Eco-Urbanisation: promoting sustainable development in metropolitan regions of China

Lead Research Organisation: University of Manchester
Department Name: Environment, Education and Development

Abstract

The introduction of the 'National New-type Urbanisation Plan' by the Chinese government in March 2014 will result in the construction of 30 million units of housing, with associated public amenities and infrastructure, over the next seven years. As the urban form and associated infrastructure are not locked in yet, this rapid development presents challenges and opportunities to move towards a new type of urbanisation that is financially and environmentally sustainable. This international collaborative project aims to significantly advance our understanding of both the theoretical and practical understanding of the dynamic interactive processes between urban development, resource consumption and environmental impacts. It will employ state-of-the-art methodological approaches to an embedded case study of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region (BTHMR), encompassing not only China's capital city, but also representing one of the very largest and fastest growing regions within the country and beyond. An important aspect of the project is to address the pressing policy need in China to manage the anticipated increases in urbanisation in a more human-centred and environmentally sustainable way, dealing with issues around energy use/CO2 emissions, urban-rural inequalities and related 'eco-urbanisation' challenges. This study therefore explicitly focuses on identifying innovative practices and effective strategies to manage and plan for sustainable urbanisation in order to develop a 'well-being' oriented sustainable urban management framework to shape future research and policy on planning and managing rapid urban growth within and beyond China. All this calls for the development of a model of eco-urbanisation management that is multi-scalar, addresses complex, interrelated multi-processes and, crucially, can only be effective through a multi-layered 'meta-governance' approach incorporating multi-actor engagement and partnership.

Our research design adopts the simple term, 'eco-urbanisation' to emphasise the importance of the ecological and environmental aspect of urbanisation. This proposed study, therefore, aims to fill identified research gaps through four main contributions: (1) integrating community level surveys on consumption patterns and other quantitative analysis into the modelling approaches at city and regional levels to take into account the behavioural patterns of individuals; (2) experimenting with the coupling of dynamic modelling approaches, e.g. agent-based models, cellular automata, to simulate stochastic behaviours at multiple scales (households, firms, environmental systems, and districts); (3) generating more robust ecological performance measures of urban development, supported by web-based visualisation toolkits, to encourage policymakers and planners to integrate eco-environmental analysis into their decision-making processes; and (4) informing the design of an integrated policy framework that is flexible and deliverable for urban ecological environment management.

Our research team draws on the complementary academic and professional expertise related to climate change, environmental science, environmental assessment, economics, spatial planning, land use analysis, urban growth, indicator and policy monitoring, and GIS and quantitative modelling across the four partners: The Institute of Geographic Sciences & Natural Resources Research and The Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fudan University and The University of Manchester. This joint team possesses the technical, theoretical and analytical skills to advance the methodological, theoretical and policy understanding of the dynamic interactive processes between urban development, resource consumption, and environmental impacts, as well as the capability to develop innovative approaches and strategies to manage and plan for sustainable urbanisation in China and beyond.

Planned Impact

This international collaborative project aims at impacting on future research and policy-making on the planning and management of rapid urban growth within and beyond China. The proposed research design thus explicitly recognises the importance of the academic and practitioner/policy-maker interface through the incorporation of in-depth interviews with key policy actors and stakeholders in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region (BTHMR) case study area; a key stakeholder workshop and end of project dissemination conference in Beijing; an international conference for both practitioners and academics in Manchester; the involvement of both academic and practitioner 'thought-leaders' as 'critical friends' on the Project Advisory Committee (Chaired by Professor Karen Seto of Yale University); and a wide range of dissemination and engagement activities and approaches including a bilingual web site (with web-based visualisation toolkit to aid practitioner understanding of the potential impacts of the research) and a plethora of papers, reports, profiles, newsletters, blogs, and press releases; dissemination sessions and discussion forums, meetings with government departments and professional bodies and attendance at professional conferences in China, the UK and elsewhere. All this will draw upon the extensive existing networks that have been built up over many years by members of the joint research team with central and local government, and international organisations and wider practitioner and policy-making circles within China, the UK and beyond.

This project is likely to create major impacts in a number of ways: (1) direct involvement of stakeholders via interviews, workshops, Project Advisory Committees, international conferences involving practitioners and academics in both China and the UK and other dissemination events to stimulate debate and understanding; (2) intellectual and horizon opening by advancing knowledge exchange through web-based visualisation techniques, model generation and the development of a strategic monitoring framework for planning and management of rapid urbanisation; (3) broader policy and governance impacts by influencing partnership working within complex urban networks and highlighting the role that different actors and organisations, levels of government and civil society can play in planning and managing a more human-centred and environmentally sustainable form of urbanisation; and (4) longer-term impacts by leveraging physical, financial and intellectual resources from public and private sectors to re-configure the planning and monitoring of urbanisation and development to deliver transformative and innovative outcomes. We have four targeted 'impact' constituencies including: government and policy-making elites; planners, urban policy-makers and local community representatives; private sector organisations and infrastructure and service providers; and local communities within the BTHMR case study area.
 
Description This 3-year ESRC-NSFC collaborative project aims to significantly advance both the theoretical and practical understanding of the dynamic and integrative processes between urban development, resource consumption and environmental impacts. A large scale questionnaire survey of residents in 22 communities, field visits, neighbourhood assessments, interviews, and a key stakeholder workshop were conducted in the Beijing Metropolitan Region (BMR). By adopting a spatial planning perspective, the underlying dynamics of urbanisation and spatial variations of commuting patterns, green infrastructure, neighbourhood environment, and community well-being were assessed over different types of neighbourhoods in the BMR, especially those suburban neighbourhoods formed in the 1990s and 2000s under the rapid urbanisation process. We have developed:
(1) A bilingual project website that can provide a platform to disseminate the research findings of the project as well as sharing data sources (http://www.eco-urban-china.net).
(2) Beijing metropolitan region spatial typology is established based on data compiled for township level administrative units of the Beijing Metropolitan Region, which is used as the basic analytical unit. The dataset consists of three types of variables: urban form data, demographical data, and transport accessibility data. The database was used to develop a novel approach for the selection of sample case study neighbourhoods, via a multi-stage spatial clustering sampling strategy, for the community survey; this has been used to integrate with the survey data and other online data sources to develop further spatial analysis and modelling work.
(3) Questionnaire survey on community well-being and living style was carried out in 22 neighbourhoods in the Beijing Metropolitan Region by the UoM team between May and June 2017. The questionnaire consists of five key sections: demographics, housing and local environment, commuting patterns and transport use, waste disposal and recycling, as well as lifestyle and attitude. A total of 2646 questionnaire responses were collected, which is deemed as a large scale community survey when compared with similar studies. Statistical modelling and spatial analysis have been carried out on the commuting patterns and residents' satisfaction with the neighbourhoods. Qualitative assessment of neighbourhood environment was also carried out in these neighbourhoods to examine the provision and quality of housing types, local amenities, infrastructure, community services, transport, waste management, green infrastructure and the physical living environment by filling in a proforma, supported by photos and texts. The research findings were compared and validated with some of the CAS survey results as well as with other leading academics' survey findings to ensure robustness and validity.
(4) To discuss key issues in eco-urbanisation and how spatial planning can be applied to regulate and guide urbanisation towards a more sustainable way, seventeen in-depth interviews with experts, professionals and local officials as well as a stakeholder workshop with practitioners have been conducted.

In summary, by adopting a spatial planning perspective, the underlying dynamics of urbanisation and spatial variations of commuting patterns, green infrastructure, neighbourhood environment, and community well-being were assessed over different types of neighbourhoods in the BMR, especially those suburban neighbourhoods formed in the 1990s and 2000s under the rapid urbanisation process. The work points to the need to manage urbanisation in a more human-centred, environmentally sustainable way and the merits of using a 'wellbeing' framework to engage with different social groups and support multi-level governance to inform transitions. The findings shed light on sustainable urban development not only in China, but also shed light on the achievement of SDG 11 sustainable cities and communities in countries undergoing rapid urbanisation.
Exploitation Route The findings have been generated into working papers and online databases and made available on the project web site. In addition, the findings have been published in six journal papers, one on the restructuring of urban villages in Town Planning Review (2018), one on community well-being in the Internal Journal of Community Well-Being (2019), one on socio-spatial variations of commuting patterns in Suburban Beijing in Built Environment (2019), and one on the multi-level modelling on commuting patterns in Beijing Metropolitan Region in Urban Studies (2019), and two co-authored papers with our partner in China about urban resilience and land governance. Another paper about green infrastructure assessment of different neighbourhoods in Beijing by Zheng and Barker has been submitted to Habitat International and is under review. One paper is under preparation is about western experience to deliver sustainable development by Koksal and Baker (submission by ??, targeted for Local Government Studies). One book chapter has been published in The Routledge Companion to Environmental Planning, Routledge and another one on 'indicators and big data' will be published in an edited book by Sage. Five blogs on different topics such as commuting, sustainable community, and green infrastructure have been published via Urban Transformations and Blogged Environment. Additionally, project members have given presentations in different international and national conferences to disseminate research findings to both academics and practitioners in the UK and in China.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport

URL http://www.eco-urban-china.net
 
Description The impact is largely on exchange of ideas and sharing experience during the Shanghai Forum in May 2016, the Beijing Forum in November 2017, the 2019 International Conference on China Urban Development, and two UK-China joint workshops held in Beijing and Wuhan in 2019. We also had many informal dialogues and discussions with policymakers in China, which included discussion with the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Spatial Planning & Regional Economy of the National Development and Reform Commission P.R.C, Institute of Urban Development and Environment, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Hebei Development and Reform Commission, Beijing Municipal Institute of City Planning & Design, China Center for Urban Development of the National Development and Reform Commission P.R.C, Sichuang Provincial Natural Resources Department, and three urban village committees and one residential community committee. In March 2018, we organised a stakeholder workshop to discuss relevant issues in relation to ecological-urbanisation. Practitioners and professional planners from public and private sectors are involved, such as Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, Beijing Municipal Institute of City Planning & Design, Urban Planning Centre of China Architecture Design and Research Group, China Sustainable Transportation Centre, and Tsinghua Tongheng Urban Planning and Design Institute. The project has been mentioned and cited by different scholars and policy advisors from China in different events regarding its positive role in promoting the study of sustainable development of Chinese cities, its valuable perspective of focusing on societal and institutional structures, and its significant influence on knowledge exchange. In addition, the paper about commuting in Beijing Metropolitan Region published in Urban Studies was advertised by the official twitter account of Urban Studies (@USJ_online) and was recommended by a famous Weibo User in China who has over 600,000 followers.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description Leverhulme Early Career Fellowship: Can spatial decentralisation achieve sustainable urbanisation?
Amount £92,920 (GBP)
Organisation The Leverhulme Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2019 
End 10/2022
 
Description Migration, Urbanisation and Governance in China
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Manchester 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2016 
End 06/2019
 
Title Bi-lingual website of Eco-urbanisation in China 
Description The English/Chinese bilingual website provides the platform to disseminate the research findings of the project as well as sharing data sources by developing an online portal (which is ongoing). 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The web portal so far helps to promote the project and sharing information between the research teams and the international advisory panels as well as other researchers who are interested in the field. 
URL http://www.eco-urban-china.net
 
Title Beijing metropolitan region spatial typology 
Description Data was compiled for township level administrative units, which is used as the basic analytical unit. The dataset consists of three types of variables: urban form data, demographical data, and transport accessibility data. 1. Urban form data (the WUDAPT level 0 data and product of Jing-Jin-Ji region) was provided by Dr. Chao Ren's research team of the Institute of Future Cities of The Chinese University of Hong Kong (wudapt.org) . 2. Demographical data were extracted from official Population Census data. 3. Transport accessibility data were compiled by the MUI team by calculating accessibility measures to major ring roads and metro station with GIS. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database aims to inform the development of the project for selection of sample case study communities for survey analysis and qualitiative interviews. However, this has led to develop further research collaboration with Dr. Chao Ren of the Institute of Future Cities of The Chinese University of Hong Kong (wudapt.org). We have shared the information with our research partner in China, the CAS team. The urban form maps based on the database have also been published on our project website. 
URL http://www.eco-urban-china.net
 
Title Qualitative assessment of neighbourhood environment 
Description The UoM team conducted two rounds of field visits to the surveyed neighbourhoods to carry out a qualitative assessment of the provision and quality of housing types, local amenities, infrastructure, community services, transport, waste management, green infrastructure and the physical living environment by filling in a proforma, supported by photos and texts. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The data and relevant neighbourhood profiles will be made available via our website. 
URL http://www.eco-urban-china.net/
 
Title Sustainable development community survey data 
Description A large scale survey from a spatial planning perspective was carried out by the UoM team between May and June 2017. A questionnaire survey was conducted in 21 neighbourhoods in the Beijing Metropolitan Region by focusing on areas that have experienced most urbanization pressure. The questionnaire consists of five key sections: demographics, housing and local environment, commuting patterns and transport use, waste disposal and recycling, as well as lifestyle and attitude. The total population size of all 8 case township units is just over one million (1,129,995). After considering the robustness and validity of the sample size, as well as time and financial resources, a 0.2% sample size (2,260 participants) was decided upon. By building in a 10% attrition rate, a total survey sample size of 2,310 was finally determined. An extra township from Hebei was also included as it is located at the border of Beijing (adjacent to one of the case study communities) to allow for extra case study analysis. A total of 2646 questionnaire responses were collected, which is deemed as a large scale community survey when compared with similar studies. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The data has been analysed and relevant findings have been published or will be published in different publications. Now the dataset is available via the UK Data Services. 
URL http://www.eco-urban-china.net/
 
Description American Association of Geographers 2018 Annual Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Zheng gave a conference presentation on 'Green infrastructure and urbanisation: an assessment of neighbourhoods in the Beijing metropolitan region' at the American Association of Geographers 2018 Annual Conference in New Orleans, USA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 'Possibilities for sustainable development in urban China: a new approach to urbanisation - lessons from China' for the Impact magazine with circulation to key policymakers around the world 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The publication in the Impact magazine aims to use their circulation network to reach to the wider international policy community. Since it is distributed in printed and digital format in to 35000 readers worldwide, we hope that it will improve the reach and penetration of our findings to key stakeholders related to the social sciences, humanities, and economic research areas within universities, research institutes, national and regional funding agencies, policy, NGOs, government, agencies and management sectors including the private sectors and industry. Impact is completely open access and freely available.

The publication will also be made available at an individual article level open access on IngentaConnect, the world's largest online scholarly resource (used in 30'000 research and industry libraries and with 1.5 million unique visits per month), deposited in the Portico repository and receive a CrossRef DOI. We are able to supply impact metrics including downloads, shares and reads for impact reporting. As a result of the distribution through IngentaConnect the publication will also be available through Google Scholar, EBSCO Connect, Primo Central, WorldCat Discovery and Summon
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/sil/impact/2017/00002017/00000009/art00010?crawler=true&mimety...
 
Description 2017 Beijing Forum on The Harmony of Civilizations and Prosperity for All - Values and Order in a Changing World 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Wong presented 'Integrating community well-being to plan for sustainable urbanisation in China' to the Beijing Forum. Beijing University's Urban Economy Research Centre wants to include the presentation in its annual urban economy report and hope to have further collaboration in the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://english.pku.edu.cn/news_events/news/global/6460.htm
 
Description Beijing's Green Infrastructure - Addressing Climate Change in a Rapidly Urbanising Megacity 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact This blog is published on Urban Transformations, which is a network based at the University of Oxford showcasing ESRC research on cities. It will improve the reach and penetration of our findings to key stakeholders working on cities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.urbantransformations.ox.ac.uk/blog/2017/beijings-green-infrastructure-addressing-climate...
 
Description China's New Urban Agenda: An International Dialogue on Sustainable Development 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact We organised this four-day conference on 'China's New Urban Agenda: An International Dialogue on Sustainable Development', which was held 31 October - 3 November 2018. It drew together over 100 delegates from the UK and Europe, China, Hong Kong, Australia, the USA, and Chile. Noting how, with the publication of the 'National New Urbanisation Plan', China is reshaping its urban growth to a more human-centred and environmentally sustainable pathway, the conference provided a platform for both researchers and practitioners to consider how we can best learn from each other to address, amongst other issues, the challenges of sustainable development and make a reality of Habitat III's New Urban Agenda. Of the conference's four days, the second and third were given over to parallel sessions, key note speakers, and plenary sessions, all of which were held in Manchester's Museum of Science and Industry.

Additionally, team members including Wong, Qiao, Zheng, as well as Koksal and Baker gave presentations on different topics relating to the project respectively.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://newurbanagendaofchina.wordpress.com/
 
Description Crisscross commuting flows in Beijing suburban neighbourhoods 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact This blog is published on Urban Transformations, which is a network based at the University of Oxford showcasing ESRC research on cities. It will improve the reach and penetration of our findings to key stakeholders working on cities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.urbantransformations.ox.ac.uk/blog/2019/crisscross-commuting-flows-in-beijing-suburban-n...
 
Description Department of Land Economy Seminar, University of Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Wong gave an invited presentation on 'Planning for sustainable urbanization in China: a community perspective', Department of Land Economy Seminar, University of Cambridge, 14 February 2018, Cambridge
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Environmental satisfaction of urban villages in suburban Beijing 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact This blog is published on Blogged Environment of the Journal of 'Built Environment' , which focus on different subject areas of the built environment. The topics are of contemporary interest and relevance to practitioners, academics and students working in a wide range of disciplines, such as architecture, conservation, economic development, environmental planning, health, housing, regeneration, social issues, spatial planning, sustainability, urban design, and transport.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.alexandrinepress.co.uk/blogged-environment/agendas-built-environment-blogged-environment...
 
Description Green Development Session of the Shanghai Forum on Economic Globalization and the Choice of Asia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Professor Xiangzheng Deng of CAS, the Chinese project partner, co-organised the Green Development Session on Eco-Urbanization and Management Innovation: Challenges and Opportunities for Asian Countries, 28-30 May, Fudan University, Shanghai.

As the PI of the project, Professor Cecilia Wong made a presentation on: Monitoring Sustainable Urban Transformation: Challenges & Opportunities;
Professor Xiangzheng Deng (Chinese team's PI from CAS) presented: Innovation Research Scheme for Urban Ecological Community Construction and Urban Ecological Integrated Management; and
Professor Li Feng (Chinese team's Co-I from CA) presented on: Urban Ecological Management: Approaches and Policies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.shanghaiforum.fudan.edu.cn/en/
 
Description International Conference on China Urban Development by University College London and Peking University, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On 5th and 6th May 2017, the Bartlett School of Planning's (BSP) China Planning Research Group (CPRG) hosted the 2017 International Conference on China Urban Development in London. Wong gave a presentation on 'Planning for eco-urbanisation in China: an integrated spatial framework, International Conference on China Urban Development, University College London and Peking University, 5-6 May, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited keynote presentation at the Conference of 'Economic Challenges and Opportunities of Urbanisation and Migration in China' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Wong gave a keynote presentation on 'Commuting patterns of neighbourhoods in suburban Beijing: a spatial planning perspective' at the International Conference of the Economic Challenges and Opportunities of Urbanisation and Migration in China, Jinan-University-University of Birmingham Joint Institute and Nottingham Business School, Jinan University, Guangzhou (China), 11-12 January, 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited keynote presentation by Lincoln Land Institute and Beijing University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact (2019) Invited keynote presentation 'Sustainable urbanisation and community well-being in suburban neighbourhoods in Beijing, China' at the 2019 International Conferences on China Urban Development, June 2019, Beijing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited panel discussion at the Warwick China Summit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Wong was invited to participate in an expert panel discussion on 'An urbanized China: of whom, by whom and for whom' in Warwick China Summit held by Warwick University on 20th Jan, 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited presentation at the 2018 Summer Institute in Urban Studies, National University of Singapore, Sigapore 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Wong gave an invited presentation on 'What lies behind sustainable futures: the case of China's new type of urbanisation' at the 2018 Summer Institute in Urban Studies, National University of Singapore, Singapore, 15-19 July 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited presentation at the ESRC Urban Transformation Network 'The Good City: Urban Transformation, Comparison and Value' Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Between 18 and 20 April 2018 Urban Transformations is hosting a major conference, 'The Good City: Urban Transformation, Comparison and Value', in Oxford. This conference brought together a broad range of leading urbanists to explore some of the key challenges facing cities today, with a particular focus on health, shelter, technology, migration and cohesion, among other issues. Wong gave an invited presentation on 'Progressive transformation or reconstituted urbanism'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited public lecture at the Barlett School of Planning, University College London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Wong gave an invited public lecture on 'Urban transformation and sustainable development: from Beijing to Manchester', BSP Public Lecture, the Barlett School of Planning, University College London, London, 29 November 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited talk at Nanjing University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Zheng gave a presentation on 'Socio-spatial variations in commuting patterns in suburban Beijing' at the School of Geography and Ocean Science, Nanjing University, 10th Dec 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited talk at the the Future Cities Research Institute Lecture Series, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Baker gave an invited presentation on 'Planning for sustainable urbanism in China: a community perspective' at the Future Cities Research Institute Lecture Series, Department of Urban Planning and Design, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, 10th July 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Keynote presentation at Jinan University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Invited keynote presentation 'Commuting patterns of neighbourhoods in suburban Beijing: a spatial planning perspective', in the Economic Challenges and Opportunities of Urbanisation and Migration in China, Jinan-University-University of Birmingham Joint Institute and Nottingham Business School, Jinan University, Guangzhou (China), 11-12 January.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Liveable City Region 2033 Colloquium 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Wong gave an invited keynote presentation 'Community well-being as a challenge' at the Liveable City Region 2033 Colloquium, Technical University of Dortmund, 26 January 2018, Dortmund
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Sino-UK Workshop on Rural Revitalisation in Beijing 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The Sino-UK Workshop on Rural Revitalisation held in Beijing brought together both early career and senior researchers from urban planning, transport studies, geography, social science, architecture, engineering, and urban management from all over the world, to share research findings on urbanisation and rural revitalisation. Zheng gave a presentation on commuting patterns in the suburban Beijing based on the research findings from the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description The 2018 International Conference on China Urban Development 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The 2018 International Conference on Urban Development brought together researchers and practitioners from urban studies, geography, sociology, political science, urban planning, urban management and public policy as well as China studies, from all over the world, to share research findings on the process of urban transformation. Zheng and Qiao made presentations on green infrastructure and urban villages based on the research findings from the project .
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The Challenges of Sustainability and Wellong 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact This blog is published on Urban Transformations, which is a network based at the University of Oxford showcasing ESRC research on cities. It will improve the reach and penetration of our findings to key stakeholders working on cities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.urbantransformations.ox.ac.uk/blog/2017/the-challenges-of-sustainability-and-wellbeing-i...
 
Description The China-UK Bilateral Workshop in Wuhan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The China-UK Bilateral Workshop on Planning Strategy for Enhancing Urban Resilience in Highly-Urbanized Region and the 8th '21st Century Urban Development' International Conference brought together researchers and practitioners from urban studies, geography, urban planning, engineering, urban management, and public policy from all over the world, to share research findings and discuss important issues on urban resilience. Zheng made a presentation on commuting patterns in Beijing and participated in a panel discussion on urban resilience based on some research findings from the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.aesop-planning.eu/activities/en_GB/2019/10/23/readabout/china-uk-bilateral-workshop-on-ur...
 
Description The China-UK Joint Seminar on Eco-urbanisation and Spatial Planning 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This is a formal stakeholder workshop for the 'Eco-urbanisation' project. Over 20 participants attended the workshop to discuss relevant issues in eco-urbanisation and how spatial planning can be applied to regulate and guide eco-urbanisation. After presentations by different participants, questions and discussions were sparked.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?__biz=MzA4NzAyNDYyOA==&mid=2652578850&idx=1&sn=d9035d4257d2177e7b91c73228...
 
Description Transforming Beijing through Eco-urbanisation: The Development of Xiongan New Special Zone, China's 'Second Capital' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact This blog is published on Urban Transformations, which is a network based at the University of Oxford showcasing ESRC research on cities. It will improve the reach and penetration of our findings to key stakeholders working on cities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.urbantransformations.ox.ac.uk/blog/2017/transforming-beijing-through-eco-urbanisation-th...
 
Description Workshop in Nanjing, China 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The Workshop on City Regional Development and Governance Research Methods held in Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences brought together researchers from China and UK to discuss research methods in urban governance. Zheng made a presentation based on some research findings from the project and participated in discussions on research methods.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019