely to follow best practice. The EIA for the Bui dam was evaluated by experts as being of high quality and conducted by an international consultancy. Contrary, the EIAs for the Kamchay dam and Bakun dam were sketchy and not easily accessible to the public. For the Kamchay dam the full EIA approval was granted several months after the dam was already in operation, which hardly left any choice of alternatives. There are also local political risks. The Zamfara dam in Nigeria was driven forward by the former governor of Zamfara state. After the elections the political powers changed and a new governor has been appointed who has little interest in the dam. This also means China Geo- Engineering Corporation, who were planning to build the dam, faced considerable investment risks and difficult negotiations caused by national and local political instability.
Exploitation Route Policy recommendations relevant for the dam industry, hydropower investors, policy-makers, funders, multi-lateral organisations like the World Bank, researchers and NGOs:

The need for social safeguards:

Hydropower dams can have many positive impacts, such as energy provision, helping to increase energy access, increasing national energy security, contributing to climate change mitigation, flood control, potential for improved irrigation, employment creation, opportunities for technology transfer etc. However this project's research found that large dams often disproportionally affect the rural poor, including indigenous people. Tens of millions of people have been displaced because of large dams world-wide. For those people directly affected by dams, loss of access to natural resources such as fertile land, forests and water puts an additional strain on lives and livelihoods. At the same time, few of the affected people have access to considerable assets, formal employments, education and training. We therefore suggest that dam-builders and national governments need to put in place social safeguards to support the lives and livelihoods of the people directly affected by dams. This could include offering education, training and employment (for example as technicians, dam engineers or administrators) to people affected by dams. In addition, compensation payments should be longer term. Instead of one lump sum, compensation could be paid out as smaller sums over a longer period of time or partly paid as food subsidies. Along these lines, some valuable lessons have been learned in Sarawak, Malaysia for newly-built dams (e.g. Murum) after the challenges with the Bakun dam. Land-for-land compensation is preferable as it helps poor people being self-sufficient and contributes towards their food security. The quality and size of compensated land should be at least equal to people's land before the dam construction. Customary land rights should be recognized. In addition, we recommend that electricity access and competitive electricity prices should be available to people affected by dams. Also, affected people should have the right to participate in decision-making as negotiating partners and downstream-affected people need to be entitled to compensation for their losses.

Protecting the environment:

While large dams are considered a low carbon energy source, it is undisputed that they have major impacts on the natural environment. This project's research found large discrepancies between dams in the way EIAs were conducted, managed, approved and monitored. We suggest that national governments have strict EIA legislations in place, in addition to robust impact mitigation and ecological protection measures for large dams e.g. wildlife rescue operations, afforestation schemes. Funding should be set aside and funding access rules should be clearly identified to enable the implementation of mitigation measures. We recommend that no dam developments take place in national parks, other protected areas or areas that are the habitat of endangered species.

The role of national host governments and local politics:

The sustainability of hydropower projects can be increased by having robust national legislations and policies in place. Our research found that having a national governing body in place for managing the dam and monitoring its impacts can be beneficial, such as at the Bui Power Authority. At the same time, investments in countries with instable political systems bear a huge investment risk, as the Zamfara dam in Northern Nigeria shows.

International standards for sustainable corporate behaviour:

International guidelines, standards, policies and assessment tools to increase the sustainability of the hydropower sector include the World Bank / International Financial Corporation (IFC) standards, the IHA's Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol, the recommendations of the World Commission on Dams and the Equator Principles for financial institutions. The problem is that often dam-builders and financiers do not follow these. We suggest that dam-builders ensure that their projects adhere to these standards to increase the sustainability of corporate behaviour in the hydropower sector.

Alternative energy options:

Yet, there are opportunities: China is not only leading the global large dams sector, it is also a global leader in other low carbon energy technologies, such as wind energy, solar energy and small hydropower. Wind energy, solar energy and small hydro are much more socially acceptable, environmentally-friendly and cost-effective than large dams while at the same time helping to increase energy access for local people, including the rural poor. Investing more in overseas wind, solar and small hydro in Asia, Africa and elsewhere could enable Chinese firms to access new markets, develop first-mover advantages, create employments and raise tax revenues while at the same time supporting national governments to increase modern energy access, reduce energy poverty and contribute to energy security, without causing severe environmental and social impacts.
Sectors Energy,Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/cedep/research/cgg/
 
Description ESRC Narrative Impact Report 1. Impact summary The research has made an impact on the global dams industry, including leading firms like Sinohydro and China Three Georges Corporation; dam financiers and donors, such as the UK's DfID and the FCO, GIZ, ExIm Bank; multi-lateral organisations such as the World Bank, EU and CGIAR; NGOs like International Rivers, NGO Forum Cambodia, Ghana Dams Dialogue, Practical Action, WWF and think tanks like IIED, SEI, ERI, IUCN, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences; policy-makers in China, Cambodia, Ghana, Malaysia and Nigeria; academics and researchers and also local communities affected by dam-building in Cambodia, Ghana, Malaysia and Nigeria. It has been used by a wide range of the mentioned stakeholders through publications, workshops, media outlets, expertise and training, as well as influencing business behaviour, policy and practice and improving quality of life for affected communities. The project had direct policy and practice implications by sharing information and engaging through fieldwork, workshops and outputs with donors and policy-makers from the UK, China, Cambodia, Ghana, Malaysia and Nigeria; dam-building firms such as Sinohydro and China Three Georges Corporation; dam financiers like ExIm Bank; researchers in Asia, Africa, Europe, North America and Australia, as well as local communities affected by the dams in Cambodia, Ghana, Malaysia and Nigeria. The quality of life of affected communities was increased by giving them a voice and enabling them to share their views and concerns in workshops that were attended by policy-makers, dam-builders and civil society. The project also identified coping strategies for the local communities, such as livelihood diversification, organised resistance and options for political and financial support. The project has directly impacted business behaviour by raising awareness about the implications of Chinese-built dams and by encouraging firms like Sinohydro and China Three Georges Corporation to adopt more sustainable dam-building practices. This impact report will discuss a summary of the key findings; outreach, dissemination and engagement; impact achieved, including evidence to support the impact claims. 2. Pathways to impact 2.1 Summary of the research and key findings The ESRC-funded project "China Goes Global: A comparative study of Chinese hydropower dams in Africa and Asia" is the first research project that evaluates the environmental, social, political and economic implications of Chinese dam-builders in Asia and Africa. It uses a comparative case study approach for analysing four dams in Cambodia (Kamchay), Ghana (Bui), Malaysia (Bakun) and Nigeria (Zamfara), as well as conducting research in China and the UK. The research used mixed methods and the team conducted the following fieldwork activities: 163 in-depth interviews with dam builders, energy / construction firms and business associations, national and local policy makers, donors and financiers, NGOs and research organisations, as well as affected communities in Cambodia, China, Malaysia, Ghana, Nigeria, UK; 40 focus group discussions (FGDs) with the affected communities and 149 household surveys. The project team also conducted a review of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) strategies, a review of Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA), policy analysis, stakeholder analysis, literature review as well as quantitative data analysis such as patent analysis and network analysis. The research project worked closely together with NGOs and research organisations, energy / construction firms and business associations, national and local policy makers, donors and financiers, and the communities directly affected by the dams. The ESRC-funded project "China Goes Global: A comparative study of Chinese hydropower dams in Africa and Asia" finds that Chinese dam-builders and financiers can open up opportunities for low and middle income countries in Africa and Asia to attract large investments and to build up energy and water management infrastructure which in turn may contribute to national development goals and help power economic growth. Hydropower dams also contribute to low carbon energy generation and thereby create viable alternatives to fossil fuel energy generation, such as coal, oil and natural gas. However dam planning and building needs to be done in a more sustainable way that takes into account national development priorities, the needs of local people and the impacts on natural habitats. In remote rural areas, such as in Zamfara state in Nigeria, local people hope that dam-building will have positive impacts on their lives, including access to electricity, irrigation, employment, roads and social services. The reality after a dam has been constructed is however often different. Local communities affected by the Bakun, Bui and Kamchay dams in Malaysia, Ghana and Cambodia report how their livelihoods and access to natural resources have declined, how they are struggling to make a decent living and feed their families. At the Bakun and Bui dams, several thousand local people have been displaced and resettled. At Bakun this includes indigenous people whose customary lands and access to natural resources were taken away and thereby their original livelihoods too. At the Kamchay dam, some local people affected by the dam do not have electricity access, despite living next to the dam. At the same time, national institutions such as local government authorities, and Chinese dam-builders and financiers are often unaware of the full extent of the local social and environmental impacts of these dams. With regards to environmental impacts, a wide difference in environmental management exists between dams. Some cases have been reported where Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) and mitigation actions to reduce the impacts on wildlife have been conducted to a relatively high standard, for example at the Bui dam in Ghana. Here, a separate governing institution to address the management and impact of the dam has been set up. This has been very different at the Bakun and Kamchay dams. At the Kamchay dam the full EIA approval came after the dam had already started operating. Our research finds that the corporate behavior of Chinese dam-builders is to a large extent influenced by the national legislations, policies and practices set by the national governments in Africa and Asia. Also, international public institutions and industry bodies, such as the World Bank and the International Hydropower Association IHA, can provide international standards for corporate behavior in the hydropower sector, but the challenge is to make dam-builders adhere to it. By working together, Chinese dam-builders and financiers, national host governments, and international public institutions and regulatory bodies could help to make the hydropower sector more sustainable. 2.2 Outreach, dissemination and engagement 2.2.1 Research Publications There have been a huge amount of outputs, both academic and non-academic. The findings of the research project have been published in one book edited by Siciliano and Urban (Chinese hydropower development in Africa and Asia, published by Routledge in 2017) and the research project also contributed to the publication of 4 volumes of the Routledge Major Works Collection on Low Carbon Development (Urban and Nordensvard, 2016). The findings were published in at least 24 papers in peer-reviewed, international journals such as Energy Policy, Ecological Economics, Water, Sustainable Development, China Quarterly, Development Policy Review etc. Further project outputs were at least 14 book chapters, 2 policy briefs (one in English, one in Chinese), 3 special issues in the journals Energy Policy, Sustainable Development and Environment, Development and Sustainability, as well as more than 30 conference papers. The papers written by the SOAS project team have been cited more than 230 times already (Google Scholar, 07/11/17) despite only having been published in the last couple of years. The journal publications written by SOAS were viewed more than 1,700 times and downloaded more than 900 times from the SOAS website. On ResearchGate, the publications by the PI Dr Frauke Urban that relate to this research project have been read more than 2,000 times. Many more citations, downloads and views will have occurred for the other project papers that were not directly led by SOAS researchers, but by the wider project team. The research was also cited by the CGIAR's Programme on Water, Land, & Ecosystems (WLE) State of Knowledge reports, an influential and very well read report. This is evidenced by the following endorsement: Project manager at CGIAR's Programme on Water, Land, & Ecosystems (WLE) Greater Mekong: "I am writing to endorse the relevance and importance of the 'China goes global' hydropower research being undertaken by SOAS. CGIAR's Programme on Water, Land, & Ecosystems (WLE) Greater Mekong views this topic as the most important development in the region with massive implications to the livelihoods, food security, and regional stability. WLE heavily referenced and drew from the SOAS research on our State of Knowledge reports and we hope this initiative continues into the future. The relevance of this topic is currently center stage for a nascent Burmese government with massive hydropower potential and energy shortages. The timing and scale of hydropower in this region and the importance of addressing information gaps around the topic cannot be overstated." The research project has also made an impact in terms of generating new research findings, filling knowledge gaps and contributing to new knowledge on China as a new shaper of global development, its engagement with Asian and African countries in the hydropower sector and their impacts. The PI and Co-PIs are currently involved in at least 6 other research projects, some of them funded by the ESRC, and they are exploring further funding opportunities. 2.2.3 Dissemination and engagement The project team participated actively in conferences, trade fairs, workshops and seminars. At least 35 presentations were given for international audiences in Asia, Africa, Europe and North America, including some as key note speeches. The project team was also invited by various stakeholders who were influenced by the research, for example invitations for Dr Frauke Urban to present her research at the workshop 'Hydropolitics and Conflict Management in Transboundary River Basins: China and its Neighbors' organised by the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies at the Nanyang Technological University in Singapore in 2016. Prof May Tan-Mullins was invited as keynote speaker to the SENIX conference in Stockholm in 2016, while Dr Frauke Urban was invited to co-organise and speak at the 'Rising Powers and Global Innovation' conference at the University of Manchester in 2016. The project team was actively involved in the 'Rising Powers and Inter-Dependent Futures' Network led by Prof Khalid Nadvi from the University of Manchester. The project team was also asked to organise a panel at the Development Studies Association (DSA) conference in Oxford in 2016. A panel was organised on 'China as a rising power and its environmental impacts'. About 6 high quality presentations were held by scholars from Europe, Asia, Africa and North America, presenting new insights and advancements in knowledge in this field. The project team was also invited to speak at panels organised by the DSA Natural Resources Group. As a direct result of the research project, the project team was invited to participate in interviews and write commentaries and opinion pieces that led to at least 16 media items: - SciDevNet (see http://www.scidev.net/asia-pacific/energy/news/cambodia-dam-s-benefits-exclude-people-in-its-vicinity.html - 19 August 2015) - The Conversation (http://theconversation.com/chinese-investment-why-the-buck-stops-with-african-governments-51531 - 2 December 2015) - New Mandala published by Australia's National University (http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/newmandala/2015/10/15/the-high-price-of-chinese-hydropower/ - 15 October 2015) - Policy Forum (http://www.policyforum.net/how-social-can-chinese-hydropower-dams-be/ - 15 October 2015) - E-IR (http://www.e-ir.info/2014/01/30/china-dams-the-world-the-environmental-and-social-impacts-of-chinese-dams/ - 30 January 2014) - International Innovation Environment Report (http://www.internationalinnovation.com/build/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/p81-83_Frauke_Urban_Intl_Innovation_159_Research_Media1.pdf - 2014). A policy publication in International Innovation Environment Report had 1,249 views and 238 downloads on 07/03/16. No later statistics are available, but it is expected that the views and downloads have significantly increased since then. - Some of the research findings also made the headlines in national newspapers, such as with the Cambodia Daily (https://www.cambodiadaily.com/news/hydro-dam-does-little-for-locals-study-finds-92523/ -16 August 2015, which was shared on four other online media outlets). - SOAS news item: https://www.soas.ac.uk/news/newsitem107145.html - 13 November 2015 - Another SOAS news item: https://www.soas.ac.uk/news/newsitem79783.html - 5 November 2012 In terms of non-academic outreach, a video has been made for the wider public, see https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B81W5lxohR4SRUp1WXRiWHZza0U/view and on Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VBiXuMw7CyM . The project video had been viewed more than 1,700 times on Youtube (see https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VBiXuMw7CyM) by 07/11/17 A website was set up in English: https://www.soas.ac.uk/cedep/research/cgg/ and in Chinese: https://www.soas.ac.uk/cedep/research/cgg/china-goes-global-project.html The project website was visited over 2,400 times by 07/11/17. Another website and video about the project can be found here on the Rising powers Network website: http://www.risingpowers.net/projects/china-goes-global-comparative-study-chinese-hydropower-dams-africa-asia/ The research project was also mentioned in the ESRC impact magazine Society Now in summer 2017 (p.5). New research funding has been awarded as a result of the collaborations based on the project and various new networks have been established in Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, North America and Latin America by the project team members. For example, Dr Frauke Urban and Dr Giuseppina are now working on a new project on 'Green transformations in the global South' funded by the Volkswagen Foundation, the Wellcome Trust and the Svenska Riksbankens Jubileumsfond. The PI Dr Frauke Urban was also awarded visiting fellowships at the University of Heidelberg and the Mercator Institute for Climate Change and the Global Commons in Berlin in Germany, at the University of New South Wales in Australia and at the University of Auckland, New Zealand as part of new networks that formed through the project's research collaboration. The research findings were disseminated through six workshops. Three of these workshops were high-level workshops held in Accra, Ghana; Phnom Penh, Cambodia; and London, UK. The workshops were attended by national and local policy-makers and government officials, such as the UK Ambassador to Cambodia, representatives from the Ministry of Mines and Energy MME (Cambodia), Ministry of Water Resources (Cambodia), Ministry of Energy (Ghana), Environmental Protection Agency (Ghana), Federal Ministry of Water Resources (Nigeria) and district officials from Sungai Asap (Malaysia) other government agencies; hydropower firms such as Chinese SOE Sinohydro and business associations such as the International Hydropower Association IHA; NGOs such as International Rivers; multilateral organisations such as the World Bank and CGIAR; and researchers from Asia, Africa, Europe, North America and Australia, including SOAS University of London, the Open University, University of Nottingham Ningbo in China, the University of Ghana, Cambodia Development Resource Institute CDRI, the Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research, Nottingham University in Malaysia, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Tsinghua University in Beijing; the University of Oxford; University of Cambridge, LSE, King's College London and others. The regional workshops in Accra and Phnom Penh were also attended by representatives of the local communities, which enabled a dialogue between the political and economic elite and the poor who are disproportionally affected by large dam-building. Translators were used to enable translation into local languages and English to make sure every participant had the opportunity to fully understand and be heard. In addition, we held three local dissemination workshops at the resettlement sites in Sungai Asap, Sarawak, Borneo, East Malaysia; the Bui Resettlement Area in Northern Ghana; and at the Kamchay Dam site in Kampot province, Cambodia. This included involving the ethnic minorities of Sungai Asap, Sarawak, Malaysia, more precisely the Penan, Kenyah, Kayan, Lahan and Ukit. In addition, the project team held several bilateral briefing meetings with Chinese stakeholders in Beijing, China. One of the meetings was attended by Chinese dam-builders, most notably Sinohydro and China Three Georges Corporation; other meetings were attended by Chinese government officials from the Ministry of Water Resources MWR, the Chinese Ministry for Commerce MOFCOM as well as dam financier ExIm Bank. These meetings were held in cooperation with the NGO International Rivers that has excellent networks to policy-makers and firms in the water sector. 3. Impact achieved 3.1 Beneficiaries The research project applied a far-stretching dissemination and outreach programme and had very strong involvement with civil society (NGOs, think tanks, research institutions, communities), the private sector (dam-building firms, business associations) and the public sector (national and local policy-makers, donors and multilateral organisations). The project worked closely together with NGO International Rivers, who benefited from the academic research while the ESRC research project benefitted from the networks, knowledge and experience of International Rivers. The project also worked closely together with other NGOs like Practical Action, WWF, NGO Forum Cambodia, Ghana Dams Dialogue and think tanks like CGIAR, IUCN, IIED, SEI, Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and China's Energy Research Institute. Through engaging in research activities, workshops, meetings and discussions, the project had a direct impact on research institutions world-wide including SOAS University of London, the Open University, University of Nottingham Ningbo in China, Tsinghua University in Beijing; the University of Ghana, Cambodia Development Resource Institute CDRI, the Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Nottingham University in Malaysia, the University of Oxford, University of Cambridge, LSE, King's College London, the Australian National University, the University of New South Wales, the University of Auckland, the Mercator Institute for Climate Change and the Global Commons Berlin, the University of Heidelberg and others. The research project had a direct impact on the private sector, most importantly Sinohydro, PowerChina, China Three Georges Corporation, the International Hydropower Association, Sime Darby, China Geo-engineering Corporation. The project directly impacted on government authorities in China, Cambodia, Ghana, Malaysia and Nigeria, including China's Ministry of Commerce MOFCOM, Ministry of Environmental Protection MEP, Ministry of Science and Technology MOST, Ministry of Financial Affairs MFA, Ministry of Water Resources MWR; Ministry of Mines and Energy (Cambodia), Ministry of Water Resources (Cambodia); Ministry of Energy (Ghana), Environmental Protection Agency (Ghana), Federal Ministry of Water Resources (Nigeria) and district authorities in Sungai Asap and Belaga (Malaysia). In addition, the research had an impact on bilateral and multilateral donors and diplomats, such as from the World Bank, the EU, the Chinese embassies in Ghana, Cambodia, Malaysia and Nigeria, the UK embassies in Ghana, Cambodia, Malaysia and Nigeria, the Foreign Commonwealth Office FCO, DfID and GIZ. The following communities were directly impacted by the research: Bat Kbal Damrei, Mortpeam, Ou Touch, Snam Prampir, Tvi Khang Cheung at the Kamchay Dam site in Cambodia; the ethnic minorities Penan, Kenyah, Kayan, Lahanan and Ukit at the resettlement site of the Bakun Dam in Sungai Asap, Sarawak, Malaysia; the resettled communities at the Bui dam site in Ghana, namely Bator Akanyakrom, Bui Village, Dokokyina village and Jama as well as Dokokyina old village who refused to be resettled, and the communities at Duhu, Gotawa, Kaface, Kuturu, Mokosa, Rimni, Tsakauna, Tungar Bazace, Tungar Labbo Buzu in Zamfara State, Nigeria. 3.2 Type of impact achieved The research project and the dissemination and outreach programme helped to build stakeholder capacities, particularly those of the local communities affected by dam-building, as well as helping to empower the local communities by providing them with a platform to speak out, voice their concerns, share information and to build networks. The involvement of local communities in the high-level workshops, as well as in the local community workshops, enabled them to have their voice heard by policy-makers, dam-builders, donors, NGOs and researchers and to understand that their challenges were not isolated incidents, but followed a pattern that occurred in other communities around the world. This enabled a dialogue between members of various communities as well as a dialogue between community members and powerful actors in the hydropower sector. This was particularly important for the communities affected by the Kamchay Dam in Cambodia and the communities affected by the Bakun Dam in Malaysia. Before this research project, these communities were mainly left to their own devices, however this project helped to showcase the impacts the dam had on communities and to present these findings based on scientific neutrality, yet involving key decision-makers from the political and economic spheres. It was also useful for communities to learn that other communities in other parts of the world are experiencing similar problems and how they are overcoming some of the challenges they face post-dam construction. Throughout the fieldwork, the local community members also had the opportunity to voice their opinions, concerns and hopes to the project team and these were raised with local and national policy-makers, dam-builders and NGOs in an attempt to mediate between the two sides and to increase the understanding of the other side's position. This also led to an increase in cultural and societal awareness between the two sides. Evidence for these impacts are provided in the endorsements below: Representative of the Ghanaian Environmental Protection Agency: "Overall, the research has given voice to the voiceless by digging deeper to share the perspectives of local residents." Female community representative at Sungai Asap, Bakun Dam, Sarawak: "First of all, I wish to thank the organisers, SOAS and the Universiti Malaysia Sabah, for inviting us from Sungai Asap to attend this event and inviting the two of us (including myself) to the event in Phnom Penh in September 2015. I am honoured to represent the women of Sungai Asap and feel lucky that our voice is being heard and paid attention to by UMS. Before today, many outsiders have visited us and carried research but the findings of the research have not been shared with us. But your project team revisited us to disseminate findings and to get our own evaluation of the findings . After listening to them we feel that we now understand better the benefits and disadvantages of our experience of being resettled from Ulu Balui to here (Sungai Asap)." The project further contributed to an increased awareness of the business practices of dam-building firms, such as Sinohydro, who suggested that they are aiming to make their practices more sustainable, by taking into account the project recommendations. Sinohydro suggested on several occasions, including at the London workshop and at bilateral meetings in Beijing, that they are looking into ways to increase the sustainability of their business practices to minimise impacts on communities and the environment, for example by taking into account the project's policy recommendations and by learning more about the International Hydropower Association's Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol. This can be seen in the following endorsements: Chinese economic counsellor to Cambodia: "Most of the research suggestions are very useful for us" Representative of Sinohydro in Cambodia: "It is good that you are investigating topics like this. Hopefully you will be able to showcase the good work we are doing in terms of trying to better our practice" The project also contributed to an increased awareness of the policy-makers, government officials and diplomats who were made aware of the circumstances, concerns and hopes of local people affected by the dams and who engaged in an active dialogue. They were appreciative of the research findings and welcomed suggestions for best practice, as evidenced in the following endorsements from the UK Ambassador to Cambodia. Similar responses were received from national and local policy-makers in Cambodia, Ghana, Malaysia and Nigeria, including the Ministry of Mines and Energy MME (Cambodia), Ministry of Water Resources (Cambodia), Ministry of Energy (Ghana), Environmental Protection Agency (Ghana), Federal Ministry of Water Resources (Nigeria) and district officials from Sungai Asap (Malaysia). UK Ambassador to Cambodia: "The construction of dams along the Mekong and elsewhere in Cambodia and the region is a very topical issue with potentially critical impacts on the environment and food security in the affected areas. It is also a highly politicised issue between the countries affected. The policy recommendations from this project, therefore, are a vital contribution to the debate over, for example, future construction or environmental and social mitigation efforts. Just as importantly, this contribution is clearly seen and appreciated as being fully technical and therefore impartial and non-political in nature." As the project ended only last year (in July 2016), the understanding of the impacts will be evolving over time as more information on long-term impact will become available in the future. The medium-term impact so far has been economic and societal impact in the following categories: A. fostering global economic performance, B. increasing the effectiveness of public services and policy and C. enhancing the quality of life. A. The project contributed to fostering global economic performance and the sustainability of this economic performance by helping to change firm behaviour in the hydropower sector. The Chinese dam-builders Sinohydro and China Three Georges Corporation suggested that the project helped them to try to improve their practice and that it helped inform their business behaviour with the ultimate aim to make it more sustainable. Representative of Three Gorges Corporation in Malaysia: "The Chinese government is increasingly concerned about our image. It is good that you are conducting this research so it will help to inform our decision to make our business practices more sustainable." B. The project contributed to increasing the effectiveness of public services and policy as the project outcomes and policy recommendations helped to shape policy-making and government officials' understanding of large dam development in Asia and Africa. Overall, this led to an improved understanding and a dialogue between stakeholders from the public, private and third sector. This is evidenced in the following endorsement: Executive director, International Rivers: "The ESCR project, China Goes Global, shed some much-needed light on hot topic of global governance: the social and environmental impacts of Chinese overseas contractors and investors, exemplified by the role of Chinese dam builders. The project did so by bringing together academics, experts and directly affected groups from many countries in an innovative research process. As an international environmental organization, we particularly appreciated the thorough, in-depth case studies which the project researchers carried out in Africa and Southeast Asia, and the efforts to ground-truth the findings in meetings with local communities, government officials, industry representatives and other stakeholders. The ESCR project has made an important and valuable contribution to the scientific body of evidence on a globally important topic." C. The project contributed to enhancing the quality of life of those affected by large dam developments. The affected communities that participated in the high-level and the local level dissemination workshops in Cambodia, Ghana and Malaysia experienced improved access to information, ability to share information, increased levels of participation and higher levels of empowerment. Particularly for the ethnic minority Penan, who are the poorest and most marginalised of the resettled communities at Bakun, Malaysia, it was useful to hear the experiences of other communities and to learn about coping strategies, such as opportunities for diversified livelihoods, options for accessing financial and political support, and strategies for organised resistance (e.g. reoccupation of lost customary land, court cases etc). It also enabled the ethnic minorities affected by the Bakun Dam to be more united in their shared concerns and challenges. Evidence is presented in the endorsement below: Community representative from the ethnic minority Penan, Sungai Asap, Bakun Dam, Sarawak: " we are very thankful for being invited to attend this event today. Compared to other longhouses at Sungai Asap we (Penan) are the most disadvantaged but before today we did not fully understand the overall problems of all the other residents of Sungai Asap so, after listening to the findings of SOAS and UMS [Universiti Malaysia Sabah], we are starting to understand many issues that are of concern to all of us. So we are grateful to the researchers for this" Overall the project has made an impact with regards to improving business practice in the hydropower dams industry, improving government policy with regards to dealing with dams and their social and environmental impacts and raising awareness for the needs of the local communities with policy-makers and dam-builders to improve the quality of life for these people.
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Endorsement - Chinese embassy, economic counsellor to Cambodia
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Endorsement from Chinese embassy, economic counsellor to Cambodia: ""Most of the project's suggestions are very useful for us".
 
Description Endorsement - Chinese hydropower industry
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Endorsement from Chinese hydropower firm: "The Chinese government is increasingly concerned about our image. It is good that you are conducting this research so it will help to inform our decision"
 
Description Endorsement - EPA official, Accra, Ghana
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Endorsement by official from Environmental Protection Agency EPA, Accra, Ghana: "Overall, the research has given voice to the voiceless by digging deeper to share the perspectives of local residents. The research team has highlighted the dynamics of local politics; how district assemblies, traditional authorities and the ethnic diversities could be properly integrated into the resettlement plan" (EPA official at the Accra dissemination workshop, July 2015).
 
Description Endorsement - French development agency Accra, Ghana
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Endorsement by official from French development agency in Accra, Ghana: "Investigating the role of Chinese dam-builders is very helpful as they are the world's biggest dam builders- The Chinese engagement in Dam construction is making the OECD countries re-engage in dam construction."
 
Description Endorsement - International Rivers' Director
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Endorsement - International Rivers' Director "The ESCR project, China Goes Global, shed some much-needed light on hot topic of global governance: the social and environmental impacts of Chinese overseas contractors and investors, exemplified by the role of Chinese dam builders. The project did so by bringing together academics, experts and directly affected groups from many countries in an innovative research process. As an international environmental organization, we particularly appreciated the thorough, in-depth case studies which the project researchers carried out in Africa and Southeast Asia, and the efforts to ground-truth the findings in meetings with local communities, government officials, industry representatives and other stakeholders. The ESCR project has made an important and valuable contribution to the scientific body of evidence on a globally important topic."
 
Description Endorsement - Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ghana
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Endorsement - official from Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Accra, Ghana "What I know is that the Bui project has helped to improve our relationship with the Chinese because at every point in time when you come in contact with them, they always made mention of the project."
 
Description Endorsement - Penan community resettled due to the Bakun dam
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Endorsement - representative from ethnic Penan community that was displaced and resettled due to the construction for the Bakun dam, Sarawak, Borneo: " we are very thankful for being invited to attend this event today. Compared to other longhouses at Sungei Asap we (Penan) are the most disadvantaged but before today we did not fully understand the overall problems of all the other residents of Sg. Asap so, after listening to the findings of UMS and SOAS, we are starting to understand many issues that are of concern to all of us. So we are grateful to the UMS and SOAS researchers for this"
 
Description Endorsement - local community affected by and resettled for the Bakun dam
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Endorsement - representative from ethnic Kaya community that was displaced and resettled due to the construction for the Bakun dam, Sarawak, Borneo: "First of all, I wish to thank the organisers, the Universiti Malaysia Sabah and SOAS for inviting us from Sungei Asap to attend this event and inviting the two of us (including myself) to the event in Phnom Penh in September 2015. I am honoured to represent the women of Sungei Asap and feel lucky that our voice is being heard and paid attention to by UMS and SOAS. Before today, many outsiders have visited us and carried research but the findings of the research have not been shared with us. But UMS and SOAS revisits us to disseminate findings and to get our own evaluation of the findings . After listening to them we feel that we now understand better the benefits and disadvantages of our experience of being resettled from Ulu Balui to here (Sungei Asap)."
 
Description Endorsement CGIAR's Programme on Water, Land, & Ecosystems (WLE) Greater Mekong
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Project manager at CGIAR's Programme on Water, Land, & Ecosystems (WLE) Greater Mekong: "I endorse the relevance and importance of the 'China goes global' hydropower research being undertaken by SOAS. CGIAR's Programme on Water, Land, & Ecosystems (WLE) Greater Mekong views this topic as the most important development in the region with massive implications to the livelihoods, food security, and regional stability. WLE heavily referenced and drew from the SOAS research on our State of Knowledge reports and we hope this initiative continues into the future. The relevance of this topic is currently center stage for a nascent Burmese government with massive hydropower potential and energy shortages. The timing and scale of hydropower in this region and the importance of addressing information gaps around the topic cannot be overstated. "
 
Description Endorsement UK Ambassador to Cambodia
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact UK Ambassador to Cambodia: "The construction of dams along the Mekong and elsewhere in Cambodia and the region is a very topical issue with potentially critical impacts on the environment and food security in the affected areas. It is also a highly politicised issue between the countries affected. The policy recommendations from this project, therefore, are a vital contribution to the debate over, for example, future construction or environmental and social mitigation efforts. Just as importantly, this contribution is clearly seen and appreciated as being fully technical and therefore impartial and non-political in nature."
 
Description Training of Jiangsu governmental officials
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The PI gave two training sessions for government officials from Jiangsu province in China. The delegation included mayors and vice-mayors of provincial cities, high-level bureaucrats from provincial governments and the highly influential development and reform commission. The training was about sustainable development, industrialisation and low carbon energy. The training was very well received by the delegation. The delegates mentioned that it had changed their views and perceptions and that they were going to embed this new knowledge in their policy and practice. This is particularly the case in relation to the use of renewable energy and more sustainable city planning in Jiangsu, China.
 
Description DfID funding for workshops
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation Government of the UK 
Department Department for International Development (DfID)
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2010 
End 12/2010
 
Description Green Transformations in the global South (GreeTS)
Amount € 790,000 (EUR)
Organisation Volkswagen Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Germany
Start 03/2016 
End 03/2019
 
Description Green transformations workshop
Amount € 10,000 (EUR)
Organisation Fritz Thyssen Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Germany
Start 03/2016 
End 04/2016
 
Description Oxfam funding for workshop / policy briefs
Amount £2,000 (GBP)
Organisation Oxfam GB 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2010 
End 12/2010
 
Title UKDS ReShare 
Description The fieldwork data from this project has been submitted to the UKDS ReShare repository of the UK Data Service (see record 852499). The anonymized data set includes transcripts and notes from interviews and focus group discussions with local communities affected by large dams in Asia and Africa, as well as interviews with institutional stakeholders such as government agencies, private firms and civil society. All data is fully anonymized to protect the identities of the interviewees and only non-confidential information has been shared. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The data base gives full access to other researchers for potential re-use of the data, hence enabling them to analyse the data further without needing to undertake lengthy and costly fieldwork themselves. This provides great potential for the generation of new knowledge and knowledge sharing. 
 
Description Green transformation collaboration 
Organisation University of Münster
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The collaboration with the University of Muenster was established partly through the 'China goes global' project and resulted in a joint successful research bid for a new project on Green Transformations in the Global South, funded by the Volkswagen Foundation, the Wellcome Trust and the Svenska Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Collaborator Contribution The collaboration with the University of Muenster was established partly through the 'China goes global' project and resulted in a joint successful research bid for a new project on Green Transformations in the Global South, funded by the Volkswagen Foundation, the Wellcome Trust and the Svenska Riksbankens Jubileumsfond
Impact New project, new funding worth Euros 790,000
Start Year 2013
 
Description Research collaboration Mercator Institute for Climate Change and Global Commons 
Organisation Mercator Foundation
Country Germany 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Visiting researcher at the Mercator Institute on Climate Change and Global Commons in Berlin, opportunities for research collaboration, joint funding applications and joint paper-writing
Collaborator Contribution Receiving Dr Frauke Urban as visiting researcher at the Mercator Institute on Climate Change and Global Commons in Berlin, opportunities for research collaboration, joint funding applications and joint paper-writing
Impact Outputs will come later, in 2016/17
Start Year 2016
 
Description Technical University Berlin 
Organisation Technical University Berlin
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Visiting researcher at the Technical University Berlin, opportunities for research collaboration, joint funding applications and joint paper-writing
Collaborator Contribution Receiving Dr Frauke Urban as visiting researcher at the Technical University Berlin, opportunities for research collaboration, joint funding applications and joint paper-writing
Impact Outputs still to come in 2016/17
Start Year 2016
 
Description "Wellbeing and Equity within Planetary Boundaries" conference, Iceland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact "Wellbeing and Equity within Planetary Boundaries".
International Society for Ecological Economics (ISEE) conference, Iceland. August 13 - 15 2014

Speech: Large dams, energy production and development: the case of Kamchay dam in Cambodia

Discussion with experts from the academic community about large dams and development
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description African dissemination workshop in Bui, Ghana, 10th July 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact African dissemination workshop, Accra, Ghana, 10 July 2015.

This dissemination workshop was held in Ghana and disseminated the research findings that related to the Bui dam in Ghana and the Zamfara dam in Nigeria. It was a multi-stakeholder meeting that involved national policy makers from Ghana and Nigeria, national and international NGOs, the Chinese Embassy of Ghana, Sinohydro Corporation (the world's largest dam-builders), international experts and academics as well as local communities affected by the dams.
The research findings were shared, feed-back was gathered and a dialogue between the different stakeholders was promoted.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Annual project workshop 'China goes global', London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact 2 day workshop organised by PI, 10 presentations about fieldwork in China, Cambodia, Ghana, Malaysia, Nigeria, other aspects of the research. Sparked many interesting debates and questions.

Fieldwork completed, data analysis started, dissemination strategy and events planned, publications planned
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Association of American Geographers 2016, Ghana team 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 2016 Association of American Geographers' Annual Meeting in San Francisco, USA, 2016

Speech: The emerging livelihood challenges of resettled communities of the Bui Dam Project in Ghana and the role of Chinese dam-builders

Discussion of research findings on Bui dam in Ghana, networking
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Auckland dams presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Frauke Urban gave a presentation at the University of Auckland, New Zealand entitled "China goes global: large hydropower dams in Asia and Africa and the impacts on indigenous people" on 14th April 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description BISA conference 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact British International Studies Association Conference 2016

Presentation by Prof May Tan-Mullins: "The greener evil? Chinese hydropower sector goes international and its global implications"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Bakun dam talk SOAS 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

Finalised fieldwork, wrote paper about topic
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Berlin MCC presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Dr Frauke Urban gave a presentation in Berlin at the Mercator Institute for Climate Change and the Global Commons (MCC) on "China's low carbon transition: the role of technology transfer and cooperation" in May 2016.
The presentation sparked questions, a discussion and opportunities for future collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Cambodia community workshop, Kampot, October 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact China goes global Cambodian community dissemination workshop, Kampot, October 22, 2015

The project team held a one-day event in Kampot, Cambodia to discussion the project findings from the Kamchay dam in Cambodia. This was a meeting with participants from several villages that are affected by the dam and its impacts. The workshop presented the key findings from the project, enabled a dialogue and knowledge-sharing. It enabled the local people to have a platform to freely share their concerns and experiences and to give them a voice.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Cambodia dams overview: London workshop 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation by Kim Sour and Dara Lonn Pich: 2nd October 2014

Cambodian hydropower development and the Kamchay dam
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description China and GVCs in SSA : some key issues 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented at 'China and low income countries : actors, modes of interaction, and analytical innovations', part fo the ESRC workshop series entitled 'Rising powers : China as the new 'shaper' of global development'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://risingpowers.open.ac.uk/documents/ESRC%20RP%20Powerpoint2/GVCs.pdf
 
Description China goes global - seminar presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Conducted fieldwork
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description China goes global Asian dissemination workshop, Phnom Penh, 22nd September 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact China goes global Asian dissemination workshop, Phnom Penh, 22nd September 2015

The project team held a one-day event in Phnom Penh to discussion the project findings from the Kamchay dam in Cambodia and the Bakun dam in Malaysia. This was a multi-stakeholder meeting as the workshop was attended by national and local policy-makers and bureaucrats, members of affected communities (including village chiefs), national and international NGOs, international academics and experts, donors (such as the British ambassador to Cambodia) etc. The workshop presented the key findings from the project, enabled a dialogue and knowledge-sharing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description China goes global final dissemination workshop, 18th November 2015, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact China goes global final dissemination workshop, 18th November 2015, British Academy, London

The final dissemination workshop in London presented the findings from the project, aimed to create a dialogue among different stakeholders, and encouraged a debate about more sustainable hydropower practices. It included dam-builders (such as the world's largest dam-builder Sinohydro, a Chinese state-owned enterprise), business associations, experts, academia, NGOs, multi-lateral institutions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description China goes global, London workshop 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech by Dr Frauke Urban: 'China goes global: a comparative analysis of Chinese hydropower dams in Asia and Africa'

2nd October 2014, London workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description China goes global: A comparative study of Chinese hydropower dams in Africa and Asia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Project introduction

fieldwork afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description China goes global: A comparative study of Chinese hydropower dams in Africa and Asia. First results 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Seminar on the advancement of the research project with a focus on the results of the feasibility studies and of the fieldwork carried out in Ghana

Fieldwork started
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description China's Engagement in the Bui Hydropower Project, Ghana 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Presentation on the main characteristics of the hydropower project in Ghana. Kick-off meeting held in London, 8 - 9 November 2012

fieldwork afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description China's global role in hydropower development 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Overview and Reflections on the role of China in hydropower development in developing countries

fieldwork afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Copenhagen Business School - presentation by Johan Nordensvard and Frauke Urban 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Johan Nordensvard and Dr Frauke Urban gave a presentation entitled " Power and recognition in socio-technical regimes: linking environmental justice to large scale hydro-power dams" at the University of Aalborg / Copenhagen Business School in Copenhagen in August 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description DSA conference 2016 - panel proposed 'The political ecology of China as a rising power' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Development Studies Association conference 2016 - panel proposed 'The political ecology of China as a rising power'

Dr Frauke Urban, Prof May Tan-Mullins, Dr Giuseppina Siciliano
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description DSA conference presentation 2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Dr Giuseppina Siciliano gave a presentation entitled "Climate change mitigation and large Chinese hydropower dams: a political ecology of the Asian drivers' perspective" at the Development Studies Association (DSA) conference on 14th September 2016, 9am.
It sparked questions and discussion and enabled networking with other researchers and practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Dissemination event London - presentation Chinese dam-builders 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech: Overview of the Role of Chinese Dam Builders

Ms Theresa Qiu and Dr Peter Bosshard, International Rivers

18 November 2015, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ESCP Europe, Berlin - Frauke Urban gave presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Frauke Urban gave a presentation about sustainability challenges and opportunities for environmental management, with case studies from global dam building at the business school ESCP Europe in Berlin in June 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description ESRC Rising Powers Network Event, Manchester - presentation about 'China goes global' project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Talk resulted in interesting questions and discussions, networking opportunities with other researchers and the ESRC

After my talk I was invited as guest editor for a special issue on the emerging economies, environmental innovation and development for the journal Sustainable Development
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Ecological Economics Conference, Iceland - China goes global talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

Networking, joint papers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Energy and Development - module 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Dr Frauke Urban has written the new distance-learning module "Energy and Development" for post-graduate students (MSc, PG Diploma, PG Certificate) for CeDEP, SOAS, University of London
Available to students every year from 2014, about 450 written pages and online learning material.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016
 
Description Final dissemination event London - Bakun speech 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech: The Bakun dam and its implications

Prof Fadzilah Majid Cooke, University of Malaysia Sabah

18 November 2015, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Final dissemination event London - Bui dam presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Speech: Dissemination event London - presentation Chinese dam-builders

Prof Paul Yankson, University of Ghana

London, 18th Nov 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Final dissemination event London - Commentaries from experts/academics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Commentaries from experts/academics

Mr Stew Motta, CGIAR;
Prof Giles Mohan, Open University;
Dr Ravi Baghel, University of Heidelberg

18th Nov 2015, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Final dissemination event London - Commentaries from hydropower firms and associations 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Commentaries from hydropower firms and associations:

Hydropower firms and associations:
Mr Cameron Ironside, IHA
Ms Danielle Crisa, Sinohydro

18th Nov 2015, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Final dissemination event London - Kamchay presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech: The Kamchay dam and its implications

Mr Kim Sour, CDRI

18th November 2015, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Final dissemination event London - Sustainable hydropower development: suggestions for a way forward 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech: Sustainable hydropower development: suggestions for a way forward

Dr Frauke Urban, SOAS

18 November, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Final dissemination event London - Zamfara speech 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech: The Zamfara dam - impacts of a project failure

Dr Felix Olorunfemi, NISER

18th November 2015, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Final dissemination event London - summary speech 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech: China goes global - overall project findings and results

Dr Giuseppina Siciliano, SOAS

18 Nov 2015, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Final dissemination workshop, London, Nov 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech: Introduction and project overview: Large dams in Africa/Asia and China's role

Dr. Frauke Urban

Final dissemination workshop, London, 18 November 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Ghana community dissemination workshop, Bui, Ghana, 14 July 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Ghana community dissemination workshop, Bui, Ghana, 14 July 2015.

This dissemination workshop was held at the resettlement site in Bui, close to the Bui dam. Locals from various villages that were affected by the dam and its impacts were participating at the workshop. The research findings were shared, feed-back was gathered and the local communities were given a platform to voice their concerns and experiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Ghana dams overview, London workshop 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech "Ghana dams overview and the role of the Bui dam" by Prof Paul Yankson, 2nd October 2014, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Green Asia Conference, Copenhagen - China dams the world 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Stimulating questions and discussions followed the presentation

Made new contacts, was invited to review papers in this area
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Green Asia Conference, Copenhagen 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech: China dams the world: The governance of the environmental and social impacts of Chinese overseas dams

Green Asia conference, 14 May 2014

Fruitful discussion of research findings, made new contacts with experts working on hydropower and Chinese stakeholders
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description ISS colloquium - Hydropower development and natural resource allocation between competing users and uses: evidence from Asia and Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech: Hydropower development and natural resource allocation between competing users and uses: evidence from Asia and Africa

International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) International Colloquium (4-5 February 2016), The Hague, Netherlands

Discussion of research findings, possibility of making new contacts with experts working on resource access and conflicts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description International Conference of the European Network of Political Ecology (ENTITLE), Stockholm 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech: Chinese hydropower development in Africa and Asia

International Conference of the European Network of Political Ecology (ENTITLE) Stockholm, 2016

Discussion of research findings, possibility of making new contacts with experts working on resource access and conflicts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interview with Vivid Economics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Dr Frauke Urban gave an interview to Vivid Economics on low carbon energy transitions in China and beyond. This interview data will be as the basis for a report for energy businesses, which will be disseminated to the wider public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description KTH, Stockholm - Frauke Urban gave a presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Frauke Urban gave a presentation about the management of sustainable energy systems at KTH in Stockholm, Sweden in February 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Kamchay Hydropower Dam, Cambodia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Presentation on the main characteristics of Kamchay Hydropower Dam in Cambodia

fieldwork afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Kick-off workshop 2012, China's engagement in the Bui hydropower project, Ghana 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Kick-off workshop 8 November 2012, London

Presentation "China's engagement in the Bui hydropower project, Ghana" by Prof. Paul Yankson, Dr. Kwadwo Owusu, Dr. Alex Asiedu
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Kick-off workshop 2012, Zamfara dam, Nigeria 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Kick-off workshop 8 November 2012, London

Presentation "Zamfara dam, Nigeria" by Dr Felix Olorunfemi
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Kick-off workshop 2012: China's global role in hydropower development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Kick-off workshop, 8 November 2012, London

Presentation by Dr Peter Bosshard, International Rivers: China's global role in hydropower development
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Kick-off workshop 2012: Kamchay dam, Camodia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation by Dr. Chem Phalla and Kim Sour

Kick-off workshop, 8 November 2012, London: Kamchay dam, Camodia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Kick-off workshop London 2012, China goes global 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Kick-off workshop London, 8 November 2012

Presentation by Dr Frauke Urban "China goes global and the role of large hydropower dam projects in Asia and Africa"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Kick-off workshop, 2012: The Bakun dam in Sarawak, Malaysia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Kick-off workshop, 8 November 2012, London

Presentation "The Bakun dam in Sarawak, Malaysia" by Dr Adam Novak and Dr. Christopher Napoli
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Low Carbon Energy for Development Network (LCEDN) annual conference, 2016, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Low Carbon Energy for Development Network (LCEDN) annual conference, 2016, London

Presentation by Dr Frauke Urban: "The socio-politics of large hydropower dams in Asia and Africa: implications for the food-energy-water nexus"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Malaysia community dissemination workshops, Sarawak, 10 October 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact China goes global Malaysian community dissemination workshop, Sungei Asap, Bakun, Sarawak, 10 October 2015

The project team held a one-day event at the resettlement sites at Sungei Asap, Arawak, Malaysia to discussion the project findings from the Bakun dam in Malaysia. This was a meeting with participants from several long-houses and several ethnic minorities that are affected by the dam and its impacts. The workshop presented the key findings from the project, enabled a dialogue and knowledge-sharing. It enabled the local people to have a platform to freely share their concerns and experiences and to give them a voice.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Malaysia dams overview, London workshop 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech "Malaysia dam overview and the role of the Bakun dam", 2nd October 2014, London

Presented by Fadzilah Majid Cooke and Gusni Bin Saat
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Manchester University - Giuseppina Siciliano conference talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Giuseppina Siciliano attended the final ESRC Rising Powers conference in June 2017 in Manchester. She gave a presentation about Chinese overseas' dams in Asia and Africa and their impacts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Manchester innovation workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Frauke Urban gave a presentation entitled "China's rise challenges the predominant North-South technology transfer paradigm" at the Rising Powers innovation workshop in Manchester on 7th October 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Media report - Cambodia Daily 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact https://www.cambodiadaily.com/news/hydro-dam-does-little-for-locals-study-finds-92523/

This media report was a follow-up news item following on from an interview and a media report published in SciDevNet about one of the project's recent publications in Energy Policy. The Asian newspaper Cambodia Daily reported about this issue, which had a large impact in Cambodia, with national and local policy-makers and community leaders being aware of the news item and the project's findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.cambodiadaily.com/news/hydro-dam-does-little-for-locals-study-finds-92523/
 
Description Media report - E-IR 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media report about research findings 'China dams the world: the environmental and social impacts'

http://www.e-ir.info/2014/01/30/china-dams-the-world-the-environmental-and-social-impacts-of-chinese-dams/, 30th January 2014
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.e-ir.info/2014/01/30/china-dams-the-world-the-environmental-and-social-impacts-of-chinese...
 
Description Media report - E-International Relations 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media report about research findings, global readership

http://www.e-ir.info/2014/01/30/china-dams-the-world-the-environmental-and-social-impacts-of-chinese-dams/, 30th January 2014
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.e-ir.info/2014/01/30/china-dams-the-world-the-environmental-and-social-impacts-of-chinese...
 
Description Media report - International Innovation Report 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media report for International Innovation Report - wide readership, global scale

Urban, Frauke (2014) 'China goes global.' International Innovation Environment Report, 159 . pp. 83-85.

http://www.internationalinnovation.com/build/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/p81-83_Frauke_Urban_Intl_Innovation_159_Research_Media1.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.internationalinnovation.com/build/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/p81-83_Frauke_Urban_Intl_Inn...
 
Description Media report - International innovation report 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media report - open access, wide readership:
Urban, Frauke (2014) 'China goes global.' International Innovation Environment Report, 159 . pp. 83-85.
http://www.internationalinnovation.com/build/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/p81-83_Frauke_Urban_Intl_Innovation_159_Research_Media1.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.internationalinnovation.com/build/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/p81-83_Frauke_Urban_Intl_Inn...
 
Description Media report - Kamchay dam 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media report about research findings 'Cambodia's dams benefits exclude people in its vicinity'

http://theenergysource.org/225559-cambodia-dams-benefits-exclude-people-in-its-vicinity-scidev-net, 19th August 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://theenergysource.org/225559-cambodia-dams-benefits-exclude-people-in-its-vicinity-scidev-net
 
Description Media report - New Manadala 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media report outlining the project's research findings, global readership.

http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/newmandala/2015/10/15/the-high-price-of-chinese-hydropower/
15 October 2015

The media report was followed by a vivid blogger debate about hydropower, its impacts in Asia and the role of Chinese dam-builders. There were 15 blog posts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/newmandala/2015/10/15/the-high-price-of-chinese-hydropower/
 
Description Media report - Policy Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media report on research findings 'How social can Chinese hydropower dams be', global readership

http://www.policyforum.net/how-social-can-chinese-hydropower-dams-be/
15th October 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.policyforum.net/how-social-can-chinese-hydropower-dams-be/
 
Description Media report - Policy Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media report about research findings 'How social can Chinese hydropower dams be'

http://www.policyforum.net/how-social-can-chinese-hydropower-dams-be/
15th October 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.policyforum.net/how-social-can-chinese-hydropower-dams-be/
 
Description Media report - SciDevNet 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Giuseppina Siciliano, the post-doctoral research fellow of the China goes global project, gave an interview for SciDevNet, following interest in a recently published paper by her, the PI and the Cambodian project sub-team. This resulted in the following media report, which was also later followed up by Cambodia Daily, an Asian newspaper and TheEnergySource.org .

http://www.scidev.net/asia-pacific/energy/news/cambodia-dam-s-benefits-exclude-people-in-its-vicinity.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.scidev.net/asia-pacific/energy/news/cambodia-dam-s-benefits-exclude-people-in-its-vicinit...
 
Description Media report - The Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media report about research findings in relation to China-Africa FOCAC meetings

The Conversation
http://theconversation.com/chinese-investment-why-the-buck-stops-with-african-governments-51531
2nd December 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://theconversation.com/chinese-investment-why-the-buck-stops-with-african-governments-51531
 
Description News items about the 'China goes global' project - including video 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media items created interest in project and its findings

I was invited for writing papers, giving speeches and doing interviews related to the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014
 
Description Nigeria dams overview, London workshop 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech "Nigeria dams overview and the role of the Zamfara dam" by Dr Felix Olorunfemi, 2nd October 2014, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Oxford SEA symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Giuseppina Siciliano gave a presentation entitled "Hydropower development and resource allocation between competing users and uses: evidence from large dams in Cambodia" in April 2016 at the Oxford SEA symposium.
The presentation sparked questions and a fruitful discussion, as well as opportunities for networking.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Pathways to Sustainability in a Changing China Conference, Beijing, 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact "Pathways to Sustainability in a Changing China" Conference, Beijing, 20-21 April 2015

Speech: Large dams in Southeast Asia and Africa: risks and opportunities

Fruitful discussion on hydropower development in Asia and Africa and energy poverty
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description PowerAfrica Conference - May Tan Mullins 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact May Tan-Mullins gave a presentation at the PowerAfrica Conference in Accra, Ghana in June 2017. She talked about Chinese hydropower dam builders in Africa and Asia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description Presentation at a seminar at the Ca' Foscari University of Venice, Italy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at a seminar at the Ca' Foscari University of Venice, the topic was Chinese hydropower development in Asia and Africa
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Private meetings with Chinese dam-builders 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The 'China goes global' project analysed the social, environmental, political and economic impacts of large Chinese overseas dams in Asia and Africa. One target audience for this project is the Chinese hydropower industry, particularly the world's largest dam-builder Sinohydro. The project's academic China lead teamed up with the NGO International Rivers to brief the Chinese hydropower industry, including Sinohydro, about the findings of the project research and to receive their feed-back. This was done in confidential, private 'one-to-one' meetings in Beijing, China.

'Private' meetings with Chinese dam-builders, Beijing, 15 March 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description RGS conference presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Frauke Urban gave a presentation entitled "The socio-politics of large hydropower dams in Asia and Africa: implications for the food-energy-water nexus" on 31/08/16 at the Royal Geographical Society conference in London.
The presentation sparked questions and a fruitful discussion, as well as opportunities for networking.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Roundtable event DSA - China as a rising power and its environmental impacts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Prof May Tan-Mullins and Dr Frauke Urban held a roundtable event on "China as a rising power and its environmental implications" at the DSA conference on 15/09/16, 11am. There were some presentations of excellent research, a fruitful discussion and Q&A session, as well as opportunities for further networking and future joint cooperation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description SEA Studies Symposium Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SEA Studies Symposium 2016 - Panel "Human and Environmental Welfare in Southeast Asia", University of Oxford

Speech: Hydropower development and resource allocation between competing users and uses: Evidence from large dams in Cambodia

Discussion of research findings, possibility of making new contacts with experts in this field of study
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description SENIX conference Stockholm 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SENIC conference - The Role of Social Sciences in a Low-Carbon Energy Mix.

Key note speech: The greener evil? Chinese hydropower sector goes international and its global implication

Dr May Tan-Mullins, June 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description SENIX conference presentation 1 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof May Tan-Mullins gave a keynote speech on China's role as overseas dam-builders in Asia and Africa at the SENIX conference in Stockholm in May 2016. The presentation sparked questions, a fruitful discussion and opportunities for networking and future collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description SENIX conference presentation 2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Johan Nordensvard gave a presentation on Corporate Social Responsibility of Chinese dam-builders at the SENIX conference in Stockholm in May 2016. The presentation sparked questions, a fruitful discussion and opportunities for networking and future collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description SOAS news item 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Dissemination of research findings to wider audience

Media report about research findings 'Chinese hydropower investment in Africa and Asia paves way for economic boom in LMICs but disproportionally affects the 'rural poor' around dam site locations, SOAS study finds'

https://www.soas.ac.uk/news/newsitem107145.html, 13th November 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.soas.ac.uk/news/newsitem107145.html
 
Description Singapore transboundary water workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Dr Frauke Urban participated in the international expert workshop on China as a rising power and its impacts on transboundary water management in Singapore in July 2016. Her presentation was entitled "China's Dam Builders: their role in transboundary river management".
The workshop and the presentation sparked questions and a fruitful discussion, as well as opportunities for networking. Outcomes of the workshop will be a special issue and an edited book, as well as continued research cooperation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description The Bakun Dam, Sarawak, Malaysia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Presentation on the main characteristics of Bakun Dam, Sarawak, Malaysia

fieldwork afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity
 
Description Transboundary water management workshop Singapore 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Transboundary water management workshop, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 2016

Presentation by Dr Frauke Urban: "Chinese dam-builders and transboundary water management"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Twitter - Baroness Valerie Amos 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact https://twitter.com/valerieamos/status/668010983374368769

Baroness Valerie Amos, former UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, former UK Secretary of State for International Development and SOAS Director, tweeted about the project findings to a wide, international audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://twitter.com/valerieamos/status/668010983374368769
 
Description University of Lund - Frauke Urban gave presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Frauke Urban gave a presentation entitled "The opportunities and challenges for global low carbon development and resource-efficient economies" at the University of Lund, Sweden in October 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Venice presentation - Frauke Urban and Giuseppina Siciliano 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Frauke Urban and Giuseppina Siciliano: presentation entitled "Chinese dam-builders and their impacts in Africa and Asia" in march 2018 in Venice at Ca' Foscari University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Video - China goes global 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VBiXuMw7CyM 'China goes global' video posted on Youtube, more than 1,800 views so far
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VBiXuMw7CyM
 
Description XVth World Water Congress, 25-29 May 2015, Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speech: Large hydropower dams: linkages between natural resource access and governance issues

XVth World Water Congress, 25-29 May 2015, Edinburgh

Fruitful discussion on hydropower development and impacts on resource access and governance implications.
Made new contacts with experts working on hydropower
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ZAMFARA DAM, NIGERIA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Presentation of the main characteristics of Zamfara Dam in Nigeria

fieldwork afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity