Institutional Arrangements in Land Deals in Africa: Local Impacts of Global Resource Scarcity

Lead Research Organisation: University of the Western Cape
Department Name: Inst for Poverty Land & Agrarian Studies

Abstract

This proposal is directed to the Resource Scarcity, Growth and Poverty Reduction theme.

Resource scarcity is at the centre of the new geopolitics of growth and development. In global markets, scarcities have been felt in the forms of food price hikes and rising and volatile oil prices. Many investors have responded by acquiring large tracts of land in African countries in order to secure a new base from which to supply growing markets, often changing land uses and displacing existing populations in the process. There is growing evidence that this can threaten existing efforts to alleviate poverty and undermine geopolitical stability, as competition grows over access to and control of natural resources, particularly land and water on which to produce food, fuel, feed and fibre.

This trend is most marked in sub-Saharan Africa, where land rights are often inadequately recognised and protected. These same countries are hungry for investment, seeing it as essential for growth, yet substantial evidence now shows that African governments are not concluding the most advantageous deals possible, leading to costs at both the local and national levels. This situation raises an urgent policy question: how can the new land investments driven by perceptions of rising global resource scarcity be used as opportunities to promote growth and reduce poverty and inequality in developing countries?

This project presumes that the outcomes of such investments are contingent on their terms and the institutional arrangements that structure them. We therefore propose research that investigates the different institutional arrangements and associated business models for such investments, their respective impacts on livelihoods and resource utilisation and, beyond local level impacts, their implications for land use planning and agrarian transformation in three countries in Africa: Ghana, Kenya and Zambia.

The purpose of the research is to determine what forms of investment can best promote growth and reduce poverty and inequality, while also improving the productive utilisation of natural resources for national development. Five sets of questions - elaborated further below - will frame the research:

1. Global drivers and resource scarcity: what narratives of resource scarcity are driving the new land deals and how are these understood by different actors in these deals?
2. Mapping land deals in Africa: Where are land deals happening, what forms do the deals take, who is acquiring the land, and what rights are they acquiring?
3. Historical experiences: Wwhat are the national histories of experiences with large-scale land acquisitions for agriculture, what changes in broad agrarian structures are emerging, and are these new forms of agrarian capitalism or repeats of the past?
4. Institutional arrangements: What are the pre-existing national and local institutional arrangements, what new institutional arrangements are emerging or have been established through new land deals and what forms of accumulation do these promote?
5. Livelihood impacts: What are the livelihood and food security impacts of different kinds of land transactions and institutional arrangements on rural communities, and how are these impacts socially differentiated?

Planned Impact

The ultimate end-users of the research will be rural people affected by, or potentially affected by, large-scale land deals, and these groups (but others as well) who would benefit from more inclusive types of investments. By addressing the local impacts of perceptions of global resource scarcity, the research aims to promote secure tenure to natural resources on which people's livelihoods depend, and equitable and sustainable development partnerships that avoid generating new dynamics of resource scarcity at the local level.

Intermediary end-users of the research will include policymakers in national governments, regional organisations and continental multilateral organisations; national, regional, continental and global civil society organisations and networks; investors and private sector companies, and industry regulatory bodies; and academics in universities and research institutions within the countries studied and beyond.

Our aim is to move the highly polarised debate on land deals in Africa beyond a simplistic win-win vs. lose-lose opposition. We will offer new evidence and analysis, as well as methodological tools and assessment indicators, based on grounded case studies. We will use this material to generate a debate across scales - from the local to the national to the continental and the global - building on our existing networks and policy connections developed by our respective institutions and the work of the Future Agricultures Consortium.

As founding members and associates of the global Land Deal Politics Initiative and as the convenors of the recent International Conference on Global Land Grabbing (IDS, 6-8 April 2011, www.future-agricultures.org), the project partners have an exceptional network among the policy, academic and activist communities worldwide working on this topic. The project will build on team members' existing partnerships and relationships with global development cooperation institutions, through DFID and the FAO.

This is combined with a strong base in African land governance and agricultural development institutions, and a track record of partnerships and collegial relations, including in African Union, NEPAD, CAADP and the Pan African Parliament. We also have relationships with civil society groups (farmers' organisations, land rights lobbies, and development and human rights NGOs) at the national level and regional levels As likely end users of the research findings, their input on the research will be solicited and they will be invited to key project events.

A user reference group will be established at the outset of the research, and will provide advice on policy engagement and uptake. Membership is yet to be finalised, but will include representatives from the above-mentioned groups. The project will build the capacity of researchers to engage policy makers, and create policy opportunities from start to finish. A detailed policy engagement and communications strategy will be developed at the inception workshop, and its implementation will be supported by communications experts in PLAAS, FAC and IDS. Key moments in the project implementation will be used to engage policy makers, fellow researchers, civil society activists and the media.

All project outputs will be designed to enhance the policy influencing capacity of the project. Short and accessible two-page summaries on the research underway in each country will explain the policy issues to be addressed, the research context, and emerging findings and insights from the field. These will be used as materials with which to engage policy audiences, together with written, visual and verbal presentations and inputs to meetings. These will be complemented by longer working papers, articles, presentations and a final book. A web portal for the project will be established on the PLAAS and FAC websites, as part of the land theme, and outputs will be highlighted in regular newsletters, policy briefings and meetings.
 
Description We have investigated three models of agricultural commercialisation - large plantations; commercial farming areas; and outgrower schemes - and in relation to each have identified the impacts on land, labour, livelihoods and local economic linkages.
The research has confirmed the characterisation in the literature of plantations as being relatively disconnected from local economies, providing few forward and backward linkages, but the impacts in terms of quality and quantity of employment creation differs across our cases. The feasibility of combining wage work with own farming was a key determinant of livelihood and food security status.
We find that commercial farming areas - either designated blocks or clusters of medium-scale farms arising from local accumulation - are significant creators of employment and have stronger linkages into local economies through procurement and in some cases processing and output markets, though cumulatively these farms have as big, or greater, impact on land access as plantations. The policy implications are that rural employment can be generated via medium-scale commercial farming, but typically results in semi-proletarianisation accompanied by land loss, as some livelihoods are created via wage work while others are squeezed out of farming and not absorbed into the rural economy.
Our findings on outgrower schemes challenge their characterisation both in the academic and policy literature as presenting a more equitable alternative to large-scale land acquisitions. Where outgrowers are required to consolidate their landholdings into 'blocks' for mechanised production at scale, the outcomes are similar to the plantation: few jobs, growing landlessness, and few linkages into the local economy. However, where outgrowers participate in loose contracting arrangements and cultivate food crops and cash crops for local informal markets alongside contract crops, the outcomes are stronger, especially for women involved with horticulture.

We developed and implemented a range of qualitative research methods, including semi-structured interviews, life histories and mapping economic linkages. The project team designed a quantitative instrument for a household survey across all nine sites in three countries. Junior research team members were included in two of the three countries, to be part of fieldwork, analysis and write-up.

Important new research resources identified;
The project stimulated discussion about a fourth 'model' of agricultural commercialisation, namely in situ commercialisation among smallholders, outside of contract farming. New research questions have been identified which we will address in a next phase of research, through the Agricultural Policy Research in Africa (APRA) programme of the Future Agricultures Consortium.

There were no significant negative results, but a research path of deepening this research agenda in Kenya has been closed off for now due to the mediocre performance of our local team of research collaborators.

APRA (mentioned above) is the most significant next stage of work in this area, along with our work on sugar outgrowing in Southern Africa, and associated outputs and a regional research network that we have built as an offshoot of our project work, and which we expect to continue to exist and facilitate regional research collaborations.

Increased research capability in our three country teams was generated from training specifically in the area of gender analysis and gender-disaggregated data collection and analysis, which was integrated into each project meeting.

Summary information
Publications: the research has produced 68 publications of varying kinds, from journal articles to working papers and blogs.
Further funding: on the basis of this research, we have secured further funding for three new projects, two of which are led by co-PIs in this project, and one other in which co-PIs are participating.
We have embarked on engagement activities with policymakers at local, national, regional and global levels, both to stimulate critical discussion of the central problematic of the research (and to cultivate a policy audience) and to disseminate results and clarify their policy implications. Other audiences include local traditional leaders, rural communities, researchers and activists.
Exploitation Route We will take forward our research findings through dissemination to an academic audience through journal publications - provisionally in Journal of Peasant Studies and Journal of Southern African Studies. Further, we anticipate our research outcomes being achieved through dissemination to international policy audiences at the World Bank conference on land and policy (2016) and at the African Land Policy Conference (2016). Further research impact and uptake is expected as a result of our dissemination events at our study sites and to national policy audiences in our three focal countries.

The output of the LACA project are now used for a course convened by the African Union to train the professionals on the African continent working in land and agricultural sectors in order to equip them for policy making formulation in political economy of land governance in Africa. The course is currently in its second year of existence having been initiated in 2018.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.future-agricultures.org/laca
 
Description Findings from our research have been used in international multilateral fora, including the African Union/UN Economic Commission for Africa/African Development Bank Conference on Land Policy in Africa, where the synthesis outcomes of the conference referenced our work. Further, our literature review (Smalley 2013) has been taken up by the DfID in its business case for Agricultural Policy Research in Africa, and in the Future Agricultures APRA bid, informing the rationale, problematic and design of this next large research intervention. This new five-year Research Programme Consortium funded by UKAID from the UK Government through the Department for International Development (DFID) will run from 2016-2021. The APRA Consortium has the following four interlinked objectives: (1) generating high-quality evidence on pathways to agricultural commercialisation in Africa, using a rigorous mix of methods; (2) undertaking policy research on agricultural commercialisation to fill key evidence gaps and define policy options; (3) ensuring the sharing and uptake of research with a diverse range of stakeholders; and (4) strengthening the capacity of the team, and associated partner institutions, to deliver high-quality research. The research project is carried out in six African countries (Malawi, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Nigeria, Ghana, and Ethiopia) and will explore five key outcomes of commercialisation namely; empowerment of women and girls; income/consumption poverty; inequality; employment rates and conditions; and food and nutrition security. This project has attracted considerable policy attention at the highest continental level and the the International Reference Group is actually headed by the director of the Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture at the African Union, Dr Janet Edeme. The LACA output is currently used to train the next generation of experts in land governance and agricultural commercialisation; an initiative that was established by the African Union in 2018.
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description Agribusiness in Africa and the Right to Food
Amount $140,000 (USD)
Organisation Open Society Foundation, New York 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 11/2015 
End 10/2016
 
Description Documentary on large-scale land acquisitions in Africa
Amount $30,000 (USD)
Organisation Open Society Institute of Southern Africa 
Sector Academic/University
Country South Africa
Start 09/2015 
End 08/2016
 
Description Land: Enhancing Governance for Economic Development
Amount £92,467 (GBP)
Organisation Government of the UK 
Department Department for International Development (DfID)
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2015 
End 11/2019
 
Description 11th CAADP Partnership Platform Meeting Side event on Improving Land Governance for Inclusive and Sustainable Agricultural Transformation. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We presented key insights and conclusions from our prior engagement at the AIGLIA conference (March 2014) to a high-profile audience at the CAADP partnership meeting. Outcomes: influenced AU/UNECA/AfDB partners to consider policy recommendations on implications of different models of agricultural commercialisation and land-based investment for women.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Africa's Land Rush: book launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We launched our research to the general public, with academics, donors and postgraduate students in attendance. Outcomes: a short video posted online and shared via social media, and book promoted and sales promoted.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description African Union Land Policy Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presentation to share preliminary findings on inclusive agricultural business models comparing plantation, outgrower and commercial models
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Agrarian Studies Summer School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We presented several presentations regarding our areas of research to PhD students from across Southern Africa. Outcomes: PhD candidates incorporated elements of our theoretical framing in their research designs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Agrarian Summer School in Harare, Zimbabwe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Brought together academia, activists, development partners and policy makers to discuss specific themes on agriculture in the global South
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Agricultural Investment, Gender and Land in Africa' conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We organised and co-hosted a major multi-stakeholder conference with FAO and AU/UNECA/AfDB Land Policy Initiative and presented our intiial research findings. Outcomes: conference report, positive responses in online survey and interest in our research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Agricultural Policy Research Networks in Africa meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We shared our research with relevant networks. Outcomes: networks with related research institutions and integration of our research framing in their projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Book launch: Africa's Land Rush at ICAS Critical Agrarian Studies Conference, ISS, The Hague 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The research findings were shared with the participants at this high-profile conference, with the purpose of promoting more critical research into this topic. The project's distinction between models of agricultural commercialisation were emphasised.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.iss.nl/research/research_programmes/political_economy_of_resources_environment_and_popula...
 
Description Book launch: Africa's Land Rush at STEPS Resource Politics Conference, IDS, Sussex 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The research findings were shared with the participants at this high-profile conference, with the purpose of promoting more critical research into this topic. The project's distinction between models of agricultural commercialisation were emphasised.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://resourcepolitics2015.com/
 
Description Changing Countrysides in Southern Africa: Land and Agricultural Commercialisation and Rural Employment 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We presented research findings to an audience of policy makers, development agencies, donors, academics and activists. Outcomes: research disseminated and critical perspectives discussed among new networks in the Southern Africa region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Commercialisation of Land and 'Land Grabbing' in Southern Africa project workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We shared the framing of our research and discussed relevance to other countries with partners and policymakers. Outcomes: partners discussed these models in their countries and encouraged to pursue related research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Conference on Cooperation, Self-government, Self-organization and Food Security: Past and the Present 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We presented our research and implications for understanding geopolitical interests and regional impacts of BRICS countries. Outcomes: agreement to establish closer ties between researchers in BRICS countries and to convene an international conference on comparative models of agricultural commericalisation, in Russia in 2017 on the centenary of the Russian revolution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Conference on Property Rights from Below: Rethinking Property Rights over Land. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We presented findings from our research and suggested our research framing for a multi-country book output on property rights. Outcomes: ideas and findings from our research incorporated into elements of the final book output.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Democracy, Land and Liberation in Africa Today: Bridging Past and Present Scholarship.' A colloquium in honour of Lionel Cliffe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We presented our research and made contact with scholars across Southern Africa and engaged in discussion with senior older scholars regarding patterns of agrarian change. Outcomes: commitment to a special issue of ROAPE and expanded academic networks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Department of Agriculture at Kenya Methodist University in Meru, Kenya 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of Reseach followed by Q&A
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Dissemination seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Validated and discussed and clarified findings, documented changes since the empirical study, and built stronger recommendations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description FAO Multistakeholder workshop on Agriculture investment gender and land in Ghana 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Aimed at collating evidence from researchers, business community and policy makers on gender and land based agriculture investment and its gendered impacts to inform policy and programmes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Food Sovereignty: A Critical Dialogue 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We participated in the event and contributed critical insights from our research to the debate on the concept of 'food sovereignty' in the context of global commodity chains, as evidenced in our research. Outcomes: interested responses and research networks consolidated, but no concrete impact observed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Future Agricultures Conference on the Political Economy of Agricultural Policy in Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We presented our research to a high-profile audience of policy makers, donors and scholars. Outcomes: positive responses and agreement on the importance of comparative studies across models of agricultural commercialisation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Green School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We presented the methodology and findings from our review of 'narratives of scarcity' to mostly early to mid-career women academics in the social sciences, and introduced key concepts and theories to them. Outcomes: improved theoretical and empirical knowledge among women academics in South Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Inaugural Conference of the Young African Researchers in Agriculture network 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact It was a conference that brought together young and early career African researchers in Agriculture related research to network, share ideas and collaborate with network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.yara.org.za
 
Description International Conference on Rural Transformations and Food Systems: The BRICS and agrarian change in the global South 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We convened a conference and presented our findings to a broad audience of scholars, activists and donors. Outcomes: a rich body of research shared and documented, strong social media presence and confirmation of future research funding from one donor.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description International Seminar on Agrarian Transformation, Land and Development in the BRICS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We presented our research as part of constituting an international network of researchers. Outcome: consolidation of our network entitled 'BRICS Initiative in Critical Agrarian Studies'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description International summer school, University of Oslo 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Shared findings with participants in the International Development Studies course. Broadened the knowledge on differences in processes and impacts among participants who came from 15 countries. Useful discussions of different country experiences
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Land Divided Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We presented the framing of our research and initial findings, and encouraged others to pursue research in this area. Outcomes: participants made contacts and shared information and established relationships for future possible collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Land and Agricultural Commercialisation in Africa (LACA) project meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Our research team shared interim findings and we conducted a field trip to clarify our methodology for our final phase of research. Outcomes: gender methodology training achieved and agreement on qualitative methodology for life histories and economic linkages mapping.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Large-Scale Land Acquisitions (LSLAs) and Accountability in Africa workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We participated in this Africa-wide event of projects supported by the IDRC and shared our perspectives from research on land governance and its implications for agricultural commercialisation. Outcomes: a consolidated report on insights from 6 research initiatives, and strengthening of capacity in civil society for implementation of the VGGT.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Launch of Young African Researchers in Agriculture Network (YARA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Young African Researchers in Agriculture Network (YARA) was officially launched by Dr Joan C. Kagwanja, Chief of Land Policy Initiative during the Inaugural Land Policy in Africa Conference on 13, November 2014 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The Young African Researchers in Agriculture Network primarily brings together young and early career African researchers in agriculture in order to cultivate the culture of supporting one another, sharing information, networking and collaborating for research projects, all of which contribute towards enhancing research capacity in agriculture on the African continent.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Making Agricultural Investment Work for Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We presented our research framing and initial outcomes to parliamentarians at the Pan African Parliament, and persuaded them to ask questions in their deliberations concerning models of agricultural investment. Outcomes: PAP committed to partnership to advocate for improved agricultural investment governance in member states.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Making Agricultural Investment Work for Africa: A Parliamentarians' Response to the Land Rush 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We contributed our research to deliberations of the Pan African Parliament concerning models of agricultural development, and participated in a strategy session regarding next steps towards framework legislation on land governance. Outcomes: agreement on a further 3 year partnership with the Pan African Parliament to strengthen governance and oversight capacity among parliamentarians.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Managing Land Investments for Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction in Zambia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We presented our research and introduced global and regional land governance frameworks to government, private sector and civil society partners in Zambia. Outcomes: agreement on integration of these into ongoing land policy development in this country.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Meetings with County Secretaries of Agriculture and Trade in Meru, Kenya 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion of research, ramifications, long-term scenarios, water management planning and related issues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Meetng with County Government-Coffee expert in Meru, Kenya 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion of research, ramifications, potential for coffee sector revival, private vs county govdernment marketing options.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Meetng with County Government-Governor in Meru, Kenya 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Briefing and follow-up meeting with executive secretariate
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Multi-Stakeholder Conference on Agricultural Investment, Gender and Land in Africa: Towards inclusive, equitable and socially responsible investment. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presentation to share preliminary findings on the impacts of Blue Skies outgrower model in Ghana
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Multi-Stakeholder Conference on Agricultural Investment, Gender and Land in Africa: Towards inclusive, equitable and socially responsible investment. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper presentation to share preliminary findings on the impacts of outgrower model in sugar scheme on gender in Zambia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Outgrowers and Livelihoods: The case of Magobbo Smallholder Block Farming in Mazabuka District in Zambia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Journal article accepted for publication in the Journal of Southern African Studies (JSAS)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Pan African Land Hearings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Communities affected by models of agricultural commercialisation presented their experiences to members of parliament and other eminent persons. Outcomes: declaration by parliamentarians and others, widely disseminated.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Political Economy of Land & Agrarian Reform in Southern Africa post-graduate diploma course 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The research design, methodology and interim findings from our research were presented to postgraduate students from across the Southern Africa region, who are mostly mid-career professionals in government, civil society and the media. Outcomes: strengthened capacity for critical engagement on trade-offs in agricultural development policies and programmes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation to KOICA staff - Accra 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation helped KOICA in understanding the history of agricultural commercialisation and associated livelihood changes.
Informed the refinement of their interventions. We shall provide consultancy advice on how to use a six million grant by the Korean government for rural development in Ghana
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation to Policy Makers and Media at LaPalm Beach Hotel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Provided the media with information for the general public on recent agricultural investments.
Informed high level policy makers on nuanced impacts of these investments and provided inputs into new policy paths
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description School of Social Sciences colloquium , University of Ghana 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of preliminary findings from quantitative survey. Discussions informed our interpretation of data and write-up
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Seminar on Social Impacts of Private Agricultural Investments in Zambia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The seminar sought to disseminate study results of research projects investigating impacts of large-scale private agricultural investments in Zambia to inform different audiences on the different impacts and recommend best practices. Research reports transmitted to government through Ministry of Agriculture.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Seminar, College of Humanities and Development Studies, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We shared information about how we built our research programme with postgraduate students and others at CoHD, and discussed challenges faced by young women researchers. Outcomes: improved networks and confidence among women postgrads pursuing studies in this area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The 4th International Conference of BICAS 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Conference explored the importance and usefulness of the concept of Agro-extractivism in understanding the dynamics of agrarian change and development trajectories in BRICS countries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description The Political Economy of Agricultural Policy in Africa (PEAPA) conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We shared our research among other research networks and engaged in comparative discussion with colleagues from China, India and Brazil. Outcomes: path-breaking discussion about roles of BRICS countries in promoting different models of agricultural commercialisation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The new politics of scarcity - Panel A2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The purpose was to present the data and analysis contained in our paper on 'Narratives of Scarcity' to an international audience of practitioners and scholars, and to solicit interest and uptake in the findings of our country studies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Workshop of the Southern Africa Sugar Research Network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A peer review workshop to receive feedback on the draft journal article on livelihood impacts of an outgrower sugar scheme in Zambia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description World Bank Land and Poverty Conference 2016: Scaling up Responsible Land Governance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Now in its 17th year, the annual World Bank conference on land and poverty brings together key stakeholders from governments, civil society, academia, the development community, and the private sector to discuss land policy design and implementation, impact evaluation and progress monitoring, and the latest research on these issues. The 2016 conference paid special attention to working at scale, mainstreaming innovations, and sustaining investments in land governance. Conference participants discussed what can be done to guarantee inclusiveness, sustainability, and reliability, build capacity, and ensure that better land information and more tenure security contribute to wider societal objectives and progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.worldbank.org/en/events/2015/07/20/land-and-poverty-conference-2016-scaling-up-responsibl...
 
Description e-discussion on Youth and Land Policy in Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We established an e-discussion among young scholars and practitioners working on agriculture and land policy in Africa, ahead of the inaugural Conference on Land Policy in Africa. Outcomes: young people across the continent participated in a critical debate, drawing on their experiences, concerning trade-offs in agricultural investment priorities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014