Poverty reduction and regional integration: a comparative analysis of SADC and UNASUR health policies

Lead Research Organisation: Open University
Department Name: Social Policy & Criminology

Abstract

Inadequate access to health care and medicines is a persistent issue among impoverished populations in low-income Southern Africa and South America; it is a recognised social determinant of ill-health, and is disproportionately borne by
women and girls. This project examines the scope for enhancing Southern multilateral regional organisations' contributions to poverty reduction through regional health policy, and it is guided by the following question: what regional institutional practices and methods of regional policy formation are conducive to the emergence of embedded pro-poor health strategies and what can national, regional and initernational partners do to promote such practices and methods?

The growing presence of regional organisations in public policy making is increasingly the subject of North-South and South-South development agendas, and is generating development initiatives and research into the benefits of regional economic integration for public goods provision and for people living in poverty. There is growing recognition that regional integration ambitions and initiatives extend beyond commercial trade and investment to embrace health and welfare policy, but little is known about whether and how regional commitments on poverty are being implemented in these domains and what kinds of regional policy development processes are conducive to the emergence of embedded pro-poor approaches and effects in regional and national spheres. We investigate this by undertaking a comparative analysis of SADC and UNASUR's regional agendas and ambitions, regional programmes of action and regional processes of policy development in relation to access to health care, undertaking in-depth fieldwork in low income countries of Zambia, Swaziland, Bolivia and Paraguay confronted with serious socio-economic challenges, low levels of service delivery and immense public health challenges. We undertake data collection and data analysis using mixed methods, comparative and participatory approaches and methodologies. We involve stakeholders from policy, practice and end-beneficiary communities throughout the research process, designed to have demonstrable potential for impact. We use collaborative Participatory Action Research methods todesign monitoring Toolkits. In doing so, the project seeks to contribute new analytical and evidence to debates about the role and effectiveness of regional formations in health-poverty reduction programmes and what actors such as international donors, civil society organisations, governments and business and philanthropic organisations can do to support pro-poor regional health policies.

The project brings together a cross-disciplinary team of researchers linking social and health policy analysts concerned with health care system strengthening and social equity, with regional integration studies specialists concerned with the institutional, political and methodological foundations and consequences of regionalism, with the concerns of area studies specialists concerned with the politics, economies, societies and cultures of South America and Southern Africa. The project is a research collaboration between highly respected international researchers in renowned institutions in Southern Africa (South African Institute of International Affairs, South Africa), South America (FLACSO, Buenos Aires), and Europe (United Nations University Institute for Comparative Regional Integration Studies, Belgium, the Open University and the University of Southampton in the UK). It brings together complementary expertise in comparative analysis, policy analysis and monitoring methodologies, health care systems, regional governance, and international political economy, and excellent contacts in the two case study regions and internationally. The project team's capabilities combine with effective project design and organisation for sustained stakeholder participation throughout the research process, dissemination and impact

Planned Impact

The project organisation and impact pathways are built on involvement from the outset of stakeholders in both regions and internationally. The impacts we expect to result from the research process as well as from the successful completion of the project are as follows.
I. Regional Secretariats, Councils: involvement in knowledge-sharing activities and dissemination of research outputs will enhance awareness of the scope for improvements in regional health policy for poverty reduction and policy options; support for roll-out of 'Toolkits' to support support development of pro-poor regional health policy;
II. Health policy makers and practitioners: better understanding of the potential synergies between regional health initiatives, policy development practices and poverty reduction, and of policy methodologies supportive of access to health care and medicines allied to a poverty reduction strategy; identification of options and opportunities for pro-poor regional and national health policy;
III. Health service users and representatives of poor populations: identification of access to and leverage opportunities in regional policy making in order to hold policymakers to account to improve inclusivity of health care;
IV. International policymakers, donors, NGOs: awareness of the potential synergy between regional health governance and poverty reduction, and scope for development policy and funding to support pro-poor health systems; advocacy of regional health policy indicators.

Features of the project organisation and methods for achieving impact are: the project Advisory Group, drawn from diverse user groups in both regions, and including Champions to roll-out the project of empowerment; monitoring Toolkits co-developed with stakeholders and for use by all actors; stakeholder workshops co-designed and delivered by the project team and stakeholders; project publications (Information briefs about the project's findings and activities; Policy Briefs on contexts, drivers, levers and options for regional and national policy making; analytical and policy-facing Working Papers, conference papers and scientific peer-reviewed publications for academic and non-academic audiences), briefing meetings, presentations and contributions to regional and global initiatives. We will use face-to-face methods of engagement, as well as ICTs (website, e-lists, social media).
Project members have successfully worked together and with multilateral organisations, governments, practitioners, and NGOs. We combinate excellence in the academic research process and access to networks of user groups including policy makers in both regions and internationally. Training and capacity building includes provision for strengthening project members' skills to research and analyse the regionalism-poverty-health-policy nexus through workshops, mentoring, supervision and interaction throughout the project among the researchers. Research Fellows will take lead roles in project events, writing, analysis and dissemination activities alongside the Investigators with appropriate support and supervision. Involving all the team and stakeholders through the Advisory Group in taking leadership roles in the design and delivery of project workshops will substantially support mutual learning (among junior and senior colleagues, and across academic practitioner-policy maker boundaries) from the project and project impact. (see the Pathway to Impact)
Any peer-reviewed publications arising from this grant will be registered on the Open University's open access institutional repository (Open Research Online (ORO) http://oro.open.ac.uk). ORO is one of the largest repositories in the UK. The site receives an average of 40,000 visitors per month from over 200 different countries and territories and has received over 2.5 million visitors since 2006. It enables access to research outputs via common search engines including Google.
 
Description The project successfully used Participatory Action Research to co-develop two PRARI 'Toolkits' of regional indicators-based monitoring systems with national and regional policy actors, one in the Southern African (SADC) context, the other in the South American (UNASUR) context. These inter-national collaborations addressed a known policy problem, namely that the absence of reliable policy monitoring systems is a significant obstacle in regional policy makers' prospective innovations in approaches to tackling structural inequalities and poverty reduction. Each PRARI 'Toolkit' provides a context-specific regional monitoring system which is capable of measuring the characteristics and effects of 'positive' regional integration policies, in relation to access to health and medicines. Being indicators-based monitoring systems, the Toolkits add precision, transparency and policy-relevance.
Additionally, PRARI expanded the use of PAR to new social groups and settings during the creation of the Toolkits and successfully confirms the value of using PAR as a research method in the development of policy monitoring systems. PRARI innovatively extended the practice of the PAR research method in two ways: first, by practicing PAR in collaboration with senior policy officials from the public and third sector; second, by pioneering PAR in cross-national and inter-cultural settings. Take-up of the PRARI Toolkits within the two regions confirm the demand for a reliable basis for measuring the outcomes of regional institutional processes across the region and the importance of 'local' (in this case, regional) ownership for improving policy monitoring systems and facilitating their institutional embeddedness within the region.
The second element of PRARI concerned the question of what practices and methods of regional policy formation are conducive to the development of inclusive health strategies. The project also sought to know whether and how these strategies are being implemented in practice. Analytical methods were used to uncover points of comparison between SADC and UNASUR. Findings evidence show that that the adoption of a socially-progressive regional health policy by regional groupings of nations outside of high-income countries of the world is not just possible, but has happened. Both SADC and UNASUR have clear mandates to address the poverty-health nexus through a concerted regional approach but they vary in how they realise their mandates. Context-specific factors, including historical origins of the two regional groups, strongly condition institutional design and policy trajectories of these regional groups. Importantly, Civil Society Organisations, which one could expect to underscore the emphasis on socially equitable regional health policies, are not formally integrated into the regional health policy-making process in either UNASUR or SADC. The divergent conditions under which SADC and UNASUR operate give rise to different regional health agendas, implementation dynamics, and policy challenges. In different ways, SADC and UNASUR set ideational parameters steering policy direction, and they create normative and resourcing frameworks that structure practices of governance and policy. SADC secretariat plays a respected role in promoting the domestication of regional policy, supporting regional programmes addressed to specific health conditions and social groups. UNASUR's 'think tank' and thematic health-related networks support policy reform across member countries, notably in support of health universalisation initiatives. As inter-governmental regionalist organisations, neither SADC or UNASUR have resourcing, law-making or enforcement powers to assert themselves robustly in domestic reforms.
Confirming the value of focusing on institutions of governance that transcend member states and of looking beyond formal regional mandates to examine the implementation context, this research project generates the potential for new research areas and questions. One question arises from the limitations of this project in its focus on health. A better sense of whether this domain/sector is typical or unusual compared with other areas of regional social policy would be achieved through cross-sectoral analysis. A second question arises from the observed range of transnational institutional actors within each of the regions. Research that seeks to uncover how regional organisations' spheres and channels of influence are conditioned by other international organisations operating within the region could help better understand their relative importance in processes of domestic policy change. A third question arises from the observation that UNASUR is developing a sense of 'global actorness' in the sense that it is an emergent humanitarian donor and its seeks to influence aspects of policy making in cross-border spheres of health governance. Understanding the different forms that a more robust social regionalism is taking around the world would inform scientific knowledge about how regional bloc power is projected and sustained.
Exploitation Route PRARI's research findings evidence the adoption of socially-progressive forms of regional health policy by regional groupings of nations outside of high-income countries of the world. The generation of better information on the synergies (and points of tension) can be used by international policy-makers, NGOs and policy-facing academics to argue for enhanced synergies between regional integration, strengthened health systems and social equity in Africa, South America and other continents and regions in the world. Findings in relation to the institutional mechanisms by which regional health policy is made in SADC and UNASUR can be used to identify opportunities and 'levers' by health policy-makers and practitioners when seeking to enhance social equity in health policy and health outcomes. Regional Secretariats and Councils in SADC and UNASUR have, in the form of regionally-contextualised PRARI Toolkits systems of health policy change and success, a comprehensive indicators-based monitoring system with which they can monitor health policy success and change in their member states. Further developmental work may be needed to ensure that health service users and health and poverty-related advocacy groups have access to these indicator systems to hold regional and national legislators and policymakers to account for delivering inclusive health care.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy

URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/
 
Description The impacts achieved to date have been at the level of world-regional policy-making. SADC secretariat (Botswana) and UNASUR-affiliated Institute for South American Health Governance (Brazil) both took up the PRARI 'Toolkits' of regional indicators-based monitoring systems developed by the project during the lifetime of the research. Their involvement in the co-development of the Toolkits and their subsequent take-up demonstrates the successful use of the Participatory Action Research method in this aspect of the project. In SADC, the SADC PRARI Toolkit directly informed the work of the health and pharmaceuticals directorate of the SADC Secretariat to develop indicators capable of identifying policy success and change in ways that 'map' onto the priorities of the SADC Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP 2005-2020). SADC Secretariat colleagues report the PRARI SADC Toolkit was especially important to them in specifying a spectrum of policy indicators, ranging from policy inputs through to policy impacts, while also incorporating pro-social equity indicators of policy success and change in the health sector. The Toolkit was also used to identify regional indicators that rationalise the regional monitoring and evaluation programmes on Malaria, TB and HIV/AIDS. Revisions to the RISDP approved by SADC Council in November 2015 generated a need to adapt the SADC PRARI Toolkit and this work was begun by the SADC secretariat in conjunction with national members of Technical Working Groups during 2016-17. In September 2017 SADC Secretariat informally requested the PRARI PI (Yeates) to co-develop a Concept note to guide the future work of developing regional monitoring indicators suitable for the new priorities of the updated RISDP (and beyond). In 2018 The SADC Secretariat developed a Result-Based Regional Monitoring and Evaluation initiative (RBME) designed to support the implementation of the SADC Revised Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP) (SADC 2015). The SADC RBME incorporates indicators selected in line with the RISDP at intermediary and short-term outcome levels. There are in total 12 intermediary indicators on health issues in the RBME and the RBME covers diverse sectors beyond health. By March 2019 eight SADC Member States will have completed their on-boarding of the SADC RBME system which is aimed at enabling real-time tracking of performance, the documentation of results at Member State level and the facilitation of evidence-based decision-making and learning. It is an important initiative to strengthen regional-national links and democratic accountability. In the UNASUR region, the South American participant-researchers, led by the Institute of South American Health Governance (Rio de Janeiro) and supported by ESRC Impact Acceleration Account funding (Southampton), grouped in a stakeholder workshop in April 2016 to take forward the UNASUR PRARI Toolkit for monitoring health policies at the regional level. A proposal for piloting a monitoring regional health policies through indicators on access to medicines was tabled at this meeting. The stakeholders, from the Ministries of Health across South American states, provided 1) feedback on the proposed monitoring system and 2) expert opinion on successful strategic routes to impact in complex political and policy landscapes. The proposal was to continue the approval of the monitoring system via a formal route (i.e Presidency Pro Tempore (PPT) of UNASUR, gathering all representatives of the South American Health Ministries of the 12 member States). Agreement was reached on a model for piloting a subset of indicators, and calibrating measurements for feasible collection of data. Partners suggested early prioritisation of indicators related to progressing key agreed regional goals where proof of concept for delivery exists (Regional Bank of Prices of Medicines; Medicine Production Capabilities; Access to High-cost Medicines). ISAGS submitted the proposal for consideration of the Pro Tempore Presidency of UNASUR (held by Venezuela), in June 2016. However, the political and institutional crisis that erupted in Venezuela over the last year adversely impacted upon the actions of the PPT. To date, the work of UNASUR has stalled in the light of the crisis in Venzuela, electoral changes across the region. A new President has not been approved. No further action in this context has been reported from ISAGS as at end of award December 2016. With the political stalling of UNASUR, ISAGs was dismantled. In addition, the PI, Nicola Yeates, was requested by the United Nations Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) to contribute to the development of an international social policy research programme. The interest of PRARI and Yeates' work to the UNRISD 'New Directions in Social Policy: Alternatives from and for the Global South' programme was the project's focus on Southern regionalisms as they relation to social policies. Outputs from this cross-institutional collaboration between The Open University and UNRISD are influential in expanding the scope of social policy and development research by raising the question of the place of regionalist forms of inter-governmental and international cooperation into country-based social policy analysis. The findings inform on-going debates about the transformative potential of regional integration in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals framework. This work has generated interest and uptake by other UN agencies and bodies.
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice,Other
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description Citation in a article for PAHO
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
 
Description Take-up of SADC-PRARI Indicators-based regional monitoring toolkit by SADC Secretariat
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact In relation to the Southern African Development Community, the SADC PRARI Toolkit directly informed the work of the health and pharmaceuticals directorate of the SADC Secretariat to develop indicators capable of identifying policy success and change in ways that 'map' onto the priorities of the SADC Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP 2005-2020). SADC Secretariat colleagues report the PRARI SADC Toolkit was especially important to them in specifying a spectrum of policy indicators, ranging from policy inputs through to policy impacts, while also incorporating pro-social equity indicators of policy success and change in the health sector. The Toolkit was also used to identify regional indicators that rationalise the regional monitoring and evaluation programmes on Malaria, TB and HIV/AIDS. Revisions to the RISDP approved by SADC Council in November 2015 generated a need to adapt the SADC PRARI Toolkit and this work was begun by the SADC secretariat in conjunction with national members of Technical Working Groups during 2016-17. In September 2017 SADC Secretariat requested the PRARI PI (Yeates) to co-develop a Concept note to guide the future work of developing regional monitoring indicators suitable for the new priorities of the updated RISDP (and beyond). The SADC-PRARI Toolkit proved to be a stimulus and model for the SADC Secretariat's Result-Based Regional Monitoring and Evaluation initiative (RBME), which was designed to support the implementation of the SADC Revised Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP) (Yeates et al forthcoming, April 2019).
 
Description Uptake of PRARI Toolkit by UNASUR Institute for South American Health Governance
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact In the UNASUR region, the South American participant-researchers, led by the Institute of South American Health Governance (Rio de Janeiro) and supported by ESRC Impact Acceleration Account funding (Southampton), grouped in a stakeholder workshop in April 2016 to take forward the UNASUR PRARI Toolkit for monitoring health policies at the regional level. A proposal for piloting a monitoring regional health policies through indicators on access to medicines was tabled at this meeting. The stakeholders, from the Ministries of Health across South American states, provided 1) feedback on the proposed monitoring system and 2) expert opinion on successful strategic routes to impact in complex political and policy landscapes. The proposal was to continue the approval of the monitoring system via a formal route (i.e Presidency Pro Tempore (PPT) of UNASUR, gathering all representatives of the South American Health Ministries of the 12 member States). Agreement was reached on a model for piloting a subset of indicators, and calibrating measurements for feasible collection of data. Partners suggested early prioritisation of indicators related to progressing key agreed regional goals where proof of concept for delivery exists (Regional Bank of Prices of Medicines; Medicine Production Capabilities; Access to High-cost Medicines). ISAGS submitted the proposal for consideration of the Pro Tempore Presidency of UNASUR (held by Venezuela), in June 2016. However, the political and institutional crisis that erupted in Venezuela over the last year adversely impacted upon the actions of the PPT. To date, the work of UNASUR has stalled in the light of the crisis in Venzuela, electoral changes across the region. A new President has not yet been approved. No further action in this context has been reported from ISAGS as at end of award December 2016.
 
Description New Directions in Social Policy: lessons from the Global South
Amount $5,000 (USD)
Organisation United Nations (UN) 
Department United Nations Research Institute For Social Development
Sector Public
Country Switzerland
Start 03/2017 
End 06/2018
 
Description Open Access (grants) publishing
Amount £3,000 (GBP)
Organisation Open University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Soton Institutionalisation of Impact funds top-up linked to Impact Acceleration Account (ESRC) funds
Amount £8,500 (GBP)
Organisation University of Southampton 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2015 
End 11/2016
 
Description Travel funds to support stakeholder participation in Rio de Janeiro project workshop
Amount £3,500 (GBP)
Organisation University of Southampton 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2014 
End 12/2014
 
Title PRARI Toolkit (indicators-based regional monitoring sysem - SADC and UNASUR regions) 
Description The project developed two 'toolkits' of indicators-based regional monitoring systems during the lifetime of the project: one for the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the other for the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR). These comprise input, process, output and outcomes indicators that can be used by (mainly) regional health policy makers in assisting them to monitor regional health policy change and implementation that affects the poorest and most vulnerable groups of the population. The toolkits are thus a guide to the implementation of an indicator system to measure regional policy change and pro-poor regional health policy successes. The SADC toolkit focuses on HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria in the SADC context; these diseases they disproportionately affect people living in poverty. The UNASUR toolkit focuses on the health-related aspects of regional policies and in particular captures change and successes of regional health policies in relation to primary health care and pharmaceuticals in the context of UNASUR. Both toolkits were developed using participatory action research, as a collaborative research venture between PRARI researchers and key regional stakeholders in the SADC and UNASUR regions. This is reflected in the authorship of the two Toolkits. The nature of the Toolkits themselves reflect the collective perspectives and priorities of the participants in the Toolkit design process, and this is key to understanding where, how and why the content of the regional indicators-based monitoring systems as designed by the Toolkit teams differ between the SADC and UNASUR regions. The use of collaborative modes of PAR in this project constitutes an innovative use of the PAR method as we used in with 'non-standard' PAR populations in distinctive international (regional) policy contexts. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2015 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact As a research method, we highlight the considerable potential in working closely with end-users of the regional monitoring toolkits from the outset. Having been involved from the outset and during the toolkit development process, both regional organizations will be able to use the toolkits that have been developed in complementing the existing monitoring structures and processes. An important theme in both regions is the openness to reflect on their work and self-evaluate policy change and success through the use of indicators. This was a marked issue in the SADC region where they observe monitoring as their greatest weakness. SADC Secretariat is committed to using the PRARI SADC Toolkit in its development of a Monitoring and Evaluation framework for a new SADC Integrated HIV, Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH), TB and Malaria strategy. Some PRARI regional indicators will feature in the SADC-led monitoring and evaluation framework measuring process, outcomes and impact. The UNASUR region does not have a regional monitoring system; it lacks formal mechanisms to track and monitor the effects of its own work. The upcoming 'route plan for UNASUR-health', as opposed to another five year plan, opens up the opportunity for UNASUR to utilize the PRARI Toolkit to develop further its own work in this area. The PRARI Toolkit is seen as a possible component for the next strategy for health by helping monitor the work in the member states, within the regional institution itself as well as at the global level. It is important to note that UNASUR-health does not currently have a monitoring system since the last five year plan had a system to collect key data but this was not ultimately used since activities were developed in other areas. Consensus was reached that the indicators would first be piloted in two key areas: access to primary health care and access to pharmaceuticals. This will take place during the course of 2016 and will involve all member states because of the consensus-based mode of decision making. 
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/about/participatory-action.php
 
Title Poverty Reduction and Regional Integration ReShare Number #852133 
Description The data collection consists of a comprehensive User Guide, 48 transcripts from individual interviews and Toolkits workshops and background documents. The interviews and workshops were conducted with diverse participants drawn from policy and practitioner fields in two geographical areas of the world: the SADC region in Southern Africa, and the UNASUR region in South America. Research participants included public officials (spanning policy formation, bio-statistical experts, monitoring and evaluation) from government ministries and regional secretariats, and representatives of health and poverty-focused civil society organisations (service and advocacy non-governmental organisations, and health practitioners). The data is organised into two principal file strands: Interviews and Toolkits. The Interviews file strand is sub-divided into South America (UNASUR) and Southern Africa (SADC) components. Each of these strands contains qualitative data, while the Toolkits data also contains quantitative data (indicators). This data is already published in the Toolkits themselves and freely available, but for the convenience of the user of this dataset is included in this deposition. Transcripts of interviews and workshops relating to the UNASUR regional health governance and monitoring Toolkit components of the project are in the Spanish language, and this may limit access for some users; all other transcripts are in English. The User Guide contains further information about the organisation of the research within the project, the analytical methods framing the cross-regional comparative analysis and the Toolkits, a list of acronyms and abbreviations for the English and Spanish language elements of the project, and project documents (workshop schedules and sample project information sheets, consent forms and interview guides) in the English language. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None yet 
URL https://www.ukdataservice.ac.uk/about-us
 
Description Agreement signed between FLACSO and Paraguay's Ministry of Health, December 16th, 2014 
Organisation Ministry of Health
Country Rwanda 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Initiated contact with Paraguayan government officials to establish a new regional research agenda on health. PRARI has enabled FLACSO to be identified by the Paraguayan government as a potential partner to further capacity building and assist with policy coordination within the region.
Collaborator Contribution Take advantage of PRARI's innovative research agenda to engage with the South American chapter of the PRARI project and the research materials, resources and networks PRARI has mobilized within South America.
Impact Agreement signed
Start Year 2014
 
Description Regional social policy OU-Hong Kong 
Organisation Education University of Hong Kong
Department Hong Kong Institute of Education
Country Hong Kong 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Keynote lecture on regional social policy by Yeates to IoE-HK-hosted and funded international conference.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of venue and time together to discuss aspects of PRARI research on regional health and its location in wider fields of research and scholarship.
Impact This collaborative partnership began when Professor Ka Ho Mok of the Institute of Education Hong Kong invited Professor Yeates to give a keynote address on regional social policy to the inaugural meeting of the Global Alliance for Social and Educational Change (IoEd-HK) in April 2015. Collaborative activities during this time were discussed and planned and included Dr Kuhner's participation as a key delegate at the PRARI international conference held in November 2015 at The Open University. Professor Yeates and Professor Mok, together with Dr. Stephan Kuhner (at the time at York University, UK, now Lingnan University Hong Kong) spear-headed a regional social policy focused issue of the journal Social Policy & Administration, involving colleagues from Singapore, Indonesia, UK, and India. The articles of journal issue focused on social policy developments in the Asian region; the introductory research article was co-authored by Mok, Yeates and Kuhner and is available in Open Access format (2017 publication). Yeates is guest keynote at an international and comparative social policy conference, Lingnan University Hong Kong in December 2017. She is funded by the Sino-British Fellowship Trust which will also occasion the opportunity for further collaboration plans on the subject of regional social policy.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Regional social policy OU-Hong Kong 
Organisation Lingnan University
Country Hong Kong 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Keynote lecture on regional social policy by Yeates to IoE-HK-hosted and funded international conference.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of venue and time together to discuss aspects of PRARI research on regional health and its location in wider fields of research and scholarship.
Impact This collaborative partnership began when Professor Ka Ho Mok of the Institute of Education Hong Kong invited Professor Yeates to give a keynote address on regional social policy to the inaugural meeting of the Global Alliance for Social and Educational Change (IoEd-HK) in April 2015. Collaborative activities during this time were discussed and planned and included Dr Kuhner's participation as a key delegate at the PRARI international conference held in November 2015 at The Open University. Professor Yeates and Professor Mok, together with Dr. Stephan Kuhner (at the time at York University, UK, now Lingnan University Hong Kong) spear-headed a regional social policy focused issue of the journal Social Policy & Administration, involving colleagues from Singapore, Indonesia, UK, and India. The articles of journal issue focused on social policy developments in the Asian region; the introductory research article was co-authored by Mok, Yeates and Kuhner and is available in Open Access format (2017 publication). Yeates is guest keynote at an international and comparative social policy conference, Lingnan University Hong Kong in December 2017. She is funded by the Sino-British Fellowship Trust which will also occasion the opportunity for further collaboration plans on the subject of regional social policy.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Registration of PRARI project in PAHO health initiatives 
Organisation World Health Organization (WHO)
Country Global 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Contact and registration of PRARI (RePIR in Spanish language) in PAHO health initiatives
Collaborator Contribution Contact and registration of RePIR in PAHO health initiatives
Impact Registration by FLACSO (Argentina) of PRARI in PAHO Health initiative. No outcomes yet.
Start Year 2014
 
Description UNRISD - New Directions in Social Policy 
Organisation United Nations (UN)
Department United Nations Research Institute For Social Development
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Intellectual inputs by Yeates to partner's international social policy research programme
Collaborator Contribution Intellectual inputs to development of Yeates UNRISD paper, and provision of 'exposure' of aspects of PRARI research to international academic colleagues at UNRISD-organized and -funded conference
Impact Working Paper and Policy Brief
Start Year 2015
 
Description 'Steps southern Africa can take to reach the new development goals' in The Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Following the publication of this article, the SAIIA research fellow was asked to appear as a guest on Power FM. 543 people read this article which appeared originally on The Conversation Africa, with a further 142 views via the SAIIA website (March 2018).

The research fellow was asked substantive questions about the PRARI project. This shows that the media is engaging with the project content and sharing this information further, generating interest and impacting the way that people think about healthcare policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.saiia.org.za/opinion-analysis/steps-southern-africa-can-take-to-reach-the-new-development...
 
Description 'The problem drug patents pose for developing countries', The Conversation Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The SAIIA research fellow published an article describing drug patents and the problems for pharmaceuticals in Southern Africa, as part of how to address concerns of regional access to pharmaceuticals. 1282 people read the article via The Conversation. There were additionally 173 views of it via the SAIIA website (March 2018).

The research fellow was approached by the US Embassy in South Africa to explain some of the article content and what it relates to. This shows significant impact as the audience reached has influence on policy in the region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.saiia.org.za/opinion-analysis/the-problem-drug-patents-pose-for-developing-countries
 
Description 'Como medimos cambios en las politicas? La contribucion de UNU-CRIS' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The UNU-CRIS research fellow gave a talk titled "Como medimos cambios en las politicas? La contribucion de UNU-CRIS (ENG: How do we measure policy change? UNU-CRIS' contribution)" at a PRARI stakeholder workshop for the UNASUR region. This took place on the 18th of June, 2014 and was attended by policy-makers and academics from the UNASUR region. The talk sparked a long discussion about the need for a monitoring system in the region and the importance of such work to track new issues in the UNASUR agenda.

The talk led to requests for more information from the audience and the identification of key policy-makers who became part of the UNU-CRIS toolkits team for the UNASUR region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/events/
 
Description 'New development goals on health need more work to be realistic' in The Conversation Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Posted on The Conversation Africa and republished by World Economic Forum. March 2018 there were 142 views via the SAIIA website. Over 1000 views of the article via The Conversation website. There were comments on the article and it was tweeted several times.

The article linked project content to the event of the signing of the sustainable development goals. The project content is relevant at the time of the SDGs, as the theme of regional healthcare is extremely important for health policy development. Readership of the article was predominantly in South Africa and Australia, showing the diverse geographical reach of the article across the Southern hemisphere.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.saiia.org.za/opinion-analysis/new-development-goals-on-health-need-more-work-to-be-realis...
 
Description 'Strengthening Rights and Equity through Health Diplomacy: The role of UNASUR' blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussions with peers and NGOs on Health Diplomacy

No reported impact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://equity.bvsalud.org/2015/03/10/strengthening-rights-and-equity-through-health-diplomacy-the-ro...
 
Description 'The World Health Assembly revisited: renewed focus on regional governance in 2015' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This blog was developed into a publication included in a special issue of the Global Social Policy journal (December 2015) (eds Yeates and Riggirozzi). The blog is available via the SAIIA website (with a reach of 130,000) and republished with Polity.org (reach 132,000). As at March 2018 there were 151 views.


The article was disseminated widely and generated increase interest in the project work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.saiia.org.za/opinion-analysis/the-world-health-assembly-revisited-renewed-focus-on-region...
 
Description 'Universal health care is a tall order given southern Africa's poor finances' in The Conversation Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 714 people read this article on The Conversation Africa (which has a reach of 35 million). A large portion of those readers were from the USA and South Africa. The geographical reach of the article is important as it shows how far our information is spreading. The article was also posted on AllAfrica.com (reach 987,000). The article enjoyed 209 views via the SAIIA website (March 2018).


The article was widely read and linked directly to the PRARI project content, showing that a number of people are reading our work and engaging with our publications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.saiia.org.za/opinion-analysis/universal-health-care-is-a-tall-order-given-southern-africa...
 
Description 'What can the African Union do to foster health development on the continent?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The article was featured on the SAIIA and PRARI project websites, and republished by Polity.org and created interest in the project. As at March 2018 there were just under 2,000 views.

The article was disseminated widely, creating further interest in the research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.saiia.org.za/opinion-analysis/what-can-the-african-union-do-to-foster-health-development-...
 
Description 'Why a regional approach could help end drug stockouts in southern Africa'; in The Conversation Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Erica Penfold wrote an article for The Conversation entitled: Why a regional approach could help end drug stockouts in southern Africa. It sparked a reaction from newsreaders and was reposted on major South African news site Business Day, Polity.org, and Pharmacy Choice. As at March 2018 there were 139 views of the article via the SAIIA website.


The article was reposted in Business Day and created a lot of interest on social media sites. 1027 people read the article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://theconversation.com/why-a-regional-approach-could-help-end-drug-stockouts-in-southern-africa...
 
Description A new agenda for southern African health diplomacy, blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The article was a short piece introducing and linking to the Global Social Policy publication by the SAIIA PRARI team. It created further interest in the publication and the PRARI project, with 66 views via the SAIIA website (March 2018).

The piece was an important means of disseminating the SAIIA Global Social Policy piece, as it made the GSP content more accessible and easy to distribute via social media networks, creating further interest in the project content for greater impact.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.saiia.org.za/news/a-new-agenda-for-southern-african-health-diplomacy
 
Description Article: Africa: The Economics of Pro-Poor Health Policy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The SAIIA team wrote an article detailing the economics of pro-poor health policy and the movement of pharmaceuticals in Southern Africa, which was posted on the SAIIA website and allafrica.com.

The article has received a lot of traffic and was posted on Facebook and Twitter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://allafrica.com/stories/201412012305.html
 
Description Blog - Regional social policy: an idea whose time has come 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This blog resulted from an invitation by the UK Social Policy Association to contribute to its '50 for 50' series. It was widely circulated on the jiscmail system and is freely available online. The blog generated interest among students and academic colleagues, and personal contacts were made with the author, Professor Nicola Yeates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.social-policy.org.uk/50-for-50/regional-social-policy/
 
Description Briefing document - poverty reduction and regional integration (UNASUR) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This briefing was posted on the project website and circulated to key stakeholders at the FLACSO stakeholer engagement workshop (June 2014). The Policy Brief sparked questions and discussion at the workshop, and helped secure engagement by stakeholders with the project and a commitment to its aims.

no notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/files/PolicyBrief%20UNASUR%20Health_en.pdf
 
Description CICLO DE CONFERENCIAS-DEBATE PECIR 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Established contacts with other academic audience, researchers, and policymakers from the Health Ministry of Argentina working in health and development. This generated interest in learning about the project.

After this meeting, there were several requests for more information about the PRARI project and we got in contact with other stakerholders, one was interviewed for the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Can the Health Diplomacy and Regional Integration contribute for the control of tuberculosis in South America? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The note sparked many questions and discussions.

No notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.stoptb.org/news/frompartners/2015/fp15_026.asp
 
Description Comment on the SADC Industrialisation Strategy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Erica Penfold contributed to comments on the SADC Industrialisation Strategy, which is being sent to SADC for review. She included comments about regional health governance, with regards to industrialisation.

No notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Contribution to Jornada 15 años Programa y Red de Chagas - C.A.B.A. ¿EL CHAGAS TIENE CURA? ¿PARÁSITO O PACIENTE? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Belen Herrero presentation led to discussions and commitments of collaboration with collegues, and PRARI was very well received.

Meeting with Chagas Allaince
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.sac.org.ar/jornada-el-chagas-tiene-cura-parasito-o-paciente/
 
Description Cooperación regional en salud: el caso de UNASUR Salud, published in FLACSO newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A short 'think piece' about thinking regionally in relation to health, written by the FLACSO research team and published in the FLACSO newsletter.

Very recently for impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://flacso.org.ar/noticias/cooperacion-regional-en-salud-el-caso-de-unasur-salud/
 
Description Council on Foreign Relations: Ebola and Cultures of engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Southern African PRARI team were asked to contribute an article for the Council on Foreign Relations memo series. The blog, written by Erica Penfold with Peter Fourie, was entitled: Ebola and Cultures of Engagement: Chinese versus Western Health Diplomacy. It was posted on the SAIIA and PRARI websites, receiving in excess of 300 views.

We were asked to contribute information for a Hong-Kong based newpaper, Phoenix Weekly. The article generated significant traffic on the PRARI facebook page and subsequent requests to share information about our project work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.cfr.org/councilofcouncils/global_memos/p33560
 
Description Critical Health Social Sciences Workshop, Malmesbury, hosted by UCT 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Erica Penfold attended a workshop on Building the Critical Health Social Sciences where the project was discussed and connections created with other interested practitioners.

The workshop participants formed working groups to stimulate further thinking beyond the workshop.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://wiser.wits.ac.za/content/workshop-building-critical-health-social-sciences-southern-africa-9-...
 
Description Engagement with corporate stakeholders 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The PRARI researcher, Erica Penfold, met with two representatives of the Mitsubishi group (a Japanese company with offices in Sandown, Johannesburg), who asked questions about the future of regional governance, in relation to health.

Erica was able to disseminate further information about the PRARI project, pitching the project to an international audience and assisting them with advice on regional health governance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Enhancing Rights and Equity in Health: What Difference Can South American Regional Diplomacy Make? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog on University of Southampton websites to raise awareness and understanding of the potential of Southern Regionalisms in social development, to coincide with the UN Day for South-South Cooperation. The blog was circulated through e-networks at the London School of Economics Ideas blog, ISAGS (Institute of South American Health Governance, Brazil) social media, and through project website, Twitter and Facebook accounts.


The author was invited as an observer to an ISAGS Working Group, taking place in Brazil in November 2014
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://sotonpolitics.org/2014/09/15/enhancing-rights-and-equity-in-health-what-difference-can-south-...
 
Description Featured article: 'Global poverty eradication, post-2015: what can regional organisations do?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a Featured article written by Nicola Yeates distributed in the monthly International Council for Social Welfare global newsletter, reaching members in more than 70 countries worldwide.

No notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.icsw.org/index.php/publications/icsw-global-newsletter
 
Description First toolkit workshop for the SADC region 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The UNU-CRIS team organized the first workshop on indicator development for the SADC region on the 8th of December at the premises of the Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis (BIDPA) in Gaborone, Botswana. This workshop convened a group of 12 experts from five countries (Botswana, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania and Zambia) from the region, representing ministries of health, think tanks, academia, civil society organisations and regional organisations. The session ended with a commitment to continue the collaborative work on indicator development for the SADC region, focusing on national and regional health priorities.

The toolkits team agreed to continue working on the indicators for the SADC region, think of ways to disseminate the need of such work and collaborate in writing a policy brief, which was published and share online and in paper form to policy makers in the region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/files/policy_brief_7_en.pdf
 
Description First toolkit workshop for the UNASUR region 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr. Philippe De Lombaerde, Associate Director UNU-CRIS, and Dr. Ana Amaya, Research Fellow UNU-CRIS, co-organized a workshop on the Construction of an Indicator System for Monitoring UNASUR Health Policies at ISAGS-UNASUR in Rio de Janeiro on 10 November. The aims of the workshop were to assess the monitoring needs for regional health policies in an UNASUR context, identify the relevant stakeholders in the monitoring process, and agree on a conceptual framework for the design of an indicator-based monitoring system. This led to discussion on next steps for the development of the indicators.

After this workshop the participants agreed to work together on the indicators, propose the indicator work to their member countries and UNASUR region and co-authored a policy brief proposing this monitoring system.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/files/policy_brief_6_en.pdf
 
Description Five proposals for SADC health innovations 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This blog developed from a PRARI Policy Brief (Erica Penfold). Posted on the SAIIA website, by March 2018 it had 158 views.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.saiia.org.za/news/five-proposals-for-sadc-health-innovations
 
Description Fixing the weakest link in global health governance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Online article was made freely available to a range of publics via the home page of the United Nations University Institute for Comparative Regional Integration Studies, a research institute of the UN system. This article was also shared in social media, receiving 5 retweets on twitter and to a mailing list of 60 people.

Sharing the article among UNU-CRIS contacts led to further requests for information about the PRARI project as well as an introduction to other researchers working in similar issues at University of Massachusetts. They expressed their interest in having the Research Fellow give a talk at their university when she were in the area. They were also added to our lists of contacts to send future outputs.

This article also led to a colleague from another UNU institute (UNU-IIGH) to share his point
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://ourworld.unu.edu/en/fixing-the-weakest-link-in-global-health-governance
 
Description Food Safety in Southern Africa: rethinking world health worries 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Erica Penfold published an op-ed for World Health Day on Food Safety. The article link is posted on the project website, SAIIA website and the project Facebook account.

The article received a lot of verbal feedback and sparked interest in the theme of food safety.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.saiia.org.za/opinion-analysis/food-safety-in-southern-africa-rethinking-world-health-worr...
 
Description Global Eradication of Poverty Day - What can regional associations do? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The blog authored by Nicola Yeates with Erica Penfold developed from the publication of a PRARI Policy Brief (authored by Yeates). It was picked up and circulated through Twitter. The blog received 20+ 'likes'. The blog received 186 views via the SAIIA website, which has a reach of more than 130,000.

The blog piece received notable attention and was a key discussion point during stakeholder meetings. Its content will be used and referred to during stakeholder interviews, as the need to keep the debate around poverty reduction alive is a key target for the fieldwork component of this project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.saiia.org.za/opinion-analysis/global-eradication-of-poverty-day-what-can-regional-associa...
 
Description Health for All on Human Rights Day: A Pro-Poor Approach 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Project research information disseminated to the general public through The Open University PRARI website, University of Southampton Departmental blog, and SAIIA website - each of which is linked to other university web spaces and broader social media. The aim was to raise awareness and interest in the topic.

No reported impact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://sotonpolitics.org/2014/12/10/health-for-all-on-human-rights-day-a-pro-poor-approach/
 
Description Institute for South American Health Governance monthly report/ newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Reached practitioners and policy makers through the UNASUR/ISAGS monthly report

strengthening networks with key stakeholders (within UNASUR)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://bit.ly/1Cn3oYg
 
Description International Conference: 'Consolidation of Democracy in Regional Organisations: Lessons from Latin America and EU', at the Mercosur Building, Uruguay, 6-7 May 2015, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Pia Riggirozzi lecture stimulated discussion, presented preliminary findings from PRARI but in the context of conclusions related to health policies and legitimacy in regional organisations

After my talk I was interviewed and the video posted by the Foro Mercosur: YouTube video where I am interviewed on the topic, see
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLu6fWJmdnd_HLNRuP0Ga6YyJL2ff_7ubf (124 views up to 14th December 2015). I published an article from the paper (June 2015)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLu6fWJmdnd_HLNRuP0Ga6YyJL2ff_7ubf
 
Description Interview with Radio 702 about article in The Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Erica Penfold was interviewed by Radio 702 (Cape Talk) about her article published in The Conversation Africa about regional healthcare. The interview sparked many questions and discussions afterwards. Her article is reprinted in TimesLive and IFLS.

There was a lot of interest generated in the article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/communications-outputs/
 
Description Issue Brief on the Sustainable Development Goals 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Activity was aimed at increasing awareness of the social and policy issues among UN constituencies and affiliates in relation to the possibilities of harnessing regional integration in support of realizing the SDGs. It has been widely read and resulted in requests for further participation and involvement in this field, including with multiple UN agencies and bodies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.unrisd.org/80256B3C005BCCF9/search/2BC03CBE0426A945C12581EC00446D52?OpenDocument
 
Description LSE conference, Regional Integration, Cape Town, July 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The PRARI researcher, Erica Penfold, attended the LSE Conference on Regional Integration, held in Cape Town. The discussion sparked questions and interests in issues of regional integration, and she was able to communicate ideas about the project in context of the conference.

The Southern African team made contacts from the conference and were also able to present the PRARI project in an informal networking context.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.lse.ac.uk/study/summerSchools/LSEUCTJulySchool/conference/LSE-Cape-Town-Conference.aspx
 
Description Lecture at 4th DOCTORAL SCHOOL ON LATIN AMERICAN, EUROPEAN AND COMPARATIVE REGIONALISM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Contribute to the thinking of regional social policies in South America in a comparative perspective, share work and printed material (policy briefs) of PRARI to students that are engaged in PhD thesis writing and academic peers. Talk sparked questions on the topic and discussion about how that is embedded in a broader comparative project.

This talk was the basis for the PRARI Roundtable (policy seminar) discussion co-organised by UNU-CRIS and the Universidad Andina Simon Bolivar in July 2015, Ecuador

After the talk, several students asked if they could have an interview with me to discuss further their work on regional policies in light of my and the PRARI work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Lessons from Cuba: eliminating mother-to-child transmission of HIV'; in The Conversation Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The blog was reposted on the SAIIA and PRARI project websites. The article was reposted on Timeslive as well and IFLS, generating significant interest and a request for an interview from 702. The article was read by 35000 people worldwide.

The article generated increased interest in the research and was reposted to three websites. Erica was asked to answer some questions about the research on Radio 702/Cape Talk.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://theconversation.com/lessons-from-cuba-on-eliminating-the-transmission-of-hiv-from-mother-to-...
 
Description Media engagement with SAIIA team, South Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The PRARI team in South Africa, Pieter Fourie and Erica Penfold, were asked by several publications to comment on health and governance issues in Africa, sparking further interest in the PRARI project, including CCTV, MISNA news agency and Phoenix Weekly (Hong Kong).

Engagement with media created further interest in the project and additional requests for information and comment on issues of regional health governance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/communications-outputs/
 
Description Media interview by CCTV (South Africa) about regional healthcare 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The research fellow was asked to talk briefly about regional healthcare for a CCTV journalist.

CCTV is a widely respected broadcaster. The research fellow was asked to inform a CCTV journalist about regional healthcare in Africa and Southern Africa. This shows that the research fellow was sought out because of her PRARI project involvement and knowledge of healthcare in Africa and Southern Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Media interview with South African radio station Power FM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Erica Penfold was interviewed by Power FM, to talk about her article on the Sustainable Development Goals published in The Conversation Africa.

Media coverage by Power FM is extensive and a lot of South Africans listen to Power FM. The interview was significant in that it showed that the South African media and public are being exposed to the project and further interest is being generated, creating wider space for debate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Meeting by SAIIA Director with Johnson and Johnson, South Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The CEO of SAIIA met with Johnson&Johnson to discuss some of PRARI work to date regarding regional access to healthcare and medicines and the role of regional organisations in creating access to pharmaceuticals. J&J expressed interest in further collaboration and engagement with the project.

No notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Meeting with GIZ on regional integration 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Erica Penfold attended a meeting with the GIZ office from Botswana. GIZ in Botswana work closely with the SADC Secretariat on implementing regional integration strategies but wish to focus more on social development in the region. Erica presented the work that PRARI does to achieve this goal. GIZ noted the will to collaborate further with the PRARI project on issues of social development in the region.

No notable impactst
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Meeting with Medicos del Mundo, South America 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting with the President of Medicos del Mundo LATAM at Medicos del Mundo office on behalf of our workshop. They also highlighted the project's regional relevance as a valuable bridge between NGOs, Scientific Societies and UNASUR representatives in order to gain more visibility and forge closer relations between institutions. As a result of the meeting we agree to organize in the future a seminar en International Health, and they agree to help us with de workshop (in terms of invite key stakeholders)

As a result of the meeting we agree to organize in the future a seminar en International Health, and they agree to help us with de workshop (in terms of invite key stakeholders)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description OU gobal poverty and policy video feature 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On Facebook, the post was seen by 8,714 people across 12 countries in sub-Saharan Africa and the UK.
1,362 people Liked the post and 5 shared it with their friends.
The video is posted on OUresearch on youtube (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UWybhNMVRp0) which has 5800 dedicated subscribers. As at March 2018 it had 254 views.


No notable impacts have yet emerged
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.facebook.com/idoopenuniversity
 
Description PRARI Engagement with South African embassy, Bern, September 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The PRARI researcher in South Africa, Erica Penfold, met with the South African ambassador in Bern and the First Political Secretary, to introduce the PRARI project, sparking interest from the Embassy and assistance in finding contacts for fieldwork interviews.

The PRARI team in South Africa were able to promote the project at a national and international level, creating further awareness and political support for the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description PRARI Policy Brief included in Health Systems Trust newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The SADC Policy brief was shared by Health Systems Trust in their newsletter that goes out every 14 days. This newsletter is sent to more than 2200 people.

Sharing of information disseminating PRARI work in the SADC region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.hst.org.za/
 
Description PRARI Policy Indicators Toolkit research highlight included in the November 2014 issue of EQUINET Africa newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PRARI/UNU-CRIS toolkit development highlight to be included in the November EQUINET Africa newsletter. Raised awareness of the PRARI Toolkit research and the profile of the PRARI project.



no notable impactts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.equinetafrica.org/newsletter/
 
Description PRARI Roundtable Regional Health Policy: The incursion of UNASUR in Health Diplomacy, Universidad Andina Simon Bolivar, Quito, 8th July 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The Policy Roundtable discussed key issues relation to regional health policy in the context of South America (UNASUR) including the emergence of health diplomacy at the regional level, the prioritization of health issues in South America, as well as some initial reflections from the PRARI project. This PRARI event was organised by UNU-CRIS, in collaboration with Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar in Ecuador (UASB) and the South American Institute of Governance in Health (ISAGS). (http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/events/)

This Roundtable was attended by policy makers from UNASUR and PhD students a UASB. There was a debate that was aimed at sharing ideas and discussing issues related to diplomacy and governance in health in South America. The talk was featured in the UNASUR/ISAGS website and helped to consolidate links with policy makers in that organisation, particularly with Mariana Faria, Chief of International Relations at ISAGS, who was also part of the panel.
More requests for information. Featured in the
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.isags-unasursalud.org/it_materia.php?ev=3064&lg=3
 
Description PRARI Stakeholder Workshop (Southern Africa) June 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Co-Investigator and Research Fellow of the SADC Chapter based at SAIIA organised and participated in the first PRARI Stakeholder Workshop held in June 2014. Co-Investigator Riggirozzi participated as representative of the wider project team. The Workshop aimed to stimulate thinking about the research agenda of the PRARI project, engage stakeholders and provide a basis for SAIIA-led fieldwork. There were many formal and informal discussions held about the project content and the next phases of the project.

The workshop resulted in further contacts and connections being made in the case study countries. Participants provided additional information for the research going forward. A lot of interest was raised in the project and participants asked if they could continue with their involvement in the research, which many of them have done so.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/events/
 
Description PRARI Stakeholder Workshop, Southern Africa, September 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The Co-Investigator and Research Fellow organised and participated in the PRARI Stakeholder Workshop, held in Johannesburg, September 2015, at which UK-based members of the PRARI team (Riggirozzi, Yeates, De Beer) were also present. The workshop aimed to support ongoing engagement and project impact. The SAIIA team presented its project work to selected stakeholders including two representatives of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) secretariat, while Riggiriozzi presented on UNASUR health governance and diplomacy for comparative purposes. The discussions held were robust and lively, providing significant feedback for the SAIIA team in respect of its ongoing data collection and interpretation, and feeding into the wider project team's understanding of SADC regional policy making. Workshop attendees enquired further about regional health diplomacy and action on health as advanced by UNASUR. The project team as a whole consolidated its SADC networks.




An important impact of this activity was also the consolidation of the PRARI network with relevant stakeholders. The SADC representatives present agreed to meet with the SAIIA team to discuss and update their research data, and to clarify further the dynamics of health policy making in the region. The SADC representatives were very interested in knowing more about the role of the Institute for South American Governance following the presentation by co-I Riggirozzi, and this was pursued further during the Open University PRARI international conference in December 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/events/
 
Description PRARI Toolkit Policy Brief (SADC) published on Health Systems Trust website 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The PRARI SADC PRARI Policy Brief 'Monitoring Pro-Poor Health-Policy Success in the SADC Region' (April 2015) was re-published in the Health Systems Trust website, which receives more than 40,000 visitors a month. The Health Systems Trust is a participant in the SADC Toolkit process.

Sharing PRARI project results online.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.hst.org.za/publications/prari-policy-brief-monitoring-pro-poor-health-policy-success-sadc...
 
Description PRARI Toolkit indicators development workshop in Buenos Aires, 6th October 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Two members of the PRARI team (Amaya, Riggirozzi) participated in the final UNU-CRIS led indicators development workshop to finalise the construction of the PRARI Toolkit for UNASUR. This helped to consolidate the profile of PRARI among Toolkit participants and complete the final key development stage of a key project deliverable by UNU-CRIS in collaboration with the workshop participants.

Beyond agreeing regional indicators for inclusion in the PRARI Toolkit for UNASUR, the workshop informed the team's understanding of the changing regional policy landscape and the specific opportunities and challenges in developing the PRARI Toolkit during 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/about/participatory-action.php
 
Description PRARI Twitter account 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The PRARI team established a Twitter account to disseminate news and publications from the project.

The Twitter account was used primarily by the project team to disseminate news via their own Twitter accounts, using the @PRARIRepir handle in their mentions. This helped to generate traffic for the account, including several "Retweets" and mentions of the project account name.
Project news was also disseminated via OU Twitter accounts, around aspects of the project such as the Global Social Policy special issue and the project conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://twitter.com/PRARIRepir
 
Description PRARI Youtube clip on lessons for regional healthcare 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Erica Penfold recorded a brief clip on the Ebola virus which specifically mentions regional healthcare in Southern Africa. The clip is available via the project website and the SAIIA website. As at March 2018, 135-page views on google analytics, 109 views and 19 Likes on Facebook.


The clip was recorded on the SAIIA website, which has an audience reach of over 500 people. The clip is linked to project posts about PRARI, which draws attention to the work we do.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.saiia.org.za/multimedia/saiia-coffeeambush-2-what-can-we-learn-from-ebola
 
Description PRARI engagement with Southern African stakeholders 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting with stakeholders, including Management Sciences for Health, the International Labour Organisation and USAID, to discuss the project goals, creating interest in the project and commitments for assistance in the fieldwork stage.

No notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description PRARI features in FLACSO newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact contribution entitled: El Área de Relaciones Internacionales pone en marcha un proyecto para la cooperación participativa en UNASUR. Prompted interest about the project.

No notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://flacso.org.ar/noticias/proyecto-de-reduccion-de-la-pobreza-e-integracion-regional/
 
Description PRARI international conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference attendance and participation was in line with organiser aims and expectations of the event in practice, with high levels of engagement by delegates sharing and discussing valuable information and insights with the attending project team participants (and other academics) and each other about regional integration, health, poverty, and inequality. This was achieved through formal presentations, plenary discussion and informal (one on one) discussions.
Delegates from the United Nations system, regional organisations, international non-governmental organisations and academics (senior and junior) based in the UK, US, South Africa, Botswana, Brazil, and Switzerland attended. A wider constituency of parliamentarians, policy official and practitioners demonstrated keen interest in the proceedings but unable to personally attend were kept informed of the event. The process of conference organization was in itself one of wider purposive engagement at this critical stage of the project, reaching out to diverse state and non-state stakeholders within the UK, Europe, South America, Southern Africa and beyond, significantly expanding networks of contact and influence. The conference was filmed by the Open University with a view to making elements of it accessible to wider audiences following further developmental work via OU (and other relevant) platforms. The conference event was promoted through the PRARI website and through OU affiliated external research list as a news item (e.g. Innovation Knowledge and Development monthly newsletter regularly reaches 400 people).

These are yet to fully develop.
The PI has been contacted about further international engagement and participation on issues of social regionalism and regional social and health governance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/conference/
 
Description PRARI project presentation to WITS Politics Department 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Erica Penfold from SAIIA research team presented the PRARI project to the Politics Department at the University of the Witwatersrand. The discussion generated a lot of interest in the project and the role of regional organisations in health policy in particular. The attendees at the meeting requested further documentation and collaboration with the project team.

No notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description PRARI project website 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The website informs diverse publics about the PRARI project, its goals, methods, and the issues with which it engages more generally. The website is promoted by the OU across various media platforms, and is included in project publications. The website existed in English and Spanish language versions until 2019 (The Spanish language version was decommitted from in 2019, following the end of the retention period post-award). The English language version is maintained and periodically updated. Over time it has developed into a repository for externally-facing project activities, events, publications and information and updates about the project during and after the end of the award period for diverse publics, and provides selected key resources. The site is nested in The Open University platform pages. Direct access regularly runs on average to about 60-80 hits per month.



No notable impacts to report
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2016,2018
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/index.php?lang=en
 
Description PRARI research-stakeholder workshop: 'Poverty Reduction, Health and Regional Integration: Comparative Perspectives on Southern Africa and South America' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop was organised in two phases. The first phase explored research methodologies in comparative social regionalism. The departure point is the recognition that the study of comparative regionalism goes beyond the silos of trade and security. Research in comparative regionalism in areas such as the environment, health, education, research, migration and human rights, is marked by a dearth of systematic research methodologies. So the first phase of the workshop explored ways of enhancing research in these areas in an inter-connected and coherent way. The second phase of the workshop presented the experiences of policy makers in comparative social regionalism. The focus here was an expert-led discussion on the practical challenges and opportunities faced by policy makers at various levels of policy making especially the regional one, in implementing social goals at the regional level. The workshop was co-organised by UNU-CRIS and The Open University (UK) and took place at the premises of UNU-CRIS in Belgium.

Following the workshop, some workshop papers were published as PRARI Working Papers in the main PRARI series and republished in the UNU-CRIS PRARI series, and were developed (ed. Yeates) for the Forum section of Global Social Policy special issue (15/3). There was also interest for further information about the project and future collaborations between some participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/events/
 
Description PRARI stakeholder workshop Buenos Aires 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PRARI stakeholder workshop raised awareness of the PRARI research agenda among NGOs, Scientific Societies and UNASUR representatives.

Was really very important in terms of contacts. PRARI was positioned as a key research agenda mobilizing unasur and decision makers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.stoptb.org/news/frompartners/2014/fp14_071.asp
 
Description Participation in Methodological Doctoral School on Comparative Regionalism in Europe, Latin America and beyond (Quito) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact UNU-CRIS and FLACSO Research Fellows attended. This provided the opportunity to present and discuss PRARI with doctoral students and establish contact and meet with possible key informants for the fieldwork. Consolidated relations with UASB, with whom we jointly organized a policy seminar (Roundtable) in July 2015.

Requests for more information about toolkit development from country and regional actors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.uasb.edu.ec/publicacion?comentario-internacional-revista-del-centro-andino-de-estudios-in...
 
Description Participation in the "Jornada sobre Chagas" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Belen Herrero met with the Cardiovascular Argentine Federation on behalf of the PRARI project to discuss our participation in "Jornada sobre Chagas". It highlighted PRARI's regional relevance as a valuable bridge between NGOs, Scientific Societies and UNASUR representatives in order to gain more visibility and forge closer relations between institutions. As a result of the meeting FLACSO agreed to write an Information Sheet or PB (also with Chagas Alliance) and joined the Honorary Committee for their Annual Convention. Dr Herrero presented a talk at this event, and the audience was stimulated by the regional dimensions of the project and its implications for measures to address Chagas in the region.

After the talk we agreed on signing a collaboration agreement on further research on Chagas at the regional level
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.intramed.net/userfiles/2015/file/JORNADA_CHAGAS.pdf
 
Description Policy Brief 3: Global poverty reduction: What can regional organisations do? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 9 Chairs of All Party Groups were contacted by post with a copy of the policy brief (All Party Groups contacted were Poverty; Water and Sanitation in the Third World; Global Poverty; HIV/AIDS; British-Argentine; Bolivia; South Africa; Botswana; Zambia & Malawi). It was also sent to thematic APPGs (global health, SDGs). The policy brief was also tweeted about from the project's Twitter feed, posted on the project facebook page and referenced in the press release issued on 16 October 2014. The policy brief was also circulated within subject-specialist academic networks, and within the UN (ILO), World Bank, and EU (EuropeAid) systems, and to international NGOs working in SDGs, international development, global health and social protection.



The Director of Social Protection at the International Labour Organisation invited Professor Nicola Yeates to circulate the Policy Brief and other project materials on regional social policy through her networks: 'I was wondering - could you pls send a message like the one below to the Recovery with a Human Face Network, thousands of subscribers (mostly UN) so it is good to bring attention to issues, http://www.recoveryhumanface.org/ pls send to recoveryhumanface@socpro.list.ilo.org';. This net
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/files/policy_brief_3_en.pdf
 
Description Política Brief 3: Reducción de la pobreza global: ¿Qué pueden hacer las 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Policy brief was posted to the Boliva and British-Argentine All Party Group Chairs; tweeted about from the project's Twitter account, and posted on the project website and Facebook pages.

To be confirmed
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/files/policy_brief_3_es.pdf
 
Description Post in specialized website Stop TB 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact The Stop TB Partnership is leading the way to a world without tuberculosis (TB), a disease that is curable but still kills three people every minute. Founded in 2001, the Partnership's mission is to serve every person who is vulnerable to TB and ensure that high-quality treatment is available to all who need it. Post sparked questions and discussions afterwards

After the post, many people contact us regarding the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.stoptb.org/news/frompartners/2015/fp15_038.asp
 
Description Presentation at TARSC/EQUINET Workshop on participatory research 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The 'Contributions of global health diplomacy to equitable health systems in East and Southern Africa' workshop was convened by Training and Research Support Centre (TARSC) for EQUINET in dialogue with the Centre for Trade Policy and Law, Carleton University Canada, the East Central and Southern African Health Community (ECSA HC) and with support from Department of Health (DoH) South Africa in the preparations for the meeting and financial support from IDRC (Canada). It included senior officials involved in health from national and regional organisations, health diplomats, researchers from the EQUINET work and others working on health diplomacy and on south-south co-operation in the region and internationally. Building on collaborative working, UNU-CRIS was invited to participate on behalf of the project by sharing experiences of the PRARI project work on regional indicator development in the SADC region. The presentation was titled: 'Developing a tool in the SADC region for policy monitoring' and was well received by the participants.

The presentation led to requests for further information and spurred discussions on continuing similar work in the future in the region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.equinetafrica.org/
 
Description Presentation to University of Western Cape 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The event, themed 'International Relations and Infectious Diseases: the politics of bugs' sparked healthy discussion about the governance of infectious diseases. We were asked to provide notes and further assistance to many of the audience members interested in this field.

no notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.saiia.org.za/events/international-relations-and-infectious-diseases-the-politics-of-bugs
 
Description Presentation to the Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research (WISER) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Erica Penfold presented the PRARI project to the Medical Humanities programme at WISER. The discussion created great interest in regional healthcare. The partners at the Medical Humanities requested to meet with PRARI to discuss potential collaboration.

No notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Press Release: Ebola crisis: action by regional groups is key to tackling health crises and poverty 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Nicola Yeates was interviewed on BBC 3 Counties Radio drive time.



Professor Nicola Yeates was interviewed by Roberto Perrone about the benefits of regional collaboration on health policy in responding to health poverty, with particular reference to the Ebola crisis in West Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p027ttvy
 
Description Project Facebook account 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The PRARI project team established a Facebook page for the project with direct link to the project website and incorporating diverse news and posts broadly relevant to the topic of the project. More than 200 'Like' the page and research fellows share articles via this medium.

Interest for the project has been generated and significant debate around the issues has also sparked further interest.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.facebook.com/pages/Poverty-reduction-and-regional-integration-SADC-and-Unasur-health-pol...
 
Description Project presentation to academic and professional practitioners 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Nicola Yeates presented at the inaugural meeting of an international education research-practitioner group at The Open University. The presentation and reflections on the project and policy fields in which it operates stimulated questions and discussion among participants and to the strengthening of interdisciplinary research-based policy-facing international networks.

no notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/creet/main/
 
Description Regional Organizations and Food Safety: Lessons from South America 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The blog raised awareness of the issues and their relevance to policy making on World Health Day.

No notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://ourworld.unu.edu/en/regional-organizations-and-food-safety-lessons-from-south-america
 
Description Regional monitoring at SADC Stakeholder Workshop (May 2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The UNU-CRIS research fellow and Co-I presented the proposed plan for developing a toolkit to monitor pro-poor health policy success and change in the SADC region at the first PRARI SADC Stakeholder workshop. This workshop was attended by policy-makers, proefessional practitioners and academics from the region.

Following the presentation, the stakeholders requested more information about the toolkits chapter led by UNU-CRIS and provided important advice on who to contact for this work. They were also interested in hearing the final results of the monitoring work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/events/
 
Description SADC Indicator Development Consultation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The second SADC indicator development consultation took place on the 16th of March, 2015 in the premises of Health Systems Trust in Johannesburg, South Africa. This consultation brought together a sub-group of the PRARI indicator development team for the SADC region to continue the work on indicator development. Main points on the agenda were to review and approve the policy brief outlining the main consensus of the Gaborone workshop on the 8th of December, 2014; reach consensus on the characteristics of the toolkit of indicators; and begin work on defining the indicators.

Following this consultation, plans were made on next steps for the development of indicators, which include the second SADC toolkit development workshop that took place in June, 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/events/
 
Description SADC-EU EPA and pro-poor health policies in Southern Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The newspaper article (op.ed), written by Kingah (UNU-CRIS coI) published in the Botswana Guardian on 3rd October, was widely circulated within Botswana and Southern Africa

Not yet known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.botswanaguardian.co.bw/
 
Description SAIIA project presentations at South African universities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact PRARI researcher Erica Penfold made a presentation on regional health and the PRARI project to the University of Johannesburg, the University of Cape Town and the University of the Western Cape.

The project and paper generated significant interest from academic audiences, leading to a further invitation to attend a workshop at the HSRC and for further collaboration with the University of the Western Cape.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.uj.ac.za/EN/Faculties/humanities/departments/politics/NewsandEvents/Documents/Poverty%20r...
 
Description STOP TB Partnership Newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The short article communicated some ideas arising from a FLACSO stakeholder workshop.

No notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Second Toolkit workshop for the UNASUR region 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact UNU-CRIS organized this workshop in collaboration with the South American Institute of Government in Health for UNASUR (ISAGS-UNASUR) in July 2015. This second workshop for the UNASUR region followed up on discussions that took place on 10 November 2014 in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) seeking to collaboratively develop a toolkit of indicators to measure pro-poor health policy change and success. Members from ministries, think tanks, civil society, academia and regional organizations attend to exchange experiences and discuss these key issues. The event took place at the premises of the UNASUR Secretariat in Quito, Ecuador.

Following this workshop there were more requests for information from the UNASUR country representative for Ecuador, as well as greater participation from ongoing toolkit members.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/events/
 
Description Second toolkit workshop for the SADC region 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Following a successful workshop that took place in Gaborone (Botswana) on 8 December 2014, UNU-CRIS organized, in collaboration with the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the second workshop for the SADC region on "Development of Monitoring and Evaluation Toolkit to Measure Regional Policy Change and Pro-Poor Regional Health Policy Success". This event took place at the premises of the SADC Secretariat in Gaborone (Botswana) and convened a group of experts from the region, representing ministries of health, think tanks, academia, civil society organizations and regional organizations to collaboratively develop this toolkit with country and regional stakeholders.

Given that this workshop was organised in the premises of SADC, it led to direct participation of the majority of the health officials who learned about the objectives of the toolkits strand of the PRARI project, supported it and disseminated its objectives in the monthly newsletter (although this could not be confirmed).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/about/participatory-action.php
 
Description Seeking Answers About Health on Day for the Eradication of Poverty blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article was made available on UNU-CRIS's website, which was circulated through social media and to a mailing list of 60 people. It was also made available via the PRARI website.

no notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://ourworld.unu.edu/en/seeking-answers-about-health-on-day-for-the-eradication-of-poverty
 
Description Seminar at Duke Kunshan University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The UNU-CRIS research fellow, Ana Amaya, was invited to give a seminar on the 15th of January, 2015, 'Using participatory methods to develop indicators to measure pro-poor health policy success: Ongoing lessons from a regional comparative study' at Duke Kunshan University in Kunshan, China. This seminar was attended by masters and phd-level students, as well as professors from the university. The seminar sparked questions from the audience and requests for further information about the project.

After this seminar there were requests from students on possibilities to do an internship at UNU-CRIS to do research for the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/communications-outputs/
 
Description Share in the politics of poor health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This Op Ed. was published in The Mail And Guardian, a leading daily newspaper in South Africa, on 24th July 2014 (mg.co.za/print/2014-07-24-share-in-the-politics-of-poor-health). The Op.ed was also posted on SAIIA website as part of the Opinions and Analysis series, and was further circulated through social media (Twitter). As at March 2018 the Op Ed had received 153 views.

This Op Ed received significant attention on the SAIIA website and the Mail and Guardian website. It generated commentary on the SAIIA website and was a key discussion point at various stakeholder meetings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.saiia.org.za/opinion-analysis/share-in-the-politics-of-poor-health
 
Description Stakeholder Workshop, Johannesburg, June 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A PRARI Stakeholder Workshop was held in June in Johannesburg, to inform decision making for the Southern African fieldwork leg and raise awareness of the project among key stakeholders. The Workshop prompted questions and discussion about the goals of the project.

The Southern African team made significant contacts with SADC and Swazi and Zambian policy makers, encouraging further interest and collaboration with the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/events/
 
Description Stakeholder workshop, Buenos Aires, 5th October 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dissemination and discussion of interim research findings by the FLACSO team in collaboration with the PRARI team more widely amongst key stakeholders including officials from Ministries of Health in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia, and Ecuador. Members of UNASUR-ISAGS were present, as well as academics from research institutes (e.g. CEBES, FIOCRUZ, Brazil) and international organizations such as the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), World Health Organization (WHO), Médicos del Mundo, MERCOSUR, the Latin American Association of Social Medicine (ALAMES) and from civil society, as Chagas Alliance. The workshop increased the profile of the PRARI research and consolidated the project's research and policy networks. (http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/events/)

• During the workshop we convened different actors related to UNASUR. This was unprecedented. PRARI brought together two succeeding government officers from Paraguay. PRARI provided the platform to reunite them in the same table, discussing, various political lines (such as Paraguay, ALAMES, ops) and opposed to debate (as with OPS vs ALAMES) actors. PRARI has also brought together several actors as academics, policy makers, civil society, among others
• During the workshop they stressed the imp
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://flacso.org.ar/noticias/cooperacion-regional-en-salud-el-caso-de-unasur-salud/
 
Description The Conversation UK blog: Ebola regional fund shows growing solidarity in West Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The article was widely read and reposted. As at 20 October 2014, 755 people viewed the article; 25 people tweeted about it on Twitter, 6 people posted about it on Facebook and 5 people posted about it on LinkedIn. This spiked to 2000 people one month later (Nov 2014), with small increases month on month subsequently. By March 2018 readership stood at 2306 for this article. Readers were from the UK constituted a significant minority of readers, two thirds of whom were from the US and unspecified 'other' categories (outside Canada and Australia). Nearly half of readers accessed the article via http://allafrica.com/stories/201411040338.html where the article was republished.


Shortly after this piece was published Professor Nicola Yeates was contacted by an advocate of a new African public health initiative, seeking her support. The initiative to set up an African public health institute (African Centre for Disease Control) mandated by and accountable to the African Union Commission (AUC) was endorsed by international leaders (including Barack Obama US, African Union Commission, and the Ethiopian government). http://www.cdcafrica.com/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://theconversation.com/ebola-regional-fund-shows-growing-solidarity-in-west-africa-32715
 
Description The Conversation UK: Come together, right now: countries are working with neighbours like never before 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As at 20 October 2014 608 people had viewed the article; 14 people Tweeted about the article on Twitter; 10 people posted about the article on Facebook and 12 people posted about the article on LinkedIn. One month later, this had increased to 800 people reads, increasing month on month to just over 1000 (December 2015). By March 2018 there had been 1,467 reads on The Conversation. The overwhelming majority (80%) of readers were from UK, Australia and US.

No notable impacts beyond reasonably good readership levels of the article.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://theconversation.com/come-together-right-now-countries-are-working-with-neighbours-like-never-...
 
Description The Power of Partnerships: How to Maximise the Impact of the UK's Investment in Interdisciplinary Research for Development 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A one day London workshop held at the Wellcome Institute, July 2019, organised by Institute for Development Studies, in partnership with ESRC, Impact Initiative, DfiD, UKRI (UK Research and Innovation), and UKCDR, to launch publication in which Prof Yeates, Dr Moeti and Dr Luwabelwa from PRARI featured as co-authors of a research article, and to discuss with professional practitioners from the UK civil service, third sector and academic researchers the implications of the research findings in terms of partnership work in an international development context. Prof. Yeates attended and participated in the panel debate on behalf of the authoring team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Third Toolkit development workshop for the UNASUR region 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The objective of this third workshop was to bring together the UNASUR indicator team to finalise the indicators and discuss next steps in the implementation of the toolkit. UNU-CRIS was co-organising this event in collaboration with FLACSO-Argentina and the South American Institute of Government in Health for UNASUR (ISAGS-UNASUR). The workshop took place at the premises of FLACSO-Argentina.

This workshop led to continued work on the toolkit of indicators and participation of the toolkit development team. This toolkit will be co-authored by PRARI researchers and toolkit development team participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/events/
 
Description Third toolkit development workshop for the SADC region 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This meeting brought together key policy-makers, advocates and researchers to present findings and receive feedback from the PRARI project in the SADC region. This was also an opportunity to receive feedback and continue the work on the toolkit of indicators that UNU-CRIS has developed in collaboration with some of these key stakeholders. The event was held at the South African Institute of International Affairs Johannesburg on behalf of the PRARI project.

Following the workshop, there were plans to finalize the toolkit of indicators for the SADC region that will be co-authored by PRARI researchers and toolkit development team members, and to where and how the Toolkit can be taken up by policy makers in the region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.open.ac.uk/socialsciences/prari/events/
 
Description UNU-CRIS Online lecture on "Health systems", for the Global Health System Challenges module at Duke Kunshan University (China) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Sparked questions about the PRARI research project with a discussion on the methodological issues that can emerge during the use of participatory research methods.

After this talk, the head of the global health department invited the UNU-CRIS RF to give a talk in Kunshan, China in January 2015 on the PRARI project. Furthermore, following the lecture three students participating in the class approached the UNU-CRIS RF to apply for an internship in Bruges, Belgium to support the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description UNU-CRIS RF Lecture on Global Health and Regionalism at Maastricht University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The lecture generated a lively discussion from the students on the impact of regionalism on global health.

Three students who attended the class applied for an intership at UNU-CRIS and worked as interns for the PRARI project under the direction of the UNU-CRIS RF (Ana Amaya).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description UNU-CRIS Research Fellow Discussant for doctoral paper on Institutional Power at the Universite Libre de Bruxelles 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk led to discussions on the project and its relationship with the doctoral students' presentation on institutional power.

Increased interest in the project and contacts for our dissemination list.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description UNU-CRIS participation in United Nations Day, Brussels 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Established contacts with officials from other UN agencies working in health and development. This generated interest in learning about the project and discussion around the work of UNU-CRIS in regional comparative studies.

After this meeting, there were several requests for more information about the PRARI project and increased interest in participating in our future European consultation on toolkit development (Bruges, April 2015) to support the work of UNU-CRIS.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description UNU-CRIS research fellow participation in PAR workshops during the Third Symposium on Health Systems Research in Cape Town, South Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact The participation of the UNU-CRIS RF in three seminars discussing results from other studies that use PAR methods generated discussion on the plans of the PRARI team in using PAR method for their fieldwork.

5 contacts established whom put the UNU-CRIS RF in contact with further relevant actors in the African region. This also led to publishing a highlight on the toolkits work in the EQUINET newsletter as well as interest in develop joint activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://hsr2014.healthsystemsresearch.org/sites/default/files/ProgrammeFinal.pdf
 
Description Una nueva diplomacia regional en salud para la reducción de las desigualdades en la región de América del Sur? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Belen Herrero wrote about PRARI in PAHO blog and Equity List

There was a lot of interest in PRARI, after this brief note and the publication of PRARI in PAHO initiatives
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://equity.bvsalud.org/2015/03/10/strengthening-rights-and-equity-through-health-diplomacy-the-ro...
 
Description Urban Chagas: New Tools for a Silent Illnesses 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We have attended their conference at the Italian Hospital which was an occasion to extend our network. The Conference has been held on August 21st on "Urban Chagas: New Tools for a Silent Illnesses"

They were very interested in the project and see the project as an opportunity to approach unasur
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description VII Congreso de Relaciones Internacionales del IRI, el I Congreso del CoFEI y el II Congreso de la FLAEI. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Established contacts with other public audience, academic, researchers, and policy makers working in health, public policies, international relations. This generated interest in learning about the project and discussion around the work of FLACSO in projects related to health policies.

After this Conference, there were several requests for more information about the PRARI project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.congresos.unlp.edu.ar/index.php/CRRII/CRRIIVII
 
Description Victim blaming: Non-adherence to tuberculosis treatment 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The StopTB partnership is among the most important organizations in South America regarding Tuberculosis. The blog generated requests for more information about PRARI

Nothing notable (no twits or comments), but contributes to make PRARI more visible
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.stoptb.org/news/frompartners/2015/fp15_038.asp
 
Description We can't hope to solve global ills without action against poverty, blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog by Pia Riggirozzi contributed to disseminating information about the project and stimulated thinking through research-based opinions. The piece reached broader audiences as it was picked up by two other sites: The World Economic Forum (https://agenda.weforum.org/2014/12/why-tackling-poverty-is-key-to-improving-health/) and the Malaysia Insider (http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/sideviews/article/we-cant-hope-to-solve-global-ills-without-action-against-poverty-pia-riggir)


visibility for PRARI, outreach. The original article appeared first in UK journalistic platform The Conversation and was later picked up by the World Economic Forum's site https://agenda.weforum.org/2014/12/why-tackling-poverty-is-key-to-improving-health/ and a news site, the Malaysia Insider (http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/sideviews/article/we-cant-hope-to-solve-global-ills-without-action-against-poverty-pia-riggir)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://theconversation.com/we-cant-hope-to-solve-global-ills-without-action-against-poverty-35278
 
Description Workshop lead at ESRC Grantholder's Poverty Conference (September 2014): PAR: a method for Impact? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A presentation by Nicola Yeates and Ana Amaya exploring the potential of PAR as a method for achieving research uptake and impact was made to workshop participants, which sparked questions and discussion during the workshop. The powerpoint slides and a workshop summary note (prepared by ESRC-DfID) were included within the Conference materials that were subsequently made available online via the ESRC website. They were also made available via the project website.

no notable impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.esrc.ac.uk/funding-and-guidance/funding-opportunities/international-funding/esrc-dfid/joi...