Healthy, Secure and Gender Just Cities: Transnational Perspectives on Violence against Women and Girls (VAWG) in Rio de Janeiro and London

Lead Research Organisation: Queen Mary, University of London
Department Name: Geography

Abstract

In Brazil an estimated 15 women are killed by men every day. Within the past three decades, at least 92,000 women have been killed, many at the hands of their partners representing a rise of 230% between 1980 and 2010. The situation in Rio de Janeiro is no less alarming where 17 women a day are victims of gender-based murder and sexual violence.

This project provides an opportunity to make an important contribution to understanding Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG), which is one of the world's major public health and development concerns, with a view towards reducing it in order to make the cities of Rio and London ultimately healthier as well as to develop a mutual learning partnership between the Global North and Global South.

The research explores the nature of VAWG in Rio de Janeiro with a simultaneous examination of such violence among London's Brazilian diaspora. It develops an innovative inter-disciplinary framework that builds on the strengths of the research team to bridge geographical and disciplinary borders. It combines the analytical approach of the social sciences with the traditions of knowledge production in the humanities, and the ability of theatre to explore new relationships between authors and audiences. It recognises growing linkages between cities of the Global South and North, connected through globalisation and international migration, as well as the need to learn from cities of the South.

The research is rooted empirically in two urban locations 1) in the largest favela in Rio de Janeiro, Complexo da Maré, where residents are predominantly poor and where everyday VAWG is endemic; and 2) among the diasporic community of Brazilians in London, which is one of the fastest growing migrant groups in the city and the largest component of the wider Latin American population. With no existing systematic analysis of the nature of VAWG in either the territorial or diasporic community, the project explores the nature, causes and consequencesof VAWG and the health outcomes locally and across borders. Specifically, it uses a range of mainly qualitative methodologies such as participatory appraisals, testimonial interviews, mapping of service provision, theatre production and film as tools to explore what happens to women in one of Latin America's most violent cities and examine how this violence affect linkages and movement across borders between Rio de Janeiro and London. This is facilitated through the close links the research teams have with the communities, especially through their collaborating partners - in Rio, Redes da Maré (a community organisation); in London, the Latin American Women's Rights Service (LAWRS), and the People's Palace Project (an arts-based research centre working on London and Brazil, based at QMUL).

Theoretically, the project aims to develop new understandings of VAWG that move beyond the traditional epidemiological approach to explore how participatory appraisal and theatre in particular can uncover processes that have previously been hidden. As part of this approach, the project aims to develop a nexus ('multi-scalar-VAWG-health-nexus') that will assist in explaining why VAWG occurs and especially how this occurs across borders, the sources of support available, and how VAWG motivates women's movement to the UK from Brazil as well as how this affects health inequalities.

It actively considers the potential for learning from existing community interventions and especially those revolving around theatre and performance, and in creating new interventions to reduce VAWG and reduce the urban public health risks associated with it. It also proposes to devise effective tools to increase women and girls' knowledge about their rights in relation to the experience of violence. Thus, it will raise awareness of VAWG transnationally as a means to strengthen and build capacity, compare experiences, promote alternative narratives and impact on policy debates in both countries.

Planned Impact

The importance of VAWG as a community, city, national and international public health, development and gender equality concern cannot be overstated. This project has a potentially extremely wide remit in terms of its impact across different arenas and scales that will improve understanding of VAWG transnationally, raise awareness, inform state and civil society practitioners, and influence public policy-makers in their interventions in Brazil the UK and beyond. The aim is create mechanisms that lead to managing and preventing VAWG and their associated health inequalities more effectively in the short-term through the life of the project and in the long-term.

The specific beneficiaries and potential impacts are as follows:

1. Community level individual research participants in Rio's favelas and the Brazilian migrants in London, the project will provide the opportunity for women to voice their experiences, be signposted to relevant organisations for assistance and to raise awareness beyond direct participants.
Indicator of success and impact: measurements of the number of women consulting the specialist services for female survivors of violence in Rio and London at the beginning and end of the research process.

2. Verbatim theatre performances and film production at community, city, national and transnational levels will be used to raise awareness among the general public and as a policy-tool for campaigning and policy intervention work by civil society and state organisations.
Indicator of success and impact: measurement of the number of people in theatre audiences, documenting responses at post-show discussions and an evaluation questionnaire, and the number of film views and social media shares from YouTube.

3. Community level VAWG theatre workshops: to include young women and men (some from initial research stages) to encourage young people to develop alternative narratives on the cultures of VAWG with a view to resisting it and improving their well-being and promote transnational learning.
Indicator of success and impact: measurement using the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) developed by NHS Scotland to address mental health and well-being at the beginning and end of workshops.

4. Dissemination of three bilingual policy briefings to key policy-makers at city, national and transnational levels via a dedicated website.

5. Two public dissemination events in London and Rio will bring together invited practitioners and policy makers to disseminate the results in both countries.
Indicator of success and impact: measurement using website hits and downloads

The main beneficiaries and stakeholders in both countries will therefore be:
1) Community members in Maré, Rio and diasporic Brazilians in London (through specific groups such as CRMM (Centro de Referencia dos Direitos da Mulher da Maré) in Rio and the Casa do Brasil in London
2) Civil society groups working on women's rights, VAWG, and migrant rights organisations and community justice in London (IRMO, Casa Latinoamericana, Latin American Women's Aid [LAWA], Women's Resource Centre, Refuge, Womankind, and Migrant Rights Network) and Rio (Advocacia Cidadã pelos Direitos Humanos Centro, Anistia Internacional, Associação de Mulheres Beth Lobo, Movimento Defesa da Mulher) as well as regionally and internationally (especially within Europe and Latin America such as WAVE, MPI, Huariou Commission, ICRW, ICRC)
3) Local and national governments (DFID, Southwark Council, UK; CEDIM (Conselho Estadual do Direito da Mulher), Prefeitura Municipal do Rio de Janeiro, and National Women's Secretariat of the Presidency, Brazil.
4) International multilateral organisations such as the WHO, UN Women, UNRISD, and IOM.

Related Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Award Value
ES/N013247/1 01/02/2016 30/06/2017 £458,053
ES/N013247/2 Transfer ES/N013247/1 01/07/2017 31/08/2018 £210,323
 
Title Ana short film based on Efemera 
Description Ana is a short film based on the verbatim theatre play Efemera. It is currently in production and will be distributed to various international film festivals. Currently, it has been submitted to the Cannes Short Film festival. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact Too early to identify 
 
Title Can we talk about it? 
Description The film was the product of a six-day drama and film workshop in which eight young Londoners participated to discuss healthy relationships between 31st July - 5th August 2017. The short film was screened on 5th August 2017 at Rich Mix Cultural Centre, followed by a public discussion. The film was made publicly available on Vimeo alongside a social media campaign for #InternationalYouthDay, linking to youth charities working on healthy relationships and consent. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Greater awareness among the participants of issues around personal relationships and the ways to maintain healthy relationship 
URL https://vimeo.com/229116752
 
Title Efemera 
Description Efemera is a theatre play created using research material (testimonies of Brazilian women survivors of violence in London) to raise awareness on VAWG. It was written by Gael Le Cornec as part of the Latin American Theatre Festival at the Southwark Playhouse and was performed on 5, 6 and 7 October 2017. The play was then taken to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil where it was performed at the Casa de Bellas Artes in the favela of Mare (where the Brazilian side of the research has been conducted) and at the Sede das Cias (at a feminist theatre festival) on 24 and 25 November 2017 and at the Brighton Festival in May 2018. 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The post-performance panel discussions lead to a better understanding, among audience members in London and Rio, of a number of issues, such as, the various forms that VAWG may take and the deterrent factors to seeking help to address VAWG (e.g. limited language skills, lack of knowledge of the justice system, stigma). Disclosures among women of experiences of gender-based violence occurred after every performance in London and Rio de Janeiro to Gael Le Cornec (the main actor and writer). Audiences at the Brighton Festival were asked to respond to the play. Here are some examples: "Efemera was absolutely fantastic and emotional. It spoke to me on a personal and deep level. As a Mexican-American who has been sexually abused as a child and later on helped others deal with the same issues. It is inspired and I'm continually inspired by those who choose to speak out. Thank you!" :-) " I was incredibly moved by your show. Brave, fierce, important, shocking, moving. As a middle class white English woman who who has been sexually assaulted/raped even - the stories were close to my heart. That Brazilian woman are the subject of such terrible sexual, emotional and physical violence is deeply distressing. .. Thank you for your clarity your honesty and your courage. Sara." "It's difficult to know what to say. I want to applaud the bravery, but that feels trite. This needs to be seen, to be heard, to be felt. Because, in a way , everyone needs to know this hurts, to feel this pain, until nobody does. I count my blessings that I have never suffered this much, and desperately hope for the day no one will." 
URL https://www.efemeraplay.com/
 
Title Raising awareness of Violence Against Brazilian Women and Girls in London 
Description This is a five-minute video that has as its backdrop scenes of the play Efemera, which was produced by this research based on the testimonies of Brazilian women survivors of violence who participated in in-depth interviews in London, and also incorporates key findings from the research shown through animation. The video is to be used for awareness raising on VAWG. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact Not yet known 
 
Title SCAR 
Description SCAR is an installation produced by our partners in Brazil that used a combination of media to raise awareness about VAWG amongst residents in favela da Mare, Rio de Janeiro. Production of SCAR, installation that used a combination of media to raise awareness about VAWG amongst residents in favela da Mare, Rio de Janeiro. The installation, by Brazilian renowned film and art director Bia Lessa, included the exhibition of a 40-minute video that combined excerpts of testimonies by survivors of violence, the exhibition of posters containing the text of the interviews and the personal histories of each women placed against a backdrop of walls covered in newspapers that report on violence and other daily events, and also the exhibition of personal artifacts that hold a special meaning for each women that relates to their experience of violence or overcoming violence. SCAR was exhibited as part of the Women of the World Festival, held at the Southbank in London, between 9-12 March 2018.  
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact We are waiting for data from an evaluation of the installation by members of the public that is presently being compiled by an assessor hired for this task. But SCAR will be shown in Brazil, including during the Women of the World Festival that will run in Brazil in the autumn of 2018, and which will be organised and hosted by our partner Redes da Mare directly as a result of the production of SCAR for the festival in London. 
URL http://g1.globo.com/globo-news/estudio-i/videos/v/estudo-sobre-violencia-de-genero-inspira-obras-de-...
 
Title Visualising the margins: gendered perspectives 
Description Photographs by Luciana Whitaker Aikins in association with People's Palace Projects of Efemera were included in an exhibition in March 2019. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact This is a 10 day exhibition of work which has involved a panel discussion with positive feedback as well as up to 500 people viewing the photographs. 
URL https://www.kcl.ac.uk/events/event-story?id=dbe89fb7-f790-4990-bc88-fcb5930dbcaf
 
Description We have published a series of reports that outline the core findings from the research in London and Rio.

In London, the following empirical findings based on a questionnaire survey with 175 Brazilian migrant women, interviews with 25 Brazilian women, 6 focus groups, and 12 service providers have been identified: four in every five Brazilian women surveyed had experienced GBV in their lifetime (82%); nearly half (48%) of all Brazilian women had experienced some form of GBV in the UK, and emotional/psychological violence was the commonest type of violence experienced in London (48%), followed by physical violence (38%), with 14% experiencing sexual violence. In addition, two-thirds of VAWG was perpetrated by men known to women, and most was perpetrated in the public sphere (78%), especially in the workplace. VAWG and international migration were interrelated in complex and transnational ways: 52% of women who suffered GBV in Brazil also experienced it again in London. 56% of women never reported an episode of violence in London, mainly because they thought nothing would be done about it, lack of information, shame and fear of deportation due to insecure immigration status.

In Rio de Janeiro, the following, based on a survey with 801 women, interviews with 20 women and 14 service providers, the following findings were identified: 38% of women had experienced VAWG; physical violence emerged as the most important (by 51% of women), followed by psychological/emotional violence (42%) and sexual abuse (7%); those most likely to have experienced GBV were aged between 30 and 44, were mixed race or black, had lived all their lives in Maré, had primary levels of schooling, and were single or separated; Intimate partners committed a third of GBV with only 15% perpetrated by strangers; the remainder were by work colleagues and bosses and friends and family members.

Conceptually, the project has developed a 'multiscalar urban VAWG nexus'. This is based on identifying the three main types of VAWG at the core (sexual, physical and psychological), indicating that these need to be explored across different scales of analysis.The causal mechanisms underlying the perpetration of VAWG lie in the interactions between different types of power relations manifested through structural and symbolic violence which need to be viewed from a transnational and translocal perspective.
Exploitation Route The findings for VAWG amongst Brazilian women in London have fed directly into a project that will be carried out in partnership with the Latin American Rights Women Services in 2018/19, as part of the Step-Up Migrant Women Campaign. The findings for VAWG amongst Brazilian in Rio de Janeiro are informing practices at a NGO that was created in 2017 in the Complexo da Mare (the community under examination in Rio de Janeiro), called Casa das Mulheres, which is providing a range of services to local women, including VAWG services and which is part of the NGO Redes da Mare (one of our key partners).
Sectors Education,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy,Other

URL https://transnationalperspectivesonvawg.wordpress.com/
 
Description In London, the project commissioned a verbatim play, Efêmera, by Gael Le Cornec, based on testimonies from Brazilian women interviewed in London. It was performed in London three times (October 2017), with a post-performance Q&A session. Efêmera was also staged 3 times in Rio de Janeiro (November 2017) in the Complexo da Mare (where our partners in Brazil have conducted their part of the research for the project) and also at the Feminist Theatre Festival, followed by Q&A sessions and in Brighton three times at the fringe festival in May 2018 with one post-performance discussion. Around 600 people have seen the play, and each performance has elicited disclosure by women in the audience about their own experiences of violence (20 people). In addition, the video on Raising Awareness of Violence Against Brazilian Women and Girls in London (https://youtu.be/LPDNxtWB9e0) has been viewed 439 times. An additional film based on Efemera called Ana is in production and will be distributed to international film festivals in 2019. The main London partner, the Latin American Woman's Rights Service is using the results to feed into their service provision and their campaign to increase safe reporting of violence by migrant women that McIlwaine is also working on (Step Up Migrant Women). In Rio de Janeiro, Redes da Mare (the key partner in the favela) are using the research to inform their work through the Casa das Mulheres which has established a series of projects to support women experiencing VAWG including educational programmes and legal advice.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Security and Diplomacy
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Participation in Gender Equality Act Compliance External Advisory Board (McIlwaine)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Inclusion of gender issues in UKRI research application process.
 
Description Paul Heritage participation in AHRC GCRF Advisory Group
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Drawing on his experience of this and other collaborative international research, and in particular on the examination within this research project of the factors that make for a successful international exchange collaboration, Paul Heritage has served on the AHRC's Advisory Group for the Global Challenges Research Fund, participating in a Town Hall Meeting in November 2017 (making a presentation) and PPP sent 2 delegates to a recent residential meeting led by Naomi Sykes and Charles Forsdick that aimed to make recommendations / create information and advice resources about GCRF for AHRC, HEIs, peers among Arts and Humanities researchers, and the public.
 
Description CASA Latin American Theatre Festival 
Organisation Casa Latin American Theatre Festival Ltd
PI Contribution Collaboration with CASA Latin American Theatre Festival has entailed an intellectual contribution to the production of a theatre play based on the experience of violence by Brazilian women in London, including discussions about the content, which will be provided by qualitative primary data obtained by another partner (LAWRS). CASA will oversee the creation and performance of this play in Brazil and in the UK.
Collaborator Contribution Staff (Daniel Goldman and Gael le Cornec) at CASA Latin American Theatre Festival have contributed their knowledge and expertise on theatre production to our discussions about the content (primary qualitative data) to be incorporated into the play that they will create and stage.
Impact 1) Efemera theatre play (http://www.gaellecornec.com/). Performed 8 times: London October 2017: Southwark Playhouse x 3 shows Rio de Janeiro November 2017: Casa de Bellas Artes, Mare and Sede das Cias x 2 shows Brighton Festival May 2018: x 3 shows 2) Video of play Raising Awareness of Violence Against Brazilian Women in London (https://youtu.be/LPDNxtWB9e0) (435 views) 3) Short film of Efemera (Ana) in editing
Start Year 2016
 
Description LAWRS 
Organisation Latin American Women's Rights Service
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Collaboration LAWRS has entailed an intellectual contribution and expertise to the production of research outputs, including discussions about the content of methodologies that the partner has been employing to document the experiences of a sample of Brazilian women who have suffered violence in London (e.g. testimonies and focus groups), as well as the training of staff who are undertaking these tasks. McIlwaine has continued working on Violence Against Women among migrant women through another project https://stepupmigrantwomen.org/
Collaborator Contribution LAWRS has been documenting the experiences of violence of Brazilian women in London, thus collecting vital qualitative primary data to the research and has also contributed to the gathering of quantitative data by circulating online links of access to a survey questionnaire on their webpage. LAWRS continue to use the research reports produced to influence their ongoing work that McIlwaine is also involved in https://stepupmigrantwomen.org/
Impact A key outcome of this collaboration is the production of primary qualitative data relating to the experience of violence by Brazilian women in London, which is ongoing. Two final reports were produced.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Maggie Inchley 
Organisation University of Exeter
Department Drama Department
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration with Maggie Inchley has entailed an intellectual contribution to various aspects of our joint work in the production of research outputs, including discussions about the content of a theatre play based on the experience of violence by Brazilian women in London.
Collaborator Contribution Maggie Inchley has joined this research project both as a member of its advisory board and has also entered into an agreement to participate in different stages of the research programme. She ran a workshop on verbatim theatre that was hosted by PPP/Casa Rio, as part of a joint programme of activities relating to this project which ran between 11-16 September 2016 in Rio de Janeiro.
Impact Maggie Inchley ran a workshop that introduced verbatim theatre techniques to participants who will develop further and employ them in the production and performance of a theatre play that is an integral output from this research.
Start Year 2016
 
Description PPP and Casa Rio 
Organisation Queen Mary University of London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration with PPP/Casa Rio has entailed an intellectual contribution to various aspects of our joint work in the production of research outputs and workshops, including discussions about the content of a theatre play based on the experience of violence by Brazilian women. These partners directed and oversaw the theatre workshops and the creation and performance of this play in Brazil and in the UK. PPP/Casa Rio co-produced an audio-visual art installation for the Women of the World (WOW) Festival at the Southbank Centre, March 2018.
Collaborator Contribution PPP/Casa Rio hosted a workshop on verbatim theatre in Rio de Janeiro that the PI, Co I and other members and partners attended as part of a joint programme of activities relating to this project which ran between 11-16 September 2016. PPP/Casa Rio co-produced an audio-visual art installation for the Women of the World (WOW) Festival at the Southbank Centre, March 2018.
Impact The workshop introduced verbatim theatre techniques to participants who will develop further and employ in the production and performance of a theatre play that is an integral output from this research. Scar was based on the testimonies of the women interviewed in Rio de Janeior as part of the research project.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Redes da Mare 
Organisation Maré Development Networks
Country Brazil 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Collaboration with Redes da Mare has entailed an intellectual contribution and expertise to various aspects of our joint work in the production of research outputs, including discussions about theoretical frameworks and methodologies to be employed by both parties in their respective remits of the research project (e.g. survey, testimonies, focus groups). In addition, the PI ran a workshop on Participatory Appraisal during a week of joint events relating directly to this project which we co-organised and ran between 11-16 September 2016 in Rio de Janeiro. McIlwaine visited Rio de Janeiro in September 2018 to discuss the research with Redes da Mare. Additional impact funding has been secured in order to assess the effects of the research on the work of the Casa das Mulheres (House of Women) which is part of Redes da Mare.
Collaborator Contribution The director of Redes da Mare visited London in July 2016 to engage in talks with the PI and another partner in this project (LAWRS) about the methodologies to be employed for data gathering (testimonies and focus groups). Redes da Mare also hosted the first meeting between research partners (QMUL, PPP, UFRJ), comprising a series of events (workshops, field visits, meetings), in Rio de Janeiro between 11-16 September 2016. The director also was participated in various activities (talks, seminars, roundtable) run as part of the Women of the World Festival, held between 7th-12th March 2017 at the Southbank Centre, London, to address the issue of activism and violence against women in Rio de Janeiro, both which fall within the remit of the research project.
Impact In the workshop run by the PI in Rio de Janeiro, Participatory Appraisal techniques were introduced to local women recruited by Redes da Mare. These participants had the opportunity to engage with these techniques and discuss them with the research team and will go on to apply them to collect primary qualitative data from Brazilian women who experience violence in Rio de Janeiro. A final report on these findings will be produced within the deadlines specified in the research.
Start Year 2016
 
Description UFRJ 
Organisation Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Department Anthropology Department
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration with Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro has entailed an intellectual contribution and expertise to various aspects of joint work with faculty members at the Escola de Serviço Social/NIAC in the production of research outputs, including discussions about theoretical frameworks and methodologies to be employed by the parties in their respective remits of the research project (e.g. survey, testimonies, focus groups). In addition, a workshop on Participatory Appraisal was run by the PI during a week of joint events relating directly to this project which we co-organised (along with Redes Mare) and which ran between 11-16 September 2016 in Rio de Janeiro. In 2018, McIlwaine attended a book launch of an edited collection based on the research.
Collaborator Contribution Members of Faculty at UFRJ participated in various activities co-organised and run with Redes da Mare in Rio de Janeiro between 11-16 September 2016, as part of the first meeting between research partners, where they contributed an intellectual input and expertise to discussion around the methodologies to be employed by the research (e.g. community survey, testimonies, focus groups, verbatim theatre). They also participated in field visits and meetings to discuss the research project (e.g. the schedule of activities and involvement by different partners). One of the COIs, Rosana Morgado, will be carrying out a post-doctoral position (funded by CAPES) at King's College London (June-December 2019)
Impact Members of Faculty at UFRJ participated in the verbatim theatre workshop led by PPP/Casa Rio, and the Participatory Appraisal workshop, and will further contribute their expertise whilst overseeing the collection of primary qualitative data (testimonies by Brazilian women victims of violence and focus groups) that will be incorporated into the theatre play produced in Brazil, as well as the final report and journal articles.
Start Year 2016
 
Description 'We can't fight in the dark': Violence Against Women and Girls among Brazilian Women in London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a dissemination event held at the Brazilian Embassy in London with the presence of the full project team and partners (15 people) to report on the key findings of the research carried out in London and the research conducted in Rio de Janeiro. The presentation took place over two hours, with audience comprising academics, practitioners, students, NGOs, and the wider public. The presentation of the core results for London and those for Rio were followed each by a Question and Answer session from the audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description BRAZIL WEEK at King's College London: VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS (VAWG) AMONG BRAZILIANS IN LONDON AND MARE, RIO DE JANEIRO: VIOLENCE ACROSS BORDERS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented some of the core research with another project team member from Rio (Dr Joana Garcia) about VAWG among Brazilian women in London and among women Maré, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The discussion outlined the nature and incidence of VAWG in both locations, as well the causes and risk factors and sources of help used by victims-survivors . These findings highlight the high incidence and the huge diversity of different types of violence that takes place in private and public spheres. The presentation also outlines the key similarities and differences between findings from London and Rio de Janeiro as well as the role of artistic performance in raising awareness about VAWG.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.kcl.ac.uk/sspp/departments/kbi/NewsandEvents/eventrecords/Brazil-Week-Violence-Against-W...
 
Description Back2BLAQUE - nOSCARS, Naz Project London, November 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Event on migrant health and well-being in the UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Can the New Urban Agenda make cities safer for women? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Co-authored article that discusses the New Urban Agenda by UN Habitat in relation to gender equality and violence against women and girls
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.citymetric.com/politics/can-new-urban-agenda-make-world-s-cities-safer-women-and-girls-2...
 
Description Co-convenor of panel 'Exploring the art of public engagement in migration and refugee research' (with K.Datta), Association of American Geographers (AAG), New Orleans, April 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Co-convenor of panel 'Exploring the art of public engagement in migration and refugee research' (with K.Datta), Association of American Geographers (AAG), New Orleans, April 2018. Described the process of the research and using theatre to communicate research findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Dialogues of Knowledge, Latin American Studies Association Annual Conference, Lima, Peru 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation and discussion of emerging research results on violence against Brazilian women in London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description ESRC Urban Transformations Workshop: Research and metropolitan health in unequal cities 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at workshop of key findings on ongoing research on Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG) in Rio de Janeiro and among Brazilian women in London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.urbantransformations.ox.ac.uk/event/research-and-metropolitan-health-in-unequal-cities/
 
Description Gender Network Annual Lecture, Kings College London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion of key issues around VAWG with presentation of key research findiings on VAWG amongst Brazilian women in London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.kcl.ac.uk/sspp/research/researchgroups/gender-studies/events/events.aspx
 
Description How can we make the world's cities safer for women and girls? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Co-authored (with Professor Caroline Moser) article that discusses the New Urban Agenda launched by UN Habitat in Quito, Ecuador in relation to gender equality and violence against women and girls
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://theconversation.com/how-can-we-make-the-worlds-cities-safer-for-women-and-girls-66688
 
Description Lições da Maré: como combater a violência a partir de um projeto exclusivo para mulheres. BBC Brasil news article on violence in one of the research communities 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Co-authored article about the research and its aims and expected impacts on violence against women in Complexo da Mare, Rio de Janeiro, one of the research communities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.com/portuguese/brasil-37519546
 
Description Panel discussion following performance of Efemera, Southwark Playhouse, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Panel discussion following the performance of theatre play based on research material (testimonies of Brazilian women survivors of violence in London). Discussion of aspects related to the research itself as well as artistic use of research material for awareness raising on VAWG. Other panel discussants were Rosie Hunter (People's Palace Project) and Gael Le Corned (play writer, director and actor)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://southwarkplayhouse.co.uk/the-little/efemera/
 
Description Panel discussion following performances of theatre play Efemera, held in Rio de Janeiro 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Participated in post-play performance panel to discuss play created using the testimonies of Brazilian women survivors of violence in London. The discussion centred on aspects of the research itself and the artistic use of research material as a tool for awareness-raising of VAWG. Panel members include Paul Heritage (COI) and play writer, director and actor Gael Le Cornec.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Rethinking Cities, Slums, and Gender in the Global South (University College Dublin, Ireland) undergraduate and postgraduate conference day (two talks undertaken) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presented and discussed findings from the research with around 300 undergraduate and postgraduate students at University College Dublin, noting the urban transnational linkages between VAWG Brazil and London. There were many questions and much interest in the research especially in relation to the #MeToo campaign.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ucd.ie/geography/newsandevents/recentevents/globalsouthday/
 
Description Safe and Secure Cities (SAIC), International Development Research Centre (Canada) funded by DFID, Nairobi, Kenya 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation and discussion of emerging research findings addressing the linkages between urban and gender violence and inequality to an audience of international development practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://safecitiesconference.com/
 
Description Thinking about VAWG across borders: reflections from Brazilian migrants in London. British Academy workshop presentation for Disconnected infrastructures & Violence Against Women (VAW) project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This workshop was on 'Digital Infrastructure & (un)Safe Cities' as part of a British Academy project on Disconnected infrastructures & Violence Against Women (VAW) led by Dr Ayona Datta at King's College London. The presentation introduced and discussed the key methodological issues that arose during the implementation of the research project in London and Brazil especially focusing on impact and artistic outputs. It was attended by around 25 people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://storify.com/DiscInfraandVAW/workshop-2-digital-infrastructure-un-safe-cities
 
Description United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) summit (Habitat III), Quito, Ecuador 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on key issues on urban gender inequality with discussion of emerging research results on violence against Brazilian women in London at the world's most important international UN-Habitat conference for 10 years (World Urban Forum - Habitat III).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://habitat3.org/
 
Description Victims of Human Trafficking: A Multidisciplinary Problematization of a Category, Institute of Advanced Studies, UCL, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Participated in workshop to discuss existing and new understanding of human trafficking, drawing on findings from the research on VAWG amongst Brazilian women in London that indicate that some Brazilian women were trafficked into the UK for slave labour and sexual labour.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/institute-of-advanced-studies/ias-events/victims_of_human_trafficking_a_multidi...
 
Description Visualising the Margins: Gendered Perspectives exhibition, King's College London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Visualising the Margins is an exhibition that presents the (audio)visual work of seven women academics at different stages of their career at King's College London, all working on questions related to gender from feminist and queer perspectives.

The material introduced here investigates the relationship between home, gender and marginality in different settings: from the Peruvian Andes, to the mountains of Tajikistan, from the physical urban spaces of Delhi to the virtual spaces opened through queer film.

Part of the King's College Exchange exhibition season on 'Home', this series of photographs, videos, drawings, musical clips and virtual archives draws explicitly or implicitly on the ambivalent relationship between home and gender that decades of feminist academic and activist work has made visible.

All these contributions hint at these different meanings: home as a marginal and liminal space; home as a woman's place; home as the private sphere of reproductive labour that sustains capitalist exploitation; home as a place of love and belonging, but also as a site of oppression; home as a lived experienced space, and as a distant place, a site of memory. They also interrogate the notion of the margins as a gendered space: a space of exclusion as well as a space for 'radical openness' and possibility (bell hooks, 1989).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Workshop on 'Violence Against Women and Girls in Rio and London (held in Rio de Janeiro) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation and discussion of key findings by the research teams in Rio de Janeiro and London on ongoing research on Violence Against Women and Girls. The teams presented their results in turn in themed panels to a mixed audience and discussed the findings and their implications, as well as highlighting policy recommendations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://redesdamare.org.br/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Programa%C3%A7%C3%A3o-Semin%C3%A1rio-VCMM-22.11...