Children, young people and flooding: recovery and resilience

Lead Research Organisation: Lancaster University
Department Name: Sociology

Abstract

Children and young people are missing, virtually invisible to the emergency planning process in the UK and more widely, for disasters such as extreme weather\flooding. Studies have shown that when they are mentioned, children are positioned as vulnerable and consequently, problematic for emergency planners, rather than seen as a resource (Emergency Planning College & Save the Children 2014). Understanding children's perspectives is a vital part of the process of building disaster resilience: children are future citizens and community members in their own right. Most studies of hazards have failed to recognise the role of children and young people as social actors and the need to develop participatory methodologies that can empower children both to articulate their experiences and shape responses from relevant agencies and adults. This neglect is particularly problematic given the increasing policy emphasis on building individual and community resilience as a strategy for coping and responding to hazards, and on policy shifts recognising children's right to a voice in decisions which affect their lives, e.g. United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, Article 12. In-depth qualitative social scientific approaches that facilitate the sharing and exploration of experience and meaning of events in children's lives are needed to fulfil these commitments in this context.

The acute storms and floods of winter 2013/4 revealed a problem which, against the background of the 2007 floods where thousands of homes were made uninhabitable, is now understood to be chronic, with 5.2 million properties now at risk of flooding in England alone. There is urgent need a) to document children and young people's perspectives on their experience of flooding in appropriate ways before the next flood season and before their memories recede; b) to develop appropriate responses which build on this enhanced understanding and c) integrate a & b with policy, working with all levels of government and civil society to improve practice in both response and preparedness domains.

Some of the complexities experienced by flood-affected children such as enduring long-term effects of living in temporary accommodation, re-locating to a different school, family tensions at home exacerbated by flood-related financial worries and the fear of recurring disaster are beginning to be known. In many cases such disruption to home, school and friendship networks impact on children's longer-term physical and emotional health. Living with these changes and uncertainties was particularly problematic for groups of children in the 2007 Hull floods who felt that they had no one to turn to for help (Medd et al 2014). This project aims:

1. To understand children's experiences of the flood, their resilience and longer-term recovery process.
2. To illuminate the relationship between children's multi-sensory experience of flooding, the recovery strategies they develop, and the longer-term effect of flood disaster on their interactions within home and school, the impact on their educational life chances and health and well-being
3. To understand how children can best be supported in a flood, what their unique needs might be and how to enhance their resilience to future emergencies.

We propose action oriented research in two contrasting flood-affected communities with school age children and young people: i) Thames Valley where in January/February 2014 thousands of households were evacuated ii) Humberside where in December 2013 a third of the children at South Ferriby school had to leave their homes. We will produce a collaborative report to a) inform the local flood affected communities b) shape ongoing and future research and c) influence policy and practice across government and third sector.

Planned Impact

The impact of this project is at three levels: local - in the geographical area of the project's empirical work; national/international - for third sector policy and practice development; and government - local authorities and national and international policymakers.

Our pathways to impact rest substantially on the partnership we have recently built with the major charity Save the Children (StC). While this project would represent the first practical joint working opportunity, the Co-Investigator Marion Walker has previously undertaken psychosocial recovery training with StC, specifically in relation to its Journey of Hope, an intervention developed after Hurricane Katrina working with children and their carers in the United States. StC became aware of our work on disasters and recovery and approached members of the team to explore further research opportunities. For the academics and practitioners in the collaboration this partnership represents a chance to create a project of high societal impact.

Working with children in disaster recovery and resilience requires, we believe, an interdisciplinary approach and the research team (Mort, Bingley, Walker, Howells & Smith) together with the steering group (Toole, Easthope, Lamb & Deeming) combines sociology, social and cultural geography, psychotherapy, psychology, child and adolescent mental health, disaster studies, education, emergency management & planning. This group of individuals brings together strong theoretical and applied knowledge, all of which will be aimed at maximising the impact of this project.

The steering group includes Dr Steven Toole, Head of Policy at the charity 4Children (see Partners); Ian Lamb is Hull City Council Priority Families Education Coordinator and a member of the Mental Health Programme Management Group on a programme supporting 10-14 year olds (and their families and schools) looking at the well-being of students. Dr Lucy Easthope has a background in disaster relief and emergency planning and is currently working with Essex County Council on flooding and children's preparedness. Dr Hugh Deeming was a researcher on the original ESRC Celebrating Impact 2013 award winning Hull Floods Project, and is now the scientific officer for the EU FP7 emBRACE project on understanding disaster resilience.

Beneficiaries include participants directly involved i.e. children/schools in the flood-affected areas; NGOs/third sector organisations i.e. Save the Children, 4Children, British Red Cross; policy actors i.e. local and national government agencies, local authorities, local resilience and community flood forums. They will benefit from the acquisition of knowledge derived from unique empirical investigations in one of the most neglected areas of disaster policy - how children experience and respond to such events.

In particular, Save the Children is currently developing and piloting a UK Emergencies programme; this research will be used to inform the development of the programme, ensuring that it is based on evidence and the needs, priorities and experiences of children. The findings from this research will be used to guide Save the Children's direct work with children but also inform the advocacy work it undertakes in order to influence change for children. Save the Children aims to influence government and practitioners through membership of national civil protection forums and a national working group dedicated to children in emergencies. Save the Children works in partnership with the Cabinet Office Emergency Planning College and will be co-authoring guidance on meeting the needs of children in emergencies, along with hosting a seminar on a human rights approach to emergency management, this research will feed into and inform these activities.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title Film: 'Transforming Disaster Planning - A Child Centred Approach' 
Description 'Transforming Disaster Planning - A Child Centred Approach' The children and young people who worked on the follw on project Cultuires of Disaster Resilience amoing children and young people, collaborated with filmmakers from across Europe to produce a film about what needs to be done to improve disaster risk reduction. Then our film producer, David Martin, pulled all the footage together to create this six-minute film which has been produced with subtitles in all partner languages. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact This was shown at the final event in Lisbon for the H2020 project to more than 60 attendees from acrsoos Europe, mainly poractitoners and policy makers. The impact of the film is ongoing/still being analysed. 
URL https://www.lancaster.ac.uk/cuidar/en/film/
 
Title Film: The Flood Project: a children's manifesto for change 
Description A professionally made six-minute film which tracks the project, captures some key data and the experience of respondents' participation. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact 2,160 views on YouTube. This figure excludes the many requests we've had for private or organisational viewings of the film for which we have provided high resolution copies. This film has been a key part of the project's dissemination. This film was very well received by the children and young people taking part on the project, who assisted us with the final edit and signed the film off at socially convened meetings. 
URL http://wp.lancs.ac.uk/cyp-floodrecovery/what-weve-produced/flood-snakes-and-ladders/
 
Title Flood Snakes and Ladders 
Description The research team has been following up one of the demands made by flood affected children in their Flood Manifestos about the need for a flood education programme in schools. We have developed a participatory game of Flood Snakes & Ladders using original data provided by the children in the ESRC research to inform the moves of the players. This gives players unique insight into what it means to be flooded from the perspectives of children. Currently the game has two versions: one is a giant 'live' game constructed around a set of PowerPoint slides closely linked with movements on the 'board' i.e. floor tiles. Consequently this requires a minimum of two/three facilitators but there is enabling technology which can reduce this to one, meaning the game could have far wider distribution. This development is now underway The second, digital version is being adapted to be played on a tablet/android and can be played by groups of two to three. Creative commons licence. 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The games were played with members of the public at the Manchester Science Festival Oct 21 2017 and have already been played by Environment Agency staff. There is considerable interest in further development/digitisation of this produce to reach larger and wider audiences. 
URL http://wp.lancs.ac.uk/cyp-floodrecovery/what-weve-produced/flood-snakes-and-ladders/
 
Title The Flood Suitcase 
Description The Flood Suitcase was the focus of work with children and parents in Cumbria (Stramongate School, Kendal) affected by the flooding caused by Storm Desmond in December 2015. Our team developed a programme of activities based around a 'Flood Suitcase'. Designed by children involved in the original ESRC project, this is a toolkit of resources which drew on the creative and participative methods we used during the Children, Young People and Flooding project and adapted them for use with young children more recently affected by flooding. A second flood affected school (St Michaels on Wyre) expressed interest and we have just completed further series of workshops there. The Suitcase is designed to link ideas of preparedness and ongoing safety, as each set of workshops culminates is a customised suitcase which is left behind in the school and can be used in case of future flooding or if the school wishes to raise awareness of flood risk going forward. 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact We worked alongside staff from the schools and Barnardo's, the children's charity, training them in the use of the methods so that they would be able to run workshops with other groups of flood-affected children and train colleagues in the use of the Flood Suitcase. At the end of the workshops, the school is given its own 'Flood Suitcase' to keep, which the children co-design. This customised suitcase is a place to store photographs and other items that evoke memories of the flood and the recovery process, and could ultimately provide a focus for discussing flooding in school and opening a dialogue about community flood awareness and resilience building. Together with the Fire and Rescue Service, Environment Agency, University of Worcester and the Met Office we are now developing a suite of resources including The Flood Suitcase for a school based education initiative. This will be trialled in Worcester and subsequently offered to schools and youth agencies nationally. 
URL http://wp.lancs.ac.uk/cyp-floodrecovery/news/
 
Description o Children's reactions to warnings and the need for greater flood awareness - Currently in England and Wales there is no systematic or statutory flood education programme in schools (or in the wider community). Learning in school about flood warnings, how to make a flood plan and flood risk was identified by the children as a key priority in helping to build resilience.
o Children's experiences of recovery - Recovering from flooding is known to take months and sometimes years. For children this disruption has often unseen impacts on their day-to-day lives as they endure a period of living with uncertainty long after the flood event. Being in temporary accommodation is particularly difficult; a situation worsened by lack of space and for some children the upheaval of having to relocate several times before returning home. Insurance companies could improve their practices by developing more effective assessment and consistent approaches to repair, recovery and resilience which acknowledge the needs of children.
o Children's perspectives on loss and resulting isolation - Loss of possessions as a result of flooding has a tangible impact: children demonstrated a clear understanding of the impact of losing personal 'precious' items that embody memories. However, other losses felt keenly by the children are those of friendship and social networks. Schools and communities could usefully acknowledge the range of losses experienced by children and ensure they receive appropriate social and emotional support during the lengthy recovery period. Feeling isolated, with no-one to share the long-term, ongoing impact of the floods is especially difficult for children, who can feel that their experience is not acknowledged or noticed. Flood-affected children reported a positive benefit in getting together with others to share experiences and then to present these to the wider world.
o Children as active contributors to flood risk management, flood adaptation and new normalities - Children's strengths and vulnerabilities have been poorly understood by policymakers and practitioners. Children should be given more information before, during and after flooding because they have the right to know how to prepare, what to expect and how they can contribute. Where children play an active part in helping their communities during and after a flood, their experience is beneficial. Such efforts need to be understood so that children can be seen as active citizens and not passive victims. Flood-affected children have experience and understand the measures that should be taken to prepare, protect and adapt to flooding. A clear message that emerged was the recognition that all households need to make a flood plan and crucially, flood-affected children understand the need for adaptation and the need to promote a 'new normal'.
In order to act on these findings, a fundamental shift is required in the way policy is conceived, so that flooding becomes an issue central to health, housing, education, communities and local government, in addition to emergency planning and flood risk management .
Exploitation Route Our findings are now being acted on by: Environment Agency (to improve the content of its flood warnings and to improve the range and reach of its public engagement activities); British Damage Management Association (in its training provision for insurers, loss adjusters, renovators etc); Insurers (e.g. Aviva in its customer communications with families); Public Health England (in its assessment of children's needs and its public facing guidance for flood recovery); Fire and Rescue Service (with EA to develop and implement a flooding water safety education programme for schools); Emergency planners e.g. Surrey Prepared and Cumbria Flood Action Plan for their inclusion of children in flood resilience building; NGOs e.g. Save the Children, Barnardo's in adopting our methodology for working with flood affected children, in particular through the spin-off initiative s'The Flood Suitcase' and 'Flood Snaked & Ladders'.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice,Other

URL http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/floodrecovery
 
Description Our research project was, to our knowledge, the only attempt to understand the effects of flooding on children and young people and also the role they play when their homes or schools become flooded and to raise the profile of children's agency and citizenship in relation to flooding and disasters more generally. The ESRC Urgency award has led to many impacts both in the UK, and internationally, through its subsequent 'sister' EU H2020 project CUIDAR, (Cultures of Disaster Resilience Among Children and Young People). It has become recognised for example by the Environment Agency, that children are a neglected demographic and one which as a result, the Agency decided to focus on for its autumn 2017 public flooding engagement programme. This is an important annual programme which seeks to improve flood risk awareness and management. Our work has led to a 'step change' in the Agency's thinking in relation to flood risk communication (Letter from John Curtin, Executive Director of Flood and Coastal Risk Management). It can be seen from the other entries on our Researchfish account that our work has reached and influenced a wide range of other relevant bodies and agencies including the insurance industry, Public Health England, the Emergency Planning Society and local authorities (e.g. Surrey Prepared; Leicester), Fire and Rescue Services, Save the Children, Barnardo's, local Flood Action Groups and individual schools. Our work continues with the development of a number of tools for engagement such as Flood Snakes and Ladders (aimed at adults and young people); the Flood Suitcase (aimed at younger children); our existing 6-minute film and our new film currently in development for the CUIDAR project.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Inclusion of specific work with children in the Cumbria Flood Action Plan
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/533461/cumbria-flood-plan-...
 
Description Influence on Environment Agency autumn flood campaign
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact For the first time policy around flood risk management is taking account of children and young people. Based on our research the Environment Agency has developed a suite of resources for children and young people which will be taken to schools. It is producing 5,000 toolkits containing exercises, games and lesson plans. The EA asked us to review and comment on these resources, which are now being implemented. The blog link (written by John Curtin the EA's Executive Director of Flood and Coastal Risk Management) explains how the current flood campaign 'Prepare, Act, Survive' mounted by the EA draws directly on our ESRC research (it mentions Lancaster University and includes a photograph of the group of flood affected young people we worked with, and whose insights formed the basis of our research report).
URL https://environmentagency.blog.gov.uk/2018/02/16/why-the-best-preparation-for-flooding-happens-on-dr...
 
Description Influence the policy and practice of county emergency planners
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact From Sylvia Carter, Community Partnership and Committee Officer (Surrey CC) 'We were advised of your planned research involving the local secondary The Magna Carta School (in Runnymede borough) soon after the episode of flooding in the Thames Valley in 2014. Representatives from local agencies attended the initial launch of the Flood Manifesto held at the school in autumn 2014 and made pledges as invited by the students. We also attended the final launch of the research report in London in September 2016. The Surrey Prepared partnership (facilitated by Surrey County Council's community partnerships team which led on flood recovery and response) organised its first conference on community resilience in September 2016. Impressed by the work undertaken at Magna Carta School, their assistant head and two students were invited to present to the conference audience of approximately 100 residents (from parish councils, flood forums and resident associations) and professionals from across the county. Their presentation on emotional resilience and their experience of floods, together with screening of the film clip which the researchers produced, was very well received and several delegates commented that it had opened their eyes to the importance of engaging young people in their communities when planning for emergencies. Our community resilience officer Liz Fowler had already taken on board the report's findings about educating young people to prepare for emergencies, in updating the Surrey Prepared webpages to include a section on young people www.surreycc.gov.uk/surreyprepared and arranged for an article to appear in the Schools Bulletin - December 2016 (sent to all schools in Surrey) highlighting these resources. The project with young people also features in a case studies document which has been used in presentations around Surrey'.
URL https://www.surreycc.gov.uk/people-and-community/emergency-planning-and-community-safety/emergency-p...
 
Description Membership of national Environment Agency Stakeholder Forum
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact The papers for this Stakeholder Forum meeting on 12 June 2018 contained evidence of our ESRC projects influence over policy and practice in the section 'Working with others' 'Empowering children and young adults to be ready for flooding. Children will soon be 'flood ready' thanks to new evidence-based engagement material for Environment Agency staff to use in schools, with youth organisations and at events. It has been produced to give children a role as 'active citizens', not 'passive victims', in line with Lancaster University's research. It is also shaped by the Duke of Cornwall Community Safety Award completed by youth organisations, and informed by the Key Stage 2 geography curriculum where relevant. The material includes My Family Flood Plan, a refreshed Flood Game, Emergency Bag activity and a 'Flood Ready' Certificate. Alongside this, nine online classroom-ready GCSE/A Level Geography teaching resources about flood and coastal erosion risk management have been produced in collaboration with the Geographical Association. The teaching resources are available here: https://www.geography.org.uk/Flooding
URL https://www.geography.org.uk/Flooding
 
Description Membership of the Environment Agency policy development forum: Flood & Coastal Erosion Risk Management Strategy, Communities and Business Working Group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://consult.environment-agency.gov.uk/fcrm/fcerm-national-strategy-info/
 
Description Our project film has been added to national geography teaching resources
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL https://www.geography.org.uk/Investigating-the-effects-of-river-floods
 
Description Written submission to Environment Audit Committee Inquiry - Flooding: Cooperation Across Government
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/environmental-audit-commi...
 
Description Written submissions to DEFRA National Flood Resilience Review Call for Evidence
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://consult.defra.gov.uk/water-and-flood-risk-management/national-flood-resilience-review-call-f...
 
Description Horizon2020
Amount € 2,007,153 (EUR)
Funding ID 653753 - CUIDAR 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 07/2015 
End 06/2018
 
Description Impact Uplift
Amount £29,085 (GBP)
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2016 
End 09/2016
 
Description Impact and Knowledge Exchange Fund
Amount £4,185 (GBP)
Organisation Lancaster University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2017 
End 07/2017
 
Title Flood Snakes and Ladders 
Description There isn't really a category the fits well with this output. It is a game which acts as a flood awareness raising tool. It has two versions - a giant game which can be played by up to 30 people and a tablet/android version for 2 players. It draws on research data generated from the ESRC project. Creative Commons Licence. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The game is being played by the Enviroment Agency resilience and engagement teams in different parts of England. 
URL http://wp.lancs.ac.uk/cyp-floodrecovery/what-weve-produced/flood-snakes-and-ladders/
 
Title Online version of research resource: Flood Snakes and Ladders created 
Description Flood Snakes and Ladders is a resource developed from our research data aimed at a) adults to help them understand what it means for children to be flooded and b) for young people to help them understand what flooding means for children and how they can be prepared in case of emergency 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact While the game was first made available in giant (hard copy) form in 2017, it was launched online in late 2018. Inquiries recieved from Emergency Planning Officer, Arun District Council; Sussex Resilience and Emergencies Partnership and Operations Management Team, South Wales Fire & Rescue. Game also played online at Fukushima Medical University, Japan (training session for public health workers) 
URL http://wp.lancs.ac.uk/cyp-floodrecovery/our-outputs/flood-snakes-and-ladders/
 
Title Web Archive of flood research for the Environment Agency 
Description At the request of the Environment Agency, we have developed a web based archive or gateway to all research related to the social effects of flooding carried out at Lancaster University. This was prompted by the ESRC project reproved on here and two earlier ESRC co-funded projects. The resource acts as an introduction to and also a gateway to, the research datasets housed at the UK Data Service. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This resource has just been finalised so we await impacts. 
URL http://wp.lancs.ac.uk/floodarchive/
 
Description Collaboration with Barnardo's 
Organisation Barnardo's
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We piloted the Flood Suitcase project with Barnardo's in Stramongate School Kendal following Storm Desmond. We offered Barnardo's the opportunity to see our work with flood affected children and to learn from our methods. In this collaboration our aim is to pass on our methods so that Barnardo's can run this project in other affected schools in Cumbria. Update Feb 2018: Barnardo's have since run this project in three further Cumbria schools with flood-affected children.
Collaborator Contribution Staff from Barnardo's observed our practice and have collaborated in designing a handbook to go with the Flood Suitcase (toolkit) to enable it to be used in different settings. We are currently undertaking a second Flood Suitcase series of workshops where Barnardo's will lead and we will observe. This will represent a further step in the collaboration. Update Feb 2018: three further schools have participated in the project in which Barnardo's has run the Flood Suitcase independently (guided by our jointly produced handbook).
Impact Development of the handbook. Update Feb 2018: this charity is now independently running this initiative and will be ready with this in the event of further flooding in Cumbria
Start Year 2016
 
Description Extreme Weather Education Initiative 
Organisation Environment Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution This is a multi-agency initiative. It involves Hereford & Worcester Fire & Rescue, the Met Office, BEIS, EA, Worcester University and ourselves (Lancaster University research team). We organised the first meeting of the initiative in Worcester which seeks to follow up a key recommendation made by our research respondents : the setting up of a flood education programme for schools.
Collaborator Contribution Each partner contributed to the discussion and is now assisting with the formulation of a national 'Flood Suitcase' programme which may be delivered in the first instance by the fire service in Hereford and Worcester as a pilot. A second meeting is planned.
Impact This is a multi-agency initiative. It involves Hereford & Worcester Fire & Rescue, the Met Office, BEIS, EA, Worcester University and ourselves (Lancaster University research team). We organised the first meeting of the initiative in Worcester which seeks to follow up a key recommendation made by our research respondents : the setting up of a flood education programme for schools.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Major partnership with accrediting organisation for the insurance and damage management sector 
Organisation British Damage Management Association
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We have contributed research results and analysis with which the BDMA has developed a training course (mandatory) for its members in the disaster recovery sector. This course entitles Children, Young People and Flooding, was based solely on our ESRC project and is to be launched online in March 2018. The module contains our research report, the project six-minute film and our online resource Flood Snakes and Ladders.
Collaborator Contribution Contribution involves distance learning expertise and learning technology skills to develop this module. It also includes marketing and promotion of the course.
Impact Outputs include the provision of educational materials for BDMA members. One course has been completed and a second on social vulnerability to flooding is underway in collaboration with us. It will also showcase out research findings.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Save the Children 
Organisation Save the Children
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We have raised awareness within Save the Children to qualitative arts and theatre based research approaches into the effects of floods and disasters more generally with children. Also innovative ways in which these can be used to enhance children and young people's engagement in policy development.
Collaborator Contribution Working with Save the Children has strengthened our ability to engage with children and young people via schools and other organisations. it has enhanced our credibility and capacity to engage in further research, notably with EU Horizon 2020 where we now have a new large project in collaboration with Save the Children UK and Save the Children Italy (along with academic partners in Greece, Spain and Portugal)
Impact Children's and Young People's Flood Manifestos; The Flood Project film; Top Tips for Insurers Supporting Children and Families; evidence to Parliamentary committees on flooding; evidence to government policy reviews.
Start Year 2014
 
Description South Lakeland Headteachers Association (Kendal Collaborative Partnership) engagement 
Organisation Stramongate School
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The research team presented our findings to this group of head teachers. This involved explanation of our creative methods for working with flood affected children. Head teachers wanted to know about this following Storm Desmond as many of their pupils were affected.
Collaborator Contribution The head teacher at Stramongate School, Kendal invited us to carry out project 'spin off' workshops in the school (where more than 70 families were flooded), as a way to enhance recovery. We developed the Flood Suitcase Project for this purpose.
Impact Pilot Project for The Flood Suitcase, now in application phase
Start Year 2016
 
Description Academic and policy interaction 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Attendance and report development for Climate Outreach & Information Network (COIN) event - 'Public engagement with climate impacts: communicating flood risks' (MM) Oxford University.
Our project work was subsequently included in Climate Outreach and Information Network (COIN) Flooding Synthesis Report and some of our recommendations featured in the report text. Media launch and webinar 3 November 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://climateoutreach.org/resources/communicating-flood-risks-in-a-changing-climate/
 
Description Appearance on Woman's Hour 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Maggie Mort spoke about the effects of flooding on children and young people and their ideas for creating further flood resilience project on Woman's Hour on the anniversary of Storm Desmond
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0848m8s
 
Description Building resilience through participation: invited speaker to the 11th Meeting Of The Community Of Users On Secure, Safe And Resilient Societies: Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction, Brussels 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This is the European Commission's programme of events bringing together and community of users from its huge Secure and Safe Societies research programme under H2020. A very missed audience of emergency planners and managers, disaster response and recovery and local and national European policy makers and some academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.securityresearch-cou.eu/node/9192
 
Description Churchtown Flood Action Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'From victims to actors': Professor Mort spoke on behalf of the research team about the recommendations for change made by groups of children and young people who were directly affected by the 2013/4 floods to an audience of 140 people from a flood affected part of North Lancashire. Organised by the newly formed Churchtown Flood Action Group. http://www.thebay.co.uk/bay-action/event/5188/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.wyre.gov.uk/news/article/1379/conference_brings_flooding_issues_into_focus
 
Description Community based flood resilience event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Invited speaker (from Save the Children to represent our project) at Mole Valley Council (Dorking) 'Talk Over Tea' event: Building community cohesion, resilience and spirit across. Purpose is to support supporting neighbours to live active and full lives, involving younger generations in our communities, applying the principles of Asset based Community Development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Daily interviews with young project respondents and Maggie Mort for morning radio news 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Radio Surrey ran a feature all week on our project 14 - 18 March 2016. They interviewed one flood affected young person from our project each day, with extensive clips used from the interview throughout the morning news programme. This included an interview with Maggie Mort and responses from the Environment Agency and the assistant head of The Magna Carta School, Staines-Upon-Thames.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p03kqynr
 
Description Engagement with flood policy, practice and industry 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited speakers at Flood & Coast 2016, the Environment Agency convened major conference. PI Maggie Mort presenting project findings so far and a group of students from The Magna Carta School Staines Upon Thames, presented their film and Manifestos and motivations for working on this project, to a plenary audience. Social Media impact. Impact on the school and students themselves, who met with key EA Directors and members of the audience. As part of our methodology we collected audience feedback in the form of pledges (see other entry).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.floodandcoast.com/cprog.php#day2
 
Description Engagement with industry 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact British Damage Management Association biennial conference (Research team plus children from South Ferriby Primary school) - Invited speakers. Very substantial audience engagement, many contacts made and significant follow up work has resulted with insurance industry, regulatory bodies and government agencies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bdma.org.uk/conference2015/programme/details
 
Description Engagement with school head teachers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Invited to speak at regular meeting of the South Lakeland Head teachers Collective in relation to helping children affected by the recent severe flooding. We will present our methods and explain a new pilot project we are setting up in one of the most affected schools in Kendal
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Environment Agency Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management Stakeholder Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Guest speakers and forum membership at the 2017 Environment Agency Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management Stakeholder Forum. This is the major forum for all water realted stakeholders to engage with the latest policies and proactices being promoted by the Environment Agency and to discuss future policy development and in this Forum, public engagement activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Feature in Recovery Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Double page spread about the project in the British Damage Management Association's Recovery Magazine, Vol 17 Issue 1 Spring Summer 2016. This was mainly devoted to publicising our 'Ten Tips for the Insurance Industry in working with children and families', developed from our project data. The BDMA represents the insurance sector, loss adjusting and recovery sector.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Flood Manifestos 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Children at our two project schools (South Ferriby and Staines) produced their Flood Manifestos for Change. These have been presented and distributed very widely at stakeholder events in bother schools (more than 100 attendees) at national conferences BDMA 2015 and Flood & Coast 2016 and are having a wide effect on decision makers because they show how effective the children are at communication about risk but also how they have a valuable part to play before, during and after floods. These are also downloadable from our website: www.lancaster.ac.uk/floodrecovery
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/floodrecovery
 
Description Input into INSET training for country council eduucation team 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact INSET Day for NW Surrey Education Team staff, including Education Welfare Officers, Specialist Teachers, SEN team and educational psychologists, all of whom are working on the front line with young people in school. The Area Lead for Pupil Support North West at Surrey County Council (Anne Halliday) used the project film and Manifestos to begin the training day: "The focus of the day is to identify priorities for the NW team and if we only agree to ensure we work with our young people to help achieve the actions identified in the Manifesto then it will have been a worthwhile day."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Input into workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Input into workshop: 'Creating Self Supporting Flood Resilient Communities' - part of the Wales Coastal Flood review, organised by Welsh Government and Natural Resource Wales. Purpose was to bring the perspectives of children and young people into the review of coastal flooding carried out by the Welsh Government
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Inside Government 'Resilience & Civil Contingencies 2018', Central London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interactive Panel Session: Exploring Ways To Enhance Resilience Through Community Engagement
· Learning the lessons: How can community engagement contribute to resilience capacity in a meaningful way? What should that role be?
· Where does community engagement best fit in with preparation, response and recovery?
· How can and should community engagement be formalised into building local level resilience?
Jehangir Malik, Chief Executive, Muslim Aid
Kelvin Boot, Member, Kennford Community Response Team
Melanie J. Wolfe, Resident Responder, Grenfell Tower
Professor Maggie Mort, Lancaster University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://10times.com/resilience-civil-contingencies
 
Description Maggie Mort interview for a 3-day feature on flooding in North West by Peter Marshall BBC TV 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC1 Northwest Tonight feature - highlighted children's role on community resilience building
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Manchester Science Festival participation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We are running sessions of our game Flood Snakes and Ladders as part of an installation devised by our collaborators in Lancaster University Dept of Computing and Communications. Our game (a giant physical game and a table version) draws on data colleactred from this ESRC research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.manchestersciencefestival.com/event/pi-flow/
 
Description News report: 'Surrey's flood-hit pupils take manifesto to MPs' (circulation 1,721,603) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC News website covered the project story, outputs and the children and young people's recommendations to MPs and policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-35820450
 
Description News story for ESRC website 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact ESRC requested a piece for its news pages:
http://www.esrc.ac.uk/news-events-and-publications/news/news-items/flooding-and-resilience-the-role-of-children-and-young-people/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.esrc.ac.uk/news-events-and-publications/news/news-items/flooding-and-resilience-the-role-...
 
Description Oxford Water Network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited speaker for the Oxford Water Network flood seminar series, Christ Church, Oxford University: 'Flood recovery, resilience and the perspectives of children'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.water.ox.ac.uk/category/past-events/page/3/
 
Description Presentation to All Party Parliamentary Group, Westminster, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Project findings were presented by the project team and a group of young people from The Magna Carta School to the All Party Parliamentary Group on Insurance and Financial Services session on Flooding on March 15th 2016.
This included the document produced from the project: 'Ten Tips' for how the insurance industry can better support children and young people affected by flooding. This was distributed to the APPG and the audience and can be downloaded from: http://wp.lancs.ac.uk/cyp-floodrecovery/tips-for-the-insurance-sector-2/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.postonline.co.uk/blog/appgifs-blog
 
Description Project Film 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This film has been shown at large and small events to a wide range of audiences and is a major output from the project. It has led to the development of a second film (currently being planned) for the Horizon 2020 project. As at 06/03/17 the film has 1,627 views on YouTube.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/floodrecovery
 
Description Project website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This website: www.lancaster.ac.uk/floodrecovery is a platform to engage with a range of flood recovery and resilience related actors. This includes policy makers and practitioners working in emergency planning and management, civil contingencies, education, health, social services, insurance and damage management industries. The website has been written in plain English so as to be accessible to the general public, (including children and young people).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/floodrecovery
 
Description Public launch of Project Findings Report 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Forty-two people from policy, practice and third sector attended the launch in London of our project report. Speakers were John Curtin, Executive Director of Flood and Coastal Risk Management, Environment Agency, who has said our research led to a step change in the EA's awareness of the impacts of flooding on children and young people and it will be used in developing new awareness materials to be used in schools; Angie Bone, Head of Extreme Events, Public Health England who said our research addresses a gap in PHE's understanding of how children and young people are both affected by flooding and the role they can play in preparing for it; Jonathan Davison, Strategic Development Director, British Damage Management Association, said the evidence contained in our report had changed the way the organisation approached working with children and families and has led to the commissioning of new training activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.freewordcentre.com/whats-on/lancaster-university-report-launch
 
Description Radio Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Radio Surrey Interview with research team member Marion Walker explains the background a purpose of the study
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p03gm8f2#play
The feature begins at 02:08:02 (MW)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p03gm8f2#play
 
Description Radio interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Radio Humberside, interview with research team member Marion Walker on the second anniversary of the 2013 Humberside floods. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p037tqsc
The interview starts at 02:23:15
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p037tqsc
 
Description Security Research Event (SRE), co-organised by EC and the Austrian Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology Square Meeting Place, Brussels 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Maggie Mort spoke on the role of children and young people in disaster planning and recovery in the session on 'Citizen's awareness: citizens as ultimate security research beneficiaries.'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.sre2018.eu/agenda
 
Description Submission of evidence to DEFRA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Submission of evidence on Question 5 re 'Risk communication' to DEFRA call for evidence to support the Government's National Flood Resilience Review. https://consult.defra.gov.uk/water-and-flood-risk-management/national-flood-resilience-review-call-for-evidence

Evidence submitted included the Children's and Young People's Flood Manifestos, project film, a peer reviewed paper (background to the current ESRC study): Walker et al. (2012) 'It came up to here': learning from children's flood narratives', Children's Geographies 10:2, 135-150 and a second peer reviewed paper on flood communication and community engagement: Easthope, L & Mort, M 2014, 'Technologies of recovery: plans, practices and entangled politics in disaster' The Sociological Review, vol 62 , no. Suppl. 1, pp. 135-158., 10.1111/1467-954X.12127
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://consult.defra.gov.uk/water-and-flood-risk-management/national-flood-resilience-review-call-f...
 
Description Submission of evidence to inquiry 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Submission to Cumbria Floods Partnership, at the request of the Environment Agency of evidence from our ESRC project. This is part of a wider Government review of flood policy taking place in the wake of the winter 2015/6 severe floods.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/news/a-country-more-flood-resilient
 
Description Surrey Prepared Resilience Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Alison Lloyd Williams presented findings from our project and gave out copies of our project report to this group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description TACTIC conference Brussels 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited speakers at the TACTIC and POP alert conference Brussels 15 - 16th March 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.tacticproject.eu/news-and-events
 
Description Television feature 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact http://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/b06qmqlh/look-north-east-yorkshire-and-lincolnshire-02122015
Our feature starts at 23:49 it's an interview with Principal Investigator Maggie Mort and a background piece and interviews in school with children directly affected by flooding.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/b06qmqlh/look-north-east-yorkshire-and-lincolnshire-02122015
 
Description Television news feature 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Appearance on BBC Look North 14th July 2017 in a feature about the effects of flooding on children and young people, follwoung up with one of the schools which featured in the research (Southy Ferriby Primary School).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Workshop for emergency planners and related practitioners 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We ran a workshop based around the Flood Suitcase (our flood awareness and preparedness tool) at the final event of the EU H2020 EDUCEN project in the city of Dordrecht where 100,00 people live in front of the dykes, at risk of severe flooding. The event was attended by local emergency planners but also practitioners from all the pattern countries in the EDCEN network (a Coordination and Support Action).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.educenproject.eu/single-post/2017/03/29/Final-Conference
 
Description York and North Yorkshire Floods 2015: from response to recovery 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We were invited to facilitate the York based Two Ridings Community Foundation policy conference on moving from Phases 1 and 2 (response) to Phase 3 recovery and assist them in drawing up their plans for the next two years. The Foundation manages the flood recovery fund for York and North Yorkshire and works with all the key agencies and third sector groups. The forward plans include a section on working with children and young people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.trcf.org.uk/grants-north-yorkshire-flood-fund