Social cash transfers, generational relations and youth poverty trajectories in rural Lesotho and Malawi

Lead Research Organisation: Brunel University
Department Name: Clinical Sciences

Abstract

Youth poverty is important, not least because of its implications for the future, yet rural youth poverty in particular has received little attention from researchers or policy makers. The major recent innovation in policy responses to poverty in sub-Saharan Africa has been social cash transfer (SCT) schemes which disburse cash to poor people. There is growing evidence that these address symptoms of poverty among their target populations, particularly children and the elderly. However, impact evaluations have paid minimal attention to their effects on young adults or generational relations.

Researchers increasingly recognise that poverty is produced through structural power relations including political and economic relations, and relations within and between social groups (based on social categorisations such as gender, age, generation and class). If the impacts of SCTs are to be fully understood, it is necessary to examine how they intervene in and are negotiated through these structural relationships.

Rather than examining the impacts of SCTs on youth as an age-based category, the research focuses on their effects on the power relationships that structure young lives. Drawing on recent calls for a 'generationing' of development, it examines how SCTs shape generational relationships (between older and younger people; between members of an age cohort; between life phases; and between young people and their wider structural contexts). As generational relations intersect with other social relations, effects of SCTs on relations of age and gender will also be examined.

The proposal addresses the call question: What factors shape pathways into and out of poverty and people's experience of these, and how can policy create sustained routes out of extreme poverty in ways that can be replicated and scaled up? It focuses on two countries that have instituted contrasting SCTs in the past decade: Lesotho (social pensions and child grants) and Malawi (SCTs to ultra-poor labour constrained households).

Objectives
1. To identify how specific structural power relationships shape young people's poverty trajectories, focusing particularly on generational relations
2. To identify how SCTs operating in Malawi and Lesotho intervene in these structural power relationships, and the consequences for young people's poverty trajectories
3. To examine how political and economic power relationships between national and international institutions are implicated in the design and implementation of SCT schemes
4. To develop an analysis of young people's poverty trajectories and policy responses that conceptually connects national and international political economic processes with social relations of generation, age and gender
5. To develop and refine a methodological approach that facilitates the involvement of young people in the identification and analysis of the structural relations at the root of their experiences of poverty

Methods
The research will augment a rich dataset from a previous project (2007/8) which detailed the life histories and aspirations of 80 young people, then aged 10-24, in two villages. Follow-up interviews will be conducted with these young people, some of whose households will have since begun to receive SCTs, to map their poverty trajectories and explore influencing factors. In depth interviews will also be conducted with members of five households per village in receipt of SCTs to explore further the impacts on relations of gender, age and generation. Subsequently, participatory workshops with groups of young people will examine in greater depth the processes that produce and perpetuate poverty, and how SCTs intervene in these processes. Meanwhile, a PhD student will undertake research with policy makers, focusing on Objective 3. Finally, workshops with representatives of agencies, NGOs and government will engage in further analysis of the findings to address Objective 4 and identify key policy lessons.

Planned Impact

Who will benefit from the research?
-Government ministries, NGOs and agencies involved in initiatives relating to youth and to social protection in Lesotho and Malawi
-International agencies involved with youth policy / social protection
-Academic researchers in Lesotho and Malawi, notably the co-investigators and research assistants, and a PhD student
-Academic researchers in development studies, African studies and human geography internationally
-Ultimately, young people affected by poverty in rural Africa

How will they benefit?
-Improved understanding of:
--the structural causes of youth poverty
--how SCT schemes affect young people over time
--how SCTs can be designed or adapted to best support young people to escape poverty
--Research capacity building

What will be done to ensure that they have the opportunity to benefit?
-A virtual international advisory group including representatives of relevant NGOs will be consulted regularly and kept informed.

-Stakeholder workshops will be held at the outset of the project and of fieldwork Components 1 and 5. Key participants will be senior personnel from the bodies promoting, funding and implementing SCTs (see Pathways to Impact for details). Representatives of youth-focused organisations and local academics will also be invited. The team has successfully used stakeholder groups with earlier projects and has an extensive contact list. The workshops will raise awareness of the research, secure commitment to it, ensure it is locally relevant and that the team is cognisant of the policy context and of optimal modes and moments to influence policy. The workshops will inform the design of both the research and the engagement plans.

-The research and emerging findings will be publicised in formats tailored to diverse audiences in Lesotho, Malawi and internationally, using inter alia a project website, briefing papers, internet-based resources such as the Southern African Regional Poverty Network and social protection forums, conventional popular media such as newspapers and radio in Malawi and Lesotho and social media.

-Policy workshops (Component 6) have proven effective in previous projects; it is worth investing effort to recruit influential personnel from key organisations. The workshops will engage with preliminary findings and develop policy applications and recommendations. The resulting co-produced knowledge should be both relevant and acceptable to research users in Malawi, Lesotho and beyond. The workshops will take place four months before the project ends, informing further analysis and development of policy recommendations.

-An international dissemination workshop in London will target NGOs and agencies interested in social protection in Africa.

-The team includes two southern African early-career researchers who have been fully involved in developing the proposal and will gain experience in research design, in depth interviewing, participatory research and academic writing (through co-authoring papers). Through mentoring, participation in international conferences and networking opportunities, they and their institutions will be better equipped to gain funding for academic and policy-related research.

-A PhD student will be recruited; the Project Student Request outlines how they will benefit.

-Findings will be disseminated to academics from diverse disciplines through conference presentations and articles in international and African peer reviewed journals.

-The impact strategy will be evaluated on an ongoing basis. Levels of participation and seniority of participants attending stakeholder workshops will be monitored. At each stakeholder workshop we will seek feedback, then review and update our strategy. A year after the project ends, we will ask the stakeholder groups to complete an online open-ended questionnaire to report how they/their organisations have used the research and any other impacts they are aware of.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The research revealed that poverty-targeted cash transfer schemes do not take adequate account of how households and communities work in these societies. Targeting practices presuppose the existence of bounded static households. In fact, people and money constantly move in and out of households meaning that targeting criteria fail to distinguish adequately between households, even in the short term. As a result, targeting is viewed by recipient communities as random, and those who receive transfers experience resentment from neighbours. Additionally, community members believe that healthy, able-bodied adults should work for their money (or for money for their children's needs). This contributes to the stigmatisation of younger adult recipients. In Malawi, the community tried to ensure transfers went to the elderly, who were seen as more legitimate beneficiaries, although there was still resentment that only a few benefited.

Our participants, including recipients of the targeted transfers, believed that everyone should receive the grants. There was far greater support for Lesotho's universal social pension, in part because it targeted the elderly (who are considered legitimate beneficiaries) and in part because everyone living to the age of 70 would qualify. The pension also had benefits across the community as the elderly (more than younger recipients) used the money to pay neighbours and relatives for assistance.

Younger adults, while grateful for any money they received, generally said they would prefer to work for their money - they identified numerous needs in their communities (bridges for children to go to school, reforestation to stop rocks tumbling into houses), and would rather the government paid them to undertake these tasks instead of receiving 'free money'.

These findings are important because they identify the types of social cash transfer scheme that might be most effective as well as most legitimate in rural communities. The popularity of transfers at community level is important, not simply to ensure that transfers are effective, but because it is more likely to generate political support at national level and result in national ownership of programmes rather than a proliferation of donor-driven schemes. There is a need for stronger communication between communities, the designers of cash transfer schemes, and politicians if schemes are to be effective and sustainable. In particular, advocates within the policy community need to engage more actively with politics, rather than assuming that impact evaluations will win political support.
Exploitation Route Many impact-focused activities were undertaken in 2019. These included a workshop for those engaged in social protection policy at a global level (among NGOs, donors and other organisations) in London as well as face-to-face and Skype meetings with officials in Lesotho and Malawi. A considerable level of interest was apparent. Broadly, the findings support moves toward more universal categorically targeted social cash transfers (such as universal pensions) and a focus on the elderly rather than attempting to target poverty. A number of ogranisations as well as government personnel favour such an approach and welcome the evidence that the research offers in support of their viewpoint.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Government, Democracy and Justice,Other

URL http://www.cashtransfers-youth.net
 
Description In Malawi and Lesotho: We engaged with government, donors and NGOs in both countries from the outset of project to ensure that the research was relevant to their needs and interests. We ran four policy workshops in each country which generated considerable interest. The PhD student associated with the project interviewed more than 50 key members of the social protection policy communities in each country, which both raised the team's awareness of significant policy issues that we might seek to address, and raised the profile of the research among policymakers, funders and implementers. 'Research Highlights' presenting initial policy-related findings were printed and distributed to those attending stakeholder meetings and a number of other interested parties and subsequently made available on the project website. Several of the workshop participants said they would use our (preliminary) findings to inform activities they were engaged in, such as the retargeting exercise in Malawi. One small substantive impact in both countries was to take government officials to the villages where the communities explained to them through, among other things, music and drama, the ways in which social cash transfers shape household and community relations. Those who visited the communities spoke what they had learned from this experience at the policy workshops we held subsequently. We were also emailed by one of them to outline her appreciation of the visit. The visits of officials also enabled the communities to learn more about the schemes, and their entitlements, and in Lesotho some individuals who had been unable to secure benefits were signed up on the spot. In 2019 we followed up with all of our policy level contacts in both countries - more than 100 in total. We emailed our report and details of the policy briefs that are posted on the project website. In July 2019 I returned to both countries and held 20 meetings (12 in Malawi and 8 in Lesotho) with politicians, civil servants, donor and UN agencies involved in cash transfer policy. These included, for instance, a meeting with 14 personnel from Lesotho's Ministry of Social Development. A further two meetings were held subsequently via Skype. Levels of interest were high, particularly among those who value evidence to support a move toward more universal forms of social cash transfer. Internationally We have communicated our findings to key global thinkers on social protection including those working in research institutes (whose work informs policy) and those working in international development agencies (donor agencies, international NGOs). We have taken advantage of opportunities to present findings at conferences, organised a day-long workshop to discuss the findings, met with the shadow international development adviser and engaged in Skype discussions. We have also written eight policy briefs and a project report and distributed these widely as well as making them available through the project website. Our findings have been of great interest to many organisations, in part because they are novel - an Oxfam representative said we were 'really turning the way we do things on their head' - but also because they strengthen the argument for universal cash transfers, which is highly topical and supported by organisations such as UNICEF and the ILO. It is perhaps unsurprising then that we have been invited to write blogs for popular websites on social protection (e.g. socialprotection.org and developmentpathways.org) and to speak to interested groups (including the social protection team at DFID, Oxfam and the Cash Learning Project). Development Pathways also published a news article about our London-based workshop on their website, our policy briefs have been forwarded between organisations working on social protection internationally and our blogs have been widely read and tweeted. Our research has been the focus of webinars for Oxfam humanitarian staff globally and through socialprotection.org. The latter was chaired by Oxfam with a discussant from the ILO and had 62 participants from around the world including 22 from international organisations, 13 from NGOs and 6 from government.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Title Social cash transfers, generational relations and youth poverty trajectories in rural Lesotho and Malawi dataset 
Description Qualitative data was collected mainly in two villages, one in southern Malawi, the other in the Maluti Mountains of Lesotho exploring the impacts of three social cash transfer schemes (pensions and child grants in Lesotho; poverty-targeted grants in Lesotho). The main focus was the ways in which cash transfers shape social relations within families and communities, particularly relations of generation, age and gender. Transcripts from three methods of data collection are included: 1) Interviews with members of households that receive cash transfers (n=77) exploring the impacts of the transfers on relations within and beyond the family. 2) Interviews with young adults in the communities ('previous participants' who participated in an earlier study). These explore changes in the young people's lives over the preceding decade as well as their perspectives on social cash transfers. Young adults in cash transfer recipient households were also asked to talk about the impacts of these on their own families, and relations of generation, age and gender within and beyond the family. 3) Participatory activities involving groups of young adults (8 groups of 3-10 individuals per country). Three activities were undertaken. The first - a 'tree of life' - explored the young people's aspirations and ideas about the resources and actions needed to achieve these, as well as the barriers. The second - a 'family tree' investigated relations within a typical family and the impacts of cash transfers on these. The third - a 'village map' - identified relations between households within an imagined village and the ways in which cash transfers affected community relations. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None known 
URL https://reshare.ukdataservice.ac.uk/cgi/users/home?screen=EPrint::View&eprintid=854106
 
Description Ansell - Panellist, Festival of Social Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Bringing women and the elderly into conversations about money to transform lives, Panellist, Festival of Social Science, London, 7 Nov 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Blog - Ansell, Out of reach: targeting fails to keep pace with household dynamics 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Out of reach: targeting fails to keep pace with household dynamics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.developmentpathways.co.uk/blog/out-of-reach-targeting-fails-to-keep-pace-with-household-...
 
Description Blog - Hemsteede, R. (2017). Fragmented donor funding: Malawi's Social Cash Transfer Programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Hemsteede, R. (2017). Fragmented donor funding: Malawi's Social Cash Transfer Programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://socialprotection.org/learn/blog/fragmented-donor-funding-malawi's-social-cash-transfer-progra...
 
Description Blog - R Hemsteede Community level implementation of cash transfers: Eligibility, fairness, and informal redistribution. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Community level implementation of cash transfers: Eligibility, fairness, and informal redistribution.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://socialprotection.org/learn/blog/community-level-implementation-cash-transfers-eligibility-fai...
 
Description Blog - R Hemsteede Conditional or unconditional cash transfers? From ideology to policy dialogue 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Conditional or unconditional cash transfers? From ideology to policy dialogue
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://socialprotection.org/learn/blog/conditional-or-unconditional-cash-transfers-ideology-policy-d...
 
Description Blog - R Hemsteede From manual to digital: First hand insight into Malawi's Social Cash Transfer. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact From manual to digital: First hand insight into Malawi's Social Cash Transfer.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://socialprotection.org/learn/blog/manual-digital-first-hand-insight-malawi's-social-cash-transf...
 
Description Blog - R Hemsteede Lesotho's Child Grants Programme: From donor pilot to government programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Lesotho's Child Grants Programme: From donor pilot to government programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://socialprotection.org/learn/blog/lesotho's-child-grants-programme-donor-pilot-government-progr...
 
Description Blog - R Hemsteede Social cash transfers: the risk of Malawi's donor dependence 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Social cash transfers: the risk of Malawi's donor dependence
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://issblog.nl/2018/11/27/development-dialogue-2018-social-cash-transfers-the-risk-of-malawis-do...
 
Description Blog for Development Pathways 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Ansell N 2019 Out of reach: targeting fails to keep pace with household dynamics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.developmentpathways.co.uk/blog/out-of-reach-targeting-fails-to-keep-pace-with-household-...
 
Description Blogposts (x4) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Blogposts reporting research findings http://socialprotection.org/learn/blog/fragmented-donor-funding-malawi's-social-cash-transfer-programme
http://socialprotection.org/learn/blog/community-level-implementation-cash-transfers-eligibility-fairness-and-informal
http://socialprotection.org/learn/blog/lesotho's-child-grants-programme-donor-pilot-government-programme
http://socialprotection.org/learn/blog/conditional-or-unconditional-cash-transfers-ideology-policy-dialogue
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
 
Description Colloquium presentation - Ansell, ZMO 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact What do pensions have to do with youth? A relational approach to youth in international development, Youth Colloquium, Leibniz-Zentrum Moderner Orient (ZMO), 22nd February 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.zmo.de/veranstaltungen/Veranstaltungen2018_e.html
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell, AAGE/ACYIG 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ansell N Cash transfers and generational relations: differentiated impacts of child grants and old age pensions on intergenerational responsibilities for care in rural Lesotho, AAGE/ACYIG Conference, Oxford Brookes, 8th-9th June 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell, ASAUK 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Social cash transfers and changing generational relations in Malawi and Lesotho, African Studies Association of the UK conference, University of Birmingham, 11th-13th September 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell, Brunel 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Global youth? International welfare regimes and shifting generational relations in rural southern Africa, Keynote at College Research Centres Launch, 3rd May 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell, Delhi 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Social cash transfers and changing generational relations in Malawi and Lesotho, Power of Partnership: Research to Alleviate Poverty, Delhi, 2nd-5th December 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell, IDS 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ansell N Social cash transfers, generational relations and youth poverty trajectories in rural Lesotho and Malawi: preliminary findings, Child Poverty Research Day, Institute of Development Studies, 18th November 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell, NGM 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ansell N Social cash transfers, generational relations and rural youth poverty in Malawi and Lesotho, Nordic Geographers Meeting, Stockholm, 18th-21st June 2017 - largely academic audience with an interest in youth
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell, RGS-IBG 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ansell N Young people's perspectives on their own lifecourses: Responding to economic change and social policy in Lesotho and Malawi, RGS-IBG Conference, London, 30th August-1st September 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell. DSA 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Social cash transfers and changing generational relations in Malawi and Lesotho, DSA Conference, Milton Keynes, June 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell. DSA 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Randomness and resentment: problematising household targeting of cash transfers in Lesotho and Malawi, DSA Conference, Milton Keynes, June 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell. ISS 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Household targeting of social cash transfer programmes: the limits of a technocratic idea, International workshop on Critical Perspectives on Contemporary Social Policy in Developing Countries, ISS, The Hague, Netherlands, 10-11 February 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell. RGS-IBG 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Looking forward; looking back: rural young people's accounts of hopeful and troubled lives in Lesotho and Malawi, RGS-IBG Conference, London, August 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference presentation - Hemsteede, ASAUK 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at the African Studies Association UK conference, "Leading the way on a straight road: power relations in the design and implementation of cash transfers", Birmingham, 11 September 2018, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation - Hemsteede, ASAUK 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at the African Studies Association UK conference, "The politics of cash transfer targeting: findings from Lesotho and Malawi", 13 September 2018, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation - Hemsteede, ISS 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at the 16th Development Dialogue conference organised by the International Institute of Social Studies, "The Political Economy of Sustainable Cash Transfers: Lessons from Lesotho and Malawi", 2 November 2018, The Hague, The Netherlands.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation - Hemsteede, RGS-IBG 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Hemsteede, R. (2017). Donor Involvement in Social Protection: The entrance and exit strategy for Lesotho's Child Grants Program. Presentation, RGS-IBG Conference in London, United Kingdom.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference presentation - Hemsteede, RGS-IBG 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Hemsteede, R. (2017). Knowledge is power: interviewing as an outsider. Presentation, RGS-IBG Conference in London, United Kingdom.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference presentation - Hemsteede. AAG 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at the American Association of Geographers 2019 conference, "Pay to play? Power Relations in Malawi's Social Cash Transfer Programme", 6 April 2019, Washington D.C., United States of America. 6 April 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference presentation - Hemsteede. DSA 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at the Development Studies Association 2019 conference, "Processes of domination and resistance in the shaping of Malawi's cash transfer programmes", 19 June 2019, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference presentation - Hlabana and Ansell, Addis Ababa 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Hlabana T and Ansell N Social cash transfers, generational relations and youth poverty trajectories in rural Lesotho and Malawi, Putting Children First: Identifying solutions and taking action to tackle poverty and inequality in Africa, Addis Ababa, 23rd-25th October 2017 - audience included both academics and senior policy makers involved in social protection field
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference presentation - Hlabana, BSPS 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Social Cash Transfers, generational relations and youth poverty trajectories in rural Lesotho, British Society for Population Studies 2018 Conference, University of Winchester from 10-12th September, 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation - Hlabana. Union for African Population Studies 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Social Cash Transfers and Youth Development in Lesotho and Malawi, 8th Population Conference, Uganda Nov 18-22, 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference presentation - van Blerk. International Conference on Geographies of Children, Youth and Families 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact BEYOND THE RECIPIENT: SOCIAL, SPATIAL, AND GENERATIONAL OUTCOMES OF CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMMES ON YOUNG PEOPLE, FAMILIES AND COMMUNITIES IN LESOTHO AND MALAWI, 6th International Conference on Geographies of Children, Youth and Families, Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil, 22th - 24th May, 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Contribution to policy publication 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Ansell N 2019 Young women and cash transfers in rural Africa in Impact Initiative (ed) Women, work and social protection, ESRC-DFID Research for Policy and Practice, Brighton: IDS
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/bitstream/handle/123456789/14373/R4PP_WomenSocProtection_Online....
 
Description Contribution to policy publication 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Ansell N 2019 Cash transfer schemes for older people benefit everyone in Impact Initiative (ed) Pensioner poverty, ESRC-DFID Research for Policy and Practice, Brighton: IDS
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/bitstream/handle/20.500.12413/14630/R4PP_PensionerPoverty_4pp_Onl...
 
Description Invited paper presentation - Hemsteede. UNISA 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited paper presentation "Power dynamics in governing social protection" at the '2019 Social Policy in Africa Conference - Governance of Africa's Social Policy: Subverting Development and Democracy?' Organised by the South African Research Chair in Social Policy, University of South Africa, Tswane (Pretoria), South Africa. 25 November 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Keynote lecture - Ansell, Wollongong 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ansell N Transforming rural youth poverty? Social cash transfers and intergenerational relations in Malawi and Lesotho, Transforming vulnerability, University of Wollongong, 30th November-1st December 2017 - interdisciplinary conference involving many academics and practitioners from various fields concerned with global challenges
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description National Stakeholder Group meetings 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Two stakeholder meetings were held in the national capital of each of the case study countries in 2016 and a third was held in each country in 2017. These were held at well known hotels and conference venues and had between 8 and 20 participants each drawn mainly from government departments, UN agencies and NGOs. The first meeting in each country presented the planned research, sought feedback and discussed how to achieve impact. At the second, which followed the initial period of fieldwork, preliminary findings were presented and the policy context was further discussed. The third workshop addressed the findings emerging from the second stage of data collection in 2017, and the implications of these findings in relation to policy and practice.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Poster presentation - Hajdu et al, Agri4D 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Hajdu F, Ansell N, Hlabana T, Mwathunga E, Robson E & van Blerk L Social cash transfers, generational relations and youth poverty trajectories in Lesotho and Malawi. Poster presentation at the international conference "Agri4D". SLU, Uppsala, September 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation on Cash transfers and International Development for IOD PARC - a private sector consulting firm focused on international development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on Cash transfers and International Development for IOD PARC - a private sector consulting firm focused on international development, 22 January 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation to Ministry of Social Development, Lesotho 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Social cash transfers and changing generational relations in Malawi and Lesotho, presentation of research finding to 14 personnel from Ministry of Social Development, Government of Lesotho, July 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Project report 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Ansell N, van Blerk L, Robson E, Hajdu F, Mwathunga E and Hlabana T 2019 Social cash transfers, generational relations and youth poverty trajectories in rural Lesotho and Malawi, research report, Brunel University London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.brunel.ac.uk/research/Projects/pdf/report-July-2019.pdf
 
Description Project-syndicate blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Ntshongwana P, Ansell N and Roelen K 2019 How social protection can empower women
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/rethinking-social-protection-for-women-by-phakama-ntsho...
 
Description Report - Cash transfer design can strengthen or weaken social relationships, universities find 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Cash transfer design can strengthen or weaken social relationships, universities find
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.developmentpathways.co.uk/news/cash-transfer-design-can-strengthen-or-weaken-social-rela...
 
Description Seminar presentation - Ansell, Dundee 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Social cash transfers and changing generational relations in Malawi and Lesotho, University of Dundee, 11th January 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Seminar presentation - Ansell, Hull 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Ansell N Social cash transfers, generational relations and youth poverty trajectories in rural Lesotho and Malawi, University of Hull, 16th November 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Seminar presentation - Ansell, ISS 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Social cash transfers and changing generational relations in Malawi and Lesotho, International Institute for Social Studies, The Hague, 7th June 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Seminar presentation - Ansell, Reading 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Social cash transfers and changing generational relations in Malawi and Lesotho, University of Reading, 13th December 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Seminar presentation - Hemsteede. Dundee 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation for the Dundee Africa Research Network on "Power relations in international development: the case of cash transfers in Africa", Dundee, United Kingdom, 26 September 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Seminar presentation - Hlabana and Ansell, NUL 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Hlabana T and Ansell N Transforming rural youth poverty? Social cash transfers and intergenerational relations in Lesotho Faculty of Social Science Seminar, National University of Lesotho, 9th February, 2018 - seminar attended by significant numbers of university faculty plus 200+ students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The economic relations of Global South research: what constitutes ethical ethnographic research in situations of economic inequality? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited presentation to a conference considering social science research ethics. Was also interviewed on video for website resource on research ethics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://siid.group.shef.ac.uk/research/research-ethics/
 
Description Webinar for Oxfam 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Social cash transfers and changing generational relations in Malawi and Lesotho, Webinar for Oxfam, 6th May 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Webinar for socialprotection.org 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Social cash transfers, household targeting and generational relations in Malawi and Lesotho, Webinar for socialprotection.org, 29th October 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.socialprotection.org/social-cash-transfers-household-targeting-and-generational-relation...
 
Description Workshop at UN Commission on the Status of Women 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Part of Impact Initiative workshop, presenting research findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019