ESRC/CASS Urban Transformations - Urban Development, Migration, Segregation and Inequality

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: School of Social & Political Sciences

Abstract

Urbanization and urban transformation in China is one of the most important aspects of global development in the 21st century. The fast speed of changes and the complexity of development in major Chinese cities pose a great challenge to urban researchers in China. This proposed International Centre Partnership will bring together researchers from three leading urban research organisations: the Urban Big Data Centre at University of Glasgow, the Applied Quantitative Methods Network at University of Sheffield, and the Institute of Urban and Environmental Studies at CASS. It will conduct collaborative and comparative research on three important and interrelated urban development issues of migration, segregation and inequality, and will make significant contributions in research findings, new methods, theoretical development and policy impact.

This partnership will fulfil the core aim of the Newton Fund, trough the development of close scientific and innovative research collaboration and promoting the economic development and welfare of Chinese people, especially the 250 million migrant workers living in cities and towns.

In order to achieve the above aim and project objectives, our partnership activities will include research training through workshops, summer school and international symposium with people mobility in both directions in every year; a series of collaborative and innovative pilot research projects; and several important knowledge exchange and impact events and activities to influence future research agenda and government policy development.

The partnership include a total of 27, from University of Glasgow, University of Sheffield, and Institute of Urban and Environmental Studies of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. It will involve a large number of other researchers, early careers and PhD students from these institutions and beyond, and government officials, policy makers, and civil society representatives.

Planned Impact

The ultimate beneficiaries will be city residents, especially migrant workers and low income communities in Chinese cities. However, policy makers in central government and policy makers and practitioners in local government are more immediate research 'customers'. Given the broad compass of the research, the policy community will extend across traditional boundaries between planning, housing and interior ministry functions. In China central agencies will include the Ministry for Housing and Urban-Rural Development; Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and Ministry of Civil Affairs. Similar departments/bureau could be found at municipal level. As the central government think tank, IUE has strong links with these central and local angencies. In the UK the Department of Communities and Local Government; in Scotland, the Cabinet Secretary's Office for Finance and Sustainable Growth have strong interests in these topic areas. Other beneficiaries will include national and local third sector and civic organisations concerned with neighbourhoods and urban development, the housebuilding industry and social justice. At the supra-national level, this research will provide useful intelligence for agencies such as UN Habitat, and the World Bank.

Stakeholder Engagement: We will establish two Policy Stakeholder Groups, one in each country, to help us refine and implement the project. We will invite key policy makers from the relevant government ministries and practitioners from municipal governments to be members, as well as other urban policy researcher, including from outside the academy. Several project Impact Workshops will be held with the Stakeholder Group members at every stage. Members will be invited to attend the local events and help shape the project outputs and communication strategies.

We have planned network meetings, seminars, workshops and an international symposium, a summer school on research methods. These will spread out over the three year period, rotated from the three different cities. Policy Stakeholder Group members will be invited to participate and give speaches. Between these workshops, research teams will hold research seminars at their own institution to report the progress and findings to local academic and policy maker audience. The main symposium in year three on Urban Transformation will be a major international research communication event, advertised early to attract large participation, and centred on the research findings. We will invite policy makers from both countries to participate and also issue a general call for papers.

At the international level, this partnership will provide useful information on the key world challenges of how to accommodate migrant population in ciites, maintain social order and stability, and promote justice and equality. At the national level, agencies will benefit from new ideas and intelligence that can be used to improve understandings of how their cities are performing. It will help to inform macro urban policy and social development, in relation to the role of cities in society and their national and international economic competiveness. At the urban level it is expected that this partnership will inform city-specific policy development and practice development in key areas such as urban planning, the leverage of urban development, service and infrastructure planning and delivery. For the private development industry policy change may give rise to greater certainty and an improved capacity for risk management in relation to new urban extensions. Residents in cities will ultimately benefit from improved social integration and greater planning responsiveness. In particular the aspirations of migrants and their likely future trajectories will be better understood, with potential gains for their well-being and quality of life, as well as their societal contribution.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description As many publications have been produced by members of the three partner teams (in both Chinese and English), it is difficult to summarise these outputs. The followings are highlights of some our overall research findings:

1) China's urbanisation and unprecedented transformation of Chinese society (from rural to urban) in the last four decades is one of the greatest human-resettlement schemes and social changes in the world history. Urbanisation is continuously seen as a major driving force for China's socio-economic development over the next few decades. Urban researchers and government policy makers are currently exploring the idea of urban agglomerations (conurbations and city clusters, as cities in highly urbanised regions begin to merge).

2) Urbanisation process in China was accompanied by many serious social, economic, and environmental problems. Inequality between urban and rural areas, between different regions and between the rich and poor are the most challenging ones. Millions of rural migrants live and work in cities, but they are often segregated (in urban villages and other poor areas) from the areas of mainstream urban residents and the emerging new middle classes. Their employment conditions, income, housing and living environment form a sharp contrast to the modern images of middle class neighbourhoods in Chinese cities. In the last few years, the government has promoted new urban policies, under the policy of 'New Style of Urbanisation', to facilitate the integration of migrants into urban communities, through the process of neighbourhood construction and management. The effect of this policy however varies between regions and cities. The unique residence registration system (hukou) is still one of the most important barriers for migrant integration. Urban policies sometime produce very conflicting consequences. In Beijing, for example, the municipal government's policy on comprehensive environmental improvement in 2017 cleared away many poor housing areas and associated job opportunities for which the low income residents and migrants rely on. Rather than integration, a large number of migrant workers had been forced to leave the city; many of them had lived in the city for many years.

3) Urbanization has strengthened the traditional spatial and social hierarchy of human settlements, starting with county towns at the bottom, moving up to regional cities, provincial-level cities, second-tier national cities, and the first-tier cities. Long held cultural wisdom and current socio-economic and political ideologies encourage the upward migration of people and vertical flow of money and other resources toward the top of this urban settlement pyramid. The urban housing and property market in some extent has reinforced this centralization. It facilitates the concentration of people with talent (political, managerial, academic, and intellectual), money, and other resources to higher-level cities where returns of property investment are higher. Housing price inflation became a mechanism for asset accumulation by the rich. The integration and linkages of housing markets in different locations enable the exploitation of rural areas by urban areas and lower-level cities by higher-level cities. In a huge country, the dynamic of such urban property market leads to inequality in housing consumption and asset ownership between different cities and urban areas, between different socio-economic groups, and between the rich and the poor. For a meaningful integration with local communities in cities, migrants need social, economic, and political capital and resources. Social and political assets are largely determined by one's hukou status and connections in cities. Without hukou and sufficient economic power, it is very difficult for anyone to move into a good, properly built and stable new neighbourhood. Within this system, there are always people want to migrate to bigger cities and settled there while the government would like to limit the growth of large national cities, but there is no effective social and economic policies and incentive to reverse the population movement process.

4) Rural to urban migrants not only face the challenges of integration, their next generation is negatively affected as well. Drawing on data from the 2011 Chinese Migrant Dynamics Monitoring Survey, Chen and colleagues explored the relationship between different types of parental migration and their children's wages when the children have grown up and migrated to work in cities. They found significantly negative relationships between parental migration and young migrants' educational attainment and wages. Those who experienced the out-migration of both parents are most disadvantaged in the urban labour market. All these mean that inequality and social integration will be major challenges for policy makers in China in the future.
Exploitation Route Publications will be accessible by both policy makers and other academic researchers.

Our partner institution in China is a central government 'think tank'. All researchers there have direct influence over policy development and debates. Professor Houkai Wei, was recently appointed by the central government as a member of the Rural and Countryside Affairs Committee of the National People's Congress. His knowledge and experiences on urban and rural development will have a direct impact on national policy development. Professor Shan is involved in national policy development in area of urban development and planning, migrant integrations. Other team members are also closely involved in policy making in their subject areas The findings from this project will be promoted by them.

Our edited book will be published by Springer next year, which will have a wide reach to the international audience.

The end of the project does not mean the end of collaboration; researchers from the three partner organisation will explore further formal and informal collaborative opportunities in the future to continue the research work in this important topic area.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Government, Democracy and Justice

 
Description This is an International Centre Partnership project on Urban Transformation. We have very successfully completed all planned collaborative activities, including: 1) A project kick off workshop at Glasgow in 2015 2) Impact workshop at CASS in Beijing in 2016 3) An advanced quantitative research methods training course in Beijing in 2016 4) Project workshop and conference at Sheffield in 2017 5) An advanced statistics and quantitative data analysis summer school at Sheffield in 2017 6) An joint impact workshop at CASS in Beijing in 2018 7) An major international conference at Glasgow in 2018 on Urban Transformation and 'New Style' Urbanisation in China. Core research team members from the three partner institutions attended all these events. At these events, researchers from partner organisations shared research experiences and findings through paper presentations and group discussions. Both UK and China researchers benefited enormously from these events and the comparative perspectives developed. CASS team members carried out research fieldwork in London, Sheffield and Scotland (Glasgow and Edinburgh) in combination with their trips to the UK. These fieldwork helped the Chinese team members to gain a better understanding of social and spatial inequality, segregation and challenges of integration in UK cities. UK team members visited urban development projects in Beijing and other cities in combination with joint workshops. In the three partner organisations, many researchers outside the original team participated in these events and benefited from the exchange and discussions. At CASS, for example, about 30 young researchers took part in the training course held at Beijing in 2016; 10 researchers attended the Summer School at Sheffield in 2017. Researchers from other Institutes of CASS and universities in Beijing attended the two impact workshops held at CASS headquarter in Beijing. Our workshops/conference and training courses were also offered to other young researchers and PhD students from other UK and Chinese universities and research institutes. We also invited policy makers and practitioners to our activities. The director of City Development of Glasgow City Council, for example attended our impact workshop and fieldwork at Beijing in 2016. At the Sheffield conference/workshop in July 2017, Dr Omar Khan, Director of the Runnymede Trust, London, was invited. He made a presentation on segregation in the UK. These activities made important contribution to our understanding on urban development, migration, segregation and inequality among the research team members in both countries. Primary research collaboration was mainly between the core team members and on an informal and advisory basis. Yu Chen and Ya Ping Wang participated at various research project design meetings at CASS to help colleagues there with their projects. Yu Chen worked very closely with Professor Shan on migration and integration. Ya Ping Wang worked closely with Professor Li on shanty town renewal and with and Professor Wang on social housing policy and provisions. In 2018, we held two major impact and knowledge exchange events. The first one was organised by CASS colleagues in Beijing. This one-day workshop on 4th of May on 'Migration and Integration in Urban and Rural Development' attracted over 50 researchers. Eight researchers from Glasgow and Sheffield attended and presented papers at the workshop. CASS colleagues also invited researchers from other organisations in Beijing to share their research findings and exchange research ideas. In July 2018 we jointly organised the international conference on Urban Transformation and 'New Style' Urbanisation in China in Glasgow. The conference was a great success; it attracted over 180 delegates with 140 paper presentations from many countries. About half delegates came from China. Five world leading researchers from USA, Hong Kong, Mainland China and UK, presented keynote papers; 10 senior academics attended two round table discussion; most delegates participated in the post conference fieldwork in Central Scotland. About half of the delegates were young/PhD students. The network and exchange activities between those from China and outside were reported by the delegates as very beneficial. Based on the research works of the team members in the three institutions and papers presented by others at our workshops we developed a book project on 'Urban Inequality, Segregation & Integration in Europe & China'. The book proposal has been accepted by Springer, under The Urban Book Series. An agreement was signed with a delivery date in December 2019. Gwilym Pryce, Ya Ping Wang, Yu Chen, Houkai Wei and Jingjing Shan will be the co-editors. In summary, this project achieved the following overall impacts: a) Advanced quantitative and statistical training of young researchers and postgraduate students at CASS and Sheffield will have a long lasting impact on their career development and the quality of their research works in the future. b) The international comparative ideas and perspectives gained by both UK and CASS research teams and will have long lasting impacts on research quality and policy development. In the last couple of years, several core CASS colleagues appeared on different national media platforms (including VT), and talked about issues covered by this joint project. c) The relationship developed between researchers in the two countries will facilitate good joint research and knowledge exchange events in future. For example, more CASS researchers has been given visiting scholar positions at the University of Sheffield and Glasgow in the next few years. d) We produced a series of publications on the research topics, some in international journal and books, others in Chinese. Our Chinese partners are particularly productive. During the project period, each of them published, in Chinese, a large number of full length journal articles, short articles in magazines, research reports, policy recommendations for the central government. Some of their early publications were reported as Other Outputs. We included a selection of their publications and listed them under Outputs. (Not all these publications are entirely direct results of this project, but they did benefit in various ways from the partnership and exchanges). For specific institutional impacts on CASS, colleagues provides the following summary: 1) Through the collaborative research and exchange activities, CASS team members developed great understanding of urban problems, challenges faced by both countries in the process of urban transformation, and possible policy reactions; 2) CASS team members gained valuable research knowledge and perspectives on urban transformation, and became much more experienced and confident in research approaches and methodology. 3) CASS team members have published more than 20 research reports, books and journal articles, on 'urban transformation', 'migration and integration', 'rural to urban migration and rural hukou to urban transformation', and 'healthy cities', etc. (mainly in Chinese). 4) The project is especially beneficial to many young researchers. It enable CASS Institute to develop a strong, stable and internationally outward looking research team on urban transformation, which includes younger researchers, post-doctoral researchers, PhD students. 5) CASS lead researchers submitted several policy recommendation papers on urban transformation to the central government and the CCP Central Committee (as the central government think tank, CASS researchers are encouraged to influence policy debates quickly and directly through this special channel). 6) The project enables CASS team members to establish close relations with researchers at University of Glasgow and University of Sheffield, which is not only important to the project, but for future collaborations.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description GCRF: Growing Research Capacity
Amount £7,100,000 (GBP)
Funding ID ES/P011020/1 
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 12/2021
 
Description Bristol University 
Organisation University of Bristol
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Dr Yiming Wang Senior Lecturer in Cities and Public Policy was invited to participate in our workshop at Sheffield.
Collaborator Contribution Dr Wang is writing a chapter on Social Networks: Segregation and Inequality between rural migrants and local residents in urban China
Impact He will contribute a chapter to the edited book on Urban Inequality, Segregation & Integration in Europe & China.
Start Year 2017
 
Description CASS Institute of Rural Development 
Organisation Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution One of the main CASS collaborators - Professor Wei Houkai moved from the Institute of Urban and Environmental Studies to the Institute of Rural Development, and became the Director. The collaboration therefore is now with two CASS Institutes.
Collaborator Contribution Professor Wei and Dr Su Hongjian are the two main project team members from the Institute of Rural Development.
Impact Professor Wei and Dr Su's publications have been listed as outputs.
Start Year 2017
 
Description CASS-IUES 
Organisation Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This is an International Centre Partnerships China 2014 project co-funded by the ESRC and CASS. It brings together researchers from two existing ESRC Research Centres (Urban Big Data Centre UBDC based at the University of Glasgow and the Applied Quantitative Methods Network AQMeN based at the Universities of Sheffield) and to extend the research on urban development including infrastructure initiatives, migration, segregation, and inequality to Chinese cities by developing collaborative links with academics at the leading national Institute of Urban and Environmental Studies at CASS. It seeks to bring fresh ideas, new methods and analysis through comparative studies on the impact of migration on cities and related social and spatial segregation problems and the challenges for integration and dealing with inequality. ESRC funded the UK part of activities (workshops, seminars, UK team members travels to China and fieldwork).
Collaborator Contribution CASS provided funding to support Chinese partners workshop, seminar, networking and international travel activities of CASS members.
Impact 1) First Partnership Networking Meeting was held on 3-4 December 2015 at the Urban Big Data Centre at Glasgow. 14 Members (include all UK PI and Co-Is) attended the meeting. At the meeting each of the three partner organisations made a presentation about their organisational structure, staff and research expertise in relation to the project topic; all team members at the meeting introduced their research experiences and interests to others; three presentations were made on the current state of research on migration, segregation and integration, covering both UK and China; several group discussions were held to identify pilot collaborative research areas/projects. 2) CASS researchers' fieldwork in Scotland: After the two day meeting at University of Glasgow, the four CASS colleagues carried out four day fieldwork (5-8 December 2016) in Glasgow and Edinburgh accompanied by Glasgow team members (Professor Keith Kintrea and Professor Ya Ping Wang). They visited various neighbourhood areas in different parts of the two cities and also suburban/rural areas, covering issues of urban regeneration, social housing, migrant destinations, suburban and village extension, changing shopping patterns, etc. 3) Second Networking Meeting was held at CASS in Beijing on 25 August 2016. The meeting was attended by 8 UK members (4 from Glasgow and 4 from Sheffield) and 10 CASS members. It reviewed progress in the year, and discussed/refined about potential collaborative research works. 4) An Open Forum Workshop on Migration and Integration in the process of urban transformation was held on 26th August at CASS. 12 papers were presented and discussed, including 4 invited speakers from outside of the project team. The workshop were attended by many young researchers from CASS institutes. The Director of Urban Planning and Economic Development of Glasgow City Council (as part of the University of Glasgow team member) attended this workshop (and the second network meeting). 5) UK Team member fieldwork in Beijing: Following the workshop, UK team members were accompanied by CASS colleagues to visit several selected housing and urban renewal areas in Beijing from 27-28 August.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Conference and summer school on urban segregation in Sheffield in 2017 
Organisation Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution UK colleagues organised the following events in Sheffield in July and August 2017: a) A conference on Urban Segregation and Inequality in Europe and China on 31 July 2017 b) A project review meeting on 1st August c) A Summer School on Applied Statistical Methods for Analysing Segregation from 1st to 4th August. d) CASS colleagues fieldwork in Sheffield and other cities in England
Collaborator Contribution Colleagues from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences made presentations at the conference, and participated in the project meeting.
Impact (1)About 60 people from both China and UK attended the conference, including students, researchers and policy markers and practitioners. (2)The Conference was followed by the Summer School which offered a four day well designed training courses to young researchers from CASS Institutes and UK Universities. All 25 funded places were filled through competition; 10 postgraduate students from CASS attended the summer school, and the rest participants came from the UK. (3) CASS project members carried out fieldwork on public housing, urban regeneration, industrial heritage, and rural development, etc., firstly in Sheffield and neighbouring towns and villages, and then to other cities.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Duke University 
Organisation Duke University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Professor Christopher Timmins (Department of Economics at Duke University, with a secondary appointment in Duke's Nicholas School of the Environment) was invited to participate in our Sheffield workshop in 2017.
Collaborator Contribution He is current co-authoring, with Professor Gwilym Pryce, a chapter on Market Sorting & Urban Structures: Underlying Causes of Inequality and Segregation in a Market Economy.
Impact Contribute a chapter to the edited book on Urban Inequality, Segregation & Integration in Europe & China.
Start Year 2017
 
Description TU Delft 
Organisation Delft University of Technology (TU Delft)
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Prof.dr. M. van Ham, Professor of Urban Renewal and Housing - Department of OTB - Research for the Built Environment was invited to participate at our workshop and Sheffield. He gave a joint-authored paper on Trends in Urban Inequality, Segregation & Integration in Europe. (Co-author with Professor. Prof. Tammaru).
Collaborator Contribution Their paper will be included in the edited book.
Impact Contribute a chapter to the edited book on Urban Inequality, Segregation & Integration in Europe & China.
Start Year 2017
 
Description University of Tartu, Estonia 
Organisation University of Tartu
Country Estonia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Prof. Tammaru (Professor of Urban and Population Geography and Head of the Centre for Migration and Urban Research at the Department of Geography at the University of Tartu, Estonia.) was invited invited to participate at our workshop and Sheffield. He gave a joint-authored paper on Trends in Urban Inequality, Segregation & Integration in Europe. (Co-author with Prof.dr. M. van Ham).
Collaborator Contribution Their paper will be included in the edited book.
Impact Contribute a chapter to the edited book on Urban Inequality, Segregation & Integration in Europe & China.
Start Year 2017
 
Description 33 IGU Beijing 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact I attended the 33 IGU at Beijing and presented a paper:

Wang Y.P. (2016) China's Urbanisation from Below: A tale of Two Villages. The 33rd International Geographical Congress, Beijing, P. R. China, August 21-25, 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.igc2016.org/dct/page/1
 
Description A half-day workshop at Hohai University, Nanjing, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 2017 June. "Using PySAL for Spatial Analysis (half day workshop)." Hohai University, China.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description A talk on population change and urban development in Nanjing University China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I was invited to attend a round-table discussion on population change and urban development at the Department of Sociology, Nanjing University, in June 2016. About 30-40 students attended it. They raised questions about urbanisation, family planning policies, and welfare provision in both China and the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description An invited talk at Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 2017 December. "Design and Development of Open-source Software for Spatial Analysis". Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Science Academy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description An invited talk at Peking University, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 2017 June. "Optimisation Problems in Geographically Weighted Regression." School of Government, Peking University, China.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference on Urban Segregation and Inequality in Europe and China 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact About 60 people attended the conference on 31st July 2017, including students from both China and the UK, academics, practitioners from third sector organisations. Scholars from the UK, China and Estonia made presentations on urban segregation in Europe and China. Meanwhile, Dr Omar Khan, Director of the Runnymede Trust in London, delivered an excellent closing speech on segregation and inequality. These presentations had sparked discussions and debates about segregation and integration in different contexts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/smi/conferences-and-events/urban-segregation-inequality-europe-china
 
Description International Symposium on Land Policy and Housing Market 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This is a special International Symposium on Land Policy and Housing Market held at The University of Hong Kong from 16-17 May 2016. I was invited to present paper on "Climbing the Urban Housing Ladders under Fast Urbanisation: Migration patterns and housing market dynamics in China". The organiser - Lincoln Institute of Land Policy is editing a book based on the symposium. The paper I presented will be included as a chapter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Invited half-day workshop at Hohai University, Nanjing, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 2017 June. "Geographically Weighted Regression (half day workshop)." Hohai University, China
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited speaker and International Advisory Committee member, 7) First International Workshop on Big Data Smart Transportation Analytics in Shanghai, China, jointly organized by Purdue University and Tongji University, Shanghai, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact First International Workshop on Big Data Smart Transportation Analytics in Shanghai, China, jointly organized by Purdue University and Tongji University, Shanghai, China, July 16-17, 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Keynote Paper at a Major International Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ya Ping Wang was invited to give one of the two keynotes papers at the 22nd international conference of European Association for Chinese Studies, 29 August-1 Sept 2018, Glasgow.
Title: China's Urban Transformation: A Confucianism Perspective.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://eacs2018.glasgow.ac.uk/index.php/programme/keynote-speakers/
 
Description Keynote in Advanced Workshop of Urban Studies and Smart Cities, Chinese University of Hong Kong. Emerging Data Sources and Urban Informatics: Examples, Prospects and Challenges. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The keynote was a part of a workshop to help establish a presence in Urban Informatics and Smart Cities in the Chinese University of Hong Kong. the keynote was supported by Strategic Development Fund, Faculty of Social Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong as well as Department of Geography and Resource Management
Urban Studies Programme, Institute of Future Cities, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Manchester China Workshop Invited Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Based on this project, I was invited, along with Professor Tao Sun, to make the presentation on 'The changing nature of work units and its impacts to urban development in China' at the workshop on Socio-economic development in China in an international comparative perspective, organised by the China Studies Research Committee, Manchester University
3-4 October, 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Open Forum in Beijing: Migration, Integration and Urban Transformation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A one day Open Forum Workshop on Migration, Integration and Urban Transformation was organised by CASS collaborator and held on 26th August at CASS. The workshop were attended by many young researchers from CASS institutes.

12 papers were presented and discussed, including 4 from outside of the project team:

1) Professor Houkai Wei, ????????????? Trend of China's Urban-Rural Integration under the new normal economic condition. (CASS)
2) Professor Gwilym Price, Importance of segregation and inequality research and methodological advances (Sheffield)
3) Professor Guoying Dang, ????????????? Analysis of the Future trend of rural labourer transfer in China (CASS)
4) Professor Keith Kintrea, Urban Development and Changes in Glasgow City - Historical perspective (Glasgow)
5) Professor Chaolin Gu and Miss Mingjie Sheng, Spatial Characteristics and New Changes of the "Ant Tribe" Urban Village in Beijing: A Case Study of Tangjialing (Qinghua University)
6) Mr Forbes Barron, Current issues of Development and planning in Glasgow City (Director of Planning and Economic Development, Glasgow City Council)
7) Ya Ping Wang, Climbing the Housing Ladder in China: Migration patterns and housing market dynamics (Glasgow)
8) Professor Yumin Ye, ??2030????????????? Projected patterns of population movement before 2030 and people oriented urbanisation strategies (Renmin University)
9) Professor Jingjing Shan, Building shared society: Promote the equalization of basic public services (CASS)
10) Professor Guoqing Li, Reforming the Slums and Rebuilding Community (CASS)
11) Dr Yu Chen and Guanpeng Dong, Residential environment and subjective wellbeing in Beijing (Sheffield)
12) Professor Yifei Cai, ?????????????? Projection of the supply and demand of labourer during the 13th Five Year Plan period (2016-2020) in China (CASS, Population and Labour Economics Institute)

Members from both sides benefited enormously from these presentations and discussions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Participation in delegate visit and talk on Urban Big Data Centre and Prospective Tianjin Eco-City/Smart City Collaboration 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Spoke to delegation members regarding potential collaboration on data infrastructure.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation at Manchester University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ya Ping Wang was invited to give a presentation and discussion at the 'China's New Urban Agenda: An International Dialogue on Sustainable Development', international conference organised by University of Manchester, 1 - 2 November 2018.
He made two presentations:
Paper 1: China's urban transformation: a Liberal-Confucianism perspective
Paper 2: A presentation of the research progress and problems for the ESRC-NSFC collaborative project: The Re-Making of Chinese Neighbourhoods
Both attracted a lot of interests among the 100+ delegates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.manchester.ac.uk/discover/news/transformation-of-greater-manchester/
 
Description Presentation at the Symposium on Urban Transformation in Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact I was invited to talk about spatial change, residential environment and subjective wellbeing at the symposium on Urban Transformation in China at the University of Glasgow in February 2017. There were good debates and discussions among the Chinese and British audience afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation in Jinan University Guangzhou China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I was invited to speak at the international conference on 'Rural-urban Migration and Inclusionary Urbanisation in China' in Jinan University, Guangzhou, China, in July 2016, jointly funded by the British Council and NSFC. My presentation is about rural-urban migrants and life satisfaction in Beijing. I had discussions with students in Jinan University, and researchers from both China and the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Public lecture at Nankai University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact I was invited to give a public lecture on "Global City Futures and China's Urbanisation", on 22 June 2016, in the Zhou Enlai School of Government, Nankai University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Summer School on Applied Statistical Methods for Analysing Segregation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The Summer School, organised during 1st-4th August 2017, offered a four day well designed training courses to postgraduate students from the CASS Institutes and UK Universities, on cutting-edge quantitative methods analysing urban segregation. Speakers include leading researchers in the field, such as Dr David Manley, Dr Duncan Lee, and Prof. Gwilym Pryce. All 25 funded places were filled through competition; 10 students came from CASS and the rest from the UK. The summer school was well received by participants who reported increased knowledge and skills in the area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/smi/conferences-and-events/esrc-summer-school-analysing-segregation-ineq...
 
Description Taiwan National Chengchi University Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I was invited by the Department of Land Economics of the National Chengchi University at Taipei to give a seminar on "Climbing the Urban Housing Ladders under Fast Urbanisation". on 5 May 2016. Followed the seminar I conducted some fieldwork on similar housing issues in Taipei and other cities in Taiwan
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Tianjin Eco-City Forum Invited Key Note Speak 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Tianjin Eco-City Forum was organised by Tianjin Binhai New Areas Government and Nankai University. It was held in October 2016. I was invited to give a key note speak on "Edinburgh: an Eco-City and Sustainable City? Experiences from Scotland" on 21 Oct 2016.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Urban China Conference at UCL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact About 50 academics and PhD students attended the session with question and discussion at the end.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Urban Transformation in China Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We organised The 2018 International Conference on China Urban Development - Urban Transformation and 'New Style' Urbanisation in China. 9-12 July 2018, University of Glasgow. The events benefited from ESRC support and attracted 180 people, with 140 paper presentations. About half of the papers were presented by researchers from China, the rest were from UK and other part of the world. The conference includes 5 keynote papers, two round table discussions with 10 senior academics, and 25 different sessions around the conference theme. Most delegates attended the post-conference field study trips to Edinburgh, and central rural Scotland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.gla.ac.uk/schools/socialpolitical/events/2018internationalconferenceonchinaurbandevelopm...
 
Description Workshop at York 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact I was invited to talk about migrants' integration experience in Chinese cities at the Symposium on 'Mobile citizens, portable rights: Social and political inclusion of internal migrants' at the University of York. The symposium focuses on migration in developing countries, especially India. Practitioners from some international organisations were invited.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop in Tongji University Shanghai China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I was invited to talk on migration and neighbourhood development in Chinese cities at the School of Planning, Tongji University in Shanghai China. Staff and students at the planning school attended the workshop, and we had a good discussion about urban development in China.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018