Which burglary security devices work for whom and in what context?

Lead Research Organisation: Loughborough University
Department Name: Social Sciences

Abstract

Domestic burglary is a high volume crime affecting many households. As well as substantial financial loss and damage to property, it causes high levels of anxiety about the possibility of being burgled. Surveys documenting public priorities about crime place burglary at the top. Burglar alarms and other security devices in principle deter potential burglars. Insurance premiums are discounted when a fully operating burglar alarm exists in the home due to claims about the effectiveness of burglar alarms and other security devices in the marketing literature, but no systematic research studies have been undertaken to assess their effectiveness in different areas, accommodation types and occupants' characteristics. The research proposed is precisely concerned with such an assessment. The primary research question is: Which burglary security devices work for whom and in what context?

This study will identify the individual and combined security devices that offer cost-effective burglary protection to (a) the population in England and Wales overall; (b) specific population subgroups according to their socio-economic attributes; (c) the residents of Wales, each of the nine English regions and area types according to population socio-demographic profile and density; and (d) area types and population subgroups plausible combinations.

The urgency to gain insights about the cost-effectiveness of burglary devices for tailor-made preventive interventions cannot be exaggerated: at a time of massive public spending cuts and declining disposable incomes the latest Home Office figures show a 14% annual increase in domestic burglary in 2010/11 after an extended (fifteen years) period of falls (Chaplin et al. 2011). The Department for Communities and Local Government (2012) has recently highlighted the need of research evidence on cost-effective burglary security devices to inform the on-going deliberation on national building regulation for minimum standards for security in homes.

The proposed research will:
-Make a major scientific contribution with immediate and high societal and economic impact. Its theoretical and methodological advancements will inform future research developments in criminology. The current gap in knowledge impedes cost-effective burglary prevention not just in the UK but across the world at a time that wasteful financial decisions are unaffordable.
-Engage throughout with high level research users in the public sector and civil society organisations and inform national and international guidelines on burglary prevention. The research results will be regularly conveyed to users in the private sector (the security and insurance industry) who however will not contribute to their development to avoid conflict of interest.
-Analyse two decades of a formidable existing data source, the British Crime Survey (BCS). The BCS is a large and complex dataset with currently some 40,000 respondents annually that exists in the public domain, and has been run for three decades. Yet, relative to both data generation cost and its impeccable quality, it has been extremely under-explored.
-Employ innovative research techniques for the deeper exploitation of the BCS, including the Security Impact Assessment Tool, pioneered by the co-applicants with ESRC support to assess the effectiveness of car security devices, as well as the multivariate multilevel logit modelling, to investigate the effect of context on trends of related crime types.
-Build the national skills base in the analysis of large and complex datasets and expand the limited secondary data analysis capacity in criminology via actively seeking to employ a full time researcher from disciplines (mathematics, statistics, sciences or engineering) beyond traditional BCS users.

Therefore the proposed research fits the ESRC-SDAI call specification. The co-applicants' theoretical, methodological and policy contribution to date ensure its successful delivery.

Planned Impact

Burglary has both financial and intangible costs to individuals, local communities and society in general. Costs include, for example, immediate losses, damage to property, distress and days lost from work. This research has been designed to inform future policy guidelines in ways that could lead to considerable financial savings and produce direct benefits to the following groups:
- Local authorities as housing providers and as responsible members of Crime Reduction Partnerships, working more effectively and efficiently to discharge their responsibilities
- Private and housing association landlords, working more effectively and efficiently to improve security of tenants
- Victims and repeat victims of burglary, by informing them of how best to reduce their future risks
- All households, by informing them of cost effective security investments
- The insurance industry, by enabling them to offer incentives for households who actively seek to reduce their risk by taking effective security measures;
- The security industry, by enabling them to improve products and better target them according to clients' socio-economic and area profiles
- Public information by suggesting improvements to the household security questions of the Crime Prevention Module of the British Crime Survey; and
- Public policy by informing the Department for Communities and Local Government on minimum standards for home security.

In an indirect way the proposed research will also benefit:
- The police, by reducing workloads (and thus costs) through reduced burglary and by enabling more informed advice to be given to community members on general and burglary victims in particular
- The society at large, by reducing burglary and its impact;
- The economy, via increased tax revenues (from the decline of illegal markets due to weak stolen products' supplies).

Public engagement at the start-up, intermediate and final stages of the proposed research has been planned to maximise its impact to all research users groups (see Pathways to Impact). In addition users from the public and voluntary sectors will be actively involved in the development of the research throughout its duration via the work of high ranking representatives who have agreed to participate in the Advisory Committee (see Pathways to Impact, Case for Support and Project Partners).

Criminology is currently undersupplied with trained secondary data analysts. This is a particular problem: there is a wealth of existing large and complex datasets. Their deeper examination would offer invaluable theoretical insights and assist crime prevention and criminal justice policy. An important outcome from our research will be to increase that capacity within criminology via employing an RA from another discipline and training her /him to undertake secondary data and advanced statistical analyses on the British Crime Survey data.

As seen in their respective CVs members of the research team already enjoy close contacts with and serve in bodies responsible for crime measurement and prevention. They are thus accustomed to communicating findings to non-specialists in ways that draw out their policy and practice significance. Past work has already had a substantial impact. For example, Farrell's work on repeat victimisation has found its way into routine policy and practice. Grove's recent work on heritage crime has received substantial media coverage. Tseloni's work has played a pivotal part in official reports of crime statistics and patterns. Tilley wrote the original guidance for analysis for the Crime and Disorder Act (Hough and Tilley 1998) and his work on problem-oriented policing and partnership has likewise had a substantial impact on the work of local police services and partnerships.

Publications

10 25 50
publication icon
Andresen M (2015) The Criminal Act

publication icon
Farrell G (2018) Did cybercrime cause the crime drop? in Crime science

publication icon
Farrell G (2015) Attempted Crime and the Crime Drop in International Criminal Justice Review

publication icon
Farrell G (2013) Five tests for a theory of the crime drop in Crime Science

publication icon
Farrell G (2018) Homicide in Canada and the crime drop in Crime Science

publication icon
Farrell G (2013) The Crime Drop and the General Social Survey in Canadian Public Policy

publication icon
Farrell G (2014) Why the Crime Drop? in Crime and Justice

Related Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Award Value
ES/K003771/1 01/06/2013 17/10/2013 £152,657
ES/K003771/2 Transfer ES/K003771/1 18/10/2013 25/02/2015 £123,657
 
Description The second part of the research undertaken at Loughborough University produced significant new knowledge by further exploring the unexpected result with regards to alarms' ineffectiveness against domestic burglaries; identifying the population groups and areas types within England and Wales with above average burglary risks and below average availability of effective security from 1992 to 2011/12; and confirming the security hypothesis for the burglary falls. In particular, from 1998 burglar alarms conferred a net loss in burglary protection with respect to most security combinations to which they were added. However in 1992-1996 alarms protected effectively against burglary. This inconsistency over time may be due to: generalised use of poor quality alarm systems, alarms flagging valuables in the home, offenders' adaptation, and drowned out effects from police's and the neighbours' delayed or lack of reaction to activated alarms in recent years.

The research provided findings on the types of population groups and area types at most risk of burglary and with the least presence of security devices. The following population groups are consistently over time, and especially after the burglary fall, at a greater risk of burglary and have lower levels of effective security than others:

• Social or private renters
• One or three or more adult households, those with children or Lone parents
• Households of Asian (Indian-sub-continent), Chinese or other origin
• Households on low (<£10,000) or non-reported annual household income
• Households without a car
• Households living in deprived areas

Crime prevention initiatives should support the above households and communities to improve their burglary security.

Lastly, analyses of burglars' modus operandi over time confirmed the relevance of security measures to burglary reductions. This draws upon and extends the 'security hypothesis' developed in earlier ESRC-funded work by the PI and two of CIs of this project. The hypothesis sits within the framework of crime opportunity theory and routine activity theory.

This analysis developed new methodology in three ways: First, it expanded the SIAT developed by the PI and two CIs of the current team in an earlier ESRC-funded project to obtain the 'Marginal Security Protection Factor' (MSPF's). These measure whether a particular device is an effective addition to security combinations, increasing the overall protection conferenced. Second it employed Bivariate Multilevel Logit Modelling (BMLM), an innovative use within criminology of an advanced statistical methodology introduced by the PI in her past research, to test here the relationship between security and burglary, taking into account population group composition. Finally it developed a new methodology, Contextualised Security Impact Assessment Tool (CSIAT), for gauging the effectiveness of security across population groups and areas.

Training the Research Staff in the above new methodologies developed new skills and capability.

The findings opened up new research questions: Why households with similarly low levels of effective security are to a different extent at high risk of burglary relatively to those well-secured? Could additional to security availability factors, such as collective efficacy and/ or spatial distance from pools of potential offenders, explain these differences? Have acquisitive crime reductions precipitated the falls in violence?
Exploitation Route As outlined with regards to ES/K003771/1, the findings can inform:
• Target hardening improvements to domestic properties by home owners and social and private landlords;
• Target hardening interventions and awareness raising initiatives by: Core City Chief Executives and their Crime Reduction or Community Safety Partnerships, Police and Crime Commissioners, Local Authorities (LAs) or Councils, Police Forces, the Neighbourhood and Home Watch Network, Victim Support, National Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) Secured By Design, ACPO Burglary Lead, the Home Office, The National Landlords Association, Residents Associations, and Student Unions with regards to student accommodation target hardening;
• National policy guidelines / planning and building regulations for 'secure homes' provided by the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG);
Insurance industry financial incentives for home owners and landlords to fit effective security devices;
• National guidelines and regulations for responsible landlords accreditation and social housing standards provided by the DCLG and LAs;
• Training to academics and non-academics in the use of new methodologies for evaluating the effectiveness of other measures against different crime types, policy initiatives or outcomes;
• Addressing the new research questions that this study opened up; and
• Improving the Crime Survey for England and Wales data undertaken by the ONS.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Construction,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy

URL http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/socialsciences/research/projects/burglarysecurity/
 
Description The project's interim and final findings were disseminated at both national and local levels to crime prevention practitioners who participated in regular Advisory Committee (AC) workshops. Please refer to the Impact Narrative of the first part of the project, ES/K003771/1, for a detailed list of the public and voluntary sector organisations which contributed to the project via their participation in the AC. In addition to the Advisory Committee of Stakeholders and Experts the project team employed the following collaborative and engagement mechanisms: • Presenting findings in (non-academic) practitioners/policy conferences, such as National Neighbourhood and Home Watch Stakeholders Event 2014; The WHO and University of Cambridge Global Violence Reduction Conference 2014; the Home Office International and Policing Conference 2015; the College of Policing Research Showcase and elsewhere; • Briefing Notes, Summary Reports and Press Releases; • Project website updated with latest news, Briefing Notes and Summary Reports; • Blog and Twitter accounts for continuous postings/opinion exchanges; • Radio/TV interviews, newspaper postings, articles in practitioners newsletters and magazines; • Participation in Local Crime and Safety Partnerships Board meetings; and • One-day end of project non-academic conference (21.1.2015), including the Nottinghamshire Police and Crime Commissioner, Paddy Tipping, and Chief Supt Alex Murray, West Midlands Police and Founder and Chair of the Society of Evidence-Based Policing as speakers, as detailed in the Impact Narrative of the first part of the project (ES/K003771/1) and the project's website: http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/socialsciences/research/projects/burglarysecurity/. Details of the above activities can be found in the Portfolio Section on Researchfish. The research increased the effectiveness of public services and policy via cost - effective crime prevention and enhanced the quality of life via crime and fear of crime reduction. It also indirectly contributed to the economy via data and methodological improvements in measuring security and its effectiveness for informed burglary prevention investments, improved economic performance of the security industry and evidence-based domestic property insurance incentives. Additional (to what has already been outlined in the Impact Narrative for the first part of the project ES/K003771/1) societal and economic impact generated from the research to date is given below. The Home Office included 'Opportunity/security as a driver of crime'. It produced a Discussion paper (January 2015) with the above title which was available in hard copy at the Home Office International and Policing Conference 2015. The paper which focusses on the security hypothesis for the crime falls, put forward by the PI and two of the CIs in their earlier ESRC-funded project, invited policy debates including a response by the project's international CI. The following month (February 2015) the Australian Institute of Criminology published a Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice (No 495) report confirming the major role of security for the crime drop based on offenders interviews. Therefore the security hypothesis already influences debates and policies at national level. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) made changes to the 2015/16 Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) following two of the project's suggestions allowing in future measuring whether people had double glazed windows, whether burglary victims with an alarm did or did not have it switched on and whether it was activated at the time of the incident. Additional changes following the project's recommendations may be considered for the 2016/17 CSEW. More practical use of the research findings (impact) is expected as the Home Office, police forces and local councils will become more aware of the research findings and from disseminating the NCDP pilot evaluation results in due time.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Construction,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Approval of Selective Licensing
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact Selective Licensing for restricting proportion of rented housing in the city has been approved by the Department of Housing and Local Communities
URL https://www.nottinghamcity.gov.uk/housing/private-sector-housing/selective-licensing/
 
Description BSC National socio-legal training
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://ials.sas.ac.uk/library/socio-legal_national_workshops.htm
 
Description Citation in Modern Crime Prevention Strategy, Home Office, March 2016
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/509831/6.1770_Modern_Crime...
 
Description Discussion of the project 's theoretical base in Australian Government Report
Geographic Reach Australia 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The security hypothesis for the crime drop proposed and tested by the project' s team in an earlier ESRC research (for car crime) and the current ones (for burglary and violence) and has been confirmed by offenders interviews in Australia.
URL http://aic.gov.au/publications/current%20series/tandi/481-500/tandi495.html
 
Description Discussion of the project 's theoretical base in a Home Office Discussion paper
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The Home Office has included opportunity and security as a driver for crime and recognised that the crime falls are the impact of better and more widespread security adopted by the public rather than specific policies.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/398865/Opportunity_securit...
 
Description Enforcing and publicising home security improvements in Nottingham
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact The Nottingham City Council established minimum security standards requirements for rented property across the city after their participation at the end of project Burglary and Security Conference (21.1.2014). In addition the University of Nottingham established requirements for the privately rented student accommodation to be WIDE secured immediately after hearing the project's findings during the target hardening pilot planning discussions at the Nottingham Crime and Drugs Partnership Board meetings by the PI. The Nottinghamshire Police Force and the Nottingham City Council launched a burglary target hardening campaign, via the Nottingham City Transport Bus Advertising (on certain routes) the project's finding that door and window locks, external and internal lights offer the most efficient protection against burglars. Neighbouring cities, for example Leicester, have undertaken the same initiative. The above regulations and publicity would reduce burglaries in Nottingham and Leicester overall and especially against Nottingham's private renters and students.
URL http://www.nottmstudents.com/leave-burglars-in-the-dark-this-winter/
 
Description Global Strategies to Reduce Violence by 50% in 30 Years Conference
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL http://www.vrc.crim.cam.ac.uk/VRCconferences/conference/violencereductionreport
 
Description Home Office conference presentation and conference published summary
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/news/international-crime-and-policing-conference-2015
 
Description Influence on DCLG new building regulations regarding retaining the Secured by Design (SBD) standard
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/policies/providing-effective-building-regulations-so-that-new-and-alte...
 
Description Influenced discussion of Crime & Safety Partnership
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Response to the Nottingham Crime and Drugs Partnership: Strategic Assessment 2017 draft & Partnership Plan which offered a more focussed depiction of crime issues in the city. A well- defined identification of a problem is the first step in solving it. 22 Nov.
 
Description Neighbourhood and Home Watch Network (NHWN) infographic on project's main findings to the Minister of Crime Prevention.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact The Neighbourhood and Home Watch Network (NHWN) adopted the project's main findings in an info-graphic. This was designed by the NHWN team and presented to the Home Office and the Minister of Crime Prevention, L. Featherstone, who showed great interest and required further discussions. The infographic also included overleaf the Tseloni et al. (2014) academic journal article's executive summary and URL (http://www.palgrave-journals.com/sj/journal/vaop/ncurrent/abs/sj201430a.html). In addition to the research results have been used at regional and national NHWN associates meetings and they are incorporated in the NHWN business plan.
URL http://www.ourwatch.org.uk/resource_centre/document_library/neighbourhood_home_watch_network_busines...
 
Description Neighbourhood and Home Watch Network adoption of research findings
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact Effective burglary prevention disseminated by NW trustees and local associates nationally.
URL http://www.ourwatch.org.uk/uploads/general/WIDE_Infographic.pdf
 
Description Suggested improvements to Crime Survey for England and Wales to Office for National Statistics
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact The Office for National Statistics (ONS) made changes to the 2015/16 Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) following two of the project's suggestions allowing in future measuring whether people had double glazed windows, whether burglary victims with an alarm did or did not have it switched on and whether it was activated at the time of the incident. This would improve the knowledge on burglary security and why burglar alarms overall do not protect effectively which in turn can improve the burglar alarm industry, the public attitudes towards burglary protection and the efficiency of Crime and Safety Partnerships and LA's in providing crime support to householders.
 
Description Written Evidence submitted to Supported Housing Funding Reform - House of Commons - Future of Supported Housing
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Written responses to the ONS Consultation "Changes to the Crime Survey for England and Wales"
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact Changes in CSEW questionnaire and sampling.
 
Description citation in policy document
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://www.police-foundation.org.uk/uploads/holding/projects/housing_and_crime_final.pdf
 
Description East Midlands Police Academic Collaboration
Amount £862,620 (GBP)
Organisation College of Policing 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 10/2017
 
Description Research Project
Amount £13,614 (GBP)
Organisation Neighbourhood and Home Watch Network 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2018 
End 11/2018
 
Description School Research Panel Funding
Amount £1,300 (GBP)
Organisation Nottingham Trent University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2017 
End 06/2017
 
Description Secondary Data Analysis Initiative
Amount £152,656 (GBP)
Funding ID ES/K003771/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2009 
End 08/2012
 
Description Secondary Data Analysis Initiative
Amount £191,000 (GBP)
Funding ID ES/P001556/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2017 
End 10/2018
 
Description Secondary Data Analysis Initiative Phase 2
Amount £185,000 (GBP)
Funding ID L014971/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2015 
End 07/2016
 
Description Secondary Data Analysis Initiative Phase 4
Amount £189,000 (GBP)
Funding ID ES/P001556/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2017 
End 01/2019
 
Title Contextualised Security Impact Assessment Tool 
Description The Crime Survey for England and Wales data, merged, where appropriate, with the 2001 Census, were analysed employing new and innovative methodology. This consisted of: (a) the Security Impact Assessment Tool (SIAT), a new methodology developed by three of the co-applicants in their earlier ESRC-funded project and expanded here for testing Marginal security effects; and (b) Contextualised Security Impact Assessment Tool (CSIAT), a new methodology developed in this research for testing the effectiveness of security across population groups and areas expanding the SIAT via incorporating Bivariate Multilevel Logit Modelling results. This is an innovative within criminology advanced statistical methodology introduced by the PI in her past research, testing here the relationship between security and burglary. If security does not protect from burglary, then the distribution of security devices, including none, would be the same between burgled households and the general population. The SIAT produces 'Security Protection Factors' (SPF's = the odds ratio of burglary risk within households without security with respect to burglary risk within households with security) which measure the protective effect of security. The absence or presence of security for burglary victims was measured at the time of burglary whereas for others at the time of the interview. As an extension, calculating the effect from the absence of a particular device across different security combinations produces the 'Marginal Security Protection Factor' (MSPF's) for that device. This is a new methodological development testing whether individual devices are important additions to security combinations. The SIAT allows ascertaining the overall and marginal effectiveness of security but overlooks group composition. For example, the profile of households and properties with door and window locks differs from that of households with security chains and window bars. To overcome this we employed BMLM. In the context of this project, the term Bivariate refers to two (dependent) variables which are related due to being affected by similar household and area characteristics. The term Multilevel refers to clustered units of analysis: households nested within areas. Logit is the statistical specification required to model binary variables, such as burglary risk and security presence, which have only two possible values: yes/ no. Therefore the BMLM is the perfect methodology for addressing exactly the central research question of this project: the population groups for whom and the contexts within which security works. Estimating the burglary risk and security presence across population groups, area types and regions of England and Wales via BMLM, showed for whom and where security is most lacking and burglary is most prevalent. It also showed how much burglary risk and security are correlated between households and between areas, with and without accounting for group composition. The CSIAT, the methodology developed during this project, entails calculating the SPF's of security combinations based on the population group- and area- specific burglary and security odds ratios which are estimated via BMLM. Thus the population groups and contexts for which lack of security is associated with the highest burglary risk can be identified. In other words, the CSIAT reveals the population groups and areas which would benefit most from home security improvements. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The new methodological development can be used to (a) test whether individual devices are important additions to security combinations and focus on specific population groups and area types. This can be applied to any evaluation of policy intervention that is well documented and has clear boundaries of implementation. 
 
Title Contextualised Security Impact Assessment Tool 
Description This is a new methodology developed in this research for testing the effectiveness of security across population groups and areas based on SIAT analysis of Bivariate Multilevel Logit Modelling (BMLM), parameter estimates. BMLM is also an innovative within criminology advanced statistical methodology introduced by the PI in her past research, testing here the relationship between security and burglary. The CSIAT, the methodology developed during this project, entails calculating the SPF's of security combinations based on the population group- and area- specific burglary and security odds ratios which are estimated via BMLM. Thus the population groups and contexts for which lack of security is associated with the highest burglary risk can be identified. In other words, the CSIAT reveals the population groups and areas which would benefit most from home security improvements. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Policy makers and practitioners have been informed of the regressive nature of the burglary drop whereby vulnerable socio-economic population groups experienced less burglary reductions than nationally. 
 
Title Security Impact Assessment Tool 
Description The Security Impact Assessment Tool (SIAT) is a new methodology developed by three of the co-applicants in their earlier ESRC-funded project and expanded here for testing marginal security effects. If security does not protect from burglary, then the distribution of security devices, including none, would be the same between burgled households and the general population. The SIAT produces 'Security Protection Factors' (SPF's = the odds ratio of burglary risk within households without security with respect to burglary risk within households with security) which measure the protective effect of security. The absence or presence of security for burglary victims was measured at the time of burglary whereas for others at the time of the interview. As an extension, calculating the effect from the absence of a particular device across different security combinations produces the 'Marginal Security Protection Factor' (MSPF's) for that device. This is a new methodological development testing whether individual devices are important additions to security combinations. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The preventive power of security and policy intervention can be gauged thanks to this methodology. The methodology has been disseminated in academic and practitioners journal articles. In addition to been used for a Policy Exchange report 'Taking its toll: The regressive impact of property crime in Britain', a researcher from Australia for example got in touch with the team about it. 
 
Description EMPAC Local and Community Policing Network 
Organisation University of Northampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution EMPAC is comprised of police forces, Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) and universities in the region and has an established governance framework. We have advised on burglary prevention good practice the police forces within the collaboration. Further we lead research on Local and Community Policing Network on 'Managing anti-social behaviour risk: helping identify individuals and areas most likely to experience ASB', 'Community Engagement Toolkit' and other projects.
Collaborator Contribution EMPAC is comprised of police forces, Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) and universities in the region and has an established governance framework.
Impact A list of conference presentations and research reports on: Police engagement with local communities Aims: Development and testing of a tool which enables police forces to target their engagement approaches most effectively, across socio-demographics, particularly rural areas and for children and young people. Improving efficient practice in neighbourhood policing, public confidence, reporting crime. Police engagement with local communities project page Anti-Social Behaviour risk and management Aims: Development and testing of a tool to identify those at risk of further victimisation, for example violence, based on individual profile, context and circumstance. Implementing targeted resources to reduce repeat victimisation, policy development across police and partners Anti-Social Behaviour risk and management project page Cyber beat: policing cyber space Nottingham Trent University will be responsible for independently evaluating the Cyber Beat pilot. Evaluation criteria include changes in demand, efficiency savings and changes in public confidence. Braunstone Blues impact evaluation Leicestershire Police, Leicestershire Fire and Rescue Service and East Midlands Ambulance Service (EMAS) are collaborating in a project to reduce demand for all three emergency services from repeat service users in the Braunstone area of Leicester. The evaluation includes assessing the impact of deploying an EMAS paramedic to three care homes in the area.
Start Year 2015
 
Description 'The way ahead for Neighbourhood Watch' Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation in the NHWN 'The way ahead for Neighbourhood Watch' Event, Birmingham, 2-3 December 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.ourwatch.org.uk/uploads/pub_res/The_Way_Ahead_2-3_Dec_2015_Summary_Report_Evaluation.pdf
 
Description Advisory Committee Briefing Reports 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Briefing reports are sent to our Advisory Committee prior to each meeting. These include details of latest findings and research activity. Our Advisory Committee includes representatives from:
- Nottinghamshire Police
- Office for National Statistics
- ACPO
- Home Office
- Nottingham Crime and Drugs Partnership
- Victim Support
- Department for Communities and Local Government
- Neighbourhood and Home Watch Network
- West Yorkshire Police
- University of Huddersfield
- Nottingham City Homes
- Nottingham Trent University / Loughborough University

The Advisory Committee reports and meetings support the work on the project and ways in which it can be disseminated.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Attendance at Ministry of Justice Crime Special Interest Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Meeting attended by one team member.
Networking included discussions of burglary project; preliminary discussion of future presentation of findings to group

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Attendance at Social Research Association Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Attended by one team member. Networking included discussions of burglary project.

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://the-sra.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/conference-programme.pdf
 
Description Attendance at Society of Evidence Based Policing conference (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact One team member attended to network with practitioners and to hold meetings with North Wales police to discuss burglary problem.

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://storify.com/A4UEvidence/the-4th-annual-society-for-evidence-based-policing?utm_medium=sfy.co...
 
Description Attendance at a NESTA Alliance for Useful Evidence networking event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Event attended by one team member. Networking included discussions of burglary project

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Attendance at shoplifting prevention meeting at West Yorkshire Police 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting attended by one team member. Networking included discussions of burglary project.

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description BSC National socio-legal training day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Professor Tseloni to provide input on 'Sources and Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice'. Event to be held at Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, London

None known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description British Society of Criminology Midlands Regional Network Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Organised seminar on the Crime Drop (presenters Nick Tilley , UCL, Sylvia Walby, Lancaster University, and Stephen Farrall, University of Sheffield) took place at Loughborough University 4th March 2025. Nick Tilley presented the findings of the project to a mixed audience of policy makers, police officers and academics.

Discussions for collaborations between the research groups.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description British Society of Criminology Midlands Regional Network seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Seminar organised on the Crime Drop by Andromachi Tseloni - presenters Sylvia Walby, Lancaster University and Stephen Farrall, University of Sheffield as well as Professor Tseloni, at Loughborough University

None to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Charnwood Community Safety Partnership meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a meeting held by the Charnwood Community Safety Partnership. Dr Rebecca Thompson presented findings from the project to the group to inform their work.

Interest in receiving further updates of the project's findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description College of Policing Police Knowledge Fund showcase 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was an opportunity to showcase the work of the Sociology Department at NTU, including the ASB project. Participants at this event included practitioners and academics. This led to discussions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Commercial Victimisation Survey Steering Group, Home Office 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Commercial Victimisation Survey Steering Group, Home Office member (twice a year meetings). 11th Jan.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Contribution to the SDAI newsletters for the Health and Wellbeing Cluster of research activities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Entry on the project included in an edition of the SDAI newsletter for the appropriate cluster. This aided dissemination of the research and its findings.

None to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.esrc.ac.uk/_images/SDAI%20Phase%20One%20newsletter%20August%2014_tcm8-31567.pdf
 
Description Coverage of research findings - ITV 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Coverage of findings on BAs on ITV 20.01.2015

None to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.itv.com/news/central/update/2015-01-20/alarms-could-increase-the-risk-of-burglary-says-st...
 
Description Danish Crime Prevention Council conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact N. Tilley was an invited speaker at the annual Crime Prevention Day held in Denmark. Title of address: 'The effectiveness of burglary security devices' to inform crime prevention
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Data user discussion panel member 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussant- Data user panel member in the session 'How will we measure crime in ten years' time?' Crime Surveys Users Meeting, Royal Statistical Society, London. 8 Dec.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.ukdataservice.ac.uk/news-and-events/eventsitem/?id=5174
 
Description Discussion on improving Crime Statistics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Organiser /participant meeting of Quantitative and Spatial Criminology team with Crime Statistics Lead, Office for Statistics Regulation. 27 Feb.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description End of project conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The conference was attended by around 70 people who were mostly national and local criminal justice practitioners, representatives from the Home Office, building industry and housing services, along with academics. Represented organisations and industries included:

National Landlords Association
Lock and Window industry and security testing organisations
Core City Chief Executives
Community Safety Partnerships
Local authority housing representatives
Student accommodation representatives
Neighbourhood Watch
College of Policing
Society for Evidence Based Policing
Office for National Statistics
ACPO (Burglary)
ACPO Secured by Design
Building Industry

The day featured key note speeches from the local PCC and the national chair of the Society of Evidence Based Policing, presentations from the research team on the key findings as well as from the team running the pilot trialling the recommended security combination. In the afternoon participants discussed the results and how they could be taken forward nationally and by their own organisation / sector.

Key documents / presentations from the day can be found on the project's webpage: http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/socialsciences/research/projects/burglarysecurity/

Enthusiastic discussions took place with conference feedback indicating that participants would seek to promote or implement the research findings
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/socialsciences/research/projects/burglarysecurity/
 
Description Entry added on to College of Policing Research Map 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Research summary and link to blog placed on online Research Map, allowing dissemination to policy-makers and practitioners

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
URL http://www.college.police.uk/en/21114.htm
 
Description Evaluation of a research-informed burglary target hardening intervention 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Break-out session workshop: Understanding Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour. Leicestershire Police Evidence Based Policing Event at the Leicestershire Police Headquarters. 14 Mar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Findings shared with Neighbourhood Watch members and Home Office Minister Lynne Featherstone 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Info-graphic of the key research findings (WIDE, risk for social renters, decline in burglary) prepared by Neighbourhood Watch representative on the project's Advisory Committee shared with Neighbourhood Watch members and Chairman, Jim Maddan, and Home Office Minister Lynne Featherstone at a meeting during WB 2/2/15.

None to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Home Office presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact R. Thompson discussed findings from the burglary project with approx. 20 Home Office researchers (mixture of statisticians, researchers and policy makers).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Input to Society of Evidence Based Policing Midlands Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Louise Grove introduced burglary project to meeting.

???
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact "New crime figures in dock: Criminologist questions police recording showing surge in crime." By Ciara Leeming. Big Issue North. 05-11 Feb 2018, pp. 6-7.
Interviewed 30.1.2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bigissuenorth.com/news/2018/02/new-crime-figures-dock/
 
Description Membership of Nottingham Crime and Drugs Partnership Burglary Task and Finish Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Advised as a member the Nottingham Crime and Drugs Partnership Burglary Task and Finish Group on burglary target hardening and vulnerable socio-economic groups participating in a number of meetings (roughly one per 6 weeks) from August 2013 to May 2014. It is an on-going activity.

The work of the group led to the establishment of a pilot in Nottingham city to test the effect of target hardening devices in two test and two control sites.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description NHWN communication of research findings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Informed Kate Algate of the neighbourhood watch independent effect evidenced in Hunter & Tseloni (2016) and she has forwarded it to the NHWN associates. She then informed all trustees and associates and advised on how to implement these findings in their activities (see related Policy influence entry)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Oral Evidence, HoC Justice Committee on 'Crime reduction policies: A co-ordinated approach?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact House of Commons Oral Evidence taken before the Justice Select Committee on 'Crime reduction policies: A co-ordinated approach?' 28 January 2014, by PI. http://burglarysecurity.wordpress.com/2014/01/28/justiceselectcommittee/

Oral evidence given informed the report prepared by the committee.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.parliamentlive.tv/Main/Player.aspx?meetingId=14742
 
Description Policing Insight, Analysis blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Online published analysis (blog) 'What works: Which security devices best protect homes against burglary?'
2nd most read blog of Policing Insight
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://policinginsight.com/analysis/protecting-homes-burglary-effective-security-devices/
 
Description Policing in Partnership Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact It has not occurred yet. It is scheduled for 17 June 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Poster displayed at West Midlands Police research fair 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster of the research key findings displayed and discussions held with representatives of local police forces and universities. The aim of the Fair was to match up research expertise with research themes and topics that West Midlands would like to support in the future.

A subsequent meeting between Loughborough University and the West Midlands Police has taken place attended by three members of the research team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Poster presented at East Midlands Policing Consortium launch event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Posters presented at event by three members of the research team who discussed with research with practitioners and academics attending. Participation also in a research mapping exercise between the police and universities present.

After this activity, I met with West Midlands police to explore future collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.lboro.ac.uk/news-events/news/2014/june/104-police-consortium.html
 
Description Presentation at South Yorkshire's Domestic Burglary Multi-agency Theme Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation by PI of preliminary results & discussion of Sheffield's target hardening interventions. A Powerpoint file was emailed following the meeting & the representatives were invited to the end of project conference for the research.

After the event the South Yorkshire Crime and Safety Partnership members were interested in participating in the End of project conference and wanted to be kept updated about the pilot of the target hardening in Nottingham that uses the project's findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation at policing forum: Evidence-Based Policing - Research Showcase 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Information sparked questions and police officers discussed and asked questions about the findings and required to be updated on this and the following project on violence

A mailing list of the participating HPDS police officers who were very interested on the findings and required to be updated on this and the following project on violence.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation to Evidence-based Policing Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to Leicestershire Constabulary senior staff by a member of the team (Louise Grove) regarding academic contribution to policing, including burglary project overview.
This led to a discussion of the research findings and how they can be applied.

Discussions after focused on future research collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Project Blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dissemination of research activities overseen by one team member - As at 12/11/14: 1,817 views from 51 countries, and nine blog followers.


Approximately 15 emails received via the blog on the research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
URL http://burglarysecurity.wordpress.com/
 
Description Project Twitter account 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dissemination of project activity - As at 12/11/14 - 630 twitter followers (including academia, industry, journalists, charities, police, PCC offices, publishers, research institutes, Select Committees, MPs).
Twitter account overseen by one team member.

There have been some requests for information and discussions about research findings via Twitter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
URL https://twitter.com/burglaryproject
 
Description Project website 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Project website established since the move to Loughborough University: http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/socialsciences/research/projects/burglarysecurity/

It has over 500 hits internationally and agencies are finding out about the research and how it may affect their work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
URL http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/socialsciences/research/projects/burglarysecurity/
 
Description Provided to a Select Committee of the House of Parliament 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact House of Commons Oral Evidence taken before the Home Affairs Committee on 'Policing for the future: changing demands and new challenges'. Portcullis House. 28 Mar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description RESOLVE ASB conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Andromachi Tseloni attended the RESOLVE ASB conference. This is a conference organised largely for the social housing sector. This involved presenting a poster and other leaflets about the project. It was an opportunity to publicise the work amongst potential research users.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Radio interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Radio Leicester. 'Leicester Police Attempted Burglary Pilot'. Live on Ben Jackson programme. 5 Aug. 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Resolution magazine article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Professor Andromachi Tseloni wrote an article for the Resolution Magazine. This is a magazine created by RESOLVE ASB. This will have gone out to RESOLVE ASB members (predominantly housing associations). The article was an opportunity to publicise the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description SDAI Presentation: 'Keep Burglars in the Dark - Choose Safe Venues and Companions for Drinking & Dancing' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact SDAI Presentation: 'Keep Burglars in the Dark - Choose Safe Venues and Companions for Drinking & Dancing' on Impacts from Phase 1: 'Burglary & Security' & Phase 2: 'Stranger and Acquaintance Violence', ESRC - funded projects. ESRC Secondary Data Analysis Initiative (SDAI), Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors (RICS), London. 29 February.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Society Now coverage 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact ESRC Magazine Society Now, Summer 2017 issue, "Burglary risk highest for least advantaged groups" from the 'Burglary and Security' ESRC -funded project results.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.esrc.ac.uk/news-events-and-publications/news/news-items/burglary-risk-highest-for-least-a...
 
Description Stakeholders Advisory Committee (AC) Workshops 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Stakeholder participation at each phase of research has been secured via AC workshops, which have be convened in the second half of each phase. In particular, after a launch event (28/06/2013) the AC met four times during the 18 months period of the planned work (2/10/2013, 26/3/2014, 25/6/2014 and 15/10/2014) to discuss and suggest improvements for existing results as well as contribute to the direction of the remaining analyses and ways to maximise their policy relevance and publicity. These meetings were attended by members of the research team.

Our Advisory Committee includes representatives from:
- Nottinghamshire Police
- Office for National Statistics
- ACPO
- Home Office
- Nottingham Crime and Drugs Partnership
- Victim Support
- Department for Communities and Local Government
- Neighbourhood and Home Watch Network
- West Yorkshire Police
- University of Huddersfield
- Nottingham City Homes
- Nottingham Trent University / Loughborough University

These meetings allowed for feedback to the AC members as well as seeking advice and guidance on next steps in the research and methods of dissemination.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description UK Statistics Authority meeting on CSEW uses and improvements 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussing with representatives of the the UKSA the uses and potential improvements of the Crime Survey for England and Wales (13.1.2016)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Visit to Smartwater, property marking business 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion of research findings

None to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Webpage of project 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Project website established since the move to Nottingham Trent University: http://www.ntu.ac.uk/apps/research/groups/4/home.aspx/project/178965/overview/burglary_security
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL http://www.ntu.ac.uk/apps/research/groups/4/home.aspx/project/178965/overview/burglary_security
 
Description What works discussion forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact It led to discussions about cautiousness and re-testing of what works in policy initiatives.

Information sharing and thought provoking.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description communication on research findings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Informed Britta Kyvsgaard (Director of Research, Ph.D., The Danish Ministry of Justice, Research and Documentation Division) of the neighbourhood watch independent effect evidenced in Hunter & Tseloni (2016). She passed this information to the group working on summarising the burglary prevention evidence for the Danish Ministry of Justice
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description coverage of research findings - BBC East Mids Today 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Coverage of conference and research findings during breakfast bulletins of BBC East Midlands Today 22.01.2015

None to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description coverage of research findings - BBC Radio Leicester 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact live interview on Drive Time programme on BBC Radio Leicester 21.01.2015

None to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description coverage of research findings - BBC Radio Nottingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed featured on breakfast programme of BBC Radio Nottingham 22.01.2015

None to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description coverage of research findings - CFAX 1070 (local Vancouver radio) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview on the On-Air with Pamela McCall show on CFAX 1070 (local Vancouver radio) - 30 minutes 22nd Jan.

None to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description coverage of research findings - Leicester Mercury 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Coverage of WIDE findings in Leicester Mercury 21.01.2015

None to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.leicestermercury.co.uk/Loughborough-University-academics-tips-beating/story-25900203-deta...
 
Description coverage of research findings - Vancouver Sun 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article in the Vancouver Sun 27.01.2015

None to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.vancouversun.com/news/Common+sense+measures+most+effective+preventing+home+burglaries/107...
 
Description dissemination of findings to practitioners 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact R. Thompson and G. Farrell presented findings from the project at the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction Conference. Session chaired by Supt Michael Mulqueen (Leicestershire Police). For outcomes on police advice please see the Policy influence entry re South Yorkshire and Leicestershire Police.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description findings' dissemination at the EMPAC Fellowship Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact EMPAC Leads, 20 police officers and Derbyshire PCC received print information on the research findings. See also EMPAC -related further funding.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description findings' dissemination to Nottingham Civic Exchange Inclusive and safe places workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Nottingham Civic Exchange Inclusive and safe places workshop, Nottingham Contemporary
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description findings' dissemination to police officers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussed burglary and security project findings and Nottingham pilot as well as violence trends project findings at 2 EMPAC workshops to front-line police officers. See also EMPAC further funding entry
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description findings' dissemination to policymakers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact N Tilley- Title of address - 'Using Crime, victimisation and justice statistics to understand the global crime drop and its implications for crime prevention policy.' Keynote address at the Third International Conference on Governance, Crime and Justice Statistics, in Merida, Mexico, organised by UNODC (United National Office on Drugs and Crime) and INEGI (Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Geografia). The intention is to improve the conduct and analysis of large victimisation surveys and other statistical sources better to inform crime prevention strategies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.gsj.inegi.org.mx/programme.html
 
Description media presence in Greek channels 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact findings publicized in a number of Greek news, TV, and radio
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.google.gr/search?q=tse????&client=opera&hs=Ml6&source=lnt&tbs=qdr:w&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjxi-...
 
Description press release of research findings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact University of Surrey Press Release David Ferguson. Door and window locks are less carbon-costly and more effective than burglar alarms and CCTV, a new study finds, 13 Mar.,
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.surrey.ac.uk/mediacentre/press/2017/door-and-window-locks-are-less-carbon-costly-and-more...
 
Description provided commentary for a scientific newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview to Nala Rogers for her article 'Why Seemingly Scary Cities Might Be Safer Than You Think: Mathematical model shows how fear of crime can spread even when risk is low' in Inside Science American Institute of Physics. (interviewed 10 July, published) 12 July 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.insidescience.org/news/why-seemingly-scary-cities-might-be-safer-you-think
 
Description radio commentary 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact BBC Radio Nottingham: Interviewed by Verity Cowley re the ONS and BBC crime risk calculator 7 Sept. 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p05cxq8s#playt=1h21m40s
 
Description research findings dissemination to police officers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussed research with the High Potential Development cohort of police officers at the College of Policing and provided officers with takeaway materials.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description research findings dissemination to police officers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Findings given to participants of the NPCC Reducing Burglary Conference Wednesday 20 February 2019 Westminster Central Hall, Storey's Gate, Westminster.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description response to City Council Consultation for application to the DHLG 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Written Response to the Nottingham City Council Selective Licensing Consultation 24 Mar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.nottinghamcity.gov.uk/housing/private-sector-housing/selective-licensing/
 
Description results dissemination 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk to front-line officers, PCC offices' staff, EMPAC Leads and College of Policing staff about burglary project and pilot and briefly violence project findings at the Society of Evidenced Based Policing (SEBP) annual conference, Northampton, 2-3 March.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.sebp.police.uk/events
 
Description written evidence to ONS comsultation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Written responses to the ONS Consultation "Changes to the Crime Survey for England and Wales" as member of the British Society of Criminology Executive Committee (21 July 2017) and the Quantitative and Spatial Criminology Research Group at NTU (23 July 2017).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017