BRIDGE - Building Resilience In a Dynamic Global Economy: Complexity across scales in the Food-Water-Energy Nexus

Lead Research Organisation: University of Cambridge
Department Name: Land Economy

Abstract

This proposal aims to develop a framework of analysis and policy engagement to improve the resilience of the Brazilian Food-Water-Energy (FWE) nexus to global environmental and economic change. It will combine established UK expertise and specifically developed, state-of-the-art analytical capacity in socio-economic and environmental modelling to build a robust environmental policy assessment methodology for the Brazilian FWE nexus in the context of global change. The modelling capacity, skills and knowledge will be transferred to relevant actors in Brazil to enable local academics to continue informing and engaging policymakers through a continued sustainability transition during and beyond the end of this project.

Brazilian society faces significant uncertainty due to two significant global contextual factors. On one hand, global environmental change, due to global unsustainable resource use and greenhouse gas emissions, is highly likely to change weather patterns, which will affect detrimentally the land cover and biodiversity in Brazil, with severe impacts on agriculture. On the other hand, without appropriate policies in place, the Brazilian economy and environment, relying heavily on exports of natural resources for prosperity, can be vulnerable to global economic change, where changes in demand for commodities could lead to either environmental degradation and large scale land-use change, or decreased wealth and employment. Both types of changes are likely to impact and create intricate complexities in the Brazilian FWE nexus. These transformations and forces must be understood in order to minimise detrimental impacts to welfare and the environment in Brazil.

Building on past experience and on a partnership with Brazilian academics established through our current EPSRC-CONFAP networking grant for research team building on the FWE nexus (EP/N002504/1), this project will produce a unique contribution to achieve these objectives by using a combination of state-of-the-art detailed multi-scale modelling of the coupled energy-economy-land-use-climate global system, linked to cutting-edge environmental policy and law expertise to effectively inform modelling activities of workable policy frameworks. The ultimate goal is to transfer both types of knowledge and capacity to relevant academic and non-academic actors in Brazil.

Sustainability practices can be influenced by policy; however policy can have unexpected and unintended impacts. In order to effectively promote a sustainability transition, the policy process and cycle must be actively engaged with well-informed actors. This project will combine cutting-edge UK and Brazilian expertise in environmental policy and law with our state-of-the-art, detailed environmental policy modelling capacity to engage the Brazilian policy process in order to significantly improve policy-maker foresight and ultimately the resilience of Brazilian society to possible future global environmental and economic change through a sustainability transition.

Finally, civil society and communities can be guided by sustainability projects that demonstrate best practice, exercises that can be scaled up and replicated. Building on previous successful experience of our Brazil-based team (the REGSA and JELARE projects), this project will also involve setting up small-scale sustainability demonstration and awareness-raising projects in order to show best-practice in each case and engage with the public. This will include a 'sustainable forest' project related to farming practices at the UNISUL university experimental farm, an 'energy forest' project related to the generation of sustainable forestry-related energy products, and a 'less hydro' simulation exercise to engage the public in understanding how to increase the resilience of the energy system to water scarcity.

Planned Impact

The improvement of the resilience of the human-environment system in Brazil can take place through the implementation of effective policy frameworks in collaboration between stakeholders, researchers and policy-makers. Informing policy-making effectively for successfully managing a sustainability transition can take place in different ways: through engagement of the policy sphere by the academic sector, through consultation and engagement of civil society and stakeholders with policy-makers, and through efficient consultancy for governments. The BRIDGE project aims to contribute to build significant capacity in Brazil for each of these, by first developing, through collaborative work, detailed analysis capacity (computational models and skills to use those) that will be transferred to relevant actors in Brazil, in order to maintain analytical capacity beyond the end of this project.

In Brazil, the analytical capacity and skills will be retained by academics and researchers based primarily at UNISUL but also beyond, who will inform and engage with stakeholders, at the local and national government in Brazil, providing a strong evidence base for a sustainability transition in the FWE nexus. Such a transformation requiring to be scientifically informed at every stage, the analysis capacity produced in this project will enable local actors to maintain and improve information supporting the policy cycle and dialogue in Brazil, by UNISUL, beyond the end of this project.

In the UK, modelling capacity and expertise will be transferred to experienced consultants at Cambridge Econometrics, who will integrate the knowledge and methods produced in this project to their main workflow, in order to offer rapid and qualified analysis, with technical support and training, to policy and stakeholders internationally beyond those involved in this project. This approach enables indefinite maintenance and improvement of models and knowledge produced in this project, made available for efficient use, at low cost, with significant support, in Brazil and internationally. This knowledge transfer activity will ensure sustainable development of knowledge to arise in this project.

Environmental policy and law experts will provide expertise in order to determine which approach to which policy issue is most likely to lead to successful policy change, in close collaboration with Brazilian partner academics closely engaged with the policy process, who will provide close contact to local and national policy-makers. Such a project setup is more likely to lead to useful and effective policy engagement, in comparison to traditional research-only projects.

Our effective scientific dissemination programme will be a crucial element of the project, translating highly technical information into language that can be understood unambiguously by the public concerning possible environmental or human sustainability issues looming, or potential future detrimental impacts of environmental change lying in the current course of development in Brazil. Our consortium has a strong and established experience at achieving this, for instance with the LINKS2015 (EP/N002504/1), REGSA (http://www.regsa-project.eu) and JELARE (http://www.jelare-project.eu) sustainability and renewables projects.

This project will contribute to the scientific and academic sector with peer-reviewed journal publications as well as accessible open access and open source models and data that can be downloaded. We will offer access to the methods, theory and model components to be used by other academic, private and public research bodies. Open access to scientific output will be crucial for maximising impact: data and papers produced in this project will be made available online. Impact will be obtained through our extensive programme of engagement with Brazilian stakeholders, but also through existing contacts with UK stakeholders and international organisations (e.g. DECC, CCC, UNEP, UNDP).

Publications

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Barbosa S (2017) Multi-criteria analysis model to evaluate transport systems: An application in Florianópolis, Brazil in Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice

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De Andrade Guerra J (2018) A proposal of a Balanced Scorecard for an environmental education program at universities in Journal of Cleaner Production

 
Description In the BRIDGE project we have been developing a framework of analysis and policy engagement to improve the resilience of the Brazilian Food-Water-Energy. Our multidisciplinary team, formed by economists, engineers, lawyers, natural scientists, social scientists and innovation experts, have been able to combine research at the highest level of excellence with activities 'on-the-field', oriented to generate an impact in the wider society. Some of our achievements include:
- We have identified the most salient Nexus interactions relevant for Brazil as well as the shortcomings of the existing governance framework. Through the analysis of data from economic and biophysical modelling sources, in combination with an overview of the legislative and policy landscape, we have detected the most significant challenges for Brazil on each of the Nexus links:
- Water-Energy link, focusing on water use for hydroelectricity under increasing climate change constraints,
- Energy-Food link, focusing on the competition for land between energy and food production sparked by biofuels policy,
- Food-Water link, focusing on the impact of climate change on food production in Brazil; and
- Water-Energy-Food simultaneous links, focusing both on indirect land use change (ILUC) generated by global demand for agricultural and bio-energy commodities produced in Brazil, and on the scarcity of suitable land resulting from climate change.
- We have developed a new methodology to model land-use change, currently being incorporated into a large scale Integrated Assessment Model. The new land use change model (called FTT:Agriculture) will support the study of Nexus scenarios in Brazil.
- We have produced sustainable technological pilot projects with great potential for replication at the city, state, national and international level.
- We have created relevant partnerships with private and public sector organisations, in Brazil and elsewhere. These partnerships have generated new collaborations, funded through diverse channels, with great possibilities for further growth in the near future.
Exploitation Route One of the main BRIDGE objectives 'to develop a framework of analysis and policy engagement to effectively inform and support the policy cycle in Brazil'. To make this process sustainable, knowledge transfer is crucial. Consequently, we are currently building capacity in the UK and Brazil, so the knowledge and methods produced in this project can be used beyond the length of the project. We hope the analytical capacity and skills will be retained by academics and researchers based primarily at UNISUL but also beyond, who will engage with stakeholders, the local and national government in Brazil in order to inform with a strong evidence base a sustainable transition in the FWE Nexus

The pilot projects produced in the BRIDGE project, particularly the solar hydroponic greenhouse, will be replicated in 2019 through the project 'BRIDGE-TESC: Technological Empowerment for family-farming agriculture in Santa Catarina'. The technology can be easily replicated elsewhere.

The modelling tools being developed under the BRIDGE project, particularly the integrated assessment model E3ME-FTT-GENIE, is currently being used by Cambridge Econometrics to provide policy support on several countries, including the UK and Europe.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL https://www.ceenrg.landecon.cam.ac.uk/research/climate-change-and-energy-policy/the-bridge-project
 
Description The findings from the BRIDGE project have been used in three main channels: i) Informing policy makers, practitioners and researchers through our 'community of practice' Instead of using an approach based on 'dissemination', BRIDGE uses a 'co-productive' framework, in which the different stakeholders of the project are invited to participate actively in the research process. For this purpose, part of our work has consisted in translating highly technical information from our research into a language that can be understood unambiguously by the public, concerning environmental and human sustainability issues. Using this information, we have developed 'on the ground' knowledge exchange activities, in the form of multi-stakeholder sessions with policy makers, private sector leaders, academics and NGOs. In this sessions, we pursue conceptual impact (our stakeholders better understand the general Nexus challenges from different perspectives), instrumental impact (influence the development of sustainable practices and policies) and capacity building (effectively transfer knowledge and inform students, researchers, general public and decision makers about the cross-sectoral complexities involved in the Nexus). ii) Developing sustainable technological projects Building on the work package four of the BRIDGE project, our partners in Brazil have been able to developed demonstration projects with great success. In September 2018, the BRIDGE team inaugurated a Solar Hydroponic Greenhouse, designed for a more sustainable production of vegetables, minimizing the use of fresh water and using electricity from solar panels. With the support of a grant awarded by the University of Cambridge Global Challenges Research Funds, the team will replicate the solar hydroponic greenhouse to support a vulnerable community of Santa Catarina. The new pilot will include the use of a state-of-the-art wireless sensor network, that will gather data for the study agricultural practices in Brazil. Moreover, it will allow engineering students from Santa Catarina to develop applications to support family farming in the region. iii) Strategic Partnerships The high level of engagement of BRIDGE, with public and private sector organisations, has fostered the creation of new partnerships. The BRIDGE team has provided direct support to several pubic organisations during the project, including the Santa Catarina State Secretary of Sustainable Economic Development, the Chilean Ministry of Energy, the German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ), among others. Moreover, the BRIDGE team has been awarded with three new research grants to explore multidisciplinary projects: 'Bridge to Impact' (ESRC IAA), 'BRIDGE-TESC' (University of Cambridge GCRF) and FRANTIC (NERC). The partners involved in these three projects include The Open University, Cambridge Econometrics, University of Exeter, SOAS University of London, Camnexus Ltd, UNISUL and the Federal University of Santa Catarina.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Cultural,Policy & public services

 
Description Green Industrial Policy and Trade Manual
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://un-page.org/files/public/gita_manual_150ppi_full_3.pdf
 
Description Influence on 'Urban Farming' bill proposed by Florianopolis City Councellor Maikon Costa
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL https://goo.gl/1DRHnN
 
Description Protocol on Water and Health
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
URL http://www.unece.org/env/water/pwh_bodies/cc.html
 
Description Solar hydroponic greenhouse pilot project at UNISUL
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://hoje.unisul.br/inovacao-projeto-desenvolvido-pelo-curso-de-agronomia-da-unisul-estudara-compe...
 
Description Support the Chilean Government on the design of the Terms of Reference for the creation of a new modelling and simulation tool to assess potential future climate policy at the national and sub-national level
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://goo.gl/yF5zd2
 
Description CHRG Funding for Sustainability Transitions before International Courts and Tribunals
Amount £13,000 (GBP)
Organisation Cambridge Humanities Research Grant Scheme 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2017 
 
Description ESRC Impact Acceleration Account (IAA) Programme 2017-18
Amount £19,800 (GBP)
Organisation ESRC Impact Acceleration Account Cambridge 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2019
 
Description Philomathia Funding for The Law of Energy Transitions
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation Philomathia Foundation 
Sector Academic/University
Country Canada
Start 12/2017 
 
Description Research England GCRF QR Funding 2018-19 University of Cambridge
Amount £80,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Cambridge 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 07/2019
 
Title FTT:Agiculture 
Description The Future Technology Transformation (FTT) modelling suite is a family of sectoral bottom-up models of technology diffusion, developed at the Cambridge Centre for Climate Change Mitigation Research (4CMR), under the direction of Dr. Jean Francois Mercure. FTT models decision-making by heterogeneous agents under expectations (e.g. price, returns, Mercure, 2012, 2015; Mercure et al., 2014). It has been applied to agriculture in a recent pilot project, theoretically and computationally. Coupled to state of the art land cover and productivity modelling, as well as climate science and carbon cycle modelling (expertise of the Open UUniversity, Holden et al., 2014; O K Oyebamiji et al., 2014), FTT:Agriculture is designed to explore land-use change decisions based on expectations over local agricultural commodity price contexts. Its real scientific power however is unleashed when coupled to the macroeconomic model E3ME. This enables us to explore land-use change that result from agricultural commodity price fluctuations, which themselves stem from the evolution of consumption in countries across the world, land productivity and scarcity. In this model context, price and return expectations by heterogeneous agents lead to large-scale land-use change. For instance, we can simulate the impact of rapidly increasing meat consumption in middle-income countries, due to increasing affluence, on deforestation in Brazil. E3ME-FTT already includes the capacity to model future global energy system and fuel combustion emissions, while Open University emulators provide detailed projections of climate, warming and rainfall changes on a GIS grid. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact FTT:Agriculture will allow representation of land use regulations and commodity pricing policies (tariffs, taxes, etc), as incentives to heterogeneous land-use agents. This new cutting-edge type of non-equilibrium/non-optimisation modelling capacity with high policy instrument definition does not currently exist elsewhere in the international community. The project will thus create a new-generation global land-use modelling framework that could help inform land-use policy internationally, with a specific focus on Brazil. 
 
Title International Litigation in the Energy Transition Database 
Description Database of information in excel spreadsheet research-friendly format, consistent of a compilation and organisation of energy-related cases from various international adjudicatory and quasi-adjudicatory bodies. The database includes the relevant cases names, main issues, and the correspondent decisions' excerpts. The cases were selected from the following sources: Permanent Court of International Justice - PCIJ, International Court of Justice - ICJ, International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea - ITLOS, International Arbitration - Inter-State (Permanent Court of Arbitration - PCA and other Institutional Arbitrations), International Arbitration - Commercial/Investment, between investor-State and commercial companies (PCA and ad-hoc tribunals), International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes - ICSID, World Trade Organization - WTO, European Court of Human Rights, Inter-American Court of Human Rights, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, UN Human Rights Committee - HRC, Aarhus Convention Complaint Committee UNECE. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Based on the database, analysis will unfold research questions relevant for the understanding of the role of international litigation in the energy transition. 
 
Description 'BRIDGE-TESC': Partnership with UNISUL, UFSC and Camnexus for internal GCRF funding at Cambridge 
Organisation Camnexus Ltd
PI Contribution A multidisciplinary team of experts from the UK and Brazil prepared a successful application for the grant 'Research England GCRF QR Funding 2018-19 University of Cambridge'. The project called 'Technological Empowerment for family-farming agriculture in Santa Catarina: BRIDGE-TESC' received £80K from the University of Cambridge, to do a pilot programme aiming to improve agricultural productivity in Santa Catarina (Brazil) using enabling technologies. The main objectives of the project are: i) Support the sustainable and low-cost production of food in a vulnerable community of Brazil, using a solar hydroponic greenhouse prototype developed in BRIDGE, which is replicable worldwide. ii) Improve the agricultural productivity of family farming in Santa Catarina using a prototype 'Internet of Things' (IoT) sensor network for agriculture. The data from key environmental variables obtained with this network will be used by our research team to improve agricultural practices in vulnerable communities of the region. iii) Improve the competitiveness of family farming in Santa Catarina by closing the technology access gap and by fostering the implementation of local technology. The project will foster the development of specialised low-cost ICT technologies for improving agricultural productivity by engineering students of UNISUL and UFSC. BRIDGE-TESC started on January 2019, and it is expected to be finished by July 2019. The project is led by the C-EENRG team, Dr Pablo Salas (PI) and Prof. Jorge Vinuales (Co-I). The team at C-EENRG is responsible for the overall project, including scientific outputs, management of the technological development and coordination of the partners.
Collaborator Contribution 1) UNISUL: For the BRIDGE project, the Department of Agriculture at UNISUL developed a solar hydroponic greenhouse. In BRIDGE-TESC, UNISUL will make a second version of the solar hydroponic greenhouse, and will install it in a vulnerable community in Santa Catarina (Brazil), for low-cost environmentally-friendly food production. 2) Camnexus Ltd: This UK startup will install an IoT wireless sensors network for agriculture in Santa Catarina. The network will have three main nodes: the first node at UNISUL, the second node at UFSC, and the third node in a vulnerable community of Santa Catarina, in the same location where the solar hydroponic greenhouse will be installed. The solar greenhouse and the IoT sensor network will provide valuable primary data to study the agricultural productivity of the vulnerable communities and to support the improvement of their agricultural practices. 3) UFSC: The team at UFSC, through their research Internationalisation project CAPES-PrInt (2019-2022), will provide economic support, so the technological platform will remain on use beyond the end of BRIDGE-TESC. The Engineering Department at UFSC (and UNISUL) will provide support for the development of a specially designed programme on social innovation. Engineering students will work in the development of low-cost ICT solutions for agriculture in Brazil, using the infrastructure of BRIDGE-TESC
Impact The main output of this collaboration, so far, has been the successful application to the internal GCRF fund. By the second half of 2019, several outputs are expected, including the IoT network infrastructure working in Santa Catarina, a new solar hydroponic greenhouse installed in a vulnerable community, a new programme for engineering students on social innovation, and at least one paper submitted to a peer-reveiwed journal, describing the project. BRIDGE-TESC builds on the already successful multidisciplinary and equitable research partnership between C-EENRG, UNISUL, UFSC and Camnexus. The project complements the Brazilian knowledge regarding sustainable low-cost food production (UNISUL) and social innovation (UFSC), with the knowledge of the Cambridge team regarding Brazilian food, water and energy nexus policies and systems (C-EENRG) and IoT sensor network technology for agriculture (Camnexus).
Start Year 2019
 
Description 'BRIDGE-TESC': Partnership with UNISUL, UFSC and Camnexus for internal GCRF funding at Cambridge 
Organisation Federal University of Santa Catarina
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution A multidisciplinary team of experts from the UK and Brazil prepared a successful application for the grant 'Research England GCRF QR Funding 2018-19 University of Cambridge'. The project called 'Technological Empowerment for family-farming agriculture in Santa Catarina: BRIDGE-TESC' received £80K from the University of Cambridge, to do a pilot programme aiming to improve agricultural productivity in Santa Catarina (Brazil) using enabling technologies. The main objectives of the project are: i) Support the sustainable and low-cost production of food in a vulnerable community of Brazil, using a solar hydroponic greenhouse prototype developed in BRIDGE, which is replicable worldwide. ii) Improve the agricultural productivity of family farming in Santa Catarina using a prototype 'Internet of Things' (IoT) sensor network for agriculture. The data from key environmental variables obtained with this network will be used by our research team to improve agricultural practices in vulnerable communities of the region. iii) Improve the competitiveness of family farming in Santa Catarina by closing the technology access gap and by fostering the implementation of local technology. The project will foster the development of specialised low-cost ICT technologies for improving agricultural productivity by engineering students of UNISUL and UFSC. BRIDGE-TESC started on January 2019, and it is expected to be finished by July 2019. The project is led by the C-EENRG team, Dr Pablo Salas (PI) and Prof. Jorge Vinuales (Co-I). The team at C-EENRG is responsible for the overall project, including scientific outputs, management of the technological development and coordination of the partners.
Collaborator Contribution 1) UNISUL: For the BRIDGE project, the Department of Agriculture at UNISUL developed a solar hydroponic greenhouse. In BRIDGE-TESC, UNISUL will make a second version of the solar hydroponic greenhouse, and will install it in a vulnerable community in Santa Catarina (Brazil), for low-cost environmentally-friendly food production. 2) Camnexus Ltd: This UK startup will install an IoT wireless sensors network for agriculture in Santa Catarina. The network will have three main nodes: the first node at UNISUL, the second node at UFSC, and the third node in a vulnerable community of Santa Catarina, in the same location where the solar hydroponic greenhouse will be installed. The solar greenhouse and the IoT sensor network will provide valuable primary data to study the agricultural productivity of the vulnerable communities and to support the improvement of their agricultural practices. 3) UFSC: The team at UFSC, through their research Internationalisation project CAPES-PrInt (2019-2022), will provide economic support, so the technological platform will remain on use beyond the end of BRIDGE-TESC. The Engineering Department at UFSC (and UNISUL) will provide support for the development of a specially designed programme on social innovation. Engineering students will work in the development of low-cost ICT solutions for agriculture in Brazil, using the infrastructure of BRIDGE-TESC
Impact The main output of this collaboration, so far, has been the successful application to the internal GCRF fund. By the second half of 2019, several outputs are expected, including the IoT network infrastructure working in Santa Catarina, a new solar hydroponic greenhouse installed in a vulnerable community, a new programme for engineering students on social innovation, and at least one paper submitted to a peer-reveiwed journal, describing the project. BRIDGE-TESC builds on the already successful multidisciplinary and equitable research partnership between C-EENRG, UNISUL, UFSC and Camnexus. The project complements the Brazilian knowledge regarding sustainable low-cost food production (UNISUL) and social innovation (UFSC), with the knowledge of the Cambridge team regarding Brazilian food, water and energy nexus policies and systems (C-EENRG) and IoT sensor network technology for agriculture (Camnexus).
Start Year 2019
 
Description 'BRIDGE-TESC': Partnership with UNISUL, UFSC and Camnexus for internal GCRF funding at Cambridge 
Organisation University of Southern Santa Catarina
PI Contribution A multidisciplinary team of experts from the UK and Brazil prepared a successful application for the grant 'Research England GCRF QR Funding 2018-19 University of Cambridge'. The project called 'Technological Empowerment for family-farming agriculture in Santa Catarina: BRIDGE-TESC' received £80K from the University of Cambridge, to do a pilot programme aiming to improve agricultural productivity in Santa Catarina (Brazil) using enabling technologies. The main objectives of the project are: i) Support the sustainable and low-cost production of food in a vulnerable community of Brazil, using a solar hydroponic greenhouse prototype developed in BRIDGE, which is replicable worldwide. ii) Improve the agricultural productivity of family farming in Santa Catarina using a prototype 'Internet of Things' (IoT) sensor network for agriculture. The data from key environmental variables obtained with this network will be used by our research team to improve agricultural practices in vulnerable communities of the region. iii) Improve the competitiveness of family farming in Santa Catarina by closing the technology access gap and by fostering the implementation of local technology. The project will foster the development of specialised low-cost ICT technologies for improving agricultural productivity by engineering students of UNISUL and UFSC. BRIDGE-TESC started on January 2019, and it is expected to be finished by July 2019. The project is led by the C-EENRG team, Dr Pablo Salas (PI) and Prof. Jorge Vinuales (Co-I). The team at C-EENRG is responsible for the overall project, including scientific outputs, management of the technological development and coordination of the partners.
Collaborator Contribution 1) UNISUL: For the BRIDGE project, the Department of Agriculture at UNISUL developed a solar hydroponic greenhouse. In BRIDGE-TESC, UNISUL will make a second version of the solar hydroponic greenhouse, and will install it in a vulnerable community in Santa Catarina (Brazil), for low-cost environmentally-friendly food production. 2) Camnexus Ltd: This UK startup will install an IoT wireless sensors network for agriculture in Santa Catarina. The network will have three main nodes: the first node at UNISUL, the second node at UFSC, and the third node in a vulnerable community of Santa Catarina, in the same location where the solar hydroponic greenhouse will be installed. The solar greenhouse and the IoT sensor network will provide valuable primary data to study the agricultural productivity of the vulnerable communities and to support the improvement of their agricultural practices. 3) UFSC: The team at UFSC, through their research Internationalisation project CAPES-PrInt (2019-2022), will provide economic support, so the technological platform will remain on use beyond the end of BRIDGE-TESC. The Engineering Department at UFSC (and UNISUL) will provide support for the development of a specially designed programme on social innovation. Engineering students will work in the development of low-cost ICT solutions for agriculture in Brazil, using the infrastructure of BRIDGE-TESC
Impact The main output of this collaboration, so far, has been the successful application to the internal GCRF fund. By the second half of 2019, several outputs are expected, including the IoT network infrastructure working in Santa Catarina, a new solar hydroponic greenhouse installed in a vulnerable community, a new programme for engineering students on social innovation, and at least one paper submitted to a peer-reveiwed journal, describing the project. BRIDGE-TESC builds on the already successful multidisciplinary and equitable research partnership between C-EENRG, UNISUL, UFSC and Camnexus. The project complements the Brazilian knowledge regarding sustainable low-cost food production (UNISUL) and social innovation (UFSC), with the knowledge of the Cambridge team regarding Brazilian food, water and energy nexus policies and systems (C-EENRG) and IoT sensor network technology for agriculture (Camnexus).
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration for the project "Design of a Climate Policy Analysis Modelling and Simulation Tool for Chile" 
Organisation Cambridge Econometrics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution As part of the 'Global Carbon Market' (GCM) project, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ), together with 'Partnership for Market Readiness' (PMR) and the Chilean Ministry of Energy, organised a Workshop on Climate Policy Analysis for Chile. This event took place on the 9th of May of 2018 in Santiago, Chile. Pablo Salas (C-EENRG) and Hector Pollitt (Cambridge Econometrics) led the workshop, in which experts from both the public and private sectors gathered to discuss the creation of a new modelling and simulation tool to assess potential future climate policy.
Collaborator Contribution The Chilean Ministry of Energy (through the PMR project) and GIZ (through the GCM project) organised the workshop in Chile. Additionally, they supported the organisation of a series of interviews with key policy-makers from different governmental departments connected with climate policy. Based on the results of the workshop and the interviews, Cambridge Econometrics provided the basis for the design of a new modelling and simulation tool to assess potential future climate policy in Chile, whilst C-EENRG (through Pablo Salas) provided insights about the Chilean legal, economic and social contexts.
Impact This is a multidisciplinary collaboration, focused in the areas of climate policy, macroeconomic analysis, integrated assessment modelling and energy systems. Based on the results of this collaboration, the Chilean Government produced the Terms of Reference for the implementation of a new modelling and simulation tool to assess potential future climate policy in Chile.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Collaboration for the project "Design of a Climate Policy Analysis Modelling and Simulation Tool for Chile" 
Organisation German Federal Enterprise for International Cooperation (GIZ)
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution As part of the 'Global Carbon Market' (GCM) project, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ), together with 'Partnership for Market Readiness' (PMR) and the Chilean Ministry of Energy, organised a Workshop on Climate Policy Analysis for Chile. This event took place on the 9th of May of 2018 in Santiago, Chile. Pablo Salas (C-EENRG) and Hector Pollitt (Cambridge Econometrics) led the workshop, in which experts from both the public and private sectors gathered to discuss the creation of a new modelling and simulation tool to assess potential future climate policy.
Collaborator Contribution The Chilean Ministry of Energy (through the PMR project) and GIZ (through the GCM project) organised the workshop in Chile. Additionally, they supported the organisation of a series of interviews with key policy-makers from different governmental departments connected with climate policy. Based on the results of the workshop and the interviews, Cambridge Econometrics provided the basis for the design of a new modelling and simulation tool to assess potential future climate policy in Chile, whilst C-EENRG (through Pablo Salas) provided insights about the Chilean legal, economic and social contexts.
Impact This is a multidisciplinary collaboration, focused in the areas of climate policy, macroeconomic analysis, integrated assessment modelling and energy systems. Based on the results of this collaboration, the Chilean Government produced the Terms of Reference for the implementation of a new modelling and simulation tool to assess potential future climate policy in Chile.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Collaboration for the project "Design of a Climate Policy Analysis Modelling and Simulation Tool for Chile" 
Organisation Government of Chile
Country Chile 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution As part of the 'Global Carbon Market' (GCM) project, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ), together with 'Partnership for Market Readiness' (PMR) and the Chilean Ministry of Energy, organised a Workshop on Climate Policy Analysis for Chile. This event took place on the 9th of May of 2018 in Santiago, Chile. Pablo Salas (C-EENRG) and Hector Pollitt (Cambridge Econometrics) led the workshop, in which experts from both the public and private sectors gathered to discuss the creation of a new modelling and simulation tool to assess potential future climate policy.
Collaborator Contribution The Chilean Ministry of Energy (through the PMR project) and GIZ (through the GCM project) organised the workshop in Chile. Additionally, they supported the organisation of a series of interviews with key policy-makers from different governmental departments connected with climate policy. Based on the results of the workshop and the interviews, Cambridge Econometrics provided the basis for the design of a new modelling and simulation tool to assess potential future climate policy in Chile, whilst C-EENRG (through Pablo Salas) provided insights about the Chilean legal, economic and social contexts.
Impact This is a multidisciplinary collaboration, focused in the areas of climate policy, macroeconomic analysis, integrated assessment modelling and energy systems. Based on the results of this collaboration, the Chilean Government produced the Terms of Reference for the implementation of a new modelling and simulation tool to assess potential future climate policy in Chile.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Collaboration for the project FRANTIC: Financial Risk and the Impact of Climate Change 
Organisation Cambridge Econometrics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Building on the successful research on stranded fossil fuel assets, published in Nature Climate Change in 2018, our team applied for a NERC grant in 2018. The call was part of the UK's Climate Resilience Programme, and our project was called "FRANTIC: Financial Risk and the Impact of Climate Change". The successful application included several authors from the stranded fossil fuel assets paper, plus a new expert in financial risk from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS, Dr Gregor Semieniuk). The team at the University of Cambridge includes Prof. Jorge Vinuales and Dr Pablo Salas, both from C-EENRG, and Dr Nina Seega from the Cambridge Institute for Sustainabiity Leadership (CISL). They will be in charge of the engagement with people from industry (financial sector institutions) as well a people from the Bank of England and the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS).
Collaborator Contribution The Open University (OU) is the institution coordinating the consortium. The PI is Prof Neil Edwards, who has substantial experience convening large, interdisciplinary international collaborations and running major consortium projects. Also at the OU, Co-I Phil Holden is an expert in environmental and integrated modelling, with 10 years experience on 'big-ticket' asset finance in the private sector, designing and analyzing bespoke financing structures, predominantly for the oil shipping and transport sectors. At Exeter, Jean-François Mercure will lead the work on integrated assessment modelling. Mercure is the developer of one of the principal modelling tools in the project (FTT), an expert in the diffusion of technology innovations and lead author of the key study of the economics of stranded fossil-fuel assets (Mercure et al., 2018). Mercure, who is also Research Fellow at C-EENRG, will work in close coordination with the teams at Cambridge Econometrics (CE), SOAS, University of Cambridge (UCAM) and OU in the model and scenario development. At SOAS, Gregor Semieniuk will lead the work on financial geography. Gregor will work in close coordination with the team at Exeter (Mercure), UCAM (Salas), CE (Pollitt) and OU (Holden). Hector Pollitt, at CE , will oversee the development of macroeconomic scenarios using the Integrated Assessment Model (IAM) E3ME-FTT-GENIE. This IAM was the basis for our work on stranded fossil fuel assets (Mercure et al., 2018c), and will play a central role in our analysis of financial resilience in the UK.
Impact The FRANTIC team is a highly interdisciplinary collection of researchers on climate, socio-technical and economic change and governance from the aforementioned research organisations. The outputs of FRANTIC will include a financial geography network map and geographically detailed and financially realistic scenarios of stranded fossil fuel assets using the integrated assessment model E3ME-FTT-GENIE. These outputs will benefit two main classes of stakeholders beyond the academic sector: firstly public sector policymakers and policy analysts, and secondly private sector groups (especially banks, investment companies and energy companies). Whilst policymakers require new knowledge to inform policy and governance for improved resilience to transition risks, policy analysts require improved analysis methods. Meanwhile, private sector organisations require methods and evidence in order to support their strategic investment decisions.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration for the project FRANTIC: Financial Risk and the Impact of Climate Change 
Organisation Open University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Building on the successful research on stranded fossil fuel assets, published in Nature Climate Change in 2018, our team applied for a NERC grant in 2018. The call was part of the UK's Climate Resilience Programme, and our project was called "FRANTIC: Financial Risk and the Impact of Climate Change". The successful application included several authors from the stranded fossil fuel assets paper, plus a new expert in financial risk from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS, Dr Gregor Semieniuk). The team at the University of Cambridge includes Prof. Jorge Vinuales and Dr Pablo Salas, both from C-EENRG, and Dr Nina Seega from the Cambridge Institute for Sustainabiity Leadership (CISL). They will be in charge of the engagement with people from industry (financial sector institutions) as well a people from the Bank of England and the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS).
Collaborator Contribution The Open University (OU) is the institution coordinating the consortium. The PI is Prof Neil Edwards, who has substantial experience convening large, interdisciplinary international collaborations and running major consortium projects. Also at the OU, Co-I Phil Holden is an expert in environmental and integrated modelling, with 10 years experience on 'big-ticket' asset finance in the private sector, designing and analyzing bespoke financing structures, predominantly for the oil shipping and transport sectors. At Exeter, Jean-François Mercure will lead the work on integrated assessment modelling. Mercure is the developer of one of the principal modelling tools in the project (FTT), an expert in the diffusion of technology innovations and lead author of the key study of the economics of stranded fossil-fuel assets (Mercure et al., 2018). Mercure, who is also Research Fellow at C-EENRG, will work in close coordination with the teams at Cambridge Econometrics (CE), SOAS, University of Cambridge (UCAM) and OU in the model and scenario development. At SOAS, Gregor Semieniuk will lead the work on financial geography. Gregor will work in close coordination with the team at Exeter (Mercure), UCAM (Salas), CE (Pollitt) and OU (Holden). Hector Pollitt, at CE , will oversee the development of macroeconomic scenarios using the Integrated Assessment Model (IAM) E3ME-FTT-GENIE. This IAM was the basis for our work on stranded fossil fuel assets (Mercure et al., 2018c), and will play a central role in our analysis of financial resilience in the UK.
Impact The FRANTIC team is a highly interdisciplinary collection of researchers on climate, socio-technical and economic change and governance from the aforementioned research organisations. The outputs of FRANTIC will include a financial geography network map and geographically detailed and financially realistic scenarios of stranded fossil fuel assets using the integrated assessment model E3ME-FTT-GENIE. These outputs will benefit two main classes of stakeholders beyond the academic sector: firstly public sector policymakers and policy analysts, and secondly private sector groups (especially banks, investment companies and energy companies). Whilst policymakers require new knowledge to inform policy and governance for improved resilience to transition risks, policy analysts require improved analysis methods. Meanwhile, private sector organisations require methods and evidence in order to support their strategic investment decisions.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration for the project FRANTIC: Financial Risk and the Impact of Climate Change 
Organisation School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Building on the successful research on stranded fossil fuel assets, published in Nature Climate Change in 2018, our team applied for a NERC grant in 2018. The call was part of the UK's Climate Resilience Programme, and our project was called "FRANTIC: Financial Risk and the Impact of Climate Change". The successful application included several authors from the stranded fossil fuel assets paper, plus a new expert in financial risk from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS, Dr Gregor Semieniuk). The team at the University of Cambridge includes Prof. Jorge Vinuales and Dr Pablo Salas, both from C-EENRG, and Dr Nina Seega from the Cambridge Institute for Sustainabiity Leadership (CISL). They will be in charge of the engagement with people from industry (financial sector institutions) as well a people from the Bank of England and the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS).
Collaborator Contribution The Open University (OU) is the institution coordinating the consortium. The PI is Prof Neil Edwards, who has substantial experience convening large, interdisciplinary international collaborations and running major consortium projects. Also at the OU, Co-I Phil Holden is an expert in environmental and integrated modelling, with 10 years experience on 'big-ticket' asset finance in the private sector, designing and analyzing bespoke financing structures, predominantly for the oil shipping and transport sectors. At Exeter, Jean-François Mercure will lead the work on integrated assessment modelling. Mercure is the developer of one of the principal modelling tools in the project (FTT), an expert in the diffusion of technology innovations and lead author of the key study of the economics of stranded fossil-fuel assets (Mercure et al., 2018). Mercure, who is also Research Fellow at C-EENRG, will work in close coordination with the teams at Cambridge Econometrics (CE), SOAS, University of Cambridge (UCAM) and OU in the model and scenario development. At SOAS, Gregor Semieniuk will lead the work on financial geography. Gregor will work in close coordination with the team at Exeter (Mercure), UCAM (Salas), CE (Pollitt) and OU (Holden). Hector Pollitt, at CE , will oversee the development of macroeconomic scenarios using the Integrated Assessment Model (IAM) E3ME-FTT-GENIE. This IAM was the basis for our work on stranded fossil fuel assets (Mercure et al., 2018c), and will play a central role in our analysis of financial resilience in the UK.
Impact The FRANTIC team is a highly interdisciplinary collection of researchers on climate, socio-technical and economic change and governance from the aforementioned research organisations. The outputs of FRANTIC will include a financial geography network map and geographically detailed and financially realistic scenarios of stranded fossil fuel assets using the integrated assessment model E3ME-FTT-GENIE. These outputs will benefit two main classes of stakeholders beyond the academic sector: firstly public sector policymakers and policy analysts, and secondly private sector groups (especially banks, investment companies and energy companies). Whilst policymakers require new knowledge to inform policy and governance for improved resilience to transition risks, policy analysts require improved analysis methods. Meanwhile, private sector organisations require methods and evidence in order to support their strategic investment decisions.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration for the project FRANTIC: Financial Risk and the Impact of Climate Change 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department Cambridge Institute for Sustainable Leadership
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Building on the successful research on stranded fossil fuel assets, published in Nature Climate Change in 2018, our team applied for a NERC grant in 2018. The call was part of the UK's Climate Resilience Programme, and our project was called "FRANTIC: Financial Risk and the Impact of Climate Change". The successful application included several authors from the stranded fossil fuel assets paper, plus a new expert in financial risk from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS, Dr Gregor Semieniuk). The team at the University of Cambridge includes Prof. Jorge Vinuales and Dr Pablo Salas, both from C-EENRG, and Dr Nina Seega from the Cambridge Institute for Sustainabiity Leadership (CISL). They will be in charge of the engagement with people from industry (financial sector institutions) as well a people from the Bank of England and the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS).
Collaborator Contribution The Open University (OU) is the institution coordinating the consortium. The PI is Prof Neil Edwards, who has substantial experience convening large, interdisciplinary international collaborations and running major consortium projects. Also at the OU, Co-I Phil Holden is an expert in environmental and integrated modelling, with 10 years experience on 'big-ticket' asset finance in the private sector, designing and analyzing bespoke financing structures, predominantly for the oil shipping and transport sectors. At Exeter, Jean-François Mercure will lead the work on integrated assessment modelling. Mercure is the developer of one of the principal modelling tools in the project (FTT), an expert in the diffusion of technology innovations and lead author of the key study of the economics of stranded fossil-fuel assets (Mercure et al., 2018). Mercure, who is also Research Fellow at C-EENRG, will work in close coordination with the teams at Cambridge Econometrics (CE), SOAS, University of Cambridge (UCAM) and OU in the model and scenario development. At SOAS, Gregor Semieniuk will lead the work on financial geography. Gregor will work in close coordination with the team at Exeter (Mercure), UCAM (Salas), CE (Pollitt) and OU (Holden). Hector Pollitt, at CE , will oversee the development of macroeconomic scenarios using the Integrated Assessment Model (IAM) E3ME-FTT-GENIE. This IAM was the basis for our work on stranded fossil fuel assets (Mercure et al., 2018c), and will play a central role in our analysis of financial resilience in the UK.
Impact The FRANTIC team is a highly interdisciplinary collection of researchers on climate, socio-technical and economic change and governance from the aforementioned research organisations. The outputs of FRANTIC will include a financial geography network map and geographically detailed and financially realistic scenarios of stranded fossil fuel assets using the integrated assessment model E3ME-FTT-GENIE. These outputs will benefit two main classes of stakeholders beyond the academic sector: firstly public sector policymakers and policy analysts, and secondly private sector groups (especially banks, investment companies and energy companies). Whilst policymakers require new knowledge to inform policy and governance for improved resilience to transition risks, policy analysts require improved analysis methods. Meanwhile, private sector organisations require methods and evidence in order to support their strategic investment decisions.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Collaboration for the project FRANTIC: Financial Risk and the Impact of Climate Change 
Organisation University of Exeter
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Building on the successful research on stranded fossil fuel assets, published in Nature Climate Change in 2018, our team applied for a NERC grant in 2018. The call was part of the UK's Climate Resilience Programme, and our project was called "FRANTIC: Financial Risk and the Impact of Climate Change". The successful application included several authors from the stranded fossil fuel assets paper, plus a new expert in financial risk from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS, Dr Gregor Semieniuk). The team at the University of Cambridge includes Prof. Jorge Vinuales and Dr Pablo Salas, both from C-EENRG, and Dr Nina Seega from the Cambridge Institute for Sustainabiity Leadership (CISL). They will be in charge of the engagement with people from industry (financial sector institutions) as well a people from the Bank of England and the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS).
Collaborator Contribution The Open University (OU) is the institution coordinating the consortium. The PI is Prof Neil Edwards, who has substantial experience convening large, interdisciplinary international collaborations and running major consortium projects. Also at the OU, Co-I Phil Holden is an expert in environmental and integrated modelling, with 10 years experience on 'big-ticket' asset finance in the private sector, designing and analyzing bespoke financing structures, predominantly for the oil shipping and transport sectors. At Exeter, Jean-François Mercure will lead the work on integrated assessment modelling. Mercure is the developer of one of the principal modelling tools in the project (FTT), an expert in the diffusion of technology innovations and lead author of the key study of the economics of stranded fossil-fuel assets (Mercure et al., 2018). Mercure, who is also Research Fellow at C-EENRG, will work in close coordination with the teams at Cambridge Econometrics (CE), SOAS, University of Cambridge (UCAM) and OU in the model and scenario development. At SOAS, Gregor Semieniuk will lead the work on financial geography. Gregor will work in close coordination with the team at Exeter (Mercure), UCAM (Salas), CE (Pollitt) and OU (Holden). Hector Pollitt, at CE , will oversee the development of macroeconomic scenarios using the Integrated Assessment Model (IAM) E3ME-FTT-GENIE. This IAM was the basis for our work on stranded fossil fuel assets (Mercure et al., 2018c), and will play a central role in our analysis of financial resilience in the UK.
Impact The FRANTIC team is a highly interdisciplinary collection of researchers on climate, socio-technical and economic change and governance from the aforementioned research organisations. The outputs of FRANTIC will include a financial geography network map and geographically detailed and financially realistic scenarios of stranded fossil fuel assets using the integrated assessment model E3ME-FTT-GENIE. These outputs will benefit two main classes of stakeholders beyond the academic sector: firstly public sector policymakers and policy analysts, and secondly private sector groups (especially banks, investment companies and energy companies). Whilst policymakers require new knowledge to inform policy and governance for improved resilience to transition risks, policy analysts require improved analysis methods. Meanwhile, private sector organisations require methods and evidence in order to support their strategic investment decisions.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Partnership between CAMNEXUS and UNISUL to support green innovation in Brazil 
Organisation Camnexus Ltd
PI Contribution Dr. Jessica Ocampos, who is Director of CAMNEXUS Ltd., Fellow of C-EENRG and part of the Advisory Board of BRIDGE, has been actively collaborating with the technology transfer office of UNISUL (AGETEC), to support innovations in the areas of food, water and energy in Brazil. She has participated on several of the BRIDGE project activities, and has actively engaged with private sector stakeholders in Santa Catarina, to promote green innovation in the region.
Collaborator Contribution AGETEC (Agência de Gestão, Desenvolvimento Científico, Tecnologia e Inovação da Unisul), the technology transfer office of UNISUL, and CAMNEXUS Ltd., represented by its Director, Dr. Jessica Ocampos, have signed an agreement of collaboration for promoting green technologies and the development of local capacities in technology transfer and innovation in Santa Catarina, in the context of the project BRIDGE.
Impact The main outcome of this collaboration has been the signed agreement between UNISUL and CAMNEXUS. Whilst the collaboration is focused in the area of technology transfer and innovation, it also includes experts in the areas of technology development (e.g., chemical engineers, electrical engineers), business development and sustainability.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Partnership between CAMNEXUS and UNISUL to support green innovation in Brazil 
Organisation University of Southern Santa Catarina
PI Contribution Dr. Jessica Ocampos, who is Director of CAMNEXUS Ltd., Fellow of C-EENRG and part of the Advisory Board of BRIDGE, has been actively collaborating with the technology transfer office of UNISUL (AGETEC), to support innovations in the areas of food, water and energy in Brazil. She has participated on several of the BRIDGE project activities, and has actively engaged with private sector stakeholders in Santa Catarina, to promote green innovation in the region.
Collaborator Contribution AGETEC (Agência de Gestão, Desenvolvimento Científico, Tecnologia e Inovação da Unisul), the technology transfer office of UNISUL, and CAMNEXUS Ltd., represented by its Director, Dr. Jessica Ocampos, have signed an agreement of collaboration for promoting green technologies and the development of local capacities in technology transfer and innovation in Santa Catarina, in the context of the project BRIDGE.
Impact The main outcome of this collaboration has been the signed agreement between UNISUL and CAMNEXUS. Whilst the collaboration is focused in the area of technology transfer and innovation, it also includes experts in the areas of technology development (e.g., chemical engineers, electrical engineers), business development and sustainability.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Partnership with Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and Cambridge Econometrics for World Bank call on socioeconomic impacts of Brazil's NDC. 
Organisation Cambridge Econometrics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution A multidisciplinary team of international experts was assembled by Cambridge Econometrics to answer the World Bank call "Preparation of Modeling to Estimate the Socioeconomic Impacts of the Adoption of a Carbon Pricing Instrument as part of Brazil's NDC Implementation Package". Four members of C-EENRG participated in the team: Jorge Viñuales, Jean-Francois Mercure, Maria Augusta Paim and Pablo Salas. The C-EENRG team worked in close collaboration with Cambridge Econometrics (CE) and the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) in the preparation of the proposal. The proposal built on the technical capabilities of the multidisciplinary team of lawyers, economists, engineers and modellers, to analyse future scenarios for Brazil, using the Integrated Assessment Modelling Platform E3ME. The proposal was submitted on the 16th of October 2017. The links between C-EENRG, CE and the UFRJ have been strengthen throughout the BRIDGE project. C-EENRG and CE are recipients of ESRC funding in BRIDGE and UFRJ is part of the advisory board of the project.
Collaborator Contribution The multidisciplinary team assembled to answer the World Bank call was led by Hector Pollitt, Head of Modelling at Cambridge Econometrics and member of the BRIDGE project. The project included three Brazilian coordinators: Camila Gramkow (independent researcher), Maria Augusta Paim (C-EENRG) and Amaro Pereira (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ). Maria Augusta Paim is part of the BRIDGE team of C-EENRG, and Professor Pereira is part of the advisory board of the project. The main role of Hector Pollitt's team at CE was to coordinate the call preparation, with a particular focus on the modelling work. Camila Gramkow was in charge of the literature review and Amaro Pereira was in charge of estimating the socioeconomic impacts of implementing the instrument policy packages in Brazil. Maria Augusta Paim was in charge of the regulatory implications of implementing carbon pricing policies in Brazil, supported by the C-EENRG members Jorge Viñuales and Pablo Salas. Jean-Francois Mercure supported Hector Pollitt in the modelling work.
Impact The main output of this collaboration was the proposal submitted to the World Bank on the 16th of October, 2017: "Preparation of Modeling to Estimate the Socioeconomic Impacts of the Adoption of a Carbon Pricing Instrument as part of Brazil's NDC Implementation Package". This is a multidisciplinary collaboration, including the following disciplines: .- Economics (Hector Pollitt, Jean-Francois Mercure, Amaro Pereira, Camila Gramkow) .- Law (Jorge Viñuales, Maria Augusta Paim) .- Engineering (Pablo Salas,)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Partnership with Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and Cambridge Econometrics for World Bank call on socioeconomic impacts of Brazil's NDC. 
Organisation Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Department Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute of Postgraduate Studies and Research in Engineering (COPPE)
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution A multidisciplinary team of international experts was assembled by Cambridge Econometrics to answer the World Bank call "Preparation of Modeling to Estimate the Socioeconomic Impacts of the Adoption of a Carbon Pricing Instrument as part of Brazil's NDC Implementation Package". Four members of C-EENRG participated in the team: Jorge Viñuales, Jean-Francois Mercure, Maria Augusta Paim and Pablo Salas. The C-EENRG team worked in close collaboration with Cambridge Econometrics (CE) and the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) in the preparation of the proposal. The proposal built on the technical capabilities of the multidisciplinary team of lawyers, economists, engineers and modellers, to analyse future scenarios for Brazil, using the Integrated Assessment Modelling Platform E3ME. The proposal was submitted on the 16th of October 2017. The links between C-EENRG, CE and the UFRJ have been strengthen throughout the BRIDGE project. C-EENRG and CE are recipients of ESRC funding in BRIDGE and UFRJ is part of the advisory board of the project.
Collaborator Contribution The multidisciplinary team assembled to answer the World Bank call was led by Hector Pollitt, Head of Modelling at Cambridge Econometrics and member of the BRIDGE project. The project included three Brazilian coordinators: Camila Gramkow (independent researcher), Maria Augusta Paim (C-EENRG) and Amaro Pereira (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ). Maria Augusta Paim is part of the BRIDGE team of C-EENRG, and Professor Pereira is part of the advisory board of the project. The main role of Hector Pollitt's team at CE was to coordinate the call preparation, with a particular focus on the modelling work. Camila Gramkow was in charge of the literature review and Amaro Pereira was in charge of estimating the socioeconomic impacts of implementing the instrument policy packages in Brazil. Maria Augusta Paim was in charge of the regulatory implications of implementing carbon pricing policies in Brazil, supported by the C-EENRG members Jorge Viñuales and Pablo Salas. Jean-Francois Mercure supported Hector Pollitt in the modelling work.
Impact The main output of this collaboration was the proposal submitted to the World Bank on the 16th of October, 2017: "Preparation of Modeling to Estimate the Socioeconomic Impacts of the Adoption of a Carbon Pricing Instrument as part of Brazil's NDC Implementation Package". This is a multidisciplinary collaboration, including the following disciplines: .- Economics (Hector Pollitt, Jean-Francois Mercure, Amaro Pereira, Camila Gramkow) .- Law (Jorge Viñuales, Maria Augusta Paim) .- Engineering (Pablo Salas,)
Start Year 2017
 
Description 2017-04-05 - Seminar: Food, Water, and Energy in the Context of Climate Change: Major World Challenges of the XXI century (Cambridge, UK) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The seminar on 'Food, Water, and Energy in the Context of Climate Change: Major World Challenges of the XXI century' was given by Benny Dembitzer, member of the team that won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1985 and Managing Director of Grassroots Africa. The seminar was introduced by the following presentations of researchers from UNISUL, partners of the BRIDGE Project:
• Mr. Issa Ibrahim Berchin and Prof. José Baltazar Guerra (PI, Brazil), on 'Higher Education Institutions as catalysts of innovations for sustainable development: The Role of Education for Sustainable Development in Universities'.
• Mr. João Marcelo Pereira (Co-I, Brazil) and Prof. José Baltazar Guerra (PI, Brazil), on 'The Water, Energy and Food Nexus approach and Brazilian public policies in the context of Sustainable Development Goals'.
• Prof. Celso Lopes de Albuquerque (Co-I, Brazil) and Prof. Rafael Ávila Faraco (Co-I, Brazil), on 'Mineral Extraction - Environmental Impacts and Solutions: A case study from the South of Brazil'.
The above-mentioned presentations have included some of the outcomes of the BRIDGE Project Work Package 4 (Pilot Action: Resilient Community), consisting of examples of small-scale sustainability activities already implemented in Santa Catarina. The event audience counted approximately 60 people. The Cambridge University Brazilian Society (CUBS) has helped in the organization of the event which has attracted scholars from the University of Cambridge or elsewhere interested in the discussion about the governance of natural resources in Brazil. This was an opportunity to divulge the BRIDGE project, its researchers and outcomes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://bridgeproject.net/eventscalendar/05-04-2017-cambridge-uk-seminar-by-benny-dembitzer-food-wate...
 
Description 2017-04-26 - Meeting at the Florianopolis City Council (Florianópolis, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on April 2017, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to visit relevant policy makers at the city level, as part of the activities under the Work Package 3 (Engagement with Stakeholders and Policy Makers). On the 26th of April, Prof. Baltazar Guerra (UNISUL), Dr. Jean-Francois Mercure (Radboud) and Dr. Pablo Salas (Cambridge) presented the BRIDGE project at the Florianopolis City Council. The meeting was chaired by the City Counselor Mr. Maikon Costa to an audience of approximately 30 people, including Florianopolis City Counselors, BRIDGE researchers, UNISUL students and general public. The Counselors offered their support to the BRIDGE project, and five of them participated at the next day in the BRIDGE International Workshop, held at UNISUL.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://bridgeproject.net/eventscalendar/26-04-2017-florianopolis-brazil-meeting-at-the-florianopoli...
 
Description 2017-04-27 - BRIDGE International Workshop (Florianópolis, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact On 27April 2017, UNISUL hosted the BRIDGE International Workshop in Florianópolis. The main goal of the event was to connect academics from Europe and Brazil with Brazilian leaders and decision makers to discuss potential collaborations to strengthen the resilience of Brazil to global economic and environmental change, particularly in the areas of food, water and energy.

The workshop was divided in two parts, as described below:

• Part A: Engagement between policy-makers and academia, aiming at reaching the following objectives: (i) further explain the engagement strategy, (ii) understand the type of modelling work being conducted on the Nexus in Brazil (identification of work, research institutions, and relevant contacts in government/private sector/civil society), (iii) learn more about projected threat/opportunities as understood by our Brazilian colleagues and other stakeholders, and (iv) further explain what we intend to do and clarify channels for both collaboration and impact.

• Part B: Influencing the policy cycle from a scientific and legal perspective had the following objectives: (i) further explain the engagement strategy, (ii) understand the type of law and policy work being conducted on the Nexus or relevant areas in Brazil (identification of work, research institutions, and relevant contacts in government/private sector/civil society), (iii) learn more about projected windows of opportunity as understood by our Brazilian colleagues and other stakeholders, and (iv) further explain what we intend to do and clarify channels for both collaboration and impact.

Around 120 attendees has participated on the first part of the workshop (Part A), including 5 Florianopolis city counselors, 7 State deputies, 3 members of the legislative assembly of Santa Catarina, the director of FAPESC, several representatives of the public sector, academics and students of the main Universities in Santa Catarina. The attendees were separated in 4 groups, according to their expertise in the areas of Water, Energy, Food and Conservation. In each small group session the participants were encouraged to share their ideas about the interconnections between their group's sector and the others in Brazil, followed by the presentation of the summary of the ideas discussed to all the participants. The Part A of the Workshop was concluded with the engagement of all participants in the identification of the most relevant Water-Energy-Food Nexus issues in Brazil.


The second part of the Workshop (Part B) congregated approximately 50 people, mostly academics. The groups engaged in a discussion about the Water-Energy-Food Nexus policy failures and opportunities in Brazil.

As a result of the Workshop, the participants became part of the BRIDGE Community of Practice. The BRIDGE researchers will consult the Community of Practice for information and further discussions related to the most relevant Water-Energy-Food Nexus issues in Brazil. The Workshop outcomes are relevant for the Work Packages 2 (Model Development and Baseline Study), 3 (Engagement with Stakeholders and Policy Makers), 4 (Pilot Action: Resilient Community) and 5 (Awareness raising and dissemination activities).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://bridgeproject.net/eventscalendar/27-04-2017-florianopolis-brazil-bridge-international-worksh...
 
Description 2017-04-27 - Meeting at the Legislative Assembly of the State of Santa Catarina (Florianópolis, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on April 2017, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to visit relevant policy makers at the state level, as part of the activities under the Work Package 3 (Engagement with Stakeholders and Policy Makers). On the 27th of April 2017, a delegation was received by the President of the Legislative Assembly of Santa Catarina, Mr. Silvio Dreveck. In that meeting, the BRIDGE project was introduced to Mr. Dreveck, and potential collaborations between the BRIDGE team and the Legislative Assembly of Santa Catarina were discussed, in terms of supporting the development of Nexus policies at the state level.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://bridgeproject.net/eventscalendar/27-04-2017-florianopolis-brazil-meeting-at-the-legislative-a...
 
Description 2017-04-28 - Meeting at the Tubarao Mayor Cabinet and City Council (Tubarao, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on April 2017, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to visit relevant policy makers at the state and city level, as part of the activities under the Work Package 3 (Engagement with Stakeholders and Policy Makers). On the 28th of April 2017, a delegation was received by the Mayor of Tubarao, Mr. Joares Carlos Ponticelli, his Cabinet and by the Tubarao City Council. Mr. Ponticelli, who is alumni of UNISUL, maintains a close relationship with his alma mater. In that context, the Mayor gave all his support for the BRIDGE project, and expressed his interest in fostering potential collaborations between the BRIDGE team and the city of Tubarao, particularly in the area of sustainable food production policies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://bridgeproject.net/eventscalendar/28-04-2017-tubarao-brazil-meeting-at-the-tubarao-mayor-cabin...
 
Description 2017-04-28 - Meeting with Researchers at UNISUL (Tubarao, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on April 2017, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to meet a group of researchers from UNISUL. The goal was to discuss potential ways to collaborate in the Nexus area, from a multidisciplinary perspective. The BRIDGE project was presented at the UNISUL campus in Tubarão, for an audience of researchers from different disciplines, including engineering, computing sciences, social sciences, natural sciences and economics. Researchers showed major interest for the project, and several potential lines of collaboration were discussed, particularly relevant for the Work Packages 2 (Model Development and Baseline Study), 4 (Pilot Action: Resilient Community) and 5 (Awareness raising and dissemination activities).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 2017-05-01 - Meeting with Brazilian diplomats (Brasilia, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on April 2017, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to meet relevant stakeholders in Brasilia, as part of the activities under the Work Package 3 (Engagement with Stakeholders and Policy Makers). On the 1st of May, the team held a meeting with Brazilian diplomats, a Professor of International Relations of the University of Brasilia and a Brazilian Prosecutor for Environmental Law. On this occasion, the BRIDGE team explained the Project to the Brazilian stakeholders, and they provided relevant information regarding: (i) Brazilian institutions in the Energy, Water, Agricultural and Environmental sectors, including background information and the key-people to get in touch with; (ii) sources of data that can be helpful during the research, coming from official institutions, private companies' reports, relevant books and scholars; and (iii) an overview of the environmental competencies and law-making processes in Brazil.
The Diplomats and the Prosecutor offered their assistance to the Project in a later stage, to help establishing connections between the researchers and policy and law-making actors in Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 2017-05-02 - Meeting at the Brazilian Ministry of Mines and Energy (Brasilia, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on April 2017, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to meet relevant stakeholders in Brasilia, as part of the activities under the Work Package 3 (Engagement with Stakeholders and Policy Makers). On the 2nd of May, the team held a meeting with Mr Luis Fernando Badanhan, General Coordinator of Sustainability of the Energy Sector at the Brazilian Ministry of Mines and Energy. During the meeting, an overview of the Brazilian power sector was presented by the Ministry representative, including structures, entities, functions and future perspectives. The BRIDGE team introduced the project to the Ministry representative, and both agreed on developing further contacts and collaborations, once the project is in a more advanced stage of development. The Brazilian Ministry of Mines and Energy assistance to the project is of particular relevancy for the completion of the Work Package 2 (Model Development and Baseline Study).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 2017-05-02 International Workshop on the Food-Water-Energy Nexus in Brazil - University of Brasilia and BRIDGE Consortium 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The seminar aimed at connecting academics from the BRIDGE Project and the University of Brasilia to discuss ways in which we can strengthen the resilience of Brazil to global economic and environmental changes, particularly in the areas of food, water and energy.
The first part of the Seminar, entitled "Introduction to the BRIDGE Project", has included presentations from the researchers Prof. Jorge Vinuales, Dr. Jean-Francois Mercure and Dr. Pablo Salas about the BRIDGE consortium and the overview of the policy, law and stakeholder engagement for Water-Energy-Food (WEF) Nexus Management and Science.
The second part of the Seminar, entitled "The WEF Nexus from the Brazilian experts' perspective", has consisted of the following presentations: "Environmental regulation of the Nexus in Brazil" (Dra. Maria Augusta Paim), "Agriculture and Brazilian mining" (Dr. Adriano Cancado Trindade), "Climate and food security related to the oceans: is there any orchestration so far?" (Prof. Dra. Ana Flavia Granja e Barros), "Legal problems and challenges in regulating sustainable development of international biofuel trade: an analysis of public/private law and non-law instruments" (Dra. Priscila Andrade), and "Economic instruments and private property in environmental law: compensations markets in the climate change challenges" (Gabriela G. B. Lima Moraes).
The seminar was attended by students and researchers of the Natural Resources, Law and Sustainable Development Research Group - GERN, from the Law School of the University of Brasilia, and by some relevant stakeholders from the WEF public and private sectors in Brazil, such as: Thiago Siqueira Massson (Brazilian Confederation of Agriculture and Livestock), Luiz Alberto da Cunha Bustamente (Legislative Advisor - Senado Federal, Mining and Energy) and Henrique Leite (Legislative Advisor - Camara dos Deputados, Environment). After the Seminar, Thiago and Henrique have made further contacts to the BRIDGE Project researchers to discuss future collaborations opportunities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://bridgeproject.net/eventscalendar/02-05-2017-brasilia-brazil-international-workshop-on-the-foo...
 
Description 2017-05-03 - Meeting at the Agencia Nacional de Aguas - ANA (Brasilia, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on April 2017, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to meet relevant stakeholders in Brasilia. On the 3rd of May, the team held a meeting with members of the National Water Agency (Agencia Nacional de Aguas - ANA), to discuss the historical context of the water sector in Brazil, considerations about the flaws of the water planning and modeling currently in force, and the main users and water conflicts occurring in Brazil at the moment. It was an opportunity for the BRIDGE team to explain the Project for the Brazilian public sector, in order to develop further contacts and collaborations, once the project is in a more advance stage of development.

From ANA, the attendees were:

Luciano Meneses Cardoso da Silva (Federal Water Grant Manager)
Luiz Amore (International Advisor)
Marco J. M. Neves (Coordinator of the Hydrology Area)
Gonzalo Vázquez (Expert in Geo-processing)
Alan Emanuel Cavalcante Trajano (Lawyer and Advisor for the President of ANA)
Bruno Collischonn (Regulatory Oversight Coordinator).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 2017-10-16 to 18 - Attendance at the UNECE events: Global Workshop on Water Allocation and Task Force meeting on Water-Food-Energy-Ecosystem Nexus 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The UNECE events Global Workshop and Task Force meeting took place in Geneva under the auspices of the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Water Convention). Both events have brought together more than 100 representatives and experts from governments, international organizations, non-governmental organizations and academia, coming from over 48 countries in Europe, Africa, Asia and the Americas. During the global workshop on water allocation, the participants shared experiences and knowledge on strengthening transboundary water allocation arrangements, including criteria, methodologies, tools and good practices. The WEF Nexus meeting's participants have discussed the implementation of the activities of the nexus on the programme of work of the Water Convention, in particular the methodological advances for the nexus assessment of intersectorial issues and some basins cases on how the nexus approach could be put into practice. The WEF Nexus meeting has allowed some participants to present on-going experiences worldwide that could have links with the nexus assessments under the Water Convention. Representing the BRIDGE project in the meeting, the researcher Dr Maria Augusta Paim (University of Cambridge) was able to speak briefly about the project, emphasizing its global model of land-energy-water use, climate change and macroeconomics. Although Brazil is not part of the Water Convention the outcomes of the BRIDGE Project Work Package 2 (Model Development and Baseline Study) could contribute to the development of a nexus policy assessment tool to be adopted worldwide. After the meeting, the BRIDGE team is in contact with the researchers working with UNECE on the development of a nexus methodology and tool, namely: Fondazioni Eni Enrico Mattei, the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), the European Commission and the OECD, for the sharing of experiences and future collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.unece.org/index.php?id=43626
 
Description 2018-09 - Nexus courses for UNISUL undergraduate and graduate students 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact In September 2018, under an ESRC IAA project called 'BRIDGE to Impact' (B2I), we organised a series of short nexus courses for Brazilian students of UNISUL. They were part of the following programmes:

- Undergraduate Programme on Management and International Relations
- Graduate Programme on Management and Environmental Sciences
- Undergraduate Programme on Regional Development of the State of Santa Catarina

The courses included an introduction to climate change, and its impact on the energy-water-food nexus. The topics were addressed first from a global perspective, and later a more detailed view of the specific challenges in Brazil were analysed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ceenrg.landecon.cam.ac.uk/research/the-bridge-project/bridge-events/17-09-2018-22-09-201...
 
Description 2018-09 - TV Interviews 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact In our visit to Brazil in September 2018, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to talk to the local press, regarding global sustainability issues and to describe the work we have been doing in Brazil. The first interview took place in the programme 'Education and Citizenship' at RecordNews. The second interview was recorded for the programme 'Big Issues' at UNISUL TV, a local TV station run by the press department of UNISUL.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ceenrg.landecon.cam.ac.uk/research/the-bridge-project/bridge-events/17-09-2018-20-09-201...
 
Description 2018-09-09 - Conference UNISUL Journey of Scientific Initiation JUNIC 2018 - Tubarão, Brazil. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Our visit to Brazil in September 2018 was planned so we could participate in the conference 'JUNIC 2018: UNISUL Journey of Scientific Initiation'. The JUNIC promotes integration and debates between different research groups of UNISUL, and its main topic this year was research internationalisation. The event had more than 300 attendees, from all the different research groups of UNISUL. It included presentations from FAPESC, the Foundation for Research and Innovation Support of the State of Santa Catarina (the funding body supporting the BRIDGE project under the Newton Fund), and CAPES, the Brazilian federal government agency responsible for quality assurance in undergraduate and postgraduate institutions in Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ceenrg.landecon.cam.ac.uk/research/the-bridge-project/bridge-events/19-09-2018-tubarao-b...
 
Description 2018-09-20 - Stakeholder engagement session with ACIT, the business association of Tubarão - Tubarão, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on September 2018, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to organise a special stakeholder engagement session for ACIT, the Business Association of Tubarão (Associação Empresarial de Tubarão/SC). ACIT 'represents businesses in the industrial, commercial and service sectors' in Santa Catarina. The session was opened by the Mayor of Tubarão, Mr. Joares Carlos Ponticelli, and the President of ACIT, Mr. Edson Martins Antônio. The session started with a general discussion on global sustainability issues. Then, the effects of these issues at the local level, particularly on businesses, were discussed in detail.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ceenrg.landecon.cam.ac.uk/research/the-bridge-project/bridge-events/20-09-2018-tubarao-b...
 
Description 2018-09-21 - Meeting at the Florianópolis City Council - Florianópolis, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on September 2018, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to visit relevant policy makers at the city level. Following the engagement events organised in 2017, our team organised a follow-up session at the Florianopolis City Council on the 21st of September 2018. The session was presided by City Counsellor Guilherme Botelho, and had the participation of several council members as well as Dr Walter Gomes, Director of Administration of FAPESC.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ceenrg.landecon.cam.ac.uk/research/the-bridge-project/bridge-events/21-09-2018-florianop...
 
Description 2018-09-27 - Inauguration of UNISUL Solar Hydroponic Greenhouse - Tubarão, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on September 2018, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to participate in the inauguration of the UNISUL Solar Hydroponic Greenhouse. This is one of the BRIDGE pilot project, which aims to evaluate a more sustainable production of food through the use of less fresh water and solar power.

The inauguration meeting was attended by approximately 30 people, including the President of the Santa Catarina State Research and Innovation Funding Agency (FAPESC), Florianópolis City Counselors, BRIDGE researchers, UNISUL students and general public. A very special guest was a group from the local primary school 'Coração Feliz'. They are working in a miniature representation of the UNISUL solar greenhouse, made by primary students of SC for a robotic competition, to produce vegetables in outer space (thinking on a future colonisation or Mars).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ceenrg.landecon.cam.ac.uk/research/the-bridge-project/bridge-events/27-09-2018-tubarao-b...
 
Description 2018-09-27 - Meeting at the Tubarão City Council - Tubarão, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact On the 27th of September 2018, we organised a meeting with representatives of the Tubarão City Council, to discuss the work being developed under the BRIDGE project. In particular, our conversation focused on the work done in the design and development of a solar hydroponic greenhouse in the city of Tubarão, which was inaugurated later that day.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ceenrg.landecon.cam.ac.uk/research/the-bridge-project/bridge-events/27-09-2018-tubarao-b...
 
Description 2018-12-06 - Nexus Seminar by UNISUL team and guest speaker Benny Dembitzer in Cambridge, UK. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Taking advantage of an academic visit of our Brazilian BRIDGE partners UNISUL to Europe, we organised a special seminar on the 6th of December 2018. The UNISUL team presented their latest research on the Food-Water-Energy Nexus and we invited Benny Dembitzer to present his new book: 'The famine next door. Africa is burning. The north is watching'. Benny is a Cambridge Alumni and Economists, Managing Director of Grassroots Africa and member of the team awarded the 1985 Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of IPPNW (International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear Weapons).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ceenrg.landecon.cam.ac.uk/research/the-bridge-project/bridge-events/06-12-2018-cambridge...
 
Description Advanced Nexus School - UNICAMP 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The Advanced School on Water-Energy-Food Nexus took place at the University of Campinas - UNICAMP, in Brazil, from 15 to 26 October 2018. It has gathered more than 80 students and around 20 lecturers from all over the work. Its purpose was to train professionals and academics to analyze complex systems by understanding the societal, economic and environmental impacts involved in decisions regarding technology innovation and policies design. The topics have included different assessment methods, modelling techniques and risk analysis to apply them individually or in combination to research projects, decision-making process or policy development. The BRIDGE Project researcher Maria Augusta Paim has participated in the project, and she is now part of the network of academics and professionals created after the completion of the courses.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://spsas-wefnexus.org/2018/10/16/booklet/
 
Description Case Study on Policy Engagement with Florianopolis City Councelor Maikon Costa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A crucial aspect of the BRIDGE project is the work we do on policy engagement, especially at the local level in Santa Catarina. Professor Baltazar Guerra, the BRIDGE PI in Brazil, has been working with local policy makers for more than a decade, addressing sustainability issues at the city, state and federal levels.

A particularly successful collaborations has been taking place with Florianopolis City Councelor Maikon Costa. Maikon has supported the organisation and delivery of BRIDGE project activities in Florianopolis, including the international workshop of 2017, where the Nexus challenges of Brazil were discussed in detail.

In September 2018, Dr Pablo Salas (PS) and Prof. Baltazar Guerra (BG) interviewed Maikon Costa (MC), to know more about his work on sustainability, and his connection with the BRIDGE project. An extract of the interview can be found in the BRIDGE project website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ceenrg.landecon.cam.ac.uk/research/the-bridge-project/the-bridge-work/engagement/case-st...
 
Description Food-Water-Energy Nexus Workshop, Newnham College, Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The 'Food-Water-Energy Nexus Workshop', organized by the BRIDGE Consortium, took place at the Newnham College, Cambridge, on 26 June 2018, from 9.30am to 6pm. The purpose of the seminar was to discuss some of the outcomes of the Bridge project with academics and policy-makers working with the nexus approach, to share experiences and best practices, in contribution to future outcomes of the research. The workshop was organized in fours different sessions, starting with an 'Introduction to the Food-Water-Energy Nexus and the BRIDGE Project', given by the researchers of the BRIDGE Project, Dr Pablo Salas (University of Cambridge), 'Introduction to the BRIDGE project'), Dr Jean-Francois (Radboud University, 'Overview of the Food-Water-Energy Nexus science') and Prof Baltazar Andrade Guerra (UNISUL,'The Brazilian Nexus: stakeholder engagement and pilot action projects'). The first session was concluded by a presentation of Eliot Whittington (University of Cambridge), explaining the work of the Centre Institute for Sustainability Leadership - CISL. The second session 'Assessing Nexus complexities throughout policy analysis and sectoral modelling' included talks about specific topics under the BRIDGE Project, from Dr Maria Augusta Paim (University of Cambridge, Hydrological risk in Brazil and diversification of the electricity mix), Dr Neil Edwards (Open University, Climate and biodiversity modelling in South America), and .Dr Soeren Lindner (Radboud University, Modelling land use change with FTT: Agriculture). The third session focused on 'Food security in a complex Nexus network', with talks by Prof Howard Griffiths (Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, 'The challenge of an evergreen revolution'), Dr Luiz Alberto da Cunha Bustamante (Assessor to the Brazilian Senate, 'The new Brazilian biofuels policy: RenovaBio'), Dr Celso Lopes de Albuquerque Junior and João Marcelo Pereira Ribeiro (UNISUL, Food stability, urban agriculture practices as initiatives for mitigation and adaptation to climate change and BRIDGE's pilot module'), and Issa Ibrahim Berchin (UNISUL, 'Education for sustainable development and the WEF Nexus: a Sustainable Development Goals' perspective'). For the last session of the workshop 'Nexus networks and stakeholders beyond academia - Linking the Food-Water-Energy Network and sustainable development', guests speakers presented their perspectives, such as Claudio Bacigalupi (European Commission Directorate for Development Cooperation, 'The NEXUS approach as a way to address water efficiency in development actions'), Dr Gemma Cranston (CISL, University of Cambridge 'The Nexus Network'), Secretary Pedro Tiê Cândido Souza (Embassy of Brazil in London, 'The integrated approach to sustainable development: the Brazilian experience'), and Benny Dembitzer (Managing Director of Grassroots Africa, 'The Death of Empathy'). The workshop was a great opportunity to discuss some of the deliverables of the project, for instance, Dr Maria Augusta Paim's presentation resulted in a publication by the special issue in Energy Law of the Energy Policy journal (May, 2019).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Participation in the Regional Political-Technical Dialogue on Energy, Water and Food Nexus - ECLAC 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact On the 14th of May 2018, Pablo Salas presented the BRIDGE project at the 'Regional Political-Technical Dialogue on Energy, Water and Food Nexus'. This event was organised by the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), and it was held at the ECLAC headquarters in Santiago, Chile. The conference was focused on the connections between the energy-water-food nexus, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and the challenges associated to implement nexus policies in Latin America.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://goo.gl/7W3JZx
 
Description Round-table debate 'Mainstreaming the Water-Energy-Food Nexus through Policy Strategies of the NDC Processes', University of Brasília and BRIDGE Consortium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The round-table debate 'Mainstreaming the Water-Energy-Food Nexus through Policy Strategies of the NDC Processes', organized by the University of Brasília (UNB) and BRIDGE Consortium, took place at the UNB campus, on 21 March 2018, from 9am to 1pm. The purpose of the seminar was to share and discuss some of the outcomes of the Bridge project with high-level Brazilian public servants in the sectors of water, energy and agricultural sectors, in contribution to future outcomes of the research. Prof. Gabriela Lima (Law Faculty, University of Brasília) has chaired the discussions. During the opening session, the UK and Brazil's PIs of the BRIDGE Project, Prof. Jorge Viñuales (University of Cambridge) and Prof. Baltazar Guerra (UNISUL) have introduced the integrative nature of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) under the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change, generally involving different sectors, scales and stakeholders, which can be aligned with a Nexus-type approach. Then, the researcher Dr. Maria Augusta Paim has presented partial results of the research that investigates how the NDC can offer a sufficient level of integration to mainstream the nexus approach, offering opportunities to overcome power asymmetries in the policy-making process, by reference to the cases of Brazil, China, the European Union, India and Mexico. During the second part of the debate, the following Brazilian policy-makers have exchanged their experiences and views on the integration of sectors in Brazil: Luciano Menezes (National Agency of Water - ANA), Mauro Henrique Moreira Sousa (Ministry of Mines and Energy), Marcelo Augusto Boechat Morandi (Brazilian Agricultural Research Cooperation - EMBRAPA) and Hugo do Valle Mendes (Ministry of the Environment, Secretary of Climate Change and forest). The inputs and conclusions gathered in this debate were incorporated in the manuscript submitted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal (currently under the review process of the 'Climate Policy' journal).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop with policy makers and academics, Santiago, Chile 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact On the 9th of May 2018, Pablo Salas and Hector Pollitt led the Workshop on Climate Policy Analysis for Chile. This workshop was organised in the context of the 'Global Carbon Market' and the 'Partnership for Market Readiness' projects of the Chilean Ministry of Energy and the German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit). The workshop gathered experts from both the public and private sectors to discuss the creation of a new modelling and simulation tool to assess potential future climate policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://goo.gl/yF5zd2