Working time flexibility and work-life balance across Europe and the role of contexts: connecting the individual- , company- and the country-level

Lead Research Organisation: University of Kent
Department Name: Sch of Social Pol Sociology & Social Res

Abstract

This highly innovative interdisciplinary project using sociological, managerial and psychological theories and state of the art quantitative methods aims to examine the impact of working-time flexibility on work-life balance of individuals, and the importance of contexts in this relationship. It brings together the key research strengths I've built over the years, i.e.; substantive knowledge of working-time practices across countries, theoretical understandings of the impact of job demands and resources on work-family conflict and the impact of contexts, my methodological knowledge using quantitative methods, and lastly my knowledge on some of the key comparative data sources available on these topics.
Work-life balance is a crucial aspect of an individual's well-being that also impacts the welfare of families and other societal issues such as fertility rates, and is therefore a major policy goal for most welfare states. For companies, considering that conflict between work and the family life will eventually impact a company's performance outcomes due to sickness, absenteeism, recruiting and retaining workers, providing work-life balance is crucial to retain a productive and effective workforce. One way of simultaneously addressing the work-life balance needs of employees and the productivity needs of employers, while keeping costs down for both governments and companies, is the use of flexible working arrangements. This approach has been supported at the company- national-, and even EU-levels via policies and campaigns, and can provide a good alternative to other more costly work-life balance policies. However, some scholars have pointed to the fact that flexible working can lead to spill-overs from work to home leading to negative results. Despite the mixed results, in-depth evidence based on cross-national data remain lacking and the question of who is really able to benefit from the use of flexibility, in what context, has yet to be answered. To provide this much-needed insight and empirical evidence for future policy developments, this project examines the following questions. What is the impact of working-time flexibility on work-life balance? Does this impact differ across different company and national contexts and individuals in question? If so, why? The study applies a multi-level approach connecting the different levels this dynamic takes place: namely the individual-, company- and country-levels. In addition, two time points are compared to see the extent of diffusion of working-time flexibility in the past years and how this influences its impact on work-family conflict. I will match different secondary data sets across 27 European countries, at the individual-, company- and national-levels for around 2004 and 2010 for the analyses. Different forms of quantitative analysis will be carried out, including multi-level modelling and models to study causal relationships.
The results of this research will provide crucial information for groups including trade unions, employers' organisations, organisations supporting working families and women's rights, as well as policy makers at the national and European levels. These beneficiaries will be contacted to take part as an advisory group, to provide valuable input for the project. This study will bring forward a new dimension the study of work-family conflict and the role of working-time flexibility by understanding the dynamics in a wider perspective, which reflects the actual environments individuals and companies are placed in and provide us with new understanding of the role of policies. The results of the project will be disseminated through policy reports and meetings open to all parties interested, as well as through attending international conferences and dissemination through academic publications. In addition, press releases, newsletters and web-site dedicated to the project topic will be used to distribute the outcomes of this project to a wider audience.

Planned Impact

The outcomes of the analysis will provide the much needed understanding of the preconditions and contexts where individuals are actually able to take up flexible working-time arrangements as well as when it provides good outcomes at the individual, company as well as country level. Through this, this project aims to help enhance the quality of life and well-being of individuals across Europe, contribute to evidence based policy making both at the national and company level, and enhance efficiency and performance outcomes at the company level as well as government levels. This will benefit the following bodies.
* Workers in need of work-life balance, trade-unions and other worker support organisations
-National level:Trade Union Congress, University and College Union
-European/International level:European Trade Union Confederation, European Trade Union Institute
-Non-government organisations working with work-life balance issues and women's rights:Working Families, Fawcett Society
- Workers?dividuals who are interested in the issues of flexible working
This project will provide workers and worker support organisation with empirical evidence of the business case for the use of flexible working arrangements, and information concerning how flexible working arrangements should be implemented to best benefit workers. This study will also provide helpful information that can enhance the public awareness and understanding of flexible working and to support the use and extension of flexible working rights for all workers and families.
*Companies and employers' organisation
-National level:Confederation of British Industries, Federation of Small Businesses
-European level:Business Europe, other European employer's organisations
-Companies who are interested in the issues surrounding flexible working
The results of the project will provide information on the company context where flexible working arrangements can provide optimum performance outcomes for workers as well as companies. Thus this study will help businesses in general, and provide useful insights that can be used by employers and business organisations to help their members use good cost-cutting HR management practices that can lead to productivity gains and profit generation.
* Policy makers and Whitehall departments
-National level:Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, Department for Work and Pensions
-European level:European Foundation, International Labour Organisation, European Commission DG-Employment
The results from the national-level analyses will show us which countries have been successful in providing flexible working-time arrangements to a wider group of workers. In addition, the results will indicate the national preconditions needed to enhance the use of flexible working arrangements and enable its use to the benefit of both workers and companies. This will help enhance the effectiveness of policies aimed to help workers balance work and family life. Without this knowledge, policies introducing flexible working-time may not be successful in achieving their goal and may even lead to unintended negative outcomes.
I will set up an advisory board consisting of individuals from the three major beneficiary groups as well as academics in the field of comparative working time issues to help guide the process of the project from beginning to end. The results of the study will be disseminated to the users that can benefit from the results of the study through a jargon free executive summary. This will be delivered through a one-day conference held at the University of Kent open to all interested parties. In addition, a website dedicated to this project and interactions with the media will help deliver the key findings of this project to the general public. This will also allow for an easier communication flow to the general public to help public awareness and understanding of working-time flexibility and its impact on work-life balance.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Key results of the project
Who has access to schedule control/flexitime?
- It is the highly educated, high skilled workers in upper occupational groups that have most access
- Those who are likely to have more demand for the arrangement - e.g., women, workers with care responsibility do not necessarily have access
- Female dominated job posts and sectors are those with the worst access to schedule control
- Companies with high-skilled workers, and those using other types of high performance strategies are the ones providing schedule control to its workers
- Countries with generous family policies seem to be those where workers have more access : family-friendly policies at the national level promotes better corporate culture of family-friendliness
- This is especially for the higher skilled/highly educated --> it seems like schedule control is used as a top up policy in addition to existing family policies

Flexible working and flexibility stigma
- More than 1/3 of workers in the UK hold flexibility stigma based on the BIS Work-Life Balance Survey of 2011
- Men and fathers are more likely have flexibility stigma that flexible workers make more work for others, and that they are less likely to get promoted
- Flexibility stigma reduces the perceived availability of flexible working arrangements as well as its take up when available
- However, parents of young children still take up flexible working arrangements despite the stigma surrounding it
- When examining the actual experienced negative outcomes of those who are /have used flexible working arrangements, negative career outcomes were seen mostly for those using part-time work. Those using flexitime and teleworking alone (not along side any working hours/intensity reducing arrangements) are unlikely to have said that they have experienced negative career outcomes due to working flexibly
Flexible working and work intensity
- There is evidence that schedule control/working time autonomy may increase overtime hours of workers
- This effect is stronger for men, but also similar for full-time working women
- Working remotely also increases (unpaid) overtime hours of workers, especially for men
- However, for men this increase in work intensity seems to pay off - yet not for women (this may be due to employer's perception of how women's flexible working is being used)

Does flexible working enhance work capacity?
- Allowing women to work flexibly does increase the chances of them staying in employment after the birth of their first child
- Allowing women to work flexibly decreases the chances of women reducing their working hours substantially after childbirth

Does flexible working increase work-life balance?
- Flexitime - flexible scheduling - helps reduce work-family conflict(the conflict felt between work and family life) for most workers
- Teleworking on the other hand seem to increase work-family conflict
- Especially those with demanding jobs are those where teleworking can lead to a stronger conflict
- Yet for parents teleworking does not lead to a stronger conflict between work and family

Do contexts make a difference?
- Flexitime can be more beneficial if people are working in work places where long-working hours culture is prevalent
- Flexitime/Schedule control is more detrimental in terms of work-spill over (into family lives) in countries where unemployment rates are higher
Exploitation Route The following notes possible policy recommendations based on this project.
Firstly, flexible working can help tackle the persistent gender inequalities in the labour market by allowing women to maintain their labour market positions after childbirth. This has huge implications for maintaining women's human capital and their career especially in a life-course perspective, which can help tackle the existing problems of gender wage gaps in the labour market. Yet, flexible working is still not being provided to many workers who need it most, especially with the most disadvantaged groups of workers without other means of tackling work-family conflict having the least access.
Campaigns such as Working Families' 'Happy to talk flexible working' is a good and important step to change employers' and workers' views by suggesting that all jobs could potentially be flexible from day one. However, a stronger legislative right for workers in terms of requesting flexible working may be more effective in changing work cultures. As in the Dutch right to request, legislative changes that require employers to state reasons for rejecting flexible working requests would be a useful in ensuring that workers have a true right to flexible working. Such changes will enforce managers to rethink the current presentism work culture and embrace flexible working that can be productive for both employers and employees, especially in the longer term.
At the company level it will be important to have campaigns to distribute the key messages of how flexibility can lead to better productivity outcomes to tackle the flexibility stigma still prevalent in our work places. It would be also be important to have work-life balance included as a part of the normal discussions between workers and managers. We should ensure to bring work-life balance at the forefront to change the existing "ideal worker norm" from that of a worker whose only responsibility and priority lies at work, to a more balanced worker that is able to deal with both the demands of work and other spheres of life.
There is a potential for flexible working to reinforce gender roles by increasing men's work spheres and increasing women's family demands, due to the existing gender norms in our societies. More policies that encourage fathers to take up flexible working arrangements for family-friendly purposes are needed to overcome this.
We also need to think of reshaping our labour laws to take into consideration the mass changes occurring in the workplace. Many labour laws are still are based on the standard worker working fixed hours, under manager's supervision. Most of these assumptions have now changed and the protection of workers need to move beyond our assumption to protect workers from working (needing to work) everywhere and all the time. It will be useful to have a more comprehensive discussion on issues around flexible working, changing gender roles, and work-life balance, as well as other changes in the labour market such as increase in work intensity, employment insecurity. We should also examine how a wider range of flexible working, including the new types of working such as the gig economy, should be promoted or regulated. This will allow workplace issues to be examined in a holistic manner and enable new strategies for a more productive, sustainable economy and decent work-life balance for all.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.wafproject.org
 
Description ESRC narrative impact (Apologies but it seems like all hyper links have been erased/if possible it would be good to be given the opportunity to submit this as a doc file?) The impact of this research are four parts,; influencing UK government and international governments across their world in their flexible working/future of work policy agendas; influencing the policy direction and capacity building of policy stakeholders and advocacy groups ; changing international (research) organisations' policy stance on flexible working; and changing public perceptions on flexible working. 1. Shaping the future of work agendas of governments across the world The results have influenced government's policies on flexible working and work-life balance issues. In particular this study has shown that flexible working can help reduce gender inequality in the labour market by allowing women to maintain their labour market position, yet that it can also lead to increased working hours, and/or negative career outcomes - namely the flexibility stigma. The project raised awareness of the need to increase the right to flexible working, as well as the need to change work cultures to enable a better use of flexible working arrangements. UK government At the national level, my work - especially that on flexibility stigma - is cited by the Women& Equalities select committee in their report on fathers and the workplace, which highlights the problems with the existing right to request flexible working. Due to this, Business, Energy & Industries Strategies (BEIS) will be undertaking a review of the right to request flexible working policy next year and I am working closely with the groups involved. Similarly, I have been working closely with Government Equalities Office to help strengthen their policy capacity in relation to family policies. More specifically I have worked with GEO to draft up key policy recommendations for employers in how to best use flexible working arrangements to tackle the gender wage gap (document in process/to be published shortly). Such expertise in the area has also led to being invited by BEIS to take part in revising Maternity & Paternity Leave Survey of 2019. European level The results of this project have also influenced the development/progress of the European Commissions' pillar of social rights on work-life balance. This is done by supporting the policy capacity of one of the key advocacy groups at the European level on work-family issues - i.e., COFACE (see below), but also directly by providing key support material for policy makers at the European level. This is evidenced by the reference to my work in the European Economic and Social Committee's opinion supporting the European Commission's proposal on the directive on Work-life balance of working parents and care givers: Read it here My research has also been cited in the White paper of the German Ministry of Labour and Social Affair on Future of Work (Arbeit 4.0) in 2016 "Flexible working can lead to not only working differently and better, but also to increase in work intensity. Women and men use schedule control differently, which can enforce traditional roles. " . In 2017-18, the findings have also help shaped the Estonian government's future of work agenda in ensuring better flexible working practices are developed. I have been invited by the Italian ministry of equal opportunities in 2017 and her work highlighting the potential negative outcomes of flexible working has help shaped its policy directions on flexible working. International I have been/am advising the Korean Economic, Social & Labor Council (tripartite policy organisation) on how to best shape flexicurity policies to fit to the Korean context, in which I draw from my work on flexible working. This will help shape Korean labour policies especially in relation to gender equality/work life balance and more specifically in relation to working time reduction - a policy that has been introduced in 2018. 2. Shaping policy agendas and building capacities of policy stakeholders and advocacy groups across the world The results of the study has help policy directions of advocacy groups on work-family issues across the world, and help build capacity for policy advocacy in promoting good flexible working practices. My work has been cited in the "The Better Work Tool Kit" of the Better Life Lab a top American think-tank on work-family issues in 2016 "So workers with flexible schedules and remote work tend to put in longer hours, viewing the time as an accommodation or gift" . My papers have also been used in COFACE(Families Europe)'s response to the European Commission's Pillar of social rights proposal on work-life balance in 2017 "However, we would like to point out a risk that needs to be taken into account in the transposition of the directive on this point, and more in general on smart and flexible working: avoid the shift from a culture of presence at work to a culture of full availability. Having access to devices that allow workers to be connected at all times may further blur the boundaries between work and private life" . These results also helped shape the international labour organisation's agenda on working time issues to ensure that flexible working does not result in overwork/long hours work. I have been invited by the ILO to work as in an expert group to help formulate key policies that can be discussed in the upcoming tripartite meeting. My work has been used by the Korean Confederation of Trade Unions (KCTU) on their policy strategies in tackling issues around new legislation on working time reduction and pay. This included advising them on how best to utilise flexible working options to under new regulations so that workers are not further exploited and gender equality outcomes are met. The results of this project has also been used to help inform policy stances of various NGOs in the UK such as Working Families, Workingmums, and Families Europe, all of whom have been key players in shaping policy directions of the UK government and the European commission. For example, the findings of this project has been crucial in developing Families Europe's strategy in influencing the proposal on the pillar of social rights of work-life balance in 2017 "Work Autonomy, Flexibility and Work-Life Balance" helped us further develop our policy reflection on the role of worklife balance measures in the workplace (flexible working, smart work, telework, and the autonomy in defining such arrangements, etc) ". I have also been invited by the European commission as an expert in shaping their policy tools of measuring flexicurity, which also ensures that good flexible working practices are being used in 2017. I am a policy expert for the European Foundation, a research body of the Commission, to help support their policy capacity building in relation to work life balance /working time issues. I have worked closely with TUC in help shape their approach to work-life balance/right to request flexible working in 2017. This work has help shape TUC policy documents and policy stance on work-life balance and flexible working. I have also been a key policy advisor for the Charter Management Institute's White paper on gender gap in 2016-18. I ensured the inclusion of the role of flexible working and its positive and negative outcomes are measured in their survey, and that their key policy stance and training provided to managers include how to encourage good flexible working practices - cited 13 times in the white paper. 3. Changing the perception of the public on flexible working I have continued to write think pieces based on the results of this project, and the outcomes of the project has received international press coverage. My work has been covered by news medias from all over the world - in more than 20 different countries 70 different news outlets and dozen different languages. Some notable coverage include a full coverage by the Washington Post, New York Times, LA Times, the Daily Mail, BBC international, Fortune Magazine, Harvard Business Review, Der Speigel/Speigel Online, Die Zeit, La Tribune, the Times of India, the World Economic Forum etc. This information has reached an estimate of 30 million people worldwide, and generated almost a million pounds worth of press coverage over the past 5 years. (See altmetric scores of some of my papers and http://www.heejungchung.com for more).
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic

 
Description Advisory board member for the review of shared parental leave
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact I've been invited by the UK Cabinet Office to join the Shared Parental Leave evaluation academic advisory panel. This will help shape the policy on parental leave + other policies to enable reduction of gender gaps in labour market progressions/access.
 
Description Citation in COFACE (Families Europe)'s response to the European Commissions' proposal on work life balance directive
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact My work on flexible working has help shaped the response of COFACE (the largest NGO at the European level for family issues) regarding the European commissions' proposal on the Work Life Balance directive. The Work life balance directive is a new directive currently being reviewed which will shape family policies across all European member states, which includes a range of different policies but especially of interest to this project is the right to request flexible working. COFACE has been a part of this project's policy advisory board, and thus I have frequently advised them on policies on flexible working. My work has directly influenced their stance on the right to flexible working - whilst welcome, that we should introduce other safety measures to ensure workers do not end up working all the time everywhere. This response was very influential in shaping of the directive/proposal which will influence workers' well being/work life balance and gender equality in the labour market for all EU member states.
URL http://www.coface-eu.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/COFACE-Analysis-EU-WLB-Package.pdf
 
Description Citation in the European Commission's DG Justice 2019 Annual report on equality between women and men
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The special issue which was a part of this project https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11205-018-2025-x has been cited in the European Commissions' report on equality between men and women. It highlights the positive and potential problems of using flexible working for gender equality purposes, noting that it may end up traditionalising gender roles - as noted in this project.
URL https://ec.europa.eu/info/policies/justice-and-fundamental-rights/gender-equality/gender-equality-st...
 
Description Citation in the OECD policy brief on flexible working
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Multiple works of mine from this project and previous projects on working time has been cited in the OECD policy briefing on flexible working. this brief is crucial for governments in OECD countries and elsewhere to understand what flexible working is and its outcomes. The main contribution of my work has been to understand the multiple dimensions of flexible working currently taking place in OECD/European countries, as well as to understand the potential negative outcomes of blurring of boundaries between work and family life. This will help improve policies in the labour market to protect workers and improve worker's work life balance and well being.
URL https://www.oecd.org/els/family/Be-Flexible-Backgrounder-Workplace-Flexibility.pdf
 
Description Evidence used for Government policy proposal/document on family policies
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The results of this project/and the evidence document based on the project outcomes is used as evidence for the Women & Equalities Select Committee's report on fathers and the workplace to inform policy about the right to request flexible working. More specifically, it touches upon the work regarding flexibility stigma and work cultures. Link to the report here. Based on this report, the department for Business, Energy & Industries Strategies will be conducting a review of the right to request flexible working in 2019.
URL https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmwomeq/358/35804.htm
 
Description Gave evidence to the Korean Trades Union Congress/Korean Tripartite
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact I have given two presentations to help the Trade Union Congress in Korea develop new strategies to tackle issues around shorter working week+ flexible working. This happened in 2018 August on three occasions. 1) a part of the special session in the International Labour and Employment RElations Association conference 2) a special workshop for KFTU members including the top policy advisors 3) a special workshop for members of the Korean Tripartite
 
Description Influence on Better Life Lab Better Work Tool kit
Geographic Reach North America 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The findings from my ESRC project on flexible working was used for the "The Better Work Tool Kit" of the Better Life Lab.The Better Life lab is a part of New American one of the leading think tanks in America. Alongside Slate Magazine (one of the largest online news media in the US) Better Life lab has focused to change people's perceptions of work, work life balance and gender equality. I've worked closely with Better Life Lab and help them shape their ideas on how best to use flexible working arrangements to allow workers a better balance between work with family life, but to change our perceptions of working patterns. The Better Work Tool Kit is a tool kit developed for directly use for companies/managers but also workers to help them navigate a better balance between work/family and other spheres of life. My work has been cited in this toll kit.
URL https://www.newamerica.org/better-life-lab/policy-papers/better-work-toolkit/?utm_source=Members&utm...
 
Description Informing the CMI Women's research
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact I've been working as an advisor for the CMI- Women. I've been advising on writing up of their white paper, which involves a mixed methods data collection of interviews and surveys of a large number of organisation/employers and employees and CMI membership. The greatest influence I've made was how they have conceptualised the issue/importance of flexible working in their analysis framework - informing what goes into their data collection/survey interviews, as well as the key issues surrounding women in top positions. "leaky pipeline" issues. *to be continued.
URL http://www.managers.org.uk/cmi-women
 
Description Invited to present to the HM Treasury conference
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact I've been invited by the HM Treasury to present during their labour market conference on family friendly policies and women's progression
 
Description Invited to take part in the advisory board for the new Maternity & Paternity Leave Survey
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact I have been asked to serve in the advisory board for the development of the new Maternity and Paternity Leave Survey which is conducted by the UK government department for Business, Energy & Industry Strategies starting from 2018 onwards. This survey will shape attitudes on social issues but will also provide policy makers and academics a wealth of knowledge to help us understand how best to support working parents and gender equality in the household/labour market
 
Description Korean Institute for Health and Social Affairs report on maternity leave/family policy application for disadvantaged workers
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact I've been interviewed/worked with researchers from the Korean institute for health and social affairs, on their project for the special commission on fertility and aging society for the Korean Government/President's office on issues surrounding how best to cover workers on maternity leaves and other types of family policies. This includes workers in the gig economy, self-employed, as well as those with mini jobs and in small enterprises. This engagement will directly influence the report for the government, which will help shape family policy reforms in Korea
 
Description Multiple citation of work in the Chartered Management Institute's position paper on Gender Diversity
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact My work on flexible working has directly impacted/shaped a major position paper/white paper policy document from the Chartered Management Institute on gender diversity in the workplace. My work/involvement changed how the CMI and their members think about flexible working, how it can be better used and its potential outcomes on gender equality.The report has changed people's view about flexible working - as in the potential side effects, but also the gendered views on its use.
 
Description Provided evidence for government documents for employers
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact I've helped the Government Equalities Office draft up their guidance on 'Family friendly policies: actions for employers' and will sit on the panel launching this action plans to tackle gender pay gaps in the UK
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/family-friendly-policies-actions-for-employers
 
Description Providing Evidence for Select Committee on Women & Equalities on Fathers and workplace
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Research outcome cited in the German Labour and Social Affair Ministry's White Paper on the Future of Work
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact This whitepaper on future of work is a main documentation outlining the German Ministry of Labour and Social Affair's stance on the developments needed to adapt to the changes in the labour market and the new digitalised economy. This will be used as a blueprint for all future policies on labour market and social affairs.
URL http://www.arbeitenviernull.de/dialogprozess/weissbuch.html
 
Description Shaping the Estonian government's understanding of future of work and its potential outcomes for Estonia
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact I have been part of the Future of Work project for the Estonian government/parliament, which started as a part of the Estonian presidency of the EU.My role has been in helping them understand the extent to which flexible working exists in Estonia, how it has evolved over the years, and potential outcomes for the future regards to future of work/changes in the labour market and impact on workers' well being and social cohesion. More specifically - I have written a report using some of the work I have done on this project for the Estonian parliament looking at a wide range of issues surrounding flexible working in Estonia comparing it to the trends found across Europe.
URL https://www.riigikogu.ee/arenguseire/tooturu-uurimisprojekt/
 
Description Used as key evidence for the European Economic and Social Committee's opinion document on the EC's work life balance proposal
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The results of this project has influenced the European Commissions' pillar of social rights on work-life balance. This is done by providing key support material for policy makers at the European level in understanding the benefits and limitations of flexible working. The project's final report has been used as policy evidence for /has been cited by the European Economic and Social Committee's opinion supporting the European Commission's proposal on the directive on Work-life balance of working parents and care givers
URL https://www.eesc.europa.eu/en/our-work/opinions-information-reports/opinions/work-life-balance-worki...
 
Description Estonian Parliament funding
Amount £5,200 (GBP)
Organisation Government of Estonia 
Sector Public
Country Estonia
Start 12/2017 
End 08/2018
 
Description Women's part-time work in Norway - PI: Lilja Forsker, Heidi Nicolaisen
Amount £850,000 (GBP)
Organisation Research Council of Norway 
Sector Public
Country Norway
Start 10/2014 
 
Title Academic and Media Resources [*] 
Description A continually updated, publicly accessible, annotated database of key resources, including media and academic articles, reports, and policy documents. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact [to be updated] 
URL http://wafproject.org/resources/
 
Description Academic Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation Cranfield University
Department Cranfield School of Management
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have provided a presentation on the state of the art in flexitime research and the main goals of the project - including the methodological innovations as well as the substantial.
Collaborator Contribution The Academic Advisory Board comprises some of the most outstanding researchers on topics including labour markets, flexible working and employment policy. There input has been valuable in ensuring that project outputs are timely and relevant to the most important contemporary academic debates.
Impact [To be updated]
Start Year 2013
 
Description Academic Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation Michigan State University
Department School of Human Resources and Labor Relations
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have provided a presentation on the state of the art in flexitime research and the main goals of the project - including the methodological innovations as well as the substantial.
Collaborator Contribution The Academic Advisory Board comprises some of the most outstanding researchers on topics including labour markets, flexible working and employment policy. There input has been valuable in ensuring that project outputs are timely and relevant to the most important contemporary academic debates.
Impact [To be updated]
Start Year 2013
 
Description Academic Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation Penn State University
Department Penn State Abington
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have provided a presentation on the state of the art in flexitime research and the main goals of the project - including the methodological innovations as well as the substantial.
Collaborator Contribution The Academic Advisory Board comprises some of the most outstanding researchers on topics including labour markets, flexible working and employment policy. There input has been valuable in ensuring that project outputs are timely and relevant to the most important contemporary academic debates.
Impact [To be updated]
Start Year 2013
 
Description Academic Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation University of Bremen
Department Sociology Department
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have provided a presentation on the state of the art in flexitime research and the main goals of the project - including the methodological innovations as well as the substantial.
Collaborator Contribution The Academic Advisory Board comprises some of the most outstanding researchers on topics including labour markets, flexible working and employment policy. There input has been valuable in ensuring that project outputs are timely and relevant to the most important contemporary academic debates.
Impact [To be updated]
Start Year 2013
 
Description Academic Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation University of Kent
Department School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have provided a presentation on the state of the art in flexitime research and the main goals of the project - including the methodological innovations as well as the substantial.
Collaborator Contribution The Academic Advisory Board comprises some of the most outstanding researchers on topics including labour markets, flexible working and employment policy. There input has been valuable in ensuring that project outputs are timely and relevant to the most important contemporary academic debates.
Impact [To be updated]
Start Year 2013
 
Description Academic Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation University of Leuven
Department Centre for Sociological Research
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have provided a presentation on the state of the art in flexitime research and the main goals of the project - including the methodological innovations as well as the substantial.
Collaborator Contribution The Academic Advisory Board comprises some of the most outstanding researchers on topics including labour markets, flexible working and employment policy. There input has been valuable in ensuring that project outputs are timely and relevant to the most important contemporary academic debates.
Impact [To be updated]
Start Year 2013
 
Description Academic Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation University of Manchester
Department School of Social Sciences
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have provided a presentation on the state of the art in flexitime research and the main goals of the project - including the methodological innovations as well as the substantial.
Collaborator Contribution The Academic Advisory Board comprises some of the most outstanding researchers on topics including labour markets, flexible working and employment policy. There input has been valuable in ensuring that project outputs are timely and relevant to the most important contemporary academic debates.
Impact [To be updated]
Start Year 2013
 
Description Academic Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation University of Toronto
Department Department of Sociology
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have provided a presentation on the state of the art in flexitime research and the main goals of the project - including the methodological innovations as well as the substantial.
Collaborator Contribution The Academic Advisory Board comprises some of the most outstanding researchers on topics including labour markets, flexible working and employment policy. There input has been valuable in ensuring that project outputs are timely and relevant to the most important contemporary academic debates.
Impact [To be updated]
Start Year 2013
 
Description Book Chapter Collaboration 
Organisation Ithaca College
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Working together with Lonnie Golden and Stephen Sweet on a book chapter ' Positive and Negative Application of Flexible Working Time Arrangements: The United States of America as Compared to EU Countries' in the The Handbook of Comparative Human Resource Management, edited by Professors Elaine Farndale, Chris Brewster and Wolfgang Mayrhofer, revised second edition.
Collaborator Contribution The two partners have written the part on the American context/ while I have contributed to the European section.
Impact Providing comparative perspectives on flexible working arrangements within the US and EU countries. The paper is yet to be published
Start Year 2015
 
Description Book Chapter Collaboration 
Organisation Penn State University
Department Penn State Abington
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Working together with Lonnie Golden and Stephen Sweet on a book chapter ' Positive and Negative Application of Flexible Working Time Arrangements: The United States of America as Compared to EU Countries' in the The Handbook of Comparative Human Resource Management, edited by Professors Elaine Farndale, Chris Brewster and Wolfgang Mayrhofer, revised second edition.
Collaborator Contribution The two partners have written the part on the American context/ while I have contributed to the European section.
Impact Providing comparative perspectives on flexible working arrangements within the US and EU countries. The paper is yet to be published
Start Year 2015
 
Description Collaboration on a paper 
Organisation University of Essex
Department Institute for Social and Economic Research, Essex
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have used some of the research I've done during this ESRC grant to conduct the literature review for the joint paper we will be writing + thinking about the research design etc.
Collaborator Contribution Dr. Cara Brooker has kindly agreed to take part in this collaboration by bringing in her knowledge and expertise on the data Understanding Society to conduct the data analysis for the paper.
Impact a paper will be published /
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration with CMI Women on work-life balance white paper 
Organisation Chartered Management Institute (CMI)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Collaborating with Maureen Vontz of CMI Women on designing/analysing a survey of CMI members to feed into the project on women in high management roles, a white paper to be published for the CMI.
Collaborator Contribution CMI will be running the survey and writing it up. I will use the quantitative and qualitative data gathered from them for the project. Further CMI will help disseminate the findings of this project
Impact tbc
Start Year 2016
 
Description International collaborations 
Organisation Bielefeld University
Department Faculty of Sociology
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration with Stefan Kuehner and Alexandra Kraash on international social policy - provide insights from the European social policy perspective and East Asian networks
Collaborator Contribution Provided links to networks in North and Latin America, Africa and wider Asia and the International Organisations
Impact Book series and joint collaborative project plans
Start Year 2016
 
Description International collaborations 
Organisation University of Manchester
Department Department of Social Policy and Social Work
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration with Stefan Kuehner and Alexandra Kraash on international social policy - provide insights from the European social policy perspective and East Asian networks
Collaborator Contribution Provided links to networks in North and Latin America, Africa and wider Asia and the International Organisations
Impact Book series and joint collaborative project plans
Start Year 2016
 
Description Paper collaboration 
Organisation Hans Böckler Foundation
Country Germany 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution I have collaborated with Yvonne Lott from the WSI Hans-Böckler-Stiftung on a paper - where I have contributed the theoretical framework of the paper.
Collaborator Contribution Yvonne Lott from the WSI Hans-Böckler-Stiftung has contributed her time - data analysis of the paper This would amount up to approximately 4-5 months of her time throughout 2014-2016 for a paper. Yvonne has also contributed to the final conference of the project and we are currently planning future projects/papers together.
Impact Journal article - published - Lott, Y. & Chung, H. (2016) "Gender discrepancies in the outcomes of schedule control on overtime hours and income in Germany" European Sociological Review. 32(6)752-765.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Paper collaboration 
Organisation University of Leuven
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Prof. Bart Meuleman of KU Leuven has collaborated with Dr. Heejung Chung on writing up a scoping paper for this project.
Collaborator Contribution The contribution made by the partner was in kind- time spent on the data analysis and revising the paper, across 2 years totalling up to approximately 2-3 months FTE of his time.
Impact Paper has been published. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14616696.2016.1235218 Chung, H. & Meuleman, M. (2017) European parents' attitudes towards public childcare provision. The role of current provisions, interests and ideologies. European Societies. 19(1)
Start Year 2013
 
Description Policy Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation Confederation of British Industry (CBI)
Department Confederation of British Industries
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The project aims to provide information to the advisory board related to flexitime and work-life balance, to help inform policies developed by the members of the group. The project provided overview of state-of-the-art in academic research on issues around flexible working and work-life balance, as well as the research outcomes of the project. There was also a contribution towards the work-life week organised by one of the members of the group, Working Families - where I have contributed a blog post, news paper article and interview with BBC Kent help promote this event.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators have provided input on ways to ensure that project outcomes are timely and policy relevant - mostly through providing feedback on the project design, development and outcome. The European foundation has/will be contributing to the project more directly by providing information on the cross-national legal provision of flexitime by the EU member states. COFACE organised a meeting on worklife balance issues where I was given the opportunity to present my work and talk to leading NGO related to families across Europe. Better Life Lab has hosted/organised an event surrounding my project in Washington DC. They have organised the venue, other speakers as well as lunch, video streaming etc. The event happened in 2017. They have also organised a series of articles in Slate magazine which presented the findings of this project.
Impact - Joint collaboration in the promotion of work-life week sponsored by Working Families group (see above) - Joint collaboration in the development of the national reports on working time regulations - and the legal provision on flexitime with Eurofound ; Joint collaboration with Better Life Lab on flexible working workshop; Joint Collaboration with COFACE regarding work life balance in Europe (see above for more details)
Start Year 2013
 
Description Policy Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation Confederation of European Business
Country Belgium 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The project aims to provide information to the advisory board related to flexitime and work-life balance, to help inform policies developed by the members of the group. The project provided overview of state-of-the-art in academic research on issues around flexible working and work-life balance, as well as the research outcomes of the project. There was also a contribution towards the work-life week organised by one of the members of the group, Working Families - where I have contributed a blog post, news paper article and interview with BBC Kent help promote this event.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators have provided input on ways to ensure that project outcomes are timely and policy relevant - mostly through providing feedback on the project design, development and outcome. The European foundation has/will be contributing to the project more directly by providing information on the cross-national legal provision of flexitime by the EU member states. COFACE organised a meeting on worklife balance issues where I was given the opportunity to present my work and talk to leading NGO related to families across Europe. Better Life Lab has hosted/organised an event surrounding my project in Washington DC. They have organised the venue, other speakers as well as lunch, video streaming etc. The event happened in 2017. They have also organised a series of articles in Slate magazine which presented the findings of this project.
Impact - Joint collaboration in the promotion of work-life week sponsored by Working Families group (see above) - Joint collaboration in the development of the national reports on working time regulations - and the legal provision on flexitime with Eurofound ; Joint collaboration with Better Life Lab on flexible working workshop; Joint Collaboration with COFACE regarding work life balance in Europe (see above for more details)
Start Year 2013
 
Description Policy Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The project aims to provide information to the advisory board related to flexitime and work-life balance, to help inform policies developed by the members of the group. The project provided overview of state-of-the-art in academic research on issues around flexible working and work-life balance, as well as the research outcomes of the project. There was also a contribution towards the work-life week organised by one of the members of the group, Working Families - where I have contributed a blog post, news paper article and interview with BBC Kent help promote this event.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators have provided input on ways to ensure that project outcomes are timely and policy relevant - mostly through providing feedback on the project design, development and outcome. The European foundation has/will be contributing to the project more directly by providing information on the cross-national legal provision of flexitime by the EU member states. COFACE organised a meeting on worklife balance issues where I was given the opportunity to present my work and talk to leading NGO related to families across Europe. Better Life Lab has hosted/organised an event surrounding my project in Washington DC. They have organised the venue, other speakers as well as lunch, video streaming etc. The event happened in 2017. They have also organised a series of articles in Slate magazine which presented the findings of this project.
Impact - Joint collaboration in the promotion of work-life week sponsored by Working Families group (see above) - Joint collaboration in the development of the national reports on working time regulations - and the legal provision on flexitime with Eurofound ; Joint collaboration with Better Life Lab on flexible working workshop; Joint Collaboration with COFACE regarding work life balance in Europe (see above for more details)
Start Year 2013
 
Description Policy Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation Department for Work and Pensions
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The project aims to provide information to the advisory board related to flexitime and work-life balance, to help inform policies developed by the members of the group. The project provided overview of state-of-the-art in academic research on issues around flexible working and work-life balance, as well as the research outcomes of the project. There was also a contribution towards the work-life week organised by one of the members of the group, Working Families - where I have contributed a blog post, news paper article and interview with BBC Kent help promote this event.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators have provided input on ways to ensure that project outcomes are timely and policy relevant - mostly through providing feedback on the project design, development and outcome. The European foundation has/will be contributing to the project more directly by providing information on the cross-national legal provision of flexitime by the EU member states. COFACE organised a meeting on worklife balance issues where I was given the opportunity to present my work and talk to leading NGO related to families across Europe. Better Life Lab has hosted/organised an event surrounding my project in Washington DC. They have organised the venue, other speakers as well as lunch, video streaming etc. The event happened in 2017. They have also organised a series of articles in Slate magazine which presented the findings of this project.
Impact - Joint collaboration in the promotion of work-life week sponsored by Working Families group (see above) - Joint collaboration in the development of the national reports on working time regulations - and the legal provision on flexitime with Eurofound ; Joint collaboration with Better Life Lab on flexible working workshop; Joint Collaboration with COFACE regarding work life balance in Europe (see above for more details)
Start Year 2013
 
Description Policy Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation Eurofound
Country Ireland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The project aims to provide information to the advisory board related to flexitime and work-life balance, to help inform policies developed by the members of the group. The project provided overview of state-of-the-art in academic research on issues around flexible working and work-life balance, as well as the research outcomes of the project. There was also a contribution towards the work-life week organised by one of the members of the group, Working Families - where I have contributed a blog post, news paper article and interview with BBC Kent help promote this event.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators have provided input on ways to ensure that project outcomes are timely and policy relevant - mostly through providing feedback on the project design, development and outcome. The European foundation has/will be contributing to the project more directly by providing information on the cross-national legal provision of flexitime by the EU member states. COFACE organised a meeting on worklife balance issues where I was given the opportunity to present my work and talk to leading NGO related to families across Europe. Better Life Lab has hosted/organised an event surrounding my project in Washington DC. They have organised the venue, other speakers as well as lunch, video streaming etc. The event happened in 2017. They have also organised a series of articles in Slate magazine which presented the findings of this project.
Impact - Joint collaboration in the promotion of work-life week sponsored by Working Families group (see above) - Joint collaboration in the development of the national reports on working time regulations - and the legal provision on flexitime with Eurofound ; Joint collaboration with Better Life Lab on flexible working workshop; Joint Collaboration with COFACE regarding work life balance in Europe (see above for more details)
Start Year 2013
 
Description Policy Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation Eurofound
Country Ireland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The project aims to provide information to the advisory board related to flexitime and work-life balance, to help inform policies developed by the members of the group. The project provided overview of state-of-the-art in academic research on issues around flexible working and work-life balance, as well as the research outcomes of the project. There was also a contribution towards the work-life week organised by one of the members of the group, Working Families - where I have contributed a blog post, news paper article and interview with BBC Kent help promote this event.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators have provided input on ways to ensure that project outcomes are timely and policy relevant - mostly through providing feedback on the project design, development and outcome. The European foundation has/will be contributing to the project more directly by providing information on the cross-national legal provision of flexitime by the EU member states. COFACE organised a meeting on worklife balance issues where I was given the opportunity to present my work and talk to leading NGO related to families across Europe. Better Life Lab has hosted/organised an event surrounding my project in Washington DC. They have organised the venue, other speakers as well as lunch, video streaming etc. The event happened in 2017. They have also organised a series of articles in Slate magazine which presented the findings of this project.
Impact - Joint collaboration in the promotion of work-life week sponsored by Working Families group (see above) - Joint collaboration in the development of the national reports on working time regulations - and the legal provision on flexitime with Eurofound ; Joint collaboration with Better Life Lab on flexible working workshop; Joint Collaboration with COFACE regarding work life balance in Europe (see above for more details)
Start Year 2013
 
Description Policy Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation Families Europe
PI Contribution The project aims to provide information to the advisory board related to flexitime and work-life balance, to help inform policies developed by the members of the group. The project provided overview of state-of-the-art in academic research on issues around flexible working and work-life balance, as well as the research outcomes of the project. There was also a contribution towards the work-life week organised by one of the members of the group, Working Families - where I have contributed a blog post, news paper article and interview with BBC Kent help promote this event.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators have provided input on ways to ensure that project outcomes are timely and policy relevant - mostly through providing feedback on the project design, development and outcome. The European foundation has/will be contributing to the project more directly by providing information on the cross-national legal provision of flexitime by the EU member states. COFACE organised a meeting on worklife balance issues where I was given the opportunity to present my work and talk to leading NGO related to families across Europe. Better Life Lab has hosted/organised an event surrounding my project in Washington DC. They have organised the venue, other speakers as well as lunch, video streaming etc. The event happened in 2017. They have also organised a series of articles in Slate magazine which presented the findings of this project.
Impact - Joint collaboration in the promotion of work-life week sponsored by Working Families group (see above) - Joint collaboration in the development of the national reports on working time regulations - and the legal provision on flexitime with Eurofound ; Joint collaboration with Better Life Lab on flexible working workshop; Joint Collaboration with COFACE regarding work life balance in Europe (see above for more details)
Start Year 2013
 
Description Policy Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation Government of the UK
Department UK Commission for Employment and Skills
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The project aims to provide information to the advisory board related to flexitime and work-life balance, to help inform policies developed by the members of the group. The project provided overview of state-of-the-art in academic research on issues around flexible working and work-life balance, as well as the research outcomes of the project. There was also a contribution towards the work-life week organised by one of the members of the group, Working Families - where I have contributed a blog post, news paper article and interview with BBC Kent help promote this event.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators have provided input on ways to ensure that project outcomes are timely and policy relevant - mostly through providing feedback on the project design, development and outcome. The European foundation has/will be contributing to the project more directly by providing information on the cross-national legal provision of flexitime by the EU member states. COFACE organised a meeting on worklife balance issues where I was given the opportunity to present my work and talk to leading NGO related to families across Europe. Better Life Lab has hosted/organised an event surrounding my project in Washington DC. They have organised the venue, other speakers as well as lunch, video streaming etc. The event happened in 2017. They have also organised a series of articles in Slate magazine which presented the findings of this project.
Impact - Joint collaboration in the promotion of work-life week sponsored by Working Families group (see above) - Joint collaboration in the development of the national reports on working time regulations - and the legal provision on flexitime with Eurofound ; Joint collaboration with Better Life Lab on flexible working workshop; Joint Collaboration with COFACE regarding work life balance in Europe (see above for more details)
Start Year 2013
 
Description Policy Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation International Labour Organization (ILO)
Country Switzerland 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The project aims to provide information to the advisory board related to flexitime and work-life balance, to help inform policies developed by the members of the group. The project provided overview of state-of-the-art in academic research on issues around flexible working and work-life balance, as well as the research outcomes of the project. There was also a contribution towards the work-life week organised by one of the members of the group, Working Families - where I have contributed a blog post, news paper article and interview with BBC Kent help promote this event.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators have provided input on ways to ensure that project outcomes are timely and policy relevant - mostly through providing feedback on the project design, development and outcome. The European foundation has/will be contributing to the project more directly by providing information on the cross-national legal provision of flexitime by the EU member states. COFACE organised a meeting on worklife balance issues where I was given the opportunity to present my work and talk to leading NGO related to families across Europe. Better Life Lab has hosted/organised an event surrounding my project in Washington DC. They have organised the venue, other speakers as well as lunch, video streaming etc. The event happened in 2017. They have also organised a series of articles in Slate magazine which presented the findings of this project.
Impact - Joint collaboration in the promotion of work-life week sponsored by Working Families group (see above) - Joint collaboration in the development of the national reports on working time regulations - and the legal provision on flexitime with Eurofound ; Joint collaboration with Better Life Lab on flexible working workshop; Joint Collaboration with COFACE regarding work life balance in Europe (see above for more details)
Start Year 2013
 
Description Policy Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation New America
PI Contribution The project aims to provide information to the advisory board related to flexitime and work-life balance, to help inform policies developed by the members of the group. The project provided overview of state-of-the-art in academic research on issues around flexible working and work-life balance, as well as the research outcomes of the project. There was also a contribution towards the work-life week organised by one of the members of the group, Working Families - where I have contributed a blog post, news paper article and interview with BBC Kent help promote this event.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators have provided input on ways to ensure that project outcomes are timely and policy relevant - mostly through providing feedback on the project design, development and outcome. The European foundation has/will be contributing to the project more directly by providing information on the cross-national legal provision of flexitime by the EU member states. COFACE organised a meeting on worklife balance issues where I was given the opportunity to present my work and talk to leading NGO related to families across Europe. Better Life Lab has hosted/organised an event surrounding my project in Washington DC. They have organised the venue, other speakers as well as lunch, video streaming etc. The event happened in 2017. They have also organised a series of articles in Slate magazine which presented the findings of this project.
Impact - Joint collaboration in the promotion of work-life week sponsored by Working Families group (see above) - Joint collaboration in the development of the national reports on working time regulations - and the legal provision on flexitime with Eurofound ; Joint collaboration with Better Life Lab on flexible working workshop; Joint Collaboration with COFACE regarding work life balance in Europe (see above for more details)
Start Year 2013
 
Description Policy Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation Trades Union Congress (TUC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The project aims to provide information to the advisory board related to flexitime and work-life balance, to help inform policies developed by the members of the group. The project provided overview of state-of-the-art in academic research on issues around flexible working and work-life balance, as well as the research outcomes of the project. There was also a contribution towards the work-life week organised by one of the members of the group, Working Families - where I have contributed a blog post, news paper article and interview with BBC Kent help promote this event.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators have provided input on ways to ensure that project outcomes are timely and policy relevant - mostly through providing feedback on the project design, development and outcome. The European foundation has/will be contributing to the project more directly by providing information on the cross-national legal provision of flexitime by the EU member states. COFACE organised a meeting on worklife balance issues where I was given the opportunity to present my work and talk to leading NGO related to families across Europe. Better Life Lab has hosted/organised an event surrounding my project in Washington DC. They have organised the venue, other speakers as well as lunch, video streaming etc. The event happened in 2017. They have also organised a series of articles in Slate magazine which presented the findings of this project.
Impact - Joint collaboration in the promotion of work-life week sponsored by Working Families group (see above) - Joint collaboration in the development of the national reports on working time regulations - and the legal provision on flexitime with Eurofound ; Joint collaboration with Better Life Lab on flexible working workshop; Joint Collaboration with COFACE regarding work life balance in Europe (see above for more details)
Start Year 2013
 
Description Policy Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation Work Foundation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The project aims to provide information to the advisory board related to flexitime and work-life balance, to help inform policies developed by the members of the group. The project provided overview of state-of-the-art in academic research on issues around flexible working and work-life balance, as well as the research outcomes of the project. There was also a contribution towards the work-life week organised by one of the members of the group, Working Families - where I have contributed a blog post, news paper article and interview with BBC Kent help promote this event.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators have provided input on ways to ensure that project outcomes are timely and policy relevant - mostly through providing feedback on the project design, development and outcome. The European foundation has/will be contributing to the project more directly by providing information on the cross-national legal provision of flexitime by the EU member states. COFACE organised a meeting on worklife balance issues where I was given the opportunity to present my work and talk to leading NGO related to families across Europe. Better Life Lab has hosted/organised an event surrounding my project in Washington DC. They have organised the venue, other speakers as well as lunch, video streaming etc. The event happened in 2017. They have also organised a series of articles in Slate magazine which presented the findings of this project.
Impact - Joint collaboration in the promotion of work-life week sponsored by Working Families group (see above) - Joint collaboration in the development of the national reports on working time regulations - and the legal provision on flexitime with Eurofound ; Joint collaboration with Better Life Lab on flexible working workshop; Joint Collaboration with COFACE regarding work life balance in Europe (see above for more details)
Start Year 2013
 
Description Policy Advisory Board [*] 
Organisation Working Families
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The project aims to provide information to the advisory board related to flexitime and work-life balance, to help inform policies developed by the members of the group. The project provided overview of state-of-the-art in academic research on issues around flexible working and work-life balance, as well as the research outcomes of the project. There was also a contribution towards the work-life week organised by one of the members of the group, Working Families - where I have contributed a blog post, news paper article and interview with BBC Kent help promote this event.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborators have provided input on ways to ensure that project outcomes are timely and policy relevant - mostly through providing feedback on the project design, development and outcome. The European foundation has/will be contributing to the project more directly by providing information on the cross-national legal provision of flexitime by the EU member states. COFACE organised a meeting on worklife balance issues where I was given the opportunity to present my work and talk to leading NGO related to families across Europe. Better Life Lab has hosted/organised an event surrounding my project in Washington DC. They have organised the venue, other speakers as well as lunch, video streaming etc. The event happened in 2017. They have also organised a series of articles in Slate magazine which presented the findings of this project.
Impact - Joint collaboration in the promotion of work-life week sponsored by Working Families group (see above) - Joint collaboration in the development of the national reports on working time regulations - and the legal provision on flexitime with Eurofound ; Joint collaboration with Better Life Lab on flexible working workshop; Joint Collaboration with COFACE regarding work life balance in Europe (see above for more details)
Start Year 2013
 
Description Yonder post cast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact October 26th 2017, interview with Yonder post cast "Remote work research"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.yonder.io/post/2017/10/20/ep-32-remote-work
 
Description "Explaining the provision of flexitime in companies across Europe (pre- and post- crisis)" [Flexible Careers Network] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Delivered a paper at the World University Network's Flexible Careers Network workshop at the University of Leeds.

Paper presented as part of a panel with questions and discussion.

Discussion with network members about future research opportunities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description 2016 Work, Employment & Society Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Mariska van der Horst from the University of Kent presented a paper based on the WAF project "Gendered discrepancies in the outcomes of flexible working: the case of overtime and income in the UK".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 50 years of Feminism symposium - women's employment and access session 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The aim of this event is to celebrate feminist achievements at the University of Kent, setting them in the context of research over the past fifty years. During this symposium, there was a session about women and employment. Here we have discussed some limitations for women to take part in employment - including lack of flexibility and childcare.
This has stimulated a heated discussion on the lack of government responses to such issues and how we can address these issues locally- University of Kent, Region of Kent, but also nationally.

The talk has increased public awareness on the issues that women face as barriers in engaging in the labour market. Several students from the talk also decided to take up this issue in their studies as their thesis dissertation. (both BA and MA).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.kent.ac.uk/50/highlights/radical-women.html
 
Description Ad Hoc News (Web) publishes findings on the impact of working-time flexibility on gender labour market inequalities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ad-hoc-news.de/selbstbestimmte-arbeitszeiten-koennen-laut-einer-studie--/de/News/50985373
 
Description Article about how flexible schedules rewards fathers, not mothers published in the Miami Herald 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Heejung Chung from the University of Kent finds that employees who work from home put in longer hours.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Article on Bleacher Report UK (Blog) shows how flexible schedules reward dads, not moms 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows flexible schedules reward dads, not moms. German women, like American women, still shoulder the majority of domestic responsibilities. Chung's research suggests what a large body of academic evidence already supports: Mothers are sometimes viewed as less committed employees, regardless of their productivity and that perception appears to show up in the way they are paid.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.waynepost.com/zz/lifestyle/20160825/flexible-schedules-reward-dads-not-moms?rssfeed=true
 
Description Article on Pressetext.de (Web) mentions association between the Gender Pay Gap and flexitime 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken the by University of Kent shows that flexitime and having autonomy over working hours impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap. Although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.pressetext.com/news/20160823008
 
Description Article on The State Journal-Register says flexitime benefits fathers, not mothers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.sj-r.com/zz/lifestyle/20160825/flexible-schedules-reward-dads-not-moms
 
Description Article on how 'flexible working' rights could mean longer days and less family time published in The Conversation UK (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Heejung Chung from the University of Kent says that new 'flexible working' rights could mean longer days and less family time. Increased flexibility at work allows workers to dedicate time to do many things that were not possible before and this has the potential to provide workers with a better work-life balance. However, Chung argues we need to be aware of the honey trap where the sweetness of freedom lures us into ever diminishing boundaries between work and life, a job that never ends, or into making irreversible decisions that have dire consequences for our future careers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://theconversation.com/in-reality-new-flexible-working-rights-could-mean-longer-days-and-less-fa...
 
Description Article on how flexible schedules means working longer hours published in Fortune (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung and Mariska van der Horst on UK workers finds when workers have more autonomy over their working hours they are likely to increase the length of time they work. Chung and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) also argue that those with more control over their work schedule work more than those with less control. In fact, people have a tendency to work more overtime hours once they are allowed to work flexibly, compared to when they were not
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://finance.fortune.cnn.com/2016/08/29/flexible-working-hours-work-life-balance/
 
Description Article on how flexitime works better for men than women mentioned on EurekAlert!(Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Flexitime and having autonomy over working hours - known as schedule control - impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap. The research undertaken by the University of Kent and the Hans-Bockler Foundation, Dusseldorf, Germany, showed that the increase in overtime was much higher for men, meaning that schedule control has the potential to 'traditionalise' gender roles. This was because of the large number of women taking part in the study sample who were working part-time.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-08/uok-fwb081816.php
 
Description Article on the EU Referendum about the pros and cons for workers' rights published in Kent on Sunday, Kent On Series and Kent On Series (Northwest) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A key issue surrounding the EU referendum are workers' rights. And, as with all referendum issues, Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent suggests to be careful about the way interpreting the arguments. The IJK has been a country where liberal policies on labour regulation have historically been more lax compared to others.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Article on the effects of flexible working hours on the worker published in "La Tribune" (online) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Based on research undertaken by the University of Kent, the article summarises the effect of flexible working arrangements on the private and professional life of workers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.latribune.fr/opinions/tribunes/la-flexibilite-du-temps-de-travail-est-elle-un-piege-59935...
 
Description Article on the negative effects of flexitime on the gender pay gap published in the Conversation UK and the Conversation France (web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows flexible hours make employees work longer as flexible working hours tempts people to work more.
Chung and Mariska van der Horst on UK workers finds when workers have more autonomy over their working hours they are likely to increase the length of time they work. Chung and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) also argue that those with more control over their work schedule work more than those with less control.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://theconversation.com/la-flexibilite-du-temps-de-travail-est-elle-un-piege-64829
 
Description Article on what Britain can learn from Scandinavia when it comes to childcare published in The Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led by Heejung Chung from the University of Chung shows that countries with a greater public provision of childcare - such as the Scandinavians - and where in general people believe that the current level of childcare is good, parents were much more in favour of government's involvement in childcare. The authors argue that only time will show how change in childcare arrangements will impact support for government provided childcare in the UK. But what is clear is that affordable and accessible childcare allows mothers to take a more active part in the labour market.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://theconversation.com/what-britain-can-learn-from-scandinavia-when-it-comes-to-childcare-68459
 
Description Article published in the Conversation on what the UK can learn from other countries regarding childcare mentioned in News Yorkshire 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led by Heejung Chung from the University of Chung shows that countries with a greater public provision of childcare - such as the Scandinavians - and where in general people believe that the current level of childcare is good, parents were much more in favour of government's involvement in childcare. The authors argue that only time will show how change in childcare arrangements will impact support for government provided childcare in the UK. But what is clear is that affordable and accessible childcare allows mothers to take a more active part in the labour market.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.newsyorkshire.co.uk/news/what-britain-can-learn-from-scandinavia-when-it-comes-to-childca...
 
Description Article published in the Conversation on what the UK can learn from other countries regarding childcare mentioned in the Doncaster Free Press 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led by Heejung Chung from the University of Chung shows that countries with a greater public provision of childcare - such as the Scandinavians - and where in general people believe that the current level of childcare is good, parents were much more in favour of government's involvement in childcare. The authors argue that only time will show how change in childcare arrangements will impact support for government provided childcare in the UK. But what is clear is that affordable and accessible childcare allows mothers to take a more active part in the labour market.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.doncasterfreepress.co.uk/news/what-britain-can-learn-from-scandinavia-when-it-comes-to-ch...
 
Description Article published in the Conversation on what the UK can learn from other countries regarding childcare mentioned in the Sheffield Telegraph 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led by Heejung Chung from the University of Chung shows that countries with a greater public provision of childcare - such as the Scandinavians - and where in general people believe that the current level of childcare is good, parents were much more in favour of government's involvement in childcare. The authors argue that only time will show how change in childcare arrangements will impact support for government provided childcare in the UK. But what is clear is that affordable and accessible childcare allows mothers to take a more active part in the labour market.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.sheffieldtelegraph.co.uk/news/what-britain-can-learn-from-scandinavia-when-it-comes-to-ch...
 
Description Article published in the Conversation on what the UK can learn from other countries regarding childcare mentioned in the Yorkshire Evening Post 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led by Heejung Chung from the University of Chung shows that countries with a greater public provision of childcare - such as the Scandinavians - and where in general people believe that the current level of childcare is good, parents were much more in favour of government's involvement in childcare. The authors argue that only time will show how change in childcare arrangements will impact support for government provided childcare in the UK. But what is clear is that affordable and accessible childcare allows mothers to take a more active part in the labour market.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.newsyorkshire.co.uk/news/what-britain-can-learn-from-scandinavia-when-it-comes-to-childca...
 
Description Article published on Health Medicine Network (Web) summarises findings of association between flexitime and the increase of working hours 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows flexible hours make employees work longer as flexible working hours tempts people to work more.
Chung and Mariska van der Horst on UK workers finds when workers have more autonomy over their working hours they are likely to increase the length of time they work. Chung and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) also argue that those with more control over their work schedule work more than those with less control. In fact, people have a tendency to work more overtime hours once they are allowed to work flexibly, compared to when they were not
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://healthmedicinet.com/i/employees-reward-their-bosses-with-more-overtime-if-theyre-given-freedo...
 
Description Article published on phys.org on attitudes towards childcare across Europe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Online article presenting the findings of new research undertaken by the University of Kent on people's attitudes to childcare, which are shaped by the perceived level and effectiveness of the service.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://phys.org/news/2016-11-childcare-provision.html
 
Description Article summarised research on how schedule control works better for men than for women 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research co-led by the University of Kent shows that schedule control impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap. Although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://dailyme.com/story/2016081800003146
 
Description BBC Indonesia, BBC China, BBC Turkey and BBC Capital UK report study on how flexitime works better for men than women 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led the by the University of Kent shows that flexitime and having autonomy over working hours impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap. Although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.com/indonesia/vert_cap/2016/09/160921_vert_cap_kerja_fleksibel
 
Description Better Life Lab Panel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact October 26th, Better Life Lab Panel on "Redesigning Work: Making Flexibility the Solution, Not the Problem"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://youtu.be/GYd3itAFIlE?t=10m35s
 
Description CMI Women - resources page - addition of paper Gender Discrepancies in the Outcomes of Schedule Control on Overtime Hours and Income 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Paper Gender Discrepancies in the Outcomes of Schedule Control on Overtime Hours and Income included in the CMI Women's resources pages
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.managers.org.uk/cmi-women/blueprint-for-balance/Flexible-working/Gender-Discrepancies-in-...
 
Description CMI Workshop on gender diversity 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I've attended a CMI workshop/meeting on gender diversity - to advise them on writing up and shaping their report on gender diversity (see publications for more)Although the workshop was small, the report would reach more than 500+ members and was covered by the media etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description CMI report news coverage 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact January 25th CMI report coverage in the Times "Speak out on sexism and bias at the workplace, urge campaigners", the Telegraph "85% of women have seen gender discrimination says new research" also covered in the BBC, Sky news, iTv etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/speak-out-on-sexism-and-bias-in-the-workplace-urge-campaigners-zc...
 
Description Commentary "Why the Gender Pay Gap is Widening" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Commentary with the title of "Why the Gender Pay Gap is Widening" released on 20th of February, 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.kent.ac.uk/news/society/21225/expert-comment-why-the-gender-pay-gap-is-widening
 
Description Conversation piece on flexible working, mother's employment 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact August 18th 2017 the Conversation article on Human Relations article "Women's employment patterns after childbirth and the perceived access to and use of flexitime and teleworking" --> "Want more women in top positions? Provide them with more flexibility at work" republished in Quartz, Yahoo News, Fair Observer, TVN , PsyOrg, Economica, Apolitical and others(links to the republished articles will not be submitted)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://theconversation.com/want-more-women-in-top-positions-provide-them-with-more-flexibility-at-w...
 
Description Crowding in or out of occupational welfare: Explaining the provision of flexitime across Europe [AIAS] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Heejung Chung invited to present her paper on "Crowding in or out of occupational welfare: Explaining the provision of flexitime across Europe" at the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies [AIAS] Seminar Series at University of Amsterdam.

.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.uva-aias.net/news_agenda/agenda/787
 
Description Daily Excelsior.com (Web) mentions that flexitime works better for men than for women 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A study led by the University of Kent shows that flexitime and having autonomy over working hours impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap. Although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.dailyexcelsior.com/flexitime-works-better-men-women-study/
 
Description Datev (web) highlights study on flexitime seeming to increase gender pay gap 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows flexible hours make employees work longer as flexible working hours tempts people to work more.
Chung and Mariska van der Horst on UK workers finds when workers have more autonomy over their working hours they are likely to increase the length of time they work. Chung and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) also argue that those with more control over their work schedule work more than those with less control.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.datev.de/web/de/aktuelles/nachrichten-steuern-und-recht/wirtschaft/selbstbestimmte-arbei...
 
Description Discussion of the TUC report on work-life balance of young core workers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Heejung acted as a discussant for the presentation of the Trade Union Congress report on work-life balance of young core workers.
This also included disseminating the project results to a wide range of TUC bodies dealing with young workers and work-life balance and equality issues.

this led to further engagement with practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Does work leave you tired, stressed with no time for family? You're not alone [TheConversation] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article for news and comment site The Conversation.

Over 1700+ views, plus Tweets and comments. Lead to further opportunities for media engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://theconversation.com/does-work-leave-you-tired-stressed-with-no-time-for-family-youre-not-alo...
 
Description ESPAnet 2015 - Crowding in or out of occupational welfare: Explaining the variation in the access to flexitime across 27 European countries 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact I have presented a paper based on the project. There was a discussion on the issue and I have received valuable feed back.

.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ESPAnet 2015 - Inclusion of company level provision in the study of family policies: the case of schedule flexibility across Europe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I have presented a paper based on the project. There was a discussion on the issue and I have received valuable feed back.

.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ESPAnet conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Heejung Chung presented her work based on the project in the European Social Policy Network Conference 14th-17th September 2017, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://espanetlisbon2017.eu/
 
Description ESRC News Release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact ESRC news release with the title of "Flexibility not Helping Workers" which was not the title written nor suggested by the author, released on the 13th of November, 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://esrc.ukri.org/news-events-and-publications/news/news-items/flexibility-not-helping-workers/
 
Description European Commission Workshop on Flexible Working 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Workshop on flexible working in February 2019, with 12 policy makers of European Commission.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Evaluation on why mothers defiantly returned to the office mentioned in the Mail Online UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The article discusses why mothers in the UK return to work defiantly. The additional 15 hours a week of childcare that are due to be offered from September 2017, won't be enough to help some mothers make ends meet and help them to return to their workplace, says Dr Heejung Chung of the School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research at the University of Kent.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-3914912/Mums-reveal-ve-defiantly-returned-office.html
 
Description Explaining (the changes in) the provision of flexi-time in companies across Europe (in the pre- and post-crisis Europe) [ESPAnet] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presented paper, title "Explaining (the changes in) the provision of flexi-time in companies across Europe (in the pre- and post-crisis Europe)", at ESPAnet in the Occupational Welfare in Europe stream.

Attendance also provided opportunity to hear and discuss state-of-the-art research on social policy, work and welfare.

Able to discuss findings with peers, receive feedback on my work, and pointers for future refinements and developments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://nova.07.no/id/25321.0
 
Description Findings on how flexible working hours discriminate against women published in Klamm.de (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.This is due to the gendered division of unpaid labour at home. While women use flexible working hours to do additional chores, men opt for longer working hours of paid labour.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.klamm.de/news/studie-freie-wahl-der-arbeitszeit-benachteiligt-frauen-21N147282217952.html
 
Description Findings on how working-time flexibility discriminates against women mentioned in AktienCheck (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.aktiencheck.de/news/Artikel-Studie_Freie_Wahl_Arbeitszeit_benachteiligt_Frauen-7395092
 
Description Findings on how working-time flexibility risks increasing gender inequalities mentioned in Hohenloger Tageblatt (web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.This is due to the gendered division of unpaid labour at home. While women use flexible working hours to do additional chores, men opt for longer working hours of paid labour.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.swp.de/ulm/nachrichten/wirtschaft/eu-kommission_-vw-verstiess-in-meisten-eu-laendern-gege...
 
Description Flexible hours make employees work longer, says article published on This Is Money (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows flexible hours make employees work longer as flexible working hours tempts people to work more.
Chung and Mariska van der Horst on UK workers finds when workers have more autonomy over their working hours they are likely to increase the length of time they work. Chung and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) also argue that those with more control over their work schedule work more than those with less control. In fact, people have a tendency to work more overtime hours once they are allowed to work flexibly, compared to when they were not
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/health/article-3746826/Flexible-hours-make-work-LONGER-Employees-reward...
 
Description Flexible work schedules reward dads, not moms, report on Los Angeles Times (Web) says 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows flexible schedules reward dads, not moms. German women, like American women, still shoulder the majority of domestic responsibilities. Chung's research suggests what a large body of academic evidence already supports: Mothers are sometimes viewed as less committed employees, regardless of their productivity and that perception appears to show up in the way they are paid.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.latimes.com/la-fi-flexible-hours-20160824-snap-story.html
 
Description Flexible working in companies across Europe: high performance or family friendly strategies? [SASE] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presented projects findings on 'Flexible working in companies across Europe: high performance or family friendly strategies?' at the Society for the Advancement of Socio-Economics annual conference. This was a good opportunity to engage with an interdisciplinary audience and led to interesting discussions.

.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Flexitime Works Better For Men Than Women, says article on RTTnews.com (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Flexitime and having autonomy over working hours - known as schedule control - impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap. Research from the University's School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research and the Hans-Böckler Foundation showed that the increase in overtime was much higher for men, meaning that schedule control has the potential to 'traditionalise' gender roles.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.rttnews.com/2685264/flexitime-works-better-for-men-than-women-study-finds.aspx?type=gn
 
Description Flexitime increases working hours as mentioned in Ressources Solidaires (web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact According to Heejung Chung from the University of Kent, flexible hours make employees work longer. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ressources-solidaires.org/La-flexibilite-du-temps-de-travail
 
Description Flexitime may increase the pay gap, finds study mentioned on ScienceNewsline (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.sciencenewsline.com/news/2016081815070026.html
 
Description Flexitime seem to increase gender pay gap, says study mentioned on hk01.com (web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led the by the University of Kent shows that flexitime and having autonomy over working hours impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap. Although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.hk01.com/%E5%9C%8B%E9%9A%9B/48551/%E5%BD%88%E6%80%A7%E5%B7%A5%E6%99%82%E5%93%A1%E5%B7%A5%...
 
Description Flexitime seems to increase gender pay gap, says study mentioned onThe Siasat Daily (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led the by the University of Kent shows that flexitime and having autonomy over working hours impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap. Although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.siasat.com/news/flexitime-works-better-men-women-study-1004105/
 
Description Flexitime seems to increase the gender pay gap, says study published on Public. (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact New research co-led by the University that shows that although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more. The researchers found that this gender discrepancy exists even when they took into account the gender segregation of the labour market, i.e., sectors and occupations, as well as other characteristics such as an individual's ambition or work devotion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.publicnow.com/view/071D08100F2520094B4C95763C5033A5458DFD46
 
Description Flexitime works better for men Than women, study finds mentioned on Newswise (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.newswise.com/articles/view/659392/?sc=rsla
 
Description Flexitime works better for men than women, says study mentioned on PhysOrg.com (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://phys.org/news/2016-08-flexitime-men-women.html
 
Description Flexitime works better for men than women, study mentioned on Zeenews.com (Web) finds 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A new study led by the University of Kent finds that although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more. Flexitime and having autonomy over working hours impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/flexitime-works-better-for-men-than-women-study...
 
Description Freepressjournal (Web) mentions that flexitime works better for men compared to women 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken the by University of Kent shows that flexitime and having autonomy over working hours impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap. Although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.freepressjournal.in/webspecial/flexitime-works-better-for-men-compared-to-women-study/914...
 
Description HM Treasury Annual Labour Market Conference Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation given at the HM Treasury Annual Labour Market Conference on family policies and women's progression, in front of 100 policy makers in September 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Health Medicine Network (Web) mentions study on the gendered impact of flexitime 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research co-led by the University of Kent that shows that although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more. Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) show how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://healthmedicinet.com/i/flexitime-works-better-for-men-than-women-study-finds/
 
Description Healthview (web) summarises study on how men benefit from flexitime, while women do not 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.healthview.gr/%CF%80%CE%B5%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%B5%CF%87%CF%8C%CE%BC%CE%B5%CE%BD%CE%BF/%CE%AC%C...
 
Description Heejung Chung discusses work-life balance on BBC radio Kent 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Heejung Chung from the University of Kent appeared on Julia George's BBC Radio Kent show to talk about work-life balance, work-family conflict, and how flexible working can mean work extends into all aspects of life.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2014
 
Description Heejung Chung on BBC Radio Kent's Julia George Show - 24 September 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Eight minute segment on regional BBC radio, discussing the importance of, and difficulties in maintaining, work-life balance, and the effects of work-family conflict.

BBC Radio producers provided positive feedback, noting that the segment attracted audience participation (emails/phone calls) on issues around work-life balance and work-family conflict.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://wafproject.org/heejung-chung-on-bbc-radio-kents-julia-george-show-24-september-2014/
 
Description ILERA presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presented on 'Importance of National Context in Explaining the Impact of Flexible Working on Work-family Outcomes Across 30 European Countries' in ILERA conference in July 2018, with 50 academics present.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description ISER/DWP workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Attended ISER/DWP workshop and discussed about flexible working access and stigma with 40 policy makers and academics in February 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description In reality, new 'flexible working' rights could mean longer days and less family time [TheConversation] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article for news and comment site The Conversation.

1300+ views, plus Tweets and comments. Lead to further opportunities for media engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://theconversation.com/in-reality-new-flexible-working-rights-could-mean-longer-days-and-less-f...
 
Description International Labour and Employment Relations Association special session panel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation as a panel for special session at International Labour and Employment Relations Association organized by Korean Federation of Trade Unions (KFTU) in July 2018, with 120 people present.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Interview and paper coverage in Franceinfo 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview and paper coverage in Franceinfo on 'future of work and flexibility' published on the 25th of May, 2018. (see from 43:45 in the video)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.facebook.com/franceinfovideo/videos/1906752619368227/
 
Description Interview for Think Nation's project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Billie JD Porter on 'poverty among young people and stigma towards it' for the project of ThinkNation 'Twist-it: Changing the Poverty Narrative' published on the 29th of June, 2018. (at 5:30 mark and again at 10:30 in the video)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ujpRDcqBW1w&feature=youtu.be&t=5m30s
 
Description Interview in Fast Company 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact April 1st 2017 Interview with Brigid Schulte based on the findings of project "Why Your Best Productivity Hacks Still Come Up Short" FastCompany
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.fastcompany.com/40400900/why-your-best-productivity-hacks-still-come-up-short-and-what-r...
 
Description Interview with Ugebrevet A4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact June 2nd 2017- Interview on project findings with Ugebrevet A4 "Fleksibel arbejdstid fører op til fem timers længere arbejdsuge med sig"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=auto&tl=en&js=y&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww....
 
Description Interview with 1 Million for Flexibility 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact August 28th, interview with 1 Million for Flexibility on project findings "Take 5: Heejung Chung on Work autonomy, flexible working, and work-life balance"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.workflexibility.org/take-5-heejung-chung-work-autonomy-flexibility-work-life-balance/
 
Description Interview with BBC Radio Kent Drive Time 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with BBC Radio Kent Drive Time on "Worker Surveillance and Control" on the 20th of August, 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Interview with BBC Radio Kent Drive Time 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with BBC Radio Kent Drive Time on TV watching on the 25th of May, 2018. (hear from 1:54:25)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B_8xbVF6ZxzsajZRMDZRZEwyMGZOOFlOXzFMaUJKaTNwUFRN/view
 
Description Interview with BBC Radio Kent Drive Time 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with BBC Radio Kent Drive Time on "Protests and Trump's Visit to the UK" on the 14th of July, 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Interview with Daily Mail 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Daily Mail which was released on the 5th of July with the title of "Do Women Become More Productive After They've Had Children?"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-5918605/Do-women-productive-theyve-children.html
 
Description Interview with Dominic King as a part of the Go home on time day on BBC Radio Kent 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Dominic King as a part of the Go home on time day on BBC Radio Kent.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interview with Dominic King as a part of the International Women's Day celebration on BBC Radio Kent 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Dominic King as a part of the International Women's Day celebration on BBC Radio Kent.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interview with Evening Standard 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Evening Standard in an article titled "Emotional Labour is the Latest Bit of Wellness Lingo - but what is it, and how can it be managed?" released on the 20th of September, 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.standard.co.uk/lifestyle/esmagazine/how-to-manage-emotional-labour-a3938926.html
 
Description Interview with Radio Tees 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Mike Parr from Radio Tees on "Motherhood Penalty, Motherhood Bonus and the Importance of Flexible Working" on the 9th of July, 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B_8xbVF6ZxzsenZPN2VlR2JMX3NUNndhOWJtako2YVNuaEpR/view
 
Description Interview with Slate Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Oset Barbur from Slate Magazine released with the title "Is Unlimiated Vacation Bad for Women/Gender Equality?" on the 19th of July, 2018, which was translated into French in Slate.fr on the 29th of July (http://www.slate.fr/story/165209/entreprise-conges-illimites-inegalites-de-genre-femmes-vacances-obligations-parentales-culpabilite-disponibilite)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://slate.com/human-interest/2018/07/could-unlimited-vacation-be-bad-for-gender-equality.html
 
Description Interview with Slate Magazine 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact October 24th, interview with Slate Magazine "What Europe gets right - and what it gets wrong - about flexible working"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.slate.com/blogs/better_life_lab/2017/10/24/what_europe_gets_right_and_wrong_about_flexibl...
 
Description Interview with Voice of Islam Radio Drive Time 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Voice of Islam Radio Drive Time on the "Work-life Balance and Gender Equality" on the 3rd of October, 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://soundcloud.com/voislam/drive-time-podcast-03-10-2018
 
Description Interview/paper coverage in Apolitical 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact August 29th 2017, interview/project paper coverage Apolitical "How to close the gender pay gap in five difficult steps"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://apolitical.co/solution_article/close-gender-pay-gap-five-difficult-steps/
 
Description KMFM Radio Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Radio Interview with KMFM on "flexible working and part-time working mums overtime" on the 31st of January 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://audioboom.com/posts/7158823-listen-dr-heejung-chung-from-the-university-of-kent-has-found-pa...
 
Description Kanter Awards Panel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Panellist as Kanter Awards panel at Boston University in June 2018 with 30 academics and policy makers present.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Kent Global Skills Award Programme talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 13th of February 2017, University of Kent, UK

Heejung Chung presented findings of the WAF project for her lecture "Flexible Working: The way of the future" as a part of the Kent Global Skills Award Programme for MA students across the various University of Kent campuses across Europe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.kent.ac.uk/graduateschool/skills/programmes/gsa.html
 
Description Kent Global Skills Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Given a lecture on Flexible Working and Gender Equality for Kent Global Skills at University of Kent in February 2019 with about 150 students present.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Kent Radio Interview - Go Home on Time Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact June 21st BBC Radio Kent Drive time with Dominic King (1:24:22) interview on "Go Home on Time Day"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://wafproject.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/UKRADBBCKENT_06-21-2017_17.26.17.mp3
 
Description Lecture in Ewha University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Providing lecture on Gender and the welfare state in Europe in Ewha University in Seoul, South Korea
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Lifestyle ao Minuto publishes article on the impact of flexitime on gender inequalities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries. Additionally, Chung and Mariska van der Horst (University of Kent) on UK workers find when workers have more autonomy over their working hours they are likely to increase the length of time they work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.noticiasaominuto.com/lifestyle/640531/ter-horarios-flexiveis-pode-nao-ser-assim-tao-bene...
 
Description Mc Ginley news interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with Accord group for a piece in Mc Ginley news.
The interview was inspired by the article I've written in the Conversation earlier, and talks about the positive and negative consequences of flexible working.
It will be distributed to business and industry people mostly working in the area of infrastructure.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.mcginley.co.uk/news/making-flexible-hours-work-in-the-infrastructure-industry/bp159/
 
Description Men benefit more from flexitime, says study mentioned on Science Daily (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Control over working hours - known as schedule control - impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap. That's the conclusion of new research co-led by the University of Kent that shows. Although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160818102557.htm
 
Description New York Times interview - 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact February 5th New York Times interview/paper coverage "Even in Family-friendly Scandinavia, Mothers are paid less", republished in the Toronto Star, Sante Fe New Mexican, American Banker (links to the republished articles available at http://www.heejungchung.com/media)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/05/upshot/even-in-family-friendly-scandinavia-mothers-are-paid-less....
 
Description Online article on the attitudes towards childcare provision on the Public. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The article highlights key findings of new research undertaken by the University of Kent which finds that people's attitudes to childcare are shaped by the perceived level and effectiveness of the service.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://publicnow.com/view/0DBE576683ADB8316E16C32DE972C92D3D97093F
 
Description Online article published on EurekAlert!(Web) on people's attitudes towards childcare provision 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Better childcare provision increases public support for the service:People's attitudes to childcare are shaped by the perceived level and effectiveness of the service, new research led by the University of Kent has shown.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-11/uok-bcp111516.php
 
Description Online article published on ScienceNewsline titled "Better Childcare Provision Increases Public Support for the Service" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The article summarises key findings on new research led by the University of Kent. Better Childcare Provision increases Public Support for the Service; People's attitudes to childcare are shaped by the perceived level and effectiveness of the service.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.sciencenewsline.com/news/2016111602070074.html
 
Description Only men's salaries increase with flexitime, finds study mentioned in Hannoverfche Allgemeine (web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries. Additionally, Chung and Mariska van der Horst (University of Kent) on UK workers find when workers have more autonomy over their working hours they are likely to increase the length of time they work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.haz.de/Nachrichten/Wirtschaft/Deutschland-Welt/Diskriminierung-im-Job-Wechsel-auf-Gleitze...
 
Description Opinion on how especially young people are affected by job shortages in the EU mentioned in Bloomberg (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Heejung Chung from the University of Kent argues that in most European countries, social security and banking rules make it hard for people without stable employment to access housing and financing. The issue is becoming acute for young adults. This won't improve unless there's a serious policy change, she argues further.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-10-16/lawyer-s-only-job-hope-in-spain-hospital-orderly.html
 
Description Opinion on the impact of the extension of free childcare on mothers returning to the workplace mentioned in the DailyMail 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact An extra 15 hours a week of free childcare is due to be offered from September 2017. However, says Dr Heejung Chung of the School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research at the University of Kent, this won't be enough to help some mothers make ends meet, as the overall 30 hours covered still only allows women to work part-time and it only applies for term-time.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Opinion on the impact of the extension of free childcare on mothers returning to the workplace mentioned in the DailyMail Scotland. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact An extra 15 hours a week of free childcare is due to be offered from September 2017. However, says Dr Heejung Chung of the School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research at the University of Kent, this won't be enough to help some mothers make ends meet, as the overall 30 hours covered still only allows women to work part-time and it only applies for term-time.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Panel speaker for New America workshop on Flexible working 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I've teamed up with the Better Life Lab and acted as a panelist to discuss a path forward for crafting policies and practices that support all workers in environments that promote effective work, and allow time for full, healthy lives. This event was broadcasted live and was attended/viewed by US policy makers, NGOs, professional practitioners and the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.newamerica.org/better-life-lab/events/redesigning-work-making-flexibility-solution-not-p...
 
Description Paper coverage Workplace insight 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press coverage of WAF project paper - December 28th, "Control over working hours leads to different outcomes for mothers and fathers" Workplace insight
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://workplaceinsight.net/control-working-hours-leads-different-outcomes-mothers-fathers/
 
Description Paper coverage in Italian news media La Stampa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact August 23rd 2017, Human Relations paper coverage in Italian news media La Stampa "La flessibilità permette alle donne di mantenere il posto dilavoro dopo il parto"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.lastampa.it/2017/08/23/societa/mamme/la-flessibilit-permette-alle-donne-di-mantenere-il-p...
 
Description Paper on "Schedule Flexibility and Work-Family Conflict" presented at the 2016 Annual ESPAnet conference in Rotterdam 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Heejung Chung presented a paper based on the Work Autonomy, Flexibility and Work-Life Balance (WAF) project "Schedule Flexibility and Work-Family Conflict: The Importance of Country Contexts" at the 2016 Annual ESPAnet conference in Rotterdam.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://espanetrotterdam2016.eu/programme/item/9
 
Description Paper presentation at the CWF conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Heejung Chung is organising three session in the theme of "Gender differences in the consequences of flexible working" and "Flexible working and the role of social support" will be presenting two papers in the first session
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://dipartimenti.unicatt.it/sociologia-cwf-conference-presentation#content
 
Description Paper presentation at the RDW conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Heejung Chung presented two papers in the Research on Decent Work Conference 3-5th of July 2017, International Labor Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://rdw-conference.org/pages/info
 
Description Paper presented at the third International Sociological Association forum of Sociology in Vienna on labour market intensity of mothers after childbirth on use and access to flexible working arrangements 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Mariska van der Horst has presented a paper based on the Work Autonomy, Flexibility and Work-Life Balance (WAF) project "Labour market intensity of mothers after childbirth on use and access to flexible working arrangements" at the 3rd International Sociological Association forum of Sociology in Vienna.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Plenary speaker for Italian government conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I was invited as a plenary speaker at an event organised by the Italian Ministry of Equal opportunities to talk about the benefits and risks of flexible working. This event was covered by the media and streamed across Italy. This event also fed into the policies by the ministry regarding flexible working (see also impact narrative and awards/recognition)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.pariopportunita.gov.it/notizie/06122017-convegno-di-chiusura-del-progetto-elena-experimen...
 
Description Plenary speaker for World Organisation of Workers - EZA joint seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Made a plenary speech for the joint seminar organized by World Organisation of Workers (World Christian Union Congress) and EZA in February 2018 in front of 120 trade union members.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Politics and International Relations Department Open Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Dr. Heejung Chung gave a talk at the University of Kent Politics and International Relations Department's Open Forum on Commodification of Labour - audience of UG/PG/PGR students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation at Kent HR Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented on Flexible Working and Family Policies at Kent HR Conference in November 2018, with 80 HR practitioners present.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at the COFACE/Families Europe Conference. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Presentation at the COFACE/Families Europe Conference.
COFACE Families-Europe and two of its Belgian members Gezinsbond and La Ligue des Familles are jointly organising the conference "Families on the move" that will take place in Brussels at the centre of Europe at the Higher Institute for Family Studies on Friday 12th May 2017 from 9.00 to 16.30.
"Families on the Move" was selected as our theme in 2017 to address pressing challenges for families in Europe and beyond. As a European organisation representing the interests of families and striving to build inclusive European societies, we decided to organise a series of workshops on four "moves": economic, digital, geographic, and social. For each move, we are bringing together key stakeholders and a variety of perspectives, to firstly discuss the state of play and then pave the way for actions and solutions:

Workshop on Economic move
"Portability of benefits and services for families moving within the EU: breaking down key legal and practical barriers"

Workshop on Digital move
Empowering families to move freely online: harnessing the full potential of the internet through genuine data portability.

Workshop on Geographic move
Separated families moving across borders: how to make the right to family reunification a reality for third country nationals of the EU?

Workshop on Social move
The societal shift in parenting and working roles: legislation as a driver to achieve work-life balance for all

Workshop speakers include representatives from European and national civil society, the European Commission, the Organisation for European Cooperation and Development, the UNHCR, Migration Policy Group, Council of Europe, European and national social partners (ETUC, Business Europe, Dutch trade unions), researchers from universities involved in different EU-wide projects, policy-makers in national government, company representatives, and more.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.coface-eu.org/consumers/families-on-the-move/
 
Description Presentation at the Oxford Sociology Department Seminar about findings from the Work Autonomy, Flexibility and Work-Life Balance (WAF) Project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Heejung Chung from the University of Kent presented on a number of findings from the Work Autonomy, Flexibility and Work-Life Balance (WAF Project) at the Oxford Sociology Department Seminar. The paper examines whether flexible work arrangements can help relieve work-family conflict of individuals, and whether this relationship will depend on the national, gender, family and work contexts. It uses the European Social Survey of 2010 and the Work Employment Relations Survey (UK) of 2011. A multilevel random slopes modelling technique will be used to examine whether flexible schedules have a varying impact on individual's perceived work-family conflict across different contexts. Analysis results show that indeed context do matter when examining the relationship between flexible work and work-family conflict.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.sociology.ox.ac.uk/lunchtime-seminars/dept-of-sociology-seminar-week-3.html
 
Description Presentation coverage in Corriere della Sera 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact December 10th 2017; Conference/presentation coverage (of the Italian equal opportunities ministries event on Smart Working) and Paper coverage on Corriere della Sera "Lo Smartworking aumenta la producttivita: Ecco le prove"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.corriere.it/economia/17_dicembre_10/smartworking-aumenta-produttivita-ecco-prove-2c739b3a...
 
Description Presentation for the Korean Federation of Trade Unions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation was given on working time and flexible working in front of 30 trade union members in Korean Federation of Trade Unions (KFTU) in August 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation for the Korean Tripartite on Flexicurity 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation on flexicurity for the Korean Tripartite in front of 20 tripartite policy makers in August 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation in Leeds University Business School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Presenting one of my current research projects - "High performance or family friendly strategies? Explaining the use and provision of flexitime across Europe".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://lubswww.leeds.ac.uk/ceric/activitiesevents/event-item/articles/2015/September/ceric-seminar-...
 
Description Presentation of WAF project at the ILO Technical Meeting on Working time and work-life balance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I have been invited to take part in the Technical Exchange of experts on Working-Time and Work-Life Balance which has been organised by the International Labor Organisation.
This international expert workshop will help to lay the intellectual foundation for the forthcoming official Tripartite Meeting of Experts on Working Time and Work-Life Balance (TMEWTWLB) planned for early 2019 by bringing together experts in the field of work-life balance from different parts of the world to discuss key issues regarding working time (both hours of work and work schedules) and its effects on work-life balance. The conclusions and recommendations of these international experts regarding the key work-life balance issues that should be addressed and the relevant policy measures that would be needed to address those key issues will provide an important input into the discussion report that will be prepared to structure the formal tripartite discussion during the TMEWTWLB.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation of initial findings of the research from the WAF project at the WAF Project Third Policy Advisory Board Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The third meeting of the Policy Advisory Board brought together members from key national and international organisations representing both employers and employees, and non-governmental organisations. WAF Project Principal Investigator, Heejung Chung, presented initial findings of the research, and discussed with the group plans for the final dissemination conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation of project findings at the Research on Decent Work Conference at the ILO 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Heejung presented two papers at the 2017 RDW conference at the International Labor Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland.
This presentation led to a number of policy makers interested in the project, including a possible work with the Estonian government on flexible working, Korean Labor Institute joint venture on developing survey tools to measure flexible working in Korea, as well as requests for further information about the project from a number of different government bodies and academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://rdw-conference.org/pages/info
 
Description Presentation of the project findings for the Trade Union Congress Women's Committtee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Heejung Chung gave a presentation at the bi-annual TUC's Women's Committee Meeting.
There was a presentation and Q&A session with the national representatives of the TUC's policy officers across all sectors/businesses.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation of two research papers on flexitime at the 2016 ILREA European Regional Congress 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Heejung Chung from the University of Kent presented two papers based on the WAF project "Flexible Working and Consequence for Work-Life Balance: Importance of Gender Occupation and Family Context " and "Schedule Flexibility and Work-Family Conflict: The Importance of Country Contexts" at the 2016 ILREA European Regional Congress.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ileraeurope2016.eu
 
Description Press Release on flexible working 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press Release with the title of "Flexible Schedules Cause Part-time Working Mothers to Work Longer Without Pay" on 15th of January, 2019, which was then covered by the Times on the 16th of January (https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/flexible-workers-aren-t-shirkers-even-when-doing-it-from-home-z7xkcxvsz).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.kent.ac.uk/news/society/20802/flexible-schedules-cause-part-time-working-mothers-to-work...
 
Description Press Release on the view about flexible working 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press Release with the title of "Negative Views of Flexible Working Prevalent Especially Among Men" on the 4th of December, 2018, which was then republished on the same day in HR Review (https://www.hrreview.co.uk/hr-news/study-finds-men-holding-negative-views-on-flexible-working/113711).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.kent.ac.uk/news/society/20401/negative-views-of-flexible-working-prevalent-especially-am...
 
Description Press coverage - Harvard Business Review 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact WAF - ESR Paper coverage - February 20th 2017 "Everyone Likes Flex Time, but We Punish Women Who Use It" in the Harvard Business Review, republished in Kauppalehti and many others
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://hbr.org/2017/02/everyone-likes-flex-time-but-we-punish-women-who-use-it
 
Description Press coverage for the paper "Gender discrepancies in the outcomes of schedule control on overtime hours and income in Germany" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The paper "Gender discrepancies in the outcomes of schedule control on overtime hours and income in Germany" has been covered extensively in the Harvard Business Review article: Everyone Likes Flex Time, but We Punish Women Who Use It - published 20th of Feb 2017 by David Burkus
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://hbr.org/2017/02/everyone-likes-flex-time-but-we-punish-women-who-use-it
 
Description Press release Flexibility key to helping women maintain careers after childbirth 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact August 19th 2017, paper coverage "Workplace flexibility may boost women's careers after childbirth" by IANS - in Times of India, Prokerala, Economic times, Yahoo News India, NDTV and others (links to the republished coverage listed here will not be provided)
August 18th 2017, paper coverage "Workplace flexibility key to helping women maintain careers after childbirth", in Psych Central, Psy Org, Health Medicine Network, Science Newsline, Workplace insight, Workingmums and others (links to the republished coverage will not be provided)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.kent.ac.uk/news/society/14786/flexibility-key-to-helping-women-maintain-careers-after-ch...
 
Description Press release for European Journal of Industrial Relations (2018) article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press releast: Female-dominated workplaces have worse access to flexible working - from the University of Kent, on the paper EJIR article "'Women's work penalty' in access to flexible working arrangements across Europe" has been covered by international news media.... January 29th Paper coverage "Working in female-dominated workplaces 'means worse access to flexible working arrangements' the Scotsman, Yorkshire Post, Northamptonshire Telegraph, Lancashire post, Wakefield express , Larne Times, Shoreham Herald, Carluke Gazette and others/ January 25th Paper coverage "Female dominated workplaces offer less flexible timing", Yahoo India, The Times of India, Business Standard,Deccan Chronicle, NewKerala, Mid Day, Hindustan Times, the Gulf Today, India TV, and others (these links will not be provided)/available on http://www.heejungchung.com/media
January 24th Paper coverage "Working in female dominated workplaces mean worse access to flexible working arrangements" Phys.org, EurekAlert, Business Standard, Science Newsline, Workingmums, Workplace insights and others (links to the republished work available in http://www.heejungchung.com/media
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.kent.ac.uk/news/society/16659/working-in-female-dominated-workplaces-means-worse-access-...
 
Description Press release for Social Policy & Administration (2018) piece 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release of the SP&A Dualisation and the access to family-friendly working time arrangement "Insecure workers less likely to have access to family friendly arrangements" --- republished/covered by the following media February 15th paper coverage in People Management "Workers on insecure contract less likely to have access to family-friendly benefits, study finds" // February 6th "Insecure workers less likely to have access to family-friendly benefits" US weekly, Phys.org, Eurek Alert, Science newsline, Iran daily, Longroom, Brightsurf science news, and others. (links to the news paper articles available at http://www.heejungchung.com/media)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.kent.ac.uk/news/society/16825/insecure-workers-less-likely-to-have-access-to-family-frie...
 
Description Press release for the Estonian Parliament report 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact February 8th Press release of the Estonian project from the Estonian Parliament "Eestis kasvabpaindliku tööaja ja kaugtöö trend (Flexible schedules and teleworking growing in Estonia)" - covered in various media in Estonia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?depth=1&hl=en&rurl=translate.google.com&sl=auto&...
 
Description Press release of the Estonian project from the Estonian Parliament 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact January 21st Press release of the Estonian project from the Estonian Parliament "Ülevaade töö tuleviku uuringuprojektist (An overview of the future of work project)" - which includes the work I've carried out for the Estonian Parliament on the state of flexible working in Estonia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?depth=1&hl=en&rurl=translate.google.com&sl=auto&...
 
Description Public administration seminar in Korea University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Providing lecture/ seminar on gender and the welfare state in Europe in Korea University in Seoul, South Korea.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Quartz article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Paper coverage in April 27th 2017 Quartz Magazine "Flexible Working is Making Us Work Longer"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://qz.com/765908/flexible-working-is-making-us-work-longer/
 
Description Radio Interview with BBC Radio Kent 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Had an interview with BBC Radio Kent on inequality in wages and value of work on the 1st of February, 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B_8xbVF6ZxzscWE1Y0tzOHhPTEFTaGhpRWxrd1RzTDJTUXRF/view
 
Description Radio interview with BBC Radio Kent Drive Time 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Radio interview with BBC Radio Kent Drive Time on "class systems in the UK" on the 6th of December, 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Radio interview with BBC Radio WM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with BBC Radio WM on "why flexible workers work longer unpaid overtime hours" on the 16th of January, 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B_8xbVF6ZxzsZm56aXMyaFpjYTJFeVFDemNncS1sRGhGbm5j/view
 
Description Radio interview with KMFM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Radio interview with KMFM on "flexibility stigma in the UK" on the 10th of December, 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://audioboom.com/posts/7110816-listen-dr-heejung-chung-from-the-uni-of-kent-s-examined-research...
 
Description Report on working-time flexibility not being the panacea for labour market inequalities published in the Los Angeles Times Metro 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows flexible schedules reward dads, not moms. German women, like American women, still shoulder the majority of domestic responsibilities. Chung's research suggests what a large body of academic evidence already supports: Mothers are sometimes viewed as less committed employees, regardless of their productivity and that perception appears to show up in the way they are paid.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.seacoastonline.com/zz/lifestyle/20160825/flexible-schedules-reward-dads-not-moms
 
Description Research by the School for Social Policy, Sociology and Social research of the University of Kent mentioned in the Daily Mail on dementia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The article discusses the impact of botox on dementia. Julia Twigg, a gerontologist and a professor of social policy and sociology at the University of Kent, says: 'The evidence on dementia so far points in the direction of general health factors, such as exercise, good diet and social engagement, rather than these sorts."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Research by the School for Social Policy, Sociology and Social research of the University of Kent mentioned in the Mail Online UK (Web) on dementia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article discusses whether botox cut risks of getting dementia. Julia Twigg, a gerontologist and a professor of social policy and sociology at the University of Kent, says: 'The evidence on dementia so far points in the direction of general health factors, such as exercise, good diet and social engagement, rather than these sorts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3914076/Could-botox-jab-really-cut-risks-getting-dementia-...
 
Description Research mentioned in a blog post of HRZone (web) on the negative effects of flexible working 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The article critically reflects on the effects of flexible working arrangements. According to Heejung Chung, flexible workers are doing more overtime. But while some men asked to be recompensed for that overtime, women were much less likely to, the research found. She surmised that this was because it was deemed that the women wanted flexibility due to childcare reasons and presumably were willing to trade the extra pay for flexibility.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.hrzone.com/community/blogs/garnem/is-there-a-backlash-against-flexible-working-going-on
 
Description Research mentioned in the Daily Mail (newspaper) "Mums who PAY to go to work" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview with the Daily Mail on work-life balance, childcare and the lack of childcare for working mothers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Research of the University of Kent on the effect of flexitime on the pay gap mentioned in the Presseschau 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The article summarises research undertaken by the University of Kent on the impact of flexitime on the gender pay gap. Men seem to benefit from flexitime while women cannot take on additional hours to the same extent as men which then results in a higher gender pay gap.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2016
URL http://www.pressetext.com/news/20160823008
 
Description Research on how flexible working-hours discriminate against women mentioned in the East Peoria Times Courier (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows flexible schedules reward dads, not moms. German women, like American women, still shoulder the majority of domestic responsibilities. Chung's research suggests what a large body of academic evidence already supports: Mothers are sometimes viewed as less committed employees, regardless of their productivity and that perception appears to show up in the way they are paid.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.eastpeoriatimescourier.com/zz/lifestyle/20160825/flexible-schedules-reward-dads-not-moms?...
 
Description Research on people's attitude towards childcare provision published on the Health Medicine Network (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact New research led by the University of Kent shows that people's attitudes to childcare are shaped by the perceived level and effectiveness of the service. Expanding childcare provision can create a 'virtuous cycle' for public support, while rolling back on childcare can lead to a corresponding decrease in support.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://healthmedicinet.com/i/better-childcare-provision-increases-public-support-for-the-service/
 
Description Research on the effect of flexible working hours on the gender pay gap mentioned in Spiegel Online (web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.spiegel.de/wirtschaft/soziales/wechsel-auf-gleitzeit-bringt-maennern-mehr-gehalt-frauen-n...
 
Description Research on the effects of working-time autonomy on overtime hours cited in an online article on BBC(web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research by Dr Heejung Chung on working-time autonomy work causing overtime hours cited by the BBC. Chung finds that people with flexible work-time arrangments put in almost four hours more overtime compared with people who work standard.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.com/capital/story/20160909-the-curse-of-flexible-work
 
Description Research on the gendered effect of working-time flexibility on pay mention in DerStandard.at (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://derstandard.at/2000043867555/Flexible-Arbeitszeit-bringt-Maennern-mehr-Gehalt-den-Frauen-nich...
 
Description Research on the gendered impact of flexitime mentioned on MSN.nl (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.msn.com/nl-nl/nieuws/other/is-flexwerk-zowel-voor-man-als-vrouw-geschikt/ar-BBvUldd?srcre...
 
Description Research on the gendered impact of work-time flexibility on pay mentioned in Yahoo! German (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.This is due to the gendered division of unpaid labour at home. While women use flexible working hours to do additional chores, men opt for longer working hours of paid labour.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://de.finance.yahoo.com/nachrichten/wechsel-gleitzeit-bringt-m%C3%A4nnern-mehr-gehalt-frauen-09...
 
Description Seminar at MIT 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact I gave a talk at the Sloan Business School in MIT on the outcomes of this project. The main audience was academics and post graduate students. I also had a series of meetings with faculty and PG students throughout the day.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Seminar for the European Commission Joint Research Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I gave a talk to the European Commissions' Joint Research Centre on measuring flexicurity. I've also worked with them as an external advisor to help them shape policies/indicators on how to best measure flexicurity across Europe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Slate Magazine paper coverage 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact October 27th 2017, Interview and project Paper coverage on Slate Magazine "Flexible Work Alone Won't Create Gender Equality, but These Things Might"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.slate.com/blogs/better_life_lab/2017/10/27/will_more_flexible_work_close_the_gender_gap.h...
 
Description Slate Magazine think piece 2018 on women's work penalty paper 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact January 30th 2018, Think piece on the EJIR Womens' work penalty paper.. in Slate Magazine "Women aren't paid less because they have more flexible jobs"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://slate.com/human-interest/2018/01/the-gender-wage-gap-is-not-about-women-getting-more-flexibi...
 
Description Study on flextimes discriminating against women mentioned in FinanzNachrichten.de (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken the by University's School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research and the Hans-Böckler Foundation shows that flexitime and having autonomy over working hours impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap. Although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.finanznachrichten.de/nachrichten-2016-08/38364292-flexitime-works-better-for-men-than-wom...
 
Description Study on gender discrepancies in the outcomes of schedule control on overtime hours and Income in Germany presented in 1 Million for Work Flexibility (blog) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Heinz-Böckler foundation) shows that people who have more control over their schedules tend to work longer hours than those who have less control. And while those flexible schedule workers also earn more money, the study found that such benefits are not shared equally by men and women.
This study shows that people who have more control over their work hours may reap the benefits of better work-life balance and higher pay. But they also need to be aware of the possibility that they may work significantly longer hours, and that gender discrepancies may be reinforced by the way such flex arrangements are implemented.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.workflexibility.org/research-explainer-gender-discrepancies-outcomes-schedule-control/
 
Description Study on how working-time flexibility discriminates against women mentioned in FinanzNachrichten.de (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.finanznachrichten.de/nachrichten-2016-09/38479293-studie-freie-wahl-der-arbeitszeit-benac...
 
Description Study on how working-time flexibility only increases men's income, but discriminates against women mentioned in Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.haz.de/Nachrichten/Wirtschaft/Deutschland-Welt/Diskriminierung-im-Job-Wechsel-auf-Gleitze...
 
Description Study on the gendered impact of working-time flexibility mentioned in Seacoast Online (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows flexible schedules reward dads, not moms. German women, like American women, still shoulder the majority of domestic responsibilities. Chung's research suggests what a large body of academic evidence already supports: Mothers are sometimes viewed as less committed employees, regardless of their productivity and that perception appears to show up in the way they are paid.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.seacoastonline.com/zz/lifestyle/20160825/flexible-schedules-reward-dads-not-moms
 
Description Study on the impact of working-time flexibility on the gender pay gap presented in idw - Informationsdienst Wissenschaft (web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries. This is due to the gendered division of unpaid labour at home. While women use flexible working hours to do additional chores, men opt for longer working hours of paid labour.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://idw-online.de/de/news658450
 
Description Study on working-time flexibility widening gender pay gap mentioned in Ad Hoc News (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ad-hoc-news.de/gender-pay-gap-die-scheinargumente-der-machowissenschaftler--/de/News/5008...
 
Description Sud Ouest mentions findings that flexitime has negative side effects 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries. Additionally, Chung and Mariska van der Horst (University of Kent) on UK workers find when workers have more autonomy over their working hours they are likely to increase the length of time they work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.sudouest.fr/2016/09/17/la-flexibilite-du-temps-de-travail-est-elle-un-piege-2504385-5458....
 
Description Summary of study on the gendered effect of work-time flexibility published in Ad Hoc News (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Dr Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) shows how employees are opting for flexible working-time more often. Particularly men now tend to work longer hours. While the increase in working hours leads to a higher income for men, women are discriminated against and do not experience the same increase in their salaries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ad-hoc-news.de/politik/selbstbestimmte-arbeitszeiten-koennen-laut-einer-studie-ungleichhe...
 
Description Symposium on gendered flexible working and its outcomes [CWF] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Organised symposium on the gendered nature of flexible work international conference on community work and family. This session brought together papers that deal with the gendered nature of the provision, use and outcomes of flexible working and examine the role policies (both company and national level) and organisational leadership may have in improving gender equality.


.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description The Times of India mentions research on the negative outcomes of flexitime 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows flexible hours make employees work longer as flexible working hours tempts people to work more.
Chung and Mariska van der Horst on UK workers finds when workers have more autonomy over their working hours they are likely to increase the length of time they work. Chung and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) also argue that those with more control over their work schedule work more than those with less control. In fact, people have a tendency to work more overtime hours once they are allowed to work flexibly, compared to when they were not
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://blogs.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/cash-flow/the-dark-side-of-flexible-working-hours/
 
Description The gendered nature of flexitime: Explaining the access to flexitime across 27 European countries [CWF] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presented paper on "The gendered nature of flexitime: Explaining the access to flexitime across 27 European countries" at international conference on community work and family. Good opportunity to share information and stimulate discussion on project findings with academic and practitioner audience.

.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Think Kent Video on Flexible working 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Think Kent Video on Flexible Working - the way of the Future - introduces the project. It has been viewed more than 18000 times on you tube, and also viewed on the University of Kent's facebook page numerous times.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xWTBCsLmsOg
 
Description Think Nation/Joseph Rowntree Foundation Panel Discussion 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Participated in a discussion of Think Nation/ Joseph Rowntree Foundation Panel with 60 people present in December 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Think Piece on the Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Think Piece on the Conversation with the title of "Flexible Working Can Reinforce Gender Stereotypes" on the 10th of January, 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://theconversation.com/flexible-working-can-reinforce-gender-stereotypes-109158
 
Description Think piece in Employee Benefits 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Think piece published in Employee Benefits on the 8th of April, 2018, with the title of "Flexible Working is Crucial in Addressing Work Life Balance."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.employeebenefits.co.uk/issues/april-2018/dr-heejung-chung-flexible-working/
 
Description Think piece in the Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Think piece published in the Conversation on the 4th of April, 2018, with the title of "Why Flexible Working is Key if Shared Parental Leave is to Have a Lasting Impact on the Gender Wage Gap." This was republished in the World Economic Forum (https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/04/why-flexible-working-is-key-if-shared-parental-leave-is-to-have-a-lasting-impact-on-the-gender-pay-gap/), Yahoo News (https://uk.news.yahoo.com/why-flexible-working-key-shared-100333242.html?guccounter=1&guce_referrer=aHR0cHM6Ly93d3cuZHJvcGJveC5jb20v&guce_referrer_sig=AQAAALc40jFg5fNFLh8gjKfIZP06IefvScCvJ958aHSp0P0XsVCjAyVVdfjb2Klo8a1fTlT0Dk_tsgh-U0TFX9NnI7vWXS3pSaHVwFOTzGVMSICctVfHmN2hHWuI1gK-l5TgGXbJIsIIDCPFhbbNE4NUGHBOznvIcJIlXEReS-pyIEjR), Phys.org (https://phys.org/news/2018-04-flexible-key-parental-impact-gender.html), Eye Witness News (https://ewn.co.za/2018/04/10/this-is-why-all-jobs-should-be-advertised-as-flexible), Apolitical (https://apolitical.co/solution_article/all-jobs-should-be-advertised-as-flexible-heres-why/), and others.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://theconversation.com/why-flexible-working-is-key-if-shared-parental-leave-is-to-have-a-lastin...
 
Description Think piece on The HR Director Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Think piece on The HR Director Magazine with the title of "Flexible Working Stigma Must End" released on the 22nd of August, 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.thehrdirector.com/business-news/flexible-working/flexible-working-stigma/
 
Description Think piece on Workplace insight 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Think piece on Workplace Insight with the title of "Why the Gender Pay Gap is an Enduring Challenge for Many Organisations" released on 21st of February, 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://workplaceinsight.net/why-the-gender-pay-gap-is-an-enduring-challenge-for-many-organisations/
 
Description Two streams organised and two papers presented at the 2016 Work, Family Researcher's Network Conference on "Careers, Care, and Life-Course 'Fit:' Implications for Health, Equality, and Policy" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Heejung Chung has organised two sessions "Symposium: The Economic and Public Policy of Work and Family" and "Thematic Session: Consequences of Flexible Working" and presented two papers based on the WAF project "Flexible Working and Consequence for Work-Life Balance: Importance of Gender Occupation and Family Context " and "Schedule Flexibility and Work-Family Conflict: The Importance of Country Contexts" at the 2016 Work, Family Researcher's Network Conference on "Careers, Care, and Life-Course 'Fit:' Implications for Health, Equality, and Policy".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://workfamily.sas.upenn.edu/content/conference
 
Description UK Government Equalities Office seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presented in the Workplace and Gender Equality (WAGE) Research Programme seminar organized by UK Government Equalities Office in June 2018 with 60-80 policy makers present.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description UT Austin Population Centre seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I was invited to give talk on the findings of this project at the UT Austin Population Centre. most significant change will be the changes in the directions of PG student's projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description WAF Project Website and Blog [*] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Website includes project information, blog and events listings. It also includes a resources section that summarises and links to key reports, and media and academic articles.

Blog posts have been written by WAF Project researchers and others, including academics from Germany the United States, and have been republished to wider audiences on third-party websites.

[to be updated]
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
URL http://wafproject.org
 
Description WAF academic conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This workshop brought together internationally renowned scholars from across different disciplines - e.g., economics, sociology, business, organisational studies - and across the world - such as the US, the Netherlands, Germany and the UK, to discuss key emerging themes surrounding flexible working. Each panel included a policy stakeholder to ensure a more policy oriented discussion. PPTs and summary of the day were made available to the public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://wafproject.org/events/academic-conference-flexible-working-the-way-of-the-future/
 
Description WAF project Policy Conference: Flexible working: Time for a Reflection? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact There was a launch of the final report from the project, alongside three round table discussions focusing on some of the key areas surrounding flexible working and its outcomes.The panel members included NGOs, Trade unions both in the UK and European levels, practitioners and policy makers. /government bodies - e.g. DWP, BIS, ILO.This conference led to significant changes in the direction many of these bodies took in terms of their own research and policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://wafproject.org/events/flexible-working-time-for-a-reflection/
 
Description WFRN Symposium on Work-Family Reconciliation Policies, Processes, and Gender (In)enqualities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presented 'Gender, Flexible Working and Work to Family Spill-Over Across 28 European Countries' in WFRN symposium on Work-Family Reconciliation Policies, Processes, and Gender (In)equalities - I (sponsored by the SIG Economic and Public Policy) in June 2018, with 50 academics present.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description WFRN symposium on The Consequences of Flexible Working for Work-Life Balance and Work Capacity 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presented 'Gender, Flexible Working and Work-Family Conflict Across 28 European Countries' at WFRN symposium on The Consequence of Flexible Working for Work-life Balance and Work Capacity - what Works for Whom and Where? (sponsored by SIG Economic and Public Policy) in June 2018, with 50 academics present.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Washington Post (web) presents study finding that flexible schedules reward dads, not moms 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Heejung Chung, a sociologist at the University of Kent in England, argues that employees who work from home put in longer hours - though no one can definitively say whether that labor is better or worse. In the study, Chung's team examined the work habits of German employees with flexible work hours from 2003 to 2011 and found they bagged more overtime pay than those in stricter arrangements. That pattern held true regardless of position or type of job. Chung found that men and women in full-time jobs with flexible schedules worked about the same amount of overtime hours. The same went for mothers and fathers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/08/24/report-flexible-schedules-reward-dads-not-mom...
 
Description White paper of the German Ministry of Labour and Social Affair on Future of Work (Arbeit 4.0) cites study on how flexitime can reinforce traditional gender roles 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact White paper of the German Ministry of Labour and Social Affair on Future of Work (Arbeit 4.0) cites study on how flexitime can reinforce traditional gender roles. According to Heejung Chung form the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Heinz-Böckler foundation), although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more. The differences in usage of flexitime therefore can reinforce traditional gender roles.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bmas.de/SharedDocs/Downloads/DE/PDF-Publikationen/a883-weissbuch.pdf?__blob=publicationFi...
 
Description Work Fexibility.org publishes article on the gender discrepancies in the outcomes of schedule control on overtime hours and income in Germany 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Heejung Chung from the University of Kent and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) show that people who have more control over their schedules tend to work longer hours than those who have less control. And while those flexible schedule workers also earn more money, the study found that such benefits are not shared equally by men and women. The authors noted that employees tend to seek flexibility in order to improve work-life balance, spend more time with family, or gain the potential financial benefits that can come with control. Businesses, on the other hand, may hope to boost productivity or improve employee engagement by offering flexible work options.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.workflexibility.org/research-explainer-gender-discrepancies-outcomes-schedule-control/
 
Description Workers on flexitime tend to work longer hours, says article published on Mail Online UK (Web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows flexible hours make employees work longer. Chung and Mariska van der Horst on UK workers also finds when workers have more autonomy over their working hours they are likely to increase the length of time they work. Chung and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) also argue that those with more control over their work schedule work more than those with less control. In fact, people have a tendency to work more overtime hours once they are allowed to work flexibly, compared to when they were not
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.mailonsunday.co.uk/health/article-3746826/Flexible-hours-make-work-LONGER-Employees-rewar...
 
Description Working time flexibility and work-life balance across Europe and the role of contexts: connecting the individual- , company and the country-level [EARC] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presented the paper "Working time flexibility and work-life balance across Europe and the role of contexts: connecting the individual- , company and the country-level" during the Eastern ARC consortium conference

This was a good opportunity to present the project design and preliminary outcome to academics part of a new regional research network, and has resulted in fruitful discussion as to broadening future dissemination opportunities as well as collaboration opportunities across the Eastern ARC institutions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.kent.ac.uk/about/partnerships/eastern-arc.html
 
Description Working-time flexibility benefits men, not women, says study summarised on DN.ekonomi (web) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows flexible hours make employees work longer as flexible working hours tempts people to work more.
Chung and Mariska van der Horst on UK workers finds when workers have more autonomy over their working hours they are likely to increase the length of time they work. Chung and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) also argue that those with more control over their work schedule work more than those with less control. In fact, people have a tendency to work more overtime hours once they are allowed to work flexibly, compared to when they were not.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.dn.se/ekonomi/jobb-karriar/flextider-gor-att-vi-jobbar-mer-sa-hanterar-du-det-granslosa-a...
 
Description Working-time flexibility works better for men than for women, study mentioned in News24online (Web) finds 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A study led by the University of Kent finds that flexitime and having autonomy over working hours - known as schedule control - works better for men than women and may increase the gender pay gap. This gender discrepancy exists even when they took into account the gender segregation of the labour market, such as sectors and occupations, as well as other characteristics such as an individual's ambition or work devotion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://news24online.com/flexitime-works-better-for-men-than-women-study-42/
 
Description WorkingMums blog (web) mentions research on the impact of flexitime on the gender pay gap 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Heejung Chung from the University of Kent argues that those who work flexibly work longer hours and that women who work flexibly are paid less than men who work flexibly even when they work full time. This may be because when flexibility is used for personal reasons, employers may not reward its use.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.workingmums.co.uk/the-motherhood-penalty/
 
Description World Economic Forum mentions findinds that flexible work schedules benefit men more than women 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research led by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows flexible hours make employees work longer as flexible working hours tempts people to work more.
Chung and Mariska van der Horst on UK workers finds when workers have more autonomy over their working hours they are likely to increase the length of time they work. Chung and Yvonne Lott (Hans-Böckler foundation) also argue that those with more control over their work schedule work more than those with less control. In fact, people have a tendency to work more overtime hours once they are allowed to work flexibly, compared to when they were not
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/08/flexible-work-schedules-benefit-men-more-than-women
 
Description dnaberitta.com (web) summarises study on the gendered effect of flexitime 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Research undertaken by Heejung Chung from the University of Kent shows flexible schedules reward dads, not moms. Flexitime and having autonomy over working hours impacts differently on men and women and may increase the gender pay gap. Although schedule control is associated with increases in overtime and income, it is men that benefit more.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.dnaberita.com/berita-25965-jam-kerja-fleksibel-bisa-jadi-sumber-stress.html