Mapping Urban Energy Landscapes (MUEL) in the Global South

Lead Research Organisation: University College London
Department Name: Development Planning Unit

Abstract

This research project is concerned with humanity's potential to achieve low carbon, socially just cities. It focuses on rapidly urbanising areas in the global south, where climate change vulnerabilities and access to energy are pressing issues. The contention in this proposal is that achieving low carbon, socially just cities will require a spatial, socio-economic and political transformation. This transformation will depend on our ability to find low carbon development pathways for urban energy systems. Changes in energy systems and urbanisation processes are mutually dependent. Thus, devising sustainable development pathways towards low carbon and socially just cities will require new methods to analyse the shared history and geography of energy systems and cities.

Sociotechnical perspectives focus on the heterogeneous nature of energy systems, including both social components (such as energy use norms and behaviour, economic activities, and government regulations) and technical components (such as generation technologies, distribution networks and home appliances). These perspectives have already advanced our understanding of sustainable development pathways identifying structural factors which prevent the rapid transition towards sustainable energy systems and devising institutional processes to catalyse transitions. These theories, however, have not fully engaged with the spatial, historical and political aspects of those transitions. Moreover, few of these studies have linked the operation of energy systems with their impacts on the everyday life of people in cities in the global South. In this project, I join sociotechnical theories of energy and theories which look at the distribution and histories of energy and everyday life in cities in a new concept called Urban Energy Landscapes (UELs). UELs also draw attention to the equity issues raised by the production, transmission and consumption of energy in cities in the global South, in particular, to the unequal distribution of access to energy services and environmental burdens within those UELs. The contention of this project is that focusing on UELs will help to identify barriers and opportunities for sustainable development pathways towards low carbon, socially just cities.

The proposal has a strong methodological component because it is concerned with the lack of methodologies to understand UELs. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) handle large amounts of data in databases where location is explicitly included as part of the data. They enable the identification of urban land use features and spatial changes. However, they can also hide important information regarding the complex interactions of social and technical elements in UELs and the political aspects of urban and energy development. This project will develop a new methodology which will combine critical applications of GIS and qualitative research methods. The methodology will be tested in four cities: Maputo (Mozambique), Lima (Peru), Bangalore (India), and Nanchang (China). A comparative analysis of the cases will help identifying barriers and opportunities for achieving low carbon cities. The project will build on collaborations with and mentorship from world-leading experts in energy and cities. Yet, with this project, I will develop a new conceptual framework and methodology connecting previously separated strands of research.

The research will contribute evidence for policy-making on energy and development and practical tools for urban development planning that will be disseminated through partnerships with international organisations, charities and businesses working to increase energy access and improving the sustainability of energy in cities. Overall, the project will seek to make a difference in understanding how energy is produced, transmitted and consumed in cities in the global south, by identifying opportunities for a low carbon, socially-just future.

Planned Impact

In addition to the academic beneficiaries MUEL will benefit a range of organizations and social groups with interests on energy, sustainable development, urban planning and climate change.
First, MUEL will benefit an heterogeneous range of organizations working in energy policy in international development, including international development organizations (e.g UN-Habitat, the World Bank and UNIDO); organizations for bilateral cooperation (e.g UK's DfID; Germany's GTZ); charitable organizations (e.g Oxfam, Practical Action); think-tanks supporting international development work on energy (e.g ODI; IEED; IIASA); and networks and partnerships which support the implementation of development interventions in energy (such as the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership or the Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development, the Global Village Energy Partnership). MUEL will generate new evidence for policies and strategies to enable universal energy access in cities in the global south, attending at new constraints emerging in the context of climate change. MUEL will foster a better understanding of energy access and energy poverty in an urban context, to complement an existing body of work on energy access in rural areas. Moreover, MUEL will demonstrate the importance of whole systems approaches to urban energy to address urban sustainability and urban poverty, and this will challenge narrow approaches focusing exclusively in energy efficiency that currently dominate the development discourses of energy and cities.
Second, MUEL will benefit actors leading or influencing urban development planning interventions in cities in the global south including local governments and urban development agencies, a range of private actors assisting this process (planners, urban specialists and consultancies) and civil society and activists which contest or enable the planning process. MUEL will also benefit actors who operate trans-nationally, transferring knowledge across different contexts. These include, for example, international consultancies (e.g. Atkins, Buro Happold, ARUP), city networks (e.g. ICLEI, C40), and grassroot networks with strong interests on urban planning (e.g. Slum/Shack Dwellers International). MUEL will provide practical guidance and empirical evidence to improve existing planning tools and re-think the supply and consumption of energy in cities. Citizens and activists will also use this evidence to contest existing urban energy plans, particularly if they are shown to be unsustainable or unjust. In both cases, MUEL's evidence will contribute to improve the provision of energy services in cities in the global south.
Third, MUEL will benefit a growing community of activists, based online, who work to enable universal access to geographical information and seek to make a different to communities through the use of spatial analysis tools (e.g. Humanitarian Street Map). MUEL will develop new visualizations of energy in cities and develop additional applications of OpenStretMap in energy and cities.
Fourth, the research will benefit citizens and communities in each case study. Spatial analysis followed up by discussions with institutional representatives in each city will expose barriers and opportunities to improve the sustainability of current energy systems and increase energy access. Moreover, the analysis will reveal multiple perspectives on energy, fostering dialogues about the future of energy in each city. Citizens volunteering geographical information will be empowered to highlight and communicate their priorities for urban planning.
MUEL will benefit a larger group of citizens and communities with new evidence on the environmental sustainability of energy in cities. Overall, MUEL will develop new knowledge about energy and cities that, in the long term, will enable socially and environmentally just urban planning interventions in the global south.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Results Summary
MUEL's question was "What are feasible urban development pathways towards low carbon, climate resilient energy systems?" The project demonstrates the importance of defining such pathways in relation to specific contexts of urban development. The project has paid attention to the heterogeneity of systems of energy provision and use in different cities. The project has also delivered evidence of the importance of understandings citizens' experiences of energy access. The overall message emerging from this project is that the provision of energy systems has to meet citizens' needs as they define them.
In relation to Objective 1 (To develop conceptual and methodological innovation to understand urban energy landscapes) the research has developed the theoretical base to define urban energy landscapes as 'connective tissue', making it possible to study the integration of energy services in everyday life. The project has delivered a unique perspective on urban energy landscapes grounded on theories at the vanguard of current thinking on infrastructure. Using a Neo-materialist ontology, urban energy landscapes may be studied as an arrangement of energy-related artefacts that enable resource circulation and support energy-related practices. Those artefacts enable an in-depth analysis of the histories urban energy landscapes and their spatial variations. In addition, the project has delivered a suite of theoretical tools to understand the political dynamics that shape urban energy landscapes, including the constitution of innovation territories, energy sovereignty, contradictions in carbon governance, and the conceptual limitations of urban metabolism approaches. The spatial aspects of energy landscapes are explored in an special issue Energy Research and Social Science, and in the Routledge Companion to Energy Geographies. A book-length monograph with Cambridge University Press summarizes the theory behind the constitution of urban energy landscapes.
In relation to Objective 2 (To generate new empirical knowledge about urban energy landscapes in the Global South) the project has delivered in-depth empirical data for the analysis of urban energy landscapes in four case studies. Each case study is characterized by a different urban development challenge: Hong Kong represents the challenges of the constitution of compact cities in high rise buildings. Bengaluru is a city whose energy demand is configured in relation to sprawling patterns. Maputo presents characteristics of a generalized lack of services and suppressed demands for energy. Conception is a city where national-level ideologies are reflected in urban development patterns. Together they showcase the heterogeneous conditions that shape processes of energy provision and use.
In relation to Objective 3 (To analyse low carbon pathways in urban energy landscapes), the project has examined critically the notion of pathway and established the critical relationship between the spatial patterns in the energy systems and the possible openings for low carbon innovation. Further, the theoretical thinking of the project has informed a wider analysis of urban sustainability governance. Within the project, we have generated a framework to study urban transitions in urban areas. In terms of outputs, I have authored a full length monograph (Cambridge University Press), co-edited two monographs (with Routledge) and co-edited a special issue on the geography of energy for the journal Energy Research and Social Sciences. I have published 18 peer-reviewed journal articles. I have published several book chapters and a range of engagement materials, including web articles and policy reports. I have organized three events to publicize the result among key impact actors. The first was a residential workshop for 25 academics to build a network to study spatial perspectives in energy studies. The second one was a residential training course for advanced post-graduate students (selected competitively) about the contradictions of urban infrastructure. The third one was a research building meeting to constitute a ten-member working group on urbanization, energy access, and international development that produced a position paper for Nature Energy. The research has attracted follow on funding and several keynote speech invitations.
Exploitation Route The research outputs are reaching a wide academic community in urban planning, environmental studies, and human geography. Some outputs have been widely disseminated and some initial citations show the growing interest within different research groups in the short period of time (two years) since the publication of the first outputs of the project. Theoretical contributions have had impact among transitions scholars, supporting an increased interest on the spatial aspects of sustainability transitions, defining urban as a factor shaping transitions, and the increasing interest in transition politics. For scholars of environmental governance, the research points towards how everyday experiences of energy landscapes limit governing attempts. The main contribution of the project, the conceptualization of urban energy landscapes is slowly garnering attention. The framework to study urban sustainability transitions has already been adopted by other researchers beyond the project team.
MUEL has contributed to existing approaches to sustainable urbanism, its relationship with policy, and the role of local institutions in facilitating change. In each city I have developed networks to ensure the uptake of information beyond the lifetime of the project. The datasets for each city are very specific and only highly trained people can use them, so it is difficult to see how anybody would use them beyond the lifetime of the project. Yet, some of the findings from the case study have raised research interests in the cities studied and changes are visible. I am currently developing additional research projects in Hong Kong, Bengaluru, and Maputo in close partnership with local organizations. I have influenced thinking on energy access in my work with Practical Action and about just sustainabilities in my work with UN-Habitat. The work continues.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL https://www.bartlett.ucl.ac.uk/dpu/mapping-urban-energy-landscapes
 
Description This project has contributed to the development of creative ideas about how to bring about a low carbon transition in cities while considering energy access for all. In the proposal (Pathways to Impact) I proposed three impact objectives. The first impact objective was to develop practical lessons for international development. Such lessons have emerged in two areas: energy access policies and sustainable urbanisation. Energy access policies: During the project lifetime I undertook several activities to ensure that the findings of the project would influence key decision-makers. First, I collaborated with Practical Action, one of the leading NGOs in energy access, to develop key policy recommendations from the project. These recommendations were synthetized in a Policy Brief (http://policy.practicalaction.org/component/dspac e/item/energy-access-and-urban-poverty ) that now informs DFID's flagship report on energy access, the Poor People's Energy Outlook. Through my collaboration with Practical Action I have provided in-depth feedback to two editions of the Sustainable Energy for All Global Tracking Framework (http://trackingenergy4all.worldbank.org/ ), in 2015 and 2016. Following this, I formed a working group on urbanization and energy access, which includes UNEP's Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development. The project had several insights to understand wider policies on energy access which are of direct relevance for ODA-delivering organizations in the UK context. Thus, I focused on bringing the findings directly through a five-month placement that took place from May to September 2015 (co-financed by an EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant). During this placement I used my work on the project answer a question of relevance to DFID. I produced an evidence brief whose key results were summarized in a journal paper (http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14693 062.2016.1264357 ). During this time I did several presentations for DFID staff, building a stronger understanding of institutional dynamics within the UK ODA context. Keynote talks in high-level policy forums (such as a side event in Habitat III, organized by the government of Ecuador, or a conference on sustainable energy in Indian cities, organized in Pune by the EU delegation in India) highlight the policy relevance of my findings in this area. Sustainable urbanization: The second impact area is sustainable urbanization. The strongest impact has happened through my contribution as a lead chapter author of the 2016 World Cities Report (http://wcr.unhabitat.org/ ). This high-profile report, bringing the views of world-recognized experts, frame debates that led to the Habitat III conference in Quito. I presented Chapter 5 at a meeting of International City Leaders in Toronto (Canada) in September 2014; and at the United Nations delegation in New York (USA), in July 2015. In the report I advanced the notion of just sustainabilities as a development discourse to deliver sustainable cities that leave no one behind. For that I translated a theoretical concept into the practices of municipal governments. My reputation in the field of sustainable urbanism led me to a range of interventions in the Habitat III conference in Quito, in October 2016, including a lecture to Ecuador's National Network of Architect Students. My insights on Habitat III were published in a dissemination article for the journal The Conversation, which has been downloaded over 30,000 times. I have made also similar contributions to the ESRC Urban Transformations Blog, the BBC World Service Blog, and more recently, as a guest in the programme Insight, broadcast internationally by the Turkish network TRT. Findings of the project have contributed to the development of research-led teaching materials for the MSc Environment and Sustainable Development in UCL. I have also written the chapter on 'Urban Environments' for the 2020 World Cities Report. Impact objective 2 (Develop commercial applications of MUEL methodologies) has been less developed as commercial applications from the project are not immediately apparent. During the duration of the project I have maintained regular contact with Buro Happold, a sustainable construction consultancy. We have a strong link and have collaborated in the generation of project ideas that may lead to funded projects in the near future. However, economic benefits as such are not yet discernible. Impact objective 3 (Maximize benefits for local stakeholders) has focused on developing lasting partnerships with local stakeholders, to ensure findings permeate local policy and practice in the long term. The project has had influence in the cities studied. In Mozambique, the research programme served as a means for local communities to engage with issues of energy and display their knowledge to other actors within academia and government. The central energy mapping workshop fostered debates around energy access issues, the current discovery of gas and the possibilities to implement decentralized renewable projects in urban areas. We have continued this research with a British Academy grant in partnership with the Universidade Eduardo Mondlane. I am also working on a partnership with the national utility, Electricidade de Moçambique. In Bengaluru, the project has fostered thinking among NGOs and some technical organisations (such as Bangalore's Center for Study of Science, Technology & Policy, CSTEP) on the linkages between energy planning and urban planning. I have worked with a local research consultancy, Gubbi Labs, to deliver a research project on the history of energy infrastructure in Bengaluru. The project has generated a strong interest and Gubbi Labs is now seeking to develop a teaching programme studying Bengaluru's infrastructure landscapes. A post-doc from Bangalore, Dr. Hita Unnikrishnam, has joined me in the University of Sheffield with a Newton fellowship. In Hong Kong, I have contributed to the work of local activists seeking to demonstrate how energy poverty is configured by multiple factors, rather than just the price of electricity. We have obtained further funding to study energy transitions in China in collaboration with the Baptist University in Hong Kong, employing a post doc (Ping Huang) and in July 2017 I delivered a keynote in Hong Kong for the conference of the Asia Energy Centre. Some of this work has shape further work in China, with additional funding from the European Research Council and other organisations.
Sector Education,Energy,Environment
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description Citation in proceedings of the UN 2014 Bonn Climate Change Conference
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
URL http://unfccc.int/bodies/awg/items/8169.php
 
Description Influence on the Margarita declaration
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
URL http://www.precopsocial.org/en/preparatory-meeting/preparatory-meeting-of-the-social-precop-on-clima...
 
Description Bartlett Synergy Grant
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Funding ID Urban energy innovation and transitions in China: spatial configurations and enabling factors 
Organisation University College London 
Department Bartlett Faculty of the Built Environment
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2016 
End 06/2017
 
Description EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant- DFID Placement
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2015 
End 09/2015
 
Description ICE Research and Development Enabling Fund Application
Amount £13,000 (GBP)
Organisation Institution of Civil Engineers 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 01/2016
 
Description Newton International Fellowship
Amount £66,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NF171305 
Organisation The British Academy 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 12/2020
 
Description Philip Leverhulme Prize
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 08/2020
 
Description Starting Grant
Amount € 1,400,000 (EUR)
Organisation European Research Council (ERC) 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 02/2019 
End 01/2024
 
Description Sustainable Development Programme
Amount £337,349 (GBP)
Funding ID GF160020: Sustainable Energy Access in Mozambique: Socio-political factors in conflict-laden urban areas. 
Organisation The British Academy 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2016 
End 03/2018
 
Title Just Sustainabilities Database 
Description Collection of 400 sustainability initiatives to analyse progress towards achieving just sustainabilities in cities. Dataset available on request. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Contributed to the World Cities Report Database analysis published in a journal article in Local Environment Further research solicited after the publication of the article 
URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/13549839.2016.1248379
 
Title MUEL Case Studies Collection 
Description Castan Broto, Vanesa (2017). Mapping urban energy landscapes - Four case studies. [Data Collection]. Colchester, Essex: UK Data Archive. 10.5255/UKDA-SN-852588 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This is the key central collection of data informing the insights from MUEL. The data was deposited in the UK Data Archive in 2017. 
URL http://reshare.ukdataservice.ac.uk/852588/
 
Description European Research Network on Urbanization and Inequality 
Organisation Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies (IHS)
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Build a network of researchers and organising a kick-start meeting at the DPU in July 2014. Collaborate on collective ideas to foster research.
Collaborator Contribution The University of Manchester has led the organisation of three follow up seminars to discuss a common research agenda. IHS and TU Berlin are each leading two multi-institutional research proposals.
Impact Two network meetings, one in London (July 2014) and one in Manchester (October, 2014)
Start Year 2014
 
Description European Research Network on Urbanization and Inequality 
Organisation Technical University Berlin
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Build a network of researchers and organising a kick-start meeting at the DPU in July 2014. Collaborate on collective ideas to foster research.
Collaborator Contribution The University of Manchester has led the organisation of three follow up seminars to discuss a common research agenda. IHS and TU Berlin are each leading two multi-institutional research proposals.
Impact Two network meetings, one in London (July 2014) and one in Manchester (October, 2014)
Start Year 2014
 
Description European Research Network on Urbanization and Inequality 
Organisation University of Manchester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Build a network of researchers and organising a kick-start meeting at the DPU in July 2014. Collaborate on collective ideas to foster research.
Collaborator Contribution The University of Manchester has led the organisation of three follow up seminars to discuss a common research agenda. IHS and TU Berlin are each leading two multi-institutional research proposals.
Impact Two network meetings, one in London (July 2014) and one in Manchester (October, 2014)
Start Year 2014
 
Description European Research Network on Urbanization and Inequality 
Organisation University of Stuttgart
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Build a network of researchers and organising a kick-start meeting at the DPU in July 2014. Collaborate on collective ideas to foster research.
Collaborator Contribution The University of Manchester has led the organisation of three follow up seminars to discuss a common research agenda. IHS and TU Berlin are each leading two multi-institutional research proposals.
Impact Two network meetings, one in London (July 2014) and one in Manchester (October, 2014)
Start Year 2014
 
Description Practical Action/GNESD partnership energy access in urban areas 
Organisation Practical Action
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We have initiated a common research programme. The first step has been the production of an output about the case study of Maputo, Mozambique.
Collaborator Contribution Practical Action has disseminated a publication emerging from this project, with the direct collaboration of some of its members who contributed directly to the output. The Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development (GNESD) helped further revising the output and helping disseminate it.
Impact Energy Access and Urban Poverty, Poor People's Energy Briefing N. 4
Start Year 2015
 
Description UCL/Gubbilabs Partnership for Mapping Infrastructure in Bangalore 
Organisation Gubbi Labs
Country India 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution I led the development of a proposal involving Gubbilabs for the Institution of civil Engineers
Collaborator Contribution They supported the development of the proposal mentioned above
Impact We have gained a grant from ICE's Research and Development Fund
Start Year 2013
 
Description UCL/UEM Partnership to understand sustainable urbanisation 
Organisation Eduardo Mondlane University
Country Mozambique 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have involved colleagues at the Universidade Eduardo Mondlane in my project, to share research objectives and I have mentored a colleague to attend international workshops and develop publications.
Collaborator Contribution They have supported me during fieldwork and they have shared research materials.
Impact Fieldwork completed. Publications in preparation.
Start Year 2014
 
Description UCL/Yale Partnership for Urbanisation and Energy Transitions 
Organisation Yale University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have visited the Seto Urbanization Group in two occasions, September 2013 and May 2014, participating in the group's discussions and contributing to develop a common conversation. I led the writing of a draft paper on urbanisation and energy transitions which will be submitted this year. I led a collective proposal to the STFC to create a computational facility to use VGI data to verify remote sensing data, but it was not funded.
Collaborator Contribution The Seto's Urbanisation Group have hosted me on two occasions and in May 2014 they organized a seminar for the exchange of views and collective dialogue. Professor Seto led a multi-national proposal to the Global Innovation Initiative with partners in China and India, apart from UCL, but this was also not funded. They have also contributed to the initiatives outlined above.
Impact All outputs are in progress.
Start Year 2013
 
Description ABC interview on the raising cities of China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was interviewed by a journalist from ABC news, and quoted online.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://abcnews.go.com/International/chinese-company-records-time-lapse-video-skyscraper-built/story?...
 
Description BBC Radio 4 Panellist 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shared Planet is a BBC Radio 4 Programme presented by Monty Don, which discusses science with a panel of experts. I was one of the panellist for the programme 'Half and Half Hypothesis' which was broadcast on 19 January 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b04xp15k
 
Description Bangalore Energy planning workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The project team organised a workshop in Bangalore to discuss the relationship between energy planning and urban planning and look for alternatives. A further meeting is planned towards the end of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Castan Broto, V. (2016). Here's what happened at Habitat III - the world's biggest conference on cities. The Conversation. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This article of Habitat III in the magazine "The Conversation" was read by 30,000 people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://theconversation.com/heres-what-happened-at-habitat-iii-the-worlds-biggest-conference-on-citi...
 
Description DFID seminar: The challenge of urban energy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This small seminar gave me the opportunity to present the preliminary findings of this project to a small group of policy makers at DFID who work on these issues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Departmental Lecture at the University of Reading 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk which created new connections.

Strengthening contact with academics at this institution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Discussing Crisis at Manchester Policy Week 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As part of Manchester University's policy week I participated in a debate on Climate, crises and policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://macf.ontheplatform.org.uk/article/climate-crises-and-policy
 
Description Doctoral Training Seminar University of Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This doctoral training seminar organised by the Department for Continuing Education of the University of Oxford was designed to lead PhD students through my research project, offering the opportunity to engage with it.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Energy poverty training for young people in Chamanculo C, Maputo 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a training programme for young professionals to gain skills in surveying and to understand the elements of the energy system. It was implemented in collaboration with the NGO Foundazione AVSI.

Participants implemented an energy poverty survey and reported that the activity would add to their CV.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Engagement with FUNAB 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I met with representatives of the Fundo do Ambiente (FUNAB), a national government institution that develops environmental projects in Mozambique and I worked to establish a lasting partnership for collaboration on climate change matters, particularly in terms of implementing participatory mapping methodologies in their projects.

We have continue the dialogue by email.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Expert contributor State of the World Cities- Inception Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participate as one of the leading contributors to the book, discussing issues of energy and sustainable development

The discussions will influence the World Cities Report of which I will be one of the lead authors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bartlett.ucl.ac.uk/dpu/news/reimagining-planning-2015-world-cities-report
 
Description ICLEI Resilient Cities Webinar Series 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ICLEI offers webinars, which consist of a lecture and discussion afterwards. These seminars are open to practitioners in the whole world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://resilient-cities.iclei.org/resilient-cities-hub-site/webinar-series/webinar-series-2014/parti...
 
Description Invited interviewee in TRT's Insight: Megacities and Skyscrapers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was interviewed in a programme of the international channel of TRT, the national Turkish broadcaster.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0b4x4IiKLa4
 
Description Keynote at the London Climate Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Talk to the London Climate Forum, which is a climate conference organised by students themselves in Imperial College London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.londonclimateforum.org/uploads/1/2/1/3/12136495/lcf_final_programme_layout.pdf
 
Description Keynote at the Master Studio University of Amsterdam 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The Master Studio is a course organized annually by the Centre for Urban Studies of the University of Amsterdam. I was one of the five international speakers that over a week worked with students and gave them a lecture.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://urbanstudies.uva.nl/events/content/events/2015/01/masterstudio-the-metabolic-city.html
 
Description Megacities Debate University of Antwerp 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This debate on Megacities was part of the series 'Debating Development: Urban Dynamics in the Age of Cities', held at the University of Antwerp, Institute of Development Policy and Management on the 27th of November 2015. The debate was well attended with over 100 students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Public Lecture at the Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk which engaged an audience of retired academics and other energy science-interested groups and stimulated thinking about energy and cities.

Feedback from the talk was very positive both during the lecture and in emails afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.brlsi.org/node/61000
 
Description Public Lecture at the University Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The talk sparkled a lot of discussion.

Strengthening linkages with the University Eduardo Mondlane.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Society and Space Blog Post 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The blob post at the popular academic blog Society and Space offered a point of entry to my article in the journal associated to the blog. The blog post provides some suggestive reading to invite readers to engage with the full paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://societyandspace.com/material/article-extras/from-experiments-to-contradictions-in-climate-cha...
 
Description State of the World Cities Report Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact As part of the expert group leading the delivery of the State of the World Cities Report participated in an expert discussion at the United Nations Building in New York. I did a presentation of my work on the report and provided abundant feedback to participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://unhabitat.org/world-cities-report-2015-nearing-completion/
 
Description Urban Transitions Workshop, DRIFT, Rotterdam 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This was a workshop which I organised with colleagues at the Dutch Research Institute of Transitions (DRIFT) to coordinate the work for a forthcoming edited monograph.

Improved the quality of the book by developing a collective project through dialogue.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://energylandscapes.wordpress.com/2014/08/30/drift-workshop-on-urban-sustainability-transitions/