Bright futures: reinventing European industrial towns and challenging dominant post-industrial discourses

Lead Research Organisation: The Young Foundation
Department Name: Research

Abstract

This research looks to understand how small industrial towns in the UK, and in other countries such as Finland and the Netherlands, have successfully built a degree of sustainability that is not yet well understood. We hope that this will challenge current dominant models or understandings of 'industrial and post-industrial decline'.
One quarter of people living in Europe live in small industrial towns, yet there is very little evidence or policy development that specifically deals with them. Often they are characterised as being in post-industrial decline or with population shrinkage. This prevailing narrative also influences the policy development which affects them or the re-development strategies they undergo or are presented with, which tend to focus on promoting the service industry or creating regional hubs and which overlook the industrial nature and assets of towns.
Recently it has become clear, especially through the latest global economic crisis, that this understanding of industrial towns as declining or deprived is limited. In particular, it overlooks what we believe is likely to be the importance of locality, and cultural and social relationships which exist in small industrial towns. It is not well understood why some towns buck the trends of decline or shrinkage and there are particular cases where towns form part of successful 'development corridors'. These have not been studied previously at this scale.
This project argues that industrial towns are not inevitably associated with post-industrial shrinkage and that we need to understand the complex relationships between different aspects of their growth and development. We think that small industrial towns will be characterised by a range of factors that are as much social and cultural as they are economic. For example, overlooked areas and attributes which are likely to sustain town development include local industrial traditions and social relationships, and specific histories of development and growth. Size is also likely to be important to maintaining personal networks of cooperation and potentially underlying sustainability. We also think that towns will have different types of attributes that are often overlooked in policy terms but which would help us understand them better: socio-cultural, personal relationships, history and culture, as well as the ways people work and cooperate together.
Our evidence collection will focus on different ways to find out about and understand these characteristics, one important aspect of which is locals' own narratives and understandings of what makes each town sustainable.
We also plan to explore how these traditions, cultural relationships and ways of working might help them develop further as social innovations. Social innovation deals with the idea that we can find solutions to entrenched problems in ways which benefit society. We believe that if we apply the lens of social innovation to these places we would be able to view them in a new way which would have impact on policy and public services, because it would offer an alternative approach to development and ways of working in each town. This approach is likely to help create a pathway for 'bright futures' which build on these strengths.
The project consortium is composed of a range of country partners carefully chosen for their regional diversification and coverage across different European development areas. This will enable the project team to make comparisons across different types of small industrial towns in difference places and contexts. From this, we will develop recommendations and guidance for understanding and working with particular types of small industrial towns in the future.

Planned Impact

As a scientific, yet policy relevant project, BRIGHT FUTURE has been conceived and designed with a view to maximise its impact on all issues listed in the ENSUF call. Key beneficiary groups will include:

1. Citizens living in small and medium industrial towns
2. Policymakers, planners, practitioners and charities interested in improving the quality of life of those living in industrial towns
3. Academics and researchers (more information on this group of beneficiaries is included in the question on academic beneficiaries)

The ways in which these beneficiary groups will benefit from the research are outlined below.

The project will have an impact on those small and medium town communities that have adapted, are trying to adapt or failed to adapt to urban change: by increasing understanding of how cities that are dependent on manufacturing can thrive in the future; by developing an understanding of their economic and social dynamics, and how these can be strengthened; together with practical knowledge about the innovation and inspiration that can be taken from different cities and replicated or transferred to other situations. Adopting more realistic and targeted urban strategies in industrial towns will have an impact on the citizens, their societal needs, business opportunities and sustainable living environment. We will make a set of innovative social and institutional solutions derived from case studies that could be useful for re-invention of industrial towns experiencing shrinkage. Circulation of cases of successful and poor practises in restructuring declining industrial communities is also the most tangible result for potential user communities.

Potential users of the research outputs include local authorities, practitioners in local development and regional planning, charities interested in social issues and empowerment and other organisations that have an interest in improving the quality of life, community development and vitality. Political attention to industrial production is increasing in the aftermath of the financial crisis and our project offers new knowledge and tools to governmental organisations and local authorities that need to adopt medium- and long-term developmental strategies based on industrial traditions and knowledge. They have to balance their strategies amid dominant post-industrial expectations (such as creative industries, bohemians, attracting the creative class ...) and their industrial past and/or present. Supporting those communities with evidence-based policy measures and is one of the goals of the project.

Researchers and academics will also benefit from the research, since we intend to conceptually and empirically contribute and enhance existing knowledge on sustainable and grass-root community development, participatory research & planning. This will be done through rigorous comparative research of small industrial towns combining inter- and trans-disciplinary approach adopted by project partners with diverse research experiences and backgrounds.

The project is designed in a way to have a broader geographical impact across and beyond Europe. A set of social and organisational innovations and strategic recommendations for adopting development strategies will address the global challenges faced by industrial towns. Industrial communities and the very history of industrialisation represent something uniquely European that can be regarded as a core element of shared European identity. Our shared experiences could be useful for other declining industrial communities in the world. This is further proven by the letters of support by local and regional authorities and organisations, which were given to us as a consortium in the project application phase. Eight cultural organisations/mayors/regional governors from five countries expressed their interest in the project results with their intent letters attached to this call.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description In the first year of this long term project we discovered as a European team that European towns, regions and countries have different industrial trajectories. This is significant when considering industrial policy for the EU and for countries. We have also more significantly discovered that given this variation and different social, economic and democratic principles about the organisation of labour, markets and access to the EU (for example some towns are in post-socialist regions or have countries only recently joining the EU) that nonetheless policy has more impact than any other shock or setback to industrial towns. This is particularly interesting when you consider the apparent country-based differences across Europe yet the lack of policy development specific to industry, regional characteristics/context or small to medium towns. It also offers a useful finding for impact and policy influence that we will expand on during the course of the project. In the second year of our project we found that social cultural characteristics were inherent to the resilience of industrial towns, and influenced their development trajectories. We suggest that shared societal ideas about solidarity, society and labour organisation, as well as entrepreneurship, impact the strategies each town has when their dominant industry fails or is closed.
Exploitation Route We expect that our findings will be taken forward by the European Commission and by the industrial strategy work being pursued by Government. We have also started to deploy our findings with people in each of our towns (comprising a range of professionals), by using them in policy and practice workshops. In the next stage of our project we will be designing policy and impact suggestions.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Construction,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport

 
Description Much of this project actually focuses on the use of academic findings by a non-academic audience, and our focus thus far has been on sharing findings with a non-academic audience. We produced a publication which summarised the findings, which has been shared on twitter, and which has been used in participatory workshops with people affected by the findings to help them design problem solving solutions for urban and town-based challenges. We will go on to share the findings more broadly with policymakers, practitioners and other researchers across Europe.
 
Description Collaborative working groups - local
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The UK Co-Investigator, research team and the UK Principal Investigator have spent nine months training academics in different European countries to carry out support for social innovation activities by running social innovation workshops. This has involved capacity building, webinars etc, and each team then working with citizens in different countries to build capacity for ideating socially innovative ideas. Through three workshops citizens were led through problem identification, different routes to problem solving and collaborative working. The method was designed in the UK and carried out in five European countries. The next steps are to review the impact of this method on citizen planning.
 
Title Narrative analysis 
Description The project is a collaborative project with European partners. As part of the project, we all spent 9 months working to understand narratives about industrial towns in different parts of Europe. A narrative analysis was developed by project team members allowing us to cross-compare narratives about certain areas of the town. This was published to the JPI Europe website. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact I am not aware of any impacts as yet apart from publications made by members of the team. 
 
Title Social sustainability assessment 
Description The social sustainability assessment is a social innovation process, which aims to help citizens of places such as neighbourhoods or towns understand data to design new initiatives that help their needs. It has been published, and used in different settings, but this is the first time it has been used in an academic project and applied to different European circumstances by a European team. Later, the expectation is that there will be a new publication updating the method and tool. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact So far, it has helped citizens of Corby and other European town understand and access research data about their town, review it, and make decisions about it. It has also helped them focus on identifying town needs, such as poverty levels or schooling provision, and how it differs across a regional area. They have used it, with help from our team, to help them identify needs and design new processes. 
 
Title Typology of industrial towns 
Description Together with our European project partners we have created a typology of small-medium industrial towns in Europe. We believe that this typology is the first of its kind (which our external advisors have agreed with). 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact We are able to typologise small medium towns in Europe according to different elements and factors which has helped us understand that (outlined in findings so far) policy has the greatest impact on small medium towns in Europe. Although we are in the first year of the project we have shared our findings with the European Commission and will be moving to publish them. 
 
Description London Prosperity Board 
Organisation University College London
Department Institute for Global Prosperity
PI Contribution As a result of this project I now sit on the London Propserity Board which is convened by the UCL institute of Global Prosperity and will use the data to make contributions to the Industrial Strategies workstream 2018-2022 which will seek to explore sustainable human development and secure livelihood in the UK context.
Collaborator Contribution I am expecting to convene my Co-Investigator in this work.
Impact No other oucomes as yet as this remains at very early stages.
Start Year 2018
 
Description A blog by the CEO of the Young Foundation on the project 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We organised for the Chief Executive to write a blog for the website and our newsletter which was shared on twitter and on the website (with an average of 30,000) readership. This blog was re-tweeted by members of civil society organisations on social media and reached and was engaged with by several CSO and public sector organisations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://youngfoundation.org/places/bright-futures-understanding-reinvention-post-industrial-towns/
 
Description A case study town visit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact We hosted academics from different European countries on a case study visit to the town of Corby, where they met with and had formal and informal discussions with industry professionals, third sector professionals and local people about the needs of post-industrial towns. We organised a three hour public seminar on how participatory arts ecologies and social innovations can help the development trajectories of towns.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description A case study visit to a Finnish industrial town 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact In 2018 members of our study (myself, the co-investigator and researcher) travelled to Finland as part of a case study visit. While there, we were asked to meet with a range of professionals. Dr Mary Hodgson gave a presentation about the research findings to about 50 people, sharing findings and also making policy recommendations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description An advisory group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact We decided that because of the value of the project and its European focus that we should establish an advisory group (both virtual and in person) to evaluate and feed back on the impact and methods that we used, and also to champion the results to members. In the UK our advisory member is Professor Mike Savage (LSE) who has commented on the documents and shared thought. We expect and are arranging further meetings of the advisory members and we are discussing how to compare our European sample with a project funded at the LSE about resilience and towns in the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description London Prosperity Board 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The activity was sharing some of the merging findings of the European project at large with the London Prosperity Board, which is a group of local authority, business leaders, funders and organisations involved with attempting to create prosperity in East London. Exploring the findings of the project with them (that policy has a great impact on policy shocks) will feed into the development of their industrial strategies work. This group have also requested a fuller exploration at a specialist meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshops participatory and practice-based 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This project ran three workshops in Corby, the place that we are studying in. Workshops were focused on identifying town needs and helping develop new social innovations. In each we provided participants with the results and findings of research, and did some training and learning, also design work. We invited policy and practice-based suggestions about town needs, using our published assessment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019