The impact of extending paid work later in life on health and wellbeing: Using the past to guide the future

Lead Research Organisation: King's College London
Department Name: Gerontology

Abstract

Our project will examine a crucial question for ageing societies: how inequalities across the life course relate to paid work in later life in the UK. This issue is of growing importance since the UK, in common with many other governments across the world, is rapidly extending the working lives of older adults through the postponement of State Pension Age (SPA) and other measures. These policy reforms affect millions of people, yet their implications for health and wellbeing are unknown. Do these policies harm, benefit or have little effect on the population? To answer this, we need to understand the lifelong drivers affecting the complex relationship between paid work in later life, health and wellbeing.

Our project extends an existing UK-Canadian collaboration that is examining lifecourse influences on later life work trajectories and their implications for health and wellbeing across five countries (including the UK). We will build on this work to address the implications for health and wellbeing of undertaking paid work up to and beyond SPA in the UK. This is important because comprehending what distinguishes those who work beyond SPA from those who retire at or before SPA is key to understanding the extent to which there is scope to extend SPA without exacerbating social inequalities.

In industrial societies, near universal retirement from paid labour linked to the provision of state pensions has been heralded as a significant advance in older people's wellbeing. It is increasingly clear, however, that as longevity increases social welfare systems face significant fiscal challenges. In response, many countries, including the UK, have implemented retirement reforms such as abolishing mandatory retirement and raising state pension ages. These changes have fostered tension between the desire by individuals for a funded retirement at the normative age (e.g. 60 or 65) and the perceived economic need for populations to work longer in the context of societal ageing.

Moreover, there is increasing concern that these policies may have disparate effects on different segments of society. However, most prior research in this area has focused on the effect of early retirement on health. We already know something of the characteristics of those who retire early and those who work beyond SPA. For instance, in Britain, ill-health and disability are the most important reasons for early retirement. Those who work beyond SPA are more likely to be better educated, in good health and have a partner in paid work but they are also more likely to be self-employed, to work part-time and, among women, to be in low skill jobs. However, to our best knowledge, nobody has addressed the consequences for health and wellbeing of working up to or beyond SPA. We also know little about the life course trajectories that influence who works up to or beyond SPA; or how they shape the relationships between later life work and health or economic resources. There is also little understanding of the underlying biological mechanisms that might link paid work and physical and psychological health outcomes. Last, by defining how the relationship between SPA and health has changed over time, and across cohorts, we will be better placed to inform debate on the potential impact of future policy decisions. Understanding these issues is critical to the development of policy that minimizes how inequalities may be perpetuated through the lifecourse.

Our interdisciplinary team will tackle these issues in projects that cover three major areas: i) a comprehensive assessment of the lifecourse determinants and consequences for health and wellbeing of working up to and beyond SPA; ii) an evaluation of whether (and how) these relationships have changed for different cohorts and over time; and iii) modelling of the financial consequences of working up to and beyond SPA for those with different lifecourse trajectories.

Planned Impact

Given the scarce evidence base regarding the implications of working until or beyond State Pension Age (SPA) for health and wellbeing this study will be both of national and international importance and will benefit a wide range of people. In addition to the academic community our project findings will be of interest to a wide variety of NGOs, including think tanks, older people's and human rights organisations and charities engaged in policy work. For example, the research findings will be of direct interest to groups lobbying government on behalf of pension, workplace and health reforms. Moreover, our research will be of use to groups lobbying government for improvements to older people's lives such as Age UK, and those interested in equality issues such as the Equality and Human Rights Commission and the Fawcett Society.

Our findings will also be of interest to those working on older people's issues in government departments, local authorities, and independent policy bodies. For example, the Department of Health is likely to benefit from a much improved empirical knowledge base of the life course in considering social policy interventions in later life health outcomes. The Department of Work and Pensions is likely to benefit considering their interest in ageing well and in the extension of working lives.

The Institute of Gerontology (IoG) has a longstanding connection with the Pensions Policy Institute which has agreed to help disseminate the project results to key policy makers and to older people themselves. In addition, our project partners have agreed to act as scientific steering committee and dissemination strategy group members advising on scientific input and the dissemination strategy related to the policy implications arising from our work. Dissemination will take place formally and informally through these wide networks of policy actors. Formal dissemination activities will consist of yearly seminars (contributing to the Department's internal and public event seminar series), a project web page to be hosted by King's, a report of the research findings and an end of project seminar to distribute and publicise the findings to a wide audience of those involved in government, NGOs, EU and UK policy makers, other voluntary organizations and think tanks.

This research will importantly provide knowledge for older people, employee organisations including trade unions, employers and human resource professionals about the health and wellbeing implications of working until or beyond SPA. Thus, it will enable older people to make choices either directly or indirectly through professionals and employers who may advise them.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The sequenced life histories enabled us to classify the population according to their individual approximation to sets of complex employment histories which until this research eluded estimation, and to further examine those according to other complex life history sequences of marital status and fertility. As well as knowing what lifecourse patterns the currently older population exhibit empirically, this has enabled a rich understanding of how the lifecourse influences later life outcomes. Results as expected suggest considerable heterogeneity in the employment histories of women (7 patterns emerge) with just two groups sufficing to describe 96% of men in these age groups (i.e. full-time throughout and full-time early exit). •Consequent work looking at multiple health outcomes (latent physical health, depressive symptoms, sleep disturbance) showed that once socio-economic characteristics as well as adulthood and baseline health are accounted for, the association between better health and undertaking paid work beyond SPA is no longer significant, suggesting the better health of those who work at older ages is largely a selection effect. •We also showed that those in paid work past SPA tend to be multiply advantaged thus the extending working lives agenda has the potential to exacerbate later life inequality. •In our work on unretirement we found that around 25 per cent experienced a retirement reversal after reporting being retired, about half of these reversals occurring within the first five years of retirement. Unretirement was more common for participants who were male, more educated, in better health, owned a house with a mortgage (compared to owning it outright), and remained unmarried. Unretirement rates were not higher for participants in greater financial need. These results suggest that unretirement is a strategy more often used by those who are already advantaged and that it has the potential to exacerbate income inequalities in later life. •We investigated the impact of working beyond SPA for frailty, showing that for women, experiencing distinct periods throughout the lifecourse of either work or family care may be advantageous for lessening frailty risk in later life. For men, leaving paid employment before 65 seems to be beneficial for decelerating increases in frailty thereafter. •In another analysis using ELSA we have explored whether changes in allostatic load and self-rated health predict changes in the number of hours worked each week for those over SPA. We showed that men reduce their work commitments by about 0.3 hours per week for each additional allostatic load factor for which they are at risk, while no similar reduction is observed for women. •We also investigated the relationship between employment status and quality of life of men aged 65 to 74, and women aged 60 to 69. We found that those who worked because they 'wanted to' had the highest quality of life, and experienced marginal improvements in well-being when they eventually retired. In contrast those who continued working out of financial necessity had lower quality of life compared to respondents who had retired at the usual SPa, and their well-being does not improve when they retired.
Exploitation Route We have produced a series of 3 Briefing Notes summarising the project's key findings for the Department of Work and Pensions to further dissemination. The aim is to influence those officials from across government from a number of Departments (including the Department of Health) who are working on the extending working life agenda. We envisage that our findings will contribute to better policy making based on a more comprehensive understanding of the consequences of working beyond SPa for finances, health and wellbeing. To this end we will continue to engage with policy makers.
Sectors Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://wherl.ac.uk/
 
Description Throughout the project we have liaised closely with government departments (particularly with the DWP), industry and NGOs so that findings from our work are used to better inform policies on fuller/extended working lives. More details are presented below. Our findings address key knowledge gaps; namely, who it is who works beyond state pension age (SPa), and how this may affect individual-level health and wellbeing. First, our work shows that those in paid work past SPa tend to be multiply advantaged, thus the fuller/extended working lives agenda may exacerbate later life inequality. Second, our findings show that once socio-economic and adulthood characteristics as well as baseline health are accounted for, the association between better health and undertaking paid work beyond SPa is no longer significant. This suggests that the better health of those who work at older ages is largely a selection effect. Finally, our work on unretirement shows that working beyond SPa is more common among the more advantaged and not for those in greater financial need. As unretirement appears to be a strategy more often used by the already advantaged it may exacerbate income inequalities in later life. On publication this work led to considerable media interest (BBC, Financial Times, The Times, The Sun, The Telegraph and from influential commentators (e.g. Tom Selby: 'Unretiring' savers must beware pension tax traps(https://www.professionaladviser.com/professional-adviser/opinion/3022425/tom-selby-unretiring-savers-must-beware-pension-tax-traps). We organised a targeted event in April 2016 to disseminate our interim research findings to policy makers, officials, NGOs, academics and other interested parties. The event was hosted by Prudential and our project partners, Pensions Policy Institute (PPI), and attracted a wide audience of around 100 people. These included delegates from academia, think tanks, government, government analysts, charities, health practitioners, the financial services industry, lawyers, and the Centre for Ageing Better. The Government Actuary also attended. The Centre for Ageing Better and Business in the Community have used findings from these presentations in their policy documents [see: BIC (2016) 'Age in the Workplace: Retain, Retrain, Recruit', Business in the Community in partnership with Centre for Ageing Better, London] and (by personal communication) in a private briefing with the Secretary of State. The final report from our project was presented in June 2017 at a highly successful event targeting policy makers and professional practioners (e.g. those working in the insurance industry). The event was Chaired by Norma Cohen, a Financial Times journalist, with a keynote speech by Sir Steve Webb, Director of Policy, Royal London and Minister of State for Pensions between 2010 and 2015. This event generated considerable debate and was attended by a diverse audience consisting of representatives from industry (e.g. Scottish Widows, Swiss RE), government officials (HM Treasury, Government's Actuary Department), and NGOs (e.g. Centre for Ageing Better). Fiona Tait (Intelligent Pensions), Fiona Thom (DWP), Stephen Bevan (Institute of Employment Studies), Chris Curry (Pensions Policy Institute), and Sir Steve Webb (Royal London). Moreover, together with the PPI, we organised three bespoke policy roundtables (June 2016, Jan 2017, March 2017) to discuss and influence our research as well as the policy briefing notes produced. The roundtables were held under Chatham House rules enabling a rigorous and open dialogue between the research team and the wider policy and industry community. The extensive feedback received fed into the analysis and publication of all three project briefing notes (PPI Briefing Notes 84, 92 and 95). Attendees included those from the financial services industry, lawyers, think tanks, NGOs and government officials. Finally, in addition to the policy-oriented events and roundtables discussed above, we have also conducted several bespoke private briefings and one-on-one meeting with key officials from across several government departments, organised by the DWP (Feb 2018, April 2017, January 2018 and July 2018) and by HM Treasury (March 2018, May 2018). The private briefings with the DWP targeted officials from the Department of Health, Pensions Strategy and Analysis, Fuller Working Lives, the Social Research Team, the State Pension Review Team and the Joint Work and Health Unit. The meetings in January and July 2018 were held at the request of the DWP to discuss the work being led by Carrino and Avendano in which there is considerable interest. This work examines the health impact of UK pension reforms since 2010 that have led to an increase in women's SPa of up to six years. Our study shows that rising SPa for women affected by this reform reduces physical and mental health among those from routine-manual occupations. We also find robust evidence that a larger increase in SPa among this group leads to larger negative health effects, resulting in a widening health gap between women from different occupations. Thus, our research findings continue to inform communications with government departments, ministers and NGOs around the fuller/extended working lives agenda and continues to shape the policy work of the PPI (our partner organisation) around this issue.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Juniorforskarebidrag (Junior researcher grant), Awarded to Dr. Loretta Platts (PI)
Amount 3,010,000 kr (SEK)
Funding ID 2017-00099 
Organisation FORTE: (Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare) 
Sector Academic/University
Country Sweden
Start 01/2018 
End 12/2021
 
Description Overseas Institutional Visit (OIV) extension
Amount £4,224 (GBP)
Organisation King's Interdisciplinary Social Science Doctoral Training Centre 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2016 
End 12/2016
 
Description Age UK 
Organisation Age UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We have contributed to discussions with respect to the evidence produced by the project on the factors associated with later life work as well as the longitudinal relationship between later life work and health.
Collaborator Contribution Age UK is a member of our Dissemination Strategy Group and Scientific Steering Group. Representatives have contributed to discussions concerning the findings and directions for research.
Impact A dissemination workshop in the autumn has been proposed by Age UK.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Pensions Policy Institute 
Organisation Scottish Public Pensions Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The PPI is a project partner and work package leader for this ESRC funded consortium. We have contributed lifecourse typologies derived from ELSA to be fed into the modelling undertaken by PPI. To date, our collaboration with PPI has led to the publication of two briefing notes with another to be published shortly. We will also be leading on an academic article based on the work undertaken by the PPI on modelling gender differences in incomes in retirement.
Collaborator Contribution PPI has led one of the consortium workpackages on modelling incomes in retirement which is based on a large number of runs from the PPI's Individual Model.
Impact To date the collaboration has led to threebriefing notes, PPI Briefing Note Number 84, PPI Briefing note Number 92, PPI Briefing note Number 95; details for all are in publications. It has also led to the end of award report also detailed in publications.
Start Year 2014
 
Description 23 - 24 March 2017. Price et al paper presented he COST Action Title IS1409: Gender and health impacts of policies extending working life in Western countries, Mid-Term Conference, University of Zagreb, Croatia: 'Gendered lives and the extended working lives agenda'. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Debora Price: with Karen Glaser, Laurie Corna, Amanda Sacker, Diana Worts, Peggy McDonagh, Giorgio Di Gessa, Loretta Platts, Rachel Stuchbury, Rebecca Benson, Wentian Lu, John Adams, Tim Pike, Heather Ewert, Chris Curry (2017). 'Gendered lives and the extended working lives agenda.' Presented at the COST Action Title IS1409: Gender and health impacts of policies extending working life in Western countries, Mid-Term Conference, University of Zagreb (23-24 March 2017) in Zagreb, Croatia. Conference aimed a policy academics and policy makers in Europe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 1. 25 - 27 September 2016. Glaser, Karen et al paper presented at the International Worksop on Cross-Cultural and Cross-Societal Aspects of Elder-Care, Yezreel Valley College, Israel: 'Work, retirement, health and care: Changes across cohorts and the implications for working beyond state pension age' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Glaser, K., Di Gessa, G. , Corna, L., Platts, L., Stuchbury, R., Worts, D., McDonough, P., Sacker, A. and Price, D. (2016) 'Work, retirement, health and care: Changes across cohorts and the implications for working beyond state pension age'. Presented at the International Worksop on Cross-Cultural and Cross-Societal Aspects of Elder-Care (25 - 27 September 2016) in Yezreel Valley College, Israel. A prestigious international workshop with world renowned scholars and practioners aimed at knowledge exchange and dissemination. Critical discussion ensued among international experts on on these issues..
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 1. 26 October 2016. Di Gessa, Giorgio et al paper presented at the ALPHA LSE/KCL Joint Seminar, London School of Economics, London: 'Work-family histories and extended working lives across cohorts in the UK' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Di Gessa, G., Glaser, K., Corna, L., Platts, L., Stuchbury, R., Worts, D.,McDonough, P., Sacker, A. and Price, D. (2016) ''Work-family histories and extended working lives across cohorts in the UK'. Presented at the ALPHA LSE/KCL Joint Seminar (26 October 2016) at the London School Economics, London. A seminar aimed at academics and postgraduate students working on key issues in health and ageing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.lse.ac.uk/socialPolicy/Researchcentresandgroups/ALPHA/ALPHA.aspx
 
Description 1. 31 August - 3 September 2016. Di Gessa, Giorgio et al paper presented at the European Population Conference, Mainz, Germany: 'Is being in paid work beyond the state pension age beneficial for health? Evidence from England' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Di Gessa, G. , Corna, L., Platts, L.; Worts, D., McDonough, P., Price, D. and Glaser, K. (2016) 'Is being in paid work beyond the state pension age beneficial for health? Evidence from England'. at the European Population Conference (31 August - 3 September 2016) in , Mainz, Germany. A prestigious international conference aimed primarily at academic demographers, an excellent presentation at which ideas were shared and knowledge exchanged a. Critical discussion ensued among some of the leading researchers in the world on these issues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 10th - 14th July 2016. Corna et al presented a paper at the Third ISA Forum of Sociology, Vienna 'Employment experiences in later life in England and the US: A gendered life course perspective' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Corna, Laurie., Platts, L., Worts, D., Glaser, K., McDonough, P., Price, D., Sacker, A. and McMunn (2016) 'Employment experiences in later life in England and the US: A gendered life course perspective'. Paper presented in the Symposium 'Wellbeing, Health and Later Life Work from a Cross-National Comparative Perspective; at the Third ISA Forum of Sociology (July 10th - 14th 2016) in Vienna, Austria.
An extremely prestigious international conference aimed primarily at academic sociologists, an excellent symposium at which ideas were shared and knowledge exchanged about these extremely tricky issues facing governments around the world. Critical discussion ensued among some of the leading researchers in the world on these issues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 10th - 14th July 2016. Glaser, Karen. et al paper presented at the Third ISA Forum of Sociology in Vienna, Austria: 'Changes across Cohorts in the UK in the Relationship between Employment and Family Experiences and Working Until and Beyond State Pension Age'. Paper presented in the Symposium 'Wellbeing, Health and Later Life Work from a Cross-National Comparative Perspective' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Glaser, Karen., Corna, L., Platts, L., Worts, D., Di Gessa, G., Stutchbury, R., McDonough, P. and Price, D. (2016) 'Changes across Cohorts in the UK in the Relationship between Employment and Family Experiences and Working Until and Beyond State Pension Age'. Paper presented in the Symposium 'Wellbeing, Health and Later Life Work from a Cross-National Comparative Perspective; at the Third ISA Forum of Sociology (July 10th - 14th 2016) in Vienna, Austria.
An extremely prestigious international conference aimed primarily at academic sociologists, an excellent symposium at which ideas were shared and knowledge exchanged about these extremely tricky issues facing governments around the world. Critical discussion ensued among some of the leading researchers in the world on these issues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 13th April 2016: A substantial industry and policy maker event to disseminate early findings from the WHERL project organised by the Pensions Policy Institute and sponsored by Prudential 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The WHERL project organised a targeted event to disseminate early research findings to policy makers, officials, NGOs, academics and other interested parties. The event was hosted by Prudential and the Pensions Policy Institute and attracted a wide audience of approximately 100 people. These included delegates from academia, think tanks, government, government analysts, charities, health practitioners, the financial services industry, lawyers, and the Centre for Ageing Better. The Government Actuary attended. There has been substantial follow up to this event from varied groups with a number of email discussions with the WHERL team about the findings, including comments such as "Thank you for an excellent session yesterday - incredibly interesting and engaging, I've got a lot to go away and think about" - Patrick Thomson from CfAB; and "Best organised event I've ever attended; excellent delivery of findings. I wish all conferences were as user-friendly as this one"; "my invited talk at an EC-funded cross-national conference in Serbia on health and retirement this July will be informed by the WHERL findings"; "The event is a model for a focussed conference... conveying findings very clearly/useful intro and discussion" from the anonymised feedback. The Centre for Ageing Better and Business in the Community have used findings from these presentations in their policy documents [see: BIC (2016) 'Age in the Workplace: Retain, Retrain, Recruit', Business in the Community in partnership with Centre for Ageing Better, London] and (by personal communication) in a private briefing with the Secretary of State. See
Papers were presented for each work package.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/the-wellbeing-health-retirement-and-the-lifecourse-project-wherl-is-please...
 
Description 15 February 2016. Private briefing arranged with select officials across government from a number of Departments interested in and working on the extended working life agenda. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Project Briefing: DWP, DoH and other Departments. 15 February 2016. Private briefing arranged with select officials across government from a number of Departments interested in and working on the extended working life agenda.
ATTENDANTS:
Department of Health (Mental Health division):
Jeremy Clark jeremy.clark@dh.gsi.gov.uk

Tom Younger (deputy director for Pensions Strategy and Analysis).
tom.younger1@dwp.gsi.gov.uk

Fuller Working Lives:
Priya Shah priya.shah@dwp.gsi.gov.uk
Simon Marlow simon.marlow@dwp.gsi.gov.uk
Arthur Cornforth arthur.cornforth@dwp.gsi.gov.uk

Social Research team:
Antony Billinghurst antony.billinghurst@dwp.gsi.gov.uk

State Pension Review team:
Evita Souri evita.souri@dwp.gsi.gov.uk

Joint Work and Health unit:
Ben Savage ben.savage@dwp.gsi.gov.uk

ON THE LIST BUT COULDN'T ATTEND:

Joint Work and Health Unit:
rachel.pascual@dwp.gsi.gov.uk
zoe.uren@dwp.gsi.gov.uk
mark.langdon@dwp.gsi.gov.uk

Nicola Gilpin & Laura Adelman: joint lead analysts for the Work and Health Joint Unit. Email: workand.healthanalysis@dwp.gsi.gov.uk

Department of Health
jane.allberry@dh.gsi.gov.uk (Deputy Director, NHS clinical services)
sharmila.kaduskar@dh.gsi.gov.uk
anna.garratt@dh.gsi.gov.uk (Early Diagnosis, NHS Clinical Services)

WHERL researchers presented four papers of early findings to a officials across government with a policy interest in the findings with ample time for questions after each paper and then a broad discussion with all researchers. As well as noting the emerging and cutting edge evidence which was of great interest to various Departments, discussions ensued about the best format for various types of dialogue between the researchers and government, evidence gaps and future directions of research.
Presentations:
Karen Glaser. Cross-research council funded consortium on Wellbeing, Health, Retirement & the Lifecourse.
Giorgio Di Gessa. Are there health benefits to working beyond state pension age?
Rebecca Benson. Health and work in workers beyond state pension age.
Gayan Perrera. Paid employment and common mental disorders in 50 - 64 year olds: analysis of 14 years of national data.

Several outcomes have emerged from this meeting especially specific requests by government for information from the project, for example as follows:

"Some interesting points came out during the DWP presentation e.g. the effect on widowhood on the likelihood to work in later life, and some discussions about how this and other findings (e.g. the effect of being paying a mortgage) could suggest the role that social norms, "subjective standard of living requirements" or financial constraints in determining labour supply in later life (keeping things like health and age equal). Could we put together this and come correlates of not continuing in work at older ages to paint a descriptive picture of what's going on with older women? In this sense, are the time series long enough to allow insights on slightly younger women, before State Pension Age? (many of them drop out in their 50s!).

The "trajectories" or "profiles" Laurie is building will be a great base for the PPI modelling - but DWP would find data on these profiles/trajectories interesting in their own right. E.g. can you in any way know what rough proportions of the population might fall into each of these profiles? (Painting the descriptive picture delineating the population subgroups is often a starting point for policy thinking). And anything we could understand about part-time work for women is also extremely interesting."

follow up email request 26 Feb 2016 from Ignatius De Bidegain, DWP
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 15th February 2016: Bespoke private briefing to government key officials from across several government departments, organised by contacts at the Department for Work and Pensions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Private briefing of early project findings arranged by Ignatius de Bidegain and colleagues at the Department for Work and Pensions - included targeted officials from the Department of Health, Pensions Strategy and Analysis, Fuller Working Lives, the Social Research Team, The State Pension Review Team and the Joint Work and Health Unit. In addition a few officials expressed interest and were briefed but unable to attend on the day. All project streams presented their early findings and detailed and free discussion ensued about the policy implications for the various policymakers present. There was substantial follow up to this meeting by email and further meetings, with specific questions being raised by officials which the team has been able to answer. A similar meeting will be held in early 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 19th - 22nd June 2016: Paper presented to the 23rd Nordic Congress of Gerontology in Finland, 'Who works beyond State Pension Age and are there health benefits?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Di Gessa, Giorgio, Corna, L., Glaser, K., Platts, L., Worts, D., Price, D and McDonough, P (2016). 'Who works beyond state pension age and are there health benefits?'. Paper presented at the 23rd Nordic Congress of Gerontology, Tampere, Finland.
There is a substantial and growing interest in understanding issues of work and retirement across countries as countries grapple with policies relating to extending working lives. The paper generated discussion and interest in these experiences from the UK at an important international conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 20th May 2016: Presentation to the Human Capital in Cities - A Comparative Perspective" conference in Saint Petersburg, Russia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Platts, Loretta and Glaser, Karen. 'Predictors of returns to work following retirement: a prospective analysis of Germany, Russia and the United Kingdom'. Conference paper presented at Human Capital in Cities: A Comparative Perspective. Higher School of Economics, Saint Petersburg.
Research reached an international primarily academic audience interested in work and retirement. Talk generated questions and discussion about the diversity of retirement processes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 27 July 2016: Private briefing by Price to key officials at the Department for Work and Pensions summarising findings, briefing on timeline and identifying key issues to shape ongoing research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This was a private briefing arranged between Price from the WHERL team, and key officials from the Department for Work and Pensions [Simon Marlowe, Fiona Thom, Tim Willis and Sam Caton]. We shared published papers and papers currently out for peer review as well as a key document summarising the main findings from these papers. The timeline for future publications was discussed and the identification of key areas of potential interest to the DWP where the WHERL team might produce bespoke Briefing Notes as well as the possibility of feeding empirical findings into DWP modelling. The meeting was viewed as extremely helpful and dialogue on these issues continues. The briefing note has been used by the DWP in their activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 27 June 2016: Policy discussion with key influencers under Chatham House Rules to discuss and influence the direction of research and briefing notes produced by the Pensions Policy Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We organised a bespoke round table event hosted by the Pensions Policy Institute to enable potential users of our research to influence the direction of analysis and what findings would be most useful to publish under a proposed 3 briefing notes to be prepared from the Work Package led by the Pensions Policy Institute. The event was held under Chatham House rules enabling a rigorous and open dialogue between the research team and the wider policy and industry community. Extensive feedback was received which then fed into the analysis and publication of the first WHERL briefing note: PPI Briefing Note 84: How do female lifecourses affect income in retirement. Attendees included from the financial services industry, lawyers, think tanks, NGOs and government officials. There has been good private follow up to this meeting and planned to hold another similar event before the 2nd briefing note is published.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 27th January 2017. Policy discussion with influencers under Chatham House Rules to discuss and influence the direction of research and the second briefing note produced by the Pensions Policy Institute (Roundtable 2) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We organised a bespoke round table event hosted by the Pensions Policy Institute to enable potential users of our research to influence the direction of analysis and invited comments and feedack on the 2nd briefing note based on the Work Package led by the Pensions Policy Institute. The event was held under Chatham House rules enabling a rigorous and open dialogue between the research team and the wider policy and industry community. Extensive feedback was received which then fed into the analysis and publication of the second WHERL briefing note: PPI Briefing Note 92: How do gender differences in lifecourses affect income in retirement. Attendees included from the financial services industry, think tanks, NGOs and government officials. There has been good private follow up to this meeting and another similar event will be hold on the 31st of March before the 3rd briefing note is published.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 3. 12- 14 September 2016. Di Gessa, Giorgio et al paper presented at the British Society for Population Studies Annual Conference, University of Winchester, England: 'Is being in paid work beyond state pension age associated with depression, sleep disturbance, and physical health? Evidence from ELSA' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Di Gessa, G., Corna, L., Platts, L.; Worts, D., McDonough, P., Price, D. and Glaser, K. (2016) 'Is being in paid work beyond state pension age associated with depression, sleep disturbance, and physical health? Evidence from ELSA'. Presented at the British Society for Population Studies Annual Conference (12- 24 September 2016) at University of Winchester, England. A conference aimed at academic demographers or those working on population issues in public and private sectors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.lse.ac.uk/socialPolicy/Researchcentresandgroups/BSPS/annualConference/2016-Conference-Win...
 
Description 30 March 2017. Carino et al. presented paper at event on Fuller Working Lives: Policy and analytical insights from Research Council funded projects, organised by the Centre for Ageing Better and the ESRC. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Carino, L., Glaser, K., Avendano, M. (2017) 'Impact of interventions and policies on prolonging working life in good health: an international study.' Presented at the Fuller Working Lives: Policy and analytical insights from Research Council funded projects event, Centre for Ageing Better (30 March) in Church House Westminster, London. Presentation to national and international academics, policy makers and third sector representatives highlighting RCUK's projects on fuller working lives organised by the Centre for Ageing Better.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/fuller-working-life-event/
 
Description 30 Nov - 3 December 2016. Perera et al. paper presented at the 18th EPA section meeting in Epidemiology & Social Psychiatry in Gothenburg, Sweden: 'Paid employment and common mental disorders in 50-64 year olds: analysis of 14 years of national data (1993-2007)' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Perera, G. (2016) 'Paid employment and common mental disorders in 50-64 year olds: analysis of 14 years of national data (1993-2007).' Presented at the 18th EPA Section meeting in Epidemiology & Social Psychiatry (30 Nov - 3 December). Gothenburg, Sweden. Presentation aimed a academics and practioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www5.shocklogic.com/scripts/jmevent/programme.php?client_Id=KONGRESS&project_Id=16372
 
Description 31st March 2017. Policy discussion with influencers under Chatham House Rules to discuss and influence the direction of research and the third briefing note produced by the Pensions Policy Institute: PPI BRIEFING NOTE 95 - What difference does a year make? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We organised a bespoke round table event hosted by the Royal London and the Pensions Policy Institute to enable potential users of our research to influence the direction of analysis and invited comments and feedack on the 3rd briefing note based on the Work Package led by the Pensions Policy Institute. The event was held under Chatham House rules enabling a rigorous and open dialogue between the research team and the wider policy and industry community. Extensive feedback was received which then fed into the analysis and publication of the third WHERL briefing note: PPI BRIEFING NOTE 95 - What difference does a year make? Attendees included from the financial services industry, think tanks, NGOs and government officials. There has been good private follow up to this meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/ppi-roundtable-the-implications-of-extending-the-working-lives-of-individu...
 
Description 4. K, Glaser (2017) 'Global Population Ageing: Causes and consequences.' Presented at the XII Fórum da Longevidade, Hotel Unique, São Paulo, Brazil (October 18). The event was sponsored by Bradesco Seguros. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact K, Glaser (2017) 'Global Population Ageing: Causes and consequences.' Presented at the XII Fórum da Longevidade, Hotel Unique, São Paulo, Brazil (October 18). The event was sponsored by Bradesco Seguros. The talk included evidence from WHERL which was presented at this largely industry event (Bradesco Seguros is the largest insurance company in Brazil and Latin America). The talks sparked questions and generated considerable media interest.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.vivaalongevidade.com.br/forum-da-longevidade/envelhecimento-e-uma-bencao-nao-um-fardo
 
Description 8 - 10 February 2017. Di Gessa et al paper presented at the Italian Association for Population Studies (IASP) Florence, Italy:'Changes across cohorts in the relationship between employment and family histories, paid work until or beyond state pension age, and health. Evidence from the UK' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Di Gessa, G., Glaser, K., Corna, L., Stuchbury, R., Platts, L., Worts, D., McDonough, P., Sacker, A. and Price, D. (2017) 'Changes across cohorts in the relationship between employment and family histories, paid work until or beyond state pension age, and health. Evidence from the UK.' Presented at the Italian Association for Population Studies (IASP) (8 - 10 February 2017) in Florence, Italy. A conference aimed at academic demographers attracting an audience of international experts or those working on population issues in public and private sectors
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2017
URL http://www.sis-aisp.it/ocs-2.3.4/index.php/popdays2017/popdays2017/schedConf/presentations
 
Description 8th July 2016: Paper presented by Lawrence Sacco at the British Society of Gerontology annual conference 'A life-course approach to the study of paid and unpaid activities in mid to late life in Britain' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Sacco, Lawrence; Corna, L., Price, D. and Glaser, K. (2016) ' 'A life-course approach to the study of paid and unpaid activities in mid to late life in Britain'. Paper presented to the British Society of Gerontology Annual Conference, Stirling, Scotland.
The paper was presented at the annual conference of the British Society of Gerontology - an important conference in the national calender for ageing studies. It was well received and lively discussion ensued about the findings among the delegates present.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Carrino, L, Glaser, K, Avendano, M (2017) 'Health effects of higher State Pension Age for UK women'. Presentation a the 12th Word Congress, International Health Economics Association, University of Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, US. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Carrino, L, Glaser, K, Avendano, M (2017) 'Health effects of higher State Pension Age for UK women'. Presentation a the 12th Word Congress, International Health Economics Association, University of Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, US (4th-8th July). The paper discussed evidence of worsening mental health status for women aged 60-62 affected by the recent increase in the State Pension Age between 2010 and 2015 in England to an international audience of academics which sparked questions and considerable discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/12th-world-congress-international-health-economics-association/
 
Description Carrino, L. (2017) 'Health effects of higher State Pension Age for UK women'. Presentation at the Work, Pensions and Labour Economics Study Group Conference in Sheffield (27-28 July). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Carrino, L. (2017) 'Health effects of higher State Pension Age for UK women'. Presentation at the Work, Pensions and Labour Economics Study Group Conference in Sheffield (27-28 July). The paper discussed evidence of worsening mental health status for the women aged 60-62 affected by the recent increase in the State Pension Age between 2010 and 2015, together with fellow UK academics and members of the Department of Work and Pensions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/2017-wpeg-conference-sheffield/
 
Description Carrino, L., Glaser, K., Avendano, M. (Jan 31, 2018) Presentation to private briefing at the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) on the health consequences of extending the state pension age. Department of Work and Pensions, Caxton House, London. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Carrino, L., Glaser, K., Avendano, M. (Jan 31, 2018) Presentation to private briefing at the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) on the health consequences of extending the state pension age. Department of Work and Pensions, Caxton House, London. Presentation was to policy analysts from various government departments including the DWP and the Department of Health. Sparked questions and discussions and requests from more information, additional presentations and considerable interest in draft of the paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/ludovico-carrino-presented-findings-on-the-health-consequences-of-extendin...
 
Description Collaborative network workshop organised by the International Centre for Life Course Studies in Society and Health (ICLS) at UCL which brought together groups of researchers working on the issue of extending working lives. WHERL. June 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Important methodological and substantive academic network at the cutting edge of research.

Holding text
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/working-longer-network-workshop-on-extending-working-lives-and-the-changin...
 
Description Conference presentation at the International Conference on Applied Psychology Sri Lanka (August 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference presentation on 'Paid employment and Common Mental Disorders (CMD) in the UK'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Debora Price and Jean Miguel Uva (2017) 'Taking the Long View: Pensions and Divorce'. Presentation at Understanding Society Conference (11th - 13th July) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Debora Price and Jean Miguel Uva (2017) 'Taking the Long View: Pensions and Divorce'. Presentation at Understanding Society Conference (11th - 13th July
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/understanding-society-biennial-conference-2017/
 
Description Debora Price, Laurie Corna, Giorgio Di-Gessa, Loretta Platts, Amanda Sacker, Diana Worts, Peggy McDonagh, John Adams, Tim Pike, Chris Curry, and Karen Glaser (2017) 'How do female lifecourses affect income in retirement?' Presented in symposium on 'Lifecourse influences on health and wellbeing in later life' chaired by Price, D., at the British Society of Gerontology 4th Annual Conference (5-7 July), University of Swansea, Wales, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Debora Price, Laurie Corna, Giorgio Di-Gessa, Loretta Platts, Amanda Sacker, Diana Worts, Peggy McDonagh, John Adams, Tim Pike, Chris Curry, and Karen Glaser (2017) 'How do female lifecourses affect income in retirement?' Presented in symposium on 'Lifecourse influences on health and wellbeing in later life' chaired by Price, D., at the British Society of Gerontology 4th Annual Conference (5-7 July), University of Swansea, Wales, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/findings/how-do-female-lifecourses-affect-income-in-retirement/
 
Description Debora Price, Laurie Corna, Giorgio Di-Gessa, Loretta Platts, Amanda Sacker, Rebecca Benson, Wentian Lu, Diana Worts, Peggy McDonagh, John Adams, Tim Pike, Chris Curry, Lawrence Sacco, Ludovico Carrino, and Karen Glaser (2017) 'Inequalities across the lifecourse: findings from the WHERL project (Wellbeing, Health, Retirement and the Lifecourse)'. Presented in symposium: 'Inequalities in Later Life: Towards a New Agenda for Research, Policy and Practice', at British Society of Gerontology 46th A 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Debora Price, Laurie Corna, Giorgio Di-Gessa, Loretta Platts, Amanda Sacker, Rebecca Benson, Wentian Lu, Diana Worts, Peggy McDonagh, John Adams, Tim Pike, Chris Curry, Lawrence Sacco, Ludovico Carrino, and Karen Glaser (2017) 'Inequalities across the lifecourse: findings from the WHERL project (Wellbeing, Health, Retirement and the Lifecourse)'. Presented in symposium: 'Inequalities in Later Life: Towards a New Agenda for Research, Policy and Practice', at British Society of Gerontology 46th Annual Conference 'Do Not Go Gentle' (5th - 7th July), Swansea University, Wales.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/findings/inequalities-across-the-lifecoures-findings-from-the-wherl-project/
 
Description Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) Policy Briefing Round Table (26 April), Caxton House, DWP, London. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) Policy Briefing Round Table (26 April), Caxton House, DWP, London. A WHERL round-table at DWP a private policy briefing arranged with select officials across government from a number of Departments interested in and working on the extended working life agenda. Presentations: a. Corna, L. (2017) 'Patterns of employment in the pre- and post-SPA years and their association with work-life histories and sociodemographic factors.'
b. Glaser, K. (2017) Changes and trends in the relationship between work/family histories and paid work in the run up to and following state pension age across three cohorts [Men: born 1919-28; 1929-38; 1939-48. Women: born 1924 -33; 1934-43; 1944-53]
c. Sacco, L. (2017) Patterns of paid and unpaid (care and volunteering) work and civic engagement in the 55 - 70 year old population
d. Curry, C. (2017) A modelling approach to understanding how work/family histories impact on retirement income
e. Di Gessa, G. (2017) How working beyond state pension age impacts on health and quality of life
f. Carrino, L. (2017) The impact of the rapid extension of state pension age on the health of women
g. Sacker, A. (2017) The impact of work/family histories on frailty trajectories and mortality
h. Stewart, R. (2017) Changes over time in the relationship between paid work and mental health among pre- and post- state pension age groups
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/wherl-presentations-at-the-department-for-work-and-pensions
 
Description Di Gessa, G., Corna, L.M., Price, D. and Glaser, K. (2017) 'The decision to work after state pension age and how it affects quality of life: Evidence from a 6-year English Panel Study.' Presented in symposium on 'Lifecourse influences on health and wellbeing in later life' chaired by Price, D., at the British Society of Gerontology 4th Annual Conference (5-7 July), University of Swansea, Wales, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Di Gessa, G., Corna, L.M., Price, D. and Glasers, K. (2017) 'The decision to work after state pension age and how it affects quality of life: Evidence from a 6-year English Panel Study.' Presented in symposium on 'Lifecourse influences on health and wellbeing in later life' chaired by Price, D., at the British Society of Gerontology 4th Annual Conference (5-7 July), University of Swansea, Wales, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Giorgio Di Gessa, Corna, Glaser, Platts, Worts, Price & McDonough. 'Who works beyond the state pension age and are there health benefits?' Invited paper to the International Centre for Lifecourse Studies (ICLS) Policy Seminar, University College London, London. 02/06/2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Giorgio Di Gessa, Corna, Glaser, Platts, Worts, Price and McDonough. 'Who works beyond the state pension age and are there health benefits?' Invited paper to the International Centre for Lifecourse Studies (ICLS) Policy Seminar, University College London, London. 02/06/2015.
This is an expert group of academics interested in complex methodologies and theories for studying the lifecourse, at the cutting edge of robust research into the important question of lifecourse influences on old age. It is a forum in which to test emerging findings and theories to ensure that research in the public domain is appropriate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/icls/policy_seminars/020615abstracts.pdf
 
Description Glaser, Corna, Platts, Worts, Price & McDonough 'WHERL: three year study of ageing, work & health', Invited Presentation to the International Centre for Lifecourse Studies Project Networking Meeting, London; 24 February 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Corna, Platts, Worts, Price & McDonough 'WHERL: three year study of ageing, work & health', Invited Presentation to the International Centre for Lifecourse Studies Project Networking Meeting, London; 24 February 2015
Detailed technical and lively discussion about the methodological and substantive issues; sharing of findings; stimulating debate and further research; influencing direction of research across a number of projects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Glaser, K. and Price, D. (2017) 'The influence of extended working lives on health and implications for the socio-economic gradient' Presented to the Longevity Science Panel, 16 November, Legal General, London. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Glaser, K. and Price, D. (2017) 'The influence of extended working lives on health and implications for the socio-economic gradient' Presented to the Longevity Science Panel, 16 November, Legal General, London. The LSP has been set up to monitor trends, generate discussion and form views on issues related to the UK's population longevity trend (http://www.longevitypanel.co.uk/). The Panel is interested in the drivers that affect life expectancy including socio-economic factors. It is chaired by Dame Karen Dunnell with other members include Sir John Pattison, Sir Colin Blakemore, Professor Klim McPherson and Professor Steve Haberman. The presentation sparked questions and discussion and Professor Debora Price was asked to become a member of the LSP.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited presentation to UCL network meeting on 'Work, retirement, health and care: An introduction to the WHERL project' 24 February 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Work, retirement, health and care: An introduction to the WHERL project

Karen Glaser, Laurie M. Corna, Giorgio Di Gessa, Loretta G. Platts, Diana Worts, Debora Price, Peggy McDonough, Amanda Sacker, Rebecca Benson, Robert Stewart, and Gayan Perrera

Detailed technical and lively discussion about the methodological and substantive issues; sharing of findings; stimulating debate and further research; influencing direction of research across a number of projects
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description K Glaser, G Di Gessa, L Corna, R Stuchbury, L Platts, D Worts, P McDonough, A Sacker, and D Price (2017) 'Work-family histories and extended working lives across cohorts. Evidence from the UK.' Presented by Di Gessa at International Union for Scientific Study of Population IUSSP IUSSP XXVIII International Population Conference (29 Oct-3 Nov), Cape Town, South Africa. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact K Glaser, G Di Gessa, L Corna, R Stuchbury, L Platts, D Worts, P McDonough, A Sacker, and D Price (2017) 'Work-family histories and extended working lives across cohorts. Evidence from the UK.' Presented by Di Gessa at International Union for Scientific Study of Population IUSSP IUSSP XXVIII International Population Conference (29 Oct-3 Nov), Cape Town, South Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Laurie Corna , Loretta Platts, Diana Worts, Giorgio Di Gessa, Rachel Stuchbury, Peggy McDonough, Amanda Sacker, Debora Price, and Karen Glaser (2017) 'Patterns of work up to and beyond State Pension Age, and their relationship to earlier work/family histories.' Presented in symposium on ' Lifecourse influences on health and wellbeing in later life' chaired by Price, D., at the British Society of Gerontology 4th Annual Conference (5-7 July), University of Swansea, Wales, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Laurie Corn , Loretta Platts, Diana Worts, Giorgio Di Gessa, Rachel Stuchbury, Peggy McDonough, Amanda Sacker, Debora Price, and Karen Glaser (2017) 'Patterns of work up to and beyond State Pension Age, and their relationship to earlier work/family histories.' Presented in symposium on ' Lifecourse influences on health and wellbeing in later life' chaired by Price, D., at the British Society of Gerontology 4th Annual Conference (5-7 July), University of Swansea, Wales, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Laurie Corna. The Changing Landscape Of Later-Life Employment and Retirement: The Potential For Growing Inequality. Symposium convened for the International Association of Geriatrics and Gerontology (IAGG) - European Region Congress. Dublin, Ireland. 22-26 April 2015.  
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Laurie Corna. The Changing Landscape Of Later-Life Employment and Retirement: The Potential For Growing Inequality. Symposium convened for the International Association of Geriatrics and Gerontology (IAGG) - European Region Congress. Dublin, Ireland. 22-26 April 2015.
This important symposium was given main auditorium billing in an importation European Region conference and was highly attended, indiciating the level of interest in cutting edge research on these important issues. Knowledge dissemination and intellectual exchange on methodological and substantive issues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.iaggdublin2015.org/downloads/IAGGER_Symposia_Content.pdf
 
Description Laurie M. Corna, Platts, Worts, Glaser, Price & McDonough. "Employment Histories of British Men and Women: Implications for extended working lives and socio-economic circumstances in later life", paper presented in the Symposium organised by RenEWL: 'Labour markets, employment and earnings' at the Extended Working Lives, Centre for Longitudinal Studies Cohort Studies, Research Conference, Institute of Education, University of London. 16-17 March 2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Laurie M. Corna, Platts, Worts, Glaser, Price & McDonough. "Employment Histories of British Men and Women: Implications for extended working lives and socio-economic circumstances in later life", paper presented in the Symposium organised by RenEWL: 'Labour markets, employment and earnings' at the Extended Working Lives, Centre for Longitudinal Studies Cohort Studies, Research Conference, Institute of Education, University of London. 16-17 March 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Laurie M. Corna. 'Life Histories of British Men and Women: Changes Across Cohorts and the Implications for Working Beyond State Pension Age' Paper presented in symposium organised by Ewan Carr, Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies Annual Meeting, Dublin. 18/10/2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Laurie M. Corna. 'Life Histories of British Men and Women: Changes Across Cohorts and the Implications for Working Beyond State Pension Age' Paper presented in symposium organised by Ewan Carr, Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies Annual Meeting, Dublin. 18/10/2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Lawrence Sacco et al: (2017) 'Does paid work limit engagement in informal caring and volunteering in mid- to later life? Longitudinal evidence from the British Household Panel Survey and Understanding Society' Presented in symposium on ' Lifecourse influences on health and wellbeing in later life' chaired by Price, D., at the British Society of Gerontology 4th Annual Conference (5-7 July), University of Swansea, Wales, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Lawrence Sacco et al: (2017) 'Does paid work limit engagement in informal caring and volunteering in mid- to later life? Longitudinal evidence from the British Household Panel Survey and Understanding Society' Presented in symposium on ' Lifecourse influences on health and wellbeing in later life' chaired by Price, D., at the British Society of Gerontology 4th Annual Conference (5-7 July), University of Swansea, Wales, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Loretta G. Platts and Karen Glaser. 'Predictors of returns to work following retirement: A prospective analysis of Russia and the United Kingdom'. Paper presented at the European Society of Health and Medical Sociology , Trondheim. 03/09/2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Loretta G. Platts and Karen Glaser. 'Predictors of returns to work following retirement: A prospective analysis of Russia and the United Kingdom'. Paper presented at the European Society of Health and Medical Sociology , Trondheim. 03/09/2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Loretta G. Platts. 'Retirement Reversals: A lifecourse analysis using the British Household Panel Survey' Paper presented in symposium chaired by Martin Hyde. British Society of Gerontology Annual Conference, Newcastle Ist - 3rd July, 2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Loretta G. Platts. 'Retirement Reversals: A lifecourse analysis using the British Household Panel Survey' Paper presented in symposium chaired by Martin Hyde. British Society of Gerontology Annual Conference, Newcastle Ist - 3rd July, 2015.
The symposium was assigned a large auditorium and attracted substantial attendance. After the symposium some of the leading British Gerotnologists (e.g. Sara Arber) commented on the outstanding talent emerging in gerontology among early career researchers in lifecourse studies. Consensus was that this was an extremely interesting symposium with food for thought and presenting important findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Loretta G. Platts; Corna, Worts, Glaser, Price & McDonough. 'Employment Histories of British Men and Women: Implications for extended working lives and socio-economic circumstances in later life' Paper presented in symposium chaired by Laurie M. Corna, at the International Association of Gerontology & Geriatrics (IAGG) - European Region Conference, Dublin, Ireland. 22-26 April 2015.  
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Loretta G. Platts; Corna, Worts, Glaser, Price & McDonough. 'Employment Histories of British Men and Women: Implications for extended working lives and socio-economic circumstances in later life' Paper presented in symposium chaired by Laurie M. Corna, at the International Association of Gerontology & Geriatrics (IAGG) - European Region Conference, Dublin, Ireland. 22-26 April 2015.
This extremely well attended symposium illustrated the degree of interest in this topic and this research across the European region, where cutting edge researchers gathered to exchange knowledge, methodologies and findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Ludovico Carrino invited as lecturer at the Annual Venice Summer School of Ageing to present findings from research on working longer, health and ageing [5 June - 9 June 2017]. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Ludovico Carrino invited as lecturer at the Annual Venice Summer School of Ageing at Venice International University to present findings from research on working longer, health and ageing [5 June - 9 June 2017]. The talk was aimed at international graduate and PhD students in the social sciences as well as clinicians (particularly in geriatrics), students in epidemiology, and public health. Policy makers and high-level officials in public and private institutions also attended.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Meeting at the European Commission, 12th January 2015: Introduction of the WHERL project to staff at the European Commission's Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion. Presentation: 'Early results: modelling employment histories' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The meeting was with three policy makers at the European Commission, working in the Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion: Ralf Jacob, Head of Unit Active Ageing, pensions, healthcare, social services; Sven Matzke, Deputy Head of Unit Ageing, pensions, healthcare, social services; and Fritz von Nordheim, Deputy Head of Unit Social Protection and Activation Systems.

They were especially interested in the findings about flux between "reitrement" and in returns to work thereafter as well as in understanding how datasets such as SHARE can be used for responding to these questions of considerable policy importance. Attendees expressed interest in receiving and reading any briefing notes we generate. von Nodeheim talked about how to create a functioning labour market for the over-55s, which was his main areas of interest. They currently work with the OECD on micro-simulation of pensions with ideal type individuals and Ralf was interested in how the work with the Pensions Policy Institute might help to refine those models for wider segments of the population and how this method might be transferable to other country contexts, such as with SHARE data.
We therefore increased understanding about each other's activities, and maintained this cordial relationship with important European policy makers.

Excellent dialogue between academic and stakeholder partners and policy makers from the European Commission. They are greatly interested in the production of robust data on extending working life, ageing and health. They are looking forward to receiving future output from the project. We were able to share with them the work that the Pensions Policy Institute is doing, which might be interesting for future work at the European Commission.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/news/loretta-platts-introduces-the-wherl-project-to-the-european-commission/
 
Description Paper presented at the King's College London SSHM Research Seminar Series: "Work, retirement, health and care: An introduction to the WHERL project". 15th April 2015, London. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The talk attracted people from outside the Department including alumni. The talk sparked stimulating sociological and methodological discussion from academics who were not generally life course researchers, leading to an exchange of ideas and theories.

The wider research community became much more informed about the nature and purpose of this research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/work-retirement-health-and-care-an-introduction-to-the-wherl-project/
 
Description Pensions Policy Institute Policy Seminar, Launch Event - Wellbeing, Health, Retirement and the Lifecourse (WHERL), 20 June 2017, Travers Smith, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Pensions Policy Institute Seminar, WELLBEING, HEALTH, RETIREMENT AND THE LIFECOURSE (WHERL). Event targeting policy makers and professional practioners (e.g. those working in the insurance industry) to present the final report from the project. Event was Chaired by Norma Cohen, a Financial Times journalist, with a keynote speech by Sir Steve Webb, Director of Policy, Royal Lodnon and Minister of State for Pensions between 2010 and 2015. Event generated considerable debate and attended by a diverse audiences consisting of representatives from industry (e.g. Scottish Widows, Swiss RE), government officials (HM Treasury, Government's Actuary Department), academics (e.g. London School of Economics, University of London) and NGOs (e.g. Centre for Ageing Better).
Presentations from: Laurie Corna - Work and family histories across the lifecourse; Karen Glaser - Work family histories and retirement transitions; Lawrence Sacco - The relationship between paid and unpaid activities at older ages; Amanda Sacker - Working later and physical health; Rob Stewart - Working later and mental health and Debora Price - Pension accumulation and the lifecourse.

Panel Discussion: Karen Glaser (WHERL), Fiona Tait (Intelligent Pensions), Fiona Thom (DWP), Stephen Bevan (Institute of Employment Studies), Chris Curry (Pensions Policy Institute), Sir Steve Webb (Royal London)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Platts LG & Glaser K (2017) 'Predictors of returns to work following retirement: A prospective analysis of Germany, Russia and the United Kingdom.' Presented at the 3rd International RLMS-HSE User Conference (May 19th - 20th). Moscow, Russia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Platts LG & Glaser K (2017) 'Predictors of returns to work following retirement: A prospective analysis of Germany, Russia and the United Kingdom.' Presented at the 3rd International RLMS-HSE User Conference (May 19th - 20th). Moscow, Russia. Conference provides a forum for the discussion of research projects based on the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of HSE.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description Platts, Corna, Glaser, Price, Worts, and McDonough 'Retirement reversals: a lifecourse analysis using the British Household Panel Survey', Invited Presentation to the International Centre for Lifecourse Studies Project Networking Meeting, London; 25 February 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Platts, Corna, Glaser, Price, Worts, and McDonough 'Retirement reversals: a lifecourse analysis using the British Household Panel Survey', Invited Presentation to the International Centre for Lifecourse Studies Project Networking Meeting, London; 25 February 2015
Technical and substantive meeting at which lifecourse researchers share and exchanged knowledge and ideas, suggestions for improvements to research, pose provocative questions to each other.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/wherl-research-presented-at-the-international-centre-for-life-course-studi...
 
Description Poster on Impact Caring Responsibilities on Grandparents' Health for the Secondary Data Analysis Initative Showcase 29th February 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The event organised by the ESRC was held to showcase projects funded under the Secondary Data Analysis Initiative (SDAI) to government policymakers. It was designed to display the potential of the SDAI to policymakers to further increase their engagement with it.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Private meeting with Officials from Department for Work and Pensions 15/02/2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Price as Chair of the Dissemination and Impact Committee met privately with Ignatius de Bidegain and Priya Shah of the Department for Work and Pensions to discuss the implications of the research for important policy work on extending working lives in government. As a result of this meeting the strategy for DWP engagement with various academic researchers at the cutting edge of research into later life working was altered to more personal and intimate engagement more likely to facilitate academic findings feeding into the policy process.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Research Seminar, Belgian Centre Metices, 12 January 2015, Retour au travail après le départ en retraite : une analyse du panel des ménages Britanniques (Returning to work after retiring: An analysis of the British Household Panel Survey). WHERL. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The audience were sociologists working at the Belgian sociological research centre METICES at the Université libre de Bruxelles. They were very interested in our approach to trying to understand what actually goes on when people return to paid work after retirement, specifically in terms of the role of welfare state policies, economic context, individual strategies and self-employment. The talk generated detailed questions and discussion afterwards about retirement processes and the nature of the welfare state in the UK compared with Belgium.

General discussion and engagement with these ideas, and especially our concept of "unretirement" from this paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/loretta-platts-to-speak-in-brussels-at-a-research-seminar-organized-by-the...
 
Description Sacco, L. (2017) 'Life-course influences on retirement: the perspectives of researchers and stakeholders' (17th of May). Presented at the PhD students' workshop "Life-course influences on retirement: Researchers' and stakeholders' perspectives" (17- 19 May). 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Sacco, L. (2017) 'Life-course influences on retirement: the perspectives of researchers and stakeholders' (17th of May). Presented at the PhD students' workshop "Life-course influences on retirement: Researchers' and stakeholders' perspectives" (17- 19 May). Organised by Helsinki University, the Finnish Center for Pensions, the Research Network on Ageing in Europe, the European Social Policy Analysis Network, and the Finnish Social Policy. University of Helsinki, Finland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/wherl-findings-to-be-presented-at-the-life-course-influences-on-retirement...
 
Description WHERL Dissemination Strategy Group Meeting 2 December 2016 London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Key stakerholders and members of the scientific steering committee informed key decisions regarding dissemination and impact strategy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description WHERL Scientific Steering Committee and Project Partner Meeting, 19th June 2015 (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact This meeting enabled discussion of early findings and methodologies from five work packages, with detailed scientific critique of methodologies and theoretical approaches. Key project partners the Pensions Policy Institute, Age UK and the Department for Work and Pensions attended in order to help shape the direction of research and consider appropriate dissemination and engagement activities.

Methods and theoretical approaches changed in response to scientific discussion. Meetings arranged to develop ideas and dissemination activities with key stakeholders. Dissemination strategy updated.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/2nd-scientific-steering-committee-and-project-partner-meeeting/
 
Description WHERL Scientific Steering Committee and Project Partner Meeting, 24 th June 2016 (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This meeting enabled discussion of interim findings and methodologies from six work packages, with detailed scientific critique of methodologies and theoretical approaches. Key project partners the Pensions Policy Institute, Age UK and the Department for Work and Pensions attended in order to help shape the direction of research and consider appropriate dissemination and engagement activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description WHERL Scientific Steering Committee and Stakeholder Meeting, 23 June 2014 (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Early scientific approaches were presented to the group for discussion of methodology and preliminary outcomes. Key stakeholders were able to consider how best to shape the research for optimal impact in their respective fields at the end of the project. The optimal design for the public facing website was discussed.

The Scientific Steering Committee impacted on the way the research was carried out, liaison with partner organisations, and the dissemination strategy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://wherl.ac.uk/events/scientific-steering-committee-meeting/