Discourses of Voluntary Action at two 'Transformational Moments' of the Welfare State, the 1940s and 2010s

Lead Research Organisation: Northumbria University
Department Name: Fac of Arts, Design and Social Sciences

Abstract

The publication of the Beveridge Report in 1942, and the subsequent establishment of comprehensive welfare services in the UK, was referred to as 'a revolutionary moment'. The same term has been used to describe the current context in which welfare services are being dismantled in England. At these two transformational moments, fundamental questions have been raised about the respective roles and responsibilities of the state and the voluntary and community sector (VCS) in welfare services provision. During the 1st revolutionary moment (1940s) the Beveridge report proposed a series of measures to address the 'evils' of the time. The subsequent restructuring of welfare provision led to significant changes in the structure and focus of many VCS organisations, and a period of intense debate about the nature and extent of the voluntary action. In our current 'revolutionary moment' as a result of major national and international events the role of the VCS as a welfare service provider has intensified despite severe cuts to funding. A fundamental renegotiation of the role of the state is underway; we are entering a period of intense debate about the nature and extent of voluntary action and its relationship to the state and welfare provision.

The overarching aim is to explore the debates that have taken place on the role of voluntary action in the provision of welfare in the 1940s and 2010s in England. It will compare and contrast popular, political and VCS discourses. In order to meet this aim, we address 3 sets of questions: 1.What are the similarities and differences in narratives about the role, position and contribution of the VCS in the provision of social welfare in the 1940s compared with the 2010s? And, drawing on social origins theory, what combination of factors, including but not restricted to the balance of class forces, can help account for shifting narratives between the 1940s and 2010s? 2.What are the similarities and differences within and between the narratives of voluntary sector representatives, government officials, and the general public about the role, position and contribution of the voluntary and community sector in social welfare provision, firstly during the 1940s and secondly through the 2010s? And, drawing on the theory of strategic action fields, to what extent and how do different narratives reflect field shaping discursive interventions and a changing configuration of actors? 3.What evidence is there of how different narratives have been constructed, articulated, contested, and circulated? And, drawing on discursive institutionalism, how are different narratives related to each other in the struggle for 'room' and 'common sense' during periods of unsettlement and transition, as actors seek to frame action and construct the possibilities for change?

Our approach to addressing these questions is to explore: 1.Public narratives: analysis of Mass Observation directives on voluntary action and social welfare from 1940s 2010s, plus one commissioned in 2017. 2.State narratives: analysis of key government policy documents (e.g. green and white papers, acts of parliament), speeches and parliamentary debates relating to the role of the voluntary sector in welfare service provision in England generated during the 1940s and 2010s (accessed from The National Archives, Historic Hansard, Hansard and various websites). 3. Voluntary sector narratives: focusing on 4 VCS organisations (NCVO, Children England, NCVYS, Age UK) review key statements, policy documents, and publications produced by them in the 1940s and 2010s, stored in their archives and websites.

This 2 year study co-produced with NCVO, NCVYS, Children England, Age UK and Mass Observation; guided by a project Steering Group; and involving various knowledge exchange activities will contribute to the development of VCS policy and practice, through building capabilities, enhancing the existing evidence base and reframing debat

Planned Impact

Alongside the academic beneficiaries, the project will impact upon three stakeholder groups: voluntary and community sector (VCS) organisations; policy makers; and the general public. The knowledge generated has the potential to deliver instrumental and conceptual impact through influencing the development of VCS policy and practice and contributing to a new understanding of the evolving relationship between the VCS and the state. In doing so, it will contribute to ESRC's strategic priority of a 'vibrant and fair society'.

The study has and will continue to be co-designed and co-delivered with key partners from the VCS, specifically: the National Council for Voluntary Organisations (NCVO); Children England; National Council for Voluntary Youth Organisations (NCVYS); and Age UK (see case for support for additional information). Ongoing co-production will be achieved through several mechanisms, including a project Steering Group which will bring together our four partner VCS organisations with Mass Observation, an archivist, and three external academic experts (see Pathways to Impact for details). The Group will meet regularly to help oversee the general course of the project and to offer advice and guidance on all aspects.

The project will have conceptual and instrumental impacts on VCS organisations. VCS organisations are looking back at their past, seeking to draw parallels with and lessons from earlier periods of intense challenge and change. This project will seek to build capacity (resources, knowledge, skills) within VCS organisations to help them navigate their way through these difficult times. It will also seek to reframe the debate regarding the changing relationship between the sector and the state. We will work most intensely with our four VCS project partners to build organisational capabilities for influencing policy and practice via three interactive workshops. Their capacity to maximise the use of their archives will be enhanced as we advise on archiving practices. Wider (medium term) instrumental and conceptual impact across the voluntary sector will be achieved through: working with our project partners to engage with their extensive membership base (totalling approximately 12,000 VCS organisations and networks); delivering workshops on sustainable archiving practices; an end-of-project conference within multiple workshop streams, co-hosted with project partners; open access to a series of working and briefing papers produced throughout the life of the project; and extensive media and social media activities (e.g. webpages, Twitter, blogs, newsletters, press releases).

The project also aspires to create conceptual impact on VCS policy through influencing policy makers both within government and within the sector. We will encourage considered reflection about the role of the VCS and its relation to the state, through a number of activities including: working with Caroline Kenny of the Social Sciences section of POST to build Parliamentary awareness of the project; working with the History and Policy network to host a Westminster briefing event; working with Gateshead Council to host a workshop for seven North East local authorities; and co-convening a seminar with WISERD, Wales for policy makers and civil society organisations from across the UK jurisdictions.

A longer term aspiration is to have a conceptual impact on the general public through broadening understandings about the changing relationship between the VCS and the state, via: a specially curated exhibition which will draw on the archives of our 4 project partners; a workshop for older people in the North East (Gateshead); and a high-profile public lecture at the British Library.

We will assess our impact both qualitatively (through collecting feedback from project partners and through feedback forms at project events) and quantitatively (through monitoring distribution of project outputs through tools such as google analytics).

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description New knowledge - The 2010s witnessed the most significant renegotiation of social policy provision in England since the consolidation of the welfare state in the 1940s. Both the 2010s and the 1940s can be interpreted as 'transformational moments' in which boundaries between state, voluntary action, the family and the market were rethought. In both periods assumptions about the responsibilities of citizens, the state, voluntary action and the private sector became open to debate. Both decades were also transformational times for the voluntary movement, involving coming to terms with new realities and rethinking its part in welfare provision. Comprehensive discussion in the 1940s about the new role and responsibilities of the state in social welfare has not been matched in the 2010s. in the 1940s the Labour government consolidated a pragmatic partnership that overcame initial suspicion on both sides, while the 2010s were marked by a more antagonistic relationship between government and the voluntary sector. Key findings will appear in a Policy Press book in early 2021.
Methods - in order to access our third 'archival voice' (voluntary organisation) we adopted a dynamic, interactive, collaborative approach which we call 'co-curation'. Working with key staff in our partner voluntary organisations we identified and accessed the materials we needed for the 1940s and 2010s. Our approach was not merely confined to the 'extractive' mining of records, rather regular meetings with our partner organisations that helped to contextualise their archival records, thereby mobilising different knowledges.
New research resources - non-public archives for four fields of voluntary activity: the voluntary movement in general, older people, youth and children from the archives of four national umbrella bodies. Research into the roots of the mixed economy of welfare is hampered by a lack of these sources in the public domain. Documents from the non public archives of four partner voluntary organisations have been catalogued, and digitised, and we are working with our partner organisations to facilitate open access. Second in Spring 2018 we commissioned Directive 111 Charity and the Welfare State (http://www.massobs.org.uk/mass-observation-project-directives). Many of the questions posed in this directive have the same, or very similar, wording as those asked in the 1940s. The team has also included some new questions, to reflect some of the changes that have taken place in British Society over the last 75 years.
Increased research capability - (1) within voluntary and community sector through our work highlighting good practice in the curation of archives; and (2) within the academy via ESRC DTP NINE, advanced training workshop on accessing secondary sources at the boundary of public knowledge, such as from charities and professional organisations, can expand one's base of sources, but raise important methodological and ethical challenges. We are editing a special issue of the journal Area on the subject
Exploitation Route Our findings are being taken forward within and beyond the academy. New insights about the role of voluntary action, both during the 1940s and the 2010s - two transformational moments in the development of the welfare state. Both decades were also transformational times for the voluntary movement, involving coming to terms with new realities and rethinking its part in welfare provision. Through access to non-public archives of voluntary organisations we have gained new insights, and are completing a book manuscript for Policy Press. Conceptual and instrumental impacts for voluntary and community sector organisations - we are seeking to build capacity (resources, knowledge, skills), and reframing the debate and enhancing understanding regarding the changing relationship between the sector and the state. Instrumental outcomes for a wider range of organisations by building capabilities for sustainable archiving practices. Conceptual impact for policy makers - we are holding a Westminster briefing 'It's time to talk' hosted by Baroness Pitkeathley to build Parliamentary awareness and reframe the debate. Second, working with Gateshead Council we held a workshop for seven North East local authorities, to discuss the main policy implications emerging from the study for a region, and a network has been formed to continue the information sharing
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy

URL https://discoursesofvoluntaryaction.wordpress.com/dissemination/
 
Description Our project was underpinned by the principles of co-production which entailed us working collaboratively with five project partners: the National Council for Voluntary Organisations, Children England, Age UK, UK Youth and Mass Observation (MO, via Kirsty Pattrick). We held interactive workshops with our voluntary sector partners, which provided a reflexive space for thinking about the implications of the project findings for their organisation and members. The knowledge generated by the research project had the potential to deliver instrumental and conceptual impact through influencing the development of VCS policy and practice and contributing to a new understanding of the evolving relationship between the VCS and the state. Our voluntary sector partners have indicated that they have re-discovered knowledge relating to organisational policy and practice, strategies for delivering their charitable objectives as well as giving the organisation a better understanding of the past reconfigurations in the delivery of welfare services and state/VCS relations, including the role and strategies adopted by their organisation in shaping post war Britain. Wider conceptual impact was facilitated by the knowledge sharing with other VCS organisations: via participation in knowledge exchange events, detailed in our submission, and included presentations at sector conferences run by NCVO/VSSN; and Mass Observation; our end of project conference in 2019 and our rescheduled Westminster briefing which was moved to an online event in October 2020 because of the pandemic We have made use of digital technologies and social media (https://discoursesofvoluntaryaction.com/)
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Age UK 
Organisation Age UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution A memorandum of understanding underpins our collaboration. The project is underpinned by the principles of co-production. Nominated members of the team work closely with each partner.
Collaborator Contribution Our collaboration began at bid writing stage. We knew and were known by Age UK. These conversations were lengthy but were essential for us to present detailed fieldwork plans in the application form. Our proposal depended on having access to their archives and interactive engagements with our partners during the research process. The archives we wished to examine were not in the public domain. Our collaboration is articulated through a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), which built on the information in the letter of support submitted with the project proposal to ESRC. The MoU specifies the nature of the support the organisation would give to the project, (access to archives, participation of Steering Group etc) statements on ethics, outputs, archiving and knowledge exchange. The document was signed off by the partner organisation and the research team. We worked closely with Age UK Gateshead when preparing for the November 27th 2018 older people's event. Members of their friendship groups attended
Impact We adopted an interdisciplinary and collaborative approach drawing on knowledge and expertise from social policy, sociology, human geography and social history. The collaboration is extant, and outcomes are ongoing and will be reported in future submissions
Start Year 2015
 
Description Children England 
Organisation Children England
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution A memorandum of understanding underpins our collaboration. The project is underpinned by the principles of co-production. Nominated members of the team work closely with each partner.
Collaborator Contribution Our collaboration began at bid writing stage. We knew and were known by Children England.These conversations were lengthy but were essential for us to present detailed fieldwork plans in the application form. Our proposal depended on having access to their archives and interactive engagements with our partners during the research process. The archives we wished to examine were not in the public domain. Our collaboration is articulated through a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), which built on the information in the letter of support submitted with the project proposal to ESRC. The MoU specifies the nature of the support the organisation would give to the project, (access to archives, participation of Steering Group etc) statements on ethics, outputs, archiving and knowledge exchange. The document was signed off by the partner organisation and the research team.
Impact We adopted an interdisciplinary and collaborative approach drawing on knowledge and expertise from social policy, sociology, human geography and social history. The collaboration is extant, and outcomes are ongoing and will be reported in future submissions
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engaging policy makers in interdisciplinary, historical and contemporary, research 
Organisation History and Policy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We are working with History and Policy to host a policy briefing event at the House of Lords, to discuss the findings of the study. Members of our team and working with Policy and History to plan the agenda, identify a host, invite speakers, promote across networks etc.
Collaborator Contribution Policy and History are sharing their expertise on engaging with policy audiences, advising the research team on the best possible approach and format, working with their networks for generate interest in the event, and managing the bookings process.
Impact The collaboration is interdisciplinary, bringing together history, social policy and sociology. We have co-organised a briefing event at the House of Lords, to take place in March 2020.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Gateshead Council 
Organisation Gateshead Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The collaboration is informal, and nominated members of the team work closely with each partner
Collaborator Contribution Our collaboration began at bid writing stage. We knew and were known by the Council before, Irene Hardill has collaborated with them on previous ESRC investments. The Council provided a letter of support with the project proposal. Their support includes co-organising two knowledge exchange events. The first interactive event was held November 27th 2018 and was to engage with older Gateshead residents to share some emerging findings from the project. Members of the Older People's Assembly attended
Impact We adopted an interdisciplinary and collaborative approach drawing on knowledge and expertise from social policy, sociology, human geography and social history. The collaboration is extant, and outcomes are ongoing and will be reported in future submissions
Start Year 2015
 
Description Mass Observation 
Organisation Mass Observation Archive
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Our collaboration began a bid writing stage. We knew and were known by MO, indeed Rose Lindsey had collaborated with MO in previous ESRC investments. In our proposal we specified the MO files we would be using, and sought funding for a new Directive.
Collaborator Contribution Our collaboration with MO is articulated through Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), which built on the information in the letters of support submitted with the project proposal to ESRC. The MoU specifies the nature of the support the organisation would give to the project, (access to MO archives, participation of Steering Group, scoping New Directive etc) statements on ethics, outputs, archiving and knowledge exchange. The MoU was signed by the partner organisation and the research team. The Spring 2018 Directive 'Welfare, the State and Voluntary and Charitable Organisations' was issued to the MO Volunteer Writers and over 120 responses have been received.As part of the project we co-organised an event at MO, the Keep, Brighton 17th September 2018 for people interested in the records of voluntary organisations. The event provided information, advice and guidance on caring for records
Impact We adopted an interdisciplinary and collaborative approach drawing on knowledge and expertise from social policy, sociology, human geography and social history. The collaboration is extant, and outcomes are ongoing and will be reported in future submissions
Start Year 2015
 
Description NCVO 
Organisation National Council for Voluntary Organisations (NCVO)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution A memorandum of understanding underpins our collaboration. The project is underpinned by the principles of co-production. Nominated members of the team work closely with each partner.
Collaborator Contribution Our collaboration began at bid writing stage. We knew and were known by NCVO and NCVO convened our bid writing meetings. These conversations were lengthy but were essential for us to present detailed fieldwork plans in the application form. Our proposal depended on having access to their archives and interactive engagements with our partners during the research process. The archives we wished to examine were not in the public domain. Our collaboration is articulated through a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), which built on the information in the letter of support submitted with the project proposal to ESRC. The MoU specifies the nature of the support the organisation would give to the project, (access to archives, participation of Steering Group etc) statements on ethics, outputs, archiving and knowledge exchange. The document was signed off by the partner organisation and the research team.
Impact We adopted an interdisciplinary and collaborative approach drawing on knowledge and expertise from social policy, sociology, human geography and social history. The collaboration is extant, and outcomes are ongoing and will be reported in future submissions. Our work adds additional insights on the history of NCVO using a slightly different lens from that of Dr Justin Davis-Smith, Cass Business School who has been commissioned to research and write the History of NCVO.
Start Year 2015
 
Description UK Youth 
Organisation UK Youth
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution A memorandum of understanding underpins our collaboration. The project is underpinned by the principles of co-production. Nominated members of the team work closely with each partner.
Collaborator Contribution We did not name UK Youth in our original proposal, rather NCVYS, but NCVYS ceased trading in 2016. In spring 2016 we approached two additional youth sector partners, UK Youth and Ambition, receiving support-in-principle for their involvement in the project. Both of these had developed out of the boys' and girls' club movements, and had themselves been founder members of NCYVS, so seemed appropriate choices.
Impact We adopted an interdisciplinary and collaborative approach drawing on knowledge and expertise from social policy, sociology, human geography and social history. The collaboration is extant, and outcomes are ongoing and will be reported in future submissions
Start Year 2016
 
Description 'Moving frontiers: Voluntary action and social welfare' presentation within seminar on 'Civil society in the four UK nations: past, present and future challenges' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Approximately 40 people, including practitioners and policy makers from voluntary organisations, post-graduate students, and academics attending this session. The presentation sparked considerable interest and debate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description A partnership of necessity - voluntary action and the state in a time of emergency 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact the article was widely read and generated comment on the website
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://theconversation.com/post-war-voluntary-action-helped-rebuild-britain-could-it-happen-again-a...
 
Description Back to the future: What next for voluntary action and the welfare state? 2 July 2019 Our end-of-project conference attended by 75 people at Friends House 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Purpose: end-of-project conference 'Back to the Future: What next for voluntary action and the welfare state?' Justin Davis Smith (City, University of London) chaired the event, and in addition to the presentation of research findings we posed questions for delegates to to reflect on including:
• Is it time for voluntary organisations to adopt new strategies/tactics with the state? What could they be?
• Have we been distracted by a focus on rebuilding public trust in voluntary organisations?
• Should voluntary organisations forge closer partnerships with the market/private sector?
Other contributions included presentations from the chief executives of all four project partners including Kathy Evans (Children England), Steph Harland (Age UK), Anna Smee (UK Youth), Karl Wilding (CEO elect of NCVO), alongside Anne Baxendale of Shelter and Elizabeth Balgobin (a voluntary and community sector consultant) There were a number of calls for different parts of the voluntary sector to work more closely together, but a recognition that organisations should remain distinct in their purposes. Audience views gathered via menti.com were interesting, with several noting that the voluntary sector had to some extent been 'complicit' in enabling government cuts to welfare services since 2010.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Children England, voluntary action and the welfare state: Looking back and looking ahead, 23 April 2019, Children England, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact The purpose of interactive workshop 'Children England, voluntary action and the welfare state: Looking back and looking ahead', 23 April 2019, was to share emerging findings from our project to Children England's Trustee Board and staff members. The event generated a great deal of critical reflection
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Discourses of Voluntary Action Steering Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact The Discourses of Voluntary Action Steering Group brings together our project partners and wider stakeholders to work with us on the study design and delivery. The Steering Group has been a key mechanism for enabling the co-production of the research. It is helping to enhance the quality of the research and to ensure its impact is maximised; with indepth discussions stimulated about the nature of the emerging findings and their implications. Beyond the direct outcomes associated with and for the study, the Group has also been a useful forum for networking amongst participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018,2019
 
Description It's time to talk: voluntary action, the state and welfare provision 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Over 100 delegates attended this online event, which was originally planned at a House of Lords briefing event. We switched to holding an online event because of the pandemic. Baroness Jill Pitkeathley chaired the event at which the team presented a brief summary of the project findings, and four project partners (Cathy Evans (Children England), Steph Harland (Age UK), Kayleigh Wainwright (UK Youth) and Karl Wilding (NCVO) shared their reflections. This was followed by questions and debate from the online audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Local Services and Voluntary and Community Action: A Discussion Workshop, Gateshead 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Purpose: The purpose of the one-day interactive event was to facilitate a conversation amongst local authority officers about the relationship between local government and voluntary and community action in a context of austerity and unprecedented cuts in local authority budgets. Many local authorities are seeking dramatic new strategies for meeting essential needs in their communities. The workshop focused on the local impact of national policy developments in the 2010s, and how this affects who delivers social welfare services (children; young people; older people) mirroring the research study. In addition, to Rob Macmillan and Irene Hardill speakers included Ian Stevenson of Gateshead Council.
Outcomes: Participants were drawn from the six North East local authorities and a Citizen's Advice Bureau (CAB). A total of 14 attended and 10 participants completed feedback forms (and gave permission for their views to be used by completing the informed consent form). The event was found to be very useful, with comments such as 'we should be working as a group more often', and the delegates have subsequently formed a network which Ian Stevenson of Gateshead Council co-convenes with Sunderland and Durham councils.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description NCVO, voluntary action and the welfare state: Looking back and looking ahead, 18 March 2019, NCVO, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact The purpose of interactive workshop 'NCVO, voluntary action and the welfare state: Looking back and looking ahead', 18 March 2019, NCVO, London was to present emerging findings and elicit feedback and comment from NCVO's Trustee Board and staff members.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Old Age in the New World? Older people's welfare and voluntary action during two transformational moments' - presentation within Voluntary Action History Society Study Day on Older People 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact The event was attended by voluntary sector practitioners, volunteers, post graduate students, and academics. The presentation generated considerable interest and debate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Older People's Workshop, Gateshead 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The purpose of the one-day interactive event was to engage older people to share some emerging findings from the project. In addition to Georgina Brewis and Irene Hardill speakers included Ian Stevenson of Gateshead Council, Ken Bell, Age UK Gateshead and Craig Bankhead, CEO Gateshead Older People's Assembly. Participants were members of the Older People's Assembly, those who ate regularly in Bewick's café or attended a Friendship Group run by Age UK Gateshead. A total of 29 attended and all the participants completed feedback forms, and 28 shared their views on charity (and gave permission for their views to be used by completing the informed consent form). Feedback forms enquired about actions, and comments included a recurring theme of continuing to volunteer, pressure my MP, be more sensitive to the needs of others, and to think about things
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Older people, voluntary action and the welfare state: Looking back and looking ahead 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact The purpose of this interactive workshop delivered to Age UK Trustees, pre Board Older people, voluntary action and the welfare state: Looking back and looking ahead, 25 July 2019 - was to share emerging findings with the Board of Trustees prior to their formal Board meeting at Tavis House, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Records of charities and voluntary organisations: How to care for, or deposit, your archives and records 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Purpose: Mass Observation is a project partner and as part of this project, an event took place at The Keep on Monday 17th September 2018 for people with an interest in the records of voluntary organisations, particularly staff, trustees or volunteers with responsibility for the organisational records and archives. The one-day interactive event was to provide information, advice and guidance on caring for records through talks and practical workshops. In addition to Kirsty Pattrick (Mass Observation Archive), and Rose Lindsey (ESRC Discourses of Voluntary Action project) speakers included Christopher Whittick (County Archivist for East Sussex) and Andrew Bennett (Brighton & Hove Archivist). Outcomes: the event was attended by 40 people and this included those from outside of East Sussex, including from Cardiff, Lincoln and Essex. A Survey Monkey was sent to all participants and 11 responses were received (27%). Most respondents found it useful, offering practical tips on records management, on funding, how to set up a charity archive.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Talking about voluntary action and the welfare state: Historical reflections, current debates, 30 April 2019, NCVO, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact The purpose of project verification workshop 'Talking about voluntary action and the welfare state: Historical reflections, current debates', 30 April 2019 held at NCVO, London was to provide an interactive space for us to share our emerging findings with people from across the voluntary, community and public sectors. We asked participants to challenge and question our findings, to extend our thinking, and to help us to work through the implications. This highly interactive workshop helped informed our final stages of analysis. Presentations are on our project website (https://discoursesofvoluntaryaction.wordpress.com/dissemination/)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description The Conversation: An end to 'want, disease, ignorance, squalor and idleness': why the Beveridge report flew off the shelves in 1942 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact To coincide with the 75th anniversary of the publication of the Beveridge Report we were commissioned by the Conversation, an open access online news service funded by about 150 universities (worldwide). We worked with editorial staff at the Conversation to produce a short reflective essay, which focused on the reaction of the general public to the publication of the Beveridge Report. Our essay used material from the Mass Observation archive and we are pleased to report that it has generated some debate
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://theconversation.com/an-end-to-want-disease-ignorance-squalor-and-idleness-why-the-beveridge-r...
 
Description The Voluntary Movement 80 Years Ago - Insights from the Discourses of Voluntary Action Project - presentation at Redbridge Citizens Advise Bureau Annual General Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact 45 people attended the meeting, to hear the presentation based on our project findings. The presentation led into a lively discussion about the past, present and future role of voluntary action in welfare provision. The organisation which hosted the meeting reflected positively on the conversations it had led to.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://discoursesofvoluntaryaction.wordpress.com/dissemination/
 
Description Understanding voluntary action through 80 Years of Mass Observation data 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact The talk examined mass observation data asking what differences and similarities can we identify in public views relating to the provision of social welfare services by the state and the voluntary sector? It drew on material from writing and street surveys undertaken in the 1940s at the start of the welfare state, and compared this with public views articulated on The Big Society in 2012 and work undertaken by the Continuity and Change in Volunteering Project. It compared these with later views on welfare provision in 2018. It was part of a panel of papers, presented for the Discourses of Voluntary Action project, which examined public, state and voluntary sector narratives at these different time points. There was some lively discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Youth, voluntary action and the welfare state: Looking back and looking ahead, interactive workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact The purpose of 'Youth, voluntary action and the welfare state: Looking back and looking ahead', held on 4 July 2019 was to share emerging findings via an interactive workshop delivered to UK Youth's Strategy and Innovation Group, including representatives from a range of organisations working with young people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019