Gender, Skilled Migration and IT: a comparative study of India and the UK

Lead Research Organisation: Open University
Department Name: Faculty of Arts and Social Sci (FASS)

Abstract

The global Information Technology (IT) sector is characterised by low participation of women and the UK is no exception. In response, UK organizations (e.g. Women in Technology), committees (e.g. BCS Women) and campaigns (e.g. Computer Clubs for Girls) have been set up to address the problem and increase the small and falling number of women in IT education, training and employment. To complement and provide an evidence base for future interventions this project will adopt a new approach, differentiated from existing research by considering the problem from two unexplored angles simultaneously. First, India, in comparison with most OECD countries, has a much higher proportion of women working as IT specialists; the project will compare the experiences of IT workers in India and the UK to see what the UK can learn from the Indian case. Secondly, the research will explore the insights of migrant women and men who move between UK and India and have experience of both work cultures in order to obtain new insights into gender norms in each country as well as best practice. Through this multidisciplinary, comparative analysis across the two countries, and of the experiences of migrants, 2 significant but separate fields of academic research will be brought together: 1) gender issues in IT, and 2) gender and skilled migration.
The questions the research seeks to answer are:
a) What are the patterns of gender differences in the labour market among migrant and non-migrant workers in the IT sector in India and the UK? This aims to identify differences in occupational roles, wages, and whether size of firms or other demographic variables matter;
b) What processes have led to different gendered patterns of workplace experiences among migrant and non-migrant workers in the IT sector in India and the UK? This question's comparative approach will address a specific knowledge gap by exploring the perspectives of men as well as women, migrants as well as non-migrants, in both countries;
c) is oriented around the concerns of businesses and policy-makers and asks, what is the role of firms, industry and national regulations and cultures in creating barriers and opportunities for migrant and non-migrant men and women's career entry and progression and labour markets? The answers will be sought from HR managers and policy makers in both countries;
d) acknowledges that many firms are already trying to develop organisational cultures and career pathways to address the gender disparity in the IT sector; it asks, what are the best practices for integrating women into firms in each country and how does this differ by migration status? This question involves exploring the experiences of migrant men as well as migrant and non-migrant women, and establishes mechanisms for sharing best practice between firms and between the two countries.
To ensure the research is timely, relevant and will generate useful information, it was developed through conversations with the Indian and UK IT sectors' key professional and trade associations, chartered bodies, IT education campaigners and advocates, and multinational IT companies. During the project, individual representatives from 5 of these organizations - a Professional Advisory Group (PAG) - will meet regularly with the researchers, to discuss the findings and offer advice. The IT companies will facilitate the research by introducing the researchers to voluntary cohorts of men and women IT employees in each country. Because of the urgency of the issue the firms and PAG have asked for 3 best practice guides during the project. At the end of the project, the researchers will produce a targeted report for the PAG organisations and for firms. Through the PAG, this report will be disseminated to their corporate memberships, numbering in the thousands, and to UK and Indian policy makers through focused workshops. Other users of the research include the OECD and IOM with which the researchers have links.

Planned Impact

This project will have a range of beneficiaries and benefits:
1. Participating firms will gain information about internal (workplace cultures, firm-level factors, HR management) and external factors (migration and employment policies) implicated in women staying or leaving the sector, and whether they take up opportunities for inter-company transfer. They will also have data on factors affecting the integration of migrants into their firms and how transcultural learning can take place. Firms contacted thus far have shown interest because they aim to be at the forefront of learning best practice from other firms, especially those working in India, in order that they can improve their reputations as women-friendly national and global employers. Within the context of IT skills shortage firms are keen to get a competitive edge in recruiting and retaining the best talent possible. They have therefore requested regular briefing papers because they felt that the urgency of the issue warrants early implementation of insights from the research. In the long term this project will aim to lead to better alignment between the firms' economic goals and national migration and employment policies.
2. UK and Indian professional and trade associations and business councils, whose main benefit will be the ability to use up-to-date knowledge about women IT specialists' collective needs, to better support and guide members' human resource policies. Targeted reports will also be disseminated to their corporate and individual members and to relevant government departments about improving women's uptake of inter-company transfers, so facilitating the circulation of coded skills and knowledge across the sector globally. These organisations will also be better equipped with knowledge about migration and employment policy to make representations to government about how to maximise the benefits of skilled workers in the UK.
3. UK policy-makers: This project will have medium term impact by contributing to evidence-based policy-making at the national level on how to stop and reverse low and declining participation of women in the IT. It will strengthen existing relationships between the UK government (via BIS) and global-level IT business interests. The project also has the potential to enhance the economic competitiveness of the UK in the long run by making it a more attractive destination for inter-country intercompany transfer of individual specialists and raising its profile as a skilled woman-friendly country to work for migrants and non-migrants alike.
4. Indian policy-makers: The IT sector is seen as the beacon of 'new India' and is an important sector for drawing in Foreign Direct Investment. Both the image and the policies of the industry are therefore considered crucial for the country. The IT scorecard and best practice guide will provide insights to help maintain the global positioning of the Indian IT sector.
5. Migrant and non-migrant men and women IT specialists in the UK: It provides an opportunity to have individual and collective stories heard and recorded, recognising that the work and position of women and migrants in the workplace matters beyond their individual circumstances. Improved culture at firm-level, more incentives for intercompany transfer and career trajectories inclusive of family/social/cultural needs are other likely short and medium-term impacts.
6. General public: In the UK, the project, through its partners, has the capacity to alter the image of women in the IT sector, to foster recognition that IT has much to offer women, especially those seeking international career paths and to improve perceptions of outcomes of STEM-related study and careers. In India NASSCOM is interested in using India's positive participation figures to further increase the appeal of the sector to women and girls.
7. The findings will also be of interest to 'women in tech' organisations in other OECD countries such as NCWIT in the US.

Publications

10 25 50
publication icon
Sondhi, G (2018) India Migration Report 2018

 
Description Significant achievements (500)
This project generated new knowledge about gendered patterns of participation in IT work, comparing experiences in India and the UK. The data included quantitative survey of IT firms in India, with IT workers in India and the UK, and interviews with IT professionals in India and the UK. The cohorts included men and women and migrants/ non-migrants.
Our key research question was: what can the UK IT sector learn from India about gender inclusivity? Towards this we identified three main features of the Indian IT sector that help it to be gender inclusive:
a. Importance of visible gender equality policies and practices that give a strong message of inclusion in the Indian IT sector
b. Comparative advantage that Indian IT offers compared to other sectors with regard to status, rewards and security
c. Joint up approach across the Indian IT sector - industry and education.
Secondly, the project explored the key characteristics of the Indian IT industry, producing for the first time two Women in Indian IT scorecards. The reports concluded that the Indian IT sector although more gender inclusive than the UK, also primarily selects from upper and middle classes and needs to work towards class inclusivity.

Finally, the Indian IT sector struggles to retain and grow women into leadership positions. This research pointed to the professional and personal barriers that have led to the current picture and provided top tips for firms and individuals about how to address this issue. Some of these findings will be relevant for the UK IT industry where similar issues are faced.

Key objectives and variance

Data collection: Despite the highly sensitive nature of work in the IT sector, high level contacts with industry partners in both countries allowed our targets to be met. The project's quantitative data targets and qualitative targets of 100 interviews were met (102 interviews conducted). All the quantitative data is archived but due to commercial, and anonymity limitations only 86 interviews have been archived. 10 interviews were not recorded due to company sensitivities. Additional interviews were conducted with women leaders and with other members of the industry.

The original plan of comparing five firms across the two sites could not be followed due to commercial limitations to company engagement. This led to larger numbers of firms, and less overlap across countries but greater coverage across a broader spectrum of firms. However, firm level impact could not be traced.

Policy objectives: Instead, the project focused at the industry level and has had widespread impact. Policy facing documentation (India) and events (UK and India) were co-produced with the key sector organisations. A high-level breakfast meeting was held in the Houses of Parliament early on to discuss the findings from our project; additionally bespoke workshops were held for in the UK for national and international audiences.

The findings from our study were reported widely across all major newspapers and industry journals and magazines in India and several in the UK. The research will spin off to provide new avenues of research as set out in a further section.
Exploitation Route Government:
Industry: Both countries have skills sector councils that can incorporate a more gender sensitive approach. As NASSCOM and TechUK have signed an agreement to upskill IT workers, our project, the only one to work across the two countries and with these partners, can have further impact.
Firms: Retention, progression and leadership for women in India and the UK as well as entry in the UK are key issues for which firm policy guidelines have been created and can be taken up.
HEIs: Universities and firms need to build partnerships that enable students to successfully enter the labour market through a clear pipeline; as well as take up future upskilling routes.
Individuals: Leadership findings are particularly targeted at women in the industry.
Research. New research questions
• Cross-national comparison of gender and tech globally.
• Implications of Brexit for IT work and movement of labour
• Gender relations within emerging areas of technology eg cybersecurity and AI technology
Sectors Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://gsm-it.com/userassets/Publications/GSM-IT_INFOGRAPHIC_INDIA_2018_Final.pdf
 
Description The findings from this study have found two distinctive audiences. First, the IT industry in India and the UK have been actively engaged in shaping the project. In India, we launched two versions of the Women in IT Scorecard - India in 2017 and 2018. The 2017 launch included a section on women in Indian IT in leadership roles which particularly caught the public attention. The scorecard was cited in 19 newspapers nationally. The two launches have both been held during the NASSCOM Diversity and Inclusion annual conferences providing the launch with a number of key users. In 2018 there has also been a separate leadership document which was launched at the same conference. In the UK early interest in the topic led to a meeting of the IPT in the Houses of Parliament. This was attended by business and parliamentary colleagues including the Digital Skills minister. The project findings focusing on bridging the IT skills gap by examining what the UK can learn from India, were launched at a high profile industry breakfast event hosted by TechUK. In addition two industry organised dissemination workshops were held both attracting over 50 attendees - the first entitled Advancing the Conversation on Gender: What's Next for Women in the Tech Industry? was organised by Tata Consultancy Services in London and the second, an online international seminar organised by Elsevier. As well as engaging directly with industry both in India and the UK, lessons from the project have also been incorporated into a new national strategy for increasing diversity and inclusion in the technology sector in the UK, which has been developed by the Institute of Coding, a consortium of over 25 universities and major IT sector businesses. In particular the project findings related to role of industry /university partnerships in ensuring gender equality is central to IT recruitment strategies has been embedded in this new strategy.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education
Impact Types Societal,Economic

 
Description Co-organised an event based on learnings from fieldwork
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact - co organised an event with the idea of showcasing the technical work of both men and women - outside of the corporate sector. - Two things that are often overlooked in organising such events: the number of women speakers, and the number of women attendees. - Drawing on the learnings from the fieldwork and data collected, I was able to advice on the steps to take to ensure we have better representation of women speakers and attendees. - This proved successful as 4 out the 7 speakers were women; and nearly 30% of the audience of 30 were women attendees. - The policy research centre which hosted the event indicated that this was the largest gathering for a technical talk in over a year; and that it was the single largest gathering of women - proportionately, at any of their events. Even though as a centre they try to ensure gender parity in their teams, provide creche and other support for both women and men employees, they had not been successful at matching those numbers at events. As a result of my input, they have taken learnings on how to continue to build on the success of this event for future. -It also gave them a moment to reflect on what more or in what other ways they can do things to ensure that more women are represented in their work force, across the board - from entry level to their board. The event, as well as the presention of the score card was very well received both in person, and online as evidenced by the series of tweets. There were requests made on text or video of the talk - this was however not available.
URL https://kek.org.in/events
 
Description House of Commons - Industry and Parliament Trust - Digital Skills: Bridging the Gap for Women in Technology
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Institute of Coding - Widening Participation Strategy
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Clem Herman is a member of the working group responsible for developing guidelines for national strategy for increasing diversity in recruitment within the IT sector in the UK. Findings from the project relating to strategies for increasing diversity in recruitment to IT sector have contributed to the UK government funded Institute of Coding (including 25 UK universities). This project is still ongoing - a national strategy is being launched in 2019 which will aim to increase the numbers of women both entering employment in IT and the pipeline of girls going into IT skillstraining and higher education.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/news/prime-minister-announces-20-million-institute-of-coding
 
Description McKinsey Report Citation
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
URL https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/Featured%20Insights/Asia%20Pacific/The%20Power%20of%20Pari...
 
Description Women in IT Scorecard, India - 2018
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The women in IT Scorecard India will reach a very large group of practitioners in India and is downloadable both from the project website and the website of NASSCOM with its large membership. In addition a women in leadership document has also been prepared. It lays out clear suggestions for addressing the leadership pipeline in India. Both are likely to address demands from firms, other industry partners and from researchers.
 
Description production of new Women and IT scorecard - India: a survey of 55 firms. The report was launched by the Minister of Social Justice India on February 28, 2017 at the NASSCOM Diversity and Inclusion event in Bengaluru.
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The Open University's Gender, Skilled Migration and IT project are very pleased to be able to present the spring edition of the 2017 Women in IT Scorecard- India. This has been produced with the support of NASSCOM. Information Technology has become the flagship industry underlying India's recent presence on the global stage. However, another reason for worldwide interest in Indian IT is the relatively high and increasing numbers of women in IT in India in comparison to the small and falling numbers of women in this sector in the Western world. This report, for the first time, provides the statistics behind this pattern. It provides data on women's employment patterns and leadership pathways within the India industry and situates it in an international context. Our scorecard draws on internationally accredited and comparable data as well as a bespoke survey with IT firms. It lays the foundation for understanding the similarities and differences between women's participation in the IT sector in India. We find that: • there are many women taking up STEM subjects in India compared to the rest of the world. This puts gender diversity in Indian IT on a firm foundation. • This is also reflected in the high number of women entering the sector. • However, maternity seems to act as a barrier to career progression • Nevertheless, women in senior management is higher than in other BRIC countries and also has a positive trajectory. Our recommendations are: • Individual companies need to train line managers to empower them to support and retain women employees • The industry needs to work together to support women's re-entry into the labour market after maternity • Other sectors in India and IT sectors internationally can use the experiences of the Indian IT sector in order to improve their gender diversity. This scorecard is the first of two scorecards to be published this year. The autumn edition of the 2017 Women in IT Scorecard - India will draw on large datasets from across the industry and will also situate this company survey within the context of experiences of women and men in the sector. It will also look at the role of international mobility in career progression and development in this global industry. The report was launched at the NASSCOM Diversity and Inclusion event on 27-28 February 2017. The event was attended by about 500 people.
URL http://gsm-it.com/userassets/Publications/GSM-IT_SCORECARD-INDIA_Spring_2017_web.pdf
 
Title Firm questionnaire survey 
Description This includes questionnaire survey with 155 firms focusing on gender and migration issues. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact It underpinned the Women in IT, India - Scorecard and the women in leadership, Indian IT documentation. 
 
Title Individual questionnaire data with workers in the IT sector in India and the UK 
Description This data base involves questionnaire data with 400 workers in the IT sector 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact It also helped to underpin the key documentation: the Women in IT Scorecard, India 2017 and 2018 as well as the Women in IT leadership document and the key findings documents. 
 
Title Interviews with 100 workers in the IT sector 
Description 100 in-depth interviews were undertaken in both UK and India with IT workers. 80 of the 100 interviews were undertaken within 12 firms in Indian and the UK. the remaining 20 interviews were conducted with people recruited through snowballing. 60 interviews were conducted in the UK, and 40 in India. For the selection of the interviewees we focused the sample on employees in mid-career levels because we expected that those persons could give an overview of both past experiences and career visions they want to pursue. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This has helped us to understand the experiences of the IT workers with regard to how gender is performed, the importance of transnational experience in the career trajectory and how on-site experience of women can be encouraged. The aim of the interviews was to capture the experiences of Indian and UK male and female employees working in both locations of the company in India and the UK. 
 
Description The project has been enabled by working closely with NASSCOM, the IT industry partner in India 
Organisation Tata Consultancy Services
PI Contribution We have worked closely with NASSCOM providing them with various reports which have been useful for their strategy reports.
Collaborator Contribution NASSCOM provided us access to companies and advised and guided the research. They have also provided the launch events, publicity and all related expenditure for all our impact outputs in India. We were able to get extensive press coverage because of this. TechPartnership has provided the venue, breakfast, arrangements and access to their vast network as part of their contribution. Tata Consultancy Service invited us to add to and contribute to their contribution to Davos World Economic Forum. The article was published on the Digital Empowers microsite as part of TCS' content package for the World Economic Forum's Annual Meeting: http://digitalempowers.com/3-ways-india-bridging-gender-divide/ They are also contributing 50% of costs to a publicity event, Spark salon.
Impact Women in IT Leadership - top tips; Women and IT India Scorecard 2017 and 2018; Women and Offshoring in the IT sector - a report; Blog on
Start Year 2014
 
Description The project has been enabled by working closely with NASSCOM, the IT industry partner in India 
Organisation The Tech Partnership
PI Contribution We have worked closely with NASSCOM providing them with various reports which have been useful for their strategy reports.
Collaborator Contribution NASSCOM provided us access to companies and advised and guided the research. They have also provided the launch events, publicity and all related expenditure for all our impact outputs in India. We were able to get extensive press coverage because of this. TechPartnership has provided the venue, breakfast, arrangements and access to their vast network as part of their contribution. Tata Consultancy Service invited us to add to and contribute to their contribution to Davos World Economic Forum. The article was published on the Digital Empowers microsite as part of TCS' content package for the World Economic Forum's Annual Meeting: http://digitalempowers.com/3-ways-india-bridging-gender-divide/ They are also contributing 50% of costs to a publicity event, Spark salon.
Impact Women in IT Leadership - top tips; Women and IT India Scorecard 2017 and 2018; Women and Offshoring in the IT sector - a report; Blog on
Start Year 2014
 
Description The project is currently working closely with TechPartnerships to arrange the launch of our key findings in the UK. It is also working with Doteveryone and Martha Lane Fox as well as with the Indian High Commission. 
Organisation The Tech Partnership
PI Contribution Our contribution has been to provide the documentation which will be launched. This will be done with assistance from the ESRC.
Collaborator Contribution They have provided the venue, catering, social media and media presence as well as the invitation list.
Impact There will be a joint event hosted in London.
Start Year 2016
 
Description British Academy Presentation Northumbria 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invited to present the results of the study as part British Academy funded knowledge exchange seminar. The seminar was attended by a British and Indian scholars and postgraduate students who are actively engaged in migration policy development in India.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.northumbria.ac.uk/about-us/news-events/news/migration-workshop/
 
Description Conference presentation (RGS-IBG 2016, London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This conference presentation on Digital labour connected us with other colleagues in the discipline who work on similar issues. It raised the public profile of the project amongst academics and has led to some feedback and requests for information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Digitals Skills: Bridging the Gap for Women in Technology Wednesday 01 February 2017 Breakfast Meeting, 08.30 - 09.30 Dining Room D, House of Commons 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Our project generated interest within the Industry Parliamentary Trust who therefore organised a breakfast meeting with parliamentarians and industry leaders. ssion and to begin, introduce the topic for discussion and to begin, introduce the topic for discussion and to begin, introduce the topic for discussion and to begin,

Here are some of the details of the event:
The creation of a diverse workforce can harness a more productive, engaged and balanced workplace. The technology sector as an industry is an essential part of today's society and the UK's national infrastructure. Therefore, in order to continue driving innovation, it is critical that the UK inspires a gender balanced workforce for future generations.
? Explore how the UK can encourage more women to undertake careers in technology
? Consider what the UK can learn from countries with increased gender diversity
? Discuss the wider benefits of creating a diverse workforce
IPT Breakfast Meetings
Our events are intimate roundtable meetings which focus on a topical area of policy and ask critical questions in a balanced and inclusive way, facilitated by senior decision makers within industry and Parliament. These meetings address the gaps in communication between the arenas of industry and Parliament and enable insight and mutual understanding between the two.
Supported by academic commentary and cutting edge research, the delegates of the meeting will share their perspectives and experiences of the issue to facilitate peer-to-peer engagement in a safe environment under Chatham House Rule. These discussions aim to build up sustained debate and allow industry and Parliament to reflect on how best to work together on an issue.
Agenda
08.00 Nic Dakin MP, Yogesh Chauhan, Dr Clem Herman and Julie Feest to arrive
08.15 Guests begin to arrive for reception
08.30 Nic Dakin MP to welcome guests, introduce discussion and speakers
08.35 Yogesh Chauhan to speak
08.40 Dr Clem Herman to speak
08.45 Julie Feest to speak
08.50 Roundtable discussion
09.30 Nic Dakin MP to close discussion

Guest listuest list uest listuest list uest list
Hannah Bardell MP, SNP Spokesperson for Business and Economy Engagement
Eleanor Bradley, Chief Commercial Officer, Nominet UK
Jessica Cecil, Controller - BBC Make it Digital, BBC
Alina Dimofte, Communications and Public Affairs Manager, Google
Gillian Econopouly, Head of Policy and Research, Construction Industry Training Board
Kate Evans, Corporate Affairs, HP Enterprise
Fiona Fry, Director, KPMG
Neil Gray MP, SNP Spokesperson for Fair Work and Employment
Andrew Grazebrook, Head of Business Development, EngineeringUK
The Lord Holmes of Richmond MBE, House of Lords
Nicola Hosty, Diversity Manager, Yorkshire Building Society (YBS)
The Baroness Jolly, Liberal Democrat Spokesperson for Defence
Fiona Krasniqi, Public Affairs Officer, British Chambers of Commerce
Nick Maher, Chief Executive, IPT
The Lord Oxburgh KBE, House of Lords
Professor Parvati Raghuram, Professor of Geography and Migration, Open University Amanda Solloway MP, PPS to Rory Stewart as Minister of State, Department for International Development
For more information please contact Jessica Goldsack, Events and Training Officer at JessicaGoldsack@ipt.org.uk or on 020 7839 9410 or on the morning please call 07840 123111
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description ESRC Festival of Social Science (OU Belfast) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Organised a workshop exploring the experiences of different migrant groups in the UK (including highly skilled migrants working in the tech sector). The interactive workshop was attended by 25 members of the general public, members of the city council, as well as those working in organisations that provided support to newly arrived migrants in Belfast. The workshop sparked questions and discussions which the members discussed amongst themselves in small groups as well as together as a larger group. Attendees reported learning more about the migrant experiences, had their assumptions challenged and consequently became aware of how they can provide support in other ways. In particular attendees reported on how migrants are at a disadvantaged when they arrive newly becuase they do not have local knolwedge and do not know where to go for information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://getinvited.to/esrcfestivalni18/migration-who-is-a-migrant-experience-the-realities/
 
Description End of Award Event - London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact insert details
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description International Seminar Gendering Qualitative Methods: People, Power and Place (Manipal, India) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact We (Parvati Raghuram and I) presented a paper discussing our project methodology providing a critical look at Comparativism as an epistemology, methodology and method. The presentation was entitled: Gender and highly skilled IT labour: reversing stories of marginality. It was presented to a an audience comprised of Indian and International scholars. Part of the audience consisted of postgraduate students of the Center that was hosting the event - The Transdisciplinary Center for Qualitative Methods, Manipal University. The presentation introduced the project to a scholarly audience, and generated a discussion on Comparativism as a method. This presentation was unique in the group as it focused first and foremost on the methodology. The presentation generated a theoretical engagement with the idea of Comparativism, something that had not been discussed or even part of the consideration for many of the attendees. The presentation also served the purpose of introducing Comparativism to postgraduate students - many of whom had not given thought to the nuances and challenges of conducting comparative research, nor thought about the challenges in analysing and presenting the results of such an undertaking.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.phesa.manipal.edu/documents/CfP%20Gender_20_07_2016.pdf
 
Description Interview with magazine Womanthology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact This magazine interview with Womanthology a digital magazine and community for working women outlined some of the emerging results from the project. 'Womanthology champions positive female role models for women of all ages and career experience. By sharing ideas, best practice and advice, Womanthology helps women become the best possible versions of themselves and challenges the stereotypes of what it means to be a 'successful' woman' (http://www.womanthology.co.uk/about/). It therefore has the power to reach and influence the target group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.womanthology.co.uk/india-using-empower-female-tech-workforce-can-uk-learn-parvati-raghura...
 
Description Launch of Women and IT Scorecard - India 2018 (Chennai) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Report launch - insert more content
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Launch of the GSM-IT Women and IT scorecard - India: a survey of 55 firms. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact GSM-IT Women and IT scorecard - India: a survey of 55 firms. The report was launched by the Minister of Social Justice India on February 28, 2017 at the NASSCOM Diversity and Inclusion event in Bengaluru. (2017).
Links to press announcements of the Scorecard:

http://bcswomen.bcs.org/the-women-and-it-scorecard-india-has-been-launched-on-february-27-2017-at-the-nasscom-diversity-and-inclusion-summit-in-bangalore/
https://eandt.theiet.org/content/articles/2017/03/view-from-india-gender-inclusion-yields-rich-results/

https://eandt.theiet.org/content/articles/2017/03/view-from-india-gender-inclusion-yields-rich-results/

http://www.business-standard.com/article/pti-stories/conducive-hr-policies-has-helped-bring-more-women-into-it-117022701123_1.html

http://businessnewsthisweek.com/business/nasscom-diversity-inclusion-summit-2017/

http://tech.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/internet/technology-sector-is-the-second-largest-employer-of-women-nasscoms-report/57375623

http://www.deccanherald.com/content/598612/itbpm-moves-towards-smart-automation.html

http://www.pocketnewsalert.com/2017/02/indian-it-sector-leads-the-women-employment-landscape-with-more-women-employees-in-leadership-roles.html

http://www.outlookindia.com/newsscroll/conducive-hr-policies-has-helped-bring-more-women-into-it/997145

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/conducive-hr-policies-has-helped-bring-more-women-into-it/articleshow/57379150.cms

http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/conducive-hr-policies-has-helped-bring-more-women-into-it/1/892862.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.nasscom.in/disummit/
 
Description NASSCOM Diversity and Inclusion Summit (Mumbai) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact We were invited to be part of an expert panel discussing issues of gender equality within teh Indian tech sector. The panel was comprised of members from the World Bank and key stakeholdes in the Indian Tech industry. Gunjan Sondhi represented the team on this panel. The panel discussion revolved around three themes: a)is diversity an initiative or a workplace imperative; b) What are some of the global mandates, frameworks and enablers established for retuning mothers, particularly in the realm of childcare; c) the potential to examine the returning women, and childcare issues within a bigger ecosystem.

Our aims in participating in this event were two-folds: a) raise awareness of our research project amongst the industry; and b) to recruit a partner firm to participate in the project.

On both these accounts our engagement was successful. Members of the audience expressed an interest in being kept uptodate abou the project and in particular the forthcoming report Women and IT India scorecard. We were also successful in recruiting a partner firm for both the Indian and the UK site. The fieldwork with this partner is currently underway.

We also connected with members of teh World Bank team who are engaged in research on women's participation in the labour market.

Lastly, this particiation further strengthened our collaborative partnership with NASSCOM.

OVerall this was a successfull engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.nasscom.in/di-redefined
 
Description Poster presentation at the OU FASS Forward event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Seminar Presentation (Middlesex University) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presented key findings from the project to members of Middlesex University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The 50 most influential women in UK IT 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation of the Computer Weekly Awards for the 50 most influential women in UK IT
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.computerweekly.com/news/450298538/Computer-Weekly-announces-the-50-most-influential-women...
 
Description Women in Digital Government 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dialogue about the situation of women in digital government development as well as general forum for discussing strategies for the inclusion of women as IT professionals in the public sector.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://publicsectorblogs.org.uk/2016/11/dxw-at-women-in-digital-government-dxw/