The Economics and Financing of Resilient Urban Infrastructure

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leeds
Department Name: School of Earth and Environment

Abstract

The UK government has launched its industrial strategy, which sets out a long-term plan to improve the productivity of British industries and enhance the earning power of the population (HM Government, 2017b). One of its five main pillars is the undertaking of a major upgrade of the UK's infrastructure. Focusing on infrastructure is essential, since it has been recognised that the existing UK's infrastructure rates poorly compared to that of other advanced economies (HM Government, 2017a). Poor infrastructure affects the productivity and competitiveness of businesses and industries in the UK, while it increases the risks of adverse economic and social impacts due to extreme weather events, such as flooding.

Flooding has been identified as the major climate change risk faced by communities, businesses and infrastructure in the UK (CCC, 2017). In recent years, the UK has been impacted by several extreme flood events. For instance, the 2013/14 and 2015/16 winter floods caused severe disruptions in transport, provision of basic services (water, electricity, telecommunications), causing severe losses to households and businesses (Chatterton et al., 2016; Sakai et al., 2016). Climate projections for the UK point out future increases in flood risk (DEFRA, 2013; CCC, 2017). There is, in this sense, a genuine and urgent need among UK industries and businesses to upgrade the existing infrastructure in order to protect them against these risks, improve productivity and build climate resilience.

The government has committed to enhance infrastructure at risk, especially flood defences (DEFRA, 2014). However, issues relating to the economics and financing are under-addressed. This is especially the case at the urban scale, where cities could invest in a wide range of resilience options, but frequently lack the economic evidence base and the financing arrangements that might enable them to do so. In this sense, several questions arise. What resilient infrastructure options available to cities are the most adequate and sustainable? What are the most cost-effective options? What options can deliver the greater co-benefits (e.g. economic, social, environmental)? How could infrastructure options be delivered and financed? These queries reveal a research and policy gap that this fellowship aims to address.

The overall objective of this fellowship is thus to develop the economic case for investing in resilient urban infrastructure at a city scale, exploring the synergies between disaster risk reduction and improvements in productivity, economic growth, employment, environmental quality, and human well-being. This research will focus on the Leeds city area, which is a relevant case study since it has been affected by extreme flooding in the past, seeking to draw lessons that can be applied more broadly to other cities in the UK and abroad.

The fellowship will be based on close collaborations with Arup, as well as with other public bodies including the Environment Agency and Leeds City Council. It will also be directly aligned with the Leeds Climate Commission (leeds.candocities.org), a city-wide collaboration of 24 key organisations established to promote investment in low carbon and climate resilient development within the city of Leeds. The fellowship will also link to existing research projects and centres, like the Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy, Water@Leeds, the Yorkshire Integrated Catchment Solutions Programme, the EU funded project ThinkNature (which involves various academic organisations across the EU) and the Climate Change Adaptation Group of the University of Leeds.

Working closely with these partners and organisations will ensure strong stakeholder engagement along all the stages of the fellowship in order to in order to maximise policy uptake, increase climate resilience and the economic productivity of UK industries, and produce a positive impact in the lives of the UK cities' inhabitants, and beyond.

Planned Impact

This fellowship seeks to produce knowledge that will directly benefit industries, businesses, communities and local government institutions in the Leeds City Area. Furthermore, it is expected that these benefits will spread more widely to other actors in the rest of the UK.

From the outset, a number of key stakeholders has expressed substantial interest in this fellowship and foresee potential opportunities to benefit from it. Among these is the Leeds Climate Commission, whose participation is essential, since it comprises 24 private and public organisations. The Commission will provide a better panorama of ongoing efforts, facilitate access to other key players, secure trust, legitimise the project's objectives and increase the receptiveness of the outputs. Involving the Commission will thus increase the chances of influencing policy through co-production of evidence that can lead to more informed decisions and successful outcomes.

Local government organisations

The Leeds City Council will directly benefit from this fellowship, since many of the fellowship outputs will be targeted to this institution. More specifically, the Council will receive clear evidence on the vulnerability of the city, its exposure to extreme weather events, and the needs of the city's businesses (in various economic sectors). Moreover, the Council will benefit from a systematic assessment tool to understand the economic significance of different infrastructure risks and identify the most cost-effective urban climate-resilient infrastructure options.

The knowledge produced will also be of value to the Environment Agency, who will benefit from the vulnerability assessment and the identification of green infrastructure options. Building upon existing networks, findings will be offered to national policy makers in Parliament and Whitehall (e.g. BEIS), who have showed interest in the problems that are being addressed and are willing to take action.

Private sector

The private sector will specifically find significant value in the findings derived from this fellowship, especially those small and medium enterprises (SMEs) located in areas at risk. Some of these firms have already been seriously impacted in the past and expect swift and concrete solutions to avoid future problems. These firms, in particular, will benefit from an upgrade in existing infrastructure that can ameliorate the risks, as well as from alternative financing arrangements to help them prepare against and recover from extreme weather events.

Larger firms in the water (Yorkshire Water), energy (Northern Gas Networks) and transport sectors will benefit from an enhancement in infrastructure that can avoid disruptions in basic services, as well as from improved productivity levels. During the fellowship, direct contact will be made with the Leeds Chamber of Commerce and other business organisations and outputs will be made available to them.

Civil society organisations

A number of non-governmental organisations and practitioners will find this study significantly useful. Some of these have been engaged from the outset as members of the Leeds Climate Commission. Among these are Friends of the Earth and the Leeds Civic Trust. The fellowship will also liaise with other existing networks in the region, which include the Upper Calder Valley Renaissance and Yorkshire Forward.

Household sector

The household sector, especially those situated in areas at risk, will find direct benefits in the form of reduced material, monetary and human losses associated with extreme weather events. Households in general will also gain from fewer disruptions in basic services, such as water, energy and transport.

In general terms, the population of the Leeds City Region will benefit from more employment opportunities related to the creation and maintenance of urban climate-resilient infrastructure, as well as from enhanced levels of economic growth.
 
Description The current socio-economic and environmental challenges will be exacerbated by climate change. There are interlinkages between well-being, health and direct/indirect impacts of the weather and the climate. For instance, flooding may exert mental-health burden, or heat waves may lead to heatstroke, or wintry conditions may exacerbate respiratory diseases. When extreme weather events are combined with the broad current individual, socio-economic and environmental vulnerabilities, the negative consequences on health and well-being are amplified. The overarching objective of this fellowship is to develop the economic case for investing in climate-resilient urban infrastructure at a city scale, exploring the synergies between disaster risk reduction and improvements in productivity, economic growth, employment, environmental quality, and human well-being. There are two main climate risks of the UK, flooding, and risks from high temperatures. The barrier to investing in flood protection is the narrowed focus of the current investment framework, which prioritises the number of households under a certain risk-reduction scheme. However, this leaves behind other schemes that could bring bigger additional benefits for entire neighbourhoods. This fellowship has been collecting and working with datasets on the broad socio-economic and environmental circumstances into which people are born, live, work and grow old to evidence opportunity costs and wider costs in terms of avoided health costs. That data is being combined with environmental data (air pollution, flood risk, urban heat island) to build a tool that can evidence intervention needs. One significant achievement from the award so far has been the development of this tool, as it can enable cross-sectoral responses to increase its climate-resilience and promote well-being and health while enabling inclusive growth in the city of Leeds. Another achievement has been to partner with the Health Department and Public Health England to make the tool available to the Strategic Health Asset Planning & Evaluation (SHAPE) Web GIS. This tool can be accessed by every member of the Government. This is important because the different departments of Local Authorities traditionally work in silos pursuing their own objectives, such as the flood risk management department, the education department, transportation, business development. This tool aims to bring them together and work in the interface between the climate emergency, health improvement and economic growth. Today's challenges will only be tackled if we act in unison, thus enabling a tool that allows working with different departments across the Council. This project is unlocking opportunities to make investments at a city-level that can create greater benefits in the form of long-term well-being and health of communities while reducing future climate change impacts.

Another important avenue that this fellowship has taken to unlock investments in resilience has been by taking into account the indirect economic costs of flooding on SMEs. They make up 99% of our business base, providing a significant amount of employment, goods, and services. As such, when SMEs are affected by flooding the economic impacts are felt across cities. The knock-on effects of flooding are wide-reaching and not always so obvious. There can be disruptions in the supply of raw materials or of public services, and impacts can modify the demand of products, diminish worker productivity, or even cause years of disruption. All these indirect impacts are rarely considered in economic assessments of SMEs, which is a missed opportunity to enhance economic cases for flood risk management investment. I have partnered up with West Yorkshire Combined Authorities and the Environment Agency to provide them with my methodology, improve it and develop a robust tool to assess the indirect costs of flooding across Yorkshire and the Humber, and unlock investments in flood defence grant in Aid's OM1 (business premises). The final achievement so far has been to partner-up with the insurance industry through the Defra's Round Table Task Force-2, to work with insurers to find ways where they can expand their coverage and loans to SMEs in flood risk areas.
Exploitation Route The tools and methodologies developed will be used by the Leeds City Council to prioritise investments that increase the climate-resilience, improves health and well-being, and promotes economic growth. Through Public Health England and the Leeds Climate Commission, the knowledge gained will be shared with other Local Authorities in the UK.
The tool developed with Local and sub-regional authorities on the indirect economic costs of flooding on SMEs will be used by Local Authorities across Yorkshire and the Humber. This knowledge will be shared with other Local Authorities in the UK through the Environment Agency.

The tool developed with insurers, lenders and surveyors, will help increase the confidence in the protection measures that SMEs can undertake to reduce their flood risk. The knowledge will be shared with the insurance industry, and also through the Environment Agency Pathfinder projects.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Construction,Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Healthcare,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Retail,Other

 
Description The research focuses on developing the economic case for investing in climate-resilient urban infrastructure at a city scale, exploring the synergies between disaster risk reduction and improvements health and well-being and economic growth. This fellowship has focused on the most pressing climate risks outlined by the UK Climate Change Risk Assessment: flooding, risks from high temperatures, and the impacts on health and well-being. Climate projections point at an increase in those events and investments need to be made to minimise those risks and achieve societal and economic benefits. One of the main barriers is the lack of awareness and understanding of the impact that those risks represent to the public, private and third sector. The fellow has been very active in ensuring that the need to invest in climate-resilience is understood and this considered as a priority agenda. This research has a high participatory component from its inception, and it has been co-produced with stakeholders of different sectors to ensure wider uptake of the results. The impact is starting to be seen; for instance, the Leeds City Council has developed a climate literacy training for all the Departments of the Council. The fellow helped developing the material and the impact could be traced on the number of people taking the training and increasing their understanding on the risks of flooding and heat waves. The fellow has been working with the cross-departmental group in Public Health called the 'Winter Group' and has influenced their thinking on the risks posed by heat waves. They have produced a 'Warm weather plan' with specific activities to safeguard that this coming summer the public is aware of the risks, and the fellow has contributed to that plan. In terms of the civil society and third sector, the fellow partnered up with the Chatham House, the Global Food and Environment Institute, FoodWise Leeds and colleagues of different faculties in the university to explore with policy-makers, the food industry and the public, future scenarios of the Leeds food system to enable action towards increasing resilience, health and sustainability. The Leader of the Leeds City Council, Cllr Judith Blake, attended the workshop and the report has attracted more interest. We will have a second event with members from the public, private and third sector to develop a roadmap with specific actions to enable a climate-resilient, healthy and sustainable food system in Leeds. Another societal impact of this award has had is in relation to raise awareness of the need to increase climate-resilience of schools. Throughout several meetings and presentations, the fellow has influenced the Our Future Leeds Schools organisation in that they added climate-resilience in the schools as one of their 5 core objectives. Increasing the climate-resilience of schools is imperative because, as the Climate Change Committee has highlighted, there is an important gap in the understanding of how well adapted schools are to high temperatures. The fellow is supporting this organisation and some interested schools to provide a way to assess their risks and increase their climate resilience. In terms of strategic planning and investment, this fellowship helped to materialise the policy that promotes water efficiency so future housing developments invest in technologies that allow them to be adapted to a future hotter and dryer climate. The policy is in place now.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Environment
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description Carbon literacy training
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Climate Emergency Impact Assessment tool
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact The Climate Emergency Impact Assessment tool aims to help Councillors of Leeds to understand how their decisions will help to reduce carbon emissions and improve resilience to climate change.
 
Description Leeds Air Pollution Health Needs Assessment Group
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Leeds Air Pollution and Health Group
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Seasonal weather health prevention plan
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact The influence that the fellow has made in the Public Health Winter Group is to raise awareness on the negative impacts of warm weather -and the future risks that climate change poses. The impact of this constant engagement with the group has been a development of a Warm Weather Plan with activities that relate to protecting the population from the risks of high temperature. The group previously developed some of those activities, but mainly in a reactive mode. Now, there is a stronger focus on short and long term planning with the Warm Weather Plan. In addition, a paper was circulated to the Leeds City Council Adults and Health Directorate "to strengthen a directorate wide approach to protect the health of the population during periods of hot and cold weather by preparing for, alerting people to, and protecting from, the major avoidable effects on health".
 
Description Water Efficiency Policy
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact I have collaborated with the Policy and Plans Group of the City Development at the Leeds City Council to push forward a policy that restrict water consumption to 110 litres per person per day in new housing developments in Leeds. The need was raised at a meeting where it was highlighted the difficulties of pushing Developers to implement water efficiency measures. If climate trends point at hotter and dryer weather, we need to make sure that the infrastructure is adapted to those new conditions. In this sense, Leeds City Council is updating its Core Strategy to set the pathway for the next years. To help the Leeds City Council propose and implement a Water Efficiency Policy we produced a policy brief with the evidence to support this need. The Policy is Policy EN2 which went to the Core Strategy Selective Review Examination earlier this year. I am pleased to say that this policy was Adopted by the Council in September and now sits in the Core Strategy 2014 (as amended by the Core Strategy Selective Review 2019). The Policy has full policy weighting in the determination of planning applications.
URL http://www.hwa.uk.com/site/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/CSSR-Matter-8-LCC.pdf
 
Description Institutional Links Round 5
Amount £60,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 332400014 
Organisation British Council 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2020
 
Description Yorkshire iCASP - Yorkshire Integrated Catchment Solutions Programme
Amount £4,821,201 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/P011160/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2017 
End 07/2022
 
Title Climate Vulnerability Index 
Description The vulnerability index is a measure of the exposure of the population of a city to three hazards: air pollution, heatwaves and flooding. It places particular attention to health risk factors to identify the frailest so as investments are directed in that direction. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact It is a spatial tool that allows identifying, classifying and prioritising vulnerable hot-spots, unveiling in this way cross-sectoral intervention opportunities with a significant positive impact on health and wellbeing. Any member of the Council will have access to the vulnerability index via SHAPE (Strategic Health Asset Planning and Evaluation). 
URL https://shapeatlas.net/
 
Description Air Pollution and Health board 
Organisation Leeds City Council
Department Public Health
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I have shared my expertise and my intellectual input to this partnership.
Collaborator Contribution They have shared their expertise, and their intellectual input into the discussions.
Impact We aim to develop a Health Needs Assessment that points at the intervention opportunities.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Air Pollution and Health board 
Organisation Public Health England
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I have shared my expertise and my intellectual input to this partnership.
Collaborator Contribution They have shared their expertise, and their intellectual input into the discussions.
Impact We aim to develop a Health Needs Assessment that points at the intervention opportunities.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Air Pollution and Health board 
Organisation University of Leeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have shared my expertise and my intellectual input to this partnership.
Collaborator Contribution They have shared their expertise, and their intellectual input into the discussions.
Impact We aim to develop a Health Needs Assessment that points at the intervention opportunities.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Communicating Flood Risk 
Organisation City of York Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I contributed with my expertise in discussions and my intellectual input in a funding proposal.
Collaborator Contribution They contributed with their expertise, bringing networks, their intellectual input into a funding proposal.
Impact We put together a proposal that is under review.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Communicating Flood Risk 
Organisation Environment Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I contributed with my expertise in discussions and my intellectual input in a funding proposal.
Collaborator Contribution They contributed with their expertise, bringing networks, their intellectual input into a funding proposal.
Impact We put together a proposal that is under review.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Communicating Flood Risk 
Organisation Leeds City Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I contributed with my expertise in discussions and my intellectual input in a funding proposal.
Collaborator Contribution They contributed with their expertise, bringing networks, their intellectual input into a funding proposal.
Impact We put together a proposal that is under review.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Communicating Flood Risk 
Organisation Living with Water
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I contributed with my expertise in discussions and my intellectual input in a funding proposal.
Collaborator Contribution They contributed with their expertise, bringing networks, their intellectual input into a funding proposal.
Impact We put together a proposal that is under review.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Communicating Flood Risk 
Organisation University of Hull
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I contributed with my expertise in discussions and my intellectual input in a funding proposal.
Collaborator Contribution They contributed with their expertise, bringing networks, their intellectual input into a funding proposal.
Impact We put together a proposal that is under review.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Communicating Flood Risk 
Organisation University of Leeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I contributed with my expertise in discussions and my intellectual input in a funding proposal.
Collaborator Contribution They contributed with their expertise, bringing networks, their intellectual input into a funding proposal.
Impact We put together a proposal that is under review.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Defra's Task Force Working Group 2 
Organisation Sedgwick Claims Management Services
Department Sedgwick International UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution I have contributed to the partnership with my findings and intellectual expertise to develop a research program with them.
Collaborator Contribution They have contributed with their time, knowledge and experience on the field.
Impact This collaboration is multi-disciplinary as it involves insurers, lenders, and surveyors. The output we have is a proporsal that just got funding.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Economic costs of flooding on SMEs, insurance and effective resilience measures 
Organisation Department For Environment, Food And Rural Affairs (DEFRA)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I led the formation of the partnership with my expertise on the issue, and with my networks. I started working with the partners two years ago (WYCA and Defra's Round Table) as part of another project. They were very interested in my research and we started discussions on how could we take the research forward.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators contributed with funding, intellectual input, networks, and access to data.
Impact Not yet.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Economic costs of flooding on SMEs, insurance and effective resilience measures 
Organisation Environment Agency
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I led the formation of the partnership with my expertise on the issue, and with my networks. I started working with the partners two years ago (WYCA and Defra's Round Table) as part of another project. They were very interested in my research and we started discussions on how could we take the research forward.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators contributed with funding, intellectual input, networks, and access to data.
Impact Not yet.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Economic costs of flooding on SMEs, insurance and effective resilience measures 
Organisation Sedgwick Claims Management Services
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution I led the formation of the partnership with my expertise on the issue, and with my networks. I started working with the partners two years ago (WYCA and Defra's Round Table) as part of another project. They were very interested in my research and we started discussions on how could we take the research forward.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators contributed with funding, intellectual input, networks, and access to data.
Impact Not yet.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Economic costs of flooding on SMEs, insurance and effective resilience measures 
Organisation University of York
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I led the formation of the partnership with my expertise on the issue, and with my networks. I started working with the partners two years ago (WYCA and Defra's Round Table) as part of another project. They were very interested in my research and we started discussions on how could we take the research forward.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators contributed with funding, intellectual input, networks, and access to data.
Impact Not yet.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Economic costs of flooding on SMEs, insurance and effective resilience measures 
Organisation Upper Calder Valley Renaissance
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution I led the formation of the partnership with my expertise on the issue, and with my networks. I started working with the partners two years ago (WYCA and Defra's Round Table) as part of another project. They were very interested in my research and we started discussions on how could we take the research forward.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators contributed with funding, intellectual input, networks, and access to data.
Impact Not yet.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Economic costs of flooding on SMEs, insurance and effective resilience measures 
Organisation West Yorkshire Combined Authorities
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I led the formation of the partnership with my expertise on the issue, and with my networks. I started working with the partners two years ago (WYCA and Defra's Round Table) as part of another project. They were very interested in my research and we started discussions on how could we take the research forward.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators contributed with funding, intellectual input, networks, and access to data.
Impact Not yet.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Economic costs of flooding on SMEs, insurance and effective resilience measures 
Organisation Yorkshire Integrated Catchment Solutions Programme
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution I led the formation of the partnership with my expertise on the issue, and with my networks. I started working with the partners two years ago (WYCA and Defra's Round Table) as part of another project. They were very interested in my research and we started discussions on how could we take the research forward.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators contributed with funding, intellectual input, networks, and access to data.
Impact Not yet.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Financing urban climate-resilient development 
Organisation State University of West Paraná (UNIOESTE)
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I partnered up with the University of York and UNIOESTE to conduct an international workshop. I contributed with my expertise and my networks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners obtained funding and organised the entire workshop meeting.
Impact We had an international workshop and created a network of UK-Brazil researchers who are interested in pursuing equitable climate-compatible development in the Global South. We sign an agreement and the Major or the City of Foz do Iguacu signed it as a witness.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Financing urban climate-resilient development 
Organisation University of York
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I partnered up with the University of York and UNIOESTE to conduct an international workshop. I contributed with my expertise and my networks.
Collaborator Contribution The partners obtained funding and organised the entire workshop meeting.
Impact We had an international workshop and created a network of UK-Brazil researchers who are interested in pursuing equitable climate-compatible development in the Global South. We sign an agreement and the Major or the City of Foz do Iguacu signed it as a witness.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Food Systems that are climate resilient, healthy, and sustainable 
Organisation Chatham House
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I brought to the partnership my intellectual property, networks, and proactiveness leading the group.
Collaborator Contribution The contributions of the collaborations were: expertise, intellectual property
Impact We have undertaken a workshop where we explored future scenarios for the Leeds Food System with policy-makers, people from the industry, NGOs and civil society. The lead of the Leeds City Council, Cllr. Blake, attended the workshop. We wrote a report and it has attracted attention. We will have a second workshop at the end of April. A policy brief will be written.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Food Systems that are climate resilient, healthy, and sustainable 
Organisation Permaculture Association
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution I brought to the partnership my intellectual property, networks, and proactiveness leading the group.
Collaborator Contribution The contributions of the collaborations were: expertise, intellectual property
Impact We have undertaken a workshop where we explored future scenarios for the Leeds Food System with policy-makers, people from the industry, NGOs and civil society. The lead of the Leeds City Council, Cllr. Blake, attended the workshop. We wrote a report and it has attracted attention. We will have a second workshop at the end of April. A policy brief will be written.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Food Systems that are climate resilient, healthy, and sustainable 
Organisation University of Leeds
Department School of Earth and Environment
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I brought to the partnership my intellectual property, networks, and proactiveness leading the group.
Collaborator Contribution The contributions of the collaborations were: expertise, intellectual property
Impact We have undertaken a workshop where we explored future scenarios for the Leeds Food System with policy-makers, people from the industry, NGOs and civil society. The lead of the Leeds City Council, Cllr. Blake, attended the workshop. We wrote a report and it has attracted attention. We will have a second workshop at the end of April. A policy brief will be written.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Food Systems that are climate resilient, healthy, and sustainable 
Organisation University of Leeds
Department School of Food Science and Nutrition Leeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I brought to the partnership my intellectual property, networks, and proactiveness leading the group.
Collaborator Contribution The contributions of the collaborations were: expertise, intellectual property
Impact We have undertaken a workshop where we explored future scenarios for the Leeds Food System with policy-makers, people from the industry, NGOs and civil society. The lead of the Leeds City Council, Cllr. Blake, attended the workshop. We wrote a report and it has attracted attention. We will have a second workshop at the end of April. A policy brief will be written.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Food Systems that are climate resilient, healthy, and sustainable 
Organisation University of Leeds
Department School of Food Science and Nutrition Leeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I brought to the partnership my intellectual property, networks, and proactiveness leading the group.
Collaborator Contribution The contributions of the collaborations were: expertise, intellectual property
Impact We have undertaken a workshop where we explored future scenarios for the Leeds Food System with policy-makers, people from the industry, NGOs and civil society. The lead of the Leeds City Council, Cllr. Blake, attended the workshop. We wrote a report and it has attracted attention. We will have a second workshop at the end of April. A policy brief will be written.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Pathfinder project 
Organisation City of York Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution My contribution has been with my intellectual property, expertise and networks.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators' contributions were in terms of funding, intellectual input, and networks.
Impact Not yet.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Pathfinder project 
Organisation JBA Consulting
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution My contribution has been with my intellectual property, expertise and networks.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators' contributions were in terms of funding, intellectual input, and networks.
Impact Not yet.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Pathfinder project 
Organisation University of Leeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution My contribution has been with my intellectual property, expertise and networks.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators' contributions were in terms of funding, intellectual input, and networks.
Impact Not yet.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Strategic Health Assets Planning to increase resilience 
Organisation Leeds City Council
Department Public Health
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution This collaboration is the result of the intense engagement work of the fellow with Public Health Officials -particularly the Winter Group of LCC/PHE. I co-lead the development of a proposal and contributed with my intellectual property, expertise, and networks.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators' contributions were in terms of intellectual input, networks, access to data, and financial resources.
Impact The output of this collaboration has been a structured program to create impact and it opened up a funding stream to advance the program.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Strategic Health Assets Planning to increase resilience 
Organisation Public Health England
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution This collaboration is the result of the intense engagement work of the fellow with Public Health Officials -particularly the Winter Group of LCC/PHE. I co-lead the development of a proposal and contributed with my intellectual property, expertise, and networks.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators' contributions were in terms of intellectual input, networks, access to data, and financial resources.
Impact The output of this collaboration has been a structured program to create impact and it opened up a funding stream to advance the program.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Strategic Health Assets Planning to increase resilience 
Organisation Yorkshire Integrated Catchment Solutions Programme
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution This collaboration is the result of the intense engagement work of the fellow with Public Health Officials -particularly the Winter Group of LCC/PHE. I co-lead the development of a proposal and contributed with my intellectual property, expertise, and networks.
Collaborator Contribution The collaborators' contributions were in terms of intellectual input, networks, access to data, and financial resources.
Impact The output of this collaboration has been a structured program to create impact and it opened up a funding stream to advance the program.
Start Year 2019
 
Description iCASP (water efficiency) 
Organisation University of Leeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I contribute with my intellectual input, and also my networks which were contacted for their expertise.
Collaborator Contribution My partners contributed with their experience and knowledge of the field, as well as with their intellectual input.
Impact The collaboration is multidisciplinary in nature as it includes a Local Governmental Official and another academics. The outcome we have produced so far is a policy brief which provides evidence to support the implementation of a new policy to encourage water efficiency in the city of Leeds.
Start Year 2018
 
Description #PlanetData: Radical Solutions to Climate Change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I gave a presentation that sparked questions afterward regarding heat waves. I was asked to present at another event later in 2020 by the Sustainability Department of Health Digital.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/planet-data-2019-radically-open-solutions-to-climate-change-tickets-7...
 
Description Chartered Insurance Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact I was invited by the Chartered Insurance Institute to present my work at the 'Climate Change Day' seminar. The presentation sparked some attendees to want to engage in the research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.localinstitutes.cii.co.uk/leeds/home/events/2020/cpd/climate-change-day/
 
Description Intelligence and policy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I had a meeting with the Head of Intelligence and Policy to present my work. It was well received and I was asked to present at a cross-council meeting in May.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Leeds City Council Climate Change Developer Forum Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact I was invited to participate in a roundtable discussion about the best ways to tackle the climate emergency and barriers. Developers reported increased interest in wanting to further explore opportunities to participate in the climate emergency efforts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Leeds Climate Commission, Climate Resilience Working Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I have engaged with the Climate Resilience working group where I have presented my fellowship and its advances (four meetings so far: 14 February 2018; 4th June 2018; 1st October 2018; 3rd December 2018). My work is informing and leading the activities of this group -which acts as an advisory board in terms of what the city needs. I have updated the database "climate resilience and climate adaptation resources" [available online: http://leeds.candocities.org/climate-resilience-database].
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL http://leeds.candocities.org/climate-resilience-working-group
 
Description Leeds Strategic Infrastructure and Investment Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I have presented my fellowship at the Leeds Strategic Infrastructure and Investment Group (4th December 2018; 11 March 2019). I am working with them to provide a way to prioritise strategic investment to minimise negative consequences of extreme weather events and enhance wellbeing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description Localities and Primary Care Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I was invited to present at the Localities and Primary care meeting. The presentation changed people's views in that it raised awareness of the risks of climate change. I was invited to contribute to the 'health needs assessment' they are writing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description North Yorkshire Flood Risk Management Partnership 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I was asked to present my work at the regional meeting. It was well received and the audience agreed to participate in the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Our Future Schools 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact I presented my work in a previous workshop organised by Our Future Schools, and was invited to give a presentation to their working group. The presentation sparked questions and teachers have asked me for further information and help to understand more how to increase the resilience of schools in Leeds. I am helping them assessing their climate-risks, and providing them with ideas for intervention.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://ourfutureleeds.org/
 
Description Our Future Schools 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact I have presented in at the event organised by Our Future Schools and my work managed to influence the objectives of the entire organisation, i.e. they are now interested in pursuing how they can increase the resilience of schools in Leeds.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/caught-in-the-middle-climate-change-education-and-youthstrike4climate...
 
Description Policy and Plans Group of the City Development at the Leeds City Council 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I have presented my fellowship to the Policy and Plans Group of the City Development at the Leeds City Council (22 October 2018), and worked with them to push forward a policy that will be included in the Core Strategy Plan of the Leeds City Council. We produced a policy brief released in January 2019 and has been well received (I describe this outcome in the section "Influence on policy, practice, patients and the public").
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL https://icasp.org.uk/resources/water-efficiency-pb/
 
Description Public Health Winter Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I presented my fellowship at the Public Health Winter Group (17th January 2019). I discussed how it aims to provide them with evidence on the benefits of linking their work with other efforts across the city to maximise medium and long term strategic investment planning. They granted me access to a database which I will mine.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description UK-Brazil International Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact We had an international workshop and created a network of UK-Brazil researchers who are interested in pursuing equitable climate-compatible development in the Global South. We sign an agreement and the Major or the City of Foz do Iguacu signed it as a witness. The workshop generated an increased interest in finance for resilience and the newly created network is looking for funding opportunities to take the discussion forward.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://sites.google.com/view/uk-brazilworkshop/home?authuser=0
 
Description West Yorskhire Flood Risk Management Partnership 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I was asked to present my work at the regional meeting. It was well received and the audience agreed to participate in the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Winter is coming to Leeds 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I was invited to write in a blog about the link between winters and climate change.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://betterlivesleeds.wordpress.com/2019/12/20/winter-is-coming-to-leeds/