After Money: If you change the representation of value, does it change the values that you can represent?

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: Edinburgh College of Art

Abstract

Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin are challenging the way we perceive money. Offering new models for financial transactions, based on trust, and maintained through its open transactional database, currencies such as Bitcoin challenge the government-regulated fiat currencies that we currently use today.

However, users of cryptocurrencies are beginning to realise that it is the underlying technology of the blockchain that is likely to have the most profound effect on how we understand money. The blockchain is an global open ledger that records and verifies transactions, whilst encrypting the identity of users changes entirely how value is accounted for. No longer are banks or governments the mediators of currencies, with the power to divest or invest to dictate the flow of value within society, the blockchain decentralises money and offers a platform for its creative use. Presenting money as code, users of the blockchain are starting to explore new opportunities for how values can be represented, as technologies such as the blockchain change the representation of value.

This project will introduce the underlying principles of the blockchain to audiences that would otherwise not be consulted on the development of new currencies. Using a design-led and participatory approach, the research project will explore potential use cases for money as software through involvement with families, small businesses and local civic services. The research represents a significant contribution to contemporary debates around the emergence of new forms of value exchange and offers tangible outcomes for local, economic and academic communities.

This 18 month project addresses directly the ESRC priority area: 'Economic performance and sustainable growth'. The innovative design of this research project, its relationship with actual high street environments and involvement of the New Economic Foundation and the Royal Bank of Scotland constitutes transformative research at the high risk, high reward end of the research spectrum.

Planned Impact

The project's pathways to impact follow three routes. The first is through the active involvement of individuals, groups, customers and organisations in a participatory design process involving contextual understanding, design and development and evaluation. The second is through public, developer and policy maker engagement activities to reach a wide audience of end users, including an Expert Working Group (EWG) and workshops that provide access to project prototypes. The third is through an engagement with the press (National and International). The impacts envisaged are instrumental, in the form of financial services designed by families or small companies to support their management and exchange of money, and conceptual, through reframing debates on reciprocity as enabled by the affordances of programmable money. We will engage as appropriate with the Urban Transformations Co-ordinator and other relevant projects funded by the ESRC and RCUK to exploit potential synergies across projects.

Throughout the events, activities and outputs, impact will be captured in a number of ways including: number of people engaged in events, evaluation from events including testimonial feedback, indication that government have adopted ideas from the research, documentation of press.

Beneficiaries include existing customers and members of the community who live close by and/or use the Forrest Road branch of the Royal Bank of Scotland, the bank employees and the Technology Services team of the Royal Bank of Scotland, the New Economics Foundation, and the local technology start-up community. The Edinburgh start-up community is highly active across the use of crypto-currencies and the research team have good relations with Codebase who is the UK's largest growing tech incubator with companies such as Kotikan, RelayMed, Rightscale, Cloudsoft and Float as tenants.

Publications

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Elsden C (2018) HCI for Blockchain

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Maxwell D (2017) Story Blocks in Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies

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Maxwell D (2017) Story Blocks Reimagining narrative through the blockchain in Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies

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Nissen B (2018) GeoCoin

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Speed C (2017) Centre for design informatics in interactions

 
Title Design Informatics Exhibition 'Living with Data' 
Description A group exhibition as part of the Edinburgh Digital Entertainment Festival showcasing the Bitcoin Marriage app as playful provocation for a public audience to reconsider traditional as 'smart' contracts 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact This exhibition had a wide public engagement throughout several weeks at Edinburgh's international festival and the Bitcoin Marriage app challenged people's perception of contracts not as legal, long-term commitments but as short-term, interactive agreements. 
 
Title KASH cups 
Description KASH cups is an interactive system of coffee cups, which reveals new opportunities for the design of value systems. Use value, economic value and social value, are often disguised in the habitual processes of using money as a representation of value. The KASH Cups, a collection of RFID augmented ceramic cups, revealed these values and as material artefacts with programmable functionality they changed the roles of people in value transactions, in such a way that social interactions became currency. 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact This system makes complex value exchanges and new technological possibilities of smart contracts accessible to a wider audience in a playful manner. This offers potential for novel programmable models of value exchange for simple daily activities. 
 
Title Nissen: IFTTW smart contract cards 
Description A set of If This Then What cards as research tool to engage audiences with the concept and ideation of smart contracts 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact These cards have been used in a series of workshops and have been adopted by other researchers to iterate/re-design for engagement workshops as part of other research projects (B-IoT, Oxchain) 
 
Description Money in it's current form could be considered as hiding or skewing value and is inherently entangled with concepts of value(s) beyond its economic worth. Value comes in different forms and dimensions, and is created or attached to things by organisations, markets or people. Through our research to date we consider how recent debates in Human-Currency Interactions should be expanded to include people's more complex value practices for which money is only one representation of within a person's wider value constellation.

The perspective of isolated instances of monetary value exchanges need to be replaced with a more embedded perspective as part of a more abstract constellation of values across which exchanges take place, as 'Human-Value-Interactions'. This is, we believe, an important shift away from the purely economic towards social and personal models of value exchange in the digital sharing economy.

Given our insights into the affective and performative aspects of currency, and the rich 'strings' of socially and personally embedded interpretations of value, we believe a shift towards more personalised, modular or adjustable systems integrating the complex network of complimentary currencies would allow users to negotiate this increasingly complex ecosystem of money and value(s). To summarise, our research proposes three design opportunities to design for (a) evolving monetary practices, (b) integrated complimentary currencies, and (c) for entangled idiosyncratic value practices.
Exploitation Route We propose that peoples practice with money is changing as money begins to is change its form. As such, we believe that novel developments of smart contracts and cryptocurrencies offer new opportunities to design for transitions from child to adult to support learning and changing monetary practices in the digital economy.

We recommend that the numerous emerging cryptocurrencies will challenge the perspective of such currencies as alternatives to fiat currencies and we instead view them as complimentary. An approach we believe should be wider adopted by design research in the area of Human-Currency Interaction.

The increasingly complimentary role that cryptocurrencies are playing in the complex ecosystem of currencies is not to replace fiat currencies but to add value and possibility to the user. We therefore propose that a more integrated approach of virtual alongside fiat currencies should be adopted and designed for in human currency interactions.

Our research indidcates that the increasingly complexity of networks of value(s) entangled in social and environmental relations will increasingly center around new distributed models of value exchange through blockchain and smart contracts. We therefore call for a wide debate that draws value and values together in order to shift from the design of products or services to designing more broadly for "the propagation of value" in its idiosyncratic forms, especially as money has so many, often conflated value practices associated with it.
Sectors Creative Economy,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

 
Description We have engaged in a wide variety of public, professional and cultural events to support the understanding that money is changing its form. The design component of the research that produced a series of workshops, tools and design experiences have supported engagement with people from public, civic and corporate cultures. The project website details the engagement: http://aftermoney.design Key to the impact has been the GeoCoin software workshop that helps people ideate through smart contract technologies: http://aftermoney.design/geocoin-in-the-park/ which has been used by the Royal Bank of Scotland and Tesco Bank. Workshops led to the publicly co-designed Marriage Application that has been exhibited at the Edinburgh Festival and Furtherfield Gallery, London: http://aftermoney.design/bitcoin-marriages-in-the-park/ Whilst KASH Cups has appeared at three International conferences to help delegates understand digital currency: http://aftermoney.design/kash-cups/ All of these engagement platforms have supported numerous parties to understand and develop their own interpretation of the technology and it's implications. Details of engagement events are lists in this submission. Three project workbooks also provide visitors to the website details upon our research methods: http://aftermoney.design/after-money-workbooks/ The project concluded with a Symposium with invited Speakers: http://aftermoney.design/427-2/ Speakers include Sarah Meiklejohn (UCL), Gavin Littlejohn (FDATA), Dug Campbell (Fankletastic Limited), Philip Godsiff (University of Surrey), Alexandre Polvora (European Commission), Doreen Grove (Scottish Government), Pip Thornton (Royal Holloway, University of London), Max Dovey (Artist & Researcher) and Dominic Smith (Independent). and an exhibition: http://aftermoney.design/exhibition/ A notable output (including papers listed) was our direct involvement in the book: Artists Re:thinking the Blockchain Edited by Ruth Catlow, Marc Garrett, Nathan Jones, and Sam Skinner. https://liverpooluniversitypress.co.uk/products/100826 The After Money team developed a chapter and software to support the publication.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Creative Economy,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Title After Money app 
Description The app was part of a public engagement activity and aims to challenge different values one may exchange for a product, such as time, data and money. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The app was used by 1000 people during the exhibition at the Future Play festival and was installed during the After Money exhibition as well as a part of the Good Innovation design exhibition in Shenzen. 
 
Title Finbook 
Description FinBook is an algorithmic exploration which associates chapters of a book with financial robots (FinBots). As a creative provocation, this website presents the book as a market place in which the articles within it lose or gain money based upon the performance of stocks that they are associated with. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact This project was published online and as part of the book publication "Artists Re:thinking the Blockchain" with the support of the book editors and article authors. 
URL http://www.finbook.co.uk/
 
Title GeoCoin Platforms 
Description The GeoCoin platform uses smart contracting technology of digital currencies to create geo-fenced wallets based on phone's GPS location. This tool was developed not as final produce but as a research tool aiming to make complex new technologies more accessible to a wider public. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Several novel ideas of different versions and use cases were developed based on this initial 'unfinished' software. These are currently under further development with potential for additional partnerships, collaborations and funding opportunities. The main impact of exploring this software in public events or workshops is to make complex technology accessible and playful to a non-tech savvy audiences. 
URL http://www.geocoin.site
 
Description After Money Geocoin workshop - 21 Nov 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact This workshop will introduce new developments such as blockchain and smart contracting technologies to participants in a tangible and experiential way. The aim is to foster and support creative explorations of potential future visions of value exchange in an increasingly 'smart city'.

After an initial introduction, the workshop will comprise of a hands-on exploration of GeoCoin and a creative smart contracting activity. GeoCoin is a web app developed by the Design Informatics Team to explore digital currencies and value in the city. Based on the smart contracting platform Ethereum and in association with your phone's GPS data, it will challenge your understanding of data sharing, value exchange, and economic transactions in the city in an experiential way. We will then further dive into the understanding and use of smart contracts through an 'If This Then What' design exercise to envision and imagine new narratives and potential applications.

Overall, this workshop aims to foster discussion and understanding of potential issues, concerns and opportunities arising from these new technological developments for society, business and people alike. No prior knowledge of the technologies is required to join the workshop, nor is it necesary to own a smartphone. However, bringing a smartphone along will allow you to get the most out of the experience.

Both workshops are part of the After Money Symposium which heralds the end of Design Informatics' research project After Money in collaboration with the Royal Bank of Scotland and the New Economics Foundation, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council. The event is hosted by New Media Scotland as part of their 48 hours programme.

The symposium events are separately ticketed - please book sessions you would like to attend separately.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://aftermoney.design/429-2/
 
Description After Money Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Organisation and delivery of a 2 day symposium including international speakers, workshops and an accompanying exhibition
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description After Money symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This two-day symposium, organised by the Centre for Design Informatics, aims to better understand the implications that FinTech, Cryptocurrency and Smart Contract developments are having on how industry, publics and governments understand money. The fast pace and shifting developments of cryptocurrencies and their underlying technologies have raised significant questions not only about new forms of currency but the economic, social and political constructs that surround them. Challenging current norms of value representation in society and culture, this symposium aims to investigate different perspectives of how financial technologies may influence our lives. The symposium comprised three sessions, each with a unique focus on FinTech Near Futures, Policy, Value and New Economics as well as Cultures of Commodification. The day is intended to bring together a variety of people from academia, industry and culture to understand the broader, cross-cutting implications of these new forms of banking, programmable money and representations of value and its wide-ranging repercussions.

Speakers include Sarah Meiklejohn (UCL), Gavin Littlejohn (FDATA), Dug Campbell (Fankletastic Limited), Philip Godsiff (University of Surrey), Alexandre Polvora (European Commission), Doreen Grove (Scottish Government), Pip Thornton (Royal Holloway, University of London), Max Dovey (Artist & Researcher) and Dominic Smith (Independent). The audience was drawn from the Fintech community, policymakers, artists and academics. Those who spoke had already had involvement with Design Informatics, which demonstrated the continual collaboration and impact of past work by Design Informatics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://aftermoney.design/427-2/
 
Description After Money workbooks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Summary of the overall research project's activities and findings in the form of 3 workbooks
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
URL http://www.aftermoney.design
 
Description BBC World Service Click interview. Polite Robots That Make Way for People 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact BBC World Service Click interview. Polite Robots That Make Way for People
http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/w3cstxkx 10th September 2017. Last figures showed this had 12130 views worldwide since 5th September - Discussion and demonstration of the BitBarista prototype which makes supply chains transparent to consumers and demonstrates the potential of autonomous economic agents.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/w3cstxkx
 
Description Block Exchange workshop and talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact In addition to a morning workshop using the BlockExchange method, AYEKA hosted the Rimon School of Music and BerkleeICE International Entrepreneurship and Innovation Series. Open Music Initiative, Blockchain, Transparency - technological innovation for the music industry and creative fields.
AYEKA, Elifelet Street, Tel Aviv-Yafo Israel

February 19th at 7:00 PM.
Doors open at 6:30 PM.
An initiative led by the Berklee College of Music Institute for Creative Entrepreneurship (BerkleeICE) in collaboration with the MIT Media Lab and with support from a number of major music labels, streaming services, publishers, collection societies and nearly 60 other founding entities.
The mission of Open Music Initiative is to promote and advance the creation of open source standards and innovation related to music to help assure proper compensation for all creators, performers and rights holders of music.
Featured presenters:
From Berklee College of Music in Boston, Panos Panay - Founding Managing Director for BerkleeICE.
From University College London, Sarah Meiklejohn - lecturer and assistant professor of Computer Science.
From University of Edinburgh, Chris Speed - Professor of Design Informatics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://blockexchange.designinformatics.org/
 
Description Block Exchange workshop in Tel Aviv 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blockexchange workshop and GeoCoin activity to engage academic and industry professionals in understanding and ideating with Blockchain technology
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description BlockChain City invited talk at Bitcoin Amsterdam 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk to present activities relating to blockchain / design etc
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.bitcoinwednesday.com/profile-chris-speed/
 
Description BlockExchange workshop at the Alan Turing Institute (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blockexchange workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Blockchain City workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 2 day workshop including Blockexchange and Geocoin bodystorming with final ideation and prototyping of two new app designs based on geolocated digital currencies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Collider SWIFT with entrepreneur Rob Dobson, Kate Symons (geography), Duncan Shingleton (RBS) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Centre for Design Informatics has already established a record of running "Collider" design thinking events, in which people from various areas of expertise are brought together to discuss hot topics and develop ideas. Ideas that seem very promising have the opportunity to be helped with some resources to develop prototypes in order to attract further external funding.
Following brief presentations about a specific technology and a problem space, an intensive 'sandpit' style workshop ensues that leads to one idea that is deemed serious enough to be taken forward for further development.
The SWIFT Collider responded to the call to address new banking solutions for international contexts/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Cultural Value Scoping Project - Workshop, 18 January, Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to take part in the workshop and present work on How to develop new insights and test risky ideas.
The central question of this workshop - organised as part of the AHRC Cultural Value Scoping Project - is how academics, and cultural value scholarship more broadly, would stand to benefit from the existence of an entity dedicated to research and analysis into cultural value; inversely, what academics would have to contribute to this cross-sector platform.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.kcl.ac.uk/Cultural/-/Projects/CulturalValueScoping.aspx
 
Description Demonstration of Block Exchange principles at Talbot Rice Gallery / Playtime event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talbot Rice Gallery was a special one-day exhibition showcasing the results of an innovative hands-on workshop. Guided by artist Rob Kennedy and curator James Clegg, delegates were welcomed to drop-in and contribute verbally and physically to a playful discussion about how modes of exhibition and display shape and manifest cultural, social, political and physical engagements within life.

Playtime tests the fundamental process of exhibition making by looking at how the manipulation of simple objects and basic materials can allow complex ideas to be shared in imaginative and accessible ways. Starting with an empty space and pile of cardboard boxes, the workshop will have seen a diverse group of academics and students challenged to play out and debate a number of games, applying the logic of a particular world-view to the subsequent spatial creations you will find presented in the Gallery.

Led by specialist 'game leaders' the project will provide insights into ongoing research from across the University and further afield. From animal behaviour to invisibility, from translation to tool-making, from cyborgs to lateral thinking, Playtime will overcome disciplinary boundaries and foster curiosity, fantasy and imagination. The content of the exhibition will only become known through its making, this process will reflect and encourage new forms of creative learning and interaction.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ed.ac.uk/talbot-rice/exhibitions/future-exhibitions/rob-kennedy-acts-of-dis-play/playtime
 
Description Demonstration, BitBarista: Crypto Payments and Making Data-Driven Choices Visible, National Cyber Security Visit, Informatics Forum, 5th September 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Demonstration, BitBarista: Crypto Payments and Making Data-Driven Choices Visible, National Cyber Security Visit, Informatics Forum, 5th September 2017. Discussion and demonstration of the BitBarista prototype which makes supply chains transparent to consumers and demonstrates the potential of autonomous economic agents.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Designing DAOs workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Here is the blurb for the workshop. Designers and data specialists are at the forefront of exploring new ways of exchanging value, using Blockchain, cryptocurrencies, smart contracting and the direct exchanges between things made possible by the Internet of Things. These novel technologies mean that concepts of value and value exchange are being challenged in a variety of ways, and, far from being neutral, these innovations are entangled with and are co-producing novel political, economic and social arrangements, raising questions of ethics, privacy and the sociopolitical implications of new forms of distributed authority.

This workshop will explore the implications of the vastly evolving distributed ledgers and autonomous systems which introduce the principle that products and services may soon be owned and managed collectively and not by one person or authority, thus challenging traditional concepts of user communities, ownership and power.

This half-day design workshop allows participants to further understand, develop and critique these new forms of distributed power and ownership through a creative exploration of nodes and networks. No prior knowledge is required and we welcome academics, creatives, industry experts and non-specialists alike. Attendees came from a variety of backgrounds, professionals in the area and non professionals and reported a growing interest in this area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://aftermoney.design/429-2/
 
Description Distributed Autonomous Futures invited talk at sIREN 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited to talk at the third sIREN (student-led Interdisciplinary REsearch Network) seminar workshop 'Managing Digital Data Across Disciplines' on Friday, 27th January 2017, 9-12 am

This seminar workshop will explore the theme of managing digital data across disciplines. It will invite four speakers from across the University of Edinburgh and the University of Newcastle. Keynote speakers will present part of their own research activities related to methods, strategies and challenges when undertaking interdisciplinary research. The aim of the workshop is to enhance knowledge and skills and to open up the discussion to participants.

Presented work on DAO's Blockchain / Bitcoin
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.siren.eca.ed.ac.uk
 
Description Exhibition/Installation: AfterMoney at Design Informatics Pavilion 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Installation of After Money app in the Design Informatics pavilion during the Future Play festival in August 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Future Festivals 2050 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Smart Transactions in Public Spaces (STiPS) is part of the PETRAS Iot Hub, see https://www.petrashub.org. Within STiPS the aim is to explore the particular challenges of developing systems for secure, low-friction, transactions in public spaces. In this workshop we are interested in exploring not only in the exchange of monetary currency, but also in the concept of trading data and personal information, where the line between data and currency blurs, and data becomes currency. As well as the explicit exchanges taking place between people, we are also interested in the trading and transfer of data taking place between devices and systems, of which people are generally unaware, but which forms part of this complex web of data transactions.

In the STiPS project so far we have begun to map out the practices and transactions currently taking place in a series of ethnographic studies, and have explored reactions to the BitBarista a hacked coffee machine that sells coffee for Bitcoin. We are looking to move into adopting technology developed at the RBS that may support new data transaction systems.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Good Innovation design exhibition, Shenzen 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As part of the Edinburgh Shenzen Creative Exchange initiative, the After Money app and Kash cups were exhibited in Shenzen. The exhibition featured on Chinese television (Shenzen Live).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited talk at Scottish Resources Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact I was invited to present new research that could inform circular economies through technology.
The Scottish Resources Conference is Scotland's biggest and most important event for sustainability, resource and waste management professionals and is run in partnership by CIWM and Zero Waste Scotland. This two-day event brings together business professionals and practitioners from all industries. The full agenda will provide inspiration for anyone across private, public and third sector organisations who is passionate about a waste free Scotland. Zero Waste Scotland have become involved as part of the Advisory Board for the Oxchain project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ciwm.co.uk/ciwm/events/src/2016_overview.aspx
 
Description Invited talk, Competitive Advantage in the Digital Economy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation to the Competitive Advantage in the Digital Economy event in Venice 29/04/2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/research/centres/cage/events/28-04-16-competitive_advant...
 
Description IoTUK and PETRAS Video Case Study. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact IoTUK and PETRAS Video Case Study. Bitbarista is a bitcoin powered coffee machine https://iotuk.org.uk/bitbarista/ October 2017 . Discussion and demonstration of the BitBarista prototype which makes supply chains transparent to consumers and demonstrates the potential of autonomous economic agents. The video can be used as an educational tool for a variety of technical and non technical audiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://iotuk.org.uk/bitbarista/
 
Description KASH cups at Dutch Design Week 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A live demo of KASH cups at an international design conference where delegates were using the interactive system in the coffee break
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Launch of Artists Re:Thinking the Blockchain as part of After Money symposium Nov 17 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The evening reception of the After Money symposium included the Scottish book launch of "Artists Re:thinking the Blockchain". Chaired by Mark Daniels (New Media Scotland), Editors Ruth Catlow (Furtherfield), Nathan Jones and Sam Skinner (Torque) introduced the book followed by a discussion and drinks. Artists Re:Thinking the Blockchain is the first book of its kind, intersecting artistic, speculative, conceptual, and technical engagements with the technology heralded as "the new internet". The book features a range of newly commissioned essays, fictions, illustration and art documentation exploring what the blockchain might mean for our collective futures.
Imagined as a future-artefact from a time before the blockchain changed the world, and a protocol by which a community of thinkers can transform what that future might be, Artists Re:Thinking The Blockchain acts as a gathering and focusing of contemporary ideas surrounding this still largely mythical and wildly hyped technology.
The book comprises: Documentation of artistic projects engaged in the blockchain, including foundational works Plantoid, Terra0, and Bittercoin; Theorisation of key areas in the global blockchain conversation by writers such as Hito Steyerl, Rachel O'Dwyer, Rob Myers, Ben Vickers and Holly Herndon; and new poetry, illustration and speculative fiction by Theodorios Chiotis, Cecilia Wee, Juhee Hahm and many more.
Threaded throughout the book is Finbook a web-based project in partnership with Design Informatics at the University of Edinburgh. Finbook is an interface where readers and bots can trade on the value of chapters included in the book, rendering the book with an Internet-of-Things like interactivity, and imagining a new regime for cultural value under blockchain conditions. The audience comprised of speakers at the symposium, artists, researchers and interested industry professionals who learned about the concept of design fictions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://torquetorque.net/publications/artists-rethinking-the-blockchain/
 
Description Nissen, Oostenhuizen, Speed: GeoCoin workshop, Artists Rethinking the Blockchain, Furtherfield Gallery, London. 28/06/17 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Nissen, Oostenhuizen, Speed: GeoCoin workshop, Artists Rethinking the Blockchain, Furtherfield Gallery, London. 28/06/17. The workshop demonstrated technology developed by Design Informatics to an audience of artists and the general public and introduced emerging technologies to a non-technical audience. Participants engaged enthusiastically with the work and it changed many people's thoughts on the technology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://aftermoney.design/
 
Description Nissen, Speed, Oosthuizen: Geocoin workshop, Tesco Bank, 3/11/17 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Nissen, Speed, Oosthuizen: Geocoin workshop, Tesco Bank, 3/11/17. GeoCoin is an explorative platform for geofenced digital currencies. This platform aims to make bitcoin and blockchain technologies accessible in a playful and experiential manner to a wider audience. We have used this platform as bodystorming tool in workshops to explore new models and aspects of geofencing digital currencies.
The platform was developed on the distributed smart contracting platform Ethereum with actual underlying blockchain technology and the cryptocurrency Ether which allows this software to be further adapted for real life use cases and scenarios. There are currently 4 different types of GeoCoin which allow users to collect coins which may add or subtract from their current balance. Simulating potential tax, toll and earning scenarios, this speculative software allows users to experience and explore the potential of digital currencies in a 'Smart City' environment. The workshop was held as part of the Tesco Mercury consultancy programme to open up an understanding of smart contracting outside of the realm of finance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://geocoin.site
 
Description Nissen/Oosthuizen: GeoCoin workshop Tesco 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Part of Tesco Mercury consultancy, this workshop introduced location-based smart contracts to the student/industry teams and allowed them to developed new concepts/ideas of value exchange in the 'smart city'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Nissen/Tallyn/Symons/Speed: DIS workshop: New Value Transactions 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A conference workshop exploring and designing for distributed autonomous organisations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Nissen: Talk and Demonstration of GeoAid platform, in Power 2.0: New Digital Geographies at RGS-IBG 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk and demonstration of GeoCoin related app, GeoAid and potential of blockchain technology for aid distribution
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Oberlander, Richardson, Speed: BBC Data Partnerships launch 19/11/17 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Attendance at BBC Data Partnerships launch 19/11/17 - forging relationships with media partners going forward in the world of data science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/rd/projects/data-science-research-partnership
 
Description Presentation to the Gartner Research Board 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited to present research across a series of projects to the Gartner Research Board.

The Gartner Research Board (RB) is the only peer advisory research group that provides the deep, objective insight essential for transformative leadership in the world's largest, most complex organizations. Founded in 1973, the RB has been a subsidiary of Gartner, Inc. since 1998. Membership of the Research Board is by invitation only.

In addition to programs designed for CIOs, we manage IT functional specialist communities for CTOs, heads of IT Finance, Chief Information Security Officers, Heads of IT Sourcing, and IT Workforce Management executives. Membership program deliverables include vendor-neutral research on member-directed topics of global importance, meetings of true peers, analysts, and industry leaders on global enterprises' most pressing issues, and tailored research on issues of tactical concern
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.gartner.com/researchboard/
 
Description RISE Connect Event EPSRC. Churchill Room, Houses of Parliament. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Chris was invited to a RISE Connect networking event organised by the EPSRC on March 2. Members of the Science and Technology Select Committee from both houses, chief scientific advisers, EPSRC council members, MPs with links to science and renowned scientists and engineers convened in the House of Commons in London for an afternoon of talks, presentations and informal discussion aimed at developing long lasting links and relationships between academics and parlamentarians. RISE Connect is a follow-up initiative naturally extending on the largely successful RISE Awards launched by the EPSRC in 2013 which paired a select number of scientists and engineers with individuals not connected with the world of science and followed the development of these relationships for an entire year.

The event was opened with a welcome note by Nicola Blackwood and Phil Nelson followed by an afternoon networking session during which several scientific projects and programmes showcased the diversity and high impact of research funded by the EPSRC. The key messages delivered during the event stressed that strong economies are science economies, economic growth is fuelled by technology, and engineering and physical sciences deliver much needed growth and productivity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.epsrc.ac.uk/skills/rise/
 
Description Speed & Fried: Invited talk, Design Informatics, EPSRC / Japanese Research Council meeting for IoT. British Embassy, Tokyo. 7th / 8th, September. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speed & Fried: Invited talk, Design Informatics, EPSRC / Japanese Research Council meeting for IoT. British Embassy, Tokyo. 7th / 8th, September.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Speed, Cooke, Turner, Oosthuizen, Alcala: BitBaritsta Demonstration at FinTech Scotland conference, Dynamic Earth, 27 & 28 September 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Demonstration of Design Informatics prototypes - BitBarista and Kash cups at launch of Fintech Scotland conference. Competition between participants to understand the possibilities of blockchain and cryptocurrencies outside of the Fintech focus. Audience was influential business people and demonstrated Edinburgh University's pioneering research in this area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.fintech2017.co.uk/
 
Description Speed, Symons: Block Exchange workshop, School of Education, 27/10/17 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speed, Symons: Block Exchange workshop, School of Education, 27/10/17. Block Exchange is a fast-paced workshop activity that will open minds to the future possibilities of value exchange. Using Lego to simulate the Blockchain participants will experiment with trading as economic models shift from the basic acquisition of resources, through a fluctuating market and finally into peer-to-peer trading of value where anything goes. Held at school of education to help explain potential digital futures for education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://blockexchange.designinformatics.org/
 
Description Speed, Symons: Block Exchange workshop, Tesco Bank, 27/10/17 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speed, Symons: Block Exchange workshop, Tesco Bank, 27/10/17. Block Exchange is a fast-paced workshop activity that will open minds to the future possibilities of value exchange. Using Lego to simulate the Blockchain participants will experiment with trading as economic models shift from the basic acquisition of resources, through a fluctuating market and finally into peer-to-peer trading of value where anything goes. Held at the offices of Tesco Bank as part of the Tesco Bank Mercury programme consultancy project which is a pioneering professional development plan for Tesco executives, and is a fantastic link between academia and business, allowing research to be taken forward by business.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://blockexchange.designinformatics.org/
 
Description Speed, Tallyn: Block Exchange workshop, CodeBase, Edinburgh, In collaboration with IoTUK / Digital Catapult. 8th December 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Block Exchange is a fast-paced workshop activity that will open minds to the future possibilities of value exchange. Using Lego to simulate the Blockchain participants will experiment with trading as economic models shift from the basic acquisition of resources, through a fluctuating market and finally into peer-to-peer trading of value where anything goes. Held at the offices of Codebase - a Tech hub in Edinburgh. Demonstrated Edinburgh University's pioneering research to industrial practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://blockexchange.designinformatics.org/
 
Description Speed: Chairing of Conference: Research Through Design, National Museum of Scotland, 22-24/03/17 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speed: Chairing of Conference: Research Through Design, National Museum of Scotland, 22-24/03/17 The third edition of the conference was chaired by Chris Speed and Ian Lambert and was held at the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh, UK, 22-24 March 2017. The museum context provided an exciting venue for exploring new and emerging disciplines of making, and a unique opportunity for RTD conference exhibits to be juxtaposed with curated NMS artefacts and collections, challenging contemporary and future notions of value and expertise.
Through the theme 'New Disciplines of Making - Shared Knowledge in Doing', the 2017 chairs continued a discussion and debate exploring how the artefacts and processes of practice-based research can become tangible outcomes. The conference programme explored ideas around the nature of knowledge 'in doing', and how we 'unpick' tacit forms of knowledge arising from processes that are often intuitive and impulsive, and sometimes recognised only on reflection - when the process has ended.
33 out of 233 submissions were included in the final programme, after being peer-reviewed by members of the Programme Committee and reviewers in the growing RTD community.
The RTD 2017 incorporated a number of Provocations alongside presentations and discussions of exhibited work. Invited speakers at RTD included Prof. Elisa Giaccardi of TU Delft, and Azusa Murakami and Alexander Groves of Studio Swine. As the conference was hosted by NMS, there was rich opportunity to hold two panel discussions that brought museum curators into conversation with design researchers and practitioners about relationships between artefacts, research, and museum spaces.
A new addition to the format for RTD 2017 was a day of workshops, which created the opportunity for researcher-practitioners to be 'hands-on' in making and experimenting and new materials, engaging multiple areas of exploration including printmaking, sandcasting and mapping. More information on the workshops is here. Outputs from experimental making at each workshop were presented back to delegates during the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.researchthroughdesign.org/news/rtd-2017-new-disciplines-of-making-shared-knowledge-in-do...
 
Description Speed: Invited talk, "Stories with Artefacts" seminar, KTH, Sweden. 5/11/17 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speed: Invited talk, "Stories with Artefacts" seminar, KTH, Sweden. 5/11/17
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Speed: Invited talk, FinBooks, FACT, Liverpool. 26/10/17 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Invited talk, FinBooks, Foundation for Art and Creative Technology, Liverpool. 26/10/17. Discussion of the Design Informatics Finbook project, FinBook is an algorithmic exploration which associates chapters of a book with financial robots (FinBots). As a creative provocation, the Finbook website presents the book as a market place in which the articles within it lose or gain money based upon the performance of stocks that they are associated with. This project explores current and future questions surrounding practices of commodification, cognitive labour and algorithmic trading.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://finbook.co.uk
 
Description Talk and Blockexchange workshop at UCL blockchain kickoff event (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivery of a talk and blockexchange workshop to a wide variety of 30 academics, businesses and policymakers who were launch a new network of exploring novel use cases for blockchain technology, e.g. the international Open Music Initiative
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Talk and demonstration of Bitcoin Marriage Provocation at ISSTI retreat (Edinburgh) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk and demonstration of initial Bitcoin Marriage prototype (or provocation) to an academic audience of Science and Technology Studies scholars
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.issti.ed.ac.uk/events/retreats/2016
 
Description Talk at Make:Shift 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Joint talk with colleague Arno Verhoeven on crafting tangible data
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Talk: Crossing Borders as part of FuturePlay Festival Edinburgh (Aug 2017) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk: Crossing Borders as part of FuturePlay Festival Edinburgh (Aug 2017). As part of Future Play our co-director Chris Speed led a discussion on Designing for Near Futures with Bettina Nissen and Larissa Pschetz on the 17th August 11.30am. The short talks offered a glimpse into the near future of a society without money and biological civil war. The talk complimented our exhibition in the Design Informatics Pavilion which is free to enter everyday from the 3-26 August 11am-6pm.

The talk is part of the Future Play Sessions which were a diverse programme of talks, panels and showcases where artists, performers, experts and academics discuss and debate the latest trends, challenges and controversies in the worlds of art and tech. For more information and to book tickets visit the Future Play website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.designinformatics.org/node/489
 
Description Tallyn: Demonstration, BitBarista - Instantiation of Distributed Autonomous System, in Power 2.0: New Digital Geographies at RGS-IBG 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tallyn: Demonstration, BitBarista - Instantiation of Distributed Autonomous System, in Power 2.0: New Digital Geographies at RGS-IBG 2017. RGS-IBG Annual International Conference 2017. The 2017 Annual International Conference, held at the Royal Geographical Society in London, from Wednesday 30 August to Friday 1 September 2017. Discussion and demonstration of the BitBarista prototype which makes supply chains transparent to consumers and demonstrates the potential of autonomous economic agents.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description TechStock Event RBS, showcase 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact TechStock Event RBS, showcase was an invited small scale event at the RBS Headquarters in Edinburgh at which many SMEs presented new technical developments across IoT, FinTech and smart technology.
We presented work from Connected High Street and IoT projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.rbs.com/news/2016/march/opening-up-innovation-at-rbs.html
 
Description TedXUniversityof Edinburgh - demonstration of the BitBarista coffee machine 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Shaune Oosthuizen of the Design Informatics team demonstrated the BitBarista coffee machine which is a device in the Internet of Things which has its own Bitcoin wallet. The BitBarista demonstrates value transactions in smart contracting. The audience was primarily students from the university who were unaware of these kinds of uses for devices and helped them re-value their relationship with data and the possibilities of this emerging technology.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.tedxuniversityofedinburgh.co.uk/calendar/2018/2/20/2018-tedx-main-conference
 
Description Things2Things workshops, Design United Netherlands 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I co-organised the Things2Things workshops with the Design United team in the Netherlands:

Things2Things was a one-year-long project of the 3TU Industrial Design programs in the Netherlands that ran from January to October 2016. The project brought together a community of almost 50 professional designers and design researchers to explore the role of design thinking in creativity and innovation within the field of the Internet of Things. We have captured the key insights generated during the workshops in a booklet that we are launching at the Dutch Design Week, DRIVE Festival for Design and Innovation.

Anticipating a culture of small scale, distributed manufacturing, the workshop envisions a scenario in which people receive not software suggestions, but material artifacts that anticipate their daily needs. Over a period of 3 months, three families will play host to three networked 3D printers that 'print' artifacts meant to aid families in their daily practices. During the 3 months, participants in the final workshop will use readings from families' calendars in order to design objects for the families, which will then be sent over the Internet to the 3D printers. During the workshop, participants will discuss, evaluate and create new design concepts in light of the diaries families are asked to maintain about their experiences with these unusual material artifacts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://things2things.nl/
 
Description ThingsCon workshop and demo (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Firstly, 30-40 people participated in a blockexchange workshop to develop a better understanding of blockchain technology and spark discussion of new use case ideas.

Secondly, we demonstrated a new system of interactive ceramic cups to consider the exchange of value in a social setting to reconsider what constitutes currency and how new technology can provoke new models of exchange.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description UK Digital Economy Crucible 2016, London Skills Lab 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk to discuss the roll of value constellations in mapping research relationships across projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://cherish-de.uk/crucible/
 
Description Value Chains and Constellations exhibition of Product Designers at the Royal Bank of Scotland, Gogarburn 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The Value Chains and Constellations exhibition of Product Designers at the Royal Bank of Scotland, Gogarburn presented work by students that responded to the problems and opportunities of PSD2 and Blockchain technologies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016