GCRF - Drugs and (dis)order: Building sustainable peacetime economies in the aftermath of war

Lead Research Organisation: School of Oriental & African Studies
Department Name: Development Studies

Abstract

First, the project will engage scholars working on the political economy of conflict and war to peace transitions. This includes researchers working on issues of violence (e.g. Christopher Cramer, Stathis Kalyvas, Teo Ballve), resources, statebuilding and political settlements (e.g. Jonathan Di John, James Putzel, Philippe Le Billon, Douglass North and Mushtaq Khan), and hybrid political orders (e.g. Volker Boege, Kate Meagher). The research will contribute to this literature by providing a comparative evidence base regarding the perpetuation of criminalised economies in peacetime and the complex dilemmas and trade-offs that exist between peacebuilding, development and counter narcotics efforts to tackle illicit economies. The research will be disseminated through publication in leading development and politics journals, through engagement with existing research networks (such as the Political Settlements Research Programme) and UK and international conferences.

Second, the research will benefit scholars working on drugs and other illicit economies, including Pierre-Arnaud Chouvy, Carolyn Nordstrom, Richard Snyder, Ko-Lin Chin, Francisco Thoumi. The research aims to redefine the field of drugs and development by generating an innovative, interdisciplinary framework for conceptualising the dynamics surrounding drug economies that combines political economy, livelihoods, gender, and public health analysis to understand the tensions that exist between counter-narcotics policies and concurrent efforts to address state fragility and poverty. The project is well-placed to disseminate research to audiences across different disciplines through the SOAS Violence, Conflict and Development research cluster, the new SOAS Corruption Centre, the LSE IDEAS International Drug Policy Project, the Centre for Research on Drugs and Health Behaviour (CRDHB) and The Centre for Health and Social Change (ECOHOST) (both hosted by the LSHTM).

Third, the research will strengthen recent borderland studies scholarship focused on how state margins are not simply reflective of power relations at the centre, but are often constitutive of new political and economic orders (e.g. Hastings Donnan, Thomas Wilson, Benedikt Korf, Timothy Raeymaekers, Paul Nugent, James Scott and Willem van Schendel). Research will strengthen this growing body of literature by demonstrating how a borderlands perspective can address the lack of sensitivity to space in much of the literature on war to peace transitions and statebuilding, which focuses predominantly on national-level political settlements. The research will engage beneficiaries by submitting publications to targeted journals including Geoforum and Journal of Borderland Studies, and through interacting with the Asian Borderlands Research Network, the Association for Borderland Studies and the African Borderlands Research Network.

Fourth, the project will provide an important contribution to the literature engaged with developing new research approaches for working in insecure terrain (e.g. Gutierrez-Sanin, Mansfield, Ko-Lin Chin). The research's integration of in-depth fieldwork, GIS spatial imagery and public health analysis will showcase methodological innovation that may then be adapted to other research initiatives in drugs and conflict-affected environments. These findings will be disseminated through the project's workshops and capacity building initiatives with UK-based and southern researchers.

The project aims to strengthen the links between UK and southern researchers in Afghanistan, Colombia and Myanmar across all of these areas of knowledge by establishing an extensive research network through the project's proposed Policy Lab and subsequent Research Consortium for Transforming Illicit Economies.

Planned Impact

The project aims to develop more sustainable and inclusive peace-building and counter-narcotics responses in Afghanistan, Colombia and Myanmar and other fragile regions across the world.

Illicit drug economies pose huge developmental challenges. They may finance and fuel violent conflict and drug use can have a devastating impact on communities. However, counter-narcotics strategies launched under the rubric of the 'war on drugs' have also had serious adverse impacts, increasing the impoverishment and vulnerability of marginalised communities that depend on drug cultivation and, by criminalising users, have undermined an effective public health response to drug use.

If the development and welfare challenges facing drug-producing countries are to be addressed effectively a new approach is needed. This approach needs to be more evidence based and attuned to the distribution of costs and policy trade-offs associated with different interventions in drug-affected environments. There is a need for careful, empirically grounded research that reveals how particular policy combinations may, in particular settings, promote more inclusive and peaceable forms of development in drug affected environments.

This project aims to promote a more developmental approach to drugs so that local, national and international counter-narcotic strategies are more sensitive to their health, livelihoods and gender dimensions. It aims to support NGOS, international policymakers and national governments to: (i) ensure greater alignment of counter-narcotics and peacebuilding activities around the UN Sustainable Development Goals; (ii) improve the health status and licit economic opportunities in drug-producing environments; (iii) reduce levels of violence related to counter-narcotic interventions; (iv) strengthen the capacity of government institutions and civil society groups to manage external assistance and counter-narcotics interventions.

In order to achieve these aims, the project will:

1. Build a strong, policy-relevant evidence base to inform policies related to peacebuilding and illicit drug production in fragile and conflict-affected environments
The project will develop a comprehensive body of evidence from three of the world's largest drug-producing countries to support policymakers and development agencies grappling with challenges of how to engage more effectively in fragile contexts. By developing an innovative interdisciplinary and mixed methods approach, this project will advance theoretical and empirical analysis leading to improved development and peacebuilding interventions.

2. Strengthen the capacity of research organisations in Afghanistan, Colombia and Myanmar
The project will develop a suite of training, collaboration and shared learning initiatives with research partner organisations to strengthen their capacity to generate rigorous, credible and high impact research, and to engage with local communities and national and international policymakers. These initiatives include an extensive annual 'Research Partner Training Programme' in the UK, as well as on the job training and mentoring and cross-country learning between the research organisations. This will strengthen the capacity of developing country partners to deploy advanced interdisciplinary research methods and to engage with major academic and policy debates around illicit drug economies. It will also encompass a series of distance learning and vocational training initiatives encompassing proposal writing, project management, and communication of results.

3. Develop a 'Research Consortium for the Transformation of Illicit Economies'
The enduring institutional legacy of the project will be the creation of a Research Consortium, led by SOAS. This will provide a hub for methodological innovation, policy dialogue and advocacy and capacity-building training programmes for research organisations in developing countries and for policymakers.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title 4 x comics 
Description The project has produced - or is in the processes of finalising four comics - visual stories in each of the research sites (2 for Myanmar, 1 for Colombia and 1 for Afghanistan). These comics are being collaboratively produced with country partners and local artists. Each comic will develop one or more life stories collected during the fieldwork and will be between 8 - 12 pages long. They will be published and distributed digitally and in print in English and local languages. The aim is to produce visual materials that humanise and de-stigmatise stories around drugs and reach out to wider audiences. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact These comics will allow entry points and dissemination opportunities to non-academic stakeholders and have an explicit aim of de-stigmatising those involved in drugs use, trafficking and/or use and creating a platform for marginalised voices. 
 
Title Eight project videos exploring different aspects and perspectives from the project 
Description Eight videos produced 1. About Drugs and (dis)order project: https://drugs-and-disorder.org/2019/11/05/about-drugs-disorder/ 2. States, markets and violence in drug-affected borderlands - Experts share insights from fieldwork in the drug-affected borderlands of Afghanistan, Colombia and Myanmar at the SOAS Development Studies Seminar. https://drugs-and-disorder.org/2019/12/04/states-markets-and-violence-in-drug-affected-borderlands/ 3. Jonathan Goodhand on the borderlands and illicit drug economies - Jonathan Goodhand explains why country borderlands may hold the key to addressing illicit drug economies in post-conflict states. https://drugs-and-disorder.org/2020/01/14/why-the-borderlands-matter-in-addressing-illicit-drug-economies/ 4. Orzala Nemat on illicit drug economies in Afghanistan - Orzala Nemat, Director of the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit, on building a new evidence base by talking to people in the borderlands of conflict and drug-affected states.https://drugs-and-disorder.org/2020/01/20/orzala-nemat-on-illicit-drug-economies-in-afghanistan/ 5. Francisco Gutierrez on the war on drugs and the politicisation of evidence - Francisco Gutierrez, Colombian research lead, talks about how issues related to drugs and conflict, and how best to tackle illicit economies, are not only about policy, but also about politics. https://drugs-and-disorder.org/2020/01/22/francisco-gutierrez-on-the-war-on-drugs-and-the-politicisation-of-evidence/ 6. Dan Seng Lawn on responses to illicit drugs in Myanmar - Dan Seng Lawn, Director of the Kachinland Research Centre in Myanmar talks about the impact of drug use and responses to it in Kachin State. https://drugs-and-disorder.org/2020/01/30/dan-seng-lawn-on-responses-to-illicit-drugs-in-myanamr/ 7. Mohammad Ahmadi on illicit drugs in Afghanistan - Mohammad Ahmadi from the Organisation for Sustainable Development and Research talks about the positive and negative impacts of illicit economies in Afghanistan. https://drugs-and-disorder.org/2020/02/11/mohammad-ahmadi-on-illicit-drugs-in-afghanistan/ 8. Karole Balfe on illicit drugs, development and the SDGs - Karol Balfe, Head of From Violence to Peace Programme, Christian Aid talks about how illicit economies are a development blind spot within the SDGs. https://drugs-and-disorder.org/2020/02/11/karole-balfe-on-illicit-drugs-development-and-the-sdgs/ 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact Have helped with widening reach of project and gained significant traction on social media in terms of increasing awareness and understanding of the project. Also provides a platform for your southern partners to discuss some of the key project themes. 
URL https://drugs-and-disorder.org/category/multimedia/
 
Description Extensive fieldwork took place across all three case study countries, with over 1,300 interviews conducted across 9 borderland sites. Results from the fieldwork (still ongoing) are being processed, transcribed and analysed but key findings are beginning to emerge - summarised by country below. As the project moves into the third year there will be a stronger focus on cross-country comparative methods and analysis.

Myanmar:
• Key findings: Contrary to prevailing narratives, rising levels of drug use and drug harm have been associated with periods of relative stability and processes of economic development in Myanmar's borderlands. Developing a stronger understanding of how ceasefires and informal borderland governance systems intersect with patterns of drug use and misuse, and the potential policy implications of this, is a key line of enquiry emerging from these early findings. Related to this, the project is building up an evidence base that shows opium production is essential to the livelihoods of many poor households, but that the associated growth in drug use is bringing about new forms of vulnerability and impoverishment with young people particularly at risk and with differentiated impacts on men and women.
• Approach: The team has made use of innovative research approaches and methods, particularly through the use of detailed life (hi)stories to support the political economy analysis (see methods section).
• Capacity: There has been extensive training and capacity building of the Myanmar research team. While the Myanmar partners have had limited formal academic training, they have critical contextual insights and access to local networks, they work closely with the academic co-leads and have developed a collaborative research methodology and an integrated and equitable approach to interpreting and analysing the results.

Colombia:
• Key findings: A survey of Latin American scholars working on drugs revealed that there is very little comparative, cross regional research on drugs despite similar challenges and patterns. This creates a demand and opportunity for the project to foster networks of academic scholarship in this area, which has begun through the launch of REDESDAL, a network of scholars across Latin America. Research has been conducted across four coca producing borderland sites leading to a number of emerging findings: peasants involved in coca production get a modest increase in income that allows them to pay for children's education or invest in land/homes, but this comes with the trade-off of increased violence and risk. This risk often takes the form of marginalisation from formal structures of state governance, resources and legal protections. Another finding is that the coca economy has been particularly beneficial for the economic advancement of women, notwithstanding the associated risks. The Colombia team conducted a survey into the national illicit crop substitution programme that emerged from the Colombian Peace Agreement between the FARC and the Government. The only survey of its kind, it uncovered some notable, and widely reported, findings, identifying fundamental problems with the programme's design, implementation and conflicting objectives. Finally, the research is beginning to uncover a much deeper and systematic understanding of the relationship between paramilitaries, illicit crops and the state. The team have written up a number of key findings and had several artless accepted for publication in high impact journals.
• Approach: The team has developed an original mixed-methods and inter-disciplinary approach based on the collection of large data sets and building up local networks and participatory approaches.
• Capacity: The team has also built significant capacity among its early career researchers offering training in a range of research methodologies (qualitative and quantitative). It has also invested in capacity development with local communities and civil society organisations that represent coca growers, with the support of Christian Aid.


Afghanistan:
• Key findings: The fieldwork in Nangarhar and Nimroz has gathered new evidence on the role of illicit trading networks in securing incomes for many households in Afghanistan's border regions. Many transporters and traders rely on incomes from illicit drugs for financial security and to safeguard themselves and their families from economic shocks, especially for families living in violent or otherwise risky environments. However, the risks and benefits of participating in the drug trade are distributed unevenly, with a disproportionate amount of risks borne by low-level transporters. The evidence has shown that licit and illicit trading networks are deeply connected, and many traders and transporters alternate between a variety of licit and illicit goods. Trade routes and associated infrastructure continually shift in response to changes in regulation and the political dynamics of shifting frontier towns of these trade flows have had both positive and negative effects offering opportunity, investment, and rapid growth on the one hand and rising inequality, land grabs, and often high levels of violence on the other.
• Approach: The team used a combination of GIS imagery and on-the-ground fieldwork consisting of over 500 interviews and 20 life histories with traders, transporters, and other key informants in the provinces of Nangarhar and Nimroz.
• Capacity: Local partners in Afghanistan received multiple training session on GIS, statistics, qualitative coding, and data management.
Exploitation Route The project has several academic articles in the final stages of submission/publication. The Colombian team currently have four articles emerging from the research accepted for publication. Two articles by Eric Gutierrez have been published in peer reviewed journals (see publications section), both of which have a particular focus on policy implications. The project has been active in academic networks and conferences - this included the establishment of the network of established scholars working on drugs in Latin America, which held its first conference in October 2019.

In terms of reaching non-academic stakeholders, the findings highlighted above all have significant policy implications. The team is currently finalising its flagship publication 'Voices from the Borderlands' which will highlight key emerging findings from the three countries through the experiences of people living in the borderland sites. The report has been written for policy audiences but also civil society and development actors and will be complemented by a series of comics based on selected life stories. The Colombian survey on the national illicit crop substitution programme has started to have an impact achieving coverage in the national press and broadcast media and prompting meetings with legislators who have indicated the findings may help shape future legislative proposals. The project team has also been active in building relationships with external stakeholders from international NGO and donor communities to identify entry points of influence as project outputs start to emerge. This includes ongoing engagement with the European Peacebuilding Liaison Office (see further details under 'narrative impact' and influence on policy sections).
Sectors Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Security and Diplomacy

URL https://drugs-and-disorder.org/
 
Description The project is at the half-way point with outputs starting to emerge from ongoing, research. Impact invariably takes time to filter through to non-academic audiences - with substantive impacts often coming towards the end of the research lifecycle and beyond. Nevertheless, there are number of wider impacts that project can already point to: Policymakers/politicians • The project was cited in the UK National review of progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals following a project submission to the UK Government's voluntary review. • In Myanmar, project partner KRC convened a dialogue on drug issues that brought together a range of stakeholders, including government, donors, NGOs, local anti-drug organisations and harm reduction organisations. This was the first time many of these organisations had met, some with strongly contrasting positions on tackling issues around drugs. Lessons from the project research were important for brokering this dialogue and fostering ongoing relations with these key stakeholder organisations. • Co-I Meehan held talks at the FCO for those working on Myanmar and Southeast Asia to encourage greater engagement with drug issues in their work on Myanmar. Training was also provided to FCO and UN officials on Afghanistan by Research Fellow Bhatia. • The project initiated a Civil Society Dialogue Network Policy Meeting on 'Transitioning from war to peace: What role for the EU in addressing illicit economies?' hosted by the European Peacebuilding Liaison Office. Representatives of five project partners - Christian Aid, SOAS, KRC, SHAN and the National University of Colombia - were invited to participate in this event aimed at engaging the EU with the issue of illicit economies in its development and conflict prevention work. Recommendations were published informed by the contributions and findings of the participating project partners. • Co-I Gutierrez (Colombian research lead) held meetings with Colombian legislators/congressmen to discuss potential legislative changes around crop substitution following their survey on the national illicit crop substitution programme (see engagement and influence on policy sections). • Project partner Christian Aid introduced the topic of voluntary crop substitution in meetings and communications with the Irish Embassy, the Danish Embassy, German Government the UK embassy and the EU delegation. • DfID and the UK Government Stabilisation Unit, both represented on the project's International Advisory Group, have a growing interest in understanding how political settlements and illicit economies can inform policies that support transitions from war to peace economies. In July the acting Director of the Stabilisation Unit gave the keynote address at the launch of the project's policy brief on Peace, Illicit Economies and the SDGs. • In September 2019, PI Goodhand was invited to a closed roundtable event with UK Secretary of State for International Development to discuss DfID priorities in tackling global poverty and achieving the SDGS. Civil society and marginalised groups: • Legal training was conducted by the Colombian research team to facilitate the assertion of legal rights among coca growing farmers. • The team also produced a bespoke policy brief for COCCAM (Colombian coca growers association) to strengthen their advocacy strategy around land rights and voluntary crop substitution. COCCAM will use evidence from the survey (and wider research) in their representations to local and national government. Wider contribution to research innovation and excellence • The project has developed guidelines for managing and sharing research data in situations with complex ethical and legal expectations. We have presented this and other learning from the project at training sessions run by the UK data archive, and will provide training and shared learning on this to other projects within the GCRF GROW cohort • Manual and online training course on life (hi)stories methodologies developed that will be rolled out to partners and potentially beyond the project for non-academic purposes. • The REDESDAL network of Latin American scholars working on drugs is promoting comparative research and policy engagement to contribute to evidence-based drug policy.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Security and Diplomacy
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Co-I Gutierrez (Colombian research lead) invited to participate in working group with Congressmen, NGOs and social organizations, to discuss the advances in the formulation of the law on criminal treatment for coca growers who subscribe to the crop substitution program (PNIS)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Courses on how to combat production, consumption and drug trafficking in Colombia and the wider region.
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description FCO South Asia Training Program - Provided one briefing session for senior UN officials on Afghan politics
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact FCO South Asia Training Program - Provided one briefing session for senior UN official on Afghan politics to help them tailor working practices/policy perspectives to political realities of the region.
 
Description Invited to contribute to discusion on with secretary of state for international development in the UK on tackling global poverty and achieving the SDGS.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Legal training workshops for social leaders representing coca growers in Colombia
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The Colombian research team and Christian Aid have been working with and training civil society groups and social leaders in Colombian border areas to build their capacity and understanding of their legal rights and the legal tools available to them for defense of their rights and strengthening their advocacy in relation to government policy. These workshops were addressed to social leaders linked to crop substitution programs and other causes related to agrarian issues. In addition a policy brief was drafted specifically for these groups with recommendations for action and entry points for shifting policy.
 
Description Meeting with Congressmen in Colombia
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact The Colombian research team has opened a dialogue with politicians and legislators to move forward a national conversation about the failures of anti-drug policies (including the current substitution policy) and possibly to prompt future legislative reforms.
 
Description Membership of and participation in advisory committees - advice given to Colombian coordinator for UNODC
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Participation in Civil Society Dialogue Network Policy Meeting Transitioning from war to peace: What role for the EU in addressing illicit economies?
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://eplo.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/CSDN_PM_Illicit_economies_Oct_2019_Key_Recommendations.pd...
 
Description Submission from the project on UK government review of SDGs and citation in subsequent report
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact The project submitted evidence to the Voluntary National Review of progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. The project is cited on p. 201 of the subsequent report.
URL https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/8168...
 
Title Advocacy tools and capacity support as a research method 
Description In some of the study regions the team has combined advocacy work with research to complement and reinforce each other. For example, when the Colombian team assisted peasant coca farmers to complete paperwork related to their enrollment in the crop substitution program, the team were able to access the official documentation on the commitments made by coca growers and by Colombian State. In addition, this advocacy work revealed some weaknesses of the program such as the lack of institutional capacity and non-compliance in the implementation of the program within the original deadlines. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The relationship built with participant groups and the partnership of trust with these communities has been vital for the developing the research and providing insights and access that would have otherwise been very difficult if not impossible. 
 
Title Development of historic mapping methods for the project 
Description The use of declassified US Government satellite imagery collected during the 1960s and 1970s to gain greater insight into the physical and human geography of areas of research interest at the time and compare these with recent satellite imagery to discern change between then and present across a number of thematic areas of interest, for instance settlements, areas of agriculture, infrastructure. This research method can be further enhanced through its integration with further analysis of field and other data collected over these areas of research interest. The use of historic mapping going back decades to digitise historic administrative and national boundaries to compare these with changes to present day administrative and national boundaries and in particular areas where physical barriers are being constructed, to examine the change in human activity in these areas. This research method can be further enhanced through its integration with further analysis of field and other data collected over these areas of research interest. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This research tool will help to visually demonstrate changes over time in the selected research sites and contribute to the evidence base of the research findings. 
 
Title Life story research training developed by Co-I Mandy Sadan 
Description Co-I Mandy Sadan has adapted life story methodology for use in the Drugs and (dis)order project and has delivered training to the project partners on this methodology. She has developed a detailed training manual as well as an online course to tailor training and use of the methodology for the different contexts in which the project operates. Life story methodology is drawn from humanities (history/anthropology/ethnography) that add another rich dimension to the political economy analysis of the Drugs and (dis)order project. Key characteristics include: 1. Life stories are personal, historically grounded accounts of memories (although they require sensitive approaches and building rapport for them to be successful in their aims). 2. They bring the past to life in unexpected/surprising ways 3. They help to reveal the emotional dimensions of history and understandings of the present 4. They contain rich information from many different angles 5. They allow the narrator a space to explore memories and reveal experiences that may have been hidden 6. Understanding lived experience may present challenges to academic approaches - by listening carefully to these experiences, there is a the possibility of discovering new concepts or identify previously unknown issues, connections and responses 7. Biographies of places and objects are also revealed through personal stories, not just human stories 8. Stories of displacement and mobility don't necessarily involve physical movement - can locate interesting narrators in accessible environments 9. Life stories can reveal previously unknown complexities, mixed meanings, unseen interconnectedness 10. They can be poetic and convey meanings beyond just description 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Life strories have become a key comparative methodology of the project and has been used in all three case study countries. Emerging from the life strories will be a series of comics and animations aimed at visualising these life strories and translating them for a range of non-academic audiences. 
 
Title Mapping research tool developed 
Description Collaboration partner - Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit have developed a mapping tool to analyse international interventions related to drug production in Afghanistan. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Too early to say 
 
Title Online Spatial Borderland Biographies (SBB) 
Description Alcis - project subcontractor - has created two online Spatial Borderland Biographies (SBB) covering areas of research interest in Afghanistan and Myanmar. These included incorporating mapping data on: Agriculture and crop cycles, transport networks, infrastructural changes, hydrology, population and development interventions. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact These SBBs will be further developed over the course of the project and have the potential to make a make a significant impact on both the conduct of research within the project as well as in time visualising and communicating research findings 
 
Title Updated: Training Toolkit/Handbook for Creative Research Methods and Artistic Research Communication 
Description The Training Toolkit/Handbook are a set of emerging resources from our capacity building programme. The tools intend to build capacity around visual research methods and communication through creative storytelling. These resources seek to draw on our organisational experience as well as our learnings from working collaboratively with our partners over the course of this project. The first iteration of these tools were used in visual storytelling workshops with our Myanmar partners at KRC in 2018. They are currently being refined to be used practically with our partners in the research and production processes taking place this year. These training resources will be made available to all partners in 2019 to aid in the visual research and production of our outputs. We will reflect on their efficacy and our learnings and refine the tools accordingly before making them publicly available at the end of the project. Further developments that have taken place in refining this methodology over the last year include: -Deepening our ethnographic approach by working with more local artists where possible. -Developing collaborative, sustained and networked ways of researching and producing creative research-based outputs. The work of PositiveNegatives is creating a new and innovative approaches to researching and producing these kinds of creative outputs - that can only be achieved through sustained engagement with local partners with deep contextual knowledge of the issues that we are working on. -Developing research methods around understanding the impact of creative storytelling in research settings (i.e. methods and tools around audience testing, production impact with collaborators such as researchers, artists and research participants) In addition to continuing to develop this innovative and creative method we are also exploring how our creative outputs might be used as research tools themselves. This new and novel use of our outputs would represent a key shift in how qualitative research is conducted in these kinds of research environments. This year, we aim to pilot the use of our comics with our partners as hooks into broader discussions on drugs and conflict within interviews, focus groups, workshops, etc. In addition to acting as a prompt into the broader research themes, we also intend to use the initial R&D outputs as research tools to guide our production and engagement work in the years to come, serving as research tools for how to engage the wider public, civil society and policy makers with the project findings creatively and innovatively. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This handbook will enable collaborating partners in the focus countries, Myanmar, Afghanistan and Colombia to develop their understanding of visual and artistic research communication and the development of creative research methods (story-telling, life-histories) to facilitate innovative methods for analysing and presenting research data. The comics developed will be taken to non-traditional audiences of academic research and hopefully amplify among more marginalised groups through the use of imagery and storytelling. In particular the project is looking to engage youth and civil society actors in the findings of the research. 
 
Title Data base on Guerrilla presence in Colombia from 1964-2010 
Description Development of a major and unique database that details the guerrilla presence in Colombia. It covers almost the entire history (1964-2010) of the main Colombian guerrillas: FARC, ELN and EPL. The database contains more than 825.000 entries with information collected through several sources: previous databases elaborated by Professor Francisco Gutierrez (Co-I); archival files: mainly, security and intelligence state agencies reports; press: day-to-day review of national press; interviews and testimonies of guerrilla combatants. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Understanding the historical trends and developments in Guerrilla activity in Colombia and its relationship to coca. 
 
Title Database for Afghanistan fieldwork interviews 
Description Collaboration partner - Organisation for Sustainable Development and Research (OSDR) have designed a Multi password protected database for multiple users to securely access sensitive fieldwork data in Afghanistan. This database has separate form for each questionnaire (Key informant questionnaire, Trader Questionnaire, Official questionnaire and Transporter questionnaire) that each user has access only for data entry and no permission to edit or delete records. Data Entry officers simultaneously translate questionnaires from the local language into English and enter it into the database under the direct supervision of database Manager. After the completion of the data entry process the database Manager exports this data to Ms Excel for data logical check and quality control. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This data base provides and secure space for sensitive data, which can be categorised by security access. The project data manager is advising on the further development and adaptation of the database to provide comparative data indicators that can be used for comparison with data collected in our other fieldwork sites in Myanmar and Colombia. 
 
Title Database on projects and interventions in Nangahar (Afghanistan) between 2002 and 2018 
Description AREU has created one of the most comprehensive database about the projects in Nangarhar from 2002 to 2018. The database includes around 3700 different projects with their budget, location, donors, implementer, and sector. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact This database will provide an invaluable analytical tool for the GCRF project and will have wider benefits for future research into national and international development focused interventions in Afghanistan. 
 
Title Multiple databases created by the Colombian research team 
Description The Colombian team have developed multiple databases to support their research, including: Database of archival data covering the following topics: Colonization and settlement of the border areas; Social conflicts links to extractive economies and land; Relationship between nation and borderlands; State presence and early presence of armed actors and illicit crops; The history of drug policies, particularly aerial spraying and alternative development (over 2000 archival files digitised and stored); Database of responses for the survey on the crop substitution programme; Database on the coca mobilizations of the 1990s in Putumayo; Database with the main census variables since 1938; Database with the classification of municipalities according to their historical presence of armed groups, illicit crops and colonization. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact These databases are an essential tool for the research analysis witin the Colombian team facilitating both qualitative and quantitatiive/statistical analysis. 
 
Title Press databases for Colombia on categorised Coca coverage 
Description Press databases covering relationships between coca and guerrilla forces, public forces, paramilitary forces, dissidence presence and violence against substitution leaders. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact These have become fundamental tools to reconstruct the national and institutional context, and they will eventually be transformed in coded databases. It also enables the project to track changes in public perception and political presentation in real time. The databases are updated weekly. 
 
Title Spatial Borderline Biographies (SBBs) for Myanmar, Afghanistan and Colombia 
Description Three Spatial Borderline Biographies (SBBs) developed covering areas of research interest in Afghanistan, Myanmar and Colombia. The SBBs are a way of collecting GEO data on key indicators such as: Agricultural crop cycles Transport/road networks Hydrology including catchment areas Locations of previous development projects by type and donor Crop mapping Ambient night time light Cell tower locations and range Security events conflict tracker Security checkpoints Military infrastructure Areas of government control Population Administrative boundaries Imagery over research site areas Border area POIs With the aim of building up data within a mapping tool that can support the research analysis undertaken. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact These SBBs have the potential to make a significant impact on research analysis within the project and as well in time, visualising and communicating research findings. Initial training has been provided to all, of the in-country research partners on the use of these SBBs. Further face to face training with research partners as well as online webinars on the use of these SBBs and how they can be drawn on to strengthen and deepen research and analysis will continue to be provided through the life of the project. 
 
Description Collaboration to develop local governance performance index in Latin America 
Organisation University of Gothenburg
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Will conduct research that will contribute to the University of Gothenburg's research programme on Governance and Local Development
Collaborator Contribution The GLD has contributed financially use of their Local Governance Performance Index (LGPI) will allow for international comparisons with the Colombian data collected for the prject
Impact An expansion through funding for the project research to increase from 70 to 100 sites.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Formal collaboration: National AIDS program, Myanmar 
Organisation Ministry of Health and Sports
Country Myanmar 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The National Aids program in Myanmar are part of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)'s ethics submission and will support the research activities of the LSHTM team under the project
Collaborator Contribution As research is yet to commence their main contribution so far has been in developing the research tool and contributing to the project's national ethics submission.
Impact Ethics submission
Start Year 2019
 
Description Partners with José Alvear Restrepo Lawyers' Collective Corporation (CCAJAR) 
Organisation Colombian Caravana
Department Luís Carlos Pérez Lawyers Collective
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The project through collaborators Christian Aid have provided financial and logistical support for the organisations to run workshops and train local civil society groups in Colombia
Collaborator Contribution Two Christian Aid partners under the project, CCAJAR and CCALCP, have started to support work on promoting voluntary crop substitution. CCAJAR has supported COCCAM with self-protection capacity building and based on COCCAM´s experiences at local level they will help develop legal tools to support them. CCALCP also presented a legal action against the state for its failure to comply with the terms of voluntary crop substitution agreement in the Peace Accords.
Impact This collaboration has contributed to three capacity building workshops and ongoing support for civil society organisations, in particular those representing farmers and peasant groups involved in coca cultivation such as COCCAM and ANZORC
Start Year 2018
 
Description REDESDAL - Network of Studies on Drugs in Latin America 
Organisation EAFIT University
Country Colombia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This network of scholars in Latin America was established through the project and is led by the project lead at collaborating partner Universidad de los Andes
Collaborator Contribution These partners helped identify and establish this network and provided financial support for the first conference of the network to fund a number of participants to attend the first conference in Mexico
Impact The Network has established a website, a blog series and a regional conference in Mexico. It will hold the next regional conference in Colombia in 2020. It is an inter-disciplinary network that spans a number of disciplines from health sciences to political and social sciences as well as the humanities and the arts.
Start Year 2018
 
Description REDESDAL - Network of Studies on Drugs in Latin America 
Organisation Inter-American Development Bank
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution This network of scholars in Latin America was established through the project and is led by the project lead at collaborating partner Universidad de los Andes
Collaborator Contribution These partners helped identify and establish this network and provided financial support for the first conference of the network to fund a number of participants to attend the first conference in Mexico
Impact The Network has established a website, a blog series and a regional conference in Mexico. It will hold the next regional conference in Colombia in 2020. It is an inter-disciplinary network that spans a number of disciplines from health sciences to political and social sciences as well as the humanities and the arts.
Start Year 2018
 
Description REDESDAL - Network of Studies on Drugs in Latin America 
Organisation Northwestern University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This network of scholars in Latin America was established through the project and is led by the project lead at collaborating partner Universidad de los Andes
Collaborator Contribution These partners helped identify and establish this network and provided financial support for the first conference of the network to fund a number of participants to attend the first conference in Mexico
Impact The Network has established a website, a blog series and a regional conference in Mexico. It will hold the next regional conference in Colombia in 2020. It is an inter-disciplinary network that spans a number of disciplines from health sciences to political and social sciences as well as the humanities and the arts.
Start Year 2018
 
Description REDESDAL - Network of Studies on Drugs in Latin America 
Organisation Open Society Foundations
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution This network of scholars in Latin America was established through the project and is led by the project lead at collaborating partner Universidad de los Andes
Collaborator Contribution These partners helped identify and establish this network and provided financial support for the first conference of the network to fund a number of participants to attend the first conference in Mexico
Impact The Network has established a website, a blog series and a regional conference in Mexico. It will hold the next regional conference in Colombia in 2020. It is an inter-disciplinary network that spans a number of disciplines from health sciences to political and social sciences as well as the humanities and the arts.
Start Year 2018
 
Description REDESDAL - Network of Studies on Drugs in Latin America 
Organisation University of Göttingen
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution This network of scholars in Latin America was established through the project and is led by the project lead at collaborating partner Universidad de los Andes
Collaborator Contribution These partners helped identify and establish this network and provided financial support for the first conference of the network to fund a number of participants to attend the first conference in Mexico
Impact The Network has established a website, a blog series and a regional conference in Mexico. It will hold the next regional conference in Colombia in 2020. It is an inter-disciplinary network that spans a number of disciplines from health sciences to political and social sciences as well as the humanities and the arts.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Study on the cocalero peasant economy and cocalero social mobilizations. 
Organisation Government of Colombia
Department Ministry of Culture, Colombia
Country Colombia 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The Project team at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia conducted the research
Collaborator Contribution The Colombian Institute of Anthropology and History (ICANH), part of the Ministry of Culture provided additional funding to carry out this work under the remit of the project.
Impact The study on the cocalero peasant economy and cocalero social mobilizations.will be written up into an academic paper
Start Year 2019
 
Description Development of project website and social media profile 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Website was launch in 2019 and includes a blog series and a platform for project publications including working papers and policy briefs as well as project videos. In addition we increased our twitter activity and now have 454 followers. We also launched an external newsletter on project activity, providing quarterly updates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://drugs-and-disorder.org/
 
Description Focus group with social leader in Puerto Asís (Putumayo) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact The National University in Colombia conducted a focus group with leaders from different villages in Puerto Asís, which was facilitated by the Ombudsman's Office. In this activity the problems of compliance and implementation of the National Program of Substitution of Illicit Crops were discussed, as well as the situation of insecurity for those who participate in the program.

In this focus group 5 social leaders participated, as well as 3 officials from the Ombudsman's Office and 2 members from the research team.

The purpose of this activity was to collect inputs for the construction of evaluations of the programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Hosting dialogue event: "Kachin: Uniting for a future without Drug use" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This event brought together organisations with opposing views on tackling drug use in Kachin State to generate a dialogue, exchange of ideas and shared lessons. The event was hosted and facilitated by project partner Kachinland Research Centre (KRC).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description International Advisory Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The International advisory group provides strategic oversight for the project and the uptake of its findings; reinforce linkages between the project and the relevant academic, policy/practitioner and funding communities; provide a sounding board on research plans, methodological innovation and emerging findings. The IAG will meet annually and will facilitate and advise on critical points of policy engagement.

The IAG is composed of the following 8 members drawn from key stakeholder groups and covers different disciplinary backgrounds, thematic and geographical expertise and academic and policy experience. It is composed of the following people:

Prof.. Jenny Pearce, Latin and Caribbean Centre, LSE
Prof. Sam Hickey, Global Development Institute, University of Manchester
Prof. Emma Crewe, Prof. of Social Anthropology, SOAS
Dr. William Byrd, Senior Expert Afghanistan, USIP
Ms Bianca Jinga, Head, Governance, Conflict, Security Pillar, DFID
Prof Mark Shaw, Director of the Centre for Organised Crime, University of Cape Town
Mr Tom Rodwell, Stabilisation and Conflict Advisor, UK Government Stabilisation Unit
Dr. Dina Balabanova, Associate Prof in Health Systems Analysis, LSHTM
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Latin American Network of Academic Experts on Drugs and Drug Policy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Collaborating partner, Universidad de Los Andes has, as part of this project, established the first network of academic experts on drugs and drug policy in Latin America. This network will strengthen the capacity of the University's Centre for the Study of Security and Drugs (CESED) to contribute to policy debates in Colombia and Latin America by making research produced in the region more easily available. Moreover, the network will facilitate inter-disciplinary, collaborative and comparative research in the region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Media coverage of project policy brief on illicit economies and SDGs 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Coverage of the policy brief included:
The 2019 policy brief on 'Peace, illicit drugs and the SDGs' was launched and disseminated through the media.
- RTE: https://www.rte.ie/news/2019/0711/1061405-war-on-drugs/
- Huffington Post: https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/war-on-drugs_uk_5d26630ae4b0583e482b8f2f
- ReliefWeb: https://reliefweb.int/report/world/peace-illicit-drugs-and-sdgs-development-gap
- Ekklesia: http://www.ekklesia.co.uk/node/28588
- https://www.premierchristianity.com/News/World/War-on-drugs-harms-the-poor-says-Christian-Aid
- Independent Catholic News: https://www.indcatholicnews.com/news/37475
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/war-on-drugs_uk_5d26630ae4b0583e482b8f2f
 
Description Meeting with Chatham House on 20th December 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting with Senior Researchers in Chatham House with particular expertise in South Asia (Afghanistan/Pakistan) to present information about the project to key stakeholders with a view to discuss potential overlaps and collaboration in the research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with Colombian Congressmen to discuss results of survey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The project lead at the National University of Colombia met with two congressmen and their work teams. In these meetings the Colombian research lead presented the results of the survey evaluating the implementation of the crop substitution programme. The survey findings provided evidence of the shortcomings of the policy and highlighted breaches of the Colombian government policy. The congressmen were very interested in the results and requested further analysis is shared with them. Through this intervention an the wider coverage of the survey, the project was able to make a clear and evidence-based contribution to the national conversation about the failures of anti-drug policies (including the current substitution policy) and possibly to undertake legislative reforms.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meeting with Foreign Commonwealth Office (FCO) to provide input on Afghanistan Peace Process document. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Project represented at a meeting with UK government staff (FCO, DFID, MoD) and a group of other academics/experts to discuss the ongoing Afghan Peace Process and to identify potential risks during and after the talks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with The Asia Foundation in Afghanistan in Nov 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PI and Afghanistan post-doc met with Senior Researchers in the Asia Foundation who are carrying out similar cross-border research in (Afghanistan/Pakistan). We introduced the GCRF project and discussed mutual support and sharing of information and findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Myanmar Roundtable Meeting, 20th November 2018, Yangon 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact This meeting brought together twenty representatives from various organisations (both international and national) working in Myanmar on armed conflict and drug issues. The event was hosted at The Asia Foundation and was chaired by a representative of DFID Burma. It provided an opportunity for the GCRF Drugs and (Dis)order project to introduce our work and to ascertain advice from those working on related issues in Myanmar. The roundtable focused specifically on analysing the relationship between the drug economy and the country's current peace process, key drug policy issues in Myanmar, how policies and programmes related to drugs, development and peacebuilding can be better integrated, and current knowledge gaps on these issues in Myanmar. This marks the first of what will be a series of roundtable meetings in Myanmar over the life-time of the project. The roundtable included representatives from DFID, UN organisations (UN Mediation Support Unit Department of Political Affairs), international donors (e.g. OSF), international and national NGOs (e.g USAID, Conciliation Resources, International Alert) and research organisations (e.g. Drug Policy Advocacy Group).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Participation in Civil Society Dialogue Network Policy Meeting Transitioning from war to peace: What role for the EU in addressing illicit economies? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The overall objective of the meeting was to gather analysis and recommendations from civil society experts on how the EU can better engage with the issue of illicit economies in its development and conflict prevention work, in particular in contexts transitioning from war to peace. The meeting was focused in particular on insights from Colombia and Myanmar.
The meeting participants included 24 civil society experts working on issues relating to illicit economies in fragile and conflict-affected contexts and policy-makers from the European Commission (EC) and the European External Action Service (EEAS). Seven people from the project, representing five partners (SOAS, Christian Aid, KRC, SHAN and Universidad Nacional de Colombia) where invited and funded to attend the dialogue.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://drugs-and-disorder.org/event/transitioning-from-war-to-peace-what-role-for-the-eu-in-address...
 
Description Participation in Foreign and Commonwealth Office Roundtable on the Afghanistan Presidential Elections - 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The project's post-doctoral fellow working on Afghanistan (Bhatia) and Director of AREU (Nemat) contributed to UK government roundtable discussion on the peace process in Afghanistan.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Participation in Overseas Development Institute's workshop on Lessons for Peace 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Event designed to develop practical ideas around developing better policy for sustainable peace processes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Participation in drug policy workshop - Myanmar 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact This workshop was organised by the Transnational Institute for representatives of civil society organisations with the aim of examining connections between opium and conflict, with a particular focus on Myanmar. The workshop aimed to allow participants to formulate alternative drug policy options and contribute to the political reform process and peace in the country. One of the GCRF project team gave a lecture at the workshop on Drugs and conflict in SHAN state and introduced the project to the workshop participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Policy brief and workshops for social and civil society leaders working with peasant farmers. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Colombia team prepared a document for the exclusive use of COCCAM (coca growers collective) on the public policy implications of their crop substitution survey results. The brief highlighted opportunities for developing a narrative change about coca growers and their role and contribution to the peace process as well as changing perceptions around coca growers and their motivations.

The team have also held workshops on the use of legal tools for the defense of fundamental rights. These workshops were addressed to social leaders linked to crop substitution programmes and other causes related to agrarian issues. In the second semester of 2019 the project held a workshop in Puerto Asís (Putumayo) and another in Tumaco (Nariño).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation of results of survey conducted by National University of Colombia and Christian Aid 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In August 2019 we held an event in Bogota to present some results of the PNIS (national crop substitution programme that emerged from the peace agreement) evaluation survey. Social organizations, PNIS officials and former officials, congressmen, officials from various agencies and academics were invited to this event. This exercise was also carried out in Puerto Asís (September, 2019) and Tumaco (October, 2019), municipalities where the survey was applied.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://drugs-and-disorder.org/event/colombias-national-illicit-crop-substitution-programme-voices-f...
 
Description Presentation on data management in fragile and conflict affected states for training course 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation given on the Drugs & (dis)order project approach to data management at the "Challenges and complexities of researching abroad" event, organised by Research and Enterprise Office, University of Essex, 14 May 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://shortcoursesgateway.essex.ac.uk/Guests/GuestCourse.aspx?CourseRef=NEW%3ACRA&dates
 
Description Presented on Myanmar and Afghanistan Peace process at British Academy hosted workshop on Local Peace Processes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact On 9 October 2019, the Political Settlements Research Programme and the Austrian Study Center for Peace and Conflict Resolution hosted a Joint Analysis Workshop on local peace processes at the British Academy in London.

The workshop brought together leading researchers, peace-builders, mediators, and representatives from the United Nations, the UK Department for International Development and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Speakers included practitioners working to support local peace processes in Yemen, Syria, Nepal, Myanmar, Philippines, Libya, Jordan, Afghanistan, and Iraq.

3 of the project team presented at this event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Press coverage of survey findings from Colombia crop substitution survey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The results of the survey was covered by the main media on television (Caracol TV), radio (RCN) and press (El Espectador). In addition, we published an article in the press and on the project's web page detailing the main findings of the survey:

El Espectador: Written article in leading national newspaper about the event and survey, ahead of event https://www.elespectador.com/noticias/politica/presentan-evaluacion-participativa-del-programa-de-sustitucion-de-cultivos-articulo-875662
RCN radio:Written article and audio interview with Francisco Gutierrez https://www.rcnradio.com/colombia/programa-de-sustitucion-y-erradicacion-de-cultivos-ilicitos-es-fragil-segun-investigacion
El Espectador Published article writen by Camio Acero and Margarita Marin. https://www.elespectador.com/colombia2020/pais/revelan-encuesta-sobre-sustitucion-los-productores-de-coca-articulo-876596
Razon Publica Video interview with Diana Machuca https://www.razonpublica.com/index.php/multimedia/videocolumnas/12194-poca-efectividad-de-la-erradicacion-forzada.html
Revista Semana Written interview with Francisco Gutierrez https://www.semana.com/nacion/articulo/funcionamiento-del-programa-de-sustitucion-de-cultivos-ilicitos/629064
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.elespectador.com/noticias/politica/presentan-evaluacion-participativa-del-programa-de-su...
 
Description Public launch of project policy brief 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The project policy brief - Peace, illicit drugs and the SDGs' - was launched at a public event held in London on July 11th 2019. Over 100 people registered for the event and just under 100 attended. The event was covered in the national media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Roundtable with key stakeholder in Afghanistan to brief them on the project 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact On 5 November 2019, AREU organized a roundtable at the Serena Hotel in Kabul to highlight research updates on the Drugs and (Dis)order project in Afghanistan. Participants included representatives of the Afghanistan government, national and international NGOs and CSOs. They discussed a wide range of topics including the current nature of coordination among various stakeholders, especially with the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL).

The participants also discussed the traditional mechanisms such as criminalization and securitization to address the issue of drugs and were of the view that the issue should be looked at from a wider angle in order to give space to apply spatialized approach to political economy analysis.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://areu.org.af/events/roundtable-to-discuss-drugs-and-disorder-project-in-afghanistan/
 
Description Training at FCO South Asia Training Programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Post doctoral research fellow provided a briefing session for senior UN officials on Afghan politics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Various meetings with creative and artistic organisations and individuals in Myanmar and Colombia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The engagement activity that PositiveNegatives undertook for the first year of the project was aimed at building an initial network in the countries of focus with other Third Sector organisations and creative organisations and individuals. This included taking preliminary closed internal meetings to develop an understanding around each other's scope of work, aims and networks. From this existing network, we will conduct more external and wide ranging engagement throughout the project. Engagements included:
Meeting with PEN Myanmar Director, a network of over 300 artists and journalists on 06/03/18 at PEN Myanmar in Yangon;
Meeting with 3 members of the Kachin Artist Association, a network of 200 Kachin artists in Mytikyina on 23/2/18
Separate meetings with over 20 artists and 4 gallery owners in Yangon and Myitkina over the period from Feb 2018 - April 2018;
Separate meeting with over 20 artists and 2 gallery owners in Colombia over the period from Jan 2018 - March 2018;
Separate meetings with NGOs in Colombia for future collaboration and dissemination: Rodeemos al Dialogo, Ruta Pacífica de las Mujeres, Casa de la Mujer, Mama Coca, Somos Guardianes del Atrato, Terra Digna, Pacifista! (Proyecto Coca II - Misión Rural), Entrevinetas
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop with Cocayá residents in Puerto Asís (Putumayo) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The objective of the workshop was to know the perception of the inhabitants of the Cocayá village, in the municipality of Puerto Asís, about their participation in the Ranger Families Program, as an alternative for the substitution of illicit crops.

Participants in the activity were coca farmers who entered the Forest Ranger Families program in order to replace crops but who argued that the state failed to meet its commitments. For this reason, today they are denied the opportunity to enter the National Illicit Crop Substitution Program derived from the Peace Agreement.

Approximately 20 people attended the workshop.

The GCRF research team in Colombia promised to build a report on the results of Rangers Families in the village in order to help build a repository of information that allows the town residents to strengthen their advocacy processes before the municipal, departmental and national authorities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description World Bank Fragility Forum - invited to form a panel on illicit economies - postponed due to Coronavirus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The project was invited to form a panel with representation of the Afghanistan and Colombia country teams at the 2020 World Bank fragility forum (now postponed to a later date). The Fragility Forum is a high-level event which brings together practitioners and policymakers from around the world to exchange knowledge and experience on engaging in environments affected by fragility, conflict and violence (FCV). Over three days, the Forum aims to provide an opportunity to harness the collective brain trust of stakeholders coming from government, international institutions, donor agencies, private sector, civil society, academia and media to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of development approaches to achieve lasting impact. It has been held three times previously.

The 2020 Fragility Forum will focus on implementation challenges and ways to achieve lasting impact for countries affected by fragility, conflict and violence.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.worldbank.org/en/events/2020/03/02/fragility-forum-2020