Education systems, aspiration and learning in remote rural settings

Lead Research Organisation: Brunel University
Department Name: Inst of Environment, Health & Societies

Abstract

Although there have been major advances in school enrolment in the past two decades, the outcomes of education are often poor, especially among girls, young people from indigenous groups and ethnic minorities, those of lower socio-economic status and in remote rural areas. The World Bank and other globally influential agencies have recently been promoting the view that this is partly due to the limited aspirations of such children and their parents. There is certainly some evidence that disadvantaged groups have lower aspirations, and consequently achieve less in school.

Yet paradoxically, there is also evidence that many youth from structurally disadvantaged groups have unattainably high aspirations, a situation that leads to disillusionment and large numbers of young people leaving school without the skills and knowledge to participate in rural livelihoods which they see as representing the failure of their aspirations.

There are two key problems with much of the current academic and policy discourse concerning education and aspiration. First, the conceptualisation of aspiration is very narrow. Interventions aimed at 'raising aspiration' assume it is one-dimensional, yet aspirations may be more or less concrete, more or less stable; they are emotionally imbued and value laden and may relate to very different types of imagined future. Little is understood of how aspirations function to produce change, individually or collectively.

Second, little is known of the processes through which school systems shape young people's aspirations, or of how young people's aspirations shape either their engagement with schooling or the learning they achieve. Aspiration is known to be produced in complex ways, in relation to broad-scale (even global) social and economic situations as well as family and community relationships. How these play out in schools requires further study.


AIM

To provide insight into how education systems can develop effective polices and interventions that work with young people's aspirations to enhance learning outcomes and address structural disadvantage in remote rural places

OBJECTIVES

1) To develop a robust understanding of the mechanisms that connect schooling, aspirations and learning outcomes

2) To develop methods suitable for capturing and understanding these mechanisms

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1) What roles do 21st century education systems play in shaping young people's aspirations in remote rural areas?

2) How are the aspirations of young people living in remote rural areas produced in relation to both schooling and their wider social, economic and cultural contexts?

3) How do young people's aspirations shape their educational engagement and learning outcomes?


METHODS

The research will be undertaken by a team of experienced investigators alongside three postdoctoral researchers. Fieldwork will be conducted in two schools and their local communities in remote rural areas of India, Laos and Lesotho.

1) Desk research - analysis of academic literature, organisational reports and policy documents

2) School-based ethnographic research including participatory group activities with students, lesson observation, discourse analysis of textbooks, curricula and exams, interviews with teachers and students

3) Community-based ethnographic research including interviews / focus groups with parents, other family members, community leaders, young people in secondary education and young people no longer in education

4) Interviews with stakeholders in the policy community

5) Policy-focused dissemination and feedback workshops, cascading up from school students, via local communities, to national and international level stakeholders

6) Design of a questionnaire, and piloting with 200 young people aged 11-22 in 5 remote rural areas per country, to explore how the qualitative findings might be operationalised for quantitative research.

Planned Impact

WHO WILL BENEFIT FROM THE RESEARCH?
-Government education ministries and regional/local government education departments
-Teacher training institutions
-International agencies, donors and NGOs engaged in funding or shaping education policies and interventions
-Youth advocacy and activist groups
-Academic researchers involved in the project, notably the local researchers, PDRAs and field assistants
-Academic researchers in education, development studies, youth studies, human geography and anthropology in India, Laos, Lesotho and internationally
-Ultimately, young people in remote rural communities in low income countries

HOW WILL THEY BENEFIT?
-Improved understanding of:
--Aspiration and its effects
--Effective qualitative and quantitative methods for researching aspiration
--The aspirations of young people living remote rural areas
--How different groups of young people negotiate and construct aspirations, and the role of schooling in this
--The consequences of young people's aspirations for their educational engagement and learning
--Ways in which education systems might work with the aspirations of young people to improve their learning
-Research capacity building

WHAT WILL BE DONE TO ENSURE THAT THEY HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO BENEFIT?
-Our local research partners include Plan Laos and Oxfam India, both of which are involved directly in developing education-focused interventions and have close links with education ministries and the broader policy community.

-A virtual international advisory group including representatives of international agencies and NGOs will be consulted regularly and kept informed.

-Stakeholder workshops will be held at the outset, mid-point and end of the fieldwork, during a feedback and dissemination stage and near the end of the project. Key participants will be senior personnel from education ministries and organisations promoting, funding and implementing education projects (see Pathways to Impact). Representatives of youth-focused organisations and local academics will also be invited. The PI has successfully used stakeholder groups with previous projects. The workshops will raise awareness of the research, secure commitment to it, ensure it is locally relevant and that the team is aware of the policy context and of optimal modes and moments to influence policy. The workshops will inform the design of the research and engagement plans, and contribute to data production (see Case for Support). The workshops will also engage with emerging findings and develop policy applications and recommendations. The resulting co-produced knowledge should be both relevant and acceptable to research users in India, Laos, Lesotho and beyond.

-The research and emerging findings will be publicised in formats tailored to diverse audiences in India, Laos, Lesotho and internationally, using inter alia a project website, briefing papers, internet-based resources such as the Southern African Regional Poverty Network and education forums, as well as conventional media such as newspapers, radio and social media.

-An international dissemination workshop in London will target NGOs, donors and agencies interested in education in remote rural areas.

-Our local research partners in India, Laos and Lesotho have been fully involved in developing the proposal and will gain experience in research design, participatory research and academic writing.

-Findings will be disseminated to academics from diverse disciplines through conference presentations and articles in international peer reviewed journals as well as journals published in India, Laos and Lesotho.

-The impact strategy will be evaluated on an ongoing basis. Participation in stakeholder workshops will be monitored and feedback sought to inform regular review and updating of our strategy. A year after the end of the project, the strategy will be evaluated through an open-ended stakeholder questionnaire.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Schooling is almost universally understood to be principally concerned with preparation for future life. In rural areas, in particular, this future life is expected to be an improvement on the present, and for many it is understood to lie elsewhere - in urban or foreign places. This orientation to social and spatial mobility is represented in various ways through the education systems of the three case study countries. It is depicted in the curriculum, referenced by teachers and embodied in, for instance, the linear structure through which children progress through school.

There are, nonetheless, some differences between the three contexts in the extent to which people believe that the future can be planned and worked toward (in Lesotho, children are told they should work hard to secure a good future; in India, children are told that if they work hard they might be able to access a better future; while in predominantly Buddhist Laos, the future is more often seen as a product of fortune). The future is also more prominent in, for instance, Lesotho and India, while children's present lives figure more prominently in Laos.

In all three settings, teachers, students and parents talk about schooling predominantly in relation to salaried jobs, in particular nurse, teacher, police officer or soldier. These four careers appear repeatedly in textbooks and elsewhere in school and are regularly reiterated by children when asked what they hope to do in the future. Many, however, demonstrate little conviction that these careers will materialise. Children shift inconsistently between the four jobs, speak of alternative futures when outside school and describe other aspects of their aspirations that are incompatible with their chosen career such as being self-employed and continuing to stay in the village. Neither are teachers heavily invested in their students becoming professionals: they recognise that structural constraints limit children's prospects, and while they may encourage children to 'dream' as a way to keep them focused on schooling, their own frequent absences and lack of preparation attest to a sense that however much they invest in their teaching, they are unlikely to enable rural children to attain the futures they talk about.

Many young people begin to express more attainable aspirations - usually common rural occupations such as farming or building - as they come to realise they will not be able to access the level of education required for a salaried job. The extent to which they revise their ambitions relates partly to their perceptions of their own academic abilities relative to their peers. Ultimately, very few rural youth find salaried employment and many become disillusioned about schooling. Where children are encouraged to believe their destiny depends on their own hard work, disillusionment may be accompanied by self-blame.

While the idea that one goes to school to ultimately become a nurse, teacher, soldier or police officer is commonly expressed, it is not the only narrative of education's role. Teachers, parents and students all speak of other ways in which education might contribute to a different future, including literacy and language skills, confidence and ability to navigate the outside world. Moreover, aspirations promoted and addressed through schooling relate not only to individual futures, but those of the family, community and nation. Some see education and knowledge as virtuous in their own right.

There is much that could be done in schools to assist young people to develop diverse and achievable aspirations. Schools could provide information about other career possibilities, for instance by inviting successful individuals from the community and beyond to talk about their livelihoods and how children might pursue these. Greater emphasis might be given to skills for rural livelihoods and entrepreneurship, and educators could employ pedagogies that encourage creativity and confidence building.

It is important to note that changes in the formal school curriculum, while important, are insufficient to encourage children to think more widely about possible futures or to see schooling as useful in relation to a broader range of careers. Lesotho has recently undertaken a major revision of its curriculum with attention to the development of skills and values, emphasis on creativity and entrepreneurship and instructions to teachers to employ children-centred pedagogies. However, teachers have not felt able to fully embrace these innovations. Thus, the research also has implications for teacher education.
Exploitation Route In the development of primary school curricula and textbooks and in teacher education, as well as other aspects of education policy and practice.
Sectors Education

URL http://www.education-aspiration.net
 
Description The research team engaged with government, donors and NGOs in all three countries from the outset of the project to ensure that the research was relevant to their needs and interests. Policy workshops were held in each country at intervals during the research, which generated considerable interest. Further workshops were held following initial analysis, at scales from the very local to the national. At the end of the project, the investigators visited each country again and engaged in discussions with key policy makers. The outcome of these discussions was an agreement to collaborate further to bring about substantive change in the delivery of primary education in rural areas. In Lesotho: The research team held three national stakeholder group meetings during the course of fieldwork and a policy workshop following initial analysis that was attended by more than 20 key decision makers in the education field. In July 2019, following further analysis of the research findings, the PI (Ansell) returned to Lesotho for 10 days and held meetings with people from government (Deputy Principal Secretary, CEO Teaching Services and CEO Curriculum and Assessment at the Ministry of Education and Training, National Commission for UNESCO, National Curriculum Development Centre), Teacher Training Institutions (the Rector, Deputy Rector and Faculty Deans at Lesotho College of Education, and Programme Coordinator at the National University of Lesotho), school proprietors (Lesotho Evangelical Church, Anglican Church, Catholic Church), and UN agencies (UNESCO, UNICEF). There was strong interest in the research from these various actors, and in particular a sense that something needed to be done about teacher education. The need was partly to ensure that teachers were able to use the new integrated curriculum in ways that would make it relevant and appealing to rural children. Ansell is currently (January 2020) applying for Follow-on Funding from the ESRC-DFID Raising Learning Outcomes scheme in collaboration with Dr Paramente Phamotse, Deputy Rector (research) at Lesotho College of Education and Dr Edith Sebatane, director of the Bachelor of Education programme at the National University of Lesotho, in order to institute changes in teacher education across all key sites of provision in the country. The assessment panel meets in March 2020. If successful, the outcomes will be: 1) A trial cohort of 50 Diploma in Primary Education students from Lesotho College of Education made aware of the issues concerning rural children's education and trained in action research undertake action research projects during their teaching practice year to explore new ways of making schooling more meaningful to rural children. This will both enable the trainees to better respond to the needs of rural children during their teaching careers and generate data concerning successful approaches that will feed back into lecturing at the College. 2) Work with lecturers at both Lesotho College of Education and the National University of Lesotho to decide how best to integrate the needs of rural learners into the teacher training curriculum for in-service teachers, and an evaluation of the success of this in its first term. 3) Work with the Ministry of Education (as commissioner) and Lesotho College of Education and the National University of Lesotho (as implementing bodies) to design and pilot an in-service programme for rural teachers / principals that can be rolled out nationally. 4) Work with the Ministry of Education, Lesotho College of Education and the National University of Lesotho to entrench changes to teacher education through the new Comprehensive Teacher Policy and/or the related national framework for teacher education. In India The India-focused co-investigator on the project has provided policy recommendations to the Government of Chhattisgarh through a series of seven meetings (between June 2017 and January 2020) with State Government officials. These included the State Planning Commission (SPC) - the government body that prepares and implements Chhattisgarh government policy - the Directorate of Education, the Chief Minister's Principal Advisor on Planning, Policy and Rural Development, the Director of Public Instruction and the Director of the State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT) which are the two bodies responsible for curriculum development and teacher training. Policy recommendations have also been shared with international NGOs (Oxfam, UNICEF), state and local education NGOs (Samarthan, Azim Premji, Grammitra, Aspirational Districts Programme), the District Institute of Education and Training (DIET) principals, and numerous teachers. At a recent series of policy meetings (January 2020), Chhattisgarh state officials agreed that DPI (Director of Public Instruction) along with the BUL (Brunel University London) will design, create, implement, support and monitor a programme which will include: • exposure visits of school children to different professions and twinning of Primary and Upper Primary schools • professional exchanges and guest lectures by successful professionals at rural village schools • curriculum revisions/enhancement in relation to the Study recommendations • implementation of gender-neutral representations and approach into curriculum, where recommended • integration of vocational component into curriculum, including: o exposure visits o professional exchanges and guest lectures o sponsoring of occupational fairs o twinning of schools o World of Work o vocational livelihood and experience, e.g.: ? vocational livelihood profiles ? 'livelihood of the month' ? case studies and life stories through essay, videos, illustrations o enhancement of low-status vocations o creation of vocational livelihood advisory team in each district, to provide mentoring around livelihood awareness raising The research is enabling the Government of Chhattisgarh to implement policy proposals and pedagogical interventions, in the form of the publication of supplementary learning materials and curriculum revision, and directly work towards providing rural youth with increased opportunities to enhance learning outcomes.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Education
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Title Education systems, aspiration and learning in remote rural settings - dataset 
Description Qualitative interviews undertaken as part of a wider ethnographic project focused on the relationships between aspirations and education. In each of three countries (Lesotho, India (Chhattisgarh) and Laos) a researcher spent nine months conducting research in two remote rural communities (anonymised in the transcripts). Most interviews were conducted in a local language and subsequently translated into English. Some of the transcripts are dual language. All people and rural community names are pseudonymised. Respondents were selected purposively and included school children, school dropouts, parents, teachers and community leaders from the six communities and the schools that served them. Schools are primary unless noted as secondary in the file name. Survey (n=600) conducted with young people aged 12-22 both in and out of school in rural Lesotho, India (Chhattisgarh) and Laos (200 per country). Survey sampling was systematic within a limited number of rural communities located in proximity to the qualitative case study communities. Survey was conducted with young people in their homes. Data are anonymised. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None known so far. 
URL https://reshare.ukdataservice.ac.uk/cgi/users/home?screen=EPrint::View&eprintid=854057
 
Description Research partners in case study countries 
Organisation National University of Lesotho
Country Lesotho 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are working with organisations in all three of our case study countries. These organisations are assisting with making links to government and other relevant actors in the education field, recruitment and employment of local staff and research expertise.
Collaborator Contribution We are working with organisations in all three of our case study countries. These organisations are assisting with making links to government and other relevant actors in the education field, recruitment and employment of local staff and research expertise.
Impact None yet. The project only began in September 2016
Start Year 2015
 
Description Research partners in case study countries 
Organisation Plan International
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We are working with organisations in all three of our case study countries. These organisations are assisting with making links to government and other relevant actors in the education field, recruitment and employment of local staff and research expertise.
Collaborator Contribution We are working with organisations in all three of our case study countries. These organisations are assisting with making links to government and other relevant actors in the education field, recruitment and employment of local staff and research expertise.
Impact None yet. The project only began in September 2016
Start Year 2015
 
Description Class on Anthropology of learning and education module 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Classes on module for PG and UG students at Brunel University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell, Brunel 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ansell N Education systems, aspiration and learning in remote rural settings, Brunel University London Research Institutes Day, 27th November 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell, Nairobi 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ansell N Politics of time, Temporal Frontiers and the Excessivity of Time in Africa British Institute in Eastern Africa, Nairobi, 29th June-1st July 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell, RGS-IBG 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ansell N Education systems, aspiration and learning in remote rural settings, RGS-IBG Conference, London, 30th August-1st September 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell. Bilbao 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Equipping young people for a changing world? Experiences and expectations of the expansion of schooling in Lesotho, India and Laos, Young People's Well-being, Resilience and Enterprise: Critical Perspectives for the Anthropocene, Bilbao, 5-7 Sept 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell. NGM 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Education for all? School systems, aspiration and the production of alienated futures, Fennia lecture, Nordic Geographers' Meeting, Trondheim, June 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference presentation - Ansell. RGS-IBG 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Attached to home; lured by 'elsewhere': tensions in the aspirations of young people in rural Lesotho, RGS-IBG Conference, August 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference presentation - Changpitikoun, Brunel 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Changpitikoun S Aspiring to be like one's teacher: The inherent contradictions in taking teachers as role models in rural settings in Laos, Theorising young people's aspirations in a global context: an interdisciplinary conference, Brunel University London, 26th-27th March 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation - Dost, Brunel 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dost A Constructing and dismantling the dream of moving forward: The paradoxical role of school education in rural Chhattisgarh, India, Theorising young people's aspirations in a global context: an interdisciplinary conference, Brunel University London, 26th-27th March 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation - Dungey, AAA 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dungey C Presentation for the book chapter. Learning to Wait: Schooling and the Instability of Adulthood for Young men in Uganda. Comparative presentation with new findings from Lesotho. American Anthropological association, Washington DC.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference presentation - Dungey, Brunel 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dungey C "Mapping the future?" Schooling, situatedness and young people's aspirations in Lesotho, Theorising young people's aspirations in a global context: an interdisciplinary conference, Brunel University London, 26th-27th March 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation - Fonseca, BAICE 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Fonseca J Educational Aspirations in Lao PDR: The findings and implications of an ethnographic study for achieving Sustainable Development Goal 4, BAICE, Sept 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation - Froerer, AAA 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Froerer P Aspiring for elsewhere: education and mobility in rural Chhattisgarh, central India, AAA, November 2017, Washington DC, Panel: The Anthropology of Hope in Education: Mapping a New Terrain
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference presentation - Huijsmans and Ansell, Loughborough 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Huijsmans R and Ansell N Navigating orientations to the future in remote rural schools, 3rd International Conference on Geographies of Education, Loughborough University, 3rd-5th September 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation - Huijsmans, Bandung 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 'Everyday Generationed Encounters with 'Sustainability': Education, rural livelihoods and sustainable futures for rural youth', Invited presentation at the Conference on Sustainability Science 2018, Ecology and sustainability science: from theory to practice. Bandung, West-Java, Indonesia, 9-11 October 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation - Huijsmans, Huddersfield 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Huijsmans R 'Reading Representations of Ethnicity, Place and 'everyday life' in Lao Primary School Textbooks', presentation at the International Symposium 'Theorising Childhood and Youth in the 21st Century: New insights, ongoing challenges', University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, 19-20 June 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference presentation - Huijsmans. EuroSEAS 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 'Remote, Rural Schools: A mobilities perspective', presentation at EuroSEAS 2019, Berlin, 10-13 September, 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference presentation - Lefoka et al, Lesotho 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lefoka P, Dungey C, Maiketso M, Moeketsi K, Mohasi L and Seotsanyana M Rurality Issues: A Framework to redress aspirations for primary and university students in the face of massification in higher education, Southern African Regional Conference on Quality Assurance in Higher Education, Lesotho
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Dissemination and feedback workshops with influential rural community members in Laos (x2) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Presentation of findings to influential members of rural study communities, followed by questions and discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Dissemination and feedback workshops with school children in Laos (x3) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Presentation of findings to children, discussion and participatory activities to develop ideas and recommendations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Followup policy meeting with State Council for Education Research and Training 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact SCERT: followup policy meeting with SCERT staff/faculty, curriculum advisors, govt officers (35 govt officers) to discuss MOU update, recommendations and present/future initatives
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Individual meetings with Chhattisgarh government officials 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact to discuss project findings and policy recommendations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Individual meetings with education policymakers in Lesotho 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Meetings with Ministry of education officials (Deputy PS, CEO Teaching Services, CEO Curriculum and Assessment), National Curriculum Development Centre, school proprietors, education advisors, teacher educators (Deputy Rector, Lesotho College of Education; Programme Director, National University of Lesotho), UNICEF, UNESCO, Lesotho National Council for UNESCO - Discussion of project findings and policy recommendations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description International policy workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Presentation and discussion of finding with 25 people, mainly from international agencies and NGOs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited talk - Ansell. Zurich 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact From teacher, nurse, soldier or police to rural entrepreneur? children's experiences of Lesotho's new curriculum, Zurich Human Geography Colloquium, Geographical Institute of the University of Zurich, 5 Nov 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Keynote lecture - Froerer, St Andrews 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Froerer P Becoming somebody: the value of educational achievement in rural Indi,a Educated People and Disciplined Bodies: Self-Governance(s) and Local RE-appropriations of Schooling, September 2017, University of St Andrews
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote speech to Janjghir PG College 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Janjghir PG College: keynote speech to 150 faculty and PG students (education, social sciences) on India's RTE (Right to Education) legislation, as it relates to aspiration project findings. Title of talk: Education, Aspiration and Learning in Rural Chhattisgarh: Challenges and Possibilities in relation to RTE
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting with Aspirational District Programme officers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Aspirational District Programme officers: meeting with two officers who are leading this national govt-funded initiative in Chhattisgarh (see https://niti.gov.in/sites/default/files/2018-12/FirstDeltaRanking-May2018-AspirationalRanking.pdf for more info), to discuss project findings and policy recommendations, along with possibilities for future collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting with Azim Premji Foundation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Azim Premji Foundation (NGO working on education; see https://niti.gov.in/sites/default/files/2018-12/FirstDeltaRanking-May2018-AspirationalRanking.pdf for more info): Teacher Learning Centre in Raipur, meeting with two Directors, plus 3 core faculty/teachers, to discuss project findings and policy recommendations, along with possible collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting with Oxfam India 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Oxfam India: meeting with Oxfam team (central Indian branch; Director + 12 Oxfam employees/researchers in attendance), to discuss project findings and policy recommendations, along with future collaborations and partnership with Brunel University
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Meeting with senior faculty at Lesotho College of Education 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting/presentation to senior faculty (rector and deans) at Lesotho College of Education to discuss project findings, future collaborations and curriculum reform/development; 6 faculty in attendance.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description National level policy workshop in Laos 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Workshop to present and discuss findings with government (Ministry of Education), donor agencies and NGOs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Policy meeting/presentation with Chhattisgarh State Planning Commission advisors and Ministry of Education officials 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Followup policy meeting/presentation with CSPC advisors and Ministry of Education officials; 15 people (including key advisors); discussed project findings and policy recommendations; sketched out MOU and impact activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Policy meeting/presentation with State Council for Education Research and Training 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact SCERT: policy meeting/presentation with staff/faculty and curriculum advisors from State Council for Education Research and Training (SCERT), Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA - the government of India's flagship programme for the achievement of universalization of primary education and improvement of educational engagement), and Department of Public Instruction (DPI - the department which carries out SCERT/SSA initiatives); (35 members in attendance), to discuss policy recommendations (including 'exposure visits', vocational livelihood advisory team, etc.), future initiatives and MOU
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Policy workshops (x6) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Meetings were held in Raipur, the state capital of Chhattisgarh, India, Delhi; Maseru, capital of Lesotho; Nga, district capital of Nga Province, Laos and Vientiane, Laos. These were attended by key representatives of government (education ministries, foreign affairs, agriculture), donor agencies (e.g. World Bank, Plan International), UN agencies (e.g. UNICEF, UNESCO, WFP), NGOs (e.g Oxfam and more local bodies), teaching colleges, university education departments, non-formal education providers and school proprietors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at Ravishankar University, Raipur 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ravishankar University (Raipur), meeting/presentation to Dept of Education faculty (BEd and MEd degrees) to discuss project findings, future collaborations and curriculum reform/development; 12 faculty in attendance
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Presentation at fringe event at UN Commission on the Status of Women, New York 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Spoke as part of a panel at a fringe event organised by the Impact Initiative
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation to Chhattisgarh State Planning Commission 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Chhattisgarh State Planning Commission (CSPC), the main administrative/civil service body for C'garh state: conference/seminar presentation on project findings and policy recommendations; 100-120 attendees, including the four key advisors to the CM and other officials/bureaucrats from SCERT, DPI and other departments located within the Ministry of Education, along with several NGOs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentations to teachers in Laos (x2) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Presentation of preliminary research findings followed by questions and discussion of policy implications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Seminar presentation - Ansell, Oxford 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Ansell N Education and aspiration in rural Lesotho, St Antony's College, University of Oxford, 13th February 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Seminar presentation - Ansell, Oxford 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Ansell N Education and aspiration in rural Lesotho, St Antony's College, University of Oxford, 13th February 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Seminar presentation, Froerer, Oxford University 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact University of Oxford, Institute for Social and Cultural Anthropology, Departmental Seminar: Education, aspiration and young people's pursuit of social mobility in central India (made reference to grant project and findings); 60-70 PG students and faculty from Anthropology and from Dept of Dev Studies (ODID)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Stakeholder meetings (x6) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We have met with stakeholders from government, training institutions and education-focused NGOs in all three case study countries. In Laos, there were meetings at three levels: national (hosted by our partner NGO, Plan International), provincial (hosted by the Provincial Education and Sports Secretariat) and District (hosted by the District Education and Sports Secretariat). These involved Plan International staff and government officers. In India various meetings took place with groups of stakeholders at district level, organised by our partner NGO Gram Mitra. In Lesotho, we hosted a meeting of our National Stakeholder Group (comprising national and district education officials, teacher training institutions and UNESCO). At these meetings, we introduced the research and sought feedback on our methods, on the local policy context and on expectations concerning the research findings and their potential relevance to policy and practice.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Symposium presentation - Ansell, Bayreuth 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Ansell N Telling stories about the future: children's narratives of education and future lives in Lesotho, Symposium on Education & Visions of Future(s), University of Bayreuth, 12th-13th April 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Symposium presentation - Dungey, Bayreuth 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dungey C "We go to school to learn": Future skills and young people's aspirations in Lesotho, Symposium on Education & Visions of Future(s), University of Bayreuth, 12th-13th April 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Talk at ESRC Festival of Social Science event, IDS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Part of panel at event organised by Impact Initiative
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Talk at science college, Chhattisgarh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact seminar talk to BSc students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Talk to State Council for Education Research and Training 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SCERT: Talk with teachers/faculty about project research findings and policy recommendations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Talk with trainee teachers / faculty at State Council for Education Research and Training 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact SCERT: talk with trainee teachers/faculty (60 attendees) about research findings and policy recommendations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Teaching on MA Development Studies at ISS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Teaching on the course 'The making of development: theories, histories and practices of development', a compulsory course in the ISS MA programme in dev studies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019,2020
 
Description Village meetings in rural Lesotho (x2) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Village meetings (pitsos) were held in the two case study villages in Lesotho where we presented the research findings, sought the perspectives of community members, and discussed messages for policy makers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop presentation - Huijsmans, Bielefeld 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 'Rural Schools as Sites of the Circulation, Practice and Articulation of Contradictory Versions of 'the Good Life' in Late Socialist Laos', invited paper at the ZiF workshop 'The Good Life in Late Socialist Asia: Aspirations, politics and possibilities', University of Bielefeld, 16-18 September, 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Workshops for teachers (x4) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshops were held for groups of teachers, some of whom were involved in the original research. One was held at the premises of (and hosted by) our local NGO partner in India. Three were held at schools in Lesotho. We discussed the findings, sought the teachers perspectives and feedback, and considered messages for policy makers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018