Fiscal Aspects of Constitutional Change

Lead Research Organisation: University of Stirling
Department Name: Economics

Abstract

This fellowship will produce original research on fiscal aspects of the constitutional change debate in the UK.

It will encompass both taxes and spending. The tax side will principally involve a detailed microeconomic assessment, using tax-benefit microsimulation where possible, of the incidence, distribution, administrative arrangements and behavioural responses to the different possible configurations of taxes in Scotland following the independence referendum. These range along a fiscal powers spectrum from the new status quo (the Scotland Act 2012) to full independence. This work will be joint with IFS and possibly with NIESR. Other perspectives on tax powers will be gained from an international colloquium to be held in Scotland in September 2013. This will consider tax and other fiscal issues associated with the possible break-up of states. For example, will the existence of a new international border affect trade? Can joint markets, such as that for energy, continue after independence? The colloquium will also compare fiscal issues in the UK with those in other states under threat of break-up - e.g. Canada, Spain and Belgium. It will also draw evidence from countries where break up has occurred - e.g. Ireland.

In relation to spending, the research will consider which parts of society gain from existing spending patterns, particularly Scotland's seemingly generous universal benefits. Thus, it will ask questions such as who benefits most from free personal care? Some voters will be concerned whether these benefits are the best way to use scarce resources. Others will be concerned whether existing patterns of spending can be maintained if Scotland becomes independent. Taxpayers will also be concerned whether they can be afforded. This work will also be joint with IFS and involve detailed analysis of the spending patterns in Scotland as set out in its annual budget. The applicant is the budget adviser to the Finance Committee of the Scottish Parliament. It will also involve comparisons with public spending patterns in other parts of the UK, since atitudes to constitutional change in RUK are somewhat coloured by perceptions of Scotland's seemingly generous spending allocation.

The final piece of research will involve using data from a web-based survey to test whether individuals attitudes to risk and how they trade off the present against the future affects how their attitude to constitutional change. Those who dislike risk and are concerned that an independent Scotland would lead to higher taxes may vote against independence. Those who have little interest in the future may not be willing to engage with the debate, or be less concerned with the arguments as to whether Scotland's economic prospects be post-independence might be good or bad. These behavioural economics issues have not been addressed in the context of a state, like the UK, which may break up in the near future. This work will be joint with Liam Delaney, a young behavioural economist with a growing reputation in this field.

Once the research results are produced, an equal amount of effort will go in to disseminating them in such a way as to maximise their impact.

Planned Impact

The users likely to benefit are principally the Scottish public, as well as particular interest groups in Scotland. However, others outside Scotland also have an interest in the outcome of the constitutional change debate and are catered for in the impact strategy.

The proposed project will generate at least 4 influential publications:
1. Contribution to IFS Green Budget for Scotland on Tax Proposals for Scotland
2. Paper on distributional aspects of universal benefits in Scotland
3. Paper with Liam Delaney on behavioural responses to fiscal uncertainty
4. E-book with Francois Vaillancourt on fiscal aspects of separation

Findings from these will be widely disseminated. The dissemination strategy is based on attempting to use as wide a range of methods as possible, including conferences, presentations, newspaper articles and media appearances. Likely venues for public presentations include Edinburgh, Inverness, Newcastle, Cardiff and Belfast. These events would be facilitated by bodies that can credibly argue to have a neutral position in respect of constitutional change - such as the RSE, DHI and BBC. Involvement with young people is important since the young will have to live with the outcomes of the 2014 referendum. In addition, 16 and 17 year olds may be allowed to vote in the referendum. Such events are likely to have high potential impact on key opinion formers.

In addition, the project will work with NIESR (if the NIESR application is successful) to support any events that it might wish to engage with in Scotland, while NIESR will offer reciprocal support to us for London events.

In Scotland, newspaper articles relating to this research agenda are generally easy to place. However, because the quality newspaper market is shrinking, greater emphasis will be placed on social media. An "Economic Aspects of Constitutional Change" blog will be constructed along the lines www.irisheconomy.ie, which provides high quality academic commentary on Irish economic issues. This will be accompanied by a linked Twitter account. We would also support the establishment of a joint website and Twitter accounts for the Senior Research Fellowships. It is difficult to know how to measure the final impact of social media, though metrics such as number of hits should provide an initial measure of the extent to which issues raised by the research are of interest.

We would expect to hold private meetings with specific stakeholders. These might include: Scottish Trades Union Congress, Confederation of British Industry, Institute of Directors, Scottish Chambers of Commerce, Scottish Financial Enterprise, Scottish Council of Voluntary Organisations and staff members of the Scottish Parliament. All of these bodies have been contacted and shown an interest in the project. Private meetings are likely to be more attractive to those who may not wish to take a public position on constitutional change. These meetings are likely to be an important aspect of the impact from this project, because they will inform such bodies in ways that may help them arrive at a public stance prior to the referendum.

The applicant will also promote the role of the ESRC through its ability to provide an independent, quality-assured support for this project.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title YouTube Video - New Powers for the Scottish Parliament? 
Description Description of new powers for the Scottish Parliament 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact Watched by influential participants in refertendum debate 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7zK35dZs1Ec&list=UU8zeKC1P4UiAA9o9EzLVIqA
 
Description We have found that:
1. An independent Scotland would face several important fiscal challenges. These include the variability of North Sea oil revenues, an ageing population, migration, the establishment of a market in government debt and the negative effects that the creation of a border might have on trade with rUK. The details of these issues are explored in one edited book, a special issue of the Oxford Review of Economic Policy and various journal articles and blogs. To give one example, which focused on the costs of funding state pensions in an independent Scotland, we showed how the costs of pensions would be affected by higher mortality rates in Scotland and the liquidity premium that would likely be attached to Scottish government debt. The liquidity premium would make Scottish pensions cheaper to buy, but taxpayers in Scotland would have to pay the cost in the form of higher interest charges.
2. In the context of the referendum on Scottish independence, voters' attitudes to risk had a strong influence on their willingness to support constitutional change.
3. Scottish businesses, though guarded in their public pronouncements, tended to be more negative than positive about the economic implications of constitutional change
4. Bookmakers odds provided more reliable predictors of the referendum outcome than di the opinion polls. This finding is in line with other studies (mainly from the USA) of the reliability of "prediction markets" for political outcomes compared with opinion polls.
Exploitation Route Although Scots voted by a considerable majority to reject independence, our work on fiscal issues is already being taken forward as a result of the work of the Smith Commission and in relation to the additional taxes proposed for Northern Ireland and Wales. We know that HM Treasury and the Scottish Government have been influenced by our thinking in relation to these issues.

Our work on attitudes to risk are likely to provoke interest among behavioural scientists on how such behaviours influence support or opposition to radical political change.

Our work on business attitudes to independence may be taken forward by the business community should there be further tax devolution in Scotland. Our use of an internet-based survey to gather business opinion was relatively novel for the Scottish Chambers of Commerce.
Sectors Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.scotfes.com
 
Description The research has focused on the changes to Scotland's tax powers following the 2014 referendum on Scottish independence. Just before the referendum the Westminster party leaders made a "vow" to increase the Scottish Parliament's powers. This included a commitment to devolve additional tax and spending powers. These powers were agreed by the Smith Commission in November 2015 and then embedded in the Scotland Bill 2015, which is currently making its way through Parliament. Neither the Smith Commission, nor the Bill detailed the "fiscal framework" that would surround the new powers. It will establish (1) how Scotland's block grant from Westminster will change, (2) how much the Scottish government can borrow and (3) the institutional arrangements necessary to establish good fiscal governance. These issues may seem esoteric, but in reality hundreds of millions of pounds are at stake. The research on the fiscal framework formed part of the work supported first by the original Senior Research Fellowship on the ESRC "Future of the UK and Scotland" program. It was subsequently extended through funding from the ESRC Centre on Constitutional Change (ES/K007173/1). It has been communicated in many ways including: • a special issue of the Oxford Review of Economic Policy on fiscal federalism, edited by the applicant; • two academic papers; two book chapters and two commissioned papers • 29 blog posts for the Centre on Constitutional Change • the development of a Twitter account which has 950 followers • the development of a micro-simulation model to analyse newly devolved tax powers. • numerous television and radio broadcasts both to a UK-wide and a Scottish audience - ranging from the Today Programme to an appearance on a BBC Scotland TV comedy show. • presentations to 67 different audiences in the UK, France and Canada since mid-2013. These ranged from the very academic at the Royal Economic Society in Manchester to town meetings in rural Scotland. • appearances at 10 Parliamentary committees since 2013. These include the Finance Committee and Devolution (Further Powers) committees of the Scottish Parliament and the Scottish Affairs Committee of the House of Commons. Most involved the provision of written evidence. The written and spoken evidence is frequently cited in the final reports. Not only has this grant supported a substantial body of innovative research and knowledge exchange, it has also contributed to the ESRC's objective of increasing research capacity. David Eiser was employed as a research fellow on both ESRC projects. He has developed into an able researcher with a significant external profile, having co-authored several papers and book chapters with the applicant, and presented jointly at public and private meetings. He has also contributed to the research, knowledge exchange and outcomes in his own right. He has written 26 blogs for the Centre on Constitutional Change, made numerous external presentations and appeared as a witness in his own right at six Parliamentary committees. The award has also opened opportunities for collaboration that have added to the capacity to conduct fiscal analyses in Scotland. Bell and Eiser have been awarded a Nuffield Foundation grant to joint with the ESRC-supported Institute for Fiscal Studies to research the fiscal framework. Collaboration with the ESRC-supported Centre on Population Changehas been The research has made use of important ESRC data assets. The microsimulation model uses the Understanding Society dataset. This resulted in the applicant giving a keynote address at the 2015 Understanding Society conference entitled "Scotland's changing fiscal framework through the prism of Understanding Society". This model will add to the intellectual legacy of the research alongside the other academic output previously . Communication activities have helped disseminate research findings, but the outcomes associated with this application have focused on key insights that involve extending, refining and exemplifying the implications of different designs for the fiscal framework. The Scotland Bill does not contain a blueprint for the fiscal framework. Instead, the Scottish and Governments are negotiating its structure in secret. The applicant's research suggested that a clear set of underlying principles and an open procedure were necessary if further constitutional upheaval was to be avoided. The research has led to the PI being consulted by both parties as the negotiations progress and by politicians who will ultimately decide whether the Scotland Bill will be approved by both the UK and Scottish Parliaments. Discussions have taken place with senior Treasury and Scottish Government officials, including the Chief Secretary as well as negotiators from both governments. Finally to the link from research and communication to outcomes: first, the PI was invited to act as Specialist Adviser to the House of Lords Economic Affairs Committee inquiry into the devolution of public finances in the UK. The committee subsequently published a report entitled "A Fracturing Union? The Implications of Financial Devolution to Scotland". Its arguments were aligned with the research findings. Further, Lord Hollick, chair of the Economic Affairs Committee, tabled an amendment to the second reading of the Scotland Bill attempting to halt progress on the bill until details of the fiscal framework were known. Specifically, the motion argued that "this House calls upon Her Majesty's Government not to schedule parts 2 and 3 of the bill in committee until the updated fiscal framework has been published". Second, the Finance Committee of the Scottish Parliament, in its report on the fiscal framework, to which the applicant provided evidence, has also expressed concerns about both its design and process. Third, the applicant is advising the Constitutional Reform Group in its project to draft a new constitution for the UK. The initial draft takes a more principled approach to the design of the fiscal relations between the constituent nations of the UK.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Citation in the Scottish Affairs Committee publication "Demography of Scotland and the implications for devolution" linked to my appearance as a witness on behalf of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact This publication included a set of recommendations by the Scottish Affairs Committee. Perhaps most important among these was the proposal that Scotland be allowed to control its own migration policy. This remains a matter of some contention between the Scottish and UK governments.
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201617/cmselect/cmscotaf/938/93802.htm
 
Description Design of Scotland's fiscal framework
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Following our research into the design of Scotland's fiscal framework, David Bell was invited to be the specialist adviser to the House of Lords Economic Affairs Committee, which was carrying out an investigation into the tax devolution proposed for Scotland in the week of the independence referendum in 2014. The investigation and subsequent report were influential in affecting public debate. In particular, the debate on the Scotland Bill in the House of Lords debate which took place on 29th February 2016 included the following amendment (57ZA) by Lord Forsyth of Drumlean: Before Clause 13, insert the following new Clause- "Approval of the fiscal framework Nothing in this Part shall have effect until each House of Parliament has passed a motion expressing its approval of the agreement between the Scottish Government and the United Kingdom Government on the Scottish Government's fiscal framework." This amendment was intended to indicate concern over the lack of debate of Scotland's proposed fiscal framework both in the House of Commons and in the House of Lords. Although the amendment failed, this debate did provide one opportunity for an informed discussion of the implications of Scotland's new fiscal framework. The text from Hansard (referenced below) makes clear David Bell's contribution to informing this debate.
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201516/ldhansrd/text/160229-0002.htm
 
Description David Hume Institute Research Awards
Amount £17,000 (GBP)
Organisation David Hume Institute 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2014 
End 10/2014
 
Description Fiscal issues in implementing the Smith Commission proposals and further devolution
Amount £29,980 (GBP)
Funding ID ECO/42328 
Organisation Nuffield Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2015 
End 02/2016
 
Title Scottish Independence - Business Attitudes 
Description New dataset on the attitudes of Scottish businesses towards a variety of issues associated with independence. Conducted in conjunction with the Scottish Chambers of Commerce. Two waves of data collected, each comprising around 850 responses. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Papers on business attitudes to constitutional change in Scotland that were influential in the debate around the economic implications of Scottish independence. 
URL http://www.scottishchambers.org.uk/userfiles/files/SCC%20Constitutional%20Survey.pdf
 
Title Scottish Independence - Individual Attitudes to Constitutional Change 
Description Individual responses to questionnaire on attitudes to constitutional change, personal and behavioural characteristics carried out by YouGov in December 2013. Sample size 2200. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Collection of further attitudinal datasets by the Scottish Centre on Constitutional Change to examine what changes in the external environment triggered changes to voting intentions and outcomes. 
URL http://futureukandscotland.ac.uk/sites/default/files/papers/Citizen%20Preferences%20for%20Constituti...
 
Title Scottish microsimulation model 
Description This microsimulation model is based on the ESRC longitudinal survey known as Understanding Society and the Family Resources Surve y which is carried out by the Department for Work and Pensions. It is intended to provide static and dynamic microsimulation evidence of the implications of changing Scotland's new tax and benefit powers. It is written in Liam2, a software development platform for microsimulation, which has been developed at the Belgian Planning Ministry. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Invitation to provide a keynote speech at the Understanding Society annual conference 2015. Analysis of party proposals for the 2016 Scottish election involving, for the first time, suggestions for changes to income tax rates and bands. A blog, based on the model, describing the progressive nature of the Labour Party's proposal to raise the Scottish rate of income tax is referenced in the URL below. 
URL http://www.scotfes.com
 
Description Scottish Independence - Collaboration with Scottish Chambers of Commerce 
Organisation Scottish Chambers of Commerce
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Collection and analysis of data
Collaborator Contribution Contact with individual businesses to encourage a high response rate
Impact Collaboration has resulted in the collection of a new survey on business attitudes to constitutional change. Collaboration also involved the dissemination of results from the survey both to the general public and to business audiences.
Start Year 2013
 
Description 16 Questons e-book 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We produced two chapters for the e-book "Scotland's Decision: 16 Questions to think about for the referendum on 18 September":
"What would the outlook be for Scotland's economy if the vote is yes/ if the vote is no?" (Bell)
"What would happen to pensions in the event of a Yes or a No vote" (Bell and Eiser)
They have been widely cited in the press.



The book has been downloaded over 100,000 times
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008,2014
URL http://www.futureukandscotland.ac.uk/sites/default/files/papers/Scotland%27s%20Decision%20final%20eb...
 
Description Academic presentations at Royal Economic Society in Manchester and Scottish Economic Society in Perth; Border Effects 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The talks were standard academic talks, but associated press release, http://www.res.org.uk/details/mediabrief/6065901/HOW-NATIONAL-BORDERS-INFLUENCE-ECONOMIC-OUTCOME.html, was picked up by national media, and I was then asked to write a piece for the LSE blog, http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/politicsandpolicy/the-border-effect-and-scottish-independence/

Article in the Daily Mail: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2600261/Independent-Scotland-lose-8bn-GDP-International-border-countries-cut-trade-5-5-cent.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.cepr.org/pubs/dps/DP9967.php
 
Description Adviser to House of Lords Economic Affairs Committee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I was asked to be specialist adviser to the House of Lords enquiry into the "Devolution of Public Finances in the UK" in 2015. This involved me with briefing the committee, helping select witnesses and helping draft the main report and various notes. This report was discussed during the reading of the Scotland Bill 2015 in the House of Lords. An attempt was made to halt the progress of the bill due to the absence of a clear agreement on the fiscal framework. Though defeated, the house was able to register its dissatisfaction with the handling of the fiscal framework, a key element of the devolution of public finances that was not included in the bill itself.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201516/ldselect/ldeconaf/55/55.pdf
 
Description Appearance as witness at Devolution (Further Powers) Committee, Scottish Parliament 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I gave evidence to the Devolution (Further Powers) Committee of the Scottish Parliament on January 21, 2016. My evidence related to the transfer of welfare powers from the UK Government to Scotland. Specifically it addressed the issue of how these powers will be funded. The evidence will influence the final report which will shortly be published.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/Papers_20160121.pdf
 
Description Article discussing the bookmakers odds on the outcome of the EU referendum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This article discussed the implied probability of a "leave" outcome, based on information from 24 bookmakers regarding the odds offered on the referendum
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://hdl.handle.net/1893/23620
 
Description Conference on Scottish Constitutional Futures, Glasgow University 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Seminar on constitutional change
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Contribution to Oxford Review of Economic Policy debate on Brexit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Contribution of a talk on "Structural Funds" to a day-long conference on Brexit held at the British Academy. Talks subsequently to be included in an online issue of the Oxford Review of Economic Policy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Contribution to conference "Minding Scotland Money: Economic Governance for an Increasingly Devolved Scotland" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a one-day conference focusing on the management of Scotland's finances following the passing of the Scotland Act 2016. My contribution focused on the role of the "Scottish Fiscal Commission"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.davidhumeinstitute.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Minding-Scotlands-Money-Collated-Paper-...
 
Description Contribution to public meeting discussing economic issues associated with BrexitTwo 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was an event organised by the Centre on Constitutional Change in Dynamic Earth, Edinburgh. My contribution was to provide a talk on the trade implications of Brexit.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Economics of Scottish Independence, Government Economic Service Mini-Conference; Border Effects 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk certainly attracted questions and comment at the event. Also helped maintain relationship with the organisers, HMT, and further discussion with people at HMT after this event helped them to prepare their Scotland Analysis paper which had sections on this topic: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/236579/scotland_analysis_macroeconomic_and_fiscal_performance.pdf

Our work was cited (they specifically used a phrase which only appeared in the presentation slides for this specific talk) by Oxford Economics in their report on the economics of Scottish Independence. Report link http://www.weir.co.uk/media/85604/INDEPENDENCE-REPORT.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.cepr.org/pubs/dps/DP9967.php
 
Description Evidence on inequality in Scotland - David Eiser 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Informed Committee's deliberations on 'Scotland's economic future post-2014'.
http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/CurrentCommittees/71044.aspx


As a result, we have been asked to present our work on inequality to other fora, for example the Scottish Trade Union Congress Annual Conference, and an event organised by the Poverty Alliance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/CurrentCommittees/71044.aspx
 
Description Evidence provided to the Scottish Parliament Finance committee on behalf of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This was a meeting of the Scottish Parliament Finance Committee concerning the "Scottish approach to taxation". I gave evidence to this committee on behalf of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, which had submitted a paper on this topic to the committee (https://www.rse.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/AP16_21.pdf). I was a member of the RSE group which drafted the paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZuPxltbPv9E
 
Description Evidence to Scottish Parliament Devolution Committee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact David Eiser was invited to give evidence in private to the Scottish Parliament's Devolution (Further Powers) Committee. The session concerned the development of Scotland's fiscal framework.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/2015.12.02_David_Eiser.pdf
 
Description Evidence to the House of Commons Scottish Affairs Committee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact David Bell and David Eiser were invited to give evidence to the Scottish Affairs Committee. The discussions concerned the development of Scotland's fiscal framework. David Bell and David Eiser were both extensively quoted in the Committee's subsequent report.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201516/cmselect/cmscotaf/660/660.pdf
 
Description Extensively quoted on policies to address inequality in Scotland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact David Bell and David Eiser's reports on Inequality in Scotland and policy responses (see outputs) have been extensively quoted in the press, and backed up by presentations to wider audiences.

Examples of presentations include:
Presentation on 'Inequality and taxation' at the Scottish Liberal Democrats Conference in January 2014
Presentation on 'Inequality in Scotland' at the Scottish Trade Union Annual Congress on 15/10/2014
Presentation on 'Taxation, redistribution and inequality' at Poverty Alliance Annual Conference 29/10/2014
Presentation at the Oxfam Annual Conference on 'Policy levers for tackling inequality' in November 2015
Presentation to Scottish Government Economics Service on 'Inequality and Poverty' in October 2015
Presentation to the Scottish Economics Society on 'Inequality: what can the government do?' in April 2015
Two presentations at the Royal Economics Society in Edinburgh on inequality (20/10/2014 and 15/06/2015)

Press citations include:
Experts: Scotland has power to close gap between rich and poor http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/13413383.Experts__Scotland_has_power_to_close_gap_between_rich_and_poor/
Revealed: the widening gulf between Scotland's super-rich and super-poor http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/home-news/revealed-the-widening-gulf-between-scotlands-super-rich-and-super-poor.129336303
Scots renting from landlords more than doubles in decade http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/13185015.Scots_renting_from_landlords_more_than_doubles_in_a_decade/

Authored articles include:
Analysis: a short history of inequality in Scotland http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/home-news/analysis-a-short-history-of-scottish-inequality.129274280

Our analysis was quoted extensively in Gordon Brown's book "My Scotland, Our Britain". It was also cited in Oxfam Scotland's 'Parliamentary priorities for 2016'.

Our analysis has paved the way for Party's announcements for reform of property and income taxation in Scotland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description Giving evidence to the Scottish Parliament Finance and Constitution Committee on "the Impact of Brexit on the Scottish budget" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This was a session discussing the implications of Brexit for Scotland's public spending
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QvMGsCowXsQ
 
Description Giving evidence to the Scottish Parliament's Finance Committee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This activity involved giving evidence to the Scottish Parliament Finance committee on Wednesday, 2 November 2016. The evidence focused on the current state of the UK economy and the consequent implications for the Scottish economy and the Scottish Parliament's budget.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.parliament.scot/S5_Finance/Complete_28_for_2nd_-_public.pdf
 
Description Hosting awayday for the Scottish Parliament Finance Committee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We hosted an awayday for the Scottish Parliament Finance Committee at the University of Stirling. This meeting was intended to brief the new members of the Finance Committee on the various budgetary and finance issues that they were likely to address during the forthcoming Parliament.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Independent Scotland might get away with a high deficit-if it's feeling lucky 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This article discussed the prospects for Scottish independence in the light of new information regarding Scotland's large fiscal deficit
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://hdl.handle.net/1893/24298
 
Description Inequality in Scotland and fiscal policy press release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The press release was widely cited in the media. David Comerford was interviewed on Good Morning Scotland and STV news; David Eiser was interviewed on Reporting Scotland and Newsnight Scotland. Some examples of press coverage:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-25820250
http://news.stv.tv/politics/261075-report-major-change-needed-to-reduce-inequality-in-scotland/
http://www.heraldscotland.com/comment/columnists/ideas-of-fairer-society-tested-when-it-comes-to-the-crunch.23195995
http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/politics/economic-report-finds-inequality-scotland-3046695
http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22229713.100-scotland-what-if-independence-goes-horribly-wrong.html#.VGCsQDSsWr8

In conjunction with our previous work on inequality, the impacts included the stimulation of public debate. We met with Gordon Brown who cited the work extensively in his book 'My Scotland, our Britain'. We presented the work at the Liberal Democrats Spring Conference 2014. We received requests for further information from groups including Taxpayers Alliance and Scottish Green Party. We were invited to give evidence at the Scottish Parliament Economy Committee 23 April 2014. The research was cited by Jackie Ballie MSP in a parliamentary question to Alex Salmond in First Minister's Questions, 23 Jan 2014.

The results of the research have been cited in policy briefings by the Scottish Parliament Information Centre. One example: http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/S4_EconomyEnergyandTourismCommittee/Meeting%20Papers/Papers_20140219.pdf

They have also been cited in other policy documents, such as STUC's 'A Just Scotland'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://scotfes.com/2014/01/21/tackling-income-inequality-presents-challenges-for-scotland/
 
Description Inequality in Scotland press release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The press release, which summarised our work on the trends and drivers of inequality in Scotland, was widely reported in the media. David Bell was interviewed on BBC Scotland. Some examples of newspaper citations (many more available):
http://www.heraldscotland.com/politics/referendum-news/salaries-soar-for-top-earners.22709623
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-24951198
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/3a274ea0-39b8-11e4-93da-00144feabdc0.html#axzz3If8ukGnx

In conjunction with our subsequent work on inequality, there were several impacts:
We met with Gordon Brown who cited us extensively in his book "My Scotland, our Britain"
We presented work at the Scottish Liberal Democrats Conference, April 2014
David Eiser was invited to give evidence at the Scottish Parliament Economy and Tourism Committee, 23 April 2014
We have been invited to present the work at several conferences and seminars
David Comerford was invited to help the Scottish Green Party with calculations underlying their "Green Yes Briefing Note" on a Citizen's Income for Scotland http://www.scottishgreens.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2014/08/Citizens-Income-Briefing-Note.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
URL http://news.cision.com/the-economic-and-social-research-council/r/top-earners--wages-growing-faster-...
 
Description Invited talk to Scottish postgraduate students in economics annual conference on Brexit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This was a talk outlining the main economic issues relating to possible outcomes from Brexit, particularly focusing on higher education and immigration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote presentation to the British Society of Gerontology conference on Brexit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was one of the keynote addresses at the 2016 BSG conference. It addressed the issue of older people and Brexit, showing both voting patterns and issues that were likely to affect older people when Brexit occurs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.stir.ac.uk/social-sciences/news/past-events/bsgconference2016/
 
Description Lecture on Regional impact of Brexit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This workshop was held in the Scottish Government at Victoria Quay, Edinburgh. It involved a number of presentations on the regional impacts of Brexit within the UK. It was organised by Prof Philip McCann, University of Sheffield and was part of his ESRC project "The Economic Impacts of Brexit on the UK, its Regions, its Cities and its Sectors" which in turn is part of the ESRC "UK in a Changing Europe" program.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/Documents/college-social-sciences/business/research/city-redi/Devolved-...
 
Description Meeting of the Welfare Reform Committee of the Scottish Parliament 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Discussion with Members of the Scottish Parliament about potential for devolution of welfare powers to Scotland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/S4_Welfare_Re...
 
Description Meeting with Danish journalists to discuss Scotland and Brexit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact This was an informal meeting with a group of Danish journalists who wished to be briefed on the current state of constitutional debate in Scotland and its interrelationship with the Brexit debate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Meeting with HM Treasury civil servants. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Private discussion with senior civil servants from HM Treasury about the forthcoming referendum on Scottish independence. Discussion of the Treasury strategy for dealing with this issue.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Ongoing analysis of the Scottish budget 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact We regularly provide analysis of the impacts of Scottish Budgets, and of the impact of UK Government Budgets on the Scottish economy (this is in addition to commentary on specific fiscal policy proposals, and evolving devolution arrangements, described elsewhere). This work is often produced as blogs on the Centre on Constitutional Change website. For example:
http://centreonconstitutionalchange.ac.uk/blog/budget-2015-scottish-alternative-austerity
http://centreonconstitutionalchange.ac.uk/blog/austerity-bites-spending-review-and-scotland

This work is regularly cited in media reports, for example:
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/99031ee8-a4da-11e5-9101-8718f09f6ece.html#axzz3ufOry2Al

And often leads to invitations for Op-Ed pieces, for example:
http://www.heraldscotland.com/opinion/13416605.Osborne_makes_his_mark_as_an_astute_politician/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016
 
Description Pensions in Scotland press release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The press release generated significant media coverage. Examples:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-26083646
http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/feb/07/salmond-pension-plans-scotland-unaffordable-warning
http://www.heraldscotland.com/politics/referendum-news/iscotland-could-delay-increases-in-pension-age.1391794147
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-26082480
http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/politics/scottish-independence-yes-vote-could-3121415


Our research formed the basis for public and political debate. For example, it formed the basis of a discussion between Deputy First Minister Nicola Sturgeon and James Naughtie on Good Morning Scotland (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-27135448). It has been cited by documents produced by the Scottish Government (e.g. http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0044/00449916.pdf)

David Comerford was invited to give evidence on our research to the Scottish Affairs Committee, 5 March 2014 http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmselect/cmscotaf/140/140305.htm
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://niesr.ac.uk/sites/default/files/NIESR%20Press%20Release%20-%20Feb%20Review%20Research%20Scotl...
 
Description Presentation at Royal Society of Edinburgh event "Enlightening the European Debate", focusing on labour markets, migration and benefits. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This was an event organised by the Royal Society of Edinburgh and open to the general public which addressed some of the issues relating to Brexit. My contribution was a short talk which focused on labour market issues, particularly migration and welfare.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.rse.org.uk/advice-papers/european-referendum-labour-markets-migration-benefits/
 
Description Presentation at conference on migration and Brexit organised by Heriot Watt University on October 24, 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on Brexit and migration and contribution to expert panel on Brexit
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at joint British Academy/Royal Society of Edinburgh event "Inequality: Good for the Rich, Bad for the Economy" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was part of a series of debates organised by the British Academy to address the issue of inequality in the United Kingdom
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.britac.ac.uk/events/inequality-good-rich-bad-economy
 
Description Presentation on Brexit to the Aberdeen and Grampian Chamber of Commerce 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This was a presentation to a large group of business people with an interest in the outcome of the Brexit debate. It involved taking them through the various options regarding trade, migration et cetera.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation on Scotland's new fiscal powers and Brexit to the Scottish Council Development and Industry 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This was a presentation on the fiscal implications implications of the Scotland Act 2016 along with some discussion of the potential implications of the different possible outcomes of the EU referendum
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation on options for local taxation in Scotland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to the annual conference of the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors on local taxation in Scotland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation to Scotland's Young Academy (young academics) on Brexit. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact At the behest of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, I addressed a number of young academics drawn from all over Scotland who wish to understand the main issues associated with Brexit and Scotland's possible options. Many of these academics were from other European countries outside the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation to the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries - "The Economic Implications of Brexit" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This was a talk to the actuarial profession in Stirling focusing on the economic implications of Brexit
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation to the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries on the EU referendum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This was a debate on the possible costs and benefits associated with different outcomes of the EU referendum
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation to the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries regarding the economics of Scottish independence. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries on Scotland's public finances. The focus was in explaining likely scenarios for an independent Scotland's public finances, given plausible expectations around tax revenues and spending commitments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Presentation to the Stirling Economic Partnership (STEP) on Brexit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This was a presentation on economic issues associated with Brexit to a large group of local businesses
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentations at Scottish Economic Society Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We presented three papers at a special plenary session of the Scottish Economic Society Annual Conference:
Individual Attitudes (Bell)
Border effects (Comerford)
Fiscal alternatives to independence (Eiser)
The session consisted of seven papers in total chaired by David Bell. The results of the activity were discussion and questions.

As a result of this session, we were asked by the Scottish Economics Society to compile a book on the Economics of Scottish Independence. See 'publications' section.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.scotecon.org/book.html
 
Description Provision of evidence to Scottish Parliament Economy Jobs and Fair Work Committee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Submission to the economy jobs and fair work committee discussing sources of economic data in Scotland, there are advantages and disadvantages
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8tIKtK6R6Jw
 
Description Public meeting in Stirling on Brexit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was part of an expert panel discussing economic issues associated with Brexit. The audience was drawn from the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Quoted in First Minister's Questions and Labour Party Manifesto document following extensive media coverage 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact David Bell and David Eiser produced a number of blogs on the website of the Centre on Constitutional Change looking at the revenue and distributional implications of changes to devolved rates of income tax in Scotland. For example: http://centreonconstitutionalchange.ac.uk/blog/scottish-rate-income-tax-progressive-or-regressive
http://centreonconstitutionalchange.ac.uk/blog/scottish-labour%E2%80%99s-tax-proposals

These blogs were picked up and quoted in a number of media reports. For example:
http://www.scotsman.com/news/brian-wilson-labour-income-tax-row-offers-voters-a-real-choice-1-4022720
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-business-35511683
http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/14288378.___SNP_would_need_tax_grab_in_order_to_meet_fairness_test___/
http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2016/feb/02/labour-pushes-1p-tax-rise-in-scotland

The Labour Party cited our analysis in one of their Manifesto announcements:
http://www.scottishlabour.org.uk/blog/entry/this-is-our-plan-to-avoid-snp-cuts-and-invest-in-the-future

Subsequently, our analysis was subject of debate at First Minister's Questions, and quoted by both the First Minster and the Labour leader: http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/report.aspx?r=10365&mode=pdf (p.13)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/report.aspx?r=10365&mode=pdf
 
Description Scottis Independence - Economics of North Sea oil - Good Morning Scotland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Appeared on Good Morning Scotland (audience 460,000) to discuss the Economics of North Sea Oil and Scottish Independence. Some further discussion on social media.

Continuing focus on North Sea oil in referendum campaign
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_UhYIkxlHYw
 
Description Scottish Independence - Implications for Northern Ireland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presntation at conference in Belfast, Northern Ireland on effects of Scottish Independence on Northern Ireland. Other speakers were Monique Ebell, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, and James Mitchell, University of Edinburgh.

Increased understanding in the Northern Ireland policy community of the implications for Northern Ireland of Scottish independence
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/schools/QueensUniversityManagementSchool/Research/ResearchCentres/IrishBusiness...
 
Description Scottish Independence - BBC Referendum Documentaries - Scotland's Top 10 Battlegrounds 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Appearance in "Scotland's Top 10 Battlegrounds" - BBC Scotland documentary on key issues influencing the referendum debate.

Difficult to identify distinctive impact. All such documentaries added to the public understanding of the importance of the referendum and the key issues that might affect an independent Scotland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b03vmb0s
 
Description Scottish Independence - BBC Referendum Documentary - The Blethering Referendum (Part Two) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Took part in a comedy show with Sanjiv Kohli intended to present the referendum issues in a humorous fashion. Particular focus was on transition costs of setting up new institutions in an independent Scotland.

Difficult to identify distinctive impact. All such contributions were intended to raise the level of understanding of the issues surrounding Scottish independence.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b043n4yx
 
Description Scottish Independence - BBC Referendum Documentary - What's In It for Me? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Extended interview with Laura Kuensberg on costs and benefits of Scottish independence to the individual

Difficult to identify distinctive impact. Should have contributiong to raising public awareness of the key economic issues associated with independence.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b04g4cby
 
Description Scottish Independence - Business, Innovation and Skills Committee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Publication of the minutes of our evidence to the committee. Improved understanding on the part of Westminster politicians of the economic issues associated with Scottish independence.

Further meetings with parliamentarians in the run-up to the Scottish independence referendum.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmselect/cmbis/504/130618.htm
 
Description Scottish Independence - Economy, Energy and Tourism Committee of the Scottish Parliament - Scotland's Economic Future Post 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Responses became part of the official record.

Evidence became part of a substantial collection of information on the implications of Scottish independence which can be accessed at the URL listed below. Difficult to assess how much these influenced individual voters, but were an important resource which gave different perspectives on the implications of Scottish independence.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/CurrentCommittees/71044.aspx
 
Description Scottish Independence - Gambling Odds on the Outcome 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Series of blogs tracking the betting odds on the referendum outcome. These engendered considerable debate and media interest: particularly around the relative merits of betting odds versus opinion polls in predicting political outcomes.

Requests for information on data collected in the course of analysing betting odds.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://scotfes.com/author/dnfb1/
 
Description Scottish Independence - Implications for the North of England 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Gave presentation in Newcastle on the topic of "Implications of Scottish Independence for the North of England". Strong interest in topic.

This IPPR-organised seminar may have contributed to the reawakening of interest in the North of England in forms of self-government. We were asked to a post-referendum conference at Nuffield College, Oxford in November 2014 to further examine the arguments around this issue.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ippr.org/events/scottish-independence-what-would-it-mean-for-the-economy-of-the-north-of-...
 
Description Scottish Independence - International Conference on Constitutional Change 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact Conference organised by University of Stirling. Resulted in considerable media coverage. Production of special issue of Oxford Review of Economic Policy (published summer 2014) focussing on the Economics of Constitutional Change

International contributions to the debate including from Catalonia, Quebec, Belgium, Lithuania. Joint exchange of information may have had impact on international debates on secession. Also heightened awareness within UK of international comparators which improved quality of the debate in the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://scotfes.com/conferences/international-conference-on-economics-of-constitutional-change/
 
Description Scottish Independence - Scotland Tonight 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Television interview - Scotland Tonight

Scotland Tonight estimated audience 100,000 (allmediascotland.com) - improved understanding of Scottish Government case for Scottish Independence
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://news.stv.tv/topics/scotland-tonight/
 
Description Scottish Independence - Scotland's future - an independent debate 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ICAS-sponsored conference on Scottish Independence. Other speakers included Ms Nicola Sturgeon, Deputy First Minister. My presentation stimulated interested interested in the economic options for a post-referendum Scotland. Video was streamed to ICAS members throughout the UK.

Further media follow-up (ITV, Borders) to discuss issues raised
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://icas.org.uk/news/scotlands-future-conference-Nov13/
 
Description Scottish Independence - Scottish Affairs Committee - Effect on Rest of UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Contribution to the debate immediately before the referendum and helped form politicians thinking in the forming of policy documents.

Scottish Affairs Committee report: The referendum on separation for Scotland (July 2014) http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmselect/cmscotaf/499/49902.htm
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmselect/cmscotaf/140/140205.htm
 
Description Scottish Independence - Tuition Fees 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Reporting Scotland (estimated audience 600,000) - discussing likely EU rulings on HE tuition fees should Scotland become independent


Universities Scotland brought out questionable legal advice claiming Scotland could continue to charge tuition fees to English students. Issue raised at First Minister's questions by Alex Salmond MSP.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b006mj3s
 
Description Scottish Independence - Welfare - Good Morning Scotland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Participated in interview on welfare provision in an independent Scotland on Good Morning Scotland (audience 460,000) (11th June 2013)

Interest in welfare issue continued throughout referendum campaign resulting in further media presentations and request for evidence.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Scottish Parliament Economy Committee Meeting to Discuss Underemployment 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Gave evidence to members of the Economy Committee of the Scottish Parliament focusing on the issue of underemployment. Evidence quoted in final report published in April 2013.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/CurrentCommittees/62266.aspx
 
Description Scottish independence - ICAS Pensions Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Spark continuing interest in the safety of pensions in a post-independent Scotland

Continuing engagement with ICAS over pension issues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://icas.org.uk/NEws/2013PensionsConference_panelevent/
 
Description Scottish independence - Implications for Wales 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation on the economic implications for Wales of Scottish independence along with Prof Gerald Holtham, Honorary Professor, Cardiff Business School at the Wales Governance Centre at Cardiff University. Large audience attended and were closely engaged with the subject matter.

Talk stimulated debate around the possibility of establishing a fiscal framework for the UK as a whole as well as the implications for Wales were Scotland to become independent.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Scottish independence - Scottish Chambers of Commerce - business survey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Resulted in further discussion of business attitudes to independence

Further engagement with business community including invitations to give talks on Scottish independence and UK economic prospects. Asked to be guest speaker at Highland Business Awards in 2014.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.scottishchambers.org.uk/press-policy/press-releases/2014/05/768
 
Description Scottish independence - Scottish Chambers of commerce - Business survey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Reporting of a survey of Scottish businesses' attitudes to independence carried out by the University of Stirling

Considerable media interest was evident when the press release associated with the survey was distributed
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://scotfes.com/2013/06/26/business-attitudes-to-the-independence-debate/
 
Description Scottish independence - Scottish Parliament Finance Committee - the Scotland Act 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Evidence provided at this session provided background for the Finance Committee to write the report on the Scotland Act 2012

Increased attention paid to the fiscal implications of the Scotland Act 2012 by parliamentarians.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/28862.aspx?r=8386&mode=pdf
 
Description Scottish independence - Select Committee on Scottish Affairs - Implications for Pensions and Benefits 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Fed into the debate on the economic advantages and disadvantages of Scottish independence

Continuing media and professional interest in the issue of pensions in the run-up to the Scottish referendum
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmselect/cmscotaf/498/498.pdf
 
Description Scottish independence - Select Committee on Scottish Affairs - Pensions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Fed into the debate on the economic advantages and disadvantages of Scottish independence

Continuing media and professional interest in the issue of pensions in the run-up to the Scottish referendum
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmselect/cmscotaf/140/130514.htm
 
Description Scottish independence-Scottish Parliament Finance Committee - Pensions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Provided Evidence to the Finance Committee of the Scottish parliament on prospects for pensions if Scotland did, or did not, become independent along with Chris Curry (Pensions Policy Institute) and Ann Flynn (pensions consultant)

Debate helps politicians appreciate the complexities of dismantling the linkage between pensions in Scotland and those in the rest of the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/parliamentarybusiness/28862.aspx?r=9280&mode=pdf